Schaarschmidt, M., Fu, X., Li, B., Marwick, B., Khaing, K., Douka, K., & Roberts, R. G. 2018 pIRIR and IR-RF dating of archaeological deposits at Badahlin and Gu Myaung Caves–First luminescence ages for Myanmar. Quaternary Geochronology [DOI]

Marwick, B. 2018 The Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia and its Relationship to Regional Pleistocene Lithic Technologies. In Robinson, Erick, Sellet, Frederic (Eds.) Lithic Technological Organization and Paleoenvironmental Change Springer. pp. 63-78 [DOI] [preprint] [PDF]


Marwick, B., Boettiger, C., & Mullen, L. 2017 Packaging data analytical work reproducibly using R (and friends). The American Statistician [DOI] [preprint]

Marwick, B., Hiscock, P., Sullivan, M., & Hughes, P. 2017 Landform boundary effects on Holocene forager landscape use in arid South Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Clarkson, Chris, Zenobia Jacobs , Ben Marwick , Richard Fullagar , Lynley Wallis , Mike Smith , Richard Roberts , Elspeth Hayes , Kelsey Lowe , Xavier Carah , S. Anna Florin , Jessica McNeil , Lee Arnold , Quan Hua , Jillian Huntley , Helen Brand , Andrew Fairbairn , Kate Connell , Kasih Norman , Tiina Manne , James Shulmeister , Tessa Murphy , Lindsey Lyle , Makiah Salinas , Gayoung Park , Mara Page , Colin Pardoe 2017 Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago. Nature 547(7663), 306. [DOI] [code & data] [PDF]

Marwick, B, d’Alpoim Guedes, J., Barton, C. M., Bates, L. A., Baxter, M., Bevan, A., Bollwerk, E. A., Bocinsky, R. K., Brughmans, T., Carter, A. K., Conrad, C., Contreras, D. A., Costa, S., Crema, E. R., Daggett, A., Davies, B., Drake, B. L., Dye, T. S., France, P., Fullagar, R., Giusti, D., Graham, S., Harris, M. D., Hawks, J., Health, S., Huffer, D., Kansa, E. C., Kansa, S. W., Madsen, M. E., Melcher, J., Negre, J., Neiman, F. D., Opitz, R., Orton, D. C., Przstupa, P., Raviele, M., Riel-Savatore, J., Riris, P., Romanowska, I., Smith, J., Strupler, N., Ullah, I. I., Van Vlack, H. G., VanValkenburgh, N., Watrall, E. C., Webster, C., Wells, J., Winters, J., and Wren, C. D. (2017) Open science in archaeology. SAA Archaeological Record, 17(4), pp. 8-14. [PDF] [preprint]

Eglen, S. J., Marwick, B., Halchenko, Y. O., Hanke, M., Sufi, S., Gleeson, P., … & Wachtler, T. (2017). Toward standard practices for sharing computer code and programs in neuroscience. Nature Neuroscience 20(6), 770-773. [DOI] [preprint] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2017 Computational reproducibility in archaeological research: Basic principles and a case study of their implementation. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 24(2), 424-450. [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Marwick, B., Hayes, E., Clarkson, C., & Fullagar, R. 2017 Movement of lithics by trampling: An experiment in the Madjedbebe sediments, northern Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 79, 73-85. [DOI] [preprint] [code & data]

Marwick, B., Van Vlack, H. G., Conrad, C., Shoocongdej, R., Thongcharoenchaikit, C., & Kwak, S. 2017 Adaptations to sea level change and transitions to agriculture at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Peninsular Thailand. Journal of Archaeological Science 77, 94-108. [DOI] [code & data]

Marwick, B. and B. Bouasisengpaseuth 2017 The History and Practice of Archaeology in Laos. In Junko Habu, Peter Lape, John Olsen and Jing Zhichun (eds) Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY. p. 89-95 [DOI] [preprint]

Marwick 2017 Using R and Related Tools for Reproducible Research in Archaeology. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. [online]

Ram, K. B. Marwick 2017 Building Towards a Future Where Reproducible, Open Science is the Norm. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. [online]

Rokem, A., B. Marwick, V. Staneva 2017 Assessing Reproducibility. In Kitzes, J., Turek, D., & Deniz, F. (Eds.) The Practice of Reproducible Research: Case Studies and Lessons from the Data-Intensive Sciences. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. University of California Press. [online]


