HIST 498C Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project

Project Possible Research Topics

  1. Colored Marine Employment Benevolent Association and Maritime unionism 1921-34   (sources)

  1. IWW and people of color  (sources)

  1. James Roston—A biography  of an African American labor contractor (sources)

  1. Immigration restriction in 1920s   (sources)

  1. International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) and ILWU Local 19  (sources)

  1. Alien Land Law campaigns 1920-1966   (sources)

  1. Politics of Interracial marriage in Seattle: 1921-1940 (3 state leg campaigns)   (sources)

  1. Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) 1920-42  (sources)

  1. Susie Cayton—A biography of a prominent African American communist  (sources)

  1. Revels Cayton in Seattle—A political biography of his communist organizing in Seattle   (sources)

  1. Politics of Japanese American return to Seattle/ west coast, 1944-6   (sources)

  1. Battle for an integrated workplace at Boeing late 1930s to early 1940s   (sources)

  1. Seattle CORE and the politics of Fair Employment, 1961-1964  (sources)

  1. CORE and the Drive for Equal Employment in Downtown Stores (DEEDS) campaign, 1964-5   (sources)

  1. Robert Reese and the CORE Freedom Patrols, 1965  (sources)

  1. The 1966 Central District Public School Boycott    (sources)

  1. Chris Mensalves—A biography of a Filipino American labor leader   (sources)

  1. Asian Americans and the Campaign against the Kingdome 1968-1972    (sources)

  1. The origins of the International District Preservation Development Authority   (sources)

  1. Survival of American Indians Association: Frank’s Landing   (sources)

  1. American Indian Women’s Service League: raising the cause of “urban Indians”   (sources)

  1. United Indians of All Tribes Foundation: Fort Lawton occupation, Bernie Whitebear, Urban Indians, and Daybreak Star   (sources)

  1. Seattle Black Panther Party   (sources)

  1. UW Black Student Union    (sources)

1.  Colored Marine Employment Benevolent Association (CMEBA) vs. the Marine Cooks and Stewards Association of the Pacific (MCSAP)

    1. Part 1: Strike of 1921

    2. Part 2: CMEBA history to 1932

    3. Part 3: Merger in 1934

    4. Part 4: Epilogue

  1. James A. Roston Sr. Papers, 1897-1924

  2. Jackson, Joseph Sylvester.  The Colored Marine Employees Benevolent Association of the Pacific, 1921-1934; or, Implications of vertical mobility for Negro stewards in Seattle.  Unpublished Sociology MA Thesis, University of Washington, 1939.

  3. Taylor, Quintard.  Forging of a Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994. pp. 59, 69, 70

  4. Dembo, Jonathan.  Maritime labor in the Pacific Northwest : newspaper and periodical index.  1984

  5. Fox, John M., 1902-1978 papers

  6. Pitts, Robert.  Organized Labor and the Negro in Seattle.  Seattle: Unpublished Economics MA Thesis, UW, 1941. Chap 3, “The Negro Seaman.”  pp 19-37

  7. Stevedore play: http://www.washington.edu/alumni/columns/dec95/stevedore.html, http://www.historylink.org/_output.CFM?file_ID=3976

  8. Markholt, Ottilie.  Maritime solidarity : Pacific Coast unionism, 1929-1938.  Tacoma, Wash. : Pacific Coast Maritime History Committee, 1998.

  9. The Seamen's journal / official paper of the International Seamen's Union of America (Apr.1918-1937)

  10. Coast seamen's journal, (Sept. 1915-Apr. 3, 1918) Incomplete; Lacks v.28 no.51

  11. Taylor, Paul Schuster.  The Sailors' union of the Pacific. New York: The Ronald press company, 1923

  POST WWII/ CONTEXT

  1. Brotherhood of the sea : a history of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific, 1885-1985 / by Stephen Schwartz; foreword by Paul Dempster, preface by John F. Henning, introduction by Karl Kortum. 1986

  2. Workers on the waterfront : seamen, longshoremen, and unionism in the 1930s / Bruce Nelson.  Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c1988

  3. Friedman, Ralph.  The attitudes of West Coast maritime unions in Seattle toward negroes in the maritime industry  [Pullman] 1952.

