Barbara Citko's Research

My research  in theoretical syntax is informed by the tradition of generative grammar pioneered by Noam Chomsky in the late fifties, which assumes the existence of an innate language faculty distinct from (but interfacing with) other cognitive systems. Its most recent incarnation, the Minimalist Program, takes this innate language faculty to be an optimal solution to the constraints imposed on it by the cognitive systems with which it interacts. The impact of my research in this minimalist enterprise is threefold. First, my theoretical research on multidominance (the kinds of syntactic structures which allow a single alement to occupy two positions simultaneoulsy) and phases (self-contained pieces of syntactic structure, interacting with the non-syntactic components of language) contributes to our understanding of the structure building mechanisms in language on the one hand, and the constraints these structures are subject to on the other. Second, on an empirical level, my research contributes to our understanding of various types of wh-constructions in natural language, especially the ones that do not receive a lot of attention in the literature, such as free relatives (e.g. John eats whatever Bill cooks) or wh-questions with coordinated wh-pronouns (e.g. What and where does John eat?). And third, my research on Polish contributes to our understanding of the syntax of Slavic languages and, more generally, to our understanding of which aspects of language are universal and which ones are subject to crosslinguistic variation. 
Recent and Upcoming Presentations

Citko, B. 2015. 'To Gap or to Right Node Raise,' Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics # 24, New York University, May 8-10, 2015.

Citko, B. 2014. ‘On Ellipsis and Feature Inheritance in the Left Periphery, ’  Variation in C: Macro and Micro-Comparative Approaches to Complementizers and the CP Phase, University of Venice, Oct 22, 2014.

Citko, B. 2014. ‘The Gapping that Could,’ 23rd Annual Meeting of the Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics, University of California at Berkeley, CA, May 2, 2014.

Citko, B. 2013. ‘Size Matters: Multidominance and DP Structure in Polish,’ 44th Poznań Linguistic Meeting, Poznań, Aug 6, 2013.

Citko, B. and M. Gracanin-Yuksek. 2013. 'Multiple Coordinated Relative Clauses'. Presented at the LSA Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, Jan 6, 2013. [handout]
Citko, B. and M. Gracanin-Yuksek. 2012. 'Wh-coordination in Free Relatives'. Presented at NELS 43, CUNY Graduate Center, Oct 19, 2012.  [handout]
Citko, Barbara. 2012. Obviation and Control: A view from Polish. Presented at SinFonija 5, University of Vienna, Sept 17, 2012. [handout]
Representative Publications  
Citko, B. 2014. Phase Theory. An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Citko, B. 2011. Symmetry in Syntax: Merge, Move and Labels. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Journal Articles
Citko, B. and M. Gracanin-Yuksek. To appear. 'Multiple (Coordinated) (Free) Relatives,' Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.

Citko, B. and M.  Gracanin-Yuksek. 2013. 'Towards a New Typology of Coordinated Wh-Questions. Journal of Linguistics. [abstract]
Citko, B. 2011.‘Small Clauses,’ Language and Linguistics Compass 5: 748-763[abstract]
Citko, B. 2010. ‘On the Distribution of -Kolwiek 'Ever' in Polish Free Relative Clauses,’ Journal of Slavic Linguistics 18: 221-258.
Citko, B. 2008. ‘An Argument against Assimilating Appositive Relatives to Coordinate Structures,’ Linguistic Inquiry 39: 633-655.[abstract]
Citko, B. 2008. ‘Missing Labels,’ Lingua 118: 907–944.

Citko, B. 2008. ‘Small Clauses Reconsidered: Not So Small and Not All Alike,’ Lingua 118: 261-295.

Citko, B. 2006. ‘Determiner Sharing from a Crosslinguistic Perspective,’ Linguistic Variation Yearbook 6:73–96.

Citko, B. 2006. ‘The Interaction between Across-the-Board Wh-Movement and Left Branch Extraction,’ Syntax 9: 225-247. [abstract]

Citko, B. 2005. ‘On the Nature of Merge: External Merge, Internal Merge, and Parallel Merge,’ Linguistic Inquiry 36: 475-497. [abstract]

Citko, B. 2004. ‘On Headed, Headless, and Light-Headed Relatives,’ Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 22: 95-126. [abstract]

Citko, B. 2003. ‘On the Syntax and Semantics of English and Polish Concessive Conditionals,’ Journal of Slavic Linguistics 11: 37-54.

Citko, B. 2002. ‘(Anti)reconstruction Effects in Free Relatives: A New Argument against the Comp Account,’ Linguistic Inquiry 33: 507-511.

Citko, B. 2000. ‘On the Syntax and Semantics of Polish Adjunct Clauses,’ Journal of Slavic Linguistics 8: 5-25.