Bibliography of Literature Relevant to Our Future Sustainability

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VIII.  Conservation, Restoration, Mitigation, Adaptation à Resilience

Bounce me down to the bibliography citations

What’s Here

This bibliography is concerned with disturbing environmental and social trends, along with the potential to make things better and the risks if we don’t.  This section focuses on efforts to alter drivers of negative systemic change or reduce risks from it (mitigation) and develop strategies for people and institutions to better cope with systems as they change and spasm (adaptation). Mitigation can take many forms, ranging from:

-          conservation of ecosystems, biodiversity, and resources;

-          ecological restoration; and

-          new infrastructure, policies, or application of innovative technologies (including abandonment of fossil fuels and geoengineering strategies)

Put together, these efforts can enable a population or region to more readily and equitably bounce back (be resilient) from the inevitable shocks and extremes to come.

There are summaries of many such resilience-oriented efforts accessible via this section.  Their objectives are laudable but they are also generally piecemeal efforts, carried out at very local or regional scales, and they are mostly aimed at preserving something like the status quo of our dominant socio-economic system.  As such, resilience can be considered in alignment with the sustainable development paradigm.1, 2  Section XI (Sustainability Manifestos), on the other hand, provides links to numerous proposals for more transformative reformations of culture and socio-economics that are also meant to provide more resilience.  Given the more normative character of resilience proposals, they are far less controversial and more readily supported by governments than are more ideologically subversive sustainability proposals.3 

The previous two sections are fairly thorough in terms of the proportion of relevant articles out there that are included.  The same cannot really be said of this section.  Despite > 500 articles and reports, this just scratches the surface of the literature that could fall under this section’s capacious heading.  Many citations here are of articles from journals that are listed in italics, meaning they have gone through a peer review process.  There are also many links to reports sponsored by government agencies and NGOs. 

The areas of research, policy, and practice that are most poorly represented below are the conservation and restoration ecology efforts.  The literature on those is enormous. 

This section is broken up into the 9 subsections you can see below.  Although it is placed last, subsection I has the most citations as it casts the broadest net.





Agriculture, Food, and Soil Specific



Conservation and Restoration Ecology Efforts and Initiatives


Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience


The Energy Challenge – On Emissions, Decarbonization, and Alternative Sources


Geoengineering/Negative Carbon – Possibilities, Controversies, and Ethics


Pacific Northwest Specific


Transition Towns, Ecovillages and Deep Adaptation à Resilience for Collapse  


Water Focus


More Literature on Mitigation, Adaptation and Resilience



The essential problem is not just that we are tapping the wrong energy sources (though we are), or that we are wasteful and inefficient (though we are), but that we are overpowered, and we are overpowering nature.
--- Richard Heinberg





A.   Agriculture, Food, and Soil Specific (more in Sections IA and IIA)


Actionaid International (2020). Principles for Just Transitions in Extractives and Agriculture: Shaping Energy and Food Systems that Work for Women, Communities and the Climate.


Alliance of Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (2021). Do We Need an IPCC for Food?, Sept. 2.


Amelung, W et al., (2020). Towards a Global-scale Soil Climate Mitigation Strategy. Nature Communications, 11.


Animal Outlook (2021). Meatless Monday: What a Difference a Day Makes. [List of statistics on the savings associated with giving up meat one day a week. Not based on primary sources.]


Arantes, J (2021). Study Shows How Waste Can be Converted Into Materials for Advanced Industries., Dec. 8.


Arcanjo, M (2018a). Pioneering Agricultural Adaptation: Building Climate Resilience in Central America. Climate Institute, June 17.


Ausubel, J, Wernick, I and Waggoner, P (2013). Peak Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing. Population and Development Review, 38(s1). [“We are confident that we stand on the peak of cropland use, gazing at a wide expanse of land that will be spared for Nature.”]


BBC Travel (2021). Vandana Shiva on Why the Food We Eat Matters. BBC, Jan. 28.


Bellarby, J, Foereid, B, Hastings, A and Smith, P (2008). Cool Farming: Climate Impacts of Agriculture and MitigationPpotential. Greenpeace International.


Bensada, A (2019). The Huge Potential of Agriculture to Slow Climate Change. United Nations Environment Programme.


Berners-Lee, M, Kennelly, C, Watson, R and Hewitt, C (2018). Current Global Food Production is Sufficient to Meet Human Nutritional Needs in 2050 Provided There is Radical Societal Adaptation. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 6.


Beyranevand, L and Leib, E (2021). Our Food System is Broken — There's a Blueprint to Fix It. The Hill, Jan. 21.


Binns, C, Lee, M, Maycock, B, Torheim, L, Nanishi, K and Duong, D (2021). Climate Change, Food Supply, and Dietary Guidelines. Annual Review of Public Health, 42.


Bioversity International (2019) Agrobiodiversity Index Report 2019: Risk and Resilience.


Bodirsky, B, Popp, A, Weindl, I, Dietrich, J, Rolinski, S, Scheiffele, L, Schmitz, C and Lotze-Campen, H (2012). N2O Emissions from the Global Agricultural Nitrogen Cycle – Current State and Future Scenarios. Biogeosciences, 9.


Bodirsky, B et al., (2014). Reactive Nitrogen Requirements to Feed the World in 2050 and Potential to Mitigate Nitrogen Pollution. Nature Communications, 5(3858). 


Bokat-Lindell, S (2021). Can Lab-Grown Burgers Help Stop Climate Change? The New York Times, Oct. 14.


Boone, K and de Vos, B (2019). Survival of the Most Sustainable. Wageningen University & Research and The Sustainability Consortium. [About making food supply chains more sustainable.]


Bossio, D et al., (2020). The Role of Soil Carbon in Natural Climate Solutions. Nature Sustainability, 3.


Boztas, S (2021). Netherlands Proposes Radical Plans to Cut Livestock Numbers by Almost a Third. The Guardian, Sept. 9.


Bradford, J (2019). The Future is Rural: Food System Adaptations to the Great Simplification. Post Carbon Institute.


Brandon, E (2021). 40% of U.S. Produce is Wasted. This Vertical Farming Startup is Fighting to Change That. Fast Company, Dec. 14.


Bryce, E (2019). A Global Diet—Designed to Protect the Planet—Is Too Costly for 1.5 Billion People. Anthropocene Magazine, Nov. 15.


Calma, J (2020). Climate Change has a Cow and Worm Problem. The Verge, Oct. 7.


Cardiff University (2021). Changing Diets to Tackle Climate Change 'Unattainable' for Minority Groups., Sept. 16.


Carlisle, L et al., (2019). Securing the Future of US Agriculture: The Case for Investing in New Entry Sustainable Farmers. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 7.


Center for Sustainable Systems (2021). Food Footprints. University of Michigan. [Web page including several footprint analyses for specific foods.]


Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources (2019). Case Studies to Increase Resilience Among Farmers and Ranchers in the Pacific Northwest.


Challinor, A, Watson, J, Lobell, D, Howden, S, Smith, D and Chhetri, N (2014). A Meta-analysis of Crop Yield Under Climate Change and Adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 4.


Chang, J et al., (2019). Revisiting Enteric Methane Emissions from Domestic Ruminants and their δ13CCH4 Source Signature. Nature Communications, 10(3420).


Charles, D (2014). Kansas Farmers Commit To Taking Less Water From The Ground. All Things Considered, National Public Radio.


Charles, D (2021). Satellites Reveal the Secrets of Water-guzzling Farms in California. NPR, Oct. 18.


Chemnitz, C and Becheva, S (eds.) (2021). The Meat Atlas 2021. Heinrich Boll Stiftung and Friends of the Earth Europe. [Comprehensive. Lots of graphs and statistics.]


Chen, J, Lu, S, Zhang, S, Zhao, X, Li, X, Ning, P and Liu, M (2018). Environmentally Friendly Fertilizers: A Review of Materials Used and Their Effects on the Environment. Science of the Total Environment, 613-614.


Climate Science on Tap (2020). Crops, Carbon & Climate Change: How Can Farms and Fields Combat Global Warming? [Video of panelists discussing the topic.]


Clinton, N, Stuhlmacher, M, Miles, A, Aragon, N, Wagner, M, Georgescu, N, Herwig, C and Gong, P (2018). A Global Geospatial Ecosystem Services Estimate of Urban Agriculture. Earth’s Future, 6(1).


Codur, A, Itzkan, S, Moomaw, W, Thideman, K and Harris, J (2017). Hope Below Our Feet: Soil as a Climate Solution. Global Development and Environment Institute, Climate Policy Brief No. 4.


Community-Wealth.Org (2018). Articles and Publications: Urban Agriculture.


Conser, R (2021). Regenerative Agriculture Must Scale Or Die. Forbes, Dec. 6.


DeBoe, G (2020). Economic and Environmental Sustainability Performance of Environmental Policies in Agriculture. OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 140.


De Cleene, S and Strauss, T (2021). 3 Urgent Actions to Redesign the Future of Food in 2021. World Economic Forum, Jan. 25.


DeWeerdt, S (2016a). What If the Whole World Went Vegan? Anthropocene, 1.


DeWeerdt, S (2016b). Can Local Food Feed an Urban World? Anthropocene, 1.


Diaz, J (2012). Environmental Criteria for Sustainable Food Supply Chains, in Institute for Food and Resource Management, Sustainable Food Supply Chains. 2012 Seminar on Quality and Food Chain Management. [Second article in chapter 1 of the book.]


Dordas, C (2008). Role of Nutrients in Controlling Plant Diseases in Sustainable Agriculture. A Review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 28(1).


DW (2020). Why Cheap Groceries Will Hurt Us All in the Long Run.


Earthstat (2021). [Maps showing geographical variability in data, mostly with regard to ability to grow food.]


The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) (2018). Measuring What Matters in Agriculture and Food Systems: A Synthesis of the Results and Recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations Report. UN Environment Programme.


Erb, K, Lauk, C, Kastner, T, Mayer, A, Theurl, M and Haberl, H (2016). Exploring the Biophysical Option Space for Feeding the World Without Deforestation. Nature Communications, 7(11382).


European Union's Food Security Thematic Programme (2012). Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization.


Faurès, J, Hoogeveen, J and Winpenny, J, Steduto, P and Burke, J (2012). Coping with Water Scarcity: An Action Framework for Agriculture and Food Security. FAO Water Reports 38.


Flachsbarth, I, Willaarts, B, Xie, H, Pitois, G, Mueller, N, Ringler, C, Garrido, A (2015). The Role of Latin America’s Land and Water Resources for Global Food Security: Environmental Trade-Offs of Future Food Production Pathways. PLoS One, 10(1).


Foley, J, et al., (2012). Solutions for a Cultivated Planet. Nature, 478: 337–342.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2009). How to Feed the World in 2050. Proceedings of the Expert Meeting on How to Feed the World in 2050.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2017a). Climate-smart Agriculture Sourcebook.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2017b). The Future of Food and Agriculture – Trends and Challenges.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2017c). Livestock Solutions for Climate Change. [Concise and easy to read – 5 pages]


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2019). Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme: Resources. [Links to many reports, mostly region-specific case studies]


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2020a). Overcoming Water Scarcity with Sustainable Irrigation. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief 32.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2020b). The State of Food and Agriculture 2020: Overcoming Water Challenges in Agriculture. [Available as a digital report, an interactive story, and In Brief.]


