Recent Posts

Plain English essays for diverse audiences

19 May 2020 When Field or Lab Work is not an Option - Leveraging Open Data Resources for Remote Research rOpenSci Blog with The rOpenSci Team, Brooke Anderson, Robin Lovelace, Ben Marwick, Ben Raymond, Anton Van de Putte, Louise Slater, Sam Zipper, Ilaria Prosdocimi, Sam Albers, and Claudia Vitolo. The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically impacted all of our lives in a very short period of time. Spring and summer are usually very busy as students prepare to go the field to engage in various data collection efforts. The pandemic has also disrupted these carefully planned activities as travel is suspended and local and remote field stations have closed indefinitely. A lost field season can be a major setback for a dissertation timeline and students will have to improvise. One promising opportunity to continue research efforts during these unprecedented times is taking advantage of the massive amounts of open scientific data that are freely available. Open data can form the basis of a review, synthesis, or new research. Inspired by tweets from Ethan White about “PhD research from a distance”, the rOpenSci team did an in-depth exploration of how we provide access to open data. Our goal is to inspire students to find research opportunities with open data and highlight some of the rOpenSci packages that already make programmatic access possible. We also highlight some examples of how specific collections of packages are being used right now in fields as varied as archaeology and climate science.

29 Aug 2019 Surveying archaeologists across the globe reveals deeper and more widespread roots of the human age, the Anthropocene The Conversation with Erle C. Ellis, Lucas Stephens, and Nicole Boivin. Think the anthropocene age started with plastics or nuclear testing? Think again. Surveying archaeologists around the globe underscores for how long and how widely people have been changing Earth.

19 Aug 2019 How to make the data and code for your manuscript available to peer reviewers before making it public. Blog post for Cambridge University Press on the Cambridge Core Blog. It’s no surprise to any internet user that the way we communicate is rapidly changing. For example, in the distant past, we learned the news of the world by reading a few paragraphs of tiny text in hard copies of newspapers. For especially newsworthy events we got a black and white photo or two. Nowadays, we are accustomed to news websites that transmit distant events to us with full color video, images, infographics, and a stream of live tweets. Just as news broadcasting is changing, so has scholarly communication.

30 Jul 2018 How researchers can solve the bottle-opener problem with compute capsules. Blog post for Cambridge University Press on the Cambridge Core Blog with Suzanne E. Pilaar Birch. Imagine a group of people playing a sport together on a hot day. Although it’s a friendly match, they play vigorously and at the end of their game they’re hot and thirsty. A few people in the group brought a cooler filled with ice and a variety of bottled beverages (among them our favourite, a tangy non-alcoholic ginger beer). They pass out the bottles and everyone is looking forward to a refreshing cool drink and trying the different flavours. But, disaster! No-one has a bottle-opener!

19 Nov 2018 New dates for ancient stone tools in China point to local invention of complex technology. The Conversation with Bo Li and Hu Yue. A fresh look at museum artifacts fills in a gap in the Asian archaeological record and refutes the idea that an advanced technique was imported from the West by early modern humans.

9 Aug 2017 Landscape archaeology and reproducible research at the 2017 Berlin Summer School. Blog post for the Software Sustainability Institute. Recently we concluded the 2017 Summer School on Reproducible Research in Landscape Archaeology at the Freie Universität Berlin (17th–21th July), funded and jointly organised by Exc264 Topoi, CRC1266, and ISAAKiel. With a group of 15 archaeologists and geographers from Berlin, Kiel and Cologne, we spent a week learning advanced geostatistics and how to make our research more reproducible.

19 Jul 2017 Here’s the three-pronged approach we’re using in our own research to tackle the reproducibility issue. The Conversation with Zenobia Jacobs. A team of archaeologists strived to improve the reproducibility of their results, influencing their choices in the field, in the lab and during data analysis.

19 Jul 2017 Buried tools and pigments tell a new history of humans in Australia for 65,000 years. The Conversation with Chris Clarkson, Lynley Wallis, Richard Fullagar, and Zenobia Jacobs. A new study pushes back the first known evidence of human activity in Australia – to 65,000 years ago.

9 Nov 2015 How computers broke science – and what we can do to fix it. The Conversation. Virtually every researcher relies on computers to collect or analyze data. But when computers are opaque black boxes that manipulate data, it’s impossible to replicate studies – a core value for science.

24 Apr 2015 Archaeology with open-source software. It’s getting easier. Blog post for the Software Sustainability Institute. This short post is written for archaeologists who frequently perform common data analysis and visualisation tasks in Excel, SPSS or similar commercial packages.

10 Mar 2015 Teaching in Yangon. Blog post for Software Carpentry. On Sat 7 March I spent a full day teaching a Software Carpentry workshop at the University of Yangon with 23 archaeologists from the Department of Archaeology. The workshop is part of a training component of an archaeological research project funded by the Australian Research Council, the University of Washington and the University of Wollongong.


