Bibliography of Literature Relevant to Our Future Sustainability

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II.     Other Existential Threats

Bounce me down to the bibliography citations

What’s Here

This bibliography is concerned with disturbing environmental and social trends, along with the potential to make things better and the risks if we don’t.  Obviously, climate change looms large in that narrative.  But not everything of relevance has to do with climate change. 

This section of the bibliography is broken up into 10 subsections, each focused on some other significant type of threat to societal success and/or the well-being of other species that is not being driven primarily by climate change. For example, here you will find articles on the problems with our industrialized food system, biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, pollutants beyond greenhouse gases, water scarcity, and even the nuclear war threat.  Any assessment of our future prospects must also take these issues into account.

Aside from the time required to review even a handful of the articles in this section, it takes a concerted effort to synthesize the findings across articles in the different subsections, and in sections I, III, and IV, and then make some evaluation of what they collectively imply for our future.  The scope is so big… and so too is the uncertainty!  Well, do not despair because others have done the work for you.  You can cut to the chase by bouncing to section V (Future Scenarios Analyses) and, especially, section VI (Synthesis of Existential Risks and the Potential for Societal Collapse).

As with section I, the bulk of the citations here are journal articles that have gone through the peer review process, which is indicated when the publication is italicized.  Government-sponsored reports are also well represented.  Scattered throughout you will find reports from NGOs, useful web sites, interactive maps, review articles from news magazines, and a few videos. Some citations appear in more than one subsection.

There is plenty of overlap to be found in the articles of any one subsection, but reviewing multiple sources gives you a sense of where there is consensus or disagreement among many different researchers, along with regional variability in the negative (and positive) trends and the advancement of understanding over time.

If learning about the threats examined in this section - in a way that gets past a compartmentalized, intellectual appreciation - is getting you down, you may want to scan the articles in section VII (Activism, Eco-anxiety and the Psychology of Confronting the “Traumacene”) to get a sense of how others are coping.  If you want to learn about why we have gotten into this self-made mess and why we are having such difficulty in extricating ourselves from it, then you should do a deep dive into section III -The Cultural How and Why? Ideologies, Ethics, Economics, and Politics of (Un)Sustainability. 

Many of the articles in section III also provide assessments of what is required to foster a better future.  In fact, many articles within all sections of this bibliography do this.  The good news is that we have a decent handle on our threats, challenges, barriers, and limitations.  We also have many actionable (though often contradictory) ideas on what we need to do to avoid the worst outcomes and co-create a more just, happy, and verdant world.  Sections VIII – XII of this bibliography focus on these actionable ideas.

 

Subsections

 

A.

Agriculture, Soil Degradation, and Food

B.

Biodiversity Loss and Ecosystem Degradation

C.

Conflict, Displacement, and Migrations

D.

Human Health Threats

E.

Natural Hazards (Earthquakes, Volcanic Eruptions, Tsunamis, Landslides etc.)

F.

Other

G.

Overviews (more in section V)

H.

Pacific Northwest Specific

I.

Pollution, Plastic, and Other Waste Problems

J.

Technological Threats

K.

Water Crisis (Scarcity, Conflict, and Mismanagement)

 

Citations

                                                   

A. Agriculture, Soil Degradation, and Food

 

Acosta, I (2011). 'Green Desert' Monoculture Forests Spreading in Africa and South America. The Guardian, Sept. 26. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/sep/26/monoculture-forests-africa-south-america

 

Ahmed, N (2020). West’s ‘Dust Bowl’ Future now ‘Locked In’, as World Risks Imminent Food Crisis. Resilience, Jan. 6. https://www.resilience.org/stories/2020-01-06/wests-dust-bowl-future-now-locked-in-as-world-risks-imminent-food-crisis/

 

Arsenault, C (2014). Only 60 Years of Farming Left If Soil Degradation Continues. Scientific American, Dec. 5. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/only-60-years-of-farming-left-if-soil-degradation-continues/#:~:text=Only%2060%20Years%20of%20Farming%20Left%20If%20Soil,a%20senior%20UN%20official%20said%20December%205,%202014

 

Beyranevand, L and Leib, E (2021). Our Food System is Broken — There's a Blueprint to Fix It. The Hill, Jan. 21. https://thehill.com/opinion/energy-environment/535070-our-food-system-is-broken-theres-a-blueprint-to-fix-it

 

Bodirsky, B et al., (2014). Reactive Nitrogen Requirements to Feed the World in 2050 and Potential to Mitigate Nitrogen Pollution. Nature Communications, 5(3858). https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms4858 

 

Boztas, S (2021). Netherlands Proposes Radical Plans to Cut Livestock Numbers by Almost a Third. The Guardian, Sept. 9. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/sep/09/netherlands-proposes-radical-plans-to-cut-livestock-numbers-by-almost-a-third [Mostly to address nutrient pollution.]

 

Brown, M, and 21 co-authors, (2015). Climate Change, Global Food Security and the U.S. Food System. U.S. Global Change Research Program. https://www.usda.gov/oce/climate_change/FoodSecurity2015Assessment/FullAssessment.pdf

 

Carrington, D (2019). Phosphate Fertiliser 'Crisis' Threatens World Food Supply. The Guardian, Sept. 6. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/sep/06/phosphate-fertiliser-crisis-threatens-world-food-supply

 

Carrington, D (2021). ‘Disastrous’ Plastic Use in Farming Threatens Food Safety – UN. The Guardian, Dec. 7. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/dec/07/disastrous-plastic-use-in-farming-threatens-food-safety-un

 

Center for Sustainable Systems (2021). U.S. Food System Factsheet. University of Michigan. https://css.umich.edu/factsheets/us-food-system-factsheet [Lots of good statistics.]

 

Chemnitz, C and Becheva, S (eds.) (2021). The Meat Atlas 2021. Heinrich Boll Stiftung and Friends of the Earth Europe. https://friendsoftheearth.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/MeatAtlas2021_final_web.pdf [Comprehensive. Lots of graphs and statistics.]

 

Claeson, A (2020). The Real Reason Almonds are Destroying California. Mashed, July 10. https://www.mashed.com/225543/the-real-reason-almonds-are-destroying-california/

 

The Conscious Club (2019). Agriculture & Soil Degradation, in the Ecological Footprint Bible. https://www.theconsciouschallenge.org/ecologicalfootprintbibleoverview/agriculture-soil-degradation [An overview with multiple videos.]

 

Cook, K (2019). Glyphosate Pesticide in Beer and Wine. U.S. PIRG Education Fund. https://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/WEB_USP_Glyphosate-pesticide-beer-and-wine_REPORT_022619.pdf

 

Davis, A, Chadburn, H, Moat, J, O’Sullivan, R, Hargreaves, S and Lughadha, E (2019). High Extinction Risk for Wild Coffee Species and Implications for Coffee Sector Sustainability. Science Advances, 5(1). https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/1/eaav3473 

 

De Preneuf, F (2021). Food Security and COVID-19. The World Bank. Feb. 5. https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/agriculture/brief/food-security-and-covid-19

 

Diamond, J (1999). The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race. Discover Magazine, April 30. https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/the-worst-mistake-in-the-history-of-the-human-race

 

Eilperin, J (2006). World's Fish Supply Running Out, Researchers Warn. The Washington Post, Nov. 3. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/02/AR2006110200913.html

 

Flachsbarth, I, Willaarts, B, Xie, H, Pitois, G, Mueller, N, Ringler, C, Garrido, A (2015). The Role of Latin America’s Land and Water Resources for Global Food Security: Environmental Trade-Offs of Future Food Production Pathways. PLoS One, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116733

 

Foley, J, et al., (2012). Solutions for a Cultivated Planet. Nature, 478: 337–342. https://www.nature.com/articles/nature10452

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2015). Climate Change and Food Systems: Global Assessments and Implications for Food Security and Trade. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4332e.pdf

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2017). The Future of Food and Agriculture – Trends and Challenges. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6583e.pdf

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2019). The State of Food and Agriculture 2019. http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-agriculture/en/

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (2020a). Crop Prospects and Food Situation. United Nations. http://www.fao.org/giews/reports/crop-prospects/en/

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2020b). The State of Food and Agriculture 2020: Overcoming Water Challenges in Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.4060/cb1447en [Available as a digital report, an interactive story and In Brief.]

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2021). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021. http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/ [Web page overview.]

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (2021). Technical Platform on the Measurement and Reduction of Food Loss and Waste. United Nations. https://www.fao.org/platform-food-loss-waste/en/ [Extensive web site.]

 

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO (2018). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World: Building Climate Resilience for Food Security and Nutrition. UN Food and Agriculture Organization. http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/

 

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO (2021). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021: Transforming Food Systems for Food Security, Improved Nutrition and Affordable Healthy Diets for All. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.  http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb4474en

 

Forouzani, M and Karami, E (2011). Agricultural Water Poverty Index and Sustainability. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 31(2). https://link.springer.com/article/10.1051%2Fagro%2F2010026 

 

Friedemann, A (2017). Peak Soil: Industrial Agriculture Destroys Ecosystems and Civilizations: Biofuels Make it Worse. EnergySkeptic.com, Aug. 31. https://energyskeptic.com/2017/peaksoil/

 

Garry, M (2021). U.S. NGO Measures HFC Leaks in Grocery Aisles. Hydrocarbons 21, Feb. 15. http://hydrocarbons21.com/articles/9951/u_s_ngo_measures_hfc_leaks_in_grocery_aisles

 

Ghaedi, M (2021). Pandemic, Climate Change and Conflict Fuel Sharp Rise in Global Hunger. DW, Oct. 14. https://www.dw.com/en/pandemic-climate-change-and-conflict-fuel-sharp-rise-in-global-hunger/a-59488549

 

Giovannucci, D, Scherr,S, Nierenberg, D, Hebebrand, C, Shapiro, J, Milder, J and Wheeler, K (2012). Food and Agriculture: The Future of Sustainability. A Strategic Input to the Sustainable Development in the 21st Century (SD21) Project. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/agriculture_and_food_the_future_of_sustainability_web.pdf

 

Gladek, E, Fraser, M, Roemers, G, Sabag Munoz, O, Kennedy, E and Hirsch, P (2017). The Global Food System: An Analysis. World Wildlife Fund Netherlands. https://www.metabolic.nl/publication/global-food-system-an-analysis/

 

Hill, J and 10 co-authors (2019). Air-Quality-related Health Damages of Maize. Nature Sustainability, 2019. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-019-0261-y

 

Holden, N, White, E, Lange, M and Oldfield, T (2018). Review of the Sustainability of Food Systems and Transition using the Internet of Food. NPJ Science of Food, 2(18). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41538-018-0027-3

 

Ippolito, J and Al-Kaisi, M (2019). The Dirt on Soil Loss from the Midwest Floods. The Conversation, April 16. https://theconversation.com/the-dirt-on-soil-loss-from-the-midwest-floods-114423

 

Jones, B (2022). The Extinction Crisis that No One’s Talking About. Vox, Feb. 1. https://www.vox.com/down-to-earth/22906478/food-diversity-extinction-dan-saladino [“Coffee, wine, and wheat varieties are among the foods we could lose forever.”]

 

Jones, B et al., (2012). Zoonosis Emergence Linked to Agricultural Intensification and Environmental Change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(21). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1208059110

 

Kahiluoto, H, Kuisma, M, Kuokkanen, A, Mikkila, M ad Linnanen, L (2014). Taking Planetary Nutrient Boundaries Seriously: Can We Feed the People? Global Food Security, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2013.11.002

 

Koch, A and 30 co-authors (2013). Soil Security: Solving the Global Soil Crisis. Global Policy, 4(4): 434-441. http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/publ/Global%20Policy%204,%20434-441,%202013%20Koch.pdf

 

Lakhani, N and Saldino, D (2022). ‘We’re Running Out of Time’: Dan Saladino on Why the Loss of Diversity in Our Foods Matters. The Guardian, April 17. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/apr/17/dan-saladino-food-diversity

 

Le Mouel, C, Lattre-Gasquet, M and Mora, O (eds.) (2018). Land Use and Food Security in 2050: A Narrow Road. Agrimonde-Terra. https://agritrop.cirad.fr/588816/1/ID588816.pdf

 

Lohan, T (2021). The Extinction Crisis: Coming to a Dinner Table Near You? EcoWatch, Feb. 15. https://www.ecowatch.com/amp/food-security-endangered-species-conservation-2650542720

 

Lucas T and Horton, R (2019). The 21st-century Great Food Transformation. The Lancet, 393(10170). https://www.scribd.com/document/397688325/The-21st-Century-Great-Food-Transformation-Lucas-2019-The-Lancet 

 

Marchant, N (2021). The World’s Food Waste Problem is Bigger than We Thought - Here’s What We Can Do About It. World Economic Forum, March 26. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/03/global-food-waste-solutions

 

Mateo-Sagasta, J, Zadeh, S and Turral, H (2017). Water Pollution from Agriculture: A Global Review. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. https://www.sesync.org/system/tdf/resources/water_pollution_from_agriculture_a_global_review_0.pdf?file=1&type=node&id=2825&force

 

McClements, D, Barrangou, R, Hill, C, Kokini, J, Lila, M, Meyer, A and Yu, L (2021). Building a Resilient, Sustainable, and Healthier Food Supply Through Innovation and Technology. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 12. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-food-092220-030824

 

Menker, S (2017). A Global Food Crisis May Be Less than a Decade Away. TED. https://www.ted.com/talks/sara_menker_a_global_food_crisis_may_be_only_a_decade_away

 

Munn, M, Frey, J, Tesoriero, A, Black, R, Duff, J, Lee, K, Maret, T, Mebane, C, Waite, I and Zelt, R (2018). Understanding the Influence of Nutrients on Stream Ecosystems in Agricultural Landscapes. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1437. https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1437

 

Packer, S (2020). Fixing Nitrogen: The Challenge for Climate, Nature and Health. Soil Association. https://www.soilassociation.org/causes-campaigns/fixing-nitrogen-the-challenge-for-climate-nature-and-health/

 

Piesse, M (2020). Global Food and Water Security in 2050: Demographic Change and Increased Demand. Future Directions International, Feb. 4. http://www.futuredirections.org.au/publication/global-food-and-water-security-in-2050-demographic-change-and-increased-demand/

 

Planetary Health Alliance (2019). Bibliography: Changing Food Systems. https://www.planetaryhealthalliance.org/bibliography

 

Powers, M. (2019). Soil Science and Society: We’re Running Out of Dirt. FEW Resources.Org. https://www.fewresources.org/soil-science-and-society-were-running-out-of-dirt.html

 

Reilly, J (2021). The Health and Climate Consequences of the American Food System Cost Three Times as Much as the Food Itself. The Washington Post, July 16. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2021/07/16/true-cost-of-american-food-system/

 

Ritchie, H (2021). Do We Only Have 60 Harvests Left? Our World in Data, Jan. 14. https://ourworldindata.org/soil-lifespans

 

Rosengrant, M, Ringler, C and Zhu, T (2009). Water for Agriculture: Maintaining Food Security under Growing Scarcity. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 34. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.environ.030308.090351

 

Rulli, M, Saviori, A and D’Odorico, P (2013). Global Land and Water Grabbing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(3). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1213163110

 

Samuel, S (2020). The Meat We Eat is a Pandemic Risk, Too. Vox, April 22. https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2020/4/22/21228158/coronavirus-pandemic-risk-factory-farming-meat

 

Semple, K, Westbrook, A and Kessel, J (2022). Meet the People Getting Paid to Kill Our Planet. The New York Times, Feb. 1. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/01/opinion/climate-sustainability-agriculture-lobby.html  [Devastating video series.]

