Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Version: 0.1 beta
Last updated: Thu 03/27/2003 11:40 PM
Based on the IITS - Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon
Based on R.B. Mahoney's (r.mahoney@comnet.net.nz) HTML Version 0.1a
Copyright © by University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln)
This Unicode HTML version by Prem Pahlajrai: (prem@u.washington.edu)
u
u 1
u the fifth letter and third short vowel of the alphabet, pronounced as the u in full
⋙ ukāra
○kāra m. the letter or sound u
u 2
u ind. an interjection of compassion, anger L
• a particle implying assent, calling, command L
u 3
u ind. an enclitic copula used frequently in the Vedas
• (as a particle implying restriction and antithesis, generally after pronominals, prepositions, particles, and before nu and su, equivalent to) and, also, further
• on the other hand (especially in connexion with a relative, e.g. ya u, he on the contrary who &c.) This particle may serve to give emphasis, like id and eva, especially after prepositions or demonstrative pronouns, in conjunction with nu, vai, hi, cid, &c. (e.g. ayám u vām purutámo.. johaviiti [RV. iii, 62, 2], this very person your worshipper invokes you &c.) It is especially used in the figure of speech called Anaphora, and particularly when the pronouns are repeated (e.g. tám u stuṣa índram tám gṛṇīṣe [RV. ii, 20, 4], him I praise, Indra, him I sing). It may be used in drawing a conclusion, like the English 'now' (e.g. tád u táthā ná kuryāt [ŚBr. v, 2, 2, 3], that now he should not do in such a manner), and is frequently found in interrogative sentences (e.g. ká u tác ciketa [RV. i, 164, 48], who, I ask, should know that?) Pāṇini calls this particle to distinguish it from the interrogative u. In the Pada-pāṭha it is written ūm. In the classical language u occurs only after atha, na, and kim, with a slight modification of the sense, and often only as an expletive ( kim)
u - u or u - uta, on the one hand - on the other hand
• partly - partly
• as, well - as
u 4
u cl. 5. P. unoti ( vy-u RV. v, 31, 1): cl. 2. Ā. (1. sg. uvé RV. x, 86, 7): cl. 1. Ā. avate Dhātup
• to call to, hail
• to roar, bellow ( also ôta = ā-uta)
u 5
u m. N. of Śiva
• also of Brahman L
uka
uka ind., g. câdi Pāṇ. 1-4, 57
ukaṇa
ukaṇa v. l. for uṇaka, q.v. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 41
ukanāha
ukanāha m. a horse of a red and yellow or red and black colour, a bay or chestnut horse L
ukuṇa
ukuṇa m. a bug L
• v. l. utkuṇa
ukta
ukta mfn. (p.p. of √vac, q.v.), uttered, said, spoken
• m. N. of a divine being (vḷ. for uktha, q.v.) Hariv
• (am), n. word, sentence Śiś. &c
• (am, ā), n. f. a stanza of four lines (with one syllabic instant or one long or two short syllables in each) ; [Zd. ukhta.]
⋙ uktatva
○tva n. the being spoken or uttered Sāh
⋙ uktanirvāha
○nirvāha m. maintaining an assertion
⋙ uktapuṃska
○puṃska a (feminine or neuter) word of which also a masculine is mentioned or exists (and whose meaning only differs from that of the masculine by the notion of gender
• e.g. the word gaṅgā is not ukta-puṃska, whereas such words as śubhra and grāma-ṇī are so
• cf. bhāṣita-puṃska) Vop. iv, 8
⋙ uktapūrva
○pūrva mfn. spoken before or formerly MBh
⋙ uktapratyukta
○pratyuktá n. speech and reply, discourse, conversation ŚBr. xi, 5, 1, 10
• a kind of anthem or alternate song Sāh
⋙ uktavat
○vat mfn. one who has spoken ( √vac)
⋙ uktavarjam
○varjam ind. except the cases mentioned
⋙ uktavākya
○vākya mfn. one who has given an opinion R
• (am), n. a dictum, decree L
⋙ uktānukta
uktânukta mfn. spoken and not spoken
⋙ uktānuśāsana
uktấnuśāsana mfn. one who has received an order ŚBr. xiv, 7, 3, 25
⋙ uktopaniṣatka
uktôpaniṣatka mfn. one who has been taught the Upanishads ŚBr. xiv, 6, 11, 1
⋙ uktopasaṃhāra
uktôpasaṃhāra m. any brief or compendious phrase or description. [Page 172, Column 1]
≫ ukti
ukti f. sentence, proclamation, speech, expression, word Mn. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• a worthy speech or word BhP
≫ uktvā
uktvā ind. p. having spoken or said ( √vac)
≫ uktha
ukthá n. a saying, sentence, verse, eulogy, praise RV. AV. VS
• (in the ritual) a kind of recitation or certain recited verses forming a subdivision of the Śastras (they generally form a series, and are recited in contradistinction to the Sāman verses which are sung and to the Yajus or muttered sacrificial formulas) AitBr. TS. ŚBr. ChUp. &c
• (the mahad-uktham or bṛhad-uktham, 'great Uktha', forms a series of verses, in three sections, each containing eighty Tṛicas or triple verses, recited at the end of the Agnicayana)
• N. of the Sāma-veda ŚBr
• (ā), f. a kind of metre (four times one long or two short syllables)
• m. a form of Agni MBh
• N. of a prince VP
• N. of a divine being belonging to the Viśve Devās Hariv. 11542
⋙ ukthaṃvāc
○"ṣṃ-vāc f. a particular part of a Śastra ĀśvŚr
⋙ ukthadoha
○doha m. a particular final part of a Śastra AitĀr
⋙ ukthapattra
○pattra mfn. having verses as wings VS. xvii, 55
⋙ ukthapātra
○pātra n. vessels of libation offered during the recitation of an Uktha Nir
⋙ ukthabhṛt
○bhṛ́t mfn. offering verses RV. vii, 33, 14
⋙ ukthamukha
○mukha n. the beginning of an Uktha recitation AitBr. AitĀr. ŚāṅkhBr
⋙ ukthavat
○vat mfn. connected with an Uktha AitBr
⋙ ukthavardhana
○várdhana mfn. having hymns as a cause of refreshment, one who is refreshed or delighted by praise RV. viii, 14, 11
⋙ ukthavāhas
○vāhas (ukthá○), mfn. offering verses RV. viii, 12, 13
• one to whom verses are offered RV
⋙ ukthavid
○vid mfn. conversant with, hymns of praise ŚBr
⋙ ukthavidha
○vidha mfn. verse-like ŚBr
⋙ ukthavīrya
○vīrya n. a particular part of a Śastra AitĀr
⋙ ukthaśaṃsin
○śaṃsín mfn. praising RV. vi, 45, 6 ; viii, 103, 4
• uttering the Ukthas
⋙ ukthaśas
○śás (in strong cases ○śās), mfn. and mfn. uttering a verse, praising Pāṇ. 3-2, 71 RV. AitBr. TS. KātyŚr. ŚBr. &c
⋙ ukthaśasa
○śasá mfn. uttering a verse, praising Pāṇ. 3-2, 71 RV. AitBr. TS. KātyŚr. ŚBr. &c
⋙ ukthaśāstra
○śāstra n. N. of wk
⋙ ukthaśuṣma
○śuṣma (ukthá○), mfn. loudly resonant with verses, moving on with the sound of verses (as with the roaring of waters), accompanied by sounding verses
• one whose strength is praise ṣāy. RV
⋙ ukthasaṃpad
○saṃpad f. a particular concluding verse of a Śastra AitĀr
⋙ ukthādi
ukthâdi m. N. of a gaṇa, (Pāṇ. 4-2, 60.)
⋙ ukthāmada
ukthāmadá n. praise and rejoicing AV. v, 26, 3 AitBr. Kāṭh. TĀr. MaitrS
⋙ ukthārka
ukthârká n. recitation and hymn RV. vi, 34, 1
⋙ ukthāvī
ukthā-vī mfn. fond of verses VS
⋙ ukthāśastra
ukthā-śastrá n. recitation and praise VS
≫ ukthāyu
ukthāyú mfn. eager for praise TS. MaitrS
≫ ukthin
ukthin mfn. uttering verses, praising, lauding
• accompanied by praise or (in ritual) by Ukthas RV. VS. AitBr
≫ ukthya
ukthyá mfn. accompanied by verse or praise, consisting of praise, deserving praise, skilled in praising RV. AV
• accompanied by Ukthas ŚBr. KātyŚr
• m. a libation (graha) at the morning and midday sacrifice TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
• (scil. kratu) N. of a liturgical ceremony (forming part of the Jyotishṭoma &c.) AV. TS. ĀśvŚr. &c
• a Soma-yajña Lāṭy. R
⋙ ukthyapātra
○pātrá n. a vessel for the libation during an Uktha recitation ŚBr
⋙ ukthyasthālī
○sthālī́ f. a jar for the preparation of an Uktha libation ŚBr
ukṣ 1
ukṣ cl. 1. P. Ā. ukṣáti, ukṣáte (p. úkṣat RV. i, 114, 7, and ukṣamāṇa AV. iii, 12, 1 RV. iv, 42, 4, &c
ukṣāṃ-cakāra [Bhaṭṭ
• for vavákṣa &c. √vakṣ]
aúkṣat and aúkṣīt, ukṣitum) to sprinkle, moisten, wet RV. AV. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• to sprinkle or scatter in small drops
• to emit
• to throw out, scatter (as sparks) RV. AV. &c
• to emit seed (as a bull)
• to be strong RV. i, 114, 7 ; x, 55, 7, &c.: Caus. Ā. ukṣayate, to strengthen RV. vi, 17, 4 ; [Lith. ūkana: Hib. uisg, uisge, 'water, a river' ; uisgeach, 'aquatic, watery, fluid, moist, pluvial:' Gk. ?, ?, ?: Lat. ūveo (for ugveo), ūmor, &c.] [172, 1]
≫ ukṣ 2
ukṣ mfn. ifc. dropping, pouring, bṛhad-ukṣ
• becoming strong, sākam-ukṣ
≫ ukṣa
ukṣa mfn. large Nir
• ifc. = ukṣán below ( jātôkṣa, bṛhad-ukṣa, &c.)
≫ ukṣaṇa
ukṣaṇa n. sprinkling, consecrating BhP. VarBṛS. Ragh. &c
≫ ukṣaṇya
ukṣaṇya Nom. P. ukṣaṇyáti, to wish for bulls &c
• to desire one who pours down riches ṣāy. RV. viii, 26, 9
≫ ukṣaṇyāyana
ukṣaṇyā́yana m. a descendant of Ukshaṇya RV. viii, 25, 22. [Page 172, Column 2]
≫ ukṣaṇyu
ukṣaṇyú mfn. wishing for bulls &c
• desirous of one who pours down riches ṣāy. RV. viii, 23, 16
≫ ukṣan
ukṣán ā m. an ox or bull (as impregnating the flock
• in the Veda especially as drawing the chariot of Ushas or dawn) RV. AV. TS. KātyŚr. MBh. Kum. &c
• N. of the Soma (as sprinkling or scattering small drops)
• of the Maruts
• of the sun and Agni RV
• one of the eight chief medicaments (ṛṣabha) L
• N. of a man
• (mfn.) large L. ; [Zd. ukhshan ; Goth. auhsa and auhsu ; Armen. eṣn.]
≫ ukṣa
ukṣá^ (in comp. for ukṣán)
⋙ ukṣatara
○tara m. a small or young bull Pāṇ. 5-3, 91
• a big bull L
⋙ ukṣavaśa
○vaśa m. sg. and du. a bull and a barren cow TS. ŚBr
⋙ ukṣavehat
○vehát m. an impotent bull ŚBr
⋙ ukṣasena
○sena m. N. of a king MaitrUp
⋙ ukṣānna
ukṣấnna mfn. one whose food is oxen RV. viii, 43, 11
≫ ukṣita
ukṣitá mfn. sprinkled, moistened AV. v, 5, 8 MBh. Ragh. Kum. &c
• strong, of full growth RV
ukh
ukh cl. 1. P. okhati, uvokha, okhitum, to go, move Dhātup. Vop
ukha
ukhá m. (fr. √khan with 1. ud?), a boiler, caldron, vessel AV. xi, 3, 18
• N. of a pupil of Tittiri Pāṇ. TAnukr
• a particular part of the upper leg Lāṭy
• (ā́), f. a boiler
• any saucepan or pot or vessel which can be put on the fire RV. AV. xii, 3, 23 TS. Suśr. &c
• a particular part of the upper leg Pāṇ. Car. &c
⋙ ukhacchid
○cchíd (ukha○), mfn. fragile as a pot ṇBḍ. RV. iv, 19, 9
⋙ ukhāsaṃbharaṇa
ukhā-saṃbharaṇa n. 'preparing the caldron', N. of the sixth book of the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa
≫ ukhya
úkhya mfn. being in a caldron VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• boiled or cooked in a pot (as flesh &c.) Pāṇ. &c
• m. N. of a grammarian
ukharvala
ukharvala or ukhala m. a kind of grass (a sort of Andropogon) L
ugaṇa
úgaṇa mfn. (corrupted fr. ud-gaṇa, or uru-gaṇa?), consisting of extended troops (used in connexion with senā, an army) VS. SV
ugra
ugrá mfn. (said to be fr. √uc [Uṇ. ii, 29], but probably fr. a √uj, or √vaj, fr. which also ojas, vāja, vajra may be derived
• compar. ugratara and ójīyas
• superl. ugratama and ójiṣṭha), powerful, violent, mighty, impetuous, strong, huge, formidable, terrible
• high, noble
• cruel, fierce, ferocious, savage
• angry, passionate, wrathful
• hot, sharp, pungent, acrid RV. AV. TS. R. Śak. Ragh. &c
• m. N. of Rudra or Śiva MBh. VP
• of a particular Rudra BhP
• N. of a mixed tribe (from a Kshatriya father and Śūdra mother
• the Ugra, according to Manu x, 9, is of cruel or rude [krūra] conduct [ācāra] and employment [vihāra], as killing or catching snakes &c
• but according to the Tantras he is an encomiast or bard) Mn. Yājñ. &c
• a twice-born man who perpetrates dreadful deeds Comm. on Āp. i, 7, 20 Āp. Gaut
• the tree Hyperanthera Moringa L
• N. of a Dānava Hariv
• a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh
• the Guru of Narendrāditya (who built a temple called Ugreśa)
• a group of asterisms (viz. pūrva-phālgunī, pūrvâṣāḍhā, pūrva-bhādrapadā, maghā, bharaṇī)
• N. of the Malabar country
• (ā), f. N. of different plants, Artemisia Sternutatoria, Coriandrum Sativum, &c
• (ī́), f. a being belonging to the class of demons AV. iv, 24, 2
• (am), n. a particular poison, the √of Aconitum Ferox
• wrath, anger ; [Zd. ughra: Gk. ?, ?, Lat. [172, 2] augeo &c.: Goth. auka, 'I increase' ; Lith. ug-is, 'growth, increase' ; aug-u, 'I grow', &c.]
⋙ ugrakarṇika
○karṇika mfn. having an exceedingly big ornament for the ear R. (ed. Gorr.) iv, 40, 29
⋙ ugrakarman
○karman mfn. fierce in action, violent MBh
⋙ ugrakāṇḍa
○kāṇḍa m. a sort of gourd, Momordica Charantia L
⋙ ugrakālī
○kālī f. a form of Durgā
⋙ ugragandha
○gandha mfn. strong-smelling
• m. the plant Michelia Champaca
• garlic
• (ā), f. orris √
• a medicinal plant
• Artemisia Sternutatoria
• Pimpinella Involucrata
• the common caraway (Carum Carui &c.)
• Ligusticum Ajowan
• (am), n. Asa Foetida L
⋙ ugragandhikā
○gandhikā f. a species of caraway L
⋙ ugragandhin
○gandhin mfn. strong-smelling, stinking Vishṇus
⋙ ugragādha
○gādha m. any unfathomable or dangerous depth (of a river &c.) TāṇḍyaBr
⋙ ugracaṇḍā
○caṇḍā f. N. of a goddess, KālikāP
⋙ ugracaya
○caya m. strong desire
⋙ ugracārin
○cārin mfn. moving impetuously (said of the moon) BhP
• (iṇī), f. N. of Durgā
⋙ ugrajāti
○jāti mfn. base-born
⋙ ugrajit
○jít f. N. of an Apsaras AV. vi, 118, 1
⋙ ugratapas
○tapas m. N. of a Muni
⋙ ugratā
○tā f. and violence, passion, anger
⋙ ugratva
○tva n. violence, passion, anger
• pungency, acrimony MBh. Sāh. &c
⋙ ugratārā
○tārā f. N. of a goddess, KālikāP. [Page 172, Column 3]
⋙ ugratejas
○tejas mfn. endowed with great or terrible energy R
• (ās), m. N. of a Nāga MBh
• of a Buddha
• of another divine being Lalit
⋙ ugradaṃṣṭra
○daṃṣṭra mfn. having terrific teeth
⋙ ugradaṇḍa
○daṇḍa mfn. 'stern-sceptred or holding a terrible rod'
• relentless, remorseless, severe VarBṛS. Pañcat. &c
⋙ ugradanta
○danta mfn. having terrific teeth L
⋙ ugradarśana
○darśana mfn. of a frightful appearance, frightful, terrible MBh
⋙ ugraduhitṛ
○duhitṛ f. daughter of a powerful man Kāty. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 70
⋙ ugradeva
○deva m. N. of a man TĀr. TāṇḍyaBr
⋙ ugradhanvan
○dhanvan (ugrá○), m. having a powerful bow, N. of Indra RV. x, 103, 3 AV. viii, 6, 18 ; xix, 13, 4
⋙ ugranāsika
○nāsika mfn. large-nosed L
⋙ ugrapaśya
○paśyá mfn. frightful, hideous, fierce-looking
• malignant, wicked (said of dice) AV. vii, 109, 6
• (ā), f. N. of an Apsaras AV. TĀr
⋙ ugraputra
○putra m. son of a powerful man ŚBr
• (ī), f. = -duhitṛ above
• (mfn.) having mighty sons RV. viii, 67, 11
⋙ ugrabāhu
○bāhu mfn. one whose arms are large or powerful RV. AV
⋙ ugrabhaṭa
○bhaṭa m. N. of a king Kathās
⋙ ugrabhairava
○bhairava m. N. of a Kāpālika
⋙ ugramaya
○maya m. N. of a demon causing diseases Hariv
⋙ ugraretas
○retas m. a form of Rudra BhP
⋙ ugravīra
○vīra mfn. having powerful men
⋙ ugravīrya
○vīrya mfn. terrible in might MBh
⋙ ugravega
○vega mfn. of terrible velocity MBh
⋙ ugravyagra
○vyagra m. N. of a Dānava Hariv
⋙ ugraśakti
○śakti m. 'of terrible might', N. of a son of king Amaraśakti
⋙ ugraśāsana
○śāsana mfn. severe in command, strict in orders
⋙ ugraśekharā
○śekharā f. 'crest of Śiva', N. of the Gaṅgā
⋙ ugraśoka
○śoka mfn. sorely grieving
⋙ ugraśravaṇadarśana
○śravaṇa-darśana mfn. terrible to hear and see
⋙ ugraśravas
○śravas m. N. of a man MBh
⋙ ugrasena
○sena m. N. of several princes, e.g. of a brother of Janam-ejaya ŚBr. MBh. &c
• (ī), f. N. of the wife of Akrūra VP
-ja m. N. of Kaṃsa (the uncle and enemy of Kṛishṇa)
⋙ ugrasenānī
○senānī m. N. of Kṛishṇa MBh
⋙ ugrasevita
○sevita mfn. inhabited by violent beings R
⋙ ugrācārya
ugrâcārya m. N. of an author
⋙ ugrādeva
ugrā́deva m. 'having mighty deities', N. of a Ṛishi RV. i, 36, 18
⋙ ugrāyudha
ugrấyudha mfn. having powerful weapons AV. iii, 19, 7
• m. N. of a prince
⋙ ugreśa
ugrêśa m. the mighty or terrible lord, N. of Śiva
• N. of a sanctuary built by Ugra Rājat
≫ ugraka
ugraka as m. N. of a Nāga MBh
uṅkāra
uṅ-kāra m. N. of a companion of Vishṇu Hariv
uṅkuṇa
uṅkuṇa m. a bug L. ut-kuṇa
uṅkh
uṅkh cl. 6. P. uṅkhati, uṅkhāṃ-cakāra, &c., to go, move Dhātup
uc
uc cl. 4. P. ucyati (pf. 2. sg. uvócitha RV. vii, 37, 3), Ā. (pf. 2. sg. ūciṣé RV. ) to take pleasure in, delight in, be fond of RV
• to be accustomed
• to be suitable, suit, fit
≫ ucita
ucita mfn. delightful, pleasurable, agreeable
• customary, usual
• proper, suitable, convenient
• acceptable, fit or right to be taken R. Pañcat. Hit. Suśr. &c
• known, understood Śiś
• intrusted, deposited
• measured, adjusted, accurate
• delighting in
• used to MBh. Suśr. Ragh. &c
⋙ ucitajña
○jña mfn. knowing what is becoming or convenient
⋙ ucitatva
○tva n. fitness MBh
ucatha
ucátha n. (fr. √vac), verse, praise RV
≫ ucathya
ucathyá mfn. deserving praise RV. viii, 46, 28
• (as), m., N. of an Āṅgirasa (author of some hymns of the Ṛig-veda)
ucca
ucca mfn. (said to be fr. ca fr. √añc with 1. ud), high, lofty, elevated
• tall MBh. Kum. Śiś. Kathās. &c
• deep Caurap
• high-sounding, loud Bhartṛ. VarBṛS
• pronounced with the Udātta accent RPrāt. VPrāt. &c
• intense, violent R
• m. height MBh
• the apex of the orbit of a planet, Kālas. R. &c
• compar. ucca-tara, superl. ucca-tama ; [Hib. uchdan, 'a hillock' ; Cambro-Brit. uched, 'cleve.'
⋙ uccagir
○gir mfn. having a loud voice
• proclaiming Śiś. xiv, 29
⋙ uccataru
○taru m. the cocoanut tree L
• any lofty tree
⋙ uccatā
○tā f. or height, superiority MBh
⋙ uccatva
○tva n. height, superiority MBh
• the apex of the orbit of a planet Sūryapr
⋙ uccatāla
○tāla n. music and dancing at feasts, drinking parties, &c. L
⋙ uccadeva
○deva m. N. of Vishṇu or Kṛishna L
⋙ uccadevatā
○devatā f. the time personified L
⋙ uccadhvaja
○dhvaja m. N. of Śākya-muni (as teacher of the gods among the Tushitas, q.v.)
⋙ uccanīca
○nīca mfn. high and low, variegated, heterogeneous MBh
• (am), n. the upper and lower station of the planets
• change of accent
⋙ uccapada
○pada n. a high situation, high office. [Page 173, Column 1]
⋙ uccabhāṣaṇa
○bhāṣaṇa n. speaking aloud
⋙ uccabhāṣin
○bhāṣin mfn. speaking with a loud voice, shouting, brawling
⋙ uccalalāṭā
○lalāṭā or f. a woman with a high or projecting forehead L
⋙ uccalalāṭikā
○lalāṭikā f. a woman with a high or projecting forehead L
⋙ uccaśas
○śas ind. upwards GopBr
⋙ uccāvaca
uccâvaca mfn. high and low, great and small, variegated, heterogeneous
• various, multiform, manifold
• uneven, irregular, undulating ŚBr. TS. MBh. R. Mn. &c
≫ uccakaiḥ
uccakaiḥ (for uccakais below) √1
⋙ kṛ
kṛ to make high, set up in a high place Kir. ii, 46
≫ uccakais
uccakais ind. (sometimes used as an indeclinable adjective) excessively lofty
• tall
• loud Pañcat. &c
≫ uccā
uccā́ ind. above (in heaven), from above, upwards RV. AV. xiii, 2, 36
⋙ uccācakra
○cakra (uccā́○), mfn. having a wheel above (said of a well) RV. viii, 61, 10
⋙ uccābudhna
○budhna (uccā́○), mfn. having the bottom upwards RV. i, 116, 9
≫ uccaiḥ
uccaiḥ (in comp. for uccaís below)
⋙ uccaiḥkara
○kara mfn. making acutely accented TPrāt
⋙ uccaiḥkāram
○kāram ind. with a loud voice Comm. on Pāṇ. 3-4, 59
⋙ uccaiḥkula
○kula n. exalted family, high family Śak. 97 a
• (mfn.) of high family
⋙ uccaiḥpada
○pada n. a high situation Kum. v, 64
⋙ uccaiḥpaurnamāsī
○paurnamāsī f. a particular day of full moon (on which the moon appears before sunset) Gobh. i, 5, 10
⋙ uccaiḥśabdam
○śabdam ind. with a loud voice Prab
⋙ uccaiḥśiras
○śiras mfn. carrying one's head high, a man of high rank Kum
⋙ uccaiḥśravas
○śravas m. 'long-eared or neighing aloud', N. of the horse (of Indra L.) produced at the churning of the ocean (regarded as the prototype and king of horses) MBh. Hariv. Bhag. Kum. &c
⋙ uccaiḥśravasa
○śravasa m. id. L
• N. of a horse, of the god of the sun R
⋙ uccaiḥsthāna
○sthāna n. a high place, Śārṅg
• (mfn.) of high place
• of high rank or family Mn
⋙ uccaiḥstheya
○stheya n. loftiness, firmness (of character)
≫ uccair
uccair (in comp. for uccaís below)
⋙ uccairgotra
○gotra n. high family or descent
⋙ uccairghuṣṭa
○ghuṣṭa n. making a loud noise, clamour L
⋙ uccairghoṣa
○ghoṣa (uccaír○), mfn. sounding aloud, crying, neighing, roaring, rattling AV. ix, 1, 8 ; v, 20, 1 VS. AitBr
⋙ uccairdviṣ
○dviṣ mfn. having powerful enemies Kum
⋙ uccairdhāman
○dhāman mfn. having intense rays
⋙ uccairbhāṣaṇa
○bhāṣaṇa and n. speaking aloud
⋙ uccairbhāṣya
○bhāṣya n. speaking aloud
⋙ uccairbhuja
○bhuja mfn. having the arms outstretched or elevated Megh
⋙ uccairmanyu
○manyu m. N. of a man
⋙ uccairmukha
○mukha mfn. having the face upreared
≫ uccais
uccaís ind. (sometimes used adjectively) aloft, high, above, upwards, from above
• loud, accentuated
• intensely, much, powerfully RV. AV. iv, 1, 3 ŚBr. Kum. Pañcat. &c
⋙ uccaistaṭa
○taṭa n. a steep declivity
⋙ uccaistamām
○tamām ind. exceedingly high
• on high
• very loudly, aloud Comm. on Pāṇ. L
⋙ uccaistara
○tara mfn. higher, very high
• loftier Pañcat. Kum. &c
• louder, very loud
• (ām), ind. higher, louder Āp
• pronounced with a higher accent Pāṇ
⋙ uccaistva
○tva n. height, loudness, &c
uccak
uc-cak (ud-√cak), P. -cakati, to look up stead fastly or dauntlessly BhP. vi, 16, 48
• to look up perplexedly L
≫ uccakita
uc-cakita mfn. looking up perplexedly or in confusion Kād
uccakṣus
uc-cakṣus (ud-cakṣus), mfn. having the eyes directed upwards Daś
≫ uccakṣūkṛ
uccakṣū-kṛ √1. to cause any one to raise the eyes Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 51
⋙ uccakṣūkṛbhū
○√bhū or -√1
⋙ as
as to raise one's eyes
uccaghana
uccaghana n. laughter in the mind not expressed in the countenance W
uccaṭ
uc-caṭ (ud-√caṭ), P. -caṭati (pf. -cacāṭa) to go away, disappear BhP. v, 9, 18: Caus. P. -cāṭayati, to drive away, expel, scare Pañcat. BhP. Bhartṛ
≫ uccāṭa
uc-cāṭa m. ruining (an adversary), causing (a person) to quit his occupation by means of magical incantations Mantram
≫ uccāṭana
uc-cāṭana mf(ī)n. ruining (an adversary)
• m. N. of one of the five arrows of Kāma Vet
• (am), n. eradicating (a plant)
• overthrow, upsetting BhP
• causing (a person) to quit (his occupation by means of magical incantations) Prab. &c
≫ uccāṭanīya
uc-cāṭanīya mfn. to be driven away Naish
≫ uccāṭita
uc-cāṭita mfn. driven away BhP. v, 24, 27
uccaṭā
uccaṭā f. (etym. doubtful), pride, arrogance L
• habit, usage L
• a species of cyperus Suśr
• a kind of garlic L
• Abrus Precatorius L
• Flacourtia Cataphracta L
uccaṇḍa
uc-caṇḍa (ud-ca○) mfn. very passionate, violent
• terrible, mighty Bālar. Prasannar
• quick, expeditious L
• hanging down L. [Page 173, Column 2]
uccandra
uc-candra (ud-ca○), m. the moonless period of the night, the last watch of the night L
uccaya
uc-caya uc-ci
uccar
uc-car (ud-√car), P. Ā. -carati, -te [Pāṇ. 1-3, 53], to go upwards, ascend, rise (as the sun), issue forth, go forth RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. Ragh. &c
• to let the contents (of anything) issue out
• to empty the body by evacuations ŚBr. BhP
• to emit (sounds), utter, pronounce MBh. Ragh. Sāh. &c
• to quit, leave Naish. Bhaṭṭ
• to sin against, be unfaithful to (a husband)
• to trespass against MBh.: Caus. P. -cārayati, to cause to go forth
• to evacuate the body by excretion, discharge feces Suśr
• to emit, cause to sound, utter, pronounce, declare MBh. R. BhP. Mṛicch. &c
≫ uccaraṇa
uc-caraṇa n. going up or out
• uttering, articulating
≫ uccaraṇya
uccaraṇya Nom. P. uccaraṇyati, to move out, stretch out to
≫ uccarita
uc-carita mfn. gone up or out, risen
• uttered, articulated
• (am), n. excrement, dung BhP. Suśr. Mn. Hit
≫ uccāra
uc-cārá mfn. rising TS. ii, 3, 12, 2
• m. feces, excrement
• discharge Suśr. Mn. Gaut. Hit. &c
• pronunciation, utterance
⋙ uccāraprasravaṇa
○prasravaṇa n. excrement Jain
⋙ uccāraprasrāvasthāna
○prasrāva-sthāna n. a privy Kāraṇḍ
≫ uccāraka
uc-cāraka mfn. pronouncing, making audible
≫ uccāraṇa
uc-cāraṇa n. pronunciation, articulation, enunciation
• making audible MBh
⋙ uccāraṇajña
○jña m. a linguist, one skilled in utterances or sounds Śiś. iv, 18
⋙ uccāraṇasthāna
○sthāna n. the part of the throat whence certain sounds (such as nasals, gutturals &c.) proceed
⋙ uccāraṇārtha
uccāraṇârtha mfn. useful for pronunciation
• necessary for pronunciation, a redundant letter &c. (only used to make pronunciation easy) Vop
≫ uccāraṇīya
uc-cāraṇīya mfn. to be pronounced
≫ uccārayitṛ
uc-cārayitṛ mfn. one who utters or pronounces Comm. on Nyāyam
≫ uccārita
uc-cārita mfn. pronounced, uttered, articulated L
• having excretion, one who has had evacuation of the bowels Gaut. Suśr
• (am), n. evacuation of the bowels Suśr
≫ uccārin
uc-cārin mfn. emitting sounds, uttering L
≫ uccārya 1
uc-cārya mfn. to be spoken, to be pronounced Sāh
≫ uccārya 2
uc-cārya ind. p. having spoken or uttered
≫ uccāryamāṇa
uc-cāryamāṇa mfn. being uttered or pronounced
uccal
uc-cal (ud-√cal), P. -calati, to go or move away from
• to free or loosen one's self from BhP. Hariv. Ragh. Śak. &c
• to set out Kathās
• to spring or jump up
≫ uccala
uc-cala m. the mind, understanding L
• N. of a king Rājat
≫ uccalana
uc-calana n. going off or out, moving away L
≫ uccalita
uc-calita mfn. gone up or out, setting out Ragh. Kathās. &c
• springing or jumping up L
ucci
uc-ci (ud-√ci), P. -cinoti Ā. (pf. 3. pl. -cikyire Bhaṭṭ. iii, 38) to gather, collect
≫ uccaya
uc-caya m. gathering, picking up from the ground Śak. 139, 5
• adding to, annumeration KātyŚr
• collection, heap, plenty, multitude MBh. R. Daś. Śak. Sāh. &c
• the knot of the string or cloth which fastens the lower garments round the loins tied in front L
• the opposite side of a triangle L
⋙ uccayāpacaya
uccayâpacaya au m. du. prosperity and decline, rise and fall
≫ uccita
uc-cita mfn. gathered, collected Kathās
≫ ucceya
uc-ceya mfn. to be picked up or gathered Kād
ucciṅgaṭa
ucciṅgaṭa m. a passionate or angry man
• a kind of crab
• a sort of cricket L
• ( ucciṭiṅga, ciṅgaṭa, cicciṭiṅga.)
ucciṭiṅga
ucciṭiṅga m. a small venomous animal living in water
• a crab Suśr
• [the. last.]
uccumb
uc-cumb (ud-√cumb), P
≫ uccumbya
uc-cumbya ind. p. having lifted up and kissed Kād
ucculump
uc-culump (ud-√culump), to sip up Mcar
uccūḍa
uc-cūḍa (ud-cū○), m. the flag or pennon of a banner
• an ornament tied on the top of a banner L. [Page 173, Column 3]
uccyu
uc-cyu (ud-√cyu), Caus. P. -cyāvayati, to loosen, make free from, liberate AitBr
ucchaṃs
uc-chaṃs (ud-√śaṃs), P. (Impv. 2. sg. úc-chaṃsa RV. v, 52, 8) to extol, praise
ucchad
uc-chad (ud-√chad, sometimes also incorrectly for ut-sad, q.v.), Caus. P. -chādayati, to uncover (one's body), undress
≫ ucchanna
uc-channa mfn. uncovered, undressed
• (for ut-sanna, q.v.) lost, destroyed &c. Suśr. Mudr
≫ ucchādana
uc-chādana n. cleaning or rubbing the body with oil or perfumes R
≫ ucchādya
uc-chādya ind. p. having undressed R
ucchal
uc-chal (ud-√śal), P. -chalati (p. chalat) to fly upwards or away, jerk up, spring upwards Amar. Śiś. Kathās. &c
≫ ucchalita
uc-chalita mfn. jerked up, moved, waved, waved above Pañcat. Vikr. Kathās. &c
ucchās
uc-chās (ud-√śās), P. (Impv. 2. sg. ú-chaśādhi RV. vii, 1, 20 and 25) to lead up (to the gods)
ucchāstravartin
uc-chāstra-vartin (ud-śā○), mfn. deviating from or transgressing the law-books Mn. iv, 87 Yājñ. Kathās. BhP
ucchiṃhana
uc-chiṃhana = uc-chiṅkhana below
ucchikha
uc-chikha (ud-śi○), mfn. having an upright comb (as a peacock) Uttarar
• having the flame pointed upwards
• flaming, blazing up Ragh. Prab
• radiant
• 'high-crested', N. of a Nāga MBh
ucchikhaṇḍa
uc-chikhaṇḍa (ud-śi○), mfn. having an upright tail (as a peacock) Mālatīm
ucchiṅkhana
uc-chiṅkhana (ud-śi○), n. breathing through the nostrils, snuffing, snoring Suśr
ucchid
uc-chid (ud-√chid), P. -chinatti (Impv. 2. sg. -chindhi AV
• inf. chettum Śak
-chettavaí ŚBr. i, 2, 5, 10, &c.) to cut out or off, extirpate, destroy AV. vii, 113, 1 ŚBr. MBh. R. Ragh. Śak. &c
• to interfere, interrupt, stop MBh. Mn. Sāh. &c
• to analyze, resolve (knotty points or difficulties)
• to explain W.: Caus. P. -chedayati, to cause to extirpate or destroy Pañcat.: Pass. -chidyate, to be cut off
• to be destroyed or extirpated MBh
• to be interrupted or stopped
• to cease, be deficient, fail MBh. Mn
≫ ucchitti
úc-chitti f. extirpation, destroying, destruction ŚBr. Kathās. Suśr. Ratnāv
• decaying, drying up VarBṛS
≫ ucchidya
uc-chidya ind. p. having cut off or destroyed, having interrupted &c
≫ ucchinna
uc-chinna mfn. cut out or off
• destroyed, lost
• abject, vile Mṛicch
• m. (scil. saṃdhi) peace obtained by ceding valuable lands Hit. &c
≫ ucchettṛ
uc-chettṛ m. an extirpator, destroyer R
≫ uccheda
uc-cheda m. cutting off or out
• extirpation, destruction
• cutting short, putting an end to
• excision MBh. Pañcat. Hit. Prab. &c
≫ ucchedana
uc-chedana n. cutting off
• extirpating, destroying, destruction MBh. Pañcat. R
≫ ucchedanīya
uc-chedanīya mfn. to be cut off Mālatīm
≫ ucchedin
uc-chedin mfn. destroying, resolving (doubts or difficulties) Hit
≫ ucchedya
uc-chedya mfn. to be cut off or destroyed Pañcat. Prab
ucchiras
uc-chiras (ud-śi○), mfn. having the head elevated, with upraised head Kum
• N. of a mountain also called Urumuṇḍa
ucchilīndhra
uc-chilīndhra (ud-śi○), mfn. covered with sprouting mushrooms Megh. 11
ucchiṣ
uc-chiṣ (ud-√śiṣ), P. (2. sg. -chiṣas RV. AV
• 3. pl. -chiṃṣanti TBr. Kāṭh.) to leave as a remainder RV. AV. TBr. Kāṭh. &c.: Ā. (Subj. 3. sg. -śíṣātai AV. ii, 31, 13) to be left remaining: Pass. -śiṣyate (aor. úc-cheṣi AV. xi, 9, 13) to be left remaining TāṇḍyaBr. ŚBr. AitBr. &c
≫ ucchiṣṭa
úc-chiṣṭa mfn. left, rejected, stale
• spit out of the mouth (as remnants of food) TS. ChUp. ŚBr. MBh. Yājñ. &c
• one who has still the remains of food in the mouth or hands, one who has not washed his hands and mouth and therefore is considered impure, impure Gaut. Mn
• (am), n. that which is spit out
• leavings, fragments, remainder (especially of a sacrifice or of food) AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. ĀśvGṛ. &c. [Page 174, Column 1]
⋙ ucchiṣṭakalpanā
○kalpanā f. a stale invention
⋙ ucchiṣṭagaṇapati
○gaṇapati or m. (opposed to śuddha-gaṇapati), Gaṇeśa as worshipped by the Ucchishṭas (or men who leave the remains of food in their mouth during prayer) Tantras. &c
⋙ ucchiṣṭagaṇeśa
○gaṇêśa m. (opposed to śuddha-gaṇapati), Gaṇeśa as worshipped by the Ucchishṭas (or men who leave the remains of food in their mouth during prayer) Tantras. &c
⋙ ucchiṣṭacāṇḍālinī
○cāṇḍālinī f. N. of a goddess Tantras
⋙ ucchiṣṭatā
○tā f. and the being left, state of being a remnant or remainder Comm. on Mn. Pañcat
⋙ ucchiṣṭatva
○tva n. the being left, state of being a remnant or remainder Comm. on Mn. Pañcat
⋙ ucchiṣṭabhāj
○bhāj mfn. receiving the remainder Gobh. iv, 3, 28
⋙ ucchiṣṭabhoktṛ
○bhoktṛ mfn. one who eats leavings Mn. iv, 212
• a mean person
⋙ ucchiṣṭabhojana
○bhojana n. eating the leavings of another man Mn
• m. one who eats another's leavings
• the attendant upon an idol (whose food is the leavings of offerings) L
⋙ ucchiṣṭabhojin
○bhojin mfn. or wax L
⋙ ucchiṣṭamodana
○modana n. wax L
⋙ ucchiṣṭānna
ucchiṣṭânna n. leavings, offal
⋙ ucchiṣṭāśana
ucchiṣṭâśana n. eating leavings Gaut. ii, 32
≫ ucchiṣya
uc-chiṣya mfn. to be left Pāṇ. 3-1, 123
≫ uccheṣa
uc-cheṣa mfn. left remaining Kathās
• remainder, leavings BhP. MBh
≫ uccheṣaṇa
uc-chéṣaṇa n. remainder, leavings TS. Mn
≫ uccheṣaṇīkṛ
uccheṣaṇī-√kṛ to leave as a remainder Daś
ucchī
uc-chī (ud-√śī), Ā. (3. du. -chyāte ŚBr. iv, 5, 7, 5) to be prominent, stand out, stick out
ucchīrṣaka
uc-chīrṣaka (ud-śī○), mfn. one who has raised his head Suśr
• (am), n. 'that which raises the head', a pillow
ucchuc
uc-chuc (ud-√śuc), Caus. P. (p. -chocáyat) to inflame AV. v, 22, 2
≫ ucchocana
uc-chócana mfn. burning AV. vii, 95, 1
ucchuṣ
uc-chuṣ (ud-√śuṣ), P. -chuṣyati, to dry up ChUp. iv, 3, 2: Caus. -choṣayati, to cause to dry up
• to parch MBh. R. Śārṅg
≫ ucchuṣka
uc-chuṣka mfn. dry, dried up, withered Mṛicch. Kathās. Rājat
≫ ucchoṣaṇa
uc-choṣaṇa mfn. making dry, parching Bhag
• (am), n. drying up R
• making dry, parching R
≫ ucchoṣuka
uc-chóṣuka mfn. drying up, withering ŚBr. GopBr
ucchuṣma
uc-chuṣma (ud-śuṣma [√2. śuṣ]), mfn. one whose crackling becomes manifest (said of Agni) TS. AV.Par
• N. of a deity Buddh
⋙ ucchuṣmakalpa
○kalpa m. N. of a section of the Atharva-veda-pariśishṭa
⋙ ucchuṣmabhairava
○bhairava n. N. of wk
⋙ ucchuṣmarudra
○rudra m. pl., N. of a class of demons AV.Par
• of a Śaivite sect
ucchūna
uc-chūna uc-chvi, col. 2
ucchṛṅkhala
uc-chṛṅkhala (ud-śṛ○), mfn. unbridled, uncurbed, unrestrained
• perverse, self-willed
• irregular, desultory, unmethodical Pañcat. Hit. Kathās. &c
ucchṛṅgita
uc-chṛṅgita (ud-śṛ○), mfn. (fr. śṛṅga), having erected horns Śiś. v, 63
ucchocana
uc-chocana uc-chuc
ucchoṣaṇa
uc-choṣaṇa uc-chuṣ
ucchrath
uc-chrath (ud-√śrath), Caus. P. (Impv. 2. sg. -śrathāya RV. i, 24, 15) to untie
ucchri
uc-chri (ud-√śri), P. -chrayati (aor. úd-aśret RV. vii, 62, 1 and 76, 1) to raise, erect, extol RV. VS. ŚBr. AitBr. Lāṭy. MBh. R. &c.: Ā. -chrayate (Impv. 2. sg. -chrayasva RV. iii, 8, 3) to rise, stand erect RV. VS. AitBr. &c.: Pass. -chrīyate (pf. -chiśriye) to be erected AitBr. ŚBr. MBh. Prab.: Caus. -chrāpayati, to raise, erect VS. xxiii, 26
≫ ucchraya
uc-chraya m. rising, mounting, elevation
• rising of a planet &c
• elevation of a tree, mountain, &c
• height MBh. R. Yājñ. Mṛicch
• growth, increase, intensity Suśr
• the upright side of a triangle
⋙ ucchrayopeta
ucchrayôpêta mfn. possessing height, high, lofty, elevated
≫ ucchrayaṇa
uc-chrayaṇa n. raising erecting KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ. VarBṛS
≫ ucchrāya
uc-chrāya m. (Pāṇ. 3-3, 49) rising upwards, elevation, height MBh. Yājñ. Suśr. Pañcat
• growth, increase, intensity Kir. Suśr
• (ī́), f. an upraised piece of wood, plank KātyŚr. ŚBr
≫ ucchrāyin
ucchrāyin mfn. high, raised, lofty W
≫ ucchrita
uc-chrita mfn. raised, lifted up, erected ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. R. Ragh. Kathās. &c
• rising, arising, mounting MBh. Hariv. MārkP. VarBṛS. &c
• high, tall R. BhP. Kir. Suśr. VarBṛS. &c
• advancing, arisen, grown powerful or mighty MBh. Kathās. Mn. Hit. &c. [Page 174, Column 2]
• wanton, luxuriant Hariv. R. &c
• excited Suśr
• increased, grown, enlarged, large, huge Prab. Ragh
• born, produced L
• m. Pinus Longifolia L
⋙ ucchritapāṇi
○pāṇi mfn. with out-stretched hand
≫ ucchriti
uc-chriti f. rising upwards, elevation MārkP
• increase, intensity Mn
• the upright side of a triangle
• the elevation or height of a figure
≫ ucchritya
uc-chritya ind. p. having erected or raised MBh
≫ ucchreya
uc-chreya mfn. high, lofty W
ucchlakha
uc-chlakhá (ud-śl○), au m. du. a particular part of the human body AV. x, 2, 1
ucchvañc
uc-chvañc (ud-śvañc), Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. úc-chvañcasva RV. x, 18, 11 and 142, 6) to gape, cleave open
≫ ucchvaṅka
uc-chvaṅká m. gaping, cleaving open, forming a fissure ŚBr. v, 4, 1, 9
ucchvas
uc-chvas (ud-√śvas), P. Ā. -chvasiti (p. -chvasat, -chvasamāna
• Pot. -chvaset, -chvasīta) to breathe hard, snort
• to take a deep breath, breathe
• to breathe again, get breath, recover, rest Gobh. MBh. BhP. Suśr. MārkP. ŚvetUp. &c
• to sigh, pant, respire Bhaṭṭ
• to rise Vikr
• to unfasten one's self BhP
• to open, begin to bloom Vikr. Mālav
• to heave: Caus. -chvāsayati, to cause to breathe again or recover
• to gladden BhP
• to raise, lift, elevate
• to untie (cf. uc-chvāsita below)
≫ ucchvasat
uc-chvasat mfn. breathing &c. ( above)
• (an), m. a breathing being R
≫ ucchvasana
uc-chvasana n. breathing, taking breath
• sighing
• swelling up Comm. on Bādar
≫ ucchvasita
uc-chvasita mfn. heaving, beating, breathed, inspired
• recovered, calm
• revived, refreshed, gladdened Kum. Mālav. Kathās. Ragh. &c
• heaving, swelling up, raised, lifted Ragh. Kathās. Megh. &c
• expanded, burst, unfastened, untied
• blooming BhP. Mālatīm
• (am), n. breathing out, respiration
• exhalation
• breath
• throbbing, sighing Sāh. Ragh. Kum. Śak
• bursting
• unfastening, untying Megh. Ragh
≫ ucchvāsa
uc-chvāsá m. breathing out
• breath, deep inspiration KātyŚr. Suśr. Śak. Prab. &c
• expiration, death KātyŚr
• sigh MBh. Megh. Amar
• froth, yeast, foam RV. ix, 86, 43
• swelling up, rising, increasing
• consolation, encouragement W
• pause in a narration, division of a book (e.g. of the Daśakumāra-carita)
• an air-hole L
≫ ucchvāsita
uc-chvāsita mfn. caused to recover, gladdened Ṛitus. Kathās
• raised, lifted up R. Megh
• unfastened, untied, loosened, released Megh
• breathless, out of breath
• much, excessive L
• desisted from
• disjointed, divided L
≫ ucchvāsin
uc-chvāsin mfn. breathing out, expiring ŚBr
• breathing Suśr
• sighing Megh
• swelling up, rising, coming forward Vikr. Kum. &c
• pausing ṃW.
ucchvi
uc-chvi (ud-√śvi)
≫ ucchūna
uc-chūna mfn. swollen up, swollen, bloated Megh. Kathās. &c
• increased Sarvad
≫ ucchotha
uc-chotha m. bloatedness Mālatīm
uch 1
uch cl. 1. P. ucchati RV. √3. vas
uch 2
uch cl. 1. P. ucchati, ucchāṃ-cakāra, ucchitum, &c., to finish
• to bind
• to abandon, transgress Dhātup
ujjan
uj-jan (ud-√jan), only RV.: P. (pf. -jajā́na, iii, 1, 12) to beget, produce: Ā. (impf. 3. pl. ud-ájāyanta, iv, 18, 1
• aor. -ájani, i, 74, 3
• precative of the aor. -janiṣīṣṭa, vii, 8, 6) to be born or produced, originate
ujjayana
uj-jayana &c. uj-ji, col. 3
ujjas
uj-jas (ud-√jas), Caus. P. -jāsayati, to destroy, extirpate, kill (with gen. Pāṇ. 2-3, 56) Bhaṭṭ. Śiś
≫ ujjāsana
uj-jāsana n. killing, slaughter L
ujjāgṛ
uj-jāgṛ (ud-√jāgṛ), P. (pf. -jagāra, [?] Hcar. 140, 3) to pass (time) waking: Caus. -jāgarayati, to awake, call up Sāh
• to excite
• to effect, cause Kāvyâd
≫ ujjāgara
uj-jāgara mfn. excited, irritated Kād
ujjānaka
uj-jānaka m. N. of a Tīrtha MBh. Hariv. [Page 174, Column 3]
ujjāluka
ujjāluka m. N. of a place MBh
ujji
uj-ji (ud-√ji), P. -jayati (pf. -jigāya, &c.) to win, conquer, acquire by conquest AV. TS. ŚBr. TBr. &c
• to be victorious AV. TBr.: Caus. -jāpayati, to assist any one to win
• to cause to conquer (with two acc.) Kāṭh. TāṇḍyaBr. &c.: Desid. -jigīṣati, to wish to conquer ŚāṅkhŚr
≫ ujjayana
uj-jayana m. N. of a man MBh
• (ī), f. Ujjayinī ( below) or Oujein
≫ ujjayanta
uj-jayanta m. N. of a mountain in Surāshṭra (in the west of India, part of the Vindhya range) MBh
• ( raivata.)
≫ ujjayinī
uj-jayinī f. the city Oujein (the Gk. ?, a city so [174, 3] called in Avanti or Mālava, formerly the capital of Vikramāditya
• it is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindūs, and the first meridian of their geographers, from which they calculate longitude
• the modern Oujein is about a mile south of the ancient city) Hit. Megh. Rājat. &c
≫ ujjiti
új-jiti f. victory VS. TBr. KātyŚr
• N. of the verses VS. ix, 31 sqq. (so called because the words údajayat tam újjeṣam occur in them) ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ ujjeṣa
uj-jeṣá mf(ā)n. victorious AV. iv, 17, 1 (voc. fem. új-jeṣe) ŚBr
⋙ ujjeṣavat
○vat (uj-jeṣá-), mfn. containing the word ujjeṣa ŚBr
≫ ujjeṣin
ujjeṣín ī m. N. of one of the seven Maruts VS. xvii, 85
ujjihāna
uj-jihāna 2. ud-dhā
ujjihīrṣā
uj-jihīrṣā f. (fr. Desid. of √hṛ with ud), wishing to take or seize [see also 2. uddhṛ]
ujjīv
uj-jīv (ud-√jīv), P. -jīvati, to revive, return to life Bhaṭṭ. MBh.: Caus. P. -jīvayati, to restore to life, animate Comm. on Kum
≫ ujjīvin
uj-jīvin ī m. N. of a counsellor of Meghavarṇa (king of the crows) Pañcat
ujjūṭaḍimba
ujjūṭa-ḍimba n. N. of a place Rājat. (v. l. ujjhaṭa○)
ujjūṭita
uj-jūṭita mfn. one who wears the hair twisted together and coiled upwards Rājat
ujjṛmbh
uj-jṛmbh (ud-√jṛmbh), Ā. -jṛmbhate, to gape
• to open, part asunder BhP
• to show one's self, become visible, come forth, break forth, expand, arise Prab. Naish. Dhūrtas
≫ ujjṛmbha
uj-jṛmbha mfn. gaping Sāh
• parting asunder, open, apart
• blown, expanded L
≫ ujjṛmbhaṇa
uj-jṛmbhaṇa am n. the act of gaping, opening the mouth Suśr
• coming forth, arising Bālar
• (ā), f. coming forth, arising Bālar
≫ ujjṛmbhita
uj-jṛmbhita mfn. opened, stretched
• expanded, blown
• (am), n. effort, exertion L
ujjendra
ujjendra m. N. of a man Rājat
ujjya
uj-jya mfn. (fr. jyā with ud), having the bow-sinew loosened BṛĀrUp. KātyŚr
ujjval
uj-jval (ud-√jval), P. -jvalati, -jvaliti (Pāṇ. 7-2, 34), to blaze up, flame, shine TS. ŚBr. R. BhP.: Caus. P: -jvalayati, to light up, cause to shine, illuminate ŚBr. Rājat. Śiś. &c
≫ ujjvala
uj-jvala mfn. blazing up, luminous, splendid, light
• burning
• clean, clear
• lovely, beautiful Suśr. MBh. Kathās. Sāh. &c
• glorious
• full-blown L
• expanded
• m. love, passion L
• (am), n. gold L
• (ā), f. splendour, clearness, brightness
• a form of the Jagatī metre
⋙ ujjvalatā
○tā f. or splendour, radiance
⋙ ujjvalatva
○tva n. splendour, radiance
• beauty
⋙ ujjvaladatta
○datta m. N. of the author of a commentary on the Uṇādi-sūtras
⋙ ujjvalanarasiṃha
○nara-siṃha m. N. of a Tīrtha,
⋙ ujjvalanīlamaṇi
○nīlamaṇi m
⋙ ujjvalabhāṣya
○bhāṣya n
⋙ ujjvalarasakaṇā
○rasakaṇā f. N. of wks
≫ ujjvalana
uj-jvalana n. burning, shining
• fire, gold (?) R
≫ ujjvalita
uj-jvalita mfn. lighted, shining, flaming, &c
⋙ ujjvalitatva
○tva n. the state of being lighted Kap
≫ ujjvālana
uj-jvālana n. lighting up Car
ujjh
ujjh cl. 6. P. ujjhati, ujjhāṃ cakāra, aujjhīt, ujjhitum, &c. (probably a contraction from ud- √2. [-jahāti]) to leave, abandon, quit Ragh. Pañcat. MBh. &c
• to avoid, escape Ragh. Śiś
• to emit, discharge, let out. [Page 175, Column 1]
≫ ujjha
ujjha mfn. quitting, abandoning Mn
≫ ujjhaka
ujjhaka m. a cloud
• a devotee L
≫ ujjhana
ujjhana n. removing Comm. on Yājñ
• abandoning, leaving HYog
≫ ujjhita
ujjhita mfn. left, abandoned
• free from MBh. R. Śak. &c
• left off, discontinued
• emitted, discharged (as water) Kir. v, 6
⋙ ujjhitavat
○vat mfn. one who has emitted or discharged Śiś. v, 36
≫ ujjhiti
ujjhiti f. abandoning (the world) TāṇḍyaBr. xviii, 6, 10
≫ ujjhitṛ
ujjhitṛ mfn. one who leaves
ujjhaṭaḍimba
ujjhaṭa-ḍimba and ujjhaṭita, vv. ll. for ujjūṭa-ḍimba and ujjūṭita, qq.v
uñcadeśa
uñca-deśa m. N. of a country
uñch
uñch cl. 1. 6. P. uñchati, to gather, glean ŚāṅkhGṛ. Mn. MBh. &c
≫ uñcha
uñcha m. gleaning, gathering grains Mn. MBh. R
⋙ uñchavartin
○vartin or mfn. one who lives by gleaning, a gleaner MBh
⋙ uñchavṛtti
○vṛtti mfn. one who lives by gleaning, a gleaner MBh
⋙ uñchaśila
○śila n. the gleaning, gathering L. (cf. śilôñcha.)
