PHIL 338A:  Study Questions for Topic #1:  Introduction


1.  Explain or distinguish the following terms.  You may use examples to do so:

Normative/Evaluative vs. Purely Descriptive Terms or Statements;

Moral Principle/Particular Moral Judgment;

Moral Metaphysics/Moral Epistemology;

Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Reasoning About Moral Questions;

Proof Paradigm/Moral Discovery Paradigm for the Justification of Moral Beliefs


2.  (a) What is a moral principle or norm?  (b) Can you think of any moral principles that most students in PHIL 338 would agree are exceptionless?  (c) If so, give an example and explain why it has no exceptions.  If not, explain why not.