 

Seyfferth, A (2021). Some Food Contamination Starts in the Soil. EurekAlert, Feb. 3. American Association for the Advancement of Science. https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-02/asoa-sfc020221.php

 

Sharma, A (2019). How U.S. Agricultural Subsidies Degrade Land and Soil.  Food Tank, July 7. https://foodtank.com/news/2019/07/opinion-how-us-agricultural-subsidies-degrade-land-and-soil/

 

Simon, M (2019). We’re Eating this Planet to Death. Wired, Aug. 8. https://www.wired.com/story/ipcc-land-report-food/

 

Soil Association (2020). The Impacts of Nitrogen Pollution. https://www.soilassociation.org/causes-campaigns/fixing-nitrogen-the-challenge-for-climate-nature-and-health/the-impacts-of-nitrogen-pollution/

 

Steinfeld, H, Gerber, P, Wassenaar, T, Castel, V, Rosales, M, and Haan, C (2006). Livestock's Role in Water Depletion and Pollution, in Livestock's Long Shadow - Environmental Issues and Options. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Pp. 125-179. http://www.virtualcentre.org/en/library/key_pub/longshad/a0701e/A0701E04.pdf

 

Steward, DR, Bruss, PJ, Yang, X, Staggenborg, SA, Welch, SM, and Apley, MD (2013). Tapping Unsustainable Groundwater Stores for Agricultural Production in the High Plains Aquifer of Kansas, Projections to 2110. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(37): E3477-E3486. http://www.pnas.org/content/110/37/E3477.full.pdf

 

Suweis, S, Rinaldo, A, Maritan, A and D’Odorico, P (2013a). Water-controlled Wealth of Nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(11). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1222452110 [“we question the long-term sustainability of the food trade system as a whole.”]

 

Thaler, E, Larsen, I and Yu, Q (2021). The Extent of Soil Loss Across the US Corn Belt. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(8). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1922375118

 

Toussaint, K (2021). Global Agricultural Subsidies are Harming the Planet—and Our Diets. Fast Company, Sept. 15. https://www.fastcompany.com/90676663/global-agricultural-subsidies-are-harming-the-planet-and-our-diets

 

Tuninetti, M, Tamea, S, and Dalin C (2019). Water Debt Indicator Reveals Where Agricultural Water Use Exceeds Sustainable Levels. Water Resources Research, 55(3). https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018WR023146

 

Tzachor, A (2020). Famine Dynamics: The Self-undermining Structures of the Global Food System. Global Relations Forum Young Academics Program, Analysis Paper Series No. 8. http://www.gif.org.tr/files/FamineDynamics.pdf

 

UNICEF (2018). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World. https://www.unicef.org/rosa/reports/state-food-security-and-nutrition-world

 

Usdain, S (2021). Officials Underestimating 'Forever Chemicals' Lurking in US Food: Scientists. The Hill, Dec. 12. https://thehill.com/policy/equilibrium-sustainability/585436-officials-underestimating-forever-chemicals-lurking-in-us

 

Walker, S, Hofste, R and Schleifer, L (2019). Water Could Limit Our Ability to Feed the World. These 9 Graphics Explain Why. World Resources Institute, Nov. 25. https://www.wri.org/insights/water-could-limit-our-ability-feed-world-these-9-graphics-explain-why

 

Weis, T (2010). The Accelerating Biophysical Contradictions of Industrial Capitalist Agriculture. Journal of Agrarian Change, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0366.2010.00273.x 

 

Weis, T (2013). The Meat of the Global Food Crisis. Journal of Peasant Studies, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150.2012.752357

 

Win, T and O’Brien, C (2020). Hungry for Change: Faulty Food Systems Laid Bare by COVID-19 and Climate Crises. Thomson Reuters Foundation, Dec. 27. https://news.trust.org/item/20201227080204-3652n/

 

Winne, M (2016). Stand Together or Starve Alone. Tikkun, May 17. https://www.tikkun.org/stand-together-or-starve-alone

 

Wise, T (2019). Big Ag Is Sabotaging Progress on Climate Change. Wired, Aug. 28. https://www.wired.com/story/big-ag-is-sabotaging-progress-on-climate-change/

 

World Resources Institute (2022). AQUEDUCT Food. https://www.wri.org/applications/aqueduct/food/#/  [Interactive mapping tool relating crops, water risk and food security.]

 

Zahn, M and Serwer, A (2021). COVID-19 ‘Exposed How Fragile our Food Systems Are’: Gro Intelligence Founder. Yahoo! Finance, Feb. 10. https://finance.yahoo.com/news/covid-19-exposed-how-fragile-our-food-systems-are-gro-intelligence-founder-145418174.html

 

 

B. Biodiversity Loss and Ecosystem Degradation

 

Acosta, I (2011). 'Green Desert' Monoculture Forests Spreading in Africa and South America. The Guardian, Sept. 26. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/sep/26/monoculture-forests-africa-south-america

 

Albert, J et al., (2020). Scientists’ Warning to Humanity on the Freshwater Biodiversity Crisis. Ambio, 50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01318-8

 

Alley, P (2011). Corruption: A Root Cause of Deforestation and Forest Degradation, in Transparency International (ed.) Global Corruption Report: Climate Change. Earthscan, London. https://www.transparency.org/en/publications/global-corruption-report-climate-change

 

Anderson, D (2012). HABs in a Changing World: A Perspective on Harmful Algal Blooms, their Impacts, and Research and Management in a Dynamic Era of Climactic and Environmental Change. Harmful Algae, 2012 (2012): 3–17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4667985/pdf/nihms691284.pdf

 

Associated Press (2019). Nature Is In the Worst Shape in Human History, U.N. Report Says. L.A. Times, May 6. https://www.latimes.com/world/la-sci-sn-un-bio-diversity-report-20190506-story.html

 

Azhar, A (2022). Florida’s Red Tides Are Getting Worse and May Be Hard to Control Because of Climate Change. Inside Climate News, Jan. 19. https://insideclimatenews.org/news/19012022/florida-red-tide-climate-change-desantis/

 

Ball, J (2021). Lakes Are Losing Oxygen—and Their Inhabitants Are in Danger. Wired, June, 29. https://www.wired.com/story/lakes-are-losing-oxygen-and-their-inhabitants-are-in-danger/

 

Bangor University (2021). Catastrophic Consequences for Oceans When Climate Change and Plastic Pollution Crises Combine. Phys.Org, Sept. 28. https://phys.org/news/2021-09-catastrophic-consequences-oceans-climate-plastic.html

 

Bardgett, R et al., (2021). Combatting Global Grassland Degradation. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43017-021-00207-2

 

Barnosky, A and 11 co-authors (2011). Has the Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinction Already Arrived? Nature, 471; 51-57. https://www.nature.com/articles/nature09678

 

Bar-On, Y, Phillips, R and Milo, R (2018). The Biomass Distribution on Earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(25). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1711842115 [Includes estimates of human impact on biomass.]

 

Bendix, A (2022). Nearly Half of Bald and Golden Eagles in the US Have Chronic Lead Poisoning, Most Likely from Bullet Fragments. Business Insider, Feb. 17. https://www.businessinsider.com/eagles-lead-poisoning-bullets-hunting-2022-2

 

Bennett, L (2017). Deforestation and Climate Change. Climate Institute. http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/

 

Bergstrom, D, Ritchie, E, Hughes, L and Depledge, M (2021). 'Existential Threat to Our Survival': See the 19 Australian Ecosystems Already Collapsing. The Conversation, Feb. 26. https://theconversation.com/amp/existential-threat-to-our-survival-see-the-19-australian-ecosystems-already-collapsing-154077

 

Bloch, S (2020). Gulf Fishers Brace for a “Dead Zone” the Size of Connecticut and Delaware. The Counter, June 10. https://thecounter.org/gulf-of-mexico-fishers-dead-zone-climate-change-algal-blooms/

 

Bologna, M and Aquino, G (2020). Deforestation and World Population Sustainability: A Quantitative Analysis. Scientific Reports, 10(7631). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-63657-6

 

Brauman, K et al., (2020). Global Trends in Nature’s Contributions to People. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 117(51). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2010473117 [Key update]

 

Breitburg, D, et al., (2018). Declining Oxygen in the Global Ocean and Coastal Waters. Science, 359(6371). https://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6371/eaam7240

 

Butchart, S, et al., (2010). Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science, 328(5982): 1164-1168. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/328/5982/1164  

 

Butler, R (2019). Amazon Destruction. Monga Bay, Aug. 23. https://rainforests.mongabay.com/amazon/amazon_destruction.html  [Mostly graphs]

 

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Hausheer, J (2016). Global Wilderness Areas in Decline Despite Conservation Targets. Cool Green Science, Sept. 8. https://blog.nature.org/science/2016/09/08/global-wilderness-areas-in-decline-despite-conservation-targets/

 

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Howard, T (2022). Researchers Warn "We Need to Act Quickly" as Less than 16% of the World's Coastal Regions Remain Intact. CBS News, Feb. 13. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/world-coastal-regions-in-danger-human-industrial-pressure/

 

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The IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (2021). Nature's Future, Our Future - The World Speaks. International Union for Conservation of Nature. https://www.iucn.org/news/protected-areas/202102/natures-future-our-future-world-speaks [ A compilation of “the voices of a range of global organisations and world leaders on the importance of protecting and conserving nature.” Lots of quotes and links to reports.]

 

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Johnson, S (2020). The Danger Downstream. Grist, Jan. 28. https://grist.org/food/gulf-shrimpers-fight-for-their-livelihoods-in-a-fertilizer-fueled-dead-zone/

 

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Reid, W, Mooney, H, Cropper, A, Capistrano, D, Carpenter, S, Chopra, K, Dasgupta, P, Dietz, T, Duraiappah, A, Hassan, R, Kaperson, R, Leemans, R, May, R, McMichael, T, Pingali, P, Samper, C, Scholes, R, Watson, R, Zakri, A, Shidong, Z, Ash, N, Bennet, E, Kumar, P, Lee, P, Raudsepp-Hearne, C, Simons, H, Thonell, J, and Zurek, M (2005).  Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis, in Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. http://wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/8701?show=full

 

Rice, J, Seixas, C, Zaccagnini, M, BedoyaGaitán, M, Valderrama, N, Anderson, C, Arroyo, M, Bustamante, M,  Cavender-Bares, J, Diaz-de-Leon, A, Fennessy, S, García Márquez, J, Garcia, K, Helmer, E, Herrera, B, Klatt, B, Ometo, J, Rodríguez Osuna, V, Scarano, F, Schill, S and Farinaci, J [eds.] (2018). Summary for Policymakers of the Regional Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the Americas of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. https://www.ipbes.net/system/tdf/spm_americas_2018_digital.pdf?file=1&type=node&id=28393

 

Ripple, W et al., (2015). Collapse of the World’s Largest Herbivores. Science Advances, 1(4). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1400103

 

Rott, N (2019). Nature's 'Brita Filter' Is Dying and Nobody Knows Why. NPR, Dec. 6. https://www.npr.org/2019/12/06/784422726/natures-brita-filter-is-dying-and-nobody-knows-why

 

Sabater, S et al., (2018). Effects of Human-driven Water Stress on River Ecosystems: A Meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065398/

 

Safina, C (2018). In Defense of Biodiversity: Why Protecting Species from Extinction Matters.  Yale Environment 360. https://e360.yale.edu/features/in-defense-of-biodiversity-why-protecting-species-from-extinction-matters

 

Sanchez-Bayo, F and Wyckhuys, K (2019). Worldwide Decline of Entomofauna: A Review of its Drivers. Biological Conservation, 232: 8-27. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0006320718313636

 

Schroff, R and Cortes, C (2020). The Biodiversity Paradigm: Building Resilience for Human and Environmental Health. Development, 63. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s41301-020-00260-2

 

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014). Global Biodiversity Outlook 4. Montréal. https://www.cbd.int/gbo4/

 

Shah, A (2014). Loss of Biodiversity and Extinctions. Global Issues, January. http://www.globalissues.org/article/171/loss-of-biodiversity-and-extinctions

 

Sonter, L, Dade, M, Watson, J and Valenta, R (2020). Renewable Energy Production Will Exacerbate Mining Threats to Biodiversity. Nature Communications, 11. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-17928-5

 

Staal, A, et al. (2020). Hysteresis of Tropical Forests in the 21st Century. Nature Communications, 11(4978). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-18728-7

 

Stein, B, Edelson, N, Anderson, L, Kanter, J and Stemler, J (2018). Reversing America’s Wildlife Crisis: Securing the Future of Our Fish and Wildlife. National Wildlife Federation. https://www.nwf.org/-/media/Documents/PDFs/NWF-Reports/2018/Reversing-Americas-Wildlife-Crisis_2018.ashx

 

Strona, G and Bradshaw, C (2018). Co-extinctions Annihilate Planetary Life During Extreme Environmental Change. Scientific Reports, 8(16724). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-35068-1

 

Teirstein, Z (2021). Toxic Algae Blooms are Multiplying. The Government has No Plan to Help. Grist, Oct. 14. https://grist.org/politics/toxic-algae-blooms-are-multiplying-the-government-has-no-plan-to-help/

 

Theobold, D, Leinwand, I, Anderson, J, Landau, V and Dickson, B (2019). Loss and Fragmentation of Natural Lands in the Conterminous U.S. from 2001 to 2017. The Center for American Progress. https://www.csp-inc.org/public/CSP%20Disappearing%20US%20Exec%20Summary%20011819.pdf

 

Tian, Z et al., (2020). A Ubiquitous Tire Rubber–derived Chemical Induces Acute Mortality in Coho Salmon. Science, 371(6525). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd6951

 

Simonin, M and Bernhardt, E (2021). Scientists at Work: We Use Environmental DNA to Monitor How Human Activities Affect Life in Rivers and Streams. The Conversation, Sept. 17. https://theconversation.com/scientists-at-work-we-use-environmental-dna-to-monitor-how-human-activities-affect-life-in-rivers-and-streams-164529

 

Timperley, J (2021). What Will it Take to End Deforestation by 2030? Ars Technica, Dec. 4. https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/12/what-will-it-take-to-end-deforestation-by-2030/

 

Trainer, V, Baugh, K, and Paranjpye, R (2008).  Sound Toxins Newsletter, Issue 1.  National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. https://www.soundtoxins.org/workspace/uploads/soundtox_newsletter_spring08.pdf

 

Trucost PLC (2013). Natural Capital at Risk: The Top 100 Externalities of Business. TEEB for Business Coalition. https://www.naturalcapitalcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Trucost-Nat-Cap-at-Risk-Final-Report-web.pdf

 

United Nations (2019). UN Report: Nature’s Dangerous Decline ‘Unprecedented’; Species Extinction Rates ‘Accelerating’. Sustainable Development Goals Blog, May 6. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/nature-decline-unprecedented-report/

 

United Nations (2021). World Ocean Assessment II. https://www.un.org/regularprocess/woa2launch

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2007). Global Environment Outlook 4. https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/global-environment-outlook-4 [Assesses trends in the environment from 1987-2007.]