⋙ uñchādi
uñchâdi m. N. of a g. (Pāṇ. 6-1, 160)
≫ uñchana
uñchana n. gleaning, gathering grains of corn in market-places &c. BhP. &c
uṭa
uṭa m. leaves, grass &c. (used in making huts, thatches &c.) L
⋙ uṭaja
○ja as, am m. n. a hut made of leaves (the residence of hermits or saints) MBh. R. Ragh. Śak. &c
• a house in general L
uṭṭaṅkana
uṭ-ṭaṅkana (ud-ṭa○), n. the act of stamping, characterizing Sāh
uṭh
uṭh or ūṭh cl. 1. P. oṭhati or ūṭhati, to strike or knock down Dhātup. ix, 54
uḍu
uḍu us, u fn. a star Ragh. BhP. Mālav. &c
• (u), n. a lunar mansion or constellation in the moon's path VarBṛS. &c
• water L
⋙ uḍugaṇādhipa
○gaṇâdhipa m. 'the lord of the stars', the moon
uḍu-gaṇâdhiparkṣa (○pa-ṛ), n. N. of the Nakshatra Mṛigaśiras
⋙ uḍunātha
○nātha m. the moon VarBṛS
⋙ uḍupa
○pa m. n. a raft or float MBh. Ragh. &c
• a kind of drinking vessel covered with leather Comm. on Ragh. i, 2
• m. the moon (the half-moon being formed like a boat) MBh. Mṛicch. &c
⋙ uḍupati
○pati or m. the moon MBh. R. Kum. &c
⋙ uḍurāj
○rāj m. the moon MBh. R. Kum. &c
• the Soma Suśr
⋙ uḍupatha
○patha m. 'the path of the stars', the ether, firmament
⋙ uḍuloman
○loman m. N. of a man L
⋙ uḍūpa
uḍū-pa m. n. a raft, float
• m. the moon L
uḍumbara
uḍumbára m. (in Ved. written with d, in Class. generally with ), the tree Ficus Glomerata AV. TS. AitBr. ŚBr. MBh. R. Suśr. &c
• a species of leprosy with coppery spots Car
• the threshold of a house VarBṛS
• a eunuch L
• a kind of worm supposed to be generated in the blood and to produce leprosy L
• membrum virile L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
• (ī), f. Ficus Oppositifolia Suśr
• (am), n. a forest of Uḍumbara trees TāṇḍyaBr
• the fruit of the tree Ficus Glomerata ŚBr
• copper VarBṛS
• a karsha (a measure of two tolas) ŚārṅgS
⋙ uḍumbaradalā
○dalā or f. the plant Croton Polyandrum
⋙ uḍumbaraparṇī
○parṇī f. the plant Croton Polyandrum
⋙ uḍumbarāvatī
uḍumbarā-vatī f. N. of a river
• also udumbara and udumbala
uḍḍamara
uḍ-ḍamara = uḍ-ḍāmara below
≫ uḍḍamarita
uḍḍamarita mfn. stirred up, excited
uḍḍayana
uḍ-ḍayana uḍ-ḍī
uḍḍāmara
uḍ-ḍāmara mfn. (fr. ud-ḍā○?), excellent, respectable, of high rank or consequence Prab. Bālar. &c
⋙ uḍḍāmaratantra
○tantra n. N. of a Tantra
≫ uḍḍāmarin
uḍḍāmarin mfn. one who makes an extraordinary noise Bālar
uḍḍiyāṇa
uḍḍiyāṇa m. N. of a place
uḍḍiyāna
uḍḍiyāna n. a particular position of the fingers
uḍḍī
uḍ-ḍī (ud-√ḍī), Ā. -ḍayate, or ḍīyate, to fly up, soar Hit. Pañcat. MBh. &c.: Caus. -ḍāpayati, to cause to fly up, scare
≫ uḍḍayana
uḍ-ḍayana n. flying up, flying, soaring Pañcat
≫ uḍḍīna
uḍ-ḍīna mfn. flown up, flying up MBh. Kathās
• (am), n. flying up, soaring Pañcat
≫ uḍḍīyana
uḍ-ḍīyana n. flying up, soaring MBh. [Page 175, Column 2]
⋙ uḍḍīyamāna
uḍ-ḍīyamāna mfn. flying up, soaring, one who soars Hit
uḍḍīyakavi
uḍḍīya-kavi m. N. of a poet
uḍḍīśa
uḍḍīśa m. N. of Śiva L
• N. of a Tantra work (containing charms and incantations) L
uḍra
uḍra ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh. VarBṛS. &c
uṇaka
uṇaka mf(ī [gaṇa gaurâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 41])n. removing [? T.]
uṇādi
uṇ-ādi (according to some uṇṇ-ādi
• but Kielhorn, Mahābhāshya, vol. i, preface, p. 9 f.), ayas, m. pl. the class of Kṛit-affixes which begin with uṇ
⋙ uṇādisūtra
○sūtra n. pl. the Sūtras (Pāṇ. 3-3, 14, 75) treating of the Uṇādi-affixes
-vṛtti f. a commentary on the Uṇādi-sūtras
uṇḍuka
uṇḍuka m. a texture
• a net
• the stomach Suśr
uṇḍeraka
uṇḍeraka m. a ball of flour, a roll, loaf
⋙ uṇḍerakasraj
○sraj f. a string of rolls, balls of meal or flour upon a string Yājñ
ut
ut ind. a particle of doubt or deliberation (= 2. uta, q.v.) L
• (for the prep. ud 1. ud.)
uta 1
uta mfn. (fr. √ve, q.v.), sewn, woven
uta 2
utá ind. and, also, even, or RV. AV. ŚBr. ChUp. &c
• often used for the sake of emphasis, especially at the end of a line after iti or a verb (e.g. sarva-bhūtāni tam pārtha sadā paribhavanty uta, all creatures, O king, certainly always despise him MBh. iii, 1026) MBh. Bhag. &c. (As an interrogative particle, generally at the beginning of the second or following part of a double interrogation) or, utrum - an (e.g. katham nirṇīyate kiṃ syān niṣkāraṇo bandhur uta viśvāsa-ghātakaḥ, how can it be decided whether he be a friend without a motive or a violator of confidence? Hit.) Kum. Kathās. Bhartṛ. Sāh. &c
• in this sense it may be strengthened by āho (e.g. kaccit tvam asi mānuṣī utâho surâṅganā, art thou a mortal woman or divine? Nala), or by āho-svit (e.g. śālihotraḥ kiṃ nu syād utâhosvid rājā nalaḥ, can it be Śālihotra or king Nala?) Rarely kim is repeated before uta used in this sense (e.g. kim nu svargāt prāptā tasyā rūpeṇa kimutânyâgatā, has she arrived from heaven or has another come in her form? Mṛicch.) Amar. MBh. &c. (As a particle of wishing, especially at the beginning of a sentence followed by a potential) would that! utinam! (e.g. utâdhīyīta, would that he would read!) (uta preceded by kim) on the contrary, how much more, how much less (e.g. samartho'si sahasram api jetuṃ kimutâikam, thou art able to conquer even a thousand, how much more one R.) Śak. Vikr. Ragh. &c. (uta preceded by prati) on the contrary, rather (e.g. eṣa pṛṣṭo'smābhir na jalpati hanti praty-uta pāṣāṇaih, this one questioned by us does not speak, but rather throws stones at us) Kathās. Pañcat. &c
uta vā, or else, and (e.g. samudrād uta vā purīṣāt, from the sea or from the moisture in the air)
- uta vā or utâho vâpi - , either - or
uta - uta, both - and (e.g. uta balavān utâbalaḥ, both the strong and the weak)
kim - uta vā, whether - or else
utaṅka
utaṅka m. N. of a Ṛishi MBh
• ( also uttaṅka.)
⋙ utaṅkamegha
○megha m. a kind of cloud named after that Ṛishi MBh
utathya
utathya m. N. of a son of Aṅgiras and elder brother of Bṛihaspati MBh. VP. &c
⋙ utathyatanaya
○tanaya m. 'a descendant of Utathya', N. of Gautama Mn. iii, 16
⋙ utathyānuja
utathyânuja m. 'Utathya's younger brother', N. of Bṛihaspati (regent of the planet Jupiter) L
utāho
utâho and utâho-svid, 2. utá above
utūla
utūla m. a servant, ParGṛ. iii, 7, 1 and 2 HirGṛ
• (ās), m. N. of a people MBh. VP
• ( also ulūta and kulūṭa.)
utka
utka mfn. (fr. 1. ud Pāṇ. 5-2, 80), excited by the desire of obtaining anything
• wishing for (with inf.), desirous of, longing for
• regretting, sad, sorrowful [Page 175, Column 3]
• absent, thinking of something else Kathās. Megh. Śiś. &c
• (as, am), m. n. desire Kathās
• opportunity, occasion L
⋙ utkatā
○tā f. a state of longing or regret Kathās
• the plant Pothos Officinalis having aromatic seeds L
≫ utkaya
utkaya Nom. P. utkayati, to cause to long for, cause longing or regret Śiś. i, 59
≫ utkāya
utkāya Nom. Ā. utkāyate, to long for Comm. on Bhaṭṭ. v, 74
utkaca
ut-kaca mfn. hairless MBh
• full blown BhP. iii, 23, 38
≫ utkacaya
utkacaya Nom. P. utkacayati, to coil the hair upwards Sāh
utkacchā
ut-kacchā f. a metre of six verses (each verse containing eleven syllabic instants)
utkañcuka
ut-kañcuka mfn. having no coat of mail, without bodice or jacket Bhartṛ
utkaṭa
ut-kaṭa mfn. (fr. 1. ud with affix kaṭa Pāṇ. 5-2, 29), exceeding the usual measure, immense, gigantic R. Prab. Pañcat. &c
• richly endowed with, abounding in MBh. R. Pañcat. &c
• drunk, mad, furious MBh. R
• excessive, much
• superior, high, proud, haughty
• uneven
• difficult
• m. fluid dropping from the temples of an elephant in rut L
• the plant Saccharum Sara, or a similar kind of grass Suśr
• intoxication, pride L
• (ā), f. the plant Laurus Cassia L
• N. of a town
• (am), n. the fragrant bark of Laurus Cassia
utkaṭikā
utkaṭikā f. a manner of sitting (the legs being outstretched and forming a right angle), Yogaś
⋙ utkaṭikāsana
utkaṭikâsana n. id. ib. (cf. utkuṭaka.)
utkaṭuka
utkaṭuka v. l. for utkuṭaka, q.v. Suśr
utkaṇikā
utkaṇikā f. desire, longing (v. l. for utkalikā, q.v.) MārkP
utkaṇṭakita
utkaṇṭakita mfn. one whose (thorn-like) short hairs are erected (through joy or emotion) Kād
≫ utkaṇṭakin
utkaṇṭakin mfn. id. ib
utkaṇṭha 1
ut-kaṇṭha mfn. having the neck uplifted (on the point of doing anything) Ragh
• having the throat open (as in crying) BhP
• longing for
• m. longing for
• a kind of sexual union L
• (ā), f. longing for (a beloved person or thing)
• regretting or missing anything or a person MBh. Bhartṛ. Pañcat. Amar. &c
⋙ utkaṇṭhamāhātmya
○māhātmya n. N. of wk
≫ utkaṇṭha 2
utkaṇṭha Nom. Ā. utkaṇṭhate, to raise the neck
• to long for, regret, sorrow for R. Śiś. Bhaṭṭ. &c.: Caus. utkaṇṭhayati, to cause any one to lift up the neck
• to excite longing, inspire with tender emotions Bhartṛ. Kāvyâd. &c
≫ utkaṇṭhaka
utkaṇṭhaka mfn. exciting desire VarBṛS
≫ utkaṇṭhita
utkaṇṭhita mfn. lifting up the neck
• longing for, regretting, sorrowing for R. Daś. Vikr. &c
• in love Mālav
• (ā), f. a woman longing after her absent husband or lover
utkand
ut-kand (for ut-√skand Kāty. on Pāṇ. 8-4, 61), to leap, jump over
≫ utkandaka
utkandaka m. a kind of disease
utkandhara
ut-kandhara mfn. having the neck erect or uplifted Śiś. Pañcat. Rājat. &c
utkamp
ut-kamp (ud-√kamp), Ā. -kampate, to tremble, shudder Kathās. Gīt.: Caus. P. -kampayati, to cause to, tremble
• to shake up, rouse
• to agitate ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ utkampa
ut-kampa mfn. trembling, shuddering MBh. Kathās. Prab. &c
• m. tremor, agitation Suśr. Bhartṛ. Megh. Kathās. &c
≫ utkampana
ut-kampana n. the act of trembling, shuddering, agitation
≫ utkampin
utkampin mfn. shuddering, trembling
• agitated Bhartṛ. Kād. Ratnāv. &c
• (ifc.) causing to tremble, agitating R
utkara
ut-kara &c. ut-√kṝ
utkarkara
utkarkara m. a kind of musical instrument L
utkarṇa
ut-karṇa mfn. having the ears erect Ragh. Śiś
⋙ utkarṇatāla
○tāla mfn. flapping with erected ears (as an elephant) Kathās. xii, 19. [Page 176, Column 1]
utkartana
ut-kartana &c. 1. ut-kṛt
utkarṣa
ut-karṣa &c. ut-kṛṣ
utkal 1
ut-kal (ud- √1. kal), P. -kalayati, to unbind, loosen
≫ utkalikā
ut-kalikā f. longing for, regretting, missing any person or thing Amar. Kathās. Mālatīm. Ratnāv. &c
• wanton sportfulness, dalliance L
• a bud, unblown flower, Ratnāv
• a wave Mālatīm. MārkP. Śiś
⋙ utkalikāprāya
○prāya mfn. abounding in compound words (a kind of prose) Sāh. Vām. &c
≫ utkalita
ut-kalita mfn. unbound, loosened BhP
• opened, blossoming
• brilliant, bright BhP
• appearing, coming forth, becoming visible BhP
• regretting, longing for L
• prosperous, rising, increasing L
utkal 2
ut-kal (ud-√kal), P. -kālayati, to drive out, expel Comm. on KātyŚr
≫ utkala
ut-kala m. (perhaps fr. ud-√kal?) N. of the country Orissa ( Oḍra
• the word is interpreted to mean 'the glorious country' ḥunter
• or 'lying beyond, the outlying strip of land' Beames
• according to others it merely means 'the country of bird-catchers')
• N. of a son of Dhruva BhP
• of Su-dyumna Hariv. VP. &c
• a porter, one who carries a burden or load L
• a fowler, bird-catcher L
• (ās), m. pl. the inhabitants of the above country
⋙ utkalakhaṇḍa
○khaṇḍa n. N. of a section of the Skanda-purāṇa
⋙ utkaladeśa
○deśa m. the country of Orissa
utkalāpa
ut-kalāpa mfn. having the tail erect and expanded (as a peacock) Ragh. Mṛicch
utkalāpaya
ut-kalāpaya (said to be a Caus. fr. ud-√kal above), Nom. P. -kalāpayati, to take leave of, bid farewell Pañcat
• to bring one's wife home from her father's house
• to marry Vet
≫ utkalāpana
ut-kalāpana n. marrying Vet
utkaṣ
ut-kaṣ (ud-√kaṣ), P. -kaṣati, to dye, paint (e.g. the teeth) VarBṛS
• to tear up L
≫ utkaṣaṇa
ut-kaṣaṇa n. tearing or ploughing up, drawing through (as a plough) Megh. 16
utkas
ut-kas (ud-√kas), P. (Impv. 3. pl. út-kasantu AV. xi, 9, 21) to gape asunder, open
utkākā
utkākā f. a cow calving every year
utkākud
ut-kākud (fr. kākuda with ud Pāṇ. 5-4, 148), having an elevated or high palate
utkānti
ut-kānti f. excessive splendour Sāh
utkāya
utkāya utka
utkāra
ut-kāra &c. ut-kṝ
utkāś
ut-kāś (ud-√kāś), Ā. (pf. -cakāśe BhP. i, 11, 2) to shine forth, flash
≫ utkāśa
ut-kāśa n. going out, coming forth ŚāṅkhBr
≫ utkāśana
ut-kāśana n. giving orders, commanding L
utkās
ut-kās (ud-√kās), Ā. -kāsate, to cough up, hawk
• to expectorate Car
≫ utkāsana
ut-kāsana n. coughing up
• clearing the throat of mucus, expectorating Suśr
utkāsa
utkāsa m. (g. yaskâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 63) N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl. (Pāṇ. 2-4, 63) the descendants of the above
utkira
ut-kira ut-kīrṇa, under ut-kṝ, col. 3
utkīrtana
ut-kīrtana &c. ut-kṝt
utkīl
ut-kīl (ud-√kīl)
≫ utkīlita
ut-kīlita mfn. unfastened, opened (by drawing out the peg). Kād. ii
utkīla
utkīla m. N. of a Ṛishi Comm. on VS. and RV. (v. l. atkīla, q.v.)
utkīlaka
utkīlaka m. N. of a mountain
utkuc
ut-kuc (ud-√kuc), -kucati, to bend upwards or asunder, crook Kauś
• to open (as a flower): Caus. -kocayati, to cause to bend or to open (e.g. a flower)
≫ utkuñcikā
ut-kuñcikā or f. the plant Nigella Indica L
⋙ utkuñcitā
ut-kuñcitā f. the plant Nigella Indica L
≫ utkoca
ut-koca m. winding off
• unbinding Comm. on TBr
• bribery, corruption Yājñ. i, 339. [Page 176, Column 2]
⋙ utkocaka
utkocaka mfn. receiving a bribe Mn. ix, 258
• (am), n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
≫ utkocin
utkocin mfn. corruptible, to be bribed MBh
utkuṭ
ut-kuṭ (ud-√kuṭ), Caus. -koṭayati, to bend upwards Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-2, 1
≫ utkuṭa
ut-kuṭa mfn. lying stretched out on the back, lying with the face upwards, sleeping with the head erect L
≫ utkuṭaka
ut-kuṭaka mfn. sitting upon the hams, squatting Suśr
⋙ utkuṭakāsana
utkuṭakâsana n. the sitting upon the hams Suśr
≫ utkuṭuka
utkuṭuka v. l. for above
utkuṇa
ut-kuṇa m. a bug
• a louse L. (cf. matkuṇa.)
utkutuka
ut-kutuka mfn. (ifc.) amusing one's self by Prasannar
utkumuda
ut-kumuda mfn. having lotus flowers on the surface, Kāvyâd
utkula
ut-kula mf(ā)n. fallen from or disgracing one's family, an outcast from the family Śak. 128b
utkūj
ut-kūj (ud-√kūj), P. -kūjati, to utter a wailing monotonous note or coo (as a bird) Kathās. Ṛitus. Kād
≫ utkūja
ut-kūja m. a cooing note (as of the kokila) R
≫ utkūjita
ut-kūjita n. id. Ṛitus
utkūṭa
ut-kūṭa m. an umbrella or parasol L
utkūrd
ut-kūrd (ud-√kūrd), P. Ā. -kūrdati, -te, to jump up, spring upwards Pañcat
≫ utkūrdana
ut-kūrdana n. jumping up, springing upwards Pañcat
utkūla
ut-kūla mfn. passing beyond the bank (as water), overflowing Kād
• being on an elevation, going up-hill
• (ám), ind. up-hill AV. xix, 25, 1
⋙ utkūlagāmin
○gāmin mfn. passing beyond the bank Kād
⋙ utkūlanikūla
○nikūlá mfn. going up and down VS. Lalit
≫ utkūlita
utkūlita mfn. brought to the bank or shore, thrown up on a bank, stranded Sāh
utkṛ
ut-kṛ (ud-√kṛ), P. -karoti, to do away with, extirpate MaitrS.: Ā. -kurute, to inform against (?) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 32
• to promote, help
≫ utkartṛtva
ut-kartṛ-tva n. the being a helper, the state of being conducive to NṛisUp
≫ utkṛti
ut-kṛti f. a metre of four times twenty-six syllables
• the number twenty-six
utkṛt 1
ut-kṛt (ud-√kṛt), P. -kṛntati, to cut out or off, tear out or off
• to cut up, cut in pieces, carve, butcher ŚBr. Mn. Yājñ. MBh. Ragh. &c
• to destroy, ruin, extirpate: Pass. -kṛtyate, to perish AitBr. vi, 23, 7
≫ utkartana
ut-kartana n. cutting up, cutting to pieces, cutting off Suśr
≫ utkartam
ut-kártam ind. p. cutting off ŚBr. xiii, 7, 1, 9
≫ utkṛtya
ut-kṛtya ind. p. having cut off or up, having cut out MBh. R
≫ utkṛtyamāna
ut-kṛtyamāna mfn. being cut to pieces, being cut up
utkṛt 2
ut-kṛt (ud-√kṛt), P. -kṛṇatti, to continue spinning RV. x, 130, 2
utkṛṣ
ut-kṛṣ (ud-√kṛṣ), P. sometimes Ā. -karṣati, -te, to draw or drag or pull up
• to raise
• to draw or take out
• to extract
• to pull or put off MāṇḍUp. MBh. Ragh. Suśr. R. &c
• to put off, delay Nyāyam
• to bend (a bow)
• to tear asunder: Caus. -karṣayati, to elevate, raise, increase Sāh.: Pass. -kṛṣyate, to be lifted or drawn up
• to be raised, rise, become powerful, become eminent MBh. &c. (cf. ut-kṛṣṭa)
≫ utkarṣa
ut-karṣa mfn. superior, eminent
• much, excessive L. exaggerated, boastful Yājñ
• attractive
• m. pulling upwards, drawing, pulling
• elevation, increase, rising to something better, prosperity
• excellence, eminence Mn. R. Pañcat. Hit. Kathās. &c
• excess, abundance
• self-conceit
• boasting Yājñ
• excepting, omitting Comm. on KātyŚr
• putting off, delaying Nyāyam
⋙ utkarṣasama
○sama m. a kind of fallacy (attributing similar qualities to two objects because they have one quality in common [Page 176, Column 3]
• e.g. affirming that a sound has a shape like a jar because both are perishable) Sarvad. Nyāyad. Nyāyak
≫ utkarṣaka
ut-karṣaka mfn. drawing upwards, raising, increasing Sāh
≫ utkarṣaṇa
ut-karṣaṇa n. the act of drawing upwards taking off Suśr
• pulling off (a dress) MBh
• (ī), f. N. of a Śakti
≫ utkarṣita
ut-karṣita mfn. drawn upwards, elevated
≫ utkarṣin
utkarṣin mfn. superior, better
• more excellent or eminent Kāvyâd
• (iṇī), f. N. of a Śakti RāmatUp
≫ utkṛṣṭa
ut-kṛṣṭa mfn. (opposed to apa-kṛṣṭa and ava-kṛṣṭa), drawn up or out
• attracted
• extracted
• taking a high position
• excellent, eminent
• superior, best
• (ifc., e.g. jñānôtkṛṣṭa mfn. eminent in knowledge)
• much, most, excessive Mn. MBh. Pañcat. &c
⋙ utkṛṣṭatā
○tā f. or excellence, superiority, eminence
⋙ utkṛṣṭatva
○tva n. excellence, superiority, eminence
⋙ utkṛṣṭabhūma
○bhūma m. a good soil
⋙ utkṛṣṭavedana
○vedana n. marrying a man of a higher caste Mn. iii, 44
⋙ utkṛṣṭopādhitā
utkṛṣṭôpādhitā f. state of having something superior as an indispensable condition Vedāntas. 42
≫ utkraṣṭavya
ut-kraṣṭavya mfn. to be delayed Nyāyam
≫ utkraṣṭṛ
ut-kraṣṭṛ ṭā m. one who draws up Mn
utkṝ
ut-kṝ (ud-√kṝ), P. -kirati, to scatter upwards
• to pile up, heap up Ragh. R
• to dig up or out, excavate
VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. Suśr. &c
• to engrave Vikr. Ragh
≫ utkara
ut-kara m. anything dug out or scattered upwards, rubbish AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. Mṛicch. &c
• a heap, multitude MBh. R. Kathās. &c
• sprawling Bhpr. i, 138
⋙ utkarādi
utkarâdi m. N. of a g. (Pāṇ. 4-2, 90)
≫ utkarikā
ut-karikā f. a sort of sweetmeat (made with milk, treacle, and ghee W.) Comm. on Mn
≫ utkarīya
utkarīya mfn. relating or belonging to a heap &c. Pāṇ. 4-2, 90
≫ utkāra
ut-kāra m. piling up (corn) Pāṇ. Bhaṭṭ
≫ utkārikā
ut-kārikā f. a poultice Suśr
⋙ utkārikopanāha
utkārikôpanāha m. id. Car
≫ utkira
ut-kira mfn. (ifc.) piling up, heaping up Ragh. i, 38 Kum. &c
≫ utkīrṇa
ut-kīrṇa mfn. heaped up, scattered Ragh
• covered with Kād
• dug out, perforated KātyŚr. Suśr. &c
• pierced
• engraved, carved
• cut out Vikr. Kāvyâd
utkṝt
ut-kṝt (ud-√kṝt), P. -kīrtayati, to proclaim, celebrate, praise, promulgate
≫ utkīrtana
ut-kīrtana n. crying out, proclaiming
• reporting, promulgating Sāh
• praising, celebrating
≫ utkīrtita
ut-kīrtita mfn. proclaimed, promulgated
• praised, celebrated L
≫ utkīrtya
ut-kīrtya ind. p. having celebrated or praised Ragh. x, 32
• having proclaimed &c
utkḷp
ut-kḷp (ud-√kḷp), Caus. P. (impf. 3. pl. -ákalpayan AV. xii, 4, 41) to form, fashion, create
utkoca
ut-koca &c. ut-kuc
utkoṭi
ut-koṭi mfn. ending in a point or edge Kād
utkoṭha
ut-koṭha m. a kind of leprosy Bhpr
utkorakaya
utkorakaya Nom. P. utkorakayati, to abound with opening buds Kād
utkośaya
utkośaya Nom. P. utkośayati, to draw (a sword) out of its scabbard Vet
utkram
ut-kram (ud-√kram), P. (and rarely Ā.) -krāmati. -kramati (Ved. impf. 3. pl. -akraman AV. iv, 3, 1), -te (pf. 3. pl. -cakramus ŚBr.) to step up, go up, ascend AV. VS. TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. R. Kathās. &c
• to step out, go out or away
• to pass away, die ŚBr. Mn. Nir. Kād. &c
• to go over, pass over, omit
• not to notice
• to neglect, transgress MBh. R. &c.: Caus. P. -kramayati and -krāmayati, to cause to go up or ascend TS. ŚBr. Kauś. &c.: Desid. -cikramiṣati, or -cikramiṣyati, to wish to go up or out ŚBr. ChUp
≫ utkrama
ut-kramá m. going up or out VS. ŚBr. &c
• inverted order Sūryas
• progressive increase
• going astray, acting improperly, deviation, transgression L. [Page 177, Column 1]
⋙ utkramajyā
○jyā f. (in geom.) the versed sine Sūryas
≫ utkramaṇa
ut-krámaṇa n. going up or out, soaring aloft, flight
• stepping out VS. ChUp. &c. KātyŚr
• surpassing, exceeding
• departing from life, dying, death KaṭhUp. (cf. prāṇôtkr○.)
≫ utkramaṇīya
ut-kramaṇīya mfn. to be abandoned or given up MBh
≫ utkramayya
ut-kramayya ind. p. (of Caus.) having caused to ascend Lāṭy
≫ utkramya
ut-kramya ind. p. having gone up, stepping up &c
• having neglected MBh
≫ utkrānta
ut-krānta mfn. gone forth or out
• gone over or beyond, passed, surpassed
• trespassing, exceeding
⋙ utkrāntamedha
○medha (út-krānta○), mfn. sapless, powerless ŚBr. vii, 5, 2, 37
⋙ utkrāntaśreyas
○śreyas mfn. abandoned by fortune Vait
≫ utkrānti
ut-krānti f. stepping up to VS. ŚBr
• going out
• passing away, dying Kathās
≫ utkrāntin
utkrāntin mfn. passing, passing away, gone, departed L
≫ utkrāma
ut-krāma m. going from or out, going above, surpassing, deviating from propriety, transgression
• opposition, contrariety L
utkraṣṭavya
ut-kraṣṭavya ut-kraṣṭṛ, utkṛṣ, p. 176, col. 3
utkrī
ut-krī īs m. N. of a particular Soma sacrifice ŚāṅkhŚr. xiv, 42, 8
utkruś
ut-kruś (ud-kruś), P. -krośati, to cry out, scream MBh. R. MārkP
• to call to (with acc.) MBh
• to exclaim
• to proclaims W
≫ utkruṣṭa
ut-kruṣṭa mfn. crying out, speaking out or aloud
• (am), n. the act of crying out MBh
• calling, exclaiming
≫ utkrośa
ut-krośa m. clamour, outcry L
• a sea eagle Suśr
≫ utkrośīya
utkrośīya mfn. (g. utkarâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 90), relating or belonging to a clamour &c
utkroda
ut-krodá m. (√krud = √kūrd? BRD.), jumping up, exulting, exultation TS. vii, 5, 9, 2
≫ utkrodin
ut-krodín mfn. exulting MaitrS. ii, 5, 7
utkliś
ut-kliś (ud-kliś), P. -kliśnāti, to feel uneasy, be uncomfortable or distressed: Caus. P. -kleśayati, to excite, stir up Suśr
• to expel
≫ utkliśya
ut-kliśya ind. p. having become uneasy Suśr
≫ utkliṣṭa
ut-kliṣṭa mfn. distressed Car
≫ utkleśa
ut-kleśa m. excitement, disquietude
• disorder or corruption of the humors (of the body) Suśr
• sickness, nausea
≫ utkleśaka
ut-kleśaka m. a kind of venomous insect Suśr
≫ utkleśana
ut-kleśana mfn. exciting, stirring up, causing disorder (cf. kaphôt○) Suśr
≫ utkleśin
ut-kleśin mfn. id
utkleda
ut-kleda m. (√klid), the becoming wet or moist Suśr
≫ utkledin
utkledin mfn. wet Suśr
• wetting Car
utkvath
ut-kvath (ud-kvath), P. -kvathati, to boil out, extract by boiling &c. Suśr.: Pass. -kvathyate, to be boiled
• to be consumed (by the ardour of love) Kād. 176, 3: Caus. -kvāthayati, to boil out Suśr
utkṣip
ut-kṣip (ud-kṣip), P. Ā. -kṣipati, -te, to throw up, raise, set up, erect Mn. MBh. Kathās. &c
• to throw away, reject, get rid of, vomit up BhP
≫ utkṣipta
ut-kṣipta mfn. thrown upwards, tossed, raised MBh. Kathās. &c
• thrown out, ejected
• vomited
• rejected, dismissed
• m. the thorn apple (Datura Metel and Fastuosa) L
≫ utkṣipti
ut-kṣipti f. raising, lifting up Priy
≫ utkṣiptikā
utkṣiptikā f. an ornament in the shape of a crescent worn in the upper part of the ear L
≫ utkṣepa
ut-kṣepa m. throwing or tossing up, raising, lifting up Megh. Suśr. &c
• throwing away
• sending, despatching
• bringing up, vomiting
• expanding (the wings) Suśr
• N. of a country
• also of a man L
• (au), m. du. the region above the temples Suśr
• (ā), f. N. of a woman Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 112
≫ utkṣepaka
ut-kṣepaka mfn. throwing up, a thrower
• who or what elevates or raises
• one who sends or orders L
• m. a stealer of clothes Yājñ. ii, 274. [Page 177, Column 2]
⋙ utkṣepaṇa
ut-kṣepaṇa n. the act of throwing upwards, tossing KātyŚr. Śak. 30 a
• sending, sending away Suśr
• vomiting, taking up
• a kind of basket or bowl used for cleaning corn L
• a fan L
• a measure of sixteen paṇas L
≫ utkṣepam
ut-kṣepam (bāhū7t○), ind. p. having thrown up (the arms) Śak. 131 b
utkṣvid
ut-kṣvid (ud-kṣvid), P. -kṣvedati, to creak MaitrS. iii, 2, 2
utkhac
ut-khac (ud-√khac)
≫ utkhacita
ut-khacita mfn. intermixed with Ragh
utkhan
ut-khan (ud-khan), P. -khanati (pf. -cakhāna) to dig up or out, to excavate
• to tear out by the roots, √up ŚBr. AitBr. Ragh. Kathās. &c
• to draw or tear out Kauś. Kathās. Bhaṭṭ
• to destroy entirely Ragh. Rājat. Pañcat
≫ utkhāta
ut-khāta mfn. dug up
• excavated, eradicated, pulled up by the roots
• destroyed, annihilated
• (am), n. a hole, cavity
• a deepening, uneven ground
• undermining, hollowing out
• destroying, extirpating Mudr
≫ utkhātin
utkhātin mfn. having cavities or holes, uneven Śak. 10, 6
• destructive
≫ utkhānam
ut-khānam ind. p. digging out Lāṭy
≫ utkhāya
ut-khāya ind. p. having dug up
• having torn out Ragh. Śiś. v, 59
utkhalā
utkhalā f. a kind of perfume L
utkhalin
utkhalin ī m. N. of a Buddhist deity
≫ utkhalī
utkhalī and f. N. of a Buddhist goddess
⋙ utkhālī
utkhālī f. N. of a Buddhist goddess
utkhid
ut-khid (ud-khid), P. -khidáti, to draw out, extract TS. AV. AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ
utta
utta p. 183, col. 1
uttaṃsa
ut-taṃsa m. (√tan), a crest, chaplet
• a wreath worn on the crown of the head Sāh. Rājat
• an earring L
• (figuratively) an ornament VarBṛS. Bālar
≫ uttaṃsaka
ut-taṃsaka m. id. VarBṛS
≫ uttaṃsaya
uttaṃsaya Nom. P. uttaṃsayati, to adorn with a crest Veṇis
≫ uttaṃsika
uttaṃsika m. N. of a Nāga L
≫ uttaṃsita
uttaṃsita mfn. used as crest or ornament for the head Bhartṛ
• crested Prasannar
uttakṣ
ut-takṣ (ud-takṣ), P. (Impv. 2. du. út-takṣatam RV. vii, 104, 4) to form (anything) out of (any other thing), Bṛḍ.
• to take out of (anything), ṣāy.
uttaṅka
uttaṅka and uttaṅka-megha, vv. ll. for utaṅka and utaṅka-megha, qq.v
uttaṭa
ut-taṭa mfn. overflowing its banks (as a river) Ragh. xi, 85
uttathya
uttathya m. N. of a son of Devaputra BhP. VP. (cf. utathya.)
uttan
ut-tan (ud-tan), Ā. (aor. 3. pl. -atnata RV. i, 37, 10) to stretch one's self upwards, endeavour to rise
• to stretch out
≫ uttata
út-tata mfn. stretching one's self upwards, rising upwards AV. ii, 7, 3 ; vii, 90, 3
≫ uttāna
ut-tāná mfn. stretched out, spread out, lying on the back, sleeping supinely or with the face upwards RV. AV. VS
• upright ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• turned so that the mouth or opening is uppermost (as a vessel), concave TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. BhP. &c
• spreading out over the surface Suśr
• shallow
• open Śak
• m. N. of an Āṅgirasa TBr. Kāṭh. -kūrmaka n. a particular posture in sitting
⋙ uttānapattraka
○pattraka m. a species of Ricinus Bhpr
⋙ uttānapad
○pad (uttāná○), f. one whose legs are extended (in parturition)
• N. of a peculiar creative agency RV. x, 72, 4
• vegetation, the whole creation of upward-germinating plants, ṣāy.
⋙ uttānaparṇa
○parṇa (uttāná-), mfn. having extended leaves RV. x, 145, 2
⋙ uttānaparṇaka
○parṇaka m. a species of plant L
⋙ uttānapāṇidvaya
○pāṇi-dvaya mfn. having the two hands with the palms turned upwards
⋙ uttānapāda
○pāda m. the star ? in the little bear (personified as son of Vīra or Manu Svāyambhuva and father of Dhruva) Hariv. VP. &c
-ja m. a N. of Dhruva (or the polar-star) L
⋙ uttānabarhis
○barhis m. N. of a prince BhP
⋙ uttānarecita
○recita m. (sc. hasta) a particular position of the hands. [Page 177, Column 3]
⋙ uttānaśaya
○śaya mfn. lying on the back, sleeping with the face upwards
• m. a little child L
⋙ uttānaśāyin
○śāyin mfn. lying on the back
⋙ uttānaśīvan
○śī́van mf(arī)n. lying extended, stagnant (as water) AV. iii, 21, 10
⋙ uttānahaya
○haya m. N. of a son of Śatājit VP
⋙ uttānahasta
○hasta (uttāná○), mfn. having the hand, extended, extending them in prayer RV. KātyŚr. Vait
• (au), m. du. the two hands with the fingers stretched out (but with the backs towards the ground) W
⋙ uttānahṛdaya
○hṛdaya (Prākṛit uttāṇahiā), open-hearted Śak. 204, 6
⋙ uttānārtha
uttānârtha mfn. superficial, shallow Subh
≫ uttānaka
uttānaka m. a species of Cyperus grass L
• (ikā), f. N. of a river R
≫ uttānita
uttānita mfn. wide open (as the mouth) Kād
≫ uttānīkṛ
uttānī-kṛ √1. to open wide (the mouth), Ratnāv
⋙ uttānīkṛbhū
○√bhū to spread, extend Kād
uttap
ut-tap (ud-tap), P. -tapati, to make warm or hot
• to heat thoroughly Rājat. Lāṭy. &c
• to pain, torment, press hard Rājat. Śiś. &c.: Ā. -tapate, to shine forth, give out heat Pāṇ. 1-3, 27
• to warm one's self or a part of one's body Kāty. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 27: Caus. -tāpayati, to warm up, heat MBh
• to excite, urge on Sāh
≫ uttapana
ut-tapana m. a particular kind of fire
≫ uttapta
ut-tapta mfn. burnt
• heated, red hot, glowing, Śārṅg
• pained, tormented, pressed hard Rājat
• bathed, washed L
• anxious, excited W
• (am), n. dried flesh L
• great heat T
≫ uttāpa
ut-tāpa m. great heat, glow
• ardour, effort, excessive energy Hit. Bālar
• affliction, distress
• excitement, anxiety L
≫ uttāpita
ut-tāpita mfn. heated, made hot
• pained, distressed
• excited, roused
uttabdha
út-tabdha &c. ut-tambh, p. 179, col. 1
uttam
ut-tam (ud-√tam), P. -tāmyati, to be out of breath or exhausted
• to lose heart, faint R. Rājat. Daś
uttama
ut-tamá mfn. (superlative fr. 1. ud
• opposed to avama, adhama, &c
• cf. an-uttama), uppermost, highest, chief
• most elevated, principal
• best, excellent RV. AV. AitBr. Mn. Pañcat. &c. (often ifc., e.g. dvijôttama, best of the twice-born, i.e. a Brāhman Mn.)
• first, greatest
• the highest (tone) ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr
• the most removed or last in place or order or time RV. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• (ám), ind. most, in the highest degree R
• at last, lastly ŚBr. iii, 2, 1, 21
• m. the last person (= in European grammars the first person) Pāṇ. Kāty. Kāś. &c
• N. of a brother of Dhruva (son of Uttāna-pāda and nephew of Priya-vrata) VP
• of a son of Priya-vrata and third Manu
• of the twenty-first Vyāsa VP
• (ās), m. pl., N. of people VP. MBh
• (ā), f. a kind of Piḍakā or pustule Suśr
• the plant Oxystelma Esculentum (Asclepias Rosea Roxb.) Suśr
• an excellent woman (one who is handsome, healthy, and affectionate) L
⋙ uttamagandhāḍhya
○gandhâḍhya mfn. possessing abundantly the most delicate scent or delicious fragrance
⋙ uttamajana
○jana m. pl. excellent men Bhartṛ. (Hit. &c.)
⋙ uttamatā
○tā f. or excellence, superiority
⋙ uttamatva
○tva n. excellence, superiority
• goodness, good quality
⋙ uttamatejas
○tejas mfn. having extraordinary splendour, very glorious MBh
⋙ uttamadarśana
○darśana mfn. of excellent appearance MBh
⋙ uttamapada
○pada n. a high office
⋙ uttamapuruṣa
○puruṣa m. the last person in verbal conjugation, i.e. 'I, we two, we' (= in European grammars the first person, our third person being regarded in Hindū grammars as the prathama-puruṣa, q.v
• cf. also madhyama-puruṣa) Nir. Kāś. &c
• the Supreme Spirit ChUp. Gaut. &c
⋙ uttamapūruṣa
○pūruṣa m. = -puruṣa above
• the Supreme Spirit
• an excellent man L
⋙ uttamaphalinī
○phalinī f. the plant Oxystelma Esculentum (Asclepias Rosea Roxb.) L
⋙ uttamabala
○bala mfn. of excellent strength, very strong Car
⋙ uttamamaṇi
○maṇi m. a kind of gem L
⋙ uttamarṇa
○"ṣrṇa (uttama-ṛṇa), m. a creditor Pāṇ. 1-4, 35 Mn. &c
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VP. MārkP. -"ṣrṇika m. a creditor Mn. Yājñ
⋙ uttamarṇin
○"ṣrṇin m. a creditor L
⋙ uttamalābha
○lābha m. great profit, a double return
⋙ uttamavayasa
○vayasá n. the last period of life ŚBr. xii, 9, 1, 8
⋙ uttamavarṇa
○varṇa mfn. having an excellent colour (also being of the best caste) Hit
⋙ uttamaveṣa
○veṣa m. 'having the most excellent dress', N. of Śiva
⋙ uttamaśākha
○śākha m. N. of a region, (g. gahâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 138.)
⋙ uttamaśākhīya
○"ṣśākhīya mfn. belonging to that region
⋙ uttamaśruta
○śruta mfn. possessing the utmost learning R. [Page 178, Column 1]
⋙ uttamaśloka
○śloka (uttamá○), m. the most excellent renown TS. v, 7, 4, 3
• (mfn.) possessing the most excellent fame, highly renowned, illustrious BhP
-tīrtha m. N. of a teacher
⋙ uttamasaṃgraha
○saṃgraha m. intriguing with another man's wife, addressing her privately, casting amorous looks &c
⋙ uttamasāhasa
○sāhasa n. the highest of the three fixed mulcts or fines (a fine of 1000 or of 80, 000 paṇas
• capital punishment, branding, banishment, confiscation, mutilation, and death)
⋙ uttamasukha
○sukha m. N. of a man
⋙ uttamastrīsaṃgrahaṇa
○strī-saṃgrahaṇa = -saṃgraha above
⋙ uttamāṅga
uttamâṅga n. the highest or chief part of the body, the head Mn. MBh. Bhag. Suśr. Mṛicch. &c
⋙ uttamādhama
uttamâdhama mfn. high and low
-madhyama mfn. good, bad, and indifferent
• high, low, and middling
⋙ uttamāmbhas
uttamâmbhas n. (in Sāṃkhya phil.) one of the nine kinds of Tushṭi, q.v., Sāṃkhya-kaumudī (quoted by T.)
⋙ uttamāraṇī
uttamâraṇī f. the plant Asparagus Racemosus L
⋙ uttamārdha
uttamârdhá m. the last half or part ŚBr. Lāṭy
• the best half
⋙ uttamārdhya
uttamārdhya mfn. relating to or connected with the last part or the best half Pāṇ. 4-3, 5
⋙ uttamāha
uttamâha m. the last or latest day, a fine day (?), a lucky day (?) L
⋙ uttamottama
uttamôttama mfn. the best among the best, the very best
⋙ uttamottarīya
uttamôttarīya m. N. of a grammarian
⋙ uttamopapada
uttamôpapada mfn. one to whom the best term is applicable, best, good
⋙ uttamāujas
uttamâujas m. 'of excellent valour', N. of one of the warriors of the Mahā-bhārata
⋙ uttamaudārya
uttamâudārya mfn. very noble-hearted R
≫ uttamāyya
uttamā́yya mfn. (fut. pass. p. of a Nom. uttamāya?) to be raised or celebrated RV. ix, 22, 6
≫ uttamīya
uttamīya mfn. (g. gahâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 138) belonging to anything excellent or best or last &c
≫ uttara 1
úttara mfn. (compar. fr. 1. ud
• opposed to adhara
• declined Gram. 238. a), upper, higher, superior (e.g. uttare dantās, the upper teeth) RV. AV. TS. ChUp. Ragh. &c
• northern (because the northern part of India is high) AV. Mn. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• left (opposed to dakṣiṇa or right, because in praying the face being turned to the east the north would be on the left hand) AV. KātyŚr. MBh. &c
• later, following, subsequent, latter, concluding, posterior, future RV. AV. KātyŚr. MBh. Ragh. Hit. &c. (opposed to pūrva, &c., e.g. uttaraḥ kālaḥ, future time
uttaraṃ vākyam, a following speech, answer, reply
phalam uttaram, subsequent result, future consequence
varṣôttareṣu, in future years)
• followed by (e.g. smôttara mfn. followed by 'sma' Pāṇ. 3-3, 176)
• superior, chief, excellent, dominant, predominant, more powerful RV. AV
• gaining a cause (in law)
• better, more excellent RV
• m. N. of a son of Virāṭa MBh
• of a king of the Nāgas L
• N. of a mountain Kathās
• of several men
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a school
• (ā), of. (scil. diś) the northern quarter, the north Kathās. &c
• N. of each of the Nakshatras that contain the word 'uttara' (cf. uttara-phalgunī, &c.)
• N. of a daughter of Virāṭa and daughter-in-law of Arjuna MBh
• of a female servant Lalit
• (e), f. du. the second and third verse of a Tṛica (or a stanza consisting of three verses)
• (ās), f. pl. the second part of the Sāma-saṃhitā
• (am), n. upper surface or cover MBh. Ragh. Daś. &c
• the north R. Dhūrtas
• the following member, the last part of a compound
• answer, reply Ragh. R. Prab. &c
• (in law) a defence, rejoinder, a defensive measure
• contradiction Car
• (in the Mimāṃsā philosophy) the answer (the fourth member of an adhikaraṇa or case)
• superiority, excellence, competency R. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• result, the chief or prevalent result or characteristic, what remains or is left, conclusion, remainder, excess, over and above, (often ifc., e.g. bhayôttara, attended with danger, having danger as the result
dharmôttara, chiefly characterized by virtue
ṣaṣṭy-uttaraṃ sahasram, one thousand with an excess of sixty, i.e. 1060
saptôttaraṃ śatam, 107)
• remainder, difference (in arithmetic)
• N. of a song Yājñ
• N. of each of the Nakshatras that contain the word 'uttara'
• a particular figure in rhetoric
• N. of the last book of the Rāmāyaṇa
• (am), ind. at the conclusion, at the end, e.g. bhavad-uttaram, having the word 'bhavat' at the end
asrôttaram īkṣitā, looked at with tears at the close, i.e. with a glance ending in tears
• afterwards, thereafter
• behind MBh. &c
• in the following part (of a book)
• [Gk. ?.]
⋙ uttarakalpa
○kalpa m. [178, 1] N. of wk
⋙ uttarakāṇḍa
○kāṇḍa n. following or concluding book
• the seventh book of the Rāmāyaṇa
• also the last book of the Adhyātma-rāmāyaṇa. [Page 178, Column 2]
⋙ uttarakāmākhyatantra
○kāmâkhya-tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ uttarakāya
○kāya m. the upper part of the body Ragh
⋙ uttarakāla
○kāla m. future time
• time reckoned from full moon to full moon
• (am) or (atas), ind. afterwards, after
• (mfn.) future MBh
⋙ uttarakuru
○kuru m. n. one of the nine divisions of the world (the country of the northern Kurus, situated in the north of India, and described as the country of eternal beatitude)
⋙ uttarakośalā
○kośalā f. the city Ayodhyā (the modern Oude) L
⋙ uttarakriyā
○kriyā f. the last (sacred) action, funeral rites, obsequies
⋙ uttarakhaṇḍa
○khaṇḍa n. last section
• the concluding book of the Padma-purāṇa
• also of the Śiva-purāṇa and of other works
⋙ uttarakhaṇḍana
○khaṇḍana n. cutting off a reply, refutation
⋙ uttaraga
○ga mfn. flowing towards the north R
⋙ uttaragītā
○gītā f. N. of a section of the sixth book of the Mahābhārata
⋙ uttaragrantha
○grantha m. N. of a supplement of the Yoni-grantha
⋙ uttaraṃga
○"ṣṃ-ga (1. uttaraṃ-ga
• for 2. s.v.), n. a wooden arch surmounting a door frame L
⋙ uttaracchada
○cchada m. a cover thrown over anything MBh. R. Daś. Ragh
⋙ uttaraja
○ja mfn. born in the latter (or last-mentioned kind of wedlock) Yājñ. i, 59
• born subsequently or afterwards
⋙ uttarajyā
○jyā f. the versed sine of an arc, the second half of the chord halved by the versed sine L
⋙ uttarajyotiṣa
○jyotiṣa n. N. of a country MBh
⋙ uttaratantra
○tantra n. 'concluding doctrine', N. of a supplementary section in the medical manual of Suśruta
• also of supplementary portions of several other works
⋙ uttaratara
○tara mfn. (compar. ft. uttara), still further removed, still more distant, still higher ŚvetUp
⋙ uttaratas
○tás ind. at the top, above
• from the north, northward AV. VS. MBh. ChUp. &c
• to the left (opposed to dakṣiṇa-tas) ŚBr. AitBr. PāGṛ. &c. (in some cases it is not to be decided whether 'northward' or 'to the left' is meant)
• afterwards
• behind
○ḥ-paścāt ind. north-westward (with gen. Pāṇ. 2-3, 30) AitBr. ŚBr. &c
⋙ uttaratāpanīya
○tāpanīya n. N. of the second part of the Nṛisiṃha-tāpanīyôpanishad
⋙ uttaratra
○tra ind. in what follows, after, subsequently, later, further on, beyond, below (in a work) Pāṇ
• northward, (pūrvatra, in the first case or place
uttaratra, in the second) Sāh
⋙ uttaradanta
○danta m. a tooth of the upper mandible Comm. on TPrāt
⋙ uttaradāyaka
○dāyaka mfn. replying, giving an answer, impertinent Hit
⋙ uttaradikstha
○dik-stha mfn. situated in the north, northern
⋙ uttaradigīśa
○dig-īśa m. N. of Kuvera
⋙ uttaradiś
○diś f. the north quarter
⋙ uttaradeśa
○deśa m. the country towards the north, the up-country
⋙ uttaradru
○drú m. an upper beam (?) AV. vi, 49, 2
⋙ uttaradharma
○dharma m. N. of a teacher (Buddh.)
⋙ uttaradhāraya
○dhāraya mfn. one who has to give an answer Naish
⋙ uttaradhurīṇa
○dhurīṇa mfn. yoked on the left pole of a carriage (as a horse) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-4, 78
⋙ uttaradheya
○dheya mfn. to be done or applied subsequently
⋙ uttaranābhi
○nābhí f. the cavity on the north of the sacrificial fire ŚBr. Comm. on Śulbas
⋙ uttaranārāyaṇa
○nārāyaṇá m. the second part of the Nārāyaṇa- or Purusha-hymn (RV. x, 90) ŚBr
⋙ uttarapakṣa
○pakṣa m. the northern or left wing (side) KātyŚr
• second or following part of an argument, the reply, refutation
• the answer to the first or objectionable argument (cf. pūrva-pakṣa)
• the right argument, demonstrated truth, or conclusion
• the minor proposition in a syllogism
-tā f. or -tva n. conclusion, demonstration, reply
⋙ uttarapaṭa
○paṭa m. an upper garment MBh
⋙ uttarapatha
○patha m. the northern way, the way leading to the north
• the northern country Pāṇ. 5-1, 27, &c
⋙ uttarapathika
○"ṣpathika mfn. inhabiting the northern country Prab
⋙ uttarapada
○pada n. the last member of a compound word Pāṇ. &c
○dârtha-pradhāna mfn. (a compound) in which the sense of the last member is the chief one (said of Tatpurusha compounds) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-1, 22
⋙ uttarapadika
○"ṣpadika or mfn. relating to or studying the last word or term Pāṇ. Comm
⋙ uttarapadakīya
○"ṣpadakīya mfn. relating to or studying the last word or term Pāṇ. Comm
⋙ uttaraparvata
○parvata m. the northern mountain R
⋙ uttarapaścārdha
○paścârdha m. the north-western half
⋙ uttarapaścima
○paścima mfn. north-western ĀśvGṛ
• (ā) f. (scil. diś) the north-west
⋙ uttarapāda
○pāda m. a division of legal practice (that part which relates to the reply or defence, four divisions being admitted in every suit)
⋙ uttarapurastāt
○purastāt ind. north-eastward (with gen.) ĀśvGṛ
⋙ uttarapurāṇa
○purāṇa n. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ uttarapūrva
○pūrva mfn. north-eastward KātyŚr
• one who takes the north for the east Siddh
• (ā), f. (scil. diś) the north-east
⋙ uttarapracchada
○pracchada m. a coverlid, quilt L
⋙ uttarapratyuttara
○pratyuttara n. 'reply and rejoinder', a dispute, altercation, discussion
• the pleadings in a lawsuit
⋙ uttaraproṣṭhapadā
○proṣṭhapadā f
⋙ uttaraphalgunī
○phalgunī or f. N. of lunar mansions (cf. proṣṭhapadā, phalgunī.)
⋙ uttaraphālgunī
○phālgunī f. N. of lunar mansions (cf. proṣṭhapadā, phalgunī.)
⋙ uttarabarhis
○barhís n. the sacrificial grass on the north of the fire
⋙ uttarabhaktika
○bhaktika mfn. employed after eating Car. [Page 178, Column 3]
⋙ uttarabhadrapadā
○bhadrapadā or f. N. of a lunar mansion (cf. bhādrapadā.)
⋙ uttarabhādrapadā
○bhādrapadā f. N. of a lunar mansion (cf. bhādrapadā.)
⋙ uttarabhāga
○bhāga m. the second part
⋙ uttaramati
○mati m. N. of a man
⋙ uttaramandrā
○mandrā (úttara○), f. a loud but slow manner of singing ŚBr. KātyŚr
-"ṣrâdyā f. a particular Mūrchanā (in music)
⋙ uttaramātra
○mātra n. a mere reply, only a reply
⋙ uttaramānasa
○mānasa n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ uttaramārga
○mārga m. the way leading to the north
⋙ uttaramīmāṃsā
○mīmāṃsā f. the Vedānta philosophy (an inquiry into the Jñāna-kāṇḍa or second portion of the Veda
• opposed to pūrva-mīmāṃsā
mimāṃsā):
⋙ uttaramūla
○mūla (úttara○), mfn. having the roots above ŚBr. i, 2, 4, 16
⋙ uttarayuga
○yuga n. a particular measure (= 13 Aṅgulas), Śulbas
⋙ uttararahita
○rahita mfn. devoid of reply, having no answer
⋙ uttararāmacarita
○rāma-carita (or ○caritra), n. 'the further or later deeds of Rāma', N. of a drama of Bhava-bhūti
⋙ uttararūpa
○rūpa n. the second of two combined vowels or consonants Comm. on Aprāt
⋙ uttaralakṣaṇa
○lakṣaṇa n. the indication of an actual reply
• (mfn.) marked on the left side KātyŚr
⋙ uttaralakṣman
○lakṣman mfn. marked above or on the left side Kap
⋙ uttaraloman
○loman (úttara○), mfn. having the hairs turned upwards or outwards ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ
⋙ uttaravayasa
○vayasa n. the latter or declining years of life ŚBr
⋙ uttaravallī
○vallī f. N. of the second section of the Kāṭhakôpanishad (when divided into two Adhyāyas)
⋙ uttaravasti
○vasti f. a small syringe, a urethra injection pipe Suśr
⋙ uttaravastra
○vastra n. an upper garment
⋙ uttaravādin
○vādin m. a replicant
• a defendant
• one whose claims are of later date than another's Yājñ
⋙ uttaravāsas
○vāsas n. an upper garment R
⋙ uttaravīthi
○vīthi f. (in astron.) the northern orbit VarBṛS
⋙ uttaravedi
○vedí f. the northern altar made for the sacred fire VS. ŚBr. AitBr. &c
⋙ uttaraśānti
○śānti f. final consecration ŚāṅkhGṛ. vi, 2, 7
⋙ uttaraśaila
○śaila m. pl., N. of a Buddhist school
⋙ uttarasaktha
○saktha n. the left thigh Pāṇ. 5-4, 98
⋙ uttarasaṃjñita
○saṃjñita mfn. designated in the reply (a witness &c.)
• learnt from report, hearsay evidence
⋙ uttarasākṣin
○sākṣin m. witness for the defence
• a witness testifying from the report of others
⋙ uttarasādhaka
○sādhaka mfn. effective of a result, assisting at a ceremony, befriending
• an assistant, helper, friend
• establishing a reply Vet
⋙ uttarahanu
○hanú f. the upper jaw-bone AV. ix, 7, 2
⋙ uttarāṃsa
uttarâṃsa m. the left shoulder (the clavicle ?) MBh
⋙ uttarāgāra
uttarâgāra n. an upper room, garret Hariv
⋙ uttarāṅga
uttarâṅga n. the last sound of combined consonants Comm. on VPrāt
⋙ uttarādri
uttarâdri m. 'northern mountain', the Himālaya L
⋙ uttarādhara
uttarâdhará mfn. superior and inferior, higher and lower ŚBr
• (am), n. upper and under lip Kum
• the lips ( adharôttara)
-vivara n. the mouth Daś. 73, 11
⋙ uttarādhikāra
uttarâdhikāra m. right to property in succession to another person, heirship
-tā f. or -tva n. right of succession
⋙ uttarādhikārin
uttarâdhikārin mfn. an heir or claimant subsequent to the death of the original owner, an heir who claims as second in succession L
⋙ uttarāpatha
uttarā-patha m. the northern road or direction, the northern country, north Pañcat. Hit. Kathās. &c
⋙ uttarābhāsa
uttarâbhāsa m. a false or indirect or prevaricating reply
-tā f. or -tva n. inadequacy of a reply, the semblance without the reality
⋙ uttarābhimukha
uttarâbhimukha mfn. turned towards the north
⋙ uttarāmnāya
uttarâmnāya m. N. of a sacred book of the Śāktas
⋙ uttarāyaṇa
uttarâyaṇa n. the progress (of the sun) to the north
• the period of the sun's progress to the north of the equator, the summer solstice Mn. Bhag. VarBṛS. Pañcat. &c
⋙ uttarāraṇi
uttarâraṇí f. the upper araṇi (q.v.) which is also called Pramantha or churner ŚBr
⋙ uttarārka
uttarârka m. N. of one of the twelve forms of the sun SkandaP
⋙ uttarārcika
uttarârcika n. N. of the second part of the Sāmaveda-saṃhitā (also called uttarāgrantha)
⋙ uttarārtha
uttarârtha mfn. (done &c.) for the sake of what follows Lāṭy. Kāś. &c
⋙ uttarārdha
uttarârdhá n. the upper part (of the body) Ragh
• the northern part ŚBr. KātyŚr
• the latter half Śrut
• the further end
-pūrvârdha n. the eastern part of the northern side (of the fire) ŚBr. HirGṛ
⋙ uttarārdhya
uttarārdhyá (fr. uttarârdha), mfn. being on the northern side TS. ŚBr
⋙ uttarāvat
uttarā́-vat mfn. being above TBr
• victorious, overpowering AV. ŚBr
⋙ uttarāśā
uttarâśā f. the northern quarter
○śâdhipati m. 'lord of the north', N. of Kuvera
⋙ uttarāśman
uttarâśman mfn. having high rocks Rājat
• (ā), m. N. of a country, (g. ṛśyâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80)
○maka mfn. belonging to the above country ib
⋙ uttarāśramin
uttarâśramin m. (a Brāhman) who enters into the next Āśrama (or period of religious life) Comm. on ŚāṅkhGṛ. i, 1, 2
⋙ uttarāśrita
uttarâśrita mfn. having gone to or being in the northern direction Bhpr
⋙ uttarāṣāḍhā
uttarâṣāḍhā f. N. of a lunar mansion (cf. aṣāḍhā) L. [Page 179, Column 1]
⋙ uttarāsaṅga
uttarâsaṅga m. an upper or outer garment MBh. R. Pañcat. &c
⋙ uttarāsad
uttarā-sád mfn. seated northward or on the left VS. ix, 35 and 36
⋙ uttarāha
uttarâha m. the following day Kāty. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 104
⋙ uttaretarā
uttarêtarā f. (scil. diś) 'other or opposite to the northern', the southern quarter L
⋙ uttarottara
uttarôttara mfn. more and more, higher and higher, further and further
• always increasing, always following Yājñ. Suśr. Pañcat. Kap. &c
• each following Paribh. 38
• (am), ind. higher and higher, more and more, in constant continuation, one on the other MBh. Hit. Suśr. Gaut. &c
• (am), n. reply to an answer, reply on reply
• a rejoinder
• conversation MBh. Hit. R. &c
• excess, exceeding quantity or degree
• succession, gradation
• descending
-pracchalā f. N. of a section of the Sāmaveda-cchalā
-vaktṛ m. one who never fails to answer MBh
⋙ uttarottarin
uttarottarin mfn. one following the other
• constantly increasing AitBr. ŚāṅkhBr. RPrāt. &c
⋙ uttaroṣṭha
uttarôṣṭha or m. the upper lip Suśr
⋙ uttarauṣṭha
uttarâuṣṭha m. the upper lip Suśr
• the upper part of a pillar VarBṛS. 53, 29
≫ uttaraya
uttaraya Nom. P. uttarayati, to reply
• to defend one's self
≫ uttarā
uttarā ind. north, northerly
• northward (with gen. or abl.) Pāṇ. Vop
• (uttarā-patha, &c., p. 178, col. 3.)
≫ uttarāt
uttarā́t ind. from the left
• from the north RV. AV. VS. &c
⋙ uttarātsad
○sád mfn. = uttarā-sad above MaitrS. ii, 6, 3
≫ uttarāttāt
uttarā́ttāt ind. from the north RV
≫ uttarāhi
uttarā́hi ind. northerly, from the north ŚBr. Daś. (with abl. Pāṇ.)
