Research on “Cascadia Rising 2016″—The Exercise Addressing the “Big One”

The research team and I are currently on the home stretch with our analysis of the Cascadia Rising 2016 exercise, which tested the response capabilities of first responders in the Pacific Northwest to a magnitude 9+ earthquake and tsunami. The exercise involved about 23,000 participants from all levels of government in the region along with FEMA, private-sector companies, and non-governmental relief organizations. The insights garnered from the exercise were many and daunting. The exercise revealed that not only the region of impact but rather the nation as a whole would face a major challenge when this catastrophe becomes a reality. Therefore it comes as no surprise that the exercise will be repeated soon (2022), which will be informed from the lessons learned from the 2016 exercise and also operate under even more realistic assumptions and injects. Our study of CR16 focused on two major areas:

— (Shared) Situational Awareness and Common Operating Picture, and

— Managerial Challenges

For the first area, we were happy to have two papers accepted at two major international conferences, one of which even became a “best-paper nominee.” The papers and presentation slides of the first two papers on shared situational awareness (SSA) and the common operating picture (COP) can be found below:

ISCRAM Asia Pacific Conference (2018)

Scholl, H. J., Hubbel, K., & Leonard, J. (2018). Communications and Technology Challenges to Situational Awareness: Insights from the CR16 Exercise. In Proceedings of the 1st ISCRAM Asia-Pacific Conference (pp. 1-15). Wellington, NZ: ISCRAM. (Best paper nominee)

Paper | Presentation Slides (29.3 MB)

52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-52)

Scholl, H. J., Hubbell, K., & Leonard, J. G. (2019). Information Sharing and Situational Awareness: Insights from the Cascadia Rising Exercise of June 2016. In Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-52) (pp. 1-11). Maui, HI

Paper | Presentation Slides (19.2 MB)

Our paper on “Managerial Challenges” is currently under development.  We are planning to finish our analysis of the managerial challenges observed during the Cascadia Rising 2016 exercise by the end of March 2019. We will post the result also here.

11,211 Entries and Counting: DGRL 14.5 Has Been Published

Version 14.5 of the Digital Government Reference Library (DGRL), which was previously named Electronic Government Reference Library (EGRL), has been published as of December 15, 2018. The library now contains 11,211 references of predominantly English-language, peer-reviewed work in the study domains of digital government, digital governance, and digital democracy.

This marks a 8.9% increase in references from version 14.0 (June of 2018) and a 13.2% increase from version 13.5 (December of 2017). This past publication period has yet been another good one for e-Government-related publishing adding another 4-digit number (1,310) of new peer-reviewed academic references within the past 12 months.

The DGRL has become an indispensable tool for e-Gov scholars. In particular, reviewers of paper submissions are reported to rely heavily on this reference library. Packaged in a 12.14 MB zip file, bibTeX, RIS, and an Endnote XML versions are available. Mendeley or Zotero versions can easily be created by importing from RIS or bibTeX files. Please get back to us in case of any errors or omissions. Thank you for your interest and cooperation.

For a free download please use this link. You will be asked to register or re-register.

Disaster Information Reference Library Version 1.0 Published

Following the role model of the highly successful Digital Government Reference Library, now the first version of the Disaster Information Reference Library (DIRL) has been published. Initially the DIRL contains 2,109 references of peer-reviewed academic publications in the English language. The DIRL is scheduled to be updated semi-annually. More information is available here.

Ongoing “iSchool Qualitative Research Project(s)” iQRP

During the Academic Year of 2018/2019 I continue to offer the iQRP series of qualitative research immersions open to students from all programs. Details will be communicated via the various program listservs.