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2016). Zoonoses: Blurred Lines of Emergent Disease and Ecosystem Health, in UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern. https://environmentlive.unep.org/media/docs/assessments/UNEP_Frontiers_2016_report_emerging_issues_of_environmental_concern.pdf

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2021). Making Peace with Nature: A Scientific Blueprint to Tackle the Climate, Biodiversity and Pollution Emergencies. https://www.unep.org/resources/making-peace-nature

 

University of Connecticut (2021). Animals Died in 'Toxic Soup' During Earth's Worst Mass Extinction: A Warning for Today. Phys.org, Sept. 17. https://phys.org/news/2021-09-animals-died-toxic-soup-earth.html

 

Vidal, J (2019). The Rapid Decline Of The Natural World Is A Crisis Even Bigger Than Climate Change. Huffington Post, March 15. https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/nature-destruction-climate-change-world-biodiversity_n_5c49e78ce4b06ba6d3bb2d44

 

Vidal, A, Lade, S, Hoff, H and Rockstrom, J (2020). COVID-19: A Dashboard to Rebuild with Nature. World Business Council for Sustainable Development. https://www.wbcsd.org/Programs/Food-and-Nature/Resources/COVID-19-a-dashboard-to-rebuild-with-nature

 

Vittert, L (2019). Statistic of the Decade: The Massive Deforestation of the Amazon. The Conversation, Dec. 23. https://theconversation.com/statistic-of-the-decade-the-massive-deforestation-of-the-amazon-128307

 

Vittor, A, Laporta, G and Sallum, M (2020). How Deforestation Helps Deadly Viruses Jump from Animals to Humans. The Conversation, June 25 https://theconversation.com/how-deforestation-helps-deadly-viruses-jump-from-animals-to-humans-139645

 

Walker, B and Wathen, E (2018). Across U.S., Toxic Blooms Pollute Lakes. Environmental Working Group. https://www.ewg.org/toxicalgalblooms/  [Very user friendly article with good graphics]

 

Walker, R (2020). Collision Course: Development Pushes Amazonia Toward Its Tipping Point. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 63. https://doi.org/10.1080/00139157.2021.1842711

 

Walsh, A (2022). What to Expect from the World's Sixth Mass Extinction. DW, Jan. 11. https://www.dw.com/en/what-to-expect-from-the-worlds-sixth-mass-extinction/a-60360245

 

Walsh, S, Jelks, H, and Burkhead, N (2009). The Decline of North American Freshwater Fishes.  Action Bioscience. http://www.actionbioscience.org/biodiversity/walsh.html?print

 

Watson, J et al., (2016). Catastrophic Declines in Wilderness Areas Undermine Global Environment Targets. Current Biology, 26(21). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.08.049

 

Watson, J Venter, O, Lee J, Jones, K, Robin, J, Possingham, H and Allan, J (2018). Protect the Last of the Wild. Nature, 563: 27-30. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07183-6 

 

Watson, P (2015). How Are the Animals Doing?, in Atmosphere of Hope: Searching for Solutions to the Climate Crisis. Grove Press, NY. https://ncse.com/files/pub/evolution/excerpt--atmosphere.pdf

 

Watts, J (2019). Deforestation of Brazilian Amazon Surges to Record High. The Guardian, June 4. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/04/deforestation-of-brazilian-amazon-surges-to-record-high-bolsonaro

 

Welch, C (2021). First Study of All Amazon Greenhouse Gases Suggests the Damaged Forest is Now Worsening Climate Change. National Geographic, March 11. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/amazon-rainforest-now-appears-to-be-contributing-to-climate-change

 

Whalen, A (2020). 'Feral Swine Bomb'? Find Out Why Wild Pigs Are Becoming a Problem Everyone Needs to Worry About. Newsweek, Sept. 21. https://www.newsweek.com/feral-pigs-wild-boar-hunting-population-squeal-montana-usda-1533353

 

Woody, T (2019). The Sea is Running Out of Fish, Despite Nations’ Pledges to Stop it. National Geographic, Oct. 8. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/10/sea-running-out-of-fish-despite-nations-pledges-to-stop/

 

Woodyatt, A (2021). Bees Aren't Getting Enough Sleep, Thanks to Some Common Pesticides. CNN, Jan. 21. https://www.cnn.com/2021/01/21/europe/bee-sleep-pesticide-intl-scli-gbr-scn/index.html

 

The World Counts (2022). Extinction of Species. https://www.theworldcounts.com/challenges/extinction [Shows continuous changes in values of several metrics.]

 

World Fish Migration Foundation (2020). Living Planet Index for Migratory Freshwater Fish. https://worldfishmigrationfoundation.com/living-planet-index-2020/

 

World Wildlife Fund (2020). Living Planet Report 2020. https://livingplanet.panda.org/en-us/

 

Yirka, B (2020). Brazilian Forests Found to be Transitioning from Carbon Sinks to Carbon Sources. Phys.org, Dec. 21. https://phys.org/news/2020-12-brazilian-forests-transitioning-carbon-sources.html

 

Zaitchik, A (2019). Rainforest on Fire. The Intercept, July 6. https://theintercept.com/2019/07/06/brazil-amazon-rainforest-indigenous-conservation-agribusiness-ranching/

 

Zeng, Y, Maxwell, S, Runting, R, Venter, O, Watson, J and Carrasco, R (2020). Environmental Destruction Not Avoided with the Sustainable Development Goals. Nature Sustainability, 3. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-0555-0

 

 

C. Conflict, Insecurity, Displacement, and Migrations                                              

 

Ahmed, N (2015). New Age of Water Wars Portends ‘Bleak Future’ For The Middle East. Mint Press News. http://www.mintpressnews.com/new-age-of-water-wars-portends-bleak-future-for-the-middle-east/203712/

 

Aldhous, P (2020). This Scary Statistic Predicts Growing US Political Violence — Whatever Happens On Election Day. Buzz Feed News, Oct. 24. https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/peteraldhous/political-violence-inequality-us-election

 

Baum, S, de Neufville, R and Barrett, A (2018). A Model for the Probability of Nuclear War. Global Catastrophic Risk Institute Working Paper 18-1. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3137081

 

Black, R Adger, WB,.Arnell, N, Dercond, S, Geddese, A and Thomas, T (2017). The Effect of Environmental Change on Human Migration. Global Environmental Change, 21(suppl. 1): S3-S11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.10.001

 

Center for Foreign Relations (2022). Global Conflict Tracker. https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/?category=us

 

Center for Systemic Peace (2019). State Fragility and Warfare in the Global System 2019. http://www.systemicpeace.org/warlist/warlist.htm

 

Center for Systemic Peace (2022). Global Conflict Trends. https://www.systemicpeace.org/conflicttrends.html

 

Di Nunzio, J (2013).  Conflict on the Nile: The Future of Transboundary Water Disputes Over the World’s Longest River. Future Directions International.  http://futuredirections.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Nile_Conflict_Potential.pdf

 

Dow, K and Carr, E (2015). Linking Water Scarcity to Population Movements: From Global Models to Local Experiences. Poverty and Vulnerability Programme, Stockholm Environment Institute. https://mediamanager.sei.org/documents/Publications/Risk-livelihoods/SEI_Dow_Water_Migration_2005.pdf

 

Gleick, P (2009). Water Conflict Chronology. Pacific Institute. http://worldwater.org/chronology.html

 

Goldstone, J, Bates, R, Epstein, D, Gurr, T, Lustik, M, Marshall, M, Ulfelder, J and Woodward, M (2010). A Global Model for Forecasting Political Instability. American Journal of Political Science, 54(1).  https://sites.duke.edu/niou/files/2011/06/goldstone-bates-etal.pdf

 

Graff, G (2022). Putin’s Nuclear Threat Sets the West on Edge. Wired, Feb. 24. https://www.wired.com/story/putin-nuclear-threat-ukraine-sanctions-history/

 

Hackman, R (2021). Femicides in the US: The Silent Epidemic Few Dare to Name. The Guardian, Sept. 26. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/sep/26/femicide-us-silent-epidemic

 

The Institute for Economics & Peace (2020). Global Terrorism Index 2020. https://www.visionofhumanity.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/GTI-2020-web-1.pdf

 

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (2020). Previous Global Reports on Internal Displacement. https://www.internal-displacement.org/global-report [Updated every year]

 

Langenkamp, A (2019). The World is Becoming More Unstable. The Hill, Oct. 27. https://thehill.com/opinion/international/467611-the-world-is-becoming-more-unstable

 

Lee, B (2016). Causes and Cures VIII: Environmental Violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2016.07.004

 

McCartney, C (2020). Migration and the Shared Planet. Radical Ecological Ecology, Oct. 18. https://radicalecologicaldemocracy.org/migrations-and-the-shared-planet/

 

Migration Data Portal (2021). Environmental Migration. https://migrationdataportal.org/themes/environmental_migration [Leads to data and other resources.]

 

Mills, M, Toon, O, Lee-Taylor, J and Robock, A (2014). Multidecadal Global Cooling and Unprecedented Ozone Loss Following a Regional Nuclear Conflict. Earth’s Future, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.1002/2013EF000205

 

Planetary Health Alliance (2019). Bibliography: Civil Strife and Displacement. https://www.planetaryhealthalliance.org/bibliography?group=CIVIL%20STRIFE%20AND%20DISPLACEMENT

 

Raderstorf, B, Wilson, C, Zechmeister, E and Camilleri, M (2017). Beneath the Violence: How Insecurity Shapes Daily Life and Emigration in Central America. Rule of Law Working Paper. A Report of the Latin American Public Opinion Project and the Inter-American Dialogue. https://www.thedialogue.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Crime-Avoidance-Report-FINAL-ONLINE.pdf

 

Robock, A, Oman, L and Stenchikov, G (2007). Nuclear Winter Revisited with a Modern Climate Model and Current Nuclear Arsenals: Still Catastrophic Consequences. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112. http://climate.envsci.rutgers.edu/pdf/RobockNW2006JD008235.pdf

 

Rotella, S (2021). Domestic Terrorism: A More Urgent Threat, but Weaker Laws. ProPublica, Jan. 7. https://www.propublica.org/article/domestic-terrorism-a-more-urgent-threat-but-weaker-laws

 

Smith, K (2019). The Harassment of Environmental Defenders in the EU – A Case Study Report. European Environmental Bureau. https://eeb.org/library/the-harassment-of-environmental-defenders-in-the-european-union-a-case-study-report/

 

Strategic Foresight Group (2014). Water and Violence: Crisis of Survival in the Middle East. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/188318/63948150123-web.pdf

 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2019a). Figures at a Glance. https://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html

 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2019b). Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2018. https://unhcrsharedmedia.s3.amazonaws.com/2019/Global-Trends-19-June-2019/2019-06-18_Global_Trends_2018_WEB_(4)_embargo-cover.pdf

 

UN Water (2019). Refugees and Forced Displacement Crises, in The United Nations World Water Development Report 2019: Leaving No One Behind. UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000367306

 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2020). Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2019. https://www.unhcr.org/globaltrends2019/

 

Vonberg, J (2018). Death Threats, Despair and Deportations: Three Years on the Front Lines of Europe's Migration Crisis. CNN, June 20. https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/20/europe/world-refugee-day-volunteers-europe-intl/index.html

 

Wrathall, D, Van Den Hoek, J, Walters, A and Devenish, A (2020). Water Stress and Human Migration: A Global, Georeferenced Review of Empirical Research. FAO Land and Water Discussion Paper, 11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/I8867EN

 

 

D. Human Health Threats

 

Amir, S et al., (2021). Endocrine Disruptors Acting on Estrogen and Androgen Pathways Cause Reproductive Disorders through Multiple Mechanisms: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041464

 

Andrews, E (2019). Our Plastics, Our Selves. Grist, Feb. 6. https://grist.org/article/whats-plastic-doing-to-our-bodies-this-all-female-team-is-investigating/

 

Anttila-Hughes JK, SM Hsiang (2012). Destruction, Disinvestment, and Death: Economic and Human Losses Following Environmental Disaster. SSRN Working Paper. https://www.impactlab.org/research/destruction-disinvestment-and-death-economic-and-human-losses/ [Economic and human losses due to environmental disaster are delayed and may be an order of magnitude larger than previously thought.]

