Comparison Matrix of Ready and Emerging Innovative Transportation Technologies


Both ready and emerging technologies are included in this matrix. Links are provided to more detailed on-line information about all technologies. The current status of emerging transportation technologies (i.e. not currently available for sale or not currently in revenue operation somewhere) in the world is evaluated.  Listed first are those technologies that are developed, tested and ready for deployment. They  have a yellow background. Some (with red boundary) are also currently in operation.

The status of each emerging technology has been self-evaluated by the inventors/developers of that technology, as of early 2013. Updates will be made as they become available. The definitions of the symbols used in the matrix are given below, following the comparison table.

See it in Armenium, translation by Karen Mgebrova, 3/2012

System Name Location Status of Design Engr.&Testing Cost Target Active Mkting? Operating?
    Vehicle Guideway C&C Software Test Program      
2getthere
 CyberCab (PRT)
 Parkshuttle(GRT)
Netherlands Small initial system operational at the Masdar eco-city in Abu Dhabi, 10 vehicles, three stations, well-used by residents and high level visitors from all over the world, other systems operating in the Netherlands
Aerobus USA, TX Systems may be available for sale, was operational several years ago in Europe and Canada.  A system was to be constructed in WeiHai, China (2009) but was not completed. Company currently dormant (2012)
Aeromovel Brasil 2nd installation almost complete in Porto Alegre, Brasil - link to airport to support future World Cup activities. 1st installation is in Jakarta. Air-propelled monorail technology
Cabinlift USA, Michigan Suspended vehicle system that was in operation in Germany from 1975 to 2011. It was derived from the Cabintaxi technology - now offered by firm located in Detroit.
Cabintaxi USA, Michigan Uses both supported and suspended vehicles to provide two-way travel on a single guideway, developed and tested extensively in Germany, available from Detroit company
CityCoaster Austria First application (realized 2006/07) is now being operated in its third season
Cybertran USA, CA H H M/H M/H L M/H M/H
Easy-Rider Finland A dynamic carpool service now in operation in Amsterdam
HSST maglev
Linimo line
Japan For sale, extensive test and demo program continuing, first application in Japan has been completed. Has been studied in the U.S. under a FTA Urban Maglev contract. First public service initiated on Linimo line in March, 2005, in Japan
Magplane pipeline USA, MA and Mongolia H H H H VL M H
MegaRail & MicroRail USA, Texas H H M/H H L H H, Prototype operational, video available
Mini-Metro USA- Colorado H H H H ? H Yes, in Italy
Parry People Mover UK Features trams of several sizes, powered by a flywheel, no overhead wires. First application was in 2003, currently being operated in the UK.
Schmid Peoplemover Germany System for helping pedestrians get across heavily traveled roadways and other barriers to pedestrian movement
TubeXpress USA, NJ Prototypes built and tested, product market-ready
ULTra PRT U.K. Initial application became operational at Heathrow Airport in the U.K., 2011
Urbanaut USA, WA, S. Korea First project under construction in Incheon, Korea, not yet operational, 2013
Vectus PRT S. Korea, EU Test facility was constructed in Uppsala, Sweden. As of 2012, first public application has been completed at Sucheon Bay in South Korea - to be fully operational fall 2013
Velotaxi Germany For 2 people, muscle-powered with electrical assist, available now
Systems in various stages of development, some quite active, most seeking funding, some quite dormant, but interesting
Aerorider Netherlands Three-wheel bicycle with one-passenger enclosure, for commuting
Aerotrain USA History of efforts to develop a tracked air-cushion, high-speed, jet-propelled train in the 1970's; designed for 60 passengers with speed at 150 mph, by Rohr Industries
Air Car France, Spain Small auto sthat run on compressed air, expected to be for sale in 2009 in India and Spain.  Tata Motors in India now involved
Applied Levitation USA, California Working on a variety of transportation vehicles using maglev technology
Atmostrack U.K. Conceptual only - would use compressed air for propulsion
Austrans Australia M/H H M H M H M
AutoMate Israel

Dualmode concept, requires switching between  a road and a rail  chassis, to achieve driven and automated modes

Automated Transport Systems USA, Florida

Extensive website describes preferred standards for a dualmode transport system, conceptual only, partners to assist development are desired

Autoshuttle Germany M M L L M/MH M M
Autonomous Transportation System Argentina, Netherlands

Conceptual system that features horizontal, vertical and gradient movement using Group Rapid Transit sized vehicles weighing about 3 tons

Autoway USA, VA

PRT concept - small vehicles, development funding being sought

Autran USA M M M N L L N
System Name Location Vehicle Guideway Software Test ? Cost? Mkting? Operating?
Beamways Sweden

Conceptual only - suspended PodCar, under development in Sweden, free design/simulation software available

Beem Car U.K.

Conceptual - a suspended GRT vehicle, composites to be used in construction

Bike Metro Denmark

Dualmode bike network concept for sustainable urban travel, video also available

Bimodal Glideway USA, California

Dualmode concept description, informative video and some details available

Blade Runner U.K.

