Bibliography of Works Pertaining to the Study of Targum

Alex Jassen and Joe Angel

The following bibliography is meant as an aid to the student of the Aramaic version of the Bible, the Targum. It was compiled as an undergraduate research project under the guidance of Prof. Scott Noegel. It is organized by subject matter as well as by specific version of the Targum. It is our hope that this bibliography will become a great asset in the further development of Targumic and Aramaic studies. While this list is far from exhaustive, we have attempted to present the most up to date and relevent material for research in the Targum. Accordingly, we hope to continue to update this bibliography in order to make it as current as possible. If you are aware of any publications which you feel should should be included or you yourself are composing future publications, please e-mail us at alex and scott.

Table of Contents

I. Texts, Translations, and Manuscript Studies

  1. General Targum
  2. Targum Onqelos
  3. Palestinian Targum
  4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
  5. Targum to the Hagiographa
  6. Tosefta Targum
  7. Newsletter for Targumic and Cognate Studies

II. Dictionaries, Lexicons, and Concordances

III. Grammars and Linguistic Studies

  1. General Targum
  2. Targum Onqelos
  3. Palestinian Targum
  4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
  5. Targum to the Hagiographa

IV. Critical Analysis in the Study of the Targumim

  1. General Targum
    1. Articles in Encyclopedias
    2. Books
    3. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
  2. Targum Onqelos
    1. Books
    2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
  3. Palestinian Targum
    1. Books
    2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
  4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
    1. Books
    2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
  5. Targum to the Hagiographa
    1. Books
    2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books

V. Studies in Anthropomorphism in the Targum

VI. Rabbinic Tradition and the Targum


  1. Texts, Translations, and Manuscript Studies
    1. General Targum
      • Brady, Christian M., The Rabbinic Targum of Lamentations: Vindicating God (Studies in the Aramaic Interpretation of Scripture, 3; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2003).
      • Goshen-Gottstein, M.H., Fragments of Lost Targumim [Part one] (Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar Ilan University Press, 1983).
      • Grelot, Pierre (trans. and ed.), What are the Targums?: Selected Texts (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992).
      • Kasher, R., 'A New Targum to the Ten Commandments According to a Genizah Manuscript', HUCA 60 (1989), pp. 1-17.
      • Klein, Michael L. 'Additional Targum Manuscripts', JQR 83 (1992), pp. 173-177.
      • Klein, Michael L., Targumic Manuscripts in the Cambridge Genizah Collections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press for Conbridge University Library, 1992).
      • Klein, Michael L., 'Targum Manuscripts in Leningrad', Studies in Bibliography and Booklore 17 (1994), pp. 1-18.
      • Le Deaut, Roger, 'Les Manuscrits du Targum du Pentateuque de la Guenizah du Caire', Biblica 68.4 (1987), pp. 568-576.
      • Le Deaut, Roger, 'Manuscrits du Targum Samaritain et Targums Juifs', in J.P. Rothschild and G.D. Sixdeiner (eds.), Etudes Samaritaines (Louvain: E. Peeters, 1988), pp. 109-121.
      • Moore, George F., 'Note on the Targum Manuscripts in the British Museum', ProcAOS (October 1888), p. xxxviii.
      • Nutt, John William, Fragments of a Samaritan Targum (Hildepheim, NY: G. Olms Verlag, 1980).
    2. Targum Onqelos
      • Barnstein, Henry, The Targum of Onkelos to Genesis--A Critical Inquiry…Yemen MSS Compared with that of the European Recension (London, 1896).
      • Berliner, A., Targum Onqelos [2 vols] (Berlin: 1884).
      • Berliner, A., The Massorah to Targum Onqelos (Leipzig: 1877).
      • Berliner, Abraham, Targum Onkelos. Erster Theil. Text, nach Editio Sabionetta (Berlin, 1884).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, Hamishah humshe Torah: `im Masorah Ketanah u-Masorah Gedolah, ve-`im Targum Onkelos shel ha-Torah=The Pentateuch [With the Masorah Parva and the Masora Magna, and with Targum Onkelos: Ms. Vat. Heb. 448] (Yerushalayim: Hotsa'at Makor, 1977).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'A Fundamental Manuscript for an Edition of the Babylonian Onqelos to Genesis', in M. Black and G. Fohrer (eds.), In Memoriam P. Kahle, BZAW 103 (1968), pp. 62-78.
      • Drazin, Israel, Targum Onkelos to Deuteronomy: An English Translation of the Text with Analysis and Commentary (New York, NY: Ktav Publishing House, 1982).
      • Drazin, Israel, Targum Onkelos to Leviticus: An English Translation of the Text with Analysis and Commentary (New York, NY: Ktav Publishing House, 1994).
      • Etheridge, J.W., The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan ben Uzziel on the Pentateuch, with Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum from the Chaldee (New York, NY: Ktav Pub. House, 1968).
      • Feldman, Emanuel (ed.), Hamisheh Humshe Torah Ari'el [The Ariel Chumash: Rashi, Onkelos, sources, analysis: Targum Onkelos translator Yitzhak Frank] (Jerusalem: United Israel Institutes, 1997).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard and Aberbach, Moses, Targum Onkelos to Genesis: A Critical Analysis Together with an English Translation of the Text. (New York, NY: Ktav Publishing House, 1982).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard and Aberbach, Moses, Targum Onqelos on Genesis 49: Translation and Analytical Commentary (Missoula, MT: Scholars Press for the Society of Biblical Literature, 1976).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, Targum Onqelos to Exodus (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1988).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, Targum Onqelos to Genesis (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1988).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, The Targum Onqelos to Deuteronomy (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1988).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, The Targum Onqelos to Numbers (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1988).
      • Katash, Abraham I., 'S. Baer's Unpublished Targum Onkelos Text', in M. Ben-Horin et al. (eds.), Studies and Essays in Honor of Abraham Neuman (Leiden: 1962), pp. 329-342.
      • Klein, Michael L., 'A Fragment-Targum of "Onqelos" from the Cairo Genizah', in Greenfield (1995), pp. 101-105.
      • Klein, Michael L., 'Manuscripts of Proto-Massorah to Onqelos', Estudios Masoreticos X (1993), pp. 73-88.
      • Martinez Borobio, Emiliano, 'Textos Hispanos de Onqelos', Sefarad 46.1-2 (1986), 325-332.
      • Sperber, Alexader, The Bible in Aramaic, Vol. 1: The Pentateuch According to Targum Onqelos (Leidin: 1959).
      • Sperber, Alexander, The Bible in Aramaic: Based on Old Manuscripts and Printed Texts (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993).
      • Wein, A.T. Liber vini boni de Targumim (in Pent.): Onkelos, Jerushalmi, Ps-Jonathan [Hebrew Translation with Introductions] (Rehovoth: Makhon Yerushalayim, 1976).
    3. Palestinian Targum
      • Barnstein, Henry, 'A Noteworthy Targum MS in the British Museum', JQR 11 (1899), pp. 167- 171.
      • Caquot, Andre, 'Un Texte Ethiopien sur les Ensieges du Camp D'Israel', AnEth 2 (1957), pp. 246 247.
      • Clarke, Ernest G, Targum Psuedo-Johnathon: Deuteronomy (Collegeville, MN: Litergical Press, 1988).
      • Dalman, Gustaf, 'Die Handschrift zum Jonathantargum des Pentateuch, ADD. 27031 des Britischen Museum', MGWJ 41 (1897), pp. 454-456.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, Biblia Polyglotta Matritensia [Series IV. Targum Palestinense in Pentatuchum. Adduntur Targum Pseudo-jonatan, Targum Onqelos et Targum Palestinensis hispanica versio. Liver V. Deuteronomium Cap. I] (1965).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, Neophyti 1, Targum Palestinense ms. de la Bibloteca Vatican (Madrid, Spain: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1968).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Nuevo Manuscrito el Biblico "Palestinese" Procedente de la Genizah de el Cairo', StPapyr 6 (1957), pp. 15-25.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Nuevos Fragmentos del targum Palestinense', Sefarad 15 (1955), pp. 31-39.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Un Nuevo Fragmento del Targum Palestinense a Genesis', Augustinianum 9 (1969), pp. 120-123.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Una Copia Completa del Targum Palestinense al Pentateuco en la Biblioteca Vaticana', Sefarad 17 (1957), pp. 119-121.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Una Copia de todo el Targum Jerosolimitano en la Vaticana', EstBibl 15 (1956), pp. 447-447.
      • Double, Malcolm C., 'Towards the Publication of the Extant Texts of the Palestinian Targums(s)', VT 15 (1965), pp. 16-26.
      • Ginsburger, Moses, 'Die Fragmente des Thargum Jeruschalmi zum Pentateuch', ZDMG 57 (1903), pp. 67-80.
      • Ginsburger, Moses, 'Neue Fragmente des Thargum Jeruschalmi', ZDMG 58 (1904), pp. 374-378.
      • Ginzberg, Louis, Yerushalmi Fragments from the Genizah (New York, NY: JTS, 1909).
      • Kahle, Paul, Masoreten des Westens II (Stuttgart: 1930).
      • Kaufman, Steven A., and Y. Maori, 'The Targumim to Exodus 20: Reconstructing the Palestinian Targum', Textus 16 (1991), pp. 13-78.
      • Klein, M.L. 'A Genizah Fragment of Palestinian Targum to Genesis 15.1-4', HUCA 49 (1978), pp. 73-87.
      • Klein, Michael L. (ed. and trans.), Genizah manuscripts of Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch (Cincinnati, OH: Hebrew Union College Press; Hoboken, NJ: Dist. By Ktav, 1986).
      • Klein, Michael L., 'New Fragments of Palestinian Targum from the Cairo Genizah', Sefarad 49.1 (1989), pp. 123-133.
      • Le Deaut, R., Targum Du Pentateuque [5 vols. Translations of Tgs. Neof. And Ps-Jon] (Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1978-1981).
      • Le Deaut, Roger, 'Jalons pour une Histoire d'un manuscrit du Targum Palestinian (Neofiti I)', Biblica 48 (1967), pp. 509-533.
      • Levy, Barry B, Targum Neophyti 1 (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986).
      • Lund, Shirley, and Foster, Julie A., Varient Versions of Targumic Tradition within Neofiti 1 (Missoula, MT: Scholars Press for the Society of Biblical Literature).