  4. NAACP 1940-55. General office file. Labor unions -- National Maritime Union, 1942-54 [microform]

  5. Sailors' Union of the Pacific, [1954?] (Seattle, Wash. : Lowman & Hanford)

  6. Shaun Maloney papers, 1932-2000 (bulk 1946-1998)

   

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2.  Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.) and People of Color    

  1. African Americans:

    1. Frank, Dana.  Purchasing Power: Consumer Organizing, Gender, and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1919-1929.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. pp. 27-8, 263 ; her sources list

                                                               i.      Cayton’s weekly 4/14/19,

                                                             ii.      Cayton’s weekly 5/5/20,  not in Diaz volume

                                                            iii.      The Forge, 10/14/19

                                                           iv.      Long Old Road p118, Horace Cayton Jr. bitterly recalls: “however desirable a mixed union was, you just couldn’t trust a white man.”  (But later says “Red”—a Wobbly-- was his first true teacher).

                                                             v.      Pitts, Robert.  Organized Labor and the Negro in Seattle.  Seattle: Unpublished Economics MA Thesis, UW, 1941. p39-42, (p42 says “the ‘Wobblies’ won the respect of the Negro longshoreman in spite of its radicalism. Few Negroes, however, joined the I.W.W.”)

                                                           vi.      Pitts, p51 “Negroes as a rule failed to be attracted to the radical movement. Despite the fact that members of the I.W.W. had proved to be the greatest champions of their cause on the waterfront, Negro longshoremen felt that direct affiliation with this organization would prove detrimental to their cause.”

    1. Revels Cayton radicalized while ill by talking to old wobbly at his home.  Hobbs, Richard S.  The Cayton legacy : an African American family.  Pullman, Wash. : WSU Press, 2002.  Hobbs, Richard Stanley.  The Cayton Legacy : two generations of a black family, 1859-1976. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, 1989.

    2. Autobiographical writings of Horace R. Cayton, Sr., published in Cayton's weekly, 1917-1920 / edited and with an introduction by Richard S. Hobbs

    3. CONTEXT:  Kornweibel, Theodore, Jr.  Seeing Red”: Federal Campaigns Against Black Militancy, 1919-1925.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.  esp. Chapter 8, “‘Ultra Radical Negro Bolsheviki’: The Pursuit of Black Wobblies”

  1. Japanese

    1. Frank, p173; her source lists

                                                               i.      the Industrial Worker, 10/11/19, and

                                                             ii.      Lentz, Japanese American Relations in Seattle; and

                                                            iii.      Murayama, The Economic History of Japanese Immigration to the Pacific NW.

  1. Dreyfus, Philip J. “THE IWW AND THE LIMITS OF INTER-ETHNIC ORGANIZING: REDS, WHITES, AND GREEKS IN GRAYS HARBOR, WASHINGTON, 1912.” Labor History 1997 38(4): 450-470.

  2. Industrial Worker

 

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3.     James Roston—Biography  

1.       James Roston Sr. papers

2.       James Roston Jr. interview

3.       Frank Jenkins interview

4.       Searchlight, MicNews, May 1919-Dec. 1920 incomplete

5.       Cayton’s Weekly


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4.  Immigration Restriction in 1920s  

    1. Yellow Peril of 1919

    2. Hearings in Seattle, July and August 1920

    3. Support in Seattle

                                                               i.      Labor (neither leaders nor opponents)

                                                             ii.      American Legion (leaders)

                                                            iii.      Newspapers (Seattle PI, Seattle Star)

                                                           iv.      Washington Congressman Albert Johnson, co-author 1924 act

    1. Opposition in Seattle

                                                               i.      Chamber of Commerce

                                                             ii.      See other testimony from 1920?

