Bibliography of Literature Relevant to Our Future Sustainability

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III.    The Cultural How and Why? Ideologies, Ethics, Economics, and Politics of (Un)Sustainability

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What’s Here

This bibliography is concerned with disturbing environmental and social trends, along with the potential to make things better and the risks if we don’t.  Virtually all of the significant threats to ecosystems and the potential for humanity to persist and thrive are fostered or exacerbated by our actions (or lack thereof) and the values that drive our choices.  Accordingly, the roots of the problems to address are cultural in nature, not scientific or technological.

The resources to be found in this section represent the fruits of my search for why we have gotten into this self-made mess and why we are having such difficulty in extricating ourselves from it.  These are generally transdisciplinary explorations of the influence of values, ideologies, ethics, and cultural norms on the economics, politics, and sheer cussedness that make for a fractious civilization in disharmony with the planet and its ecosystems.  Clearly, any assessment of our future prospects must be based in an understanding of what drives our behavior and erects barriers in the way of progress.

This section is broken up into 5 subsections.  Subsection A draws on cultural theory and psychology research to investigate the development, reinforcement, amplification, and sometimes weaponization of values, norms, and political ideology.  Subsection B contains links to a subset of the extensive literature related to environmental ethics and environmental justice.  

Subsection C cites articles that explore the politics and polarization associated with acceptance of climate science, evaluations of climate change risk, environmental advocacy and communication, and degrees of support for environmental policies of all kinds.  Subsection D cites articles that focus on the characteristics and problems associated with our economic paradigm, along with proposed alternatives.

Subsection E focuses on the decline in democracy and rise of authoritarianism in the U.S. and worldwide.  This is a problem that isn’t specific to environmental and climate change politics, but certainly is a growing impediment to fostering a more sustainable and just world. 

Subsection F features links to articles that belong under the title of this primary section but don’t fit cleanly within the other subsections.

Each of the subsections, except for F, are further split into two categories.  The first features more scholarly articles and reports.  Most of the citations in the first part of each subsection are of articles from journals that are listed in italics, meaning they have gone through a peer review process.  The citations in the second part of each subsection lead to articles and web pages from magazines, newspapers, blog sites, etc. You will have more work to do in terms of evaluating the objectivity or agenda of the authors in the second part of each subsection, but you will also benefit from more unvarnished and provocative perspectives.

Aside from the time required to review even a handful of the articles in this section, it takes a concerted effort to synthesize the findings across all the articles in this section, and in sections I and II, and then make some evaluation of what they collectively imply for our future.  The scope is so big… and so too is the uncertainty!  Well, do not despair because others have done the work for you.  You can cut to the chase by bouncing to section V (Future Scenarios Analyses) and, especially, section VI (Synthesis of Existential Risks and the Potential for Societal Collapse).

If learning about our seemingly intractable cultural challenges via the articles in this section is getting you down, you may want to scan the articles in section VII (Eco-anxiety and the Psychology of Confronting the “Traumacene”) to get a sense of how others are coping. 

Many of the articles in this section also provide assessments of what is required to foster a better future.  In fact, many articles within all sections of this bibliography do this.  The good news is that we have a decent handle on our threats, challenges, barriers, and limitations.  We also have many actionable (though often contradictory) ideas on what we need to do to avoid the worst outcomes and co-create a more just, happy, and verdant world.  Sections VIII – XII of this bibliography focus on these actionable ideas.




A.           What Lies Beneath – Cultural Theory, Psychology, and the Expression of Political Ideology

                                                 i.                  Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports

                                              ii.                  Journalism, Think Pieces, etc.

B.             Environmental Ethics and Justice (or Lack Thereof)

                                                 i.                  Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports

                                              ii.                  Journalism, Think Pieces, and EJ Activism, Case Studies, Manifestos, etc.

C.            Politics of Environmental and Climate Science/Policy/Communication/Advocacy

                                                 i.             Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports

                                                ii.             Journalism, Think Pieces, and Proposals

D.           Economics Emphasis – Critiquing Capitalism, Consumption, and Inequities

                                                 i.              Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports

                                              ii.              Journalism, Think Pieces, and Proposals

E.            Democracy in Decline (and What to Do About It)

                                                  i.              Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports

                                              ii.              Journalism, Think Pieces, and Proposals

F.             Other




A.  What Lies Beneath – Cultural Theory, Psychology, and the Expression of Political Ideology

i. Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports


Abramowitz, A and Webster, S (2018). Negative Partisanship: Why Americans Dislike Parties But Behave Like Rabid Partisans. Supplement: Advances in Political Psychology, 39(S1).


Adger, W, Dessai, S, Goulden, M, Hulme, M, Lorenzoni, I, Nelson, D, Naess, L, Wolf, J and Wreford, A (2009). Are There Social Limits to Adaptation to Climate Change? Climatic Change, 93.


Amnesty International (2019). Generation Z Ranks Climate Change Highest as Vital Issue of our Time in Amnesty International Survey.


Anderson, K (2015b). Duality in Climate Science. Nature Geoscience, 8.


Arikan, G and Gunay, D (2020). Public Attitudes Towards Climate Change: A Cross-country Analysis. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 23(1).


Asayama, S (2015). Catastrophism Toward ‘Opening Up’ or ‘Closing Down’? Going Beyond the Apocalyptic Future and Geoengineering. Current Sociology, 63(1).


Ashbrock, F, Sibley, C and Duckitt, J (2009). Right-wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation and the Dimensions of Generalized Prejudice: A Longitudinal Test. European Journal of Personality, 24(4).


The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research (2021). Where Do Americans Stand on Climate and Energy Policy? University of Chicago.


Azevedo, F, Jost, J, and Rothmund, T (2017). “Making America Great Again”: System Justification in the U.S. Presidential Election of 2016. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 3(3).


Badaan, V, Jost, J, Fernando, J and Kashima, Y (2020). Imagining Better Societies: A Social Psychological Framework for the Study of Utopian Thinking and Collective Action. Social and Psychology Compass, 14(4).


Ballew, M, Marlon, J, Leiserowitz, A and Maibach, E (2018). Gender Differences in Public Understanding of Climate Change. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Ballew, M, Marlon, J, Rosenthal, S, Gustafson, A, Kotcher, J, Maibach, E and Leiserowitz, A (2019). Do Younger Generations Care More About Global Warming? Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Balunde, A et al., (2020). Values, Beliefs and Environmental Citizenship, in Hadjichambis, A, Reis, P, Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, D, Boeve-de Pauw, J, Gericke, N and Knipples, M (eds.) ConceptualizingEnvironmental Citizenshipfor 21st Century Education. Sringer.


BÁnyai, O (2019). The Foundation of and Upcoming Civilization Able to Reach its Fulfillment Within the Ecological Limits of Earth: The Eternal Order. World Futures: The Journal of New Paradigm Research, 75(5-6). [On the failure of environmental regulation and the need for law to “represent the fundamental truths of the eternal order.”]


Bardon, (2020). Humans are Hardwired to Dismiss Facts that Don’t Fit Their Worldview. The Conversation, Jan. 31.  [About motivated reasoning, confirmation bias, and system justification.]


Barker, D, Detamble, R and Marietta, M (2021). Intellectualism, Anti-Intellectualism, and Epistemic Hubris in Red and Blue America. American Political Science Review, .


Baron, J and Jost, J (2019). False Equivalence: Are Liberals and Conservatives in the United States Equally Biased? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14(2).


Baron, J, Scott, S, Fincher, K and Metz, S (2015). Why Does the Cognitive Reflection Test (Sometimes) Predict Utilitarian Moral Judgment (and Other Things)? Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 4(3).


Barr, S, Gilg, A and Shaw, G (2011). Citizens, Consumers and Sustainability: (Re)Framing Environmental Practice in an Age of Climate Change. Global Environmental Change, 21. 


Bartels, L (2020). Ethnic Antagonism Erodes Republicans’ Commitment to Democracy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(37).


Bayes, R and Druckman, J (2021). Motivated Reasoning and Climate Change. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Bazzi, S, Fiszbein, M and Gebresilasse, M (2020). Frontier Culture: The Roots and Persistence of “Rugged Individualism” in the United States. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 23997.


Beattie, P (2019). The Road to Psychopathology: Neoliberalism and the Human mind. Journal of Social Issues, 75.  


Becker, J (2020). Ideology and the Promotion of Social Change. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34.


Becket, L (2021). Facts Won't Fix This: Experts on How to Fight America's Disinformation Crisis. The Guardian, Jan. 1.


Bettache, K, Chiu, C and Beattie, P (2020). The Merciless Mind in a Dog-eat-dog Society: Neoliberalism and the Indifference to Social Inequality. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34.


Beugelsdijk, S and Welzel, C (2018). Dimensions and Dynamics of National Culture: Synthesizing Hofstede With Inglehart. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49(10).