 

Arias, E, Tejada-Vera, B, Ahmad, F and Kochanek, K (2021). Provisional Life Expectancy Estimates for 2020. NVSS Vital Statistics Rapid Release Report No. 015, CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/vsrr/VSRR015-508.pdf

 

Averett, N (2020). Undone Science: When Research Fails Polluted Communities. Undark, Feb. 3. https://undark.org/2020/02/03/undone-science-pollution-avalon-shenango/

 

Bekkar, B, Pacheco, S, Basu, R and DeNicola, N (2020). Association of Air Pollution and Heat Exposure with Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Stillbirth in the US: A Systematic Review. Journal of the American Medical Association Network Open, 3(6). https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2767260

 

Bergman, A, Heindel, J, Jobling, S, Kidd, K and Zoeller, R (2013). State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals 2012. United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/ceh/risks/cehemerging2/en/

Bernardes, M, Pazin M, Pereira, L and Dorta, D (2015). Impact of Pesticides on Environmental and Human Health, in Andreazza, A and Scola, G (eds.) Toxicology Studies: Cells, Drugs and Environment.  InTech Open.  https://www.intechopen.com/books/toxicology-studies-cells-drugs-and-environment/impact-of-pesticides-on-environmental-and-human-health

 

Bowley, J, Baker-Austin, C, Porter, A, Hartnell, R and Lewis, C (2020). Oceanic Hitchhikers – Assessing Pathogen Risks from Marine Microplastic. Trends in Microbiology, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2020.06.011

 

Bozack, A et al., (2022). Long-Term Air Pollution Exposure and COVID-19 Mortality: A Patient-Level Analysis from New York City. American Journal of Respiratory Care Medicine, 205(6). https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.202104-0845oc

 

Brokovich, E (2021). Plummeting Sperm Counts, Shrinking Penises: Toxic Chemicals Threaten Humanity. The Guardian, March 18. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/mar/18/toxic-chemicals-health-humanity-erin-brokovich?CMP=oth_b-aplnews_d-1

 

Burrows, L (2021). Deaths from Fossil Fuel Emissions Higher than Previously Thought. Harvard University, Feb. 9. https://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2021/02/deaths-fossil-fuel-emissions-higher-previously-thought

 

Carrington, D (2021). Microplastics May be Linked to Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Study Finds. The Guardian, Dec. 22. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2021/dec/22/microplastics-may-be-linked-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-study-finds

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009).  The Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, 2009. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/index.html

 

Center for Ecogenetics and Environmental Health (2013). Fast Facts About Health Risks of Pesticides in Food. University of Washington. https://depts.washington.edu/ceeh/downloads/FF_Pesticides.pdf

 

Center for Environmental Health (2019).  Glyphosate in School Cereals. https://www.ceh.org/glyphosate-school-cereals/

 

Chem Safety Pro (2019). UN List of Identified Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. https://www.chemsafetypro.com/Topics/Restriction/UN_list_identified_endocrine_disrupting_chemicals_EDCs.html

 

Cook, K (2019). Glyphosate Pesticide in Beer and Wine. U.S. PIRG Education Fund. https://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/WEB_USP_Glyphosate-pesticide-beer-and-wine_REPORT_022619.pdf

 

Cordner, A (2021). The True Cost of PFAS and the Benefits of Acting Now. Environmental Science and Technology, 55(14). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.1c03565

 

Costly, D (2021). Vehicle Emission Declines Decreased Deaths, Study Finds. Phys.org, Dec. 18. https://phys.org/news/2021-12-vehicle-emission-declines-decreased-deaths.html

 

Cox, K, Covernton, G, Davies, H, Dower, J, Juanes, F and Dudas, S (2019). Human Consumption of Microplastics. Environmental Science and Technology, 53. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01517

 

Cutler, D and Dominici, F (2018). A Breath of Bad Air: Cost of the Trump Environmental Agenda May Lead to 80000 Extra Deaths per Decade. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 319(22). https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2684596

 

Danopoulos, E, Jenner, L, Twiddy, M and Rotchell, J (2020). Microplastic Contamination of Seafood Intended for Human Consumption: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Health Perspectives, 128(12). https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP7171

 

Danopoulos, E, Twiddy, M, West, R and Rotchell, J (2021). A Rapid Review and Meta-regression Analyses of the Toxicological Impacts of Microplastic Exposure in Human Cells. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127861

 

Dauvergne, P (2009).  Dying of Consumption, in The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.  Pp: 19-32

 

DeChant, T (2021). Fossil Fuel Combustion Kills More than 1 Million People Every Year, Study Says. Ars Technica, Dec. 16. https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/12/fossil-fuel-combustion-kills-more-than-1-million-people-every-year-study-says/

 

Dunk, J, Jones, D, Capon, A, and Anderson, W (2019). Human Health on an Ailing Planet — Historical Perspectives on Our Future. The New England Journal of Medicine, 381. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMms1907455

 

EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (2020). Risk to Human Health Related to the Presence of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Food. European Food Safety Authority Journal, 18(9). https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6223

 

Eisen, R and Eisen, L (2018). The Blacklegged Tick, Ixodes scapularis: An Increasing Public Health Concern. Trends Parasitol, 34(4): 295-309. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5879012/

 

EJ Net (1996). RACHEL's Environment & Health Weekly: Table of Contents. http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/contents.htm [Links to 492 issues of a blog post that summarizes specific environmental health and hazardous waste issues].

 

Ellison, J (2021). Fine Particulate Air Pollution Associated with Higher Risk of Dementia. UW News, Aug. 4. https://www.washington.edu/news/2021/08/04/fine-particulate-air-pollution-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dementia/

 

Environmental Health News (2019). https://www.ehn.org/

 

Environmental Research Foundation (2008a). Rachel's Democracy & Health News. http://www.rachel.org/?q=en/newsletters/rachels_news/956 [A series of blog posts from 1986-2008].

 

Environmental Research Foundation (2008b). Rachel's Precaution Reporter. http://www.rachel.org/?q=en/newsletters/archive/precaution_reporter [139 blog posts on issues related to the Precautionary Principle running from 2005-2008.]

 

Fairley, D and Fairley, P (2019). You Don’t Have to Live Close to Wildfires for Them to Kill You. LA Times, April 3. https://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-fairley-soot-health-20190403-story.html

 

Fiske, A and Fischer, J (2020). Toxic Inheritance. The Nib. https://thenib.com/toxic-inheritance/ [Tale of oil pollution in Ecuador in comic form.]

 

Funes, Y (2019).  Black Carbon Pollution Has Been Found Inside Women's Placentas. Gizmodo, Sept. 17. https://earther.gizmodo.com/black-carbon-pollution-has-been-found-inside-womens-pla-1838193033

 

Gibb, R, Redding, D, Chin, K, Donnelly, C, Blackburn, T, Newbold, T and Jones, K (2020). Zoonotic Host Diversity Increases in Human-dominated Ecosystems. Nature, 584. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2562-8

 

Gleeson, S and Mendoza, J (2021). Can Toxic Algae Kill Humans? California Health Officials are Warning of These Poisonous Blooms. USA Today, Aug. 25. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2021/08/25/can-toxic-algae-blooms-can-kill-humans-warnings-issued-california/5583980001/

 

Gleick, P (2002). Dirty Water: Estimated Deaths from Water-Related Diseases 2000-2020. Pacific Institute Research Report. Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security. http://www.pacinst.org

 

Gore, A, Chappell, V, Fenton, S, Flaws,J, Nadal, A, Prins, G, Toppari, J and Zoeller, R (2015). EDC-2: The Endocrine Society's Second Scientific Statement on Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals. Endocrine Reviews, 36(6): 1-150. https://academic.oup.com/edrv/article/36/6/E1/2354691

 

Gorman, A (2019). ‘Medieval’ Diseases Flare As Unsanitary Living Conditions Proliferate. Kaiser Health News, March 12. https://khn.org/news/medieval-diseases-flare-as-unsanitary-living-conditions-proliferate/

 

Grantham, J (2020). Chemical Toxicity and the Baby Bust. GMO, Feb. 6. https://www.gmo.com/americas/research-library/chemical-toxicity-and-the-baby-bust/

 

Hackman, R (2021). Femicides in the US: The Silent Epidemic Few Dare to Name. The Guardian, Sept. 26. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/sep/26/femicide-us-silent-epidemic

 

Haidt, J and Twenge, J (2021). This Is Our Chance to Pull Teenagers Out of the Smartphone Trap. The New York Times, July 31. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/07/31/opinion/smartphone-iphone-social-media-isolation.html

 

Halden, R (2010). Plastics and Health Risks. Annual Review of Public Health, 31: 179-194. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.012809.103714

 

Halpern D (2018). Sperm Count Zero. GQ Magazine, Sept. 4. https://www.gq.com/story/sperm-count-zero

 

Hamblin, J (2014). The Toxins that Threaten Our Brains. The Atlantic, Mar. 18. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/03/the-toxins-that-threaten-our-brains/284466/

 

Haswell, M and Shearman, D (2019). The Implications for Human Health and Wellbeing of Expanding Gas Mining in Australia. Onshore Oil and Gas Policy Background Paper. Doctors for the Environment Australia. https://reneweconomy.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/DEA-Oil-and-Gas-final-28-11-18.pdf

 

Hayes, T and Hansen, M (2017). From Silent Spring to Silent Night: Agrochemicals and the Anthropocene. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 5. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.246

 

Henderson, D, Inglesby, Jr., T, O'Toole, T, Inglesby, T, Grossman, R and O'Toole, T (2001). A Plague on Your City: Observations from TOPOFF. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32(3). https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/32/3/436/283538

 

Hochschild, A (2020). How the White Working Class Is Being Destroyed. The New York Times, March 17. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/17/books/review/deaths-of-despair-and-the-future-of-capitalism-anne-case-angus-deaton.html  [Review of Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism]

 

Iniguez, M, Conesa, J and Fullana, A (2017). Microplastics in Spanish Table Salt. Scientific Reports, 7. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-09128-x

 

Islam, S, Cheng, H, Helgason, K, Hunt, N, Kawamura, H and LaFleur. M (2020). Sustainable Development Outlook 2020. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. https://sdgs.un.org/sites/default/files/2020-07/SDO2020_Book.pdf

 

Jones, B et al., (2012). Zoonosis Emergence Linked to Agricultural Intensification and Environmental Change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(21). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1208059110

 

Kahn, L, Philippat, C, Nakayama, S, Slama, R and Trasande, L (2020). Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals: Implications for Human Health. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(20)30129-7

 

Kraemer, M, et al., (2019). Past and Future Spread of the Arbovirus Vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Nature Microbiology, 4: 854-863. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41564-019-0376-y  

 

Kristof, N (2021). What Are Sperm Telling Us? The New York Times, Feb. 20. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/20/opinion/sunday/endocrine-disruptors-sperm.html

 

Kruzman, D (2022). There Are ‘Forever Chemicals’ in Beef Now. Grist, Feb. 8. https://grist.org/agriculture/there-are-forever-chemicals-in-beef-now/

 

Lakhani, N (2020). Children Who Drink Water from Private Wells at Higher Risk of Lead Exposure. The Guardian, July 8. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jul/08/us-children-lead-drinking-water-study?CMP=oth_b-aplnews_d-1

 

Lakhani, N (2022). One in Three Americans Have Detectable Levels of Toxic Weedkiller, Study Finds. The Guardian, Feb. 9. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/feb/09/toxic-herbicide-exposure-study-2-4-d

 

Lei, M, Zhang, L, Lei, J, Zong, L, Li, J, Wu, Z and Wang, Z (2015). Overview of Emerging Contaminants and Associated Human Health Effects. BioMed Research International, 2015(404796). http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/404796

 

Lelieveld, J, Klingmuller, K, Pozze, A, Burnett, R, Haines, A and Ramanathan, V (2019). Effects of Fossil Fuel and Total Anthropogenic Emission Removal on Public Health and Climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(15): 7192-7197. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1819989116

 

Lelieveld, J and Pozzer, A (2015). More Deaths Due to Air Pollution. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Sept. 16. https://www.mpg.de/9405012/mortality-air-pollution

 

Leonhardt, D and Thompson, S (2020). How Working-Class Life Is Killing Americans, in Charts. The New York Times, March 6. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/03/06/opinion/working-class-death-rate.html

 

Levine, H, Jorgensen, N, Martino-Andrade, A, Mendiola, J, Weksler-Drri, D, Mindlis, I, Pinotti, R and Swan, S (2017). Temporal Trends in Sperm Count: A Systematic Review and Meta-regression Analysis. Human Reproduction Update, 23(6): 646-659. https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/23/6/646/4035689

 

Living with Resistance Project (2018). Antibiotic and Pesticide Susceptibility and the Anthropocene Operating Space. Nature Sustainability, 1: 632-641. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-018-0164-3

 

Madhav, N, Oppenheim, B, Gallivan, M, Mulembakani, P, Rubin, E and Wolfe, N (2017). Chapter 17: Pandemics: Risks, Impacts, and Mitigation, in Jamison D, et al., eds., Disease Control Priorities: Improving Health and Reducing Poverty. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK525302/

 

Matt, F and Gebser, R (2011). Biodiversity Decline Can Increase the Spread of Infectious Diseases Like Hantavirus. TEEB. http://www.teebweb.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/TEEBcase-Biodiversity-and-Health.pdf

 

McCarthy, M (2021). Phthalates Linked to Changes in Gene Activity in Placenta. UW Medicine Newsroom, Oct. 14. https://newsroom.uw.edu/postscript/phthalates-linked-changes-gene-activity-placenta

 

McMahon, J (2022). Climate Action Could Avert Nearly Half the World’s Premature Deaths. Forbes, March 9. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2022/03/09/climate-action-could-avert-nearly-half-the-worlds-premature-deaths/?sh=b48de2f28b47

 

Mead, M (2008). Contaminants in Human Milk: Weighing the Risks Against the Benefits of Breastfeeding. Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(10). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2569122/

 

Meeker, J (2012). Exposure to Environmental Endocrine Disruptors and Child Development. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(10). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3572204/#

 

Micha, R, Penalvo, J, Cudhea, F, Imamura, F, Rehm, C and Mozaffarian, D (2017). Association Between Dietary Factors and Mortality from Heart Disease, Stroke, and Type 2 Diabetes in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 317(9): 912-924. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2608221

 

Mitchell, A (2020). COVID-19 is a Stark Reminder that our Assault on the Natural World has Consequences.  World Economic Forum, May 1. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/humanitys-assault-on-the-natural-world-has-paved-the-way-for-covid-19/

 

Nault, B et al., (2021). Secondary Organic Aerosols from Anthropogenic Volatile Organic Compounds Contribute Substantially to Air Pollution Mortality. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(14). https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-11201-2021

 

Nicole, W (2021). Microplastics in Seafood: How Much Are People Eating? Environmental Health Perspectives, 129(3). https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP8936

 

Nisio, A and Foresta, C (2019). Water and Soil Pollution as Determinant of Water and Food Quality/Contamination and its Impact on Male Fertility. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 17(1). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30611299/

 

Nisio, A et al., (2018). Endocrine Disruption of Androgenic Activity by Perfluoroalkyl Substances: Clinical and Experimental Evidence. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 104(4). https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5316830-EDCs-Androgenic-Activity-Perfluoroakyl.html

 

Olalde, M (2021). Harvard Study Links Fossil Fuels to Millions of 'Premature' Deaths. Desert Sun, Feb. 9. https://www.desertsun.com/story/news/environment/2021/02/09/harvard-links-fossil-fuels-deaths-california-approves-fracking/4436589001/

 

O’Neill, J (2017). The Global Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance. Trend Magazine, The Pew Charitable Trusts. https://trend.pewtrusts.org/en/archive/trend-summer-2016/the-global-threat-of-antimicrobial-resistance

 

Ozen, S and Darcan, S (2011). Effects of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors on Pubertal Development. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatrics and Endocrinology, 3(1). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3065309/

 

Parsons, M, Arnold, W and Peccia, J (2019). Preliminary Report on Air Sampling of Particle-Associated and BMAA Pilot Study in Lee County, Florida: Fall 2018-Winter 2019. Florida Gulf Coast University and Yale University. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/5775601-Parsons-Cyanobacteria-Air-Sampling.html

 

Perkins, T (2021a). Study Finds Alarming Levels of ‘Forever Chemicals’ in US Mothers’ Breast Milk. The Guardian, May 13. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/may/13/pfas-forever-chemicals-breast-milk-us-study

 

Perkins, T (2021b). Toxic ‘Forever Chemicals’ Contaminate Indoor Air at Worrying Levels, Study Finds. The Guardian, Aug. 31. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2021/aug/31/pfas-toxic-forever-chemicals-air-breathing

 

Planetary Health Alliance (2019). Bibliography: Infectious Disease. https://www.planetaryhealthalliance.org/bibliography