FAO, UNDP and UNEP (2021). A Multi-billion-dollar Opportunity – Repurposing Agricultural Support to Transform Food Systems. In Brief.


Food Revolution Network (2020). The Need to Grow. [Free documentary]


Fox, C (2019). 13 Farmer Stories That Bring Honesty and Hope to Sustainable Agriculture. Food Tank, March 13.


Fraiture, C, Faryap, A, Unver, O and Ragab, R (2013). Integrated Water Management Approaches for Sustainable Food Production. 64th IEC and 1st World Irrigation Forum, Mardin, Turkey.


Friedemann, A (2017). Peak Soil: Industrial Agriculture Destroys Ecosystems and Civilizations: Biofuels Make it Worse., Aug. 31.


Fujimori, S, Hasegawa, T, Rogelj, J, Su, X, Havlik, P, Krey, V, Takahashi, K and Riahi, K (2018). Inclusive Climate Change Mitigation and Food Security Policy Under 1.5°C Climate Goal.  Environmental Research Letters, 13(7).


Garry, M (2021). U.S. NGO Measures HFC Leaks in Grocery Aisles. Hydrocarbons 21, Feb. 15.


Gerten, D et al., (2020). Feeding Ten Billion People is Possible Within Four Terrestrial Planetary Boundaries. Nature Sustainability, 3.


Gilbert, N (2019). A Middle Path to Sustainable Farming. Knowable Magazine, May 10.


Giovannucci, D, Scherr,S, Nierenberg, D, Hebebrand, C, Shapiro, J, Milder, J and Wheeler, K (2012). Food and Agriculture: The Future of Sustainability. A strategic input to the Sustainable Development in the 21st Century (SD21) project. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development.


Gliessman, S. (2016). How to Leave Industrial Agriculture Behind by Shifting Food Systems Toward Agroecology. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 40(8).


Gomez-Zavaglia, A, Mejuto, J and Simal-Gandara, J (2020). Mitigation of Emerging Implications of Climate Change on Food Production Systems. Food Research International, 134.


Greive, P and Cochran, M (2022). Can Regenerative Agriculture Feed a Growing Global Population? HowGood, Jan. 28.


Grist (2022). Brewing a Real Response to Climate Change. Grist, Jan. 13.


Gruère, G and Le Boëdec, H (2019). Navigating Pathways to Reform Water Policies in Agriculture. OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 128.


Halstead, J (2020). “How Permaculture Can Save Humanity and the Earth, but Not Civilization.” Another End of the World is Possible, March 26. [Includes a video of a lecture by Toby Hemenway.]


Hanes, S (2019). One Diet Fad Scientists Hope Will Catch On: Climate-friendly Eating. The Christian Science Monitor, Dec. 11.


Haupt, F, Streck, C, Bakhtary, H, and Galt, H (2017). Taking a Bite Out of Climate Change: Why We Should Stop Harming the Planet and Ourselves by Eating Too Much Beef. Working Paper prepared by Climate Focus.


Hayek, M, Harwatt, H, Ripple, W and Mueller, N (2020). The Carbon Opportunity Cost of Animal-sourced Food Production on Land. Nature Sustainability, 4.


Hedenus, F, Wirsenius, S and Johansson, D (2014). The Importance of Reduced Meat and Dairy Consumption for Meeting Stringent Climate Change Targets. Climatic Change, 124.


Heller, M, Keoleian, G and Rose, D (2020). Implications of Future US Diet Scenarios on Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Center for Sustainable Systems Report, University of Michigan.


Holmes, B (2021). Growing a More Resilient Global Food System. Knowable Magazine, March 19.


HowGood (2022). Regenerative Agriculture. [Collection of articles.]


Hunter, M, Smith, R, Schipanski, M, Atwood, L and Mortensen, D (2017). Agriculture in 2050: Recalibrating Targets for Sustainable Intensification. BioScience, 67(4).


Institute for Food and Resource Management (2012). Sustainable Food Supply Chains. 2012 Seminar on Quality and Food Chain Management. [Book]


International Renewable Energy Agency (2018). Sustainable Pastureland Intensification: Making Room for Energy Crops Without Harming Biodiversity.


Jackson, W, Krug, A, Vitek, B and Jenson, R (2020). Transforming Life on Our Home Planet, Perennially. Resilience, Dec. 8.


Jacobo, J (2021). Eating Sustainably is One of the Easiest Ways to Combat Climate Change, Experts Say. ABC News, Sept. 24.


Jalava, M, Guillaume, J, Kummu, M, Porkka, M, Siebert, S and Varis, O (2016). Diet Change and Food Loss Reduction: What is their Combined Impact on Global Water Use and Scarcity? Earth’s Future, 4(3).


John Hopkins Center for a Livable Future (2020). Food Systems & Climate.  [A web site leading to research, reports and other resources on this topic.]


Johnson, N (2020). Last-Ditch Effort. America Has a Fertilizer Problem. This Ditch in Indiana Could Provide a Solution. Grist, Jan. 20.


Jones, N (2022). From Fertilizer to Fuel: Can ‘Green’ Ammonia Be a Climate Fix? Yale Environment 360, Jan. 20.


Kevany, S (2021). 20 Meat and Dairy Firms Emit More Greenhouse Gas than Germany, Britain or France. The Guardian, Sept. 7.


Krebs, J and Bach, S (2018). Permaculture—Scientific Evidence of Principles for the Agroecological Design of Farming Systems. Sustainability, 10(9).


Kurtz, J., Woodbury, P, Ahmed, Z and Peters, C (2020). Mapping U.S. Food System Localization Potential: The Impact of Diet on Foodsheds. Environmental Science & Technology, 54.


Lakhani, N and Saldino, D (2022). ‘We’re Running Out of Time’: Dan Saladino on Why the Loss of Diversity in Our Foods Matters. The Guardian, April 17.


Lavallee, J and Cotrufo, F (2020). Soil Carbon is a Valuable Resource, But All Soil Carbon is Not Created Equal. The Conversation, Feb. 6.


Lazaro, M (2020). Conservation Agriculture Increases Carbon Sequestration in Extensive Crops. Scienmag, July 7.


Loboguerrero, A, Birch, J, Thornton, P, Meza, L, Sunga, I, Bong, B, Rabbinge, R, Reddy, M, Dinesh, D, Korner, J, Martinez-Baron, D, Millan, A, Hansen, J, Huyer, S, and Campbell, B (2018). Feeding the World in a Changing Climate: An Adaptation Roadmap for Agriculture. Global Commission on Adaptation.


Lovins, H (2017). The Circular Economy of Soil. Ellen MacArthur Foundation. [Short overview of the problem and potential.]


Lucas T and Horton, R (2019). The 21st-century Great Food Transformation. The Lancet, 393(10170). 


MacDougal, A (2022). Would You Eat Bacteria to Help Reverse Climate Change? Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Feb. 1.


Majendie, A and Parija, P (2019). These U.N. Climate Scientists Think They Can Halt Global Warming for $300 Billion. Here's How. Time, Oct. 24.


Mangnus, A, Vervoort, J, McGreevy, S, Ota, K, Rupprecht, C, Oga, M and Kobayashi, M. (2019). New Pathways for Governing Food System Transformations: A Pluralistic Practice-based Futures Approach Using Visioning, Back-casting, and Serious Gaming. Ecology and Society, 24(4).


Marchant, N (2021). The World’s Food Waste Problem is Bigger than We Thought - Here’s What We Can Do About It. World Economic Forum, March 26.


Marin Carbon Project (2019a).


Marin Carbon Project (2019b). Marin Carbon Project Science Papers. [About the power of using compost to enhance carbon sequestration in soils and of rangelands to mitigate climate change.]


McClements, D, Barrangou, R, Hill, C, Kokini, J, Lila, M, Meyer, A and Yu, L (2021). Building a Resilient, Sustainable, and Healthier Food Supply Through Innovation and Technology. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 12.


McElwhee, P et al., (2020). The Impact of Interventions in the Global Land and Agrifood Sectors on Natures Contributions to People and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Global Change Biology, 26(9).


Moore, T (2021). ‘How Is It Sustainable If Only 1% Can Afford Your Food?’ The Man On a Quest to Change Farming. The Guardian, Aug. 25.


Moreno, A (2021). This Center in Dubai is Growing 'Future-proof' Food in the Desert. CNN, Aug. 26.


Muller, C, Elliott, J, Chryssanthacopoulos, J, Deryng, D, Folberth, C, Pugh, T and Schmid, E (2015). Implications of Climate Mitigation for Future Agricultural Production. Environmental Research Letters, 10(12).


Noor, D (2020). We Need to Change Every Part of our Food System to Fight the Climate Crisis. Gizmodo, Feb. 22.


O’Connell, M, Buchwald, D and Duncan, G (2011). Food Access and Cost in American Indian Communities in Washington State. Journal of the American Diet Association, 111(9).


Ohlson, K (2019). For a Sustainable Climate and Food System, Regenerative Agriculture Is the Key. Yes Magazine, Aug. 10.


Oliver, T and 12 co-authors (2018). Overcoming Undesirable Resilience in the Global Food System. Global Sustainability, 1(e9).


Packer, S (2020). Fixing Nitrogen: The Challenge for Climate, Nature and Health. Soil Association.


Pennsylvania State University (2021). Diversification in Supply Chain Crucial to Avoid 'Food Shock' in Cities., July 7.


Peters, C Picardy, J, Darrouzet-Nardi, A, Wilkins, J, Griffin, T and Fick G (2016). Carrying Capacity of U.S. Agricultural Land: Ten Diet Scenarios. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 4.


Pickrell, J (2005). Soil May Spoil UK's Climate Efforts. New Scientist, Sept. 7.  [“The buffering effect of soils mopping up emissions is not as strong as we expected.”]


Poore, J and Nemecek, T (2018). Reducing Food’s Environmental Impacts Through Producers and Consumers. Science, 360(6392).


Popp, A, Lotze-Campen, J and Bodirsky, B (2010). Food Consumption, Diet Shifts and Associated Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases from Agricultural Production. Global Environmental Change, 20(3).


Prescott, J (2019). Climate-change-resistant Agriculture. Euronews, April 12. 


Price, J (2020). Farmers in Puerto Rico are Growing a Culture of Social Justice and Climate Resilience. Civil Eats, March 11.


Rapid Transition Alliance (2019). Food Waste is a Climate Emergency Issue: How to Chop it Across the Board. Dec. 23.


Reilly, J (2021). The Health and Climate Consequences of the American Food System Cost Three Times as Much as the Food Itself. The Washington Post, July 16.


Reilly, J, Dawson, T, Matthews, R, Polhill, G and Smith, P (2016). An Agent-based Model for Studying the Effects of Sustainable Intensification on Food Security in the Nation State. International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, 11.  


