Submitted or in-press

pdf A protocol for model intercomparison of impacts of Marine Cloud Brightening Climate Intervention, Rasch, P., Hirasawa, H., Wu, M., Doherty, S., Wood, R., Wang, H., Jones, A., Haywood, J., and Singh, H.: EGUsphere [preprint],, 2024.

pdf Aggressive aerosol mitigation policies reduce chances of keeping global warming to below 2C.  Robert Wood, Mika. A. Vogt, and Isabel. L. McCoy. Manuscript submitted to Earth’s Future, October 2023.

pdf A Survey of Radiative and Physical Properties of North Atlantic Mesoscale Cloud Morphologies from Multiple Identification Methodologies. Ryan Eastman, Isabel L. McCoy, Hauke Schulz, and Robert Wood. Manuscript submitted to J. Geophys. Res., September 2023.

pdf Aitken Mode Aerosols Buffer Decoupled Mid-latitude Boundary Layer Clouds Against Precipitation Depletion. Isabel L. McCoy, Matthew C. Wyant, Peter N. Blossey, Christopher S. Bretherton, and Robert Wood. Manuscript submitted to Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, July 2023. 


pdf Stratocumulus Precipitation Properties over the Southern Ocean Observed from Aircraft during the SOCRATES campaign. L. Kang, R. T. Marchand, and R. Wood.  J. Geophys. Res., 129, e2023JD039831.

pdf Physical science research needed to evaluate the viability and risks of marine cloud brightening. Feingold, G., Ghate, V. P., Russell, L. M., Blossey, P., Cantrell, W., Christensen, M. W., Diamond, M. S., Gettelman, A., Glassmeier, F., Gryspeerdt, E., Haywood, J., Hoffmann, F., Kaul, C. M., Lebsock, M., McComiskey, A. C., McCoy, D. T., Ming, Y., Mülmenstädt, J., Possner, A., … Zheng, X. (2024).  Science Advances, 10(12), eadi8594.


pdf An attribution of the low single-scattering albedo of biomass burning aerosol over the southeastern Atlantic. Dobracki, A., Zuidema, P., Howell, S. G., Saide, P., Freitag, S., Aiken, A. C., Burton, S. P., Sedlacek III, A. J., Redemann, J., & Wood, R.. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 23, 4775–4799.

pdf Observational Evidence of Strong Forcing from Aerosol Effect on Low Cloud Coverage. Tianle Yuan, Hua Song, Robert Wood, Lazaros Oreopoulos, Steven Platnick, Chenxi Wang, Hongbin Yu, Kerry Meyer, Eric Wilcox. Science Advances 9, eadh7716(2023).DOI:10.1126/sciadv.adh7716.

pdf Biomass-burning smoke’s properties and its interactions with marine stratocumulus clouds in WRF-CAM5 and southeastern Atlantic field campaigns. Howes, C., Saide, P. E., Coe, H., Dobracki, A., Freitag, S., Haywood, J. M., Howell, S. G., Gupta, S., Uin, J., Kacarab, M., Kuang, C., Leung, L. R., Nenes, A., McFarquhar, G. M., Podolske, J., Redemann, J., Sedlacek, A. J., Thornhill, K. L., Wong, J. P. S., Wood, R., Wu, H., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., and Zuidema, P.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 13911–13940,, 2023.

pdf Maximum supersaturation in the marine boundary layer clouds over the North Atlantic. Gong, X., Wang, Y., Xie, H., Zhang, J., Lu, Z., Wood, R., F. Stratmann, H. Wex , X. Liu, and Jian Wang. AGU Advances, 4, e2022AV000855.

pdf Grounding our understanding of the impacts of boreal forest expansion on shallow cumulus clouds with a simple modelling framework. Sam Pennypacker, and Robert Wood. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 24, 2333–2349.

pdf On the differences in the vertical distribution of modeled aerosol optical depth over the southeastern Atlantic. Chang, I., Gao, L., Flynn, C. J., Shinozuka, Y., Doherty, S. J., Diamond, M. S., Longo, K. M., Ferrada, G. A., Carmichael, G. R., Castellanos, P., da Silva, A. M., Saide, P. E., Howes, C., Xue, Z., Mallet, M., Govindaraju, R., Wang, Q., Cheng, Y., Feng, Y., Burton, S. P., Ferrare, R. A., LeBlanc, S. E., Kacenelenbogen, M. S., Pistone, K., Segal-Rozenhaimer, M., Meyer, K. G., Ryoo, J.-M., Pfister, L., Adebiyi, A. A., Wood, R., Zuidema, P., Christopher, S. A., and Redemann, J. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 4283–4309,, 2023.

pdf  Long-range transported continental aerosol in the eastern North Atlantic: Three multiday event regimes influence cloud condensation nuclei. Gallo, F., Uin, J., Sanchez, K. J., Moore, R. H., Wang, J., Wood, R., Mei, F., Flynn, C., Springston, S., Azevedo, E. B., Kuang, C., & Aiken, A. C. (2023). Atmos. Chem. and Phys., 23, 4221–4246.

pdf Cloud Mesoscale Cellular Classification and Diurnal Cycle Using a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Michal Segal Rozenhaimer, David Nukrai, Haochi Che, Robert Wood, and Zhibo Zhang, 2023: Remote Sens.15, 1607.

.pdf Underestimated passive volcanic sulfur degassing implies overestimated anthropogenic aerosol forcing. Jongebloed, U. A., Schauer, A. J., Cole-Dai, J., Larrick, C. G., Wood, R., Fischer, T. P., et al., Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2022GL102061., 2023.

pdf Profile-based estimated inversion strength. Wang, Z., Yuan, J., Wood, R., Chen, Y., and Tong, T., 2023: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 3247–3266,, 2023.

pdf The Role of Mesoscale Cloud Morphology in the Shortwave Cloud Feedback. Isabel L. McCoy, Daniel T. McCoy, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, and Frida A. -M. Bender. Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2022GL101042.

pdf Microphysical, macrophysical and radiative responses of subtropical marine clouds to aerosol injections, Chun, J.-Y., Wood, R., Blossey, P., and Doherty, S. J.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 1345–1368,, 2023.


pdf Wind, rain, and entrainment: the sensitivity of mesoscale cloud morphology transitions to boundary layer moisture. Ryan Eastman,  Isabel L. McCoy, and Robert Wood.  J. Geophys. Res., Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD036795.

pdf A meteorological overview of the ORACLES (ObseRvations of Aerosols above CLouds and their intEractionS) campaign over the southeast Atlantic during 2016–2018: Part 2 – daily and synoptic characteristics. Ryoo, J.-M., Pfister, L., Ueyama, R., Zuidema, P., Wood, R., Chang, I., and Redemann, J.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 14209–14241,, 2022.

pdf Intercomparison of airborne and surface-based measurements during the CLARIFY, ORACLES and LASIC field experiments. Barrett, P. A., Abel, S. J., Coe, H., Crawford, I., Dobracki, A., Haywood, J., Howell, S., Jones, A., Langridge, J., McFarquhar, G. M., Nott, G. J., Price, H., Redemann, J., Shinozuka, Y., Szpek, K., Taylor, J. W., Wood, R., Wu, H., Zuidema, P., Bauguitte, S., Bennett, R., Bower, K., Chen, H., Cochrane, S., Cotterell, M., Davies, N., Delene, D., Flynn, C., Freedman, A., Freitag, S., Gupta, S., Noone, D., Onasch, T. B., Podolske, J., Poellot, M. R., Schmidt, S., Springston, S., Sedlacek III, A. J., Trembath, J., Vance, A., Zawadowicz, M. A., and Zhang,: Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 6329–6371,, 2022.

pdf Simulating aerosol lifecycle impacts on the subtropical stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition using large eddy simulations. Ehsan Erfani, Peter Blossey, Robert Wood, Johannes Mohrmann, Sarah Doherty, Matthew Wyant, Kuan-Ting O. J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD037258.

pdf Cloud adjustments from large-scale smoke-circulation interactions strongly modulate the southeast Atlantic stratocumulus-to-cumulus transition.
Diamond, M. S., Saide, P. E., Zuidema, P., Ackerman, A. S., Doherty, S. J., Fridlind, A. M., Gordon, H., Howes, C., Kazil, J., Yamaguchi, T., Zhang, J., Feingold, G., and Wood, R.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 12113–12151,, 2022.

