Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Version: 0.1 beta
Last updated: Thu 03/27/2003 11:40 PM
Based on the IITS - Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon
Based on R.B. Mahoney's (r.mahoney@comnet.net.nz) HTML Version 0.1a
Copyright © by University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln)
This Unicode HTML version by Prem Pahlajrai: (prem@u.washington.edu)
ū
ū 1
ū the sixth letter of the alphabet (corresponding to u long, and having the sound of that letter in the word rule)
⋙ ūkāra
○kāra
⋙ ūvarṇa
○varṇa m. the letter or sound ū TPrāt. VPrāt.
⋙ ūbhāva
○bhāva m. the becoming ū TPrāt.
ū 2
ū ind. an interjection of calling to
• of compassion
• a particle implying promise to protect L.
• a particle used at the beginning of a sentence
ū 3
ū mfn. (√av Pāṇ. 6-4, 20), helping, protecting L.
• (ūs), m. the moon L.
• N. of Śiva L.
≫ ūta 1
ūta mfn. (p.p. of √av, q.v.) favoured
• loved
• promoted, helped
• protected
≫ ūti 1
ūtí f. help, protection, promoting, refreshing favour
• kindness, refreshment RV. AV.
• means of helping or promoting or refreshing, goods, riches (also plur.) RV. AV. ŚBr. xii
• enjoyment, play, dalliance BhP. viii, 5, 44
• = kṣaraṇa T.
⋙ ūtimatī
○matī́ f. (scil. ṛc) N. of a Ṛic (cf. RV. i, 30, 7) which contains the word ūti MaitrS.
≫ ūma
ū́ma m. (Uṇ. i, 143) a helper, friend, companion RV. AV. v, 2, 1 ; 3 AitBr. ŚāṅkhŚr.
• (am), n. N. of a town or place Comm. on Uṇ. Siddh.
ū 4
ū mfn. (√ve Vop. xxvi, 73), weaving, sewing
≫ ūta 2
ūta mfn. (p.p. of √ve, q.v.) woven, sewed
≫ ūti 2
ūtí f. the act of weaving, sewing L.
• red texture
• tissue BhP. ii, 10, 1
• a mole's hole TBr. i, 1, 3, 3
ūṃ
ūṃ8 a mode of designating 3. u (q.v.) in the Pada-pāṭha followed by iti
ūkhara
ūkhara ās m. pl., N. of a Śaiva sect
ūṭh
ūṭh ūṭhati, = uṭh, q.v
ūḍha 1
ūḍha (for 2. and 3. 1. and 2. uh), mfn. p.p. of √vah, q.v
• (ā), f. a married woman, wife (cf. an-ūdhā.)
≫ ūḍhi
ūḍhi f. the act of bearing, carrying Rājat.
ūṇi
ūṇí f. a particular Soma vessel TS. i, 2, 6 (cf. oṇí.)
ūṇītejas
ūṇī-tejas ās m. (etym. doubtful), N. of a Buddha L.
ūti 3
ūti m. (for 1. and 2. 3. and 4. ū above), N. of a Daitya SkandaP.
ūtīka
ūtīka m. N. of a plant which can be substituted for the Soma (cf. pūtīka) Kāṭh. TāṇḍyaBr.
ūdaka
ūdaka an-ūdaka
ūdala
ūdala n. N. of a Sāman Lāṭy.
ūdhas
ū́dhas (in Veda also) ū́dhan, ū́dhar ( Whitney's Gr. 430 b
• in classical Sanskṛit the stem ūdhan appears only in the fem. of an adj. compound, e.g. kuṇḍôdhnī &c.), as, ar n. (√vah Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 192
• √ud T.) the udder of any female, breast, bosom RV. AV. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• figuratively applied to the clouds RV.
• the night Nir.
• N. of a passage in the Mahānāmnī (q.v.) verses Lāṭy.
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. ūber
• Angl. Sax. [221, 1] ūder ; Old High Germ. ūtar ; Mod. Germ. Euter ; Mod. Eng. udder ; Gae10l. uth.]
⋙ ūdhasvatī
○vatī f. (a female) with full udders BhP.
≫ ūdhanya
ūdhanyá mfn. (cf. Pāṇ. 5-1, 2) contained in or coming from the udder MaitrS. Kāṭh. [Page 221, Column 2]
⋙ ūdhasya
ūdhasya mf(ā)n. milking, giving milk Hcat.
• coming from the udder
• (am), n. milk Ragh.
ūna
ūná mfn. (√av Uṇ. iii, 2
• ? Zd. ūna), wanting, deficient, defective, short of the right quantity, less than the right number, not sufficient
• less (in number, size, or degree), minus, fewer, smaller, inferior AV. x, 8, 15 ; 44 ; xii, 1, 61 TS. ŚBr. Mn. Ragh. &c
• less than (with abl., e.g. lakṣād ūna, less than a Laksha Kathās. liii, 10
• or ifc., e.g. tad-ūna, inferior to that one Mn. ix, 123), less by (with instr., e.g. dvābhyām ūna, less by two ŚBr. xi
• or ifc., e.g. alpôna, less by a little, a little less Mn.
pañcôna, less by five &c.)
• less by one (prefixed to decimals from twenty up to one hundred, e.g. ūna-viṃśa = ekôna-viṃśa, the twentieth minus one, the nineteenth)
⋙ ūnakoṭiliṅga
○koṭi-liṅga n. N. of a Liṅga
⋙ ūnatā
○tā f
⋙ ūnatva
○tva n. deficiency, inferiority Hcat.
⋙ ūnarātra
○rātra m
⋙ ūnarātri
○rātri f. 'defective by a night', a N. applied to a particular lunar day (which is omitted if two lunar days end in one solar day) Sūryas. i, 40 ; 50 VarBṛS.
⋙ ūnākṣara
ūnâkṣara mfn. defective by a syllable Lāṭy.