Interviews and media mentions

21 July 2020 Conversations with: Professor Ben Marwick by Lucy Timbrell, published in Conversations in Human Evolution “I am delighted to introduce today Professor Ben Marwick, an archaeologist from the University of Washington! Specifically, Ben‘s research interests are focussed within Southeast Asian and Australian archaeology, such as hominin dispersals, forager technologies and ecology. He also is interested in how archaeology engages with local and online communities, in addition to popular culture, as well as techniques and methods for reproducible research and open science.”

21 Jan 2020 Ancient aboriginal aquaculture system older than Stonehenge uncovered by Australia wildfires by Kim Bellware, published in The Washington Post and the Smithsonian Magazine by Theresa Machemer “You don’t really see it anywhere else in Australia until European agriculture,” Ben Marwick, an associate professor of archaeology for the University of Washington, told The Washington Post. “It shows us they had a high level of technical skill, understanding of physics and of the natural environment.” … “It was known about for a long time but ignored,” Marwick said. “It ran counter to prevailing narrative about the aboriginal people and didn’t fit the stereotype that the Europeans were more sophisticated.” Marwick, the professor, grew up in Australia and said Budj Bim is “one of the jewels of the crown of Australian archaeology.” … “We know the population was twice the size of what we originally thought, but we might have to size up from that estimate again,” he said. “There’s a stereotype of an unchanging land and an unchanging people, but this shows this really isn’t the case; they appear to have continually modified the system,” Marwick said. “It’s a nice case study for the change in attitude toward aboriginal culture and how undervalued it is, especially by white Australians.”

5 Nov 2019 Make code accessible with these cloud services by Jeffrey M. Perkel, published in Nature. “Marwick, an archaeologist at the University of Washington in Seattle, had become proficient in migrating Docker configuration files (‘Dockerfiles’) from one project to the next, making minor tweaks and getting them to work. Colleagues in Germany invited him to teach their students how to follow suit. But because every student had a slightly different set of hardware and software installed, each one required a customized configuration. The demo “was a complete disaster”, Marwick says.”

29 Aug 2019 Crowdsourced archaeology shows how humans have influenced Earth for thousands of years by Kim Eckart, published in UW News. “There are archaeologists working all over the world, but they aggregate data differently, and it can be difficult to find larger patterns,” said co-author Ben Marwick, an associate professor of anthropology at the UW. “By asking archaeologists a series of questions rather than combining datasets, we’ve created a brilliant workaround — essentially, what were people doing, and how much, in different parts of the world? … A global dataset like this invites lots of interesting follow-up investigations that have not been possible before now. With all our data openly available, anyone anywhere can freely dig in and test out new ideas on a global scale”, Marwick said.

18 Jun 2019 A “petting zoo for code” makes studies easier to reproduce: A new tool helps users to compose, compute and publish reproducible articles. by Jeffrey M. Perkel, published in Nature Index. “The result, says Ben Marwick, an archeologist and reproducibility advocate at the University of Washington in Seattle, who has used Code Ocean to publish his computing environments, is like a computational “petting zoo” – a platform for making code and data available to the scientific community for interactive exploration, validation and modification.”

25 May 2019. OPP Interviews: Jade d’Alpoim Guedes and Ben Marwick, by Emerson Del Ponte and Adam Sparks for the Open Plant Pathology (OPP) Blog. “My awareness of the importance of doing reproducible research came pretty late – well after I’d finished my PhD and started working as a professor. I needed some time to acquire the necessary basic skills, and to build up the courage to work differently from my peers and senior colleagues, and to be able to tell them that there might be better ways to do research. Most of my reproducible practices are self-taught by adopting practices I’ve observed in elsewhere, such as ecology and biology.”

5 Mar 2019 EP015 Reproducible Research in Archaeology with rrtools Podcast interview by David Brassard and Patrick Diehl for Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) for Science “For episode 15, we interview the Associate Professor of Archaeology Ben Marwick. We start our discussion with an overview of some FLOSS tools he uses and how much FLOSS are used in archaeology. He shares with us his experience in regard to working completely in the open with GitHub and his hope that open science will become the norm in the future. We also discuss about rrtools and his propositions on how to greatly improve the reproducibility of science. As a closing though he shares with us his arguments why early career researchers should invest time to learn and transition to FLOSS tools.”

19 Nov 2018 Reinventing the Wheel? Early Humans Invented Prehistoric ‘Swiss Army Knife’ Everywhere They Lived by Ruth Schuster, published in Haaretz. ‘Levallois (pronounced Le-val-wa) takes brains and finesse. This type of implement – “the Swiss Army knife of prehistoric tools,” Marwick calls them – required planning.’… ‘“It seems plausible because we have a well documented case in Armenia,” notes Marwick, who agrees that, theoretically, Homo erectus could have been the ancient inventor. “But we would need to see the artifacts combined with some hominin bones, fossils, before we can be confident. Until then, all we can do is speculate,” he tells Haaretz.’… ‘At least in Morocco, it was apparently being used by some kind of Homo sapiens, since we see the tools and human bones together at Jebel Irhoud, Marwick tells Haaretz. “Later, they are also used by Neanderthals in Europe.”’ … ‘But the discovery of Levallois technology in so many places, from so many times, leads to thoughts that it originated independently in more than one spot, which is the point of the new paper. “The evidence is accumulating in support of that scenario,” says Marwick.’ … ‘“East Asia is an exciting and challenging area to study human evolution. So much of the world’s current population live there, but we know so little about how they got there,” he says. “Compared to Africa and Europe, we have not had as much time or resources to find evidence in Asia. But we’re catching up, because the evidence is increasingly showing that this region is an important and unique part of the story of how we became human.”’

