Working Conferences and Papers / 2004 Seattle, USA


5th Pacific Rim Participatory Community Design Conference

(Re)constructing Communities/
design participation in the face of change

Edited by Jeffrey Hou, Mark Francis, and Nathan Brightbill

Davis, CA: Center for Design Research, University of California, Davis, 2005

Click below to download the full text version of the conference papers. To order hard copies of the proceedings, please contact: Center for Design Research, Landscape Architecture Program, University of California, Davis, 142 Walker Hall, Davis, CA 95616, USA +1-530-752-3907

Introduction: (Re)constructing Community Design Jeffrey Hou, Mark Francis, and Nathan Brightbill

Session 1 Evaluating Community Design
Community Design (Re)examined
Mark Francis (University of California, Davis)

Where Do We Go From Here? An Evaluative for Community-based Design Michael Rios (Pennsylvania State University)

The Effects of Workshop to Promote Revitalization of an Urban Area After the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake Mayumi Hayashi (Himeji Institute Of Technology/ Awaji Landscape Planning and Horticulture Academy)

Session 2A  Citizen Movement & Design Activism

Citizen Train: How Direct Democracy, Participatory Design, and Pacific Rim Businesses Are Creating a New Seattle Monorail Kristina Hill (University of Washington)

The Development of the Environmental Movement and Open Space Planning and Design during the Democratic Period in Korea
Mintai Kim, (University of Arizona)

Gender Issues in Relation to the Alternative Movement Against the Kobe City Artery Project, Post-Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake
Satoko Asano (Community design Center, Osaka)

Session 2B ARTivism

Identity Politics and Community Artivism: A Strategic Arts Project of Cultural Landscape Conservation at Treasure Hill, Taipei Minjay Kang (Tamkang University, Taiwan)

Community Designing Process to Regain People’s Expression: The Case of the Collaborative Art Project at "Izumi no Ie"
Naoki Kimura, Masato Dohi, Sanae Sugita, and Shutaro Koyama (Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Involving Community in the Creation of Gathering Places Milenko Matanovic (Pomegranate Center)

Session 3A Engaging Marginalized Communities

Integrated Slum Redevelopment with a Heart: Case Studies of Mojosongo, Solo, Central Java, Indonesia Antonio Ishmael Risianto (Triaco Development Consultant)

Social Organization in the Service of Improving Living Standards: The Valle del Yaqui Project
Sergio Palleroni

Top-down or Bottom-up Participation? Exploring the Nexus of Power, Culture and Revitalization in a Public Housing Community Lynne C. Manzo (University of Washington)

Session 3B Community Differences & Multiple Publics

Multiple Publics, Urban Design, and the Right to the City: Assessing Participation in the Plaza del Colibrí Michael Rios (Pennsylvania State University)

Negotiating Community Differences: Participatory Planning in International District, Seattle and Kogane District, Matsudo
Jeffrey Hou (University of Washington), Isami Kinoshita (Chiba University)

Participatory Design, the Spirit of Place, and the Pitfalls of Professionalism: Evaluation of the Town Center Design Process in Caspar, California Carey Knecht (UC Berkeley)

Session 4A New Actors & Institutions

Change of the Situation Surrounding Community Development in Japan and Its Future View Yasuyoshi Hayashi (Tamagawa Community Design House)

Practical NPO Activities Corresponding to the Social and Demographic Change in the Suburban Community
Yuko Hamasaki (Nagasaki International University)

Government Institution and Local Practice of Professional Planning: Community Planners in Taipei Pao-Chi Sung (National Taipei University of Technology)

Two Asian Models of Planning Decision Making – Case Studies of the Planning Process in Singapore New Downtown and Kaohsiung Multifunctional Business District Perry Yang & Ze Li (National University of Singapore)

Session 4B Shaping Community Futures

Gather at the River: Identification and preservation of local culture Patsy Eubank Owens (UC Davis)

