PHIL 350A: Study Questions for Week #5
1. Explain the following distinctions (you may use examples):
(a) strong/weak conception of knowledge
(b) occurrent/dispositional sense of belief.
2. What is a proposition? What is the correspondence theory of truth? What is the coherence theory of truth? What is the pragmatic theory of truth? Explain why it seems that the coherence theory and the pragmatic theory conflate truth with justification? Why does Pojman think it is a mistake to do so? What is the redundancy theory of truth? Why is it problematic?
3. What is the "God's eye" objection to claims to knowledge (BonJour 34)? How is it related to the Permanent Picture Gallery objection to Lockean Representationalism?
4. Explain the occurrent and dispositional sense of belief. Which sense is usually assumed in discussions of knowledge?
5. What is the traditional, tripartite analysis of knowledge? What is the most persuasive counterexample to it? A complete logical analysis is a claim of mutual implication (with arrows going in both directions). Which of the two implication claims is the counterexample a counterexample to?
6. What is the Cartesian conception of knowledge? How does it avoid Gettier countexamples?
7. Pojman discusses four proposals to add a fourth condition to the conditions in the traditional analysis of knowledge. Discuss each of them and explain why there is no general agreement on any of them. BonJour discusses only one proposal for the fourth condition. What is its relation to the four proposals discussed by Pojman?
8. What makes an account of knowledge contextualist? What makes an account of knowledge pluralist?
9. What is the lottery paradox? How do you think it should be resolved?
10. BonJour discusses what we will call the Conjunction Paradox (BonJour 46-47). Explain it. Is it a paradox?