Bieniek-Tobasco, A, Rimal, R, McCormick, S and Harrington C (2020). The Power of Being Transported: Efficacy Beliefs, Risk Perceptions, and Political Affiliation in the Context of Climate Change. Science Communication, 42(6).


Bjornberg, K et al., (2017). Climate and Environmental Science Denial: A Review of the Scientific Literature Published in 1990–2015. Journal of Cleaner Production, 167.


Block, J and Block, J (2006). Nursery School Personality and Political Orientation Two Decades Later. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(5).


Bouman, T, van der Werff, E, Perlaviciute, G and Steg, L (2021). Environmental Values and Identities at the Personal and Group Level. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Brand, U and Wissen, M (2018). What Kind of a Great Transformation? The Imperial Mode of Living as a Major Obstacle to Sustainability Politics. GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 27(3).;jsessionid=16bbip2eh231p.x-ic-live-01


Branscombe, N, Ellemers, N, Spears, R and Doosje, B (1999). The Context and Content of Social Identity Threats, in Ellemers, N, Spears, R and Doosje, B (Eds.), Social Identity: Context, Commitment, Content. Oxford: Blackwell.


Brewer, M. B., & Pierce, K. P. (2005). Social Identity Complexity and Outgroup Tolerance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31.


Brulle, R, Carmichael, J and Jenkins, J (2012). Shifting Public Opinion on Climate Change: An Empirical Assessment of Factors Influencing Concern Over Climate Change in the U.S., 2002–2010. Climatic Change, 114.


Bursztyn, L, Rao, A, Roth, C and Yanagizawa-Drott, D (2020). Misinformation During a Pandemic. The National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 27417.


Butler, J (2000). Personality and Emotional Correlates of Right-wing Authoritarianism. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 28(1).


Caprara, G (2020). Distinctiveness, Functions and Psycho-historical Foundations of Left and Right Ideology. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34.


Carmichael, J, Brulle, R and Huxster, J (2017). The Great Divide: Understanding the Role of Media and Other Drivers of the Partisan Divide in Public Concern Over Climate Change in the USA, 2001–2014. Climatic Change, 141.


Cassegard, C and Thorn, H (2018). Toward a Postapocalyptic Environmentalism? Responses to Loss and Visions of the Future in Climate Activism. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, 1(4).


Castree, N et al., (2014). Changing the Intellectual Climate. Nature Climate Change, 4.


Choma, B and Hanoch, Y (2017). Cognitive Ability and Authoritarianism: Understanding Support for Trump and Clinton. Personality and Individual Differences, 106.


Cialdini, R and Jacobson, R (2021). Influences of Social Norms on Climate Change-related Behaviors. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Ciampaglia, G and Menczer, F (2018). Misinformation and Biases Infect Social Media, Both Intentionally and Accidentally. The Conversation, Jan. 10.


Cislak, A, Wojcik, A and Cichocka, A (2018). Cutting the Forest Down to Save Your Face: Narcissistic National Identification Predicts Support for Anti-conservation Policies. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 59.


Coates, J (2003). Exploring the Roots of the Environmental Crisis: Opportunity for Social Transformation. Critical Social Work, 3(1).


Coates, J and Leahy, T (2006). Ideology and Politics: Essential Factors in the Path Toward Sustainability. Electronic Green Journal, 23.


Corvino, F (2015). Cosmopolitan Utilitarianism and the Problem of Local Inaction in a Globalized World. Glocalism, 2.


Costello, T, Bowes, S, Stevens, S, Waldman, I, Tasimi, A and Lilienfeld, S (2021). Clarifying the Structure and Nature of Left-wing Authoritarianism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 122.


Coulter, L, Serrao-Neumann, S and Coiacetto, E (2019). Climate Change Adaptation Narratives: Linking Climate Knowledge and Future Thinking. Futures, 111.


Cox, D, Navarro-Rivera, J and Jones, R (2014). Believers, Sympathizers, and Skeptics: Why Americans are Conflicted about Climate Change, Environmental Policy, and Science. Public Religion Research Institute.


Crompton, T and Kasser, T (2009). Meeting Environmental Challenges: The Role of Human Identity. World Wildlife Fund UK.


Cuhra, M (2019). The Scientist: Creator and Destroyer — “Scientists’ Warning to Humanity” Is a Wake-Up Call for Researchers. Challenges, 10(2).


The Danish Board of Technology Foundation (2009). World Wide Views on Global Warming.


The Danish Board of Technology Foundation (2012). World Wide Views on Biodiversity.


Davis, S, Shaffer, L and Edmister, J (2003). Sustainability of Aquatic Systems and the Role of Culture and Values, in Holland, M, Blood, E and Shaffer, L (eds.) Achieving Sustainable Water Systems. Island Press. pdf


DellaVigna, S and Kaplan, E (2006). The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 12169.


DeWeerdt, S (2020). As the Climate Changes, What Changes People’s Minds? Anthropocene, 5.


d’l Treen, K, Williams, H and O’Neill, S (2020). Online Misinformation About Climate Change. WIREs Climate Change, 11(5). [See the graphical model of the climate change misinformation network.]


Doell, K, Parnamets, P, Harris, E, Hackel, L and Van Bavel, J (2021). Understanding the Effects of Partisan Identity on Climate Change. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Douglas, R (2018). The Commonplaces of Environmental Scepticism. CUSP Working Paper Series No. 17. [“The discourse of environmental scepticism could be viewed as defending an overarching world-view of modernity - individualism, practical reason, humanism, material power, an unbounded sense of destiny - against an attack on its foundations implied by the ‘limits to growth’ thesis.”]


Douglas, R (2019). The ‘Glass Ceiling’ of the Environmental State and the Social Denial of Mortality. Environmental Politics, 29(1).


Druckman, J and McGrath, M (2019). The Evidence for Motivated Reasoning in Climate Change Preference Formation. Nature Climate Change, 9.


Drutman, L, Diamond, L and Goldman, J (2018).  Follow the Leader: Exploring American Support for Democracy and Authoritarianism. The Democracy Fund Voter Study Group.


Dunbar, R, Zebrowski, C and Olsson, P (2020). Is Humanity Doomed Because We Can’t Plan for the Long Term? Three Experts Discuss. The Conversation, Aug. 5.


Dunlap, R and Jacques, P (2013). Climate Change Denial Books and Conservative Think Tanks: Exploring the Connection. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(6).


Dunlap, R, McCright, A and Yarosh, J (2016). The Political Divide on Climate Change: Partisan Polarization Widens in the U.S. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 58(5).


Emory University (2021). Study: Left-wing Authoritarians Share Key Psychological Traits with Far Right., Sept. 10.


Eom, K, Kim, H, Sherman, D and Ishii, K (2016). Cultural Variability in the Link Between Environmental Concern and Support for Environmental Action. Psychological Science, August. 1-9.


Fagan, M and Huang, C (2019). A Look at How People Around the World View Climate Change. Pew Research Center.


Feinberg, M and Willer, R (2011). Apocalypse Soon? Dire Messages Reduce Belief in Global Warming by Contradicting Just-World Beliefs. Psychological Science, 22(1).


Fergnani, A (2019). Scenario Archetypes of the Futures of Capitalism: The Conflict Between the Psychological Attachment to Capitalism and the Prospect of its Dissolution. Futures, 105.


Feygina, I, Jost, J and Goldsmith, R (2009). System Justification, the Denial of Global Warming, and the Possibility of “System-Sanctioned Change”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(3).


Filindra, A (2018). Of Regimes and Rhinoceroses: Immigration, Outgroup Prejudice, and the Microfoundations of Democratic Decline. Conference memo from the Immigration and Populism workshop held at Stanford University.


Finkel, E et al., (2020). Political Sectarianism in America. Science, 370(6516).


Fletcher, J, Higham, J and Longnecker, N (2021). Climate Change Risk Perception in the USA and Alignment with Sustainable Travel Behaviours. PLoS ONE, 16(2).


Flynn, C, Yamasumi, E, Fisher, S, Snow, D, Grant, Z, Kirby, M, Browning, P, Rommerskirchen, M and Russell, I (2021). People’s Climate Vote. United Nations Development Programme. [The Peoples' Climate Vote is the largest survey of public opinion on climate change ever conducted.]


Gadarian, S (2010). The Politics of Threat: How Terrorism News Shapes Foreign Policy Attitudes. The Journal of Politics, 72(2).


Gifford, R (2011). The Dragons of Inaction: Psychological Barriers that Limit Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation. American Psychologist, 66(4).


Gifford, R, Kormos, C and McIntyre (2011). Behavioral Dimensions of Climate Change: Drivers, Responses, Barriers, and Interventions. WIREs Climate Change, 2(6).


