UWB and UW Seal
Clark F. Olson
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Stereo Ego-motion Improvements for Robust Rover Navigation
Clark F. Olson, Larry H. Matthies, Marcel Schoppers, and Mark W. Maimone
In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pages 1099-1104, 2001.
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Robust navigation for mobile robots over long distances requires an accurate method for tracking the robot position in the environment. Techniques for position estimation by determining the camera ego-motion from monocular or stereo sequences have been previously described. However, long-distance navigation requires a very high level of robustness and a very low rate of error growth. In this paper, we describe a methodology for long-distance rover navigation that meets these goals using robust estimation. We show that a system based on only camera ego-motion estimates will accumulate errors with super-linear growth in the distance traveled, owing to increasing orientation errors. When an absolute orientation sensor is incorporated, the error growth can be reduced to a linear function of the distance traveled. We have tested these techniques using both extensive simulation and hundreds of real rover images and have achieved a low, linear rate of error growth.