PHIL 440:  STUDY QUESTIONS ON NAGEL AND HAMPTON

 

 

Study Questions on Nagel

 

1.  What is the "view from nowhere"?

 

2.  What is the difference between agent-neutral and agent-relative reasons?  What is the difference between agent-neutral and agent-relative values?

 

3.  What is the difference between an internal reason and an external reason, as Nagel uses the terms?

 

4.  Does Nagel believe that there are any agent-neutral values?  Explain.

 

5.  Does Nagel believe that there are any external values?  Explain.

 

 

Questions on Hampton:

 

6.  What does Hampton mean by "the revisers" and "the overhaulers"?

 

7.  What does Hampton mean by a norm?

 

8.  How does Hampton use the "companions in guilt" strategy?

 

9.  What does Hampton mean when she says, "To be able to reason instrumentally, we must be able to reason non-instrumentally?  [For your information, transitivity is the requirement that one not prefer A to B and B to C and C to A.]

 

10.  What is Hampton's Consequentialist Norm?  [We will call it the Instrumentalist Norm.]

 

11.  What does the example of Hampton's curmudgeon show about the Instrumentalist Norm?