contact publications teaching


Attention (fMRI)

Ernst, Z.R., Boynton, G.M., and Jazayeri, M. (in press) The Spread of Attention across Features of a Surface (J.Neurophysiol.)
Runeson, E., Boynton, G. M., & Murray, S.O. (2013). Effects of Task and Attentional Selection on Responses in Human Visual Cortex. J Neurophysiol. [pdf]
Ciaramitaro, V. M., Mitchell, J.F. Stoner, G. and Boynton, G.M. (2011). "Object-based attention to one of two superimposed surfaces alters responses in human early visual cortex." J Neurophysiol. 105: 1258-1265 [pdf]
Serences J.T., Boynton G.M. (2007) The representation of behavioral choice for motion in human visual cortex. J Neurosci 27:12893-12899. [pdf]
Ciaramitaro V.M., Buracas G.T., Boynton G.M. (2007) Spatial and cross-modal attention alter responses to unattended sensory information in early visual and auditory human cortex. J Neurophysiol 98:2399-2413. [pdf]
Serences, J.T. and Boynton G.M. (2007) Feature-Based Attentional Modulations in the Absence of Direct Visual Stimulation Neuron;55, 301–312 [pdf]
Buracas G.T., Boynton G.M. (2007) The effect of spatial attention on contrast response functions in human visual cortex. J Neurosci 27:93-97. [pdf]
Buracas, G.T., Fine, I, and Boynton, G.M. (2005) The Relationship between Task Performance and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Response. J. Neurosci 25: 3023–3031. [pdf]
Saenz, M.T., Buracas, G.T., and Boynton, G.M. (2002) Global effects of feature-based attention in human visual cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 631-632. [pdf]
Gandhi, S.P., Heeger, D.J., and Boynton, G.M. (1999) Spatial Attention Affects Brain Activity in Human Primary Visual Cortex. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 96, 3314-3319 [pdf]

Attention (psychophysics)

Ernst, Z.R., Palmer, J., & Boynton, G. M. (2012). Dividing attention between two transparent motion surfaces results in a failure of selective attention. J Vis, 12(12) [pdf]
Lin J.Y., Hubert-Wallander B, Murray, S.O., Boynton G.M.. Rapid and reflexive feature-based attention. J Vis. 2011;11(12). [pdf]
Lin, J.Y., Pype, A.D., Murray, S.O., & Boynton, G.M. Enhanced memory for scenes presented at behaviorally relevant points in time. (2010) PLoS Biol, 8 (3), e1000337. [pdf]
Lin, J.Y., Murray, S.O., & Boynton, G.M. (2009). Capture of attention to threatening stimuli without perceptual awareness. Curr Biol, 19 (13), 1118-1122. [pdf]
Boynton G.M., Ciaramitaro V.M., Arman A.C. (2006) Effects of feature-based attention on the motion aftereffect at remote locations. Vision Res 46:2968-2976. [pdf]
Saenz, M.T., Buracas, G.T., and Boynton, G.M. (2003), Global Feature-Based Attention for Color and Motion, Vision Research, 43:629 – 637 [pdf]

Face Perception

Ng, M., Boynton, G.M., & Fine, I. (2008). Face adaptation does not improve performance on search or discrimination tasks. J Vis, 8 (1), 1 1-20. [pdf]
Ng M, Ciaramitaro V.M., Anstis S, Boynton G.M., Fine, I(2006) Selectivity for the configural cues that identify the gender, ethnicity, and identity of faces in human cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103:19552-19557. [pdf]

Learning, Perceptual Deterioration and Sleep (with Sara Mednick)

Mednick, S.C., Drummond, S.P., Arman, A.C., & Boynton, G.M. (2008). Perceptual deterioration is reflected in the neural response: fMRI study of nappers and non-nappers. Perception, 37 (7), 1086-1097. [pdf]
Mednick, S.C., Drummond, S.P., Boynton, G.M., Awh, E., & Serences, J.T. (2008). Sleep-dependent learning and practice-dependent deterioration in an orientation discrimination task. Behav Neurosci, 122 (2), 267-272. [pdf]
Mednick, S.C., Arman, A.C. and Boynton, G.M. (2005) The time-course and specificity of perceptual deterioration. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. ; 102 3881-3885. [pdf]