    1. Effects?

  1.      Allerfeldt, Kristofer.  RACE AND RESTRICTION: ANTI-ASIAN IMMIGRATION PRESSURES IN THE PACIFIC NORTH-WEST OF AMERICA DURING THE PROGRESSIVE ERA, 1885-1924.  History [Great Britain] 2003 88(1): 53-73

2.      Seattle Star’s anti-japanese articles: last week of july, 1919

3.      Newspaper clip:  http://content.wsulibs.wsu.edu/cgi-bin/pview.exe?CISOROOT=/clipping&CISOPTR=679&CISORESTMP=/qbuild/NHD1.html&CISOVIEWTMP=/qbuild/NHD2.html&CISOCLICK=title:newspa:captio:subjec:date&CISOROWS=6&CISOCOLS=4

  1. Dana Frank, PNQ86, p38

5.      Berner, Richard C.  Seattle 1921-1940: From Boom to Bust.  Seattle: Charles Press, 1992. p 36

6.      Newspapers: Seattle Star, Seattle PI, Seattle Times, Union Record

7.      Geloneck, Bill. “The Role of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer in the Japanese Exclusion Act of 1924.”  WSU Archives.  W.S.U. Department Of Communications (History of Communications).  Class Papers, 1956-1978.  Box 2, Folder 8.


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5.  Seattle’s International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) and ILWU 19

    1. 1916 Strike

    2. 1917-33

    3. 1934 Strike

    4. Epilogue

 

1.      Dembo, Jonathan.  A History of the Washington State Labor Movement, 1885-1935.  Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, UW, 1978.  Chap. 20, “Revival: The Longshore Strike and the Rise of Industrial Unionism, 1934.” pp. 648-677

2.      Magden, Ronald E.  A History of Seattle Waterfront Workers.  Seattle: Trade Printery for ILWU Local 19, 1991.

3.      Frank, Dana.  Purchasing Power: Consumer Organizing, Gender, and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1919-1929.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.  pp. 27-8

4.      Taylor, Quintard.  Forging of a Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994. pp. 52-54

5.      Berner, Richard C.  Seattle 1900-1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence, to Restoration.  Seattle: Charles Press, 1991.  pp 214-7, KEY CITATIONS: p. 350

6.      Cayton, Horace, Jr.  Long Old Road.

  1. James A. Roston Sr. Papers, 1897-1924

8.      Oral history interview with Frank Jenkins, 1972. [sound recording]

9.      Jones, George Michael.  Longshoremen’s Unionism on Puget Sound: A Seattle-Tacoma Comparison.  Unpublished MA Thesis, UW, 1957.

10.  Pitts, Robert.  Organized Labor and the Negro in Seattle.  Seattle: Unpublished Economics MA Thesis, UW, 1941. Chap 4, “The Negro Longshoreman,” pp38-58.

11.  Waring, William Dais.  Harry Renton Bridges and the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union.  Unpublished History Thesis, UW.  1966

12.  http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1391

13.  http://www.ilwu19.com/history/contents.htm

14.   

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6.  Alien Land Law 1920-1966

    1. Begins 1889 state constitution, Article II Section 33

    2. Origins/ movement for expansion in 1921

    3. Resisting Alien land law 1921-42

                                                               i.      Origins of Seattle Progressive Citizens League

                                                             ii.      Pio DeCano: possible focus of essays

    1. Nullifying alien land law 44-66

    2. WA Voters vote to keep it in constitution 3 times! Finally nullified in 4th vote, 1966

1.      http://www.historylink.org/WA_output.cfm?file_id=5619

2.      http://www.wsba.org/media/publications/barnews/archives/2001/mar-01-takuji.htm

3.      Berner, Richard C.  Seattle 1921-1940: From Boom to Bust.  Seattle: Charles Press, 1992. p 35-7

4.      Ito, Kazuo.  Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America.  Seattle: Japanese Community Service, 1973.  pp154, 157-175

5.      Washington State Archives, Legislative Council, Subgroup Council Records (AR14-1-5), report on Alien Land Laws (1961)

6.      Collections of decisions of Supreme Court of the United States affecting Japanese land cases in the states of Washington and California, by Northwest American Japanese Association .  [Seattle] Northwest American Japanese Assoc., 1924

7.      BACKGROUND:  Nelson, Douglas W. “THE ALIEN LAND LAW MOVEMENT OF THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY.”  Journal of the West 1970 9(1): 46-59.