      • McNamara, Martin, Targum Neofiti 1, Deuteronomy (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1997).
      • McNamara, Martin, Targum Neofiti 1, Exodus (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1994).
      • McNamara, Martin, Targum Neofiti 1, Leviticus (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1994).
      • McNamara, Martin, Targum Neofiti 1, Numbers (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1995).
      • McNamara, Martin, Targum Neofiti, Genesis (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992).
      • Maher, Michael, Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, Genesis (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1993).
      • Pacios, Antonio, 'El "Targum Palestinense" Completo', Arbor 36 (1957), pp. 516-518.
      • Teicher, Jacob L., 'A Sixth Century Fragment of the Palestinian Targum', VT 1 (1951), pp. 125 129.
      • Weil, Gerard E., 'Le Codex Neophiti I a Propos de L'article de M. Fitzmaurice Martin', Textus 4 (1964), pp. 225-229.
      • Wernberg-Müller, Preben, 'An Inquiry into the Validity of the Text-Critical Argument for an Early Dating of the Recently Discovered Palestinian Targum', VT 12 (1962), pp. 312-330.
    4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
      • Adler, Michael, 'A Specimen of a Commentary and Collated Text of the Targum to the Prophets: Nahum', JQR 7 (1895), 630-657.
      • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Notes on the Critique of the Text to the Targum of the Prohpets', JQR 11 (1899), pp. 651-655.
      • Churgin, Pinkhos, Targum Jonathan to Prophets (New York, NY: AMS Press, 1980).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Un Manuscrito Yemeni de la Biblia Babilonica: el ms 229 (EMC. 105) del Seminario Teologico Judio de Nueva York', Sefarad 17 (1957), pp. 237-279.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Un Nuevo Targum a los Profetas', EstBibl 15 (1956), pp. 287-295.
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'Un Segundo Fragmento del Targum Palestinense a los Profetas', Biblica 39 (1958), pp. 198-205.
      • Gottheil, Richard J.H., 'A Manuscript Containing Parts of the Targum', ProcAOS (October, 1888), pp. Xlii-li.
      • Harrington, Daniel J., and Saldarini, Anthony J., Targum Jonathan of the Former Prophets (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1987).
      • Sperber, Alexander, The Bible in Aramaic: The Former Prophets According to Targum Jonathan [Vol. 2] (Leiden: 1959).
      • Sperber, Alexander, The Bible in Aramaic: The Latter Prophets According to Targum Jonathan
      • [Vol. 3] (Leiden: 1962).
      • Zijl, Jan van, 'A Second List of Errata in Sperber's Edition of Targum Isaiah', ASTI 7 (1968 1969), pp. 132-134.
      • Zijl, Jan van, 'Errata in Sperber's Edition of Targum Isaiah', ASTI 4 (1965), pp. 189-191.
      • Zijl, Jan van., 'Is. XLVIII 7 According to the Targum Br. Mus. Or. MS 2211', VT 18 (1968), pp. 560-561.
    5. Targum to the Hagriographa
      • Beattie, D.R.G., The Targum of Ruth (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1993).
      • Chilton, Bruce, The Isaiah Targum (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1987).
      • Diez Macho, Alejandro, Targum de Salmos (Bibliotecha Hispana Biblica 6; Madrid: C.S.I.C., Instituto 'Francisco Suarez, 1982).
      • Diez Merino, Luis, 'El Targum de Ester en la Tradicion Sefardi: El Ms. De El Escorial G-1-5' Estudios Biblicos 45.1-2 (1087), pp. 57-92.
      • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Targum al Cantar de los Cantares (texto arameo del Codice Urbinati 1 y su traduccion)', Anuario de Filologia 7 (1981), pp. 237-284.
      • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Targum de Rut, Ms. De la Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid), n. 7542, de Alfonso de Zamora', Anuario de Filologia 12 (1986), pp. 19-36.
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, First Targum to Esther: Acording to the MS Paris Hebrew 110 of the Biblioteque Nationale (New York, NY: Sepher-Hermon Press, 1983).
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, The Targum to the Five Megilloth (New York, NY: Hermon Press, 1973).
      • Hayward, Robert, The Targum of Jeremiah (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1987).
      • Heide, Albert van der, The Yemenite Tradition of the Targum of Lamentations: Critical Text and Analysis of the Variant Readings (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1981).
      • Kashar, Rimon, and Michael L. Klein, 'New Fralgments of Targum to Esther from the Cairo Genizah', HUCA 61 (1991), pp. 89-124.
      • Lagarde, Paul de. Hagiographa Chaldaice (Leipzig: 1872).
      • Levey, Samuel H, The Targum of Ezekiel (Wilmington, DE: M. Glazier, 1987).
      • Levine, Etan, The Aramaic Version of Jonah (Jerusalem, Israel: 1975).
      • Levine, Etan, The Aramaic Version of Jonah (Jerusalem, Israel: Jerusalem Academic Press, 1975).
      • Levine, Etan, The Aramaic Version of Lamentations (New York, NY: 1976).
      • Levine, Etan, The Aramaic Version of Qohelet (New York, NY: 1978).
      • Levine, Etan, The Aramaic Version of Ruth (Rome, Italy: 1973).
      • Mangan, C., The Targum of Job (Collegeville, MN: Michael Glazier, 1991).
      • Manns, Frederic, 'Le Targum de Qohelet--Manusrit Urbinati 1: Traduction et Commentaire', Liber Annuus 42 (1993), pp. 145-198.
      • Manns, Frederic, 'Le targum de Ruth--Manuscript Urbinati 1: Traduction et Commentaire', Liber Annuus 44 (1995), pp. 353-290.
      • Manns, Frederic, 'Le targum d'Esther: Manuscript Urbinati 1', Liber Annuus 46 (1997), pp. 101 166; 47 (1997), pp. 117-128.
      • Manns, Frederic, 'Le Targum du Cantique des Cantiques: Introduction et Traduction du Codex Vatican Urbinati 1', Liber Annuus 41 (1992), pp. 223-301.
      • Melamed R.H., 'The Targum to Canticles According to Six Yemen MSS: Compared With the "Textus Receptus" (ed. De Lagarde)', JQR n.s 10 (1919-1920), pp. 377-410; n.s. 11 (1920-1921), pp. 1-20; n.s. 12 (1921-1922), pp. 57-117.
      • Melamed, R.H., The Targum to Canticles According to Six Yemen MSS: Compared With the "Textus Receptus" as Contained in De Lagarde's "Hagiographa Chaldaice" (Philadelphia: 1921).
      • Ploeg, Johannes P.M. van der, Le Targum de Job de la Grotte 11 de Qumran (Amsterdam: 1962).
      • Sperber, Alexander, The Bible in Aramaic: the Hagiographa--Transition from Translation to Midrash, Vol. 4a (Leiden: 1968).
      • Stec, D.M. The Text of the Targum of Job: An Introduction and Critical Edition (Leiden: Brill, 1993).
      • Stec, David M., 'The Recent English Translation of the Targumim to Job, Proverbs, and Qohelet: a Review', JSS 39.2 (1994), pp. 161-181.
      • Stenning, J.F., The Targum of Isaiah (Oxford, England: 1949).
      • Techen, Georg L., Das Targum zu den Psalmen [2 Vols.] (Wismer: 1896-1907).
      • Villa-Amil, Ms. (ed.), Targum de Job (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Instituto Francisco Suarez, 1984).
      • Wright, Charles H.H., The Book of Ruth in Hebrew [With a critically-revised text, various reading, including a new collation of twenty-eight Hebrew mss and a grammatical and critical commentary to which is appended the Chaldee Targum with various readings, grammatical notes, and a Chaldee glossary] (London: Williams & Norgate, 1864).
      • Zuckerman, B., 'A Fragment of an Unstudied Column of 11QtgJob: A Preliminary Report', Newsletter of the Conprehensive Aramaic Lexicon 10 (1993), pp. 1-7.
    6. Tosefta Targum
      • Bernstein, Moshe J., 'A New Manuscript of "Tosefta Targum"', WCJS 9.A (1986), pp. 151-157.
      • Diez Macho, Alexandro, 'Nuevos Fragmentos de Tosefta Targumica', Sefarad 16 (1956), pp. 313 324.
      • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Tosefta Targumica a Genesis y Exodo: Biblioteca Complutense de San Bernardo, Ms. 117-Z-15', Anuario de Filologia 8 (1982), pp. 137-143.
  2. Dictionaries, Lexicons, and Concordances
  3. Grammars and Linguistic Studies
    1. General Targum/Aramaic
      • Blake, Frank Reingold, A Resurvey of Hebrew Tenses, with an Appendix: Hebrew Influence on Biblical Aramaic (Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1951).
      • Bombeck, Stefan, 'Das Partizip Aktiv von "hvh" in den Targmem Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan und Neofiti', Biblische Notizen 80 (1995), pp. 19-22.
      • Brown, John Pairman, 'The Septuagint as a Source of the Greek Loan-words in the Targums', Biblica 70.2 (1989), pp. 194-216.
      • Buxtorf, Johannes, Grammaticae Chaldaicae et Syriacae…ex Daniele, Onkelo, Jonathane, ex Targum Hierosolymitano (Basel, 1650).
      • Cook, Edward M., 'A New Perspective on the Language of Onqelos and Jonathan', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 228-246.
      • Cook, Edward, 'A New Perspective on the Language of Onqelos and Jonathan', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 142-156.
      • Diez Merino, Luis 'Philological Aspects in the Research of the Targum', WCJS 9, Panel Sessions: Bible Studies and Ancient Near East (1988), pp. 87-97.
      • Doubchak, Etude linguistique du Targum des Chroniques. Ph.D. Dissertation, Sorbonne, 1982.
      • Ferre I Costa, Joan, 'Notes Sobre l'arameu del Targum d'Osees', Anuari de Filologia 16.E3 (1993), pp. 41-46.
      • Grossfeld, Bernard, 'The Relationship between Biblical Hebrew NWS and BRH and their Corresponding Aramaic Equivalents in the Targum--'rg, 'zl. 'pk: a Preliminary Study in Aramaic-Hebrew Lexicography', ZAW 91 (1979), pp. 107-123.
      • Johns, Alger F., A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University, 1963).
      • Jongeling. K., H.L. Murre-Van den Burg, and Rompay L. van (eds.), Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Syntax. Presented to Professor J. Hoftijzer on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (Leiden: Brill, 1991).
