Excerpt (revised) from A FIRSTBOOK OF OLD ENGLISH

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Chapter 2.The Sounds of Old English

2.0 How the Sounds Are Known

2.1 Vowels in Stressed Syllables
A. Simple Vowels
B. Diphthongs

2.2 Vowels in Unstressed Syllables

2.3 Individual Consonants
A. Stops p t k b d g, Nasals m n, Liquids l r
B. Glide w, Spirant h, Spirant _
C. Palatal Affricates _ _
D. Spirants s f þ x

2.4 Consonant Clusters
A. Initial Three-consonant Sequences
B. Initial Two-consonant Sequences
C. Final and Medial Clustering Sequences

2.5 Distribution of Long and Short Vowels
A. In Unstressed Syllables
B. In Root or Derivational Morphemes
C. In Word-final Position, Stressed
D. In Word-final Position, Unstressed
E. In Non-final Position in Stressed Syllables

2.6 Syllable Division

2.7 Word-Accent

2.8 Exercises
A. Sets of Common Words
B. Patterns and Contrasts of Sounds
C. Readings
D. How Speech Sounds Are Made

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