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Books, Monographs, and Edited Volumes


Archaeology of the Middle Green River Region, Kentucky

Edited by W. H. Marquardt and P. J. Watson
2005 University of Florida Press

The shell-bearing sites of the middle Green River region in western Kentucky have played a defining role in how archaeologists conceptualize Middle Holocene fisher-hunter-gatherers. This book presents new interpretations of data gathered over a 30-year period about the Native American people who lived along the middle Green River from about 4500 to 2000 B.C.

Interdisciplinary by design, the Shell Mound Archaeological Project directed by William Marquardt and Patty Jo Watson focused first on subsistence, particularly the emergence of indigenous agriculture in eastern North America. As more was learned, the research focus broadened to include not only archaeobotany and zooarchaeology, but also geoarchaeology, pedoarchaeology, archaeomalacology, paleodemography, dental biology, and other specialties. Results of all these investigations are included, as well as comparative studies of stone, bone, and shell artifacts. Accounts of how archaeologists have revised their interpretations of the Green River sites over time provide insight into the history of archaeology in the Mid-South and Midwest. In the final chapter, the co-editors synthesize their findings and suggest research directions for the future.



Vashon Island Archaeology: A View from Burton Acres Shell Midden

Edited by Julie K. Stein and Laura S. Phillips
2003 University of Washington Press

From the University of Washington Press web site: The Burton Acres Shell Midden site is located on Vashon Island in Puget Sound, at an advantageous spot for fishing and shellfishing. Although it had been the focus of preservation efforts, little was known about the contents of the site until a winter storm in 1995 caused severe erosion. In response, a collaborative effort between the Burke Museum, University of Washington, King County Landmarks and Heritage Commission, the Puyallup Tribe of Indians, Vashon Park District, and McMurray Middle School resulted in a unique two-week public project involving 375 volunteers. Members of the public were invited to share in the discovery process, following archaeological protocol from excavation to artifact cataloging. This book continues that discovery process, presenting and explaining the data gleaned from the site and offering interpretations based on the various objects found that speak to people's lives at this place.

Multiple perspectives on the history of Burton Acres Shell Midden express the collaborative nature of the project, with contributions by Puyallup tribal member Judy Wright, cultural anthropologist Llyn De Danaan, and several archaeologists including a summary by Julie Stein.

Vashon Island Archaeology describes the step-by-step guidelines developed for this public investigation, useful for other archaeologists involved in similar projects. It also provides insight into the careful and extensive planning required for such an endeavor. Finally, it demonstrates that a community that participates in the discovery of their local history gains a broad understanding of the importance of stewardship, preservation, and interpretation of cultural resources.


Sediments in Archaeological Context

Edited by Julie K. Stein and William R. Farrand
2001 University of Utah Press

Almost every artifact in archaeological analysis originates in or on the ground. While there are elaborate methods for extracting and analyzing artifacts, treatment of the matrix within which they are located is often unsophisticated and does not include systematic analysis.

Sediments in Archaeological Context concerns the analysis of this matrix and the potential use of sediments to answer archaeological questions. Describing sediments and sampling them in appropriate ways do not replace the study of artifacts, but they can provide additional, useful information regarding a site complex, its physical environment, and the relations of artifacts to each other.

Each chapter in the volume considers sediments within a specific context. Topics include sediments found in a variety of environments: cultural environments, rockshelter and cave environments, dryland alluvial environments, humid alluvial environments, lake environments, shoreline environments, and spring and wetland environments.

Sediments in Archaeological Context is intended for every archaeologist who investigates sites in depositional contexts.

"No other book comes close to this in-depth look at the wide array of sedimentary contexts where we find archaeological sites." –Vance Holliday, University of Wisconsin

"A significant contribution to geoarchaeology."—Rolfe Mandel, University of Kansas


Gail Ashley, Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ
William Farrand, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Craig Feibel, Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ
C. Reid Ferring, University of North Texas, Denton
Bruce G. Gladfelter, University of Illinois, Chicago
Gary Huckelberry, Washington State University, Pullman
Julie K. Stein, University of Washington, Seattle
Lisa Wells, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN


Exploring Coast Salish Prehistory: The Archaeology of San Juan Island

Series: Burke Museum Monograph 8
University of Washington Press, 2000

From the University of Washington Press web site: Every year thousands of people visit the San Juan Islands off the coast of Washington State. With a copy of Exploring Coast Salish Prehistory in hand, they will enjoy an introduction both to archaeology in general and to sites within San Juan Island National Historic Park.

The Coast Salish people inhabited the San Juans for 5,000 years. One important site on San Juan Island, Cattle Point, was a summer camp where residents engaged in fishing and shellfish harvesting. Native peoples' recollections of activities there have been confirmed by physical evidence in the form of shell middens, fish bones, and other artifacts.