8.      Ngai, Mae M.  “The Strange Career of the Illegal Alien: Immigration Restriction and Deportation Policy in the United States, 1921-1965.”  Law and History Review 2003 21(1): 69-107

9.      Ngai, Mae M.  Impossible subjects : illegal aliens and the making of modern America.  Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2004

10.  Hirobe , Izumi.  Japanese pride, American prejudice : modifying the exclusion clause of the 1924 Immigration Act.  Stanford, Calif : Stanford University Press, 2001

11.  http://www.vancouver.wsu.edu/crbeha/ja/ja.htm

12.  Lots of old newspaper clips about Yakima Valley battles.  SEARCH: LEASE   http://content.wsulibs.wsu.edu/pncc/pncc.htm

13.  So, Connie.  Seattle Exceptionalism: the Life and Legacy of Wing Chong Luke.  Unpublished Ethnic Studies PhD Dissertation, UC Berkeley, 2000.  Pp 223

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7.  Politics of Interracial marriage in Seattle: 1921-1940

    1. 1921 State legislature bill to prohibit intermarriage: tabled by black state representative John H. Ryan, member of Tacoma NAACP, with help of John Roston Sr. 

    2. 1935  Colored Citizens’ Committee in Opposition to the Anti-Intermarriage Bill (HB 301)

                                                               i.      South End Progressive Club

                                                             ii.      League of Struggle for Negro Rights

                                                            iii.      Filipino Community of Seattle, Inc.

                                                           iv.      Washington Commonwealth Federation

                                                             v.      Communist Party

                                                           vi.      Phyllis Wheatley YWCA

                                                          vii.      First AME Church

                                                        viii.      Horace Cayton Sr.

                                                           ix.      Prentice Frazier

    1. 1937 bill introduced by State Senator Earl Maxwell and shot down

                                                               i.      NAACP

                                                             ii.      Mt Zion Baptist Church

    1. Context: first person stories

                                                               i.      Cayton, Long Old Road (about doctor coercing wife to get tubes tied)

                                                             ii.      Others?  

1.      1921

a.       Taylor, Quintard.  Forging of a Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994, pp, 89-90, source is “bulletin of Mrs. Saul Hall to house bill #36” march 14 1921 NAACP

2.      1935

a.       Taylor, p. 94,

b.      Citations from Taylor book (p 264): NW Enterprise, 2/7/35 p 4; NW Enterprise 2/14/35 pp1, 4; 3/14/35 p4; Seattle NAACP report for 1935 in national NAACP papers; Japanese American Courier 2/89/34 pp1-2; Voice of Action 2/15/35 p1

3.      1937

a.       Taylor, p. 264

b.      Taylor cites: NW Enterprise, 2/26/37 p1; NW Enterprise 3/5/37 p1

c.       NAACP report to national 1937?

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8.  JACL 1920-42

    1. Seattle Progressive Citizens League 1920-30

    2. Founding Conference in Seattle, 1930

    3. Pacific Citizen—Published by Seattle JACL Mar. 1935-May 1939

    4. Emergency Defense Council 1941-2  

1.      Japanese American Citizens' League. Seattle Chapter.  Records, 1921-1981

2.      Japanese American Citizens' League, Seattle Chapter.  JACL, a history of the Seattle Chapter: 1921-2000.  Seattle: JACL, Seattle Chapter, 2000. Selections

3.      James Y. Sakamoto papers, 1928-1955

4.      Joseph Koide papers, 1941-1943

5.      Ogawa, Elmer. Papers, 1928-1971

6.      Pacific Citizen Via Summit: Ctr Resrch Lib, CRL NEWSPAPERS, MF-11957 R.1 NOV.1932-DEC.25,1943

7.      Takami, David A. Divided destiny : a history of Japanese Americans in Seattle.”  Seattle: University of Washington Press : Wing Luke Asian Museum, c1998

8.      Hosokawa, Bill.  JACL in quest of justice.  New York: W. Morrow, 1982. 

9.      Spickard, Paul R.  “THE NISEI ASSUME POWER: THE JAPANESE AMERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE, 1941-1942.”  Pacific Historical Review 1983 52(2): 147-174

10.  Ito, Kazuo.  Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America.  Seattle: Japanese Community Service, 1973.