Goldberg, M, van der Linden, S, Leiserowitz, A, and Maibach, E (2019). Perceived Social Consensus Can Reduce Ideological Biases on Climate Change. Environment and Behavior. &


Graham, C (2016). Unhappiness in America. Brookings Institution, May 27.


Grund, J and Brock, A (2019). Why We Should Empty Pandora’s Box to Create a Sustainable Future: Hope, Sustainability and Its Implications for Education. Sustainability, 11(3).


Guess, A, Nagler, J and Tucker, J (2019). Less Than You Think: Prevalence and Predictors of Fake News Dissemination on Facebook. Science Advances, 5(1).


Gustafson, A, Leiserowitz, A and Maibach, E (2019). Americans are Increasingly “Alarmed” About Global Warming. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Hagen, N (2020). Reality 101 Short Course #1: Metacognition in the Anthropocene. University of Minnesota Nexus One program.


Haidt, J (2008a). The Moral Roots of Liberals and Conservatives. Ted Talk. 


Haidt, J (2016). When and Why Nationalism Beats Globalism. The American Interest, 12(1).


Hamilton, L (2011). Climate Change: Partisanship, Understanding, and Public Opinion. Carsey Institute, Issue Brief 26.


Hart, PS and Nisbet, E (2012). Boomerang Effects in Science Communication: How Motivated Reasoning and Identity Cues Amplify Opinion Polarization About Climate Mitigation Policies. Communication Research, 39(6).


Hawkins, S, Yudkin, D, Juan-Torres, M and Dixon, T (2018). Hidden Tribes: A Study of America’s Polarized Landscape. More in Common.


Heath, Y and Gifford, R (2006). Free-Market Ideology and Environmental Degradation: The Case of Belief in Global Climate Change. Environment and Behavior, 38(1).


Heinrich, J, Heine, S and Norenzayan, A (2009). The Weirdest People in the World? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2-3).


Hennes, E, Ruisch, B, Feygina, I, Monteiro, C and Jost, J (2016). Motivated Recall in the Service of the Economic System: The Case of Anthropogenic Climate Change. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 145(6).


Hibbing, JR, Smith, KB, and Alford, JR (2014).  Differences in Negativity Bias Underlie Variations in Political Ideology.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37: 297-350.


Hjerpe, M and Linner, B (2008). Utopian and Dystopian Thought in Climate Change Science and Policy. Futures, 41.


Hoggett, P and Randall, R (2018). Engaging with Climate Change: Comparing the Cultures of Science and Activism. Environmental Values, 27(3).


Hojnik, J, Ruzzier, M and Ruzzier, M (2019). Transition Towards Sustainability: Adoption of Eco-Products among Consumers. Sustainability, 11(16).


Hornsey, M, Harris, E, Bain, P and Fielding, K (2016). Meta-analyses of the Determinants and Outcomes of Belief in Climate Change. Nature Climate Change, 6:622–626.


Howe, J and Peacock, C (2020). The Power of Media in Shaping Political Attitudes. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34.


Inglehart, R (2000). Globalization and Postmodern Values. The Washington Quarterly.


Inglehart, R and Norris, P (2003). The True Clash of Civilizations. Global Policy Forum.


Iyengar, S and Krupenkin, M (2018). The Strengthening of Partisan Affect. Supplement: Advances in Political Psychology, 39(S1).


Iyengar, S and Westwood, S (2015). Fear and Loathing Across Party Lines: New Evidence on Group Polarization. American Journal of Political Science, 59(3).


Jackson, J, van Egmond, M, Choi, V, Ember, C, Halberstadt, J, Balanovic, J, et al. (2019). Ecological and Cultural Factors Underlying the Global Distribution of Prejudice. PLoS ONE, 14(9).


Jackson, T (2018). Paradise Lost? - The Iron Cage of Consumerism. Centre for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity, Dec. 23.


Jamieson, K and Albarracin, D (2020). The Relation Between Media Consumption and Misinformation at the Outset of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the US. The Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review, 1.


Jaques, C, Islar, M and Lord, G (2019). Post-Truth: Hegemony on Social Media and Implications for Sustainability Communication. Sustainability, 11(7).


Jessani, Z and Harris, P (2018). Personality, Politics, and Denial: Tolerance of Ambiguity, Political Orientation and Disbelief in Climate Change. Personality and Individual Differences, 131.


Jost, J (2017). Ideological Asymmetries and the Essence of Political Psychology. Political Psychology, 38(2).


Jost, J (2018). Underestimating Belief in Climate Change. Nature Climate Change, 8.


Jost, J (2021). Research Output. New York University. [Many relevant articles on the psychology behind the development of political ideology.]


Jost, J, Federico, C and Napier, J (2009).  Political Ideology: Its Structure, Functions and Elective Affinities.  Annual Review of Psychology, 60: 307-337.


Jost, J, Glaser, J, Sulloway, F, Kruglanski, A (2018). Political Conservatism as Motivated Social Cognition, in Kuglanski, A (ed.) The Motivated Mind. Taylor and Francis.


Jost, J, Napier, J, Thorisdottir, H, Gosling, S, Palfai, T and Ostafin, B (2007). Are Needs to Manage Uncertainty and Threat Associated with Political Conservatism or Ideological Extremity? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(7).


Jost, J, Nosek, B and Gosling, S (2008). Ideology: Its Resurgence in Social, Personality, and Political Psychology. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(2).


Jost, J, Sterling, J and Stern, C (2018). Getting Closure on Conservatism, or the Politics of Epistemic and Existential Motivation, in Kopetz, C and Fishbach, A (eds.) The Motivation-Cognition Interface. Taylor and Francis.


Jost, J, Stern, C, Rule, N and Sterling, J (2017). The Politics of Fear: Is There an Ideological Asymmetry in Existential Motivation? Social Cognition, 35(4).


Jurkowitz, M, Mitchell, A, Shearer, E and Walker, M (2020). U.S. Media Polarization and the 2020 Election: A Nation Divided. Pew Research Center.


Jurkowitz, M, Mitchell, A, Shearer, E and Walker, M (2020). Americans are Divided by Party in the Sources they Turn to for Political News, in U.S. Media Polarization and the 2020 Election: A Nation Divided. Pew Research Center.


Jylha, KM and Akrami, N (2015).  Social Dominance Orientation and Climate Change Denial: The Role of Dominance and System Justification. Personality and Individual Differences, 86: 108–111.


Kagan, C and Burton, M (2014). Culture, Identity and Alternatives to the Consumer Culture. Educar em Revista, 53. [Lucid critique of our cultural problem and examples of local interventions to shift to a more proactive, sustainable culture.]


Kahan, D (2012). Why We are Poles Apart on Climate Change. Nature, 488 (7411): 255. 


Kahan, D (2013a). Motivated Reasoning and its Cognates. The Cultural Cognition Project.


Kahan, D (2013b).  What are Fearless Hierarchical Individualists Afraid Of?  Lots of Stuff!  The Cultural Cognition Project.


Kahan, D (2014).  The More You Know, the More You… Climate Change vs. GM Foods. The Cultural Cognition Project.


Kahan, D (2015).  Climate-Science Communication and the Measurement Problem. Advances in Political Psychology, 36: 1-43.


Kahan, D (2017). Misconceptions, Misinformation, and the Logic of Identity-Protective Cognition. Cultural Cognition Project Working Paper Series No. 164, Yale Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 605, Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 575.


Kahn, B (2019). How Climate Change Is Becoming a Deadly Part of White Nationalism. Gizmodo, August 7.


Kahan, D, Braman, D, Gastil, J, Slovic, P, and Mertz, CK (2007). Culture and Identity-Protective Cognition: Explaining the White Male Effect in Risk Perception. Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 152. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 4(3): 465-505.


Kashima, Y and Fernando, J (2020). Utopia and Ideology in Cultural Dynamics. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34. [Differentiates between utopian visions.]


Kellstedt, P, Zahran, S and Vedlitz (2008). Personal Efficacy, the Information Environment, and Attitudes Toward Global Warming and Climate Change in the United States. Risk Analysis, 28(11): 113-126.


Kirk, R (1993). Ten Conservative Principles. The Kirk Center.


Klaus, G, Ernst, A and Oswald, L (2019). Psychological Factors Influencing Laypersons’ Acceptance of Climate Engineering, Climate Change Mitigation and Business as Usual Scenarios. Technology in Society, 60.


Komatsu, H, Rappleye, J and Silova, I (2019). Culture and the Independent Self: Obstacles to environmental sustainability? Anthropocene, 26.


Konrath, S, O’Brien, E and Hsing, C (2010). Changes in Dispositional Empathy in American College Students Over Time: A Meta-Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15(2): 180-198.


Kopnina, H (2017). Working with Human Nature to Achieve Sustainability: Exploring Constraints and Opportunities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 148.