⋙ ūnātirikta
ūnâtiriktá mfn. too little or too much VS.
≫ ūnaka
ūnaka mfn. not sufficient, defective, less, inferior ŚāṅkhŚr.
≫ ūnaya
ūnaya Nom. P. ūnayati (aor. Subj. 2. sg. ūnayīs) to leave deficient, not to fulfil RV. i, 53, 3
• to deduct or lessen Pāṇ. Vop. &c
≫ ūnita
ūnita mfn. lessened, reduced, fewer, less by (with instr.)
≫ ūnīkṛ
ūnī-√kṛ to reduce or lessen by subtraction, subtract Comm. on Sūryas.
ūbadhya
ū́badhya or ū́vadhya n. (etym. doubtful) undigested grass &c. in the stomach or bowels (of an animal killed for sacrifice) RV. i, 162, 10
AV. TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
⋙ ūbadhyagoha
○gohá m. any hole in the ground where the above is concealed MaitrS. AitBr. ii, 6, 16 ĀśvŚr. & Gṛ. &c
ūm
ūm ind. an interjection of anger L.
• of reproach L.
• of envy L.
• a particle of interrogation L.
ūma
ū́ma 3. ū
ūy
ūy cl. 1. Ā. ūyate, ūyām-āsa, ūyitā, ūyiṣyate, ūyiṣṭa, to weave, sew, = ve, q.v. Dhātup. xiv, 2
ūrarī
ūrarī ind. = urarī, q.v. L.
≫ ūrī
ūrī ind. = urī, q.v. Śiś.
⋙ ūryādi
ūry-ādi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 1-4, 61
ūru
ūrú m. [the f. may be ū at the end of compounds in comparison Pāṇ. 4-1, 69], (fr. √ūrṇu Uṇ. i, 31) the thigh, shank
RV. AV. VS. TS. ŚBr. MBh. Mn. &c
• N. of an Āṅgirasa and author of a Vedic hymn
• N. of a son of Manu Cākshusha
⋙ ūrugraha
○graha m. paralysis of the thigh Car.
⋙ ūrugrahin
○"ṣgrahin mfn. suffering from the above ib.
⋙ ūruglāni
○glāni f. weakness of the thigh
⋙ ūruja
○ja mfn. born from the thigh MBh.
• m. a Vaiśya (supposed to be born from Brahmā's thigh, RV. x, 90, 12 Mn. i, 31, &c.) L.
• N. of the Ṛishi Aurva (q.v.)
⋙ ūrujanman
○janman m. 'born from the thigh', N. of Aurva (q.v.) Mālav.
⋙ ūrudaghna
○daghná mf(ī)n. reaching to the thighs ŚBr. xii, xiii
⋙ ūrudvayasa
○dvayasa mf(ī)n. id. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 15
⋙ ūruparvan
○parvan m. n. joint of the thigh, knee L.
⋙ ūruphalaka
○phalaka n. the thigh-bone, hip-bone Yājñ. iii, 87
⋙ ūrubhinna
○bhinna mf(ī)n. having a rent in the thigh Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 52
⋙ ūrumātra
○mātra mf(ī)n. reaching to the thigh Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 15
⋙ ūruṣkambha
○ṣkambha m. paralysis of the thigh Car.
⋙ ūrusāda
○sāda m. weakness of the thigh ib.
⋙ ūruskambha
○skambhá m. paralysis of the thigh
-gṛhīta mfn. afflicted by the above MaitrS.
⋙ ūrustambha
○stambha m. paralysis of the thigh Suśr. Kathās.
• (ā), f. the plantain tree L.
⋙ ūrūdbhava
ūrū7dbhava mfn. sprung from the thigh
⋙ ūrūpapīḍam
ūrū7papīḍam ind. pressing upon the thigh Daś.
⋙ ūrvaṅga
ūrvaṅga n. 'having a thigh-like body', fungus, mushroom L.
⋙ ūrvaṣṭhīva
ūrv-aṣṭhīvá n. sg. (cf. Pāṇ. 5-4, 77), é n. du. (cf. VS. xviii, 23), ā́ni n. pl. (cf. ŚBr. viii) thigh and knee
⋙ ūrvastha
ūrv-asthá n. thigh-bone ŚBr. viii
-mātrá mf(ī)n. reaching to the thigh-bone ib.
≫ ūravya
ūravya m. 'born from the thigh (of Brahmā)', a Vaiśya ( ūru-ja) L.
≫ ūrva 1
ūrva (for 2. s.v.), as m. N. of the Ṛishi Aurva (from whose thigh sprang the submarine fire which is also called Aurva, q.v.) TāṇḍyaBr. MBh. Hariv. &c
• the submarine fire [Sāy.] RV.
≫ ūrvī
ūrvī f. the middle of the thigh Suśr. [Page 221, Column 3]
⋙ ūrvya
ūrvyá mfn. (fr. 1. ūrva ?), being in the submarine fire ṃahīdhara VS. xvi, 45
ūrurī
ūrurī ind. = urarī, q.v
ūrj 1
ūrj (connected with √vṛj), Caus. P. ūrjayati (p. ūrjáyat), to strengthen, invigorate, refresh RV. ŚBr.: Ā. ūrjayate (p. ūrjáyamāna), to be strong or powerful, be happy RV. x, 37, 11 VS. ĀśvŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr.
• to live L.
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. urge-o ; Goth. vrik-a ; Lith. [221, 3] verś-iú.]
≫ ūrj 2
ū́rj k f. strength, vigour
• sap, juice
• food, refreshment
RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. BhP. &c
≫ ūrja
ūrjá mfn. strong, powerful, eminent BhP. Śiś.
• invigorating, strengthening
• m. N. of a month (= kārttika) TS. i VS. ŚBr. Suśr. i, 19, 9 BhP. &c
• power, strength, vigour, sap MBh. Mn. ii, 55 BhP. &c
• life, breath L.