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9.   Susie Cayton— A biography of an African American communist  

1.      Hobbs, Richard S.  The Cayton legacy : an African American family.  Pullman, Wash. : WSU Press, 2002.

2.      Hobbs, Richard Stanley.  The Cayton Legacy : two generations of a black family, 1859-1976. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, 1989.

3.      From above two, follow newspaper trails


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10.  Revels Cayton in Seattle—A biography of his local communist party activity  

a.       Biographical background

b.      International Labor Defense (ILD)

c.       League for the Struggle for Negro Rights (LSNR)

d.      City Council Campaign, 1934

e.       37th District State Legislative Campaign, 1934

f.        Stump speeches throughout WA State: being trained as an organizer

g.       Maritime labor organizing

  1.      Hobbs, Richard S.  The Cayton legacy : an African American family.  Pullman, Wash WSU Press, 2002.

2.      Hobbs, Richard Stanley.  The Cayton Legacy : two generations of a black family, 1859-1976. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, 1989.

3.      Voice of Action

4.      Northwest Enterprise

 

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11.  Politics of Japanese American return to Seattle/ west coast, 1944-6  

1.      http://www.lib.washington.edu/specialcoll/findaids/docs/papersrecords/IchiharaKaoru1839_1.xml

  1. Berner, Richard C.  Seattle Transformed: World War II to Cold War.  Seattle: Charles Press, 1999.  pp 124-130, 279-281

  2. Magnuson, Warren Grant.  Papers, 1929-1980

  3. People in motion, the postwar adjustment of the evacuated Japanese Americans. United States Dept. of the Interior, War Agency Liquidation Unit, formerly War Relocation Authority.  Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off. [1947]

  4. Howard Droker.  “Seattle Race Relations during the Second World War” from Experiences in a Promised Land…p366 “Charlie Doyle (representing the central labor council), he was a wild one.  He said, ‘You bring them back, we won’t be responsible for how many are hanging from the lamp posts.’… Dave Beck, head of the Teamsters union, was a prominent spokesman for the opponents of Japanese return.”

  5. Howard Droker papers

7.      Christian Friends for Racial Equality (CFRE) Papers. http://www.lib.washington.edu/specialcoll/findaids/docs/papersrecords/ChristianFriendsRacialEquality4040_3.xml

8.      Droker, Howard Alan.  The Seattle Civic Unity Committee and the civil rights movement, 1944-1964.  Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation. UW, 1974.

9.      Dye, Douglas Mark.  The Soul of the City: The Work of the Seattle Council of Churches During World War II.  Unpublished History PhD Dissertation, Washington State University, 1997.  Chapter 4, “The Council and the Japanese Return to Seattle,” pp. 121-150. 

 

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12.  Battle for an integrated workplace at Boeing late 1930s-1940s

    1. Part 1: Battle for a progressive union

    2. Part 2: Campaign for a racially inclusive union

    3. Part 3: Anti-communism backlash

    4. Part 4: Battle goes national: NAACP and FEPC  

  1. Berner, Richard C.  Seattle Transformed: World War II to Cold War.  Seattle: Charles Press, 1999.  pp. 50-54,175-77, 221-2, 267

  2. McCann, John.  Labor and the Making of the Postwar Order at the Boeing Company.  Ph.D dissertation, U of O, 1994. pp 120-317 (esp.297-317)

  3. Taylor, Quintard.  Forging of a Black Community: Seattle’s Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994

  4. Eugene V. Dennett, Agitprop: The Life of an American Working-Class Radical (New York: State University of New York Press, 1990)

  5. NW Enterprise, 1940-1

  6. Weaver, Robert.  Negro Labor: A National Problem.  New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. 1946

  7. Howard Droker.  “Seattle Race Relations during the Second World War” from Experiences in a Promised Land… pp 354-355

  8. NAACP 1940-55. General office file. Labor -- Boeing Aircraft Co., 1940-41 [microform]

  9. NAACP 1940-55. General office file. Labor -- Discrimination in national defense industries [microform]

  10. Oral History Interviews, Washington State Oral History Program, Washington State Archives, Olympia WA. W/ Esther Mumford