Pattern Vision

Joo, S.J., Boynton, G. M., & Murray, S.O. (2012). Long-range, pattern-dependent contextual effects in early human visual cortex. Curr Biol, 22(9), 781-786. [pdf]
Duncan, R.O. and Boynton, G.M. (2003). Cortical magnification within human primary visual cortex correlates with acuity thresholds. Neuron 38(4): 659-71. [pdf]
Heeger, D.J., Boynton, G.M., Demb J.B., Seidemann, E., and Newsome, W.T. (1999) Motion Opponency in Visual Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 7162-7174. [pdf]
Boynton, G.M., Demb, J.B., and Heeger, D.J. (1999) Neuronal Basis of Contrast Discrimination. Vision Research, 39, 257-269 [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. and Foley, J.M. (1999) Temporal Sensitivity of Human Luminance Pattern Mechanisms Determined by Masking with Temporally Modulated Stimuli, Vision Research, 39, 1641-1656 [pdf]
Foley, J.M. and Boynton, G.M. (1993). Forward pattern masking and adaptation: Effects of duration, interstimulus interval, contrast, and spatial and temporal frequency. Vision Research, 33,959-980 [pdf]
Foley, J.M. and Boynton G.M. (1993). A new model of human pattern vision mechanisms: analysis of the effects of masker orientation, phase and temporal frequency. SPIE proceedings, Vol 2054, Computational Vision Based on Neurobiology

Other Vision-Related Stuff

Hubbard E.M., Ramachandran, V.S., and Boynton, G.M. (2005) Individual Differences among Grapheme-Color Synesthetes: Brain-Behavior Correlations. Neuron 45 975-985. G.T. Buracas, G.T., Fine, I, and Boynton, G.M. (2005) [pdf]
Fine, I., Anderson, C.M.,Boynton, G.M., & Dobkins, K.R. (2004). The invariance of directional tuning with contrast and coherence. Vision Res, 44(9), 903-913. [pdf]
Fine, I., Wade, A.R. Brewer, A.A., May, M. G., Goodman, D. F., Boynton, G. M. ,Wandell B. A. and MacLeod D.I. (2003) Long-term deprivation affects visual perception and cortex. Nature Neuroscience 6(9): 915-6. [pdf]
Fine, I., MacLeod, D.I. and Boynton G.M. (2003). Surface segentation based on the luminance and color statistics of natural scenes. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 20(7): 1283-91. [pdf]
Wandell, B.A., Poirson, A.B., Newsome, W.T., Baseler, H.A. Boynton,G.M., Huk, A.C., Gandhi, S.P. and Sharpe, L.T., (1999) Color signals in human motion-selective cortex, Neuron, 24, 901-909 [pdf]
Ashby, F.G., Boynton, G.M., and Lee, W.W. (1994). Categorization response time with multidimensional stimuli. Perception and Psychophysics, 55,11-27 [pdf]


Demb, J.B., Boynton, G.M., and Heeger, D.J., (1998) FMR Imaging of Early Visual Pathways in Dyslexia. Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 6939-6951 [pdf]
Demb, J.B., Boynton, G.M., Best, M., and Heeger, D.J. (1998) Psychophysical evidence for a magnocellular pathway deficit in dyslexia. Vision Research, 38, 1555-1559 [pdf]
Demb, J.B., Boynton, G.M., and Heeger, D.J. (1997) Brain activity in visual cortex predicts individual differences in reading performance, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 4,13363-13366 [pdf]

Other sensory stuff

Duncan R.O., Boynton G.M. (2007) Tactile Hyperacuity Thresholds Correlate with Finger Maps in Primary Somatosensory Cortex (S1). Cereb Cortex.[pdf]
Fine, I., Finney, E.M., Boynton, G.M., and Dobkins, K.R. (2005) Comparing the Effects of Auditory Deprivation and Sign Language within the Auditory and Visual Cortex. J Cogn Neurosci 17 (10), 1621-1637 [pdf]