Krosnick, J, Holbrook, A, Lowe, L and Visser, P (2006). The Origins and Consequences of Democratic Citizens’ Policy Agendas: A Study of Popular Concern About Global Warming. Climatic Change, 77(1-2): 7-43.


Kugler, M, Jost, J and Noorbaloochi (2014). Another Look at Moral Foundations Theory: Do Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation Explain Liberal-Conservative Differences in “Moral” Intuitions? Social Justice Research, 27. [“conservatives’ greater valuation of ingroup, authority, and purity concerns is attributable to higher levels of authoritarianism, whereas liberals’ greater valuation of fairness and harm avoidance is attributable to lower levels of social dominance.”]


Kulke, S (2020). Study: Republicans and Democrats Hate the Other Side More than they Love their Own Side. AAAS Eureka Alert!, Oct. 29.


Kurz, T, Gardner, B, Verplanken, B, Abraham, C (2015). Habitual Behaviors or Patterns of Practice? Explaining and Changing Repetitive Climate-relevant Actions. WIREs Climate Change, 6:113-128.


Leiserowitz, A (2006). Climate Change Risk Perception and Policy Preferences: The Role of Affect, Imagery, and Values. Climatic Change, 77: 45-72.


Leiserowitz, A, Maibach, E, Rosenthal, S, Kotcher, J, Bergquist, P, Gustafson, A. Ballew, M, and Goldberg, M (2019). Climate Activism: Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behaviors. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Leiserowitz, A, Maibach, E, Rosenthal, S, Kotcher, J, Ballew, M, Bergquist, P, Gustafson, A, Goldberg, M and Wang, X (2020). Politics & Global Warming, April 2020. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Leiserowitz, A, Maibach, E, Rosenthal, S, Kotcher, J, Carman, J, Neyens, L, Marlon, J, Lacroix, K and Goldberg, M (2021). Dramatic Increase in Public Beliefs and Worries About Climate Change. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Leiserowitz, A, Marlon, J, Wang, X, Bergquist, P, Goldberg, M, Kotcher, J, Maibach, E and Rosenthal, S (2020). Global Warming’s Six Americas in 2020. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Leiserowitz, A, Roser-Renouf, C, Marlon, J and Maibach, E (2021). Global Warming’s Six Americas: A Review and Recommendations for Climate Change Communication. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Lellkes, Y, Sood, G and Iyengar, S (2017). The Hostile Audience: The Effect of Access to Broadband Internet on Partisan Affect. American Journal of Political Science, 61(1).


Lewis, G, Palm, R and Feng, B (2019). Cross-national Variation in Determinants of Climate Change Concern. Environmental Politics, 28(5).


Ludeke, S, Klitgaard, C, and Vitriol, J (2018). Comprehensively-measured Authoritarianism Does Predict Vote Choice: The Importance of Authoritarianism’s Facets, Ideological Sorting, and the Particular Candidate. Personality and Individual Differences, 123.


Macy, M, Deri, S, Ruch, A and Tong, N (2019). Opinion Cascades and the Unpredictability of Partisan Polarization. Science Advances, 5(8). https://10.1126/sciadv.aax0754 [Demonstrates the influence of groupthink]


Majkut, J (2017). Climate Science: A Guide to the Public Debate. The Ninasken Center.


Maleki, A and Hendriks, F (2014). Grid, Group, and Grade: Challenges in Operationalizing Cultural Theory for Cross-National Research. Cross-Cultural Research, 1. [Plots countries on the grid Thompson favors.]


Marks, E et al., (2021). Young People's Voices on Climate Anxiety, Government Betrayal and Moral Injury: A Global Phenomenon. The Lancet, .


Marlon, J, Howe, P, Mildenberger, M, Leiserowitz, A and Wang, X (2020). Yale Climate Opinion Maps 2020. Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.


Martherus, J, Martinez, A, Piff, P and Theodoridis, A (2019). Party Animals? Extreme Partisan Polarization and Dehumanization. Political Behavior, 2019.


Martin, G and Yurukoglu, A (2017). Bias in Cable News: Persuasion and Polarization. American Economic Review, 107(9).


Martin, M and Islar, M (2021). The ‘End of the World’ vs. the ‘End of the Month’: Understanding Social Resistance to Sustainability Transition Agendas, a Lesson from the Yellow Vests in France. Sustainability Science, 16.


Mason, L and Wronski, J (2018). One Tribe to Bind Them All: How Our Social Group Attachments Strengthen Partisanship. Supplement: Advances in Political Psychology, 39(S1).


Mazutis, D and Eckardt, A (2017). Sleepwalking into Catastrophe: Cognitive Biases and Corporate Climate Change Inertia. California Management Review, 59(3).


McCoy, J, Rahman, T and Somer, M (2018). Polarization and the Global Crisis of Democracy: Common Patterns, Dynamics, and Pernicious Consequences for Democratic Polities. American Behavioral Scientist, 62(1).


McCoy, J and Somer, M (2018). Toward a Theory of Pernicious Polarization and How It Harms Democracies: Comparative Evidence and Possible Remedies. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 681(1).


McCright, A and Dunlap, R (2011). Cool Dudes: The Denial of Climate Change Among Conservative White Males in the United States.  Global Environmental Change, 21(4). or


Milfont, T (2012). The Interplay Between Knowledge, Perceived Efficacy, and Concern About Global Warming and Climate Change: A One-year Longitudinal Study. Risk Analysis, 32(6).


Milfont, T et al., (2018). On the Relation Between Social Dominance Orientation and Environmentalism: A 25-Nation Study. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9(7).


Milfont, T, Richter, I, Sibley, C, Wilson, M and Fischer, R (2013). Environmental Consequences of the Desire to Dominate and Be Superior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(9).


Moore, M and Milkoreit, M (2020). Imagination and Transformations to Sustainable and Just Futures. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 8(1).


Moreton, S (2016). From ‘Fascists’ to ‘Feminazis’: How Both Sides of Politics are Biased in their Political Thinking. The Conversation, Dec. 4.


Moser, S (2009). Communicating Climate Change: History, Challenges, Process and Future Directions. WIREs Climate Change, 1(1).


More in Common (2019). The Perception Gap.


Myers, DG (2003). The Social Psychology of Sustainability. World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution, 59(3/4): 201-211.  


Nam, H, Jost, J and Van Bavel, J (2013). “Not for All the Tea in China!” Political Ideology and the Avoidance of Dissonance-Arousing Situations. PLoS One, 8(4). [Experiment showing conservatives were “more strongly motivated to avoid dissonance-arousing tasks than liberals.”]


Nelson, J (2012).  Is Dismissing the Precautionary Principle the Manly Thing to Do? Gender and the Economics of Climate Change.  Global Development and Environment Institute Working Paper No. 12-04. 


Nickerson, R (1998). Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises. Review of General Psychology, 2(2).


Nilsson, A and Jost, J (2020). The Authoritarian-Conservatism Nexus. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34.


Nisbet, E, Cooper, K and Garrett, RK (2015). The Partisan Brain: How Dissonant Science Messages Lead Conservatives and Liberals to (Dis)Trust Science. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 658(1).


Oltedal, S, Moen, B, Klempe, H and Rundmo, T (2004). Explaining Risk Perception. An Evaluation of Cultural Theory. Rotunde no. 85.


Paulson, S (2017). Degrowth: Culture, Power and Change. Journal of Political Ecology, 24.


Perlitz and Seger (2004). European Cultures and Management StylesInternational Journal of Asian Management, 3. [Plots countries relative to power distance and individualism.]


Peterson, E and Iyengar, S (2020). Partisan Gaps in Political Information and InformationSeeking Behavior: Motivated Reasoning or Cheerleading? American Journal of Political Science, 65(1).


Price, J, Walker, I and Boschetti, F (2014). Measuring Cultural Values and Beliefs About Environment to Identify their Role in Climate Change Responses. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 37.


Pew Research Center (2021). Beyond Red vs. Blue: The Political Typology.


Public Religion Research Institute (2019). The American Values Atlas. [Interactive map.]


Public Religion Research Institute (2020). Dueling Realities: Amid Multiple Crises, Trump and Biden Supporters See Different Priorities and Futures for the Nation. [Based on survey data. Includes impact of Fox news watching on responses.]


Rabin, M and Schrag, J (1999). First Impressions Matter: A Model of Confirmatory Bias. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(1).


Randle, M and Eckersley, R (2015). Public Perceptions of Future Threats to Humanity and Different Societal Responses: A Cross-national Study. Futures, 72.


Reale, A (2010). Acts of God(s): The Role of Religion in Disaster Risk Reduction. Humanitarian Practice Network. Issue 48.


Rees, W (2017a). Chapter 6. The Roots of Our Crises: Does Human Nature Drive Us Toward Collapse?, in Lerch, D (ed.), The Community Resilience Reader: Essential Resources for an Era of Upheaval. Post Carbon Institute.