 

Public Health England (2020). Guidance: Air Pollution: Applying All Our Health. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-pollution-applying-all-our-health/air-pollution-applying-all-our-health

 

Quaglia, S (2021). Fall in Fertility Rates May Be Linked to Fossil Fuel Pollution, Finds Study. The Guardian, Dec. 15. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2021/dec/15/fall-fertility-rates-may-be-linked-fossil-fuel-pollution-finds-study

 

Rattan, S, Zhou, C, Chiang, C, Mahalingam, S, Brehm, E and Flaws, J (2017). Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors During Adulthood: Consequences for Female Fertility. Journal of Endocrinology, 233. https://doi.org/10.1530/JOE-17-0023

 

Reuter, G (2022). Green Groups Target Poisonings from Rising Pesticides Sales. DW, Jan. 12. https://www.dw.com/en/pesticide-atlas-2022/a-60390427

 

Richtel, M and Andrews, J (2019). A Mysterious Infection, Spanning the Globe in a Climate of Secrecy. NY Times, April, 6. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/06/health/drug-resistant-candida-auris.html

 

Rivad, R (2022). How a Toxic Chemical Ended Up in the Drinking Water Supply for 13 Million People. Politico, Jan. 23. https://www.politico.com/news/2022/01/21/new-jersey-toxic-drinking-water-527621

 

Roberts, D (2020). Air Pollution is Much Worse than We Thought. Vox, Aug. 12. https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2020/8/12/21361498/climate-change-air-pollution-us-india-china-deaths

 

Rumpler, J and Dietz, E (2019). Get the Lead Out: Ensuring Safe Drinking Water for Our Children At School. Environment America Research & Policy Center. https://environmentamerica.org/feature/ame/get-lead-out-0

 

Safer Chemicals Healthy Families (2019). Washington State Governor to Sign Nation’s Strongest Law Regulating Toxics in Products. May 8. https://saferchemicals.org/2019/05/08/washington-state-governor-to-sign-nations-strongest-law-regulating-toxics-in-products/

 

Sasabe, M (2020). Parental Diet Affects Sperm and Health of Future Offspring. Science Magazine, March 19. https://scienmag.com/parental-diet-affects-sperm-and-health-of-future-offspring/

 

Sathyanarayana, S, Karr, C, Lozano, P, Brown, E, Calafat, A, Liu, F and Swan, S (2008). Baby Care Products: Possible Sources of Infant Phthalate Exposure. Pediatrics, 121(2). https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/121/2/e260

 

Schwarzenbach, R, Egli, T, Hofstetter, T, von Gunten, U and Wehrli, B (2010). Global Water Pollution and Human Health. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 35. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-environ-100809-125342

 

Shang, J, Cai, Z, Ma, C, Xiong, J and Li, H (2020). Impacts of Outdoor Air Pollution on Human Semen Quality: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review. BioMed Research International, 2020. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2020/7528901/

 

Sifakis, S, Androutsopoulos, V, Tsatsakis, A and Spandidos, D (2017). Human Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: Effects on the Male and Female Reproductive Systems. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2017.02.024

 

Smith, Y (2018). American Life Expectancy Continues to Fall: Rise in Suicides, Overdose Deaths the Big Culprit. Naked Capitalism, Nov. 30. https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2018/11/american-life-expectancy-continues-fall-rise-suicides-overdose-deaths-big-culprit.html

 

Sneath, S (2020). 'Ticking Time Bombs': Residents Kept In The Dark About Risks To LA.'s Chemical Plants During Storms. New Orleans Public Radio, Dec. 7. https://www.wwno.org/post/ticking-time-bombs-residents-kept-dark-about-risks-las-chemical-plants-during-storms

 

Sripada, K et al., (2022). A Children’s Health Perspective on Nano- and Microplastics. Environmental Health Perspectives, 130(1). https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/EHP9086

 

Talbert, V (ed.) (2017). Environmentally Linked Health Issues. Unitarian Universalist Ministry for Earth. https://www.uumfe.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/GP4-Text.pdf or https://www.uumfe.org/resources/green-papers/green-paper-4/

 

Tel-Aviv University (2022). Microplastics Increase the Toxicity of Organic Pollutants in the Environment by a Factor of 10. Phys.org, Feb. 16. https://phys.org/news/2022-02-microplastics-toxicity-pollutants-environment-factor.html

 

Unitarian Universalist Ministry for Earth (2017). Green Paper 4: Environmentally Linked Health Issues. https://www.uumfe.org/resources/green-papers/green-paper-4/ or as a pdf: https://www.uumfe.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/GP4-Text.pdf [Effective, concise overview with many good resource links at the bottom.]

 

UN Climate Change News (2018). Polluted Air Affects More than 90% of Children. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. https://unfccc.int/news/polluted-air-affects-more-than-90-of-children

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2016e). Zoonoses: Blurred Lines of Emergent Disease and Ecosystem Health, in UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern. https://environmentlive.unep.org/media/docs/assessments/UNEP_Frontiers_2016_report_emerging_issues_of_environmental_concern.pdf

 

United Nations Environment Programme and International Livestock Research Institute (2020). Preventing the Next Pandemic: Zoonotic Diseases and How to Break the Chain of Transmission. https://unsdg.un.org/resources/preventing-next-pandemic-zoonotic-diseases-and-how-break-chain-transmission

 

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2019). Chapter 3: Risk, in The UN Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2019. https://gar.unisdr.org/sites/default/files/reports/2019-05/full_gar_report.pdf

 

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2015). Summary of Expert Discussion Forum on Possible Human Health Risks from Microplastics in the Marine Environment. Marine Pollution Control Branch, Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-02/documents/tfw-microplastics_expert_forum_meeting_summary_2015-02-06.pdf

 

University of Southern California (2019). Antibiotic Resistance is Spreading from Wastewater Treatment Plants. ScienceDaily, March 6. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190306125330.htm

 

Viedis, E and Hansen, J (2022). There’s Good Reason to Worry About the Health Risks of Plastics. The Washington Post, April 2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2022/04/02/plastic-pollution-health-poverty/

 

Vittor, A, Laporta, G and Sallum, M (2020). How Deforestation Helps Deadly Viruses Jump from Animals to Humans. The Conversation, June 25 https://theconversation.com/how-deforestation-helps-deadly-viruses-jump-from-animals-to-humans-139645

 

Vohra, K, Vodonos, A, Schwartz, J, Marais, E, Sulprizio, M and Mickley, L (2021). Global Mortality from Outdoor Fine Particle Pollution Generated by Fossil Fuel Combustion: Results from GEOS-Chem. Environmental Research, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.110754

 

Walden, S (2018). The “Indoor Generation” and the Health Risks of Spending More Time Inside. VELUX, May 15. https://www.usatoday.com/story/sponsor-story/velux/2018/05/15/indoor-generation-and-health-risks-spending-more-time-inside/610289002/ 

 

Watson, J, Gayer, M and Connolly, M (2007). Epidemics after Natural Disasters. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13(1): 1-5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2725828/

 

Wattigney, W, Irvin-Barnwell, E, Pavuk, M and Ragin-Wilson, A (2015). Regional Variation in Human Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants in the United States, NHANES. Jour of Environmental Public Health, 2015: 571839. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4709617/

 

Winters, J (2020). Oregon’s Air Quality is So Far Beyond ‘Hazardous’ That No One Knows What it Means for Health.  Grist, Sept. 11. https://grist.org/climate/oregons-air-quality-is-so-far-beyond-hazardous-that-no-one-knows-what-it-means-for-health/

 

Woodhandler, S et al., (2021). Public Policy and Health in the Trump Era. The Lancet, . https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32545-9

 

Yarlagadda, T (2021). One Side-Effect of Capitalism Caused Millions of Premature Deaths, Study Reveals. Inverse, Nov. 2. https://www.inverse.com/science/premature-deaths-linked-to-air-pollution

 

Yong, E (2021). We’re Already Barreling Toward the Next Pandemic. The Atlantic, Sept. 29. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2021/09/america-prepared-next-pandemic/620238/

 

Younan, D, et al. (2019). Particulate Matter and Episodic Memory Decline Mediated by Early Neuroanatomic Biomarkers of Alzheimer's Disease. Brain, 143(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awz348

 

Younes, L, Kofman, A, Shaw, A, Song, L and Miller, M (2021). Poison in the Air. ProPublica, Nov. 2. https://www.propublica.org/article/toxmap-poison-in-the-air [The EPA allows polluters to turn neighborhoods into “sacrifice zones” where residents breathe carcinogens.]

 

Ziv-Gal, A and Flaws, J (2016). Evidence for Bisphenol A-induced Female Infertility: A Review (2007–2016). Fertility and Sterility, 106(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.06.027

 

 

E.  Natural Hazards (Earthquakes, Volcanic Eruptions, Tsunamis, Landslides, etc.)

 

Abramovitz, JN (2001).  Unnatural Disasters.  WorldWatch Institute.  http://www.worldwatch.org/node/832  

 

AghaKouchik, A et al., (2018). How Do Natural Hazards Cascade to Cause Disasters? Nature Briefing, Sept. 24. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06783-6

 

Anderson, J and Bausch, C (2009).  Climate Change and Natural Disasters: Scientific Evidence of a Possible Relation Between Recent Natural Disasters and Climate Change. European Parliament's Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee. http://www.ecologic.eu/sites/files/project/2013/Brief_CC_and_natural_disasters_scientific_evidence_of_relation_Jan_2006_EP_version.pdf 

 

Anttila-Hughes JK, SM Hsiang (2012). Destruction, Disinvestment, and Death: Economic and Human Losses Following Environmental Disaster. SSRN Working Paper. https://www.impactlab.org/research/destruction-disinvestment-and-death-economic-and-human-losses/ [Economic and human losses due to environmental disaster are delayed and may be an order of magnitude larger than previously thought.]

 

AreaHub (2021a). Natural Hazards. https://areahub.com/knowledge-center/tag/natural-hazards [Leads to a series of short overviews of different natural hazards.]

 

AreaHub (2021b). Reveal Your World: Discover Climate and Environmental Hazards Near You. https://areahub.com/ [Enter a zip code and the site automatically generates a series of reports on the hazards of the area.]

 

AreaHub (2021c). Wildfires Near You. https://wildfires.areahub.com/ [Enter a zip code and get reports on the wildfires happening near the area.]

 

Bagenstone, K, Pulver, D and Crowe, K (2020). Millions of Americans Think They’re Safe from Flood Waters. They Aren’t. USA Today, June 29. https://www.usatoday.com/in-depth/news/investigations/2020/06/29/real-estate-millions-more-homes-risk-flood-might-need-insurance/3217450001/

Baker, A (2021). Wildfires. AreaHub, July 23. https://areahub.com/knowledge-center/wildfires [Overview of increasing risks and damages of wildfires.]

 

Baum, R, Harp, E, and Highland, L (2007). Landslide Hazards in the Seattle, Washington, Area. Fact Sheet 2007-3005. US Geological Survey. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2007/3005/pdf/FS07-3005_508.pdf 

 

Becker, N and Geschwind, L (2017). Earthquakes – 2011-2015. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Science on a Sphere.  https://sos.noaa.gov/datasets/earthquakes-2001-2015/ [cool animation]

 

Couasnon, A et al., (2020). Measuring Compound Flood Potential from River Discharge and Storm Surge Extremes at the Global scale. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 20. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-489-2020

 

Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (2020). EM-DAT: The International Disaster Database. https://www.emdat.be/publications 

 

Cruz-Martinez, G, Arricoitia, M, Camacho, J and Roman-Velazquez, P (2018). Introduction to the Special Issue: ‘The Making of Caribbean Not-so-Natural Disasters’. Alternautas, 5(2). http://www.alternautas.net/blog/2018/9/7/introduction-to-the-special-issue-the-making-of-caribbean-not-so-natural-disasters

 

Dillon, G, Menakis, J and Fay, F (2015). Wildland Fire Potential: A Tool for Assessing Wildfire Risk and Fuels Management Needs. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-73. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/49429

 

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (2005). Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault. https://www.eeri.org/projects/earthquake-scenarios/seattle-fault-scenario/

 

Ellison, J (2014).  314 years Ago Sunday, A Megathrust Earthquake Devastated the Region … Ready for Another?  Seattle PI. http://blog.seattlepi.com/bigscience/2014/01/28/314-years-ago-a-megathrust-earthquake-devastated-the-region-ready-for-another/#20077103=0&20079101=0

 

Emberson, R, Kirschbaum, D and Stanley, T (2020). New Global Characterization of Landslide Exposure. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 20.  https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-434

 

European Commision (2021). Overview of Natural and Man-made Disaster Risks the European Union May Face. https://ec.europa.eu/echo/sites/echo-site/files/overview_of_natural_and_man-made_disaster_risks_the_european_union_may_face.pdf

 

First Street Foundation (2020a). The First National Flood Risk Assessment: Defining America’s Growing Risk. https://assets.firststreet.org/uploads/2020/06/first_street_foundation__first_national_flood_risk_assessment.pdf

 

First Street Foundation (2020b). Find Your Home’s Flood Factor. FloodFactor.com. https://floodfactor.com/

 

First Street Foundation (2020c). Why Flood Risks are Increasing. FloodFactor.com. https://floodfactor.com/environmental-changes [Concise overview with good graphics.]