≫ uttarin
uttarin mfn. increasing, becoming more and more intense Vait
≫ uttarīya
uttarī́ya n. an upper or outer garment KātyŚr. PārGṛ. HirGṛ. MBh. Pañcat. &c
• a blanket Car
⋙ uttarīyatā
○tā f. the state of being an upper garment Gobh. i, 2, 21
≫ uttarīyaka
uttarīyaka n. an upper or outer garment Kathās. VP. &c
≫ uttareṇa
úttareṇa ind. (with gen., abl., acc., or ifc.) northward
• on the left side of KātyŚr. ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Megh. &c
≫ uttaredyus
uttare-dyús ind. on a subsequent day, on the day following, to-morrow TS. Pāṇ
uttamarṇa
uttamarṇa &c. under uttama
uttambh
ut-tambh (ud-stambh Pāṇ. 8-4, 61
• the radical s appears in augmented and reduplicated forms and if in Veda the preposition is separated from the verb), P. [-(s)tabhnAti] (Impv. 2. sg. [-(s)tabhAná] impf. úd-astabhnāt, aor. -astāmpsīt TBr. iii, 2, 10, 1, and -astambhīt RV. iii, 5, 10) to uphold, stay, prop
• to support RV. VS. TBr. TāṇḍyaBr. &c.: Caus. -tambhayati, to lift up, raise, erect Hariv. BhP. &c
• to bring up
• to irritate, excite Kir. ii, 48 BhP. Uttarar
• to raise in rank
• to honour, make respectable
≫ uttabdha
út-tabdha mfn. upheld
• erected ŚBr
≫ uttabdhi
út-tabdhi f. support, upholding MaitrS
≫ uttabhita
út-tabhita mfn. upheld, uplifted, supported RV. ŚBr. BhP. &c
≫ uttambha
ut-tambha m. support, prop, upholding L
≫ uttambhana
ut-támbhana n. a prop, stay VS. KātyŚr
≫ uttambhita
ut-tambhita mfn. supported, upheld
• raised
• excited Uttarar
≫ uttambhitavya
ut-tambhitavya mfn. to be supported or upheld &c. Pāṇ. Comm
uttara 1
úttara &c., p. 178, col. 1
• for 2. ut-tṝ, col. 2
uttaraṃga 2
ut-taraṃga (for 1. p. 178, col. 2), a high wave Kathās. 123, 196
• (mfn.) rough with high waves, washed over by waves
• inundated, flooded Ragh. Kum. &c
≫ uttaraṃga 3
uttaraṃga Nom. Ā. uttaraṃgate, to surge
• to break or burst (like a wave) Kād
≫ uttaraṃgaya
uttaraṃgaya Nom. P. uttaraṃgayati, to cause to wave or undulate, to move to and fro Prasannar
uttarala
ut-tarala mf(ī)n. trembling, shuddering, quivering Bālar. Kād
≫ uttaralāya
uttaralāya Nom. Ā. uttaralāyate, to shudder, quiver, tremble Kād
≫ uttaralita
uttaralita mfn. caused to tremble, excited Bālar
≫ uttaralīkṛ
uttaralī-kṛ √1. to cause to quiver
• to cause to skip, let leap Sāh. [Page 179, Column 2]
uttarjana
ut-tarjana n. (√tarj), violent threatening Sāh
uttāna
ut-tāná ut-tan
uttāpa
ut-tāpa ut-tap
uttāra 1
ut-tāra (fr. tārā with 1. ud in the sense of 'apart'), mfn. (an eye) from which the pupil is taken out BhP. vi, 14, 46
• (for 2. ut-tāra &c. ut-tṝ.)
uttāla
ut-tāla mfn. great, strong, high, elevated Śiś
• impetuous, violent Viddh
• formidable, horrid Kathās. Pañcad
• abundant, plentiful Bālar
• best, excellent Gīt
• tall, loud L
• swift, speedy L
• m. an ape L
• (am), n. a particular number (Buddh.)
≫ uttālībhavana
uttālī-bhavana n. impetuous proceeding
uttiṅga
uttiṅga m. a species of insect Kalpas. Jain
uttij
ut-tij (ud-tij), Caus. P. -tejayati, to excite, stimulate, incite, instigate, animate, encourage Kathās. Mṛicch. &c
≫ uttejaka
ut-tejaka mfn. instigating, stimulating L
≫ uttejana
ut-tejana am, ā n. f. incitement, instigation, encouragement, stimulation, exciting, animating R. Sāh
• sending, despatching
• urging, driving
• whetting, sharpening, furbishing, polishing Śiś
• an inspiring or exciting speech L
• an incentive, inducement, stimulant L
≫ uttejita
ut-tejita mfn. incited, animated, excited, urged
• sent, despatched
• whetted, sharpened, furbished, polished
• (am), n. an incentive, inducement
• sidling one of a horse's five paces
• moderate velocity in a horse's pace L
uttīrṇa
ut-tīrṇa col. 3
uttu
ut-tu (ud-tu), P. út-taviiti (RV. x, 59, 1), to effect, bring about
• to prosper, increase ṣāy.
uttuṅga
ut-tuṅga mfn. lofty, high, tall
• swollen (as a stream) MBh. Pañcat. Kathās. Prab. &c
⋙ uttuṅgatā
○tā f. or height, loftiness, elevation
⋙ uttuṅgatva
○tva n. height, loftiness, elevation
uttuṇḍita
ut-tuṇḍita n. the head of a thorn &c. which has entered the skin W.
uttud
ut-tud (ud-tud), P. -tudati, to push up, tear up
• to push open AV. iii, 25, 1 AitĀr
• to stir up, urge on
≫ uttuda
ut-tudá mfn. one who stirs up AV. iii, 25, 1
uttul
ut-tul (ud-tul), P. -tolayati, to take up (a sword) Tantras
• to erect, set up Comm. on Prab
• to raise up (by means of a counterpoise)
• to weigh
• to raise, excite (anger &c.)
≫ uttolana
ut-tolana n. lifting up, raising, elevating (by means of a counterpoise or balance) L
≫ uttolita
ut-tolita mfn. raised, lifted up L
uttuṣa
ut-tuṣa m. fried grain (freed from the husks) L
uttṛd
ut-tṛd (ud-tṛd), P. -tṛṇatti, to split or cut through TBr. Kāṭh.: Desid. (p. -titṛtsat) to wish to split or cut through Kāṭh. xiii, 3
uttṝ
ut-tṝ (ud-tṛ), P. -tarati and -tirati (Ved.) to pass out of (especially jalāt, water, with abl). to disembark
• to come out of ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Hariv. Śak. Mṛicch. &c
• to escape from (a misfortune, affliction, &c.) BhP. Kathās
• to come down, descend, alight, put up at Vet
• to pass over
• to cross (a river, with acc.)
• to vanquish MBh. R. Ragh. Hariv. Kathās. &c
• to give up, leave MBh
• to elevate, strengthen, increase RV. VS. SV. ŚāṅkhŚr.: Caus. -tārayati, to cause to come out
• to deliver, assist, rescue MBh. R. Hariv. Pañcat. &c
• to make any one alight, take down, take off Pañcat. Vet
• to cause to pass over
• to convey or transport across, land, disembark Pañcat
• to vomit up: Desid. -titīrṣati, to wish to cross MBh
≫ uttara 2
út-tara mfn. (for 1. p. 178, col. 1), crossing over
• to be crossed (cf. dur-uttara)
≫ uttaraṇa
ut-táraṇa mfn. coming out of, crossing over VS. &c
• (am), n. coming forth or out of (especially out of water) VarBṛS
• landing, disembarking
• crossing rivers &c. Pañcat
≫ uttarikā
ut-tarikā f. N. of a river R
≫ uttāra 2
ut-tāra (for 1. s.v. above), as³2 m. transporting over Prab
• landing
• delivering, rescuing MBh. [Page 179, Column 3]
• ejecting, getting rid of
• vomiting
• passing away, instability
• (mfn.) surpassing others, excellent, pre-eminent L
≫ uttāraka
ut-tāraka m. 'a deliverer', N. of Śiva
≫ uttāraṇa
ut-tāraṇa mfn. transporting over MBh
• bringing over, rescuing
• (am), n. the act of landing, delivering
• rescuing, helping to cross over or escape
• transportation R. &c
≫ uttārin
ut-tārin mfn. transporting across
• unsteady, inconstant, changeable, tremulous
• sick L
≫ uttārya 1
ut-tārya mfn. to be made to land
• to be ejected
• to be thrown up by vomiting Mn. xi, 160
≫ uttārya 2
ut-tārya ind. p. having caused to come out &c
≫ uttitīrṣu
ut-titīrṣu mfn. about to pass out of (water), wishing to land MBh
≫ uttīrṇa
ut-tīrṇa mfn. landed, crossed, traversed
• rescued, liberated, escaped
• released from obligation
• thrown off
• one who has completed his studies, experienced, clever
⋙ uttīrṇavikṛti
○vikṛti mfn. one who has escaped any change NṛisUp
≫ uttīrya
ut-tīrya ind. p. having crossed, having landed &c
utterita
utterita n. (said to be fr. uttṝ), one of the five paces of a horse L
uttoraṇa
ut-toraṇa mfn. decorated with raised or upright arches Ragh. Kum. &c
⋙ uttoraṇapatāka
○patāka mfn. decorated with raised arches and flags Kathās. x, 210
uttolana
ut-tolana ut-tul, col. 2
uttyaj
ut-tyaj (ud-√tyaj)
≫ uttyakta
ut-tyakta mfn. thrown upwards
• left, abandoned
• free from worldly passion L
≫ uttyāga
ut-tyāga m. throwing up
• abandonment, quitting
• secession from worldly attachments L
uttras
ut-tras (ud-tras), Caus. P. -trāsayati, to frighten, alarm Hariv
≫ uttrasta
ut-trasta mfn. frightened Hariv. Rājat
≫ uttrāsa
ut-trāsa m. fear, terror L
≫ uttrāsaka
ut-trāsaka mfn. frightening, alarming Sāh
uttripada
ut-tripada n. an upright tripod L
uttruṭ
ut-truṭ (ud-truṭ)
≫ uttruṭita
ut-truṭita mfn. torn, broken Kād
utthā
ut-thā (ud-√sthā Pāṇ. 8-4, 61
• cf. ut-tambh, col. 1), P. Ā. (but not Ā. in the sense of, 'rising, standing up' Pāṇ. 1-3, 24) -tiṣṭhati, -te (pf. -tasthau aor. -asthāt &c.) to stand up, spring up, rise, raise one's self, set out RV. AV. ŚBr. Ragh. Śak. Bhag. &c
• to rise (from the dead) BhP
• to rise (from any occupation), leave off
• to finish AitBr. ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. &c
• to come forth, arise, appear, become visible, result
• to spring, originate from RV. AV. ŚBr. TS. MBh. Kathās. &c
• to come in (as revenues) Śak
• to rise (for the performance of any action)
• to be active or brave
• to make efforts, take pains with, strive for
• to excel MBh. R. &c.: Caus. -thāpayati (aor. 1. sg. úd-atiṣṭhipam AV. vii, 95, 2) to cause, to stand up, raise, rouse, start AV. AitBr. TBr. ŚBr. MBh. Daś. BhP. &c
• to set up, lift up, erect Gobh. MBh. R. Hit. &c
• to get out Hit
• to drive out, send out, push out AitBr.: Kathās. BhP
• to excite
• to produce Ragh. Sāh
• to arouse, awaken, raise to life, make alive, animate
• to stir up, agitate ŚBr. KaushUp. Hariv. R. Kathās. &c.: Desid. -tiṣṭhāsati, to wish or intend to stand up ŚBr. xi, 1, 6, 5
• to intend to leave off (a sacrifice) Nyāyam
≫ uttiṣṭhāsā
ut-tiṣṭhāsā f. the intention to leave off
• the wish to leave (a sacrifice &c.) unfinished Nyāyam
≫ uttha
ut-tha mfn. (generally ifc.) standing up, rising, arising MBh. Ragh. Caurap. &c
• coming forth, originating, derived from Bhag. Kathās. Rājat. Pañcat. &c
• m. arising, coming forth L. ; [Zd. usta.]
≫ utthātavya
ut-thātavya mfn. (impers.) to be stood up Kād
• to be set out BhP
• to be active MBh
≫ utthātṛ
ut-thātṛ́ m. one who rises ChUp
• resolving AV. ix, 4, 14
≫ utthāna
ut-thā́na n. the act of standing up or rising ŚBr. Suśr. Gaut. ŚāṅkhGṛ. Bhartṛ. &c
• rising (of the moon &c.) BhP. Ragh. &c
• resurrection MBh. Pañcat
• rising up to depart
• leaving off ŚBr. TS. KātyŚr. &c.: starting on a warlike expedition Mn. MBh. R. &c. [Page 180, Column 1]
• coming forth, appearing Kap
• bursting open Jaim
• tumult, sedition Rājat
• rise, origin Suśr
• effort, exertion
• manly exertion, manhood MBh. Rājat. Āp. &c
• evacuating (by stool &c.) Suśr. Kauś
• an army L
• joy, pleasure L
• a book L
• a court-yard L
• a shed where sacrifices are offered L
• a term, limit L
• business of a family or realm, the care of subjects or dependants L
• reflection L
• proximate cause of disease L
• (mfn.) causing to arise or originate MBh
⋙ utthānayukta
○yukta mfn. and mfn. possessed of effort or energy, ready for action, zealous, diligent MBh
⋙ utthānavat
○vat mfn. possessed of effort or energy, ready for action, zealous, diligent MBh
⋙ utthānavīra
○vīra m. a man of action, one who makes efforts MBh
⋙ utthānaśīla
○śīla or mfn. active, zealous, diligent
⋙ utthānaśīlin
○śīlin mfn. active, zealous, diligent
⋙ utthānahīna
○hīna mfn. inactive, lazy MBh
⋙ utthānaikādaśī
utthānâikādaśī f. the eleventh day in the light or former half of the month Kārttikā (when Vishṇu rises from his sleep)
≫ utthānīya
utthānīya mfn. belonging to the completion, forming the conclusion TāṇḍyaBr. Comm. on Lāṭy
≫ utthāpaka
ut-thāpaka mfn. lifting up, causing to get up, who or what raises &c
• exciting, animating
• m. a waiting-man Car
• a particular composition Sāh
≫ utthāpana
ut-thāpana n. causing to rise or get up
• raising, elevating KātyŚr
• causing to leave (a house &c., with acc. of the person made to leave) Vet
• causing to come forth, bringing forth Suśr
• exciting, instigating, bringing about, causing to cease, finishing
• (in math.) the finding of the quantity sought, answer to the question, substitution of a value, Bījag
• (ī), f. (scil. ṛc) a concluding verse Kauś
≫ utthāpanīya
ut-thāpanīya mfn. to be raised or made to get up
• able to raise or arouse MaitrS
≫ utthāpayitṛ
ut-thāpayitṛ m. one who raises or erects
≫ utthāpita
ut-thāpita mfn. caused to stand up
• raised, lifted up, elevated
• made to get up or out
• aroused, instigated, &c
≫ utthāpya 1
ut-thāpya mfn. to be raised
• to be sent away AitBr. vii, 29, 4
• (in math.) to be brought out (as a result) by substitution, Bījag. 45
≫ utthāpya 2
ut-thāpya ind. p. having raised or caused to rise, having roused or instigated &c
≫ utthāya
ut-thāya ind. p. having risen (from a seat &c.), having risen (in rank &c.), standing up &c
⋙ utthāyotthāya
ut-thāyôtthāya ind. every time one rises (from one's bed) Hit
≫ utthāyam
ut-thāyam ind. p. having risen Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-4, 52
≫ utthāyin
ut-thāyin mfn. rising (from one's bed) MBh
• coming forth, becoming visible MBh
• exerting one's self, active Kām
⋙ utthāyitva
utthāyi-tva n. exertion, energy, activity Kām
≫ utthita
ut-thita mfn. risen or rising (from a seat &c.) MBh. Hariv. BhP. Kathās. &c
• risen (from a sickness) Hariv
• elevated, high VarBṛS. Ragh. &c
• come forth, arisen
• born, produced, originated RV. Mn. MBh. BhP. &c
• come in (as revenue) Hit
• endeavouring, striving, exerting one's self, active MBh. R. Kām. &c
• happened, occuring
• advancing, increasing
• extended
• high, lofty, eminent (said of a Pragātha consisting of ten Pādas) RPrāt
• (am), n. (út-thitam) rising, arising AV. iii, 15, 4
⋙ utthitatā
○tā f. state of activity or readiness to serve MBh
⋙ utthitāṅguli
utthitâṅguli m. the palm of the hand with the fingers extended L
≫ utthiti
ut-thiti f. elevation, rising up L
utpakṣa
ut-pakṣa m. N. of a son of Sva-phalka Hariv. BhP
• (v. l. upekṣa, q.v.)
utpakṣman
ut-pakṣman mfn. with upturned eyelashes Śak. 95 a Kathās
≫ utpakṣmala
ut-pakṣmala mfn. id. Vikr. 32
utpac
ut-pac (ud-√pac), Caus. P. -pācayati, to boil thoroughly, heat
≫ utpacanipacā
utpaca-nipacā f. any act in which it is said '[utpaca! nipaca]! (i.e. 'cook thoroughly and well!'), g. mayūravyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72
≫ utpaciṣṇu
ut-paciṣṇu mfn. easily ripening, apt to ripen or become cooked Pāṇ. 3-2, 136
≫ utpācita
ut-pācita mfn. boiled or heated thoroughly Suśr. ii, 67, 2
utpaṭ
ut-paṭ (ud-√paṭ), Caus. -pāṭayati, to tear up or out, pluck, pull out, break out, ŚāṅhŚr. Gaut. Suśr. Mn. Pañcat. &c
• to draw out (a sword from its scabbard) Prasannar
• to open (the eyes &c.) Daś. Kathās. &c
• to √up, eradicate, extirpate R. Rājat. &c
• to drive away, banish [Page 180, Column 2]
• to dethrone R. Rājat. &c.: Pass. of the Caus. -pāṭyate, to be cleft
• to part asunder, split Suśr
≫ utpaṭa
út-paṭa m. sap issuing from the cleft of a tree ŚBr. xiv, 6, 9, 31
≫ utpāṭa
ut-pāṭa m. pulling up by the roots, destroying L
• a disease of the external ear Suśr. ii, 149, 10 and 17 [BRD
ut-pāta]
⋙ utpāṭayoga
○yoga m. a particular Yoga (in astrology)
≫ utpāṭaka
ut-pāṭaka m. the above disease Suśr
• (ut-pā́tikā), f. the external bark of a tree ŚBr. xiv, 6, 9, 30
≫ utpāṭana
ut-pāṭana mfn. tearing out
• destroying, banishing L
• (am), n. the act of tearing out or up
• pulling up by roots, eradicating
• driving away, banishing
• dethronement Suśr. R. Kathās. &c
≫ utpāṭita
ut-pāṭita mfn. pulled up by the roots, eradicated, torn out
• driven away
• banished, dethroned
≫ utpāṭin
ut-pāṭin mfn. ifc. tearing out, pulling up Kathās
≫ utpāṭya
ut-pāṭya ind. p. having plucked up &c
utpat
ut-pat (ud-√pat), P. -patati (p. -pátat RV. ii, 43, 3 AV. xix, 65, 1
• aor. -apaptat RV. i, 191, 9
• p. fut. -patiṣyát AV. xviii, 4, 14) to fly or jump up, fly upwards
• to ascend, rise RV. AV. AitBr. TBr. Hariv. Megh. Ragh. Kathās. &c
• to rise (from one's bed) MBh
• to shoot up ChUp
• to start from, leave, run away AitBr. MBh
• to jump out, hasten out, come out Hariv. R. Hit. &c
• to rise, be produced, originate MBh. BhP.: Caus. P. -pātayati, to cause to fly up or to rise RV. AV.: Desid. (impf. -apipatiṣat ŚBr. x, 2, 1, 1) to wish or intend to fly up
≫ utpata
ut-pata m. 'flying upwards', a bird L
≫ utpatana
ut-patana mf(ī)n. flying upwards, (utpatanī vidyā, a spell by means of which one is able to fly upwards or to rise Kathās. lxxxvi, 158)
• (am), n. flying or jumping up, rising, ascending, going up R. Pañcat. Kathās
• birth, production L
≫ utpatanipatā
utpata-nipatā f. any act in which it is said 'utpata! nipata!' (i.e. 'fly up and down!'), g. mayūravyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72
≫ utpatita
ut-patita mfn. springing up, risen, ascended
≫ utpatitavya
ut-patitavya mfn. (impers.) to be flown upwards Pañcat
≫ utpatitṛ
ut-patitṛ mfn. jumping up, rising, going upwards L
≫ utpatiṣṇu
ut-patiṣṇu mfn. jumping up or rising constantly
• being about to jump up or to rise Ragh. Bhaṭṭ. Pañcat
≫ utpāta
ut-pā́ta m. flying up, jumping up
• a spring, jump MBh. Car
• rising, arising Hit
• a sudden event, unexpected appearance
• an unusual or startling event boding calamity
• a portent, prodigy, phenomenon
• any public calamity (as an earthquake, meteor &c.) AV. xix, 9, 7 MBh. GopBr. Gaut. Ragh. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• a disease of the external ear (erroneously for ut-pāṭa above BRD.)
≫ utpātaka
ut-pātaka mfn. causing misfortune or calamity T
• flying upwards T
• m. a kind of animal (= ut-pāda W.?) MBh. xviii, 44
• (am), n. N. of a Tīrtha
≫ utpātika
ut-pātika mfn. (Prākṛit uppāiya) supernatural Jain
≫ utpitsu
ut-pitsu mfn. (fr. Desid.), desirous of rising or ascending Śiś
• being about to come forth or to arise
utpatāka
ut-patāka mfn. with raised flags
• with uplifted banners Ragh. Rājat
• (ā), f. a raised banner or flag Kathās
⋙ utpatākādhvaja
ut-patākā-dhvaja mfn. with raised banner and flags Kathās
utpatha
ut-patha m. wrong road, bad way Kāś
• error, evil R. MBh. Pañcat. Prab
• (mfn.) one who is come off from the right way, lost, stray BhP
⋙ utpathavārika
○vārika mfn. keeping back or preserving from the bad way NṛisUp
utpad
ut-pad (ud-√pad), Ā. -padyate, to arise, rise, originate, be born or produced
• to come forth, become visible, appear
• to be ready ŚBr. MBh. R. Mn. Yājñ. Kathās. BhP. Prab. &c
• to take place, begin Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-3, 111: Caus. P. -pādayati (rarely Ā. -te), to produce, beget, generate
• to cause, effect
• to cause to issue or come forth, bring forward Hariv. MBh. Yājñ. Mn. Kathās. Hit. &c
• to mention, quote ( ut-panna). [Page 180, Column 3]
⋙ utpattavya
ut-pattavya mfn. (impers.) to be produced or born Kād
≫ utpatti
ut-patti f. arising, birth, production, origin Suśr. MBh. Yājñ. &c
• resurrection Mn
• production in general, profit, productiveness, Rājat
• producing as an effect or result, giving rise to, generating as a consequence
• occurrence, the being mentioned or quoted (as a Vedic passage) Jaim
⋙ utpattikāla
○kāla m. time of birth or origin
○lâvacchinnatva n. exact limitation of the time of origin (e.g. of a jar) Nyāyak
⋙ utpattikālīna
○kālīna mfn. taking place at the time of birth
⋙ utpattiketana
○ketana n. birth-place Kathās
⋙ utpattikrama
○krama m. the successive stages of creation (e.g. in TUp., 'from Brahman arose ether, from ether wind, from wind fire, from fire water, from water earth, from earth plants, from plants food, from food seed, from seed man')
⋙ utpattidhāman
○dhāman n. birth-place Kathās
⋙ utpattiprakaraṇa
○prakaraṇa n. N. of wk
⋙ utpattiprayoga
○prayoga m. production by the joint operation of cause and effect
• purport, meaning W
⋙ utpattimat
○mat mfn. produced, born Ragh. viii, 82
⋙ utpattivākya
○vākya n. a sentence quoted from the Veda, an authoritative sentence Nyāyam. Comm. on Nyāyam. and Jaim
⋙ utpattividhi
○vidhi m. id
⋙ utpattivyañjaka
○vyañjaka m. a type of birth (as investiture, a mark of the twice-born) Mn
⋙ utpattiśiṣṭa
○śiṣṭa mfn. taught by a passage occurring in the Veda, taught authoritatively Comm. on MBh
≫ utpanna
ut-panna mfn. risen, gone up
• arisen, born, produced R. Mn. Kathās. &c
• come forth, appeared
• ready Yājñ
• mentioned, quoted (esp. fr. the Veda) Jaim
⋙ utpannatantu
○tantu mfn. having a line of descendants
⋙ utpannatva
○tva n. origin, production
⋙ utpannabala
○bala mfn. one in whom strength or power is produced, strong, powerful L
⋙ utpannabuddhi
○buddhi mfn. one in whom wisdom is produced, wise VP
⋙ utpannabhakṣin
○bhakṣin mfn. 'eating what has just been produced', living from hand to mouth
⋙ utpannavināśin
○vināśin and mfn. perishing as soon as produced
⋙ utpannāpavargin
utpannâpavargin mfn. perishing as soon as produced
≫ utpāda 1
ut-pāda (for 2. s.v.), as m. coming forth, birth, production Yājñ. Prab. &c
⋙ utpādapūrva
○pūrva n. N. of the first of the fourteen Pūrvas (or older sacred writings of the Jainas)
≫ utpādaka 1
utpādaka (for 2. p. 181, col. 1), mfn. bringing forth, producing
• productive, effective Mn. Hit. Kathās
• m. a producer, generator Mn
• (ikā), f. a species of insect (perhaps the white ant?) L
• Enhydra Hingtsha Hariv
• Basilla Rubra L
• (am), n. origin, cause L
≫ utpādana
ut-pādana mfn. bringing forth, producing, productive MBh. Kathās
• (am), n. the act of producing or causing, generating, begetting ChUp. MBh. Suśr. Hit. &c
≫ utpādayitavya
ut-pādayitavya mfn. to be produced Comm. on Jaim
≫ utpādayitṛ
ut-pādayitṛ m. a producer, generator Pat
≫ utpādita
ut-pādita mfn. produced, effected
• generated, begotten
≫ utpādin
utpādin mfn. produced, born Hit
• (ifc.) bringing forth, producing Yājñ
≫ utpādya 1
ut-pādya mfn. to be produced or brought forth Nyāyam
• produced, brought forth, invented (by a poet) BhP. Sāh. Sarvad. &c
⋙ utpādyotpādakatā
utpādyôtpādaka-tā f. the relation between that which is to be produced and that which produces, Pratāpar
≫ utpādya 2
ut-pādya ind. p. having produced, having begotten &c
≫ utpādyamāna
ut-pādyamāna mfn. being produced or generated
utpala 1
ut-pala n. (and m. L.), (√pal 'to move' T
• fr. pal = √paṭ, 'to burst open' BRD.), the blossom of the blue lotus (Nymphaea Caerulea) MBh. R. Suśr. Ragh. Megh. &c
• a seed of the Nymphaea Suśr
• the plant Costus Speciosus Bhpr. VarBṛS
• any water-lily
• any flower L
• a particular hell (Buddh.)
• m. N. of a Nāga
• of an astronomer
• of a lexicographer
• of several other men
• (ā), f. N. of a river Hariv. 9511 (ī), f. a kind of cake made of unwinnowed corn L
⋙ utpalagandhika
○gandhika n. a species of sandal (of the colour of brass and very fragrant) L
⋙ utpalagopā
○gopā f. Ichnocarpus Frutescens Nigh
⋙ utpalacakṣus
○cakṣus mfn. 'lotus-eyed', fine-eyed
⋙ utpalapattra
○pattra n. the leaf of a Nymphaea L
• a wound on the breast &c. of a woman (caused by the finger-nail of her lover) L
• a Tilaka (or mark on the forehead, made with sandal &c. by the Hindūs) L
• a broad-bladed knife or lancet L
⋙ utpalapattraka
○pattraka m. a broad-bladed knife or lancet used by surgeons Suśr
⋙ utpalapura
○pura n. N. of a town built by Utpala Rājat. [Page 181, Column 1]
⋙ utpalabhedyaka
○bhedyaka m. a kind of bandage Suśr
⋙ utpalamālā
○mālā f. a wreath of lotus-flowers
• N. of a dictionary compiled by Utpala
-bharin (utpala-māla○ Pāṇ. 6-3, 65), wearing a wreath of lotus-flowers Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 65
⋙ utpalarāja
○rāja m. N. of a poet
⋙ utpalavana
○vana n. a group of lotuses Kathās
⋙ utpalavarṇā
○varṇā f. N. of a woman
⋙ utpalaśāka
○śāka n. N. of a plant Rājat
⋙ utpalaśrīgarbha
○śrīgarbha m. N. of a Bodhisattva
⋙ utpalaṣaṭka
○ṣaṭka n. N. of a medicament Comm. on Suśr
⋙ utpalasārivā
○sārivā f. the plant Ichnocarpus Frutescens Suśr
⋙ utpalākṣa
utpalâkṣa mf(ī)n. 'lotus-eyed'
• m. N. of a king Rājat
• (ī), f. N. of a goddess MatsyaP
⋙ utpalācārya
utpalâcārya m. N. of an author
⋙ utpalāpīḍa
utpalâpīḍa m. N. of a king Rājat
⋙ utpalābha
utpalâbha mfn. lotus-like, resembling a lotus
⋙ utpalāvatī
utpalā-vatī f. N. of a river MBh
• of an Apsaras
⋙ utpalāvana
utpalā-vana n. N. of an abode of the Pañcālas MBh
⋙ utpalāvartaka
utpalâvartaka m. (?), N. of a place MatsyaP
≫ utpalaka
utpalaka m. N. of a Nāga L
• of a man Rājat
≫ utpalin
utpalin mfn. abounding in lotus-flowers R
• (inī), f. an assemblage of lotus-flowers
• a lotus (Nymphaea) MBh
• a particular metre
• N. of a river MBh
• of a dictionary
utpala 2
ut-pala (fr. pala, 'flesh', with 1. ud in the sense of 'apart'), fleshless, emaciated L
• (am), n. N. of a hell L
utpavana
ut-pávana &c. ut-pū, col. 2
utpaś
ut-paś (ud-√paś), P. -paśyati (p. -páśyat. Pass. ud-dṛśyate) to see or descry overhead RV. i, 50, 10 AitBr. ii, 31
• to descry before or in the future
• to foresee, expect Ragh. Megh. Bhaṭṭ
• to behold, perceive, descry Megh. Śiś
≫ utpaśya
ut-paśya mfn. looking up or upwards L
utpā 1
ut-pā (ud-√pā), P. (3. pl. -pibanti) to drink out, sip out
• to drink up, devour ŚBr. v, 2, 4, 7 and 11
≫ utpiba
ut-piba mfn. drinking out Vop
utpā 2
ut-pā (ud-√5. ), Ā. -pípīte (p. -pípāna) to rise against, rebel
• to show enmity AV. v, 20, 7 ; xiii, 1, 31 TS. iii, 2, 10, 2 (cf. anū7t- √5. .)
utpāda 2
ut-pāda (for 1. p. 180, col. 3), mfn. having the legs stretched out, standing on the legs
⋙ utpādaśayāna
○śayāna m. 'sleeping while standing on the legs', a species of fowl L
≫ utpādaka 2
utpādaka (for 1. p. 180, col. 3), as m. the fabulous animal called Śarabha L. (cf. ūrdhvapāda.)
utpāra
ut-pāra mfn. endless, boundless
⋙ utpārapāram
○pāram ind. to the bottom of the boundless (ocean) BhP. iii, 13, 30
utpāraṇa
ut-pā́raṇa ut-pṛ, col. 2
utpālī
ut-pālī f. (fr. the Caus. of √2. T.?), health L
utpāva
ut-pāva ut-pū, col. 2
utpiñja
ut-piñja m. (?) sedition, revolt Rājat
≫ utpiñjara
ut-piñjara mfn. uncaged, set free L
• out of order, extremely confused
• let loose, unfolded, expanded
≫ utpiñjarībhūta
utpiñjarī-bhūta mfn. let loose, unfolded Comm. on Śiś. iv, 6
≫ utpiñjala
ut-piñjala mfn. let loose, unfolded, unrolled Śiś. iv, 6
≫ utpiñjalaka
ut-piñjalaka mfn. disordered, tumultuous (as a battle) MBh. Hariv
utpiṇḍa
ut-piṇḍa n. (?) any morsel eaten with the food L
≫ utpiṇḍita
ut-piṇḍita mfn. swollen up, swelled Car
utpitsu
ut-pitsu p. 180, col. 2
utpiba
ut-piba 1. ut-pā above
utpiṣ
ut-piṣ (ud-√piṣ)
≫ utpiṣṭa
ut-piṣṭa mfn. crushed, bruised MBh. Ratnāv
• (am), n. (in surgery) a kind of dislocation Suśr
utpīḍ
ut-pīḍ (ud-√pīd), P. -pīḍayati, to press upwards or against, squeeze Kum
• to press out of Suśr
≫ utpīḍa
ut-pīḍa m. pressing against, squeezing, pressure Prab. Kād
• bursting out (as a stream or tears) R. Hariv. Megh. Uttarar. Kād
• a wound MBh. iii, 825. [Page 181, Column 2]
≫ utpīḍana
ut-pīḍana n. the act of pressing against or out VarBṛS. Ṛitus
• rooting out Car
≫ utpīḍita
ut-pīḍita mfn. pressed upwards or against, squeezed Ragh
≫ utpīḍya
ut-pīḍya ind. p. having pressed against, having squeezed MBh
utpīna
ut-pīna ut-pyai below
utpuṃsaya
utpuṃsaya Nom. (etym. doubtful
• erroneously for utpāṃsaya NBD. ?) P. utpuṃsayati, to slip away Kathās. lxxii, 323
utpuccha
ut-puccha (ud-pu○), mfn. above the tail (?)
• one who has raised the tail (as a bird) Pāṇ. 6-2, 196
≫ utpucchaya
utpucchaya Nom. P. Ā. utpucchayati, -te, to raise or cock the tail Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 196
utpuñjaya
ut-puñjaya Nom. (fr. puñja) P. ut-puñjayati, to lay up, heap Comm. on KātyŚr. Kād
utpuṭa
ut-puṭa mfn. one whose fold is open ṭ. ? g. saṃkalâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 75, and utsaṅgâdi not in the Kāś. Pāṇ. 4-4, 15
≫ utpuṭaka
ut-puṭaka m. a disease of the external ear Suśr
utpulaka
ut-pulaka mfn. having the hairs of the body raised (through joy or rapture) BhP. Rājat
• (am), n. erection of the hairs of the body (through rapture) BhP
utpū
ut-pū (ud-√pū), P. Ā. -punāti, -punīte, to cleanse, purify AV. xii, 1, 30 VS. i, 12 TBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Gobh. &c
• to extract (anything that has been) purified TBr. iii, 7, 12, 6
≫ utpavana
ut-pávana n. cleaning, cleansing Kauś. Comm. on Nyāyam
• straining liquids for domestic or religious uses
• any implement for cleaning ŚBr. i, 3, 1, 22
• the act of sprinkling clarified butter or other fluids on the sacrificial fire (with two blades of Kuśa grass, the ends of which are held in either hand and the centre dipped into the liquid) L
≫ utpavitṛ
ut-pavitṛ́ mfn. purifying
• a purifier ŚBr. i, 1, 3, 6
≫ utpāva
ut-pāva m. purifying ghee &c. Pāṇ. 3-3, 49
≫ utpūta
ut-pūta mfn. cleaned, cleansed ĀśvŚr. AitBr. &c
utpṛ
ut-pṛ (ud- √1. pṛ), Caus. -pārayati (aor. 1. sg. -apīparam AV.) to transport over, conduct out of (the ocean) RV. i, 182, 6
• to save AV. viii, 1, 17 ; 18 ; 19, and viii, 2, 9
≫ utpāraṇa
ut-pā́raṇa n. transporting over AV. v, 30, 12
utpṝ
ut-pṝ (ud-√pṝ), Caus. (pf. Pot. 2. sg. út-pupūryās RV. v, 6, 9) to fill up
utpoṣadha
ut-poṣadha m. N. of an ancient king (Buddh.)
utpyai
ut-pyai (ud-√pyai)
≫ utpīna
ut-pīna mfn. swollen Kathās. lxiii, 185
utprabha
ut-prabha mfn. flashing forth or diffusing light, shining L
• m. a bright fire L
utpravāla
ut-pravāla mfn. having sprouting branches or trees (as a forest) Kāvyâd
utpraveṣṭṛ
ut-praveṣṭṛ (√viś), mfn. one who enters or penetrates
⋙ utpraveṣṭṛtva
○tva n. the state or condition of penetrating NṛisUp
utprasava
ut-prasava (√4. su), m. abortion W
utprāsa
ut-prâsa (√2. as), m. hurling, throwing afar L
• violent burst of laughter
• derision, jocular expression Sāh
≫ utprāsana
ut-prâsana n. derision, jocular expression Sāh
utpru
ut-pru (ud-√pru connected with√plu), Ā. (aor. 2. sg. -proṣṭhās ĀśvŚr. iii) to spring, leap
utpruṣ
ut-prúṣ f. (√pruṣ), that which bubbles up, a bubble VS. p. 58, 1. 18 Kauś. 6
utprekṣ
ut-prêkṣ (ud-pra-√īkṣ), Ā. -prêkṣate, to look up to (with attention, as a pupil to his teacher who occupies an elevated seat) R
• to observe, regard
• to look out or at Kād
• to expect Bālar
• to reflect on the past Amar
• to use (a word) figuratively
• to transfer (with loc.) Sāh. Kāvyâd
• to take anything for another, compare one thing with another, illustrate by a simile
• to fancy, imagine Kād. Veṇis
• to ascribe, impute. [Page 181, Column 3]
⋙ utprekṣaka
ut-prêkṣaka mfn. observing, considering BhP
≫ utprekṣaṇa
ut-prêkṣaṇa n. looking into
• observing L
• foreseeing, anticipating L
• comparing, illustrating by a simile Sāh
≫ utprekṣaṇīya
ut-prêkṣaṇīya mfn. to he expressed by a simile Sāh
≫ utprekṣā
ut-prêkṣā f. the act of overlooking or disregarding
• carelessness, indifference Veṇis
• observing L
• (in rhetoric) comparison in general, simile, illustration, metaphor
• a parable
• an ironical comparison Sāh. Vām. Kpr
⋙ utprekṣāvayava
utprêkṣâvayava m. a kind of simile Vām
⋙ utprekṣāvallabha
utprêkṣā-vallabha m. N. of a poet
≫ utprekṣita
ut-prêkṣita mfn. compared (as in a simile)
⋙ utprekṣitopamā
utprêkṣitôpamā f. a kind of Upamā or simile, Kāvyâd
≫ utprekṣya 1
ut-prêkṣya mfn. to expressed by a simile Sāh
≫ utprekṣya 2
ut-prêkṣya ind. p. having looked up &c
utplu
ut-plu (ud-√plu), Ā. -plavate (rarely P. -ti), to swim upwards, emerge Suśr. ṢaḍvBr. Kād
• to draw near, approach (as clouds) Kāṭh
• to spring up, jump up or upwards, jump out, leap up Mn. Hariv. Hit. Pañcat. &c
• to jump over
• to bound Comm. on Mn
• to spring upon
• to rise, arise R. Kathās
≫ utplava
ut-plava m. a jump, leap, bound L
• (ā), f. a boat L
≫ utplavana
ut-plavana n. jumping or leaping up, springing upon BhP
• skimming off (impure, oil or ghee, or any dirt floating on a fluid by passing two blades of Kuśa grass over it Kull.) Mn. v, 115
≫ utpluta
ut-pluta mfn. jumped up or upon or over, sprung upon suddenly
≫ utplutya
ut-plutya ind. p. having sprung up or jumped upon &c
utphaṇa
ut-phaṇa mfn. having an expanded hood (as a snake)
utphal
ut-phal (ud-√phal), P. -phalati, to spring open, burst, expand
• to jump out Bālar.: Caus. -phālayati, to open, open wide (the eyes) MBh
≫ utphāla
ut-phāla m. a spring, jump, leap
• gallop Kathās
≫ utphulla
ut-phulla mfn. (Kāty. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 55) blown (as a flower) Kir. Kathās. Siś
• wide open (as the eyes) R. Pañcat. Hit. &c
• swollen, increased in bulk, bloated, puffed up Kathās. Bālar. Śārṅg
• sleeping supinely L
• looking at with insolence, insolent, impudent Pat
• (am), n. a kind of coitus L
utphala
ut-phala prôt-phala
utphuliṅga
ut-phuliṅga (for ut-sphuliṅga), mfn. emitting sparks, sparkling
utsa
útsa m. (√ud Uṇ. iii. 68), a spring, fountain (metaphorically applied to the clouds) RV. AV. VS. TBr. Suśr. Daś
⋙ utsadhi
○dhí m. the receptacle of a spring, a well RV. i, 88, 4
⋙ utsādi
utsâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-1, 86
≫ utsya
utsyá mfn. coming from a well or fountain (as water) AV. xix, 2, 1
utsaktha
út-saktha mf(ī)n. lifting up the thighs (as a female at coition) VS. xxiii, 21
utsaṅga
ut-saṅga (√sanj), m. the haunch or part above the hip, lap MBh. R. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• any horizontal area or level (as a roof of a house &c.) Ragh. Megh. Bhartṛ. &c
• the bottom or deep part of an ulcer Suśr
• embrace, association, union L
• a particular position of the hands PSarv. Hastar
• (am), n. a high number (= 100 Vivāhas) Lalit
⋙ utsaṅgavat
○vat mfn. having depth, deep-seated Suśr
⋙ utsaṅgādi
utsaṅgâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-4, 15
≫ utsaṅgaka
utsaṅgaka m. a particular position of the hands, Nastar
≫ utsaṅgita
utsaṅgita mfn. associated, combined, joined, made coherent Śiś. iii, 79
≫ utsaṅgin
utsaṅgin mfn. having depth, deep-seated (as an ulcer) Suśr. R. Car
• associating or combining with, coherent Mall. on Śiś. iii, 79
• an associate, partner L
• (ī), m. an ulcer, deep sore L
• (inī), f. pimples on the inner edge of the eyelid Suśr
≫ utsañjana
ut-sañjana n. raising up, lifting up Pāṇ. 1-3, 36. [Page 182, Column 1]
utsad
ut-sad (ud-√sad), P. Ā. -sīdati, -te (Ved. 3. pl. út-sadan) to sit upwards
• to raise one's self or rise up to (acc.), ṅmn. RV. viii, 63, 2
• to withdraw, leave off, disappear
• to sink, settle down, fall into ruin or decay, be abolished TS. ŚBr. MBh. Bhag. BhP. &c.: Caus. -sādayati, to put away, remove ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. AitBr. &c
• to abolish, destroy, annihilate MBh. Hariv. R. Mn. Kathās. &c
• to anoint, rub, chafe Yājñ. MBh
≫ utsatti
ut-satti f. vanishing, fading, absence Pat
≫ utsanna
ut-sanna mfn. raised, elevated (opposed to ava-sanna) Suśr
• vanished, abolished, decayed, destroyed
• in ruins
• disused, fallen into disuse ŚBr. TBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. Hariv. BhP. &c
⋙ utsannayajña
○yajña m. an interrupted or suspended sacrifice ŚBr
≫ utsāda
ut-sādá m. ceasing, vanishing
• ruin MBh. i, 4364
• one who disturbs or destroys VS. xxx, 20
• a particular part of a sacrificial animal VS
≫ utsādaka
ut-sādaka mfn. destroying, overturning, g. yājakâdi Pāṇ. 2-2, 9 (in the Kāś.)
≫ utsādana
ut-sādana n. putting away or aside
• suspending, interrupting, omitting ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr
• destroying, overturning MBh. R. Bhag
• rubbing, chafing, anointing Mn. Suśr. ŚāṅkhGṛ
• causing a sore to fill up, healing it Suśr
• a means of healing a sore Car
• going up, ascending, rising L
• raising, elevating L
• ploughing a field twice or thoroughly L
≫ utsādanīya
utsādanīya mfn. to be destroyed &c. L
• (am), n. any application, applied to a sore producing granulations Suśr
≫ utsādayitavya
ut-sādayitavya mfn. to be destroyed &c
≫ utsādita
ut-sādita mfn. destroyed, overturned MBh. &c
• rubbed, anointed Yājñ
• raised, elevated L
≫ utsādin
utsādin mfn. agny-utsādín
≫ utsādya
ut-sādya mfn. = ut-sādayitavya above
utsara
ut-sara &c. ut-sṛ, col. 2
utsarga
ut-sargá &c. col. 3
utsarj
ut-sarj (ud-√sarj), P. -sarjati, to rattle, creak TS. ŚBr
utsarjana
ut-sarjana col. 3
utsarpa
ut-sarpa &c. ut-sṛp, col. 3
utsava
ut-savá &c. ut-sū, col. 2
utsah
ut-sah (ud-√sah), Ā. -sahate (inf. -sáham TBr. i, 1, 6, 1) to endure, bear TBr. AitBr. iii, 44, 5 ŚBr. i, 3, 3, 13
• to be able, be adequate, have power (with inf. or dat. of abstr. noun)
• to act with courage or energy MBh. R. Śak. Pañcat. &c.: Caus. -sāhayati, to animate, encourage, excite MBh. Kathās.: Desid. of the Caus. (p. -sisāhayiṣat) to wish to excite or encourage Bhaṭṭ. ix, 69
≫ utsaha
ut-saha dur-utsaha
≫ utsāha
ut-sāha m. power, strength
• strength of will, resolution
• effort, perseverance, strenuous and continuous exertion, energy
• fimness, fortitude R. Mn. Suśr. Śak. Hit. &c
• joy, happiness Vet
• a thread L
⋙ utsāhayoga
○yoga m. bestowing energy, exercising one's strength Mn. ix, 298
⋙ utsāhavat
○vat (gana balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136), mfn. active, energetic, persevering Pañcat
⋙ utsāhavardhana
○vardhana mfn. increasing energy L
• m. (scil. rasa) the sentiment of heroism L
• (am), n. increase of energy, heroism L
⋙ utsāhaśakti
○śakti f. strength of will, energy Pañcat
⋙ utsāhaśauryadhanasāhasavat
○śaurya-dhana-sāhasa-vat mfn. having boldness and wealth and heroism and energy VarBṛ. xiii, 7
⋙ utsāhasaṃpanna
○saṃpanna mfn. endowed with energy
≫ utsāhaka
utsāhaka mfn. active, persevering, g. yājakâdi, ii, 2, 9
• (the Kāś. reads utsādaka.)
≫ utsāhana
ut-sāhana n. causing energy or strength T
≫ utsāhin
utsāhin mfn. powerful, mighty Pañcat
• firm, steady
• active, energetic Sāh
utsi
ut-si (ud-√si), P. -sinā́ti, to fetter, chain RV. i, 125, 2
≫ utsita
út-sita mfn. fettered, entangled AV. vi, 112, 2
• 3
utsic
ut-sic (ud-√sic), P. Ā. -siñcati, -te, to pour upon, make full
• to cause to flow over RV. vii, 16, 11 ; x, 105, 10 VS. xx, 28 ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. KātyŚr. Kauś
• to make proud or arrogant ( the Pass.): Pass. -sicyate, to become full, flow over, foam over BhP. [Page 182, Column 2]
• to be puffed up, become haughty or proud Ragh. xvii, 43
≫ utsikta
ut-sikta mfn. overflowing, foaming over
• puffed up, superabundant Car. BhP. Rājat
• drawn too tight (as a bow) Hariv. 1876
• elevated, raised
• haughty, proud
• wanton
• rude
• crack-brained, disordered, disturbed in mind MBh. BhP. Mn. Kathās. &c
≫ utseka
ut-seka m. foaming upwards, spouting out or over, showering
• overflow
• increase, enlargement, superabundance MBh. R. Suśr. Megh
• haughtiness, pride MBh. R. Pañcat. &c
≫ utsekin
utsekin mfn. an-utsekin
≫ utsekya
ut-sekya mfn. to be filled up or made full Viddh
≫ utsecana
ut-secana n. the act of foaming or spouting upwards, boiling or foaming over L
utsidh
ut-sidh (ud- √2. sidh), P. -sedhati, to drive off or aside TāṇḍyaBr
• to drive or push upwards
≫ utsedha
ut-sedhá m. height, elevation, altitude ŚBr. Car
• thickness, bigness MBh. Suśr. Kum. Śiś. &c
• excelling
• sublimity R
• the body R. vii, 116, 19 Comm. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 21
• (am), n. killing, slaughter L
• N. of several Sāmans
⋙ utsedhavistāratas
○vistāratas ind. by altitude and latitude Car
utsiv
ut-siv (ud-√siv)
≫ utsyūta
ut-syūtá mfn. sewed up
• sewed to TS. Lāṭy. ŚāṅkhŚr. &c
utsuka
utsuka mfn. (fr. su, 'well', with 1. ud in the sense of 'apart', and affix ka), restless, uneasy, unquiet, anxious R. MBh. &c
• anxiously desirous, zealously active, striving or making exertions for any object (cf. jayôtsuka) R. Pañcat. Śak. Megh. &c
• eager for, fond of, attached to
• regretting, repining, missing, sorrowing for Ragh. Vikr. Śak. &c
• (am), n. sorrow
• longing for, desire ( nirutsuka)
⋙ utsukatā
○tā f. and restlessness, uneasiness, unquietness Pañcat
⋙ utsukatva
○tva n. restlessness, uneasiness, unquietness Pañcat
• zeal, desire, longing for, Śiś Vikr
• attachment, affection
• sorrow, regret L
≫ utsukāya
utsukāya Nom. Ā. utsukāyate, to become unquiet
• to long for &c., (g. bhṛśâdi Pāṇ. 3-1, 12) Bhaṭṭ
utsū
ut-sū (ud- √2. ), P. -suvati, to cause to go upwards Kāṭh. xix, 5
• (-sunoti), to stir up, agitate BhP. iii, 20, 35
≫ utsava
ut-savá m. enterprise, beginning RV. i, 100, 8 ; 102, 1
• a festival, jubilee
• joy, gladness, merriment MBh. Ragh. Kathās. Amar. &c
• opening, blossoming BhP
• height, elevation
• insolence L
• passion, wrath L
• wish, rising of a wish L
⋙ utsavapratāna
○pratāna m. N. of wk
⋙ utsavavidhi
○vidhi m. id
⋙ utsavasaṃketa
○saṃketa ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh. VP. Ragh
utsūtra
ut-sūtra mfn. (fr. sūtra with 1. ud in the sense of 'apart'), unstrung
• out of rule, deviating from or disregarding rules (of policy and grammar) Śiś. ii, 112
• anything not contained in a rule Pat
• loose, detached L
utsūra
ut-sūra m. (scil. kāla) the time when the sun sets, the evening L
≫ utsūrya
ut-sūrya ôtsūryám
utsṛ
ut-sṛ (ud-√sṛ), P. -sarati, to hasten away, escape AV. iii, 9, 5 MBh.: Caus. -sārayati, to expel, turn out, drive away, put or throw away, leave off MBh. Hariv. Kathās. BhP
• to send away Rājat
• to cause to come out MBh
• to challenge MBh
≫ utsara
ut-sara m. a species of the Ati-śakvarī metre (consisting of four verses of fifteen syllables each)
• N. of the month Vaiśākha L
≫ utsaraṇa
ut-saraṇa n. going or creeping upwards L
≫ utsaryā
ut-saryā f. a cow when grown up and fit to take the bull L
≫ utsāraka
ut-sāraka m. one who drives away (the crowd from a person of rank), a door-keeper, porter L
≫ utsāraṇ
ut-sāraṇ n. the act of causing to move, driving away (the crowd) R
• (ā), f. id. Mudr
≫ utsāraṇīya
ut-sāraṇīya and mfn. to be driven away or removed MBh
⋙ utsārya
ut-sārya mfn. to be driven away or removed MBh
≫ utsārita
ut-sārita mfn. caused to move, driven away &c
≫ utsṛta
ut-sṛta mfn. high Hariv. 3926 (v. l. uc-chrita)
utsṛj
ut-sṛj (ud-√sṛj), P. Ā. -sṛjati, -te, to let loose, let off or go [Page 182, Column 3]
• to set free
• to open RV. AitBr. ĀśvGṛ. and Śr. KātyŚr. MBh. Śak. &c
• to pour out, emit, send forth ĀśvGṛ. MBh. &c
• to sling, throw, cast forth or away
• to lay aside MBh. R. Mṛicch. &c
• to quit, leave, abandon, avoid, eschew Mn. Yājñ. MBh. &c
• to discontinue, suspend, cease, leave off TS. TBr. TāṇdyaBr. KātyŚr. &c
• to send away, dismiss, discharge AitBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh
• to drive out or away ŚBr
• to hand out, deliver, grant, give AV. xii, 3, 46 BhP. R. Mālatīm
• to bring forth, produce, create AV. vi, 36, 2 R.: Desid. -sisṛkṣati, to intend to let loose PārGṛ
• to intend to leave BhP
≫ utsarga
ut-sargá m. pouring out, pouring forth, emission, dejection, excretion, voiding by stool &c. R. Mn. Megh. Suśr. &c
• Excretion (personified as a son of Mitra and Revatī) BhP. vi, 18, 5
• laying aside, throwing or casting away Gaut. Kum
• loosening, setting free, delivering (N. of the verses VS. xiii, 47-51) ŚBr. KātyŚr. PārGṛ. MBh. &c
• abandoning, resigning, quitting, retiring from, leaving off
• suspending
• end, close KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. and Gṛ. MBh. Mn. &c
• handing over, delivering
• granting, gift, donation MBh
• oblation, libation
• presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brāhman with suitable ceremonies)
• a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the Veda Mn. iv, 97 ; 119 Yājñ. &c
• causation, causing Jaim. iii, 7, 19
• (in Gr.) any general rule or precept (opposed to apa-vāda, q.v.) Kum. Kāś. Siddh. &c
⋙ utsargatas
○tas ind. generally (i.e. without any special limitation)
⋙ utsarganirṇaya
○nirṇaya m
⋙ utsargapaddhati
○paddhati f
⋙ utsargamayūkha
○mayūkha m. N. of wks
⋙ utsargasamiti
○samiti f. carefulness in the act of excretion (so that no living creature be hurt Jain.) Sarvad
≫ utsargin
utsargin mfn. leaving out or off KātyŚr
• omitting, abandoning, quitting
≫ utsarjana
ut-sarjana mfn. expelling (the feces, said of one of the muscles of the anus) Bhpr
• (am), n. letting loose, abandoning, leaving KātyŚr
• suspending (a Vedic lecture) Lāṭy. ĀśvGṛ. Kauś
• (with chandasām) a ceremony connected with it Mn. iv, 96
• gift, donation, oblation L
⋙ utsarjanaprayoga
○prayoga m. N. of wk
≫ utsarjam
ut-sárjam ind. p. letting loose, setting free ŚBr. v, 2, 3, 7
≫ utsisṛkṣu
ut-sisṛkṣu mfn. (fr. Desid.), being about or intending to leave off or give up BhP
≫ utsṛjya
ut-sṛjya ind. p. having let loose, having abandoned &c
≫ utsṛṣṭa
ut-sṛṣṭa mfn. let loose, set free
• poured forth, cast into
• left, abandoned
• given, presented &c
⋙ utsṛṣṭapaśu
○paśu m. a bull set at liberty (on particular occasions, as on a marriage &c., and allowed to go about at will)
⋙ utsṛṣṭavat
○vat mfn. one who has let fall, who has shed (a tear &c.)
⋙ utsṛṣṭāgni
utsṛṣṭâgni mfn. one who has given up fire-worship Gaut. xv, 16
≫ utsṛṣṭi
út-sṛṣṭi f. abandonment, letting go, emission TS
⋙ utsṛṣṭikārika
○kârika m. a drama in a single act Sāh. 519
≫ utsraṣṭavya
ut-sraṣṭavya mfn. to be excreted Tattvas
• to be dismissed Kād
≫ utsraṣṭukāma
utsraṣṭu-kāma mfn. wishing to let go or put down
utsṛp
ut-sṛp (ud-√sṛp), P. -sarpati, to creep out or upwards
• to rise up, glide or soar upwards AV. vi, 134, 2 ŚBr. KātyŚr. BhP. Ragh. &c
• to glide along, move on slowly TBr. ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr. Gobh. &c.: Desid. -sisṛpsati (p. -sísṛpsat) to wish to get up RV. viii, 14, 14 BhP
≫ utsarpa
ut-sarpa m. going or gliding upwards L
• swelling, heaving L
• (am), n. N. of a Sāman
≫ utsarpaṇa
ut-sarpaṇa n. gliding upwards, rising, sun-rise Nir
• going out Comm. on ĀśvŚr
• stepping out or forwards BhP
• swelling, heaving L
≫ utsarpin
utsarpin mfn. moving or gliding upwards, jumping up Ragh. xvi, 62
• coming forth, appearing Kād
• soaring upwards, mounting upwards Śak. 283, 8
• causing to increase or rise VP
• (iṇī), f. 'the ascending cycle' (divided into six stages beginning with bad-bad time and rising upwards in the reverse order to ava-sarpiṇi. q.v.) Āryabh. Jain
utseka
ut-seka col. 2
utsedha
ut-sedhá ut-sidh
utstana
ut-stana mf(ī)n. having prominent breasts VarBṛS. [Page 183, Column 1]
utsthala
ut-sthala n. N. of an island Kathās
utsnā
ut-snā (ud-√snā), P. -snāti and -snāyati, to step out from the water, emerge, come out ŚBr. TBr
≫ utsnāta
ut-snāta mfn. one who has emerged from the water Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-4, 61 Nir
≫ utsnāna
ut-snāna n. stepping out or emerging from the water
≫ utsnāya
ut-snā́ya ind. p. having emerged, stepping out from the water RV. ii, 15, 5
utsnehana
ut-snehana n. (√snih), sliding, slipping away
• deviating
utspṛś
ut-spṛś (ud-√spṛś), P. (impf. 3. pl. -aspṛśan) to reach upwards AV. v, 19, 1
utsmi
ut-smi (ud-√smi), P. -smayati, to begin smiling, smile at
• to deride MBh. BhP
≫ utsmaya
ut-smaya m. a smile L
• (mfn.) open, blooming (as a flower) BhP
• wide open ib
≫ utsmayitvā
ut-smayitvā (irr.) ind. p. having smiled at, deriding R. i, 1, 65
≫ utsmita
ut-smita n. a smile BhP
utsya
utsyá útsa
utsrotas
ut-srotas mfn. having the flow of life or current of nutriment upward (opposed to arvāk-srotas, q.v
• cf. also ūrdhva-srotas) BhP
utsvana
ut-svana m. a loud sound BhP
utsvapna
ut-svapna mfn. 'out of sleep', talking in one's sleep, starting out of sleep T
≫ utsvapnāya
utsvapnāya Nom. Ā. utsvapnāyate, to talk in one's sleep, start out of sleep Mālav. Mṛicch
≫ utsvapnāyita
utsvapnāyita n. the act of starting out of sleep, dreaming uneasily Sāh. 219
ud 1
ud a particle and prefix to verbs and nouns. (As implying superiority in place, rank, station, or power) up, upwards
• upon, on
• over, above. (As implying separation and disjunction) out, out of, from, off, away from, apart. (According to native authorities ud may also imply publicity, pride, indisposition, weakness, helplessness, binding, loosing, existence, acquisition.) ud is not used as a separable adverb or preposition
• in those rare cases, in which it appears in the Veda uncompounded with a verb, the latter has to be supplied from the context (e.g. úd útsam śatádhāram AV. iii, 24, 4, out (pour) a fountain of a hundred streams). ud is sometimes repeated in the Veda to fill out the verse Pāṇ. 8-1, 6 (kiṃ na ud ud u harṣase dātavā u Kāś. on Pāṇ.) [Cf. Zd. ; Hib. uas and in composition os, ois e.g. os-car, 'a leap, bound', &c. also uttamá, 1. úttara, &c.]
ud 2
ud or und, cl. 7. P. unátti (RV. v, 85, 4): cl. 6. P. undati (p. undát RV. ii, 3, 2: Impv. 3. pl. undantu AV. vi, 68, 1 ; 2), Ā. undáte (AV. v, 19, 4
undāṃ cakāra, undiṣyati &c. Dhātup. xxix, 20) to flow or issue out, spring (as water)
• to wet, bathe RV. AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ. PārGṛ. &c.: Caus. (aor. aundidat Vop. xviii, 1): Desid. undidiṣati Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 3
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. unda ; Goth. vat-o ; Old High Germ. [183, 1] waś-ar ; Mod. Eng. wat-er ; Lith. wand-ū4.]
