PHIL 450A:  READING ASSIGNMENTS

 

            Reading assignments are from Louis P. Pojman, The Theory of Knowledge:  Classical & Contemporary Readings, 3rd ed [Text], the Course Reader of photocopied materials [READER], and electronic reserve [E-RESERVE].  The text and the course reader are available for purchase at the University Book Store. Except for the first week, readings should be done before class on the day they are due.

 

Week #1 (Sept. 26):  Introduction:  What is Epistemology?

Readings:  (1) Excerpt from Myles Burnyeat, tr., The Theaetetus of Plato [READER pp. 3-5].

 

Week #2 (Oct. 1-3):  Foundationalism and Coherentism

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Roderick Chisholm “Contemporary Classical Foundationalism” [Text pp. 163-174].

(2) Laurence BonJour, "A Critique of Foundationalism" [Text pp. 182-194, except Section III].

Readings for Thursday:  (1) Jonathan Dancy, "A Defense of Coherentism" [Text pp. 206-215].

(2) Richard Fumerton, "A Critique of Coherentism" [Text pp. 215-221]

 

Week #3 (Oct. 8-10):  Hybrid Theories and Contextualist Theories

INTRODUCTION TO PAPER #1 POSTED ON PHIL 450 Canvas by midnight on Thursday Oct. 10.

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Susan Haack, "A Foundherentist Theory of Empirical Justification" [Text pp. 237-247.  Note that the first paragraph on page 243 should say:  (3) Smith is right-handed.]

Reading for Thursday:  (1) David Annis, "A Contextual Theory of Epistemic Justification" [Text pp. 248-254].

 

Week #4 (Oct. 15-17):  A Priori Justification

VOTE BY EMAIL FOR BEST PAPER #1 INTRODUCTION BY MIDNIGHT ON MONDAY OCT. 14.

SUBMIT PAPER #1 TO PHIL 450 CANVAS SITE BY MIDNIGHT ON WED. OCT. 16.

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Immanuel Kant, "A Priori Knowledge" [Text pp. 370-377].WARNING:  Some of the examples in Pojman’s introduction are NOT examples Kant uses.  Use Kant’s examples, not Pojman’s, in explaining Kant’s views.]

(2) W.V. Quine, "Two Dogmas of Empiricism" [Text pp. 391-403].  NOTE THAT THERE IS AN ERROR ON PAGE 395.  Item (3) should be:  "(3) All and only bachelors are unmarried men".  The words "is analytic" should appear on the following line, not as a part of (3).

Readings for Thursday:  (1) Laurence BonJour, The Structure of Empirical Knowledge, Appendix A [READER pp. 6-18].

(2) Laurence BonJour, In Defense of Pure Reason, Chap. 4, "A Moderate Rationalism" [READER pp. 34-49].

 

Week #5 (Oct. 22-24):  More on A Priori Justification and Midterm Review

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Stephen P. Stich, "Could Man be an Irrational Animal?" [READER pp.19-29].

(2) Discussion of the Monty Hall Problem in columns of Marilyn vos Savant in Parade [READER pp. 30-33].

No Readings for Thursday:  MIDTERM REVIEW IN CLASS.

 

Week #6 (Oct. 29-31):  Midterm Exam and Externalism

MIDTERM EXAM IN CLASS ON TUESDAY OCT. 29.

Readings for Thursday: 

(1) Edmund L. Gettier, "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" [Text pp. 125-127].

(2) Alvin I. Goldman, "Discrimination and Perceptual Knowledge" [Text pp. 142-154].  NOTE THAT THERE IS AN ERROR ON PAGE 150.  ITEM (3)(B) SHOULD READ "at t" not "and T".

(3) Alvin I. Goldman, "Reliabilism:  What is Justified Belief?" [Text pp. 260-273].

 

Week #7 (Nov. 5-7):  Internalism

INTRODUCTION TO PAPER #2 POSTED ON PHIL 450 CANVAS SITE BY MIDNIGHT ON THURSDAY NOV. 14.

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Keith Lehrer, "A Critique of Externalism" [Text pp. 273-286].

(2) Matthias Steup, "A Defense of Internalism" [Text pp. 310-321].

(2) Laurence BonJour, excerpt from The Structure of Empirical Knowledge, "The Epistemological Task" [READER pp. 112-116]. 

(3) Read Section III of BonJour, "A Critique of Foundationalism" [Text pp. 187-189].

Readings for Thursday:  (1) Thomas Gilovich, How We Know What Isn't So, Chap. 5, "Seeing What We Want to See" [READER pp. 50-64].

 

Week #8 (Nov. 12-14):  Virtue Epistemology

VOTE BY EMAIL FOR BEST PAPER #2 INTRODUCTION BY MIDNIGHT ON MONDAY NOV. 18.

SUBMIT PAPER #2 TO PHIL 450 CANVAS SITE BY MIDNIGHT ON WED. NOV. 20.

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Linda Zagzebski and her critics, Philosophy & Phenomenological Research 60 (Jan. 2000) [READER pp. 65-90].

 

Week #9 (Nov. 19-21):  The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Epistemology

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Reread BonJour's Appendix A to SEK [READER pp. 6-18].

(2) Reread Quine's "Two Dogmas" [Text pp. 437-448].

(3) W.V. Quine, "Epistemology Naturalized" [Text pp. 287-295].

(4) Hilary Kornblith, "Naturalistic Epistemology and its Critics" [Text pp.322-333].

Readings for Thursday: 

(5) Robert Nozick, The Nature of Rationality, Chap. IV, "Evolutionary Reasons", pp. 107-114.  [READER pp. 91-98]

(6) Robert Brandom, Articulating Reasons, Chap. 6, "Objectivity and the Normative Fine Structure of Reality" [READER pp. 99-111].

 

Week #10 (Nov. 26):  More on the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Epistemology

Readings:  (1) Sharon Street, “Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons,” in David Held, ed., Belief and Agency, Canadian Journal of Philosophy Supplementary Volume 35 (2011), pp. 213-248.  [READER pp. 117-152]

(2) William J. Talbott, “Are There Metaphysically Necessary Normative Truths?”  E-RESERVES.

 

Week #10 (Dec. 3-5):  The Politics of Epistemology

FINAL EXAM REVIEW SESSION IN CLASS ON THURSDAY DEC. 5.

COURSE EVALUATION IN CLASS ON THURSDAY DEC. 5.

Readings for Tuesday:  (1) Lorraine Code, "Is the Sex of the Knower Epistemologically Significant?" [Text pp. 559-571].  [Note that on p. 565, 2nd column, l. 18, "relevant" should be "relative" and on p. 566, 2nd column, l. 28, "conducive" should be "conclusive".]

(2) Helen E. Longino, "Feminist Epistemology as a Local Epistemology" [Text pp.571-579].

(3) Susan Haack, "Knowledge and Propaganda:  Reflections of an Old Feminist" [Text pp. 580-588].

 

FINAL EXAM AT 2:30 ON FRIDAY DEC. 13 IN SMI 304.