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Study title:  Pacific Northwest Dialect Study, Vancouver WA Pilot Study

Researcher: Alice Lemieux

Date:  Summer 2005


On this webpage:

Appendix A. Consent form

Appendix B.  Reading passage

Appendix C. Word list

Appendix D. Multiple-choice questions

Appendix E. Demographic questionnaire




Appendix A. Consent Form

Consent form for Dialect Study of the Pacific Northwest

University of Washington


Principal Investigators:

Alicia Beckford Wassink, Asst. Professor,  Department of Linguistics, Univeristy of Washington

Robert Hagiwara, Asst. Professor,  Department of Linguistics, Univeristy of Manitoba

Richard Wright, Asst. Professor,  Department of Linguistics, Univeristy of Washington

Investigators' phone: (206) 616-9589

Investigator, Vancouver Pilot Study

Alice Lemieux, Undergraduate, Department of Linguistics, University of Washington

Phone: (206) 465-0732



Investigators' statement

We are inviting you to participate in a research study about the sounds of American English in the Pacific Northwest. You can be in this study because you are a native speaker of American English and do not have speech or hearing difficulties. The purpose of this consent form is to give you the information you will need to help you decide whether or not to be in the study. Please read the following paragraphs carefully. You may ask questions about the purpose of the research, what we would ask you to do, the possible risks and benefits, your rights as a volunteer, and anything else about the research that is not clear. When all your questions have been answered, you can decide if you want to be in the study or not. This process is called 'informed consent.'



We want to know more about the speech sounds of people who speak English in the Pacific Northwest. We want to record and study this speech so that there is information about the Pacific Northwest similar to the information about the speech of other regions in North America. We hope that the results of this study will help us understand the unique sounds of English speakers in this region. You may not directly benefit from taking part in this research.



If you choose to take part in this study, we will ask you to come to two recording sessions at two different times. Each session will take place at a convenient location in your community. Each session will last about 2 hours. In one session, we will record your voice in a casual conversation with friends. In the other session, we will record your voice individually.         


         We would like to know about the people that took part in the study, so we will ask you to complete a questionnaire about yourself after the second recording session. You do not have to answer every question. We will ask about your age, gender, residence history and language. You do not have to answer every question.


We use the recordings to measure the acoustic (mathematical) properties of speech. It is important to the researchers to be able to demonstrate the sounds and their properties to other scientists. We would like to use the recordings in presentations and for education.  We would also like to be able to use the recordings and measurements on the world wide web as part of a database of North American dialects. Please indicate below (by placing a check in the appropriate boxes) how we can use your recordings and voice measurements:


               o My recordings and voice measurements may be made available within the University of Washington research community.

               o My recordings and voice measurements may be made available to academic research communities outside the University of Washington.

               o My recordings may be made publicly accessible on the world wide web as part of a database on North American dialects.

               o My voice measurements may be made publicly accessible on the world wide web as part of a database on North American dialects.

               o My recordings and voice measurements may be made available as part of teaching materials for use by instructors and students.


Some people who take part in linguistic research want the researchers to use their names when the results of the study are published, and some people do not want their names used. Please indicate your preference below:

               o  I give my permission for the researchers to use my name in the published results.

               o I do NOT give my permission for the researchers to use my name in the published results.



Some people feel that providing information for research is an invasion of privacy.



Taking part in this study is voluntary. You can stop at any time. Information about you is confidential, unless you have given us permission to publish your name. If we do not have permission to use your name, we will not record your name on any study records or recordings.

All of the study information in the database uses a code, instead of your name. We will keep the link between your name and the code indefinitely.


If you have any questions, please ask us.  If you have any additional questions later, or would like to know the results of the study, you may call (206)-616-9589, and we will be happy to answer them. You will be offered a copy of this statement to keep.



                   Investigator                                        date                                       Printed Name of Investigator



Alicia Beckford Wassink PhD

Richard Wright PhD

Robert Hagiwara PhD

Alice Lemieux, Undergraduate


Participatant Statement:

               This study has been explained to me. I have had a chance to ask questions. If I have questions later about the research I can ask one of the investigators listed above. If I have questions about my rights as a research subject, I can call the Human Subjects Division, University of Washington, at (206) 543-0098. I give permission for my voice recordings to be used as I have indicated above. I will receive a copy of this consent form.





         Respondent Signature                                  date                                     Printed Name of Participant




cc:           investigator





Appendix B. Reading Passage

[note: Targeted words are underlined in this version of the reading passage.  Informant were shown a non-underlined version.] 