≫ utta
utta mfn. moistened, wet L. (cf. unna, col. 3.)
≫ uda
uda n. (only at the beginning or end of a compound) water
⋙ udakamaṇḍalu
○kamaṇḍalú m. a water-jar ŚBr
⋙ udakīrṇa
○kīrṇa or m. the tree Galedupa Piscidia (the bark of which is ground and scattered on water to stupefy fishes) Bhpr
⋙ udakīrya
○kīrya m. the tree Galedupa Piscidia (the bark of which is ground and scattered on water to stupefy fishes) Bhpr
⋙ udakīryā
○kīryā f. a species of the Karañja tree ṇBḍ. Car
⋙ udakumbha
○kumbhá m. a water-jar, a jar with water ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. &c
⋙ udakoṣṭha
○koṣṭha m. a water-jar Car
⋙ udagrābha
○grābhá m. holding or surrounding water RV. ix, 97, 15
⋙ udaghoṣa
○ghoṣa m. the roaring of water Lāṭy. iii, 5, 14
⋙ udacamasa
○camasá m. a cup holding water ŚBr. KātyŚr
⋙ udaja
○ja (1. udaja
• for 2. ud-√aj), mfn. produced in or by water, aquatic, watery
• (am), n. a lotus BhP. x, 14, 33
⋙ udajña
○jña v. l. for udanya, q.v
⋙ udatantu
○tantu m. 'water-thread', a continuous gush
⋙ udataulika
○taulika m. a particular measure
⋙ udadhāna
○dhāna mfn. holding water Kauś
• (am), n. a reservoir for water Āp. Gobh
⋙ udadhārā
○dhārā f. a flow or current of water. [Page 183, Column 2]
⋙ udadhi
○dhí mfn. holding water AV. i, 3, 6 VS
• (is), m. 'water-receptacle', a cloud
• river, sea
• the ocean RV. AV. VS. TS. R. Śak. Mn. &c. (in classical Sanskṛit only the ocean)
-kumāra, ās m. pl. a class of deities (belonging to the Bhavanâdhīśas Jain.) L
-krā m. (√kram), a navigator, mariner Vop
-jala-maya mfn. made or formed out of sea-water Kād
-mala m. cuttle-fish bone L
-mekhalā f. 'ocean-girdled', the earth BhP
-rāja m. the ocean-king, ocean-god R
-vastrā f. 'ocean-clothed', the earth L
-saṃbhava n. 'ocean-born', sea-salt L
-sutā f. 'daughter of the ocean', N. of Lakshmī
• of Dvārakā (Kṛishṇa's capital) W
-sutā-nāyaka m. 'husband of the ocean's daughter', N. of Kṛishṇa Prasannar
⋙ udanemi
○nemi mfn. rimmed by the ocean Comm. on Nyāyad
⋙ udapa
○pa mfn. helping out of the water (as a boat) Comm. on Uṇ. ii, 58
⋙ udapātra
○pātrá n. a water-jar, a vessel with water TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. BhP
• (ī), f. id
⋙ udapāna
○pāna m. n. a well ChUp. MBh. Mn. Bhag. &c
-maṇḍūka m. 'frog in a well', a narrow-minded man who knows only his own neighbourhood Pāṇ
⋙ udapīti
○pīti f. a place for drinking water Kād
⋙ udapura
○purá n. a reservoir for water TS. iv, 4, 5, 1
⋙ udapū
○pū́ mfn. cleansing one's self with water, purified by water AV. xviii, 3, 37
⋙ udapeṣam
○peṣam (ind. p. of √piṣ), ind. by grinding in water Pāṇ. 6-3, 58 PārGṛ
⋙ udaprut
○prút mfn. causing water to flow ṣāy., swimming or splashing in water Bṛḍ. RV. AV
⋙ udaplava
○plava m. water-flood BhP
⋙ udapluta
○plutá mfn. swimming in water AV. x, 4, 3 and 4
⋙ udabindu
○bindu m. a drop of water Kum
⋙ udabhāra
○bhāra m. 'water-carrier', a cloud Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udamantha
○mantha m. a particular mixture Suśr. ŚāṅkhGṛ
⋙ udamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of water BhP
• m. N. of a man AitBr
⋙ udamāna
○māna m. a particular measure (the 50th part of an Āḍhaka) T
⋙ udamegha
○meghá m. a watery cloud
• a shower of rain RV. i, 116, 3
• N. of a man Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 57
⋙ udamehin
○mehin mfn. having watery urine or diabetes Car
⋙ udalāvaṇika
○lāvaṇika mfn. prepared with brine L
⋙ udavajra
○vajra m. a thunder-like crash of water, a water-spout Śiś. viii, 39 Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udavāsa
○vāsa m. residence in water Pāṇ. 6-3, 58 MBh. Kum
• (am), n. a house on the margin of a stream or pond, a marine grotto &c. W
⋙ udavāsin
○"ṣvāsin mfn. living in water Kād
⋙ udavāha
○vāhá m. bringing water RV. i, 38, 9 ; v, 58, 3 (said of the Maruts) AV. xviii, 2, 22
⋙ udavāhana
○vāhana mfn. bringing water Pāṇ. 6-3, 58
• (am), n. a cloud W
⋙ udavindu
○vindu -bindu
⋙ udavīvadha
○vīvadha m. a yoke used in carrying water Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udavraja
○vraja (udá○), m. N. of a place ṣāy. RV. vi, 47, 21
⋙ udaśarāva
○śarāva m. a jar filled with water ChUp
⋙ udaśuddha
○śuddha m. N. of a man
⋙ udaśocā
○śocā f. N. of a witch Vīrac
⋙ udaśvit
○śvít n. a mixture (consisting of equal parts of water and buttermilk) MaitrS. ii, 1, 6 Suśr
-vat mfn. having the above mixture Kāś
⋙ udasaktu
○saktu m. barley-water Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udastoka
○stoká m. a drop of water ŚBr
⋙ udasthāna
○sthāna n. N. of a place
⋙ udasthālī
○sthālī́ f. a caldron, a kettle with water ŚBr
⋙ udaharaṇa
○háraṇa n. a vessel for drawing water ŚBr. KātyŚr
⋙ udahāra
○hārá mf(ī)n. fetching or carrying water AV. x, 8, 14 VS. Kauś
• intending to bring water Daś
• m. 'water-carrier', a cloud W
⋙ udāśaya
udâśaya m. n. a lake, tank
⋙ udaudana
udâudana m. rice boiled with water ŚBr. Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
≫ udaka
udaká n. water RV. AV. KātyŚr. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• the ceremony of offering water to a dead person Gaut
• (udakaṃ or pra-√dā or √1. kṛ, to offer water to the dead with gen. or dat. Yājñ. Mn. R. &c
• cf. upa-spṛś)
• ablution (as a ceremony, udakârtha)
• a particular metre RPrāt
⋙ udakakarman
○karman n. presentation of water (to dead ancestors as far as the fourteenth degree) PārGṛ
⋙ udakakārya
○kārya n. id. R
• ablution of the body MBh
⋙ udakakumbha
○kumbha m. a water-jar Comm. on Uṇ
⋙ udakakriyā
○kriyā f. = -karman above Gaut. xiv, 40 Mn. Yājñ. &c
⋙ udakakrīḍana
○krīḍana n. sporting about in water MBh
⋙ udakakṣveḍikā
○kṣveḍikā f. sprinkling water (on each other), a kind of amorous play Vātsy
⋙ udakagāha
○gāha mfn. diving into water Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udakagiri
○giri m. a mountain abounding in water Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 57
⋙ udakaghāta
○ghāta m. 'beating the water' (at bathing?), one of the 64 Kalās or arts Vātsy
⋙ udakacandra
○candra m. (?), a kind of magic (Buddh.) L
⋙ udakatarpaṇa
○tarpaṇa n. 'satisfying by water', a libation of water Gaut. SāmavBr
⋙ udakada
○da mfn. a giver of water, yielding water, offering water to the dead L
• m. an heir, a kinsman L
⋙ udakadātṛ
○dātṛ mfn
• (), m. id. ib
⋙ udakadāna
○dāna n. gift of water (especially to the manes) Gaut. Prab
• a particular festival Kathās
⋙ udakadānika
udakadānika mfn. relating to the above rite MBh. [Page 183, Column 3]
⋙ udakadāyin
○dāyin mfn. = -da Mn
⋙ udakadhara
○dhara m. 'water-holder', a cloud Comm. on Uṇ
⋙ udakadhārā
○dhārā f. a gush or flow of water
⋙ udakaparīkṣā
○parīkṣā f. 'water-trial', a kind of ordeal Comm. on Yājñ
⋙ udakaparvata
○parvata m. = -giri, col. 2 Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 59
⋙ udakapūrva
○pūrva mfn. preceded by pouring out water (into the extended palm of a recipient's right hand as preparatory to or confirmatory of a gift or promise) Āp. ii, 9, 8
• preceded by ablution ĀśvGṛ
⋙ udakapūrvakam
○"ṣpūrvakam ind. preceded by the above ceremony
⋙ udakapratīkāśa
○pratīkâśa mfn. water-like, watery fluid W
⋙ udakabindu
○bindu m. a drop of water Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udakabhāra
○bhāra m. a water-carrier ib
⋙ udakabhūma
○bhūma v. l. for udag-bhūma, q.v
⋙ udakamañjarī
○mañjarī f. N. of wk. on medicine
-rasa m. a particular decoction used as a febrifuge Bhpr
⋙ udakamantha
○mantha m. a mixture of water and meal stirred together Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udakamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of water Kād
⋙ udakameha
○meha m. 'watery urine', a sort of diabetes
⋙ udakamehin
○"ṣmehin mfn. suffering from the above Suśr
⋙ udakavajra
○vajra m. = uda-vajra, q.v. Pāṇ
⋙ udakavat
○vat (udaká○), mfn. supplied or filled with water ŚBr
⋙ udakavādya
○vādya n. 'water-music' (performed by striking cups filled with water), one of the 64 Kalās or fine arts, Vātsy. (cf. jala-taraṅgiṇī.)
⋙ udakavindu
○vindu -bindu
⋙ udakavīvadha
○vīvadha m. = udavii○, q.v. Pāṇ. 6-3, 60,
⋙ udakaśāka
○śāka n. any aquatic herb W
⋙ udakaśānti
○śānti f. sprinkling consecrated water (over a sick person) to allay fever
-prayoga m. N. of wk
⋙ udakaśīla
○śīla mfn. practising the Udaka-ceremony MBh
⋙ udakaśuddha
○śuddha mfn. cleansed by ablution
• (as) m. N. of a (man) (?), g. anuśatikâdi Pāṇ. 7-3, 20
⋙ udakasaktu
○saktu m. = uda-sa○, q.v. Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udakasādhu
○sādhu mfn. helping out of the water Gobh. iii, 2, 28
⋙ udakasparśa
○sparśa mfn. touching different parts of the body with water
• touching water in confirmation of a promise Kāś
⋙ udakasparśana
○sparśana n. the act of touching water, ablution Āp
⋙ udakahāra
○hāra m. a water-carrier Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
⋙ udakāñjali
udakâñjali m. a handful of water VP
⋙ udakātman
udákâtman mfn. having water for its chief substance AV. viii, 7, 9
⋙ udakādhāra
udakâdhāra m. a reservoir, cistern, well
⋙ udakānta
udakânta m. margin of water, bank, shore ĀśvŚr. PārGṛ. Śak
• (am), ind. to the water's edge MBh
⋙ udakārṇava
udakârṇava m. 'water-reservoir', the ocean R
⋙ udakārtha
udakârtha m. a ceremony with water PārGṛ
• (am), ind. for the sake of water or of the Udaka ceremony MBh
⋙ udakārthin
udakârthin mfn. desirous of water, thirsty
⋙ udakāhāra
udakâhāra mfn. one who carries or fetches water
⋙ udakecara
udake-cará mfn. moving in or inhabiting water ĀśvŚr. ŚBr
⋙ udakeviśīrṇa
udake-viśīrṇa mfn. dried in water (i.e. uselessly) Pāṇ. 2-1, 47
⋙ udakeśaya
udake-śaya mfn. lying in or inhabiting water R
⋙ udakodañjana
udakôdañjana n. a water-jar
⋙ udakodara
udakôdara n. 'water-belly', dropsy
⋙ udakodarin
udakodarin mfn. dropsical Suśr
⋙ udakopasparśana
udakôpasparśana n. touching or sipping water
• ablution Gaut. Āp
⋙ udakopasparśin
udakôpasparśin mfn. one who touches or sips water Gaut
⋙ udakaudana
udakâudana n. rice boiled with water Pāṇ. 6-3, 60
≫ udakala
udakala mfn. containing water, watery Pāṇ
≫ udakila
udakila mfn. id. ib
≫ udakīya
udakīya Nom. P. udakīyati, to wish for water Kāś. on Pāṇ. 7-4, 34
≫ udakya
udakya mfn. being in water Kauś. Pāṇ
• wanting water (for purification)
• (ā), f. a woman in her courses KātyŚr. Lāṭy. Mn. Yājñ. &c
⋙ udakyāgamana
udakyâgamana n. connection with a woman during her courses Gaut. xxiii, 34
≫ udadhīya
udadhīya Nom. (fr. uda-dhi) P. udadhīyati, to mistake (anything) for the ocean VarYogay
≫ udan
udán (for 2. s.v.), n. Ved. (defective in the strong cases Pāṇ. 6-1, 63) a wave, water RV. AV. TS. Kāṭh
⋙ udanvat
○vát mfn. wavy, watery, abounding in water RV. v, 83, 7 ; vii, 50, 4 AV. xviii, 2, 48 ; xix, 9, 1
• (ān), m. the ocean Ragh. Kum. Bhartṛ. &c
• N. of a Ṛishi Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 13
≫ udanimat
udani-mát mfn. abounding in waves or water RV. v, 42, 14
≫ udanya 1
udanya Nom P. udanyati (p. udanyát) to irrigate RV. x, 99, 8
• to be exceedingly thirsty Pāṇ. 7-4, 34
≫ udanya 2
udanyá mfn. watery RV. ii, 7, 3
• (ā), f. want or desire of water, thirst ChUp. Rājat. Bhaṭṭ
⋙ udanyaja
○já mfn. born or living in water RV. x, 106, 6
≫ udanyu
udanyú mfn. liking or seeking water RV. v, 57, 1
• pouring out water, irrigating RV. v, 54, 3 ; ix, 86, 27
≫ undana
undana n. wetting, moistening PārGṛ
≫ unna
unna mfn. wetted, wet, moistened, moist KātyŚr. &c
• kind, humane L. [Page 184, Column 1]
udak
udak &c. below
udagra
ud-agra mfn. having the top elevated or upwards, over-topping, towering or pointing upwards, projecting
• high, tall, long R. Kathās. Ragh. &c
• increased, large, vast, fierce, intense Ragh. Vikr. Śak. &c
• haughty Prasannar
• advanced (in age) Suśr
• excited, enraptured R. Ragh. &c
• loud R
⋙ udagradat
○dat mfn. having projecting teeth, large-toothed
• (an), m. an elephant with a large tusk
⋙ udagraplutatva
○pluta-tva n. lofty bounding Śak. 7d
udaṅgulīka
ud-aṅgulīka mfn. having the fingers upraised Viddh
udaj
ud-√aj P. Ā. -ajati, -te (impf. -ấjat RV. ii, 12, 3, &c., and úd-âjat RV. ii, 24, 3) to drive out, expel RV. BṛĀrUp
• to fetch out of RV. i, 95, 7
≫ udaja 2
ud-aja m. (for 1. under uda) driving out or forth (cattle) Pāṇ. 3-3, 69
≫ udāja
ud-āja m. leading out (soldiers to war), marching out MaitrS. i, 10, 16
udajalaka
udajalaka m. N. of a wheel-wright Pañcat
udajina
ud-ajina mfn. one who has passed beyond (the use of) a skin (as his covering), g. nirudakâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 181
udañc 1
ud-√añc P. -acati Ved. and -añcati, to elevate, raise up, lift up, throw up RV. v, 83, 8 VS. ŚBr. &c
• to ladle out AV. Comm. on Pāṇ
• to cause, effect Prasannar
• to rise, arise Bālar. Sāh
• to resound Rājat.: Pass. -acyate, to be thrown out
• to come forth, proceed BṛĀrUp. v, 1: Caus. -añcayati, to draw up, raise, elevate Daś. Bālar
• to send forth, utter, cause to resound ( ud-añcita)
≫ udak 1
údak (in comp. for údac below
• for 2. col. 2)
⋙ udakkūla
○kūla mfn. directed towards the north (as grass with the tops) Gobh. iv, 5, 16
⋙ udaktas
○tás ind. from above, from the north AV. viii, 3, 19
⋙ udaktāt
○tāt (údak○), ind. from above, from the north RV
⋙ udakpatha
○patha m. the northern country Rājat
⋙ udakpāda
○pāda mf(ī)n. having one's feet turned towards the north Kauś
⋙ udakpravaṇa
○pravaṇa (údak○), mfn. sloping towards the north ŚBr. KātyŚr. ChUp. &c
⋙ udakprasravaṇa
○prasravaṇa mfn. flowing off towards the north Kauś
• (am), n. an outlet or drain towards the north
○ṇânvita mfn. having an outlet towards the north MBh
⋙ udaksaṃstha
○saṃstha mfn. ending in the north ĀśvGṛ
⋙ udaksamāsa
○samāsa mfn. being united or tied in the north Lāṭy. ii, 6, 4
⋙ udaksena
○sena m. N. of a king VP
≫ udakta
ud-akta mfn. raised or lifted up, drawn up Siddh. Vop. &c
≫ udag
udag (in comp. for údac below)
⋙ udagagra
○agra mfn. having the points turned to the north (as grass) KātyŚr. Lāṭy. HirGṛ. &c
⋙ udagadri
○adri m. 'the northern mountain', N. of the Himālaya L
⋙ udagapavargam
○apavargam ind. ending to the north Āp
⋙ udagayana
○ayaná n. the sun's progress north of the equator
• the half year from the winter to the summer solstice ŚBr. Kauś. ĀśvGṛ. &c
• (mfn.) being on the path of the sun at its progress north of the equator BhP
⋙ udagāyata
○āyata mfn. extending towards the north ĀśvGṛ
⋙ udagāvṛtti
○āvṛtti f. (the sun's) turning to the north Ragh
⋙ udaggati
○gati f. = -ayaná above
⋙ udagdakṣiṇa
○dakṣiṇa mfn. northern and southern L
⋙ udagdaśa
○daśa (údag○), mfn. having the border turned upwards or to the north ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ
⋙ udagdvāra
○dvāra mfn. having the entrance towards the north ŚāṅkhGṛ
• (am), ind. north of the entrance MBh
⋙ udagbhava
○bhava mfn. being in the northern quarter, north L
⋙ udagbhūma
○bhūma m. fertile soil (turned upwards or towards the north) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 75
≫ udaṅ
udaṅ (in comp. for údac below)
⋙ udaṅīṣa
○īṣa (udaṅṅīṣa), mfn. having the pole turned to the north (as a carriage) Comm. on KātyŚr. vii, 9, 25
⋙ udaṅmukha
○mukha mf(ī)n. turned upwards Bālar
• facing the north KātyŚr. ChUp. Mn. Suśr. &c
⋙ udaṅmṛttika
○mṛttika m. = udag-bhūma, q.v. L
≫ udaṅka
ud-aṅká m. a bucket or vessel (for oil &c. but not for water) Pāṇ. 3-3, 123
• (ás), m. N. of a man ŚBr
• m. pl. the descendants of Udaṅka, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
• (ī), f. a bucket MānŚr. i, 1, 2
≫ udaṅkya
udaṅkya m. N. of a demon Kauś
≫ udac
úd-ac or 2. úd-añc (ud- 2. añc), mf(īcī)n. turned or going upwards, upper, upwards (opposed to adharâñc) RV. ii, 15, 6 ; x, 86, 22 ChUp. &c. [Page 184, Column 2]
• turned to the north, northern (opposed to dakṣiṇa) AV. VS. ŚBr. Megh. Ragh. &c
• subsequent, posterior L
• (udīcī), f. (scil. diś) the northern quarter, the north
• (2. údak
• for 1. col. 1), ind. above
• northward RV. VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• subsequently L
≫ udañcana
ud-áñcana n. a bucket, pail (for drawing water out of a well) RV. v, 44, 13 AitBr. KātyŚr. &c
• a cover or lid L
• directing or throwing upwards
• rising, ascending W
≫ udañcita
ud-añcita mfn. raised up, lifted, elevated
• thrown up, tossed, Hpar
• uttered, caused to resound Gīt
• worshipped W
≫ udañcu
ud-añcu m. N. of a man, g. bāhv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 96
≫ udācam
ud-ā́cam inad. p. lifting up, raising ŚBr. iii, 3, 2, 14, &c
≫ udīcīna
udīcī́na mfn. turned towards the north, northern AV. AitBr. ŚBr
⋙ udīcīnapravaṇa
○pravaṇa mfn. sloping towards the north ŚBr
≫ udīcya
udīcyá mfn. being or living in the north Pāṇ. 4-2, 101 AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr
• m. the country to the north and west of the river Sarasvatī, the northern region MBh
• (ās), m. pl. the inhabitants of that country MBh. R. Ragh. VarBṛS. &c
• N. of a school VāyuP
• a kind of perfume Suśr. Bhpr
⋙ udīcyavṛtti
○vṛtti f. the custom of the Northerners Āp. ii, 17, 17
• a species of the Vaitālīya metre
udañj
ud-√añj P. -anakti, to adorn, trim RV. iv, 6, 3
udañjali
ud-añjali mfn. hollowing the palms and then raising them Daś
udañji
úd-añji mfn. erect and unctuous (said of the membrum virile) TS. vii, 4, 19, 1
udaṇḍapāla
ud-aṇḍa-pāla mfn. a species of fish L
• of snake L
udadhi
uda-dhí &c. uda
udan 2
ud-√an (for 1. p. 183, col. 3), P. -aniti (and āniti BṛĀrUp. iii, 4, 1
• cf. vy-an
• p. -anát ŚBr
• aor. 3. pl. -āniṣus AV. iii, 13, 4) to breathe upwards, emit the breath in an upward direction
• to breathe out, breathe AV. ŚBr. BṛĀrUp
≫ udāna
ud-āna m. breathing upwards
• one of the five vital airs of the human body (that which is in the throat and rises upwards) Vedāntas. 97 AV. xi, 8, 4 VS. ChUp. ŚBr. MBh. Suśr. &c
• the navel L
• an eyelash L
• a kind of snake L
• joy, heart's joy (Buddh.)
≫ udānaya
udānaya Nom. P. udānayati, to disclose (the joy of one's heart) Lalit
udanta
úd-anta mfn. reaching to the end or border, running over, flowing over ŚBr. KātyŚr. TBr
• good, virtuous, excellent L
• (am), ind. to the end or border AitBr
• m. (ud-antá) end of the work, rest
• harvest time TBr. i, 2, 6, 2
• 'telling to the end', full tidings, intelligence
• news Ragh. Megh. Kathās. Śak. 226, 6
• one who gets a livelihood by a trade &c. W
• by sacrificing for others L
≫ udantaka
ud-antaka m. news, tidings, intelligence L
• (ikā), f. satisfaction, satiety L
≫ udantya
udantya mfn. living beyond a limit or boundary AitBr
udanya
udanya &c. p. 183, col. 3
udapās
ud-apâs (ud-apa- √2. as), P. to throw away, give up entirely BhP. x, 14, 3
udabhī
ud-abhī7 (ud-abhi-√i), P. (2. sg. -eṣi) to rise over (acc.) RV. viii, 93, 1
udaya
ud-ayá &c. p. 186, col. 1
udara
udára n. (√dṝ Uṇ. v, 19
• √ BRD. and T.), the belly, abdomen, stomach, bowels RV. AV. ŚBr. Suśr. MBh. Kathās. &c
• the womb MBh. VP. Car
• a cavity, hollow
• the interior or inside of anything (udare, inside, in the interior) Pañcat. Śak. Ragh. Mṛicch. &c
• enlargement of the abdomen (from dropsy or flatulence), any morbid abdominal affection (as of the liver, spleen &c
• eight kinds are enumerated) Suśr
• the thick part of anything (e.g. of the thumb) Suśr. Comm. on Yājñ
• slaughter Naish
⋙ udarakṛmi
○kṛmi or m. 'worm in the belly', an insignificant person, g. pātre-saṃmitâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 48. [Page 184, Column 3]
⋙ udarakrimi
○krimi m. 'worm in the belly', an insignificant person, g. pātre-saṃmitâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 48. [Page 184, Column 3]
⋙ udaragranthi
○granthi m. 'knot in the abdomen', disease of the spleen (a chronic affection not uncommon in India)
⋙ udaratrāṇa
○trāṇa n. a cuirass or covering for the front of the body L
• a girth, belly-band L
⋙ udaradāra
○dārá m. a particular disease of the abdomen AV. xi, 3, 42
⋙ udarapātra
○pātra n. the stomach serving as a vessel BṛĀrUp. 5
⋙ udarapiśāca
○piśāca m. 'stomach-demon', voracious, a glutton, one who devours everything (flesh, fish &c.) L
⋙ udarapūram
○pūram ind. till the belly is full Pāṇ. 3-4, 31
⋙ udarapoṣaṇa
○poṣaṇa n. feeding the belly, supporting life
⋙ udarabharaṇamātrakevalecchu
○bharaṇamātra-kevalêcchu mfn. desirous only of the mere filling of the belly Hit
⋙ udaraṃbhara
○"ṣṃ-bhara mfn. nourishing only one's own belly, selfish, voracious, gluttonous BhP
⋙ udaraṃbhari
○"ṣṃ-bhari mfn. Kāś
⋙ udararandhra
○randhra n. a particular part of the belly of a horse Kād
⋙ udararoga
○roga m. disease of the stomach or bowels VarBṛS
⋙ udaravat
○vat mfn. having a large belly, corpulent Pāṇ. 5-2, 117
⋙ udaravyādhi
○vyādhi m. = -roga above Rājat
⋙ udaraśaya
○śaya mfn. lying or sleeping on the belly Kāty. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 15
⋙ udaraśāṇḍilya
○śāṇḍilya m. N. of a Ṛishi ChUp. VBr
⋙ udarasarpin
○sarpin mfn. creeping on the belly
⋙ udarasarvasva
○sarvasva mfn. one whose whole essence is stomach, a glutton, epicure L
⋙ udarastha
○stha m. 'being in the stomach', the fire of digestion MaitrUp
⋙ udarākṣa
udarâkṣa m. N. of a demon causing diseases MBh. ix, 2565 (v. l. udārâkṣa, q.v.)
⋙ udarāgni
udarâgni m. 'stomach-fire', the digestive faculty VarBṛS
⋙ udarāṭa
udarâṭa m. 'wandering in the bowels', a species of worm Car
⋙ udarādhmāna
udarâdhmāna n. puffing of the belly, flatulence Suśr
⋙ udarāmaya
udarâmaya m. disease of the bowels, dysentery, diarrhoea Suśr
⋙ udarāmayin
udarāmayin mfn. suffering from the above Suśr
⋙ udarāvarta
udarâvarta m. 'stomach-coil', the navel L
⋙ udarāveṣṭa
udarâveṣṭa m. tapeworm W
≫ udaraka
udaraka mfn. abdominal W
≫ udarika
udarika mfn. having a large belly, corpulent Pāṇ. 5-2, 117
≫ udarin
udarin mfn. id. ib
• having a large belly (from flatulence) Suśr
• (iṇī), f. a pregnant woman
≫ udarila
udarila mfn. corpulent Pāṇ. 5-2, 117
≫ udarya
udaryá mfn. belonging to or being in the belly ŚBr. Car
• (am), n. contents of the bowels, that which forms the belly VS. xxv, 8
udarathi
udarathi m. (√ Uṇ. iv, 88), the ocean L
• the sun L
udarc
ud-√arc P. (pf. 3. pl. -ānṛcús) to drive out, cause to come out AV. xii, 1, 39
≫ udarka
ud-arká m. arising (as a sound), resounding RV. i, 113, 18
• the furture result of actions, consequence, futurity, furture time MBh. R. Daś. Kathās. Mn. &c
• a remote consequence, reward
• happy future MBh
• conclusion, end ŚBr. TS. AitBr
• repetition, refrain Pāṇ. Kāṭh. ŚāṅkhŚr
• elevation of a building, a tower, look-out place MBh
• the plant Vanguiera Spinosa
≫ udṛc
ud-ṛ́c k f. remainder, conclusion, end VS. TS. ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. &c
• (ṛ́ci), ind. lastly, at last, finally RV. i, 53, 11 ; x, 77, 7 AV. vi, 48, 1 ; 2
• 3
udarcis
ud-arcis mfn. flaming or blazing upwards, brilliant, resplendent Ragh. Kum
• (is), m. fire Śiś. ii, 42
• N. of Śiva L
• of Kandarpa L
udard
ud-√ard P. -ardati, to swell, rise
• to undulate, wave ŚBr. v, 3, 4, 5
• 6
≫ udarda
ud-arda m. (in medic.) erysipelas Bhpr
udarddha
ud-arddha m. (√ṛdh), scarlet fever W
udarṣa
ud-arṣá m. (√1. ṛṣ), overflowing, overflow TBr. iii, 7, 10, 1
udala
udala m. N. of a man
udalākāśyapa
udalākāśyapa m. N. of a goddess of agriculture PārGṛ
udavagraha
ud-avagraha mfn. having the Udātta on the first part of a compound which contains an Ava-graha VPrāt
udavaso
ud-ava-√so P. -áva-syati, to leave off, go away
• to finish, end AV. ix, 6, 54 AitBr. ŚBr
• to go away to (another place, with loc.) ĀśvGṛ. iv, 1, 1
≫ udavasātṛ
ud-avasātṛ m. one who goes away after concluding (a sacrifice) Nyāyam
≫ udavasāna
ud-avasāna n. the act of leaving the place of sacrifice ( above) BhP. Nyāyam. [Page 185, Column 1]
≫ udavasānīya
udavasānī́ya mfn. forming the end (of a sacrifice), concluding, final ŚBr. AitBr. MaitrS
• (ā), f. the end or conclusion (of a sacrifice) ŚBr
≫ udavasāya
ud-avasāya ind. p. ending, concluding ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ udavasita
ud-avasita n. a house, dwelling Mṛicch
≫ udavasya
ud-avasya ind. p. concluding BhP. iv, 7, 56
udaś
ud-aś √1. P. -aśnoti, (Subj. -aśnavat RV. v, 59, 4
• pf. -ānaṃśa RV. viii, 24, 12
• aor. -ā́naṭ and -ānaṭ, &c.), Ā. (3. du. -aśnuvāte ŚBr. iv, 2, 1, 26) to reach, attain, arrive at ŚBr
• to reach, be equal
• to overtake, surpass
• to master, rule RV
udaśru
ud-aśru mfn. one whose tears gush forth, shedding tears, weeping Ragh. BhP. Kathās. &c
• (u), ind. with tears gushing forth Sāh. (cf. ud-asra below.)
≫ udaśraya
udaśraya Nom. P. udaśrayati, to shed tears
• to cause to weep Kāvyâd
≫ udaśrayana
udaśrayana n. the act of causing to weep Comm. on Kāvyâd
udas
ud-as √2. P. -asyati, to cast or throw up
• to raise, erect, elevate ŚBr. MBh
• to throw out, expel ŚBr. ii, 6, 2, 16 KātyŚr
• to throw (a weapon) Naish
≫ udasana
ud-asana n. throwing up
• raising, erecting
≫ udasta
ud-asta mfn. thrown or cast up
• raised, thrown &c
≫ udasya
ud-asya ind. p. having thrown or cast up &c
≫ udāsa 1
ud-āsa (for 2. col. 3), as m. throwing out
• extending, protracting TāṇḍyaBr
• casting out
• (with garbhasya) abortion VarBṛS. 51, 38
udastāt
udastāt ind. above (with gen.) BhP. iii, 18, 8
udasra
ud-asra mfn. shedding tears, weeping Naish. viii, 34
udākṛ
ud-ā-kṛ √1. P. Ā. -karoti, -kurute, (impf. -ấkar RV. x, 67, 4) to expel, drive out
• to fetch out of RV. ŚBr. TS
• to select, choose AV. xii, 4, 41 ŚBr. iii, 3, 1, 14
• (only Ā. Pāṇ. 1-3, 32) to prick Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 32
• to revile, abuse ib
udākhyā
ud-ā-√khyā
≫ udākhyāya
ud-ākhyāya ind. p. having related aloud
• enunciating ŚBr. iii, 3, 3, 4
udāgā
ud-ā-gā √1. P. (aor. 1. sg. -ấgām) to come up or out towards (with acc.) AV. xiv, 2, 44
udācakṣ
ud-ā-√cakṣ Ā. -ācaṣṭe, to declare or say aloud ŚBr. iii, 3, 3, 4
udācar
ud-ā-√car P. (impf. -ấcarat) to rise out of (the ocean) RV. vii, 55, 7
≫ udācāra
ud-ācāra m. a place for walking Āp
udāja
ud-āja ud-√aj
udājan
ud-ā-√jan Ā. (aor. -ájaniṣṭa) to arise from RV. v, 31, 3
udātan
ud-ā-√tan P. -tanoti, to spread, extend TāṇḍyaBr. xx, 14
udādā
ud-ā-dā √1. P. to lift up, elevate
≫ udātta
ud-ātta mfn. (for ud-ā-datta) lifted upraised, lofty, elevated, high R. BhP
• arisen, come forth Prab
• highly or acutely accented Pāṇ. Nir. RPrāt. APrāt. &c
• high, great, illustrious
• generous, gentle, bountiful
• giving, a donor Daś. Sāh
• haughty, pompous Rājat
• dear, beloved L
• (○tara, compar. more elevated, more acute)
• m. the acute accent, a high or sharp tone RPrāt. APrāt. Pāṇ. &c
• a gift, donation L
• a kind of musical instrument
• a large drum L
• an ornament or figure of speech in rhetoric L
• work, business L
• (am), n. pompous or showy speech Kāvyâd. Sāh. Pratāpar
⋙ udāttatā
○tā f. pompousness, Pratāpar
⋙ udāttatva
○tva n. the state of having the acute accent Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ udāttamaya
○maya mfn. similar to the high tone or accent, Udātta-like VPrāt
⋙ udāttarāghava
○rāghava n. N. of a drama
⋙ udāttavat
○vat mfn. having the Udātta VPrāt. Pāṇ
⋙ udāttaśruti
○śruti f. pronounced or sounding like the Udātta, APrāt
-tā f. the state of being pronounced so RPrāt
≫ udāttaya
udāttaya Nom. P. udāttayati, to make high or illustrious
• to make honourable or respectable Bālar
udādyanta
ud-ādy-anta mfn. preceded and followed by an Udātta VPrāt. [Page 185, Column 2]
udādru
ud-ā-dru √2. P. -dravati, to run out, run upwards ŚBr. TBr
udāna
ud-āna 2. ud-√an
udānī
ud-ā-√nī P. -nayati, to lead up or out of (water) ŚBr. Lāṭy.: Ā. -nayate, to raise, elevate Bhaṭṭ. viii, 21
udāp
ud-√āp P. (pf. 3. pl. -āpus) to reach up to, reach, attain ŚBr
udāpi
ud-āpi m. N. of a son of Sahadeva Hariv
• N. of Vasu-deva VP. (vḷ. udāyin, q.v.)
udāpyām
ud-āpyâm ind. up the stream, against stream AV. x, 1, 7
udāplu
ud-ā-√plu
≫ udāpluta
ud-āpluta mfn. overflowed, inundated BhP. iii, 8, 10
udāmantraṇa
ud-ā-mantraṇa n. addressing loudly, calling out to Āp
udāyam
ud-ā-√yam P. (Impv. -ā́yacchatu) to bring out, fetch out, get fetch out, get off AV. v, 30, 15: Ā. (aor. 3. sg. -âyata du. -âyasātām pl. -âyasata) to show, exhibit, make known Pāṇ. 1-2, 15
• (but also aor. -âyaṃsta, in the sense to bring out, get off Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-2, 15.)
udāyasa
udāyasa m. N. of a prince
udāyā
ud-ā-√yā P. -yāti, to go up to Kauś. 17
udāyin
ud-āyin ī m. N. of Vasu-deva (vḷ. ud-āpi, q.v.) VP
• of Kūṇika VP
udāyu
ud-ā-yu √2. P. -yauti, to stir up, whirl Kauś. Gobh
udāyudha
ud-āyudha mfn. with uplifted weapon, raising up weapons MBh. R. Ragh. Kathās
udāra
ud-ārá mf(ā and ī [gaṇa bahv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 45])n. (√), high, lofty, exalted
• great, best
• noble, illustrious, generous
• upright, honest MBh. Śak. Śiś. &c
• liberal, gentle, munificent
• sincere, proper, right
• eloquent
• unperplexed L
• exciting, effecting RV. x, 45, 5
• active, energetic Sarvad
• m. rising fog or vapour (in some cases personified as spirits or deities) AV. AitBr
• a sort of grain with long stalks L
• a figure in rhetoric (attributing nobleness to an inanimate object)
⋙ udārakīrti
○kīrti mfn. highly renowned, illustrious
⋙ udāracarita
○carita mfn. of generous behaviour, noble-minded, noble Hit. Śarṅg. &c
• m. N. of a king Kathās
⋙ udāracetas
○cetas mfn. high-minded, magnanimous
⋙ udāratā
○tā f. or nobleness, generousness, liberality
⋙ udāratva
○tva n. nobleness, generousness, liberality
• energy Kathās. Daś. Sarvad. &c
• elegance of speech or expression Vām. Sāh
⋙ udāradarśana
○darśana mfn. of noble appearance R. Kum
⋙ udāradhiṣaṇa
○dhiṣaṇa m. N. of an astronomer
⋙ udāradhī
○dhī mfn. highly intelligent, wise, sagacious R. Suśr. Ragh. &c
• (īs), m. N. of a man VP
⋙ udārabhāva
○bhāva m. noble character, generosity
⋙ udāramati
○mati mfn. noble-minded, highly intelligent, wise Ragh
⋙ udāravikrama
○vikrama mfn. highly brave, heroic Kām
⋙ udāravīrya
○vīrya mfn. of great power
⋙ udāravṛttārthapada
○vṛttârtha-pada mfn. of excellent words and meaning and metre R. i, 2, 45
⋙ udāraśobha
○śobha mfn. of great or excellent splendour
⋙ udārasattva
○sattva mfn. of noble character, generous-minded R
○vâbhijana, of noble character and descent R. iv, 47, 19
⋙ udārākṣa
udārâkṣa m. N. of a demon that causes diseases MBh. (ed. Bombay ix, 45, 63
• vḷ. udarâkṣa, q.v.)
⋙ udārārtha
udārârtha mfn. of excellent meaning
≫ udāraka
udāraka m. honorific name of a man Daś
udārathi
ud-ārathi mfn. (√), rising, arising RV. i, 187, 10 AV. iv, 7, 3
• (is), m. N. of Vishṇu L
udāruh
ud-ā-√ruh P. (aor. 1. sg. -ấruham VS. xvii, 67
• 3. pl. -ấruhan AV. xviii, 1, 61) to rise up to
udāvatsara
udāvatsara v. l. for idā-vatsara, q.v
udāvas
ud-ā-vas √5 P. -vasati, to remove or migrate out to MBh.: Caus. -vāsayati, to cause to remove out, turn out BhP
udāvasu
udāvasu m. N. of a son of Janaka (king of Videha) R. VP. [Page 185, Column 3]
udāvah
ud-ā-√vah P. -vahati, to lead away, carry or draw away ŚBr. MBh
• to marry MBh. R
• to extol, praise W
udāvṛt
ud-ā-√vṛt Caus. -vartayati, to cause to go out, excrete Suśr
• to secrete
• to retain ( the next)
≫ udāvarta
ud-āvarta m. a class of diseases (marked by retention of the feces), disease of the bowels, iliac passion Suśr. TS. vi, 4, 1, 1
• (ā), f. painful menstrual discharge (with foamy blood) Suśr
≫ udāvartaka
ud-āvartaka mfn. retaining (the feces) Bhpr
≫ udāvartana
ud-āvartana am n. retention, retarding Car
≫ udāvartin
udāvartin mfn. suffering from disease of the bowels Suśr
udāvraj
ud-ā-√vraj P. -vrajati, to go or move onwards, go forwards Kauś
udāśaṃs
ud-ā-√śaṃs Ā. -śaṃsate, to wish for ŚBr. v, 2, 3, 5
• xi, 1, 4, 2
udās
ud-√ās Ā. -āste, to sit separate or away from, sit on one side or apart
• to abstain from participating in
• to take no interest in, be unconcerned about, be indifferent or passive MBh. BhP. Śiś. &c
• to pass by, omit Sarvad
≫ udāsa 2
ud-āsa (for 1. ud- 2. as), as m. indifference, apathy, stoicism L
≫ udāsitṛ
ud-āsitṛ mfn. indifferent, disregarding, stoical
• void of affection or concern Śiś. i, 33
≫ udāsin
udāsin mfn. indifferent, disregarding
• one who has no desire nor affection for anything
• (ī), m. a stoic, philosopher
• (in popular acceptation) any religious mendicant (or one of a particular order) W
≫ udāsīna
ud-āsīna mfn. (pres. p.) sitting apart, indifferent, free from affection
• inert, inactive
• (in law) not involved in a lawsuit MBh. Yājñ. Bhag. &c
• m. a stranger, neutral
• one who is neither friend nor foe
• a stoic, philosopher, ascetic
⋙ udāsīnatā
○tā f. indifference, apathy Pañcat
udāsthā
ud-ā-√sthā P. (aor. 1. pl. -asthāma AV. iii, 31, 11) to rise again
≫ udāsthita
ud-āsthita mfn. set over L
• m. an ascetic who instead of fulfilling his vow is employed as a spy or emissary Comm. on Mn. vii, 154
• a superintendent L
• a door-keeper L
udāsyapuccha
ud-āsya-puccha mfn. having the tail and head upraised BhP. x, 13, 30
udāhan
ud-ā-√han P. (impf. 3. pl. -aghnan) to strike at
• to cause to sound (the lyre) ŚBr
udāhita
ud-ā́hita mfn. (√dhā), elevated
⋙ udāhitatara
○tara mfn. more elevated, higher ŚBr. vii, 5, 1, 38
udāhṛ
ud-ā-√hṛ P. -ā́-harati, to set up, put up ŚBr. i, 1, 1, 22
• to relate, declare, announce
• to quote, cite, illustrate
• to name, call ŚBr. Gobh. ĀśvŚr. Baudh. MBh. RPrāt. &c.: Pass. -hriyáte, to be set up or put up TS. vi, 2, 9, 4
≫ udāharaṇa
ud-āharaṇa n. the act of relating, saying, declaring, declaration Gaut. Kum. Vikr
• referring a general rule to a special case, an example, illustration Sāh. Kāś. &c
• (in log.) the example, instance (constituting the third member in a fivefold syllogism) Tarkas. 41 Nyāyad. Nyāyak
• exaggeration Sāh
⋙ udāharaṇacandrikā
○candrikā f. N. of wk
⋙ udāharaṇānugama
udāharaṇânugama m. N. of wk
≫ udāharaṇīya
ud-āharaṇīya mfn. to be quoted as example, to be referred (as a general rule to a special case) Comm. on Nyāyam
≫ udāharin
ud-āharin mfn. relating, saying, calling BhP
≫ udāhāra
ud-āhāra m. an example or illustration L
• the beginning of a speech L
≫ udāhārya
ud-āhārya mfn. = ud-āharaṇīya above
≫ udāhṛta
ud-āhṛta mfn. said, declared, illustrated
• called, named, entitled MBh. BhP. VarBṛS. &c
≫ udāhṛti
ud-āhṛti f. an example, illustration
• exaggeration, Pratāpar
≫ udāhṛtya
ud-āhṛtya ind. p. bringing forward an example, illustrating &c
udi
ud-√i P. -éti, -etum (and úd-etos, Maitr. i, 6, 10) to go up to, proceed or move up, proceed RV. AV. VS
• to rise (as the sun or a star &c.) RV. VS. ŚBr. ChUp. VarBṛS. &c
• to come up (as a cloud) Mṛicch. R
• to start up, rise up against, march off AV. iii, 4, 1 MBh. Kum
• to rise, raise one's self
• to increase, be enhanced
• to be conceited or proud R. Ragh. Śiś. ii, 33 RPrāt. &c. [Page 186, Column 1]
• to go out of
• to come out or arise from RV. AV. ŚBr. Ragh. &c
• to escape ChUp. Śak. &c.: Pass. (impers. -īyate) to be risen Subh
≫ udaya
ud-ayá m. going up, rising
• swelling up R
• rising, rise (of the sun &c.), coming up (of a cloud) ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. Śak. &c
• the eastern mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to rise) MBh. Hariv. Kathās. &c
• going out R
• coming forth, becoming visible, appearance, development
• production, creation RV. viii, 41, 2 R. Ragh. Yājñ. Śak. Kum. &c
• conclusion, result, consequence MBh. Ragh. Mn
• that which follows
• a following word, subsequent sound Pāṇ. 8-4, 67 RPrāt. APrāt. &c
• rising, reaching one's aim, elevation
• success, prosperity, good fortune Kathās. Ragh. &c
• profit, advantage, income
• revenue, interest R. Yājñ. Mn. &c
• the first lunar mansion
• the orient sine (i.e. the sine of the point of the ecliptic on the eastern horizon) Sūryas
• N. of several men
⋙ udayakara
○kara m. N. of an author
⋙ udayagiri
○giri m. the eastern mountain ( above) Hit. VP. &c
⋙ udayagupta
○gupta m. N. of a man Rājat
⋙ udayajit
○jit m. N. of a son of Guṇala Rājat
⋙ udayajyā
○jyā f. the orient sine ( above) Sūryas
⋙ udayataṭa
○taṭa m. the slope of the eastern mountain ( udaya), Ratnāv
⋙ udayatuṅga
○tuṅga m. N. of a king Kathās
⋙ udayadhavala
○dhavala m. N. of a king
⋙ udayaparvata
○parvata m. = -giri above Hariv. Kathās
⋙ udayapura
○pura n. N. of the capital of Marwar
⋙ udayaprastha
○prastha m. the plateau of the eastern mountain
⋙ udayaprāṇa
○prāṇa m. pl. a particular measure of time (reckoned by the number of respirations till the rising of a particular constellation) Sūryas
⋙ udayarāja
○rāja m. N. of a man Rājat
⋙ udayarāśi
○rāśi m. the constellation in which a planet is seen when on the horizon VarBṛ. iv, 6
⋙ udayarkṣa
○"ṣrkṣa (udaya-ṛ○), n. id. ib
• the lunar mansion in which a star rises heliacally VarBṛS. vi, 1
⋙ udayavat
○vat mfn. risen (as the moon &c.) Śiś
• (), f. N. of a daughter of Udaya-tuṅga Kathās
⋙ udayaśaila
○śaila m. = -giri above Kathās
⋙ udayasiṃha
○siṃha m. N. of a king
⋙ udayācala
udayâcala and m. = -giri above
⋙ udayādri
udayâdri m. = -giri above
⋙ udayāditya
udayâditya m. N. of several men
⋙ udayānta
udayânta mfn. ending with sunrise MBh
⋙ udayāntara
udayântara n. (in astron.) a particular correction for calculating the real time of a planet's rising, SiddhŚir
⋙ udayāśva
udayâśva m. N. of a grandson of Ajāta-śatru VP
⋙ udayāsu
udayâsu m. pl. = -prāṇa above Sūryas
⋙ udayonmukha
udayônmukha mf(ī)n. about to rise
• expecting prosperity Pañcad
⋙ udayorvībhṛt
udayôrvī-bhṛt m. = -giri above, Ratnāv
≫ udayana
ud-áyana n. rise, rising (of the sun &c.) RV. i, 48, 7 ŚBr. R. &c
• way out, outlet AV. v, 30, 7
• exit
• outcome, result, conclusion, end TS. ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr
• means of redemption Car
• m. N. of several kings and authors
⋙ udayanacarita
○carita n. N. of a drama
⋙ udayanatas
○tas ind. finally TāṇḍyaBr. xiii, 12, 1
⋙ udayanācārya
udayanâcārya m. N. of a philosopher and author of several works
⋙ udayanopādhi
udayanôpādhi m. N. of wk
≫ udayanīya
udayanī́ya mfn. belonging to an end or conclusion, finishing (as a ceremony) ŚBr. AitBr. KātyŚr. &c
≫ udayin
udayin mfn. rising, ascending
• prosperous, flourishing L
• (ī), m. N. of a grandson of Ajātaśatru (= Udayâśva)
⋙ udayibhadra
udayi-bhadra m. id
≫ udāya
ud-āyá m. emerging, coming forward
try-ud○
≫ udita
úd-ita (for 2. s.v.), mfn. risen, ascended
• being above, high, tall, lofty RV. ChUp. Mn. &c
• conceited, proud, boasting MBh
• elevated risen
• increased, grown, augmented R. Kir. &c
• born, produced Bhartṛ
• apparent, visible RV. viii, 103, 11
• incurred, experienced
⋙ uditahomin
○homín mfn. sacrificing after sunrise AitBr. ŚBr
⋙ uditādhāna
uditâdhāna n. kindling fire after sunrise Comm. on ĀpŚr. v, 13, 2
⋙ uditānudita
uditânudita mfn. 'risen and not risen', not quite risen ĀpŚr. xv, 18, 13
≫ uditi
úd-iti f. ascending or rising (of the sun) RV. AV. vii, 5, 3 ; iii, 16, 4
• going away or down, setting of the sun RV. v, 69, 3 ; 76, 3 ; vii, 41, 4
• conclusion, end (of a sacrifice, through the fire going out Gmn.) RV. vi, 15, 11 AV. x, 2, 10
≫ uditvara
ud-itvara mfn. risen Naish
• surpassing, exceeding, extraordinary NṛisUp
≫ udīta
ud-īta mfn. = 1. ud-ita Naish. i, 83 ; vi, 52 ; 74
≫ udeṣyat
ud-eṣyat mfn. about to rise or mount upwards, about to increase Śiś. ii, 76. [Page 186, Column 2]
udiṅg
ud-√iṅg Caus. -iṅgayati, to impart a tremulous motion, vibrate, swing RV. iv, 57, 4 ŚBr
• to cause (a sound) to vibrate, pronounce RPrāt. xvii, 8
≫ udiṅgana
ud-iṅgana n. swinging, oscillating, vibrating Comm. on KātyŚr
udita 2
udita (p.p. of √vad, q.v
• for 1. col. 1) said, spoken AitBr. Kathās. Ragh. Śiś. &c
• spoken to, addressed BhP. Śiś. ix, 61 Kathās
• communicated, proclaimed, declared Mn. Kathās. BhP. Rājat. &c
• (especially) proclaimed by law, taught, handed down
• authoritative, right ŚāṅkhBr. Mn. Yājñ. i, 154
• indicated, signified VarBṛS
• [a form udita occurs, incorrectly spelt for ud-dita, p. 188, col. 1.]
⋙ uditānuvādin
uditânuvādin mfn. one who repeats what is said by others AitBr. ii, 15
⋙ uditodita
uditôdita mfn. (fr. 2. udita with 1. ud-ita), conversant with what has been handed down by tradition, learned Yājñ
udinakṣ
ud-inakṣ (anom. Desid. of √nakṣ), P. (p. -ínakṣat) to wish or endeavour to obtain or reach
• to strive after, pretend to RV. x, 8, 9 ; 45, 7
udīkṣ
ud-√īkṣ Ā. -īkṣate (once P. p. -īkṣat BhP. xi, 30, 44) to look up to ŚBr. R
• to look at, regard, view, behold ŚBr. xiv, 9, 1, 1 MBh. Mn. &c
• to wait, delay, hesitate
• to expect MBh. R. Mn
≫ udīkṣaṇa
ud-īkṣaṇa n. the act of looking up, seeing, beholding L
≫ udīkṣā
ud-īkṣā f. id. BhP
• expecting, waiting Comm. on Bādar
≫ udīkṣita
ud-īkṣita mfn. looked at, beheld &c
≫ udīkṣya
ud-īkṣya ind. p. having looked at or beheld &c
udīcīna
udīcī́na &c. p. 184, col. 2
udīpa
ud-īpa mfn. (fr. 2. ap with ud
Pāṇ. 6-3, 97), inundated, flooded
• m. high water, inundation Rājat
udīr
ud-√īr Ā. -īrte (3. pl. -ī́rate RV. AV
• Impv. 2. sg. -īrṣva RV. x, 18, 8 AV
• impf. -airata RV. vii, 39, 1
• p. -ī́rāṇa AV. xii, 1, 28 RV.), P. (Subj. 3. sg. -ī́rat RV. iv, 2, 7
• aor. 2. du. -airatam RV. i, 118, 6) to bring or fetch out of RV. i, 118, 6
• to rise, start off (in order to go or to come) RV. AV. ŚBr
• to move upwards, ascend
• to arise, originate RV. AV
• to honour, respect RV. iv, 2, 7
• (in class. Sanskṛit only ud-īrṇa occurs): Caus. -īrayati, to bring or fetch out of RV. i, 112, 5 ; x, 39, 9
• to cause to rise or move
• to raise, rouse, excite RV. MBh. R. Ragh. Daś
• to throw or cast upwards
• to cast, discharge, drive forward R. Ragh. &c
• to cause to come forth or appear Kum
• to raise one's voice
• to utter, speak RV. Yājñ. Mn. &c
• to procure, cause, effect RV. i, 48, 2 ; x, 39, 2 TS. Suśr
• to excite, raise, enhance, multiply, increase Suśr. Kum. &c
• to extol, glorify RV. v, 42, 3 MBh
• to stir up, urge, stimulate RV. R
• to rise, start off RV. v, 55, 5 ; viii, 7, 3 : Pass. -īryate, to be cast or thrown upwards R
• to be excited, be roused or stirred up MBh. R. Suśr. Kum. &c
• to be uttered or announced or enunciated
• to pass for VP. Kum. Kathās. Pañcat. Suśr. &c
• to sound
• to issue forth
≫ udīraṇa
ud-īraṇa n. the act of throwing, casting, discharging (a missile) MBh
• throwing out
• exciting, stirring up Car
• saying, speaking, communicating Kum. Kathās. Sāh
≫ udīrita
ud-īrita mfn. excited, stirred up
• animated, agitated
• increased, augmented
• said, uttered, enunciated
⋙ udīritadhī
○dhī mfn. one whose mind is active, acute-minded Prab
⋙ udīritendriya
udīritêndriya mfn. one whose senses are excited Kum. iv, 41
≫ udīrṇa
ud-īrṇa mfn. issued out, excited, increased, elevated MBh. R. Suśr. Kum. &c
• self-conceited, proud MBh
⋙ udīrṇatā
○tā f. excitement, activity, agility Suśr
⋙ udīrṇadīdhiti
○dīdhiti mfn. intensely bright
⋙ udīrṇavarāhatīrtha
○varāhatīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ udīrṇavega
○vega mfn. impetuous in its course (as a torrent), violent
≫ udīrya 1
ud-īrya mfn. to be raised
• to be uttered &c
≫ udīrya 2
ud-īrya ind. p. having uttered &c
udīṣ
ud-√īṣ P. -īṣati, to rise, mount Kāṭh. MaitrS
≫ udīṣita
úd-īṣita mfn. risen, elevated RV. x. 119, 12. [Page 186, Column 3]
udukṣ
ud-√ukṣ P. -ukṣati, to sprinkle upwards or outwards ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr
uduta
ud-uta p. 192, col. 3
udubj
ud-√ubj P. -ubjati, to open by bending or breaking TS. vi, 5, 9, 1
• to set up, erect AV. xi, 1, 7
udumbara
udumbára Ved. for uḍumbara, q.v., the tree Ficus Glomerata
≫ udumbala 1
udumbála m. = udumbára [T.?] AV. viii, 6, 17
udumbala 2
udumbalá mfn. of widely-reaching power (for uru-bala Sāy
• said of the two dogs, the messengers of Yama) RV. x, 14, 12 AV. xviii, 2, 13, copper-coloured Bṛḍ.
udumbhara
udumbhára m. (fr. √bhṛ with ud), a word coined for the etymological explanation of udumbára ŚBr. vii, 5, 1, 22
uduṣ
ud-√uṣ P. -oṣati, to heat, make red-hot
• to torment by heat AV. xii, 5, 72 ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
≫ uduṣṭa
úd-uṣṭa mfn. red-hot
• red
⋙ uduṣṭamukha
○mukha mfn. having a red mouth (as a horse) ŚBr. vii, 3, 2, 14
uduha
uduhá m.? misprint for udūhá below
udūkhala
udūkhala n. a wooden mortar (used for pounding rice and separating the husk)
• any mortar Suśr
• bdellium L
udūḍha
ud-ūḍha ud-√vah
udūh
ud-ūh √1. P. Ā. -ūhati, -te, to push or press upwards, move or bear upwards
• to throw or turn out, sweep out, push out AV. xi, 1, 9 ŚBr. KātyŚr. Comm. on TBr. iii, 8, 4, 3 BhP. &c
• to bring out of Vait
• to heighten (an accent) SaṃhUp. iii, 3
≫ udūha
ud-ūhá as, m. (?) a besom, broom TBr. iii, 8, 4, 3
• the highest acute (accent) SaṃhUp. iii, 4
udṛ
ud-√ṛ P. -iyarti (pf. 2. sg. -ā́rithā RV. ii, 9, 3
• aor. -ārat RV. iv, 58, 1), Ā. (aor. -ārta RV. vii, 35, 7) to start up, rise, come up
• to move up, raise, excite RV. i, 113, 17 ; iii, 8, 5, &c.: Caus. -arpayati, to cause to rise or prosper RV. ii, 33, 4 KātyŚr
udṛc
ud-ṛ́c ud-√arc
udṛṣ
ud-ṛṣ √2. P. (p. -ṛṣát) to perforate, pierce RV. x, 155, 2
ude
ud-ê (ud-ā-√i), P. -éti (Impv. 2. sg. udếhi AV. v, 30, 11, &c.) to go up, rise, arise from, come up, move upwards RV. vi, 5, 1 AV. ŚBr. ChUp
• to move out, come out of, go out ŚBr. VS
• to arise, be produced
≫ udeyivas
udêyivas mfn. (p.p. P.) that has come up, produced, originated, born BhP. x, 31, 4
udej
ud-√ej P. -ejati, to move upwards, rise AV. iv, 4, 2
• to shake, tremble: Caus. -ejayati, to cause to tremble, shake Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 138
≫ udejaya
ud-ejaya mfn. shaking, causing to tremble Pāṇ. 3-1, 138
udojas
úd-ojas mfn. exceedingly powerful or effective RV. v, 54, 3 ; x, 97, 7
udgadgadikā
ud-gadgadikā f. sobbing Kād. ii, 99, 15
udgandhi
ud-gandhi mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-4, 135) giving forth perfume, fragrant Ragh
udgam
ud-√gam P. -gacchati (Ved. impf. 1. pl. -aganma) to come forth, appear suddenly, become visible RV. i, 50, 10 R. Ragh.: Vikr. &c
• to go up, rise (as a star), ascend, start up MBh. VarBṛS. Ratnāv. &c
• to go out or away, disappear R. BhP. Bhartṛ. &c
• to spread, extend Ragh.: Caus. -gamayati, to cause to rise Pat
• to cause to come out or issue (as milk from the mother's breast), suck
≫ udgata
ud-gata mfn. gone up, risen, ascended Ṛitus. MBh. &c
• come or proceeded forth, appeared, Ratnāv. Ragh. &c
• gone, departed
• extended, large Ragh
• vomited, cast up L
• (ā), f. N. of a metre (consisting of four lines, with ten syllables in the first three, and thirteen in the last [Page 187, Column 1]
• occurring e.g. in Śiś. xv)
⋙ udgataśṛṅga
○śṛṅga mfn. one whose horns are just appearing (as a calf) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 115
⋙ udgatāsu
udgatâsu mfn. one whose life is gone, deceased, dead
≫ udgati
ud-gati f. coming forth Kathās
• going up, rising, ascent L
• bringing up
• vomiting L
≫ udgantṛ
ud-gántṛ m. one who leads out MaitrUp. vi, 31
≫ udgama
ud-gama m. going up, rising (of a star &c.), ascending, elevation (of a mountain) R. Suśr. Hit. VarBṛS. &c
• coming forth, becoming visible, appearing, production, origin Suśr. Ragh. Vikr. Ratnāv. &c
• going out or away R. Kathās. Bhartṛ
• shooting forth (of a plant) Kir. Kāvyâd
≫ udgamana
ud-gamana n. the act of rising (of a star &c.), ascending Pāṇ. 1-3, 40
• the act of coming forth, becoming visible R
≫ udgamanīya
ud-gamanīya mfn. to be gone up or ascended L
• cleansed, clean Kum. vii, 11 Hcar
• (am), n. a clean cloth or garment Daś
• a pair of bleached cloths or sheets L
udgarj
ud-√garj P. -garjati, to burst out roaring
• to cry out loudly Kathās
udgarbha
ud-garbha mfn. pregnant Vām
udgal
ud-√gal P. -galati, to trickle out, ooze out, issue in drops BhP
udgala
ud-gala mfn. raising the neck BhP
udgā
ud-√gā Ved. P. (aor. or impf. -agāt) to rise (as the sun &c.), come up RV. AV. TS. TBr
• to come forth, begin Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-4, 3
udgātṛ
ud-gātṛ́ &c. col. 2
udgāra
ud-gāra &c. ud-√gṝ below
udgāh
ud-√gāh Ā. (pf. 3. pl. -jigāhīre irr. KātyŚr. xiii, 3, 21) to emerge
≫ udgāḍha
ud-gāḍha mfn. flowing over, excessive, violent, much Prab. Sāh. Bhartṛ. &c
• (am), ind. excessively, much L
udgur
ud-√gur P. -gurate (p. -gurámāṇa VS. xvi, 46) to raise one's voice in a threatening manner
• to raise (a weapon &c.), lift up Bhaṭṭ
≫ udgūrayitṛ
ud-gūrayitṛ mfn. threatening Vishṇus. v, 60
≫ udgūrṇa
ud-gūrṇa mfn. raised, lifted, held up Veṇis. Pañcat. &c
• erected, excited W
• (am), n. the act of raising (a weapon), threatening Yājñ. ii, 215
≫ udgoraṇa
ud-goraṇa n. the act of raising (a weapon), threatening Comm. on Yājñ. ii, 215
udguh
ud-√guh P. Ā. -gūhati, -te, to wind through, twist through ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ udgūhana
ud-gūhana n. the act of twisting or winding through Comm. on KātyŚr. ii, 7, 2
udgṛbhāya
ud-gṛbhāya ud-√grah
udgṝ
ud-√gṝ P. -girati, to eject (from the mouth), spit out, vomit out or up, belch out
• to pour out, discharge, spout MBh. R. Mṛicch. Pañcat. &c
• to force out (a sound), utter
• to breathe out
• to raise from Rājat. Kathās. &c.: Caus. P. -girayati (irr.), to raise (sounds), utter Pañcat
≫ udgāra
ud-gāra m. (Pāṇ. 3-3, 29) the act of discharging, spitting out, ejecting (from the mouth), vomiting, belching, eructation R. Suśr. Ragh. Megh. &c
• relating repeatedly Hit
• spittle, saliva MBh. Suśr. Gaut
• flood, high water R. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-3, 29
• roaring, hissing, a loud sound MBh. Śāntiś. &c
⋙ udgāracūḍaka
○cūḍaka m. a species of bird Car
⋙ udgāraśodhana
○śodhana m. black caraway Bhpr
≫ udgārin
ud-gārin mfn. (ifc.) ejecting, spitting, vomiting
• discharging, thrusting out R. Mṛicch. Ragh. Rājat. &c
• uttering, causing to sound Bālar
• (ī), m. the 57th year of the Jupiter cycle VarBṛS. viii, 50
≫ udgiraṇa
ud-giraṇa n. the act of vomiting, ejecting (from the mouth), spitting out, slobbering, slavering Suśr. Vedāntas. &c
≫ udgīrṇa
ud-gīrṇa mfn. vomited forth, ejected Suśr. &c
• cast forth, fallen out of VarBṛS
• caused, effected Gīt. i, 36
≫ udgīrya
ud-gīrya ind. p. having omitted or ejected &c
udgehī
udgehī f. a kind of ant L
udgai
ud-√gai P. -gāyati (-gāti ŚāṅkhBr. xvii, 7) to begin to sing
• to sing or chant (applied especially to the singing or chanting of the Sāmaveda, cf. ud-gātṛ́) RV. x, 67, 3 AV. ix, 6, 45-48. AitBr. ŚBr. TS. Lāṭy. &c. [Page 187, Column 2]
• to sing out loud Śiś. vi, 20
• to announce or celebrate in song, sing before any one (with acc.)