22 Aug 2018 A toolkit for data transparency takes shape: A simple software toolset can help to ease the pain of reproducing computational analyses. by Jeffrey M. Perkel, published in Nature 560, 513-515. “Marwick says ‘…tantalizing connections lie abandoned because they’re impossible to explore. It’s like we’re a roomful of hungry people handing around tins of canned food, and nobody has a can opener. And then we’re asking each other, why doesn’t anyone eat anything?'”

26 Oct 2018 The oldest weapons in North America offer a new view of prehistoric tech by By Neel V. Patel for Popular Science. “I think they’ve done an amazing job in dating the deposits in the artifacts” and providing a “secure chronology,” says Ben Marwick, an archeologist based at the University of Washington who was not involved with the study. “They’ve invested a lot of effort and it’s paid off very well, and I really think that’s a strength of the study.” That being said, Marwick also points out the findings have their limits. “The critical artifacts [the authors] based their findings on are small in number. It leaves an unanswered question of whether this is a real pattern of an early technology we don’t know much about, or if it’s just a one-off sort of thing, and maybe there’s just a small number of people deciding to make these sorts of artifacts one afternoon.” Marwick also notes there’s not a very robust description of the actual clay deposits in the paper, and that pictures seemed to show some vertical cracks in the layers. “It looks like there might be some potential for some of these artifacts to move through the cracks. It’s possible some of the artifacts might have moved down,” and are not as old as we might really believe. Marwick has conducted work in similar archeological sites in Australia, where he and his team have had to anticipate those sorts of possibilities and account for them through microscopic analysis and other testing. “My sense is that that work hasn’t been done here, and I’d look forward to seeing some of that before I get too excited about some of the claims.” Lastly, while Marwick says it’s possible the points originate from a separate group of migrants, he’s hesitant to put too much stock in that interpretation. “We know that one group can make many different kinds of artifacts. It’s not always really the case that different kinds of artifacts mean different kinds of cultural groups.” There are only a handful of sites within North America that scientists are able to work with, so it’s difficult to come up with conclusions that will apply wholesale to the history of early human migrants in North America. He’s hopeful more research can prove whether or not these kinds of findings are part of a pattern or just a kind of random peculiarity in the field of anthropology. Nevertheless, Marwick is encouraged by the overall implication of the findings that early technologies in the Americas are more diverse than we previously thought. “It’s a very important part of this new paper,” he says.

6 Sept 2018 Open framework tackles backwards science. by Jeffrey M. Perkel, published in Nature Index. “Marwick says [the] ability to integrate multiple online systems is one of the “strong attractions” of the OSF. Another, he says, is its integrated preprint server. OSF preprints can be associated with projects, providing an easy way to migrate back and forth between a project’s data and the resulting manuscripts.”

9 Apr 2018 A finger bone from an unexpected place and time upends the story of human migration out of Africa by Karen Kaplan in the Los Angeles Times “What makes the Al Wusta find especially important is that it is a direct date on a bone,” [Ben] said. “Most of the other evidence that support this pre-65,000 year idea have not been able to directly date human bones.” However, he said, he wished that the authors had been more open about sharing their raw data and methods, to allow other members of the archaeological and anthropological community to verify their discovery. “It would be ideal to see some independent validation of the ages by another lab, unrelated to these authors, dating samples from the bone,” Marwick said. “That would help to confirm that the result is reproducible, which is the cornerstone of any scientific claim.”

6 Dec 2017 Making YOUR Code Reproducible: Tips and Tricks, by Chris Grieves in the, the official blog of the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution. “When we were putting together the British Ecological Society’s Guide to Reproducible Code we asked the community to send us their advice on how to make code reproducible. We got a lot of excellent responses and we tried to fit as many as we could into the Guide. Unfortunately, we ran out of space and there were a few that we couldn’t include. Luckily, we have a blog where we can post all of those tips and tricks so that you don’t miss out.” The blog post features five quotations from me relating to the British Ecological Society’s Guide to Reproducible Code.

26 Oct 2017 How I Work Open: Ben Marwick by Liz Bedford, a blog post for the Scholarly Communication & Publishing Department at the University of Washington Libraries “While part of my archaeology work consists of traditional activities like excavation, fieldwork, and surveying, another is part is computer-based. Much of my effort is focused on making the computational work done in the lab open and transparent, because in the field what we’re doing is automatically open.”

23 Mar 2017 Open Science w/ Ben Marwick - Episode 49 Podcast interview by Chris Webster and Christopher Sims for ArchaeoTech “Dr. Ben Marwick returns to talk about the Open Science Interest Group, his recent publication on technology and open archaeology, and his workshop at the SAA Annual Meeting in Vancouver.”

