Welcome to the Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter.
Here is what you will find in this issue:
1. What's New at Neuroscience for Kids
2. Neuroscience for Kids Site of the Month
3. Neuroscience for Kids Writing Contest - Now Open
4. New Phrase Added to Dictionary
5. South Africa Issues Postage Stamp in Braille
6. Frontiers in Physiology Professional Development Fellowship
7. Free CDC Tool Kit About Concussion for High School Coaches
8. Media Alert
9. Treasure Trove of Brain Trivia
10. Support Neuroscience for Kids
11. How to Stop Your Subscription
A. October Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter was archived
B. Meth Mouth
C. Clowns Reduce Pre-operative Anxiety in Children
D. Sampling the Water to Estimate Cocaine Use
E. Blinking Reduces Brain Activity
F. 2006 Neuroscience for Kids Writing Contest - Now Open
G. 2006 Brain Facts Daily Planner
H. 2006 Yearly Calendar
In October, 21 new figures were added and 79 pages were modified.
The Spinal Cord/Brainstem Interactive Atlas was constructed by Dr. Mark Wiegand at Bellarmine University. The atlas consists of 27 photographs of the spinal cord and brainstem at different levels. You can start your exploration near the base of the spinal cord (lumbosacral enlargement) by clicking on the "Start" button or you can advance to any level by selecting a photograph from the numbered index.
Each photograph is accompanied by a drawing to show the location of the
section. The photographs are labeled with letters to indicate important
structures. When you hold your cursor over a letter, the name of the
structure will appear in a small box below the cursor. If you click on a
letter, a small pop-up window will tell you more about the structure.
Here is a summary of the contest rules:
All poems, limericks and haiku must have at least THREE lines and CANNOT be longer than TEN lines. Material that is shorter than three lines or longer than ten lines will not be read. All material must have a neuroscience theme such as brain anatomy (a part of the brain), brain function (memory, language, emotions, movement, the senses, etc.), drug abuse or brain health (helmets, brain disorders, etc.). Be creative! Use your brain! Visit the Neuroscience for Kids pages for ideas and information!
If you are a student in kindergarten to Grade 2: write a poem in any style; it doesn't even have to rhyme.
If you are a student in Grade 3 to Grade 5: write a poem that rhymes. The rhymes can occur in any pattern. For example, lines one and two can rhyme, lines three and four can rhyme, and lines five and six can rhyme. Or use your imagination and create your own rhyming pattern.
If you are a student in Grade 6 to Grade 8: write a brainy haiku (3 lines only). A haiku MUST use the following pattern: 5 syllables in the first line; 7 syllables in the second line; 5 syllables in the third line. Here is an example:
Three pounds of jelly
wobbling around in my skull
and it can do math
If you are a student in Grade 9 to Grade 12: write a brainy limerick. A limerick has 5 lines: lines one, two and five rhyme with each other and have the same number of syllables; lines three and four rhyme with each other and have the same number of syllables. Here is an example of a limerick:
The brain is important, that's true,
For all things a person will do,
From reading to writing,
To skiing to biting,
It makes up the person who's you.
Books or other prizes will be awarded to at least one winner in each category. There were more than 50 prize winners in last year's Neuroscience for Kids drawing contest.
A. You must use an entry form for your writing and send it in using "regular mail." Entries that are sent by e-mail will NOT be accepted.
B. Only ONE entry per student.
C. Students may enter by themselves or teachers may make copies of the entry form for their students and return completed entries in a single package.
D. Please download the entry form on the following page:
If you cannot download the entry form, let me know (e-mail:
email@example.com) and I will send a form to you attached to an
Here is the entry for brain freeze:
"brain freeze (noun) 1991 : a sudden shooting pain in the head caused by ingesting very cold food (as ice cream) or drink."
No one really knows what causes brain freeze but there are a few theories.
"Brain Freeze," also called an "ice cream headache," is thought to be
caused by rapid cooling of the palate (upper part of mouth) which then
activates nerve fibers that cause pain. Rapid cooling may affect blood
vessels that change shape. This change in shape may activate nerve fibers
that cause pain.
Frontiers in Physiology is funded by the American Physiological Society,
NIH NCRR SEPA Awards (R25 RR018573) and NIDDK (DK39306).
B. "BODY WORLDS: The Anatomical Exhibition of Real Human Bodies" is a new exhibition that runs at the Franklin Institute Science Museum (Philadelphia, PA) from October 7, 2005 through April 23, 2006. To learn more about Body Worlds, see:
C. "Are You At Risk for Stroke" by Isadore Rosefeld (Parade magazine, October 9, 2005) discusses the factors that make women vulnerable to stroke (brain attack).
D. "A Problem in the Brain" by Peg Tyre (Newsweek magazine, October 17, 2005) discusses the increase in the number of adults taking mediations for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
E. "Sharpen Their Senses" by Megan Othersen Gorman (Better Homes and Gardens, November, 2005) discusses ways to help children explore their senses. The article mentions Neuroscience for Kids on pages 182-186!
F. "Getting Inside Your Head" by Terry McCarthy (Time magazine, October 24, 2005) discusses how industry may use the findings from brain imaging to help market their products.
G. "The Brain. The Bionic Age Begins" by John Horgan (Discover magazine, October, 2005) discusses new advances in neuroscientific research.
H. "The Neurobiology of the Self" by Carl Zimmer (Scientific American,
November, 2005) discusses how the brain creates a sense of being
A. Roman emperors believed that eating lettuce would help a person sleep.
B. Placing a goat's horn under a person's head would cure insomnia.
C. Rubbing a person with a live pig would cure epilepsy.
D. Wearing rings of lead mixed with mercury would prevent headaches.
E. Anxiety caused by bad dreams would be eliminated if a person told the dreams to the sun.
(Sources: Black, W.G., Folk-medicine, New York: B. Franklin, 1970; Bauer,
W.W., Potions, Remedies and Old Wives' Tales, Garden City (NY): Doubleday
& Co., Inc., 1969.)
Help Neuroscience for Kids
Your comments and suggestions about this newsletter and the "Neuroscience for Kids" web site are always welcome. If there are any special topics that you would like to see on the web site, just let me know.
Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D.