End of Class Questions
June 20, 2011:
(a) What is the act utilitarian’s proposal for necessary and sufficient conditions for moral rightness/wrongness?
(b) Give the most persuasive counterexample that you can to the AU proposal.
(c) If the counterexample were persuasive, would it be a counterexample to necessity or sufficiency? Explain.
June 21, 2011: Explain Moore’s Open Question Argument.
June 22, 2011: Use textual evidence from the Hume reading to argue that Hume is not an instrumentalist and/or is a practical reason anti-realist.
June 23, 2011: Explain what makes Korsgaard an externalistW about practical reasons.
June 24, 2011: Quiz
June 27, 2011: Explain one of the two ways in which Sober extends Hume’s Thesis (you must say what Hume’s Thesis is).
June 28, 2011: According to Harman what is the important disanalogy between observation in science and observation in ethics (You must explain and use the observation1/observation2 distinction in your answer.)
June 29, 2011: What does Williams mean by saying that act utilitarianism alienates from our moral feelings? (Use an example in your answer.)
June 30, 2011: What is Hospers’ reply to the argument that the optimal set of moral rules would all have the AU exception? (Use an example in your answer.)
July 1, 2011: Class vote.
July 5, 2011: Midterm Exam.
July 6, 2011: If it were successful, would the first version of the categorical imperative provide purely descriptive necessary and sufficient conditions for moral rightness? Explain.
July 7, 2011: Explain the difference between a prudent person and a prudent but “trustworthy” person (i.e., a “moral person”).
July 8, 2011: Consider Scanlon’s formula for moral wrongness. Does he regard it as an attempt to give non-moral (either purely descriptive or instrumental rationality) necessary and sufficient conditions for moral wrongness? Explain.
July 11, 2011: In the story, “A Jury of Her Peers”, which perspective do you favor, justice or care? Explain.
July 12, 2011: Name and explain the three ways that Friedman claims that caring involves justice.
July 13, 2011: Explain the difference between internal and external goods. Use an example.
July 14, 2011: According to Schaller, which of the three elements of the Standard View is the virtue of gratitude an exception to? Explain.
July 15, 2011: Explain the Super-Duper companions in guilt argument.
July 18, 2011: What is Talbott’s conception of sensitivity of moral belief (or degrees of belief)? Explain.
July 19, 2011: In-class vote.
July 20, 2011: Final Exam.