pdf Modeled and observed properties related to the direct aerosol radiative effect of biomass burning aerosol over the Southeast Atlantic. Doherty, S. J., Saide, P. E., Zuidema, P., Shinozuka, Y., Ferrada, G. A., Gordon, H., Mallet, M., Meyer, K., Painemal, D., Howell, S. G., Freitag, S., Dobracki, A., Podolske, J. R., Burton, S. P., Ferrare, R. A., Howes, C., Nabat, P., Carmichael, G. R., da Silva, A., Pistone, K., Chang, I., Gao, L., Wood, R., and Redemann, J.:  Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 1–46,, 2022.

pdf Global Reduction in Ship-tracks from Sulfur Regulations for Shipping Fuel. Tianle Yuan, Hua Song, Robert Wood, Chenxi Wang, Lazaros Oreopoulos, Steven E. Platnick, Sophia von Hippel, Kerry Meyer, Siobhan Light, Eric Wilcox. Science Advances, 8(29), eabn7988.

pdf Exploring Relations between Cloud Morphology, Cloud Phase, and Cloud Radiative Properties in Southern Ocean Stratocumulus Clouds. Danker, J., Sourdeval, O., McCoy, I. L., Wood, R., and Possner, A.:  Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 10247–10265,, 2022.

pdf High free-tropospheric Aitken-mode aerosol concentrations buffer cloud droplet concentrations in large-eddy simulations of precipitating stratocumulusMatthew Wyant, Christopher Bretherton, Robert Wood, Peter Blossey, Isabel McCoy. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14, e2021MS002930., 2022.

pdf Absorbing aerosol choices influence precipitation changes across future scenarios. Isabel L. McCoy, Mika Vogt, and Robert Wood. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2022GL097717., 2022.

pdf Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA). Jian Wang, Robert Wood, Michael Jensen, Christine Chiu, Yangang Liu, Katia Lamer, Neel Desai, Scott Giangrande, Daniel Knopf, Pavlos Kollias, Alexander Laskin, Xiaohong Liu, Chunsong Lu, David Mechem, Fan Mei, Mariusz Starzec, Jason Tomlinson, Yang Wang, Seong Soo Yum, Guangjie Zheng, Allison Aiken, Eduardo Azevedo, Yann Blanchard, Swarup China, Xiquan Dong, Francesca Gallo, Sinan Gao, Virendra Ghate, Susanne Glienke, Joseph Hardin, Edward Luke, Alyssa Matthews, Mark Miller, Ryan Moffet, Mikhail Pekour, Beat Schmid, Arthur Sedlacek, Raymond Shaw, John Shilling, Amy Sullivan, Kaitlyn Suski, Daniel Veghte, Rodney Weber, Jaemin Yeom, Matt Wyant, Maria Zawadowicz, Zhibo Zhang, Lexie Goldberger, Chongai Kuang. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.103, E619–E641., 2022. 

pdf Coalescence Scavenging Drives Droplet Number Concentration in Southern Ocean Low Clouds. Litai Kang, Roger Marchand, Robert Wood, Isabel McCoy. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2022GL097819., 2022.

pdf Opinion: To assess marine cloud brightening’s technical feasibility, we need to know what to study—and when to stop. Michael S. DiamondAndrew GettelmanMatthew D. LebsockAllison McComiskey, Lynn M. RussellRobert Wood, and Graham Feingold.

pdf Opportunistic Experiments to Constrain Aerosol Effective Radiative Forcing. Christensen, M., Gettelman, A., Cermak, J., Dagan, G., Diamond, M., Douglas, A., Feingold, G., Glassmeier, F., Goren, T., Grosvenor, D., Gryspeerdt, E., Kahn, R., Li, Z., Ma, P.-L., Malavelle, F., McCoy, I., McCoy, D., McFarquhar, G., Mülmenstädt, J., Pal, S., Possner, A., Povey, A., Quaas, J., Rosenfeld, D., Schmidt, A., Schrödner, R., Sorooshian, A., Stier, P., Toll, V., Watson-Parris, D., Wood, R., Yang, M., and Yuan, T. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 22, 641–674,, 2022.


pdf Aerosol-boundary-layer-monsoon interactions amplify semi-direct effect of biomass smoke on low cloud formation in Southeast Asia.
Ke Ding, Xin Huang, Aijun Ding, Minghuai Wang, Hang Su, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Tuukka Petäjä, Zhemin Tan, Zilin Wang, Derong Zhou, Jianning Sun, Hong Liao, Huijun Wang, Ken Carslaw, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Daniel Rosenfeld, Markku Kulmala, Congbin Fu, Ulrich Pöschl, Yafang Cheng & Meinrat O. Andreae. Nature Communications, 12, 6416 (2021).

pdf A meteorological overview of the ORACLES (ObseRvations of Aerosols above CLouds and their intEractionS) campaign over the southeastern Atlantic during 2016–2018: Part 1 – Climatology. Ryoo, J.-M., Pfister, L., Ueyama, R., Zuidema, P., Wood, R., Chang, I., and Redemann, J., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 16689–16707,, 2021.

pdf Liquid Phase Cloud Microphysical Property Estimates From CALIPSO Measurements. Hu, Y., Lu, X., Zhai, P.-W., Hostetler, C. A., Hair, J. W., Cairns, B., Sun, W., Stamnes, S., Omar, A., Baize, R., Videen, G., Mace, J., McCoy, D. T., McCoy, I. L., & Wood, R. Frontiers in Remote Sensing, 2, 25.

pdf  Assessing the potential efficacy of marine cloud brightening for cooling Earth using a simple heuristic model. Robert Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14507–14533,, 2021.

pdf The University of Washington Ice-Liquid Discriminator (UWILD) improves single particle phase classifications of hydrometeors within Southern Ocean clouds using machine learning. Atlas, R., Mohrmann, J., Finlon, J., Lu, J., Hsiao, I., Wood, R., and Diao, M.: , Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 7079–7101,, 2021.

pdf Environmental and internal controls on Lagrangian transitions from closed cell mesoscale cellular convection over subtropical oceans. Ryan Eastman, M.S.; Isabel L. McCoy; Robert Wood.  J. Atmos. Sci., 78, 2367-2383, 2021. 

pdf  Wavelet analysis of properties of marine boundary layer mesoscale cells observed from AMSR-E. Xiaoli Zhou, Christopher S. Bretherton, Ryan Eastman, Isabel L. McCoy, Robert Wood. J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2021JD034666.

pdf Vertical profiles of trace gas and aerosol properties over the Eastern North Atlantic: Variations with season and synoptic condition. Wang, Y., Zheng, G., Jensen, M., Knopf, D., Laskin, A., Matthews, A., Mechem, D., Mei, F., Moffet, R., Sedlacek, A., Shilling, J., Springston, S., Sullivan, A., Tomlinson, J., Veghte, D., Weber, R., Wood, R., Zawadowicz, M., and Wang, J., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 11079–11098,, 2021.

pdf Identifying meteorological influences on marine low-cloud mesoscale morphology using satellite classifications. Mohrmann, J., Wood, R., Yuan, T., Song, H., Eastman, R., and Oreopoulos, L. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 9629–9642,, 2021.

pdf Spatiotemporal heterogeneity of aerosol and cloud properties over the southeast Atlantic: An observational analysis. Ian Y. Chang, Lan Gao, Sharon P. Burton, Hong Chen, Michael Diamond, Richard A. Ferrare, Connor Flynn, Meloë Kacenelenbogen, Samuel E LeBlanc, Kerry Meyer, Kristina Pistone, Sebastian Schmidt, Michal Segal-Rozenhaimer, Yohei Shinozuka, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Jens Redemann, Sundar A. Christopher. Geophys. Res. Lett.,, 2021. 

pdf Exploring the elevated water vapor signal associated with the free-tropospheric biomass burning plume over the southeast Atlantic Ocean. Pistone, K., Zuidema, P., Wood, R., Diamond, M., da Silva, A. M., Ferrada, G., Saide, P., Ueyama, R., Ryoo, J.-M., Pfister, L., Podolske, J., Noone, D., Bennett, R., Stith, E., Carmichael, G., Redemann, J., Flynn, C., LeBlanc, S., Segal-Rozenhaimer, M., and Shinozuka, Y.: , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 9643–9668,, 2021.

pdf  Nutritional quality of crops in a high CO2 world: An agenda for research and technology development. Ebi, K. L., Anderson, C. L., Hess, J. J., Kim, S.-H., Loladze, I., Neumann, R. B., Singh, D., Ziska, L., & Wood, R.  Environmental Research Letters, 16(6), 064045.