 

Fisher, B (2021). A Burning Need: Researchers Work to Understand, Mitigate Post-Wildfire Landslide Hazards. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washingtonhttps://www.ce.washington.edu/news/article/2021-05-03/a-burning-need

 

Galey, P (2021). Flood-prone Populations Up Nearly 25% Since 2000: Study. Phys.org, Aug. 4. https://phys.org/news/2021-08-flood-prone-populations.html

 

Gamage, M (2021). What Will It Take to ‘Future Proof’ BC? The Tyee, Nov. 17. https://thetyee.ca/News/2021/11/17/What-To-Future-Proof-BC/

 

Geologic Hazards Group (2017). Geologic Hazards and the Environment.  Washington State Department of Natural Resources.  http://www.dnr.wa.gov/programs-and-services/geology/geologic-hazards-and-environment

 

Goebel, T and Brodsky, E (2018). The Spatial Footprint of Injection Wells in a Global Compilation of Induced Earthquake Sequences. Science, 361(6405). https://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6405/899?casa_token=ikONfPQSiNIAAAAA:AVVEE4sXMOQr8crqCDfU867yxEtnyuG25yJi8npYZVrxa6ztoilTfwqBxfygFlkCnrHFmbKSdWckzg

 

Gonzalez, F, Sherrod, B, Atwater, B, Frankel, A, Palmer, S, Holmes, M, Karlin, R, Jaffe, B, Titov, V, Mojfeld, H and Venturato, A (2003). Puget Sound Tsunami Sources—2002 Workshop Report. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory. http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/pubs/PDF/gonz2526/gonz2526.pdf

 

Herrera-Garcia, G et al., (2021). Mapping the Global Threat of Land Subsidence. Science, 371(6524). https://science.sciencemag.org/content/371/6524/34

 

Howell, J and Elliott, J (2019). Damages Done: The Longitudinal Impacts of Natural Hazards on Wealth Inequality in the United States. Social Problems, 66(3). https://academic.oup.com/socpro/article/66/3/448/5074453

 

Humanitarian Policy Group (2015). 10 Things You Should Know About Disaster Risk Reduction. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/142153857

 

Iglesias, V et al., (2021). Risky Development: Increasing Exposure to Natural Hazards in the United States. Earth’s Future, 9(7). https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001795

 

The International Federation of Red Cross (2020). World Disasters Report 2020. https://media.ifrc.org/ifrc/world-disaster-report-2020/

 

Kellman, R, Hersher, R and Sommer, L (2020). Undisclosed: Most Homebuyers and Renters Aren't Warned About Flood Or Wildfire Risk. NPR, Oct. 18. https://www.npr.org/2020/10/18/918725965/undisclosed-most-homebuyers-and-renters-arent-warned-about-flood-or-wildfire-ris

 

Kelly, A (2021). FEMA Announces the Riskiest Counties in the US. The Hill, Jan. 4. https://thehill.com/changing-america/resilience/natural-disasters/532512-fema-announces-the-riskiest-counties-in-the-us

 

Liden, K (2021). National Risk Assessments: A Political Vaccine Against the Next Disaster? Open Democracy, Feb. 15. https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/can-europe-make-it/national-risk-assessments-political-vaccine-against-next-disaster/

 

Maslin, M (2011). The Perfect Storm: Can Disaster Reduction Occur in the Face of Climate Change and Population Growth?  University College London. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/lhl/Autumn2011/01_13102011

 

McCoy, T (2022). Brazil Mudslides: Climate Change Turns Favelas into Disasters Waiting to Happen. The Washington Post, Feb. 24. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2022/02/24/brazil-landslide-petropolis-favela/

 

Mercado, A (2022). Climate Change Disasters Cost the World Over $100 Billion this Year. Popular Science, Jan. 4. https://www.popsci.com/environment/climate-disaster-cost-2021/

 

Nabert, M (2021). Communities in Disaster Zones are Increasingly On Their Own. Sustainable Song, Nov. 18. https://sustainablesong.medium.com/communities-in-disaster-zones-are-increasingly-on-their-own-5f57ff60d23c

 

Pearce, F (2022). It’s Not Just Climate: Are We Ignoring Other Causes of Disasters? Grist, Feb. 19. https://grist.org/climate/its-not-just-climate-are-we-ignoring-other-causes-of-disasters/

 

Phillips, C et al., (2020). Compound Climate Risks in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nature Climate Change, 10. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-020-0804-2 [The pandemic makes it harder to deal with natural hazards.]

 

Pollock, W and Wartman, J (2020). Human Vulnerability to Landslides. GeoHealth, 4(10). https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GH000287

 

Pontecorvo, E (2021). Study: People are Moving to Flood-prone Areas, Not Away from Them. Grist, Aug. 4. https://grist.org/science/study-people-are-moving-to-flood-prone-areas-not-away-from-them/

 

Rappaport, E (2014). Fatalities in the United States from Atlantic Tropical Cyclones: New Data and Interpretation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95(3). https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00074.1

 

Ritchie, H and Roser, M (2019). Natural Disasters. Our World in Data. https://ourworldindata.org/natural-disasters

 

Rubiano, M (2021). Ida Left Behind a Water Crisis in the Gulf. Grist, Sept. 8. https://grist.org/equity/ida-left-behind-a-water-crisis-in-the-gulf/

 

Sanders, T (2021). Storm Drains Keep Swallowing People During Floods. ProPublica, Dec. 9. https://www.propublica.org/article/storm-drains-keep-swallowing-people-during-floods

 

Schuemer-Cross, T and Taylor, B (2009). The Right to Survive: Oxfam International. The Humanitarian Challenge for the Twenty-first Century. https://s3.amazonaws.com/oxfam-us/www/static/oa3/files/the-right-to-survive.pdf

 

Schulz, K (2015).  The Really Big One. The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/07/20/the-really-big-one 

 

Simon, M (2021). Mexico City Could Sink Up to 65 Feet. Wired, May 15. https://www.wired.com/story/mexico-city-could-sink-up-to-65-feet/

 

Smith, A (2022). 2021 U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters in Historical Context. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/beyond-data/2021-us-billion-dollar-weather-and-climate-disasters-historical

 

Smith, A and Katz, R (2013). US Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Data Sources, Trends, Accuracy and Biases. Natural Hazards, 67. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11069-013-0566-5

 

Sneath, S (2020). 'Ticking Time Bombs': Residents Kept In The Dark About Risks To LA.'s Chemical Plants During Storms. New Orleans Public Radio, Dec. 7. https://www.wwno.org/post/ticking-time-bombs-residents-kept-dark-about-risks-las-chemical-plants-during-storms

 

Stebbins, S (2022). Cities Where Hurricanes Would Cause the Most Damage. 24/7 Wall St. https://247wallst.com/special-report/2022/02/06/cities-where-hurricanes-would-cause-the-most-damage-5/

 

Taft, M (2021). 9 Surreal Photos of Volcanic Ash Blanketing One of the Canary Islands. Gizmodo, Nov. 6. https://gizmodo.com/9-surreal-photos-of-volcanic-ash-blanketing-one-of-the-1847988877

 

UN Environment Programme GRID (2020).  Global Risk Data Platform: Map. http://preview.grid.unep.ch/index.php?preview=map&lang=eng

 

UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2008).  Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction.  Briefing Note 01. http://www.unisdr.org/files/4146_ClimateChangeDRR.pdf

 

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2013a). From Shared Risk to Shared Value: The Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction.  Video of the 2013 Global Assessment Report for Disaster Risk Reduction.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUb86lCANps

 

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2013b). Intensive Riskscapes, Chapter 3 in United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. https://www.preventionweb.net/english/hyogo/gar/2013/en/gar-pdf/chap3.pdf

 

Urban Land (2022). 2021 Saw Second Highest Incidence of $1 Billion Weather Disasters. https://urbanland.uli.org/sustainability/2021-saw-second-highest-incidence-of-1-billion-weather-disasters/

 

Ward, P, Blauhut, V, Bloemendaal, N, Daniell, J, de Ruiter, M, Duncan, M, Emberson, R, Jenkins, S, Kirschbaum, D, Kunz, M, Mohr, S, Muis, S, Riddell, G, Schäfer, A, Stanley, T, Veldkamp, T and Winsemius, H (2020). Review Article: Natural Hazard Risk Assessments at the Global Scale. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 20. https://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/20/1069/2020/nhess-20-1069-2020.pdf

 

Ward, S and Day, S (2005). Tsunami Thoughts. CSEG Recorder, Dec. https://csegrecorder.com/articles/view/tsunami-thoughts

 

Washington State Department of Natural Resources (2020). Geologic Hazards: Tsunamis. https://www.dnr.wa.gov/programs-and-services/geology/geologic-hazards/Tsunamis#tsunami-simulation-videos   [Has new model simulation videos of tsunami inundation.]

 

F.  Other                                                                                                                       

 

Arrobas, D, Hund, K, McCormick, M, Ningthoujam, J and Drexhage, J (2017). The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future. The World Bank, Working Paper 117581. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/207371500386458722/The-Growing-Role-of-Minerals-and-Metals-for-a-Low-Carbon-Future

 

Carrington, D (2019). Phosphate Fertiliser 'Crisis' Threatens World Food Supply. The Guardian, Sept. 6. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/sep/06/phosphate-fertiliser-crisis-threatens-world-food-supply

 

Cordell, D and White, S (2014). Life’s Bottleneck: Sustaining the World’s Phosphorus for a Food Secure Future. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39:161-188. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-010213-113300

 

Dockrill, P (2019). We May Have Gravely Underestimated the Threat of 'Dead Zones' in The World's Oceans. Science Alert, Dec. 14. https://www.sciencealert.com/dead-zones-in-the-world-s-oceans-could-be-a-much-greater-threat-than-we-realised

 

Fajardi, C and de Boer, M (2016). How the Great Phosphorus Shortage Could Leave Us All Hungry. The Conversation, Feb. 11. https://theconversation.com/how-the-great-phosphorus-shortage-could-leave-us-all-hungry-54432

 

Fernandez-Llamazares, A et al., (2021). Scientists' Warning to Humanity on Threats to Indigenous and Local Knowledge Systems. BioOne, 41(2). https://doi.org/10.2993/0278-0771-41.2.144

 

Flores, B, Staal, A, Jakovac, C, Hirota, M, Holmgren, M and Oliveira, R (2019). Soil Erosion as a Resilience Drain in Disturbed Tropical Forests. Plant and Soil, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-019-04097-8

 

Fotedar, A (2017). Urban Sprawls to Sustainable Communities. Permaculture News, July 4. https://www.permaculturenews.org/2017/07/04/urban-sprawls-sustainable-communities/

 

Geman, B (2021). The Supply Crunch that Could Slow the Climate Fight. Axios, May 5. https://www.axios.com/clean-energy-minerals-supply-crunch-climate-change-47d4e6b6-869e-4243-bfc0-5d0202a277f3.html

 

Ghaffary, S (2021). Why Some Biologists and Ecologists Think Social Media is a Risk to Humanity. Vox, June 26. https://www.vox.com/recode/2021/6/26/22550981/carl-bergstrom-joe-bak-coleman-biologists-ecologists-social-media-risk-humanity-research-academics

 

Henckens, M, Driessen, P and Worrell, E (2014). Metal Scarcity and Sustainability, Analyzing the Necessity to Reduce the Extraction of Scarce Metals. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.09.012

 

Katwala, A (2018). The Spiralling Environmental Cost of Our Lithium Battery Addiction. Wired, Aug. 5. https://www.wired.co.uk/article/lithium-batteries-environment-impact

 

King, N and Muller, N (2021). Is E-mobility Going to Crash Over Lithium Shortages? DW, July 22. https://www.dw.com/en/is-e-mobility-going-to-crash-over-lithium-shortages/a-58214328

 

Laffoley, D and Baxter, J (2019). Ocean Deoxygenation: Everyone’s Problem. The International Union for Conservation of Nature. https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/2019-048-En-Summ.pdf

 

Laurinavicius, R and Kacerauskas, M (2021). People On This Group Are Sharing Examples Of ‘Urban Hell’ That Look Like A Dystopian Movie But Are Sadly Real (40 Pics). Bored Panda, August. https://www.boredpanda.com/urban-nightmare/

 

McGill University (2021). Global Sand and Gravel Extraction Conflicts with Half of UN Sustainable Development Goals. Phys.Org, Aug. 27. https://phys.org/news/2021-08-global-sand-gravel-conflicts-sustainable.html

 

Michigan State University (2021). Sand's Urban Role Demands Key Part on Sustainability Stage. Phys.org, May 21. https://phys.org/news/2021-05-sand-urban-role-demands-key.html

 

Phosphorus Futures (2019). The Phosphorus Challenge. http://phosphorusfutures.net/the-phosphorus-challenge/

 

Reitzel, K, et al., (2019). New Training to Meet the Global Phosphorus Challenge. Environmental Science and Technology, 53(15). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b03519

 

Rejinders, L (2014). Phosphorus Resources, Their Depletion and Conservation, a Review. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.09.006

 

Richardson, R (2019). Resource Depletion is a Serious Problem, But ‘Footprint’ Estimates Don’t Tell Us Much About It. The Conversation, July 24. https://theconversation.com/resource-depletion-is-a-serious-problem-but-footprint-estimates-dont-tell-us-much-about-it-120065

 

Segran, E (2021). Toilet Paper Really is Terrible for the Planet. Here’s What You Can Do About It. Fast Company, Sept. 17. https://www.fastcompany.com/90677480/toilet-paper-really-is-terrible-for-the-planet-heres-what-you-can-do-about-it

 

Sonter, L, Watson, J and Valenta, R (2020). Renewable Energy Can Save the Natural World – But If We’re Not Careful, It Will Also Hurt It. The Conversation, Sept. 1. https://theconversation.com/renewable-energy-can-save-the-natural-world-but-if-were-not-careful-it-will-also-hurt-it-145166

 

Sullivan, B (2021). Solar Storms are Back, Threatening Life as we Know it on Earth. Phys.Org, May 24. https://phys.org/news/2021-05-solar-storms-threatening-life-earth.amp

 

Than, K (2018). Critical Minerals Scarcity Could Threaten Renewable Energy Future. Stanford Earth. https://earth.stanford.edu/news/critical-minerals-scarcity-could-threaten-renewable-energy-future#gs.19t90t

 

Watts, J (2021). Race to the Bottom: The Disastrous Blindfolded Rush to Mine the Deep Sea. The Guardian, Sept. 27. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/sep/27/race-to-the-bottom-the-disastrous-blindfolded-rush-to-mine-the-deep-sea

 

World Energy Outlook Team, Directorate of Sustainability (2022). The Role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions. International Energy Agency. https://www.iea.org/reports/the-role-of-critical-minerals-in-clean-energy-transitions

 

G.  Overviews                                                                                                 

 

Centre for Risk Studies, University of Cambridge (2018a). Lloyd’s City Risk Index: Executive Summary. Society of Lloyd’s. https://cityriskindex.lloyds.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Lloyds_CRI2018_executive%20summary.pdf

 

Centre for Risk Studies, University of Cambridge. (2018b). Lloyd’s City Risk Index: Explore. Society of Lloyd’s. https://cityriskindex.lloyds.com/explore/ [Interactive map]

 

Centre for Risk Studies, University of Cambridge (2018c). Lloyd’s City Risk Index: North America. Society of Lloyd’s. https://cityriskindex.lloyds.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Lloyds_CRI2018_North_America.pdf

 

Cohen, S (2019). Beyond Climate: The Crisis of Environmental Sustainability. Earth Institute, Columbia University, Sept. 23. https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2019/09/23/beyond-climate-crises-environmental-sustainability/

 

Filho, W, Wolf, F, Salvia, A, Beynaghi, A, Shulla, K, Kovaleva, M and Vasconcelos, C (2020). Heading Towards an Unsustainable World: Some of the Implications of Not Achieving the SDGs. Discover Sustainability, 1(2). https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s43621-020-00002-x#Tab2

 

Future Earth (2020). Our Future on Earth. https://futureearth.org/publications/our-future-on-earth/

 

The Institute for Economics & Peace (2020). Ecological Threat Register 2020: Understanding Ecological Threats, Resilience and Peace. https://www.economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/ETR_2020_web-1.pdf

 

International Trade Union Confederation (2014). Global Risks. https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/14gc_e_06_3_-_res_global_risks_en-2.pdf

 

Ipsos Global Trends (2020). The Fragile Planet. Global Trends 2020.  https://www.ipsosglobaltrends.com/2020/02/the-fragile-planet/

 

Islam, S, Cheng, H, Helgason, K, Hunt, N, Kawamura, H and LaFleur. M (2020). Sustainable Development Outlook 2020. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. https://sdgs.un.org/sites/default/files/2020-07/SDO2020_Book.pdf

 

Miller, J (2020). We Face Deadly Threats that Would Make the Coronavirus Seem Minor. The Hill, Sept. 20. https://thehill.com/opinion/national-security/517272-we-face-deadly-threats-that-would-make-the-coronavirus-seem-minor

 

The New York Times (2020). The Amazon Has Seen Our Future. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/10/02/opinion/amazon-rainforest-future.html [Multiple articles on a wide range of problems, well illustrated.]