17 Nov 2016 Ben Marwick and Coding at SAA2017 - Episode 40 Podcast interview by Chris Webster and Christopher Sims for ArchaeoTech “On today’s episode we talk to Ben Marwick. Ben has started a forum and a workshop for the 2017 Society for American Archaeology meetings in Vancouver, Canada. We talk about coding and what they’re going to do at the forum and the workshop. It’s a new kind of session and we’re excited to help announce it.”

16 April 2016 Journal buoys code-review push by Erika Check Hayden, published in Nature 520, 276-277.“Another is social: there is no etiquette governing how those who wish to replicate results should behave towards those whose work they examine. If authors of erroneous studies face public embarrassment and shaming, that can discourage other researchers from submitting to the same scrutiny. “It’s like taking your clothes off; you don’t want to be embarrassed by someone pointing at you because you have a lot of body hair,” says Ben Marwick,”

17 April 2010 Australian Archaeology and Rabbit Warrens Podcast interview by Diana O’Carroll and Duncan Howitt-Marshall for Naked Archaeology. “This month on Naked Archaeology: when and how did the first humans make it to Australia? We unearth the evidence from archaeology and genetics. Also this month we discover that Neanderthals could be relations of ours, after all. Plus, in Back Yard Archaeology Diana ventures into her own back yard to find out what was so special about rabbit warrens”


Scholarly publications & pre-prints


Wang, L. and B. Marwick 2020. Investigating shape standardization using geometric morphometry of pottery from Iron Age northeastern Taiwan. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 33 [PDF] [DOI] [code & data] [preprint]

Marwick, B. 2020. Open access to publications to expand participation in archaeology. SocArXiv preprint SocArXiv:v9kfy

Marwick, B. and Prema Smith 2020. World Heritage Sites on Wikipedia: Controversies in a Context of Constrained Agency for Cultural Heritage Activism. SocArXiv preprint SocArXiv:7gvza

Marwick, B., Pham Thanh Son, May Su Ko 2020 Over research and ethics dumping in international archaeology. SPAFA Journal, accepted Aug 2020, pre-print

Marwick, B. 2020. 考古学における研究成果公開の動向 -データ管理・方法の透明性・再現性 [Transparency, Reproducibility, Data Management and Methods for Archaeological Research Publications]. In 独立行政法人国立文化財機構奈良文化財研究所 2020 『デジタル技術による文化財情報の記録と利活用2』奈良文化財研究所研究報告24 [Nara Institute of Cultural Assets, National Institute of Cultural Assets, Independent Administrative Corporation 2020 “Recording and Utilization of Cultural Property Information via Digital Technologies Vol. 2 Open Science, Data Preservation, Intellectual Property, GIS” Nara Institute of Cultural Assets Research Report 24] [DOI] [PDF]

Florin, S. Anna, Andrew S. Fairbairn, May Nango, Djaykuk Djandjomerr, Ben Marwick, Richard Fullagar, Mike Smith, Lynley A. Wallis & Chris Clarkson (2020). The first Australian plant foods at Madjedbebe, 65,000–53,000 years ago. Nature Communications 11, 924 [DOI] [code & data]

Riede, Felix, Astolfo G.M. Araujo, Michael C. Barton, Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Huw S. Groucutt, Shumon T. Hussain, Javier Fernandez‐Lopez de Pablo, Andreas Maier, Ben Marwick, Lydia Pyne, Kathryn Ranhorn, Natasha Reynolds, Julien Riel‐Salvatore, Florian Sauer, Kamil Serwatka, Annabell Zander (2020). Cultural taxonomies in the Paleolithic—Old questions, novel perspectives. Evolutionary Anthropology 1–13. [DOI]

Nüst, Daniel, Dirk Eddelbuettel, Dom Bennett, Robrecht Cannoodt, Dav Clark, Gergely Daroczi, Mark Edmondson, Colin Fay, Ellis Hughes, Sean Lopp, Ben Marwick, Heather Nolis, Jacqueline Nolis, Hong Ooi, Karthik Ram, Noam Ross, Lori Shepherd, Nitesh Turaga, Craig Willis, Nan Xiao, Charlotte Van Petegem (2020). The Rockerverse: Packages and Applications for Containerization with R. arXiv preprint arXiv:2001.10641

Schmidt, S.C. and Marwick, B., (2020). Tool-Driven Revolutions in Archaeological Science. Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology, 3(1), pp.18–32. [DOI] [code & data]

Hayes, E., R. Fullagar, B. Marwick (2020) Australian Usewear/Residue Studies, Artefact Design and Multi-purpose Tools. In: Juan F. Gibaja, Joao Marreiros, Niccolò Mazzucco, Ignacio Clemente (eds) Hunter-Gatherers’ Tool-Kit: A Functional Perspective. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [code & data]


Gray, C. T., & Marwick, B. (2019). Truth, Proof, and Reproducibility: There’s No Counter-Attack for the Codeless. In H. Nguyen (Ed.), Communications in Computer and Information Science 1150: Statistics and Data Science (pp. 111–129). Springer. [DOI] [arXiv preprint arXiv:1907.05947] [PDF] [code & data]