Rees, W (2017b). Going Down? Human Nature, Growth and (Un)sustainability, in Victor, P and Dolter, B (eds.) Handbook on Growth and Sustainability. Edward Elger Publishing.


Robinson, J, Shaver, P and Wrightsman, L (Eds.). (1999). Measures of Social Psychological Attitudes, Vol. 2. Measures of Political Attitudes. Academic Press.


Romano, A, Sutter, M, Liu, J, Yamagishi, T and Balliet, D (2021). National Parochialism is Ubiquitous Across 42 Nations Around the World. Nature Communications, 12(4456).


Rothmund, T, Becker, J and Jost, J (2016). The Psychology of Social Justice in Political Thought and Action, in Sabbagh C., Schmitt M. (eds) Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research. Springer, NY.


Sakellari, M and Skavanis, C (2013). Environmental Behavior and Gender: An Emerging Area of Concern for Environmental Education Research. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 12(2): 77-87.


Santos, H, Varnum, M and Gross, I (2017). Global Increases in Individualism. Psychological Science, 28(9).


Sargisson, L (2007). Strange Places: Estrangement, Utopianism, and Intentional Communities. Utopian Studies, 18(3).


Schuster, E (2021). 'Treat Extremism Like It Is a Virus': A Conversation with Cynthia Miller-Idriss on Inoculating Students—and Everyone—Against Hate and Disinformation. Liberal Education, 107(3).


Seyfang, G (2004). Local Organic Food: The Social Implications of Sustainable Consumption. CSERGE Working Paper EDM, No. 04-09, University of East Anglia. [“This paper sets out an analytical framework based upon Cultural Theory to typologise and categorise the range of perspectives on sustainable consumption into ‘hierarchical’, ‘individualistic’ and ‘egalitarian’ worldviews.”]


Simon, B, and Klandermans, B (2001). Politicized Collective Identity: A Social Psychological AnalysisAmerican Psychologist, 56.


Simonov, A, Sacher, S, Dube, J, Biswas, D (2020). The Persuasive Effect of Fox News: Non-Compliance with Social Distancing During the Covid-19 Pandemic. The National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 27237.


Skitka, L and Morgan, GS (2014). The Social and Political Implications of Moral Conviction. Advances in Political Psychology, 35(Suppl. 1).  [“moral conviction can protect against obedience to potentially malevolent authorities… and … is associated with rejection of the rule of law and can provide a motivational foundation for violent protest and acts of terrorism.”]


Smith, N and Leiserowitz, A (2014). The Role of Emotion in Global Warming Policy Support and Opposition. Risk Analysis, 34(5).


Smith, T (2013). The Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, in United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Social Science Report 2013: Changing Global Environments. [Survey data]


Snell, S (2020). Toward a More Sustainable World: A Global Study of Public Opinion. World Economic Forum. [A presentation of survey results]


Somer, M and McCoy, J (2018). Déjà Vu? Polarization and Endangered Democracies in the 21st Century. American Behavioral Scientist, 62(1).


Sterling, J, Jost, J and Hardin, C (2019). Liberal and Conservative Representations of the Good Society: A (Social) Structural Topic Modeling Approach. Special Issue - Social Media and Politics, SAGE Open, 9(2).


Svolik, M (2019). Polarization Versus Democracy. Journal of Democracy, 30(3).


Svolik, M (2020). When Polarization Trumps Civic Virtue: Partisan Conflict and the Subversion of Democracy by Incumbents. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 15(1).


Swim, J, Stern, P, Doherty, T, Clayton, S, Reser, J, Weber, E, Gifford, R and Howard, G (2011). Psychology’s Contributions to Understanding and Addressing Global Climate Change. American Psychologist, 66(4).


Taras, V, Kirkman, B, & Steel, P (2010). Examining the Impact of Culture‘s Consequences: A Three Decade, Multi-Level, Meta-Analytic Review of Hofstede‘s Cultural Value Dimensions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(3), 405-439.


Thompson, M (2000). Understanding Environmental Values: A Cultural Theory Approach. Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs.


Thogersen, J (2021). Consumer Behavior and Climate Change: Consumers Need Considerable Assistance. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Tooby, J (2017). Coalitional Instincts. Edge Conversations, Nov. 22. [Why we are all so motivated to identify with a group or team.]


Tooby, J and Cosmides, L (2010). Groups in Mind: The Coalitional Roots of War and Morality, in Høgh-Olesen, H (ed.), Human Morality and Sociality: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Palgrave-Macmillan.


Twenge, J (2013). The Evidence for Generation Me and Against Generation We. Emerging Adulthood, 1(1).


Tyson, A, Kennedy, B and Funk, C (2021). Gen Z, Millennials Stand Out for Climate Change Activism, Social Media Engagement with Issue. Pew Research Center, May 26. [Report based on survey data.]


Van Boven, L and Sherman, D (2021). Elite Influence On Public Attitudes About Climate Policy. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Van der Linden, S (2015). The Social-psychological Determinants of Climate Change Risk Perceptions: Towards a Comprehensive Model. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 41.


Van der Linden, S Panagopoulos, C, Azevedo, F and Jost, J (2020). The Paranoid Style in American Politics Revisited: An Ideological Asymmetry in Conspiratorial Thinking. Political Psychology, 42(1).


Van der Linden, S and Weber, E (2021). Editorial Overview: Can Behavioral Science Solve the Climate Crisis? Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Van Hiel, A and De Clercq, B (2009). Authoritarianism is Good for You: Right-wing Authoritarianism as a Buffering Factor for Mental Distress. European Journal of Personality, 23.


Van Lange, P (2021). A Broader Mind: Concern with Other Humans, Equality, and Animals. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Van Vugt, M and Griskevicius, V (2013). Going Green? Using Evolutionary Psychology to Foster Sustainable Lifestyles, in United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Social Science Report 2013: Changing Global Environments.  


Verwij, M et al., (2006). Clumsy Solutions for a Complex World: The Case of Climate Change. Public Administration, 84(4). [Based on cultural theory and applies the typology Thompson prefers.]


Vogl, T and Freese, J (2020). Differential Fertility Makes Society More Conservative on Family Values. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(14).


Vosoughi, S, Roy, D and Aral, S (2018). The Spread of True and False News Online. Science, 359(6380).


Wamsler, C et al., (2020). Enabling New Mindsets and Transformative Skills for Negotiating and Activating Climate Action: Lessons from UNFCCC Conferences of the Parties. Environmental Science and Policy, 112.


Washington, H, Lowe, I and Kopnina, H (2020). Why Do Society and Academia Ignore the ‘Scientists Warning to Humanity’ on Population? Journal of Futures Studies, 25(1).


Weber, E (2013). Individual and Collective Behaviour Change, in United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Social Science Report 2013: Changing Global Environments.


Webster, D (2017). Scapegoats, Silver Bullets, and Other Pitfalls in the Path to Sustainability. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 5.


Wilkinson, W (2017). A Tale of Two Moralities, Part One: Regional Inequality and Moral Polarization. Niskanen Center, Jan. 19.


Wolfe, S and Tubi, A (2018). Terror Management Theory and Mortality Awareness: A Missing Link in Climate Response Studies? WIREs Climate Change, 10(2).


Womick, J, Edkelkamp, J, Luzzo, S, Ward, S, Baker, S, Salamun, A and King, L (2021). Exposure to Authoritarian Values Leads to Lower Positive Affect, Higher Negative Affect, and Higher Meaning in Life. PLOS One, 16(9).


Womick, J, Ward, S, Heintzelman, S, Woody, B and King, L (2019). The Existential Function of Right-wing Authoritarianism. Journal of Personality, 87(5).


Wong-Parodi, G and Feygina, I (2020). Understanding and Countering the Motivated Roots of Climate Change Denial. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 42.


World Values Survey (2020).


Xie, B, Brewer, M, Hayes, B, McDonald, R and Newell, B (2019). Predicting Climate Change Risk Perception and Willingness to Act. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 65.


Yudlowsky, E (2008). Cognitive Biases Potentially Affecting Judgment of Global Risks, in Bostrom, N and Cirkovic, M (eds.) Global Catastrophic Risks. Oxford Univ. Press.


Zannakis, M, Molander, S and Johansson, L (2019). On the Relationship between Pro-Environmental Behavior, Experienced Monetary Costs, and Psychological Gains. Sustainability, 11(19).


Zinn, J (2016). Living in the Anthropocene: Towards a Risk-taking Society. Environmental Sociology, 2(4).



ii. Journalism, Think Pieces, Videos, etc.


Abdelfatah, R and Araglouei, R (2021). Capitalism Has Become An Ideology In Today's America. Here's How It Happened. NPR, July 5.


Abramowicz, M (2020). Ideology, Religion, and Respect. Reason, Aug. 29.