  11. IAM national records

  12. Boeing corporate labor relations archives

  13. Aero mechanic [microform]

  14. FEPC Final Report.  Washington DC: GPO, 1947

  15. Mattson, Carl Papers, 1919-1961

  16. Kinney, Marion S., Mrs.  Papers, 1919-1981

  17. Hansen, Reed Robert.  Collective bargaining between the Boeing Airplane Company and the Aero Mechanics Union .1951

  18. Blood in the water : a history of District Lodge 751, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers / by John McCann. Seattle, Wash. : District Lodge 751, IAM&AW, c1989

  19. Perlman, Mark.  Democracy in the International Association of Machinists. New York, Wiley [1962]

  20. Perlman, Mark.  The machinists.  Harvard University Press, 1961

  21. Pitts, Robert.  Organized Labor and the Negro in Seattle.  Seattle: Unpublished Economics MA Thesis, UW, 1941. Chap 7, “The Negro and the Union at Boeings,” pp. 73-80

 

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13. Seattle CORE and the Politics of Fair Employment 1961-1964  

  1. Valentine, Charles A.  Deeds, background and basis; a report on research leading to the drive for equal employment in downtown Seattle. Seattle, Congress of Racial Equality, 1964

  2. Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) papers [microform]

  3. The papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1941-1967 : a guide to the microfilm edition.  Sanford, N.C. : Microfilming Corp. of America, c1980

  4. CORE; a study in the civil rights movement, 1942-1968 [by] August Meier and Elliott Rudwick.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1973

5.      Congress of Racial Equality. Seattle Chapter.  Records, 1961-1970

6.      Corelator  Seattle :Congress of Racial Equality 1964-1968 (Incomplete)

7.      Zane, Jeffrey Gregory.  America, Only Less So?: Seattl’es Central Area, 1968-1996. Unpublished History Ph.D Dissertation, Notre Dame.  2001 pp77-96

8.      Taylor, Quintard.  “THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN WEST: BLACK PROTEST IN SEATTLE, 1960-1970.” Journal of Negro History 1995 80(1): 1-14.

 

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14.  CORE’s Downtown Equal Employment Drive (DEEDS) Campaign 1964-5  

  1. Valentine, Charles A.  Deeds, background and basis; a report on research leading to the drive for equal employment in downtown Seattle. Seattle, Congress of Racial Equality, 1964

  2. Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) papers [microform]

  3. The papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1941-1967 : a guide to the microfilm edition.  Sanford, N.C. : Microfilming Corp. of America, c1980

  4. CORE; a study in the civil rights movement, 1942-1968 [by] August Meier and Elliott Rudwick.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1973

5.      Congress of Racial Equality. Seattle Chapter.  Records, 1961-1970

6.      Corelator  Seattle:Congress of Racial Equality 1964-1968 (Incomplete)

7.      Zane, Jeffrey Gregory.  America, Only Less So?: Seattl’es Central Area, 1968-1996. Unpublished History Ph.D Dissertation, Notre Dame.  2001 pp77-96

8.      Taylor, Quintard.  “THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN THE AMERICAN WEST: BLACK PROTEST IN SEATTLE, 1960-1970.” Journal of Negro History 1995 80(1): 1-14.

 

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15. Robert Reese and the CORE Freedom Patrols, 1965  

1.     Richardson, Larry S.  Civil rights in Seattle : a rhetorical analysis of a social movement.  Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation.  WSU, 1975.

2.     Lots of newspapers

 

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1966 Public School Boycott  

  1. Pieroth, Dorothy Hinson.  Desegregating the Public Schools: Seattle, Washington 1954-1968.  Unpublished History PhD Dissertation, University of Washington, 1979.  Chapter 6, “Boycott,” pp 250-290, and notes pp. 511-517

  2. Richardson, Larry Samuel.  Civil Rights in Seattle: A Rhetorical Analysis of a Social Movement.  Unpublished Speech PhD Dissertation, WSU, 1975.  Chapter 5, “Segregation in Education: The Triad and a School Boycott,” pp 157-202.

  3. CORE papers

  4.  Lots of newspapers

 

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17. Chris Mensalvas—A biography  

  1. Chris D. Mensalvas Papers 1948-1974, Special Collections.

  2. International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union. Local 37 (Seattle, Wash.) Records, 1933-1980.  Special Collections.

