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READING
Here's a state of things
How did it get this way?
Local Communities
Dev Rev Modernity
Environmental Problems
The Future


WRITING
How did it get this way?
Local Communities
Dev Rev Modernity
Environmental Problems

Essay Assignments for Unit 3, Local Communities


Due electronically to the intstructor at 5:00 p.m. on Monday, February 10

Write on one of the following topics:

A) There is a general and rather unexamined idea that minority livelihoods from the upland mixed zone are more sustainable than Han livelihoods in the intensive zone, because they have ideologies that see people and nature close to each other, rather than seeing people and nature as separate. Is this true? Or was their livelihood sustained longer because they had smaller populations and thus used resources less intensively? Or perhaps because they were not subject to pressures of state extraction such as most Han villagers were?

B) Compare Mongols' ideas about pastoral landscapes, described in Dee Williams's work representing the pastoral zone, with Akha and Nuosu ideas about upland landscapes, described in Sturgeon's and Harrell's work. Is there some sort of similarity between them, in contrast to Han landscape ideas? If so, what is similar between the land ideas of the "non-Hans," and given that their landscapes are so dissimilar to each other, why are the ideas similar? Does it have to do with their being non-state peoples?

Essays should be between 1500 and 2000 words in length, not counting bibliographic references. You may use any style (footnotes, endnotes, or embedded author and date) for references, as long as it is clear where you have gotten your information. Quotations should always be referenced, as should any information that is taken explicitly from a given source.