Abramowitz, A and Webster, S (2017). ‘Negative Partisanship’ Explains Everything. Politico, Sept. 5.


Ad Fontes Media (2020). Interactive Media Bias Chart. [Details how they generate their chart plotting media outlets on two axes – Political Bias and Reliability.]


Aitchison, G (2018). Tipping Points – The Next 10 Years. Data Driven Investor, Medium, Nov. 24. [Makes many economic and political projections based on an assumption that we will soon exceed a tipping point in public perception of the threat of climate change.]


Anderson, K (2017). How America Lost Its Mind. The Atlantic, Sept.


Andrew, S (2020). America's Response to the Coronavirus is the Most American Thing Ever. CNN, May 19.


Azarian, B (2016). Fear and Anxiety Drive Conservatives' Political Attitudes. Psychology Today, Dec. 31.


Azarian, B (2018). A Complete Psychological Analysis of Trump's Support. Psychology Today, Dec. 27.


Bajaj, P (2019). Scientific Reticence is a Serious Threat When it Comes to Climate Change. Down to Earth, Aug. 16.


Bendell, J (2018). Barriers to Dialogue on Deep Adaptation. Jem, Aug. 20.


Bendell, J (2020). The Collapse of Ideology and the End of Escape. Jem, June 28.


Berger, J (2020). Our Consensus Reality Has Shattered. The Atlantic, Oct. 9. [Good one. Explains a lot.]


Bradford, J, Miller, A and Dietz, R (2020). An Ecofascist and a Social Justice Warrior Walk into a Bar. Crazy Town Podcast, Post Carbon Institute. Buzzsprout, April 19.


Braun, A (2020). What Happens When Climate Change Denialism and Wildfires Collide. Slate, Oct. 6.


Brewer, J (2016). The Mental Disease of Late-Stage Capitalism. Films for Action, Apr. 27.


Brewer, J (2018). Why I No Longer Attempt to Build a Rigorous Science of Social Change. Center for Applied Cultural Evolution. Steady State Manchester.


Brown, J, Brand, S and Gilman, N (2021). The Origins of ‘Planetary Realism’ and ‘Whole Earth Thinking.’ Noema Magazine, Feb. 9. [Transcript of an insightful discussion]


Brooks, D (2021a). Here’s the Mind-Set That’s Tearing Us Apart. The New York Times, Oct. 7. [The problem with essentialism.]


Brooks, D (2021b). What Happened to American Conservatism? The Atlantic, Dec. 8.


Browne, G (2020). Politics Study Reveals the Major Factor that Inluences Families to be Conservative. Inverse, March 23.


Cheadle, H (2019).  A Shocking Number of Americans Want to 'Just Let Them All Burn'. Vice, Sept. 4.


Davis, W (2020). The Unraveling of America. Rolling Stone, Aug. 6.


Devega, C (2021a). Trumpists Live in an Alternate Reality — But They Believe in It, and That's Terrifying. Salon, Aug. 27.


Devega, C (2021b). Fascism is a Mind-killer — and Trump's Version is Destroying Americans' Grasp of Reality. Salon, Sept. 24.


Drum, K (2021). The Real Source of America’s Rising Rage. Mother Jones, Sept./Oct. [Long analysis concluding Fox News is to blame.]


Dyck, G (2020). What Christians Won’t Say About the Fires. Stark & Main, Sept. 14.


Edsall, T (2018). What Motivates Voters More Than Loyalty? Loathing. The New York Times, March 1.


Edsall, T (2020). ‘I Fear That We Are Witnessing the End of American Democracy’. The New York Times, Aug. 26.  [How racism and polarization are eroding democracy.]


Edsall, T (2021a). White Riot. The New York Times, Jan. 13.


Edsall, T (2021b). Trump True Believers Have Their Reasons. The New York Times, Oct. 6.


Elias, M (2020). Wittgenstein’s Revenge. Ribbon Farm, Sept. 3. [On the slipperiness of facts and the dangers associated with insisting on a set of facts.]


Fisher, R (2019). Our Inability to Look Beyond the Latest News Cycle Could Be One of the Most Dangerous Traits of Our Generation, Says Richard Fisher. BBC Future, Jan. 9.


Fouriezos, N (2020). American Fringes: How the Extremes Define Our Society. OZY, July 21.


French, D (2020). Who Needs a Platform When You Have Negative Partisanship? The French Press, Aug. 25.


French, D (2021). The New Right’s Strange and Dangerous Cult of Toughness. The Atlantic, Dec. 1.


Geman, B (2022). First Look: Climate, Environment Shape Gen Z Life Decisions. Axios, April 13.


Greer, J (2006). Knowing Only One Story. The Archdruid Report, May 24. [On the failure of rigid thinking.]


Guynn, J (2022). Climate Change Denial on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and TikTok is ‘As Bad As Ever’. USA Today, Jan. 21.


Guzman, J (2021). New Poll Shows Americans are Becoming Increasingly Concerned About Climate Change. The Hill, Oct. 26.


Hagens, N and White, D (2017). GDP, Jobs, and Fossil Largesse. Resilience, Nov. 30.


Haidt, J (2008b).  What Makes People Vote Republican?  Edge.Org.


Harman, G (2014). Your Brain on Climate Change: Why the Threat Produces Apathy, Not Action. The Guardian, Nov. 10.


Heinberg, R (2021). Introduction, in Power: Limits and Prospects for Human Survival. New Society Publishers.


Heinberg, R (2022). Power in the Holocene. Resilience, May 20. [About hierarchism.]


Illing, S (2016). Is Civilization Good for Us? Sebastian Junger on the Dangers of Social Fragmentation. Vox. 


Illing, S (2021). The Elites Have Failed. Vox, March 27. [Interview with Martin Gurri about how people have lost trust in governments and mainstream media because of the internet.]


Illing, S and Junger, S (2021). The Paradox of American Freedom. Vox, Nov. 8.


Ingraham, C (2020). New Research Explores How Conservative Media Misinformation May Have Intensified the Severity of the Pandemic. The Washington Post, June 25.


Johnson, S (2019). Study Shows Some Political Beliefs are Just Historical Accidents. Ars Technica, Sept. 2.  [Demonstrating the influence of groupthink]


Kahn, B (2021). Jeff Bezos Got as Much Morning Show Coverage in a Day as Climate Change Got All Last Year. Gizmodo, July 21.


Kaplan, E (2021). Of All the Ways America Is Divided, This One Might Be the Worst. Politico, Nov. 24.


Kimmel, J (2020). What the Science of Addiction Tells Us About Trump. Politico, Dec. 12.


Kirk, K (2019). Former Climate 'Denier' Regrets 'How Wrongheaded But Certain I Was'. Yale Climate Connections, April 15.


Levine, BE (2013). Living in America Will Drive You Insane – Literally. Salon. July 31. 


Marcotte, A (2020). Republicans are Learning that "Rugged Individualism" Won't Stop the Coronavirus. Salon, March 13.


McAuliffe, K (2019). Liberals and Conservatives React in Wildly Different Ways to Repulsive Pictures. The Atlantic, March.


McKibben, B (2019). To Stop Global Catastrophe, We Must Believe in Humans Again., April 23.   


Monbiot, G (2016). Neoliberalism – The Ideology at the Root of All Our Problems. The Guardian, April 15.


Monbiot, G (2018). Hopeless Realism.


Morales, J (2022). The Role of the Scientist in a Post-Truth World. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Feb. 8.


Morris, A (2021). It’s Not Q. It’s You. Rolling Stone, Oct. 15.


Murphy, T (2022). Human Exceptionalism. Resilience, Feb. 18.


Nelson, R (2022). How a Virus Exposed the Myth of Rugged Individualism. Scientific American, March.


Nijhuis, M (2022). To Get Rural Americans Involved in Climate Crisis, See Them for Who They Are. Grist, Jan. 3.


Oreskes, N and Tyson, C (2020). Is Academe Awash in Liberal Bias? The Chronicle of Higher Education, Sept. 14.


Packer, G (2018). A New Report Offers Insights Into Tribalism in the Age of Trump. The New Yorker, Oct. 13.


Packer, G (2021). How America Fractured Into Four Parts. The Atlantic, July/August.


Pazzanese, C (2020). Why Isn’t the Right More Afraid of COVID-19? The Harvard Gazette, Oct. 30. [Mostly about rejection of scientific expertise and authority.]


Pierre-Louis, K (2019). Extreme Weather Can Feel ‘Normal’ After Just a Few Years, Study Finds. New York Times, Feb. 26.  


Popken, B (2019). Age, Not Politics, is Biggest Predictor of Who Shares Fake News on Facebook, Study Finds. NBC News, Jan. 10.


Ramanna, K (2021). The Key to Understanding the Implosion of US Conservatism. Prospect Magazine, Feb. 12.


Raymond, R (2020). How Economists Tricked Us Into Thinking Capitalism Works. Truthout, Jan. 5.