      • Knudsen, Ebbe Egede, A Targumic Aramaic Reader (Leiden: Brill, 1981).
      • Kutscher, E. Y., A History of Aramaic, I: Old Aramaic, Jaudic, Official Aramaic (Jerusalem, Israel: Academon, 1972).
      • Muraoka, T., Studies in Qumran Aramaic (Louvain: Peeters, 1992).
      • Marcus, David, A Manual of Babylonian Jewish Aramaic (Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981).
      • Rodkinson, Micheal L., The Pentatuech, its Languages, and its Characters: A Treatise upon the Original Language and the Early Translations of the Pentateuch into Greek and Aramaic (Chicago, 1894).
      • Rosenthal, Franz, A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1961).
      • Rosenthal, Franz, An Aramaic Handbook (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1967).
      • Sabar, Yona, 'The Hebrew Bible Vocabulary as Reflected Through Traditional Oral Neo
      • Aramaic Translations', in A.S. Kaye (ed.) Semitic Studies (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1991), pp. 1385-1401.
      • Samely, Alexander, 'Is Targumic Aramaic Rabbinic Hebrew? A Reflection on Midrashic and Targumic Rewording of Scripture', JJS 45.1 (1994), pp. 92-100.
      • Sokoloff, Michael, Arameans, Aramaic, and the Aramaic Literary Tradition (Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar-Ilan University Press, 1983).
      • Stevenson, William Barron, Grammar of Palestinian Jewish Aramaic (Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1962).
      • Tal, Abraham, Leshon ha-Targum li-Neviim rishonim u-maamadah bi-khelal nive ha-Aramit (Tel Aviv, Israel: Universitat Tel Aviv, 1975).
      • Winer, Georg B., Grammar of the Chaldee Language: As Contained in the Bible and the Targum (Andover, MS and New York, NY: 1845).
    2. Targum Onqelos
      • Dodi, A., 'The Form of the Weak Verbs in Targum Onqelos', Leshonenu 47 (1983), pp. 187 207.
      • Frank, Yitzhak, Daika nami: dikduk la-Talmud ha-Bavli ule-Targum Onkelos (Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1996).
      • Garr, W. Randall, '"Ay>a' in Targum Onqelos', JAOS 111.4 (1991), pp. 712-719.
      • Gorden, R.P., 'Targum Onqelos to Genesis 49:4 and a Common Semitic Idiom', JQR 66 (1976), pp. 224-226.
      • Heger, Paul, '"ktr": "nsk"-"slk"? A Study of Two Different Verbs Used by Onkelos to Translate the Term "ktr" of the Masoretic Text', ZAW 107.3 (1995), pp. 466-481.
      • Kaddari, Menachem, 'Studies in the Syntax of Targum Onqelos', Tarbiz 32 (1963), pp. 232-251.
      • Kaddari, Menachem, 'The Use of the 'd' Clauses in the Language of Targum Onqelos', Textus 3 (1963), pp. 36-59.
      • Loader, J.A., 'Onqelos Genesis 1 and the Structure of the Hebrew Text', JStJ 9 (1978), pp. 198 204.
      • Lund, Jerome A., 'Morphological Varaition in the Imperfect of "hewa" in Onqelos and Jonathan', Sefarad 58.2 (1988), pp. 261-270.
      • Rappel, D. , "The Expository Aspect of the Grammatical Deviation from the Original in Targum Onqelos', Leshonenu 46 (1981-82), pp. 85-96.
    3. Palestinian Targum
      • Cook, Edward Morgan, Rewriting the Bible: The Text and Language of the Pseudo-Jonathan Targum (1986).
      • Fassberg, Steven Ellis, 'Determined Forms of the Cardinal Number 'one' in Three Pentateuchal Targumim', Sefarad 45.2 (1985), pp. 207-215.
      • Fassberg, Steven Ellis, 'Lamedh-yodh Verbs in Palestinian Targumic Aramaic', in M.J. Geller et. al. (eds.), Studia Aramaica (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 43-52.
      • Kaufman, Stephen A., 'Dating the Language of the Palestinian Pargums and their Use in the Study of the First Century CE Texts', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 118-141.
      • Lund, Jerome A., 'On the Interpretation of the Palestinian Targumic Reading "wqht" in Gen 32- 25'. JBL 105.1 (1986), pp. 99-103.
      • Lund, Jerome A., 'The Problem of Expressing "Three Hundred" and the Like in the Language of Codex Neofiti 1', Sefarad 47.1 (1987), pp. 149-157.
      • Martinez Borobio, Emiliano, '"Yt" and "I-" Before the the Direct Object in the Aramaic of the Palestinian Targum', Sefarad 47.1 (1987), pp. 159-162.
      • Martinez Borobio, Emiliano, 'Las Formas "d-" y "dy" en Funcion de Pronombre Relativio en el Targum Palestinense', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 433-446.
      • Ribero, Josep. 'Breve Estudio Sobre la Gramatica del Arameo del Targum Palestinense', Aula Orientalis 6.1 (1988), pp. 77-82.
      • Segert, Stainslav, 'Rendering of Parallestic Structures in the Targum Neofiti: the Song of Moses (Deut. 32:1-43)', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 515-532.
      • Tal, Abraham, 'The Dialects of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic and the Palestinian Targum of the Petateuch', Sefarad 46.1-2 (1986), pp. 441-448.
      • Wesselius, Jan Willem, 'A Subjunctive in the Aramaic of the Palestinean Targum', JJS 35.2 (1984), pp. 196-199.
    4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
      • Jansma, Taeke, 'Inquiry into the Hebrew Text and the Ancient Versions of Zachariah IX-XIV: the Targum', OTS 7 (1950), pp. 9-23.
      • Lund, Jerome A., 'Morhological Varaition in the Imperfect of "hewa" in Onqelos and Jonathan', Sefarad 58.2 (1988), pp. 261-270.
    5. Targum to the Hagiographa
      • Gordon, Robert P., 'The Meaning of the Verb "swy" in the Targum to 1 Samuel V-VI', VT 42.3 (1992), pp. 395-397.
      • Korpel, Marjo C.A., and Johannes C. de Moor, 'Consistency with Regard to Tenses: Targum and Peshitta in Two Samples from Deutero-Isaiah', in Bible et Informatique: "Traduction et Transmission" (1998), pp. 195-220.
      • Margain, Jean, '11QtgJob et la Langue Targumique: a Propos de la Paticule "bdyl"', Revue de Qumran 13.1-4 (1988), pp. 525-528.
      • Naude, J.A., 'On the Syntax of 'dy' phrases in the Aramaic of 11QtgJob', JNSL 17 (1991), pp. 45-67.
      • Ribera, Josep, 'La Puntuacion Baliblonica del Targum de Jeremias en Relacion con la del Texto Hebreo', Sefarad 52.1 (1992), pp. 201-208.
      • Ribera, Josep, 'Relationship Between Semantics and Vocalization: Some Examples from Yemenite Manuscripts of Targum Jeremiah', Estudios Masoreticos X (1993), pp. 111 117.
      • Wolters, Al, 'Targumic "kruvat" (Zechariah 14:20)=Greek "koryfaia"?', JBL 115.4 (1996), pp. 710-713.
  4. Critical Analysis in the Study of the Targumim
    1. General Targum
      1. Articles in Encyclopedias and Dictionaries
        • Bacher, Wilhem, 'Targum', in C. Adler and I. Singer (eds.), The Jewish Encyclopedia 12 (New York and London: Funk & Wagnells Co., 1903), pp. 57-63.
        • Deutsch, Emanuel, 'Targum', in W. Smith (ed.), Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible 4 (1892), pp. 3395-3424.
        • Díez Macho, Alejandro, 'Targum', in Encyclopedia de la Biblia 6 (1963), pp. 865-881.
        • Fuchs, Hugo. 'Targum', in I. Landman (ed.), The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia 10 (New York: The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, inc., 1943), pp. 173-175.
        • Grossfeld, Bernard, 'Bible: Translations, Aramaic (Targumim)', in Encyclopaedia Judaica 4 (New York: Macmillan, 1971), pp. 841-851.
        • Kasher, Menahem, 'Ha-Targumim', in Tora Shelemah 17 (1956), pp. 313-331.
        • Le Deaut, Roger, 'The Targumim', in W.D. Damers and L. Finkelstein (eds.), The Cambridge History of Judaism II (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 563-590.
        • McNamara, Martin, 'Targums', The New Catholic Encyclopedia 2 (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967), pp. 431-433.
        • Nestle, Edward, 'The Aramaic Versions (The Targums)', in A. Hauch (ed.), The New Schaff Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge 2 (New York and London: Funk & Wagnells Co., 1908), pp. 130-132.
        • Stenning-Szinessy, Solomon, 'Targum', in Encyclopaedia Britannica 21 (1969), pp. 697-698.
        • Walker, Thomas, 'Targum', in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible 4 (1902), pp. 687-683.
      2. Books
        • Beattie, D.R.G., and McNamara M.J. (eds.), .International Conference on the Aramaic Bible (1st: 1992: Dublin, Ireland) The Aramaic Bible: Targums in their Historical Context (Sheffield: JSOT press, 1994).
        • Berkowitz, B.Z., Ote Or (Vilna, 1843).
        • Boas, Andreas, De Targumim (Frankfurt an der Oder, 1664).
        • Carmona, A.R., Targum y Resurreccion (Granada: 1978).
        • Cathcart, Kevin J., and Maher, Michael (eds.), Targumic and Cogante Studies: Essays in Honour of Martin McNamara (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996).
        • Chajes, Zevi Hirsch, Igeret bikoret (Pressburg, 1853).
        • Chilton, Bruce (ed.), Targumic Approaches to the Gospels: Essays in the Mutual Definition of Judaism and Christianity (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986).
        • Díez Macho, Alexandro, El Targum (Barcelona: 1972).
        • Fitzmyer, Joseph, An Aramaic Bibliography (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press,
        • Flescher, Paul Virgil Flescher, Targum Studies. Vol. 2: Targum and Peschitta (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1998).
        • Golomb, D., Targumna (Hove: 1932).
        • Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe, Aramaic Bible Versions: Comparative Selections and Glossary (Jerusalem, 1965).
        • Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe, Sheki`im mi-targume ha-Mikra ha-Aramiyim (Ramat Gan: Universitat Bar-Ilan, 1983-).