Another San Juan site, English Camp, was a winter village site for 2,000 years. Structure remains provide insight into how people's lives and activities changed over time. Tools found at the site have allowed archaeologists to deduce that early residents ate camas bulbs and other plants, engaged in woodworking, weaving, fishing, and carving, and manufactured and used stone tools.

Stein's discussions of the sites and
archaeological practices are enhanced by numerous illustrations. Clear photos of different types of artifacts, topographical maps, and other images help the reader to understand how people lived in the San Juans thousands of years ago.


Effects of Scale on Archaeological and Geoscientific Perspectives
Geological Society of America, 1993
edited with Angela R. Linse

All disciplines have an informal scale at which observations and interpretation are conducted. Interdisciplinary research, however, brings those scales together, impacting strongly the success or failure of the joint effort. This volume examines the importance of scale in interdisciplinary geoarchaeological research. The authors begin with a definition of scale and a history of its importance to research. Different scales of data acquisition and interpretation in interdisciplinary projects are examined and considered for site classification, soil science, absolute and relative dating, dendrochronology, geophysical research, and obsidian provenance studies. Difficulties are illuminated and suggestions are given to help avoid pitfalls.

  Deciphering a Shell Midden
Academic Press, 1992

From the Academic Press website: This book presents the latest research on shell middens: sites that contain shell and are located near coastal and fluvial settings around the world. The shell imparts certain characteristics to sites such as complex discontinuous strata, low densities of artifacts, large volumes of deposits, alkaline chemistry and proximity to fluctuating sea level. The shell midden is often a product of both cultural and non-cultural events, such as saturation of the lower portion of the midden by rising sea level, or differential weathering of shell and bone. These non-cultural events affect cultural interpretations. The book aims to provide a detailed history os shell midden research and a description of procedures and analyses using an example of a Northwest Coast shell midden


Recent Articles
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  1986 Coring Archaeological Sites. American Antiquity 51: 505-527. (J.K. Stein)
pdf file (3.6 MB)

1987 Deposits for archaeologists. In Schiffer, M. B. (ed.), Advances in
Archaeological Method and Theory, Vol. 11, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 337-393. (J.K. Stein)

pdf file (2.41 MB)
  1989 Size distributions of artifact classes: Combining macro- and micro-fractions. Geoarchaeology 4:1-30.(J.K. Stein and P. Teltser)
pdf file (2.82 MB)
  1989 Theoretical issues in the interpretation of microartifacts. Geoarchaeology 4:31-42. (R. C. Dunnell and J.K. Stein)
pdf file (1.13 MB)

1990 Archaeological stratigraphy. In Lasca, N. P., and Donahue, J. (eds.),
Archaeological Geology of North America, Geological Society of North America,
Centennial Special Vol. 4, Boulder, CO, pp. 513-523. (J.K. Stein)

pdf file (944 KB)
  1991 Coring in CRM and Archaeology: A Reminder. American Antiquity 56:138-142.
pdf file (948 KB)
  2000 Stratigraphy and Archaeological Dating. In Nash, S. E. (ed.), It's About Time: A History of Archaeological Dating in North America. Univeristy of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, pp. 14-40. (J.K.Stein)
pdf file (1.26 MB)
  2001 A Review of Site Formation Processes and Their Relevance to Geoarchaeology. In Goldberg, P., Holliday, V.T., and Ferring, C.R. (eds.)Earth Science and Archaeology. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 37-51. (J.K. Stein)
pdf file (909 KB)
  2002 The Fluvial and Geomorphic Context of Indian Knoll, an Archaic Shell Midden in West-Central Kentucky. Geoarchaeology 17:521-553. (Morey, D. F., G. M. Crothers, J. K. Stein, J. P. Fenton and N. P. Herrmann)
pdf file (1.5 MB)
  2003 Big Sites - Short Time: Accumulation Rates in Archaeological Sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 30:297-316 . (Julie K Stein, Jennie N. Deo and Laura S. Phillips)
pdf file (1,121 KB)
  2003 Determining the Provenience of Kennewick Man Skeletal Remains through Sedimentological Analyses. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 651–665. (Gary Huckleberry, Julie K Stein, and Paul Goldberg)
pdf file (920 KB)
  2004 Building Confidence in Shell: variations in the Marine radiocarbon reservoir correction for the Northwest Coast over the past 3,000 years. American Antiquity 69:771-786 (Deo, J. N., J.O. Stone, and J.K. Stein)
pdf file (3.47 MB)

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Burke Museum | Department of Anthropology | University of Washington

Last Updated: 4/24/06