• to fill with song ŚvetUp. MBh. Ragh. &c
≫ udgātukāma
udgātu-kāma mfn. wishing to sing
≫ udgātṛ
ud-gātṛ́ m. one of the four chief-priests (viz. the one who chants the hymns of the Sāmaveda), a chanter RV. ii, 43, 2 TS. AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Suśr. Mn. &c
⋙ udgātṛdamana
○damana n. N. of several Sāmans
⋙ udgātrādi
udgātr-ādi (○tR-A○), m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 5-1, 129
≫ udgāthā
ud-gāthā f. a variety of the Āryā metre (consisting of four lines, containing alternately twelve and eighteen instants)
≫ udgīta
ud-gīta mfn. sung
• announced, celebrated
• (am), n. singing, a song MBh
≫ udgīti
ud-gīti f. singing, singing loud
• chanting
• a variety of the Āryā metre (consisting of four lines of twelve, fifteen, twelve, and eighteen instants)
≫ udgītha
ud-gīthá m. (Uṇ. ii, 10) chanting of the Sāma-veda (especially of the exact Sāma-veda without the additions, the office of the Udgātṛi) AV. xi, 7, 5 ; xv, 3, 8 TS. ŚBr. Lāṭy. &c
• the second part of the Sāma-veda
• N. of a son of Bhuva VP
• of a son of Bhūman (the same?) BhP
• of a commentator of Vedic texts Sāy
• the syllable om (the triliteral name of God) L
≫ udgīya
ud-gīya ind. p. having sung or chanted &c
≫ udgeya
ud-geya mfn. to be sung TāṇḍyaBr
udgranth
ud-√granth P. -grathnāti, or -granthati, to bind up, tie into bundles, tie up, truss AitBr. TBr. ĀśvŚr. &c
• to fasten, wind MBh.: Kauś
• to unbind, loosen BhP.: Caus. -grathayati, to unbind, loosen BhP. iv, 22, 39
≫ udgrathana
ud-grathana n. (v. l. for ā-grathana Ragh. xix, 41) the act of winding round
≫ udgrathita
ud-grathita mfn. tied up
• fastened, wound, interlaced
• unbound, loosened
≫ udgrathya
ud-grathya and ind. p. having tied up
⋙ udgranthya
ud-granthya ind. p. having tied up
• having wound &c
≫ udgrantha
ud-grantha m. section, chapter L
• N. of a man (Buddh.)
udgranthi
ud-granthi mfn. untied, free (from worldly ties) BhP
udgrah
ud-√grah P. Ā. -gṛhṇāti (or Ved. -gṛbhṇāti), -ṇīte (Impv. 2. sg. -gṛbhāya RV. v, 83, 10
• p. -gṛhṇát AV. ix, 6, 47) to lift up, keep above TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
• to set up, erect, raise, elevate VS. TS.: (Ā.) to raise one's self ŚBr. iii, 1, 4, 1 ; vi, 6, 1, 12
• to take out, draw out
• to tear away, take away AV. iv, 20, 8 TBr. ŚBr. MBh
• to take away from, preserve, save AV. viii, 1, 2 ; 17
• to intercept, cause (the rain) to cease RV. v, 83, 10
• to break off, discontinue (speaking) AV. ix, 6, 47 VS. ŚBr. ChUp. Lāṭy
• to concede, grant, allow BhP. xi, 22, 4: Caus. -grāhayati, to cause to take up or out, cause to pay NṛisUp. Yājñ
• to bespeak, describe, set forth Śiś. ii, 75 Bhaṭṭ
≫ udgṛhīta
ud-gṛhīta mfn. lifted up, taken up, turned up, upraised Megh. &c
≫ udgṛhya
ud-gṛhya ind. p. having lifted up
• having taken out ŚBr
≫ udgrabhaṇa
ud-grabhaṇa n. the act of taking up, raising KātyŚr. xvi, 5, 11
≫ udgrahaṇa
ud-gráhaṇa n. the act of taking out ŚBr
• recovering (a debt, cf. ṛṇôdgr○)
• taking up, lifting up: describing
≫ udgrahaṇikā
udgrahaṇikā f. replying in argument, objection Comm. on BhP. v, 11, 1
≫ udgrābha
ud-grābhá m. taking up, raising, elevating TS. VS
≫ udgrāha
ud-grāha m. (Pāṇ. 3-3, 35) taking up, reception Uttarar
• 'taking away', N. of a Sandhi rule (which causes the change of aḥ, e, and o, to a before a following vowel) RPrāt. 133
• replying in argument, objection L
• (in music) the introductory part of a piece
⋙ udgrāhapadavṛtti
○pada-vṛtti f. the Udgrāha Sandhi before a long vowel RPrāt. 134
⋙ udgrāhavat
○vat n. a kind of Sandhi (causing the change of ā and a to [˘a] before ) RPrāt. 136
≫ udgrāhaṇikā
ud-grāhaṇikā f. and replying in argument, objection L
⋙ udgrāhiṇī
ud-grāhiṇī f. replying in argument, objection L
≫ udgrāhita
ud-grāhita mfn. taken away, lifted up
• deposited, delivered
• seized
• bound, tied
• described, set forth [Page 187, Column 3]
• excellent, exalted
• recalled, remembered, recited L
udgrāsaka
ud-grāsaka mfn. (√gras), devouring NṛisUp. 203
udgrīva
ud-grīva mfn. one who raises or lifts up the neck (in trying to anything) Amar. Rājat. &c
• having the neck turned upwards (as a vessel) Kād
≫ udgrīvin
udgrīvin mfn. raising or lifting up the neck, Śāntiś
udgha
ud-gha &c. ud-dhan, p. 188, col. 3
udghaṭ
ud-√ghaṭ Caus. -ghāṭayati, to open, unlock, unfasten, unveil
• to peel, shell MBh. Kathās. Mṛicch. VarBṛS. &c
• to expose
• to betray Pañcat. Kathās
• to commence, begin Hit
• to rub over, stroke
• to tickle
≫ udghaṭita
ud-ghaṭita mfn. unlocked Kum. vii, 53
≫ udghāṭa
ud-ghāṭa m. the act of exposing or showing (the teeth), Śubh
• a watch or guard-house L
≫ udghāṭaka
ud-ghāṭaka m. a key Mṛicch
• (am), n. a leather bucket used for drawing up water L
≫ udghāṭana
ud-ghāṭana mfn. opening, unlocking Hit
• (am), n. the act of opening, unlocking
• revealing, manifesting MārkP. Sāy
• the act of unveiling, exposing, uncovering Sarvad
• a leather bucket used for drawing up water L
• hoisting, raising, lifting up L
≫ udghāṭanīya
ud-ghāṭanīya mfn. to be opened Kathās
≫ udghāṭita
ud-ghāṭita mfn. opened, manifested
• undertaken, commenced
• raised, hoisted, lifted up
• done with effort, exerted
• stroked, tickled Suśr
⋙ udghāṭitajña
○jña mfn. wise, intelligent Daś
⋙ udghāṭitāṅga
udghāṭitâṅga mfn. 'having the limbs exposed', naked L
• wise, intelligent W
≫ udghāṭin
ud-ghāṭin mfn. one who opens or unlocks Prasannar
• commencing L
udghaṭṭ
ud-√ghaṭṭ Caus. -ghaṭṭayati and -ghāṭṭayati, to unlook, open L
• to stir up Car
≫ udghaṭṭaka
ud-ghaṭṭaka m. a kind of time (in music) L
≫ udghaṭṭana
ud-ghaṭṭana n. striking against, a stroke Megh
• outbreak (of violence or passion) Kathās. Bālar
• opening, opening upwards (as a lid) L
≫ udghaṭṭita
ud-ghaṭṭita mfn. opened, unlocked L
udghāta
ud-ghāta m. (√ghas), flesh L
udghāta
ud-ghāta &c. ud-dhan, p. 188, col. 3
udghuṣ
ud-√ghuṣ P. -ghoṣati, to sound
• to cry out MBh
• to fill with cries
• to proclaim aloud Sarvad.: Caus. -ghoṣayati, to cause to sound aloud Rājat
• to declare aloud, proclaim, noise abroad Mṛicch. Kathās. Rājat
≫ udghuṣṭa
ud-ghuṣṭa mfn. sounded out VarBṛS
• filled with cries R
• proclaimed, noised abroad
• (am), n. sound, noise R
≫ udghoṣa
ud-ghoṣa m. the act of announcing or proclaiming aloud
• popular talk, general report
⋙ udghoṣaḍiṇḍima
○ḍiṇḍima m. a drum beaten by a town-crier (to attract attention in the streets) Kathās
≫ udghoṣaka
udghoṣaka m. one who makes a proclamation, a town-crier Kathās
≫ udghoṣaṇa
ud-ghoṣaṇa ā f. and n. proclamation, publication Sāh. Kathās. Sarvad
udghūrṇa
ud-ghūrṇa mfn. (√ghūrṇ), wavering, unsteady Kād
udghṛṣ
ud-√ghṛṣ P. -gharṣati, to rub up, rub together, grind, comminute by rubbing
• to rub over
• to strike at, toll (a bell)
ud-ghṛṣṭa
≫ udgharṣa
ud-gharṣa m. rubbing (the skin with hard substances) Car
≫ udgharṣaṇa
ud-gharṣaṇa n. id. Suśr
• rubbing up, scratching Suśr. ii, 149, 13
• striking, beating, blows Mṛicch
≫ udghṛṣṭa
ud-ghṛṣṭa mfn. rubbed, ground, pulverized Ragh
• struck at, tolled (as a bell) Rājat
udghoṇa
ud-ghoṇa mfn. having the nose or snout erected (as a boar) Kād
uddaṃśa
ud-daṃśa and uddaṃśaka m. a bug L
• a mosquito, gadfly L
uddaṇḍa
ud-daṇḍa mfn. one who holds up a staff (said of a doorkeeper) Kuval
• having a stick or staff or stalk raised or erect Hit. Prab. Ragh. Kathās. [Page 188, Column 1]
• prominent, extraordinary Daś
• m. a kind of time (in music)
⋙ uddaṇḍapāla
○pāla m. = udaṇḍa-pala, q.v
≫ uddaṇḍita
ud-daṇḍita mfn. raised up, elevated Kathās
uddantura
ud-dantura mfn. large-toothed, having projecting teeth
• high, tall L
• terrific, formidable L
uddam
ud-√dam Caus. -damayati, to subdue, overpower, become master of
≫ uddama
ud-dama m. the act of subduing, taming L
≫ uddamya
ud-damya ind. p. having subdued MBh. xii, 6596
≫ uddānta
ud-dānta mfn. humble
• energetic
• elevated L
uddarśana
ud-darśana ud-√dṛś
uddal
ud-√dal Caus
≫ uddala
ud-dala m. N. of a pupil of Yājñavalkya's
≫ uddalana
ud-dalana mfn. tearing out Kād
• (am), n. the act of splitting, causing to burst Jain
≫ uddāla
ud-dāla m. the plant Paspalum Frumentaceum Suśr
• Cordia Myxa or Latifolia L
≫ uddālaka
ud-dā́laka m. = ud-dāla above Suśr
• N. of a teacher ŚBr
• (am), n. a kind of honey L
⋙ uddālakapuṣpabhañjikā
○puṣpa-bhañjikā f. 'breaking Uddālaka flowers', a sort of game (played by people in the eastern districts) Kāś
⋙ uddālakavrata
○vrata n. a particular vow Comm. on ĀśvGṛ. i, 19, 6
≫ uddālakāyana
uddālakāyana m. a descendant of the teacher Uddālaka
≫ uddālana
ud-dālana n. a means of tearing away or removing Car
≫ uddālin
uddālin ī m. = ud-dala, q.v. VP
≫ uddālya
ud-dālya ind. p. having caused to burst, having split MBh
uddā 1
ud-dā √1
≫ uddāya
ud-dāya ind. p. having taken out or away, having extorted BhP. iii, 1, 39
uddā 2
ud-dā, √4 P
≫ uddāna
ud-dāna n. the act of binding on, fastening together, stringing MBh
• taming, subduing L
• the middle, waist L
• a fire-place L
• submarine fire L
• entrance of the sun into the sign of the zodiac L
• contents L
• tax, duty L
• m. N. of a man Rājat
≫ uddita
ud-dita mfn. bound, tied L
uddāma
ud-dāma mfn. (fr. dāman with 1. ud), unrestrained, unbound, set free
• self-willed
• unlimited, extraordinary
• violent, impetuous, fiery
• wanton
• proud, haughty
• large, great MBh. Megh. Rājat. &c
• m. a particular metre
• 'one whose noose is raised', N. of Yama L
• of Varuṇa L
• (am), ind. in an unrestrained manner, without any limits Sāh. Kād
≫ uddāmaya
uddāmaya Nom. P. uddāmayati, to unfetter, cause to come forth Kād. ii
uddāsa
ud-dāsa m. g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136
≫ uddāsin
uddāsin mfn. g. grāhy-ādi Pāṇ. 3-1, 134
uddidhīrṣā
ud-didhīrṣā p. 189, col. 2
uddina
ud-dina n. midday W
uddiś 1
ud-√diś P. Ā. -diśati, -te, to show or direct towards ŚāṅkhŚr. TBr
• to point out, signify, declare, determine R. Mn. Megh. Śak. &c
• to speak of
• to say, enunciate, prophesy R. Śak
• to mean, point at, take for
• to aim at, intend, destine MārkP. Kathās. &c
• to explain, instruct, teach Bhartṛ
≫ uddiśya
ud-diśya ind. p. having shown or explained
• stipulating for, demanding
• (used as a preposition) aiming at, in the direction of
• with reference to
• towards
• with regard to, for, for the sake of, in the name of &c. (with acc.) MBh. BhP. Śak. &c
≫ uddiṣṭa
ud-diṣṭa mfn. mentioned, particularized
• described
• promised
• (am), n. a kind of time (in music)
≫ uddeśa
ud-deśa m. the act of pointing to or at, direction
• ascertainment
• brief statement
• exemplification, illustration, explanation
• mentioning a thing by name MBh. Bhag. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• assignment, prescription
• stipulation, bargain MBh. R
• quarter, spot, region, place
• an object, a motive
• upper region, high situation MBh. Pañcat. Śak. &c
• (in Nyāya phil.) enunciation of a topic (that is to be further discussed and elucidated) Nyāyak
• (ena and āt), ind. (ifc.) relative to, aiming at, Kathās. Suśr. &c. [Page 188, Column 2]
⋙ uddeśatas
○tas ind. pointedly, distinctly
• by way of explanation
• briefly Bhag. &c
⋙ uddeśapādapa
○pādapa m. a tree planted for a particular purpose L
⋙ uddeśavidheyavicāra
○vidheya-vicāra m. N. of wk
⋙ uddeśavṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. = -pādapa above
≫ uddeśaka
ud-deśaka mfn. illustrative, explanatory L
• m. an illustration, example
• an illustrator, guide L
• (in math.) a question, problem Comm. on Āryabh
⋙ uddeśakavṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. = uddeśa-pādapa, q.v
≫ uddeśana
ud-deśana n. the act of pointing to or at Comm. on TBr
≫ uddeśin
ud-deśin mfn. pointing at or to Vām
≫ uddeśya
ud-deśya mfn. to be illustrated or explained
• anything to which one refers or which one has in view Vedāntas. Comm. on Gobh. Siddh
• that which is said or enunciated first Sāh. Kpr. Comm. on KātyŚr
• destined for Āp
• to be mentioned by name only Comm. on Nyāyam
• (am), n. the end in view, an incentive
⋙ uddeśyapādapa
○pādapa m. = uddeśapādapa, q.v
≫ uddeśyaka
uddeśyaka mfn. pointing at or to Comm. on R
≫ uddeṣṭṛ
ud-deṣṭṛ mfn. pointing out &c
• one who acts with a certain scope or design
uddiś 2
ud-díś k f. a particular point or direction of the compass (cf. 2. ā-díś) VS. vi, 19 ĀśvGṛ
uddih
ud-√dih P. -degdhi (3. pl. -dihanti) to throw or heap up TĀr. v, 2, 8
≫ uddehika
ud-dehika ās m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛ
• (ā), f. the white ant
uddīp
ud-√dīp Ā. -dīpyate, to flame, blaze up, be kindled AitBr. ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. Kauś.: Caus. -dīpayati, to. light up, inflame AV. xii, 2, 5 Kauś. Hariv
• to illuminate Mṛicch
• to animate, excite, irritate, provoke MBh. BhP. Sāh. &c
≫ uddīpa
ud-dīpa m. the act of inflaming, lighting
• an inflamer
• animating L
• (am), n. a gummy and resinous substance, bdellium L
≫ uddīpaka
ud-dīpaka mfn. inflaming, exciting, rendering more intense Sāh. Comm. on Kāvyâd
• lighting, setting alight L
• m. a kind of bird MBh
• (ikā), f. a kind of ant
≫ uddīpana
ud-dīpana mfn. inflaming, exciting VarBṛS
• affecting violently (as poison) Daś. 12, 10
• (am), n. the act of inflaming, illuminating
• lighting up VarBṛS
• inflaming (a passion), exciting, animating, stimulating R. Ṛitus. Sāh. &c
• an incentive, stimulus
• any aggravating thing or circumstance (giving poignancy to feeling or passion) Sāh
• burning (a body &c.) L
≫ uddīpta
ud-dīpta mfn. lighted, set on fire or alight, shining L
• inflamed, aggravated (as passion) L
≫ uddīpti
ud-dīpti f. the being inflamed or excited Sāh
≫ uddīpra
ud-dīpra n. bdellium L
uddīśa
uddīśa m. (= uḍḍīśa, q.v.), N. of Śiva L
udduṣ
ud-√duṣ P. -dūṣayati
≫ uddūṣya
ud-dūṣya ind. p. having publicly calumniated or discredited Śiś. ii, 113
uddṛṃh
ud-√dṛṃh P. (Impv. 2. sg. úd-dṛṃha) to erect and fortify VS. xvii, 72
uddṛś
ud-√dṛś ut-paś, p. 181, col. 1
≫ uddarśana
ud-darśana m. N. of a king of the Nāgas L
≫ uddarśita
ud-darśita mfn. made visible, come forth, appearing Vikr
≫ uddṛṣṭa
úd-dṛṣṭa mfn. descried, visible
• (am), n. the appearance or becoming visible of the moon ŚBr. KātyŚr. TBr. TāṇḍyaBr
≫ uddraṣṭṛ
ud-draṣṭṛ ṭā m. one who descries NṛisUp
uddṝ
ud-dṝ P
≫ uddīrṇa
ud-dīrṇa mfn. torn out Daś. (v. l. ud-īrṇa)
uddyut
ud-dyut √1 P. Ved. (impf. -adyaut) Ā. -dyotate, to blaze up, shine, shine forth RV. iii, 5, 9 Hariv
• Caus. P. -dyotayati, to cause to shine or shine forth Prab. Ragh.: Intens. Ved. (Subj. -dávidyutat) to shine intensely RV. vi, 16, 45
≫ uddyota
ud-dyota mfn. flashing up, shining. R
• m. the act of flashing up, becoming bright or visible, revelation Kathās. Subh. &c
• light, lustre MBh. Śārṅg. &c
• a division of a book, chapter
• N. of Nāgojibhaṭṭa's Comm. on Kaiyaṭa's Bhāshyapradīpa. [Page 188, Column 3]
⋙ uddyotakara
○kara and mfn. causing light, enlightening, illuminating,
⋙ uddyotakārin
○kārin mfn. causing light, enlightening, illuminating,
⋙ uddyotakarācārya
○karâcārya m. N. of a teacher
⋙ uddyotamayūkha
○mayūkha m. N. of wk
≫ uddyotaka
ud-dyotaka mfn. enlightening, emblazoning
• inflaming, stimulating Comm. on Sāṃkhyak
≫ uddyotana
ud-dyotana n. the act of enlightening, illumination
⋙ uddyotanasūri
○sūri m. N. of a teacher (Jain.)
≫ uddyotita
ud-dyotita mfn. caused to shine, lighted up, bright MBh
≫ uddyotin
uddyotin mfn. shining upwards VarBṛS. 30, 10
uddru
ud-√dru P. to run up or out or through
• to recite quickly
≫ uddrāva
ud-drāvá mfn. running away VS. xxii, 8 TS
• m. going upwards
• flight, retreat Pāṇ. 3-3, 49
≫ uddruta
úd-druta mfn. running away VS. xxii, 8
≫ uddrutya
ud-drutya ind. p. running up or away TBr. Kāṭh
• reciting quickly (cf. anu-√dru) ŚāṅkhGṛ. iv, 17, 5
uddhan
ud-dhan (ud-√han), P. -dhanti (Ved. impf. 3. sg. -ahan RV. x, 102, 7
• Impv. -hantu, iii, 33, 13, 2
• du. -hatam, i, 184, 2, &c.), Ā. (3. pl. uj-jighnante RV. i, 64, 11
• Ved. inf. -dhantavaí ŚBr. xiii, 8, 1, 20) to move or push or press upwards or out, lift up, throw away RV. ŚBr
• to √up or out BhP
• to turn up (the earth), dig, throw open TS. ŚBr. TBr. &c.: (Ā.) to kill one's self, hang one's self R. Pañcat
≫ udgha
ud-gha m. excellence
• a model, pattern Pāṇ. 3-3, 86
• happiness
• the hollow hand
• fire
• organic air in the body L
≫ udghana
ud-ghana m. a carpenter's bench, a plank on which he works Pāṇ. 3-3, 80
≫ udghāta
ud-ghāta m. the act of striking, wounding, inflicting a hurt
• a wound, blow Kathās
• slipping, tripping L
• raising, elevation R
• beginning, commencement
• a thing begun Ragh. Kum. Kathās
• breathing through the nostrils (as a religious exercise) VāyuP
• a club, mallet
• a weapon L
• a division of a book, chapter, section L
≫ udghātaka
ud-ghātaka and n. a dialogue carried on in short abrupt but significant words, Pratāpar. Daśar
⋙ udghātya
ud-ghātya n. a dialogue carried on in short abrupt but significant words, Pratāpar. Daśar
≫ udghātana
ud-ghātana n. a bucket for drawing (water) L
≫ udghātin
udghātin mfn. having elevations, uneven, rough (v. l. for ut-khātin) Śak. 10, 6
≫ udghātyaka
ud-ghātyaka m. abrupt interruption in the prologue of a drama (where an actor suddenly strikes in with an irrelevant remark caused by his having mistaken a word uttered by another actor) Sāh. 289
≫ uddhata
ud-dhata mfn. raised (as dust), turned up R. Śak. 8 c Kathās
• lifted up, raised, elevated, high ŚBr. TBr. KātyŚr. Suśr. &c
• struck (as a lute) KātyŚr. xxi, 3, 7
• enhanced
• violent, intense BhP. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• puffed up, haughty, vain, arrogant
• rude, ill-behaved R. BhP. Sāh. &c
• exceeding, excessive
• abounding in, full of MBh. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• stirred up, excited, agitated MBh. Ragh. &c
• m. a king's wrestler L
• N. of a certain donkey Pañcat
⋙ uddhatatva
○tva n. pride, arrogance MaitrUp. iii, 5
⋙ uddhatamanas
○manas mfn. high minded
• haughty, proud R
⋙ uddhatamanaska
○manaska mfn. id. L
-tva n. pride, arrogance L
⋙ uddhatārṇavanisvana
uddhatârṇavanisvana mfn. making a noise like that of the agitated sea
≫ uddhati
ud-dhati f. a stroke, shaking Śak. (niruddhatis v. l. for nir-undhatas, 174 c)
• elevation
• pride, haugtiness L
≫ uddhanana
ud-dhanana n. the act of throwing up or turning up Comm. on Nyāyam
uddhama
ud-dhama ud-√dhmā
uddhaya
ud-dhaya mfn. (√dhe), sucking out, drinking Vop
uddhara
ud-dhara &c. 2. ud-dhṛ
uddharma
ud-dharma m. unsound doctrine, heresy
uddharṣa 1
ud-dharṣa (for 2. p. 189, col. 3), m. (√dhṛṣ), courage to undertake anything R
≫ uddharṣaṇa 1
ud-dharṣaṇa (for 2. p. 189, col. 3), mfn. animating, encouraging R
• (am), n. the act of animating or encouraging MBh
uddhava
ud-dhava m. (√hu), sacrificial fire L. [Page 189, Column 1]
• a festival, holiday L
• joy, pleasure L
• N. of a Yādava (Kṛishṇa's friend and counsellor) MBh. Hariv. VP. BhP
⋙ uddhavadūta
○dūta and m. N. of two poems
⋙ uddhavasaṃdeśa
○saṃdeśa m. N. of two poems
uddhas
ud-dhas (ud-√has), P. -dhasati, to break out into laughter (said of the lightning)
• to flash BhP. iii, 12, 6
uddhasta
ud-dhasta mfn. (hasta with ud) extending the hands, raising the hands Suśr. ii, 533, 10
uddhā 1
ud-dhā (ud-√dhā), P. (Subj. 2. pl. -dadhātana) to erect (kapṛthám) RV. x, 101, 12
• to expose (an infant) ŚBr. iv, 5, 2, 13
≫ uddhi
ud-dhí m. the seat of a carriage AV. viii, 8, 22 ŚBr. xii, 2, 2, 2 TBr
• an earthen stand on which the Ukhā rests ŚBr. Kāṭh
≫ uddhita
úd-dhita mfn. erected, raised, built up AV. ix, 3, 6 ; ix, 42, 2 ŚBr
• exposed RV. viii, 51, 2 AV. xviii, 2, 34
uddhā 2
ud-dhā (ud- √1. ), Ā. -jihīte (p. uj-jíhāna RV. v, 5, 1 = AV. xiii, 2, 46
• also below) to go upwards, move upwards, rise up RV. AV. viii, 7, 21 VS. TBr. BhP. &c
• to open (as a door) RV. ix, 5, 5
• to go out or away, start from, leave RV. v, 5, 1 Daś. Naish. &c
≫ ujjihāna
uj-jíhāna mfn. (pres. p., above)
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS. 14, 2
• (ā), f. N. of a town R. ii, 71, 12
uddhāna 1
ud-dhāna n. (√2. ), the act of leaving, abandonment TāṇḍyaBr
uddhāna 2
uddhāna mfn. (corrupted from ud-vānta, ud-dhmāta, ud-dhmāna BRD.) ejected, vomited L
• corpulent, inflated L
• (am), n. the act of ejecting, vomiting L
• a fire-place L
≫ uddhānta
uddhānta mfn. ( above), ejected, vomited L
• m. an elephant out of rut (from whose temples the juice ceases to flow) L
uddhāra
ud-dhārá &c. 2. ud-dhṛ
uddhī
ud-√dhī P. (impf. 3. pl. -ádīdhayus) to look upwards with desire RV. vii, 33, 5
uddhura
ud-dhura mfn. (fr. dhur with ud
Pāṇ. 5-4, 74), freed from a yoke or burden, unrestrained, wild, lively, cheerful Śiś. v, 64 Ragh. Kathās. &c
• heavy, thick, gross, firm Śiś. Daś. &c
• high L
uddhuṣaṇa
ud-dhuṣaṇa n. (corrupted from ud-dharṣaṇa?) erection of the hair L
uddhū
ud-√dhū P. Ā. -dhūnoti and -dhunoti, -nute, to rouse up, shake up, move, cause to rise (dust) RV. x, 23, 4 MBh. R. Ragh. VarBṛS. &c
• to throw upwards, lift up MBh. Kathās. &c
• to kindle
• to disturb, excite MBh. &c
• to shake off, throw off
• to expel
≫ uddhūta
ud-dhūta (sometimes ud-dhuta), mfn. shaken up, raised, caused to rise MBh. Ragh. Kum. &c
• thrown upwards, tossed up, scattered above MBh. R. Prab
• kindled (as fire) Ragh. vii, 45 Kathās
• excited, agitated Hariv. R. Kathās
• shaken off, fallen from or off, thrown off or away Hariv. BhP
• exalted
• high, loud MBh. Hariv
• (am), n. (uddhūta) stamping Hariv
• turning up, digging Hariv
• roaring (of the ocean) MBh
⋙ uddhūtapāpa
○pāpa mfn. one who has shaken off his sins Megh. 56
≫ uddhūnana
ud-dhūnana n. the act of shaking, jolting Veṇis. 90, 4
• a kind of powder L
uddhūpana
ud-dhūpana n. (fr. Nom. dhūpaya with ud) fumigation Suśr
uddhūlaya
ud-dhūlaya Nom. (fr. dhūli with ud) P. -dhūlayati, to powder, sprinkle with dust or powder Kathās. Kād
≫ uddhūlana
ud-dhūlana n. the act of sprinkling with dust or powder Bālar. 185, 19
uddhūṣaṇa
ud-dhūṣaṇa n. (for ud-dharṣaṇa?) erection of the hair L. (cf. ud-dhuṣaṇa.)
≫ uddhūṣita
ud-dhūṣita mfn. having the hairs erect (through joy) Pañcat
uddhṛ 1
ud-√dhṛ P. Ā. -dharati, -te (in many cases not to be distinguished from 2. ud-dhṛ below [Page 189, Column 2]
• the impf. and pf. are the only forms clearly referable to this root), to bring out of, draw out MBh. R
• to raise up, elevate, honour ( also 2. ud-dhṛ below): Desid. -didhīrṣati, to wish to draw out, Caṇḍak. Siddh
≫ uddidhīrṣā
ud-didhīrṣā f. desire to remove Comm. on Nyāyad
≫ uddidhīrṣu
ud-didhīrṣu mfn. wishing to draw or bring out Siddh
uddhṛ 2
ud-dhṛ (ud-√hṛ, in some cases not to be distinguished from 1. ud-√dhṛ), P. Ā. -dharati, -te (p. -dhárat RV
• pf. 3. pl. új-jaharus AV. iii, 9, 6
• aor. -ahārṣam AV.) to take out, draw out, bring or tear out, pull out, eradicate
• to extricate RV. x, 68, 4 AV. viii, 2, 15 ; xx, 136, 16 ĀśvGṛ. KātyŚr. MBh. Śak. &c
• to draw, ladle up, skim AV. ŚBr. Lāṭy. R
• to take away (fire, or anything from the fire) TS. AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• to raise, lift up TS. ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Mn. &c
• to rescue (from danger &c.), deliver, free, save AV. viii, 2, 28 MaitrUp. MBh. Vikr. &c
• to put away or off, remove
• to separate MBh. BhP. Suśr. &c
• to leave out, omit
• to except ( ud-dhṛtya)
• to select, choose: Ā. to take for one's self AV. iii, 9, 6 TS. AitBr. ŚBr. MBh. Mn. &c
• to extend, elevate, raise
• to make strong or brisk or quick MBh. Suśr. MārkP. &c
• to present, offer Yājñ. i, 159 BhP. iv, 30, 47
• to √out, destroy, undo MBh. Ragh. Prab. &c
• to divide (in math.): Caus. -dhārayati, to raise, up-lift MBh
• to take for one's self MBh. xiv, 1928: Desid. uj-jihīrṣati, to wish to draw out or to rescue Mn. iv, 251 MBh
≫ uddhara 1
ud-dhara m. N. of a Rakshas L
• mfn. v. l. for ud-dhura, q.v. MBh. iii, 11188
≫ uddhara 2
ud-dhara (2. sg. Impv. forming irregular Tatpurusha compounds)
⋙ uddharāvasṛjā
uddharâvasṛjā
⋙ uddharotsṛjā
uddharôtsṛjā f. any act in which it is said uddhara! avasṛja!, [or utsṛja!], g. mayūravyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72
≫ uddharaṇa
ud-dharaṇa n. (in some meanings perhaps from 1. ud-√dhṛ, q.v.), the act of taking up, raising, lifting up MBh. Śārṅg
• the act of drawing out, taking out, tearing out Mn. MBh. Suśr. &c
• means of drawing out Vet
• taking off (clothes) Suśr
• taking away, removing Vām
• putting or placing before, presenting, treatment KātyŚr. iv, 1, 10
• extricating, delivering, rescuing Hit. Ragh. &c
• taking away (a brand from the Gārhapatya-fire to supply other sacred fires) KātyŚr
• eradication
• extermination
• the act of destroying
• vomiting, bringing up
• vomited food
• final emancipation L
• m. N. of the father of king Śantanu (the author of a commentary on a portion of the Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa)
≫ uddharaṇīya
ud-dharaṇīya mfn. to be raised or taken up
• to be extracted W
• to be separated Comm. on Nyāyam
≫ uddhartavya
ud-dhartavya mfn. to be drawn out Kathās
• to be separated Comm. on Nyāyam
≫ uddhartṛ
ud-dhartṛ mfn. one who raises or lifts up
• a sharer, co-heir
• one who recovers property W
• (), m. a destroyer, exterminator Yājñ
• redeemer, deliverer Kathās
≫ uddhāra
ud-dhārá m. (in some senses perhaps from 1. ud-√dhṛ), the act of raising, elevating, lifting up
• drawing out, pulling out Gaut. MBh. Comm. on BṛĀrUp
• removing, extinction, payment (of a debt)
• taking away, deduction
• omission Mn. Comm. on Yājñ
• selection, a part to be set aside, selected part
• exception TS. ŚBr. AitBr. Mn. &c
• selecting (a passage), selection, extract (of a book) Comm. on Kir. x, 10
• extraction, deliverance, redemption, extrication MBh. Prab. &c
• a portion, share
• a surplus (given by the Hindū law to the eldest son beyond the shares of the younger ones) W
• the first part of a patrimony W
• the sixth part of booty taken in war (which belongs to the prince) W
• a debt (esp. one not bearing interest), KātyDh
• obligation Daś
• recovering property
• refutation Car. Comm. on Nyāyad
• (ā), f. the plant Cocculus Cordifolius L
• (am), n. a fire-place L
⋙ uddhārakośa
○kośa m. N. of wk
⋙ uddhāravibhāga
○vibhāga m. division of shares, partition
≫ uddhāraka
uddhāraka mfn. one who raises or lifts, drawing out L
• paying, giving out, affording
⋙ uddhārakavidhi
○vidhi m. mode of giving out or paying Pañcat. ii, 38, 18 (ed. BÂhler). [Page 189, Column 3]
⋙ uddhāraṇa
ud-dhāraṇa n. the act of raising, elevating
• drawing out BhP
• the act of giving out or paying Pañcat. 138, 14 (ed. Kosegarten)
≫ uddhārita
ud-dhārita mfn. taken out, drawn forth, extricated
• released
≫ uddhārya
ud-dhārya mfn. to be removed or expelled Āp
• to be cured Car
• to be delivered
≫ uddhṛta
úd-dhṛta mfn. drawn up or out (as water from a well &c.)
• extracted, pulled up or out, eradicated, broken off MBh. R. Suśr. &c
• drawn up or out, ladled out, skimmed AV. xii, 5, 34 ; xv, 12, 1 ŚBr. &c
• raised, elevated, lifted up, thrown up or upwards MBh. Rājat. &c
• separated, set apart, taken away, removed BhP. Mn. &c
• chosen, selected, taken from or out of Mn. &c
• raised, made strong or famous Hit
• recovered
• uncovered
• dispersed, scattered
• holding, containing
• vomited L
⋙ uddhṛtasneha
○sneha mfn. having the oil extracted (as the refuse of seeds ground for oil) Mn. iv, 62
⋙ uddhṛtāri
uddhṛtâri mfn. one who has extirpated his enemies
⋙ uddhṛtoddhāra
uddhṛtôddhāra mfn. that from which the thing to be excepted is excepted Mn. x, 85
≫ uddhṛti
ud-dhṛti f. the act of drawing out, extraction Suśr. Rājat. Śiś
• taking away or out, removing (the fire) Nyāyam
• abstract, extract L
• delivering, rescue
≫ uddhṛtya
ud-dhṛtya ind. p. having raised up or drawn &c
• having excepted, excepting
• with the exception of ŚBr. Lāṭy. ĀśvŚr. &c
uddhṛṣ
ud-dhṛṣ (ud-√hṛṣ), Ved. Ā. -[d] harṣate, to be excited with joy, rejoice
• to do anything with joy or pleasure RV. iv, 21, 9 AV. iii, 19, 6
• (in class. lang.) P. -dhṛṣyati, to be merry or in high spirits
• to flare upwards AitBr. iii, 4, 5
• to open (as a calyx) BhP.: Caus. -dharṣayati (3. pl. -dharṣáyanti RV.) to make merry or in high spirits, rejoice, cheer RV. v, 21, 5 ; x, 103, 10 AV. v, 20, 8
• to make brisk, encourage MBh. MārkP
≫ uddharṣa 2
ud-dharṣa mfn. (for 1. s.v.) glad, pleased, happy BhP
• m. the flaring upwards (of the fire) Sāy. on AitBr. iii, 4, 5
• great joy
• a festival (especially a religious one) L
≫ uddharṣaṇa 2
ud-dharṣaṇa mfn. (for 1. p. 188, col. 3) causing joy, gladdening
• (ī), f. a kind of metre
• (am), n. erection of the hair (through rapture) L
≫ uddharṣin
uddharṣín mfn. one whose hair is erect (through joy) AV. viii, 6, 17
• (iṇī), f. a kind of metre (consisting of four verses, of fourteen syllables each)
uddhmā
ud-√dhmā P. -dhamati, to blow out, breathe out, expire ( ud-dhmāya below)
• to inflate, make known by blowing (a trumpet &c.) TĀr. i, 12, 1
≫ uddhama 1
ud-dhama mfn. one who blows Vop
• m. breathing hard, panting
• blowing, sounding L
≫ uddhama 2
ud-dhama (2. sg. Impv. forming irregular Tatpurusha compounds)
⋙ uddhamavidhamā
○vidhamā f. any act in which it is said [udhama! vidhama]!, g. mayūra-vyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72
≫ uddhmāna
ud-dhmāna n. a fire-place, stove L
≫ uddhmāya
ud-dhmāya ind. p. having breathed out, expiring ŚBr. i, 4, 3, 18
• (the MSS. read udhnāya Sāy. udmāya, Weber conjectures ud-dhmāya.)
uddhya
uddhya m. (√ujjh Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 115) a river Ragh. xi, 8
• N. of a river Bhaṭṭ. L
uddhvaṃs
ud-√dhvaṃs Ā. -dhvaṃsate, to be affected or attacked (by disease &c.) Car.: Caus. P. -dhvaṃsayati, to attack, cause to befall, affect MBh. Car
≫ uddhvaṃsa
ud-dhvaṃsa m. destruction Car. ii, 2, 8
• affection (of the throat), hoarseness Suśr. Car
• the state of being attacked (by infectious disorders &c.), an epidemic Car. iii, 3
≫ uddhvaṃsana
ud-dhvaṃsana n. affection (of the throat) Car
• an epidemic Car. iii, 3
uddhve
ud-dhve (ud-√hve), P. -dhvayati (impf. 1. sg. -ahvam AV.) to call out, entice AV. x, 10, 22 ; xviii, 2, 23 AitBr
udbandh
ud-bandh Ā. (Pot. -badhnīta) to tie up, hang one's self ŚBr. xi, 5, 1, 8
≫ udbaddha
ud-baddha mfn. tied up or upwards MBh. Kum
• hung, hung up MBh. iv, 13, 12
• checked, interrupted [Page 190, Column 1]
• annulled BhP. x, 85, 43
• compact, firm (as the leg of a man) MBh. VarBṛS
≫ udbadhya
ud-badhya ind. p. having tied up or hanged one's self, hanging one's self Rājat. Kathās. Pañcat
≫ udbandha 1
ud-bandha (for 2. s.v.), as m. hanging one's self Kathās. VarBṛS
≫ udbandhana
udbandhana mf(ī)n. serving for hanging up (as a string) R. ii, 12, 80
• (am), n. hanging, hanging one's self MBh. Kathās. Gaut
≫ udbaudhuka
ud-báudhuka mfn. one who hangs up TS. ii, 5, 17
udbandha 2
ud-bandha (fr. bandha with ud in sense of apart), mfn. unbound, loosened, united (as hair) Ragh. xvi, 67 (ed. Calc.)
udbarhis
ud-barhis mfn. having sacrificial grass above MaitrS. ii, 2, 3
udbala
ud-√bala mfn. strong, powerful (cf. upôdbalaya.)
udbādh
ud-√bādh Ā. -bādhate, to burst forth, break forth ŚBr
udbāṣpa
ud-bāṣpa ud-vāṣpa
udbāhu
úd-bāhu mfn. having the arms raised
• extending the arms ŚBr. Ragh. i, 3
≫ udbāhuka
ud-bāhuka mfn. id. ĀśvGṛ. iv, 1, 9
udbila
ud-bila mfn. emerged from a hole, (an animal) that has quitted its hole R
udbudbuda
ud-budbuda mfn. bubbling out forth Mcar
udbudh
ud-√budh Ā. -budhyate (aor. 3. pl. -abudhran RV.) to awake RV. vii, 72, 3 ; x, 101, 1 VS
≫ udbuddha
ud-buddha mfn. roused up, awaked
• come forth, appearing Sāh
• blown, budded L
• excited
• reminded, made to think of, recalled W
⋙ udbuddhasaṃskāra
○saṃskāra m. association of ideas, recalling anything to remembrance
≫ udbodha
ud-bodha m. awaking
• coming forth, appearing Sāh. Rājat
• fumigation VarBṛS
• reminding
• incipient knowledge W
≫ udbodhaka
ud-bodhaka mfn. exciting, calling forth Sāh
• reminding
• one who reminds or calls to remembrance
• discovering, exhibiting W
≫ udbodhana
ud-bodhana n. awaking, arousing
• recalling, reminding W
udbudhnya
ud-budhnya Nom. (fr. -budhna), P. -budhnyati, to come out of the deep, come or spring up MaitrUp
udbṛṃhaṇa
ud-bṛṃhaṇa mfn. (√bṛh), increasing, strengthening BhP
udbrū
ud-√brū Ā. -bruvate, to extol, praise ( RTL. p. 424). TBr. i, 7, 10, 6 ŚBr. v ; ii, 2, 4 (to renounce, give up NBD.)
udbhañj
ud-√bhañj forms below
≫ udbhagna
ud-bhagna mfn. burst, torn Suśr
≫ udbhaṅga
ud-bhaṅga m. the act of breaking off, leaving off
udbhaṭa
udbhaṭa mfn. excellent, eminent, exalted, magnanimous, extraordinary Bhar. Viddh
• vehement, passionate Gīt
• m. a tortoise L
• a fan for winnowing corn L
• N. of an author
⋙ udbhaṭatva
○tva n. weight, importance (of a contradiction) Sarvad
udbharts
ud-√bharts P. (impf. 2. pl.? -abhartsata ŚāṅkhŚr. xii, 23, 1
-abhartsatha? AV. xx, 134, 1 ṃṣṣ.) to use roughly?
udbhava
ud-bhava ud-√bhū
udbhasa
udbhasa ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh
udbhā
ud-√bhā P. -bhāti, to become visible, appear Mn. BhP
udbhās
ud-√bhās P. Ā. -bhāsati, -te, to come forth or appear brightly, shine MBh. R. Kathās
• to become visible, strike MBh. v, 728: Caus. P. Ā. -bhāsayati, -te, to illuminate, light up Hariv. VP. VarBṛS. Kathās
• to make apparent or prominent, cause to come forth Bhartṛ. Comm. on Kum. i, 2
• to render brilliant or beautiful Mṛicch. Ragh
≫ udbhāsa
ud-bhāsa m. radiance, splendour, g. balâdi, Pāṇ. 5-2, 136 (not in the Kāś.) [Page 190, Column 2]
⋙ udbhāsavat
○vat mfn. shining, radiant ib
≫ udbhāsita
ud-bhāsita mfn. come forth, appeared
• lighted up, illuminated, splendid
• ornamented, graced, beautiful
≫ udbhāsin
udbhāsin mfn. shining, radiant Kum. Bhartṛ
• coming forth, appearing Rājat. Daśar
• giving or causing splendour Mṛicch
≫ udbhāsura
ud-bhāsura mfn. shining, radiant Amar
udbhid 1
ud-√bhid P. -bhinatti (Subj. -bhinádat RV
• Pot. 1. sg. -bhideyam AV.) to break or burst through, break out
• to appear above, become visible, rise up RV. x, 45, 10 AV. ix, 2, 2 ; iv, 38, 1 TāṇḍyaBr. ŚBr
• to pierce Vedāntas. BhP.: Pass. -bhidyate, to spring open, burst forth MBh
• to shoot open or up, break out, appear Daś. BhP. &c
≫ udbhij
ud-bhij (in comp. for 2. ud-bhíd below)
⋙ udbhijja
○ja mfn. sprouting, germinating (as a plant) ChUp. AitUp. MBh. Mn. &c
≫ udbhid 2
ud-bhíd mfn. penetrating, bursting through
• coming or bursting forth, pouring, overflowing
• abounding with RV. AV. v, 20, 11 VS
• breaking forth (from the earth), sprouting, germinating MBh
• (t), m. a kind of sacrifice KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. &c
• (t), f. a sprout or shoot of a plant, a plant
• a spring, fountain Suśr
• (with indrasya) N. of a Sāman
⋙ udbhidvidyā
○vidyā f. the science of plants, botany
≫ udbhida
ud-bhida mfn. sprouting, germinating MBh
• m. N. of a son of Jyotishmat
• of the Varsha ruled over by him VP
• (am), n. a fountain, spring L
• a kind of salt L
• N. of a Sāman
≫ udbhinna
úd-bhinna mfn. burst forth, opened, burst
• having broken through, come forth, appeared
• made to appear, brought to light Kull
• appearing above AV. x, 5, 36 ; xvi, 8, 1 seqq. Mālav. Pañcat. &c
• discovered, betrayed Sāh
• provided or abounding with BhP. Pañcat
≫ udbheda
ud-bheda m. the act of breaking through or out, becoming manifest or visible, appearing, sprouting Śak. 85 d Kum. Bhartṛ. Sāh. &c
• (in dram.) the first manifestation of the germ (bīja) of the plot Sāh. Daśar. Pratāpar
• a sprout or shoot of a plant L
• a spring, fountain R. MBh
• treachery Kathās
• mentioning Prasannar
≫ udbhedana
ud-bhedana n. the act of breaking through or out, coming forth MBh. Car
udbhū 1
ud-√bhū P. -bhavati, to come up to, reach, be equal ŚBr. TBr
• to rise, rise against Kathās
• to come forth, arise, exist, spring from MBh. Kathās. Hariv. Rājat. &c
• to shoot forth, increase, grow larger, thrive MaitrUp. Naish.: Caus. -bhāvayaṭi, to cause to exist, produce Ragh. ii, 62 Vedāntas
• to make apparent, show, explain MBh. Sāh. &c
• to speak of, mention Prasannar. Comm. on Bādar
• to consider, think (with two acc.) Vcar. ix, 19
≫ udbhava
ud-bhava m. existence, generation, origin, production, birth
• springing from, growing
• becoming visible Yājñ. Mn. Kathās. Pañcat. &c
• birth-place ŚvetUp. Kāvyâd
• N. of a son of Nahusha VP
• a sort of salt L., (ifc.) mfn. produced or coming from MBh. Mn. &c
⋙ udbhavakara
○kara mfn. productive
⋙ udbhavakṣetra
○kṣetra n. the place of origin Daś
≫ udbhāva
ud-bhāva m. production, generation, g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136
• rising (of sounds) Pushpas. ix, 4, 22
≫ udbhāvana
ud-bhāvana n. the act of raising up, elevation MBh. xiii, 2913 Lalit
• passing over, inattention, neglect, disregard MBh
• announcement, communication Naish
• making visible, manifestation Kāraṇḍ
≫ udbhāvayitṛ
ud-bhāvayitṛ mfn. one who raises upwards or elevates Daś
≫ udbhāvita
ud-bhāvita mfn. caused to exist, created, produced Sāh
≫ udbhāvin
udbhāvin mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 136) coming forth, becoming visible &c
≫ udbhū 2
ud-bhū mf(bhvií)n ([bh˘ú]) 'being up to what is wanted', sufficient
• having persistency, persevering AV. ix, 2, 16 ; xviii, 4, 26 VS. xv, 1
≫ udbhūta
ud-bhūta mfn. come forth, produced, born
• grown MaitrUp. MBh. R. Kathās. &c
• raised, elevated, increased R. Ṛitus
• visible, perceptible, distinct, positive Bhāshāp
⋙ udbhūtatva
○tva n. the state of being increased MaitrUp. v, 2
⋙ udbhūtarūpa
○rūpa n. visible form or shape
• (mfn.) having a visible shape. [Page 190, Column 3]
⋙ udbhūtasparśavat
○sparśa-vat mfn. having distinct or positive tangibility, tangible Bhāshāp. 55
≫ udbhūti
ud-bhūti f. coming forth, existence, appearance Kap
• elevation, increase Kum. Vikr
udbhṛ
ud-√bhṛ P. Ā. -bharati, -te (pf. -jabhāra pres. p. -bhárat
• but -bibhrat Gīt. 1, 16) to take or carry away or out RV. AV. ŚBr
• to take for one's self, choose, select RV. AV. VS
• to raise up, elevate RV. viii, 19, 23
• to carry above, raise up Gīt
udbhyasa
ud-bhyasá (√bhyas connected with √bhī), trembling AV. xi, 9, 17
udbhram
ud-√bhram P. -bhramati, bhrāmyati, to whirl or move, upwards, start or jump up
• to rise, ascend, raise one's self R. Gīt. MārkP. BhP. &c.: Caus. -bhrāmayati, to wave, swing MBh
• to excite R
≫ udbhrama
ud-bhrama m. whirling
• excitement L
• intoxication L
• N. of a class of beings attending on Śiva SkandaP
≫ udbhramaṇa
ud-bhramaṇa n. the act of moving or whirling upwards, rising, ascending Comm. on Śak. 263, 1
≫ udbhrānta
ud-bhrānta mfn. risen, ascended, gone or jumped up, turned upwards MBh. R. Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• come forth or out of (the earth) Kathās
• run away, disappeared Rājat
• wandering about, roaming MBh
• agitated, excited, bewildered, distressed MBh. R. VarBṛS. &c
• whirled, flourished
• waved (as a sword)
• (am), n. the act of waving (a sword) MBh
• the rising (of the wind) Hariv
• excitement, agitation Sāh
≫ udbhrāntaka
udbhrāntaka mfn. wandering about, roaming NṛisUp
• (am), n. whirling upwards, rising, ascending Śak. 263, 1
udbhrū
ud-bhrū mfn. having the brows drawn up Bālar. 36, 1
udman
údman a n. (√ud), surging, flooding VS. MaitrS
udya
udya mfn. (√vad, q.v.), to be spoken
• (udyá ŚBr. xiv, 6, 8, 2, erroneous for uj-jyá, q.v
udya L., erroneous for uddhya, q.v.)