Crafting Westport—How One Small Community Shaped Its Future
Douglas Kot and Denni Ruggeri (UC Berkeley)

Establishing Community Enterprise in Kinosaki Soshi Higuchi, Haruhiko Goto, Nobuyuki Sekiguchi (Waseda University)

Engaging Changing Communities in the Community Design Studio Nancy D. Rottle (University of Washington)

Session 4B Shaping Community Futures

Gather at the River: Identification and preservation of local culture Patsy Eubank Owens (UC Davis)

Crafting Westport—How One Small Community Shaped Its Future
Douglas Kot and Denni Ruggeri (UC Berkeley)

Establishing Community Enterprise in Kinosaki Soshi Higuchi, Haruhiko Goto, Nobuyuki Sekiguchi (Waseda University)

Engaging Changing Communities in the Community Design Studio Nancy D. Rottle (University of Washington)

Session 5 Tools for Participation: Power and Representation

Democratic Drawing: Techniques for Participatory Design Randolph Hester (UC Berkeley)

Making the Invisibility of the Urban Collective Memories Visible: Participatory Design Process as a Form of Making Urban Landscape and the positioning of the Participatory Designer
Annie Yung-Teen Chiu (Shih Chien University, Taiwan)

Drawing the Lines in the World as Community Designers Masato Dohi (Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Session 6A Nature(s) of Place

Opening a Private Garden to the Public through Intermediary:  the Case of Rikugien Garden in the 18th Century Tokyo Sawako Ono (Chiba University)

Building a Multicultural Learning Community through the Nature of Place
Julie M. Johnson (University of Washington)

Earthworm to the Pocket Monster: Childhood Experience of Nature and Environmental Behavior Over Time in Taipei Min-Quan Elementary School Neighborhood I-Chun Kuo (UC Berkeley)

People’s Preference for Place: The Intersection of Sustainable Site Design and User Preference Amy Dryden (UC Berkeley)

Session 6B Rethinking Professionals: Experiences from Taiwan

When Professional Knowledge Meets Local Wisdom: A Dilemma in Trans-cultural Participatory Design John K.C. Liu (National Taiwan University)

A Planner or An Actor? The Experience of Preserving Japanese Houses in Taipei DaYuanZi Studio (National Taiwan University)

Rethinking the Position of Planners: Rise and Fall of Activist’s Agency (A reflection of Treasure Hill Co-living Fringeville Project) Li-Pen Chang (Graduate School for Social Transformation Studies) and Yen-Ju Lee (National Taiwan University)

Campus Dreamland: A Case Study for a Campus Participatory Design Process Ching-fen Yang (National Taiwan University)

Session 7 Forum: Empowering Seattle Communities

Assessing the Depth and Breadth of Participation of Seattle's Neighborhood Planning Process Hilda Blanco (University of Washington)

Session 8A Community Design Pedagogies

Deliberative Education/Communicative Planning: Social Learning for Community, Environment, and Planning Dennis Ryan and Christopher Campbell (University of Washington)

To Inspire Students in Participatory Community Design: A Case Study from Ohnogawa Greenway Rehabilitation Proposal Koichi Kobayashi (Kobayashi & Associates, Inc.)

Recreating Community in Cancer Support Centers, Foster Homes and Developing Colonias Through the Hands-on Participation of a Design/build Teaching Model Daniel Winterbottom (University of Washington)

Session 8B Community and Youth (Roundtable)

Community/Youth Development: Exploring The Nexus Through Youth Leadership In Community Planning Jonathan London (Youth in Focus)

Youth in the Fragmented Society Isami Kinoshita (Chiba University)

Recreating Can We Overcome Our Modern Habits of Teaching, Learning and Designing? Elijah Mirochnik (George Mason University)

Reflection in Action: Freirian Praxis in the Northern Cheyenne Youth Restoration Art Project (R.A.P.) Michael Rios (Pennsylvania State University)

