| 1600 - 1700 | 1700
- 1800 | 1800 - 1900 | 1900
- 2000 | American Revolution Timeline
| Cold War Timeline
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF Navy
AMERICAN WAR; for timeline see:
STATES PASS LAWS TO DISENFRANCISE BLACKS
- THEODORE ROOSEVELT
ELECTED VICE PRESIDENT
ASSONATED – THEODORE ROOSEVELT BECOMES PRESIDENT
- CARNEGIE SELLS
CARNEGIE STEEL COMPANY FOR $225
WRIGHT BROTHERS FIRST FLIGHT
1906 - SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE
1908 - FORD INTRODUCES MODEL T
- TAFT ELECTED PRESIDENT
- TR GOES ON SAFARI AND EUROPE
TOUR, VISITS KAISER
- NAACP FOUNDED
1912 - TR RUNS AS PROGRESSIVE… WILSON WINS
- MORE THAN 1000 AFRICAN AMERICANS LYNCHED SINCE
- WORLD WAR I BEGINS IN EUROPE
- "Zimmerman Telegram" -
- U.S. ENTERS
WORLD WAR I
- WORLD WAR I ENDS
1919 - TR DIES – CARNEGIE DIES
- GERMAN MONEY HYPER
- HITLER’S BEER HALL COUP ATTEMPT
- TREATY OF VERSAILLES, 19TH
- HITLER SENTENCED TO JAIL, BEGINS
1925 - HINDENBURG ELECTED PRESIDENT OF GERMANY
- STOCK MARKET CRASHES,
HITLER’S NAZI PARTY GAINS
MAJORITY IN PARLIAMENT
GEORGE’S DAD GRADUATES
FROM COLLEGE / HITLER BEGINS TO TAKE POWER IN GERMANY
- WORST OF DEPRESSION
ALMOST 25% UNEMPLOYED
- COMMUNIST PARTY MAKES GAINS IN
FDR INAUGURATED “100
- HINDENBURG APPOINTS HITLER
1934 - HINDENBURG DIES, HITLER APPOINTS HIMSELF PRESIDENT - “
- GERMANY AND ITALY SIGN “AXIS”
HINDENBURG BURNS IN NEW JERSEY
“MUNICH” – British P.M.
Chamberlain agrees that Hitler can have Czechoslovakia.
1939 - (SEPTEMBER) WORLD WAR II STARTS IN EUROPE with
German Invasion of Poland. In just five weeks Poland
surrenders to Germany. See time line:
- (May) Germany
invades Holland, Belgium and France – Churchill becomes P.M.
- (May 30) British evacuate
Continent at Dunkirk
(June) Germany invades Russia
(DECEMBER) JAPANESE ATTACK PEARL HARBOR – U.S. DECLARES WAR ON JAPAN
HITLER DECLARES WAR ON U.S.
- (January) – Germans begin retreat from Moscow area
- (May) 1000 British planes
bomb Cologne, Germany
- (May) U.S. surrenders
Philippines to Japan
- (June) Battle of Midway,
Japanese Fleet turned back with heavy losses.
- (August) American Marines
land on Guadalcanal beginning “island hopping” assault against Japan.
(September) Battle of Stalingrad begins
- (November) Americans invade North Africa
- (January) Roosevelt and Churchill meet in Casablanca, North Africa
continues island offensive against Japan
- (February) Germans
surrender in Stalingrad, huge loss.
- (July) Allies land in
British bomb Hamburg,
creating firestorm, killing over 100,000
- (September) Italy
- (November) FDR, Churchill
and Stalin meet at Teheran, Iran
(January) Soviet troops
now in Poland – Allies land in Italy at Anzio
- (June 6)
Allies invade Europe – D-Day
(October) MacArthur’s troops land in Philippines.
(February) Dresden bombed
- (March) Japanese still
fighting in Philippines.
- (April) U.S. troops land
on Okinawa (near Japan)
- FDR Dies
- (May) Germany Surrenders
- (June) U.N. Charter
- (August) Atomic bombs
dropped – Russia declares war on Japan
- Japan surrenders
- (November) War Crimes
Trials begin in Germany.
U.S. troops in Korea,
- U.S. grants independence
to Philippines (leases bases to U.S.)
- Communist controlled
government in East Germany
1947 - Britain Nationalizes
Coal, radio, electrical
- Marshall plan to aid
Germany and Europe (originally offered to all of Europe, including USSR
- Loyalty oaths for Govt.