  3. John Caughlan Papers, 1947-1962.  Special Collections.

 

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18. Asian Americans against the Kingdome 1968-1972  

1.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2164

2.      Madsen, Leonard David.  Planning with an Ethnic Enclave: Filipinos in Seattle’s International District.  Unpublished Urban Planning MA Thesis, University of Washington, 1973.  Chap 4, “The King County Stadium Project and the Citizen Participation Process in the International District,” pp. 88-117; Appendix C, “Stadium Chronology,” pp 161-162; and sources pp 163-165

3.      Santos, Bob.  Humbows, not Hot Dogs!: Memoirs of a Savvy Asian American Activist.  Seattle: International Examiner Press, 2002.

4.      Chin, Doug.  Seattle’s International District: The Making of a Pan-Asian Community.  Seattle: International Examiner Press, 2001.


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19. Creating a preservation district/ development authority, 1972-4  

  1. Santos, Bob.  Humbows, not Hot Dogs!: Memoirs of a Savvy Asian American Activist.  Seattle: International Examiner Press, 2002. Chap 4 (pp. 74-130)

2.      Asian Family Affair, Microfilm. (Feb. 1972-Oct. 1982)

  1. Chin, Doug.  Seattle’s International District: The Making of a Pan-Asian Community.  Seattle: International Examiner Press, 2001. p. 77-111

 

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20. Survival of American Indians Association: Frank’s Landing

1.      The Renegade [microform] Published in Franks Landing, Lacey, Wash., <June 1971-June 1972>

2.      Wilkinson, Charles.  Messages from Frank's Landing : a story of salmon, treaties, and the Indian way; photo essay by Hank Adams; maps by Diane Sylvain.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.

3.      Haley, Frederick.  Collection, 1969-1976 

4.      Native American Solidarity Committee.  To fish in common : fishing rights in the Northwest.  [Seattle? Wash.] : Native American Solidarity Committee, [1978?]

5.      AFSC.  Uncommon controversy; fishing rights of the Muckleshoot, Puyallup, and Nisqually Indians. A report.  Seattle, University of Washington Press [c1972]

6.      Merrick, Janna Carol.  Dilemmas in American liberalism : the case of Indian fishing rights.  Unpublished Political Science Ph.D Dissertation, UW.  1978

7.      Austin, Albert Dennis.  State of Washington Indian tribal fishing regulations, 1960-1971 / state of Washington, Department of Fisheries, Management and Research Division [Olympia? Wash.] : The Division, [1971]

8.      Carpenter, Cecelia Svinth.  The troubled waters of Medicine Creek : an investigation into the nature of the fishing rights arising from the Medicine Creek Indian treaty of 1854 / Cecelia Svinth Carpenter.  Unpublished MA Thesis, PLU.  1971

9.      AFTERWORD:  Cohen, Fay G.  Treaties on trial : the continuing controversy over Northwest Indian fishing rights with contributions by Joan La France and Vivian L. Bowden ; introduction by Andy Fernando.  Seattle : University of Washington Press, c1986

10.  Suagee, Mark Allen.  The creation of an "Indian problem"; Nisqually and Puyallup off-reservation fishing. Unpublished Anthropology MA Thesis, UW.  1973

11.  Carson, Charles L.  Rising from the ashes : the Puyallup Indians : assimilation, culture & self-determination.  Unpublished MA Thesis, UW-Tacoma.  2003

12.  Noel, Patricia Slettvet.  Muckleshoot Indian history.  [Auburn, Wash.] : Auburn School District No. 408, 1980   

13.  1970 Fish In http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2625

 

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21. American Indian Women’s Service League: raising the cause of “urban Indians”

1.      Thrush Dissertation Chap 6

2.      Northwest Indian news.  Seattle, Wash. : Workshop in Practical Religion of the University Unitarian Church, [1957-1961]

3.      Indian center news  1960-May 1971 Seattle, American Indian Women's Service League

4.      Northwest Indian news  June 1971-1980 [Seattle, Indians into Communications Assoc.]

5.      Hansen, Karen Tranberg.  American Indians and work in Seattle : associations, ethnicity and class.  Unpublished Anthropology Ph.D Dissertation, UW.  1979

6.      American Indian Women's Service League.  Indian legends.   [Seattle, c1970]

7.      American Indian Women's Service League.  Old and new Indian recipes [Kansas City, North American Press, 19--]

8.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2883

9.      Model Cities records

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22. United Indians of All Tribes Foundation: Fort Lawton occupation, Bernie Whitebear, Urban Indians, and the Origins of Daybreak Star  

1.      “A Brief History of the United Indians of All Tribes Foundation”, UW Archives.