Rhodes, C (2015). Permaculture: Regenerative – Not Merely Sustainable. Science Progress, 98(4).


Rosenzweig, C et al., (2020). Climate Change Responses Benefit from a Global Food System Approach. Nature Food, 1.


Sage, C (2014). The Transition Movement and Food Sovereignty: From Local Resilience to Global Engagement in Food System Transformation. Journal of Consumer Culture, 14(2). 

Sanders, J (2019). Farming with Trees: Food in a Future with Climate Change. Herald Net, June 19.


Scherr, S and Sthapit, S (2009). Mitigating Climate Change Through Food and Land Use. Worldwatch Report 179. Worldwatch Institute.


Searchinger, T, Waite, R, Hanson, C, Ranganathan, J, Dumas, P and Matthews, E (2018). Creating a Sustainable Food Future. World Resources Institute.


Seyfang, G (2004). Local Organic Food: The Social Implications of Sustainable Consumption. CSERGE Working Paper EDM, No. 04-09, University of East Anglia.


Simha, P, Vinneras, B and Senecal, J (2020). We Found a Way to Turn Urine Into Solid Fertiliser – It Could Make Farming More Sustainable. The Conversation, Nov. 6.


Singh, G (2020). A Way of Agriculture to Manage Both Land Degradation, Groundwater Depletion. Science: The Wire, Dec. 10.


Smaje, C (2020). What if We Only Ate Food from Local Farms? Resilience, Feb. 12.


Soil Health Academy (2020). From On-farm to On-line: Soil Health Academy Announces ‘Regen Ag 101’. Morning Ag Clips, Nov. 12.


Springmann, M, Wiebe, K, Mason-D’Croz, D, Sulser, T, Rayner, M, and Scarborough, P (2018). Health and Nutritional Aspects of Sustainable Diet Strategies and their Association with Environmental Impacts: A Global Modelling Analysis with Country-level Detail. The Lancet, 2(10):451-461.


Springmann M, et al., (2018). Options for Keeping the Food System Within Environmental Limits. Nature, 562.


Srivastav, A, Dhyani, R, Ranjan, M, Madav, S and Sillanpaa, M (2021). Climate-resilient Strategies for Sustainable Management of Water Resources and Agriculture. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28.


Steffan, A (2020). 2-Acre Vertical Farm Run By AI And Robots Out-Produces 720-Acre Flat Farm. Intelligent Living, Dec. 23.


Sustainable Development Solutions Network and Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (2021). Fixing the Business of Food. [Extensive website, with a video, multiple reports, etc.]


Sustainable World (2014). The Soil Solution to Climate Change Film. YouTube.


Suszkiw, J (2020). Study Clarifies U.S. Beef's Resource Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.


Sylvestre, E (2018). On Becoming a Farmer: How it's Changing My World. Stone Pier Press.


Temple, J (2019). Carbon Farming is the Hot (and Overhyped) Tool to Fight Climate Change. MIT Technology Review, June 21.


Torrella, K (2022). This is How Much Meat and Dairy Hurt the Climate. Vox, Feb. 1.


Toussaint, K (2021). Global Agricultural Subsidies are Harming the Planet—and Our Diets. Fast Company, Sept. 15.


Tubiello, F and van der Velde, M (2011). Land and Water Use Options for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Agriculture. SOLAW Background Thematic Report - TR04A, Food and Agriculture Organization.


Union of Concerned Scientists (2020). Is the U.S. Ready for Sustainable Dietary Guidelines? New Research Makes a Compelling Case. EcoWatch, March 15.


United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2011). World Economic and Social Survey 2011: The Great Green Technological Transformation.


US Department of Agriculture (2021). USDA Establishes New Program to Transform the Food System. Morning Ag Clips, Dec. 6.


University of Bonn (2020). Saving the Climate from the Ground Up., Oct. 27. [On plans to use soil to sequester carbon.]


University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (2021). First-of-its-kind Quantitative Assessment for Sustainable Agriculture., Sept. 17.


Vosper, J (2019). The Role of Industrial Hemp in Carbon Farming. GoodEarth Resources.


Whitefield, P (2009). Permaculture Design, in Villiers-Stuart, P and Stibbe, A (eds.) The Handbook of Sustainability Literacy. UIT Cambridge Ltd.


World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2020). The True Value of Food.  [video]


Xu, X et al., (2021). Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Animal-based Foods are Twice Those of Plant-based Foods. Nature Food, 2.



B.   Conservation and Restoration Ecology Efforts and Initiatives


Aagerstoun, M (2020). Xavier Cortada’s Reclamation Project. Cortada. [Cool mangrove restoration project]


Abell, R et al., (2017). Beyond the Source: The Environmental, Economic and Community Benefits of Source Water Protection. The Nature Conservancy.


Agadda, T (2021). These 12 Places Could be the Key to Saving the Planet – Study. Inverse, Aug.


Andrews, E (2020). So Should We Just Plant a Bunch of Trees Everywhere, or What? Grist, Feb. 27.


Bai, Y et al., (2021). Biodiversity and Financial Stability: Exploring the Case for Action. Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System.


Bales, R and Conklin, M (2020). Here’s How We Can Protect California’s Forests from Future Wildfires. World Economic Forum, Oct. 16.


Bardgett, R et al., (2021). Combatting Global Grassland Degradation. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 2.


Bawa, K et al., (2020). Opinion: Envisioning a Biodiversity Science for Sustaining Human Well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(42).


Belusic, D, Fuentes-Franco, R, Strandberg, G and Jukimenko, A (2019). Afforestation Reduces Cyclone Intensity and Precipitation Extremes Over Europe. Environmental Research Letters. 14(7).


Bennet, E (2021). An Urgent Call for a New Relationship with Nature. Scientific American, March 3.


Besseau, P, Graham, S and Christophersen, T (eds.) (2018). Restoring Forests and Landscapes: The Key to a Sustainable Future.  Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration.


Biggs, R et al., (2012). Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37.


Black, L (2022). Not Going with the Flow: Salmon ‘Sue’ US City Over Harm to Population. The Guardian, March 9.


Boulton, C, Lenton, T and Boers, N (2022). Pronounced Loss of Amazon Rainforest Resilience Since the Early 2000s. Nature Climate Change, 12.


Burley, H and Thomson, E (2021). A Climate Wake-up; But Business Failing to Hear the Alarm on Deforestation. Global Canopy.


Cameron, R, Marvin, D, Remucal, J and Passero, M (2017). Ecosystem Management and Land Conservation can Substantially Contribute to California’s Climate Mitigation Goals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(48).


Campaign for Nature (2019). Why 30%. [About the initiative to protect 30 percent of the planet by 2030]


Campaign for Nature (2021). 50 Countries Announce Bold Commitment to Protect at Least 30% of the World’s Land and Ocean by 2030.


Cao, S, Shang, D, Yue, H and Ma, H (2017). A Win-Win Strategy for Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation in Southern China. Environmental Research Letters, 12(4).


CDP Worldwide (2021). Global Forests Report 2020. The Collective Effort to End Deforestation: A Pathway for Companies to Raise their Ambition.


Cheng, F, Van Meter, K, Byrnes, D and Basu, N (2020). Maximizing US Nitrate Removal Through Wetland Protection and Restoration. Nature, 588.


Chrobak, U (2020). Protecting Nature Could Prevent the Next Pandemic. Popular Science, July 24.


Cisneros-Montemayor, A et al., (2021). Enabling Conditions for an Equitable and Sustainable Blue Economy. Nature, 591.


Climate Action Network (2019). Position: Climate and Biodiversity.


Cohen-Sacham, E, Janzen, C, Maginnis, S and Walters, G (2016). Nature-based Solutions to Address Global Societal Challenges. IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management.


Collard, R-C, Dempsey, J and Sundberg, J (2015). A Manifesto for Abundant Futures. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 2. [Alternative conservation practices to foster multispecies abundance.]


The Commission on Ecosystem Management (2020). [Lots of good resources]


Common Land Foundation (2020).


Conservation International (2020). Climate Change.


Conservation International (2020). Ecosystem-based Adaptation.


Conservation International (2020). Resilience Atlas. [Nifty maps of many different relevant parameters.]


Crossman, N (2017). The Role of Ecological Restoration and Rehabilitation in Production Landscapes: An Enhanced Approach to Sustainable Development. Global Land Outlook Working Paper, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.


Crowther, T (2020). The Global Movement to Restore Nature’s Biodiversity. TED Talk, Countdown collection.


D’Angelo, C (2022). The White House Just Launched a Huge Conservation Initiative. Mother Jones, April 12.


Deczynski, R (2020). This Feature Is Being Phased Out in Eco-Friendly Yards. Domino, Feb. 15.


De Santo, E et al. (2019). Protecting Biodiversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: An Earth System Governance Perspective. Earth System Governance, 1.


Diaz, S et al., (2020). Set Ambitious Goals for Biodiversity and Sustainability. Science, 370(6515).


Dickson, B, Blaney, R, Miles, L, Regan, E, van Soesbergen, A, Väänänen, E, Blyth, S, Harfoot, M, Martin, C, McOwen, C, Newbold, T and van Bochove, J (2014). Toward a Global Map of Natural Capital: Key Ecosystem Assets. United Nations Environment Programme.


Dinerstein, E, Vynne, C, Sala, E, Joshi, A, Fernando, S, Lovejoy, T, Mayorga, J, Olson, D, Asner, G, Baillie, J, Burgess, N, Burkart, K, Noss, R, Zhang, Y, Baccini, A, Birch, T, Hahn, N, Joppa, L and Wikramanayake, E (2019). A Global Deal for Nature: Guiding Principles, Milestones, and Targets. Science Advances, 5(4).


Dinerstein, E et al., (2020). A “Global Safety Net” to Reverse Biodiversity Loss and Stabilize Earth’s Climate. Science Advances, 6(36).


Dobson, A et al., (2020). Ecology and Economics for Pandemic Prevention. Science, 369(6502).


Dooley, K and Kartha, S (2017). Land-based Negative Emissions: Risks for Climate Mitigation and Impacts on Sustainable Development. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 18.


Eco Tipping Points.Org (2019). The Eco Tipping Points Project: Models for Success in a Time of Crisis. 


Ellis, E, Maslin, M and Lewis, S (2020). Planting Trees Won’t Save the World. The New York Times, Feb. 12.


The Energy Future Forum (2020). Nature-based Solutions: Some of the Answers to Climate Change Come Naturally. Public Policy Forum, Nov. 11.


FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (2021). Forest Governance by Indigenous and Tribal Peoples. [They do it better.]


Figgis, P, Mackey, B, Fitzsimons, J, Irving, J and Clarke, P (eds.) (2015). Valuing Nature: Protected Areas and Ecosystem Services. Australian Committee for IUCN Inc.


Flachsbarth, I, Willaarts, B, Xie, H, Pitois, G, Mueller, N, Ringler, C, Garrido, A (2015). The Role of Latin America’s Land and Water Resources for Global Food Security: Environmental Trade-Offs of Future Food Production Pathways. PLoS One, 10(1).