Washington State is in the northwest corner of the United States, bordering Canada, Idaho, and Oregon.  Known as the Evergreen State, Washington is filled with forests, mountains, and water.  Salmon swim up creeks to spawn and pleasure boats sail up the Hood Canal. The weather is measured by how much it rains; in the less rainy summertime you can see young kids drinking root beer or milk, playing tetherball at local schools.  Students come from all over the state, from Sequim, Puyallup, and Walla Walla Washington, to attend the biggest university in the state: UW.  Some students spend their time playing squash in the gym while others mosh at concerts, doing their best not to get kicked in the head.  Others run around looking for treasures hid by upperclassmen under the Quad.  Students cramming together during finals often idly banter about Spring Break trips to Mexico or California.  They rarely heed the advice of their parents to stay focused on their studies; instead they would rather discuss who’d had a better date the night before.  In the spring, students leave their dorm rooms to make dandelion crowns or rant about whether or not their favorite band sang well at the concert the night before.  In the fall, returning students gather to talk about what they had done over the summer, how many fields of potatoes they’d hoe’d or fields of grass they’d hayed (if they’re from Eastern Washington) or how their parents had hemmed and hawed for forever before buying them a car.  One popular place to gather on campus is the Husky Union Building or HUB; you can tell people are new to the area when they call it the HUD or the HUG.  Freshmen can often be seen running around the dorms at night playing hide and seek or looking for entrances to the tunnels they’ve heard exist underneath the school.  It’s not uncommon for friends to call each other up at two in the morning, asking, “How’d you like to watch a movie?”  Campus life in Washington is representative of life in Washington in general: relaxed and full of leisure time.


Appendix C. Word List

[note: The words are listed here in the pattern of “say X again” where X is the target word.]


Say bird again.

Say pet again.

Say bag again.

Say wash again.

Say Hudd again.

Say hurt again.

Say out again.

Say Hode again.

Say heat again.

Say aid again.

Say hide again.

Say ought again.

Say hot again.

Say had again.

Say hawed again.

Say hit again.

Say oat again.

Say heed again.

Say odd again.

Say put again.

Say hoot again.

Say hid again.

Say Ett again.

Say head again.

Say who'd again.

Say hate again.

Say hat again.

Say hood again.

Say heard again.

Say Boyd again.

Say height again.

Say hut again.

Say hoyt again.

Say how'd again.

Say mode again.

Say ore again.

Say creek again.

Say root again.

Say Washington again.

Say squash again.

Say mosh again.

Say posh again.

Say room again.

Say roof again.

Say milk again.

Say band again.

Say hand again.

Say fan again.

Say rant again.

Say sand again.

Say pant again.

Say can’t again.

Say ban again.

Say tan again.

Say can again.

Say scary again.

Say family again.

Say bam again.

Say cram again.

Say bang again.

Say sang again.

Say banter again.

Say banner again.

Say anger again.

Say fanned again.

Say rather again.

Say Canada again.

Say trend again.

Say best again.

Say melt again.

Say pleasure again.

Say measure again.

Say feather again.

Say tether again.

Say weather again.

Say whether again.

Say together again.

Say leather again.

Say question again.

Say leisure again.

Say smelter again.

Say mature again.

Say basil again.

Say caught again.

Say cot again.

Say aunt again.

Say ant again.

Say Oregon again.

Say dandelion again.

Say Mexico again.

Say California again.

Say Sequim again.

Say Puyallup again.

Say Enumclaw again.


Appendix D. Multiple-Choice Questions

[note: The correct answer to each question is emboldened here but will not be in the version given to the informant.]

Regional Words


1. An olallie is…

               a) a type of fish

               b) a berry

               c) a bug

               d) a flowering plant

2. A cayuse is…

               a) a vegetable

               b) a dish made from corn

               c) a pony

               d) a water plant

3. A high muckamuck (or mucketymuck) is…

               a) a leader or boss

               b) a type of galoshes

               c) a flooding river

               d) a bit of trouble

4. Hazelnut is another name for…

               a) St. John’s wort

               b) pecan

               c) filbert

               d) gallstone

5. A rhody is…

               a) a Rhodes Scholar

               b) someone who follows a band on tour

               c) a rhododendron

               d) a type of rodeo


Appendix E. Demographic Questionnaire

[note: This version of the questionnaire includes point values assigned to answers to assist the investigator in determining the social network of the informant.  These point values will not be listed on the version given to the informant.