General fMRI methods

Tuan, A.S., Birn, R. M., Bandettini, P.A., & Boynton, G.M. (2008). Differential transient MEG and fMRI responses to visual stimulation onset rate. International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, 18(1), 17-28.
Boynton, G. M. and Finney, E.M.. (2003) Orientation-specific adaptation in human visual cortex. J Neurosci; 23 (25): 8781-7. [pdf]
Buracas, G.T., and Boynton, G.M. (2002) Efficient design of event-related fMRI experiments using M-sequences, NeuroImage, 16, 801-813. [pdf]
Boynton, G.M., Engel, S.A., Glover, G.H. and Heeger, D.J. (1996) Linear Systems Analysis of fMRI in Human V1, Journal of Neuroscience, 16,4207-4221 [pdf]

Visual prosthetics (with Ione Fine)

Fine, I. and Boynton, G.M., (in review) Pulse trains to percepts: The challenge of creating a perceptually intelligible world with sight recovery technologies.

Supplementary Materials can be found here

Nanduri, D., Fine, I., Horsager, A., Boynton, G. M., Humayun, M. S., Greenberg, R. J., & Weiland, J. D. (2012). Frequency and amplitude modulation have different effects on the percepts elicited by retinal stimulation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 53(1), 205-214. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8401 [pdf]
Horsager, A., G. M. Boynton, Fine, I. (2011). "Temporal interactions during paired-electrode stimulation in two retinal prosthesis subjects." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52(1): 549-557. [pdf]
Horsager, A., Greenwald, S.H., Weiland, J.D., Humayun, M.S., Greenberg, R. J., McMahon, M. J., Boynton, G.M. Fine, I. (2009). Predicting visual sensitivity in retinal prosthesis patients. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 50(4), 1483-1491 [pdf]

Commentaries and Reviews

Boynton, G. M., Engel, S.A., & Heeger, D. J. (2012). Linear systems analysis of the fMRI signal. Neuroimage,'doi':S1053-8119(12) [pdf]

Boynton, G. M. (2011). Spikes, BOLD, attention, and awareness: a comparison of electrophysiological and fMRI signals in V1. J Vis, 11(5), 12 [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. (2009). A framework for describing the effects of attention on visual responses. Vision Res, 49 (10), 1129-1143. [pdf]
Krekelberg, B., Boynton, G.M., and van Wezel, R.J.A. (2006) Adaptation: From Single Cells to BOLD Signals.  Trends in Neuroscience; 29; 250-6 [pdf]
Boynton, G. M. (2005). Contrast gain in the brain. Neuron 47, 476-477. [pdf]
Boynton, G. M. (2005). Attention and visual perception. Curr Opin Neurobiol 15 (4), 465-469 [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. (2005). Imaging orientation selectivity: decoding conscious perception in V1. Nat Neurosci, 8(5), 541-542. [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. and Hedge J. (2004) Visual cortex: the continuing puzzle of area V2. Current Biology, 14(13):R523-4. [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. (2004) Adaptation and attentional selection. Nature Neuroscience 7: 8-10 [pdf]
Boynton, G.M. (2002) Color Vision: How the cortex represents color. Current Biology 12:R838-40. [pdf]

Books and Book Chapters

Fine, I, and Boynton, G.M. (2013) Matlab for the Behavioral Sciences, Amazon Digital Services, Inc.  ASIN: B00CPT86NC
Kastner, S.A. and Boynton, G.M. (2013) Neuroimaging studies on human attention networks in visual and fronto-parietal cortex, in The New Visual Neurosciences, MIT Press
Boynton, G.M. and Saenz, M.T. (2003) Understanding the Neuronal Basis of the fMRI Signal. A book associated with a conference sponsored by the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Modulation of Neuronal Signaling: Implications for Visual Perception
Boynton, G.M. (2001) Pattern Masking. Vision Models and Applications to Image and Video Processing C. Van Den Branden Lambrecht, Kluwers Academic Publishers
Heeger, D.J., Gandhi, S.P., Huk, A.C. and Boynton, G.M. (2000). Neuronal Correlates of Attention in Human Visual Cortex. Visual Attention and Cortical Circuits. J. Braun and Koch, C. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press: 25-48.
Wandell, B.A., Baseler, H., Poirson, A.B., Boynton, G.M., and Engel, S.A., (1999) Computational Neuroimaging: Color tuning in two human cortical areas measured using fMRI, Color Vision: from molecular genetics to perception, Ed. Gegenfurtner and Sharpe