        • Grossfeld, Bernard, A Bibliography of Targumic Literature (Cinncinati, OH: Hebrew Union College Press, 1972).
        • Kahle, Paul, The Cairo Geniza (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1947).
        • Kasher, M.H., Torah Shelemah: Aramaic Version of the Bible [Vol. 35] (Jerusalem, Israel: Beth Torah Shelemah, 1983).
        • Komlosh, Y., Hamiqra B'or Ha-Targum (Tel Aviv, Israel: Dvir, 1973).
        • Le Deaut, Roger, Inroduction `a la litterature targumique (Rome: Institut biblique pontifical, 1966).
        • Levey, Samson H., The Messiah: an Aramaic interpretation: the Messianic Exegisis of the
        • Targum (Cincinnati, OH: Hebrew Union College-JIR, 1974).
        • Luzzatto, S.D., Igroth Shadal (Przemyí l, 1882).
        • Luzzatto, S.D., Ohev Ger [Second Edition] (Krakow, 1895).
        • McNamara, Martin, Targum and Testament (Shannon: Irish University Press, 1972).
        • Melamed, Ezra Zion, Min ha-Targumim ha-Aramiyim u-parshanut yeme ha-benayim (Yerushalayim: ha-Universtitah ha-`Ivrit, 195?).
        • Samely, Alexander, The Interpretation of Speech in the Pentateuch Targums (Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1992).
        • Tal, Abraham, ha-Targum ha-Shomroni la-Torah: Mahadurah Bikortit (Tel Aviv, Israel: Bet ha- Sefer le-Madae ha-Yahadut, 1980).
        • Vööbus, Arthur, Peschitta und Targumim des Pentateuchs (Stockholm: Etse, 1958).
        • Vain, Alter Toviyah, Sefer Yen ha-Tov, `al ha-Targumim (Rehovot: Mekhon Yerushalayim, 1976-).
      3. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
        • Alexander, Philip S., 'Jewish Aramaic translations of Hebrew Scriptures', in Mikra (1988), pp. 217-253.
        • Anderson, Gary A., 'The Interpretation of Genesis 1:1 in the Targums', CBQ 52.1 (1990), pp. 21-29.
        • Bascom, Robert A., 'The Targums: Ancient Reader's Helps?', Bible Translator 36.3 (1985), pp.
        • Behak, Judah, 'Gemara wu-Targum', HaKarmel 8 (1870-1871), pp. 110-111, 117, 183, 189 190.
        • Bernstein, Moshe J., 'The Embroidered Targum', Jewish Studies 34 (1994), pp. 59-64.
        • Berstein, Moshe J., 'Epithets of Moses in Targumic Literature', WCJS 10 (1990), pp. 167-174.
        • Chilton , Bruce, 'Aramaic and Targumic Antecedents of Pauline "Justification"", in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 379-397.
        • Chilton, Bruce, 'Eight Theses on the Use of the Targums in Interpreting the New Testament', in B. Chilton (ed.), Judaic Approaches to the Gospels (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 305-315.
        • Chilton, Bruce, 'Prophecy in the Targumim', in B. Chilton (ed.), Judaic Approaches to the Gospels (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 245-270.
        • Chilton, Bruce, 'Reference to the Targumim in the Exegesis of the New Testament', SBLSP 34 (1995), pp. 77-81.
        • Chrostowski, Waldemar, 'Literatura Targumiczna a Septuaginta', Collectanea Theologica 63.3 (1993), pp. 49-68.
        • Churgin, P., 'The Targum and the Septuagint', AJSL 59 (1933-1934), pp. 41-65.
        • Clarke, Ernest G., 'The Bible and Translation: the Targums', in J.C. Hurd and B.H. McLean (eds.), Origins and Method (Sheffield: JSOT, 1993), pp. 380-393.
        • Delekat, Lienhard, 'Ein Septuagintatargum', VT 8 (1958), pp. 225-252.
        • Diez Merino, Juis, 'Dos Reglas de Herneneutica Targumica: Traduccion de Nombres Propios e Identificacion de Nuevos Personajes (Exodo)', Simposio Biblico Español IV.1 (1993), pp. 263-277.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Dates and Events in the History of Salvation: its Targumic Version', Liber Annuus 43 (1994), pp. 181-221.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Exculpacion-Inculpacion de los Antepasados de Israel en la Tradicion Targumica', in Biblia y Hermeneutica (1986), pp. 357-390.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Fidelity and Editorial Work in the Complutensian Targum Tradition', VTSup 43 (1991), pp. 360-382.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Los Fundadores de la Escuela Targumica de la Universidad de Barcelona', Henoch 12.1 (1990), pp. 77-97.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Los Tiqqune Soferim en la Tradicion Targumic', in G.J. Norton and S. Pisano (eds.), Tradition of the Text (Freiburg, Universitatsverlag, 1991), pp. 18-44.
        • Ellis, Edward, 'Midrash, Targum, and New Testament Quotations', in E.E. Ellis and M. Wilcox (eds.), Neotestamentica et Semtica: Studies in Honor of Matthew Black (Edinburg: 1969).
        • Flescher, Paul Virgil McCracken, 'The Targumim', in J. Neusner (ed.) Judaism in Late Antiquity I (Leiden: Brill, 1995), pp. 40-63.
        • Flescher, Paul Virgil McCracken, 'Translation and Exegetical Augmentation in the Targums to the Pentateuch', in J. Neusner (ed.) Judaic and Christian Interpretation of Texts (Lanham, University Press of America, 1987), pp. 29-85.
        • Gonzalez Luis, Jose, 'Los Targumim y la Version de Simaco', in Simposio Biblico EspaÔ ol (1984), pp. 255-268.
        • Gooding, D.W. 'On The Use of the LXX for Dating Midrashic Elements in the Targum', JTS 25 (1974), pp. 1-11.
        • Gordon, R.P., 'The Targumists as Eschatologists', VTSup 29 (1977), pp. 113-130.
        • Gordon, Robert P., 'The "Gladius Hispaniensis" and Aramaic "ispaniqe"', VT 35.4 (1985), pp. 496-500.
        • Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe H., 'Aspects of Targum Studies', WCJS 9 Panel Sessions: Bible Studies and Ancient Near East. (1988), pp. 35-44.
        • Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe H., 'Targum-Studies: an Overview of Recent Developments', Textus 16 (1991), pp. 1-11.
        • Grelot, Pierre, 'De l''Apocryphe de la Genese" aux "Targoums" sur Genese 14:18-20', in Z.J. Kapera (ed.) Intertestamental Essays (Krakow: Enigma Press, 1992), pp. 77-90.
        • Grelot, Pierre, 'Trois Poemes Acrostiches sur Exodo 12.2', Revue Biblique 106.1 (1999), pp. 41 65.
        • Grosfeld, Bernard, '"Matsa hen be-einei"--"Finding Favor in Someone's Eyes": the Treatment of this Biblical Hebrew Idiom in the Ancient Aramaic Versions', in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996), pp. 52-66.
        • Harris, Rendel, 'Traces of Targumism in the New Testament', ExpTim 32 (1920-1921), pp. 373- 376.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Abraham as Proselytizer at Beer-Sheba in the Targums of the Pentateuch', JJS 49.1 (1998).
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Major Aspects of Targumic Studies 1983-1993: a Survey', Currents in Research 2 (1994), pp. 107-122.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Saint Jerome and the Aramaic Targumim', JSS 32.1 (1987), pp. 105-123.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Shem, Melchizedek, and Concern with Christianity in the Pentatuechal Targumim', in in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996),pp. 67-80.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Some Ancient Jewish reflections on Israel's Imminent Redemption', in R.M.D. Carrol et al. (eds.), The Bible in Human Society (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995), pp. 293-305.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'The Present State of Research into the Targumic Account of the Sacrifice of Isaac', JJS 32 (1981), pp. 127-150.
        • Journal for the Aramaic Bible. Sheffield. 1999-.
        • Kasher, Rimon, 'The Aramaic Targumim and Their Sitz im Leben', WCJS 9, Panel Sessions: Bible Studies and Ancient Near East. (1988), pp. 75-85.
        • Kaufman, Stephen A., 'Of Beginnings, Ends, and Computers in Targumic Studies', in M.P. Horgan and P.J. Kobelski (eds.), To Touch the Text (New York, NY: Crossroad, 1989), pp. 52-66.
        • Kaufman, Stephen, 'On the Methodology in the Study of the Targums and their Chronology', in S.E. Porter and C.A. Evans (eds.), New Testament Text and Language (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997), pp. 267-274.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'Converse Translation: A Targumic Technique', Biblica 57 (1976), pp. 525 537.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'Not to be translated in Public--"la mittargem be-tzibura"', JJS 39.1 (1988), pp. 80-91.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'Targum Manuscripts in Leningrad', Studies in Bibliography and Booklore 17
        • (1989), pp. 1-18.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'Targumic Poems of the Pentateuch', Genizah Fragments 11 (1986), p. 3.
        • Komlosh, Y., 'Targumic Manuscript', in Sinai Jubilee Volume (1948), pp. 466-481.
        • Kronholm, Tyggve, 'Toratexter och Targumtolkningar', Nordisk Judaistik 8.1 (1987), pp. 37-49.
        • Le Deaut, Roger., 'Targumic Literature and New Testament Interprtation', BTB 4 (1974), pp. 243 289.
        • Lehmen, Manfred, 'IQ Genesis Apocryphon in the Light of the Targumim and Midrashim', RQum 1 (1958), pp. 249-263.
        • Lerner, Maier, 'Bereshith Rabba: Die Versionen des Akylas, Onkelos, Jonathon und Jeruschalmi', Magnes 7 (1880), pp. 231-237; 8 (1881), pp. 30-37.
        • Levine, Etan, 'The Targums: Their Interpretative Character and Their Place in Jewish Text Tradition', Hebrew Bible/Old Testament I.1 (1996), pp. 323-331.
        • Luzzatto, S.D., '8. Schreiben des Herrn Prof. S.D. Luzzatto an Herrn M.J. Landau in Prag', Otsar neÊ mad 3 (1860), pp. 100-104.
        • Maher, Michael, 'God as Judge in the Targums', JSJ 29.1 (1998), pp. 49-62.
        • Maher, Michael, 'The "meturgemanim" and Prayer', JJS 41.2 (1990) pp. 226-246; 44.2 (1993), pp. 220-235.