• effort, exertion L.
• N. of several men
• (ā), f. strength, vigour, sap RV. x, 76, 1 AV. SV. Suśr. &c
• N. of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Vasishṭha VP. BhP.
• (am), n. water L.
⋙ ūrjamedha
○medha mfn. of eminent intelligence, very wise Hcat.
⋙ ūrjayoni
○yoni m. N. of a son of Viśvāmitra MBh.
⋙ ūrjavaha
○vaha and m. N. of a king VP.
⋙ ūrjavāha
○vāha m. N. of a king VP.
⋙ ūrjasani
○sani (voc.), mfn. granting strength, N. of Agni RV. vi, 4, 4
⋙ ūrjastambha
○stambha m. N. of a Ṛishi in the second Manv-antara BhP.
⋙ ūrjād
ūrjâd (3), mfn. consuming food RV. x, 53, 4
⋙ ūrjāvat
ūrjā-vat mfn. powerful, strong PārGṛ. i, 15, 6 MBh.
⋙ ūrjāhuti
ūrjấhuti mfn. worshipped with strengthening sacrifices RV. viii, 39, 4 VS.
≫ ūrjayat
ūrjayat mfn. pres. p. of √ūrj, q.v
• (an), m. N. of a teacher VBr.
≫ ūrjavya
ūrjavyá mfn. abounding in strength, sappy, strengthening RV. v, 41, 20
≫ ūrjas
ūrjas as n. vigour, strength, power Sāh.
⋙ ūrjaskara
○kara mfn. causing strength MBh.
⋙ ūrjasvat
○vat (ū́rjas○), mfn. sappy, juicy, vigorous RV. AV. ŚBr. AitBr. &c
• powerful, strong BhP.
• (), f. N. of several women
⋙ ūrjasvala
○vala mfn. powerful, strong, mighty Pāṇ. 5-2, 114 Ragh. &c
• m. N. of a Ṛishi in the second Manv-antara VP.
⋙ ūrjasvin
○vin mfn. powerful, strong, mighty Pāṇ. 5-2, 114 MBh. &c
• violent
• (inī), f. (in rhet.) description of violence
≫ ūrjānī
ūrjā́nī f. strength personified [BRD.
sūryasya duhitṛ Sāy.] RV. i, 119, 2
≫ ūrjita
ūrjita mfn. endowed with strength or power, strong, mighty, powerful, excellent, great, important, gallant, exceeding MBh. Bhag. Ragh. Hit. &c
• proud, bragging
• (am), n. strength, power, valour
• (am), ind. excellently
⋙ ūrjitacitta
○citta mfn. of powerful mind MBh.
⋙ ūrjitāśraya
ūrjitâśraya m. an abode of bravery, a hero, Kirāt
≫ ūrjin
ūrjin mfn. possessing food or strength, faithful
ūrṇu
ūrṇu (connected with √1. vṛ), cl. 2. P. Ā. ūrṇoti and ūrṇauti (Pāṇ. 7-3, 90), ūrṇute, aurṇot (Pāṇ. 7-3, 91 AV.), ūrṇunāva, ūrṇunuve, ūrṇavitā, and ūrṇuvitā (Pāṇ. 1-2, 3), ūrṇuviṣyati, -te, aurṇaviit, aurṇāviit, and aurṇuviit (Pāṇ. 7-2, 6), aurṇaviṣṭa, to cover, invest, hide, surround AV. vii, 1, 2 ; x, 2, 18 ; xviii, 4, 59 Bhaṭṭ.: Ā. to cover one's self BhP.: Desid. P. ūrṇunūṣati, ūrṇunaviṣati, ūrṇunuviṣati Pāṇ. 7-2, 49 Vop.: Intens. Ā. ūrṇonūyate Pat.
≫ ūrṇa
ūrṇa n. (in some compounds = ū́rṇā below) wool
• m. N. of a Yaksha BhP.
⋙ ūrṇanābha
○nābha m. 'having wool on the navel', a spider ŚvetUp. &c
• a particular position of the hands
• N. of a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh.
• of a Dānava Hariv.
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people, g. rājaṇyâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 53
⋙ ūrṇanābhi
○nā́bhi m. a spider ( above) TBr. BṛĀrUp. BhP. &c
⋙ ūrṇanābhī
○nābhī f. id
⋙ ūrṇapaṭa
○paṭa m. 'having a woollen covering', a spider BhP.
⋙ ūrṇamradas
○mradas (ū́rṇa○), mfn. soft as wool RV. v, 5, 4 ; x, 18, 10 AV. xviii, 3, 49 VS.
⋙ ūrṇavābhi
○vā́bhi m. (fr. an obsolete √vabh [= Gk. ? ; Old High Germ. web-an, [221, 3] 'to weave'], Aufrecht) a spider (= ūrṇa-nābhi Sāy.) ŚBr. xiv, 5, 1, 23
≫ ūrṇā
ū́rṇā (less correctly spelt urṇā), f. (cf. Uṇ. v, 47) wool, a woollen thread, thread RV. iv, 22, 2 ; v, 52, 9 ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• cobweb BhP.
• a circle of hair between the eyebrows Kād. Lalit.
• N. of several women
• [cf. úraṇa, úrā, ura-bhra
• also Gk. ? ; Lat. vell-us, vill-us ; Lith. viilna ; [221, 3] Goth. vulla (for vulna) ; Russ. vo1lna ; Mod. Germ. Wolle ; Eng. wool.]
⋙ ūrṇāpiṇḍa
○piṇḍa m. a ball of wool
⋙ ūrṇāmaya
○maya mfn. made of wool, woollen Kum. vii, 25. [Page 222, Column 1]
⋙ ūrṇāvat
○vat mfn. abounding in wool, having wool, woolly RV. vi, 15, 16 ; x, 75, 8
• (ān), m. a spider ŚāṅkhBr.