pdf Aircraft measurements of aerosol and trace gas chemistry in the Eastern North Atlantic. Zawadowicz, M. A., Suski, K., Liu, J., Pekour, M., Fast, J., Mei, F., Sedlacek, A., Springston, S., Wang, Y., Zaveri, R. A., Wood, R., Wang, J., and Shilling, J. E.: , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 7983–8002,, 2021.

pdf Recent Particle Formation and Aerosol Variability Near Southern Ocean Low Clouds. Isabel L. McCoy, Christopher S. Bretherton, Robert Wood, Cynthia H. Twohy, Andrew Gettelman, Charles Bardeen, Darin W. Toohey.  J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2020JD033529,, 2021.

pdf Unique observations of clouds, aerosols, precipitation, and surface radiation over the Southern Ocean: An overview of CAPRICORN, MARCUS, MICRE and SOCRATES. Greg McFarquhar; Chris Bretherton; Roger Marchand; Alain Protat; Paul J DeMott; Simon P. Alexander; Greg C. Roberts; Cynthia H. Twohy; Darin Toohey; Steven Siems; Yi Huang; Robert Wood; Robert M. Rauber; Sonia Lasher-Trapp; Jorgen Jensen; Jeff Stith; Jay Mace; Junshik Um; Emma Jarvinen; Martin Schnaiter; Andrew Gettelman; Kevin J. Sanchez; Christina S. McCluskey; Lynn M. Russell; Isabelle L. McCoy; Rachel Atlas; Charles G. Bardeen; Kathryn A. Moore; Thomas C.J. Hill; Ruhi S. Humphries; Melita D. Keywood; Zoren Ristovski; Luke Cravigan; Robyn Schofield; Chris Fairall; Marc D. Mallet; Sonia M. Kreidenweis; Bryan Rainwater; John D’Alessandro; Yang Wang; Wei Wu; Georges Saliba; Ezra J.T. Levin; Saisai Ding; Francisco Lang; Son C.H. Truong; Cory Wolff; Julie Haggerty; Mike J. Harvey; Andrew Klekociuk; Adrian McDonald, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.,, 2021.

pdf New Particle Formation in the Remote Marine Boundary Layer Following the Passage of Cold Fronts. Guangjie Zheng, Yang Wang, Robert Wood, Michael P. Jensen, Chongai Kuang, Isabel L. McCoy, Alyssa Matthews, Fan Mei, Jason M. Tomlinson, Ewan Crosbie, Richard Moore, Luke Ziemba, Meinrat O. Andreae, and Jian Wang. Nat Commun 12, 527 (2021).

pdf An overview of the ORACLES (ObseRvations of Aerosols above CLouds and their intEractionS) project: aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in the Southeast Atlantic basin. Redemann, J., Wood, R., Zuidema, P., Doherty, S. J., Luna, B., LeBlanc, S. E., Diamond, M. S., Shinozuka, Y., Chang, I. Y., Ueyama, R., Pfister, L., Ryoo, J., Dobracki, A. N., da Silva, A. M., Longo, K. M., Kacenelenbogen, M. S., Flynn, C. J., Pistone, K., Knox, N. M., Piketh, S. J., Haywood, J. M., Formenti, P., Mallet, M., Stier, P., Ackerman, A. S., Bauer, S. E., Fridlind, A. M., Carmichael, G. R., Saide, P. E., Ferrada, G. A., Howell, S. G., Freitag, S., Cairns, B., Holben, B. N., Knobelspiesse, K. D., Tanelli, S., L’Ecuyer, T. S., Dzambo, A. M., Sy, O. O., McFarquhar, G. M., Poellot, M. R., Gupta, S., O’Brien, J. R., Nenes, A., Kacarab, M. E., Wong, J. P. S., Small-Griswold, J. D., Thornhill, K. L., Noone, D., Podolske, J. R., Schmidt, K. S., Pilewskie, P., Chen, H., Cochrane, S. P., Sedlacek, A. J., Lang, T. J., Stith, E., Segal-Rozenhaimer, M., Ferrare, R. A., Burton, S. P., Hostetler, C. A., Diner, D. J., Platnick, S. E., Myers, J. S., Meyer, K. G., Spangenberg, D. A., Maring, H., and Gao, L.: , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1507–1563,, 2021. 

pdf Evaluating the Lagrangian evolution of subtropical low clouds in GCMs using observations: Mean evolution, timescales, and responses to predictors. Ryan Eastman, Christopher R. Terai; Daniel P. Grosvenor; Robert Wood. J. Atmos. Sci., 78, 353-372,, 2021.

pdf  Overview: The CLoud-Aerosol-Radiation Interaction and Forcing: Year-2017 (CLARIFY-2017) measurement campaign,Haywood, J. M., Abel, S. J., Barrett, P. A., Bellouin, N., Blyth, A., Bower, K. N., Brooks, M., Carslaw, K., Che, H., Coe, H., Cotterell, M. I., Crawford, I., Cui, Z., Davies, N., Dingley, B., Field, P., Formenti, P., Gordon, H., de Graaf, M., Herbert, R., Johnson, B., Jones, A. C., Langridge, J. M., Malavelle, F., Partridge, D. G., Peers, F., Redemann, J., Stier, P., Szpek, K., Taylor, J. W., Watson-Parris, D., Wood, R., Wu, H., and Zuidema, P., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1049–1084,, 2021.

pdf Observational constraints on warm cloud microphysical processes using machine learning and optimization techniques. Chiu, J. C.Yang, C. K.van Leeuwen, P. J.Feingold, G.Wood, R.Blanchard, Y., et al. (2021). Geophysical Research Letters48, e2020GL091236. 


pdf Applying Deep Learning to NASA MODIS Data to Create a Community Record of Marine Low Cloud Mesoscale Morphology. Yuan, T., Song, H., Wood, R., Mohrmann, J., Meyer, K., Oreopoulos, L., and Platnick, S. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 6989–6997,, 2020.

pdf Drizzle, Turbulence, and Density Currents Below Post Cold Frontal Open Cellular Marine Stratocumulus Clouds. Virendra Ghate, Maria Cadeddu, and Robert Wood. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031586.

pdf Modeling the smoky troposphere of the southeast Atlantic: a comparison to ORACLES airborne observations from September of 2016. Shinozuka, Y., Saide, P. E., Ferrada, G. A., Burton, S. P., Ferrare, R., Doherty, S. J., Gordon, H., Longo, K., Mallet, M., Feng, Y., Wang, Q., Cheng, Y., Dobracki, A., Freitag, S., Howell, S. G., LeBlanc, S., Flynn, C., Segal-Rosenhaimer, M., Pistone, K., Podolske, J. R., Stith, E. J., Bennett, J. R., Carmichael, G. R., da Silva, A., Govindaraju, R., Leung, R., Zhang, Y., Pfister, L., Ryoo, J.-M., Redemann, J., Wood, R., and Zuidema, P.: Modeling the smoky troposphere of the southeast Atlantic: a comparison to ORACLES airborne observations from September of 2016, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 11491–11526,, 2020.

Observations of aerosol, cloud, turbulence, and radiation properties at the top of the marine boundary layer over the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean: The ACORES campaign. Holger Siebert, Kai-Erik Szodry, Ulrike Egerer, Birgit Wehner, Silvia Henning, Karine Chevalier, Janine Lückerath, Oliver Welz, Kay Weinhold, Paulo Fialho, Greg Roberts, Nithin Allwayin, Simeon Schum, Raymond A. Shaw, Claudio Mazzoleni, Lynn Mazzoleni, Jakub L. Nowak, Szymon Malinowski, Katarzyna Karpinska, Wojciech Kumala, Dominika Czyzewska, Edward P. Luke, Pavlos Kollias, Robert Wood, Juan Pedro Mellado. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:

Limited Regional Aerosol Changes Despite Unprecedented Decline in Nitrogen Oxide Pollution During the February 2020 Coronavirus Shutdown in China. Michael Diamond and Robert Wood. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, e2020GL088913.

pdf  Identifying a regional aerosol baseline in the Eastern North Atlantic using collocated measurements and a mathematical algorithm to mask high submicron number concentration aerosol events. Gallo, F., Uin, J., Springston, S., Wang, J., Zheng, G., Kuang, C., Wood, R., Azevedo, E. B., McComiskey, A., Mei, F., Kyrouac, J., and Aiken, A. C. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 20, 7553–7573, 2020., 2020.

pdf  The hemispheric contrast in cloud microphysical properties constrains aerosol forcing. Isabel L. McCoy, Daniel T. McCoy, Robert Wood, Leighton Regayre, Duncan Watson-Parris, Daniel P. Grosvenor, Jane P. Mulcahy, Yongxiang Hu, Frida A. -M. Bender, Paul R. Field, Ken Carslaw, Hamish Gordon. PNAS, in press. 

