Welcome to the Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter.
Here is what you will find in this issue:
1. What's New at Neuroscience for Kids
2. Neuroscience for Kids Site of the Month
3. Brain Health: State by State
4. Scentsational Museum
5. I Forgot Day
6. 100th Anniversary of the Lincoln Penny
7. Media Alert
8. Treasure Trove of Brain Trivia
9. Summer Email Changes
10. Support Neuroscience for Kids
11. How to Stop Your Subscription
A. July Neuroscience for Kids Newsletter was archived
B. Fewer Rabies Shots Needed
C. Phineas Gage, Revealed
In July, 9 new figures were added and 30 pages were modified.
More than one million people in the United States have Parkinson's disease and approximately 40,000 new cases of this neurological disorder are diagnosed each year. Although most people with Parkinson's disease are more than 60 years old, it is important that everyone know more about this disorder so we can help friends and family who have this disease. This month's "Site of Month," does just that: it provides valuable information about the causes, symptoms, treatments and current research about Parkinson's disease.
Start your exploration of "Neurobiology of Aging: Parkinson's Disease" by clicking on the "Epidemiology" button to learn about people with Parkinson's disease and the possible genetic and environmental causes of Parkinson's disease. If your computer has its sound on, you can hear each panel of information as it is read to you. The "More Info" button on the right side of each new panel links to the original research papers that discuss each topic.
Next, click on "Etiology" to learn what happens in the brain of a person
with Parkinson's disease. There are some excellent photographs and
drawings that show the underlying neurological changes that occur. The
"Symptoms and Treatments" area of the site discusses movement problems
caused by Parkinson's disease. There is an excellent video in that
section that shows a patient with Parkinson's disease. Finally, click on
"Current Research" to learn about scientists at the University of Southern
California who are studying Parkinson's disease (and who developed this
Parkinson's disease web site).
After the numbers were crunched, the survey determined that the District of Columbia had the best brain health rating. Washington, DC, received the top spot primarily because people ate a lot of fruit and vegetables and fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids; people in DC also got a good night's sleep and read a lot of books. Maryland and Washington State came in second and third, respectively, mostly because they also had healthy diets. The lowest ranked states were Alabama and Louisiana.
How did your state do? Find out at:
NOTES: The sponsor of this brain health ranking project was life'sDHA, a
company that makes products and supplements with DHA, an omega-3 fatty
acid. Also, it is unclear how each of the 21 brain health factors was
weighted in the overall score. Because the company makes products with
DHA, they may have given more weight to the consumption foods with DHA and
this may have influenced the rankings of different states.
lemon | orange peel | cedar wood | perfume soaked cotton | banana | pine needles | chocolate | coffee | dirt | vanilla | garlic | onion | mint | vinegar | rose flowers | saw dust | ginger | peppermint | pencil shavings | potato chips
Le Musee du Parfum:
More information about the Lincoln penny from the US Mint:
B. "A Long Drink of Water" by Harvey B. Lillywhite (Natural History magazine, July-August, 2009) describes how sea snakes must drink fresh water. Sea snake venom is highly neurotoxic!
C. "Can Brains Be Saved" by Lee Woodruff (Parade magazine, July 12, 2008) discussed new treatments for traumatic brain injury.
D. "What's In A Word?" by Sharon Begley (Newsweek magazine, July 20, 2009) discusses how language shapes thought.
E. "A Biochemical Way to Reduce Drug Side Effects?" by Melinda Wenner (Scientific American magazine, August, 2009).
F. "Brainiac" by Bill Saporito (Time magazine, August 3, 2009) discusses a company that is developing a way to search for information based on the way that the brain works.
G. "What Do Urban Sounds Do to Your Brain?" by Jennifer Barone (Discover
magazine, July-August, 2009).
B. About 25% of the human brain is involved with vision. (Source: Brain Facts, Society for Neuroscience, Washington, D.C., 2008)
C. The act of chewing repeatedly is called rumination, from the Latin word ruminatio. To ruminate also means to think, reflect, meditate or ponder.
D. Nerve agents that can be used as chemical weapons were first developed as pesticides.
E. In the United States, an estimated 40,000,000 anesthetics are
administered each year. (Source: American Society of Anesthesiologists,
Help Neuroscience for Kids
Your comments and suggestions about this newsletter and the "Neuroscience for Kids" web site are always welcome. If there are any special topics that you would like to see on the web site, just let me know.
Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D.