Fletcher, R, Massarella, K, Kothari, A, Das, P, Dutta, A and Buscher, B (2020). Setting Out the Principles of Post-growth Conservation. Radical Ecological Democracy, Aug. 23.


Fullerton, J (2015). Regenerative Capital: How Universal Principles and Patterns Will Shape Our New Economy. Capital Institute.


Furniss, M et al., (2010). Water, Climate Change, and Forests: Watershed Stewardship for a Changing Climate. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-812. U.S. Department of Agriculture.


Gatti, L et al., (2021). Amazonia as a Carbon Source Linked to Deforestation and Climate Change. Nature, 595.


Genin, C, Calixto, B, Walls, G, Keneally, S, Frasson, C and Vicente, I (2021). How Can Brazil Protect the Amazon and Advance Climate Action? World Resources Institute, Sept. 3.


Global Safety Net (2021). [The first global-scale analysis of land areas requiring protection to solve the twin crises of biodiversity loss and climate change, upholding and strengthening Indigenous land rights. Includes interactive maps, a video, and link to the paper in Science Advances.]


Goldstein, A, Noon, M, Ledezma, J, Roehrdanz, P, Raghav, S, McGreevey, M, Stone, C, Shrestha, S, Golden Kroner, R, Hole, D and Turner, W (2021). Irrecoverable Carbon: The Places We Can’t Afford to Lose. Conservation International.


Greenberg, P and Safina, C (2021). We Need an Infrastructure Package for Nature. The New York Times, April 13.


Greenfield, P (2022). What Really Happened at Geneva’s Crucial Biodiversity Negotiations? The Guardian, April 2.


Griscom, B et al., (2017). Natural Climate Solutions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(44).


The Guardian (2021). The Age of Extinction. [A collection of articles “reporting on our catastrophic species loss, and ways to tackle the biodiversity crisis.”]


Gunderson, L, Carpenter, S, Folke, C, Olsson, P and Peterson, G (2006). Water RATs (Resilience, Adaptability, and Transformability) in Lake and Wetland Social-ecological Systems. Ecology and Society, 11(1).


Gustin, G (2021). The Amazon is the Planet's Counterweight to Global Warming, a Place of Stupefying Richness Under Relentless Assault. Inside Climate News, Dec. 19.


Halofsky, J and Peterson, D (2016). Climate Change Vulnerabilities and Adaptation Options for Forest Vegetation Management in the Northwestern USA. Atmosphere, 7(3).


Halofsky, J, Peterson, D and Prendeville. H (2017). Assessing Vulnerabilities and Adapting to Climate Change in Northwestern U.S. Forests. Climatic Change, 146(1-2): 89-102.


Harvey, F (2020). Rewild to Mitigate the Climate Crisis, Urge Leading Scientists. Grist, Oct. 18.


Hilborn, R et al., (2020). Effective Fisheries Management Instrumental in Improving Fish Stock Status. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(4).


Hobbie, S and Grim, N (2020). Nature-based Approaches to Managing Climate Change Impacts in Cities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 37(1794).


Hopman, D and Wilson, R (2020). The Quantified Case for Protecting the Natural World. McKinsey Blog, Sept. 22.


Indigenous Peoples of the World (2019). Recognize Our Rights: The First Step in Healing Our Mother Earth. Joint Declaration of the Indigenous Peoples of the World to the Convention on Biological Diversity.


Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (2018). Chapters of the Thematic Assessment of Land Degradation and Restoration.


International Renewable Energy Agency (2018). Sustainable Pastureland Intensification: Making Room for Energy Crops Without Harming Biodiversity.


Jones, H, Hole, D and Zavaleta, E (2012). Harnessing Nature to Help People Adapt to Climate Change. Nature Climate Change, 2. 


Jones, N (2020). How Native Tribes are Taking the Lead on Planning for Climate Change. PBS News Hour, Feb. 14.


Jung, M et al., (2021). Areas of Global Importance for Conserving Terrestrial Biodiversity, Carbon and Water. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 5.


Kaphengst, T, Davis, M, Gerstetter, C, Klaas, K, McGlade, K and Naumann, S (2014). Quality of Life, Wellbeing and Biodiversity. The Role of Biodiversity in Future Development. Final Report submitted toDeutsche Gesellschaft fŸr Internationale Zusammenarbeit. Ecologic Institute Berlin.


Kareiva, P, Watts, S, McDonald, R and Boucher, T (2007). Domesticated Nature: Shaping Landscapes and Ecosystems for Human Welfare. Science, 316(5833). [Controversial in its call for continued domestication of landscapes.]


Kartha, S and Dooley, K (2016). The Risks of Relying on Tomorrow's 'Negative Emissions' to Guide Today's Mitigation Action. Stockholm Environment Institute, Working Paper 2016-08. 


Khan, F (2019). How Can We Stop the Collapse of Nature? Gizmodo, May 13. [5 short responses to the question from conservation scientists.]


Kew Royal Botanic Gardens (2021). Our Manifesto for Change: 2021-2030.


Kurlansky, M (2020). Saving Salmon Means Taking Down Hydroelectric Power Dams—and It's Not Easy. Salon, Mar. 5.


Lazos-Chavero, E, Zinda, J, Bennett-Curry, A, Balvanera, P, Bloomfield, G, Lindell, C and Negra, C (2016). Stakeholders and Tropical Reforestation: Challenges, Trade-offs, and Strategies in Dynamic Environments. BioTropica, 48(6).


Lewis, S, Wheeler, C, Mitchard, E and Koch, A (2019). Restoring Natural Forests is the Best Way to Remove Atmospheric Carbon. Nature, 568.


Liu, J (2018). The Paradigm Shift Leading to Survival and Sustainability. TEDx Wageningen University. YouTube.


Locatelli, B, Kanninen, M, Brockhaus, M, Colfer, C, Murdiyarso, D and Santoso, H (2008). Facing an Uncertain Future: How Forests and People Can Adapt to Climate Change. Forest Perspectives no. 5. Center for International Forestry Research.


Mann. P (2018). Could Resurrecting Mammoths Help Stop Arctic Emissions? The Conversation, May 11.


Martin, JL, Maris, V and Simberloff, D (2016). The Need to Respect Nature and its Limits Challenges Society and Conservation Science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(22).


Matthews, J, Wickel, B and Freeman, S (2011). Converging Currents in Climate-Relevant Conservation: Water, Infrastructure, and Institutions. PLoS Biology, 9(9).


McKelvey, K et al., (2021). Adapting Research, Management, and Governance to Confront Socioecological Uncertainties in Novel Ecosystems. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4.


McKinsey and Company (2020). Valuing Nature Conservation.  [Web portal to a report.]


M’Gonigle, M, Egan, B, ambus, L, Mahony, H, Boyd, D and Evans, B (2001). When There’s a Way, There’s a Will: Developing Sustainability through the Community Ecosystem Trust. The Eco-Research Chair of Environmental Law and Policy at the University of Victoria.


Mitchell, M (2021). How to Meet the Ambitious Target of Conserving 30 Per Cent of Earth by 2030. The Conversation, April 20.


Morales, I, Azevedo-Ramos, C and Pacheco, J (2021). Public Forests Under Threat in the Brazilian Amazon: Strategies for Coping Shifts in Environmental Policies and Regulations. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4.


Morales, M (2019). The Colville Tribes Combat Climate Change With Their Forests. Sightline, Oct. 23.


Mykleby, P, Snyder, P and Twine, T (2017). Quantifying the Trade-off Between Carbon Sequestration and Albedo in Midlatitude and High Latitude North American Forests. Geophysical Research Letters, 44.


Naoya, F, Fabiola, M and Radhika, M (2016). Helping Nature Help Us: Transforming Disaster Risk Reduction Through Ecosystem Management. IUCN Global Ecosystem Management Programme.


Naturvation (2021). About: What Are Nature-based Solutions?


Naturvation (2021). Urban Nature Atlas. [Tool to explore more than 1000 examples of nature-based solutions.]


Nayeri, K (2017). How to Stop the Sixth Extinction: A Critical Assessment of E. O. Wilson’s Half-Earth. Our Place in the World: A Journal of Ecosocialism, May 14.


Neuman, S (2021). Nations With 85% of Earth's Forests Pledge to Reverse Deforestation. NPR, Nov. 2.


Noon, M, Goldstein, A, Ledezma, J, Roehrdanz, P, Cook-Patton, S, Spawn-Lee, S, Wright, T, Gonzalez-Roglich, M, Hole, D, Rockström, J and Turner, W (2021). Mapping the Irrecoverable Carbon in Earth's Ecosystems. Nature Sustainability, .


Paddison, L (2021). World’s Largest Seagrass Project Proves “You Can Actually Restore the Oceans”. Reasons to be Cheerful, July 6.


Pattberg, P, Widerberg, O and Kok, M (2019). Towards a Global Biodiversity Action Agenda. Global Policy, 10(3).


Pearson, R, Sievers, M, McClure, E, Turschwell, M and Connolly, R (2020). COVID-19 Recovery Can Benefit Biodiversity. Science, 368(6493).


Peters, A (2019). Billions of New Trees Could Help Stop Climate Change: Here’s How We Get Them. Fast Company, July 9.


Peters, A (2022a). Palm Oil is One of the Most Destructive Ingredients You Use Every Day. These Startups are Trying to Replace It. Fast Company, Jan. 27.


Peters, A (2022b). Corporations have Failed to Stop Deforestation. Can that Change in Time to Save the Amazon rainforest? Fast Company, March 16.


Plumptre, A et al., (2021). Where Might We Find Ecologically Intact Communities? Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4.


Pojar, J (2010). A New Climate for Conservation: Nature, Carbon and Climate Change in British Columbia. David Suzuki Foundation.


Prentice, A and Van Der Perre, C (2021). Shrinking Sea Meadows Store More Carbon than Forests. Scientists are Racing to Track What’s Left. Reuters, April 7.


Prevedello, J, Winck, G, Weber, M, Nichols, E and Sinervo, B (2019). Impacts of Forestation and Deforestation on Local Temperature Across the Globe. PloS ONE, 14(3).


Prichard, S et al., (2021). Adapting Western North American Forests to Climate Change and Wildfires: Ten Common Questions. Ecological Applications, .


Pullinger, A et al., (2021). Letter from CEOs to Heads of State: Global Businesses Call for Governments to Deliver a Meaningful and Actionable Global Biodiversity Framework. Business for Nature.


Ramirez, R (2021). These Women are Fighting for their Indigenous Land and the Survival of the Amazon. CNN, Dec. 24.


Reuters (2022). Brazil: Deforestation Jumps in World’s Largest Savanna as Scientists Raise Alarm. The Guardian, Jan. 3.


Rhodes, C (2015). Permaculture: Regenerative – Not Merely Sustainable. Science Progress, 98(4).


Rodriguez-Labajos, B (2013). Climate Change, Ecosystem Services, and Costs of Action and Inaction: Scoping the Interface. WIREs Climate Change, 4(6).