• N. of a man Pāṇ. 5-3, 118
• (atī), f. a ewe RV. viii, 56, 3
⋙ ūrṇāvala
○valá mfn. having wool, woolly ŚBr. vii
⋙ ūrṇāsūtra
○sūtrá n. a thread of wool VS. ŚBr. &c
⋙ ūrṇāstukā
○stukā f. a tuft of wool AitBr. ĀśvGṛ. &c
⋙ ūrṇodara
ūrṇôdara m. N. of a teacher
≫ ūrṇuta
ūrṇuta mfn. covered, invested Vop. Kāś.
ūrd
ūrd or urd, cl. 1. Ā. ūrdate, ūrdāṃcakre, ūrditā, ūrdiṣyate, aurdiṣṭa Dhātup. ii, 19, to measure L.
• to play, be cheerful L.
• to taste L.
≫ ūrda
ūrda mf(ī)n. sportful, cheerful [T.], g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 42
• (v. l kūrda Kāś.)
ūrdara
ū́rdara m. (etym. doubtful
• fr. √dṝ with ūrj Uṇ. v, 40) a granary [Sāy.] RV. ii, 14, 11
• a hero Comm. on Uṇ.
• a Rakshas ib.
ūrdha
ūrdha ūrdhaka, an incorrect spelling for ūrdhva, ūrdhvaka below
ūrdhva
ūrdhvá mf(ā)n. (√vṛdh BRD.
• perhaps fr. √), rising or tending upwards, raised, elevated, erected, erect, upright, high, above RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. AitBr. &c. (in class. Sanskṛit occurring generally in compounds)
• (am), n. height, elevation L.
• anything placed above or higher (with abl.) L.
• (am), ind. upwards, towards the upper part, aloft, above, in the upper regions, higher (with abl.) AV. xi, 1, 9 ŚBr. xii KātyŚr. MBh. Mn. &c
• (ūrdhvaṃ-√gam, to go upwards or into heaven, die)
• in the sequel, in the later part (e.g. of a book or MS.
• because in Sanskṛit MSS. the later leaves stand above), subsequent, after (with abl.)
ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. Suśr. Mn. &c
• (ata ūrdhvam, or ita ūrdhvam, hence forward, from that time forward, after that passage, hereafter ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. Yājñ. &c
ūrdhvaṃ saṃvatsarāt, after a year Mn. ix, 77
ūrdhvaṃ dehāt, after life, after death MBh. i, 3606)
• after, after the death of (with abl., e.g. ūrdhvaṃ pituḥ, after the father's death Mn. ix, 104)
• in a high tone, aloud BhP.
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. [222, 1] ardūs ; Gae10l. ard.]
⋙ ūrdhvakaca
○kaca m. 'having the hair raised', the descending node L.
⋙ ūrdhvakaṇṭha
○kaṇṭha ās m. pl., N. of a people, VBṛS
• (ā), f. a species of asparagus L.
⋙ ūrdhvakaṇṭhaka
○kaṇṭhaka m. N. of a plant
• (ā), f. a species of asparagus L.
⋙ ūrdhvakapāla
○kapāla mf(ā)n. having a lid or cover (as a vessel) MaitrS. i, 8, 3 KātyŚr. iv, 14, 1
⋙ ūrdhvakara
○kara m. an upper hand (of Vishṇu) Hcat.
• (mfn.) having the hands raised upwards (and also casting rays of light upwards), Ratnāv
⋙ ūrdhvakarṇa
○karṇa mfn. having the ears erect Śak. 8b
• N. of a place
⋙ ūrdhvakarman
○karman n. motion or action tending upwards Pāṇ. 1-3, 24
• (mfn.) one whose actions tend upwards L.
• (ā), m. N. of Vishṇu L.
⋙ ūrdhvakāya
○kāya m. the upper part of the body Naish.
⋙ ūrdhvakṛta
○kṛta mfn. turned or directed upwards Kathās.
⋙ ūrdhvakṛśana
○kṛśana (ūrdhvá○), mfn. (a beverage) whose pungent or strong part is on the surface (said of the Soma) RV. x, 144, 2
• (or N. of a Ṛishi Sāy.)
⋙ ūrdhvaketu
○ketu m. N. of a man BhP.
⋙ ūrdhvakeśa
○keśa mfn. having the hair erect
• m. N. of a man
• (ī), f. N. of a goddess
⋙ ūrdhvakriyā
○kriyā f. motion or action tending upwards
⋙ ūrdhvaga
○ga mfn. going upwards, ascending, hovering MBh. Suśr. &c
• being above, high
• m. N. of a son of Kṛishṇa BhP.
-pura n. the city of Hariścandra (who with his subjects is supposed to be suspended in the atmosphere) W.
○âtman m. 'one whose soul tends upwards', N. of Śiva MBh.
⋙ ūrdhvagati
○gati f. the act of going or tending upwards Suśr.
• the act of skipping, bounding Pañcat.
• (mfn.) going or tending upwards, reaching the heaven MBh. R. &c
• (is), m. fire L.
⋙ ūrdhvagamana
○gamana n. the act of going or tending upwards or to the heaven Naish.
• rising (of a star) Vop.
• rising (of the voice) VPrāt.
• rising, promotion Tattvas.
-vat mfn. moving or tending upwards Vedāntas.
⋙ ūrdhvagāmin
○gāmin mfn. going or tending upwards Suśr.
⋙ ūrdhvaguda
○guda m. a particular disease in the mouth, ŚārṅgS.
⋙ ūrdhvagrāvan
○grāvan (ūrdhvá○), mfn. one who has raised the stone for pressing the Soma RV. iii, 54, 12
• (ā), m. N. of a Ṛishi, RĀnukr
⋙ ūrdhvacaraṇa
○caraṇa mfn. having the feet upwards
• m. a kind of ascetic or devotee T.