My main research foci include:

  • Digital Government (Information, ICTs, and the Public Sector)
    • Smart City, Smart Government, Smart Governance, and Smart Infrastructures
    • Distributed Ledger Technology / Blockchain in the Public Sector
  • Disaster Information Management
    • Situational Awareness and Managerial Challenges
  • Application/System Evaluation
    • TEDS framework  (for example, we analyzed and helped improve Seattle Sounders FC mobile app)
  • Formats of Involvement: Research Assistant
    • Independent Study (minimum 1 credit = 4 hours a week, 3 credits = 10 hours)
    • Volunteer (minimum 1 credit = 5 hours a week)
  • Roles of Research Assistants
    • Being introduced to the foundations and practices of qualitative inquiry
    • Assistant in research design, interviewer, data collector, transcriber, coder, data analyzer, co-author of research reports, & presenter of research results


Special Issue on “Blockchain and the Public Sector” in Information Polity (Call for Papers)


“Blockchain and the Public Sector: Expected Impacts, Benefits, Challenges, Policies, and Regulatory Issues”


Prof. Hans Jochen Scholl is a full professor at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. He has published numerous academic articles and other contributions in the wider areas of Digital Government, Disaster Management, and Information Artifact Evaluation. He has served as track chair for the Digital Government track at HICSS; he also is a co-organizer of the EGOV-CeDEM-ePart conference and a Past Chair of the IFIP WG 8.5. He also served as president of the Digital Government Society. His recent publications have focused on topics of smart governance and regulations, and other related topics.

Prof. Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar is a full professor at the University of Granada. He has published numerous academic articles and other contributions in the wider areas of Accounting and Digital Government. He serves as track chair and minitrack chair at several high-ranked academic conferences around the world. He also is the editor-in-chief for the International Journal of Public Administration in the Digital Age (IJPADA), which is one of the core journals in the domain of Digital Government. His recent publications have focused on smart cities, smart and networked governance, and other related topics.

Blockchain has received significant attention in the area of financial technology (FinTech). As disruptive innovation of the Internet era it combines several computer technologies, including distributed data storage, point-to-point transmission, consensus mechanisms, and encryption algorithms (Zhang, 2016). Initially, blockchain technology has been used to record historical transactions of encrypted digital money such as Bitcoin (Nakamoto, 2008). However, due to its key characteristic of immutability, i.e., an append-only record system, blockchain technology has further developed beyond virtual currencies combining existing technologies for recording a range of different types of business transactions.
Blockchain is transforming industries by enabling innovative business practices in areas such as remittance, payment, banking, financing, trading, manufacturing, supply chain management, legal service, among others. Recently, public administrations have been introducing blockchain technologies to areas, in which actors must reliably record decentralized transactions, in particular, in environments where not all parties, whether humans or machines, can be fully trusted. Blockchain technology has been portrayed as a universal, evolving, open and transparent, robust infrastructure that cannot be easily corrupted (Ølnes & Jansen, 2018).
Given the trustworthiness and security, the use of blockchain can help increase citizens’ trust in government information. It might enable the coordination of transactions and information exchanges within the emerging “Internet of Things”, or, it also might have uses in digital identification and voting systems (Pilkington, 2016). However, while many potential benefits in Digital Government have been identified, it is important that researchers begin discussing challenges, benefits, regulations, frameworks, taxonomies, and applications of blockchain technologies in the public domain.
This Special Issue seeks high-quality contributions in theoretical, empirical, experimental, and application-oriented research on blockchain and Digital Government. For example, we invite submissions presenting cases and applications of blockchain addressing smart cities’ challenges; and/or presenting information frameworks or taxonomies for government transparency and accountability; and/or describing the role of blockchain architectures and applications to comply with societal needs and public values; and/or describing experiences in designing, implementing and using blockchain and smart contract applications to solve real world problems.

