Critics and Theorists
Brian McHale: Postmodernist Fiction
Blogger marina628 offers an extensive summary of McHale's introduction to Postmodernist Fiction. Not only does she offer videos to illustrate McHale's concept of the "transhistorical party," but she also considers what McHale teaches us about postmodernism.
Richard Richter's Summary Notes: McHale's Postmodernist Fiction
Professor Emeritus Richter, who formerly directed the Postmodern Programme at Ursinus University, provides a summary and quotations of key passages from McHale's work.
- Hooded Utilitarian Dave Mazzucchelli Archive
A "a quasi-blog/quasi-magazine hybrid devoted to cultural criticism," The Hooded Utilitarian features reviews and discussion of Asterios Polyp.
Conversations: Dave Mazzucchelli and Dash Shaw
From The Comics Journal, an extensive interview with Mazzucchelli about his work, including Asterios Polyp.
of American Poets: T.S. Eliot
Biography and bibliography page links to critical essays on Eliot, "A Brief Guide to Modernism," and the text of "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock."
American Poetry: T.S. Eliot
Site includes a short biography and timeline of Eliot's life and work, excerpts from critical discussions of "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," and links to additional resources.
- Twentieth-Century British Literature
Al Drake's course site includes a brief explanation of modernist poetry's primary features, with examples from Eliot's The Waste Land..
and O'Brien's The Things They Carried
Student essay that examines how O'Brien uses metafictive techniques to "commen[t] not only upon the war, but also upon the actual art of fiction: the means of storytelling, the purposes behind them, and ultimately the relationship between fiction and reality itself."
Interview with Leslie Marmon Silko
Interview with The Write Stuff's Thomas Irmer.
- Canvas Ceremony Resources
Our Canvas site contains PDF versions of "Myth of Red Antway: Male Evilway," "Eight Acoma Stories," a Keresan pronunciation guide, a sample Tayo story and an illustrated description of Navajo ceremonial systems.
- Dr. Robert Nelson's Ceremony Resources
Professor Robert Nelson has written extensively on Silko's use of Native American stories in Ceremony. His web site reprints his published academic articles and book chapters on the novel, including "Settling for Vision in Silko's Ceremony: Sun Man, Arrowboy, and Tayo," "Rewriting Ethnography: The Embedded Texts in Leslie Silko's Ceremony," "The Kaupata Motif in Silko's Ceremony." His local resources page also contains maps of the novel's narrative structure and embedded texts as well as photos and maps of sites referenced in Ceremony.
Silko biography authored by Professor Robert Nelson.
Professor Robert Nelson analyzes Silko's use of the sunrise trope in Ceremony's "embedded texts." Nelson views Ceremony as "an example of 'post-modern intertextuality'-- a text in which two kinds of text, one prose in narrative mode and the other embedded poetry in several modes, derive (or better yet, recover) a semblance of authority from a third, absent yet acknowledged, text, that is, the ethnographic pretext."
from The Gaps Silko Resources
Description of Silko's works, a bibliography of criticism and interviews, and links to other resources.
- The Circular Design of Cane
Creative writer David Kelly's analysis of Cane's structure is part of a site that also examines the text's historical contexts, themes and style.
- The Jean Toomer Pages
Math professor Scott W. Williams site contains a biography structured around Toomer's varied philosophical interests, photos of Toomer and his family, text of the author's stories and poems, and extensive references for those who want to learn more about Toomer.
- Literary History: Jean Toomer
Links to full-text critical articles on Cane and reviews of books on Toomer and his work. Site also links to a brief overview of Toomer's writings from the Heath Anthology of American Literature.
- Modern American Literature: Jean Toomer's Cane
Professor Derek Royal's handout on the contexts surrounding Cane's production and his analysis of Toomer's work.
- Modern American Poetry: Jean Toomer
Biography, explanation of the sonnet form, a brief discussion of Toomer and class, and excerpts from critical articles and books on several of Cane's poems: "Reapers," "Her Lips are Copper Wire," "November Cotton Flower," and "Portrait in Georgia."
- "To 'Flash White Light from Ebony': The Problem of Modernism in Jean Toomer's Cane"
In the journal Twentieth Century Literature, critic Catherine Gunther Kodat argues against reading Cane solely as "a modernist experiment in autobiography"; instead she approaches the text as "a dialectical exploration of structures used to define and represent the self."
