We worked collectively to define the Humanities and Digital Humanities drawing on a wide variety of sources. The class came up with these definitions after extensive research and discussion:
What are the Humanities?
Humanities is the study and documentation of human culture and interaction through philosophy, art, music, literature, language, religion, and history with the intent to learn from our past experiences. Basis for all other studies. Provides a broad understand of human values and questions. Enhances and supplements other studies. Qualitative in nature using analytical, critical, and speculative methods.
It can include, but is not limited to studies of: Literature, Philosophy, Religion, Performing Arts, Language, Law, History, Social Sciences that use Qualitative Methods, Ethics, Literary Arts, Visual Arts, and Communications.
What are the Digital Humanities?
The utilization of technological tools to record and disseminate Humanities studies employing qualitative methodologies. The study of the Humanities through digital means such as social networking, the Internet, and other digital communication and research.
At the conclusion of the quarter each student had to write a manifesto about what they believed Digital Humanities should be and do. They also had to create a visual representation of their manifesto using the free graphics manipulation software – GIMP. Below is a collection of the montages with excerpts from each student’s individual manifesto.
- Start with a form of media. You may use any type depending on personal preference ("Digital Humanities Working Manifesto"). - Add a few types of humanities including a field of study, research or teaching (Kirschenbaum). - Add the acceptance of the digital era along with the role with respect to a world in which teachers of knowledge or culture are called upon to shape models of scholarly discourse ("A Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0”). - Add what you need to answer the questions and debate that are conjured up from the humanities. “You need to identify within or across disciplines, which should derive and evolve from debate and consensus within the communities concerned” (Dacos). - Allow open access to material digitally, cooperation among institutions, and incorporate of digital humanities into curricula, and greater acceptance of digital scholarship in the humanities (Lange). - Remember to defend the rights of content makers (authors, musicians, coders, designers, or artists) to exert control over their creations and to avoid unauthorized exploitation and copyright infringement ("The Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0”). - Make sure not override or replace previous and current humanities studies ("Digital Humanities Working Manifesto"). They are still important as a source in academia. - Also, do not replace the absence of knowledge with the ability to instantly access information online, as opposed to traditional studying ("Digital Humanities Working Manifesto"). - Remember print is no longer the exclusive or the normative medium ("A Digital Humanities Manifesto”). More and more people are shifting towards technology - Also know the difference between human culture and humanities, they are not completely the same thing (Gregory). - Mix all necessary ingredients together. Make sure not to skip any steps. Enjoy your Digital Humanities!
Feeling a little lost on the subject of Digital Humanities? You have come to the right place. We have stored this information onto your device to ease, better organize and manage your life. Follow these simple directions to sort your way through. Estimated time: depends on the pace of society. Use caution – This route may be accompanied by closed minded individuals. 1. Please follow the highlighted route 2. You may turn on the radio or listen to a podcast if you wish, as it enhances the experience. 3. Head North as the path opens to new ways of thinking. 4. Take action towards future Humanities. 5. Make a sharp left and challenge traditional scholarship. 6. Continue down the course, understanding that print is no longer an exclusive medium in which knowledge is produced. 7. Keep right to create opportunities of integrating digital technology within the scholarly realm of practice, and to create dynamic environments. 8. Continue down the road, encouraging the use of digital platforms. 9. Merge in and out of lanes as needed to evolve as technology does. 10. Make a right to investigate questions in the humanities using advanced digital technologies. 11. Hold on tight, the road may be bumpy due to the social media revolution. 12. Make a U-turn and think differently about teaching methodology. 13. Merge onto the highway of collaborating and communicating to easily connect with others around the world. 14. Take the exit critically thinking about the impact of digital technologies on traditional scholarly practice. 15. Arrive at Digital Humanities on your left.
1. First and foremost, all artifacts in the digital humanities must be digital in some form. This one requirement is the basic foundation in which the digital humanities are built. 2. Digital humanities will expand the ability for the average person to learn of the humanities. The humanities have been the captives of academia for far too long, digital humanities will set them free. 3. Digital humanities will not replace the humanities. At most, the digital humanities goal is to expand upon the rock solid foundation of the traditional humanities. The outcry’s of hate against digital humanities, claiming that it aims to replace the humanities, are both outrageous and childish. 4. Digital humanities will study the same subjects as traditional humanities, including but not limiting to: Literature, Philosophy, Religion, Performing Arts, Language, Law, History, Social Sciences that use Qualitative Methods, Ethics, Literary Arts, Visual Arts, and Communications. 5. The digital humanities must be a collaborative and social experience. Failure to include such an aspect would make the digital humanities no different than regular humanities that are read out of electronic books. The digital age is an age of communication; the digital humanities must reflect that. 6. Digital tools, such as twitter and Facebook, should not be considered digital humanities. Although these sites may house content that may fall under digital humanities, be able to make the distinction between the waiter and the food. It would be ridiculous to argue that a physical book would fall under the traditional humanities without talking about its content, the same is true for humanities of the digital form.
7. Art, although part of the humanities, must be created in a digital form to be truly considered part of the digital humanities. Art that is created with analog tools and simply transferred to digital space is simply a ruse. It is pretending to be something it is not: it is a forgery, a fake. Digital humanities art must be born and walk to its grave in the digital space. 8. Digital artifacts, no matter where they are received from, should be should be treated and referenced as a traditional humanities artifact would be referenced. The digital humanities have no need for dusty books and old ideas. The world in changing faster than it ever, we no longer has time for tedious tests. If sources must go through the rigorous tests of academia before they allowed to be used, the information will surely be outdated. 9. The digital humanities should be taught with a hands on experience. The digital space was made for interaction. To deny use of such a feature would be to deny the digital space itself. It is absolutely critical that the digital humanities be hands on. 10. The digital humanities must always have an open mind to the expansion of the humanities. We must not become those that have hated and shunned the digital humanities. The digital space is all about growth and expansion, if we ever lose sight of that, the digital humanities will surely be lost. Just as an open mind was required to take part in the digital humanities, our minds must remain open for the future of humanities
Digital humanities should be a way to update and integrate traditional humanities into a digital society. The Chronicle of Higher Education says digital humanities “is an enhancement of the core methods of an ideal liberal arts education,” meaning that it’s incorporation into schools will be beneficial to the humanities and humanities education.