Canopy Dynamics Lab Publications
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Publications since 2001 by topic


FSPMs and forest growth


Kennedy, M.C. and Ford, E. D. 2012. Using multi-criteria analysis of simulation models to understand complex biological systems. BioScience 61: 994-1004.


Ford, E. D. and Kennedy, M.C. 2011. Assessment of uncertainty in functional-structural plant models. Annals of Botany 108: 1043-1053.


Kennedy, M.C., Ford, E.D., Hinckley, T.M. 2010. Defining how aging Pseudotsuga and Abies compensate for multiple stresses through multi-criteria assessment of a functional-structural model. Tree Physiology 30: 3-22.

Kennedy, M.C. and Ford, E.D. 2009. Two-criteria model assessment shows that foliage maintenance in old-growth Pseudotsuga memziesii requires both delayed and sequential reiteration. Trees-Structure and Function 23: (6) 1173-1187.

Ishii, H.T., Ford, E.D. and Kennedy, M.C. 2007. Physiological and ecological implications of adaptive reiteration as a mechanism for crown maintenance and longevity. Tree Physiology 27: 455-462.

Aumann, C. A. and Ford, E. D. 2006. Simulation of the effects of wood microstructure on water transport. Tree Physiology 26: 285-301.

Kennedy, M. C., Ford, E. D. and Ishii, I. 2004. Model analysis of the importance of reiteration for branch longevity in Pseudotsuga menziesii compared with Abies grandis. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 892-909.

Edelstein, Z. R. and Ford, E. D. 2003. Branch and foliage morphological plasticity in old-growth Thuja plicata. Tree Physiology 23: 649-662.

Ishii, H., Ford, E. D. and Dinnie, C. E. 2002. The role of epicormic shoot production in maintaining foliage in old Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas-fir) trees. II. Basal reiteration from older branch axes. Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 916-927.

Ishii, H. and Ford, E. D. 2002. Persistence of Pseudotsuga menziessi (Douglas-fir) in temperate coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest Coast, USA. Folia Geobotanica 37: 63-69.

Aumann, C. A. and Ford, E. D. 2002. Parameterizing a model of Douglas fir water flow using a tracheid-level model. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 149: 431-462.

Aumann, C. A. and Ford, E. D. 2002. Modeling tree water flow as an unsaturated flow through a porous medium. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 149: 415-429.

Ishii, H., Ford, E. D., Boscolo, M. E., Manriquez, A. C., Wilson, M. E. and Hinckley, T. M. 2002. Variation in specific needle area of old-growth Douglas-fir in relation to needle age, within-crown position and epicormic shoot production. Tree Physiology 22: 31-40.

Ishii, H. and Ford, E. D. 2001. The role of epicormic shoot production in maintaining foliage in old Pseudotsuga menziessi (Douglas-fir) trees. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 251-264.

Spatial statistics and model assessment

Turley, M. C. and Ford, E. D. 2009. Definition and calculation of uncertainty in ecological process models. Ecological Modelling 220: 1968-1983.

Ford, E.D. 2009. The importance of a research data statement and how to develop one. Annales Zoologici Fennici 46: 82-92.

Kennedy, M.C., Ford, E.D., Singleton, P., Finney, M. and Agee, J.K. 2008. Informed multi-objective decision-making in environmental management using Pareto optimality. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 181-192.

Lehmkuhl J.F., Kennedy M.C., Ford E.D, Singleton P.H., Gaines W.L, and Lind R.L. 2007. Seeing the forest for the fuel: integrating ecological values and fuels management. Forest Ecology and Management 246: 73-80.

Komuro, R., Ford, E.D., and Reynolds, J.H. 2007. Using multiobjective evolutionary algorithms to assess biological simulation models. Pages 560-574 in Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization, 4th International Conference, EMO 2007.I Eds S. Obayashi, K.Deb, C. Poloni, T. Hiroyasu and T. Murata. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Komuro, R., Ford, E.D. and Reynolds, J.M. 2006. The Use of Multi-Criteria Assessment in Developing a Process Model. Ecological Modelling. Ecological Modelling 197: 320-330.

Loosmore, N. B. and Ford, E.D. 2006. Statistical Inference using the G or K Point Pattern Spatial Statistics. Ecology 87: 1925-1931.

Freeman, E. A. and Ford, E. D. 2001. Effects of data quality on analysis of ecological pattern using the Khat statistical function. Ecology 83: 35-46.

Ford, E. D. and Ishii, H. 2001. The method of synthesis in ecology. Oikos 92: 153-160.


Canopy Productivity

Ford, E.D., Cocke A, Horton, L., Fellner, M. and Van Volkenburgh, E. 2008. Estimation, variation and importance of leaf curvature in Zea mays hybrids. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 148: 1598-1610.

Fellner M, Horton L. A., Cocke A. E, Stephens N. R., Ford, E. D., and Van Volkenburgh, E. 2003. Light interacts with auxin during leaf elongation and leaf angle development in young corn seedlings. Planta 216 (3): 366-376.

Fellner M, Cocke A, Horton L, Ford E.D, Cohen J.D, Van Volkenburgh E. 2001. Possible involvement of light and auxin in plant-plant interaction. Developmental Biology 235: 457.


Canopy competition


Ford, E.D. 2012. Plant competition and canopy interactions. Pages 565-571 in Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology. Editors A Hastings and Louis J. Gross. Berkeley, University of California Press.


Turley, M.C. and Ford, E.D. 2011. Detecting bimodality in plant size distributions and its significance for stand development and competition. Oecologia 167 (4): 991-1003.


Reynolds, J.M. and Ford, E. D. 2005. Improving competition representation in theoretical models of self-thinning: a critical review. Journal of Ecology 93: 362-372.

Additional publications mentioned

Reynolds, J.H. and Ford, E.D.  1999.  Multi-criteria assessment of ecological process models.  Ecology 80: 538-553.

Sorrensen-Cothern, K.A., Ford, E.D. and Sprugel, D.G.  1993.  A model of competition incorporating plasticity through modular foliage and crown development.  Ecological Monographs 63: 277-304.


 ... keep going guys!