udyat
ud-yat mfn. (fr. ud-√i, q.v.), rising &c
• (an), m. a star PārGṛ
• (), f. a particular manner of recitation TāṇḍyaBr. Lāṭy
⋙ udyatparvata
○parvata and m. the eastern mountain (cf. udaya-giri) MBh. R
⋙ udyadgiri
udyad-giri m. the eastern mountain (cf. udaya-giri) MBh. R
udyam
ud-√yam P. -yacchati (aor. -ayān RV. vi, 71, 5), Ā. (if the result of the action returns to the agent Pāṇ. 1-3, 75) -yacchate (aor. -ayaṃsta and -yamiṣṭa)
• Subj. -yaṃsate RV. i, 143, 7
• inf. -yámam MaitrS. ii, 4, 3) to lift up, raise RV. v, 32, 7 ; vi, 71, 1 & 5 AV. AitBr. ŚBr. Lāṭy. Śak. &c
• to raise, set up, elevate
• to put up or higher, carry or bring upwards RV. iv, 53, 1 ; i, 143, 7 TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• to hold out, present, offer (a sacrifice to gods, or any other thing to men) RV. AV. TS. MBh. BhP. R. &c
• to shake up, rouse RV. i, 10, 1 ; i, 56, 1 ; x, 119, 2 AV. xiv, 1, 59
• to raise (one's voice, or rays, or light) RV
• to undertake, commence
• to be diligent, strive after (only P., e.g. udyacchati cikitsāṃ vaidyaḥ, 'the physician strives after the science of medicine' Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 75
• with dat. or acc. or without any object) MBh. Hariv. Ragh. Kathās. Rājat. &c
• to rein, curb
• to guide MBh
• to keep away or off, restrain, check TS. vi, 3, 4, 6 TBr. iii, 3, 1, 3: Intens. -yamyamīti, to raise, stretch out (the arms) RV. i, 95, 7
≫ udyata
úd-yata mfn. raised, held up, elevated, high MBh. R. BhP. Ragh. Kathās. &c
• hold out, offered, presented RV. AV. MBh. R. BhP. &c
• undertaken, commenced, begun R
• undertaking, commencing
• ready or eager for
• prepared, intent on
• trained, exercised, disciplined
• active, persevering, labouring diligently and incessantly (with dat. or loc. or inf. or without any object) MBh. R. Kathās. Ragh. Yājñ. MārkP. Rājat. &c
• m. a kind of time (in music) L
• a section, division of a book, chapter
⋙ udyatakārmuka
○kārmuka mfn. with raised bow
⋙ udyatagada
○gada mfn. with uplifted mace
⋙ udyataśūla
○śūla mfn. with raised spear
⋙ udyatasruc
○sruc (údyata-), mfn. one who has raised a ladle (to offer a libation) RV. i, 31, 5
⋙ udyatāyudha
udyatâyudha or mfn. having an uplifted weapon MBh. R. BhP. &c
⋙ udyatāstra
udyatâstra mfn. having an uplifted weapon MBh. R. BhP. &c
≫ udyati
úd-yati f. raising, elevation RV. i, 190, 3 TS. ŚBr. AitBr. [Page 191, Column 1]
≫ udyantṛ
ud-yantṛ mfn. one who raises or elevates RV. i, 178, 3
≫ udyama
ud-yama m. the act of raising or lifting up, elevation R. Yājñ. Pañcat. &c
• undertaking, beginning
• the act of striving after, exerting one's self, exertion, strenuous and continued effort, perseverance, diligence, zeal R. Kum. Pañcat. VarBṛS. &c
⋙ udyamabhaṅga
○bhaṅga m. frustration of effort, discouragement, dissuasion
• desisting
⋙ udyamabhṛt
○bhṛt mfn. bearing or undergoing exertion Bhartṛ
≫ udyamana
ud-yamana n. raising, elevation Pāṇ. Sarvad
• effort, exertion Daś
≫ udyamita
ud-yamita mfn. excited, instigated Kir. ix, 66
≫ udyamin
udyamin mfn. undertaking, persevering
• making effort, active Yājñ. Kathās. Bhartṛ
≫ udyamīyas
údyamīyas mfn. raising more or excessively RV. x, 86, 6
≫ udyamya 1
ud-yamya mfn. to be undertaken with exertion W
≫ udyamya 2
ud-yamya ind. p. having lifted or taken up
• having made exertion
≫ udyāma
ud-yāmá m. the act of erecting or stretching out ŚBr. viii, 5, 1, 13
• a rope, cord TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
udyā
ud-√yā P. -yāti, to rise (as the sun) RV. x, 37, 3
• to go out or away, start from ŚBr. xiv, 5, 4, 1 Ragh
• to raise one's self, rise Gīt. Kathās
• to rise, originate from Rājat. Naish
• to excel, surpass (acc.) MārkP
≫ udyāna
ud-yā́na n. the act of going out AV. viii, 1, 6
• walking out
• a park, garden, royal garden Yājñ. R. Megh. Śak. Pañcat. &c
• purpose, motive L
• N. of a country in the north of India
⋙ udyānapāla
○pāla
⋙ udyānapālaka
○pālaka m
⋙ udyānapālikā
○pālikā
⋙ udyānapālī
○pālī f. a gardener, superintendent or keeper of a garden Kum. Kathās. &c
⋙ udyānamālā
○mālā f. a row of gardens Kāvyâd
⋙ udyānarakṣaka
○rakṣaka m. a gardener
≫ udyānaka
udyānaka n. a garden, park R
≫ udyāpana
ud-yāpana n. the act of bringing to a conclusion, finishing, accomplishment
≫ udyāpanikā
ud-yāpanikā f. return home from a journey, Hpar
≫ udyāpita
ud-yāpita mfn. brought to a conclusion, finished, accomplished MW
udyāva
ud-yāva ud- √2. yu
udyāsa
ud-yāsá m. (√yas), exertion, effort VS. xxxix, 11
udyu
ud-yu √2. P. Ā. -yauti, (1. pl. -yuvāmahe) to draw up or upwards RV. vi, 57, 6 TS. ii, 6, 5, 5
• to join, mix
• to confound
≫ udyāva
ud-yāva m. the act of mixing, joining Pāṇ
≫ udyuta
úd-yuta mfn. mixed with MaitrS
• confounded, mad AV. vi, 111, 2
udyuj 1
ud-√yuj P. Ā. -yunakti, -yuṅkte (inf. -yujé AV.) to join, be in contact with AV. vi, 70, 2
• to get off or away, go away ŚBr. iv, 1, 5, 7 Lāṭy
• to go near, undergo, prepare
• to make efforts, be active MBh. Kathās. Daś.: Caus. -yojayati, to excite, incite, make active or quick, stimulate to exertion MBh. Hariv. R
≫ udyukta
ud-yukta mfn. undergoing, undertaking
• prepared or ready for, zealously active, labouring for some desired end MBh. R. Kathās. &c
≫ udyuga
ud-yugá n. a particular disease Bṛḍ. AV. v, 22, 11
≫ udyuj 2
ud-yuj k f. endeavour, striving after MānGṛ
≫ udyoga
ud-yoga m. the act of undertaking anything, exertion, perseverance, strenuous and continuous endeavour
• active preparation Yājñ. Kathās. Hit. &c
⋙ udyogaparvan
○parvan n. N. of the fifth book of the Mahābhārata
• also of a section of the fifth book (chapters 45-47) of the Rāmāyaṇa
⋙ udyogasamartha
○samartha mfn. capable of exertion
≫ udyogin
udyogin mfn. one who makes effort, active, laborious, persevering, energetic
≫ udyojita
ud-yojita mfn. excited, raised, gathered (as clouds) Prab
udyudh
ud-√yudh P. -yodhati, to bubble up (as water) AV. xii, 3, 29
• to fly into a passion, show enmity or hatred against TāṇḍyaBr
udra
udrá m. (√ud Uṇ. ii, 13), a kind of aquatic animal (a crab Comm. on VS
• an otter Uṇ. and L.) VS. xxiv, 37
• (am), n. water
anudrá and udrín
⋙ udrapāraka
○pāraka m. N. of a Nāga MBh
≫ udraka
udraka m. N. of a Ṛishi
≫ udrin
udrín mfn. abounding in water RV. [Page 191, Column 2]
udraṅka
udraṅka and udraṅga m. a town L
• N. of Hariścandra's city (floating in the air) L
udrañj
ud-√rañj Intens. P. -rā́rajīti, to become agitated, fly into a passion AV. vi, 71, 2
udratha
ud-ratha m. the pin of the axle of a carriage L
• a cock L
udram
ud-√ram P. (impf. -aramat) to cease, leave off (speaking) ŚBr. vii, 4, 1, 39
udraśmi
ud-raśmi mfn. radiating upwards, sending rays of light upwards Śiś. iii, 62
udrāva
ud-rāva m. (√ru), aloud noise W
udric
ud-√ric Pass. -ricyate (pf. -ririce RV.) to be prominent, stand out, exceed, excel, preponderate RV. i, 102, 7 ; vii, 32, 12
• to increase, abound in: Caus. -recayati, to enhance, cause to increase Rājat
≫ udrikta
ud-rikta mfn. prominent, standing out R
• increased, augmented, abundant, abounding, excessive
• superfluous, left, remaining TS. vii ĀśvŚr. MBh. Mn. &c
⋙ udriktacitta
○citta n. a mind abounding in (goodness &c.) Pañcar. i, 6, 12
• (mfn.) having a lofty mind, proud, arrogant Kathās. xci, 55
⋙ udriktacetas
○cetas mfn. high-minded Kathās. xxxii, 73
• intoxicated L
≫ udreka
ud-reka m. abundance, overplus, excess, preponderance, superiority, predominance MBh. Suśr. VarBṛS. &c
• (ā), f. the plant Melia Sempervirens L
≫ udrekin
udrekin mfn. excessive, violent Sāh
• (ifc.) abounding in, giving preponderance Suśr
≫ udrecaka
udrecaka mfn. enhancing or augmenting exceedingly Rājat. iv, 526
udruc
ud-√ruc Ā. (impf. 2. sg. -arocathās) to shine forth AV. xiii, 3, 23
udruja
ud-ruja mfn. (√ruj), destroying, breaking down
• undermining, rooting up Pāṇ. Ragh. (cf. kūlam-udruja.)
udrudh
ud-rudh √2. P. (aor. -arautsīt) to push away, turn out ŚBr. xiv, 7, 1, 41
udrodhana
ud-rodhana n. (√1. rudh = √ruh), rising, growing AitBr. iv, 14, 5
udvaṃśa
ud-vaṃśa mfn. of high decent Hcat
• m. N. of a Ṛishi
• (am), n. N. of a Sāman TāṇḍyaBr
≫ udvaṃśīya
udvaṃśīya n. N. of a Sāman
⋙ udvanśīyottara
udvanśīyôttara n. id. TāṇḍyaBr
udvaktra
ud-vaktra mfn. having the face up-lifted
udvat
ud-vát t f. (fr. 1. ud), height, elevation RV. AV. xii, 1, 2 Kauś
• (mfn.) containing the word ud TāṇḍyaBr
• (t), n. N. of a Sāman Lāṭy
udvatsara
ud-vatsará m. the last year of a cycle MaitrS. Kāṭh. VarBṛS
≫ udvatsarīya
udvatsarīya mfn. belonging to the above year VarBṛS
udvad
ud-√vad P. -vadati (inf. úd-vaditos MaitrS. i, 4, 10) to raise one's voice, utter, speak, pronounce RV. x, 166, 5 AV. v, 20, 11 MaitrS. ŚBr. TBr.: Caus. -vādayati, to cause to proclaim
• to cause to resound ŚBr
≫ udvādana
ud-vādana n. the act of crying aloud, proclaiming KātyŚr. Vait
udvadh
ud-√vadh P. (aor. Subj. -vadhīt) to tear to pieces, lacerate RV. ii, 42, 2 VS. xiii, 16
udvana
ud-vana mfn. steep, precipitous Kāṭh. (cf. pravaṇa.)
udvap
ud-vap √2. P. -vápati, (pf. 2. du. -ūpáthus and -ūpathus RV.) to pour out, take out
• to scrape, dig up
• to throw away, destroy, annul RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. KātySr. ĀśvŚr. Kauś.: Caus. -vāpayati, to cause to pour out or away ŚāṅkhGṛ. iii, 1, 3
• to cause to dig up ŚBr
≫ udvapana
ud-vapana n. the act of pouring out, shaking out
• (ī), f. piṣṭôd○
≫ udvāpa
ud-vāpa m. the act of throwing out, removing Comm. on Nyāyam
• ejection KātyŚr. Kauś
• (in logic) non-existence of a consequent resulting from the absence of an antecedent W
≫ udvāpana
ud-vāpana n. the act of putting out (the fire) Comm. on ĀpŚr. [Page 191, Column 3]
udvam
ud-√vam P. -vamati, to vomit out, spit out
• to give out, emit, shed (tears), throw (arrows, glances &c.) TS. MBh. Ragh. &c
≫ udvamana
ud-vamana n. the act of giving out, emitting, shedding (e.g. tears) Pāṇ. 3-1, 16
≫ udvamita
ud-vamita mfn. vomited, ejected L
≫ udvānta
ud-vānta mfn. id
• m. an elephant out of rut L
≫ udvānti
ud-vānti f. the act of giving out, emitting Vop
≫ udvāmin
ud-vāmin mfn. ifc. vomiting out Car
udvayas
úd-vayas mfn. one by whom corn is produced or ripened ṃahīdh. VS. ix, 3
udvarga
ud-varga ud-√vṛj
udvarta
ud-varta &c. ud-√vṛt
udvartman
ud-vartman a n. a wrong road MaitrUp. vi, 30
udvardhana
ud-vardhana ud-√vṛdh
udvas
ud-vas √5. P. -vasati, to live away MW.: Caus. P. Ā. -vāsayati, -te, to cause to live away
• to banish, expel
• to remove, separate VS. ŚBr. AitBr. KātyŚr. BhP. &c
• to √out (trees) ĀśvGṛ
• to destroy, lay waste Hariv. Pañcat
≫ udvāsa 1
ud-vāsa (for 2. s.v.), as m. banishment, exile
• abandonment
• setting free, dismission, g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136 BhP
• carrying out for slaughter, killing L
⋙ udvāsavat
○vat mfn. Pāṇ. 5-2, 136
≫ udvāsana
ud-vāsana n. the act of taking out or away (from the fire) KātyŚr. Kauś
• quitting, abandoning
• expelling, banishing
• taking out in order to kill, killing, slaughter L
≫ udvāsin
udvāsin mfn. g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136
≫ udvāsīkārin
udvāsī-kārin mfn. making (a country) inhabited TBr. i, 2, 6, 7
≫ udvāsya
ud-vāsya mfn. to be taken off
• to be put away BhP
• relating to the killing of a sacrificial animal R
udvasa
ud-vasa mfn. (cf. dur-vasa) uninhabited, empty Rājat
• disappeared, gone Viddh
• (am), n. solitude Śatr
udvah
ud-√vah P. Ā. -vahati, -te, to lead or carry out or up, draw out, save RV. i, 50, 1 ; vii, 69, 7 AV. AitBr. TāṇḍyaBr. Hariv. &c
• to bear up, lift up, elevate MBh. BhP
• to take or lead away (a bride from her parents' house), lead home, marry PārGṛ. Gobh. Yājñ. Ragh. Kathās. &c
• to lead to or near, bring BhP
• to bear (a weight or burden), wear (clothes &c.) MBh. R. Kum. Śiś. &c
• to support (the earth), rule, govern Rājat. Kathās. &c
• to wear, have, possess
• to show BhP. VarBṛS. Rājat. Sāh. Pañcat. &c.: Caus. -vāhayati, to cause to marry, marry MBh. Pañcat
≫ udūḍha
ud-ūḍha mfn. borne up, raised up
• carried
• sustained
• recovered, acquired MW
• married
• coarse, gross, heavy, fat L
• material, substantial
• much, exceeding L
≫ udvaha
ud-vahá mfn. carrying or leading up AV. xix, 25, 1
• carrying away, taking up or away ŚBr. Pāṇ
• continuing, propagating MBh. R. Kathās
• eminent, superior, best L
• m. the act of leading home (a bride), marriage BhP
• son, offspring MBh. R. Ragh
• chief offspring Ragh. ix, 9
• the fourth of the seven winds or courses of air (viz. that which supports the Nakshatras or lunar constellations and causes their revolution) Hariv
• the vital air that conveys nourishment upwards
• one of the seven tongues of fire
• N. of a king MBh
• (ā), f. daughter L
≫ udvahana
ud-vahana n. the act of lifting or bringing up Suśr. Ragh
• carrying, drawing, driving
• being carried on, riding (inst.) Pañcat. Ragh. Kum. Mn. &c
• leading home (a bride), wedding, marriage PārGṛ. BhP
• possessing, showing Rājat
• the lowest part of a pillar, pediment Comm. on VarBṛS
≫ udvāha
ud-vāha m. the act of leading home (a bride), marriage, wedding MBh. Kathās. VarBṛS. &c
⋙ udvāhakarman
○karman n. the marriage ceremony Mn. iii, 43
⋙ udvāhatattva
○tattva n. N. of wk. of Raghu-nandana on marriage ceremonies
⋙ udvāharkṣa
udvāharkṣa n. (○a + ṛ○), marriage Nakshatra', one held to be auspicious for a marriage BhP. x, 53, 4
≫ udvāhana
ud-vāhana mf(ī)n. drowing up, lifting up L
• (am), n. anything which raises or draws up L
• ploughing a field twice L
• anxiety, anxious regret L
• marriage L
• (ī), f. a cord, rope L. [Page 192, Column 1]
≫ udvāhika
udvāhika mfn. relating to a marriage, matrimonial Mn. ix, 65
≫ udvāhita
ud-vāhita mfn. raised, lifted or pulled up, eradicated
≫ udvāhin
udvāhin mfn. one who raises or draws up L
• one who marries, relating to marriage L
• (inī), f. a rope L
≫ udvoḍhukāma
udvoḍhu-kāma mfn. desirous of marrying
≫ udvoḍhṛ
ud-voḍhṛ ḍhā m. a husband T. (quoted from the Mahā-nirṇaya-tantra)
udvahni
ud-vahni mfn. emitting sparks or gleams (as an eye) Śiś. iv, 28
⋙ udvahnijvāla
○jvāla mfn. sending flames upwards, shining upwards Kathās. cxviii, 76
udvā
ud-√vā P. -vāti, to be blown out, go out AitBr. viii, 28, 10 Kauś. (cf. ud-√vai.)
≫ udvāna 1
ud-vāna n. the going out, being extinguished Nyāyam
udvācana
ud-vā́cana mfn. causing to cry out (?) AV. v, 8, 8
udvādana
ud-vādana ud-√vad
udvāna 2
ud-vāna mfn. (probably corrupted fr. ud-vānta), ejected, vomited L
• (am), n. the act of ejecting, vomiting L
• a stove L
udvāra
úd-vāra mfn. (fr. 1. vara = vāla), having the tail raised TS. i, 8, 9, 2 TBr. i, 7, 3, 6
udvālavat
udvā́la-vat ān m. N. of a Gandharva ŚBr. xi, 2, 3, 9 Comm. on VS
udvāś
ud-√vāś Ā. -vāśyate, to address in a weeping voice or while uttering lamentations Bhaṭṭ. iii, 32
udvāṣpa
ud-vāṣpa mfn. shedding tears Kathās
⋙ udvāṣpatva
○tva n. the act of shedding tears Vikr. 29
udvāsa 2
ud-vāsa mf(ā)n. (for 1. ud-√5. vas) one who has put off clothes (said of a woman who has put off her soiled clothes after her period of impurity) Kauś
≫ udvāsas
ud-vāsas mfn. id. ŚBr
udvikāsin
ud-vikāsin mfn. (√kas), blown, expanded, open Kād
udvighuṣ
ud-vi-√ghuṣ Caus. P. -ghoṣayati, to cause to sound loud
• to declare or proclaim aloud BhP
udvicakṣ
ud-vi-√cakṣ Ā. -caṣṭe, to perceive BhP. xi, 23, 44
udvij
ud-√vij Ā. -vijate (raely -vejate in MBh.), P. -vijati (rarely), to gush or spring upwards AV. iv, 15, 3
• to be agitated, grieved or afflicted
• to shudder, tremble, start
• to fear, be afraid of (with gen., abl. or instr.) MBh. BhP. Pañcat. &c
• to shrink from, recede, leave off Śatr. Bhaṭṭ
• to frighten MBh. ii, 178: Caus. P. -vejayati, to frighten, terrify, intimidate MBh. Kathās. Mṛicch. Pañcat. &c
• to cause to shudder Vāgbh
• to revive a fainting person (by sprinkling water) Suśr
• to tease, molest Kum. Prab. Śārṅg
≫ udvigṇa
ud-vigṇa mfn. shuddering, starting, frightened, terrified MBh. R. Suśr. Ragh. &c
• sorrowful, anxious, grieving for (an absent lover) MBh. Daś. Bhag. &c
⋙ udvigṇacitta
○citta
⋙ udvigṇacetas
○cetas
⋙ udvigṇamanas
○manas or mfn. having the mind or soul agitated by fright, depressed in mind
⋙ udvigṇahṛdaya
○hṛdaya mfn. having the mind or soul agitated by fright, depressed in mind
• sorrowful, anxious, distressed MBh. BhP. MārkP. &c
⋙ udvigṇadriś
○driś f. and a frightened glance
⋙ udvigṇalocana
○locana n. a frightened glance
• (mfn.) one who looks frightened BhP
≫ udvega
ud-vega mfn. going swiftly
• an express messenger, a runner, courier, &c. L
• steady, composed, tranquil L
• ascending mounting, going up or upwards L
• an ascetic whose arms by long habit continue always raised above the head L
• m. trembling, waving, shaking
• agitation, anxiety
• regret, fear, distress (occasioned by separation from a beloved object) MBh. Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• the being offended Kāvyâd
• admiration, astonishment L
• (udvegaṃ√kṛ, to disturb
• to be disturbed in mind R. Sāh. Pañcat. &c.)
• (am), n. the fruit of the Areca Faufel
• the Areca nut (called betel nut because eaten with the betel leaf) L
⋙ udvegakara
○kara
⋙ udvegakāraka
○kāraka
⋙ udvegakārin
○kārin mfn. causing anxiety or agitation or distress Pañcat
⋙ udvegavāhin
○vāhin mfn. bringing or causing agitation, disquieting, troubling Kathās
≫ udvegin
udvegin mfn. suffering distress, anxious, unhappy L. [Page 192, Column 2]
• causing anxiety or agitation of mind Pañcat
≫ udvejaka
ud-vejaka mfn. agitating, distressing, annoying, causing pain or sorrow, Śārṅg
≫ udvejana
ud-vejana mfn. id. Kathās. Kām
• (am), n. shudder, shuddering Suśr
• agitation, fear
• the act of terrifying, causing to shudder Daśar. Sāh
⋙ udvejanakara
○kara mfn. causing to shake with horror, causing excitement or pain Mn
≫ udvejanīya
ud-vejanīya mfn. to be feared
• to be shrunk from MBh. R. Pañcat. Suśr
≫ udvejayitṛ
ud-vejayitṛ mfn. terrifying
• a terrifier MW
≫ udvejita
ud-vejita mfn. caused to shudder
• grieved, pained, afflicted
≫ udvejin
ud-vejin mfn. causing anxiety or agitation of mind, causing shudder or horror Kathās
udvidṝ
ud-vi-√dṝ Caus. P. -dārayati, to dig up, turn or tear up BhP. x, 68, 71
udviddha
ud-viddha mfn. ud-√vyadh
udvivarhaṇa
ud-vivarhaṇa n. (√vṛh), the act of plucking out, tearing out BhP
udvisṛj
ud-vi-√sṛj P. -sṛjati, to leave, abandon BhP. iv, 31, 32
udvīkṣ
ud-vī7kṣ (ud-vi-√īkṣ), Ā. -vii7kṣate, to look up or upwards, look at, view
• to perceive Śak. Ratnāv. Amar. &c
• to consider, examine Pañcat
≫ udvīkṣaṇa
ud-vī7kṣaṇa n. the act of looking up or upwards
• look, view MBh. Ragh
≫ udvīkṣita
ud-vī7kṣita mfn. looked at
• perceived MBh. Ragh
≫ udvīkṣya
ud-vī7kṣya ind. p. having looked upwards &c
udvīj
ud-√vīj Pass. -viijyate, to be blown upon or against MBh. iii, 1757
udvṛ
ud-√vṛ
≫ udvṛtya
ud-vṛtya ind. p. having opened, opening wide (the eyes) MBh
udvṛ
ud-√vṛ Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -varasva) to elect, select, choose R. (ed. Schlegel) ii, 11, 9
• (v. l. -dharasva ed. Bombay.)
udvṛṃhaṇa
ud-vṛṃhaṇa ud-bṛṃhaṇa
udvṛj
ud-√vṛj P. (Impv. 2. sg. -vṛṅgdhi) to tear out, pluck out, √up (figuratively) KaushUp. ii, 7: Intens. (p. -várīvṛjat) to stretch out, extend RV. vi, 58, 2
≫ udvarga
ud-varga m. one who roots up, a destroyer KaushUp. ii, 7
udvṛt
ud-√vṛt P. (pf. -vavarta) to go asunder, burst open ŚBr. iv, 4, 3, 4: Ā. -vartate, to go upwards, rise, ascend, swell
• to bubble up, overflow Hariv. BhP. Suśr
• to be puffed up with pride, become arrogant or extravagant
• to proceed from, originate ŚBr. xiv, 5, 1, 5
• to fall down BhP.: Caus. P. -vartayati, to beat to pieces, split, burst RV. viii, 14, 13 TBr. MBh. Hariv
• to swing or throw out Kauś
• to cause to swell up
≫ udvarta
ud-varta mfn. superfluous, redundant, plentiful
• left over as a remainder L
• m. a remainder, surplus L
≫ udvartaka
ud-vartaka mfn. causing to rise, increasing MW
• (ifc.) rubbing Pāṇ
• m. (in math.) the quantity assumed for the purpose of an operation
≫ udvartana
ud-vartana mfn. causing to burst Hariv. 9563
• (am), n. the act of rising, going up, ascending, jumping up Megh. Kathās. VarBṛS
• the springing up of plants or grain &c
• swelling up, overflowing Car
• drawing out metal, laminating W
• grinding, pounding
• rubbing or kneading the body, rubbing and cleansing it with fragrant unguents
• the unguents used for that purpose (or to relieve pains in the limbs &c.) Yājñ. Mn. Suśr. Kathās. &c
• bad behaviour, bad conduct L
≫ udvartita
ud-vartita mfn. caused to come out or swell up Kathās. xxix, 80
• raised, elevated Suśr
• perfumed, scented, rubbed, kneaded, shampooed Pañcat. Subh
≫ udvartin
ud-vartin mfn. ifc. rubbing or kneading with
≫ udvṛtta
ud-vṛtta mfn. swollen up, swelling
• prominent Suśr. MBh. Hariv. Bhartṛ
• excited, agitated, waving MBh. Ragh. BhP. Suśr. &c
• extravagant, ill-behaved, ill-mannered, proud, arrogant MBh. R. Rājat. &c
• turned up
• opened, opened wide (as eyes) MBh. vii, 5405 ; ix, 432 MārkP. xiv, 62 (erroneous for ud-vṛta BRD.) [Page 192, Column 3]
• m. a particular position of the hands in dancing
• (am), n. (in astron.) the east and west hour circle or six o'clock line (cf. un-maṇḍala)
≫ udvṛtya
ud-vṛtya mfn. turning round or about BhP. x, 13, 56
udvṛdh
ud-√vṛdh ud-vṛddha below
≫ udvardhana
ud-vardhana n. sly or suppressed laughter L
≫ udvṛddha
ud-vṛddha mfn. grown up, come forth, appearing Rājat. i, 252
udvṛṣ
ud-√vṛṣ Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -vāvṛṣasva RV. viii, 50, 7
• p. -vāvṛṣāṇá RV. iv, 20, 7 ; 29, 3) to pour out, distribute plentifully
udvṛṣabhayajña
ud-vṛṣabha-yajña m. a particular sacrifice Comm. on Jaim. Comm. on Nyāyam
udvṛh
ud-√vṛh P. -vṛhati, to draw up, pull out by the roots, eradicate RV. iii, 30, 17 ; vi, 48, 17 TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh
• to draw out (e.g. a sword from the scabbard) MBh. Bhaṭṭ
≫ udvṛḍha
ud-vṛḍha mfn. drawn or pulled out, eradicated KātyŚr
udve
ud-√ve P. -vayati, to weave or fasten to or up AitBr. iv, 19, 3 TBr. i, 2, 4, 2
≫ uduta
ud-uta mfn. bound up, tied on ŚBr. v, 5, 4, 28
udvega
ud-vega ud-vejaka, &c. cols. 1 & 2
udvedi
ud-vedi mfn. furnished with an elevated altar Ragh. xvii, 9
udvep
ud-√vep Ā. -vepate, to tremble, be agitated or frightened AV. v, 21, 2 TBr. Kāṭh. MBh.: Caus. P. -vepáyati, to cause to tremble, agitate, frighten AV
≫ udvepa
ud-vepa m. the act of trembling, agitation T
• (mfn.) trembling, agitated T
• g. saṃkalâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 75 (not in the Kāś.)
udvela
ud-vela mfn. running over the brim or bank, overflowing Kathās. BhP. Ragh. AgP
• excessive, extraordinary Kād
• loosened, free from Prasannar
≫ udvelaya
udvelaya Nom. P. udvelayati, to cause to run over or overflow Prasannar
≫ udvelita
udvelita mfn. caused to overflow Hcat
udvell
ud-√vell P. -vellati, to toss up
• to raise one's self, rise Mālatīm. 140, 3 Kathās. lix, 42
≫ udvellita
ud-vellita mfn. tossed up, elevated, high Kathās
udveṣṭ
ud-√veṣṭ Ā. -veṣṭate, to wind or twist upwards, writhe MBh.: Caus. P. -veṣṭayati, to untwist Kathās
• to open, unseal (a letter) Mālav
≫ udveṣṭa
ud-veṣṭa mfn. investing, enveloping, surrounding L
• m. the act of surrounding, enclosing, tying together Car
• investing a town, besieging or surrounding it W
≫ udveṣṭana 1
ud-veṣṭana (for 2. s.v.), am n. the act of surrounding, wrapping, tying together
• contraction
• convulsion (of the heart), straitening
• pain in the back of the body Suśr
≫ udveṣṭanīya
ud-veṣṭanīya mfn. to be unbound or unfastened Megh. 95
≫ udveṣṭita
ud-veṣṭita mfn. surrounded, invested, enclosed
udveṣṭana 2
ud-veṣṭana mfn. freed from bonds or ties, unbound, unfettered Ragh. Kum
udvai
ud-√vai P. -vā́yati (aor. -avāsīt ŚBr. x, 3, 3, 8) to become weak or languish, faint, be extinguished, go out (as fire), die TS. TBr. ŚBr. ChUp.: Caus. -vā́payati, to cause to extinguish or go out TBr. i, 4, 4, 7
udvoḍhṛ
ud-voḍhṛ col. 1
udvyadh
ud-√vyadh
≫ udviddha
ud-viddha mfn. tossed upwards, high, elevated MBh. R
udvyudas
ud-vy-ud-as √2. P. -asyati, to give up wholly or completely BhP. iv, 7, 44
udvraj
ud-√vraj P. -vrajati, to go away or out of (the house) [Page 193, Column 1]
• to leave, abandon (one's house) TāṇḍyaBr. ChUp
udhan
udhán a n. = ūdhan, an udder MaitrS. i, 3, 26
• also try-udhan
≫ udhas
udhas n. = ūdhas, q.v. L
udhras 1
udhras cl. 9. P. udhrasnāti, udhrasāṃ-babhūva or -cakāra or -āsa, audhrāsīt, to gather, glean Dhātup. Vop
udhras 2
udhras cl. 10. P. Ā. udhrāsayati, -te aor. audidhrasat, -ta, to glean
• to throw or cast upwards Dhātup. Vop
und
und undana, 2. ud
undaru
undaru = the next L
undura
undura m. a rat, mouse Suśr
⋙ undurakarṇikā
○karṇikā (Suśr.) and f. the plant Salvinia Cucullata
⋙ undurakarṇī
○karṇī (L.), f. the plant Salvinia Cucullata
≫ unduru
unduru m. a rat, mouse
unna
unna 2. ud
unnaṭ
un-naṭ Caus. -nāṭayati, to jump towards
• to injure (with gen.) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 56
unnad
un-nad (ud-√nad), P. -nadati, to cry out, roar, make a noise MBh. R. BhP. Kum. Pañcat
≫ unnāda
un-nāda m. crying out, clamour MBh
• N. of a son of Kṛishṇa BhP
unnabh
un-nabh (ud-√nabh), Caus. (Impv. 2. sg. -nambhaya) to tear open, open TS
unnam
un-nam (ud-√nam), P. -namati, to bend upwards, raise one's self, rise, ascend Prab. Mṛicch. Pañcat. Bhartṛ. &c
• to raise up, lift up Pañcat.: Caus. -namayati, or -nāmayati, to bend upwards, raise, erect, elevate MBh. R. Śak. Kathās. &c
≫ unnata
un-natá mfn. bent or turned upwards, elevated, lifted up, raised, high, tall, prominent, projecting, lofty MBh. Śak. Hit. &c
• (figuratively) high, eminent, sublime, great, noble Kathās. Bhartṛ. Sāh. &c
• having a large hump, humpbacked (as a bull) VS. TS. Lāṭy
• m. a boa (aja-gara) L., N. of a Buddha Lalit
• of one of the seven Ṛishis under Manu Cākshusha VP
• of a mountain VP
• (am), n. elevation, ascension
• elevated part TS
• means of measuring the day, SiddhŚir. Sūryas
⋙ unnatakāla
○kāla m. a method of determining the time from the shadow, SiddhŚir
⋙ unnatakokilā
○kokilā f. a kind of musical instrument
⋙ unnatacaraṇa
○caraṇa mfn. with uplifted feet or paws
• rampant Hit
⋙ unnatatva
○tva n. height, sublimity, majesty Ragh
⋙ unnatanābhi
○nābhi mfn. 'having a projecting navel', corpulent
⋙ unnataśiras
○śiras mfn. holding up the head, carrying the head high, with head upraised
⋙ unnatānata
unnatânata mfn. elevated and depressed, uneven
• undulating, wavy L
≫ unnati
un-nati f. rising, ascending, swelling up
• elevation, height
• increase, advancement, prosperity Pañcat. Bhartṛ. Kathās. &c
• N. of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma BhP
• of the wife of Garuḍa L
⋙ unnatimat
○mat mfn. elevated, projected
• high, sublime, of rank, respectable Kathās. Amar. Śiś. &c
⋙ unnatīśa
unnatī7śa m. 'the lord of Unnati', N. of Garuḍa
≫ unnamana
un-namana n. the act of bending upwards
• raising, lifting up Suśr
• increase, prosperity Prasannar
≫ unnamayya
un-namayya ind. p. having raised Kum
≫ unnamita
un-namita mfn. caused to rise, raised, elevated, lifted or pulled up
• heightened, increased Suśr. Ragh. Śak. Hit. &c
≫ unnamya
un-namya ind. p. having raised, raising, elevating
• causing to increase &c. Yājñ. Kathās. BhP. VarBṛS. &c
≫ unnamra
un-namra mfn. ascending, rising
• erect, upright, elevated, lofty, high
⋙ unnamratā
○tā f. ascension, ascent, rising Rājat
≫ unnāma
un-nāma m. the act of bending one's self upwards, raising one's self, rising Pañcat
≫ unnāmita
un-nāmita mfn. = un-namita above
≫ unnāmya
un-nāmya ind. p. = un-namya above
unnaya
un-naya col. 2
unnayana 1
un-nayana (ud-na○
• for 2. col. 2), mfn. having upraised eyes
⋙ unnayanapaṅkti
○paṅkti mfn. having the line of the eyes upraised Ragh. iv, 3
unnaś
un-naś (ud- √1. naś), P. (Subj. -naśat) to reach, obtain RV. i, 164, 22 ; ii, 23, 8. [Page 193, Column 2]
unnasa
un-nasa mfn. having a prominent nose BhP. Kāś
unnah
un-nah (ud-√nah), P. -nahyati, to tie up, bind up
• to free from fetters or ties, push out Suśr. Kauś
• to free one's self from fetters, rush out, get out MBh
≫ unnaddha
un-naddha mfn. tied or bound up Ragh
• swollen, increased BhP. Gīt
• unbound, excessive BhP
• arrogant, impudent, haughty, self-conceited MBh. BhP. Rājat
≫ unnāha
un-nāha m. excess, abundance BhP. xi, 19, 43
• impudence, haughtiness BhP
• sour gruel (made from the fermentation of rice) L
unnahana
un-nahana (fr. nahana with ud in the sense of 'apart'), freed from fetters, unfettered, unbound BhP. xi, 1, 4
unnābha
un-nābha m. N. of a king Ragh
unnāya
un-nāya below
unnāla
un-nāla (ud-nā○), mfn. having an upraised stalk Bālar. Kād
unnidra
un-nidra mfn. (fr. nidrā with ud), sleepless, awake Śak. 137 b Megh
• expanded (as a flower), budded, blown Kathās. Śiś. Kāvyâd. &c
• shining (as the moon, supposed to be awake when others are asleep
• or as the rising sun) Prab. Prasannar
• bristling (as hair) Naish
⋙ unnidratā
○tā f. sleeplessness
≫ unnidraka
unnidraka n. sleeplessness Kathās
≫ unnidraya
unnidraya Nom. P. unnidrayati, to make sleepless, awaken
unnidhā
un-ni-dhā (ud-ni-√dhā), Ā. -dhatte, to hold above BhP
unnī 1
un-nī (ud-√nī), P. Ā. -nayati, -te, to lead up or out, lead upwards or up to
• to bring or fetch out of, free from, help, rescue, redeem
• to raise, set up, erect, promote RV. AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. &c
• to draw up, fill up a vessel by drawing (a fluid out of another vessel) RV. ii, 14, 9 VS. TS. ŚBr. &c
• to raise up, lift up only Ā. Pāṇ. 1-3, 36)
• to put up, lay up MBh
• to press or squeeze out (e.g. pus) MBh. v, 2776
• to lead away (e.g. a calf from its mother) TS. ŚāṅkhŚr. KātyŚr
• to lead aside, separate MBh. BhP
• to stroke, smooth Gṛihyās
• to raise, cause BhP
• to intone BhP. x, 33, 10
• to find out, discover by inference, infer MBh. Rājat. Daś. Bālar. &c.: Desid. Ā. -ninīṣate, to intend or wish to lead out KaushUp
≫ unnaya
un-naya m. the act of leading up, raising, elevating, hoisting L
• conclusion, induction, inference Sāh. Kāś
≫ unnayana 2
un-nayana n. (for 1. s.v. col. 1) the act of raising, elevating, lifting, up BhP
• taking out of, drawing out (a fluid) KātyŚr
• the vessel out of which a fluid is taken KātyŚr
• making a straight line, or parting the hair (of a pregnant woman) upwards ( sīmantônnayana)
• conclusion, induction, inference
≫ unnāya
un-nāya m. the act of raising, elevating Pāṇ. 3-3, 26
≫ unnī 2
un-nī mfn. bringing or leading upwards Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-4, 82
≫ unnīta
ún-nīta mfn. led up
• drawn out (as Soma) RV. ix, 81, 1 TS. ŚBr. &c
• led away or apart, separated BhP
• (am), n. the act of drawing out
• filling up AitBr
⋙ unnītaśikha
○śikha mfn. having the locks of hair parted upwards (from the forehead) Suparṇ
⋙ unnītaśuṣma
○śuṣma (únnīta○), mfn. one whose breath goes upwards MaitrS. i, 1, 11
≫ unnītin
unnītin mfn. one who has drawn out or filled up AitBr
≫ unnīya
un-nīya mfn. to be led upwards, Ved. by Pāṇ. 3-1, 123
≫ unnīyam
un-nīyam ind. p. pouring or sprinkling upwards ŚāṅkhGṛ. iv, 14, 4
≫ unnetavya
un-netavya mfn. to be inferred Comm. on Nyāyam
≫ unnetṛ
un-netṛ́ mfn. one who draws out
• (), m. the priest who pours the Soma juice into the receptacles AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. &c
≫ unnetra
unnetra n. the office of the Unnetṛi
≫ unneya
un-neya mfn. to be inferred or ascertained by analogy Comm. on Nyāyam. [Page 193, Column 3]
unmakara
un-makara (ud-ma○), m. 'a rising Makara', a kind of ornament for the ears (so shaped) BhP. v, 21, 13
unmajj
un-majj (ud-√majj), P. -majjati, to emerge AV. x, 4, 4 (-májya) TBr. MBh. Śak. Śiś. &c
• to dive ĀśvGṛ. iv, 4, 10: Caus. -majjayati, to cause to emerge, bear on the surface (Kullūka) Mn. viii, 115
≫ unmajjana
un-majjana n. the act of emerging, emergence MBh
• m. N. of a demon causing fever Hariv
unmaṇi
un-maṇi (ud-ma○), m. a gem lying on the surface BhP. x, 27, 26
unmaṇḍala
un-maṇḍala (ud-ma○), n. (in astron.) the east and west hour circle or six o'clock line Sūryas. &c
unmatta
ún-matta &c. un-mad
unmath
un-math or -manth ([ud-√manth]), P. -mathnāti, to shake up, disturb, excite MBh. BhP. PārGṛ
• to stir up, rouse MBh. BhP. Pañcar
• to press hard upon, treat with blows, act violently, beat MBh. Hariv. R
• to shake or tear or cut off
• to pluck out, √up, rub open
• to strike, kill, annul MBh. R. BhP. Prab. &c
• to refute, confute Comm. on Bādar
• to mix, mingle: Caus. -mathayati, to shake, agitate, excite BhP
≫ unmathana
un-mathana n. the act of shaking off MBh. Suśr
• throwing off or down Ragh
• stirring up, churning BhP. xi, 4, 18
• rubbing open Car
• slaughter L
≫ unmathāy
un-mathāy (derived fr. the simple root), P. -mathāyati, to shake up, rouse AV. xx, 132, 4
≫ unmathita
un-mathita mfn. shaken, agitated, &c
• mixed, mingled Suśr
≫ unmathya
un-mathya ind. p. having shaken, shaking, &c
≫ unmantha
un-mantha m. agitation L
• killing, slaughter L
• a disease of the outer ear Suśr
≫ unmanthaka
un-manthaka mfn. shaking up or off, agitating, stirring L
• throbbing, beating L
• m. a disease of the outer ear Suśr
≫ unmanthana
un-manthana n. the act of shaking, agitating
• beating, throbbing L
• a means of beating, a stick, staff, cane T
≫ unmātha
un-mātha m. the act of shaking Prab
• killing, slaughter L
• a snare, trap MBh
• murderer L
• N. of an attendant of Skanda MBh. ix, 2532
≫ unmāthin
un-māthin mfn. ifc. shaking, agitating Prab. Nāg
• destroying, annulling Bālar
unmad
un-mad (ud-√mad), P. -mādyati, to become disordered in intellect or distracted, be or become mad or furious TS. TBr. TāṇḍyaBr. ŚBr. MBh. Kathās.: Caus. -madayati, or -mādayati, to excite, agitate AV. vi, 130, 4 ( also ún-madita)
• to make furious or drunk, inebriate, madden TS.: MBh. R. Daś. (cf. un-mand, next page.)
≫ unmatta
ún-matta mfn. disordered in intellect, distracted, insane, frantic, mad AV. vi, 111, 3 AitBr. Yājñ. MBh. &c
• drunk, intoxicated, furious MaitrUp. MBh. Śak. &c
• m. the thorn-apple, Datura Metel and Fastuosa Suśr
• Pterospermum Acerifolium L
• N. of a Rakshas R
• of one of the eight forms of Bhairava
⋙ unmattakīrti
○kīrti m. N. of Śiva
⋙ unmattagaṅgam
○gaṅgam ind. where the Gaṅgā roars Pat
• (am), n. N. of a place Siddh. on Pāṇ. 2-1, 21
⋙ unmattatara
○tara mfn. more furious or mad R
⋙ unmattatā
○tā f. or insanity, intoxication
⋙ unmattatva
○tva n. insanity, intoxication
⋙ unmattadarśana
○darśana mfn. maniac-like, mad
⋙ unmattapralapita
○pralapita n. the chatter of a madman Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 149
⋙ unmattabhairava
○bhairava m. a form of Bhairava
• (ī), f. a form of Durgā
-tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ unmattarāghava
○rāghava n. N. of wk
⋙ unmattarūpa
○rūpa mfn. maniac-like, mad
⋙ unmattaliṅgin
○liṅgin mfn. feigning madness
⋙ unmattavat
○vat ind. like a madman, as if mad
⋙ unmattaveṣa
○veṣa m. 'dressed like a madman', N. of Śiva
⋙ unmattāvanti
unmattâvanti m. N. of a king Rājat
≫ unmattaka
unmattaka mfn. insane, mad
• drunk MBh. Yājñ. Kād
• m. the thorn-apple L
≫ unmada
un-mada mfn. mad, furious
• extravagant
• drunk, intoxicated Pañcat. Kathās. Ragh. Prab. &c
• causing madness, intoxicating Śiś. vi, 20
• m. insanity, intoxication W
≫ unmadana
un-madana mfn. inflamed with love Kum
≫ unmadita
ún-madita mfn. excited, wrought up into an exstatic state
• mad RV. x, 136, 6 AV. vi, 111, 3 (cf. án-unmadita.) [Page 194, Column 1]
≫ unmadiṣṇu
unmadiṣṇu mfn. (Pāṇ. 3-2, 136) insane crazed, intoxicated Kāvyâd
• causing madness, intoxicating Naish
≫ unmāda
un-māda mfn. mad, insane, extravagant BhP
• m. insanity, madness
• mania (as illness)
• intoxication MBh. Suśr. Sāh. &c
⋙ unmādavat
○vat mfn. mad, insane, wild, extravagant Kathās
≫ unmādaka
un-mādaka mfn. causing madness, maddening
• intoxicating BhP. Sāh
≫ unmādana
un-mādana mfn. id. Kathās
• m. N. of one of Kāma's five arrows Vet
≫ unmādayitṛ
un-mādayitṛ mfn. causing to go mad or be intoxicated Śak. 46, 2
• (Prākṛit [ummAda‹ttāM].)
≫ unmādin
un-mādin mfn. insane, mad, intoxicated Kathās
• causing madness, bewitching
• (ī), m. N. of a merchant Kathās
• (inī), f. N. of a princess Kathās
⋙ unmāditā
unmādi-tā f. insanity, madness Hcar
≫ unmāduka
un-mā́duka mfn. fond of drinking TS. MaitrS
unmana
unmana m. a particular measure of quantity (= droṇa), ŚārṅgS
unmanas
un-manas (ud-ma○), mfn. excited or disturbed in mind, perplexed Pāṇ. 5-2, 80 Ragh. Kathās. Vikr
• longing or wishing for, eagerly desirous Bhartṛ. Śiś
• (ās), m. (with Śāktas) one of the seven Ullāsas or mystical degrees
≫ unmanaya
unmanaya Nom. P. unmanayati, to excite, make perplexed Kāvyâd
≫ unmanaska
unmanaska mfn. disturbed, perplexed Mṛicch
⋙ unmanaskatā
○tā f. perplexedness Śak. (vḷ.)
≫ unmanāya
unmanāya Nom. Ā. unmanāyate, to become perplexed or excited, g. bhṛśâdi Pāṇ. 3-1, 12 Daś
≫ unmanīas
unmanī-√as to become perplexed or excited
• to become absent in mind Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 51 Kathās
⋙ unmanīkṛ
unmanī-√kṛ to make perplexed or excited Kāś. Prab
⋙ unmanībhāva
unmanī-bhāva m. absence of mind BrahmUp
⋙ unmanībhū
unmanī-√bhū = -√1. as above
unmand
un-mand (ud- √1. mand), P. (Impv. 3. pl. -mandantu RV. viii, 64, 1
• pf. -mamanda, ii, 33, 6
• aor. 3. pl. -amandiṣus, i, 82, 6, and -ámandiṣus, ix, 81, 1) to cheer, delight, amuse
unmayūkha
un-mayūkha (ud-ma○), mfn. shining forth, radiant Ragh. Megh. Kād
unmarda
un-marda un-mṛd, col. 3
unmā 1
un-mā (ud- √3. )
≫ unmā 2
un-mā́ f. measure (of altitude) VS. MaitrS
≫ unmāna
un-māna n. measure, measure of altitude or longitude VarBṛS. VarBṛ. Comm. on Pāṇ
• weight
• value, price, worth ŚBr. Suśr
• m. a particular measure of quantity (= unmana, q.v.), ŚārṅgS
≫ unmita
un-mita mfn. ifc. measuring, having the measure of Suśr
≫ unmiti
un-miti f. measure of altitude Comm. on Āryabh
• measure
• value, price
≫ unmeya
un-meya mfn. to be weighed L
• (am), n. weight, burden L
unmārga
un-mārga (ud-mā○), mfn. taking a wrong way, going wrong or astray BhP
• overflowing Hariv
• m. deviation from the right way, wrong way (lit. and fig.) Pañcat. MBh. Hit. &c
⋙ unmārgagata
○gata
⋙ unmārgagāmin
○gāmin
⋙ unmārgayāta
○yāta
⋙ unmārgavartin
○vartin
⋙ unmārgavṛtti
○vṛtti mfn. going on a wrong road, going wrong, erring (lit. and fig.) MBh. Rājat. Kathās. &c
⋙ unmārgagamana
○gamana n. the act of going aside, finding an outlet Suśr
⋙ unmārgajalavāhin
○jala-vāhin mfn. carrying water by a wrong way
≫ unmārgin
unmārgin mfn. going astray
• finding an outlet Suśr
unmārjana
un-mārjana un-mṛj, col. 3
unmi
un-mi (ud- √1. mi), P. (3. pl. -minvanti) to set upright (e.g. a post) AitBr. ii, 2, 7
unmiśra
un-miśra (ud-mi○), mfn. ifc. mixed with, variegated Suśr. MBh. R. &c
unmiṣ
un-miṣ (ud- √1. miṣ), P. -miṣati (but once Ā., p. -miṣamāṇa MBh. ix, 3280) to open the eyes, draw up the eyelids MBh. BhP. Bhag. Kathās
• to open (as eyes or buds) Hariv
• to come forth, rise, originate Rājat. Kathās. &c
• to shine forth, become brilliant BhP. Daś. Rājat
≫ unmiṣa
un-miṣa m. the act of opening the eyes L. [Page 194, Column 2]
⋙ unmiṣita
un-miṣita mfn. opened (as an eye) Kum. iv, 2
• blown, expanded (as a flower) L
• open (as the face, i.e.) smiling Hariv
• (am), n. the opening (of the eyes) Ragh. v, 68 Kum. v, 25
≫ unmeṣa
un-meṣa m. the act of opening the eyes, looking at
• winking, twinkling or upward motion of the eyelids R. MBh
• flashing Megh. 84
• blowing or blossoming (of a flower) Kum
• coming forth, becoming visible, appearing, Śāntiś. Prab. Bhartṛ. &c
≫ unmeṣaṇa
un-meṣaṇa n. the coming forth, becoming visible, appearing Sāh. Prab
unmī
un-mī (ud-√mī), P. (Pot. -mimīyāt RV. x, 10, 9) Ā. (or Pass.?) -mīyate (ChUp. viii, 6, 5), to disappear
unmīl
un-mīl (ud-√mīl), P. -mīlati, to open the eyes
• to open (as an eye) ṢaḍvBr. Hariv. R. Hit. Bhaṭṭ
• to become visible, come forth, appear Bhartṛ. Gīt. Uttarar. Prab.: Caus. -mīlayati, to cause to open, open MBh. BhP. Mṛicch. &c
• to cause to appear, make visible, show Prab. Daś. Comm. on Lāṭy
≫ unmīla
un-mīla m. becoming visible, appearance Kauś
≫ unmīlana
un-mīlana n. the act of opening the eyes, raising the eyelids MBh
• the becoming visible, coming forth, appearance Prab. Sūryas
≫ unmīlita
un-mīlita mfn. opened (as an eye or a flower), caused to come forth, made visible
• (am), n. (in rhet.) unconcealed or open reference or allusion to Kuval
unmukha
un-mukha (ud-mu○), mf(ī)n. raising the face, looking up or at Suśr. Megh. Kum. Kathās. Pañcat. &c
• waiting for, expecting R. Kum. Kathās. &c
• near to, about to Vikr. Bhartṛ. VarBṛS. &c
• m. N. of an antelope (supposed to have been a Brāhman and hunter in former births) Hariv. 1210
⋙ unmukhatā
○tā f. the state of having the face raised
• state of watching or expectancy Kathās
⋙ unmukhadarśana
○darśana n. looking at with upraised face or with eager expectation Mudr
≫ unmukhīkaraṇa
unmukhī-karaṇa n. or the causing to look at, excitement of attention Daś. Sāh
⋙ unmukhīkaraṇakāra
○"ṣkāra m. the causing to look at, excitement of attention Daś. Sāh
unmukhara
un-mukhara (ud-mu○), mfn. loudsounding, noisy Prab
unmugdha
un-mugdha 1. un-muh below
unmuc
un-muc (ud-√muc), P. Ā. -muñcati, -te (Impv. 2. sg. -mumugdhi RV. i, 25, 21
• aor. 2. sg. -amukṣās AV. ii, 10, 6) to unbind, unfasten RV. i, 25, 21 AV
• to unfasten one's self, get loose (only Ā.) AV. xiv, 1, 57 ; ii, 10, 6 ŚBr
• to pull off, take off (clothes &c.) AitBr. PārGṛ. Kathās. &c
• to unseal (a letter) Rājat
• to liberate, set free R. Kathās. Pañcat. &c
• to send away, throw off
• to sling
• to give out, utter Hariv. Pañcat.: Caus. -mocayati, to unbind, unfasten, set free MBh. R. Kathās
≫ unmukta
un-mukta mfn. taken off, laid aside Kathās
• thrown out, uttered R
• (ifc.) free from
• deprived of, wanting VarBṛS
≫ unmukti
ún-mukti f. deliverance MaitrS
≫ unmukṣā
un-mukṣā́ f. id. ib
≫ unmuca
un-muca m. N. of a Ṛishi MBh
≫ unmucu
un-mucu m. id. ib
≫ unmocana
un-mocana n. the act of unfastening, unbinding
• giving up or away Kād
⋙ unmocanapramocana
○pramocaná e n. du. unfastening and loosening, unfastening completely AV. v, 30, 2-4
≫ unmocanīya
un-mocanīya mfn. to unfastened Megh. 95
• (vḷ. udveṣṭanīya.)
unmud
un-mud (ud-√mud)
≫ unmudita
un-mudita mfn. exulting, rejoicing BhP
unmudra
un-mudra (ud-mu○), mfn. unsealed
• opened, blown (as a flower) L
• unbound, unrestrained, wild (through joy) Prasannar
unmurch
un-murch (ud-√murch), P. -mūrchati, to become weak, faint, Kuv. Mcar
unmuṣ
un-muṣ (ud-√muṣ)
≫ unmuṣita
un-muṣita mfn. stolen VarBṛS
unmuh 1
un-muh (ud-√muh)
≫ unmugdha
un-mugdha mfn. confounded, confused Siddh
• silly, stupid Kathās. [Page 194, Column 3]
≫ unmuh 2
un-muh (k or Pāṇ. 8-2, 33), mfn. confounded, silly
unmūla 1
un-mūla (ud-mū○), mfn. eradicated, pulled up by the √AitBr. R. Prab
≫ unmūla 2
unmūla Nom. P. unmūlati, to be eradicated ṢaḍvBr.: Caus. P. unmūlayati, to eradicate, pull up by the roots
• to destroy, extirpate MBh. Pañcat. Kathās. Prab. &c
≫ unmūlana
unmūlana mfn. eradicating, destroying Kathās. lxvii, 14
• (am), n. the act of pulling up or out Ragh. Pañcat
• destroying, extirpation Prab. Rājat
≫ unmūlanīya
unmūlanīya mfn. to be eradicated or pulled up by the roots. HYog
≫ unmūlita
unmūlita mfn. eradicated, pulled up by the roots
• destroyed R. Vikr
unmṛj
un-mṛj (ud-√mṛj), Ā. (-mṛjate aor. 3. pl. -amṛkṣanta RV. i, 126, 4) to pull or draw near to one's self
• to receive, get RV. v, 52, 17 ; x, 167, 4 AV. xviii, 3, 73 TS. iii, 2, 3, 1
• P. Ā. -mārṣṭi, -mṛṣṭe, to stroke, make smooth
• to rub off, wipe off, polish
• to efface, blot out AV. viii, 6, 1 TBr. ŚBr. Kauś. Yājñ. &c.: Caus. -mārjayati, to polish, cleanse
≫ unmārjana
un-mārjana mfn. rubbing or wiping off, effacing Prab
≫ unmārjita
un-mārjita mfn. polished, clean ib
≫ unmṛjāvamṛjā
unmṛjâvamṛjā f. any act in which it is said un-mṛja! ava-mṛja! ('rub up and down'
• with irr. Impv.), g. mayūra-vyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72
≫ unmṛṣṭa
ún-mṛṣṭa mfn. stroked TBr
• rubbed or wiped off, effaced, blotted out Ragh. Yājñ. &c
unmṛd
un-mṛd (ud-√mṛd), P. -mṛdati, to rub, mash together, mingle KātyŚr. Lāṭy.: Caus. -mardayati, to rub (the body)
≫ unmarda
un-marda m. rubbing off, rubbing (the body) BhP
≫ unmardana
un-márdana n. id. KātyŚr. Gaut. Suśr. BhP
• a fragrant essence used for rubbing ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ
≫ unmardita
un-mardita mfn. rubbed, rubbed off Suśr
unmṛś
un-mṛś (ud-√mṛś), P. -mṛśati, to touch from above ŚBr. vi, 3, 3, 12: Ā. (Impv. -mṛśasva) to lift up (after having touched) RV. viii, 70, 9
≫ unmṛśya
un-mṛ́śya mfn. to be touched ( ity-u○)
unmedā
un-medā f. (√mid), corpulence, fatness W
unmeya
un-meya col. 1
unmeṣa
un-meṣa &c. col. 2
upa
úpa ind. (a preposition or prefix to verbs and nouns, expressing) towards, near to (opposed to apa, away), by the side of, with, together with, under, down (e.g. upa-√gam, to go near, undergo
upa-gamana, approaching
• in the Veda the verb has sometimes to be supplied from the context, and sometimes upa is placed after the verb to which it belongs, e.g. āyayur upa = upâyayuḥ, they approached). (As unconnected with verbs and prefixed to nouns upa expresses) direction towards, nearness, contiguity in space, time, number, degree, resemblance, and relationship, but with the idea of subordination and inferiority (e.g. upa-kaniṣṭhikā, the finger next to the little finger
upa-purāṇam, a secondary or subordinate Purāṇa
upa-daśa, nearly ten)
• sometimes forming with the nouns to which it is prefixed compound adverbs (e.g. upa-mūlam, at the √
upa-pūrva-rātram, towards the beginning of night
upa-kūpe, near a well) which lose their adverbial terminations if they are again compounded with nouns (e.g. upakūpa-jalâśaya, a reservoir in the neighbourhood of a well)
• prefixed to proper names upa may express in classical literature 'a younger brother' (e.g. upêndra, 'the younger brother of Indra'), and in Buddhist literature 'a son.' (As a separable adverb upa rarely expresses) thereto, further, moreover (e.g. tatrôpa brahma yo veda, who further knows the Brahman) RV. AV. ŚBr. PārGṛ. (As a separable preposition) near to, towards, in the direction of, under, below (with acc., e.g. upa āśāḥ, towards the regions)
• near to, at, on, upon
• at the time of, upon, up to, in, above (with loc., e.g. upa sānuṣu, on the tops of the mountains) [Page 195, Column 1]
• with, together with, at the same time with, according to (with inst., e.g. upa dharmabhiḥ, according to the rules of duty) RV. AV. ŚBr. upa, besides the meanings given above, is said by native authorities to imply disease, extinction
• ornament
• command
• reproof
• undertaking
• giving
• killing
• diffusing
• wish
• power
• effort
• resemblance, &c. ; [Zd. upa
• Gk. ? ; Lat. sub ; Goth. uf ; Old [195, 1] Germ. oba ; Mod. Germ. ob in Obdach, obliegen, &c.]