Respondent Demographic and Social Network Questionnaire

I.  Personal Background and Linguistic Repertoire

1.       Name                                                                                                              

2.       Male   Female                         3.  Age                                           

4a. How would you describe the social class of your family growing up?

             Working Class    Middle Class    Upper Class

4b. How would you describe your social class now?

             Working Class    Middle Class    Upper Class

5.       Where were you born?                      (city/town)                                                (state)                                     

6a.     Where do you currently live? (city/town)                                                (state)                                     

6b.     If you have lived other places (for more than 6 continuous months/location), please list these places here:                                                                                                                               



7a.     Level of schooling completed:

             Elementary    Jr. High/High/GED    

             B.A./B.S.        M.A./Ph.D.

7b.     Where did you go to school? 

           Elementary                                                       Jr. High                                                         

           High _____________________           Community College                                

           4-year College                                                M.A./Ph.D                                                   


8a.     What is your occupation?                                                                                                   

8b.     What is/was your spouse’s occupation?                                                                      

8c.     What is/was your parents’ occupation(s)?                                                                  

9.       Have you studied any foreign languages? If so, please answer the following:

           language(s):                                       length of time studied:                                       




10.     How would you describe your ethnic background?                                                                        

II.  Social Network

Core family membership

1.       How long have you lived in this town?

             all my life (1 pt.)

             most of my life. (.5 point)

             less than 5 years.

           Where else have you lived?                                                                                                               


2.       Does/did your mother’s/female guardian’s family live in this town? for a long time?

             yes.  How long?        generations (1 pt.)

             no.  We moved here in       .


3.       Does/did your father’s/male guardian’s family live in this town? for a long time?

             yes.  How long?        generations (1 pt.)

             no.  We moved here in       .



4.       Is/was your mother/female guardian involved in many local activities? (1 pt.)

           (ex. local community groups, church, local politics, neighborhood watch, etc.)

             yes.  What were they?                                                                                                                 



5.       Is/was your father/male guardian involved in many local activities? (1 pt.)

             yes.  What were they?                                                                                                                 



6.       Is/was your grandmother involved in many local activities? (.5 pt.)

             yes.  What were they?                                                                                                                 



7.       Is/was your grandfather involved in many local activities? (.5 pt.)

             yes.  What were they?                                                                                                                 



8.       (If applicable) Has your spouse’s family lived in this town for a long time?


             yes.  How long?        generations (1 pt.)

             no.  We moved here in       .



10.     Do you have close relatives (visit or talk to regularly) living in this town?

             yes.  Who and Where?                                                                                                                

             no.  (1 pt.)


11.     Do you have close relatives (visit or talk to regularly) living in other towns or states?

             yes.  Where?                                                                                                                                    

                              Have you visited them?  no  yes  I have visited several times

             no.  (1 pt.)


Nature of working relationships

12.     Do you work in this town?

             yes. (1 pt.)  Where?                                                                                                                     

             no. (go to 14.)  Where?                                                                                                              


13.     Have you always worked in this town?

             yes. (1 pt.)

             no. Where else?                                                                                                                              


14.     Are any of your co-workers from this town?

             yes. (1 pt.)



15.     Are any of your co-workers related to you?

             yes. (1 pt.)



16.     Do you spend time outside of work with any of your co-workers?

             yes. (1 pt.)



17.     In your work, do you meet any people from other parts of the U.S.?


             no.  (1 pt.)                  


Voluntary Association

18.     Are you involved in any social activities in this area or through your school?

             yes.  What?                                                                                                                                       

                              (1 pt. for each organization)                


19.     Do you participate in any local sports through community groups or school?

             yes.  What?                                                                                                                                       

                              (1 pt. for each sport)                


20.     Who are your closest friends (if you’d rather not give names, go to 20.)?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


21.     Do they live in this area?

             yes. (1 pt.)  

             mostly, yes. (.5 pt.)

             mostly, no.



22.     Do you/does your family own a car?


             no.  (1 pt.)   


23.     Where do you spend your social time (Where do you spend time with friends)? (you may give several locations)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


24.     Does anyone in your family have any of the following: (to establish/corroborate social class rating, above in 4)

             washer                                                          dryer

             television                                                     radio/stereo cassette player

             video cassette recorder                         compact disk player

             cable television                                        computer

             cellular telephone                                    electronic mail/internet

             high speed internet (cable/dsl)          dvd player