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Curriculum for the Bioregion Initiative


Big Ideas, Learning Outcomes, Skills, and References

Relevant to a Sustainability Course or Curriculum





Definitions and Facets of Sustainability


Click here to download a printable document with a variety of definitions of sustainability and sustainable development.  It is useful to get students thinking about the commonalities and departures in the many definitions.


What follows is a list of the facets of sustainability that has been adapted from Wals and Jickling (2002) . 22





“Sustainability has many faces and features which greatly enhance its educational potential from a more emancipatory perspective.”


These faces include sustainability as:



·         A dynamic and evolving concept;

·         A movement, a vision to work toward;

·         Ideological and therefore political;

·         Negotiated, the result of ongoing negotiations;

·         Contextual, its meaning is dependent on the situation in which it is used;

·         Controversial and the source of conflict;

·         Normative, ethical and moral;

·         Innovation or a catalyst for change;

·         A heuristic, a tool to aid thinking;

·         Interdisciplinary and holistic in nature;

·         A (temporary) stepping stone in the evolution of environmental education and of environmental thought.



Web Site Pages - Click a title and go!


Home Page

Higher Personal Goals


Polar Concepts

Other Cultural Concepts

Systems Thinking Breakdown

Definitions and Facets of Sustainability

Indicators of Sustainability

Environmental Perspective

Economics Perspective
Sustainability Frameworks and Manifestos

Graphical Models

Ways of Thinking
Habits of Mind
Web Site Bibliography
Additional Teaching Resources


Have any problems with this web site or questions?  Contact Rob Turner at rturner@uwb.edu.



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