HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT #6

(35 Points--Due in Class on Monday, July 21)

 

Your assignment is to explain how the General Euthyphro Question applies to each of the theories below, by answering the following questions for each of those theories:  (i) According to the theory, who is the relevant authority (A) for deciding moral questions?  (ii) Which answer would the theory give to the General Euthyphro Question applied to a normative moral statement—e.g., the statement that torturing children wrong; (iii) Explain and justify your answer to (ii):

(a) Divine Command Theory

(b) Kantian Ethical Theory [Hint:  According to Kant, which faculty serves as our moral authority?]

(c) Normative Cultural Relativism (e.g., MacIntyre).

(d) Noncognitivist Communitarian Theory (e.g. Hume or Mackie)

(e) Aristotelian Virtue Theory

(f) Social Practice Utilitarian (e.g., Mill).  Consider the views of a social practice utilitarian who claims that communities that have existed for a substantial period of time have evolved practices that do a pretty good job of maximizing overall utility when generally followed.  [This is not an easy question.  Make sure you take advantage of the discussion of it in section before trying to answer it.]

(g) Existentialism (e.g., Jean-Paul Sartre)