My research lies at the intersection of comparative politics and international relations in the discipline of political science.  Along with these disciplinary foundations, my research draws on and contributes to a rich tradition of law and social science scholarship examining global policy issues.  My academic joint appointment enables me to work in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary environment, and I believe this type of collaboration and partnerships across disciplines and beyond the university are critical for solving the global problems facing us today.

My primary intellectual interests concern the effects of both domestic and international legal institutions on policy and democratic governance.  At the core of my research interests, is a theoretical concern for processes of policy change and an empirical focus on the role of legal institutions and non-state actors (NGOs, interest groups) in this dynamic.  I have examined both domestic and global public policy issues from environmental protection and global health to human rights and labor regulation.

I am a comparativist in training and remain dedicated to broadening the field of international politics to include the theoretical and methodological insights of comparative institutional analysis.  I conduct problem driven research and use multi-method approaches to examine real world puzzles.  Before entering the academy, I enjoyed time working in government at the state, federal and international levels and my concern for policy solutions remains central to my research activities, including service to the National Science Foundation (NSF).  I am also committed to mainstreaming the study of law and courts in the fields of comparative and international politics and policy studies.  Many of the key empirical and theoretical puzzles dominating these fields – democratization, constitutionalism and globalization, to name a few – are critically linked to complex processes of legalization involving state and non-state actors, international organizations and courts.

The following highlights my publications followed by works in progress.


The European Court and Civil Society: Litigation, Mobilization and Governance (Cambridge University Press, 2007).  Reviewed in Comparative Political Studies, APSA’s Perspectives on Politics, Law & Society Review, APSA’s Law & Politics Book Review, and Voluntas.  Recipient of the American Political Science Association’s, 2008 Best Book Award for the European Politics and Society Section.  The project was funded by grants from the MacArthur Foundation, the Woodrow Wilson Foundation and the German Marshall Fund.



Law, Politics & Society: State of the European Union (Oxford University Press, 2003) (with T. Börzel).  The volume provides a unique and interdisciplinary approach to studying the EU by bringing together both legal scholars and political scientists.  The theme of the volume provides a state of the EU while bringing European studies to the center of larger disciplinary debates.





Courts, Democracy and Governance.  Special Issue of Comparative Political Studies, 39 (1), 2006. (Editor).  This special issue includes articles that take the dynamic interaction between law, politics and society as a starting point to think critically about the evolving role of international courts in democratic governance.





  • 2013.  The ECtHR, Legal Mobilization and Democratic Governance.  Journal of Representative Democracy, 49(2), forthcoming.
  • 2013.  Judicial Politics, Gender and the Courts.  In G. Waylen, K. Celis, J. Kantola and L. Weldon, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics.  Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • 2012.  Legal Mobilization, Transnational Activism and Gender Equality in the EU. Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 28(2), forthcoming.
  • 2011.  Civil Society and the European Court of Human Rights.  In M. Madsen and J. Christoffersen, eds. The European Court of Human Rights between Law and Politics.  Oxford, UK:  Oxford University Press.
  •  2010.   Women’s Rights and Supranational Constitutionalism. In J. Goldstein and R. Steinberg, eds., International Institutions.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. (reprint in International Relations series of “most influential and field defining articles”).
  • 2006.  Courts, Democracy and Governance.  Comparative Political Studies, 39: 3-21.
  • 2006. Courts, Rights and Democratic Participation.  Comparative Political Studies, 39: 50-75.
  • 2004. Women’s Rights, the European Courtand Supranational Constitutionalism. Law & Society Review, 38: 489-512.
  • 2004.  Sex Equality.  In A. Stone Sweet, The Judicial Construction of Europe.  Oxford: Oxford University Press. (with A. Stone Sweet).
  • 2003.  Participation, Representative Democracy and the Courts.  In R. Dalton, B. Cain and S. Scarrow, eds. New Forms of Democracy? Reform and Transformation of Democratic Institutions.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 192-220. (principal author, co-authored with A. Stone Sweet).
  • 2003.  Law, Politics and Society in Europe.  In T. Börzel and R. Cichowski, eds.State of the European Union:  Law, Politics and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-17. (lead author, co-authored with T. Börzel).
  • 2002. ‘No Discrimination Whatsoever:’ Women’s Transnational Activism and the Evolution of European Sex Equality Policy.  In N. Naplesand A. Desai, eds., Women’s Community Activism and Globalization. New York: Routledge, pp.220-238.
  • 2001.  Judicial Rulemaking and the Institutionalization of EU Sex Equality Policy.  In A. Stone Sweet, W. Sandholtz, and N. Fligstein eds., The Institutionalization of Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.113-136.
  • 2000.  Western Dreams, Eastern Realities:  Citizen Support for the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe.  Comparative Political Studies, 33: 1243-1278.
  • 2000. Gender and Policy in Comparative Perspective.  Women & Politics, Spring, 21(1): 107-115.
  • 1998.  Integrating the Environment: The European Courtand the Construction of Supranational Policy.  Journal of European Public Policy, 5: 387-405.


  • Forthcoming.   Review of Eurolegalism: The Transformation of Law and Regulation in the European Union. (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 2011) by R. D. Kelemen. Governance.
  • 2011.  Review of Women in Power in Post-Communist Parliaments.  (Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2009) by Marilyn Rueschemeyer and Sharon L. Wolchik, eds. Slavic Review, 69(4): 982-3.
  •  2007. Review of The Politics of Judicial Co-operation in the EU (Cambridge University Press, 2005) by Hans-W. Micklitz. Yearbook of European Law 2006, Volume 25: 655-659.
  •  2005. Review of Law and Governance in Postnational Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2005) by Michael Zürn and Christian Joerges.  EUSA Review, 18: 12-13.
  •  2002. Review of Establishing the Supremacy of European Law: The Making of an International Rule of Law in Europe (Oxford University Press, 2001) by Karen Alter.  Comparative Political Studies, 35: 1267-1270.


  • 2012, under review.  Submitted National Science Foundation Standard Grant.  Submitted to SES Law and Social Sciences Program project title: International Courts and Participatory Governance (SES Proposal # 1251352, $220,370, submitted July 2012).  Book project.  In particular, the project examines and problematizes whether international legal processes serve as a venue for interest and advocacy group participation in the processes of law enforcement and domestic policy change.  Empirically, the project involves a macro-analysis of litigation before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) from 1960 to 2010.  The project will produce, analyze and disseminate the first comprehensive database on interest and advocacy group participation in international litigation which also identifies policy effects.  The database is cross-temporal, across legal domain and is broadly cross-national and will enable researchers to map and analyze the phenomenon in ways that have not previously been possible.  Theoretically,  the project provides an comparative framework for examining other international legal institutions, including my preliminary research on the Intra-American Court of Human Rights and the African regional human rights institutions.
  • “International Courts and Democracy.” Article manuscript.  This analysis contains preliminary data from a pilot project associated with the book project above.
  • “Transnational Activists, Rights Adjudication and Governance.” Article manuscript prepared for inclusion in Global Governance, Human Rights and the Globalization of Law project, organized by Alison Brysk, University of California Santa Barbara.