PHIL 440A

End of Class Questions

 

September 25, 2013:  (1) What is the act utilitarian’s proposal for a sufficient condition for moral wrongness? 

(2) What does it mean to claim that it is a sufficient condition? (a) in terms of implication; (b) without using the term ‘implies’ or the arrow.

 

Sept. 27, 2013:  What does Moore mean by the claim that moral truth supervene on PDN truths.  PDN = purely descriptive naturalistic.  Use an example in your explanation.

 

October 2, 2013: What does Mackie mean by “objective to be pursuedness”/”objective not to be pursuedness” and “objective to be doneness”/”objective not-to-be doneness”?

 

Oct. 4, 2013:  Explain the following:  Williams believes there are objective practical reasons, but no objective moral reasons, as moral reasons are usually understood.

 

Oct. 9, 2013:  Explain the example of the “curmudgeon” in enough detail to explain why Korsgaaard  would claim that it is an example of true irrationality.

 

Oct. 13:  2013: 

1.  You have a choice between Surgery (S) or Radiation Therapy (R):

Surgery:  Of 100 people having surgery 90 live through the post-operative period, 68 are alive at the end of the first year and 34 are alive at the end of five years.

Radiation Therapy:  Of 100 people having radiation therapy all live through the treatment, 77 are alive at the end of one year and 22 are alive at the end of five years.

2. You have a choice between Surgery (S) or Radiation Therapy (R):

Surgery:  Of 100 people having surgery 10 die during the surgery or the post-operative period, 32 die by the end of the first year and 66 die by the end of five years.

Radiation Therapy:  Of 100 people having radiation therapy, none die during treatment, 23 die by the end of one year and 78 die by the end of five years.

 

Oct. 15, 2013:  What is the point of Ruse’s Ouija board example?

 

Oct. 18, 2013:  Use an example to explain the difference between an observation1 and an observation2.

 

Oct. 23, 2013:  Answer either (1) or (2):  (1) Give and explain an example of a moral situation with the same logical structure as the Ben example.

(2) What, according to Sober, is the significance of the example of the statistics professor?

 

Oct. 25, 2013:  Midterm Vote

 

Oct. 30, 2013:  Midterm Exam

 

Nov. 1, 2013:  Mill agrees with Hume that judgments of justice involve sentiment.  Why is he not a non-cognitivist about judgments of justice?

 

Nov. 6, 2013:  Why is Williams’ argument not an argument against Mill’s brand of utilitarianism?

 

November 8, 2013: Compare the AU Rule (Always keep your promises except when breaking them will produce the most overall utility) with the ordinary promise-keeping rule:   Which one, if generally complied with, would produce more overall utility?  Explain.

 

Nov. 13, 2013:  Explain  the difference between:

(1) prudent person

(2) prudent but “trustworthy” person

(3) trustworthy person.

Use an example.

 

November 15, 2013:  Is Scanlon’s Contractualist Principle an attempt to give: (a) a sufficient condition for moral wrongness? (b) a purely descriptive sufficient condition for moral wrongness?  Explain your answers.

 

November 20, 2013:  In the situation described in Glaspell’s “A Jury of Her Peers”, would you hide the dead canary or give it to the authorities?  Explain.

 

November 22, 2013:  Consider Aristotle’s “Golden Mean” formula for moral virtues.  Is it an attempt to give necessary and sufficient conditions for moral virtue?  Explain.

 

November 27, 2013:  Use the diagram on the board to explain the difference between Hume, Kant, and Aristotle (as interpreted by Talbott).