≫ upaka
upaka m. a diminutive for all proper names of men beginning with upa Pāṇ. 5-3, 80
⋙ upakādi
upakâdi m. a gaṇa Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
≫ upaḍa
upaḍa m. = upaka Pāṇ. 5-3, 80
upaṛ
upa-√ṛ upār
upakakṣa
upa-kakṣá mfn. reaching to the shoulder RV. x, 71, 7 Nir
• being under the arm-pit
• (am), n. (scil. loman) the hair under the arm-pit GopBr. i, 3, 9
upakaṇṭha
upa-kaṇṭha mfn. being upon the neck or near the throat
• being in the proximity of, proximate, near Kum. Pañcat. Ragh
• (am), n. proximity, neighbourhood, contiguous space Kathās. Rājat. &c
• space near a village or its boundary L
• a horse's gallop L
• (am), ind. towards the neck, round the neck Śiś. iii, 36
upakathā
upa-kathā f. a short story, tale
• a subordinate narrative
upakaniṣṭhikā
upa-kaniṣṭhikā f. (scil. aṅgulī) the finger next to the little finger, the last finger but one ĀśvGṛ. ŚāṅkhGṛ. HirGṛ. &c
upakanyā
upa-kanyā = upa-gatā kanyām Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
⋙ upakanyāpuram
○puram (upa-kanyāpuram), ind. near the women's apartments Daś
upakaraṇa
upa-karaṇa &c. upa- √1. kṛ
upakarṇam
upa-karṇam ind. near the ear, close to the ear Pāṇ
≫ upakarṇikā
upakarṇikā f. that which goes from ear to ear, rumour, report W
upakarṣaṇa
upa-karṣaṇa col. 3
upakalāpam
upa-kalāpam ind. near the girdle, down to the girdle, g. parimukhâdi Kāty. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 59 (Kāś.)
upakalpa
upa-kalpa &c. upa-√kḷp
upakāntam
upa-kāntam ind. near a friend, near a lover or a loved one Kir. i, 19
upakāra
upa-kāra &c. upa- √1. kṛ
upakāla
upa-kāla m. N. of a king of the Nāgas L
≫ upakālikā
upa-kālikā f. Nigella Indica Bhpr
upakāśa
upa-kāśa m. aurora, dawn ĀpŚr
• ifc. aspect, appearance (cf. nīlôpakāśa)
upakiraṇa
upa-kiraṇa upa-√kṝ
upakīcaka
upa-kīcaka m. a follower of Kīcaka MBh
upakuñci
upa-kuñci f. Nigella Indica L
≫ upakuñcikā
upa-kuñcikā f. id. Suśr
• small Cardamoms L
upakumbha
upa-kumbha am, or ena or e ind. near the water-jar Kāś
• (āt), ind. from the water-jar
• (ā), f. Croton Polyandrum Nigh
upakuraṅga
upa-kuraṅga m. a species of antelope Nigh
upakurvāṇa
upa-kurvāṇa upa- √1. kṛ
upakula
upa-kula n. 'secondary family or class', N. of particular Nakshatras
upakulyā
upa-kulyā f. Piper Longum Suśr
• a canal, trench, ditch L
upakuśa
upa-kuśa m. a gum-boil Suśr. Car
• N. of a son of Kuśa L
upakūj
upa-√kūj
≫ upakūjita
upa-kūjita mfn. made to resound with cooing MBh. BhP. [Page 195, Column 2]
upakūpa
upa-kūpa m. a small well L
• (e), ind. near a well L
⋙ upakūpajalāśaya
○jalâśaya m. a trough near a well for watering cattle
upakūla
upa-kūla mfn. being or growing on the shore or bank BhP. Kād. Kāś. on iv, 3, 59
• (am and tas), ind. on the shore Ragh. BhP
≫ upakūlaka
upa-kūlaka m. N. of a man
upakṛ
upa-kṛ √1. P. Ā. -karoti, -kurute, to bring or put near to, furnish with, provide Mn. Vikr. Ratnāv
• to assist, help, favour, benefit, cause to succeed or prosper R. Mn. Megh. &c
• to foster, take care of
• to serve, do homage to (with acc
• only Ā. by Pāṇ. 1-3, 32
• but MBh. i, 6408) ŚBr. Rājat. &c
• to undertake, begin, set about R
• to scold, insult Vop. xxiii, 25
upa-skṛ (s inserted or perhaps original), Ā. -skurute, to add, supply Pāṇ. Vop. Siddh
• to furnish with
• to prepare, elaborate, arrange, get ready
• to adorn, decorate, ornament
• to deform, disfigure, derange, disorder, spoil
• to take care for Pāṇ. Bhaṭṭ. Kāś
• to bring together, assemble
≫ upakaraṇa
upa-karaṇa n. the act of doing anything for another, doing a service or favour, helping, assisting, benefiting Pañcat. Sāh. Subh. &c
• instrument, implement, machine, engine, apparatus, paraphernalia (as the vessels at a sacrifice &c.) KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhGṛ. Yājñ. Mn. &c
• anything added over and above, contribution, expedient
• means of subsistence, anything supporting life
• any object of art or science
• anything fabricated Mn. Suśr. Kathās. Car. &c
• the insignia of royalty W
• the attendants of a king L
⋙ upakaraṇavat
○vat (upakaraṇá○), mfn. furnished with means or instruments or implements, competent to do anything ŚBr. Car
⋙ upakaraṇārtha
upakaraṇârtha mfn. suitable (as a meaning), requisite Car
≫ upakaraṇīkṛ
upa-karaṇī-√kṛ to cause to be instrument, make dependent Hit. Hcar. Kād
⋙ upakaraṇībhū
upakaraṇī-√bhū to become an instrument, become or be dependent Kād
≫ upakaraṇīya
upa-karaṇīya mfn. to be helped or assisted &c
≫ upakartṛ
upa-kartṛ mf(trī)n. one who does a favour, one who benefits, a helper MBh. Ragh. Hit. Sāh
≫ upakāra
upa-kāra m. help, assistance, benefit, service, favour
• use, advantage MBh. Yājñ. Hit. Vikr. &c
• (upakāre-√vṛt, to be of service to another R.)
• preparation, ornament, decoration, embellishment (as garlands suspended at gateways on festivals, flowers &c.) Suśr. L
• (ī), f. a royal tent
• a palace
• a caravansery L
⋙ upakārapara
○para mfn. intent on doing benefits or good, beneficent
⋙ upakārāpakāra
upakārâpakāra au m. du. kindness and injury
≫ upakāraka
upa-kāraka mf(ikā)n. doing a service or favour, assisting, helping, benefiting
• suitable, requisite Hit. Kathās. Sarvad. &c
• subsidiary, subservient
• accessory Sarvad
• (ikā), f. a protectress L
• a female assistant L
• a palace, a caravansery L
• a kind of cake L
⋙ upakārakatva
○tva n. the state of being helpful or assisting Sarvad
≫ upakārin
upa-kārin mfn. helping, assisting, doing a favour
• a benefactor
• subsidiary, subservient, requisite MBh. Pañcat. Śak. Vedāntas. &c
⋙ upakāritva
upakāri-tva n. aid, succour, protection Bhartṛ
≫ upakārya
upa-kārya mfn. to be helped or assisted, deserving or requiring assistance or favour Sarvad. Sāh. KapS
• (ā), f. a royal tent R. Ragh
• a king's house, palace
• a caravansery
• a cemetery L
≫ upakurvāṇa
upa-kurvāṇa (p. of the Ā. of upa- √1. kṛ, above), as, m. a Brahmacārin or student of the Veda who honours his religious teacher by a gift on completing his studies and becoming a Gṛihastha (opposed to the Naishṭhika, who stays with his teacher till death) BhP. Comm. on ChUp. &c
≫ upakurvāṇaka
upakurvāṇaka m. id. Comm. on Mn. ix, 94 Comm. on BhP. &c
≫ upakṛta
upa-kṛta mfn. helped, assisted, benefited
• rendered as assistance, done kindly or beneficently &c
• ifc. g. kṛtâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 59
• (am), n. help, favour, benefit Śak. 165 a Sāh
≫ upakṛti
upa-kṛti f. assistance, help, favour, kindness Kathās. Rājat. Prab
⋙ upakṛtimat
○mat mfn. one who does a favour, helping, assisting Śiś
≫ upakṛtin
upakṛtin mfn. one who has done or does a favour, a helper &c., g. iṣṭâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 88
≫ upakriyā
upa-kriyā f. the act of bringing near to
• favour, assistance, help, benefit, service Mn. ii, 149 Rājat
• means, expedient
• remedy Car
≫ upacikīrṣu
upa-cikīrṣu mfn. wishing or intending to do a service or favour Kathās. Bālar. [Page 195, Column 3]
≫ upaskara 1
upa-s-kara (for 2. below), as m. (n. MBh. v, 7234) any utensil, implement or instrument
• any article of household use (as is broom, basket &c.), appurtenance, apparatus MBh. Suśr. Mn. &c
• an ingredient, condiment, spice L
• N. of a Ṛishi BrahmaP
• ornament, decoration T
• blame, censure W
≫ upaskaraṇa 1
upa-s-karaṇa (for 2. below), am n. the act of decorating, embellishing, ornamenting
• ornament, embellishment T
≫ upaskāra
upa-s-kāra m. anything additional, a supplement Kir. Comm. on Ragh. 7, &c
• decoration, decorating T
≫ upaskṛta
upa-s-kṛta mfn. furnished with Suśr. BhP
• added, supplied Siddh
• prepared, arranged, elaborated
• ornamented, embellished, decorated, adorned MBh. R. Mn. Bhartṛ. &c
• deformed, deranged, spoiled Pāṇ. MBh. Mn
• assembled Siddh
• blamed, censured W
≫ upaskṛti
upa-s-kṛti f. the act of preparing, adorning &c. Comm. on Pāṇ
• a supplement, anything additional W
upakṛt
upa-kṛt √1. P. -kṛntati, to hurt, violate R
upakṛṣ
upa-kṛṣ √1. P. -karṣati, to draw towards or near one's self Suśr. BhP
• to draw with one's self, draw or drag away R
• to remove, give up MBh
≫ upakarṣaṇa
upa-karṣaṇa n. the act of drawing or dragging near Pat
≫ upakarṣam
upa-karṣam ind. drawing near or towards one's self, seizing Pāṇ. 3-4, 49
upakṛṣṇa
upa-kṛṣṇa mfn. = upagataḥ kṛṣṇam g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
≫ upakṛṣṇaka
upakṛṣṇaka m. N. of a being in Skanda's retinue MBh
upakṝ
upa-√kṝ P. -kirati, to scatter or throw down, scatter upon
• to pour upon, besprinkle, bestrew ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. &c
upa-s-kṝ (with s inserted or perhaps original), P. -skirati, to cut up, split
• to hurt Pāṇ. Vop. Kāś
≫ upakiraṇa
upa-kiraṇa n. the act of scattering or throwing over, covering up (with earth), burying KātyŚr
≫ upakīrṇa
úpa-kīrṇa mfn. besprinkled
• strewed with, covered ŚBr. ix, 1, 3, 14 MBh
≫ upaskara 2
upa-s-kara m. the act of hurting, violating T
≫ upaskaraṇa 2
upa-s-karaṇa n. id. ib
upakḷp
upa-√kḷp Ā. -kalpate, to be fit for, be ready at hand, become ŚBr. BhP
• to serve as, lead to (with dat.) R. v, 25, 21
• to take the shape or form of, become, be BhP. Mn.: Caus. P. -kalpayati (inf. -kalpayitavaí ŚBr. iv, 5, 2, 2) to prepare, make ready, equip
• to procure, bring near, fetch
ŚBr. KātyŚr. Lāṭy. MBh. &c
• to allot, asign MBh. R. Yājñ. Kathās
• to put or set up, turn towards
• to arrange BhP. Pañcat. Prab
• to impart, communicate BhP
• to assume, suppose Sāh
≫ upakalpa
upa-kalpa m. an appurtenance BhP
≫ upakalpana
upa-kalpana n. the act of preparing, preparation KātyŚr
• (ā), f. preparing (articles of food or medicine), fabricating, making Suśr
• substituting L
≫ upakalpanīya
upakalpanīya mfn. to be prepared or procured or fetched Car
• treating of preparation &c. (as & chapter) ib
≫ upakalpayitavya
upa-kalpayitavya mfn. to be prepared or made Suśr
≫ upakalpita
upa-kalpita mfn. prepared, procured, fetched
• arranged &c
≫ upakalpya
upa-kalpya ind. p. having prepared or procured &c
≫ upakḷpta
úpa-kḷpta mfn. ready, prepared ŚBr. AitBr. KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• equipped, adapted, fitted for, brought near MBh. R. &c
• produced, formed BhP
upaketu
upa-ketu m. N. of a man Kāṭh
upakeru
úpa-keru m. N. of a man MaitrS
upakoṇa
upa-koṇa m. an intermediate point of the compass Bālar
upakośā
upa-kośā f. N. of a daughter of Upa-varsha and wife of Vara-ruci Kathās. [Page 196, Column 1]
upakosala
upa-kosala m. N. of a man ChUp
upakram
upa-√kram P. -krāmati (rarely -kramati), Ā. -kramate, to go near, approach, come to RV. viii, 1, 4 ; 21, 2 ; 81, 7 MBh. R. Megh
• to rush upon, attack (only P. by Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 39 and 42) MBh. xiii
• to approach with any object, have recourse to, set about, undertake, begin (with acc., dat. or inf. only Ā. by Pāṇ. 1-3, 39 & 42) Lāṭy. MBh. Ragh. &c
• to treat, attend on (as a physician) MBh. Suśr. &c
≫ upakrantṛ
upa-krantṛ mfn. one who undertakes, a beginner Vop
≫ upakrama
upa-krama m. the act of going or coming near, approach MBh. R
• setting about, undertaking, commencement, beginning Lāṭy. KātyŚr. BhP. Sāh. Sarvad. &c
• enterprise, planning, original conception, plan Ragh. Rājat. Pañcat. &c
• anything leading to a result
• a means, expedient, stratagem, exploit MBh. Yājñ. Mālav. &c
• remedy, medicine Suśr
• attendance (on a patient), treatment, practice or application of medicine, physicking Suśr. &c
• the rim of a wheel Hcat
• a particular ceremony preparatory to reading the Vedas W
• trying the fidelity &c. of a counsellor or friend ib
• heroism, courage L
⋙ upakramaparākrama
○parākrama m. N. of wk
≫ upakramaṇa
upa-kramaṇa mf(ī)n. approaching
• complying with, granting Kathās
• (am), n. attendance (on a patient), treatment Suśr. &c
≫ upakramaṇīya
upa-kramaṇīya mfn. to be approached or gone to
• to be undertaken or commenced L
• to be treated (as a patient) Suśr. &c
• (upakramaṇīya), mfn. treating of attendance (on a patient)
≫ upakramitavya
upa-kramitavya mfn. to be undertaken or commenced R
≫ upakramya 1
upa-kramya mfn. to be attended or treated (as a patient) Suśr. Vikr. &c
≫ upakramya 2
upa-kramya ind. p. having approached
• having undertaken or commenced &c
≫ upakrānta
upa-krānta mfn. approached MBh
• undertaken, commenced, begun MBh. Mālav. &c
• treated, attended on, cured Daś. Suśr. &c
• previously mentioned MW
≫ upakrāmya
upa-krāmya mfn. = 1. upa-kramya above
upakrī
upa-√krī
≫ upakrīya
upa-krīya ind. p. having bought or purchased Hit
upakrīḍ
upa-√krīḍ P. -krīḍati, to play or dance around MBh. xiii, 3832
≫ upakrīḍā
upa-krīḍā f. place for playing, play-ground R
• (a kind of circus for public sports common in Malabār, Burnell.)
upakruś
upa-√kruś P. -krośati, to scold, blame: Caus. -krośayati, to cause to cry or lament BhP
≫ upakruśya
upa-kruśya ind. p. having scolded, blaming, chiding Hit
≫ upakruṣṭa
upa-kruṣṭa mfn. chid, scolded at
• m. a person of low caste, a carpenter, Comm. ĀśvŚr. ii, 1, 13
≫ upakrośa
upa-krośa m. reproach, censure MBh. R. Ragh. Daś
≫ upakrośana
upa-krośana n. the act of censuring blaming Daś
⋙ upakrośanakara
○kara mfn. causing reproach, disgracing, dishonouring Hariv
≫ upakroṣṭṛ
upa-kroṣṭṛ mfn. one who scolds or censures
• making a noise, braying
• (), m. an ass BhP
upaklid
upa-√klid P. to become wet
• to rot, putrefy: Caus. -kledayati, to make wet, soak Car
≫ upaklinna
upa-klinna mfn. wet, moist Car
• rotten, putrid ib
upakleśa
upa-kleśa m. (with Buddh.) a lesser Kleśa (q.v.) or cause of misery (as conceit, pride &c.) Sarvad
upakvaṇa
upa-kvaṇa or upa-kvāṇa m. (√kvaṇ), the sound of a lute L
upakvasa
upa-kvasa m. (voc. úpa-kvasa) a kind of worm AV. vi, 50, 2
upakṣatra
upa-kṣatra m. N. of a king VP
upakṣaya 1
upa-kṣaya (for 2. col. 2), m. 'a secondary or intermediate destruction of the world', N. of Śiva ṇīlak. MBh. xii, 10368. [Page 196, Column 2]
upakṣar
upa-√kṣar P. -kṣarati, to flow or stream towards RV. i, 124, 4 ; v, 62, 4 AitBr
• to pour over TBr
upakṣi 1
upa-kṣi √1. Pass. -kṣīyate, to waste away, decay, be consumed or exhausted TBr
≫ upakṣapayitṛ
upa-kṣapayitṛ mfn. (fr. the Caus.), one who destroys, a destroyer Sāy. on RV
≫ upakṣaya 2
upa-kṣaya (for 1. col. 1), as m. decrease, decline, decay, waste Hit. Comm. on VS. &c
≫ upakṣita
upa-kṣita án-upakṣita
≫ upakṣīṇa
upa-kṣīṇa mfn. exhausted, consumed KātyŚr
• absorbed, lost in Comm. on BṛĀrUp
• vanished, disappeared Sāh. Kathās
upakṣi 2
upa-kṣi √2. P. -kṣeti (RV
• 3. pl. -kṣiyanti AV. iv, 30, 4 RV
• Pot. 1. pl. -kṣayema AV. xix, 15, 4) to stay or dwell near or at, abide, dwell on (lit. and fig.) RV. AV
≫ upakṣit
upa-kṣít mfn. dwelling near
• clinging to, adhering RV. viii, 19, 33
≫ upakṣetṛ
upa-kṣetṛ́ mfn. one who dwells or stays near at RV. iii, 1, 16
upakṣip
upa-√kṣip P. -kṣipati, to throw at, hurl against BhP. Sāh
• to beat, strike ŚBr
• to strike with words, insult, accuse, insinuate R
• to allude, hint at Sāh. Mṛicch. Daś
• to speak of, describe, define Sāh. Sarvad
• to commence, set about (a work) Mall
≫ upakṣepa
upa-kṣepa m. throwing at
• threatening L
• mention, allusion, hint Sāh. Kathās. Daśar. Viddh. &c
• poetical or figurative style in composition W
≫ upakṣepaka
upa-kṣepaka mfn. alluding, suggesting
arthôpakṣepaka
≫ upakṣepaṇa
upa-kṣepaṇa n. throwing at or down L
• allusion, hint, suggestion Sāh
• putting a Śūdra's food into a Brāhman's house (where it is cooked), Śāmbu-purāṇa (T.)
upakṣudra
upa-kṣudra mfn. some what small TāṇḍyaBr
upakhātam
upa-khātam ind. near the ditch Daś
upakhila
upa-khila n. a sub-supplement, supplement to a supplement Hariv. VāyuP
upakhyā
upa-√khyā Pass. -khyāyate, to be seen or perceived ŚBr. iv, 1, 2, 13
upagaṇa
upa-gaṇa mfn. constituting a small class or number less than a troop Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 73
• m. N. of a man (Buddh.)
upagam
upa-√gam P. -gacchati (inf. -gantavaí RV. x, 160, 5) to go near to, come towards, approach, arrive at, reach, attain, visit (with acc. and rarely dat.) RV. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• to come upon, attack
• to press hard upon RV. i. 53, 9 MBh. Mṛicch. &c
• to occur, happen, present itself R. Megh. Pañcat. &c
• to undertake, begin ŚBr. R
• to approach (a woman sexually) MBh. Mn
• to enter any state or relation, undergo, obtain, participate in, make choice of, suffer MBh. Yājñ. Kum. Mālav. &c
• to admit, agree to, allow, confess: Caus. -gamayati, to cause to come near or approach Daś.: Desid. -jigamiṣati, to wish to approach, desire to go BhP
≫ upaga
upa-ga mfn. ifc. approaching, going towards Āp
• being or staying in or on BhP. VarBṛS. Śiś
• following, belonging to
• fit for, conducive to MBh. Car
• approached
• furnished with MBh. R. Mn
• covered (as a female) L
≫ upagata
upa-gata mfn. gone to, met, approached (esp. for protection or refuge Kām.) MBh. Śak. &c
• attained, obtained
• arrived, occurred, happened
• undergone, experienced MBh. Śiś. Pañcat. &c. furnished with MBh
• agreed, allowed Mn. MBh
• promised L
• near at hand
• approximate Vop. L
• passed away, dead L
• (am), n. receipt, acquittance Yājñ. ii, 93
⋙ upagatavat
○vat mfn. one who has gone to or approached
• possessing
• feeling, suffering (e.g. sorrow)
• one who has undertaken or promised W
≫ upagati
upa-gati f. approach, going near Śiś. ix, 75
• undergoing L
≫ upagatya
upa-gatya ind. p. = 2. upa-gamya
≫ upagama
upa-gama m. approach, coming to, approximation R. Megh. Ragh. Sarvad. &c
• entering (into any state or condition), obtaining, acquiring, having Śak. 14 c [Page 196, Column 3]
• approaching respectfully, veneration BhP
• coming near to, perceiving Comm. on Daśar
• acquaintance, society
• intercourse (as of the sexes) L
• undergoing, suffering, feeling L
• agreement, promise L
• a particular number (Buddh.)
≫ upagamana
upa-gamana n. the act of going towards, approaching, attaining MBh. R
• the act of coming near, perceiving Daśar. Sāh
• undertaking, addicting one's self to
≫ upagamya 1
upa-gamya mfn. to be approached, approachable, obtainable Mṛicch
≫ upagamya 2
upa-gamya ind. p. having approached, approaching &c
≫ upagāmin
upa-gāmin mfn. coming near, approaching, arriving Kathās
≫ upajigamiṣu
upa-jigamiṣu mfn. (fr. Desid.), wishing or desiring to go near Megh. 43
upagahana
upa-gahana m. N. of a Ṛishi MBh
upagā 1
upa-gā √1. (for 2. upa-√gai), P. -gāti (Subj. -gāt ; 3.pl. -gus
• aor. 1. sg. -geṣam VS. v, 5) to go near to, arrive at
• to come into, undergo RV. i, 164, 4 ; vii, 93, 3 AV
• to go, walk (pathā́, a way) RV. i, 38, 5 VS. ŚBr
≫ upageya 1
upa-geya (for 2. p. 197, col. 1), mfn. to be approached
• to be observed or kept Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 86
upagātṛ
upa-gātṛ́ &c. p. 197, col. 1
upagāh
upa-√gāh P. (p. -gāhat) to penetrate, force one's way into R
upagiram
upa-giram ind. near or at a mountain Pāṇ. 5-4, 112
≫ upagiri
upa-giri i ind. id. ib
• (is), m. the country near a mountain MBh
upagīti
upa-gīti &c. p. 197, col. 1
upagu
upa-gu m. N. of a king TāṇḍyaBr. VP. (vḷ. upa-guru)
• (u), ind. near a cow Pāṇ
upagudha
upa-gudha (vḷ. upa-guḍa Kāś.) Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
upagup
upa-√gup
≫ upagupta
upa-gupta mfn. hidden, concealed
• m. N. of a king
⋙ upaguptavitta
○vitta mfn. of concealed resources BhP
upaguru
upa-guru m. N. of a king VP. (v. l. upa-gu)
• an assistant teacher W
• (u), ind. near a teacher
upaguh
upa-√guh P. -gūhati, to hide, cover, conceal ŚBr. KātyŚr.: P. Ā. to clasp, embrace, press to the bosom MBh. R. BhP. Ragh. &c
≫ upaguhya
upa-guhya ind. p. having hidden, hiding, concealing
• having embraced, embracing
≫ upagūḍha
upa-gūḍha mfn. hidden, concealed, covered VarBṛS. BhP
• clasped round, embraced R. BhP. Ragh. Śiś. &c
• (am), n. the act of embracing, pressing to the bosom, an embrace Megh. Bhartṛ. Veṇis. &c
⋙ upagūḍhavat
○vat mfn. one who has embraced Hit
≫ upagūhana
upa-gūhana n. the act of hiding, concealing KātyŚr
• pressing to the bosom, embrace VarBṛS
• (in dram.) the occurrence of any wonderful event Sāh. Daśar
≫ upagūhya
upa-gūhya ep. = upa-guhya above
≫ upagohya
upa-gohya mfn. to be hidden
• m. a kind of fire considered as impure PārGṛ. MantraBr
upagṝ 1
upa-gṝ √1. P. (1. pl. -gṛṇīmasi, 3. p. -gṛṇánti) to approach with praise, revere, worship RV. i, 48, 11 ; ii, 34, 14
upagṝ 2
upa-gṝ √2. P. (Pot. -gilet) to swallow down Suśr. ii, 237, 8
upagai
upa-√gai P. -gāyati (Impv. 2. pl. [-gAyat˘A] RV.) to sing to any one (dat. or acc.)
• to join in singing, accompany a song
• to sing before, sing, praise in song, celebrate, 'fill with song' RV. viii, 32, 17 ; ix, 11, 1 AV. iv, 15, 4 TS. ŚBr. &c. MBh. BhP. &c
• to sing near: Pass. -gīyate (p. -gīyámāna RV. MBh
• and -gīyat irr. MBh. xv, 883) to be sung or praised in song
• to be sung before RV. viii, 70, 5 MBh
≫ upagā 2
upa-gā f. accompaniment of a song KātyŚr. Lāṭy. Jaim. [Page 197, Column 1]
≫ upagātṛ
upa-gātṛ́ m. one who accompanies the song of the Ud-gātṛi, a chorister TS. ŚBr. AitBr
≫ upagāna
upa-gāna n. an accompanying song Mālav
≫ upagāyana
upa-gāyana n. singing BhP
≫ upagīta
upa-gīta mfn. sung to or before, sung, celebrated, proclaimed MBh. R. Ragh
• one who has begun to sing near Śiś. iv, 57
≫ upagīti
upa-gīti f. a kind of Āryā metre (consisting of four lines of alternately twelve and fifteen instants)
≫ upagītha
upa-gīthá n. id. MaitrS. ii, 13, 14
≫ upageya
upa-geya mfn. to be sung or celebrated
• (am), n. song BhP. v, 26, 38
upagranth
upa-√granth P. (1. sg. -granthāmi for -grathnāmi?) to intwine or wind round Comm. on TS. i, 2, 7
≫ upagrantha
upa-grantha m. 'minor work', a class of writings
upagras
upa-√gras P. (impf. upâgrasat) to swallow down, devour (as Rāhu the sun)
• to eclipse MBh. ii, 2693
upagrah
upa-√grah P. -gṛhṇāti (aor. -agrabhīt AV.) to seize from below
• to hold under, put under
• to support AV. vii, 110, 3 ŚBr. KātyŚr. PārGṛ. &c
• to collect a fluid (by holding a vessel under) TS
• to seize, take possession of, take, obtain
• to subdue, become master of MBh. R. BhP. Mn. Pañcat. &c
• to draw near (to one's self)
• to conciliate, propitiate
• to take as one's ally ChUp
• to comprehend BhP. iii, 22, 21
• to take up again, renew MBh. xii, 5206
• to accept, approve MBh. xii, 6977
≫ upagṛhīta
upa-gṛhīta mfn. held from below, supported ĀśvGṛ. iv, 7, 10
• subdued, mastered Prab
≫ upagṛhya
upa-gṛhya ind. p. having held under or seized from below
• having obtained, obtaining &c
≫ upagraha 1
upa-graha m. (for 2. s.v.) seizure, confinement L
• a prisoner L
• a handful (of Kuśa grass) Kāty
• adding, addition (of a sound) Comm. on Pāṇ
• an e used as Nidhana (q.v.) at the end of a Sāman Lāṭy. vii, 8, 11
• alteration, change SaṃhUp. ii, 3
• propitiation, conciliation, coaxing Daśar
• a kind of Sandhi or peace (purchased by the cession of everything) Kām. Hit
• the Pada or voice of a verb Comm. on Pāṇ
• a kind of demon causing diseases (supposed to preside over the planets) Hariv. 9562
≫ upagrahaṇa
upa-grahaṇa n. the act of seizing from below, holding under, supporting KātyŚr. i, 10, 6
• comprehending, learning R. i, 4, 4
• the taking any one prisoner, seizure, capture L
≫ upagrāha
upa-grāha m. a complimentary gift, present to a superior MBh. ii, 1898
≫ upagrāhya
upa-grāhya n. id. L
upagraha 2
upa-graha m. (fr. graha with upa implying inferiority), a minor planet or any heavenly body of a secondary kind, a comet, meteor, falling star &c. MBh. &c
upaghaṭṭ
upa-√ghaṭṭ to stir up Car
upaghāta
upa-ghāta m. (fr. upa-√han, q.v.), a stroke, hurt, violation
• injury, damage, offence, wrong MBh. R. Mn. Śak. &c
• weakness, sickness, disease, morbid affection (cf. puṃstvôpa○, svarôpa○) Suśr
• a kind of oblation or sacrifice Gṛihyās. ii, 7
≫ upaghātaka
upa-ghātaka mfn. striking, hurting
• injuring, damaging offending MBh. Car
• m. injury, offence, damage MBh. xiii, 3610
≫ upaghātam
upa-ghā́tam ind. p. upa-√han
≫ upaghātin
upa-ghātin mfn. one who does damage, hurting, injuring Suśr. MBh
≫ upaghna
upa-ghna m. contiguous support, resting-place, shelter, refuge Pāṇ. Bhaṭṭ
⋙ upaghnataru
○taru m. a supporting tree, a tree which supports a climbing plant Ragh. xiv, 1
upaghuṣ
upa-√ghuṣ
≫ upaghuṣṭa
upa-ghuṣṭa mfn. caused to resound, resounding with, sounding MBh. BhP
≫ upaghoṣaṇa
upa-ghoṣaṇa n. proclamation, publication Daś
upaghrā
upa-√ghrā P. -jighrati (-jíghrati AV.) to smell at
• to touch (with the mouth) AV. xii, 4, 5 ŚBr. Lāṭy. MBh. &c
• to smell MBh. Ragh
• to kiss MBh. vii, 4357 Ragh. xiii, 70 R.: Caus. -ghrāpayati, to cause to smell at TS. v, 2, 8, 1
≫ upaghrāta
upa-ghrāta mfn. smelled at, touched by the mouth (of a cow) Mn. iv, 209 Gaut. xvii, 12. [Page 197, Column 2]
≫ upaghrāyam
upa-ghrā́yam ind. p. smelling at MaitrS. ii, 1, 3
≫ upajighraṇa
upa-jighraṇa am, ā n. f. the act of smelling at Car
upaca
upaca mfn. ācôpaca
upacakra
upa-cakra m. a species of duck (cf. cakra and cakra-vāka) MBh
upacakṣus
upa-cakṣus n. a superhuman or divine eye (= divya-cakṣus) L
• spectacles (Beng. casamā) T
upacatura
upa-catura mfn. (pl.) almost four, nearly four Kāty. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 77
upacaya
upa-caya upa- √1. ci
upacar
upa-√car P. -carati, to go towards, come near, approach RV. vii, 46, 2 TS. v, 7, 6, 1 ŚBr. R
• to come near, wait upon, serve, attend, assist, bear a hand ŚBr. MBh. Mṛicch. Daś. &c
• to approach, set about, undertake, perform TS. iii, 1, 6, 1 ŚBr
• to attend on (a patient), physic (a person), treat, tend, nurse Suśr. Pañcat
• to use figuratively or metaphorically, apply figuratively (generally Pass. -caryate) VarBṛS. Sāh. Sarvad. &c
≫ upacara
upa-cára mfn. accessory, supplementary ŚāṅkhBr
• m. access, approach ŚBr. ii, 3, 4, 30
• attendance, cure Suśr. (cf. sū7pacara.)
≫ upacaraṇa
upa-caraṇá n. approach. sū7pacaraṇá
≫ upacaraṇīya
upa-caraṇīya mfn. to be approached
• to be attended
• to be applied or attributed Sāy. on TBr. i, 3, 2, 3
≫ upacarita
upa-carita mfn. approached, attended
• applied &c
• (am), n. a particular rule of Sandhi (cf. upa-cāra) VPrāt
≫ upacaritavya
upa-caritavya mfn. to be attended or waited upon Bhartṛ
• to be treated Car
• to be respected or revered or treated with attention MBh. R. Mn. Pañcat. &c
• (ā), f. service, attendance
• attendance on a patient
• practice of medicine
≫ upacarya 1
upa-carya mfn. id
≫ upacarya 2
upa-carya ind. p. having approached, having attended &c
≫ upacāra
upa-cārá m. approach, service, attendance Hcat. i, 111, 2 seqq
• act of civility, obliging or polite behaviour, reverence ŚBr. MBh. Śak. &c. (64 Upacāras are enumerated in the Tantra-sāra, quoted by T.)
• proceeding, practice
• behaviour, conduct
• mode of proceeding towards (gen.), treatment ŚBr. MBh. Āp. Mn. &c
• attendance on a patient, medical practice, physicking Suśr. Pañcat. Vikr
• a ceremony Kum. vii, 86
• present, offering, bribe
• solicitation, request L
• ornament, decoration Kum. Ragh. vii, 4
• a favourable circumstance Sāh. 300
• usage, custom or manner of speech Nyāyad
• a figurative or metaphorical expression (upacārāt ind. metaphorically), metaphor, figurative application Sāh. Sarvad. Comm. on Śiś. &c
• pretence, pretext L
• a kind of Sandhi (substitution of s and in place of Visarga) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-3, 48
• N. of a Pariśishṭa of the Sāma-veda
⋙ upacārakaraṇa
○karaṇa or n. þor n. þor f. (Mn. viii, 357) act of courteousness, politeness, civility
⋙ upacārakarman
○karman n. or (Mn. viii, 357) act of courteousness, politeness, civility
⋙ upacārakriyā
○kriyā f. (Mn. viii, 357) act of courteousness, politeness, civility
⋙ upacāracchala
○cchala n. a kind of fallacious inference (to be refuted by reference to the real sense of a word used metaphorically, e.g. if any one from the sentence 'the platform cries' were to conclude that the platform really cries and not persons on the platform) Nyāyad. Nyāyak
⋙ upacārapada
○pada n. a courteous or polite word, a mere compliment Kum. iv, 9
⋙ upacārapara
○para mfn. intent on service or politeness
⋙ upacāraparibhraṣṭa
○paribhraṣṭa mfn. devoid of civility, destitute of kindness, churlish, uncourteous Hit
⋙ upacāraparīta
○parī7ta mfn. full of politeness
⋙ upacāravat
○vat mfn. polite
• furnished with ornaments, decorated Ragh. vi L
≫ upacāraka
upacāraka mf(ikā)n. ifc. for upa-cāra Kathās
• m. courteousness, politeness Hcat
≫ upacārika
upacārika mfn. ifc. serving for, belonging to MBh. iv, 1621
≫ upacārin
upacārin mfn. attending upon, serving
• revering R. MaitrUp
• ifc. using (a remedy) Car
≫ upacārya
upa-cārya mfn. to be attended upon, to be treated with attention Pañcat
• (ā), f. practice of medicine L
≫ upacīrṇa
upa-cīrṇa mfn. attended upon, assisted MBh. (= vañcita, 'deceived' Nīlak.)
upacarma
upa-carma ind. near or on the skin Comm. on Pāṇ. [Page 197, Column 3]
upacāku
upacāku m. N. of a man, g. bāhv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 96 (not in the Kāś.)
upacāyin 1
upa-cāyin (for 2. below), mfn. (√2. ci), honouring, revering MBh
upacāru
upa-cāru m. N. of a Cakravartin
⋙ upacārumat
○mat m. id. (Buddh.)
upaci
upa-ci √1. P. -cinoti, to gather together TS. i, 1, 7, 2
• to heap up, collect, hoard up, accumulate
• to increase, strengthen MBh. Kum. Suśr. Megh. &c
• to pour over, cover, overload: Pass. -cīyate, to be heaped together or accumulated
• to increase, become strong MBh. Suśr. Rājat. Hit. &c
• to gain advantage, succeed, be prosperous Mn. viii, 169
• to be covered with
• to cover one's self, furnish one's self with MBh. Suśr
≫ upacaya
upa-caya m. accumulation, quantity, heap
• elevation, excess
• increase, growth, prosperity MBh. Suśr. Hit. &c
• (upacayaṃ √1. kṛ, to promote or advance the prosperity of, help, assist Kām.)
• addition KātyŚr
• the third, sixth, tenth, and eleventh of the zodiacal signs VarBṛS. &c
⋙ upacayāpacaya
upacayâpacaya au m. du. prosperity and decay, rise and fall Suśr
⋙ upacayāvaha
upacayâvaha mfn. causing prosperity or success Kām
≫ upacāyin 2
upa-cāyin mfn. ifc. causing to increase or succeed MBh
≫ upacāyya
upa-cāyya m. a particular sacrificial fire Pāṇ. L
• a place for holding sacrificial fire, an altar, hearth Bhaṭṭ. L
≫ upacāyyaka
upacāyyaka m. id
≫ upacit
upa-cít t f. a particular disease, a kind of swelling VS. xii, 97, (śvayathu-guḍa-ślīpadâdayaḥ Comm.)
≫ upacita
upa-cita mfn. heaped up, increased
• thriving, increasing, prospering, succeeding MBh. BhP. Megh. Ragh. &c
• big, fat, thick Suśr. Car
• covered over, furnished abundantly, possessing plentifully MBh. Hariv. Pañcat. &c
• plastered, smeared
• burnt L
⋙ upacitarasa
○rasa mfn. one whose (appetite or) desire is increased Megh. 115
≫ upaciti
upa-citi f. accumulation, increase
• augmentation, Śāntiś
• gain, advantage
• a heap, pile MBh. iii, 15144
• (in arithm.) progression Āryabh. ii, 21
≫ upacitībhū
upacitī-√bhū to increase, grow Gīt. xii, 27
≫ upaceya
upa-ceya mfn. to be collected or heaped up
upacikīrṣu
upa-cikīrṣu upa- √1. kṛ
upacitra
upa-citra mfn. variegated, coloured
• m. N. of a man MBh
• (ā), f. N. of particular metres (viz. 1. a variety of Mātrāsamaka, consisting of four lines of sixteen instants each
• 2. a metre of four lines of eleven instants each
• in two varieties)
• the plants Salvinia Cucullata and Croton Polyandrum L
≫ upacitraka
upacitraka n. a particular metre (consisting of four lines of eleven instants each)
upacūḍana
upa-cūḍana or upa-cūlana n. singeing, searing, heating Parāś. Comm. on Yājñ. &c
upacṛt
upa-√cṛt P. -cṛtati, to fasten, tie or bind on Kauś
upacchad
upa-cchad (upa-√chad)
≫ upacchanna
upa-cchanna mfn. covered MBh. i, 5005
• concealed, hidden, secret MBh. i, 6006 Mn
upacchand
upa-cchand (upa-√chand), Caus. -cchandayati, to conciliate (privately by flattering or coaxing language), coax, entice
• to seduce Prab. Rājat. Kathās
• to supplicate, beg Ragh. v, 58
≫ upacchanda
upa-cchanda m. anything necessary or needful, a requisite MBh. xiii, 3300
≫ upacchandana
upa-cchandana n. persuasion, conciliation by coaxing, enticing Daś. Bālar. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 47
≫ upacchandita
upa-cchandita mfn. persuaded, coaxed, enticed Śak. 207, 2, (Prākṛit uba-cchandido.)
upacchal
upa-cchal (upa-√chal), P. -cchalayati, to deceive, overreach Prab
upacyava
upa-cyavá m. (√cyu), the act of pressing or moving towards (said of a woman in sexual intercourse) RV. i, 28, 3, (= śālā-prāpti Sāy.)
upaja 1
upa-já (for 2. p. 198, col. 1), mfn. (√jan), additional, accessory ŚBr. i, 1, 1, 10 (Sāy. reads upa-cám [√1. ci]
• Weber's extracts from the Comm. on the above passage, where T. reads correctly tricatura-māsād āropitam instead of tṛcaturān mākhābapitam [?]). [Page 198, Column 1]
upajagatī
upa-jagatī f. a particular metre (a variety of the Trishṭubh
• three Pādas containing twelve instants instead of eleven) RPrāt
upajan
upa-√jan Ā. -jā́yate, to be produced or originate in addition
• to be added or put to RV. i, 25, 8 TāṇḍyaBr. ĀśvŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. RPrāt. &c
• to follow (as a consequence) Sarvad
• to be born, originate, come forth, appear, become visible, happen MBh. BhP. Mn. Hit. Suśr. &c
• to be born again MBh. xiii, 6689 Yājñ. iii, 256 Bhag
• to exist, be Pañcat. Hit.: Caus. -janayati, to generate, produce
• to cause, effect TāṇḍyaBr. Prab. Mālav. Sarvad
≫ upaja 2
upa-ja (for 1. s.v.), mfn. produced or coming from Gaut. xii, 36, &c
• m. N. of a deity
≫ upajana
upa-jana m. addition, increase
• appendage ĀśvŚr. ChUp. Comm. on Nyāyam. &c
• addition of a letter (in the formation of a word), letters or syllables or affixes added RPrāt. APrāt. Nir. Sāy. &c
≫ upajanana
upa-janana n. generation, procreation MānGṛ. i, 14
≫ upajā
upa-jā f. distant or not immediate posterity AV. xi, 1, 19
≫ upajāta
upa-jāta mfn. added, additional APrāt. &c
• produced, engendered, aroused, originated MBh. Daś. &c
⋙ upajātakopa
○kopa or mfn. one whose anger is aroused, provoked, excited Prab
⋙ upajātakrodha
○krodha mfn. one whose anger is aroused, provoked, excited Prab
⋙ upajātakheda
○kheda mfn. suffering from exhaustion, faint, feeble Mṛicch
⋙ upajātaviśvāsa
○viśvāsa mfn. inspired with confidence, confident, trusting, believing Hit
≫ upajāti
upa-jāti f. a mixed metre (esp. a combination of Indra-vajrā and Upendra-vajrā, or of Vaṃśa-stha and Indra-vaṃśa)
≫ upajātikā
upajātikā f. id
upajanam
upa-janam ind. near the people Kir. iv, 1
upajandhani
upa-jandhani m. N. of a man SkandaP
upajap
upa-√jap P. -japati, to whisper (karṇe, or karṇam, into anybody's ear) MBh. R
• to bring over to one's own party (by secretly suggesting anything into the ear)
• to instigate to rebellion or treachery MBh. xii, 2633 Mn. vii, 197 Daś. Kathās. &c
≫ upajapta
upa-japta mfn. brought over or instigated to rebellion (by whispering into the ear &c.)
≫ upajapya
upa-japya mfn. to be brought over or instigated to rebellion (cf. the last) Mn. vii, 197 Bhaṭṭ
≫ upajāpa
upa-jāpa m. the act of rousing to rebellion or bringing over to one's own party ( above) Hit. Pañcat. Daś. Śiś. &c
≫ upajāpaka
upa-jāpaka mfn. one who brings over to his party or one who rouses to rebellion (by whispering into the ear &c.) Mn. ix, 275
upajarasam
upa-jarasam ind. towards or near old age, Pāṇ. 5-4, 107
upajalā
upa-jalā f. N. of a river MBh
upajalp
upa-√jalp
≫ upajalpita
upa-jalpita n. talk R. ii, 60, 14
≫ upajalpin
upajalpin mfn. talking to a person, giving advice MBh. i, 5396
upajānu
upa-jānu ind. in or near the knee Pāṇ. 4-3, 40
upaji
upa-√ji P. -jayati, to acquire by conquest, gain, obtain GopBr. ii, 2, 16
upajigamiṣu
upa-jigamiṣu upa-√gam
upajighraṇa
upa-jighraṇa upa-√ghrā
upajijñāsu
upa-jijñāsu upa-√jñā
upajihīrṣā
upa-jihīrṣā f. upa-√hṛ
upajihvā
upa-jihvā f. the epiglottis Yājñ. iii, 97
• an abscess on the under side of the tongue Suśr
• a kind of ant L
≫ upajihvikā
upa-jíhvikā f. a kind of ant RV. viii, 102, 21
• the epiglottis Car
• an abscess ( above) Suśr
upajīka
upa-jī́ka m. (ā f. ?) a water deity AV. ii, 3, 4 ; vi, 100, 2
upajīv
upa-√jīv P. -jīvati (3. pl. -jī́vanti) to live or exist upon (food), subsist, support one's self on, be supported by RV. i, 190, 5
AV. TS. ŚBr. TBr. MBh. Pañcat. &c. [Page 198, Column 2]
• to derive profit from, make use of (with acc.) Yājñ. BhP. MārkP. &c
• to live under, be dependent on, serve MBh. BhP. Śiś. &c
• to live for a profession, practice Mn. MBh. BhP. &c.: Caus. -jīvayati, to use, make the most of Kathās. lxi, 268
≫ upajīva
upa-jīvá mfn. probably not very different in meaning from jīvá, q.v. AV. xix, 69, 2
• (ā́), f. subsistence TBr. i, 5, 6, 4
≫ upajīvaka
upa-jīvaka mfn. living upon, subsisting by (with instr. or ifc.) MBh. R. Kathās. Comm. on Mn
• living under, depending upon, subject to, a dependant, servant Kathās
• (am, ikā), n. f. subsistence, livelihood L
≫ upajīvana
upa-jī́vana n. livelihood, subsistence ŚBr. Mn. ix, 207 Yājñ. iii, 236 MBh. Pañcat. &c
• dependance, submissiveness Prasannar
≫ upajīvanīya
upajīvanī́ya mfn. affording or serving for livelihood AV. viii, 10, 22-29 TS. ŚBr
≫ upajīvin
upa-jīvin mfn. living on, subsisting by (with acc. or gen. or ifc.) MBh. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• living in dependence, dependent, subject MBh. Ragh. Rājat. &c
• submissive, humble, Ratnāv
≫ upajīvya 1
upa-jīvya mfn. that by which one lives, affording or serving for a livelihood MBh. Yājñ. &c
• that on which one depends or rests Daś. Sāh
≫ upajīvya 2
upa-jīvya ind. p. having lived upon
• depending on, because of (with acc.)
upajuṣ
upa-√juṣ P. (pf. 3. pl. -jujuṣus) to excite pleasure, gladden RV. viii, 23, 9
≫ upajoṣa
upa-joṣa m. desire, pleasure, liking, yathôpajoṣam
• (am), ind. according to one's desire or liking L
• silently, quietly Śak. 202, 8, v. l
≫ upajoṣaṇa
upa-joṣaṇa n. enjoyment, use
• taking (food) BhP. v, 16, 19
upajñā 1
upa-√jñā Ā. -jānīte (3. pl. -jānate AV.) to ascertain, excogitate, invent, find out, hit upon AV. iv, 36, 8 ŚBr
≫ upajijñāsu
upa-jijñāsu mfn. (fr. Desid.), wishing to know or to become acquainted with MBh. xii, 3884
≫ upajijñāsya
upa-jijñāsyá mfn. to be excogitated or found out
• enigmatical ŚBr. iii, 2, 1, 24
≫ upajñā 2
upa-jñā f. knowledge found out or invented by one's self (not handed down by tradition), untaught or primitive knowledge, invention Pāṇ. L
• (mfn. ifc.) invented or first taught by, unknown before Ragh. xv, 63 Kāś. and Siddh. on Pāṇ. 2-4, 21 and vi, 2, 14 Bhaṭṭ
≫ upajñāta
úpa-jñāta mfn. excogitated, invented, found out
• ascertained by one's self, unknown before ŚBr. Pāṇ
upajman
úpa-jman ā m. (√gam), way, path ṇBḍ. SV. i, 4, 1, 5, 6
upajyotiṣa
upa-jyotiṣa n. a compendium of astronomy VarBṛS
upajri
upa-√jri P. -jrayati, to go near to RV. ix, 71, 5
upajval
upa-√jval
≫ upajvalita
upa-jvalita mfn. lighted up (with an○ neg.) ŚBr. xi, 8, 3, 7
upaḍa
upaḍa m. a diminutive for all proper names of men which begin with upa Pāṇ. 5-3, 80
upaḍhauk
upa-√ḍhauk Caus. P. -ḍhaukayati, to fetch, bring, prepare
• to offer, present Hit. Comm. on KātyŚr. vii, 2, 2 Kāraṇḍ
≫ upaḍhaukana
upa-ḍhaukana n. a respectful present (made to a king) L
≫ upadhaukita
upa-dhaukita mfn. prepared, arranged Pañcat
upatakṣa
upa-takṣa or upatakṣaka m. N. of a Nāga Kauś. R
upataṭam
upa-taṭam ind. near the slope Megh. 58
• near the bank Kād
upatap
upa-√tap P. -tapati (p. -tápat, col. 3) to make warm, heat ŚBr
• to afflict (as an illness
• with gen. or acc. of the afflicted person) ŚBr. ChUp
• to feel pain, become sick ĀśvGṛ. iv, 1, 1: Pass. -tapyate, to be made warm or heated
• (with tapas) to undergo bodily mortification AV. vii, 61, 1, 2
• to be afflicted with pain, be tormented, feel pain, become ill KātyŚr. MBh. BhP. Suśr. &c.: Caus. -tāpayati (aor. Subj. 2. sg. -tītapāsi AV.) to ignite, burn, consume AV. vi, 32, 1 [Page 198, Column 3]
• to cause pain, mortify, torment, hurt, oppress MBh. BhP. Comm. on Mn
≫ upatapat
upa-tápat t n. interior heat, disease ŚBr. TBr. iii, 9, 17, 1
≫ upatapta
upa-tapta mfn. heated, hot MBh. iii, 71 R
• sick, ill KātyŚr. xxii, 3, 23
• distressed, afflicted
≫ upataptṛ
upa-taptṛ mfn. heating, burning
• (), m. interior heat, disease L
≫ upatāpa
upa-tāpa m. heat, warmth
• heating Suśr. L
• pain, trouble
• paining Śak. 122, 2 (vḷ. for anu-tāpa) Suśr
• sickness, disease, hurt ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Suśr. &c
• haste, hurry L
≫ upatāpaka
upa-tāpaka mfn. causing pain, paining
≫ upatāpana
upa-tāpana mfn. id. BhP
≫ upatāpin
upa-tāpín mfn. heating, inflaming
• causing pain, paining MBh. Kāvyâd. &c
• (upatāpin), suffering heat or pain, sick, ill ŚBr. ChUp. Kauś. Mn
upatalpya
upa-talpya m. a kind of wooden seat or stool Sāy. on TBr. iii, 8, 14
upatāraka
upa-tāraka mfn. (√tṝ), overflowing Kauś
upatiṣṭhāsu
upa-tiṣṭhāsu upa-√sthā
upatiṣya
upa-tiṣya m. N. of a son of Tishya
upatīram
upa-tīram ind. on the shore Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 121
upatīrtha
upa-tīrtha sū7patīrtha
upatuṣ
upa-√tuṣ Caus
≫ upatoṣya
upa-toṣya ind. p. having satisfied
• contenting, satisfying ĀśvGṛ. i, 6
upatūlam
upa-tūlam ind. near or on the panicle (of a plant), Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 121
upatṛṇya
upa-tṛṇya (voc. úpa-tṛṇya), m. 'lurking in the grass', a kind of snake AV. v, 13, 5
upatṛd
upa-√tṛd P. -tṛṇátti (Pot. -tṛndyā́t) to pierce, cleave TS. vi, 3, 9, 3
upataila
upa-taila mfn. (g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 194) = abhyakta-taila T
upataiṣa
upataiṣa vḷ. for upa-naiṣa (Kāś.), g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 194 (ed. B"htl.)
upatyakā
upatyakā f. land at the foot of a mountain or hill, low-land Pāṇ. Ragh. Śak. Śiś. &c
• a vale, valley L
upatsar
upa-√tsar
≫ upatsarya
upa-tsárya ind. p. having approached stealthily, creeping near ŚBr. i, 6, 3, 28
upadaṃś
upa-√daṃś
≫ upadaṃśa
upa-daṃśa m. anything eaten in addition (to excite thirst or appetite), a relish, spice R. Kathās. Suśr. Daś
• a kind of venereal disease Suśr
• the tree Moringa Hyperanthera (the scraped √of which is used for horse-radish) L
• a kind of shrub L
≫ upadaṃśaka
upa-daṃśaka m. a particular plant L
≫ upadaṃśam
upa-daṃśam ind. p. having taken an additional bit or morsel of (with instr. or ifc.) Pāṇ. 3-4, 47 Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-2, 21
≫ upadaṃśin
upadaṃśin mfn. afflicted with the Upadaṃśa (q.v.) disease L
≫ upadaśya
upa-daśya ind. p. = upa-daṃśam above
upadambh
upa-√dambh Caus. P. (3. pl. -dambhayanti) to lessen, diminish, destroy ŚBr. xiii, 8, 1, 1
upadarśaka
upa-darśaka &c. upa-√dṛś
upadaśa
upa-daśa mfn. nearly ten, almost ten Comm. on Pāṇ. Vop
upadas
upa-√das P. -dasyati (Subj. -dasat RV. i, 139, 5 AV. v, 30, 15) to fail, be wanting, be extinguished or exhausted, dry up RV. AV. iii, 29, 2, 6 ; v, 30, 15 TS. i, 6, 3, 3 ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. GopBr. Kauś
• to want, lose, be deprived of (instr.) AV. xii, 4, 2: Caus. -dāsayati, to cause to fail or cease, extinguish AV. xii, 5, 27 ; 52 TBr. Nir
≫ upadasta
upa-dasta &c. an-upadasta, p. 34, col. 2
≫ upadāsuka
upa-dā́suka mfn. failing TS
upadah
upa-√dah P. -dahati (aor. -adhā- kṣīt MBh. iii, 546) to burn, set fire to ŚBr. Gobh. MBh. [Page 199, Column 1]
≫ upadagdha
upa-dagdha mfn. burnt, set on fire ŚBr. Kauś
upadā 1
upa-dā √1. P. -dadāti, to give in addition, add
• to give, grant, offer RV. vi, 28, 2 AV. iv, 21, 2 ; xix, 34, 8 R
• to take upon one's self: Pass. (irr. p. -dadyámāna) to be offered or granted (as protection) RV. vi, 49, 13
≫ upadadya
upa-dádya ind. p. having taken or taking upon one's self AV. x, 8, 18 (= xiii, 3, 14)
≫ upadā 2
upa-dā́ mfn. giving a present VS. xxx, 9
• (ā), f. a present, offering (esp. a respectful present to a king or person of rank)
• a bribe Pāṇ. Ragh. Śatr. &c
≫ upadātṛ 1
upa-dātṛ (for 2. col. 2), mfn. one who gives or grants or confers Pañcat. iv, 107 (ed. Bombay)
≫ upadāna 1
upa-dāna (for 2. col. 2) or n. a present, offering. = 2. upa-dā above L
⋙ upadānaka
upa-dānaka n. a present, offering. = 2. upa-dā above L
≫ upadīkṛta
upadī-kṛta mfn. offered as a present Śiś
upadānavī
upa-dānavī f. N. of a daughter of the Dānava Vṛisha-parvan Hariv
• of a daughter of Vaiśvānara BhP
upadāsuka
upa-dā́suka upa-√das
upadigdha
upa-digdha upa-√dih
upadiś 1
upa-√diś P. Ā. -diśati, -te, to point out to ŚBr. x, 6, 1, 11
• to indicate, specify, explain, inform, instruct, teach ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. & Gṛ. MBh. Mṛicch. Ragh. &c
• to advise, admonish BhP. Hit
• to mention, exhibit, speak of BhP. Mn. Mṛicch. VPrāt. &c
• to settle, prescribe, command, dictate, govern MBh. Mn. Kum. Pañcat. &c
• to name, call MBh. BhP. Mn. &c.: Pass. -diśyate, to be taught, &c
≫ upadidikṣā
upa-didikṣā f. (fr. Desid.), the wish or intention to teach or inform Comm. on Bādar. iii, 4, 8
≫ upadiś 2
upa-diś (for 3. s.v.), mfn. (ifc.) pointing out to, showing
mārôpadiś
≫ upadiśa
upa-diśa m. N. of a son of Vasu-deva Hariv
≫ upadiśya
upa-diśya ind. p. having indicated or taught &c
• indicating, teaching &c
≫ upadiṣṭa
upa-diṣṭa mfn. specified, particularized
• taught, instructed
• mentioned
• prescribed, commanded &c
• initiated W
• (am), n. counsel, advice, (in dram.) a persuasive speech in conformity with the prescribed rules Sāh. 449 &c
≫ upadeśa
upa-deśa m. pointing out to, reference to Pāṇ. 1-4, 70 Kap. Bādar. Jaim. &c
• specification, instruction, teaching, information, advice, prescription TUp. MBh. Mn. Suśr. Śak. Hit. &c
• plea, pretext (= apa-deśa) Mn. ix, 268 Ragh. Kathās
• initiation, communication of the initiatory Mantra or formula KātyŚr
• (in Gr.) original enunciation (i.e. the original form often having an ānubandha in which a √, base, affix, augment, or any word or part of a word is enunciated in grammatical treatises) Pāṇ. Kāś. Siddh. &c
• N. of a class of writings (Buddh.)
• a name, title MW
⋙ upadeśakarṇikā
○karṇikā f. N. of wk
⋙ upadeśatā
○tā f. the being a precept or rule Kum. v, 36
⋙ upadeśapañcaka
○pañcaka n
⋙ upadeśamālā
○mālā f
⋙ upadeśaratnamālā
○ratnamālā f
⋙ upadeśarasāyana
○rasāyana n
⋙ upadeśasāhasrī
○sāhasrī f. N. of certain works
⋙ upadeśāmṛta
upadeśâmṛta n. N. of wk
⋙ upadeśārthavākya
upadeśârtha-vākya n. 'a tale for the sake of instruction', a parable
≫ upadeśaka
upa-deśaka mfn. giving instruction, instructing, instructive, didactic Sarvad
• teacher, instructor L
≫ upadeśana
upa-déśana n. the act of advising
• instruction, information, doctrine TBr. Sāh
• (ā), f. id. Pañcat
⋙ upadeśanavat
○vat mfn. furnished with advice TāṇḍyaBr
≫ upadeśin
upa-deśin mfn. advising, teaching, informing
• (ī), m. a teacher, adviser Hit. Kathās
• (upadeśin), mfn. (in Gr.) a word or affix &c. used in an Upa-deśa (q.v.) Comm. on Pāṇ
≫ upadeśya
upa-deśyá mfn. to be taught
• taught AV. xi, 8, 23 Kap
≫ upadeṣṭavya
upa-deṣṭavya mfn. to be taught or advised
• fit or proper to be taught Hit. Mṛicch
≫ upadeṣṭṛ
upa-deṣṭṛ ṭā m. one who teaches, a teacher, adviser
• a Guru or spiritual guide MBh. BhP. Pañcat. Sarvad
⋙ upadeṣṭṛtva
○tva n. the state of being a teacher Kap
upadiś 3
upa-diś k f. an intermediate region or point of the compass
≫ upadiśam
upa-diśam ind. between two regions, in an intermediate region L. [Page 199, Column 2]
⋙ upadiśā
upa-diśā́ f. id. ŚBr
upadih
upa-√dih
≫ upadigdha
upa-digdha mfn. smeared, covered Suśr
• fat VarBṛS. 67, 1
⋙ upadigdhatā
○tā f. the state of being smeared or covered Kām
≫ upadeha 1
upa-deha (for 2. s.v.), as m. a cover, liniment, ointment Comm. on Car
≫ upadehikā
upa-dehikā f. a species of ant L
upadī 1
upa-dī √3. (kṣaye Dhātup. xxvi, 25)
≫ upadātavya
upa-dātavya mfn. Pāṇ. 6-1, 50
≫ upadātṛ 2
upa-dātṛ mfn. ib
≫ upadāna 2
upa-dāna n. ib
upadī 2
upadī f. a parasitical plant L
upadīka
upadī́ka as, ā mf. a species of ant ŚBr. TBr. TĀr
upadīkṣ
upa-√dīkṣ Caus
≫ upadīkṣin
upadīkṣin mfn. one who has been initiated in addition to KātyŚr. xxv, 14, 3
• 4
≫ upadīkṣya
upa-dīkṣya ind. p. having initiated in addition to KātyŚr. xxv, 13, 28
upadīp
upa-√dīp Caus. -dīpayati, to kindle, set fire to MBh. Hariv
≫ upadīpayitvā
upa-dīpayitvā (irr.) ind. p. having kindled MBh. iii, 10230
upaduṣ
upa-√duṣ P. -duṣyati, to become corrupt or depraved (as a woman) Hariv. 11264
upaduh
upa-duh ○dhuk m. (√duh), a milk-pail MBh
≫ upadoha
upadoha m. id. ib
≫ upadohana
upa-dohana n. id. ib
upadṛś 1
upa-√dṛś P. (aor. Subj. 2. du. -darśathas RV.) to descry, perceive RV. viii, 26, 4
• to look at or regard (with indifference) MBh.: Pass. -dṛśyate (aor. -adarśi
• 3. pl. -adṛśran RV.) to be perceived, be or become visible, appear RV. i, 124, 4 ; vii, 67, 2 TāṇḍyaBr. BhP.: Caus. -darśayati, to cause to see, show, exhibit MBh. Ragh. Kathās. Prab. &c
• to cause to appear, present a false show, deceive, illude Kathās. xix, 75 Rājat
• to explain, illustrate Yājñ. ii, 8
≫ upadarśaka
upa-darśaka m. one who shows the way, a door-keeper L
≫ upadarśana
upa-darśana n. the act of exhibiting, representing Sāh
• a commentary L
≫ upadarśita
upa-darśita mfn. caused to appear, shown
• perceived, distinguished
• explained
≫ upadṛś 2
upa-dṛ́ś k f. aspect, look, appearance RV. viii, 102, 15 ; ix, 54, 2
≫ upadṛṣṭi
upa-dṛṣṭi f. id. L
≫ upadraṣṭṛ
upa-draṣṭṛ́ ṭā m. a looker-on, spectator
• a witness AV. xi, 3, 59 TS. ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. Kāṭh. BhP. &c
• (upa-dráṣṭṛkā), f. a female witness MaitrS. iii, 2, 4
⋙ upadraṣṭṛmat
○mát mfn. having witnesses
• (máti loc. ind. before witnesses TBr. ii, 2, 1, 3 ; 5.)
upadṛṣad
upa-dṛṣad t ind. near or on a mill-stone Pāṇ. 5-4, 111
≫ upadṛṣadam
upa-dṛṣadam ind. id. ib
upadeva
upa-deva m. an inferior or secondary deity (as a Yaksha, Gandharva, Apsaras, &c.) BhP
• N. of several men Hariv. VP
• (ā, ī), f. N. of a wife of Vasu-deva Hariv. VP
⋙ upadevatā
○"ṣtā f. a minor or inferior deity L
upadeśa
upa-deśa &c. upa-√diś
upadeha 2
upa-deha m. (for 1. upa-√dih) 'a secondary growth of the body', a kind of excrescence Suśr
⋙ upadehavat
○vat mfn. having the above excrescence ib
upadoha
upa-doha upa-duh
upadru
upa-√dru P. -dravati (aor. -ádudrot RV.) to run near or towards
• to run at, rush at, oppress, assault, attack RV. ii, 30, 3: iv, 16, 1 AV. vii, 73, 6 ; xviii, 2, 23 TS. ChUp
• to sing the Upa-drava or fourth of the five parts of a Sāman stanza AitĀr. ii, 3, 4, 3
≫ upadrava
upa-drava m. that which attacks or occurs suddenly, any grievous accident, misfortune, calamity, mischief, national distress (such as famine, plague, oppression, eclipse, &c.)