Suryatman, S., O’Connor, S., Bulbeck, D., Marwick, B., Oktaviana, A. A., & Wibowo, U. P. 2016 Teknologi Litik di Situs Talimbue, Sulawesi Tenggara: Teknologi Berlanjut dari Masa Pleistosen Akhir Hingga Holosen. AMERTA 34(2), 81-98 [DOI] [PDF]

Aplin, K., Sue O’Connor, David Bulbeck, Philip J. Piper, Ben Marwick, Emma St Pierre, Fadhila Aziz 2016 The Walandawe Tradition from Southeast Sulawesi and Osseous Artifact Traditions in Island Southeast Asia. In Michelle C. Langley (ed) Osseous Projectile Weaponry: Towards an Understanding of Pleistocene Cultural Variability. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology Series, Springer. pp 189-208 [DOI] [PDF]

Bulbeck, D., F.A. Aziz, S. O’connor, A. Calo, J.N. Fenner, B. Marwick, J. Feathers 2016 Mortuary Caves and the Dammar Trade in the Towuti–Routa Region, Sulawesi, in an Island Southeast Asian Context. Asian Perspectives 55 (2), 148-183 [DOI] [PDF]

Marwick, B., C. Clarkson, S. O’Connor, S. Collins 2016 Early modern human lithic technology from Jerimalai, East Timor. Journal of Human Evolution 101, 45-64 [DOI] [PDF] [Code & Data]

Steele, T. E., A. MacKay, K. E. Fitzsimmons, M. Igreja, B. Marwick 2016 Varsche Rivier 003: A Middle and Later Stone Age Site with Still Bay and Howiesons Poort Assemblages in Southern Namaqualand, South Africa. PaleoAnthropology 100, 163, 2016 [PDF] [Code & Data]

Conrad, C., C. Higham, M. Eda, & B. Marwick 2016 Palaeoecology and Forager Subsistence Strategies during the Pleistocene–Holocene Transition: A Reinvestigation of the Zooarchaeological Assemblage from Spirit Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. Asian Perspectives 55 (1), 2-27 [PDF] [Code & Data]


Marwick, B. 2015 Review of “Geoarchaeology of Aboriginal Landscapes in Semi‐Arid Australia” by Simon J. Holdaway and Patricia C. Fanning. 2014. CSIRO, Collingwood. Geoarchaeology 30 (5), 459-461 [PDF]

Aung, T. H., B. Marwick, & C. Conrad 2015 Palaeolithic zooarchaeology in Myanmar: a review and future prospects. Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology 39: 50-56. [PDF]

Kwak, S. and B. Marwick 2015 What did they cook? A preliminary investigation into culinary practices and pottery use in the central part of the Korean peninsula during the mid to late Holocene. Journal of Indo-Pacific Archaeology 37: 25-32. [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2015 Peer Comment: Films, digs and death: a review of the Project Eliseg videos. Internet Archaeology 10.11141/ia.39.3

Clarkson, C., Mike Smith, Ben Marwick, Richard Fullagar, Lynley A. Wallis, Patrick Faulkner, Tiina Manne, Elspeth Hayes, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, Xavier Carah, Kelsey M. Lowe, Jacqueline Matthews, S. Anna Florin 2015 The archaeology, chronology and stratigraphy of Madjedbebe (Malakunanja II): A site in northern Australia with early occupation. Journal of Human Evolution [PDF] [] [code & data]


Lowe, K., Wallis, L., Pardoe, C., Marwick, B., Clarkson, C., Manne, T., Smith, M. and R. Fullagar 2014 Ground-penetrating radar and burial practices in western Arnhem Land, Australia. Archaeology in Oceania [PDF] [] [code & data]

Mackay A, Sumner A, Jacobs Z, Marwick B, Bluff K and Shaw M 2014. Putslaagte 1 (PL1), the Doring River, and the later Middle Stone Age in southern Africa's Winter Rainfall Zone. Quaternary International. [PDF] [] [code & data]


Marwick, B. 2013. Discovery of Emergent Issues and Controversies in Anthropology Using Text Mining, Topic Modeling, and Social Network Analysis of Microblog Content. In Yanchang Zhao, Yonghua Cen (eds) Data Mining Applications with R. Elsevier. p. 63-93 [PDF] [] [code & data]

Marwick, B., 2013. Multiple Optima in Hoabinhian flaked stone artefact palaeoeconomics and palaeoecology at two archaeological sites in Northwest Thailand. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 32, 553-564. [PDF] [] [code & data]

Conrad, C. H. Van Vlack, B. Marwick, C. Thongcharoenchaikit
R. Shoocongdej & B. Chaisuwan 2013 Summary of Vertebrate and Molluscan Assemblages Excavated from Late-Pleistocene and Holocene Deposits at Khao Toh Chong Rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 7(1): 11-21 [PDF]