Uses vehicles with rubber tires and retractable steel wheels for dualmode capabilities, cargo and passenger modes

Bubble Motion Finland

Conceptual PRT, slim guideway, excellent looking design by BMDesign of Finland

Cabintaxi    USA, MI Extensive test facility and development program completed in Germany in1979. Shuttle system in operation since 1976. US company pursuing private sector applications
Car Bus USA, CA, WA Conceptual only, trucks carry small vehicles on freeways, another version is called Personal Mass Transit
CargoRail USA, TX Cargo carrier version of MegaRail, under development - 2009 presentation
DAVe USA, Massachusetts Dual-mode Autonomous Vehicles - concept only, under development
Dragonfly MonoMetro U.K.

Suspended monorail, final stages of design, further development , demonstration and initial application currently (mid-2013) being planned in the U.K.

Dualmode Vehicle Japan Minibus that can be operated on conventional rail as well as roadways, prototype completed by Japan Railways, development continuing in 2005, Toyota now involved
Elways Sweden Electrified roadway concept - dualmode capabilities - test track funded 2012
Evac. Tube Transport USA, FL L/M L/M L/M L VL-MH M/H L/M
Fastransit USA, NY Switchable maglev PRT concept, licensed from Applied Maglev, Inc, videos available
FasTran USA, Texas Concept only, large, cantilevered monorail, using light rail components
FeatherRail USA, California Concept only, summary description provided with some illustrations
FlexiTrain New Zealand. M M M L VL M L
Flightrail USA, California Uses atmospheric propulsion, 1/6 scale model in operation in California, high speed goal
Flyway Sweden L L L N VL M L
Freedom Transit USA, AZ Dualmode concept for passenger and freight transportation on electrified guideways, more details in 30 page paper  Also see a Why FT? statement (1 page)
General Atomics, Urban Maglev USA, CA

One of FTA's Urban Maglev contractors, prototype and test track operational, demonstration planned at California University in Pennsylvania

General Transport System Sweden Concept presented by the General Transport System foundation, based in Sweden, similar to the Swedish Flyway system
Higherway USA, WA N N N N L L N
Hyperloop USA, CA Concept for a high speed tube system for California, 57 pages
Hyundai-Rotem Urban Maglev So. Korea Significant development and testing done, initial application Incheon Airport, 2012, excellent video available
Interstate Traveler USA, MI

Maglev concept under development,  includes palletized dualmode, cargo, solar driven hydrogen production and municipal utility capabilities

ITNS USA, MN

Intelligent Transportation Network System, a well-developed design for a PRT system, now seeking funding for a test track and test program

JPods USA, CA Small, suspended, computer controlled vehicles, development underway, very good slide show at their website
Labis Train USA, Colorado Concept only, high speed and intraurban, runs continuously, off-line   stations, last vehicle either docks or separates at stations. Video
Lead's Bie-Bus India Mass Rapid Transit concept designed for high capacity applications in India and other megacities around the world.
LEVX maglev by Magna-Force USA-WA Prototype 6-passenger vehicle being developed, uses permanent magnets for suspension and linear motors for propulsion, test track being constructed near Port Angeles, Washington, levitation test results available
System Name Location Vehicle Guideway Software Test ? Cost? Mkting? Operating?
MAGLEV 2000 USA, FL. M M/H L L L/M L L
Magnemotion, Urban Maglev USA, MA One of FTA's Urban Maglev contractors, working toward demonstration project planned for near future, prototypes operating,  awarded large FTA grant (2008)  for work at Old Dominion University, demo completed in 2013
Magnetrans USA, CA H M H M M H M
Magplane passenger USA, MA & China M M M L MH H N
MIST-ER Poland PRT - Metropolitan Individual System of Transportation on Elevated Rail
MIT's Mobility-on-Demand Project USA, MA  CityCar and implementation concepts for urban areas, vehicles have been constructed in Portugal, to be tested in Berlin in a pilot project now underway
ModuTram  consortium Mexico Personal Rapid Transit (PodCar) concept under development in Mexico, prototypes and test track now (2013) in operation, being developed by a consortium
MonicPRT Singapore Conceptual, low cost with some unique features, cost/revenue analysis available as is an excellent video simulation, currently inactive (2010)
Monomobile USA, Ohio M M L M VL M M
Modern Transport System Corporation USA, California Developing novel maglev system, some prototype components currently operational, major website update in July, 2010
Modular Automated Individual Transport (MAIT) European L L M L VL/L M N - good documents
PRISM USA, Michigan Dualmode concept developed, on paper only, at Ford Research Laboratory
PRT 2000 USA, Mass. Development and test program completed in 2000, was awaiting market interest, but became  inactive as of 2003. A Raytheon project
PRTproject USA, Calif.