Yue Hu, Qijun Ruan, Jianhu Liu, Ben Marwick, Bo Li (2019) Luminescence chronology and lithic technology of Tianhuadong Cave, an early Upper Pleistocene Paleolithic site in southwest China. Quaternary Research [DOI] [PDF]

Yue Hu, Ben Marwick, Jia-Fu Zhang, Xue Rui, Ya-Mei Hou, Wen-Rong Chen, Wei-Wen Huang, Bo Li (2019) Robust technological readings identify integrated structures typical of the Levallois concept in Guanyindong Cave, South China National Science Review [DOI]

Marwick, B., Wang, L.-Y., Robinson, R., & Loiselle, H. (2019) How to Use Replication Assignments for Teaching Integrity in Empirical Archaeology. Advances in Archaeological Practice, 1–9. [PDF] [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Marwick, B. (2019). Galisonian logic devices and data availability: Revitalising Upper Palaeolithic cultural taxonomies. Antiquity, 93(371), 1365-1367. [PDF] [DOI] [preprint]

Bulbeck, D., O’Connor, S., Fakhri, Fenner, J. N., Marwick, B., Suryatman, Wibowo, U. P. (2019). Patterned and plain baked clay from pre-pottery contexts in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Antiquity, 93(371), 1284-1302 [DOI] [PDF] [code & data]

Stephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N., Rick, T., Gauthier, N., Kay, A., Marwick, B., […] Ellis, E. (2019). Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use. Science, 365(6456), 897–902. [DOI] [PDF] [code & data]

Marwick, B. and L. Wang (2019) How to align disciplinary ideals with actual practices: Transparency and openness in archaeological science. SocArXiv pre-print socarxiv:s8z6u

Dominick, Doreena, Stephen R. Wilson,, Clare Paton-Walsh, Ruhi Humphries, Élise-Andrée Guérette, Melita Keywood, Paul Selleck, Dagmar Kubistin and Ben Marwick (2019). “Particle Formation in a Complex Environment.” Atmosphere 10(5): 275. [DOI]

Schaarschmidt, M., Fu, X., Li, B., Marwick, B., Khaing, K., Douka, K., & Roberts, R. G. (2019) pIRIR and IR-RF dating of archaeological deposits at Badahlin and Gu Myaung Caves–First luminescence ages for Myanmar. Quaternary Geochronology 49, 262-270 [DOI]


Marwick, B. (2018) R Coding and Modelling. The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Edited by Sandra L. López Varela. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [DOI] [PDF]

Nüst, D. C Boettiger, B Marwick (2018) How to Read a Research Compendium. arXiv preprint arXiv:1806.09525

Hu, Y., Marwick, B., Zhang, J.-F., Rui, X., Hou, Y.-M., Yue, J.-P., … Li, B. (2018). Late Middle Pleistocene Levallois stone-tool technology in southwest China. Nature [DOI] [PDF]

Marwick, B. (2018) Review of “Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis in Archaeological Computational Modeling by Marieka Brouwer Burg, Hans Peeters, and William A. Lovis, eds.,” Journal of Anthropological Research 74, no. 3 (Fall): 424-425. [DOI] [PDF]

Dominick, D., Wilson, S. R., Paton-Walsh, C., Humphries, R., Guérette, E.-A., Keywood, M.,… Marwick, B. (2018). Characteristics of airborne particle number size distributions in a coastal-urban environment. Atmospheric Environment, 186, 256–265. [DOI] [PDF]

O’Connor, S., D. Bulbeck, P. Piper, F. Aziz, B. Marwick et al. 2018 The human occupation record of Gua Mo’o hono shelter, Towuti-Routa region of Southeastern Sulawesi. In The Archaeology of Sulawesi: Current Research on the Pleistocene to the Historic Period (Terra Australis 48) ANU E Press: Canberra. [DOI] [PDF]

Clarkson, Chris, R. G. Roberts, Z. Jacobs, B. Marwick, R. Fullagar, L. J. Arnold & Q. Hua 2018 Reply to comments on Clarkson et al. (2017) ‘Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago’, Australian Archaeology [DOI] [PDF] [code & data]

Marwick, B., & Birch, S. 2018 A Standard for the Scholarly Citation of Archaeological Data as an Incentive to Data Sharing. Advances in Archaeological Practice 1-19. [DOI] [preprint] [PDF] [code & data]

Marwick, B. 2018 The Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia and its Relationship to Regional Pleistocene Lithic Technologies. In Robinson, Erick, Sellet, Frederic (Eds.) Lithic Technological Organization and Paleoenvironmental Change Springer. pp. 63-78 [DOI] [preprint] [PDF]

Marwick, B., Boettiger, C., & Mullen, L. 2018 Packaging data analytical work reproducibly using R (and friends). The American Statistician [PDF] [DOI] [preprint]


