============================== CFJ 1315 ==============================
In publishing with the Voting Report for Proposals 4184-4194
incorrect text for Proposal 4190, Blob committed the Class 4 Crime
Called by neil: 16 Aug 2001 02:39:49 GMT
Assigned to Elysion: 16 Aug 2001 03:01:08 GMT
Judged TRUE by Elysion: 19 Aug 2001 00:55:34 GMT
Order(s) issued: 19 Aug 2001 00:55:34 GMT
Proposal Distribution for Proposals 4184-4194:
Voting Report for Proposals 4184-4194:
Judge Elysion's Arguments:
Rule 1497/7 (Truth in Advertising) defines a sufficient condition for
Rule 1497/7 (Power=1)
Truth in Advertising
Any Player who willfully makes a false statement of fact as part
of a public message ... commits the Class 4 Crime of
and also defines "willfully":
For the purposes of this Rule, a false statement of fact is made
"willfully" when the Player making it, at the time the statement
was made, has the intention to make a false statement of fact
and knowledge that the statement actually made was false.
Particularly, a Player who makes a false statement of fact
through excusable negligence, reasonable error, or reasonable
reliance on the representations of another, shall not be
considered to have willfully made a false statement of fact.
Thus, we need to establish three things:
1. Was there any false statement in Blob's message?
2. Was the message public?
3. Were the false statements made willfully?
(2) can be answered immediately: the message was sent to
firstname.lastname@example.org, which at the time was a PF (see Rule 478/11,
The Public Forum). (1) can also be answered easily. Under the section "Text
of Adopted Proposals" we find the text "Blob is Mauvy." in Proposal #4190
(Executors Revamped). In both the message distributing proposal 4190 and in
the message submitting the proposal we find the text in question is not
present. Thus, Blob's claim the text of the proposal is as presented is
false. To establish (3), we must establish all of the following:
A. The Player intended to make a false statement of fact
B. The Player had knowledge that the statement was false
C. The Player did not make it through excusable negligence, reasonable
error, or reasonable reliance on the representations of another.
(B) is true; Blob had to get the whole proposal text from either the message
distributing the proposal or the message submitting it, and both clearly
show the text in question was not present. (C) also is true. The addition of
the statement requires deliberate action on Blob's part, not negligence.
Furthermore, no person would reasonably conclude that the text in question
was a part of the proposal based on the evidence; thus, it is neither a
"reasonable error" nor a "reasonable reliance on the representations of
another" (since Blob was the first to make such a claim). This brings us to
(A), the final condition. The truth of this CFJ's Statement is the same as
the truth of (A). As mentioned before, the most reasonable conclusion based
on the evidence is that Blob emself deliberately placed the text in question
in eir representation of proposal 4190. This judge therefore concludes that
the text was placed intentionally and that the text was a false statement of
fact, satisfying (A).
Thus, I hereby judge the Statement TRUE.
Judge Elysion's Evidence:
Subject: BUS: Proposal: Executors Revamped
Date: Tue, 03 Jul 2001 13:37:59 +1000 (EST)
From: Steve Gardner
To: email@example.com (Agora Nomic Business List)
H. Promotor Elysion,
I withdraw my Proposal "Executors Revamped" from the Pool, and submit
the following ####-delimited Proposal, with the same Title, in its
The main change to the Proposal is the addition of an amendment to R1841
to repair the PoA Rules, currently broken.
There is also an amendment to make Razl Noisy. It is possible that Razl
will Zombify early next week. This will cause confusion because although
the Bank will become Razl's Master, I will retain Razl's PoA. Making
Razl Noisy again will clear up the mess, and the proposed new R1841(f)
will prevent it from recurring.
Change the Title of Rule 1478 to "Executors and Limited Executors" and
amend it to read:
(a) An Executor of an entity is a Player who is empowered by the Rules
to act on behalf of that entity, who is called the Executee. There
may be more than one such Player. An Executor of an Executee may
perform on behalf of the Executee all such actions as the Rules
permit the Executee to perform.
(b) A Limited Executor of an entity is a Player who is empowered by
the Rules to perform on behalf of that entity a subset of the
actions which the Rules permit the entity to perform. A Limited
Executor is permitted to perform on behalf of an Executee only
such actions as are explicitly permitted by the Rules.
(c) A Player is always eir own Executor. Other entities have Executors
(or Limited Executors) only as and when the Rules provide.
(d) A Player acting on behalf of an entity other than emself must
clearly indicate on whose behalf e is acting. A Player who does
not clearly indicate that e is acting on behalf of some entity
other than emself is presumed to be acting on eir own behalf.
(e) Only persons may perform actions. Non-persons perform actions only
via the agency of persons, as specified by the Rules.
Create a Rule, entitled "Prime Executors", which reads:
(a) The Prime Executor of an entity with respect to a certain action
is the Player who is responsible for performing that action. For
each action that an entity is required to perform, there shall be
at most one Prime Executor of that entity with respect to that
action. Any penalty incurred due to an entity's failure to perform
as required by the Rules is incurred by the Prime Executor of that
(b) Any other Rule to the contrary notwithstanding, the Prime Executor
of an entity with respect to a certain action must be an Executor
of that entity, or a Limited Executor of that entity who is
permitted to perform that action on behalf of that entity.
(c) If the Rules designate a Player to be the Prime Executor of an
entity, without specifying particular actions that the Prime
Executor is responsible for performing, then that Player is the
Prime Executor of that entity with respect to all actions that the
entity is required to perform.
(d) Unless otherwise specified by the Rules, each Player is eir own
Amend Rule 1841 (Granting Power of Attorney) to read:
(a) A Player (the Grantor) who has been continuously registered for
more than two months is empowered to give eir Power of Attorney
(PoA) to another Player (the Holder), as specified in this Rule.