Observations pertaining to precipitation within the Northeast Pacific Stratocumulus-to-Cumulus Transition. Mampi SarkarPaquita ZuidemaBruce AlbrechtVirendra GhateJorgen JensenJohannes Mohrmann, and Robert Wood. Mon. Wea. Rev., 2020.

pdf Cloud Brightening from Shipping in Subtropical Low Clouds. Diamond, M. S., H. M. Director, R. Eastman, A. Possner and R. Wood, 2020: Substantial. AGU Advances1, e2019AV000111.
[AGU Advances Editor Highlight]

pdf Biomass Burning Aerosol as a Modulator of Droplet Number in the Southeast Atlantic Region. Mary Kacarab, K. Lee Thornhill, Amie Dobracki, Steven G. Howell, Joseph R. O’Brien, Steffen Freitag, Michael R. Poellot, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Jens Redemann, and Athanasios Nenes. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 3029–3040,, 2020.

pdf Ultra-clean and smoky marine boundary layers frequently occur in the same season over the southeast Atlantic. Sam Pennypacker, Michael Diamond, and Robert Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 2341–2351,, 2020. 

pdf Above-cloud aerosol optical depth from airborne observations in the southeast Atlantic. LeBlanc, S. E., Redemann, J., Flynn, C., Pistone, K., Kacenelenbogen, M., Segal-Rosenheimer, M., Shinozuka, Y., Dunagan, S., Dahlgren, R. P., Meyer, K., Podolske, J., Howell, S. G., Freitag, S., Small-Griswold, J., Holben, B., Diamond, M., Wood, R., Formenti, P., Piketh, S., Maggs-Kölling, G., Gerber, M., and Namwoonde, A.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 1565–1590,, 2020.


pdf  Cloud, Aerosol and Boundary Layer Structure across the Northeast Pacific Stratocumulus-Cumulus Transition as observed during CSET. Christopher Bretherton, Isabel McCoy, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Virendra Ghate, Andrew Gettelman, Charles Bardeen, Bruce Albrecht and Paquita Zuidema. Mon. Wea. Rev.147, 2083-2103, 2019.

pdf  Lagrangian evolution of the Northeast Pacific marine boundary layer structure and cloud during CSET.  Johannes Mohrmann; Christopher S. Bretherton; Virendra Ghate; Isabel L. McCoy; Jeremy McGibbon; Rabindra Palikonda; Mampi Sarkar; Robert Wood; Paquita Zuidema; Bruce Albrecht. Mon. Wea. Rev., 147, 4681-4700, 2019. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0053.1.

pdf  Merged Cloud and Precipitation Dataset from the HIAPER-GV for the Cloud System Evolution in the Trades (CSET) Campaign. M. Christian Schwartz, Virendra P. Ghate, Bruce. A. Albrecht, Paquita Zuidema, Maria Cadeddu, Jothiram Vivekanandan, Scott M. Ellis, Pei Tsai, Edwin W. Eloranta, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, and Christopher S. Bretherton, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 36921–940, July 2019.

pdf  Warm rain rates from AMSR/E 89 GHz brightness temperatures trained using CloudSat rain rate observations. Ryan Eastman, Matthew Lebsock, Robert Wood. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 361033–1051,

 pdf  Simulation of the transport, vertical distribution, optical properties and radiative impact of smoke aerosols with the ALADIN regional climate model during the ORACLES-2016 and LASIC experiments. Marc Mallet, Pierre Nabat, Paquita Zuidema, Jens Redemann, Andrew Sayer, Martin Stengel, Sebastian Schmidt, Sabrina Cochrane, Sharon Burton, Richard Ferrare, Kerry Meyer, Pablo Saide, Hiren Jethva, Omar Torres, Robert Wood, David Saint Martin, Romain Roehrig, Christina Hsu, and Paola Formenti. Atmos. Chem. Phys.19, 4963-4990,

pdf  Midlatitude oceanic cloud precipitation properties as sampled by the ARM Eastern North Atlantic observatory. Scott E. Giangrande, Die Wang, Mary Jane Bartholomew, Michael Jensen, David B. Mechem, Joseph Hardin and Robert Wood. J. Geophys. Res., 124,, 2019.

  Cloud System Evolution in the Trades—CSET Following the Evolution of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems with the NSF/NCAR GV. Albrecht, B., V. Ghate, J. Mohrmann, R. Wood, P. Zuidema, C. Bretherton, C. Schwartz, E. Eloranta, S. Glienke, S. Donaher, M. Sarkar, J. McGibbon, A.D. Nugent, R.A. Shaw, J. Fugal, P. Minnis, R. Paliknoda, L. Lussier, J. Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, S. Ellis, P. Tsai, R. Rilling, J. Haggerty, T. Campos, M. Stell, M. Reeves, S. Beaton, J. Allison, G. Stossmeister, S. Hall, and S. Schmidt: Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, 93-121,


pdf The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project –introduction to the second special issue. Ben Kravitz, Alan Robock , Olivier Boucher, Mark Lawrence , John C. Moore , Ulrike Niemeier, Trude Storelvmo,  Simone Tilmes, and Robert Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-special_issue376-preface, 2018.

pdf Marine boundary layer aerosol in Eastern North Atlantic: seasonal variations and key controlling processes. Guangjie Zheng, Yang Wang, Allison C. Aiken, Francesca Gallo, Mike Jensen, Pavlos Kollias, Chongai Kuang, Edward Luke, Stephen Springston, Janek Uin, Robert Wood, and Jian Wang, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 17615–17635, 2018.

pdf  The efficacy of aerosol–cloud radiative perturbations from near-surface emissions in deep open-cell stratocumuli. Possner, A., Wang, H., Wood, R., Caldeira, K., and Ackerman, T. P.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 17475-17488, 2018.

pdf  Time-Dependent Entrainment of Smoke Presents an Observational Challenge for Assessing Aerosol-Cloud Interactions over the Southeast Atlantic Ocean. Michael S. Diamond, Steffen Freitag, Jennifer D. Small Griswold, Ashley Heikkila, Steven G. Howell, Pablo E. Saide, and Robert Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 14623-14636,, 2018.

pdf The Risks of Contracting the Acquisition and Processing of the Nation’s Weather and Climate Data to the Private Sector. Serra, Y.L., J.S. Haase, D.K. Adams, Q. Fu, T.P. Ackerman, M.J. Alexander, A. Arellano, L. Back, S. Chen, K. Emanuel, Z. Fuchs, Z. Kuang, B. Mapes, D. Neelin, D. Raymond, A.H. Sobel, P.W. Staten, A. Subramanian, D.W. Thompson, G. Vecchi, R. Wood, and P. Zuidema, 2018Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99869–870,

pdf  The competing effects of stability and humidity on subtropical stratocumulus entrainment and cloud evolution from a Lagrangian perspective. Ryan Eastman and Robert Wood.  J. Atmos. Sci., 752563–2578,

pdf  Quantifying and correcting the effect of vertical penetration assumptions on droplet concentration retrievals from passive satellite instruments. Daniel P. Grosvenor, Odran Sourdeval, and Robert Wood. Atmos. Meas. Tech.11, 4273-4289,, 2018.

pdf Remote sensing of droplet number concentration in warm clouds: A review of the current state of knowledge and perspectives. Daniel P. Grosvenor, Odran Sourdeval, Paquita Zuidema, Andrew Ackerman, Mikhail D. Alexandrov, Ralf Bennartz, Reinout Boers, Brian Cairns, J. Christine Chiu, Matthew Christensen, Hartwig Deneke, Michael Diamond, Graham Feingold, Ann Fridlind, Anja Hünerbein, Christine Knist, Pavlos Kollias, Alexander Marshak, Daniel McCoy, Daniel Merk, David Painemal, John Rausch, Daniel Rosenfeld, Herman Russchenberg, Patric Seifert, Kenneth Sinclair, Philip Stier, Bastiaan van Diedenhoven, Manfred Wendisch, Frank Werner, Robert Wood, Zhibo Zhang, and Johannes Quaas. Rev. Geophys., 56,

pdf  Deeper, precipitating PBLs associated with optically thin veil clouds in the Sc-Cu transition. Kuan-Ting O, Hsui-Hui Tseng, and Robert Wood. Geophys. Res. Lett.45,, 2018.