        • Manns, Frederic, 'La Technique du "al tiqra" dans les Evangiles', Revue des Sciences Religieuses 64.1 (1990), pp. 1-7.
        • Massonnet, Jean, 'Targum, Midrash et Nouveau Testament: le Songe de Jacob', in Les Primieres Traditions de la Bible (1996), pp. 67-101.
        • McNamara, Martin, 'On Englishing the Targums', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 447-462.
        • McNamara, Martin, 'Targumic Studies', CBQ 28 (1966), 1-19.
        • McNamara, Martin, 'The Aramaic Translations: A Newly Recognized Aid for New Testament Study', IrERec 109 (1968), pp. 158-165.
        • Moor, Johannes C. de, 'The Targumic Background of Mark 12:1-12; the Parable of the Wicked Tenants', JSJ 29.1 (1998), pp. 63-80.
        • Newsletter for Targum Studies. Toronto, Dept. of Near Eastern Studies, Victoria College
        • Newsletter for Targumic and Cognate Studies. Toronto, Victoria College.
        • Niehoff, Maren Ruth, 'The Figure of Joseph in the Targums', JJS 39.2 (1988), pp. 234-250.
        • Ohana, M., 'Agneau Pascal et Circoncision', VT 23 (1974), pp. 385-389.
        • Olofsson, Staffan, 'The Septuagint and Earlier Jewish Interpretative Tradition, Especially as
        • Reflected in the Targums', SJOT (1996), pp. 197-216.
        • Pautasso, Luigi G., 'Gen. 44:18--A Case for Textual Relevance of the Targumic Tosefta', Henoch 10.2 (1988), pp. 205-218.
        • Perez Fernandez, Miguel, 'Versiones Targumicas de Genesis 3, 22-24', in Simposio Biblico EspaÔ ol (1984), pp. 457-475.
        • Peters, C., 'Targum und Praevulgata des Pentateuchs', OC 31 (1934), pp. 49-54.
        • Peters, Curt, 'Peschitta und Targumim des Pentateuchs', Le Muséon 48 (1935), pp. 1-54.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'De la Traduccion a la Interpretacion; el Targum', El Olivo 26 (1987), pp. 111-126.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'La Exegesis Judeo-Targumica Sobre la Resurreccion', Estudios Biblicos 46.3 (1988), pp. 295-301.
        • Ribero, Josep, 'La resurreccio dels Morts Segons la Tradicio Jueva Targumica', Revista Catalana de Teologia 14 (1989), pp. 87-93.
        • Rodriguez Carmona, Antonio, 'La Muerte de Moises Segun el Targum Dt 34:5', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 503-514.
        • Safrai, Ze'ev, 'The Origins of Reading the Aramaic Targum in Synagogue', Immanuel 24-25 (1990), pp. 187-193.
        • Samely, Alexander, 'The Background of Speech: Some Observations on the Representation of Targumic Exegesis', JJS 39.2 (1988), pp. 251-260.
        • Schodde, George H., 'The Targums', OldTST 8 (1889), pp. 262-266.
        • Serfaty, Michael, 'Traduction, "Targum" et Paraphrase; la Concordance Automatique du "Targum" Babylonien du Livre de la Genese', Sefarad 43.2 (1983), pp. 199-220.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'Echoes from Ancient Synagogues: Vocatives and "Emendations" in the Aramaic Targums to the Pentateuch', JQR 81.3-4 (1991), pp. 353-364.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'Post-Pentateuchal Figures in the Pentateuchal Aramaic Targumim', in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996), pp. 122-138.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'Sermons, Targums, and the Reading of the Scriptures in the Ancient Synagogue', in L.I. Levine (ed.), The Synagogue in Late Antiquity (Philadelphia, PA: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1987), pp. 97-110.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'The Aramaic Targum as a Mirror of Galilean Jewry', in L.I. Levine (ed.), The Galilee in Late Antiquity (New York, NY: JTS, 1992), pp. 241-251.
        • Smelik, Willem F., 'Parafraserende Expansie in de Targum op Richteren 4 en 5', in I.E. Zwiep and A. Kuyt (eds.), Dutch Studies in the Targum (Amsterdam: Juda Palache Institute, 1993), pp. 39-77.
        • Somekh, Alberto Moshe, 'L'interpretazione Ebraica delia Bibbia nei Targumim', in La Lettura Ebraica della Scritture (1995), pp. 59-73.
        • Syren, Roger, 'The Targumists as Interpreters of the Bible', Nordisk Judaistik 5.1 (1984), pp. 33- 40.
        • Vattioni, Francesco, 'Genesi 45.17: Carri o Animali?', Henoch 13.2 (1991), pp. 151-156.
        • Verdegaal, C.M.L., 'Corrigenda to Grossfeld's Targum Bibliography', JSJ 15 (1984), pp. 148- 149.
        • Visotzky, Burton L., 'Saturday Morning Live; New Studies on Aramaic Renditions of the Torah', Prooftexts 14.1 (1994), pp. 88-94.
        • Weinberg, J., 'LeToldoth HaTargumim', in The Abraham Weiss Jubilee Volume (1964), pp. 361- 376.
        • Wikgren, Allen, 'The Targums and the New Testament', JR 24 (1944), pp. 89-95.
        • Woods, C.M., 'Special Studies in Judaism: The Targums', RestQ 11 (1968), pp. 262-268.
        • York, A.D., 'The Targum in the Synagogue and in the School', JStJ 10 (1979), pp.75-86.
        • Zalenski, A.Y., 'Perushey HaTargumim', Sinai 56-57 (1965), p. 262.
        • Zatelli, Ida, 'Rachel's Lament in the Targum and Other Ancient Jewish Interpretations', Rivista Biblica 39.4 (1991), pp. 477-490.
    2. Targum Onqelos
      1. Books
        • Adler, N., Netinah La-Ger [Found in Pentateuch edition in Sepher Torat Elohim] (Vilna, 1874).
        • Ben Tsiyon, Yehuda ben Eliyahu, Sefer halifot semalot: o hosafot be-`urim `al Targum Onkelos (Tel Aviv: 1970).
        • Ben Tsiyon, Yehuda ben Eliyahu, Sefer Lehem ve-simlah: be'ur divre ha-metargem Onkelos (Tel Aviv: 1969 or 1970).
        • Benamozegh, Elijah, Ger Tsedeq (Livorno, 1850).
        • Berliner, Abraham, Targum Onkelos: Einleitung in das Targum (Berlin, 1884).
        • Friedmann, Meir, Onkelos and Akylas (Vienna: 1896).
        • Kuiper, G., The Pseudo-Jonathon and its Relationship to Targum Onkelos (Rome, Italy: Institutim Patristicum Augustinianum, 1972).
        • Landauer, Samuel, Die M­ sür­ h zum Onkelos auf Grund neuer Quellen lexikalisch geordne und beleuchtet (Jerusalem: Mekor, 1970).
        • Levenshstain, Mordecai ben Tsevi, ha-Levi, Sefer nefesh ha-ger (Yerushalayim: 1972).
        • Maybaum, Sigmund, Die Anthropoporphiem und Anthropopathien bei Onkelos und den spätern Targumim (Breslau, 1870).
        • Rappel, Dov, Targum Onkelos ke-ferush la-Torah (Tel Aviv, Israel: Hotsaat ha-kibuts ha
        • meuhad, 1985).
        • Roter, Aharon Yesha`yah, Sha`are Aharon `al ha-Torah (Bene Berak: Roter, 1989).
        • Schefftal, S.B., Bi'ure Onqelos (Munich: 1888).
        • Schoenfelder, Joseph M., Onkelos und Peschitto: Studien Ueber das Alter der Onkelos'schen Targums (Munich, 1869).
        • Silverstone, Alec Eli, Aquila and Onkelos (Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1931).
      2. B. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
        • Aberbauch, Moses, 'Patriotic Tendencies in Targum Onkelos', JHS 1 (1969), pp. 13-24.
        • Churgin, P., 'The Halakhah in Targum Onqelos', Horeb 7 (1943) pp. 103-109.
        • Cohn, Abraham, 'Scholien zum Targum Onkelos', Magazin 19 (1892), pp. 134-136.
        • Cohn, Abraham, 'Zum Targum Onkelos', Magazin 1 (1874), pp. 66-67.
        • Díez Macho, Alejandro, 'Primeros Impressos del Targum de Onqelos', Sefarad 30 (1970) pp. 289-303.
        • Faur, Jos¾ , 'The Massorah of Targum Onqelos', Sinai 60-61 (1966-1967), pp. 14-27.
        • Frankal, Zacharias, 'Einiges zum Text der Uebersetzung des Onkelos zum Pentateuch', MGWJ 17 (1868), pp. 33-34.
        • Frankal, Zacharias, 'Zu Onkelos Deuteron, 23, 11', MGWJ 2 (1853), p. 40.
        • Frankal, Zacharias, 'Zu Onkelos', MGWJ 10 (1861), pp. 77-80.
        • Geiger, Abraham, 'Das Nach Onkelos Benannte Babylonische Thargum zum Pentateuch', JòdZWissLEb 9 (1871), pp. 85-104.
        • Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe H., 'The Language of Targum Onqelos and the Model of Literary Diaglossia in Aramaic', JNES 37 (1978), pp. 169-179.
        • Grossfeld, Bernard, 'Targum Onkelos and Rabbinic Interpretation to Genesis 2:1-2', JJS 24 (1973), pp. 176-178.
        • Hammer, Emanuel, 'The Onkelos Targum', Interpretation 3 (1949), pp. 174-183.
        • Klein, Michael L., '"Serugin" (shorthand) of Onqelos from the Cairo Genizah', Maarav 8 (1993), pp. 275-287.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'The Masorah to Onqelos: a Neglected Targumic Work', Dutch Studies 2.1 (1996), pp. 81-98.
        • Loader, J.A., 'Onqelos Genesis 1 and the Structure of the Hebrew Text', JStJ 19 (1970), pp, 75 86.
        • Rappel, Dov, 'Geographical and National Names in Targum Onqelos', Beth Miqra 29 (1983- 1984), pp. 67-84.
        • Rendsburg, Gary A., 'Targum Onqelos to Exodus 10:5, Numb 22:5, 22:11', Henoch 12.1 (1990), pp. 15-17.
        • Rosenthal, Ferdinand, 'Zeman Holadath Targum Onkelos', Bet Talmud 2 (1882), pp. 274-285, 333-341; 3 (1883), pp. 16-23.