Rees, W (2011). The Human Nature of Unsustainability. The Post Carbon Reader Series: Culture and Behavior. Post Carbon Institute.


Reneau, A (2020). I've Spent 4+ Years Trying to Understand Trump Supporters. I'm All Done Now. Upworthy, Nov. 12.


Roberts, D (2017a). Donald Trump and the Rise of Tribal Epistemology. Vox, May 19.


Roberts, D (2017b). America is Facing an Epistemic Crisis. Vox, Nov. 2.


Roberts, D (2019). With Impeachment, America’s Epistemic Crisis has Arrived. Vox, Nov. 16.


Roberts, D (2020). The Scariest Thing About Global Warming (and Covid-19). Vox, July 7. [About how readily people adapt to shifting baselines, and stay complacent.]


Runciman, D (2018). Fatalism, Freedom, and the Fight for America’s Future. Boston Review.


Sacks, A (2009). The Fallacy of Climate Activism. Grist, Aug. 24.


Safina, C (2019). This Brutal Creature is Wiping Out Everything Besides Itself. CNN, May 22.


Savulescu, J and Persson, I (2012). Moral Enhancement. Philosophy Now, 91.


Scharmer, O (2019). As Systems Collapse, People Rise: Seven Faces of an Emerging Global Movement. Medium, June 6. [Relates political movements to ideology on axis plots.]


Schraer, R and Devlin, K (2021). Climate Change: Facebook Fails to Flag Denial, Study Finds. BBC News, Nov. 4.


Shermer, M (2016). Is Social Science Politically Biased? Scientific American, March 1.


Solnit, R (2020). Masculinity As Radical Selfishness: Rebecca Solnit on the Maskless Men of the Pandemic. Lit Hub, May 29.


Solnit, R (2022). Why Republicans Keep Falling for Trump’s Lies. The New York Times, Jan. 5.


Steffen, A (2008). The Politics of Optimism. Alex 


Steinmetz, K (2018). How Your Brain Tricks You Into Believing Fake News. Time, Aug. 9.


Stephens, B (2020). Groupthink Has Left the Left Blind. The New York Times, Nov. 16.


Stephenson, W (2012). Hope in the Age of Collapse. Thoreau Farm, April 3.


Sullivan, T (2020). They Want to Believe. Digby’s HullaBaloo, Nov. 29. [On the appeal of conspiracy theories.]


Taft, M (2021). Why TV Is So Bad at Covering Climate Change. Gizmodo, July, 14.


Taylor, J (2019). What Changed My Mind About Climate Change? The Bulwark, May 21.


Taylor, T (2020). We Cling to American Rugged Individualism at Our Peril. CNN, March 17.


Thompson, D (2020). We’re Never Going Back to the 1950s. The Atlantic, Dec. 16.  [On the loss of community in America.]


Tuschman, A (2013). Can Your Genes Predict Whether You'll Be a Conservative or a Liberal? The Atlantic, Oct. 24.


Tuschman, A and Shenkman, R (2015). The Evolutionary Origins of Politics: An Interview with Avi Tuschman. History News Network, April 5.


Waters, E (2017).  We Aren’t the World. Pacific Standard, June 14.


Wehner, P (2020). Why Trump Supporters Can’t Admit Who He Really Is. The Atlantic, Sept. 4.


Wilkinson, W (2016). How Political Idealism Leads Us Astray.  Vox.


Zuckerman, P (2021). Staunch Atheists Show Higher Morals than the Proudly Pious, from the Pandemic to Climate Change. Salon, Aug. 21.




B.  Environmental Ethics and Justice (or Lack Thereof)

i. Peer Review Articles, Data Sources, and More Scholarly Reports


Abedi-Sarvestani, A and Shahvali, M (2008). Environmental Ethics: Toward an Islamic Perspective. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science, 3(4).


Alberto, H (2019). Humanity and Nature are Not Separate – We Must See Them as One to Fix the Climate Crisis. The Conversation, Sept. 17.


Albrecht, G (2016). Exiting the Anthropocene and Entering the Symbiocene. Minding Nature, 9(2).


Albrecht, G (2020). Ethics, Anarchy and Sustainable Development. Psychoterratica, July 28. [Emphasis on the philosophical roots, inherent inequities, and promises of the sustainable development paradigm and right wing vs. left wing formulations for localism and against authoritarianism.]


Alexander, S and Garrett, J (2017). The Moral and Ethical Weight of Voluntary Simplicity: A Philosophical Review. Simplicity Institute, Report 17a.


Amel, E, Manning, C, Scott, B and Koger, S (2017). Beyond the Roots of Human Inaction: Fostering Collective Effort Toward Ecosystem Conservation. Science, 356(6335).


Amsler, S (2019). Gesturing Towards Radical Futurity in Education for Alternative Futures. Sustainability Science, 14.


Aufrecht, M. (2011). Climate Change and Structural Emissions: Moral Obligations at the Individual Level. International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 25(2).,-%E2%80%9CClimate%20Change%20and&text=This%20model%20suggests%20that%20one,on%20reducing%20one's%20personal%20emissions


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Ronzoni, M (2019). Who Will Sustain Sustainable Prosperity? CUSP essay series on the Morality of Sustainable Prosperity No. 7.


Rothe, D (2009). Just Adaptation? How the Diffusion of Norms in the Global Climate Regime Affects International Climate Politics. Intergenerational Justice Review, 3.


Rowson, J (2017). Why We’ve Never Had it So Good, Yet Everything Has to Change. Centre for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity, Oct. 19.


Rulli, M, Saviori, A and D’Odorico, P (2013). Global Land and Water Grabbing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(3).


Rutherford, J (2018). Varieties of Eco-Socialism: Comparing the Thought of John Bellamy Foster & Saral Sarkar. Simplicity Institute, Report 18a.


Saijo, T (2020). Future Design: Bequeathing Sustainable Natural Environments and Sustainable Societies to Future Generations. Sustainability, 12.


Sakellari, M and Skavanis, C (2013). Environmental Behavior and Gender: an Emerging Area of Concern for Environmental Education Research. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 12(2): 77-87.


Saylor Academy (2020). ENVS203: Environmental Ethics, Justice, and World Views. [Online course]


Sepie, A (2017). More Than Stories, More than Myths: Animal/Human/Nature(s) in Traditional Ecological Worldviews. Humanities, 6(4).


Simmonds, D (2020). What is ‘Climate Justice’? Yale Climate Communications, July 29.


Snell, S (2020). Toward a More Sustainable World: A Global Study of Public Opinion. World Economic Forum. [A presentation of survey results]


Spaargaren, G and Oosterveer, P (2009). Life(style) Politics for Sustainable Consumption. European-American workshop on “Climate Change Mitigation; Considering Lifestyle Options in Europe and the US. University of California at Berkeley.


Stewart, F (2013). Capabilities and Human Development: Beyond the Individual - the Critical Role of Social Institutions and Social Competencies. UN Development Programme, Human Development Report Office Occasional Paper 3.


Summers, J and Smith, L (2014). The Role of Social and Intergenerational Equity in Making Changes in Human Well-Being Sustainable. Ambio, 43(6).


Swyngedouw, E (2010). Apocalypse Forever? Theory, Culture & Society, 27(2-3).


Swyngedouw, E and Ernstson, H (2019). O Tempora! O Mores! Interrupting the Anthropo-ObScene, in Ernstson, H and Swyngedouw, S (eds.) Urban Political Ecology in the Anthropo-Obscene: Interruptions and Possibilities. Routledge, New York.


Tabas, B (2021). Outer Space, Expansive Sustainable Development, and the Future of the Environmental Humanities. HAL Archives-Ouvertes.


Tam, K (2019). Anthropomorphism of Nature, Environmental Guilt, and Pro-Environmental Behavior. Sustainability, 11 (19).


Temper, L, Walter, M, Rodriguez, I, Kothari, A and Turhan, E (2018). A Perspective on Radical Transformations to Sustainability: Resistances, Movements and Alternatives. Sustainability Science, 13.


Tessum, C et al., (2021). PM2.5 Polluters Disproportionately and Systemically Affect People of Color in the United States. Science Advances, 7(18).


Thiery, W et al. (2021). Intergenerational Inequities in Exposure to Climate Extremes. Science,374(6564).


Thompson, A. (2010). Radical Hope for Living Well in a Warmer World. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 23.


Thompson, P (2012). Sustainability: Ethical Foundations. Nature Education Knowledge, 3(10).


UNICEF (2021). The Climate Crisis is a Child Rights Crisis.


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2009). Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue.


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2013). Part 5 – The Responsibilities and Ethical Challenges in Tackling Global Environmental Change, in World Social Science Report 2013: Changing Global Environments. [With many brief articles on this topic.]


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2019). The Ethical Principles of Climate Change.