Rooman, J, Ehrlich, P, Pringle, R and Avise, J (2010). Facing Extinction: Nine Steps to Save Biodiversity. The Solutions Journal, 1(1).


Rosane, O (2021). Cleared Land Can Return to Tropical Forest in Just 20 Years. EoWatch, Dec. 10.


Rosen, J (2021). Why There’s No Such Thing as Pristine Nature. Knowable Magazine, Dec. 11. Or


Sanders, J (2019). Farming with Trees: Food in a Future with Climate Change. Herald Net, June 19.


Sattgast, J (2021). Washington Governor Signs Dye’s Tree Bill to Cool Urban Heat-Emitting Coastal Cities in Washington. Big Country News, April 11.


Schell, C, Dyson, K, Fuentes, T, Des Roches, S, Harris, N, Miller, D, Woelfle-Erskie and Lambert, M (2020). The Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Systemic Racism in Urban Environments. Science, 369(6510).


Scherr, S and Sthapit, S (2009). Mitigating Climate Change Through Food and Land Use. Worldwatch Report 179. Worldwatch Institute.


Schroff, R and Cortes, C (2020). The Biodiversity Paradigm: Building Resilience for Human and Environmental Health. Development, 63.


Seddon, N, Chausson, A, Berry, P, Girardin, C, Smith, A and Turner, B (2020). Understanding the Value and Limits of Nature-based Solutions to Climate Change and Other Global Challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 37(1794).


Sengupta, S, Einhorn, C and Andreoni, M (2021). There’s a Global Plan to Conserve Nature. Indigenous People Could Lead the Way. The New York Times, March 11.


Simard, S (2022). The Big Idea: Can Forests Teach Us to Live Better? The Guardian, March 21.


Smith, A (2020). When Nature Speaks for Itself. Slate, Nov. 28.


Song, L (2019). An Even More Inconvenient Truth: Why Carbon Credits for Forest Preservation May Be Worse Than Nothing. ProPublica, May 22.


Soto-Navarro, C et al., (2020). Mapping Co-benefits for Carbon Storage and Biodiversity to Inform Conservation Policy and Action. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 37(1794).


Speed, R et al., (2016). River Restoration: A Strategic Approach to Planning and Management. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.


Staal, A, et al. (2020). Hysteresis of Tropical Forests in the 21st Century. Nature Communications, 11(4978).


Stenze, F, Greve, P, Lucht, W, Tramberend, S, Wada, Y and Gerten, D (2021). Irrigation of Biomass Plantations May Globally Increase Water Stress More than Climate Change. Nature Communications, 12(1512).


Sullivan, R (2020). World's 13 Biggest Dairy Companies Produce Nearly Same Amount of Greenhouse Gas Emissions as Entire UK, Says Report. Independent, June 15.


Svenning, J-C, et al., (2015). Science for a Wilder Anthropocene: Synthesis and Future Directions for Trophic Rewilding Research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 113(4).


ten Brink, P, Mazza, L, Badura, T, Kettunen, M and Withana, S (2012). Nature and its Role in the Transition to a Green Economy. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB).


Thomson Reuters Foundation News (2020). In Focus: Amazon Forest and Climate Change. [Web site repository of articles on the topic.]


Tickner, D et al., (2020). Bending the Curve of Global Freshwater Biodiversity Loss: An Emergency Recovery Plan. Bioscience, 70(4).


Timperley, J (2021). What Will it Take to End Deforestation by 2030? Ars Technica, Dec. 4.


United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (2019). Communities Restoring Landscapes: Stories of Resilience and Success. Knowledge Hub.  [Contains 12 different stories or case studies.]


United Nations Environment Programme (2021). Making Peace with Nature: A Scientific Blueprint to Tackle the Climate, Biodiversity and Pollution Emergencies.


Vidal, J (2019). Why Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Knowledge are Vital to Protecting Future Global Biodiversity. Ensia, Nov. 13.


Vogel, J and Mauger. G (2020). Puget Sound Partnership Climate Guidance: Principles of Adaptation and Practical Guidance for Climate-Smart Recovery. Report prepared for the Puget Sound Partnership. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington.


Waddington, M and Wilkinson, S (2019). How to Fight Wildfires and Climate Change with Wetlands. The Conversation, July 4.


Warren, R, Price, J, Graham, E, Forstenhaeusler, N and Van Der Wal, J (2018). The Projected Effect on Insects, Vertebrates, and Plants of Limiting Global Warming to 1.5°C Rather Than 2°C. Science, 360(6390).


Welch, C (2021). First Study of All Amazon Greenhouse Gases Suggests the Damaged Forest is Now Worsening Climate Change. National Geographic, March 11.


Wernick, A (2020). Slowing Deforestation Could Save Humanity from the Next Pandemic. The World, PRX.


Wildcat, D (2009). Red Alert! Saving the Planet with Indigenous Knowledge. Speaker's Corner, Fulcrum Publishing.  


Willemen, L, Barger, N, Brink, B, Cantele, M, Erasmus, B, Fisher, J, Gardner, T, Holland, T, Kohler, F, Kotiaho, J, von Maltitz, G, Nangendo, G, Pandit, R, Parrotta, J, Potts, M, Prince, S, Sankaran, M, Brainich, A, Montanarella, L and Scholes, R (2020). How to Halt the Global Decline of Lands. Nature Sustainability, 3.


Williams, D, Balmford, A and Wilcove, D (2020). The Past and Future Role of Conservation Science in Saving Biodiversity. Conservation Letters, 13(4).


Zeldovich, L (2021). The Planet Has a Human Poop Problem. Slate, Nov. 18.


Zeng, Y, Maxwell, S, Runting, R, Venter, O, Watson, J and Carrasco, R (2020). Environmental Destruction Not Avoided with the Sustainable Development Goals. Nature Sustainability, 3.


Zhang, L (2020). Planting Trees Must be Done with Care – it Can Create More Problems than it Addresses. The Conversation, Jan. 30.



C.   Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience


Adger, N, Hughes, T, Folke, C, Carpenter, S and Rockstrom, J (2015). Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters. Science, 309(5737).


America’s PrepareAthon! (2014). How to Prepare for a Wildfire.


Ball, J (2021). The Texas Blackout Is the Story of a Disaster Foretold. Texas Monthly, Feb. 19.


Besley, T and Dixit, A (2019). Environmental Catastrophes and Mitigation Policies in a Multiregion World. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(12).


Brundiers, K (2018). Disasters as Opportunities for Sustainability: The Case of Christchurch, Aotearoa New Zealand. Sustainability Science, 13.


Bryce, R (2021). This Blizzard Exposes the Perils Of Attempting To ‘Electrify Everything’. Forbes, Feb. 15.


Carpenter, A (2013). Resilience in the Social and Physical Realms: Lessons from the Gulf Coast. 2013 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.,%202013.pdf


Community Resilience Building.Org (2018). Community Resilience Building Workshop Guide.


Cutter, S, Ash, K and Emrich, C (2016). Urban–Rural Differences in Disaster Resilience. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 106(6).


Cutter, S and Derakhshan, S (2020). Temporal and Spatial Change in Disaster Resilience in US Counties, 2010–2015. Environmental Hazards, 19(1).


Djalante, R, Holley, C, Thomalla, F and Carnegie, M (2013). Pathways for Adaptive and Integrated Disaster Resilience. Natural Hazards, 69(3).


Dvorak, G and Williamson, B (eds.) (2016). All-Hazards Preparedness for Rural Communities. Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University.


Elias-Trostmann, K, Burke, L, Rangwala, L and Cassel, D (2018). Stronger Than the Storm: Applying the Urban Community Resilience Assessment to Extreme Climate Events. World Resources Institute.


Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (2021). Buyer’s Guide to Resilient Homes. How To Ensure Your New Home Will Withstand Natural Disasters.


Federal Emergency Management Agency (2019). Welcome to the FEMA Preparedness Portal.


Field, C., Barros, V, Stocker, T, Qin, D, Dokken, D, Ebi, K, Mastrandrea, M, Mach, K, Plattner, G, Allen, S, Tignor, M and Midgley P (eds.) (2012). Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. International Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge Univ. Press.


Fisher, B (2022). A RAPID Transformation: Advancing Natural Hazards Research. University of Washington Civil and Environmental Engineering.


Flavelle, C (2020). How California Became Ground Zero for Climate Disasters. The New York Times, Sept. 20.


Gamage, M (2021). What Will It Take to ‘Future Proof’ BC? The Tyee, Nov. 17.


Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (2019). Think Hazard! [Mapping site to “Identify natural hazards in your project area and understand how to reduce their impact.”]


Gowan, M, Kirk, R and Sloan, J (2014). Building Resiliency: A Cross-sectional Study Examining Relationships Among Health-related Quality of Life, Well-being, and Disaster Preparedness. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12.


Hallegatte, S, Vogt-Schilb, A, Bangalore, M, and Rozenberg, J (2017). Unbreakable: Building the Resilience of the Poor in the Face of Natural Disasters. Climate Change and Development, World Bank.


Harvey, F (2021). One in Four Cities Cannot Afford Climate Crisis Protection Measures – Study. The Guardian, May 12.


Hov, O and 17 co-authors (2013). Extreme Weather Events in Europe: Preparing for Climate Change Adaptation. Norwegian Meteorological Institute.


Humanitarian Policy Group (2015). 10 Things You Should Know About Disaster Risk Reduction. Vimeo.


International Council for Science (2008) A Science Plan for Integrated Research on Disaster Risk: Addressing the Challenge of Natural and Human-induced Environmental Hazards.


The International Federation of Red Cross (2020). Climate-smart Disaster Risk Reduction. [A web site full of resources.]


International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2008). Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction. Briefing Note 01.


Jones, L, Jaspars, S, Pavanello, S, Ludi, E, Slater, R, Arnall, A, Gristand, N and Mtisi, S (2010). Responding to a Changing Climate: Exploring How Disaster Risk Reduction, Social Protection and Livelihoods Approaches Promote Features of Adaptive Capacity. Overseas Development Institute.


Kitsap Sun (2016). A Year of Prepping. [How to prepare for an earthquake disaster.]


Lavell, A, Oppenheimer, M, Diop, C, Hess, J, Lempert, R, Li, J, Muir-Wood, R and Myeong, S (2012). Climate Change: New Dimensions in Disaster Risk, Exposure, Vulnerability, and Resilience, in Field, C, Barros, V, Stocker, T, Qin, D, Dokken, D, Ebi, K, Mastrandrea, M, Mach, H, Plattner, G, Allen, S, Tignor, M and Midgley, P (eds.) Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.


Llewellyn, T (2019). The Response: Building Collective Resilience in the Wake of Disasters. Shareable, Dec. 18.


Maslin, M (2011). The Perfect Storm: Can Disaster Reduction Occur in the Face of Climate Change and Population Growth? University College London.


Nabert, M (2021). Communities in Disaster Zones are Increasingly On Their Own. Sustainable Song, Nov. 18.