        • Somekh, Alberto Moshe, 'Apologia Messianica nel Targum Onqelos a Genesi 49', Augustinianum 28.1-2 (1988), pp. 249-257.
        • Somekh, Alberto Moshe, 'II Targum Onqelos di Genesi 49', Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi 5 (1988), pp. 143-168.
        • Sperber, Alexander, 'Peschitta und Onkelos', in S..W. Baron and A. Marx (eds.), Studies in Memory of Georg A. Kohut (New York: 1935), pp. 554-564.
        • Sperber, Alexander, 'The Targum Onkelos and its Relation to the Massoretic Hebrew Text', PAAJR 6 (1934-1935), pp. 309-351.
        • Vermes, G., 'Haggadah in the Targum Onkelos', JSS 8 (1963) pp. 159-69.
        • Wesselius, Jan Willem, 'Biblical Poetry Through Targumic Eyes: Onkelos' Treatment of Genesis 49: 8-12', in J.W. Dijk (ed.), Give Ear to My Words (Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1996), pp. 131-145.
        • Wesselius, Jan Willem, 'Poezie in de Targum: de Voorzegging over Juda in Targum Onkelos op Genesis 49:8-12', in I.E. Zwiep and A. Kuyt (eds.), Dutch Studies in the Targum (Amsterdam: Juda Palache Institute, 1993), pp. 89-103.
        • Zunz, Yehial M., 'A Short Note', HaMagid 20 (1876), p. 289.
    3. Palestinian Targum
      1. Books
        • Ginsburger, Moses, Targum Pseudo-Jonathan (Berlin: 1903).
        • Grossfeld, Bernarnd, An Analytic Commentary of Targum Neofiti to Genesis: Including Full Rabbinic Parallels (Hoboken, NJ: KTAV Publishing House, 1988).
        • Heller, Chaim, 'Al ha-Tirgum ha-yerushalmi la-Torah (New York, NY: 1921).
        • Levy, Barry, Targum Neophyti 1: A Textual Study (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986).
        • Lund, S. and J. Foster, Varient Versions of Targumic Traditions Within Codex Neofiti I (Missoula, MN: Society of Biblical Literature Aramaic Studies, 1977).
        • Malina, Bruce J., The Palestinian Manna Tradition. The Manna Tradition in the Palestinean Targums and its Relationship to the New Testament Writing (Leiden, E.J. Brill: 1968).
        • McNamara, Martin, The New Testament and the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch (Rome, Italy: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1966).
        • Pèrez Fernández, Miguel, Tradiciones Mesiánicas en el Targum Palestinense: Estudios Exegéticos (Valencia, Spain: Artes Gráficas Soler, 1981).
        • Panet, Hayim Tsevi, Hefets Yehonatan (Yerushalayim: H. Ts. Panet, 1991).
        • Schmerler, B., Ahavat Yehonatan (Bilgoraj: 1932).
        • Tosfot ve-hilufin Targum Yerushalmi la-Torah (Berlin: 1899).
      2. B. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
        • Baars, W., 'A Targum on Ex. 15:7-21 from the Cairo Geniza', VT 11 (1961), pp. 340-342.
        • Bassler, Jouette M., 'Cain and Abel in the Palestinian Targum: A Brief Note on an Old Controversy', JSJ 17.1 (1986), pp. 55-64.
        • Beer, Bernhard, 'Eldad und Medad in Pseudojonathan', MGWJ 6 (1857), pp. 346-350.
        • Boccaccini, Gabriele, 'Targum Neofiti as a Proto-Rabbinic Document: a Systematic Analysis', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 228-246.
        • Brock, Sebastian Paul, 'The Two Ways and the Palestinian Targum', in P.R. Davies and R.T. White (eds.), A Tribute to Geza Vermes (Sheffield: JSOT, 1990), pp. 139-152.
        • Brock, Sebastion Paul, 'A Palestinian Targum Feature in Syriac', JJS 46 (1995), 271-282.
        • Cashdan, Eli, 'Names and Interpretation of Names in the Pseudo-Jonathan Targum to the Book of Genesis', in H.J. Zimmels et al. (eds.), Essays Presented to the Chief Rabbi Israel Brodie on the Occasion of his Seventienth Birthday (London: 1967), pp. 31-39.
        • Chrostowski, Waldemar, 'Palestynskie Targumy Piecioksiegu', Collectanea Theologica 6 1.2 (1991), pp. 33-46.
        • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'The Palestinian Targum', ChrNI 13, no. 2 (1962), pp. 19-25.
        • Diez Macho, Alejandro, 'The Recently Discovered Palestinian Targum: its Antiquity and the Relationship with Other Targums', VTSup (1959), pp. 222-245.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'Grecismos y Latinismos en el Targum Palestino (Neofiti 1)', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 347-368.
        • Flescher, Paul Virgil McCracken, 'Mapping the Synoptic Paletinian Targums of the Pentateuch', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 247-253.
        • Hayward Robert, 'Pirqe de Rabbi Eliezer and Targum Pseudo-Jonathan', JJS 42.2 (1991), pp. 215-246.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'A Portrait of the Wicked Esau in the Targum of Codex Neofiti 1', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 291-309.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Inconsistencies and Contradictions in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: the Case of Eliezer and Nimrod', JSS 37.1 (1992), pp. 31-55.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Jacob's Second Visit to Bethel in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan', in P.R. Davies and R.T. White (eds.), A Tribute to Geza Vermes (Sheffield: JSOT, 1990), pp. 175-192.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Targum Pseudo-Jonathan and Anti-Islamic Polemic', JSS 34.1 (1989), pp. 77-93.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Targum Pseudo-Jonathan to Genesis 27:31', JQR 84.2-3 (1993-1994), pp. 177-188.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'The Date of Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: Some Comments', JJS 40.1 (1989), pp. 7-30.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'The Ten Commandments in the Palestinian Targums', Sinai 27 (1963), pp. 289-295.
        • Levi, Israel, 'Les Vers Accusateurs', REJ 18 (1889), pp. 128-129.
        • Levine, Etan, 'Internal Contradictions in Targum Jonathan ben Uzziel to Genesis', Agustinianum 9 (1969), pp. 118-119.
        • Lund, Shirley, 'The Sources of the Varient Readings to Deuteronomy 1:1-29:17 of Codex Neofiti I', in M. Black and G. Fohrer (eds.), In Memoriam Paul Kahle, BZAW 103 (Berlin 1968), pp. 167-173.
        • Lund, Shirly, 'An Argument for Further Study of the Paleography of Codex Neofiti I', VT 20 (1970), pp. 56-64.
        • Maher, Michael, 'Targum Pseudo-Jonathan of Deuteronomy 1:1-8', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 264-290.
        • Maher, Michael, 'Targum Psuedo-Jonathan of Exodus 2.21' in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996), pp. 81-99.
        • Martin, Malachi F., 'The Palaeographical Character of Codex Neofiti I', Textus 3 (1963), pp. 1 35.
        • McNamara, Martin, 'Some Early Rabbinic Citations and the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch', RSO 41 (1966), pp. 1-15.
        • Meyer, Rudolf, '"Elia" und "Ahab" (Tg. Ps-Jon. Zu Deut. 33:11)', in Meyer (1993), pp. 170-182.
        • Pautasso, Luigi G., 'Neofiti's Reversal of the Motif of the 'Wandering Jews' in Genesis 47:21', Sefarad 51.1 (1991), pp 115-143.
        • Pierron, Joseph, 'A New Biblical Discovery: the Neofiti Codex I', IndEcSt 2, nos. 3-4 (1963), pp. 304-312.
        • Reider, David, 'On the Targum Yerushalmi Ms Neofiti I', Tarbiz 38 (1958), pp. 81-86.
        • Reifman, Jakob, 'Der Pseudo-Jonathan', MonatsbltJud 1 (1890), pp. 49-57.
        • Revel, Dov, 'Targum Jonathan on the Pentateuch', Ner Ma`aravi 2 (1924-1925), pp. 77-122.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'Elementos Comunes del Targum a los Profetas y del Targum Palestinense', Simposio Biblico EspaÔ ol (1984), pp. 477-493.
        • Ribero, Josep, 'El Profetismo Segun el Targum Jonatan y el Targum Palestinense', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 503-514.
        • Rodriguez Carmona, Antonio, 'Tradiciones Sobre el Juico en el Targum Palestinense', in Biblia, Exegesis y Cultura (1994), pp. 435-445.
        • Samely, Alexander, 'What Scripture Does Not Say: Interpretation Through Contrast in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan', in Reinelt (1990), pp. 253-283.
        • Schorr, Osias H., 'Sefer ha-Tora', Hehaluts 6 (1861), pp. 1-13.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, '"Targumic Additions" in Targum Pseudo-Jonathan', Textus 16 (1991), pp. 139- 155.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'The Angelology of the "Palestinian" Targums on the Pentateuch', Sefarad 43.2
        • (1983), pp. 181-198.
        • Shinan, Avigdor, 'The "Palestinian" Targums--Repetitions, Internal Unity, Contradictions', JJS 36.1 (1985), pp. 72-87.
        • Speier, Salomon, 'Das Targum Jonathan zu Gen. 45:24 und 14:24', AJSL 56 (1939), pp. 251-255.
        • Speier, Salomon, 'DS Genesis Apocryphon and Targum Jeruschalmi I on Gen. XIV 24', VT 8 (1958), pp. 95-97.
        • Speier, Salomon, 'Pseudojonathan Ex 10, 11', Biblica 48 (1967), p. 115.
        • Syren, Roger, 'Ishmael and Esau in the Book of Jubilees and Targum Pseudo-Jonathan', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 310-315.
        • Sysling, Harry, 'De Palestijnse Targumim--een Overzicht van Recante Studies over Onstaan, Ontwikkeling, Onderlinge Verhouding en Vorm de Rabbiknse Aramese Vertalingen van de Pentateuch', in I.E. Zwiep and A. Kuyt (eds.), Dutch Studies in the Targum (Amsterdam: Juda Palache Institute, 1993), pp. 13-38.
        • Wernberg-Müller, Preben, 'An Inquiry into the Validity of the Text-Critical Argument for an Early Dating of the Recently Discovered Palestinian Targum', VT 12 (1962), pp. 312-330.