 

Petranek, S (2002). 10 Ways the World Could End. TED2002. https://www.ted.com/talks/stephen_petranek_10_ways_the_world_could_end

 

Potts, S, Imperatriz-Fonseca, V, Ngo, H, Biesmeijer, J, Breeze, T, Dicks, L, Garibaldi, L, Hill, R, Settele, J, Vanbergen, A, Aizen, M, Cunningham, S, Eardley, C, Freitas, B, Gallai, N, Kevan, P, Kovács-Hostyánszki, A, Kwapong, P, Li, J, Li, X, Martins, D, Nates-Parra, G, Pettis, J, Rader, R and Viana, B [eds.] (2016). Summary for Policymakers of the Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. https://www.ipbes.net/system/tdf/spm_deliverable_3a_pollination_20170222.pdf?file=1&type=node&id=15248

 

Reid, W, Mooney, H, Cropper, A, Capistrano, D, Carpenter, S, Chopra, K, Dasgupta, P, Dietz, T, Duraiappah, A, Hassan, R, Kaperson, R, Leemans, R, May, R, McMichael, T, Pingali, P, Samper, C, Scholes, R, Watson, R, Zakri, A, Shidong, Z, Ash, N, Bennet, E, Kumar, P, Lee, P, Raudsepp-Hearne, C, Simons, H, Thonell, J, and Zurek, M (2005).  Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis, in Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. http://wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/8701?show=full

 

Schneier, B (2015). Resources on Existential Risks. Catastrophic Risk: Technologies and Policies, Berkman Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University. https://futureoflife.org/data/documents/Existential%20Risk%20Resources%20(2015-08-24).pdf?x70892 [Large, very annotated bibliography]

 

Tortell, P (2020). Earth 2020: Science, Society, and Sustainability in the Anthropocene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 117(16). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2001919117  [A historical overview of the environmental movement, environmental problems, and environmental understandings.]

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2016). UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern. https://environmentlive.unep.org/media/docs/assessments/UNEP_Frontiers_2016_report_emerging_issues_of_environmental_concern.pdf [Includes chapters titled: Zoonoses: Blurred Lines of Emergent Disease and Ecosystem Health and Exotic Consumerism: Illegal Trade in Live Animals.]

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2019). UNEP Frontiers 2018/19 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern. https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/frontiers-201819-emerging-issues-environmental-concern

 

United Nations Environment Programme (2021). World Environment Situation Room. https://wesr.unep.org/ [Access to statistics, global monitoring reports, foresight and early warning reports, assessments, multilateral agreements, etc.]

 

World Economic Forum (2021). The Global Risks Report 2021. https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-risks-report-2021

 

World Meteorological Organization (2014). Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes (1970-2012). WMO No. 1123. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwdvoC9AeWjUd1RwQW5Ld2hqTDQ/view

 

World Wildlife Fund (2018). Living Planet Report - 2018: Aiming Higher. Grooten, M. and Almond, R.E.A.(Eds). https://c402277.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/publications/1187/files/original/LPR2018_Full_Report_Spreads.pdf

 

World Wildlife Fund (2020). How COVID-19 Challenges Sustainability Goals. https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/how-covid-19-challenges-sustainability-goals

 

Zeng, Y, Maxwell, S, Runting, R, Venter, O, Watson, J and Carrasco, R (2020). Environmental Destruction Not Avoided with the Sustainable Development Goals. Nature Sustainability, 3. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-0555-0

 

 

H.  Pacific Northwest  Specific                                 

 

Abramo, A (2020). Outdated Sewage Treatment Is Suffocating Fish In Puget Sound. Investigate West, Dec. 7. https://www.invw.org/2020/12/07/outdated-sewage-treatment-is-suffocating-fish-in-puget-sound/

 

Ahmed, A, Figueroa-Kaminsky, C, Gala, J, Mohamedali, T, Pelletier, G and McCarthy, S (2020). Puget Sound Nutrient Source Reduction Project, Volume 1: Model Updates and Bounding Scenarios. Washington State Department of Ecology. https://apps.ecology.wa.gov/publications/documents/1903001.pdf

 

Allen, L (2020). Sixty-Four New Chemicals Discovered In Washington’s Puget Sound. Forbes, Jan. 27. https://www.forbes.com/sites/allenelizabeth/2020/01/27/sixty-four-new-chemicals-discovered-in-washingtons-puget-sound/#5bb8bede5d93

 

Baurick, T (2016). Our Big One: A Seattle Fault Earthquake Could Bring Death and Destruction Far Greater Than Anything Ever Seen in the Puget Sound Region. Kitsap Sun, Jan. 6. http://data.kitsapsun.com/projects/2016/01/06/earthquake-on-the-seattle-fault/ 

 

Beekman, D and Doughton, S (2018). Seattle, Suburbs Would Lose All Water Pressure Within 24 Hours of Catastrophic Earthquake, City Study Says. Seattle Times, Dec. 18.  https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/times-watchdog/seattle-would-lose-all-water-pressure-within-24-hours-of-catastrophic-earthquake-city-study-says/

Bernton, H (2021). Seattle Study of Breast Milk from 50 Women Finds Chemical Used in Food Wrappers, Firefighting Foam. Seattle Times, July 18. https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/seattle-study-of-breast-milk-from-50-women-finds-chemical-used-in-food-wrappers-firefighting-foam/

 

Black, L (2022). Not Going with the Flow: Salmon ‘Sue’ US City Over Harm to Population. The Guardian, March 9. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2022/mar/09/salmon-sue-us-seattle-harm-population

 

Cascadia Region Earthquake Workgroup (2013). Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquakes: A Magnitude 9.0 Earthquake Scenario. https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1484078710188-2e6b753f3f9c6037dd22922cde32e3dd/CR16_AAR_508.pdf  

 

Corbett, J (2020). Restorative Justice as Tribes, Dem Governors, and Klamath Dam Owner Announce Salmon Restoration Plan. Common Dreams, Nov. 18. https://www.commondreams.org/news/2020/11/18/incredibly-important-step-toward-restorative-justice-tribes-dem-governors-and

 

Davis, W and Murphy, A (2015). Plastic in Surface Waters of the Inside Passage and Beaches of the Salish Sea in Washington State. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 97: 169-177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.06.019

 

Dunagan, C (2020). Air Contaminants, Such as Mercury and PCBs, Undermine the Health of Puget Sound. Salish Sea Currents Magazine, Implementation Strategies Series, Jan. 14. Encyclopedia of Puget Sound. https://www.eopugetsound.org/magazine/IS/atmospheric_deposition

 

Fisher, B (2019). Lakes with a Legacy. Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington. https://www.ce.washington.edu/news/article/2019-10-24/lakes-legacy

 

Fisher, B (2021). Clearing the Air. News & Events, Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Washington. https://www.ce.washington.edu/news/article/2021-06-15/clearing-air

 

Frame, S (2021). Seattle’s Skagit River Dams Hurt Salmon, Orcas and Native American Culture, Agencies Say. King 5, Feb. 20. https://www.king5.com/amp/article/news/investigations/seattles-skagit-river-dams-hurt-salmon-orcas-and-native-american-culture-agencies-say/281-d4e483c2-1178-4af1-b8db-634e3b4009f7

 

Gamage, M (2021). What Will It Take to ‘Future Proof’ BC? The Tyee, Nov. 17. https://thetyee.ca/News/2021/11/17/What-To-Future-Proof-BC/

 

Gammon, K (2021). A Group of Orca Outcasts Is Now Dominating an Entire Sea. The Atlantic, Jan. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2021/01/orcas-killer-whale-resident-transient/617862/

 

Gries, T and Sloan, J (2009). Contaminant Loading to the Lower Duwamish Waterway from Suspended Sediment in the Green River. WA State Department of Ecology, Publication No. 09-03-028. https://fortress.wa.gov/ecy/publications/SummaryPages/0903028.html

 

Jack, R and Lester, D (2007). Survey of Endocrine Disruptors in King County. King County Water and Land Resources Division. https://your.kingcounty.gov/dnrp/library/2007/kcr1976.pdf

 

King County (2022a). Water Quality Benefits Evaluation (WQBE) Toolkit. https://kingcounty.gov/elected/executive/constantine/initiatives/clean-water-healthy-habitat/wqbe.aspx

 

King County (2022b). Water Quality Benefits Evaluation Toolkit – Pollutant Loading Models. https://publicinput.com/M0388

 

Malone, P (2022). What Russia’s Nuclear Escalation Means for Washington State, with World’s Third-Largest Atomic Arsenal. Stars and Stripes, March 12. https://www.stripes.com/branches/navy/2022-03-12/russian-nuclear-escalation-means-washington-world-third-largest-atomic-arsenal-5323795.html

 

Mapes, L (2021). Washington State Seeks Tighter Wastewater Rules for Puget Sound, but Sewage Plant Operators Push Back. Seattle Times, Nov. 27. https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/washington-state-seeks-tighter-regulations-of-wastewater-in-puget-sound-but-sewage-plant-operators-push-back/#:~:text=Science-,Washington%20state%20seeks%20tighter%20wastewater%20rules%20for%20Puget%20Sound,sewage%20plant%20operators%20push%20back&text=The%20state's%20Ecology%20Department%20will,sewage%20plants%20around%20the%20Sound

 

Marshall-Chambers, A (2021). ‘There Are No Winners Here’: Drought in the Klamath Basin Inflames a Decades-Old War Over Water and Fish. Inside Climate News, July 16. https://insideclimatenews.org/news/16072021/drought-klamath-basin-oregon-california-agriculture-tribes-fish/

 

McQuate, S (2020). Tire-related Chemical is Largely Responsible for Adult Coho Salmon Deaths in Urban Streams. UW News, Dec. 3. https://www.washington.edu/news/2020/12/03/tire-related-chemical-largely-responsible-for-adult-coho-salmon-deaths-in-urban-streams/

 

Mohamedali, T, Roberts, M, Sackmann, B, Whiley, A and Kolosseus, A (2011). South Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Study: Interim Nutrient Load Summary for 2006-2007. WA State Department of Ecology. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/1103001.pdf

 

Mongillo, T, Ylitalo, G, Rhodes, L, O’Neill, S, Noren, D and Hanson, M (2016).  Exposure to a Mixture of Toxic Chemicals: Implications for the Health of Endangered Southern Resident Killer Whales. U.S. Dept. Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NWFSC-135, 107 p. https://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/assets/25/8314_11302016_111957_TechMemo135.pdf

 

Morace, J (2012). Reconnaissance of Contaminants in Selected WastewaterTreatment-Plant Effluent and Stormwater Runoff Entering the Columbia River, Columbia River Basin, Washington and Oregon, 2008–10. US Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5068. https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5068/pdf/sir20125068.pdf

 

Northwest Environment Watch (2004). Flame Retardants in the Bodies of Pacific Northwest Residents. http://www.cela.ca/sites/cela.ca/files/uploads/PBDEs_in_NW.pdf

 

Puget Sound Partnership (2019). Vital Signs. https://vitalsigns.pugetsoundinfo.wa.gov/

 

Pulkkinen, L (2020). With Nearly 1 Million Homes At Risk, Washington Is Losing The Wildfire Fight. Investigate West, Oct. 19. https://www.invw.org/2020/10/19/with-nearly-1-million-homes-at-risk-washington-is-losing-the-wildfire-fight/

 

Reece-Gomez, B (2017). Is Seattle Protecting Our Waterway? Westside Seattle, March 9. https://www.westsideseattle.com/ballard-news-tribune/2017/03/09/seattle-protecting-our-waterway

 

Schulz, K (2015). The Really Big One. The New Yorker, July 13. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/07/20/the-really-big-one 

 

Stewart, M (2005). Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and The Washington State Military Department, Emergency Management Division. https://www.eeri.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/seattscen_full_book.pdf  

 

Taguchi, K and McQuate, S (2021). Video: Arsenic Makes These South Puget Sound Fish Unsafe to Eat. UW News, Sept. 23. https://www.washington.edu/news/2021/09/23/arsenic-makes-these-south-puget-sound-fish-unsafe-to-eat/

 

Tian, Z, Peter, K, Gipe, A, Zhao, H, Hou, F, Wark, D, Khangaonkar, T, Kolodziej, E and James, A (2020). Suspect and Nontarget Screening for Contaminants of Emerging Concern in an Urban Estuary. Environmental Science and Technology, 54(2). https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b06126

 

Tian, Z et al., (2020). A Ubiquitous Tire Rubber–derived Chemical Induces Acute Mortality in Coho Salmon. Science, 371(6525). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd6951

 

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Climate Change Canada (2021). Salish Sea Report. https://www.epa.gov/salish-sea/executive-summary-health-salish-sea-report

 

Wilson, T, Sleeter, B, Sleeter, Rand Soulard, C (2014). Conversion Threat Index (CTI), Pacific Northwest. Data Basin. https://databasin.org/datasets/2e2d0b358c914b9cbe9497c59370a938 [Map of geographic variability in the threat of land use change.]

 

 

I.   Pollution, Plastic, and Other Waste Problems                                  

 

Abramo, A (2020). Outdated Sewage Treatment Is Suffocating Fish In Puget Sound. Investigate West, Dec. 7. https://www.invw.org/2020/12/07/outdated-sewage-treatment-is-suffocating-fish-in-puget-sound/

 

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (2020). PFAS in the U.S. Population. https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/pfas/health-effects/us-population.html

 

Alava, J (2019). Climate Change and Overfishing Boost Toxic Mercury Levels in Fish. The Conversation, Nov. 7. https://theconversation.com/climate-change-and-overfishing-are-boosting-toxic-mercury-levels-in-fish-122748

 

Ali, S (2022). Road Salt Contamination of Freshwater 'Requires Immediate Attention,' Warns Scientist. The Hill, Jan. 6. https://thehill.com/changing-america/sustainability/environment/588560-road-salt-contamination-of-freshwater-requires

 

Allen, L (2020). Sixty-Four New Chemicals Discovered In Washington’s Puget Sound. Forbes, Jan. 27. https://www.forbes.com/sites/allenelizabeth/2020/01/27/sixty-four-new-chemicals-discovered-in-washingtons-puget-sound/#5bb8bede5d93

 

Allen, M (2020). 1 Big Thing: Recycling Economics Fall Apart. Axios, Feb. 15. https://www.axios.com/newsletters/axios-am-852bc994-00bc-40c7-be32-a79a4fb5db2e.html [Some links and stats]

 

Altman, R (2022). How Bad Are Plastics for the Environment, Really? The Atlantic, Jan. 3. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2022/01/plastic-history-climate-change/621033/

 

American Lung Association (2019). The State of the Air 2019. https://www.lung.org/our-initiatives/healthy-air/sota/key-findings/

 

Andrews, E (2019). Our Plastics, Our Selves. Grist, Feb. 6. https://grist.org/article/whats-plastic-doing-to-our-bodies-this-all-female-team-is-investigating/

 

Angus, I (2019a). Disrupting the Nitrogen Cycle: Articles on a Major Metabolic Rift. Climate & Capitalism, Oct. 25. https://climateandcapitalism.com/2019/10/25/disrupting-the-nitrogen-cycle-articles-on-a-major-metabolic-rift/ [Covered in 4 articles.]