Conceptual only - features small vehicles running on rails in street

System Name Location Vehicle Guideway Software Test ? Cost? Mkting? Operating?
Personal Transportation System (PTS) USA, Calif. A dualmode concept that features small dualmode vehicles that can also be operated on conventional city streets
Pillar Track Regional People Mover Austria Concept only, does not require conventional guideway, for use in rural areas
Project 21 USA, Virginia M H M L MH H M/L
Public Automated Cart Transportation-PACT  India Maglev concept, cart = pallet, multiple vehicle types, dualmode capabilities, off-line stations, switchable, network capable, extensive website
Puget Pullway USA, Washington A towed-vehicle, high-capacity, dualmode concept that utilizes a modification of existing or new exclusive freeway lanes
Quiklane USA, California A conceptual dualmode concept that is well-described with a 9+ minute video
Railbus Netherlands A bus that can be operated on roads and rail - under development
RailCab Germany Modular automated railway system that combines a sophisticated undercarriage with the advantages of maglev. using existing railways - for both people and cargo
RailCar USA, LA Concept described in a 2011 book entitled: The Third Generation Roadway
REV USA, Washington A visionary e-book that describes a national dualmode system, conceptual only, 22 chapters
RUF Denmark M/H H/M L H M M H
Segway USA

Conceptual only - a palletized dualmode concept, inactive

SkyCab PRT Sweden

Conceptual - under development in Sweden

SkyCabs New Zealand L M L/M N M M/H L  
SkyRide USA, Minnesota Suspended monorail with small human powered vehicles, similar to Shweeb  
SkyTaxi Russia Includes both PRT and Dualmode capabilities, largely conceptual, mostly in Russian, some English content - focus on Moscow's transport problems
Sky Train USA, FL Redesigned to incorporate fully proven light rail components MH M/H N
SkyTran (aka Unimodal) USA High speed, small vehicle, low cost, maglev - prototype under construction, first installation expected in Israel as of 2013
SkyWay USA, Texas

Concept only - electrified guideway for dualmode vehicles

Skyweb Express USA, MN H H H M L H M
SkyTrolley Canada, B.C. Conceptual, suspended bus, good video available (DVD or YouTube)
Shweeb New Zealand, U.K. Partially operational, human-powered, suspended monorail
SMRTram USA, MD Conceptual - electric, large-vehicle, two-way travel with one lane
Spanish Suspended PRT Spain Conceptual - patented high capacity suspended small pods, steerable, no switches needed
Speedway Germany, Munich Dualmode concept for high speed intercity travel as well as intra-urban travel on conventional streets, website and video
Suyzer PRT Netherlands Small tubular vehicle, group provides extensive planning/analysis workshop
TTube Florida, USA Continuously moving belt in a tube for peoplemoving in high density urban areas
TriTrack USA, TX H L N L VL L L
TubeWay Germany Development study of a pneumatic path-guided transportation system
System Name Location Vehicle Guideway Software Test ? Cost Mkting? Operating?
Tubular Guideway Transit Arizona Extensive concept description calling for small autos traveling in a tube
Tubular Rail Texas, USA A unique, monorail-type system that does not require a conventional guideway, for high-speed mass transit applications
Unitran Russia Also known as String Transit - now has US website
UniModal USA, MT An alternate name for SkyTran , high-speed, maglev, small vehicles, prototype under construction, first application expected in Israel
VMTS USA, WA Conceptual only - uses large truck to haul small electric vehicles on freeways
Zesttrans Moscow, Russia Conceptual only, features vehicle carriers for dualmode capabilities, also has PRT concept, new website in February, 2010, English version provided
Zhonghua-06 China Suspended, light-weight, maglev concept, initial testing underway

Symbols Used to Describe the Status of Design Engineering and Testing Programs for Each Technology

Vehicle Development

  H = Highly developed, fully built, being tested or ready for testing
  M = Partially developed, some components and/or reduced scale prototype built and tested
  L =  Still mostly on paper, some engineering studies completed
  N = All on paper or elsewhere

Guideway

  H = Highly developed, full scale or scale model built, some testing accomplished
  M = Engineering design, analysis and cost studies completed
  L = Still mostly on paper, some engineering studies completed
  N = All on paper or elsewhere

Command and Control Software

  H = Software fully developed, simulation capability tested and available for application studies
  M = Software designed, partially developed, no simulation capability available as yet
  L = Concepts in mind, some preliminary studies completed
  N = Not much progress yet

Testing Program

  H = Test track built and being used for vehicle and software testing and demonstrations
  M = Section of test track built, some testing accomplished
  L = Only small scale or prototype test facilities available
  N = No progress on test program other than planning so far

Cost Target (rough estimate of system capital cost, which includes all necessary components for operational system - contact vendor for specifics)

  H = More that $30 million/mile ($18.75/km)
  MH = $20-30 million/mile ($12.5-$18.75/km)
  M = $10-20 million/mile ($6.25-12.5/km)
  L = $5-10 million/mile ($3.125-6.25/km)
  VL = Less than $5 million/mile ($3.125/km)

Active Marketing Program?  

  H = Established and active sales/marketing program, some market research undertaken
  M = Brochures, videos, extensive written materials, active website
  L = Some details and illustrations available
  N = Not ready for this yet

Operational System Available for Inspection?

  H = Test facility in operation and can provide rides and  be inspected
  M = Operating prototype available as are simulation results
  L = Illustrations and/or static models available
  N = Nothing available so far

Requests for additions, deletions, improvement or correction should be sent to Jerry Schneider


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Last modified: July 09, 2014