        • Wernberg-Müller, Preben, 'Prolegomena to a Re-examination of the Palestinian Targum Fragments of the Book of Genesis Published by P. Kahle, and their Historical Relationship to the Peshitta', JSS 7 (1962), pp. 253-266.
    4. Targum Jonathan to the Prophets
      1. Books
        • Brownlee, William, The Dead Sea Habakkuk Midrash and the Targum of Jonathan (Durham, NC: 1953).
        • Frankal, Zacharias, Zu dem Targum de Propheten (Breslau: 1872).
        • Hegerman, Harald, Jesaja 53 in Hesapla, Targum, und Peschitta (Gò tersloh: 1954).
        • Lagarde, Paul de., Prophetae Chaldaicae (Leipzig: 1872).
        • Marmortstein, Arthur, Studien zum Pseudo-Jonathan Targum, Das Targum und die Apokryphe Literatur (Pozsony: Adolf Alkalay & Sohn, 1905).
        • Praetorius, Franz, Das Targum zu Buche der Richter in Jemenischer Überlieferung (Berlin: 1900).
        • Praetorius, Franz, Das Targum zu Josua in Jemenischer Überlieferung (Berlin: 1899).
        • Smolar, Leivy, Studies in Targum Jonathan to the Prophets (New York, NY: Ktav Publishing House, 1983).
      2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
        • AAdna, Jostein, 'Der Gottesknecht als Triumphierender und Interzessorischer Messias: die Rezeption von Jes 53 im Targum Jonathan Untershucht mit Besonderer Berucksichtigung des Messiasbildes', in Der leidende Gottesknecht (1996), pp. 129-158.
        • Aberbauch, Moses, 'Patriotic Tendencies in Targum Jonathan to the Prophets', HA 15 (1974), pp. 89-90.
        • Adler, Michael, 'A Specimen of a Commentary and Collated Text of the Targum to the Prophets: Nahum', JQR 7 (1895), 630-657.
        • Aytoun, Robert A., 'The Servent of the Lod in theTargum', JTS, o.s. 23 (1921), pp. 172-180.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Isaie, LIV, 7', REJ 44 (1902), pp. 283-285.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Kritische Untersuchungen zum Prophetentargum', ZDMG 28 (1874), pp. 1-72.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Notes on the Critique of the Text to the Targum of the Prophets', JQR 11 (1899), pp. 651-655.
        • Barnes, W. Emery, 'The Targum on the Later Prophets', JTS o.s. 28 (1926), pp. 283-285.
        • Barol, Moses, 'Menachem ben Simon aus Posquiáres und sein Kommentar zu Jeremia und Ezechial', MGWJ 51 (1907), pp. 183-193.
        • Brockington, Leonard H., 'Septuagint and Tagum', ZAW 66 (1954), pp. 80-86.
        • Brownlee, William H., 'The Habakkuk Midrash and the Targum of Jonathan', JSS 7 (1956), pp. 169-186.
        • Chilton, Bruce D., 'Two in One: Renderings of the Book of Isaiah in Targum Jonathan', in C.C. Broyles and C.A. Evans (eds.), Writing and Reading the Scroll of Isaiah II (Leiden:Brill, 1997), pp. 547-562.
        • Cornill, Carl H., 'Das Targum zu den Propheten', ZAW 7 (1887), pp. 177-202.
        • Corre, Alan D., 'The Spanish Haftara for the Ninth of Ab', JQR 48 (1957), pp. 13-34.
        • Doron, Pinchas, 'Methodology of Targum Jonathan: an Analysis of Non-literal Renderings of Isaiah 1', in Diez Macho (1986), pp. 369-374.
        • Harrington, Daniel J., 'The Apocalypse of Hannah: Targum Jonathan of 1 Samuel 2:1-10', in Lambdin (1987), pp. 147-152.
        • Harrington, Daniel, J., 'The Prophecy of Deborah: Interpretive Homiletics in Targum Jonathan of Judges 5', CBQ 48.3 (1986), pp. 432-442.
        • Humbert, Paul, 'La Messie dans le Targum des Prophetes', RTPhil 43 (1910), pp. 420-447; 44 (1911), pp. 5-46.
        • Kaminka, Armand, 'Talmudische Biblexegese im targum Jonathan', Jò dLtblt (1892), pp. 184 185.
        • Klein, Michael L., 'Introductory Poems ("r'shuyot") to the Targum of the "Haftarah" in Praise of Jonathan ben Uzziel', in S.J. Chyet and D.H. Ellenson (eds.), Bits of Honey (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1993), pp. 43-56.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'Derakhim be-Parshanuth shel Targum Yesh'ayahu', in S. Abramski Et al. (eds.), Sefer S. Yeiven (Jerusalem: 1970), pp. 289-302.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, ''Ophab shel ha-Targum ha-'Arami le-Malakhi', in A. Weisner and B.Z. Luria (eds.), Sefer Karl (Jerusalem: 1960), pp. 163-170.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'Targum Yermiyahu', Bar-Ilam 7-8 (1969), pp. 38-48.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'The Aramaic Translation of the Book of Isaiah as a Commentary', in Fourth World Jewish Studies Congress [Vol. 1] (Jerusalem: 1967), pp. 75-78.
        • Kooiji, Arie van der, 'Some Remarks on the Analysis of the Interpretive Character of Targum Jonathan to the Prophets, with Particular Attention to Targum Isaiah XXIII', in I.E. Zwiep and A. Kuyt (eds.), Dutch Studies in the Targum (Amsterdam: Juda Palache Institute, 1993), pp. 78-88.
        • Levey, Samson H., 'The Date of Targum Jonathan to the Prophets', VT 21 (1971), pp. 186-196.
        • Luciani, Ferdinando, '2Re 23, 18b nel Targum di Jonathan e Nella Pesitta', Rivista Biblica 44.4 (1996), pp. 385-396.
        • Melamed, Ezra A., 'Targum Yonatan we-Tafsir `Arabi shel Shirath Debora', Erets Yisra'el 3 (1954), pp. 198-206.
        • Reifmann, Jakob, 'Emeth le-Ya`acob', Hamagid 23 (1879), pp. 286-287, 303, 310, 318, 326.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'The Image of the Prophet in the Light of the Targum Jonathan and Jewish Literature in the Post-Biblical Period', WCJS 9.A (1986), pp 127-134.
        • Rowlands, E.R. 'The Targum and the Peschitta Version of the Book of Isaiah', VT 9 (1959), pp. 178-191.
        • Rudgren, Frithiof, ''Ona "Station, Quarter"', OrSuec 14 (1965), pp. 75-79.
        • Schorr, Osias H., ''Agfa `Ena', Hehaluts 13 (1888), p. 94.
        • Smelik, Willem F., 'Concordance and Consistency: Translation Studies and Targum Jonathan', JJS 49.2 (1998), pp. 286-305.
        • Smith, Henry P., 'The Targum to Jeremiah', Hebraica 4 (1888), pp. 140-145.
        • Smith, Louise P., 'The Prophetic Targum As a Guide and Defence for the Higher Critic', JBL 52 (1933), pp. 121-133.
        • Sperber, Alexander, 'Specimen of a Targum Edition', in S. Liebermann Et al. (eds.), L. Ginsburg Jubilee Volume I (New York: 1945), pp. 293-303.
        • Wieder, Naftali, 'The Habakkuk Scroll and the Targum', JSS 4 (1953), pp. 14-18.
        • Wirtz, Jokob, 'Targum Jesaja 52, 13-53, 12', KiBl 105 (1949), pp. 84-85.
    5. Targum to the Hagriographa
      1. Books
        • Epstein, Elias Louis, A Critical Analysis of Chapters One to Twenty-six of the Targum to the Book of Job (Chicago, IL: 1944).
        • Frankel, Zacharias, Zu dem Targum der Propheten (Breslau: F. W. Jungfer's Buchdrukerei, 1872).
        • Gorden, R.P., Studies in the Targum to the Twelve Prophets from Nahum to Malachi (New York, NY: E.J. Brill, 1994).
        • Lewin, Moses, Das Targum zu Koheleth nach Südarabischen Handschriften (Breslau: 1905).
        • Rothenburg, Eliakim G., Ge'ulath ha-Ger (Prague: 1618).
        • Samuel ben Pinehas, Beit Din shel Shemuel (Krakow: 1552).
        • Samuel ben Pinehas, Tekhilath Divre Shemuel (Prague: 1601).
        • Sokoloff, Micheal, The Targum to Job from Qumran Cave XI (Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar-Ilan University Press, 1974).
        • Waldberg, Samuel, Imre da'at: kolel hakirot `al zeman hibur ha-targumim shel ketuvim (Tel Aviv: Tsiyon, 1970).
        • Weiss, Adolf, De Libri Jobi: Paraphrasi Chaldaica (Bratislava: 1873).
        • Wessel, Samuel, Das Targum zum Buche Ruth (Berlin: 1898).
      2. Articles in Periodicals and Chapters in Books
        • Alarcon Sainz, Juan Jose, 'Los Anadidos Targumico-Midrasicos del Targum de Lamentaciones: Estudio de las Disitnas Tradiciones Textuale', Simposio Biblico Español IV.1 (1993), pp. 205-209.
        • Alarcon Sainz, Juan Jose, 'Vocablos Griegos y Latinos en el Targum de Lamentaciones', Sefarad 52.1 (1992), pp. 15-19.
        • Alexander, Philip S., 'The Textual Tradition of Targum Lamentations', Abr-Nahrain 24 (1986), pp. 1-26.
        • Alexander, Philip S., 'Tradition and Originality in the Targum of Song of Songs', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 318-339.
        • Alonso Fontelo, Carlos, 'Los Nombres de Piedras Preciosas en el Targum al Cantar de los Cantares (Tg Cant 5.14)', Simposio Biblico Español IV.1 (1993), pp. 211-215.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Das Targum zu den Psalmen', MGWJ 21 (1872), pp. 408-416, 463-473.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Das Targum zu Hiob', MGWJ 20 (1871), pp. 208-223, 283-284.
        • Bacher, Wilhelm, 'Le Commentaire sur Job de R. Samuel b. Nissim d'Alep', REJ 21 (1890), pp. 118-132.
        • Beattie, Derek R.G., 'Ancient Elements in the Targum to Ruth', WCJS 9.A (1986), pp. 159-165.
        • Beattie, Derek R.G., 'The Targum of Ruth: 18 Years On', Hermathena 138 (1985), pp. 57-61.