pdf The potential of a multi-decades space-borne lidar record to constrain cloud feedbacks. Helene Chepfer, Vincent Noel, Marjolaine Chiriaco, Bruce Wielicki, Dave Winker, Norman Loeb, and Robert Wood.  J. Geophys. Res., 123., 2018.

pdf Ultraclean layers and optically thin clouds in the stratocumulus to cumulus transition: Part I. Observations. Robert Wood, Kuan-Ting O, Christopher Bretherton, Johannes Mohrmann, Bruce. A. Albrecht, Paquita Zuidema, Virendra Ghate, Chris Schwartz, Ed Eloranta, Susanne Glienke, Raymond Shaw, Jacob Fugal, Patrick Minnis. J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 1631-1652, 2018.

pdf Ultraclean layers and optically thin clouds in the stratocumulus to cumulus transition: Part II. Depletion of cloud droplets and cloud condensation nuclei through collision-coalescence. Kuan-Ting O, Robert Wood, Christopher Bretherton.  J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 1653-1673, 2018.

pdf Drivers of seasonal variability in marine boundary layer aerosol number concentration investigated using a steady-state approach. Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Jeremy McGibbon, Ryan Eastman, Edward Luke. J. Geophys. Res., 123,

pdf  Coupled Retrieval of Liquid Water Cloud and Aerosol Above Cloud Properties using the Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI).  Feng Xu , Gerard van Harten, David J. Diner , Anthony B. Davis , Felix C. Seidel, Brian Rheingans, Mika Tosca, Mikhail D. Alexandrov, Brian Cairns, Richard A. Ferrare, Sharon P. Burton, Marta A. Fenn, Chris A. Hostetler, Robert Wood , and Jens Redemann. J. Geophys. Res., 123.

pdf  Predicting decadal trends in cloud droplet number concentration using reanalysis and satellite data. McCoy, D. T., Bender, F. A.-M., Grosvenor, D. P., Mohrmann, J. K., Hartmann, D. L., Wood, R., and Field, P. R.: Atmos. Chem. Phys.,, 2018.


pdf Could geoengineering research help answer one of the biggest questions in climate science? Robert Wood, Thomas Ackerman, Philip Rasch and Kelly Wanser. Earth’s Future.  5, 659–663,doi:10.1002/2017EF000601.

pdf Use of cloud radar Doppler spectra to evaluate stratocumulus drizzle size distributions in large-eddy simulations with size-resolved microphysics. J. Rémillard, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, G. Tselioudis, P. Kollias, D. B. Mechem, H. E. Chandler, E. Luke, R. Wood, M. K. Witte, P. Y. Chuang, and J. K. Ayers. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology,, 2017.

pdf  Multi-year composite view of ozone enhancements and stratosphere-to-troposphere transport in dry intrusions of northern hemisphere extratropical cyclones. Lyatt Jaeglé, Robert Wood, Krzysztof Wargan. J. Geophys. Res., 122 13,43613,457.

pdf The subtropical stratocumulus-topped planetary boundary layer: A climatology and the Lagrangian evolution. Ryan Eastman,
Robert Wood, Kuan Ting O. J. Atmos. Sci., 74, 2633-2656.

pdf A Case Study in Low Aerosol Number Concentrations over the Eastern North Atlantic: Implications for Pristine Conditions in the Remote Marine Boundary Layer. Sam Pennypacker and Robert Wood. J. Geophys. Res., 122.

pdf  Identifying Meteorological Controls on Open and Closed Mesoscale Cellular Convection Associated with Marine Cold Air Outbreaks.  Isabel L. McCoy, Robert Wood, Jennifer K. Fletcher. J. Geophys. Res., 122,, 2017.

pdf Impacts of solar-absorbing aerosol layers on the transition of stratocumulus to trade cumulus clouds.   Zhou, X., Ackerman, A. S., Fridlind, A. M., Wood, R., and Kollias, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 12725-12742,, 2017.

The global aerosol-cloud first indirect effect estimated using MODIS, MERRA and AeroCom. Daniel T. McCoy, Frida Bender, Johannes Mohrmann, Dennis Hartmann, Robert Wood, and Daniel Grosvenor. J. Geophys. Res., 122, 1779-1796.

pdf Evidence for shifting regional moisture imbalances from isotope ratios in water vapor. Adriana Bailey, Peter Blossey, David Noone, J. Nusbaumer, and Robert Wood. J. Geophys. Res., 122, 57635779, doi:10.1002/2016JD026222.

pdf Evaluation of hemispheric asymmetries in marine cloud radiative properties. Frida Bender, Anders Engstrom, Robert Wood, Robert Charlson. J. Climate, 30, 4131-4147, 2017.

pdf Controls on subtropical low cloud as diagnosed from AIRS, MODIS, and ECMWF interim reanalysis and the inferred changes low cloud fraction in a warming climate. Daniel T. McCoy, Ryan Eastman, Dennis L. Hartmann, Robert Wood. J. Climate, 30, 3609-3620, 2017.

pdf  Low CCN concentration air masses over the eastern
North Atlantic: seasonality, meteorology and drivers.
Robert Wood, Jayson D. Stemmler, Jasmine Rémillard, Anne Jefferson. J. Geophys. Res., 122, 12031223,  doi:10.1002/2016JD025557.


pdf Factors Controlling Low-Cloud Evolution over the Eastern Subtropical Oceans: A Lagrangian Perspective Using the A-Train Satellites. Ryan Eastman and Robert Wood, J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 331–351, 2016.

pdf Smoke and Clouds above the Southeast Atlantic: Upcoming Field Campaigns Probe Absorbing Aerosol’s Impact on Climate. Paquita Zuidema, Jens Redemann, James Haywood, Robert Wood, Stuart Piketh, Martin Hipondoka, Paola Formenti.  Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., July 2016, 1131-1135.

 pdf An approximation for homogeneous freezing temperature of water droplets  K.-T. O and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 7239–7249, 2016. doi:10.5194/acp-16-7239-2016.

pdf Improving Our Fundamental Understanding of the Role of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions in the Climate System. John H. Seinfeld, Christopher S. Bretherton, Kenneth S. Carslaw, Hugh Coe, Paul J. DeMott, Edward J. Dunlea, Graham Feingold, Steven J. Ghan, Alex B. Guenther, Ralph A. Kahn, Ian P. Kraucunas, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Mario J. Molina, Athanasios Nenes, Joyce E. Penner, Kimberly A. Prather, Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Venkatachalam
Ramaswamy, Philip J. Rasch, A.R. Ravishankara, Daniel Rosenfeld, Graeme Stephens, Robert Wood. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 113, 5781–5790, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1514043113.

pdf Opportunities to Improve Representation of Clouds and
Aerosols in Climate Models with Classified Observing Systems:
Proceedings of a Workshop: Abbreviated Version.
Katie Thomas, Rapporteur. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press., doi: 10.17226/23527.

pdf Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds. Robert Wood, Michael P. Jensen, Jian Wang, Christopher S. Bretherton, Susannah M. Burrows, Anthony D. Del Genio, Ann M. Fridlind, Steven J. Ghan, Virendra P. Ghate, Pavlos Kollias, Steven K. Krueger, Robert L. McGraw, Mark A. Miller, David Painemal, Lynn M. Russell, Sandra E. Yuter, and Paquita Zuidema. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 1699–1702, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0160.1.

pdf Challenges and Prospects for Reducing Coupled Climate Model SST Biases in the eastern tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans: The US CLIVAR Eastern Tropical Oceans Synthesis Working Group. Paquita Zuidema, Ping Chang, Brian Medeiros, Ben P. Kirtman, Roberto Mechoso, Edwin K. Schneider, Thomas Toniazzo, Ingo Richter, R. Justin Small, Katinka Bellomo, Peter Brandt, Simon de Szoeke, J. Thomas Farrar, Eunsil Jung, Seiji Kato, Mingkui Li, Christina Patricola, Zaiyu Wang, Robert Wood, and Zhao Xu, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00274.1.

pdf Timescales of clouds and cloud controlling variables in subtropical stratocumulus from a Lagrangian perspective
Ryan Eastman, Robert Wood, Chris Bretherton. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 3079–3091, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-16-0050.1.


