A.B., Philosophy, Princeton University, 1970.

            Ph.D., Philosophy, Harvard University, 1976.





            Title:  The Reliability of the Cognitive Mechanism:  A Mechanist Account of Empirical Justification (March 1976).  Advisers:  Robert Nozick and Israel Scheffler.





            Social and Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Human Rights, Epistemology, Ethics, Rational Choice Theory, and the Philosophy of Law.





1989-90  Acting Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Washington.


1990-96  Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Washington.


1996-2005  Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Washington.


2005-          Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Washington.





            A. Books


1.  The Reliability of the Cognitive Mechanism:  A Mechanist Account of Empirical Justification (New York: Garland Publishing; 1990).


2.  Which Rights Should Be Universal? (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).         

  • Paperback edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).
  • Korean Translation (Seoul: Han’gilsa, 2011).


3.  Human Rights and Human Well-Being (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010).

  • Paperback edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).


            B. Articles


1.  "Standard and Non-Standard Newcomb Problems", Synthèse, Vol. 70 (1987), pp. 415-458.


2.  "Cost Spreading and Benefit Spreading in Tort Law", Research in Law and Economics, Vol. 11 (1988), pp. 25-51.


3.  "Two Principles of Bayesian Epistemology", Philosophical Studies, Vol. 62 (1991), pp. 135-150.


4.  "Intentional Self-Deception in a Single, Coherent Self", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 55 (1995), pp. 27-74.


5.  Alvin I. Goldman, co-author, "Games Lawyers Play:  Legal Discovery and Social Epistemology", Legal Theory, Vol. 4 (1998), pp. 93-163. 


6.  "Why We Need A Moral Equilibrium Theory", Peter A. Danielson, ed., Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution (Oxford:  Oxford University Press; 1998), pp. 302-339.


7.  "Bayesian Epistemology", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2001 Edition; Revised Fall 2006), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2001/entries/epistemology-bayesian/.


8.  "The Illusion of Defeat", in James Beilby, ed., Naturalism Defeated? (Ithaca:  Cornell University Press; 2002), pp. 153-164.


9.  "The Universality of Human Rights:  A Response", Human Rights and Human Welfare:  An International Review of Books and Other Publications 7 (2007):  113-141.


10. "Reply To Critics: In Defense of One Kind of Epistemically Modest but Metaphysically Immodest Liberalism", Human Rights Review 9 (2008): 193-212. 


11. “More on the Illusion of Defeat” and “The End of an Illusion?”, in Bruce L. Gordon and William A. Dembski, eds., The Nature of Nature: Examining the Role of Naturalism in Science (Wilmington: ISI Books; 2011):  152-165 and 172-178.


12.  “Consequentialism and Human Rights,” Philosophy Compass 8/11 (2013): 1030–1040.


13.  Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Hypothetical Consent,” in Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Cosmopolitan Ideals, Matthias Lutz-Bachmann and Amos Nascimento, eds. (Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate; 2014): 25-44..



            C. Reviews and Commentaries


1.  Review of Robert Nozick, The Nature of Rationality, in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 104 (April 1995), pp. 324-329.


2.  Review of Richard E. Nisbett, ed., Rules for Reasoning, in Philosophy & Psychology, Vol. 8 (December 1995), pp. 390-396.


3.  Commentary on A.R. Mele, "Real Self-Deception", in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Vol. 20 (1997), p. 127.


4.  Review of Frederic Schick, Making Choices:  A Recasting of Decision Theory, in Mind, Vol. 110 (2001), pp. 827-833.


5.  "The Case for a More Truly Social Epistemology", review of Alvin Goldman, Knowledge in a Social World, in Philosophy & Phenomenological Research 64 (Jan. 2002), pp. 199-206. 


6.  Review of A.R. Lacey, Robert Nozick, and David Schmidtz, ed., Robert Nozick, in Philosophical Books 44:4 (Oct. 2003), pp. 355-358.


7.  Review of David Christensen, David, Putting Logic in its Place, Formal Constraints on Rational Belief, in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (10/4/2005) URL: = http://ndpr.nd.edu/review.cfm?id=4181.


8.  "Universal Knowledge", review of Hilary Kornblith, Knowledge and its Place in Nature, in Philosophy & Phenomenological Research 71 (Sept. 2005), pp. 420-426. 


9.  Review of Carol Gould, Globalizing Democracy and Human Rights, in Philosophical Review 116 (2007):  294-297.


10. Review of James Griffin, On Human Rights, in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews (11/8/2008) URL:  http://ndpr.nd.edu/review.cfm?id=14645.


11.  Review of Rainer Forst, The Right to Justification: Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice, Ethics (July 2013), pp. 750-755.




1.  Danforth Fellow, 1970.


2.  Woodrow Wilson Fellow, 1970.


3.  "Benefit Spreading Agreements and Justice" was co-winner of the 1985 Rockefeller Prize for Best Work in Philosophy by a Non- Academically Affiliated Philosopher awarded by the A.P.A. Committee on Lectures, Publications, and Research.


4.  University of Washington Graduate School Fund Research Grant for the Summer of 1992.


5.  University of Washington, Arts and Sciences Scholarly Exchange Program, to fund a series of outside speakers on the topic:  "Risk Assessment in the Evaluation of New Medical Treatments" (co-author), Spring 1994.


6.  University of Washington, Arts & Sciences Mentoring Grant, Summer 1994.


7.  National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship for University Teachers for 1996-97.


8.  University of Washington, Human Rights Education and Research Network, Course Development Grant, Summer 1999.


9.  University of Washington, Walter Chapin Simpson Center for the Humanities Research Fellow, 2000-2001.


10.  "Games Lawyers Play", co-authored with Alvin Goldman, 2001 Berger Prize from the American Philosophical Association for the best essay in philosophy and law.


11.  Outstanding Teaching Award, Golden Key International Honour Society (one of two U.W. faculty members recognized for outstanding teaching), 2003-2004.


12.  U.W. Faculty Grant for Writing-Integrated Course Design, 2005-2006.


13.  Walter Chapin Simpson Center for the Humanities Grant for a conference on "Global Justice in the 21st Century", April 17-18, 2009.


14.  Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, Goethe University, Bad Homburg, Germany, April- May, 2011.


15.  Distinguished Teaching Award, University of Washington, 2011.


16.  2011 Human Rights Book of the Year Award to Korean translation of Which Rights Should Be Universal? by Korea Human Rights Foundation, Dec. 13, 2011.


17.  Scholar-in-Residence, Whiteley Center, Friday Harbor, WA, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013.