• N. of the fabulous animal Śarabha (which has four of its eight feet upwards) T.
⋙ ūrdhvacit
○cít mfn. heaping or piling up VS.
⋙ ūrdhvaja
○ja mfn. being higher, upper Suśr. i, 82, 8
⋙ ūrdhvajatru
○jatru mfn. being above the collar-bone ib.
⋙ ūrdhvajānu
○jānu
⋙ ūrdhvajānuka
○jānuka mfn. raising the knees (in sitting), ŚāṅkhŚr. [Page 222, Column 2]
⋙ ūrdhvajña
○jña (cf. L.) and mfn. (cf. Pāṇ. 5-4, 130), id. MaitrS. AitĀr. &c
⋙ ūrdhvajñu
○jñu (ūrdhvá○), mfn. (cf. Pāṇ. 5-4, 130), id. MaitrS. AitĀr. &c
⋙ ūrdhvajyotis
○jyotis mfn. one whose light tends upwards MaitrS.
⋙ ūrdhvaṃjānu
○"ṣṃ-jānu mfn. being above the knee SāmavBr.
⋙ ūrdhvataraṇa
○taraṇa n. breaking out, overflowing (of a river) VarBṛS.
⋙ ūrdhvatas
○tas ind. upwards Hcat.
⋙ ūrdhvatā
○tā f. = -tva below
⋙ ūrdhvatāla
○tāla m. a kind of time (in music)
⋙ ūrdhvatilaka
○tilaka n. an upright or perpendicular sectarian mark on the forehead
⋙ ūrdhvatilakin
○"ṣtilakin mfn. having the above mark
⋙ ūrdhvatva
○tva n. height, elevation
⋙ ūrdhvadaṃṣṭrakeśa
○daṃṣṭra-keśa m. 'one whose teeth and hair are erect', N. of Śiva MBh.
⋙ ūrdhvadiś
○diś f. the point of the sky overhead, the region above, zenith L.
⋙ ūrdhvadṛś
○dṛś mfn. looking or seeing upwards Kathās.
• (k), m. a crab L.
⋙ ūrdhvadṛṣṭi
○dṛṣṭi f. a glance or look upwards
• (mfn.) looking upwards
⋙ ūrdhvadeva
○deva m. N. of Vishṇu L.
⋙ ūrdhvadeha
○deha m. a body gone above or into heaven, a deceased one R. (cf. aurdhvadehika.)
⋙ ūrdhvadvāra
○dvāra n. the gate opening into heaven, AmṛitUp
⋙ ūrdhvanabhas
○nabhas mfn. being above the clouds VS. vi, 16
⋙ ūrdhvanayana
○nayana mfn. having eyes turned upwards
• N. of the fabulous animal Śarabha L.
⋙ ūrdhvanāla
○nāla mfn. with upraised stalk
⋙ ūrdhvaṃdama
○"ṣṃ-dama mfn. erect, raised Pat. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 60 (cf. aurdhvaṃdamika.)
⋙ ūrdhvapatha
○patha m. 'the upper path', the other R.
⋙ ūrdhvapavitra
○pavitra mfn. pure above TUp.
⋙ ūrdhvapāṭha
○pāṭha m. that which will be read (or is told) further on Comm. on TĀr.
⋙ ūrdhvapātana
○pātana n. the act of causing (mercury) to rise, sublimation (of mercury) Bhpr.
-yantra n. an apparatus for sublimation (of mercury)
⋙ ūrdhvapātra
○pātra n. the lid of a vessel HirGṛ. Yājñ. i, 182 Hcat.
⋙ ūrdhvapāda
○pāda m. the top of the foot Hcat.
• (mfn.) having the feet upward R.
• m. the fabulous animal Śarabha ( -caraṇa above)
⋙ ūrdhvapuṇḍra
○puṇḍra or n. = -tilaka above
⋙ ūrdhvapuṇḍraka
○puṇḍraka n. = -tilaka above
⋙ ūrdhvapūram
○pūram ind. p. so as to become full to the brim Pāṇ. 3-4, 44
⋙ ūrdhvapṛśni
○pṛśni mfn. spotted above VS. MaitrS.
⋙ ūrdhvapramāṇa
○pramāṇa n. height, altitude, Śulbas.
⋙ ūrdhvabarhis
○barhis mfn. being over the sacrificial grass VS. xxxviii, 15
⋙ ūrdhvabāhu
○bāhu mfn. having the arms lifted up TS. v ŚBr. v KātyŚr. BhP. &c
• a kind of ascetic or devotee
• N. of several Ṛishis
⋙ ūrdhvabudhna
○budhna mfn. turned with the bottom upwards (as a vessel) AV. x, 8, 9 ŚBr. xiv
⋙ ūrdhvabṛhatī
○bṛhatī f. N. of a Vedic metre (three lines with twelve syllabic instants in each) RPrāt. 906
⋙ ūrdhvabhaktika
○"ṣbhaktika mfn. effective upwards, causing to come up, emetic Car.
⋙ ūrdhvabharam
○bharam ind. carrying upwards, lifting up TāṇḍyaBr.
⋙ ūrdhvabhāga
○bhāga m. upper part, higher part, subsequent part Hcat.
• Comm on Pāṇ.
• (mfn.) effective towards the upper part, emetic Car.
⋙ ūrdhvabhāgika
○"ṣbhāgika mfn. id. ib.
⋙ ūrdhvabhāj
○bhāj mfn. tending upwards MaitrUp. MBh. iii (also N. of Agni)
• emetic Car.
⋙ ūrdhvabhās
○bhās mfn. one whose splendour rises ( anū○)
⋙ ūrdhvabhāsin
○bhāsin mfn. flaming or radiating upwards MBh.
⋙ ūrdhvabhūmi
○bhūmi f. upper floor or story Pañcad.