pdf The nonlinear relationship between albedo and cloud fraction on near-global monthly mean scale observations and in the CMIP5 model ensemble. Anders Engstrom, Frida Bender, Robert Charlson, and Robert Wood, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL066275.

pdf Natural Aerosols Explain Seasonal and Spatial Patterns of Southern Ocean Cloud Albedo. McCoy, Daniel T., Susannah M. Burrows, Robert Wood, Daniel P. Grosvenor, Scott M. Elliott, Po-Lun Ma, Phillip J. Rasch, and Dennis L. Hartmann. Science Advances 1, no. 6 (July 1, 2015): e1500157. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500157.

pdf Satellite and diagnostic model estimates of precipitation susceptibility in low-level, marine stratocumulus. Christopher. R. Terai, Robert Wood, and Terence L. Kubar, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, 10.1002/2015JD023319.

pdf Geographically coherent patterns of albedo enhancement and suppression associated with aerosol sources and sinks. Anders Engström, Frida. A-M. Bender, Robert J. Charlson, and Robert Wood, Tellus-B., 67, 26442,, 2015.

pdf The relationship between cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration and light extinction of dried particles: indications of underlying aerosol processes and implications for satellite-based CCN estimates. Shinozuka, Y., Clarke, A. D., Nenes, A., Jefferson, A., Wood, R., McNaughton, C. S., Ström, J., Tunved, P., Redemann, J., Thornhill, K. L., Moore, R. H., Lathem, T. L., Lin, J. J., and Yoon, Y. J.: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7585-7604, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7585-2015, 2015.

pdf Large-Eddy Simulation of Ship Tracks in the Collapsed Marine Boundary Layer: A Case Study from the Monterey Area Ship Track Experiment. A. H. Berner, C. S. Bretherton, and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5851-5871, doi:10.5194/acp-15-5851-2015.

pdf Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer: An ARM Mobile Facility Deployment. Wood, R., M. Wyant, C. S. Bretherton, J. Rémillard, P. Kollias, J. Fletcher, J. Stemmler, S. deSzoeke, S. E. Yuter, M. Miller, D. Mechem, G. Tselioudis, C. Chiu, J. Mann, E. O’Connor, R. Hogan, X. Dong,  M. Miller, V. Ghate, A. Jefferson, Q. Min, P. Minnis, R. Palinkonda, B. Albrecht, E. Luke, C. Hannay, Y. Lin, 2014: Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 96, 419–440, 2015.

pdf Global and regional modeling of clouds and aerosols in the marine boundary layer during VOCALS: the VOCA Intercomparison. M. C. Wyant, C. S. Bretherton, R. Wood, G. R. Carmichael, A. Clarke, J. Fast, R. C. George, W. I. Gustafson Jr., C. Hannay, A. Lauer, Y. Lin J.-J. Morcrette, J. Mulcahy, P. E. Saide, S. N. Spak, and Q. Yang. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 153-172, 2015.

Stratus and Stratocumulus. R. Wood, In: Gerald R. North (editor-in-chief), John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang (editors). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 2, pp. 196–200. ISBN: 9780123822253, 2015. The publisher Elsevier does not allow me to post this article on an open server. Please email me for a copy.


pdf CALIPSO observations of near-cloud aerosol properties as a function of cloud fraction. Weidong Yang, Alexander Marshak, Tamás Várnai, Robert Wood. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 9150–9157, doi:10.1002/2014GL061896.

pdf Non-Instrumented Incubation of a Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Assay for the Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Proviral HIV-1 DNA. L. Lillis, D. Lehman, M. Singal, J. Cantera, J. Singleton, P. Labarre, A. Toyama, O. Piepenburg, M. Parker, R. Wood, J. Overbaugh, D.S. Boyle, PLoS ONE 9(9): e108189. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108189.

pdf Factors determining the most efficient spray distribution for marine cloud brightening, P. J. Connolly, G. B. McFiggans, and R. Wood. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A372: 20140056.

pdf The effect of solar zenith angle on MODIS cloud optical and microphysical retrievals, D. P. Grosvenor and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 14, 7291-7321, doi:10.5194/acp-14-7291-2014, 2014.

pdf Aircraft observations of five pockets of open cells sampled during VOCALS REx. C. R. Terai, C. S. Bretherton, R. Wood, and G. Painter. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8071-8088, doi:10.5194/acp-14-8071-2014, 2014.

pdf A 19-month Record of Marine Aerosol-Cloud-Radiation Properties derived from DOE ARM AMF deployment at the Azores: Part I: Cloud Fraction and Single-layered MBL Cloud Properties. X. Dong, B. Xi, A. Kennedy. P. Minnis, and R. Wood. J. Clim., 27, 3665-3682, 2014.

pdf Climatology of stratocumulus cloud morphologies: Microphysical properties and radiative effects. A. Muhlbauer, I. McCoy, and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 14, 1-22, doi:10.5194/acp-14-1-2014.

pdf Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Interactionsin the Southeastern Pacific: The VOCALS Program. C. R. Mechoso, R. Wood, R. Weller, C. S. Bretherton, A. D. Clarke, H. Coe , C. Fairall, J. T. Farrar, G. Feingold, R. Garreaud, C. Grados, J. C. McWilliams , S. P. de Szoeke, S. E. Yuter, and P. Zuidema. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 95, 357-37, 2014.

pdf Climate Effects of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. Daniel Rosenfeld, Steven Sherwood, Robert Wood, Leo Donner. Science, 343, 379-380, 2014.


pdf Marine boundary layer cloud regimes and POC formation in an LES coupled to a bulk aerosol scheme. A. H. Berner, C. S. Bretherton, R. Wood, and A. Muhlbauer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 12549-12572, 2013.

pdf Climatic change special issue: geoengineering research and its limitations. Robert Wood, Stephen Gardiner and Lauren Hartzell-Nichols. Climatic Change, 121, 427-430, DOI 10.1007/s10584-013-1000-4

pdf Defining success and limits of field experiments to test geoengineering by marine cloud brightening. R. Wood and T. P. Ackerman. Climatic Change, 121, DOI 10.1007/s10584-013-0932-z, 2013.

pdf US CLIVAR Science Plan. December 2013.

pdf The seasonal cycle of planetary boundary layer depth determined using COSMIC radio occultation data. K.-M. Chan and R. Wood. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 12,422–12,434, doi:10.1002/2013JD020147.

pdf Aerosol cloud-mediated radiative forcing: highly uncertain and opposite effects from shallow and deep clouds. Rosenfeld, D., R. Wood, L. Donner, S. Sherwood, 2013. A WCRP Community Position Paper

Community position papers are intended to address current and future research and intellectual challenges that must be tackled by WCRP, and in so doing engage the next generation of scientists who will lead the WCRP over the years and decades ahead.

pdf Microphysical Process Rates and Global Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, C. R. Terai, and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9855-9867, 2013

pdf Development and impact of hooks of large droplet concentration on remote southeast Pacific stratocumulus. R. C. George, R. Wood, C. S. Bretherton and G. Painter. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6305-6328, doi:10.5194/acp-13-6305-2013, 2013.

pdf How forecasts expressing uncertainty are perceived by UK students. J. A. Peachey, D. M. Schultz, R. Morss, P. J. Roebber, R. Wood. Weather, 67, 176-181, 2013.

pdf Aircraft observations of cold pools under marine stratocumulus. C. R. Terai and R. Wood, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9899-9914, 2013.

pdf Community Modeling and Long-Term Predictions of the Integrated Water Cycle. Topic Lead and Coauthor, Report from a DoE Workshop, September 2012.

pdf Impacts of aerosol particles on the microphysical and radiative properties of stratocumulus clouds over the southeast Pacific Ocean. C. H. Twohy, J. R. Anderson, D. W. Toohey, M. Andrejczuk, A. Adams, M. Lytle, R. C. George, R. Wood, P. Saide, S. Spak, P. Zuidema, and D. Leon, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2541-2562, 2013.


pdf On the nature and extent of optically-thin low clouds. L. V. Leahy, R. Wood, R. J. Charlson, C. A. Hostetler, R. R. Rogers, M. A. Vaughan, and D. M. Winker. J. Geophys. Res, 117, D22201, doi:10.1029/2012JD017929.

pdf Marine boundary layer cloud observations at the Azores. J. Rémillard, P. Kollias, E. Luke, and R. Wood. J. Clim., 25, 7381–7398.