 Marwick, B., R. Shoocongdej, C. Thongcharoenchaikit, B. Chaisuwan, C. Khowkhiew and S. Kwak 2013. Hierarchies of engagement and understanding: Community engagement during archaeological excavations at Khao Toh Chong rockshelter, Krabi, Thailand. In S. O'Connor (ed) Transcending the Culture-Nature Divide in Cultural Heritage. Terra Australis, ANU E Press. [PDF] [whole book]

Brockwell, S., B. Marwick, P. Bourke, P. Faulkner and R. Willan 2013. Late Holocene climate change and human behavioural variability in the coastal wet-dry tropics of northern Australia: Evidence from a pilot study of oxygen isotopes in marine bivalve shells from archaeological sites. Australian Archaeology 76:21–33 [PDF]


Sullivan, M., T. L. Field, P. Hughes, B. Marwick, P. Przystupa and J. K. Feathers 2012. OSL ages that inform late phases of dune formation and human occupation near Olympic Dam in northeastern South Australia Quaternary Australasia 29 (1): 5-11 [PDF

Marwick, B. 2012.  A Cladistic Evaluation of Ancient Thai Bronze Buddha Images: Six Tests for a Phylogenetic Signal in the Griswold Collection. In Dominik Bonatz, Andreas Reinecke and Mai Lin Tjoa-Bonatz (eds) Connecting Empires. National University of Singapore Press. pp. 159-176. [PDF]


Marwick, B and A. Mackay (eds) 2011. Keeping your Edge: Recent Approaches to the Organisation of Stone Artefact Technology. BAR S2273. [PDF] [Archaeopress]

Mackay, A. and B. Marwick 2011. Costs and benefits in technological decision making under variable conditions: examples from the late Pleistocene in southern Africa. In B. Marwick and A. Mackay (eds) Keeping your Edge: Recent Approaches to the Organisation of Stone Artefact Technology. BAR S2273. [PDF]

Marwick, B. and M. K. Gagan 2011. Late Pleistocene monsoon variability in northwest Thailand: an oxygen isotope sequence from the bivalve Margaritanopsis laosensis excavated in Mae Hong Son province. Quaternary Science Reviews 30(21-22): 3088-3098 [] [PDF]

Hughes, P. P. Hiscock, M. Sullivan and B. Marwick. 2011. An outline of archaeological investigations for the Olympic Dam Expansion in arid northeast South Australia. Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia 34:21-37 [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2010. Self-image, the long view and archaeological engagement with film: an animated case study. World Archaeology 42(3): 394–404  [PDF


Marwick, B. 2009a. Review of "Cultural Transmission and Material Culture: Breaking Down Boundaries" edited by Miriam Stark, Brenda Bowser, and Lee Horne (2008). American Anthropologist 111(4): 540-54169: 82. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2009b. Review of "Place as Occupational Histories: An Investigation of the Deflated Surface Archaeological Record of Pine Point and Langwell Stations, Western New South Wales, Australia." by Justin Shiner. Archaeopress, Oxford, (2008). Australian Archaeology 69: 82. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B., White, J.C., B. Bouasisengpaseuth 2009. The Middle Mekong Archaeology Project and International Collaboration in Luang Prabang, Laos. SAA Archaeological Record 9 (3) 25-27 [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2009c. Biogeography of Middle Pleistocene hominins in mainland Southeast Asia: A review of current evidence, Quaternary International  202 (2009) 51–58 [] [PDF]

White, J.C., Lewis, H., Bouasisengpaseuth, B., Marwick, B. and K. Arrell 2009. Archaeological investigations in northern Laos: New contributions to Southeast Asian prehistory. Antiquity 83(319) []

Marwick, B. 2009d. Change or Decay? An interpretation of late Holocene archaeological evidence from the Hamersley Plateau, Western Australia. Archaeology in Oceania 44: 16-22 [PDF]