- Jackie Robinson becomes
first African American major league baseball player
1948 - Peacetime draft
- Truman defeats Dewey and
- Berlin Airlift
- Communist Parties gain
control of rest of Soviet occupied Europe
1949 - NATO established
- U.N. headquarters sited
in New York.
- U.S. supported Greek
government defeats Communists in civil war.
- South Africa prohibits
- Communist Chinese drive
Nationalists to Taiwan, securing control of Mainland China.
- USSR develops Atomic
U.S. recognizes Vietnam
- McCarthy Hearings begin
- Communists in U.S. must
- U.S. bars trade with
- Korean war starts, North
Invades South – UN intervenes (USSR absent from Security Council)
1951 - 22nd
Amendment, prohibiting more than two presidential terms
- Rosenburgs found guilty,
sentenced to death (executed in 1953)
- Truman relieves MacArthur
of command in Korea – DM returns in triumph, talk of impeachment… “Old soldiers
never die… they just fade away”… and he did.
- Churchill again elected
P.M. of Britain
1952 - King George VI dies;
Elizabeth becomes Queen
- Eisenhower and Nixon
elected President and Vice President
1953 - U.S. provides military
aid to France to suppress Vietnam freedom fighters
1954 - Brown
v. Board of Education
U.S. begins economic aid
to South Vietnam
- Montgomery Bus Boycott;
Martin Luther King becomes prominent.
- Women ordained in
- Churchill resigns as
- U.S. Supreme Court orders
immediate desegregation of schools
Eisenhower and Nixon
- Anti-Communist revolution
in Hungary brutally suppressed by Soviet troops.
Gov. Faubus of Arkansas
uses National Guard troops to prevent de-segregation of Little Rock High
School. DDE federalizes troops and forces de-segregation.
- Congress passes Civil
Rights act prohibiting discrimination in public. Nevertheless continued
resistance to integration in South.
- First Xerox machine
- Soviets launch “Sputnik”
- First trans-Atlantic jet
- DDE sends U.S. Marines to
Lebanon to suppress Arab nationalists.
- Alaska and Hawaii become
- Castro comes to power in
- Khruschev visits U.S.
1960 - Lunch counter sit ins
begin in South (beginning of “Civil Rights Movement”
- Castro confiscates U.S.
property in Cuba; U.S. begins embargo
- Soviets launch dogs and
mice into space and bring them back alive.
- Kennedy and Johnson
elected President and Vice President
1961 - US INCREASES INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM
- U.S. breaks diplomatic
relations with Cuba
- U.S. supports abortive
“Bay of Pigs” invasion of Cuba
- JFK institutes the Peace
- Berlin Wall constructed
- CORE attempts to
desegregate interstate bus lines
- Black Muslims advocate
black power and separation of races
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis.
- Military coup (with U.S.
approval) overthrows Diem in Vietnam
- Oswald shot by Jack
Ruby – country “stunned” Lyndon Johnson becomes President.
- Medgar Evers – NAACP
worker is killed
- France vetoes British
entry into Common Market
- U.S. Nuclear submarine
with 129 aboard is lost in Atlantic
- Johnson defeats
Republican Goldwater and remains President –Goldwater only got 52 electoral
votes, perceived as a war hawk.
- U.S. Destroyer allegedly attacked in Gulf of Tonkin. Congress resolves
that President Johnson given authority to use all power to repel attacks on U.S.
forces… this resolution formed basis for massive escalation of U.S. military
action in Vietnam without declaration of war.
Massive escalation of
U.S. military effort, combined with nightly TV coverage of war and opposition of
liberal news media. Anti war demonstrations become wide spread
Race Riots in Watts area
5 million color TV’s
Malcolm X is shot
race riots in many major cities
African American Edward
Brooke is elected U.S. Senator from Mass.
More race riots
Vietnam war continues to
becomes first African American on U.S. Supreme Court.
First heart transplant
Black mayors are
elected in Cleveland, Ohio and Gary, Indiana.
Nixon defeats Humphrey
and becomes President
US Submarine sinks, 99
U.S. - Vietnam peace
400,000 people attend
My Lai massacre – Lt.
Calley convicted in 1971
Golda Meir becomes Prime
Minister of Israel
Yale, Bowdoin and
Colgate admit women
Martial Law in Canada
because of Quebec separatists attacks
448 Universities and
colleges closed or on strike in protest against war
Nixon names two women
(26) lowering voting age to 18
VIETNAM WAR ENDS-
- SOME OF CLASS NOW BORN
1992 - CLINTON ELECTED President,
2000 - DISPUTED ELECTION OF 2000 - George Bush BECOMES PRESIDENT