HAPPY NEW YEAR FROM NEUROSCIENCE FOR KIDS!
Welcome to the Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter.
In this issue:1. What's New at Neuroscience for Kids
A. December Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter was archived
B. 2016 Neurocalendars
Hosted by the journal Nature, NeuroPod provides monthly podcasts about the
new brain research. In December, NeuroPod reported on the effects of
caffeine on repeated brain scans, optogenetics, and language. Podcasts
dating back several years are available where you can listen to the
program online or download the programs to enjoy later.
Entries must be received by the February 1, 2016 deadline.
a. Green, blue, red and yellow were the most common colors people saw when they spun Benham's disks (reported by 6,719 people). (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/benham.html).
b. 1.4 to 1.8 mm was reported by 1,070 (25.3%) of 4,233 people as the diameter of their blind spot (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/blindspot.html).
c. Of 36,268 people who answer the question "How many cups of caffeinated coffee do you drink each day?," 15,786 (43.5%) of them said "None" and 3,237 (8.9%) of them said "More than 10 cups" (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/caff.html).
d. People read an article about yawning and then were asked how many times they yawned while they read it. Of 74,234 people who responded, 20,947 (28.2%) people said that they did not yawn at all and 15,245 (20.5%) people said they yawned more than five times. (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/yawning.html).
e. People were asked how often they remembered their dreams. Of 30,312 people who answered the question, 4,714 (15.6%) said they remembered their dreams every day, 10,928 (36.1%) said they remembered their dreams several times a week and 4,360 (14.8%) said they remembered their dreams less than once a month. Many people (30,540 of 50,334 respondents, 60.7%) said they dream in color; few people (3,826 of 50,334 respondents, 7.6%) said they never dream in color. Common dreams reported by 27,858 people included those about friends or family (9,934 people; 35.7%), life problems (4,625 people, 16.6%) and pleasant topics (2,764; 9.9%). (http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/sleep.html).
Remember that these statistics are for people of many different ages from
all over the world. Also, the numbers are very selective because the
questions were answered by people who visited the Neuroscience for Kids
web site; they are not from a random sample of the general population.
B. "The Return of Electroshock Therapy" by Dan Hurley (THE ATLANTIC magazine, December, 2015).
C. "The Brain's GPS" by May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser is the cover story of the January, 2016, issue of DISCOVER magazine.
D. "Of Sound Mind" by Michael Schwartz and Anat London (NATURAL HISTORY magazine, December 2015-January, 2016).
E. "Autism in Early America" by John Donvan and Caren Zucker (SMITHSONIAN
magazine, January-February, 2016).
B. Prozac, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant drug, was approved by the FDA in 1987.
C. Robert Barany was in a Russian prisoner-of-war camp during World War I when he won the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the vestibular system.
D. In 2014, 54,070 research doctorate degrees were awarded in the United States. Of these degrees awarded, 8,991 were in the biological/biomedical sciences. (Source: National Science Foundation, http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2016/nsf16300/?WT.mc_id=USNSF_178)
E. January is National Birth Defects Prevention Month.
Help Neuroscience for Kids
Your comments and suggestions about this newsletter and the "Neuroscience for Kids" web site are always welcome. If there are any special topics that you would like to see on the web site, just let me know.
Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D.