- EBooks at Adelaide
Online and downloadable versions of many of Woolf's books and essay collections, including Mrs. Dalloway.
- History's Child: Virginia Woolf, Heritage, and Historical Consciousness
Author Mia Carter examines Woolf's representation of her childhood. Carter claims that "Woolf wrestles with her childhood enthrallment with her own national heritage, class, and culture."
- Introduction to the Oxford Edition of Mrs. Dalloway
Critic David Bradshaw discusses the novel's treatment of the social and psychological wounds of WWI, mental illness and contemporary politics.
- Literary History: Virginia Woolf
Extensive list of links to full-text articles on Woolf and her works, including Mrs. Dalloway.
- The Literature Network: Virginia Woolf
Brief biography and description of several of Woolf's works, as well as links to articles on Woolf.
- Literature Online: Mrs. Dalloway
A brief biography of Woolf and a study guide to Mrs. Dalloway that includes plot summary and notes on style and recurring themes.
- "Modern Novels"
Woolf's essay, which appeared in a 1919 issue of The Times Literary Supplement, identifies elements that distinguish the work of modern writers from their 19th-century predecessors.
- Mrs. Dalloway
Resources from a graduate seminar on Woolf include an overview of the author's use of narrative, excerpts from her diary, an annotated bibliography of critical writings on Mrs. Dalloway and a list of party guests with descriptive quotations.
- The New York Times: Virginia Woolf
From the New York Times archive, reviews of Woolf's books, including Mrs. Dalloway, and articles about the author. Site requires registration.
- Woolf Seminar: Links
Ella Clark's site for her seminar on Mrs. Dalloway features maps of various characters' walks through London, a structural outline of the novel, and a list of connections between Mrs. Dalloway and The Waste Land.
Historical and Contextual Resources
- The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century
Companion web site to public television series on WWI features historian commentaries, a timeline, a bibliography of print and web resources, information on key battle, and links to images, contemporary newspaper accounts, and sound files.
- The Harlem Renaissance [UW Restricted]
Ishmael Reed's New York Times article on the literary movement and its 1970s critics, in PDF format.
- Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Sigmund Freud
Overview of the life, theories and work of Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis.
- The Medical History of World War I
Links to doctors' accounts, treatment guides and other documents from the period.
- Shell Shock During WWI
Professor Joanna Bourke's overview of the causes, symptoms and treatment of shell shock. Part of the BBC's World Wars in Depth web site.
- Al Filreis's Modernism Site
Documents and other artifacts to accompany a University of Pennyslvania course on modern and contemporary poetry. Collection includes images, poems, story excerpts and reviews of modernist works. Professor Al Filreis's course schedule also contains links to various reactions "against" modernism.
Professor Christopher Whitcombe's site discusses the roots of modernism, modernism and politics, and modernism and postmodernism, among other topics.
- The Modernism Lab at Yale
A virtual archive of collaborative research on the emergence of modernism. The YNote research tool features information on Eliot and Woolf, as well as other modernist writers. Site also includes"a wiki consisting of brief interpretive essays on literary works and movements of the period."
- Modernism: The Modern Novel
From Encyclopedia of the Novel, background on the historical contexts of modernity as well as features of the modernist novel, with examples from various texts. The entry also addresses the relationship between modernism and postmodernism.
- Some Attributes of Modernist Literature
Professor John Lye's description of some of modernist literature's key features.
- Topics in the Twentieth Century: Modernism
Definitions and extended analyses of the terms modern, modernity and modernism. Includes alternate beginning dates for "modernity" and "modernism."
An introduction to ways of thinking about postmodernism.
- Globalization and the Postmodern Turn
Douglas Kellner's attempt to develop a critical theory of globalization. Kellner theorizes globalization in terms of both the modern and the postmodern "because we are currently involved in an interregnum period between an aging modern and an emerging postmodern era."
of the Shuttle: Postmodernism
Extensive page of links to resources on postmodernism; contains general resources on postmodern theory and information on individual theorists.
- Critical Reading: A Guide
Professor John Lye explains the goals of interpretation and describes elements to analyze in poetry, fiction and fiction prose.
- Oxford Reference Online: Literature [UW Restricted]
Search entries from the Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms as well as Oxford guides to English and American Literature, twentieth-century literature in English and A Dictionary of Writers and Their Works.