Fairbairn, A., S. O'Connor and B. Marwick (eds) 2009. New Directions in Archaeological Science. Terra Australis 28. ANU E Press: Canberra [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2008a. Stone artefacts and recent research in the archaeology of mainland Southeast Asian hunter-gatherers. Before Farming 2008/4  [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008b. Three styles of Darwinian evolution in the analysis of stone artefacts: Which one to use in mainland Southeast Asia? Australian Archaeology 67: 79-86  [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008c. Beyond typologies: The reduction thesis and its implications for lithic assemblages in Southeast Asia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 28: 108-116 [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2008d. What attributes are important for the measurement of assemblage reduction intensity? Results from an experimental stone artefact assemblage with relevance to the Hoabinhian of mainland Southeast Asia. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(5): 1189-1200 [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008e. Review of "Genes, Culture and Human Evolution: A Synthesis." by Linda Stone and Paul F. Lurquin. Blackwell, Oxford, (2005). The Australian Journal of Anthropology 19(1): 119-121. [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2008f. Human Behavioural Ecology and Stone Artefacts in Northwest Thailand during the Terminal Pleistocene and Holocene. In Jean-Pierre Pautreau (ed) Southeast Asian Prehistory: The 11th EurASEAA Conference. Musée de Bougon: Paris. pp. 37-49. 


Marwick, B. 2007a. Approaches to Flaked Stone Artefact Archaeology in Thailand : A Historical Review. Silpakorn University International Journal 7:49-88 [PDF at]

O'Connor, S. and B. Marwick 2007b. Significant Places: Sites of Importance in the Indigenous Peopling of Australia. Department of Environment and Water Resources: Canberra.

Marwick, B. 2007c. Review of "The origins and evolution of cultures", by Peter Richerson and Robert Boyd. Oxford University Press, London, (2004). The Australian Journal of Anthropology 18(1): 97-8 [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2006a. What can archaeology do with Boyd and Richerson's cultural evolutionary program? The Review of Archaeology 26(2): 30-40. [PDF at]

Bellwood, P. Marwick, B. and R. Pearson (eds.) 2006b. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 26 


Marwick, B. 2005a. The interpersonal origins of language: Social and linguistic implications of an archaeological approach to language evolution. Linguistics and the Human Sciences 1.2: 197-224. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2005b. Element concentrations and magnetic susceptibility of anthrosols: Indicators of prehistoric human occupation in the inland Pilbara, Western Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1357-1368. [] [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2005c. Review of "Marx's ghost: Conversations with archaeologists", by Thomas C. Patterson. Berg, Oxford. (2003). Anthropological Forum 15(1): 92-94 [PDF]

Marwick, B. 2005d. Review of "Agency uncovered: Archaeological perspectives on social agency, power, and being human, edited by Andrew Gardner. UCL Press, London, (2004). Anthropological Forum 15(2): 203-204.[PDF]


Marwick, B. 2003a. Pleistocene exchange networks as evidence for the evolution of language. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17(1): 67-81. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2003b. Review of "Batavia's graveyard. The true story of the mad heretic who lead history's bloodiest mutiny", by Mike Dash. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. (2002). Limina vol. 9: 236-240. [PDF]


Marwick, B. 2002a. Milly's Cave: Evidence for human occupation of the Inland Pilbara during the Last Glacial Maximum. Tempus 7: 21-33. [PDF at]

Marwick, B. 2002b. Evidence of prehistoric occupation of the Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20(4): 461-464.



The program here at the University of Washington is primarily a doctoral program in archaeology, with an emphasis in geoarchaeology for those that wish to pursue it. We believe firmly that geoarchaeology is really archaeology using adaptations of techniques and methods. Thus, the geoarchaeologists that come from this department examine archaeological questions by looking at sedimentological, stratigraphical, petrographic (mineralogy and petrology), geomorphological, and pedologic techniques. We are really doing archaeology, with a geological orientation.


The geoarchaeology program at UW was founded by Julie Stein, who taught the first class here in 1981 and is now the Director of the Burke Museum and no longer working with students. Julie was a student of George (Rip) Rapp, Herb Wright and Patty Jo Watson and is best known for her work on shell middens in the Pacific Northwest. Julie's contributions to the interdisciplinary field of archaeological geology were recognised in 1999 when she was awarded the Rip Rapp Archaeological Geology Award (Geological Society of America, Archaeological Geology Division). 

The geoarchaeology course at UW

The geoarchaeology course I teach is based on Julie Stein's curriculum and aims to give students an understanding of the application of geological approaches to archaeological problems. This course also provides a foundation of basic geoarchaeological lab skills to prepare students for advanced research. The course covers stratigraphic, sediment and soil nomenclature used in geoarchaeology, reviews different geomorphologic contexts of archaeological site location and formation and surveys applications of geophysical and geochemical techniques in archaeology.