        • Beattie, Derek R.G., 'The Textual Tradition of Targum Ruth', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 340-348.
        • Beattie, Derek R.G., 'The Yemenite Tradition of Targum Ruth', JJS 41.1 (1990), pp. 49-55.
        • Beattie, Derek R.G., 'Towards Dating the Targum of Ruth', in McKane (1986), pp. 205-221.
        • Berliner, Abraham, 'War Raschi sad Targum zu den Hagiographen Bekannt?' MGWJ 17 (1868), pp. 73-75.
        • Brady, Christian M., "The Date, Provenance, and Sitz im Leben of Targum Lamentations," in The Journal of the Aramaic Bible 1 (1999), pp. 5-29.
        • Brady, Christian M., "Targum Lamentations 1.1-4: A Theological Prologue," in Targum and Scripture: Studies in Aramaic Translation and Interpretation in Memory of Ernest G. Clarke (Studies in the Aramaic Interpretation of Scripture, 2, (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
        • Brady, Christian M., "The Role of the )nyd tdm (midat dinah) in the Targumim," in Craig A. Evans, ed., Studies in Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity, The Interpretation of Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity. Vol. 7, (Sheffield: Sheffield Press, 2000), pp. 364-74.
        • Carbone, Sandro Paolo and G. Rizzi, 'La Tematica della Salvezza Secondo Alcune Versioni Giudaiche della Scrittura (la Tematica della Salvezza nel Materiale Haggadico di LXX Tg Michea)', Rivista Biblica 43.1-2 (1995), pp. 101-124.
        • Chilton, Bruce D., 'Salvific Exile in the Isaiah Targum', in Exile (1997), pp. 239-247.
        • Chilton, Bruce D., 'Senncherib: a Synoptic Relationship among Targumim of Isaiah', SBLSP 25 (1986), pp. 544-554.
        • Chilton, Bruce D., 'The Temple in the Isaiah Targum', in B. Chilton (ed.), Jesus in Context (Leiden: Brill, 1997), pp. 251-262.
        • Chrostowski, Waldemar, 'Ewolucja sensu tekstu na Przykladziw Targumicznej Wersji Ez 16', Collectanea Theologica 61.1 (1991), pp. 63-80.
        • Churgin, Pinkhos, 'Targum Ekha', Horeb 5 (1939), pp. 123-132.
        • Churgin, Pinkhos, 'Targum Shir ha-Shirim', in C.D. Regensburg (ed.), Gibeath Saul: Essays Contributed in Honor of Rabbi Saul Silber (Chicago: 1935), pp. 82-102.
        • Clarke, Ernest G., 'Reflections on the preparation of a Crtitical Edition of the Targum of Koheleth', Textus 16 (1991), pp. 79-94.
        • Corre, Alan D., 'A Judeo-Spanish Homily for the Ninth of Ab', JQR 56 (1969), pp. 212-223.
        • Delcor, Mathias, 'Le Testament de Job, la Priere de Nabonide et les Traditions Targoumiques', in S. Wagner (ed.), Bibel und Qumran (Berlin: 1968), pp. 57-74.
        • Diez Merino, Luis, 'La Onomastica Hebreo-Aramea Como Fuente de Exegesis Biblica en el Targum de Cronicas', in Sacchi (1990), pp. 203-244.
        • Eisler, Leopold, 'Mikhtab', Kokheve Yitshaq 34 (1867), pp. 27-30.
        • Evans, Craig A., 'A Note on Targum 2 Samuel 5.8 and Jesus' Ministry to the Maimed, Halt, and Blind', JSP 15 (1997), pp. 79-82.
        • Fontaine, Carole R., 'More Queenly Proverb Performance: the Queen of Sheba in Targum Esther Sheni', in M.L. Barre (ed.), Wisdom, You Are My Sister (Washington: Catholic Biblical Association, 1997), pp. 216-233.
        • Gordon, Robert P., 'Dialogue and Disputation in the Targum to the Prophets', JSS 39.1 (1994), pp. 7-17.
        • Gordon, Robert P., 'Saul's Meningitis According to Targum 1 Samuel 19.24', VT 37.1 (1987), pp. 39-49.
        • Gordon, Robert P., 'Targum as Midrash: Contemporizing in the Targum to the Prophets', WCJS 9 Panel Sessions: Bible Studies and Ancient Near East (1988), pp. 61-73.
        • Grelot, Pierre, 'Remarques sur le Second Targum Livre d'Esther', RB 77 (1970), pp. 230-239.
        • Hayward, Robert, 'Some Notes on Scribes and Priests in the Targum of the Prophets', JJS 36.2 (1985), 210-221.
        • Houtman, Alberdina, 'Doom and Promise in the Targum of Isaiah', JJS 49.1 (1998), pp. 17-23.
        • Kaminka, Armand, 'Septuaginta und Targum zu Proverbia', HUCA 8/9 (1931-1932), pp. 169 191.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'Le-Derekh ha-Parshanuth she-be-Targum Qoheleth', Sinai 28 (1964), pp. 169 176.
        • Komlos, Yehuda, 'Peshath wu-Derash be-Targum Qoheleth', Bar-Ilan 3 (1965), pp. 46-55.
        • Kooij, Arie van der, 'Nehemiah 8:8 and the Question of the "Targum" Tradition', in G.J. Norton and S. Pisano (eds.), Tradition of the Text (Freiberg: Universitatsverlag, 1991), pp. 79-90.
        • Le Deaut, Roger and B. Grossfeld, 'The Orgin and Nature of the Esther Targum in the Antwerp Polygot: Exit Targum Esther III?', Textus 16 (1991), pp. 95-115.
        • Libreich, Leon J., 'Midrash Lekah Tob's Dependence upon Targum to the Song of Songs 8:11 12', JQR 38 (1947-1948), pp. 63-66.
        • Liebreich, Leon J., 'The Benedictory Formula in the Targum to the Song of Songs', HUCA 18 (1944), pp. 177-197.
        • Loewe, Raphael J., 'Apologetic Motifs in the Targums to the Song of Songs', in A. Altman (ed.), Biblical Motifs (Cambridge, MA: 1966), pp. 159-196.
        • Luciani, Ferdinando, 'La Traduzione Aramaica di Sm 18, 11a: 19, 10a: Problemi di Semantica e di Critica Testuale', Semitica (1993), pp. 157-163.
        • Mangan, Celine, 'Some Observations on the Dating of Targum Job', in K.J. Cathcart and J.R. Healy (eds.), Back to the Sources (Dublin: Glendale, 1989), pp. 67-78.
        • Mangan, Celine, 'Some Similarities Between Targum Job and Targum Qohelet', in M. McNamara and D.R.G. Beattie (eds.), The Aramaic Bible (Sheffield: JSOT, 1994), pp. 349-353.
        • Mangan, Celine, 'The Attitude to Women in the Prologue of Targum Job', in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996), pp. 100-110.
        • Mangan, Celine, 'The Interpretation of Job in the Targums', in W.A.M. Beuken (ed.) The Book of Job (Leuven: Leuven Universtity Press, 1994), pp. 267-280.
        • Masin, B.A., 'A Re-examination of an Alleged Orthographic Feature in 4 Q Targum Job', Revue de Qumran 11.4 (1984), pp. 583-584.
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        • Reifman, Jakob, 'Targum Mishle', Kokheve Yitshaq 27 (1862), pp. 92-92.
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        • Ribera, Josep, 'Relacion Entre el Targum y las Versiones Antiquas: los Targumes de Jeremias y Ezequiel Comparados con LXX, Peshitta y Vulgata', Estudios Biblicos 52.3 (1994), pp. 317-328.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'The Babylonian Tradition of the Targum Jeremiah', Masoretic Studies 7 (1992), pp. 101-109.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'The Image of Israel According to Targum Ezekial', in K.J. Cathcart and M. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996), pp. 111-121.
        • Ribera, Josep, 'Un Estudio Sobre la Version Targumica del Libro de las Lamentaciones', Anuario de Filologia 3 (1977), pp. 273-276.
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        • Sperber, David, 'Mine Targuma', Otsar Hahayim 2 (1926), p. 6.
        • Syren, Roger, 'Targum Isaiah 52:13-53:12 and Christian Interpretation', JJS 40.2 (1989), pp. 201-212.
        • Syren, Roger, 'The Isaiah-Targum and Christian Interpretation', SJOT 1 (1989), pp. 46-65.
        • Taradach, Madeleine, 'La Figure Insolite de Salomon dans TqQo 1, 12, dans Les Talmuds el Quelques Midrasim', in Tradicio I Traduccio de la Paraula (1993), pp. 325-335.
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        • Ville-Patlagen, Evelyne, 'Une Image de Salomon en Basileus Byzantine', REJ 121 (1962), pp. 9 33.
        • Vivian, Angelo, 'II Targum di Giobbe: Analisli Concettuale Contrastiva di TgGb 1-4', Henoch 10.3 (1988), pp. 293-334.
        • Weren, W.J.C., 'The Use of Isaiah V, 1-7 in the "Parable of the Tenants" in Mark XII, 1-13 and Matthew XXI, 33-46', Biblica 79.1 (1998), pp. 1-26.
        • Wilcox, Max, 'The Aramaic Targum to Psalms', WCJS 9.A (1986), pp. 143-150.
        • Wilcox, Max, 'The Translation of the "Targum of Psalms": a Report', Byzantinische Forschungen 24 (1997), pp. 153-157.
        • Winkler, Michael S., 'He`Aroth le-Targum Mishle', Otsar Hahayim 3 (1927), pp. 45.
        • Wright, Charles H.H., 'Chaldee Glossary', in C.H.H. Wright (ed.), The Book of Ruth (London: Williams & Norgate), pp. 51-67.
        • Wright, Charles H.H., 'Notes on the Targum', in C.H.H. Wright (ed.), The Book of Ruth (London: Williams & Norgate), pp. 76-86.
        • Wright, Charles H.H., 'Targum', in C.H.H. Wright (ed.), The Book of Ruth (London: Williams & Norgate), pp. 30-48.
        • Zuckerman, Bruce, 'The Date of 11Q Targum Job: a Paleographic Consideration of its "Vorlage"', JSP 1 (1978), pp. 57-78.
  5. Studies on Anthropomorphism in the Targum
  6. Rabbinic Tradition and the Targum

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