⋙ ūrdhvamaṇḍalin
○maṇḍalin m. a particular position of the hands in dancing
⋙ ūrdhvamanthin
○manthin mfn. 'keeping the semen (manthin) above', abstaining from sexual intercourse, living in chastity TĀr. ii, 7, 1 BhP.
⋙ ūrdhvamāna
○māna n. height, altitude
⋙ ūrdhvamāyu
○māyu mfn. giving forth a loud noise AV. v, 20, 4
⋙ ūrdhvamāruta
○māruta n. pressure of the wind (of the body) upwards (so as to cause vomiting) Suśr.
⋙ ūrdhvamukha
○mukha mfn. having the mouth or opening turned upwards, turned upwards Kum. Ragh. &c
⋙ ūrdhvamuṇḍa
○muṇḍa mfn. being bald above, having a bald crown (of the head) VP.
⋙ ūrdhvamuhūrta
○muhūrta n. the immediately following moment
⋙ ūrdhvamauhūrtika
○"ṣmauhūrtika mfn. happening immediately afterwards or after a short interval Pāṇ.
⋙ ūrdhvaraktin
○"ṣraktin mfn. one whose blood rises towards the head Bhpr.
⋙ ūrdhvarāji
○rāji f. a line running from below upwards Suśr.
⋙ ūrdhvarekhā
○rekhā
f. id. Ragh. Pañcad. Naish.
⋙ ūrdhvaretas
○retas or (cf. TĀr. x, 12), mfn. keeping the semen above, living in chastity Gaut. MBh. Hariv. Kathās. &c
⋙ ūrdhvareta
○reta (cf. TĀr. x, 12), mfn. keeping the semen above, living in chastity
Gaut. MBh. Hariv. Kathās. &c
• (ās), m. N. of Śiva MBh. xiii
• of Bhīshma L.
-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ ūrdhvaroman
○roman mfn. having the hair of the body erect MBh. BhP.
• (ā), m. N. of a mountain BhP. v, 20, 15
⋙ ūrdhvaliṅga
○liṅga and mfn. having the membrum above (i.e. chaste)
⋙ ūrdhvaliṅgin
○liṅgin mfn. having the membrum above (i.e. chaste)
• (ī), m. N. of Śiva MBh. Hcat.
⋙ ūrdhvaloka
○loka m. the upper world, world above, heaven
⋙ ūrdhvavaktra
○vaktra ās m. pl. 'having the face above', N. of a class of deities VP.
⋙ ūrdhvavayas
○vayas n. of eminent vigour MaitrS.
⋙ ūrdhvavartman
○vartman n. 'the path above', the ether W.
⋙ ūrdhvavāc
○vāc mfn. having a loud voice
⋙ ūrdhvavāta
○vāta m. = -māruta above
⋙ ūrdhvavāla
○vāla mfn. with the hair turned upwards or outwards Gaut. xxiii, 18 PārGṛ.
⋙ ūrdhvavāsya
○vāsya n. a particular dress of women ĀpŚr.
⋙ ūrdhvavṛta
○vṛta mfn. put on or wound round from below upwards (as the sacred thread) Mn. ii, 44
⋙ ūrdhvaveṇīdhara
○veṇī-dhara mfn. wearing the hair tied together on the crown MBh.
• (ā), f. N. of a woman in the retinue of Skanda. [Page 222, Column 3]
⋙ ūrdhvaśāyin
○śāyin m. 'lying with the face upwards, supine', N. of Śiva MBh. iii
⋙ ūrdhvaśocis
○śocis mfn. one whose splendour rises upwards, flaming upwards (said of Agni) RV. vi, 15, 2
⋙ ūrdhvaśodhana
○śodhana n. 'purifying or emptying upwards', vomiting W.
⋙ ūrdhvaśoṣam
○śoṣam ind. p. so as to dry above Pāṇ. 3-4, 44 Bhaṭṭ.
⋙ ūrdhvaśvāsa
○śvāsa m. 'breathing above', shortness of breath, a kind of asthma Suśr. Bhpr.
⋙ ūrdhvasaṃhanana
○saṃhanana m. 'of tall and robust frame', N. of Śiva MBh. xiii
⋙ ūrdhvasad
○sad mfn. sitting or being above or on high ĀpŚr.
⋙ ūrdhvasadman
○sadman m. N. of an Āṅgirasa
⋙ ūrdhvasadmana
○"ṣsadmana n. N. of a Sāman composed by the above TāṇḍyaBr. (cf. the more correct form aurdhva-sa○.)
⋙ ūrdhvasasya
○sasya mf(ā)n. having high spikes of corn MBh.
⋙ ūrdhvasāna
○sāná mfn. high, superior, victorious RV. x, 99, 7
⋙ ūrdhvasānu
○sānu mfn. having a high back (as a horse), high, surpassing RV. i, 152, 5
• having an elevated edge ĀpŚr.
⋙ ūrdhvastana
○stana mf(ī)n. high-breasted Suśr.
⋙ ūrdhvastoma
○stoma mfn. celebrated with continually increasing Stomas (as a Daśa-rātra festival) ŚBr. xii Vait.
⋙ ūrdhvasthiti
○sthiti f. standing upright, rearing (of a horse)
• a horse's back
• the place where the rider sits W.
• elevation, superiority L.
⋙ ūrdhvasrotas
○srotas n. 'having the current upwards', N. of a particular creation MārkP.
• (asas), m. pl., N. of particular animals whose stream of life or nutriment tends upwards MBh. BhP. VP. &c
• (ās), m. (= ūrdhva-retas), N. of Śiva L.
• a kind of Yogin T.
⋙ ūrdhvasvapna
○svapna mfn. sleeping upright (said of trees) AV. vi, 44, 1
⋙ ūrdhvāṅga
ūrdhvâṅga n. the upper part of the body, i.e. the part above the collar-bone
⋙ ūrdhvāṅguli
ūrdhvâṅguli mfn. with raised fingers MBh.