Marwick, B., Hiscock, P., Sullivan, M., & Hughes, P. 2017 Landform boundary effects on Holocene forager landscape use in arid South Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Clarkson, Chris, Zenobia Jacobs , Ben Marwick , Richard Fullagar , Lynley Wallis , Mike Smith , Richard Roberts , Elspeth Hayes , Kelsey Lowe , Xavier Carah , S. Anna Florin , Jessica McNeil , Lee Arnold , Quan Hua , Jillian Huntley , Helen Brand , Andrew Fairbairn , Kate Connell , Kasih Norman , Tiina Manne , James Shulmeister , Tessa Murphy , Lindsey Lyle , Makiah Salinas , Gayoung Park , Mara Page , Colin Pardoe 2017 Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago. Nature 547(7663), 306. [DOI] [code & data] [PDF]

Marwick, B, d’Alpoim Guedes, J., Barton, C. M., Bates, L. A., Baxter, M., Bevan, A., Bollwerk, E. A., Bocinsky, R. K., Brughmans, T., Carter, A. K., Conrad, C., Contreras, D. A., Costa, S., Crema, E. R., Daggett, A., Davies, B., Drake, B. L., Dye, T. S., France, P., Fullagar, R., Giusti, D., Graham, S., Harris, M. D., Hawks, J., Health, S., Huffer, D., Kansa, E. C., Kansa, S. W., Madsen, M. E., Melcher, J., Negre, J., Neiman, F. D., Opitz, R., Orton, D. C., Przstupa, P., Raviele, M., Riel-Savatore, J., Riris, P., Romanowska, I., Smith, J., Strupler, N., Ullah, I. I., Van Vlack, H. G., VanValkenburgh, N., Watrall, E. C., Webster, C., Wells, J., Winters, J., and Wren, C. D. (2017) Open science in archaeology. SAA Archaeological Record, 17(4), pp. 8-14. [PDF] [preprint]

Eglen, S. J., Marwick, B., Halchenko, Y. O., Hanke, M., Sufi, S., Gleeson, P., … & Wachtler, T. (2017). Toward standard practices for sharing computer code and programs in neuroscience. Nature Neuroscience 20(6), 770-773. [DOI] [preprint] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2017 Computational reproducibility in archaeological research: Basic principles and a case study of their implementation. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 24(2), 424-450. [PDF] [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Marwick, B., Hayes, E., Clarkson, C., & Fullagar, R. 2017 Movement of lithics by trampling: An experiment in the Madjedbebe sediments, northern Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 79, 73-85. [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Marwick, B., Van Vlack, H. G., Conrad, C., Shoocongdej, R., Thongcharoenchaikit, C., & Kwak, S. 2017 Adaptations to sea level change and transitions to agriculture at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Peninsular Thailand. Journal of Archaeological Science 77, 94-108. [DOI] [code & data]

Marwick, B. and B. Bouasisengpaseuth 2017 The History and Practice of Archaeology in Laos. In Junko Habu, Peter Lape, John Olsen and Jing Zhichun (eds) Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY. p. 89-95 [DOI] [preprint]

Marwick 2017 Using R and Related Tools for Reproducible Research in Archaeology. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. [online]

Ram, K. B. Marwick 2017 Building Towards a Future Where Reproducible, Open Science is the Norm. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. [online]

Rokem, A., B. Marwick, V. Staneva 2017 Assessing Reproducibility. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. University of California Press. [online]


Suryatman, S., O’Connor, S., Bulbeck, D., Marwick, B., Oktaviana, A. A., & Wibowo, U. P. 2016 Teknologi Litik di Situs Talimbue, Sulawesi Tenggara: Teknologi Berlanjut dari Masa Pleistosen Akhir Hingga Holosen. AMERTA 34(2), 81-98 [DOI] [PDF]

Aplin, K., Sue O’Connor, David Bulbeck, Philip J. Piper, Ben Marwick, Emma St Pierre, Fadhila Aziz 2016 The Walandawe Tradition from Southeast Sulawesi and Osseous Artifact Traditions in Island Southeast Asia. In Michelle C. Langley (ed) Osseous Projectile Weaponry: Towards an Understanding of Pleistocene Cultural Variability. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology Series, Springer. pp 189-208 [DOI] [PDF]

Bulbeck, D., F.A. Aziz, S. O’Connor, A. Calo, J.N. Fenner, B. Marwick, J. Feathers 2016 Mortuary Caves and the Dammar Trade in the Towuti–Routa Region, Sulawesi, in an Island Southeast Asian Context. Asian Perspectives 55 (2), 148-183 [DOI] [PDF]

Marwick, B., C. Clarkson, S. O’Connor, S. Collins 2016 Early modern human lithic technology from Jerimalai, East Timor. Journal of Human Evolution 101, 45-64 [DOI] [PDF] [Code & Data]

Steele, T. E., A. MacKay, K. E. Fitzsimmons, M. Igreja, B. Marwick 2016 Varsche Rivier 003: A Middle and Later Stone Age Site with Still Bay and Howiesons Poort Assemblages in Southern Namaqualand, South Africa. PaleoAnthropology 100, 163, 2016 [PDF] [Code & Data]