pdf Precipitation driving of droplet concentration variability in marine low clouds. R. Wood, D. Leon, M. Lebsock, J. Snider, A. D. Clarke.  J. Geophys. Res., 117, D19210, doi:10.1029/2012JD018305

pdfAerosol optical depth enhancement in partly cloudy conditions. D. Chand, R. Wood, S. Ghan, M. Wang, M. Ovchinnikov, P. J. Rasch, S. Miller, B. Schichtel, T. Moore. J. Geophys. Res.., 117, D17207, doi:10.1029/2012JD017894, 2012.

pdf Stratocumulus clouds. R. Wood. Review paper, Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2373-2423, 2012.

pdf The “Year” of Tropical Convection (May 2008 to April 2010): Climate Variability and Weather Highlights. D. E. Waliser, M. Moncrieff, D. Burrridge, Andreas H. Fink, D. Gochis, B. N. Goswami, B. Guan, P. Harr, J. Heming, H.-H. Hsu, C. Jakob, M. Janiga, R. Johnson, S. Jones, P. Knippertz, J. Marengo, H. Nguyen, M. Pope, Y. Serra, C. Thorncroft, M. Wheeler, R. Wood, S. E. Yuter. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.,, August 2012.

pdf Does precipitation susceptibility vary with increasing cloud thickness in marine stratocumulus? Terai, C. R., R. Wood, D. C. Leon, and P. Zuidema. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4567-4583, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4567-2012, 2012.

pdf Organic carbon and non-refractory aerosol over the remote Southeast Pacific: oceanic and combustion sources. L. M .Shank, A.D. Clarke ,S. Howell, S. Freitag, V. Brekhovskikh, V. Kapustin, C. McNaughton, T. Campos, and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 557-576, doi:10.5194/acp-12-557-2012, 2012.

pdf Marine Cloud Brightening. J. Latham, K. Bower, T. Choularton, H. Coe, P. Connolly , G. Cooper ,T. Craft, J. Foster, A. Gadian, L. Galbraith, H. Iacovides, D. Johnston, B. Launder, B. Leslie, J. Meyer, A. Neukermans, B. Ormond, B. Parkes, P. J. Rasch, J. Rush, S. Salter, T. Stevenson, H. Wang, Q. Wang, and R. Wood. Phil Trans Roy. Soc. A, 2012, 370, 4217-4262, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0086.


pdf Large-eddy simulation of mesoscale dynamics and entrainment around a pocket of open cells observed in VOCALS RF06. A. H. Berner, C. S. Bretherton, and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10525-10540, 2011.

pdf The distribution of cloud horizontal sizes . R. Wood, and P. R. Field, J. Clim., 24, 4800-4816, 2011 .

pdf Temperature and water vapor variance scaling in global models: Comparisons to satellite and aircraft data. B. H. Kahn, J. Teixeira, E. J. Fetzer, A. Gettelman, S. M. Hristova-Veleva, X. Huang, A. K. Kochanski, M. Köhler, S. K. Krueger, R. Wood, and M. Zhao. J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 2156-2168, 2011 .

pdf Direct and semi-direct aerosol effects of Southern African biomass burning aerosol. N. Sakaeda, R. Wood, and P. J. Rasch (2011). J. Geophys. Res., 116, D12205, doi:10.1029/2010JD015540.

pdf Southeast Pacific atmospheric composition and variability sampled along 20S during VOCALS-REx. G. Allen, Coe, H., Clarke, A., Bretherton, C., Wood, R., Abel, S. J., Barrett, P., Brown, P., George, R., Freitag, S., McNaughton, C., Howell, S., Shank, L., Kapustin, V., Brekhovskikh, V., Kleinman, L., Lee, Y.-N., Springston, S., Toniazzo, T., Krejci, R., Fochesatto, J., Shaw, G., Krecl, P., Brooks, B., McMeeking, G., Bower, K. N., Williams, P. I., Crosier, J., Crawford, I., Connolly, P., Allan, J. D., Covert, D., Bandy, A. R., Russell, L. M., Trembath, J., Bart, M., McQuaid, J. B., Wang, J., and Chand, D., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5237-5262, doi:10.5194/acp-11-5237-2011, 2011.

pdf Large-scale and synoptic meteorology in the south-east Pacific during the observations campaign VOCALS-REx in austral Spring 2008. T. Toniazzo, S. J. Abel, R.Wood, C. R. Mechoso, L. C. Shaffrey. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 4977-5009, doi:10.5194/acp-11-4977-2011, 2011

pdf An aircraft case study of the spatial transition from closed to open mesoscale cellular convection. R. Wood, C. S. Bretherton, D. Leon, A. D. Clarke, P. Zuidema, G. Allen, and H. Coe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 2341-2370, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2341-2011, 2011.

pdf The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): Goals, platforms, and field operations. R. Wood, C. S. Bretherton, C. R. Mechoso, R. A. Weller, B. Huebert, F. Straneo, B. A. Albrecht, H. Coe, G. Allen, G. Vaughan, P. Daum, C. Fairall, D. Chand, L. Gallardo Klenner, R. Garreaud, C. Grados Quispe, D. S. Covert, T. S. Bates, R. Krejci, L. M. Russell, S. de Szoeke, A. Brewer, S. E. Yuter, S. R. Springston, A. Chaigneau, T. Toniazzo, P. Minnis, R. Palikonda, S. J. Abel, W. O. J. Brown, S. Williams, J. Fochesatto, J. Brioude, and K.N. Bower, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 627-654, 2011.


 pdf Southeast Pacific stratocumulus clouds, precipitation and boundary layer structure sampled along 20S during VOCALS-REx. C. S. Bretherton, R. Wood, R. C. George, D. Leon, G. Allen, and X. Zheng, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10639-10654, 2010.

pdf Source Attribution of Climatically Important Aerosol Properties measured at Paposo (Chile) during VOCALS. D. Chand, D.A. Hegg, R. Wood, G.E. Shaw, D. Wallace and D. S. Covert, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10789-10801, 2010.

pdf Subseasonal variability of low cloud radiative properties over the southeast Pacific Ocean. R. C. George and R. Wood. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4047-4063, doi:10.5194/acp-10-4047-2010, 2010.

pdf The PreVOCA Experiment: Modeling the lower troposphere in the Southeast Pacific. Wyant, M. C., R. Wood, C.S. Bretherton, C. R. Mechoso, J. Bacmeister, M. A. Balmaseda, B. Barrett, F. Codron, P. Earnshaw, J. Fast, A. Hall, C. Hannay, J. W. Kaiser, H. Kitagawa, S. A. Klein, M. Koehler, J. Manganello, H.-L. Pan, S. Wang, and Y. Wang. Atmos. Chem. Phys.,10, 4757-4774, doi:10.5194/acp-10-4757-2010, 2010.

pdf Modelling microphysical and meteorological controls on precipitation and cloud cellular structures in Southeast Pacific stratocumulus. H. Wang, G. Feingold, R. Wood, and J. Kazil, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 6347-6362, doi:10.5194/acp-10-6347-2010, 2010.


pdf Understanding the importance of microphysics and macrophysics for warm rain in marine low clouds: Part I. Satellite observations. T. Kubar, D. L. Hartmann, and R. Wood. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2953-2972, 2009.

pdf Understanding the importance of microphysics and macrophysics for warm rain in marine low clouds: Part II. Heuristic models of rain formation. R. Wood, T. Kubar, D. L. Hartmann. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2973-2990, 2009.

pdf The diurnal cycle of surface divergence over the global oceans. R. Wood, M. Köhler, R. Bennartz, C. O’Dell, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 135, 1484-1493, 2009

pdfA test of the simulation of tropical convective cloudiness by a cloud-resolving model. Lopez, M. A., D. L. Hartmann, P. N. Blossey, R. Wood, C. S. Bretherton, and T. L. Kubar, J. Climate., 22, 2834-2849, 2009.

pdf Satellite-derived direct radiative effect of aerosols
dependent on cloud cover. D. Chand, R. Wood, T. Anderson, S. K. Satheesh, R. J. Charlson. Nature Geoscience, 2, 181-184.