 

Angus, I (2019b). Nitrogen Crisis: A Neglected Threat to Earth’s Life Support Systems.  Resilience.org. https://www.resilience.org/stories/2019-04-29/nitrogen-crisis-a-neglected-threat-to-earths-life-support-systems/

 

Aronoff, K (2019). Climate Change’s Great Lithium Problem. The New Republic, Nov.16. https://newrepublic.com/article/155753/climate-changes-great-lithium-problem

 

Averett, N (2020). Undone Science: When Research Fails Polluted Communities. Undark, Feb. 3. https://undark.org/2020/02/03/undone-science-pollution-avalon-shenango/

 

Azoulay, D, Villa, P, Arellano, Y, Gordon, M, Moon, D and Miller, K (2019). Plastic & Health: The Hidden Costs of a Plastic Planet. Center for International Environmental Law. https://www.ciel.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Plastic-and-Health-The-Hidden-Costs-of-a-Plastic-Planet-February-2019.pdf

 

Bagenstose, K (2022a). Road Salt Triggering 'Massive' Harm to US Lakes, Contaminating Drinking Water, Studies Warn. USA Today, Feb. 27. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2022/02/27/salt-makes-snowy-roads-safer-but-threatens-drinking-water-environment/6907957001/?gnt-cfr=1

 

Bagenstone, K (2022b). What are PFAS? A Guide to Understanding Chemicals Behind Nonstick Pans, Cancer Fears. USA Today, March 7. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2022/03/07/pfas-guide-chemicals/6652847001/

 

Ballentine, R (2021). Recycling: Not Your Father’s Environmental Issue. The Hill, Feb. 18. https://thehill.com/opinion/energy-environment/539321-recycling-not-your-fathers-environmental-issue

 

Bangor University (2021). Catastrophic Consequences for Oceans When Climate Change and Plastic Pollution Crises Combine. Phys.Org, Sept. 28. https://phys.org/news/2021-09-catastrophic-consequences-oceans-climate-plastic.html

 

Battye, W, Aneja, V and Schlesinger, W (2017). Is Nitrogen the Next Carbon? Earth’s Future, 5(9). https://doi.org/10.1002/2017EF000592

 

Beaman, J et al., (2016). State of the Science White Paper: A Summary of Literature on the Chemical Toxicity of Plastics Pollution to Aquatic Life and Aquatic-Dependent Wildlife. United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA-822-R-16-009. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-02/documents/tfw-trash_free_waters_plastics-aquatic-life-report-2016-12.pdf

 

Becker, R (2020). Well Water Throughout California Contaminated with ‘Forever Chemicals’.  Cal Matters, Nov.19. https://calmatters.org/projects/california-water-contaminated-forever-chemicals/

 

Bedat, M (2021). See the Horrifying Place Where Your Old Clothes Go to Die. Fast Company, June 1. https://www.fastcompany.com/90640931/see-the-horrifying-place-where-your-old-clothes-go-to-die

 

Bendix, A (2022). Nearly Half of Bald and Golden Eagles in the US Have Chronic Lead Poisoning, Most Likely from Bullet Fragments. Business Insider, Feb. 17. https://www.businessinsider.com/eagles-lead-poisoning-bullets-hunting-2022-2

 

Berardelli, J (2021). How a Shocking Environmental Disaster was Uncovered Off the California Coast After 70 years. CBS News, April 11. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/california-ddt-environmental-disaster-sea-lions/

 

Bergman, A, Heindel, J, Jobling, S, Kidd, K and Zoeller, R (2013). State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals 2012. United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/ceh/risks/cehemerging2/en/

 

Beriot, N, Peek, J, Zornoza, R, Geissen, V and Lwanga, E (2020). Low Density Microplastics Detected in Sheep Faeces and Soil: A Case Study from the Intensive Vegetable Farming in Southeast Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 755(1).  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720361829?via%3Dihub

 

Bernton, H (2021). Seattle Study of Breast Milk from 50 Women Finds Chemical Used in Food Wrappers, Firefighting Foam. Seattle Times, July 18. https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/seattle-study-of-breast-milk-from-50-women-finds-chemical-used-in-food-wrappers-firefighting-foam/

 

Bishop, J, Glenn, C, Amato, D and Dulai, H (2017). Effect of Land Use and Groundwater Flow Path on Submarine Groundwater Discharge Nutrient Flux. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 11. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214581815001135?via%3Dihub

 

Blok, A (2021). Raining PFAS: Amount of PFAS Found is Outpacing Legacy Contaminants. Great Lakes Now, June 11. https://www.greatlakesnow.org/2021/06/raining-pfas-outpacing-legacy-contaminants/

 

Bodirsky, B et al., (2014). Reactive Nitrogen Requirements to Feed the World in 2050 and Potential to Mitigate Nitrogen Pollution. Nature Communications, 5(3858). https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms4858 

 

Botkin-Kowacki, E (2021). Plastic Pollution Problem May Have More Significant Consequences than We Think. Phys.org, July 7. https://phys.org/news/2021-07-plastic-pollution-problem-significant-consequences.html [About plastic pollutants releasing carbon into the atmosphere.]

 

Bowley, J, Baker-Austin, C, Porter, A, Hartnell, R and Lewis, C (2020). Oceanic Hitchhikers – Assessing Pathogen Risks from Marine Microplastic. Trends in Microbiology, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2020.06.011

 

Bowman, S (2021). Other States are Making Utilities Dig Up Toxic Coal Ash. Indiana is Letting it Sit There. IndyStar, Feb. 10. https://www.indystar.com/story/news/environment/2021/02/10/other-states-more-protective-than-indiana-toxic-coal-ash/6657744002/ [Leading to widespread groundwater, stream, and fish contamination.]

 

Boztas, S (2021). Netherlands Proposes Radical Plans to Cut Livestock Numbers by Almost a Third. The Guardian, Sept. 9. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/sep/09/netherlands-proposes-radical-plans-to-cut-livestock-numbers-by-almost-a-third [Mostly to address nutrient pollution.]

 

Breitburg, D, et al., (2018). Declining Oxygen in the Global Ocean and Coastal Waters. Science, 359(6371). https://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6371/eaam7240

 

Brooker, J (2021). A Sewage Crisis is Bubbling Up in Communities of Color Across the Country. Grist, July 28. https://grist.org/housing/a-sewage-crisis-is-bubbling-up-in-communities-of-color-across-the-country/

 

Bryson, D (2021). U.S. West Faces Little-known Effect of Raging Wildfires: Contaminated Water. Reuters, July 1. https://www.reuters.com/business/environment/us-west-faces-little-known-effect-raging-wildfires-contaminated-water-2021-07-01/

 

Burman, M (2021). Your Plastic Recyclables are Getting Shipped Overseas, Not Made Into Shiny New Products. USA Today, Nov. 27. https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2021/11/27/recycling-plastic-problem-waste-environment/8723733002/

 

Burrows, L (2021). Deaths from Fossil Fuel Emissions Higher than Previously Thought. Harvard University, Feb. 9. https://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2021/02/deaths-fossil-fuel-emissions-higher-previously-thought

 

Carlin, D (2020). America’s Air Is Getting Worse: Here’s Why. Forbes, May 24. https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidcarlin/2020/05/24/americas-air-is-getting-worse-heres-why/#6b369ce64d4f

 

Carrington, D (2020). Microplastics Revealed in the Placentas of Unborn Babies. The Guardian, Dec. 22. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/dec/22/microplastics-revealed-in-placentas-unborn-babies

 

Carrington, D (2021a). ‘Disastrous’ Plastic Use in Farming Threatens Food Safety – UN. The Guardian, Dec. 7. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/dec/07/disastrous-plastic-use-in-farming-threatens-food-safety-un

 

Carrington, D (2021b). Companies Race to Stem Flood of Microplastic Fibres Into the Oceans. The Guardian, Dec. 30. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/dec/30/companies-race-to-stem-flood-of-microplastic-fibres-into-the-oceans

 

Carrington, D (2022). Deluge of Dog Pee and Poo Harming Nature Reserves, Study Suggests. The Guardian, Feb. 7. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/feb/07/dog-pee-and-poo-harming-nature-reserves-study

 

CBSN (2019). New Film Addresses Global Plastic Crisis. https://www.cbsnews.com/video/new-film-calls-for-action-on-global-plastic-crisis/

 

Center for Sustainable Systems (2021). Municipal Solid Waste Factsheet. University of Michigan. https://css.umich.edu/factsheets/municipal-solid-waste-factsheet [Lots of good statistics for the U.S.]

 

Center for Sustainable Systems (2020a). U.S. Wastewater Treatment Factsheet. University of Michigan. https://css.umich.edu/factsheets/us-wastewater-treatment-factsheet

 

Choy, C, Robison, B, Gagne, T, Erwin, B, Firl, E, Halden, R, Hamilton, J, Katija, K, Lisin, S, Rolsky, C and Van Houtan, K (2019). The Vertical Distribution and Biological Transport of Marine Microplastics Across the Epipelagic and Mesopelagic Water Column. Scientific Reports, 9(7843). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-44117-2

 

Collins, C (2019). The Global Environmental Recycling Crisis: What Options Exist for Plastic Waste? Climate Institute, Aug. 10. http://climate.org/the-global-environmental-recycling-crisis-what-options-exist-for-plastic-waste/

 

Congressional Research Service (2018). Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms: Causes, Challenges, and Policy Considerations. Library of Congress. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R44871.pdf

 

The Conscious Challenge (2019). Plastic & Ocean, in Ecological Footprint Bible. https://www.theconsciouschallenge.org/ecologicalfootprintbibleoverview/plastic-ocean

 

Cook, K (2019). Glyphosate Pesticide in Beer and Wine. U.S. PIRG Education Fund. https://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/WEB_USP_Glyphosate-pesticide-beer-and-wine_REPORT_022619.pdf

 

Corcoran, E, Nellemann, C, Baker, E, Bos, R, Osborn, D, and Savelli, H (eds) (2010). Sick Water? The Central Role of Wastewater Management in Sustainable Development. United Nations Environment Programme, UN-HABITAT, GRID-Arendal. http://www.unep.org/pdf/SickWater_screen.pdf

 

Cordner, A (2021). The True Cost of PFAS and the Benefits of Acting Now. Environmental Science and Technology, 55(14). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.1c03565

 

Cox, K, Covernton, G, Davies, H, Dower, J, Juanes, F and Dudas, S (2019). Human Consumption of Microplastics. Environmental Science and Technology, 53. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01517

 

Cutler, A (2020). The Problem with Plastics: Production Outpacing Efforts to Keep it Out of Rivers, Oceans. Cronkite News, Oct. 27. https://cronkitenews.azpbs.org/2020/10/27/production-outpacing-efforts-to-keep-plastic-out-of-rivers-and-oceans/

 

Cutler, D and Dominici, F (2018). A Breath of Bad Air: Cost of the Trump Environmental Agenda May Lead to 80000 Extra Deaths per Decade. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 319(22). https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2684596

 

Daly, M (2021). Study: Half of US Cosmetics Contain Toxic Chemicals. Phys.Org, June 15. https://phys.org/news/2021-06-cosmetics-toxic-chemicals.html

 

Daniels, J (2021). Latin America Urges US to Reduce Plastic Waste Exports to Region. The Guardian, Dec. 24. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/dec/24/latin-america-urges-us-to-reduce-plastic-waste-exports-to-region

 

Danopoulos, E, Jenner, L, Twiddy, M and Rotchell, J (2020). Microplastic Contamination of Seafood Intended for Human Consumption: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Health Perspectives, 128(12). https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP7171

 

Denny, E (2021). Trump’s Failed Environmental Policies Caused 22,000 Deaths, New Report Finds. EcoWatch, Feb. 12. https://www.ecowatch.com/trump-environmental-policy-deaths-2650518054.html

 

Desforges, JP, Galbrath, M, Dangerfield, N and Ross, P (2014). Widespread Distribution of Microplastics in Subsurface Seawater in the NE Pacific Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 79(1-2):94-99. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X13007741

 

Dickinson, R (2020). Planet Plastic: How Big Oil and Big Soda Kept a Global Environmental Calamity a Secret for Decades. Rolling Stone, March 3. https://www.rollingstone.com/culture/culture-features/plastic-problem-recycling-myth-big-oil-950957/

 

Diez, S, Patil, P, Morton, J, Rodriguez, D, Vanzella, A, Robin, D, Maes, T and Corbin, C (2019). Marine Pollution in the Caribbean: Not a Minute to Waste. World Bank Group. http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/012933e2#/012933e2/2

 

Doyle, A (2019). Too Much Salt: Water Desalination Plants Harm Environment: U.N. Reuters, Jan. 14. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-environment-brine-idUSKCN1P81PX

 

Dunagan, C (2020). Air Contaminants, Such as Mercury and PCBs, Undermine the Health of Puget Sound. Salish Sea Currents Magazine, Implementation Strategies Series, Jan. 14. Encyclopedia of Puget Sound. https://www.eopugetsound.org/magazine/IS/atmospheric_deposition

 

Duong, T (2021). U.S. Continues to Ship Illegal Plastic Waste to Developing Countries. EcoWatch, Mar. 18. https://www.ecowatch.com/us-illegal-plastic-waste-2651126176.html

 

EJ Net (2019a). Toxics, Environmental Health and Pollution Mapping Projects. http://www.ejnet.org/toxics/ [Links to many resources]

 

EJ Net (2019b). Index to RACHEL's Hazardous Waste News Newsletters Issue #1 through #364. http://www.ejnet.org/rachel/ [Links to articles related to every pollutant you could think of as well as pollution issues]

 

EJ Net (2019c). Plastics vs. the Environment. http://www.ejnet.org/plastics/ [Links to many resources]

 

Ellison, J (2021). Fine Particulate Air Pollution Associated with Higher Risk of Dementia. UW News, Aug. 4. https://www.washington.edu/news/2021/08/04/fine-particulate-air-pollution-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dementia/

 

Environmental Working Group (2019). PFAS Chemicals. https://www.ewg.org/key-issues/toxics/nonstick-chemicals  [Multiple resources, including