Session 9A Participatory Environmentalism

The Importance of Being Engaged: The Role of Community Participation in Urban Creek Stewardship Victoria Chanse and Chia-Ning Yang (UC Berkeley)

Community Participation and Creek Restoration in the East Bay of San Francisco, California Louise A. Mozingo (UC Berkeley)

Hands-on Action Proposals to Enhance the Traditional Daiju Weir on the Yoshino River and Leverage Citizen Power
Satoko Asano (Community Design Center, Osaka), Aaron Isgar (Sonaterra Translation and Consulting), Shuichi Murakami (University of Shiga Prefecture, Hikone) Tamesuke Nagahashi (Community Design Center, Osaka), Yuichi Sato (Pacific Consultants Co., LTD.), Koichiro Yasuba (Community Design Center, Osaka)

Session 9B Outside-In/Inside-Out: Bridging Professional Expertise and Local Knowledge in an Era of Globalization (Roundtable)

Toward Heritage 100 years from now: An Experience of Forest Management based on the partnership between government, local community and tourists Takayoshi Yamamura (Kyoto Saga University of Arts), Tianxin Zhang (Peking University), Aijun He (University of Tokyo)

Matsu Participatory Design Studio: How does the outside professional gain understanding of the inside story in the local community John K.C. Liu (National Taiwan University), Hsing-Rong Liu (Tamkang University) and Shenglin Chang (University of Maryland)

Increasing Walkability in West Hyattsville – a case of cross-cultural participation in community design and planningMargarita Hill (University of Maryland)

Session 10A The Design of Neighborhood Parks and Community: A Cross-Cultural Critique (Roundtable)

Cross-cultural Analysis of Community Design in the Neighborhood: A Review and Outlook Liling Huang, Marcia McNally and Louise Mozingo

Session 10B Democratic Planning in China: Experience from the Quanzhou Studio (Roundtable)

Post-Conference Tours

Tour 1 ‘Community Gathering Places’ -- by Pomegranate Center

Based in Issaquah, WA, Pomegranate Center is a non-profit community design and development organization helping communities utilize their unique gifts to become more vibrant and humane. Projects by Pomegranate Center integrate social, artistic and environmental perspectives into: the creation of meaningful gathering places, constructive and inclusive community-based planning, educational programs, research and training. The projects include planning and design of gathering places, parks, neighborhood focal points, community trails, and public artworks that contribute to community distinction, vitality, and social interaction. The tour will visit examples of ‘Gathering Places’ created by the Center.

Tour 2 Bradner Garden Park
A park where community grows--a place where people of all ages, cultures and abilities can recreate and learn about urban gardening and the environment in a park that is salmon-friendly and encourages water and resource conservation.
Bradner Garden Park is a grand example of citizen activism at work. After a two-year battle with city hall, citizens and activists drafted an initiative that became Initiative #42 Protect Our Parks. Initiative #42 became a City of Seattle ordinance in 1997, which saved Bradner from non-park development and has helped other neighborhoods around the city fight unnecessary encroachments to parkland. Construction of Bradner Garden Park began in 1998. The last stage was completed in 2003, featuring a Children’s Garden, P-Patch, native plant habitats, and design/build work by UW Architecture students.

Tour 3 UW Landscape Architecture Community Design/build Projects
Featured in New York Times and Landscape Architecture Magazine, the design/build studio in the Department of Landscape Architecture at UW is a nationally recognized program. Developed in 1995 by Associate Professor Daniel Winterbottom, the program’s philosophy is that the art of landscape architecture is not complete without the act of building and that through their involvement in both design and construction, students develop a balance between the conceptualizing and the making of their design. In an attempt to make the projects meaningful to the communities, the program has developed an inclusive participatory design process in which community members participate in the conceptualizing and design processes, to create places that are meaningful to all users. The tour will visit recent projects completed by students.