⋙ ūrdhvāmnāya
ūrdhvâmnāya m. 'a subsequent or further sacred tradition', N. of a sacred writing of the Śāktas
• also of a certain Vaishṇava sect
⋙ ūrdhvāyana
ūrdhvâyana n. going or rising up, flying up Naish.
• (ās), m. pl., N. of the Vaiśyas in Plakshadviipa BhP.
⋙ ūrdhvāroha
ūrdhvâroha m. rising upwards Rājat.
⋙ ūrdhvāvarta
ūrdhvâvarta m. rearing of a horse L.
⋙ ūrdhvāśin
ūrdhvâśin eating upright Sarvad.
⋙ ūrdhvāsita
ūrdhvâsita m. Momordica Charantia
⋙ ūrdhveḍa
ūrdhvêḍa m. N. of a Sāman TāṇḍyaBr.
⋙ ūrdhveha
ūrdhvêha m. wish or effort to raise one's self Vop.
⋙ ūrdhvocchvāsin
ūrdhvôcchvāsín mfn. breathing one's last ŚBr. xiv
≫ ūrdhvaka
ūrdhvaka mfn. raised, lifted up SaṃnyUp.
• m. a kind of drum Naish.
≫ ūrdhvathā
ūrdhváthā ind. upwards, erect RV. x, 23, 1
≫ ūrdhvāya
ūrdhvāya Nom. Ā. ūrdhvāyate, to rise, go upwards Bhpr.
≫ ūrdhvīkṛ
ūrdhvī-√kṛ P. to raise aloft, elevate
ūrmi
ūrmí is mf. (√ Uṇ. iv, 44), a wave, billow RV. AV. VS. KātyŚr. MBh. Ragh. &c
• (figuratively) wave of pain or passion or grief &c. R. Prab. &c
• 'the waves of existence' (six are enumerated, viz. cold and heat of the body, greediness and illusion of the mind, and hunger and thirst of life Subh.
• or according to others, hunger, thirst, decay, death, grief, illusion Comm. on VP. W.)
• speed, velocity TBr. ii, 5, 7, r Śiś. v, 4
• symbolical expression for the number six RāmatUp.
• a fold or plait in a garment L.
• line, row L.
• missing, regretting, desire L.
• appearance, becoming manifest L. ; [Lith. vil-ni-s ; Old High Germ. wella ; Mod. Germ. Welle ; Eng. well.]
⋙ ūrmimat
○mat mfn. wavy, undulating, billowy R.
• plaited, curled (as hair) MBh.
• (ān), m. the ocean MBh. i
• crooked L.
-tā f. undulation
• crookedness L.
⋙ ūrmimālā
○mālā f. 'a garland of waves', row of waves
• N. of a metre (consisting of four lines of eleven syllables each) VarBṛS.
⋙ ūrmimālin
○"ṣmālin mfn. wreathed with waves, having waves MBh. R.
• (ī), m. the ocean Ragh. v, 61
⋙ ūrmiṣaṭkātiga
○ṣaṭkâtiga mfn. one who has surpassed or overcome the six waves of existence BrahmaP.
≫ ūrmikā
ūrmikā f. a wave L.
• a finger ring Rājat.
• a plait or fold in a garment L.
• humming (of bees) L.
≫ ūrmin
ūrmín mfn. undulating, wavy RV. ix, 98, 6 TS. i MBh. &c
≫ ūrmya
ū́rmya mfn. undulating, wavy VS. xvi, 31
• (ā), f. night RV.
ūrmilā
ūrmilā f. N. of several women MBh. Ragh. &c
ūrv
ūrv or urv, cl. 1. P. ūrvati, ūrvāṃcakāra, &c., to kill, hurt Dhātup. xv, 60
ūrva 2
ūrvá (for 1. p. 221, col. 2), mfn. (probably connected with uru), broad, extensive, great, excessive, much RV. [Page 223, Column 1]
• m. the ocean RV.
ūrvarā
ūrvarā f. v. l. for urvarā, q.v
ūrvaśī
ūrvaśī f. v. l. for urvaśī, q.v
ūrvaṣṭhīva
ūrv-aṣṭhīvá &c. under ūrú
ūrvī
ūrvī &c. p. 221, cols. 2 & 3
ūrṣā
ūrṣā f. Andropogon Serratum L.
ūlupin
ūlupin ūlūka, ūvaṭa, vv. ll. for ulupin, ulūka, uvaṭa, qq. v
ūvadhya
ū́vadhya ū́badhya
ūṣ
ūṣ cl. 1. P. ūṣati, ūṣāṃ-cakāra, ūṣitā, &c., to be sick or ill Dhātup. xvii, 32
ūṣa
ū́ṣa m. (√uṣ BRD.
• √ūṣ T.), salt ground, soil impregnated with saline particles TS. AitBr. iv, 27, 9 ŚBr. Mn. v, 120 Suśr. &c. (according to the Brāhmaṇas also 'cattle')
• a cleft, hole L.
• the cavity of the ear L.
• the Malaya mountain L.
• dawn, daybreak L. (in the latter sense also n. W.)
• (ā and ī), f. soil impregnated with saline particles, sterile soil KātyŚr. BhP.
• (ā), f. N. of a daughter of Bāṇa and wife of Aniruddha (v. l. uṣā, q.v.)
⋙ ūṣapuṭa
○puṭá m. a case of salt, pieces of salt put into a wrapper MaitrS. ŚBr. KātyŚr.
⋙ ūṣavat
○vat mfn. containing salt, consisting of saline soil L.
⋙ ūṣasikata
○sikatá n. granular salt ŚBr. vi MānGṛ.
≫ ūṣaka
ūṣaka n. salt or pepper Suśr.
• daybreak, dawn L.
≫ ūṣaṇa
ūṣaṇa n. black pepper Suśr.
