Classics 430:
Greek and Roman Mythology
15 February 2002

I.   Theseus in Athens:

1. Synoecism (combined state) established at Athens--Athenian Supremacy

2. Theseus sends Medea packing
    a. Theseus arrives in Athens, after labors
    b. Aegeus doesnít recognize him
    c. Medea does, and wants to kill him!
    d. Aegeus recognizes Theseusí sword at last minute, saves him
    e. Medea flees

3. Theseus and Antiope / Hippolyta
    a. Who? Amazons  (Sauromatae / Scythians / Oiorpata [man killer])
    b. Where? Albania / Scythia / Euxine Sea / Lake Maeotis  / black Sea (North and East--modern Russia)
    c. What? Theseus goes to get Antiope, abducts her, takes her back to Greece
    d. Then? The other Amazons come and Attack Athens

4. Amazonomachy
    a. Who?  Athenians vs. Amazons
    b. Where? Akropolis and the Areopagus
    c. What? Big battle between the two tribes of warriors
    d. Symbolism? Clash of conflicting terms of warfare
    e. Cf: Herakles, Bellerophon, Achilles (also fought / seduced Amazons)

5. The Amazons
    a. Main sources for this:
         i. Historians / Ethnographers / Biographers: Herodotus (Histories, Book 4: 5th c.), Hippocratic corpus (Airs Waters Places: 5th c.),
                Strabo   (ca 64 BCE - 21 CE), Plutarch (ca. 50 CE - 120 CE)
         ii. Poetry: Homer, various dramatists (tragedy and comedy)
         iii. Art and architecture: Parthenon, Stoa Poikile, vases, sculpture, shield of Athena
    b. What did they do?  Warrior women, horseback-riders, archers, excluded men
    c. Name?  A-mazos = breastless [false etymology]
    d. What did they stand for?  Did the Athenians like them or not?
    e. How does the Amazon fit into the Greek image of the female? What do we make of the whole breastless idea?  What does this mean?
    f. Is there any modern / archaeological evidence for Amazons?
    g. What has ëAmazoní come to mean?  What valences does it yet carry?