Other topics of interest include, but are not limited to:
• Blockchain technologies as support infrastructure in Digital Government services.
• Blockchain in reorganizing and replacing public registries.
• Blockchain in public procurement.
• Applications of blockchain and smart contracts.
• Transaction process changes via blockchain.
• New taxonomies of blockchain technologies in Digital Government.
• New models for digital currencies that exploit blockchain and smart contracts.
• Socio-economic implications of blockchain technology.
• Accountability, information disclosure and integrity issues using blockchain technologies in the public sector.
• Changes in information governance models using blockchain technologies.
• Trust models and trust in public sector management.
• Regulation and law enforcement in blockchain technologies.
• Blockchain and network big data (for example, big data analytics).
• Blockchain and the Internet of Things.
• Encryption and other technologies in blockchain.
• Data consistency in blockchain.
• Information privacy versus “right-to-know” in blockchain.
• Blockchain in next generation mobile communication networks.
• Blockchain and smart cities.
• Technical and other vulnerabilities of blockchain architectures

Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system. Accessed 22 August 2018.
Ølnes, S., & Jansen, A. (2018, May). Blockchain technology as infrastructure in public sector: an analytical framework. In Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age (p. 77). ACM.
Pilkington, M. (2016). Blockchain technology: principles and applications. In: Xavier Olleros F, Majlinda Z (eds) Research Handbook on Digital Transformations. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K.
Zhang, E. (2016). Antshares Whitepaper1.0.. Accessed 2 Feb 2018.


January 15, 2019 Deadline for paper abstracts submission

February 15, 2019 Feedback on submitted abstracts from editors

March 31, 2019 Deadline for full article submission

May 15, 2019 Acceptance/rejection decisions communicated to authors

June 15, 2019 Revised manuscripts of accepted submissions due

June 30, 2019 Finalized manuscripts and editorial handed over to editor-in-chief and publisher

Planned publication date: Information Polity Fall 2019 (issue 4)


For further information about the special issue please contact the guest editors:
Hans J Scholl – and
Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar —


Information Polity is a tangible expression of the increasing awareness that Information and Communication technologies (ICTs) have become of deep significance for all polities as new technology-enabled forms of government, governing and democratic practice are sought or experienced throughout the world. This journal positions itself in these contexts, seeking to be at the forefront of thought leadership and debate about emerging issues, impact, and implications of government and democracy in the information age.

The journal is dedicated to publishing work from two main sources: academic and practitioner. The journal publishes work from academics that is both of top quality and, equally, of high strategic relevance to practitioners. Secondly, the journal is intent on publishing work undertaken by practitioners – professional, administrative and political – who are actively engaged in the broad arenas of government and democracy, whether at local, regional, national or supra-national levels.

The journal promotes interdisciplinary work drawing from the wider social sciences (e.g. public policy, public management, public administration, political science, information systems, information science, media studies, philosophy, sociology, law, economics) and welcomes articles with an empirical, theoretical or conceptual contribution from scholars and practitioners throughout the world. The journal is both international and comparative in its perspectives and publishes articles on political, public policy, institutional, social, economic, legal, managerial, organizational, ethical, and wider social scientific themes and issues as they relate to the application of ICTs in government, governing and democratic practice.

Albert Meijer, Ph.D., Professor of Public Innovation, Utrecht University
William Webster, Ph.D. Professor of Public Policy and Management, University of Stirling

Paper abstracts should be submitted electronically as ‘Word’ files directly to the Guest Editors by 15 January 2019.
If accepted, authors are expected to submit their final manuscripts as ‘Word’ files by March 31, 2019 also directly to the guest editors.
An author’s guide for formatting and referencing for IOS Press publications can be found at:
All contributions will be peer-reviewed and edited according to the journal’s published procedures.


Dr. Hans Jochen Scholl, MBA
Full Professor
University of Washington
The Information School
Mary Gates Hall, Suite 370D
MS 352840
Seattle, WA 98195-2840, USA
Skype: jochenscholl
Phone: +1(206) 616-2543
Fax: +1(206) 616-3152

Dr. Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar
Full Professor of Accounting
Director of Economic Affairs
University of Granada
Department of Accounting and Finance
Faculty of Business Studies,
C/ Campus Universitario de Cartuja, s/n
18071 Granada (Spain)
Phone: +34-958242881
Fax: +34-958246249