Conrad, C., C. Higham, M. Eda, & B. Marwick 2016 Palaeoecology and Forager Subsistence Strategies during the Pleistocene–Holocene Transition: A Reinvestigation of the Zooarchaeological Assemblage from Spirit Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. Asian Perspectives 55 (1), 2-27 [PDF] [Code & Data]


Marwick, B. 2015 Review of “Geoarchaeology of Aboriginal Landscapes in Semi‐Arid Australia” by Simon J. Holdaway and Patricia C. Fanning. 2014. CSIRO, Collingwood. Geoarchaeology 30 (5), 459-461 [PDF]

Aung, T. H., B. Marwick, & C. Conrad 2015 Palaeolithic zooarchaeology in Myanmar: a review and future prospects. Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology 39: 50-56. [PDF]

Kwak, S. and B. Marwick 2015 What did they cook? A preliminary investigation into culinary practices and pottery use in the central part of the Korean peninsula during the mid to late Holocene. Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology 37: 25-32. [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2015 Peer Comment: Films, digs and death: a review of the Project Eliseg videos. Internet Archaeology 10.11141/ia.39.3

Clarkson, C., Mike Smith, Ben Marwick, Richard Fullagar, Lynley A. Wallis, Patrick Faulkner, Tiina Manne, Elspeth Hayes, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, Xavier Carah, Kelsey M. Lowe, Jacqueline Matthews, S. Anna Florin 2015 The archaeology, chronology and stratigraphy of Madjedbebe (Malakunanja II): A site in northern Australia with early occupation. Journal of Human Evolution [PDF] [] [code & data]


Lowe, K., Wallis, L., Pardoe, C., Marwick, B., Clarkson, C., Manne, T., Smith, M. and R. Fullagar 2014 Ground-penetrating radar and burial practices in western Arnhem Land, Australia. Archaeology in Oceania [PDF] [] [code & data]

Mackay A, Sumner A, Jacobs Z, Marwick B, Bluff K and Shaw M 2014. Putslaagte 1 (PL1), the Doring River, and the later Middle Stone Age in southern Africa's Winter Rainfall Zone. Quaternary International. [PDF] [] [code & data]


Marwick, B. 2013. Discovery of Emergent Issues and Controversies in Anthropology Using Text Mining, Topic Modeling, and Social Network Analysis of Microblog Content. In Yanchang Zhao, Yonghua Cen (eds) Data Mining Applications with R. Elsevier. p. 63-93 [PDF] [] [code & data]

Marwick, B., 2013. Multiple Optima in Hoabinhian flaked stone artefact palaeoeconomics and palaeoecology at two archaeological sites in Northwest Thailand. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 32, 553-564. [PDF] [] [code & data]

Conrad, C. H. Van Vlack, B. Marwick, C. Thongcharoenchaikit
R. Shoocongdej & B. Chaisuwan 2013 Summary of Vertebrate and Molluscan Assemblages Excavated from Late-Pleistocene and Holocene Deposits at Khao Toh Chong Rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 7(1): 11-21 [PDF]

Marwick, B., R. Shoocongdej, C. Thongcharoenchaikit, B. Chaisuwan, C. Khowkhiew and S. Kwak 2013. Hierarchies of engagement and understanding: Community engagement during archaeological excavations at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand. In S. O'Connor (ed) Transcending the Culture-Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage. Terra Australis, ANU E Press. [PDF] [whole book]

Brockwell, S., B. Marwick, P. Bourke, P. Faulkner and R. Willan 2013. Late Holocene climate change and human behavioural variability in the coastal wet-dry tropics of northern Australia: Evidence from a pilot study of oxygen isotopes in marine bivalve shells from archaeological sites. Australian Archaeology 76:21–33 [PDF]


Sullivan, M., T. L. Field, P. Hughes, B. Marwick, P. Przystupa and J. K. Feathers 2012. OSL ages that inform late phases of dune formation and human occupation near Olympic Dam in northeastern South Australia Quaternary Australasia 29 (1): 5-11 [PDF

Marwick, B. 2012.  A Cladistic Evaluation of Ancient Thai Bronze Buddha Images: Six Tests for a Phylogenetic Signal in the Griswold Collection. In Dominik Bonatz, Andreas Reinecke and Mai Lin Tjoa-Bonatz (eds) Connecting Empires. National University of Singapore Press. pp. 159-176. [PDF]


Marwick, B and A. Mackay (eds) 2011. Keeping your Edge: Recent Approaches to the Organisation of Stone Artefact Technology. BAR S2273. [PDF] [Archaeopress]

Mackay, A. and B. Marwick 2011. Costs and benefits in technological decision making under variable conditions: examples from the late Pleistocene in southern Africa. In B. Marwick and A. Mackay (eds) Keeping your Edge: Recent Approaches to the Organisation of Stone Artefact Technology. BAR S2273. [PDF]

Marwick, B. and M. K. Gagan 2011. Late Pleistocene monsoon variability in northwest Thailand: an oxygen isotope sequence from the bivalve Margaritanopsis laosensis excavated in Mae Hong Son province. Quaternary Science Reviews 30(21-22): 3088-3098 [] [PDF]

