Welcome to the Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter.
Here is what you will find in this issue:
1. What's New on the Neuroscience for Kids Web Pages
2. Neuroscience for Kids Site of the Month
3. Take a Poll
4. Keep Cool...Avoid Heat Stroke
5. Teacher Workshops at the Society for Neuroscience Meeting
6. National Institutes of Health; Science in the Cinema
7. Media Alert
8. Treasure Trove of Brain Trivia
9. Summer E-mail Changes
10. How to Stop Your Subscription
A. July Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter was archived
B. 2004 Daily Planner Calendar
C. The Temporal Lobe: Laughing Matter
D. New Test for West Nile Virus Creates a Buzz
E. Neuroscience Survey
F. Brains and Neurons Board Game
In July, 11 new figures were added and 51 pages were modified.
Medical Science 532 is a web site made for medical students that features
material about the nervous system. Although some of the material is very
detailed, there is plenty of information for everyone. One of the more
complicated sections, "Ascending Pathways," describes how signals get from
the head and body to the brain. This section, however, has many pictures
that make the text easier to understand. The authors also use many
drawings to illustrate the cranial nerves and cells of the nervous system
("Neurocytology"). Brief descriptions of 17 neurological disorders are
included in the "Nervous System Diseases" section. A great feature of
the site is the "Structure-Function" section where you can click on areas
of the brain to find out what they do and how they work.
The Medical Science 532 web site is supported by the University of Idaho -
WWAMI Medical Education Program (http://www.webs.uidaho.edu/wwami/).
When you take the poll, you will be completely anonymous -- I have no way of knowing who answered any of the questions. Your answers can help improve the newsletter and get you the information that you want to read.
You can also answer a new survey about what brain topics interest you the most:
Your body temperature is controlled by an area of the brain called the "hypothalamus." The hypothalamus acts as a thermostat to compare your body temperature to a "set point" which is normally 98.6 degrees F (37 degrees C). If there is a difference between your body temperature and the set point, the hypothalamus can start processes that cue the body to retain or lose heat. The hypothalamus has connections to the autonomic nervous system and can alter heat balance by affecting blood vessels in the skin and causing sweating. For example, to cool the body, the hypothalamus sends messages to the body to make blood vessels near the skin surface larger. This helps heat escape from the body. The evaporation of sweat also cools the body. In hot weather, our brain also tells us to find a cooler place or to take off a piece of clothing.
Very hot and humid conditions can damage the brain's ability to regulate body temperature. When this happens, a person may lose the ability to sweat and the body will be unable to cool itself. This is heat stroke!
The warning signs of heat stroke may include:
* high body temperature (above 106 degrees F)
* no sweating
* dizziness, nausea, confusion
* rapid heart rate
Of course, the best way to avoid heat stroke is to stay cool. The American Red Cross and CDC suggest the following steps to keep cool:
* slow down; avoid strenuous activity
* stay indoors as much as possible; use air conditioning or a fan
* wear lightweight, light-colored clothing to reflect sunlight
* drink water; avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks
* don't take salt tablets unless instructed to do so by a doctor
A. Go to the SfN web site: http://web.sfn.org/
B. Click on "Registration" to register for the annual meeting.
C. Enter your information as a "Nonmember" if you are not a member of the SfN. (If you haven't set up an account, you must first create an account on the SfN web site. There is a link to do this at the bottom of the registration page.)
D. After you register, go to the Committee on Neuroscience Literacy web site to read about the workshops:
5. Register for the workshops by following the directions in a workshop description.
6. You will have to enter the information you set up earlier when you registered as a nonmember.
7. At the bottom of the workshop registration form, you will find a link to a form for financial support to travel to the meeting. Click on this form to download the travel stipend application.
8. If you are applying for the travel stipend, fill out the application and return it to the address listed on the form.
I hope to see you in New Orleans!
B. "On the Trail of the West Nile Virus" by Stephen S. Hall in Smithsonian magazine (July, 2003, pages 88-102).
C. "Animal Emotions" by Mary Carmichael in Newsweek magazine (July 21, 2003, pages 44-47).
D. Neuroscience made the cover of Time magazine two weeks in a row. "Overcoming Dyslexia" is the cover story of the July 28, 2003 issue of Time magazine. One article in this issue, "The New Science of Dyslexia" by Christine Gorman, discusses new research about the brains of people with dyslexia. The cover story of the August 4, 2003 issue of Time magazine is titled "The Science of Meditation."
E. Throughout most of the 1990s, the number of doctoral degrees that U.S.
universities awarded in science and engineering climbed steadily, to
27,300 in 1998, but by 2001, the number had dropped to 25,500, the lowest
number since 1993. (Source: Science News, March 8, 2003.)
B. The word "brain" appears 66 times in the plays of William Shakespeare. (Source: The Scientist, April 21, 2003.)
C. "Rabies" comes from the Latin word "rabere," meaning "to rave" as well as a Sanskrit word for doing violence. (Source: Discover, March 2003.)
D. In a 7-year study, people who ate at least one serving of seafood once
a week had a 30% lower risk of developing dementia than those who ate less
seafood. (Source: Discover, March 2003, page 10.)
E. The Society for Neuroscience had 31,206 members in 2002. (Source: Society for Neuroscience
Your comments and suggestions about this newsletter and the "Neuroscience for Kids" web site are always welcome. If there are any special topics that you would like to see on the web site, just let me know.
Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D.
"Neuroscience for Kids" is supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center of Research Resources.