Shotgun proteomics and the Pacific oyster

Posted in News, Publication

Emma’s paper on shotgun proteomics was recently  published where she describes the value of shotgun proteomics in physiological studies.

Timmins-Schiffman EB* Nunn BL, Goodlett DR and Roberts SB. (2013) Shotgun proteomics as a viable approach for biological discovery in the Pacific oyster. Conservation Physiology. doi:10.1093/conphys/cot009

 

Abstract:
Shotgun proteomics offers an efficient means to characterize proteins in a complex mixture, particularly when sufficient genomic resources are available. In order to assess the practical application of shotgun proteomics in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was used to characterize the gill proteome. Using information from the recently published Pacific oyster genome, 1043 proteins were identified. Biological samples (n = 4) and corresponding technical replicates (three) were similar in both specific proteins identified and expression, as determined by normalized spectral abundance factor. A majority of the proteins identified (703) were present in all biological samples. Functional analysis of the protein repertoire illustrates that these proteins represent a wide range of biological processes, supporting the dynamic function of the gill. These insights are important for understanding environmental influences on the oyster, because the gill tissue acts as the interface between the oyster and its environment. In silico analysis indicated that this sequencing effort identified a large proportion of the complete gill proteome. Together, these data demonstrate that shotgun sequencing is a viable approach for biological discovery and will play an important role in future studies of oyster physiology.

 

The manuscript is published Conservation Physiology.

From the Journal’s website:

Conservation Physiology is an online only, fully open access journal published on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.

Biodiversity across the globe faces a growing number of threats associated with human activities.Conservation Physiology will publish research on all taxa (microbes, plants and animals) focused on understanding and predicting how organisms, populations, ecosystems and natural resources respond to environmental change and stressors. Physiology is considered in the broadest possible terms to include functional and mechanistic responses at all scales. We also welcome research towards developing and refining strategies to rebuild populations, restore ecosystems, inform conservation policy, and manage living resources. We define conservation physiology broadly and encourage potential authors to contact the editorial team if they have any questions regarding the remit of the journal.