O’Brien, K, Pelling, M, Patwardhan, A, Hallegatte, S, Maskrey, A, Oki, T, Oswald-Spring, U, Wilbanks,T and Yanda, P (2012). Toward a Sustainable and Resilient Future, in Field, C, Barros, V, Stocker, T, Qin, D, Dokken, D, Ebi, K, Mastrandrea, M, Mach, H, Plattner, G, Allen, S, Tignor, M and Midgley, P (eds.) Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.


O’Brien, K, Sygna, L, Leichenko, R, Adger, W, Barnett, J, Mitchell, T, Schipper, L, Tanner, T, Vogel, C and Mortreux, C (2008). Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and Human Security. Report prepared for the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs by the Global Environmental Change and Human Security Project, GECHS Report 2008:3.


Parker, D (2020). Disaster Resilience – A Challenged Science. Environmental Hazards, 19.


Pinter, N (2021). The Lost History of Managed Retreat and Community Relocation in the United States. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 9(1).


Prichard, S et al., (2021). Adapting Western North American Forests to Climate Change and Wildfires: Ten Common Questions. Ecological Applications, .


Reale, A (2010). Acts of God(s): The Role of Religion in Disaster Risk Reduction. Humanitarian Practice Network. Issue 48.  


Redfern, C (2022). Your Life is Under Threat. You Might Have to Run Any Second. What Do You Take? The Guardian, April 2.


Rose, A (2007). Economic Resilience to Natural and Man-made Disasters: Multidisciplinary Origins and Contextual Dimensions. Environmental Hazards, 7.


Schipper, E, Thomalla, F, Vulturius, G, Johnson, K and Klein R (2015). Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction. Background paper prepared for the 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction.


Schwind, K (2009). Community Resilience Toolkit. Bay Localize.


Shamsuddoha, M (2005).  Climate Change, Disaster and Coastal Vulnerabilities in Bangladesh.


Sudmeier-Rieux, K. (2014). Resilience – An Emerging Paradigm of Danger or of Hope? Disaster Prevention and Management, 23(1).


Twigg, J (2004). Disaster Risk Reduction: Mitigation and Preparedness in Development and Emergency Programming. Good Practice Reviews No. 9. Humanitarian Practice Network.


UN Environment Programme GRID (2019).  Global Risk Data Platform: Map.


UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2006).  On Better Terms: A Glance at Key Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Concepts. 


UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2008).  Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction.  Briefing Note 01. 


The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2013a). From Shared Risk to Shared Value: The Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction.  Video of the 2013 Global Assessment Report for Disaster Risk Reduction. 


The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2013b). Intensive Riskscapes, Chapter 3 in United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. 


United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2019). The UN Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2019.


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2018). Sustainable and Climate-Resilient Health Care Facilities Toolkit.


Washington Emergency Management Division (2018). Washington State Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan Risk and Vulnerability Assessment.


Zolli, A (2012). Learning to Bounce Back. NY Times.



D.   The Energy Challenge – On Emissions, Decarbonization, and Alternative Sources


Actionaid International (2020a). Not Zero: How ‘Net Zero’ Targets Disguise Climate Inaction.


Actionaid International (2020b). Principles for Just Transitions in Extractives and Agriculture: Shaping Energy and Food Systems that Work for Women, Communities and the Climate.


Action for Climate Empowerment (2021). ACE National Strategy Framework for the United States.


Adrar, A (2019). Carbon Pricing: A Critical Perspective for Community Resistance. Climate Justice Alliance. [Carbon taxes as greenwashing]


Ahmed, N (2019). Scientists Warn the UN of Capitalism’s Imminent Demise., May 2.


Akerlof, G et al., (2019). Economists’ Statement on Carbon Dividends. Climate Leadership Council. Published in Wall Street Journal, Jan. 17. [“The Largest Public Statement of Economists in History.” Over 3000 signatories calling for carbon taxation.]


Aldern, C (2020). We’re Running Out of Time to Flatten the Curve — for Climate Change. Grist, May 14. [With animated graphs of emission projections.]


Alexander, S (2015). The Paradox of Oil. Simplicity Institute, Report 15a.

Alexander, S and Floyd, J (2020). The Political Economy of Deep Decarbonization: Tradable Energy Quotas for Energy Descent Futures. Energies, 13.


Alexander, S, Rutherford, J and Floyd, J (2018). A Critique of the Australian National Outlook Decoupling Strategy: A ‘Limits to Growth’ Perspective. Ecological Economics, 145.


Alexander, S and Yacoumis, P (2015). Low-Tech Living as a ‘Demand-Side’ Response to Climate Change and Peak Oil. Simplicity Institute, Report 15d.


Alter, L (2020). Is It True That '100 Companies are Responsible for 71% of Carbon Emissions'? Treehugger, Sept. 28.  [Answer – no.]


Altman, R (2022). How Bad Are Plastics for the Environment, Really? The Atlantic, Jan. 3. [Plastic production just keeps expanding, and now is becoming a driving cause of climate change.]


Altvater, E (2007). The Social and Natural Environment of Fossil Capitalism. Socialist Register, 43.


Alvarez, R, et al. (2018). Assessment of Methane Emissions from the U.S. Oil and Gas Supply Chain. Science, 361.


Ambrose, J and Henley, J (2019). European Investment Bank to Phase Out Fossil Fuel Financing. The Guardian, Nov. 15.


Anair, D, Martin, J, Pinto de Moura, M and Goldman, J (2020). Ride-Hailing’s Climate Risks: Steering a Growing Industry toward a Clean Transportation Future. Union of Concerned Scientists.


Anderson, K, and Bows, A (2011). Beyond ‘Dangerous’ Climate Change: Emission Scenarios for a New World. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 369.


Anderson, K, Broderick, J and Stoddard, I (2020).  A Factor of Two: How the Mitigation Plans of ‘Climate Progressive’ Nations Fall Far Short of Paris-compliant Pathways. Climate Policy, 20(10).


Anderson, M (2019). Governments Need to Face Reality — the Fossil Fuel Industry Is Collapsing. The Tyee, Nov. 29.


Aquatech (2019). Biogas: An Untapped Energy Source to Avert a Climate Crisis?


Arbib, J and Seba, T (2017). Rethinking Transportation 2020-2030: The Disruption of Transportation and the Collapse of the Internal-Combustion Vehicle and Oil Industries. RethinkX.


Archer, D, Kite, E and Lusk, G (2020). The Ultimate Cost of Carbon. Climatic Change, 162.


Aronoff, K (2019). Climate Change’s Great Lithium Problem. The New Republic, Nov.16.


Arrobas, D, Hund, K, McCormick, M, Ningthoujam, J and Drexhage, J (2017). The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future. The World Bank, Working Paper 117581.


Asafu-Adjaye, J and 17 co-authors (2015). An EcoModernist Manifesto. The Breakthrough Institute.


Aung, M (2020). A Just Transition to Renewables Must Recognize the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Stockholm Environment Institute.


Avelino, F, Bosman, R, Frantzeskaki, N, Akerboom, S, Boontje, P, Hoffman, J, Paradies, G, Pel, B, Scholten, D and Wittmayer, J (2014). The (Self-)Governance of Community Energy: Challenges & Prospects. DRIFT Practice Brief, PB 2014.01.


Bailey, I and Wilson, G (2009). Theorising Transitional Pathways in Response to Climate Change: Technocentrism, Ecocentrism, and the Carbon EconomyEnvironment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 41(10). 


Barrett, P, Bogmans, C, Carton, B, Celasun,O, Eugster, J, Jaumotte, F, Mohommad, A, Pugacheva, E, Tavares, M and Voigts, S (2020). Chapter 3: Mitigating Climate Change, in World Economic Outlook, October 2020: A Long and Difficult Ascent. International Monetary Fund.


Barry, J (2012). The Politics of Actually Existing Unsustainability. Oxford University Press, NY.


Belcher, O, Bigger, P, Niemark, B and Kennelly, C (2020). Hidden Carbon Costs of the “Everywhere War”: Logistics, Geopolitical Ecology, and the Carbon Boot-print of the US Military. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 45(1).


Bellamy, B and Diamanti, J (eds.) (2018). Materialism and the Critique of Energy. MCM Publishing, Chicago. [Entire book with 22 chapters available for free download.]


Blakers, A, Liu, B and Stocks, M (2022). Batteries Get Hyped, But Pumped Hydro Provides the Vast Majority of Long-term Energy Storage Essential for Renewable Power – Here’s How It Works. The Conversation, 19.


Bordoff, J (2022). Green Upheaval: The New Geopolitics of Energy. Foreign Affairs, Jan/Feb.


Boren, Z (2018). Dramatic Surge in China Carbon Emissions Signals Climate Danger. Unearthed, May, 30.


Bradshaw, S (2017). More Coal Equals More Poverty: Transforming Our World Through Renewable Energy. Oxfam.


Brandon, E (2022). IPCC Report Paints Damning Portrait of Architecture: Our Buildings are ‘Wrongly Designed’. Fast Company, April 8.


The Breakthrough Institute (2019).


Brosig, M, Frawley, P, Hill, A, Jahn, M,Mrsicek, M, Paris, A, Rose, M, Shambaljamts, A and Thomas, N (2019). Implications of Climate Change for the U.S. Army. U.S. Army War College.


Bryce, R (2021). This Blizzard Exposes the Perils Of Attempting To ‘Electrify Everything’. Forbes, Feb. 15.


Budinger, W (2019). Why Wind and Solar Aren’t Enough. Democracy Journal, Aug. 9. [Makes a case for nuclear energy]


Budolfson, M, Anthoff, D, Dennig, F, Errickson, F, Kuruc, K, Spears, D and Dubash, N (2021). Utilitarian Benchmarks for Emissions and Pledges Promote Equity, Climate and Development. Nature Climate Change, 11.


Burck, J, Hagen, U, Marten, F, Hohne, N and Bals, C (2019). Climate Change Performance Index: Results 2019. Germanwatch.


Burgess, M, Ritchie, J, Shapland, J and Pielke, R (2020). IPCC Baseline Scenarios Have Over-projected CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth. Environmental Research Letters, 16(1).


Butler, T, Lerch, D and Wuerther, G (eds.) (2012). The ENERGY Reader. Foundation for Deep Ecology.  [Selected chapters available for download]


C2ES – Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (2021). Climate Solutions: Reducing Your Carbon Footprint. [Collection of relevant articles.]


Caldecott, B, Harnett, E, Cojoianu, T, Kok, I, Pfeiffer, A and Rios, A (2016). Stranded Assets: A Climate Risk Challenge. Inter-American Development Bank.


Caney, S (2016). Climate Change, Equity, and Stranded Assets. Oxfam America Research Backgrounder series.


Capellan-Perez, I, Mediavilla, M, de Castro, C, Carpintero, O and Miguel, L (2015). More Growth? An Unfeasible Option to Overcome Critical Energy Constraints and Climate Change. Sustainability Science, 10.


Carbon Tracker (2011). Unburnable Carbon. and


Carbon Tracker (2019a). Breaking the Habit – Why None of the Large Oil Companies are “Paris-aligned”, and What They Need to Do to Get There


Carbon Tracker (2019b). 2020 Vision - Energy Transition and the Peak of Fossil Fuel Demand [video]


Carleton, A (2021). How Putting 'Jackets' On Buildings Can Help Fight Climate Change. Vice, Aug. 5.


