PHIL 350A:  Study Questions for Week #7

 

 

1.  Pojman claims that his belief that he had cereal with banana for breakfast is a basic belief for him.  What does it mean to say that the belief is basic?  Would BonJour agree that Pojman's belief about what he had for breakfast is basic?  What would BonJour identify as the basic belief that supports Pojman's belief about what he had for breakfast? 

 

2.  What is the coherentist aspect to memory?  Explain with an example.

 

3.  Can the testimony of others produce false memories?  Have you ever had a false memory produced in this way?  Why does the phenomenon of false memories raise a question about the justification of memory beliefs?

 

4.  What does Pojman mean by habit memory, episodic memory, and factual memory?  Are there any other kinds? 

 

5.  What is a Q-memory?  Could we remember what happened to someone else?  Could we have knowledge from the implantation of the parts of Stephen Hawking's brain that store his knowledge of physics.  ?

 

6.  Could there be an internalist justification of memory beliefs?  What would it be?

 

7.  What is the argument from analogy for other minds?  What are the problems for it?

 

8.  What is logical behaviorism?  What is the logical behaviorist solution to the problem of other minds?  What are the problems for it?

 

9.  What is the inference-to-the-best-explanation solution to the problem of other minds?  What are the problems for it?

 

10.  What is the evolutionary solution to the problem of other minds?  Why is it a reliabilist account?  What are the problems for it?

 

11.  What beliefs would you have left, if you eliminated all of those whose justification is based at least in part on testimony?

 

12.  What evidence do you have of the reliability of your history or science textbooks?  What is the difference between inductive reasoning for the reliability of testimony and coherence reasoning for the reliability of testimony?  Do you have enough non-testimonial evidence to be justified in believing your history or science textbooks to be reliable? 

 

13.  What is the circularity problem for justifications of testimonial beliefs?  What is the foundational solution to this problem?  Why would BonJour object to this sort of solution? 

 

14.  What is the circularity problem for justifications of memory beliefs?  What is the foundational solution to this problem?  Why would BonJour object to this sort of solution?  Does BonJour believe there is any way to justify our most fundamental memory beliefs?  Is he a skeptic?