Hughes, P. P. Hiscock, M. Sullivan and B. Marwick. 2011. An outline of archaeological investigations for the Olympic Dam Expansion in arid northeast South Australia. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 34:21-37 [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2010. Self-image, the long view and archaeological engagement with film: an animated case study. World Archaeology 42(3): 394–404  [PDF


Marwick, B. 2009a. Review of "Cultural Transmission and Material Culture: Breaking Down Boundaries" edited by Miriam Stark, Brenda Bowser, and Lee Horne (2008). American Anthropologist 111(4): 540-54169: 82. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2009b. Review of "Place as Occupational Histories: An Investigation of the Deflated Surface Archaeological Record of Pine Point and Langwell Stations, Western New South Wales, Australia." by Justin Shiner. Archaeopress, Oxford, (2008). Australian Archaeology 69: 82. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B., White, J.C., B. Bouasisengpaseuth 2009. The Middle Mekong Archaeology Project and International Collaboration in Luang Prabang, Laos. SAA Archaeological Record 9 (3) 25-27 [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2009c. Biogeography of Middle Pleistocene hominins in mainland Southeast Asia: A review of current evidence, Quaternary International  202 (2009) 51–58 [] [PDF]

White, J.C., Lewis, H., Bouasisengpaseuth, B., Marwick, B. and K. Arrell 2009. Archaeological investigations in northern Laos: New contributions to Southeast Asian prehistory. Antiquity 83(319) []

Marwick, B. 2009d. Change or Decay? An interpretation of late Holocene archaeological evidence from the Hamersley Plateau, Western Australia. Archaeology in Oceania 44: 16-22 [PDF]

Fairbairn, A., S. O'Connor and B. Marwick (eds) 2009. New Directions in Archaeological Science. Terra Australis 28. ANU E Press: Canberra [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2008a. Stone artefacts and recent research in the archaeology of mainland Southeast Asian hunter-gatherers. Before Farming 2008/4  [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008b. Three styles of Darwinian evolution in the analysis of stone artefacts: Which one to use in mainland Southeast Asia? Australian Archaeology 67: 79-86  [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008c. Beyond typologies: The reduction thesis and its implications for lithic assemblages in Southeast Asia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 28: 108-116 [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2008d. What attributes are important for the measurement of assemblage reduction intensity? Results from an experimental stone artefact assemblage with relevance to the Hoabinhian of mainland Southeast Asia. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(5): 1189-1200 [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008e. Review of "Genes, Culture and Human Evolution: A Synthesis." by Linda Stone and Paul F. Lurquin. Blackwell, Oxford, (2005). The Australian Journal of Anthropology 19(1): 119-121. [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008f. Human Behavioural Ecology and Stone Artefacts in Northwest Thailand during the Terminal Pleistocene and Holocene. In Jean-Pierre Pautreau (ed) Southeast Asian Prehistory: The 11th EurASEAA Conference. Musée de Bougon: Paris. pp. 37-49. 


Marwick, B. 2007a. Approaches to Flaked Stone Artefact Archaeology in Thailand : A Historical Review. Silpakorn University International Journal 7:49-88 [PDF at]

O'Connor, S. and B. Marwick 2007b. Significant Places: Sites of Importance in the Indigenous Peopling of Australia. Department of Environment and Water Resources: Canberra.

Marwick, B. 2007c. Review of "The origins and evolution of cultures", by Peter Richerson and Robert Boyd. Oxford University Press, London, (2004). The Australian Journal of Anthropology 18(1): 97-8 [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2006a. What can archaeology do with Boyd and Richerson's cultural evolutionary program? The Review of Archaeology 26(2): 30-40. [PDF at]

Bellwood, P. Marwick, B. and R. Pearson (eds.) 2006b. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 26 


Marwick, B. 2005a. The interpersonal origins of language: Social and linguistic implications of an archaeological approach to language evolution. Linguistics and the Human Sciences 1.2: 197-224. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2005b. Element concentrations and magnetic susceptibility of anthrosols: Indicators of prehistoric human occupation in the inland Pilbara, Western Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1357-1368. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2005c. Review of "Marx's ghost: Conversations with archaeologists", by Thomas C. Patterson. Berg, Oxford. (2003). Anthropological Forum 15(1): 92-94 [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2005d. Review of "Agency uncovered: Archaeological perspectives on social agency, power, and being human, edited by Andrew Gardner. UCL Press, London, (2004). Anthropological Forum 15(2): 203-204.[PDF]


Marwick, B. 2003a. Pleistocene exchange networks as evidence for the evolution of language. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17(1): 67-81. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2003b. Review of "Batavia's graveyard. The true story of the mad heretic who lead history's bloodiest mutiny", by Mike Dash. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. (2002). Limina vol. 9: 236-240. [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2002a. Milly's Cave: Evidence for human occupation of the Inland Pilbara during the Last Glacial Maximum. Tempus 7: 21-33. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2002b. Evidence of prehistoric occupation of the Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20(4): 461-464. [PDF at]