(b) The Holder holds the Grantor's PoA if all of the following
conditions are met:
(1) the Grantor has announced that e grants eir PoA to the Holder;
(2) the Holder has, in the week immediately preceding or
immediately following the Grantor's announcement, publically
consented to hold the Grantor's PoA;
(3) the Holder is Active; and
(4) the grant of PoA has not been withdrawn for any of the reasons
listed in (d).
(c) The grant of PoA commences at the time the Grantor grants eir PoA
to the Holder, or at the time the Holder consents to the grant, or
at the time specified by the Grantor, whichever is latest. If the
Grantor specifies a time at which the grant of PoA is to commence,
it must be a time no more than seven says from the Grantor's
announcement. Later specifications are without effect for the
purposes of this Rule.
(d) The grant of PoA is withdrawn if:
(1) the period of the grant specified by the Grantor expires;
(2) the Grantor publically withdraws the grant;
(3) the Grantor is deregistered;
(4) the Holder is deregistered or goes On Hold; or
(5) the Holder has held the PoA continuously for three months.
(e) Nothing in this Rule shall be construed as preventing other Rules
from granting and withdrawing PoA by other means.
(f) Other Rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no Player who has
granted PoA to another Player as described in this Rule shall
become a Zombie while the grant of PoA is in effect.
Amend Rule 1842 (Power of Attorney) to read:
(a) The Rules may grant a Player, called the Holder, Power of Attorney
for another Player, called the Grantor. Power of Attorney is
granted only as specified by the Rules, and shall last only as
long as the Rules specify.
(b) While the Holder is granted Power of Attorney for the Grantor, the
Holder is an Executor of the Grantor, and the Prime Executor of
(c) No Player is permitted to have Power of Attorney for more than
two other Players.
Amend Rule 1531 by replacing the text in it which reads "and be the
Executor of that Organization" with text which reads "and be the
Executor and Prime Executor of that Organization".
Amend R1470 (The Bank) to read:
(a) There is an entity known as the Bank. The Bank has Mint Authority.
The Bank is the Mintor of each Bank Currency. The Bank is
permitted to transfer Property in its possession to other
(b) The Treasuror is the Executor of the Bank. Each Recordkeepor of
each Bank Currency is a Limited Executor of the Bank, and is
empowered to make transfers of that Currency from the Bank.
(c) Each Recordkeepor of each Bank Currency is the Prime Executor of
the Bank with respect to debts denominated in that Currency. The
Treasuror is the Prime Executor of the Bank with respect to all
other actions that the Bank is required to perform.
(d) As soon as possible after the Bank incurs a debt to any other
entity, the Bank shall either satisfy that debt by transferring
appropriate Properties to the creditor, or dispute the debt by
whatever means are appropriate in the situation.
(e) The Bank is permitted to forgive debts owed to it, in whole or in
(1) pursuant to a properly-issued Order; or
(2) Without Objection, at the Treasuror's discretion.
Amend Rule 1981 (Embezzlement and Receiving Stolen Property) to read:
(a) A transfer of Property from one entity to another entity which is
made without being explicitly required or permitted by the Rules
(b) A Player who intentionally makes a valid but unauthorized transfer
of Property from any entity to another entity commits the Class 10
Crime of Embezzlement.
(c) An entity which receives Property from any entity as the result of
an intentional, valid and unauthorized transfer incurs a debt to
the transferor for all such Property.
(d) A Player who has been informed that e, or an entity of which e is
the Prime Executor, has incurred a debt of the type decribed in
(c) and who does not act to satisfy that debt within in a week of
being informed of it commits the Class 10 Crime of Receiving
(e) For the the purposes of this Rule, a valid but unauthorized
transfer is considered to have been made intentionally if and only
if, at the time of the transfer, the Player making it:
(1) knew that the transfer was valid;
(2) knew that the transfer was unauthorized; and
(3) realized that e was making the transfer.
(f) In particular, a Player who makes a valid but unauthorized
transfer of Property as the result of an accident or mistake does
not commit Embezzlement.
Amend Rule 683 (Voting on Proposals) by deleting from it the text which
A vote cast by an entity which does not have an Executor is cast
at a time and in a manner specified in other Rules.
Amend Rule 947 (Bonus for Repeal) to read:
(a) If there are 100 or more Rules, and a Proposal is adopted which,
as part of all of its effect, repeals one or more Rules, and if,
in the Rulekeepor's estimation, the Proposal simplifies the
Ruleset, then the Rulekeepor shall pay out 30 Stems to the
Proposer of that Proposal. If the Rulekeepor decides that the
Proposal does not simplify the Ruleset, e must announce this
(b) When the Rulekeepor decides that such a Proposal does not simplify
the Ruleset, the Proposal's Proposer may reverse the Rulekeepor's
decision Without Three Objections, provided the procedure for
doing so is initiated within one week of the announcement of the
Rulekeepor's decision. As soon as possible after the Rulekeepor's
decision is reversed in this manner, the Proposal's Proposer shall
pay out 30 Stems to emself.
Amend Rule 1959 (Wills) to read:
(a) An entity's Will is a description of how the entity's Property
should be distributed in the event that the entity ceases to have
an Executor. The Notary shall keep a record of all Wills.
(b) An entity creates a Will for itself by publishing it.
Amend Rule 1598 (Property Transfers) by replacing the phrase
"transferor's Executor" in paragraph (f) with the word "transferor".
Be it further resolved that Razl is Noisy.
Judicial Order(s) by Elysion:
I hereby issue a Sentencing Order ordering the Herald to record that Blob
has incurred 4 Blots as a result of this Judgment.