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2019). The Ethical Challenge of Climate Change. The UNESCO Courier, July-Sept.


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2002). Community Culture and the Environment: A Guide to Understanding a Sense of Place. EPA 842-B-01-003.


Vallaeys, F (2013). University Social Responsibility: A Mature and Responsible Definition, in Hall, B and Tandon, R (eds.) Higher Education in the World 5 - Knowledge, Engagement and Higher Education: Contributing to Social Change. The Global University Network.


Van Lange, P (2021). A Broader Mind: Concern with Other Humans, Equality, and Animals. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42.


Velicu, I and Barca, S (2020). The Just Transition and its Work of Inequality. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, 16(1).


Villamayor-Tomas, S and Garcia-Lopez, G (2021). Commons Movements: Old and New Trends in Rural and Urban Contexts. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 46.


Vucetich, J and Nelson, M (2009). The Moral Obligation of Scientists. Minding Nature, 3(2).


Wakefield, S (2018). Infrastructures of Liberal Life: From Modernity and Progress to Resilience and Ruins. Geography Compass, 12.


Warner, K and DeCosse, D (2009). Climate Ethics, in A Short Course in Environmental Ethics. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics.


Washington, H, Taylor, B, Kopnina, H, Cryer, P and Piccolo, J (2017). Ecocentrism is the Key Pathway to Sustainability. Millennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere, Stanford University.


Webster, D (2017). Scape Goats, Silver Bullets, and Other Pitfalls in the Path to Sustainability. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene. 5:7.


Wilkinson, A (2017). Fighting Poverty Might Make it Harder to Fight Climate Change. Science, Oct. 24.


Wilson, D (2017). Toward a Whole Earth Morality. Center for Humans and Nature, July 14. [Includes key principles for managing common-pool resources.]


World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (2015). Ethical Principles for Climate Change: Adaptation and Mitigation, Report of COMEST. UNESCO.


World Inequality Lab (2021). World Inequality Report 2022.


Yang, T (2006). Towards An Egalitarian Global Environmental Ethics, in Have, H, ed., Environmental Ethics and International Policy. UNESCO.


Younes, L, Kofman, A, Shaw, A, Song, L and Miller, M (2021). Poison in the Air. ProPublica, Nov. 2. [The EPA allows polluters to turn neighborhoods into “sacrifice zones” where residents breathe carcinogens.]



ii. Journalism and EJ Activism, Case Studies, Manifestos, etc.


Acosta, A (2021). Water, the Driving Force of Nature: Emancipation Through Popular Consultation. Radical Ecological Democracy, April 20.


Aguon, J (2021). To Hell with Drowning. The Atlantic, Nov. 1.


Aloi, G (2021). To Think Like a Mountain. Nature Art and Habitat. Video presented at the Coexistence: Interdependence Between Species symposium.


The Alternative UK (2020). Here Come the Time Rebels! Japan's "Future Design" Movement Shows How to Factor Future Generations Into Our Politics.


Andrews, E (2019a). Why Should I Sacrifice When Big Companies are to Blame for Climate Change? Grist, Jan. 2.


Andrews, E (2019b). Humans Cause Climate Change. Do We Just Need Fewer Humans? Grist, Feb. 28.


Anifowoshe, S (2020). Environmental Racism has Ripped Black People Away from Nature. EuroNews, Oct. 5.


Appiah, K (2016). There is No Such Thing as Western Civilisation. The Guardian, Nov. 9. [A historical critique.]


Armao, M (2021). Study: Indigenous Tribes Lost 99% of Land to Colonization. Grist, Oct. 28.


Aronoff, K (2017). Your Personal Consumption Choices Can’t Save the Planet: We Have to Confront Capitalism. In These Times, July 18.


Balch, O (2013). Buen Vivir: The Social Philosophy Inspiring Movements in South America. The Guardian, Feb. 4.


Barry, D (2020). Too Many Americans Live in ‘Sacrifice Zones.’ Let’s Fix That. Grist, Sept. 4.


Basu, A (2021). Embracing Deep Ecology in Environmental Justice. Lokmaanya, March 15. [Focuses on the environmental ethics embedded in environmental management and particularly in environmental law.]


BBC (2020). Sustainable Thinking.  BBC Ideas.  [Access to a series of videos related to aspects of sustainability.]


Beinhocker, E (2019). I Am a Carbon Abolitionist. Democracy Journal, June 24.


Bendell, J (2020). Why Do Modern Humans Oppress and Destroy Life on Earth? And What to Do About It? Jem, July 2.


Bennet, E (2021). An Urgent Call for a New Relationship with Nature. Scientific American, March 3.


Berros, MV (2015). The Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador: Pachamama Has Rights.  Arcadia, 11.  Environment and Society Portal.


Biden for President (2020). The Biden Plan to Secure Environmental Justice and Equitable Economic Opportunity.


Black, L (2022). Not Going with the Flow: Salmon ‘Sue’ US City Over Harm to Population. The Guardian, March 9.


Blueberry River First Nations and Pollon, C (2019). Death by a Thousand Cuts: A Comic. The Narwhal, Aug. 17.


The Blue River Quorum (2011). The Blue River Declaration: An Ethic of the Earth. Spring Creek Project, Oregon State University.


Brownworth, V (2019). Climate Change is a Feminist Issue. Dame, April 2.


Cabrera, Y (2020). Coronavirus is Not Just a Health Crisis — It’s an Environmental Justice Crisis. Grist, Apr. 24.


Chan, M (2021). In a Legal First, a Court Will Decide if an Elephant Deserves the Same Rights as a Person. Time, Oct. 21.


Chapron, G, Levrel, H, Meinard, Y and Courchamp, F (2018). A Final Warning to Planet Earth. Trends Ecological Evolution, 33(9). [A collection of relevant essays.2017.12.010 [Worthwhile satire]


Christo, C (2020). WWIII is Our Separation from Nature. Changing America, The Hill.


Climate Justice Alliance (2017). Just Transition Principles.


Cocks, J (2016). Reflection on Journey to Earthland: The Great Transition to Planetary Civilization. Great Transition Initiative, Tellus Institute.


Cohen, S (2020). Sustainability Culture and Rebuilding Consensus on Environmental Policy. State of the Planet, Oct. 12. Columbia University.


Conservation International (2014a). Harrison Ford is the Ocean. [compelling, short video]


Conservation International (2014b).  Penelope Cruz is Water. [compelling, short video]


Crabapple, M (2019). “A Message From the Future with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.” Video on The Intercept, April 17.


Creation Justice Ministries (2014). Faith Principles on Climate Change.


Crossley-Baxter, L (2020). Japan’s Ancient Way to Save the Planet. BBC Travel, March 9.


Crutzen, P and Schwagerl, C (2011). Living in the Anthropocene: Toward a New Global Ethos. Yale Environment 360, Jan. 24.


Davey, B (2016). Putting Moral Philosophy Back into Economics. The Foundation for the Economics of Sustainability.


Davey, B (2019). Colonialist Economics – The Contrast with Indigenous Land Care Principles. CREDO Economics, Mar. 21.


Deep Green Resistance (2020a). The Problem of Civilization.


Deep Green Resistance (2020b). Indicators of Cultural Crisis.


Degnarain, N (2020). Ten Ways That Racial And Environmental Justice Are Inextricably Linked. Forbes, June 30.


Delegates to the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit (1991). The Principles of Environmental Justice. EJ Net.


The Democracy Center (2020). The Water Revolt.  [Brief overview of the Cochabamba water revolt, with links to more detailed resources.]


Dowd, M (2019). Sustainability 101 - Ecology as Theology. You Tube, Nov. 19.


Dumain, E (2021). Parties Talk Past Each Other on Environmental Justice. E&E News, April 16.


Dunaway, F (2021). Indigenous Advocacy Transformed the Fight Over Oil Drilling in the Arctic Refuge. The Washington Post, March 14.


Dunleavy, H (2021). An Indigenous Group’s Objection to Geoengineering Spurs a Debate About Social Justice in Climate Science. Inside Climate News, July 7.


Duterme, R (2016). The Ecological Debt at the Heart of Climate Issues. Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt, June 7. [A short read making the connection between global warming, industrial capitalism and environmental injustice.]


Earth Light (2002). Earth Democracy: Ten Principles of Justice, Sustainability and Peace. Earth Light Magazine, 47.


Education International (2019). EI Statement on Student Action on Climate Change.


EJ Net (2019). Environmental Justice / Environmental Racism.  [A resource web site with many links.]


Environmental Justice Atlas (2019). [Interactive map]


Environmental Justice Leadership Forum on Climate Change (2008). Principles of Climate Justice. EJ Net.


Environmental Research Foundation (2008). Rachel's Precaution Reporter. [139 blog posts on issues related to the Precautionary Principle running from 2005-2008.]