2.      Santos, Bob.  Humbows, not Hot Dogs!: Memoirs of a Savvy Asian American Activist.  Seattle: International Examiner Press, 2002. 

3.      Thrush, Coll.  The Crossing Over Place: Urban and Indian Histories in Seattle.  History PhD Dissertation, UW.  2002  Chap 6

4.      Monthan, Guy and Monthan, Doris. DAYBREAK STAR CENTER, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON.  American Indian Art Magazine 1978 3(3): 28-35.

5.      Newspapers

 

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23. Seattle Black Panther Party  

1.      Lukas V. Michener undergraduate essay from HISTAA 432, Spring 2004

2.      1970 Congressional Hearings on Black Panther Party, Part 2 “Seattle Chapter,”

3.      Dozens of newspaper citations in PNW Regional Newspaper Index

4.      Essay http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/Seattle_Chapter_1.html

5.      2 pages of incredible photos

a.       http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/Seattle_Chapter_2.html

b.      http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/Seattle_Chapter_3.html

6.      Aaron Dixon memoir http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/Seattle_Chapter_History.pdf

7.      Tribute to Henry Boyer http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Chapter_History/pdf/Tribute_Brother_Henry_Boyer.pdf

8.      Larry Ward killed May 15, 1970

9.      Teaching black panther history http://www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/16_01/Bbp161.shtml

10.  Hands off Aaron Dixon, Captain, Seattle Black Panther Party.  Seattle : Aaron Dixon Defense Fund, 1968

11.  Vietnam War era ephemera collection, bulk 1965-1980

12.  The Black panther [microform]

13.  ASUW papers

14.  Gary Greaves interviews of Aaron and Elmer Dixon, 1991; Larry Gossett 1992.  MOHAI catalog.  Untranscribed and without release forms.

15.  Historylink

a.       Founded April 68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1382

b.      Peace and Freedom 7/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1520

c.      Peace and Freedom 9/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1557

d.      Unconcealed weapon displays “for intimidation” banned by city council 9/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1561

e.      Rainier Beach, 9/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2293

f.       Welton Armstead killed 10/68  http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=3605

g.      Curtis Harris convicted of threatening officer, 10/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1571

h.      Sidney Miller killed while shoplifting, 11/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1581

i.        Aaron Dixon acquitted of stealing typewriter, 12/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1590

    1. Sydney Miller Free Medical Clinic founded 12/69 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1335


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24. UW Black Student Union (BSU)  

1.      Craig Collison?

2.      Walker, Dianne Louise.  The University of Washington establishment and the Black Student Union sit-in of 1968.  Unpublished History MA Thesis, University of Washington, 1980.

3.      ASUW papers

4.      Zane, Jeffrey Gregory.  America, Only Less So?: Seattl’es Central Area, 1968-1996. Unpublished History Ph.D Dissertation, Notre Dame.  2001

5.      Gary Greaves interviews

6.      Huge clippings file, PNW Regional Newspaper Index, Special Collections

7.      Historylink

a.       http://students.washington.edu/bsu/

b.      Franklin High Sit In, 3/68 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1378

c.      UW Sit in 5/68

                                                              i.      Lead up negotiations

1.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1449

2.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1450

3.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1452

                                                           ii.      Sit in 5/20/68

1.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1454

                                                         iii.      UW endorses black studies

1.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1455

d.      Cleveland High protests 11/68  http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1582

e.      Seattle Central Protests, 5-6/69

                                                              i.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1235

                                                           ii.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1236

                                                         iii.      http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2036

f.       Sit in at Franklin High, 6/69 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=1240

    1. Massive protests against UW affiliations with BYU, 3/70 http://www.historylink.org/_output.cfm?file_id=2194

 

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