pdf Observational strategies from the micro to meso scale. Brenguier, J.-L. and R. Wood. From the Strüngmann Forum Report, Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation. Edited by Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson. 2009. MIT Press ISBN 978-0-262-01287-4

pdfCurrent Understanding and quantification of clouds in the changing climate system and strategies for reducing critical uncertainties. Johannes Quaas, Rapporteur, S. Bony, W. D. Cllins, L. Donner, A. Illingworth, A. Jones, U. Lohmann, M. Satoh, S. E. Schwartz, W-K. Tao, and R. Wood. From the Strüngmann Forum Report, Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation. Edited by Jost Heintzenberg and Robert J. Charlson. 2009. MIT Press ISBN 978-0-262-01287-4


pdf Midlatitude cyclone compositing to constrain climate model behavior using satellite observations. Field, P. R., A. Gettelman, R.
Neale, R. Wood, P. J. Rasch and H. Morrison
. J. Clim., 21, 5887-5903.

pdf Studying the vertical variation of cloud droplet effective radius using ship and spaceborne remote sensing data. Chen, R., R. Wood, Z. Li, R. Ferraro, and F-L Chang. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00A02, doi:10.1029/2007JD009596, 2008

pdf Quantifying above-cloud aerosol using spaceborne lidar for improved understanding of cloudy-sky direct climate forcing. Chand, D., T. L. Anderson, R. Wood, R. J. Charlson, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D13206, doi:10.1029/2007JD009433, 2008.

pdf Open cellular structure in marine stratocumulus sheets. Wood, R., K. K. Comstock, C. S. Bretherton, C. Cornish, J. Tomlinson, D.
R. Collins, and C. Fairall. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D12207, doi:10.1029/2007JD009371, 2008.

pdf Dynamic effects on tropical mean cloud radiative forcing and radiation budget. Yuan, J., D. L. Hartmann, and R. Wood. J.
, 21, 2337-2351, 2008.

pdf Timescale analysis of aerosol sensitivity during homogeneous freezing and implications for upper tropospheric water vapor budgets. Kay, J. E., and R. Wood. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L10809, doi:10.1029/2007GL032628, 2008


 pdf Radiative and convective driving of tropical high clouds.

Kubar, T. L., D. L. Hartmann, and R. Wood. J. Clim., 20, 5510-5526, 2007.

pdf The three dimensional structure and kinematics of drizzling
Comstock, K. K., S. E. Yuter, R. Wood, and C. S. Bretherton. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 3767-3784, 2007.

pdf Cancellation of aerosol indirect effects in marine stratocumulus through cloud thinning. R. Wood, J. Atmos. Sci., 64,
2657-2669, 2007.

pdf The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS). Wood R., C. R. Mechoso, C. S. Bretherton, B. Huebert, R.
Weller. Clivar Variations, 5, No 1, 2007.

tPrecipitation and cloud structure in midlatitude cyclones. Field,
P. R. and R. Wood, J. Clim., 20, 233-254, 2007.

Cyclones dataset available online

BAMS Nowcast Papers of Note summary

pdf Relationships between optical depth, liquid water path, droplet concentration, and effective radius in adiabatic layer cloud. R. Wood., personal note.

pdf The rate of loss of cloud droplets by coalescence in warm clouds. R. Wood, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D21205, doi:10.1029/2006JD007553, 2006.

On the relationship between stratiform low cloud cover and
lower tropospheric stability. Wood, R., and C. S. Bretherton, J.
19, 6425-6432, 2006.

A characterization of tropical transient activity in the CAM3 atmospheric hydrologic cycle. Rasch, P. J., Stevens, M. J., Ricciardulli, L., Dai, A., Negri, A., Wood, R., Boville, B. A., Eaton, B., and Hack, J. J., J. Clim., 19, 2222-2242, 2006.

Spatial variability of liquid water path in marine low cloud: The importance of mesoscale cellular convection. Wood, R., and Hartmann, D. L., J.Clim., 19,1748-1764, 2006.

Parameterization of the autoconversion process. Part II: Generalization of the Sundqvist-type parameterizations. Liu, Y., Daum,P. H., McGraw, R., and Wood, R., J. Atmos. Sci., 63,1103-1109, 2006.

Mixed-layer budget analysis of the diurnal cycle of entrainment in SE Pacific stratocumulus. Caldwell, P., Bretherton,
C.S., and Wood, R. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 3775-3791, 2005.

Integrated EPIC Stratocumulus dataset available online

Comments on: “On the parameterization of the autoconversion process. Part I: Analytical formulation of the Kessler-type parameterizations”. Wood, R., and Blossey, P., J. Atmos. Sci, 62,
3003-3006, 2005.

Drizzle in stratiform boundary layer clouds. Part I: Vertical and horizontal structure Wood, R. J. Atmos. Sci.,62, 3011-3033, 2005.

Drizzle in stratiform boundary layer clouds. Part II: Microphysical aspects. Wood, R. J. Atmos. Sci.,62, 3034-3050, 2005.

Pockets of Open Cells (POCs) and Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus. Stevens, B., G. Vali, K. Comstock, R. Wood, M. VanZanten, P.H. Austin, C.S.Bretherton, D.H. Lenschow Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 51-57, 2005


  Reflectivity and rain rate in and below drizzling stratocumulus Comstock, K. K., Wood, R., Yuter, S. E., and Bretherton, C. S. Quart.
J.Roy. Meteorol. Soc.,
130,2891-2919, 2004.

Boundary layer depth, entrainment and decoupling in the cloud-capped subtropical and tropical marine boundary layer. Wood, R., and Bretherton, C. S. J. Clim., 17,3576-3588, 2004.

The EPIC 2001 Stratocumulus Study. Bretherton, C. S., Uttal, T., Fairall, C. W., Yuter, S. E., Weller, R. A.,Baumgardner, D.,
Comstock, K., Wood, R. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85, 967-977, 2004.


Ice particle interarrival times measured with a fast FSSP. Field, P. R., Wood, R., Hirst, E., Greenaway, R., Kaye, P., Brown, P. R. A., and Smith, J. A. J.Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20,249-261, 2003.


  Diurnal cycle of liquid water path over the subtropical and tropical oceans. Wood, R., C. S. Bretherton, and D. L. Hartmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 10.1029/2002GL015371, 2002

Diurnal cycle dataset available for download

Autoconversion rate bias in stratiform boundary layer cloud parameterizations. Wood, R., Field,
P. R. and W. R. Cotton, Atmos. Res., 65, 109-128, 2002.

Comparison of probability density functions for total specific humidity and saturation deficit humidity, and consequences for cloud parameterization. Price, J. D., and R. Wood, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 128,2059-2072, 2002

How important is the spectral ripening effect in stratiform boundary layer clouds? Studies using simple trajectory analysis. Wood, R., S. Irons, and P. R. Jonas, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2681-2693, 2002


  Liquid water path variability in unbroken marine stratocumulus clouds. Wood, R., and J. P. Taylor, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 127,2635-2662, 2001

Small-scale and mesoscale variability of scalars in cloudy boundary layers: One-dimensional probability density functions. Larson, V. E., Wood, R., Field, P. R., Golaz, J-C., Vonder Haar, T. H.,
and Cotton, W. R., J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1978-1994, 2001.

Systematic biases in the microphysics and thermodynamics of numerical models that ignore subgrid-scale variability. Larson, V. E., Wood, R., Field, P. R., Golaz, J-C., Vonder Haar, T. H., and Cotton, W. R., J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 1117-1128, 2001.

Modification of the aerosol size distribution within exhaust plumes
produced by diesel-powered ships.
Osborne, S. R., D. W. Johnson, K. N. Bower, R. Wood, 2001: J. Geophys. Res., 106, 9827-9842, 2001


Parametrization of the effect of drizzle upon the droplet effective radius in stratocumulus clouds. Wood, R., Quart.
J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc.
: 126, 3309-3325, 2000.

Rejected comment on a paper by Davis
et al. (1999), which suggests that enhancedsmall scale variability in LWC may actually be an artifact of the measurement technique.

Some impact of pollutants on the development and optical properties of stratocumulus clouds. Ghosh, S.,Jonas, P. R., and Wood, R., Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc.: 126,2851-2872, 2000.

Relationships between Total Water,Condensed Water, and Cloud Fraction in Stratiform Clouds Examined Using Aircraft Data. Wood, R. and Field, P. R., J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 1888-1905, 2000.

Soluble ion chemistry of theatmospheric aerosol and SO2 concentrations over the eastern North Atlanticduring ACE2. M. O. Andreae, W. Elbert, R. Gabriel, D. W. Johnson,S. Osborne, R. Wood, Tellus: 52B, 1066-1087, 2000


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Professor, Atmospheric Sciences, Univ. of Washington