Carlock, G and Mangan, E (2018).  A Green New Deal: A Progressive Vision for Environmental Sustainability and Economic Stability. Data for Progress.


Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (2021). Global Emissions. [Basically 8 critical graphs of data.]


Chancel, L and Piketty, T (2015). Carbon and Inequality: From Kyoto to Paris. Paris School of Economics.


Chang, J et al., (2019). Revisiting Enteric Methane Emissions from Domestic Ruminants and their δ13CCH4 Source Signature. Nature Communications, 10(3420).


Chetri, N, Lloyd, J, Nordhaus, T, Pielke, R, Roy, J, Sarewitz, D, Shellenberger, M, Teague, P and Trembath, A (2016). Adaptation for a High-Energy Planet. Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes at Arizona State University and The Breakthrough Institute.


Christensen, J. and Olhoff, A. (2019). Lessons from a Decade of Emissions Gap Assessments. United Nations Environment Programme.


Clark, D (2013). Why Can’t We Quit Fossil Fuels? The Guardian, April 17.


Clemente, J (2021). ‘King Coal’ Roars Back. Forbes, Oct. 27.


Climate Action 100+ (2021). Global Investors Driving Business Transition.


Climate Action Tracker (2020a). CAT Emission Gaps.  [Graphic tracks how different policies relate to needed decreases in emissions.]


Climate Action Tracker (2020b). The CAT Thermometer. [Simple graphic tracks how different policies will yield different warming by 2100.]


Climate Action Tracker (2021a). Temperatures: Addressing Global Warming. [Good graph of 2100 warming projections for different scenarios.]


Climate Action Tracker (2021b). Global Update: Climate Summit Momentum. [Good graphics relating temperature outcomes for different policies and pledges.]


Climate One (2019a). Drawdown: Do We Have What it Takes to Solve Climate Change? [Transcript and recording of a panel discussion]


Climate Transparency (2020). The Climate Transparency Report: 2020.


Cohen, L (2021). "Nothing is Moving": Only One Country in the World has Submitted Plans that Will Mitigate Climate Change by 2030, Watchdog Finds. CBS News, Sept. 16.


Collins, C (2018). Meet Catabolic Capitalism: Globalization’s Gruesome Twin. Uneven Earth, Nov. 1.


The Conversation (2019). Articles on Decarbonization.


Cordero, E, Centeno, D and Todd, A (2020). The Role of Climate Change Education on Individual Lifetime Carbon Emissions. PLoS One, 15(2).


Crawford, N (2019). Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War. Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University.


Crow, J (2014). Computing the Connection Between Carbon and Temperature Rise. Cosmos, Oct. 13.


Curtis, F (2009). Peak Globalization: Climate Change, Oil Depletion and Global TradeEcological Economics, 69(2). [Supply chains will become shorter for most products]


Dagget, C (2019). Fight or Switch? How the Low-carbon Transition is Disrupting Fossil Fuel Politics. The Conversation, Nov. 22.


Day, R (2020). Death By A Thousand Prices: The Ongoing Climate Policy Shift No One Is Talking About. Forbes, Nov. 23.


De Chant, T (2021). Hydrogen Lobbyist Quits, Slams Oil Companies’ “False Claims” About Blue Hydrogen. Ars Technica, Aug. 21.


Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project. (2014). Pathways to Deep Decarbonization. The Sustainable Development Solutions Network and the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations.


The Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2011). World Economic and Social Survey 2011: - The Great Green Technological Transformation. United Nations.


The Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2011). World Economic and Social Survey 2018: Frontier Technologies for Sustainable Development. United Nations.


Desjardins, J (2018). This Chart Shows Just How Much Energy the US is Wasting. World Economic Forum, May 25.


Dhanesha, N (2022). Electric Cars Aren’t Just Vehicles. They’re Big Batteries. Vox, Jan. 8.


Di Felice, L, Ripa, M and Giampietro, M (2018). Deep Decarbonisation from a Biophysical Perspective: GHG Emissions of a Renewable Electricity Transformation in the EU. Sustainability, 10(10).


Dooley, K and Kartha, S (2017). Land-based Negative Emissions: Risks for Climate Mitigation and Impacts on Sustainable Development. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 18.


Dunphy, N, Revez, A, Gaffney, C, Lennon, B, Sanvicente, E, Landini, A and Morrissey, J (2017). Synthesis of Socio-economic, Technical, Market and Policy Analyses. ENTRUST - Energy System Transition Through Stakeholder Activation, Education and Skills Development.  [The deliverables summarised in this report demonstrate that it is no longer feasible to differentiate the “social” from the “technical” dimension of the energy system and still have a just and sustainable energy transition.]


Dyke, J, Watson, R and Knorr, W (2021). Climate Scientists: Concept of Net Zero is a Dangerous Trap. The Conversation, April 22.


Eberhart, D (2020). It’s Harder Than You Think To Stop Using Fossil Fuels. Forbes, Aug. 3. [From a fossil fuel company executive.]


Eckart, K (2021). How Public Pension Funds Can Help Address Climate Change. UW News, Oct. 29.


Elkins, P and Zenghelis, D (2021). The Costs and Benefits of Environmental Sustainability. Sustainability Science, 16.


Elliot, L (2015). Can the World Economy Survive Without Fossil Fuels? The Guardian, April 8.


Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit (2020). Net Zero: Why Is It Necessary?


Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit (2020). Net Zero: Why 1.5°C?


Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit (2020). Net Zero: The Scorecard.


Energy Reality (2012). The Energy Picture. Post Carbon Institute. [12 short essays providing a primer to our energy challenge.]


Energy Reality (2012). The Energy Terrain. Post Carbon Institute. [21 short essays providing a primer to our energy challenge.]


Energy Reality (2012). Energy in Numbers. Post Carbon Institute. [Some graphs showing the distribution of our energy resources and projections into the future.]


Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (2017). Reforming Fossil Fuel Subsidies for a Cleaner Future. The World Bank.


The Energy Transitions Commission (2022). Mind the Gap: How Carbon Dioxide Removals Must Complement Deep Decarbonisation to Keep 1.5°C Alive.


Environment and Climate Change Canada (2016). Canada’s Mid-Century Long-Term Low-Greenhouse Gas Development Strategy. Government of Canada.


ETH Zurich (2021). Growing Carbon Footprint for Plastics., Dec. 2.


European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (2018). Energy Sector Strategy 2019-2023. 


European Commission (2018a). 2050 Long-term Strategy. European Union.


European Commission (2018b). Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the Implementation of the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change. European Union.


European Commission (2019). EU Climate Action. European Union.


Farmer, J, Hepburn, C, Ives, M, Hale, T, Wetzer, T, Mealy, P, Rafaty, R, Srivastav, S and Way, R (2019). Sensitive Intervention Points in the Post-carbon Transition. Science, 364(6436): 132-134.


Fath, B, Fiscus, D, Goerner, S, Berea, A, Ulanowicz, R (2019).  Measuring Regenerative Economics: 10 Principles and Measures Undergirding Systemic Economic HealthGlobal Transitions, 1.


Fausing, K (2020). Why Industry Needs a Reset – and How to Do It. World Economic Forum, Sept. 16.


Fazey, I et al., (2018). Ten Essentials for Action-oriented and Second Order Energy Transitions, Transformations and Climate Change Research. Energy Research & Social Science, 40.


Fekete, H et al., (2021). Global Update: Climate Target Updates Slow as Science Ramps Up Need for Action. Climate Action Tracker.


Fischetti, M (2021). There’s Still Time to Fix Climate—About 11 Years. Scientific American, Oct. 27.


Fitz, D (2019). Dammed Good Questions about the Green New Deal. Local Futures, Nov. 27. [Critique of dams and thus hydropower]


Fleming, D and Chamberlin, S (2011). TEQs Tradable Energy Quotas: A Policy Framework for Peak Oil and Climate Change. House of Commons All Party Parliamentary Group on Peak Oil & The Lean Economy Connection.


Fork, D and Koningstein, R (2014). What It Would Really Take to Reverse Climate Change. IEEE Specturm. [Thorough]


Foss, N (2015). The Boundaries and Future of Solution Space. The Automatic Earth, Aug. 20. [A devastating assessment of the vulnerability of our financial systems.]


Frazin, R (2021a). UN: Emission Reduction Plans 'Fall Far Short'. The Hill, Feb. 26.


Frazin, R (2021b). EPA Finalizes Rule Cutting Use of Potent Greenhouse Gas Used in Refrigeration. The Hill, Sept. 23.


Friedemann, A (2021). How Will 500 Million Products Made with Oil be Made After Oil is Gone?, Sept. 29.


Friedlingstein, P, Andrew, R, Rogellj, J, Peters, G, Canadell, J, Knutti, R, Luderer, G, Raupach, M, Schaeffer, M, van Vuuren, D and Quere, C (2014). Persistent Growth of CO2 Emissions and Implications for Reaching Climate TargetsNature Geoscience, 7: 709-715.


Friedlingstein, P, et al. (2019). Global Carbon Budget 2019. Earth System Science Data, 11.


Fullerton, J (2011). The Big Choice. Capital Institute, The Future of Finance Blog, July 19.


Funes, Y (2019).  Black Carbon Pollution Has Been Found Inside Women's Placentas. Gizmodo, Sept. 17.


Garfield, L (2018). China’s Latest Energy Megaproject Shows that Coal Really is On the Way Out.  Business Insider, Mar. 19.


Gates, B (2021). Here's a Formula That Explains Where We Need to Invest in Climate Innovation. Time, Jan. 22.


Ge, M, Lebling, K, Levin, K and Friedrich, J (2019). Tracking Progress of the 2020 Climate Turning Point. World Resources Institute.


Gerasimchuk, I, Bassi, A, Ordonez, C, Doukas, A, Merrill, L and Whitley, S (2017). Zombie Energy: Climate Benefits of Ending Subsidies to Fossil Fuel Production. International Institute for Sustainable Development.


Ghosh, E, Gore, T, Kartha, S, Kemp-Benedict, E and Nazareth, A (2020). The Carbon Inequality Era: An Assessment of the Global Distribution of Consumption Emissions Among Individuals from 1990 to 2015 and Beyond. Oxfam and the Stockholm Environment Institute.


Gillingham, K, Knittel, C, Li, J, Ovaere, M and Reguant, M (2020). The Short-run and Long-run Effects of Covid-19 on Energy and the Environment. Joule, 4(7).


Global Carbon Atlas (2019).


Global Carbon Atlas (2019). Global Methane Budget. [Visualization]


Global Opportunity Explorer 2019 Insights (2019).


Goerner, S (2015). Regenerative Development: The Art and Science of Creating Durably Vibrant Human Networks. Capital Institute.


Goodwin, P, Brown, S, Haigh, I, Nicholls, R and Matter, J (2018). Adjusting Mitigation Pathways to Stabilize Climate at 1.5°C and 2.0°C Rise in Global Temperatures to Year 2300. Earth’s Future, 6(3).