Geoarchaeology in the UW graduate program

For the first two years in the graduate program, all archaeology graduate students are required to take a similar set of courses. Depending on the student's background (how much statistics and anthropology they have had) some classes may differ. The basic classes are four laboratory classes (bones, ceramics, lithics, and of course geoarchaeology) , two or three theory classes, a quantitative methods class, and thematic and regional classes. These courses prepare students for taking the comprehensive exam that must be taken at the beginning of the seventh quarter in residence (the beginning of Autumn quarter two years after arriving). The exam is difficult and most students take some of spring quarter and most of the summer to prepare. Passing the comprehensive exam is the requirement for receiving a master's degree. We also require that you write some sort of research report involving an original piece of research. But after the comps are passed you are done with the official requirements for the masters degree.

Related courses

Although we do not require that geoarchaeology students have geology or pedology courses before they are admitted, after the comprehensive exams these students should expect to take at least three of the following geoscience courses (Stratigraphy, Depositional Environments, Great Geological Issues, Fluvial Geomorphology, and Geological Time) and 3 pedology courses (Soil Genesis and Classification, Field Survey of Wildland Soils, and Forest Soil Fertility and Chemistry). If you are interested in mineralogy and petrology, then optical mineralogy and work with SEM and ICP is also recommended. Students work with me to design their programs to fit individual needs and backgrounds. This program thus afford a student great flexibility, but only after they have received a heavy dose of basic archaeological theory and practical laboratory knowledge.

The Geoarchaeology Lab

The Geoarchaeology Laboratory in the department is set up to do basic chemistry, particle size analysis, and thin-section preparation. For detailed chemical work a partnership with the sediment labs in other locations has been negotiated. This arrangement allows students access to better equipment. For example, we have a partnership with Materials Science to use their thermal analyzer and X-Ray diffraction equipment. Earth and Space Sciences allows students access to their sample preparation facilities, particle size analysers and isotope equipment. As the number of geoarchaeology students grow, the demand for our laboratory equipment increases and necessary arrangements are made.


Most of our graduate students receive some sort of financial assistance or apply for financial aid in the form of work-study positions that allow students to work in our labs. The Work-Study applications must be filed in the Spring in the year before new students arrive. However, the funds are small and competition for them is great. Please discuss with me opportunities for financial assistance.

The Quaternary Research Center

The Quaternary Research Center (QRC) here at the University of Washington is not a degree-granting department. It is a research center. Although you cannot receive a degree from the QRC, it offers many opportunities such as scholars participating in QRC seminars and lecture series. This research center gives our students exposure to the newest ideas, and collegial contacts. Obviously the QRC is a benefit to anyone interested in geoarchaeology, but not part of the official program.

Prospective students

If you’d like more information about graduate study in geoarchaeology at UW, you can easily contact me using the form below.


In addition to teaching these classes I am also the coordinator of the Archaeological Sciences Option. This is a transcripted sequence of classes recommended to students who are interested in an in-depth study archaeological methods and theories.

ARCHY 109 Archaeology in Film

Deals with depictions of archaeology by and for non-archaeologists and implication of those depictions at the intersection of archaeology, the human past, and popular culture. 5 credits, I&S

ARCHY 299 Archaeological Laboratory Techniques

Laboratory procedures geared to one specific archaeological research project. Prerequisite: either ARCHY 105 or ARCHY 205. 1-3, max. 12 credits, I&S

ARCHY 309 Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia

Covers the archaeology of mainland Southeast Asia from the first colonization by hominins to the appearance of written texts, especially in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar. Emphasizes methods of acquiring archaeological data and addressing current controversies about mainland Southeast Asia prehistory. Prerequisite: ARCHY 205. 5 credits, I&S. Archaeological Sciences non-core class.

ARCHY 319 Archaeology of Australia

Archaeology of Australia with an emphasis on understanding of the evidence and interpretation of both singular events and long-term processes in prehistory. Prerequisite: ARCHY 205. 5 credits, I&S. Archaeological Sciences non-core class.

ARCHY 482 & 486 Geoarchaeology Lab & Seminar

Lab & seminar on the identification, analysis, and interpretation of sediments and soils associated with archaeological remains. Covers geomorphology, geochemistry and geophysics in archaeology. Prerequisite: ARCHY 205. 3 & 3 credits. Archaeological Sciences core class.

ARCHY 499 Undergraduate Research

Advanced laboratory procedures geared to one specific archaeological research project. Prerequisite: ARCHY 205. 5-6, max. 12 credits.

ARCHY 509 Archaeology and Explanation

Analytical, historical and quantitative examination in archaeology and philosophy of science. Prerequisite: permission of instruction. 5 credits

For more information about current offerings in the archaeology program, see the UW ARCHY course catalog