• (ā), f. long pepper Suśr.
≫ ūṣara
ūṣará mf(ā)n. impregnated with salt, containing salt
• (am), n. saline soil
ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. Mn. &c
⋙ ūṣaraja
○ja n. a kind of fossil salt L.
≫ ūṣarāya
ūṣarāya Nom. Ā. ūṣarāyate, to become a saline or sterile soil Pañcat.
ūṣman
ūṣmán ā m. (√uṣ, cf. uṣman), heat, glow, ardour, hot vapour, steam, vapour AV. vi, 18, 3 VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. BhP. (also figuratively said of passion or of money &c.)
• the hot season L.
• (in Gr.) N. applied to certain sounds (viz. the three sibilants, h, Visarga, Jihvāmūlīya, Upadhmānīya, and Anusvāra) RPrāt. 11, &c. APrāt. VPrāt. Kāś. &c. (the TPrāt. omits Visarga and Anusvāra)
≫ ūṣma
ūṣmá (in comp. for ūṣmán above)
⋙ ūṣmaja
○ja mfn. produced from vapour (as animals of low order) Kap.
⋙ ūṣmatva
○tva n. (in Gr.) the state of being an Ūshman ( above) Comm. on TPrāt.
⋙ ūṣmapa
○pa mfn. imbibing the steam of hot food Kād.
• m. fire BhP.
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of manes MBh. Bhag. Hariv. &c
⋙ ūṣmapara
○para mfn. followed by an Ūshman sound, above
⋙ ūṣmapura
○pura n. N. of a Buddhist temple
⋙ ūṣmaprakṛti
○prakṛti mfn. produced from an Ūshman RPrāt. 406
⋙ ūṣmabhāga
○bhāga (ūṣmá○), mfn. one whose portion is vapour TBr. i
⋙ ūṣmavat
○vat mfn. hot, steaming Suśr.
⋙ ūṣmānta
ūṣmânta mfn. ending in an Ūshman
⋙ ūṣmāntaḥstha
ūṣmântaḥstha ās m. pl. the Ūshmans and the AntaĆ¾sthas or semivowels
⋙ ūṣmāpaha
ūṣmâpaha m. 'removing heat', the winter L.
⋙ ūṣmāyaṇa
ūṣmâyaṇa n. the hot season L.
⋙ ūṣmopagama
ūṣmôpagama m. the approach of the hot season L.
≫ ūṣmaka
ūṣmaka m. the hot season L.
≫ ūṣmaṇya
ūṣmaṇyá mfn. giving forth hot vapour, steaming RV. i, 162, 13
≫ ūṣmā
ūṣmā f. vapour, steam MBh. xiii
≫ ūṣmāya
ūṣmāya Nom. Ā. ūṣmāyate, to emit heat or hot vapour
• to steam Pāṇ. 3-1, 16 Hcar. &c
ūh 1
ūh cl. 1. P. Ā. ūhati, -te, ūhāṃcakāra and -cakre, ūhitā, auhīt, auhiṣṭa (connected with √vah, q.v., and in some forms not to be distinguished from it), to push, thrust, move, remove (only when compounded with prepositions)
• to change, alter, modify ŚāṅkhŚr. Comm. on Nyāyam.
≫ ūḍha 2
ūḍha mfn. (for 1. s.v. and √vah) pushed, thrust, moved
• changed, modified
≫ ūha 1
ūha m. removing, derangement, transposition, change, modification Lāṭy. ŚāṅkhŚr. Pat. &c
• adding, addition Car.
⋙ ūhagāna
○gāna n. and N. of the third Gāna or hymn-book of the Sāma-veda. [Page 223, Column 2]
⋙ ūhagīti
○gīti f. N. of the third Gāna or hymn-book of the Sāma-veda. [Page 223, Column 2]
⋙ ūhacchalā
○cchalā f. N. of a chapter of the Sāmaveda-cchalā
≫ ūhana 1
ūhana n. transposition, change, modification Nyāyam.
• (ī), f. a broom L.
≫ ūhanīya 1
ūhanīya mfn. to be changed or modified Nyāyam.
≫ ūhita
ūhita mfn. changed, modified
≫ ūhitavya
ūhitavya mfn. id. ib. Comm. on Lāṭy.
≫ ūhinī
ūhinī f. a broom L.
≫ ūhya 1
ūhya mfn. to be changed or modified Nyāyam.
⋙ ūhyagāna
○gāna n. N. of the fourth Gāna or hymn-book of the Sāma-veda
⋙ ūhyacchalā
○cchalā f. N. of a chapter of the Sāmaveda-cchalā
ūh 2
ūh cl. 1. P. Ā. ūhati, -te (Ved. ohate), ūhāṃ-cakāra, &c. (by native authorities not distinguished from 1. ūh above), to observe, mark, note, attend to, heed, regard RV. AV. xx, 131, 10
• to expect, hope for, wait for, listen for RV.
• to comprehend, conceive, conjecture, guess, suppose, infer, reason, deliberate upon
MBh. BhP. Nyāyam. Bhaṭṭ. &c.: Caus. ūhayati (aor. aujihat), to consider, heed MBh.
• to cause to suppose or infer Bhaṭṭ.
≫ ūḍha 3
ūḍha mfn. concluded, inferred (cf. abhyūḍha.)
≫ ūha 2
ūha m. the act of comprehending, conceiving
• consideration, deliberation, examination
• supposition, conclusion, inference MBh. BhP. Mn. &c
• (ā), f. id. L.
⋙ ūhavat
○vat mfn. comprehending easily Gaut. MBh.
≫ ūhana 2
ūhana n. deliberation, reasoning
≫ ūhanīya 2
ūhanīya mfn. to be deliberated upon
• to be inferred or concluded Sarvad.
≫ ūhya 2
ūhya mfn. id. VarBṛS.
ūhivas
ūhivas perf. p. of √vah, q.v