Graham, J (2020). Is the U.S. Shale Boom Over? Four Major Threats to the Fracking Revolution. Investor’s Business Daily, March 5.


Granoff, I, Eis, J, McFarland, W, Hoy, C, Watson, C, Battista, G, Maijis, C, Khan, A and Grist, N (2015). Zero Poverty, Zero Emissions: Eradicating Extreme Poverty in the Climate Crisis. Overseas Development Institute.


Griffin, P (2017). The Carbon Majors Database: CDP Carbon Majors Report. CDP Worldwide.  Or


Griscom, B et al., (2017). Natural Climate SolutionsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(44).


Grist Creative (2020). How Hyperlocal Hydro Energy Can Empower Communities. Grist, Nov. 11.


Haberl, H et al., (2020). A Systematic Review of the Evidence on Decoupling of GDP, Resource Use and GHG Emissions, Part II: Synthesizing the Insights. Environmental Research Letters, 15.


Halvorson, B (2021). EV Cost vs. CO2 Benefit: Updated Tool Helps Navigate the Numbers for 2021. Green Car Reports, Jan. 21.


Hanson, J and 17 co-authors (2013). Assessing ‘‘Dangerous Climate Change’’: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and NaturePLOS One, 8(12): e81648.


Hansen, J et al., (2017). Young People’s Burden: Requirement of Negative CO2 Emissions. Earth System Dynamics, 8.


Harris, L (2021). A Guide to Your Digital Carbon Footprint – and How to Lower It. EcoWatch, Nov. 26.


Haswell, M and Shearman, D (2019). The Implications for Human Health and Wellbeing of Expanding Gas Mining in Australia. Onshore Oil and Gas Policy Background Paper. Doctors for the Environment Australia.


Hausfather, Z (2019). Analysis: Why Children Must Emit Eight Times Less CO2 than their Grandparents. Carbon Brief, April 4.


Hausfather, Z and Moore, F (2022). Net-zero Commitments Could Limit Warming to Below 2 °C. Nature, 604.


Hawken, P. ed. (2018). Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming.


Hayek, M, Harwatt, H, Ripple, W and Mueller, N (2020). The Carbon Opportunity Cost of Animal-sourced Food Production on Land. Nature Sustainability, 4.


Heck, V, Gerten, D, Lucht, W and Popp, A (2018). Biomass-based Negative Emissions Difficult to Reconcile with Planetary Boundaries. Nature Climate Change, 8.


Heilweil, R (2021). The US Power Grid Isn’t Ready for Climate Change. Vox, July 3.


Heinberg, R (2015). Our Renewable Future. Simplicity Institute, Report 15b.


Heinberg, R (2015). Can We Have Our Climate and Eat it Too? Museletter #283, Richard


Heinberg, R (2020). Nobody Takes the Renewable Energy Transition Seriously. Post Carbon Institute, May 20.


Heinberg, R (2021). The Most Colossal Planning Failure in Human History. Post Carbon Institute, May 19.


Heinberg, R and Fridley, D (2016). Our Renewable Future. Post Carbon Institute.  [An online book that provides a thorough overview of the potential and challenges of transitioning to renewable energy sources].


Henderson, K, Pinner, D, Rogers, M, Smeets, B, Tryggestad, C and Vargas, D (2020). Climate Math: What a 1.5-degree Pathway Would Take. McKinsey Quarterly, April 30.


Hertsgaard, M (2020). Does the Climate Crisis Threaten the End of Big Oil? Columbia Journalism Review, Feb. 12.


Hertwich, E et al., (2015). Integrated Life-cycle Assessment of Electricity-supply Scenarios Confirms Global Environmental Benefit of Low-carbon Technologies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(20).


Hickel, J (2019). The Limits of Clean Energy. Foreign Policy, Sept. 6


Hickey, H (2021). Limiting Warming to 2 C Requires Emissions Reductions 80% Above Paris Agreement Targets. UW News, Feb. 9.


Hiller, J and Bousso, R (2020). All the World's Oil Majors Still Plan Investments in New Fossil Fuel Production - No Matter What They Say About Their Future Strategy. Thomson Reuters Foundation News, Mar. 5.


Hochstein, A (2020). The World Isn’t Ready for Peak Oil. The Atlantic, June 28.


Hoglund-Isaksson L, Gomez-Sanabria, A, Klimont, Z, Rafaj, P and Schopp, W (2020). Technical Potentials and Costs for Reducing Global Anthropogenic Methane Emissions in the 2050 Timeframe – Results from the GAINS Model. Environmental Research Communications, 2.


Homer-Dixon, T, Walker, B, Biggs, R, Crépin, A, Folke, C, Lambin, E, Peterson, G, Rockström, J, Scheffer, M, W. Steffen, and Troell, M (2015). Synchronous Failure: The Emerging Causal Architecture of Global Crisis. Ecology and Society, 20(3).


Hood, A (2021). One Space Trip Emits a Lifetime’s Worth of Carbon Footprint. Futurism, Dec. 12.


Hopkins, F, Ehleringer, J, Bush, S, Duren, R, Miller, C, Lai, C, Hsu, Y, Carranza, V and Randerson, J (2016). Mitigation of Methane Emissions in Cities: How New Measurements and Partnerships Can Contribute to Emissions Reduction StrategiesEarth’s Future, 4(9).


Huang, X, Zhang, G, Pan, A, Chen, F and Zheng, C (2016). Protecting the Environment and Public Health from Rare Earth MiningEarth’s Future, 4(11).


Hubacek, K, Baiocchi, G, Feng, K, Muñoz Castillo, R, Sun, L, and Xue, J (2017). Global Carbon Inequality. Energy, Ecology and Environment, 2(6).


Hughes, J (2021). Shale Reality Check 2021: Drilling into the U.S. Government’s Optimistic Forecasts for Shale Gas & Tight Oil Production Through 2050. Post Carbon Institute.


Hutchinson, R (2017). This Moment: The Emergency, the Opportunity. Green House Think Tank.


Igusky, K, Calhoun, K, Kennedy, K and Ott, C (2017). America’s Pledge Phase 1 Report: States, Cities, and Businesses in the United States Are Stepping Up on Climate Action. Bloomberg Philanthropies.


Ingwesen, W, Garmestani, A, Gonzalez, M and Templeton, J (2013). A Systems Perspective on Responses to Climate Change. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Papers. Paper 196.


International Energy Agency (2016). Energy, Climate Change & Environment


International Energy Agency (2018). World Energy Outlook 2018


International Energy Agency (2020). Sustainable Recovery Plan: World Energy Outlook Special Report.


International Energy Agency (2021a). Renewables 2021. [Leads to the report and so much more.]


International Energy Agency (2021b). World Energy Outlook 2021.


International Renewable Energy Agency (2019a). How to Transform Energy System and Reduce Carbon Emissions.  [Short animated slide show]


International Renewable Energy Agency (2019b). Climate Change and Renewable Energy: National Policies and the Role of Communities, Cities and Regions. Report to the G20 Climate Sustainability Working Group.


International Energy Agency (2021). Net Zero by 2050. A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector.


International Energy Agency and the United Nations Environment Programme (2020). Cooling Emissions and Policy Synthesis Report.


Irfan, U (2019). Why the US Bears the Most Responsibility for Climate Change, In One Chart. Vox, April 24.


Islam, S, Cheng, H, Helgason, K, Hunt, N, Kawamura, H and LaFleur. M (2020). Sustainable Development Outlook 2020. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.


Ivanova, I (2020). Global Rich Must Cut their Carbon Footprint 97% to Stave Off Climate Change, UN Says. CBS News, Dec. 16.


Jackson, R, Canadell, J, Ciais, P, Le Quere, C and Peters, G (2017). The Great Decoupling. Anthropocene, 2. [Mostly graphs.]


Jackson, R, Friedlingstein, P, Andrew, R, Canadell, J, Le Quere, C and Peters, G (2019). Persistent Fossil Fuel Growth Threatens the Paris Agreement and Planetary Health. Environmental Research Letters, 14(12). [Good graphs]


Jackson, R et al., (2020). Increasing Anthropogenic Methane Emissions Arise Equally from Agricultural and Fossil Fuel Sources. Environmental Research Letters, 15(7).


Jackson, T (2019). “All Models are Wrong” — The Challenge of Modelling ‘Deep Decarbonisation’. CUSP Working Paper Series No. 19.


Jacobo, J (2020). Why Green Hydrogen is the Renewable Energy Source to Watch in 2021. ABC News, Dec. 13.


Jacobson, M, Delucchi, M, Cameron, M, Coughlin, S, Hay, C, Manogaran, I, Shu, Y and von Krauland, A (2019). Impacts of Green New Deal Energy Plans on Grid Stability, Costs, Jobs, Health, and Climate in 143 CountriesOne Earth, 1(4).


Jaeger, J and Saha, D (2020). 10 Charts Show the Economic Benefits of US Climate Action. World Resources Institute, July 28.


Jenkins, J (2014). Political Economy Constraints on Carbon Pricing Policies: What are the Implications for Economic Efficiency, Environmental Efficacy, and Climate Policy Design? Energy Policy, 69


Jiang, X, Peters, G and Green, C (2019).  Global Rules Mask the Mitigation Challenge Facing Developing CountriesEarth’s Future, 7(4).


Johnson, D (2021). How a Carbon Tax Can Fight Inequality and Climate Change. Ars Technica, Dec. 6.


Johnson, D (2022). Emissions from Aluminum Production are Bad News for Solar Energy. Ars Technica, Jan. 25.


Jones, E, Jenkinson, C and Brammer, S (2019). Climate Action Co-benefits Cutting Carbon and Improving People’s Lives.


Jones, N (2022). From Fertilizer to Fuel: Can ‘Green’ Ammonia Be a Climate Fix? Yale Environment 360, Jan. 20.


Kahn, B (2019). Building All the Fossil Fuel Projects Already in the Pipeline Would Wreck the Climate. Gizmodo, Nov. 20.


Kahn, B (2021). Hey, We Might Not Die. Gizmodo, Nov. 11.


Kasberger, T (2018). Progress of Renewable Electricity Replacing Fossil Fuels. Global Energy Interconnection, 1(1).


Katwala, A (2018). The Spiralling Environmental Cost of Our Lithium Battery Addiction. Wired, Aug. 5.


Keefe, J and Ramirez, R (2021). The World Promised to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions. These Countries Aren't Meeting their Targets. CNN, Oct. 27.


Keith, D and Deutch, J (2020). Climate Policy Enters Four Dimensions. Economic Strategy Group. [Pro economic growth and geoengineering.]


Kemp, J (2018). Coal's Lingering Role Complicates Climate Change Efforts. Reuters, Dec. 6. [Considers the lag in previous energy transitions]


Kervevan, C and Stead, R (2020). Climate Change Game-Changer: How CO2 Could Be Stored to Heat Our Homes. The National Interest, March 8.


Kevany, S (2021). 20 Meat and Dairy Firms Emit More Greenhouse Gas than Germany, Britain or France. The Guardian, Sept. 7.


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