• national commotion, rebellion
• violence, outrage MBh. R. Śak. VarBṛS. &c. [Page 199, Column 3]
• a supervenient disease or one brought on whilst a person labours under another Suśr
• the fourth of the five parts of a Sāman stanza ṢaḍvBr. Comm. on TĀr. &c
≫ upadravin
upa-dravin mfn. attacking suddenly, falling on
• tyrannical, violent
• factious
• (ī), m. a tyrant, oppressor
• a rebel L
≫ upadruta
upa-druta mfn. run after, persecuted, attacked, oppressed, visited (by calamities), tyrannized over Hariv. R. Kathās. Hit. Suśr. &c
• (in astrol.) eclipsed = boding evil, inauspicious VarBṛS
• (am), n. a kind of Sandhi ŚāṅkhŚr
upadvāra
upa-dvāra n. a side-door AgP. (cf. sū7padvāra.)
upadvīpa
upa-dvīpa m. a small adjacent island, minor island BhP. Pañcar
upadhamana
upa-dhamana upa-√dhmā
upadharma
upa-dharma m. a minor or subordinate duty
• a by-law Mn. ii, 237 ; iv, 147
• a false faith, heresy BhP
upadhā 1
upa-√dhā P. Ā. -dadhāti, -dhatte, to place or lay upon, place near to, put on or into
• to place, lay, put RV. x, 87, 3 ; 145, 6 AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. Ragh. &c
• to put to, yoke (horses) RV. iv, 29, 4
• to give or make over, hand over (knowledge), teach Ragh
• to impose, lay upon, commit, consign Ragh
• to place under one's self, lie down upon R
• to place in addition, add, connect AitBr. ŚBr. Lāṭy. &c
• to communicate, cause to share in
• to use, employ
• (in Gr.) to lie or be placed close to, precede without the intervention of another syllable RPrāt. &c
• to cause to rest upon or depend on BhP
≫ upadhā 2
upa-dhā f. imposition, forgery, fraud, deceit, trick, false pretence MBh. Mn. R
• trial or test of honesty (of four kinds, viz. of loyalty, disinterestedness, continence, and courage) Kām. Bhaṭṭ. Śiś. &c
• (in Gr.) a penultimate letter Pāṇ. RPrāt. APrāt. Nir. &c
• condition, reservation L
⋙ upadhābhṛta
○bhṛta m. a kind of servant (engaged under particular conditions) L
⋙ upadhālopa
○lopa m. elision of the penultimate letter
⋙ upadhālopin
○"ṣlopin mfn. subject to the above (as a Bahuvrīhi compound ending in an) Pāṇ. 4-1, 28
⋙ upadhāśuci
○śuci mfn. of approved virtue, approved, tried Hit
≫ upadhāna
upa-dhā́na mfn. placing upon, employed or used in placing upon (as a Mantra in the setting up of the sacrificial bricks) Pāṇ. 4-4, 125
• (am), n. the act of placing or resting upon KātyŚr. Kauś
• that on which one rests, a pillow, cushion AV. xiv, 2, 65 ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh. Suśr. &c
• cover, lid Car. Hcat
• peculiarity, singularity, excellence (cf. premôpa○) Bālar. Siddh
• affection, kindness
• religious observance
• poison L
• (ī), f. a pillow, cushion
• footstool ( pādôpa○) MBh
⋙ upadhānavidhi
○vidhi m. N. of wk
≫ upadhānaka
upadhānaka n. a pillow, cushion Hcat
≫ upadhānīya
upa-dhānīya mfn. to be put under
• (am), n. a pillow, cushion Pañcat
≫ upadhāya
upa-dhāya ind. p. having placed or rested upon &c
≫ upadhāyin
upa-dhāyin mfn. ifc. placing under Kum
≫ upadhi
upa-dhí m. the act of putting to, adding, addition Lāṭy
• the part of the wheel between the nave and the circumference RV. ii, 39, 4 AV. vi, 70, 3 Kāṭh
• fraud, circumvention MBh. R. Yājñ. Kir. &c
• condition
• peculiarity, attribute (Buddh
upâ-dhi)
• support MW
≫ upadhika
upadhika m. a cheat, knave (especially one who imposes by threats) Mn. ix, 258
• (Kull. reads aupadhika, and probably câupadhikā is to be read for côpadhikā in the text.)
≫ upadheya
upa-dheya mfn. to be placed upon, being placed upon
≫ upahita 1
upa-hita (for 2. s.v.), mfn. put on or upon, placed, deposited, put into KātyŚr. MBh. Hariv. Ragh. &c
• joining, connected with
• mixed ŚBr. Mālav. Suśr
• (in Gr.) immediately preceded by RPrāt
• resting or depending upon, having as a condition Vedāntas. Sarvad
• used, employed for MBh. Ragh
• brought near, handed over, given MBh. R. Mṛicch. &c
• misled, deceived MBh
≫ upahiti
úpa-hiti f. the putting or placing upon Nyāyam
• devotedness to TS. ī. [Page 200, Column 1]
upadhātu
upa-dhātu m. a secondary mineral, semi-metal (seven are specified: svarṇa-mākṣika, pyrites
tāra-mākṣika, a particular white mineral
tuttha, sulphate of copper
kāṃsya, brass
rīti, calx of brass
sindūra, red lead
śilājatu, red chalk) Bhpr
• secondary secretions and constituents of the body (viz. the milk, menses, adeps, sweat, teeth, hair, and lymph) ŚārṅgS. &c
upadhāraṇa
upa-dhāraṇa upa-√dhṛ
upadhāv
upa-√dhāv Ā. (p. -dhā́vamāna) to run
• to soar RV. viii, 3, 21: P. -dhāvati, to run near, approach hastily
• to have recourse to for assistance TS. ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. MBh. R. BhP. &c
≫ upadhāvana
upa-dhāvana m. a follower W
upadhi
upa-dhí p. 199, col. 3
upadhūpaya
upa-dhūpaya Nom. (fr. dhūpa) P. -dhūpayati, to fumigate, envelop in smoke
• to envelop in mist
• to darken, cover Kauś
≫ upadhūpita
upa-dhūpita mfn. fumigated, enveloped in smoke MBh. R
• near death, dying L
• (ā), f. (scil. diś) = the next
upadhūmitā
upa-dhūmitā f. (scil. diś, fr. upadhūmaya), 'enveloped in haze, the quarter of the heavens to which the sun is proceeding (opposed to dagdhā, dīptā, and the five śāntā), Vasantarāja T. (cf. pra-dhūmitā, saṃ-dhū○.)
upadhṛ
upa-√dhṛ Caus. P. -dhārayati, to hold up, support, bear MBh. Suśr
• to hold as, consider as, regard, think MBh. R. Mn.: BhP. &c
• to hold in the mind, reflect or meditate on MBh
• to perceive, comprehend, hear, experience, learn Suśr. MBh. BhP
≫ upadhāraṇa
upa-dhāraṇa n. the act of considering, consideration, reflection MBh
≫ upadhārya 1
upa-dhārya mfn. to be comprehended Car
≫ upadhārya 2
upa-dhārya ind. p. having taken or held up &c
≫ upadhṛti
upa-dhṛti f. a ray of light L
upadhṛṣ
upa-√dhṛṣ P. (pf. -dadharṣa) to venture to undertake ŚBr. ix, 5, 2, 1
upadhe
upa-√dhe Caus. Ā. (3. du. -dhāpayete) to suckle, rear by suckling RV. i, 95, 1
upadhmā 1
upa-√dhmā P. -dhámati, to blow or breathe at or upon RV. v, 9, 5 ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. ṢaḍvBr. MānŚr. Mn
≫ upadhamana
upa-dhamana n. the act of blowing at, blowing Gaut. ix, 32
≫ upadhmā 2
upa-dhmā f. id
• the effort of the voice which produces the sound upadhmānīya
≫ upadhmāna
upa-dhmā́na mf(ī)n. breathing or blowing upon AV. viii, 8, 2
≫ upadhmānīya
upa-dhmānīya m. the Visarga (q.v.) as pronounced before the letters p and ph Pāṇ. VPrāt. &c
upadhyai
upa-√dhyai
≫ upadhyāta
upa-dhyāta mfn. remembered, thought of MBh
upadhvaṃs
upa-√dhvaṃs Pass. -dhvasyate, to be afflicted or attacked Suśr
≫ upadhvasta
upa-dhvastá mfn. speckled, spotted VS. TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. (cf. dhvasta.)
upanakṣ
upa-√nakṣ Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -nakṣasva) to come near to RV. viii, 54, 7
upanakṣatra
upa-nakṣatrá n. a secondary star, minor constellation ŚBr
upanakha
upa-nakha n. a particular disease of the finger-nails, whitlow, agnail (also called cippa
• one of the twenty-four Kshudra-rogas or slight diseases) Suśr
upanagara
upa-nagara n. a suburb L
• (am), ind. near the city
⋙ upanagarabhava
○bhava mfn. being near the city, near the city Daś
upanati
úpa-nati upa-√nam
upanad
upa-√nad Caus
≫ upanādita
upa-nādita mfn. caused to resound R
upanadam
upa-nadam ind. (fr. nadi Pāṇ. 5-4, 110), near the river, on the river
≫ upanadi
upa-nadi ind. id. ib
upanaddha
upa-naddha &c. upa-√nah. [Page 200, Column 2]
upananda
upa-nanda m. N. of a Nāga
• of several men VP. BhP. &c
≫ upanandaka
upa-nandaka m. N. of a son of Dhṛitarāshṭra
• of a being attendant on Skanda MBh
≫ upanandana
upa-nandana m. a form of Śiva VP
upanam
upa-√nam P. -namati, to bend towards or inwards
• to tend towards, approach, come to, arrive at
• to fall to one's share or lot, become one's property, share in (with acc., dat., or gen.) VS. ŚBr. TBr. ChUp. Rājat. &c
• to come to one's mind, occur TS. TBr. i, 1, 2, 8
• to attend upon any one (acc.) with (instr.)
• to gain the favour of any one (acc.) BhP. vi, 19, 16: Caus. -nāmayati, to put or place before (gen.) Gobh. ii, 1, 7
• to lead towards or into the presence of, present any one (gen.) Lalit
• to reach, hand to ib
• to offer, present ib. Kāraṇḍ
≫ upanata
úpa-nata mfn. bent towards or inwards ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kāṭh
• subdued, subjected, surrendered
• dependent on (for protection &c.) Āp. MBh. Ragh. &c
• brought near to, approached, near (either in form or space)
• fallen to one's share
• brought about, produced, existing, being BhP. Megh. &c
≫ upanati
úpa-nati f. inclination, affection VS. xx, 13
• the falling to one's share Kathās
≫ upanamra
upa-namra mfn. coming to, being present Naish
≫ upanāmuka
upa-nā́muka mfn. bending towards, approaching ŚBr
upanaya
upa-naya upa-nayana, p. 201, col. 2
upanara
upa-nara m. N. of a Nāga L
upanah
upa-√nah P. -nahyati, to tie or bind to or up, bind together
• to make up into a bundle TS. AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr.: Caus. -nāhayati, to tie up, wrap, dress (a wound) Suśr. Car
≫ upanaddha
upa-naddha mfn. covered with Suśr
• inlaid BhP
≫ upanaddhavya
upa-naddhavya mfn. to be wrapped or covered with Car
≫ upanahana
upa-nahana n. anything fit for binding up or wrapping (as a cloth) ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ upanāha
upa-nāhá m. a bundle AV. ix, 4, 5 TS
• a plaster, unguent (applied to a wound or sore)
• a cover, poultice Suśr
• inflammation of the ciliary glands, stye Suśr
• the tie of a lute (the lower part of the tail-piece where the wires are fixed) L
• continual enmity L
⋙ upanāhasveda
○sveda m. (in med.) perspiration caused by a kind of poultice
≫ upanāhana
upa-nāhana n. the act of putting a plaster upon, applying an unguent
• plaster
• cover
• poultice Suśr
upanāgara
upa-nāgara m. (scil. apabhraṃśa, q.v.) a particular Prākṛit dialect
≫ upanāgarikā
upa-nāgarikā f. a kind of alliteration Kpr
upanāth
upa-√nāth P. -nāthati, to ask, entreat Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 55
upanāman
upa-nāman a n. a surname, nickname W
upanāya
upa-nāyá &c. p. 201, col. 2
upanāyaka
upa-nāyaka m. (in dram.) a secondary hero Sāh
upanāsika
upa-nāsika n. the part surrounding the nose, that which is near the nose Suśr
upaniḥśri
upa-niḥ-śri (upa-nis-√śri)
≫ upaniḥśritya
upa-niḥśritya ind. p. having gone out to Lalit
upanikṣip
upa-ni-√kṣip P. -kṣipati, to throw down
• to put or place down Mn. iii, 224
• to deposit
≫ upanikṣepa
upa-nikṣepa m. a deposit (sealed or covered up so that the contents are unknown)
• any article intrusted to one's keeping Yājñ. ii, 25
upanigam
upa-ni-√gam P. -gacchati, to meet with, fall upon, get ŚBr. AitBr
upanigrah
upa-ni-√grah P. Ā. -gṛhṇāti, ṇīte, to press down upon TS
• to bring or push near to AitBr. ĀpŚr
upanidhā
upa-ni-√dhā P. Ā. -dadhāti, -dhatte, to put or place down near to, put or place before ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. TBr. Lāṭy. ChUp. ĀśvGṛ. [Page 200, Column 3]
• to place down, conceal
• to deposit, intrust
• to bring near, lead near to Gīt
• to produce, cause Bhaṭṭ
≫ upanidhātṛ
upa-nidhātṛ́ mfn. one who puts or places down ŚBr
≫ upanidhāna
upa-nidhāna n. the act of putting down near to, putting by the side of Comm. on Lāṭy
• a deposit W
≫ upanidhāya
upa-nidhā́ya ind. p. having put down near to &c
≫ upanidhi
upa-nidhi m. a deposit, pledge, property put under the care of a creditor, friend &c. (generally a sealed deposit, but also any article intrusted to a friend which he may use whilst in his keeping) Mn. viii, 145, &c. Yājñ. ii, 25 MBh
• a ray of light L
• N. of a son of Vasu-deva VP
≫ upanihita
upa-nihita mfn. placed or put down near to, placed or put before ĀśvGṛ. ChUp
• put down, kept
• deposited, intrusted Mn. viii, 37 ; 196 BhP
upanipat
upa-ni-pat P. -patati, to fly down to ChUp
• to take place in addition, accede, exist or be in addition Suśr. Comm., on Bādar.: Caus. -pātayati, to cause to lie down ŚāṅkhŚr. ĀśvŚr
≫ upanipāta
upa-nipāta m. acceding, accession Sarvad
• taking place, occurring Comm. on Bādar
• a sudden occurrence or event, breaking forth Mudr. Kād
• a sudden and unexpected attack Comm. on Pāṇ. 5-3, 106
≫ upanipātana
upa-nipātana n. occurring or taking place suddenly Comm. on Nyāyad
≫ upanipātin
upa-nipātin mfn. rushing in Śak. 237, 5
• attacking suddenly
upanipad
upa-ni-√pad Ā. (p. -pádyamāna) to lie down at the side of RV. i, 152, 4: Caus. -padayati, to cause to lie down at the side of ŚBr
• to lay down at ib
upanipīḍ
upa-ni-√pīḍ Caus
≫ upanipīḍita
upa-nipīḍita mfn. afflicted, troubled MBh
upaniplu
upa-ni-√plu Ā. (3. pl. -plavante) to approach, reach AitBr. iv, 26, 3
upanibandh
upa-ni-√bandh P. to write, compose
• to explain
≫ upanibaddha
upa-nibaddha mfn. adhering to Comm. on Nyāyad
• written, composed, arranged Bālar. Uttarar. Comm. on Mn., on Pat. &c
• spoken of, discussed Comm. on KātyŚr. &c
≫ upanibandha
upa-nibandha m. obligation, oath Mcar
≫ upanibandhana
upa-nibandhana mfn. manifesting, explaining BhP. Sarvad
• (am), n. description Sāh
upanibha
upa-nibha mfn. ifc. similar, equal RPrāt
upanimajj
upa-ni-√majj P. (impf. -amajjat) to dive near TBr. i, 1, 3, 6
upanimantr
upa-ni-√mantr P. to invite
• to offer MBh. R
• to consecrate, inaugurate L
≫ upanimantraṇa
upa-nimantraṇa n. invitation Veṇis
• inauguration L
upanimand
upa-ni-√mand P. -madati, to restrain, stop ŚBr
upanimreḍ
upa-ni-√mreḍ Ā. -mreḍate, to make happy, gladden ChUp
upaniyuj
upa-ni-√yuj Ā. to tie or join to Kāṭh
upanirudh
upa-ni-√rudh P. to shut up ŚBr
upanirgama
upa-nirgama m. a main or royal road L
upanirvṛt
upa-nir-vṛt (upa-nis-√vṛt), Caus. -vartayati, to cause to appear (e.g. a disease) Suśr
upanivap
upa-ni-vap √2. P. -vapati, to throw or pour down in addition ŚBr
≫ upanivapana
upa-nivapana n. the act of throwing or pouring down upon KātyŚr
upaniviś
upa-ni-√viś P., upa-niviṣṭa: Caus. P. -veśayati, to cause to encamp R
• to lay the foundation of Ragh. [Page 201, Column 1]
≫ upaniviṣṭa
upa-niviṣṭa mfn. besieging R
• occupying, inhabiting MBh
• occupied, inhabited VāyuP
≫ upaniveśin
upa-niveśin mfn. adherent, belonging to Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 1-4, 1
upanivṛ
upa-ni-√vṛ P. to restrain, keep off R
upanivṛt
upa-ni-√vṛt Ā. -vartate, to come again, be repeated AitBr. ŚāṅkhBr. RPrāt.: Caus. P. -vartayati, to bring or fetch again AitBr. vii, 5, 5
upaniveśa
upa-niveśa m. a suburb Hariv. 8962
upaniveṣṭ
upa-ni-√veṣṭ Ā. -veṣṭate, to surround ŚBr. v, 3, 4, 11
upaniśam
upa-ni-√śam
≫ upaniśamya
upa-niśamya ind. p. having perceived, perceiving MBh. viii, 1738
upaniśri
upa-ni-√śri P. -śrayati, to go near or to the side of ŚBr. xiv, 4, 2, 23: Ā. -śrayate, to cling to, lean against ŚBr. SāṅkhBr. and ŚBr
upaniṣad 1
upa-ni-ṣad (upa-ni-√sad), P. (pf. -ní-ṣedus) to sit down near to
• to approach, set about AV. xix, 41, 1 ŚBr. Kauś
≫ upaniṣad 2
upa-niṣád t f. (according to some) the sitting down at the feet of another to listen to his words (and hence, secret knowledge given in this manner
• but according to native authorities upaniṣad means 'setting at rest ignorance by revealing the knowledge of the supreme spirit')
• the mystery which underlies or rests underneath the external system of things (cf. IW. p. 35 seqq.)
• esoteric doctrine, secret doctrine, mysterious or mystical meaning, words of mystery &c. ŚBr. ChUp. &c
• a class of philosophical writings (more than a hundred in number, attached to the Brāhmaṇas but iiiśopanishad
• their aim is the exposition of the secret meaning of the Veda, and they are regarded as the source of the Vedānta and Sāṃkhya philosophies
• for the most important of the Upanishads, IW. p. 37 seq.)
⋙ upaniṣadtkṛ
○"ṣt-√kṛ (upaniṣat-kṛ), to treat anything as a mystery (?) Pāṇ. 1-4, 79
⋙ upaniṣadbrāhmaṇa
○brāhmaṇa n
⋙ upaniṣadratna
○ratna n
⋙ upaniṣadvivaraṇa
○vivaraṇa n. N. of wks
≫ upaniṣada
upa-niṣada n. = 2. upa-niṣád above (esp. occurring ifc.)
≫ upaniṣādin
upa-niṣādin mf(inī) n. staying or sitting near at hand ŚBr. ix, 4, 3, 3
upaniṣev
upa-ni-ṣev (upa-ni-√sev), Ā. to devote one's self to MBh
upaniṣkara
upa-niṣ-kara m. (√kṝ), a main road, highway L
upaniṣkram
upa-niṣ-kram (upa-nis-√kram), P. -krāmati, to go out towards ŚBr
≫ upaniṣkramaṇa
upa-niṣkramaṇa n. the act of going of stepping out towards PārGṛ
• taking a child in the fourth month of its age for the first time into the open air (usually called niṣkramaṇa, q.v., one of the Saṃskāras or religious rites
Mn. ii, 34) Hcat. L
• a main road, road Gaut. ix, 65 L
≫ upaniṣkramya
upa-niṣkramya ind. p. having gone or going out towards, stepping out, going out ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh
≫ upaniṣkrānta
upa-niṣkrānta mfn. one who has gone out of R
upanihan
upa-ni-√han P. -hanti, to hammer or ram down (a stake) by the side of ŚBr. KātyŚr
upanī 1
upa-√nī P. Ā. -nayati, -te (Ā. Pot. -nayīta HirGṛ. i, 1, 2
• p. -náyamāna AV.) to lead or drive near, bring near, bring, adduce, offer RV. ii, 3, 10 ; iii, 35, 3 ŚBr. TBr. MBh. Mn. Ragh
• to bring information, communicate
• to lead or bring near to one's self, take possession of R. Kathās
• to lead, guide MBh. BhP
• to lead or draw towards one's self (said of the Guru who, in the ceremony of initiation, draws the boy towards himself)
• to initiate into one of the twice-born classes by investing with the sacred thread &c. (only Ā. Pāṇ. 1-3, 36) AV. xi, 5, 3 ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. ŚāṅkhGṛ. &c. Mn. &c
• to bring about, produce, cause Gīt. Prab. Sāh
• to bring into any state, reduce to R. Hariv. Kām. &c
• to take into one's service (only Ā. Pāṇ. 1-3, 36): Caus. -nāyayati, to cause to initiate (a pupil) Mn. xi, 191. [Page 201, Column 2]
≫ upanaya
upa-naya m. the bringing near, procuring MBh
• attaining, obtaining, obtainment BhP
• employment, application R
• application (the fourth member in a five fold syllogism) Sarvad. Tarkas. &c
• introduction (into any science) VarBṛS
• initiation = the next L
≫ upanayana
upa-nayana n. the act of leading to or near, bringing R. BhP. Vikr
• employment, application Car
• introduction (into any science) Prab
• leading or drawing towards one's self
• that ceremony in which a Guru draws a boy towards himself and initiates him into one of the three twice-born classes (one of the twelve Saṃskāras or purificatory rites prescribed in the ḍharma-sūtras and explained in the ṅṛihya-sūtras in which the boy is invested with the sacred thread different for the three castes and thus endowed with second or spiritual birth and qualified to learn the Veda by heart
• a Brāhman is initiated in the eighth year [or seventh according to Hiranyakeśin
• or eighth from conception, according to Śāṅkhāyana &c.], a Kshatriya in the eleventh, a Vaiśya in the twelfth
• but the term could be delayed)
• IW. p. 201 RTL. p. 360 seqq. ĀśvGṛ. i, 19-22 ŚāṅkhGṛ. ii, 1-6 PārGṛ. ii, 2-5 Gobh. ii, 10 HirGṛ. i, 1 seqq. Mn. ii, 36 Yājñ. i, 14
⋙ upanayanacintāmaṇi
○cintāmaṇi m
⋙ upanayanalakṣaṇa
○lakṣaṇa n. N. of wks
≫ upanāya
upa-nāyá m. leader RV. ix, 91, 4, initiation, = upa-nayana L
≫ upanāyana
upa-nāyana n. initiation, = upa-nayana above
≫ upanāyika
upanāyika mfn. fit or belonging to an offering Hariv. 4417 (vḷ. aupanāyaka)
≫ upanīta
úpa-nīta mfn. led near, brought near RV. i, 129, 2 MBh. Mṛicch. VarBṛS. &c
• led to a man, married (?) RV. x, 109, 4 = AV. v, 17, 6
• adduced
• presented &c
• initiated BhP. Mn. ii, 49 Ragh. &c
• m. a boy brought near to a Guru and initiated into one of the twice-born classes (by investiture with the sacred thread and other ceremonies)
≫ upanīti
upa-nīti f. initiation, = upa-nayana above Nyāyam
≫ upanetavya
upa-netavya mfn. to be brought near
• to be applied R. L
≫ upanetṛ
upa-netṛ mf(trī)n. one who brings near Kum. i, 61
• (), m. the spiritual preceptor Pañcat
upanī 2
upa-nī7 (upa-ni-√i), P. -ny-eti, to enter into, move towards ŚBr
upanud
upa-√nud
≫ upanunna
upa-nunna mfn. driven near, wafted Śiś. iv, 68
upanṛt
upa-√nṛt P. Ā. -nṛtyati, -te, to dance before, dance round (acc.) MBh. Hariv. R
≫ upanṛtta
upa-nṛtta mfn. any person before or round whom it is danced MBh. v, 4100
≫ upanṛtya
upa-nṛtya n. a place for dancing R
upanyas
upa-ny-as √2. P. -asyati, to place down, put down R
• to announce MBh
• to speak of, mention
• to explain
• to hint, allude, suggest Kir. Kāvyapr
≫ upanyasta
upa-nyasta mfn. mentioned, explained, brought forward, hinted at, alluded Yājñ. Śak. 200, 2 Hit
≫ upanyasya
upa-nyasya ind. p. having put down &c
≫ upanyāsa
upa-nyāsa m. putting down, placing near to, juxta-position Comm. on Pāṇ
• bringing or procuring (requisites) MBh
• bringing forward, speaking of, mention
• statement, suggestion, hint
• quotation, reference Mn. Mālav. Sāh. Daśar. &c
• pretext Amar. 23
• proof, reason Sāh
• a particular kind of treaty or alliance Kām. Hit
• (in dram.) propitiation, gratifying Sāh
• a deposit, pledge, pawn W
≫ upanyāsya
upa-nyāsya mfn. to be adduced or stated W
upanyācar
upa-ny-ā-√car P. -cárati, to enter into, penetrate ŚBr. vi, 5, 4, 10
upanyāplu
upa-ny-ā-√plu Ā. -plavate, to swim near ŚBr
upanyāhṛ
upa-ny-ā-√hṛ to bring near, offer (a present to a teacher) Gobh. iii, 4, 2
upapakṣa
upa-pakṣá m. the armpit
• (au), m. du. the hair under the armpits TBr
⋙ upapakṣadaghna
○daghná mfn. reaching to the armpit ŚBr. [Page 201, Column 3]
⋙ upapakṣya
upapakṣyá mfn. being on the shoulder AV. vii, 76, 2
upapakṣma
upa-pakṣma ind. (fr. -pakṣman), on the eye-lash Suśr
upapat
upa-√pat P. -patati, to fly near, hasten towards RV. BhP
≫ upapāta
upa-pāta m. accident, occurrence, misfortune KātyŚr
≫ upapātin
upa-pātin mfn. ifc. falling to, hastening towards
upapatanīya
upa-patanīya n. a smaller sin, minor offence, = upa-pātaka, q.v. SāmavBr. i, 5, 14
upapati
upa-patí m. a paramour, gallant VS. xxx, 9 Mn. Yājñ. Kathās
upapatha
upa-patha m. appendix āufrecht BrahmaP
• (am), ind. on the way or road Vop
upapad 1
upa-√pad Ā. -padyate, (rarely P.) -ti, to go towards or against, attack AV. iv, 18, 2
• to approach, come to, arrive at, enter MBh. Pañcat. VarBṛS. Kāraṇḍ
• to approach or come to a teacher (as a pupil) MBh
• to approach for succour or protection
• to approach or join with in speech AitBr. vii, 17, 5
• to reach, obtain, partake of
• to enter into any state MBh. R. Hariv
• to take place, come forth, be produced, appear, occur, happen
• to be present, exist Lāṭy
• to be possible, be fit for or adequate to (with loc.) ĀśvGṛ. Kauś. Mn. MBh. &c
• to be regular or according to rules
• to become, be suitable MBh. R. Suśr. Śak. &c.: Caus. P. -pādayati, to bring to any state (with two acc.)
• to cause anything (acc.) to arrive at (loc. or dat.), cause to come into the possession of, offer, present MBh. MārkP. Mn. Yājñ. Ragh. &c
• to cause to come forth or exist
• to accomplish, effect, cause, produce Lāṭy. MBh. Megh. &c
• to get ready, prepare, make fit or adequate for, make conformable to MBh. R
• to furnish or provide or endow with MBh. Kām. &c
• to make anything out of Prab
• to examine
• to find out, ascertain R. Mn. &c
• to prove, justify Sarvad. Comm. on Prab., on Kap. &c
• to attend on a patient, physic Suśr. i, 56, 20 Car
≫ upapatti
upa-patti f. happening, occurring, becoming visible, appearing, taking place, production, effecting, accomplishing MBh. BhP. Bhag. Ragh. &c
• proving right, resulting
• cause, reason
• ascertained or demonstrated conclusion, proof, evidence, argument Sarvad. Sāh. Vedāntas. Naish. Rājat. &c
• fitness, propriety, possibility KātyŚr. MBh. &c. (instr. upa-pattyā, suitably, in a fit manner)
• association, connection, possession
• religious abstraction L
⋙ upapattiparityakta
○parityakta mfn. destitute of argument or proof. unproved, unreasonable Rājat
⋙ upapattimat
○mat mfn. demonstrated, proved
⋙ upapattiyukta
○yukta mfn. id
⋙ upapattisama
○sama m. (in log.) a kind of contradiction in which both the contradicting assertions are supposed to be demonstrable (e.g. sound is uneternal, because it is produced
• it is eternal, because it is not tangible) Nyāyad. Nyāyak
≫ upapad 2
upa-pad t f. the act of happening, occurring, taking place
≫ upapanna
upa-panna mfn. one who has approached a teacher (as a pupil) Suśr. Vedāntas
• one who has approached for protection R
• one who has obtained or reached MBh. R. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 13
• obtained, reached, gained
• happened, fallen to one's share, produced, effected, existing, being near at hand MBh. Yājñ. Ragh. &c
• endowed with, possessed of, furnished with MBh. Mn. &c
• fit, suited for the occasion, adequate, conformable Śak. Vikr. Rājat. &c
≫ upapāda
upa-pāda m. happening
• effecting, accomplishing
dur-upapāda and yathôpapādam
≫ upapādaka
upa-pādaka mfn. causing to occur or happen, producing, effecting, making visible Sāh
≫ upapādana
upa-pādana mfn. id
• (am), n. the act of causing to appear, effecting, doing MBh
• bringing near BhP
• giving, delivering, presenting
• proving or establishing by argument Sarvad
• explaining, examining L
≫ upapādanīya
upa-pādanīya mfn. to be treated medically Car
≫ upapādita
upa-pādita mfn. effected, accomplished, performed, done
• given, delivered, presented
• proved, demonstrated
• treated medically, cured. [Page 202, Column 1]
≫ upapāduka 1
upa-pāduka (for 2. below), mfn. self-produced
• m. a superhuman being, a god, demon &c. L
≫ upapādya
upa-pādya mfn. to be effected or done
• to be shown or proved
• being produced, coming into existence
upapada
upa-pada n. a word standing near or accompanying another to which it is subordinate (either a subordinate word in a compound but not in a Bahu-vrīhi compound generally forming the first member, or a discriminative appellation at the end of proper names, as varman, śarman &c
• or a preposition, particle &c. prefixed to a verb or noun
• or a secondary word of any kind which is governed by or limits the general idea contained in the principal word) Pāṇ. VPrāt. Sarvad
• (vṛkṣāḥ kalpô-papadāḥ, 'those trees which have the word' kalpa as accompanying word', = kalpa-vṛkṣāḥ Śiś. iii 59
Ragh. xvi, 40)
• a bit, little L
⋙ upapadasamāsa
○samāsa m. a compound containing an Upa-pada (e.g. kumbha-kāra)
upaparāmṛś
upa-parā-√mṛś upôpaparā-√mṛś
upaparāsṛ
upa-parā-√sṛ
≫ upaparāsṛtya
upa-parāsṛ́tya ind. p. having crept near or towards ŚBr. xiv, 1, 1, 9
upaparīkṣ
upa-parī7kṣ (upa-pari-√īkṣ), Ā. to find out, learn Lalit
• to examine, inquire into
≫ upaparīkṣaṇa
upa-parī7kṣaṇa n. inquiring into, investigation, examination L
≫ upaparīkṣā
upa-parī7kṣā f. id. Nir
upapare
upa-parê (upa-parā-√i), P. -párâiti, to go towards, go near, approach ŚBr
upaparcana
upa-parcana upa-√pṛc
upaparyāvṛt
upa-pary-ā-√vṛt P. (pf. -ā́-vavarta) to turn round towards ŚBr. Kāṭh
upaparvan
upa-parvan a n. the day before the Parvan or change of the moon ŚāṅkhGṛ. vi, 1, 11
upaparśukā
upa-parśukā f. a false rib, N
upapalī
upa-palī7 (upa-pali [for pari]-√i)
≫ upapalyayya
upa-paly-áyya ind. p. turning back or round ŚBr
upapalvalam
upa-palvalam ind. on the pool Naish
upapā
upa-pā √1. Caus. -pāyayati, to give to drink MānŚr. and Gṛ
≫ upapāyana
upa-pāyana n. the act of giving to drink ib
upapāta
upa-pāta upa-pātin, upa-√pat
upapātaka
upa-pātaka n. a secondary crime, minor offence (as killing kine, forgetting the Veda, breaking a vow of chastity, offending a Guru, selling the Soma plant &c.) Gaut. xxi, 11, &c. Baudh. ii, 2, 12-14, &c. Mn. xi, 66, &c. Hariv. &c. ( also Yājñ. ii, 210 ; iii, 225 ; 242)
≫ upapātakin
upapātakin mfn. one who has committed an Upa-pātaka or minor offence Mn. xi, 107 ; 117
upapāduka 2
upa-pāduka (for 1. above), mfn. having shoes, shod W
upapāpa
upa-pāpa n. a minor offence, = upa-pātaka Yājñ. iii, 286
upapārśva
upa-pārśva m. a shoulder
• flank MBh
• a lesser rib
• the opposite side L
upapīḍ
upa-√pīḍ Caus. -pīḍayati, to press on or to
• to press down, oppress, check Kām
• to cause pain, disturb, distress Mn. Kām
• (in astron.) to eclipse R. VarBṛS
≫ upapīḍana
upa-pīḍana n. the act of pressing down, oppressing
• causing pain, tormenting, torture Mn
≫ upapīḍam
upa-pīḍam ind. p. (Pāṇ. 3-4, 49) pressing, pressing on or to Śiś. x, 47 Naish
≫ upapīḍita
upa-pīḍita mfn. pressed down, oppressed
• tortured, pained, distressed
upapura
upa-pura n. 'near the city', a suburb L
≫ upapurī
upa-purī f. the environs of a city BhP. iv, 25, 26
≫ upapaurika
upapaurika mfn. being near or in the environs of a city Daś. [Page 202, Column 2]
upapurāṇa
upa-purāṇa n. a secondary or minor Purāṇa (eighteen are enumerated
• the following is the list in the Kūrma-purāṇa: 1. Sānatkumāra, 2. Nārasiṃha (fr. Nṛisiṃha) 3. Bhāṃda, 4. Śiva-dharma, 5. Daurvāsasa, 6. Nāradīya, 7. Kāpila, 8.Vāmana, 9. Auśanasa, 10. Brahmāṇḍa, 11. Vāruṇa, 12. Kālikā-purāṇa, 13. Māheśvara, 14. Sāmba, 15. Saura, 16. Pārāśara, 17. Mārīca, 18. Bhārgava)
upapuṣpikā
upa-puṣpikā f. yawning, gaping L
upapūrvarātram
upa-pūrvarātram ind. about the first part of the night Pāṇ. 6-2, 33 Comm
upapūrvāhṇam
upa-pūrvâhṇam ind. about fore-noon ib
upapṛc 1
upa-√pṛc P. Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -pṛṅdhi RV. ii, 24, 15
-pṛñca AV. ix, 4, 23
• inf. -prakṣé RV. v, 47, 6) to add RV
• to enlarge, increase RV. i, 40, 8
• to approach, come near AV. xviii, 4, 50
• to mix, couple RV. v, 47, 6 ; vi, 28, 8 AV. ix, 4, 23
≫ upaparcana
upa-párcana n. coition, impregnation RV. vi, 28, 8 AV. ix, 4, 23
• (mfn.) being in close contact, closely touching Nir
≫ upapṛc 2
upa-pṛ́c mfn. (Nom. k) adhering to, holding fast to (with gen.) RV. i, 32, 5
upapṝ
upa-√pṝ Ā. (Impv. 2. pl. -pṛṇadhvam) to fill up RV. vii, 16, 11
upapaurika
upa-paurika upa-pura
upapaurṇamāsam
upa-paurṇamāsam and ○māsi ind. (Pāṇ. 5-4, 110) at the time of full moon
upaprakṣe
upa-prakṣé Ved. inf. of 1. upa-√pṛc above
upapragā
upa-pra-√gā P. (impf. or aor. -prấgāt) to step near to, approach RV. i, 162, 7 ; 163, 12 ; 13 AV. i, 28, 1 ; vi, 37, 1 VS. vi, 7
upaprach
upa-√prach Ā. (1. pl. -pṛcchāmahe) to ask (a person, acc.) about anything, consult MBh
upaprajan
upa-pra-√jan Ā. -jāyate, to be born after or in addition to Kāṭh
upaprajinv
upa-pra-√jinv P. (Subj. 3. pl. -jinvan) to please or gratify in approaching ṣāy. RV. i, 71, 1
• to impel, stir up Bṛḍ.
upapratigrah
upa-prati-√grah P. to conciliate again MaitrS
upapratṝ
upa-pra-√tṝ
Caus. (Impv. 2. sg. -prá-tāraya) to convey or transport across AV. ii, 36, 5
upapradā
upa-pra-dā √1. P. to deliver over, present or give away to ŚBr. i
≫ upapradāna
upa-pradāna n. the act of giving away to
• presenting, a present VP. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
upapradṛś
upa-pra-√dṛś Caus. -darśayati, to point out to or towards Comm. on TUp. and Bādar
≫ upapradarśana
upa-pradarśana n. the act of pointing out, showing, indication Comm. on AitUp
upaprabhid
upa-pra-√bhid P. (impf. -prấbhinat) to crumble and scatter TBr. i, 1, 3, 5
≫ upaprabhinna
upa-prábhinna mfn. crumbled TBr. i, 2, 13
upaprabhū
upa-pra-√bhū P. (aor. 3. pl. -prấbhūvan) to be present for help, help, assist ŚBr. xii, 4, 2, 10 ; 4, 2
upaprabhūṣ
upa-pra-√bhūṣ P. (Subj. 3. pl. -bhū́ṣan) to attend to, observe RV. iii, 55, 1
upaprayam
upa-pra-√yam P. -yacchati, to present in addition ŚBr
upaprayā
upa-pra-yā P. -yāti, to go towards, approach
• to proceed towards RV. i, 82, 6 TS. ii, 2, 1, 2 ; 3 ŚāṅkhBr
upapralobhana
upa-pra-lobhana n. (√lubh) the act of seducing, alluring Daś
upapravad
upa-pra-√vad P. (Impv. 2. sg. -právada) to join in AV. iv, 15, 14
upapravṛt
upa-pra-√vṛt Caus. P. -vartayati, to throw or push down TS. Kāṭh. [Page 202, Column 3]
upapravṛh
upa-pra-√vṛh Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -varhasva) to tear out and bring near to one's self ŚBr. iii, 9, 4, 22
upapraśri
upa-pra-√śri P. to lay or lean against Kāṭh
upaprasad
upa-pra-√sad P. (1. sg. -sīdāmi) to enter (a house), inhabit AV. iii, 12, 9
upaprasṛ
upa-pra-√sṛ Intens. Ā. (pf. 3. sg. -sarsré) to move towards, reach RV. ii, 35, 5
upaprastṛ
upa-pra-√stṛ Ā. -stṛṇīte, to lie down upon RV. vi, 67, 2
upaprahi
upa-pra-√hi P. (Impv. 2. pl. -hiṇuta AV. xviii, 4, 40
• pf. 3. pl. -jighyus [Sāy. reads -jigyus, but explains it by prêṣitavantaḥ] ŚBr. xi, 5, 1, 10) to send away to (acc.)
upaprāṇa
upa-prāṇa m. a secondary vital air belonging to the body W
upaprāp
upa-prâp (upa-pra-√āp)
≫ upaprāpta
upa-prâpta mfn. approached, come near R
upaprāyā
upa-prâ-√yā P. (Impv. 2. du. -yātam) to come near RV. vii, 70, 6
upaprut
upa-prút mfn. (fr. √pru = √plu BRD.) flowing or rushing near RV. ix, 71, 2
• approaching ṣāy.
upapre
upa-prê (upa-pra-√i), P. -eti, to go or come near to, approach, rush upon
• to set about, undertake, begin RV. AV. ŚBr. KenUp.: Ā. -plâyate (for -prâyate) to rush upon MaitrS. i, 10, 14 ; 16
upaprekṣ
upa-prêkṣ (upa-pra-√īkṣ), P. (2. sg. prêkṣasi) to overlook, pass over unnoticed, disregard MBh
≫ upaprekṣaṇa
upa-prêkṣaṇa n. the act of overlooking, looking at without interest, disregarding MBh
upapreṣ
upa-prêṣ (upa-pra- √1. iṣ), P. -prêṣyati (Impv. 2. du. -preṣyatam) to impel AV. xviii, 2, 53
• to invite, summon (said of the Adhvaryu priest who summons the Hotṛi priest to sacrifice) AitBr. ii, 5, 6
• 8
≫ upapraiṣa
upa-praiṣa m. invitation, summons ( the preceding) AitBr. ii, 5, 7
• 8
upaple
upa-plê (upa-pla-√i) for upa-prê, q.v
upaplu
upa-√plu P. -plavati, to overflow, inundate
• to assault, invade, afflict
• to eclipse Kauś
• to rush upon, assail MBh.: Ā. -plavate, to swim on the surface (as a light object) Comm. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 126
• to hang over, move aloft TāṇḍyaBr. Kāṭh.: Caus. -plāvayati, to irrigate, flood, water BhP
• to float near (?) ŚBr. xiii, 1, 2, 9
≫ upaplava
upa-plava m. affliction, visitation, invasion, inundation
• any public calamity, unlucky accident, misfortune, disturbance
• a portent or natural phenomenon (as an eclipse &c.) MBh. Suśr. Vikr. Kum. Kathās. &c
• N. of Rāhu (who is supposed to cause eclipses) L
• N. of Śiva L
≫ upaplavin
upaplavin mfn. afflicted or visited by a calamity Ragh
• under an eclipse Kād
• flooded
≫ upaplavya
upa-plavya mfn. to be overflowed
• to be afflicted L
• (am), n. N. of the capital of the Matsyas. MBh
≫ upapluta
upa-pluta mfn. overflowed
• invaded, afflicted, visited
• distressed, pained
• marked by prodigies
• swallowed (as sun and moon by Rāhu), eclipsed R. BhP. Mn. Ragh. &c
• (ā), f. (with yoni) a particular disease of the female organ ŚārṅgS. Car
⋙ upaplutekṣaṇa
upaplutêkṣaṇa mfn. having overflowing eyes, weeping Hariv
upabandh
upa-√bandh P. (3. pl. -badhnanti) to tie up, fasten ŚBr. ii, 1, 4, 3 Comm. on Bādar
≫ upabaddha
úpa-baddha mfn. tied up, fastened AV. i, 7, 7 ŚBr. xi, 5, 1, 2
• connected
≫ upabandha
upa-bandha m. union, connexion KātyŚr
• tie, bond, rope BhP
• quotation TPrāt
• application, employment, use (of a word &c.) Bādar
• a particular manner of sitting Caurap
• an affix Nir
upabahu
upa-bahu mfn. tolerably numerous, a good many Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 73
upabāhu
upa-bāhu m. the lower arm (from the elbow to the wrist) VarBṛS. [Page 203, Column 1]
• N. of a man, g. bāhv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 96
upabindu
upa-bindu m. N. of a man, g. bāhv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 96
upabila
upa-bila mfn. near the aperture Comm. on KātyŚr
upabṛh
upa-bṛh Intens. P. (Subj. -bárbṛhat
• Impv. 2. sg. -barbṛhi) to press with the arms or cling closely (to a man, dat.)
• to embrace closely or passionately RV. v, 61, 5 ; x, 10, 10 Nir. (cf. upa-√vṛṃh.)
≫ upabarha
upa-barha m. a pillow L
≫ upabarhaṇa
upa-bárhaṇa n. a cushion, pillow RV. x, 85, 7 AV. AitBr. ŚBr. TBr. &c
• (ī), f. id. RV. i, 174, 7
• m. N. of the Gandharva Narada BhP. VP. Pañcar. &c. (upabarhaṇa), mf(ā)n. having a cushion, furnished with a pillow Vait. 36, 7
≫ upabarhiṇa
upa-barhiṇa m. N. of a mountain BhP. v, 20, 21
≫ upabṛṃhaṇa
upa-bṛṃhaṇa
⋙ upabṛṃhin
upa-bṛṃhin upa-vṛṃhaṇa, ○vṛṃhin under upa-√vṛṃh
upabda
upabdá m. noise, sound, rattling, clanking RV. vii, 104, 17 (= AV. viii, 4, 17)
≫ upabdi
upabdí m. id. RV. ŚBr
• (voc. úpabde) a particular venomous animal ṇBḍ. AV. ii, 24, 6
⋙ upabdimat
○mát mfn. noisy, loud TS. AitBr
upabrū
upa-brū Ā. -brūte (once P., impf. 1. sg. -abravam RV. viii, 24, 14) to speak to, address
• to invoke for, entreat, ask for
• to persuade RV. AV. ŚBr. MBh
upablaya
upa-blaya m. the region round the clavicle Lāṭy. i, 5, 7
upabhakṣ
upa-√bhakṣ
≫ upabhakṣita
upa-bhakṣita mfn. eaten up, consumed Suśr
upabhaṅga
upa-bhaṅga m. (√bhañj), a division of a stanza Vikr
upabhaj
upa-√bhaj Ā. (aor. -ábhakta) to obtain, take possession of (acc.) RV. ix, 102, 2
upabhāṣā
upa-bhāṣā f. a secondary dialect Dhūrtas
upabhuj
upa-bhuj √2. Ā. -bhuṅkte, (ep. also -bhuñjate) to enjoy, eat, eat up, consume MBh. Yājñ. Pañcat. &c
• to enjoy, make use of, partake of
• to experience (happiness or misfortune &c.) MBh. Hariv. Mn. BhP. &c
• to enjoy (a woman) Hariv. Kathās. Pañcat. &c
• to receive as a reward Mn. xii, 8 R. vi, 98, 29: P. (1. pl. -bhuñjāmas) to be useful ChUp. iv, 11, 2: Caus. -bhojayati, to cause to take (medicine) Suśr
≫ upabhukta
upa-bhukta mfn. enjoyed, eaten, consumed
• used, possessed &c
⋙ upabhuktadhana
○dhana mfn. one who has enjoyed or made use of his riches
• m. N. of a merchant's son Pañcat. (also in the former meaning)
≫ upabhukti
upa-bhukti f. enjoyment, use T
• (in astron.) the daily course of a star (= bhukti, q.v.)
≫ upabhoktṛ
upa-bhoktṛ mfn. one who enjoys or makes use of, an enjoyer, possessor ŚvetUp. VarBṛS
≫ upabhoga
upa-bhoga m. enjoyment, eating, consuming
• using, usufruct MBh. Mn. Śak. &c
• pleasure, enjoyment
• enjoying (a woman or a lover) VP. Ragh. &c
• (with Jain.) enjoying, repeatedly
⋙ upabhogakṣama
○kṣama mfn. suited to enjoyment Śak
≫ upabhogin
upabhogin mfn. ifc. enjoying, making use of
≫ upabhogya
upa-bhogya mfn. to be enjoyed or used
• anything enjoyed or used BhP. Kum. Pañcat. &c
• (am), n. object of enjoyment MBh. Mṛicch
⋙ upabhogyatva
○tva n. the state of being enjoyable R
≫ upabhojin
upa-bhojin mfn. eating, enjoying Suśr
≫ upabhojya
upa-bhojya mfn. ifc. serving for food, causing enjoyment MBh
upabhū
upa-√bhū P. (pf. Pot. 2, sg. -babhūyās
• aor. Subj. 2. sg. -bhuvas) to come near to, approach RV. x, 183, 2
• to help, assist RV. i, 138, 4: Intens. -bubhūṣati, to wish to help MBh. xii, 3514
upabhūṣ
upa-√bhūṣ P. -bhūṣati, to approach (in order to revere) RV. x, 104, 7
• to regard, be careful, pay attention to, observe, obey RV
upabhūṣaṇa
upa-bhūṣaṇa n. secondary ornament or decoration
• implement. [Page 203, Column 2]
upabhṛ
upa-√bhṛ P. Ā. (p. -bíbhrat
• Impv. 2. sg. -bharasva) to bring or convey near RV. i, 166, 2 AV. v, 20, 4
• to bear Kir. v, 12
≫ upabhṛt
upa-bhṛt t f. a sacrificial vessel or ladle made of wood AV. xviii, 4, 5 ; 6 VS. TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
≫ upabhrita
upa-bhrita mfn. brought near, procured for (dat.)
• destined to (dat.) BhP
⋙ upabhṛtopaśama
upabhṛtôpaśama mfn. one to whom calmness of mind is brought, calm, quiet BhP. v, 7, 10
upabheda
upa-bheda m. a subdivision MatsyaP
upabhram
upa-√bhram P. (pf. -babhrāma) to saunter or move slowly towards BhP
upama 1
upamá mf(ā)n. uppermost, highest
• most excellent, eminent, best RV. AV
• nearest, next, first RV. Nigh
⋙ upamaśravas
○śravas (upamá○), mfn. of highest fame, highly renowned
• (ās), m. N. of a son of Kuru-śravaṇa and grandson of Mitrātithi RV. x, 33, 6 ; 7
-tama mfn. highly renowned, illustrious RV. ii, 23, 1
≫ upamā 1
upamā́ (for 2. below, and for 3. col. 3), ind. (Ved. instr. of the above) in the closest proximity or neighbourhood RV. i, 31, 15 ; viii, 69, 13
≫ upamām
upamā́m ind. in the highest degree RV. v, 34, 9 AV. viii, 3, 65 SV
upama 2
upama mfn. ifc. for 3. upa-mā, q.v
upamajj
upa-√majj P. Ā. -majjati, -te, to dive, sink ŚBr. Lāṭy. ŚāṅkhŚr. Comm. on KātyŚr
≫ upamajjana
upa-majjana n. ablution, bathing, a bath BhP
upamath
upa-√math P. -manthati, to whirl around RV. x, 136, 7
• to stir, churn, mix TBr. i, 6, 8, 4
• 5
≫ upamathita
upa-mathita mfn. stirred, churned, mixed ŚBr. ii, 6, 1, 6 Kauś
≫ upamathya
upa-mathya ind. p. having stirred
• churning, mixing Kauś. ChUp
≫ upamanthanī
upa-manthanī́ f. a staff for stirring ŚBr
≫ upamanthitṛ
upa-manthitṛ́ mfn. one who stirs or churns (butter &c.) VS. xxx, 12
upamad
upa-mad √1. P. -madati, to cheer up, encourage ŚBr. i, 4, 2, 1
≫ upamāda
upa-mā́da m. enjoyment, amusement RV. iii, 5, 5
upamadgu
upa-madgu m. N. of a younger brother of Madgu Hariv. VP
upamadhyamā
upa-madhyamā f. (scil. aṅguli) the finger next to the middle finger, the last finger but one ĀpŚr. iii, 1, 2
upamantr
upa-√mantr P. Ā. -mantrayati, -te to call near or towards one's self, call hither, induce to come near TS. ŚBr
• to summon, invite, persuade MBh. Kām. BhP
• to address
≫ upamantraṇa
upa-mantraṇa n. the art of persuading coaxing (= rahasy upa-cchandanam Kāś.) Pāṇ. 1-3, 47
≫ upamantrita
úpa-mantrita mfn. called near or hither ŚBr. ChUp. &c
• summoned, invited, persuaded MBh. Hariv
• addressed Daś
≫ upamantrin 1
upa-mantrín mfn. persuading, inciting, impelling RV. ix, 112, 4
upamantrin 2
upa-mantrin ī m. a subordinate counsellor BhP
upamanthanī
upa-manthanī́ above
upamanyu
upa-manyú mfn. striving after, zealous Bṛḍ. RV. i, 102, 9
• (knowing, understanding, intelligent Sāy.)
• (us), m. N. of a Ṛishi (pupil of Āyoda-dhaumya, who aided Śiva in the propagation of his doctrine and received the ocean of milk from him) MBh. LiṅgaP. Kathās. &c
• (avas), m. pl. the descendants of the above ĀśvŚr. (cf. aupamanyava.)
upamarda
upa-marda &c. upa-√mṛd
upamā 2
upa-√mā P. Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -mimīhi, -māhi, and -māsva
• Subj. 2. sg. -māsi) to measure out to, apportion to, assign, allot, grant, give RV.: Ā. -mimīte, to measure one thing by another, compare MBh. Hariv. Caurap. &c. [Page 203, Column 3]
≫ upamā 3
upa-mā́ f. comparison, resemblance, equality, similarity
• a resemblance (as a picture, portrait &c.) ŚBr. MBh. Kum. &c
• a particular figure in rhetoric, simile, comparison (a full simile must include four things
pūrṇôpama, luptôpamā, &c.) Sāh. Kāvyâd. Vām. &c
• a particle of comparison Nir
• a particular metre RPrāt
• (mfn. ifc.) equal, similar, resembling, like (e.g. amarôpama, mfn. resembling an immortal) MBh. Ragh. Daś. Hit. &c
⋙ upamādravya
○dravya n. any object used for comparison Kum
⋙ upamārūpaka
○rūpaka n. (in rhet.) a particular figure combining comparison and metaphor Vām
⋙ upamāvyatireka
○vyatireka m. (in rhet.) a particular figure combining comparison and contrast Kāvyâd
⋙ upameta
upamêta m. the tree Vatica Robusta L. .; (vṛkṣāṇāṃ madhye tasya sarvôccatvād anyasyôpomānatāṃ prāptatvāt tathātvam T.)
≫ upamāti 1
úpa-māti (for 2. s.v.), isf. comparison, similarity ṣāy. RV
• (is), m. 'assigning or granting' (wealth), N. of Agni ṣāy. RV. viii, 60, 11
• (BRD. derives both 1. and 2. upa-māti fr. upa-√man, 'to address.')
≫ upamātṛ 1
upa-mātṛ (for 2. s.v.), mfn. one who compares Naish
• an image-maker, portrait-painter L
≫ upamāna
upa-māna n. comparison, resemblance, analogy MBh. Suśr. Kathās. &c
• simile
• the object with which anything is compared Pāṇ. Sāh. Kum. &c
• a particle of comparison Nir
• (in log.) recognition of likeness, comparison (the third of the four Pramāṇas or means of correct knowledge)
• (mfn. ifc.) similar, like Kathās
⋙ upamānacintāmaṇi
○cintā-maṇi m. N. of a philosophical work
⋙ upamānatā
○tā f
⋙ upamānatva
○tva n. similarity Kathās
• the state of being an object of comparison Sāh. Vām
⋙ upamānavat
○vat mfn. similar, like Śatr
⋙ upamānopameyabhāva
upamānôpameya-bhāva m. the connection between the thing to be compared and the object with which it is compared
≫ upamita 1
upa-mita (for 2. upa-√mi), mfn. compared, illustrated by comparison Pāṇ. Bhartṛ. &c
• similar
≫ upamiti
upa-miti f. comparison
• resemblance, likeness, similarity Sāh
• analogy
• knowledge of things derived from analogy or resemblance Sarvad
≫ upameya
upa-meya mfn. to be compared, comparable with (with instr. or ifc.) Megh. Kum. &c
• (am), n. that which is compared, the subject of comparison (opposed to upa-māna, the object with which anything is compared) Sāh. Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ upameyopamā
upameyôpamā f. the resemblance of any object to that compared with it
• reciprocal comparison (as of a moon to a beautiful face) Vām. Kpr
upamāt
upa-mā́t f. a prop, support, = upamít below ṣāy. RV. vi, 67, 6
upamāti 2
upa-māti f. (√1. Sāy.), destroying, killing
⋙ upamātivani
○váni mfn. engaged in killing enemies, destroyer of enemies ṣāy. RV. v, 41, 16
• (fr. upa-√man, one who receives addresses in a friendly way BRD.)
upamātṛ 2
upa-mātṛ f. 'second mother', foster-mother, nurse L
• a near female relative L
upamāda
upa-māda upa-√mad
upamāraṇa
upa-māraṇa upa-√mṛ
upamālinī
upa-mālinī f. a particular metre
upamālinītīram
upa-mālinī-tīram ind. near the banks of the Mālinī Śak. 16, 7
upamāsya
úpamāsya mfn. (fr. upa-māsam), occurring every month, monthly AV. viii, 10, 19
upami
upa-mi √1. P. -minoti, to stick or fasten on, put into Kāṭh
≫ upamit
upa-mít t f. a prop, stay RV. i, 59, 1 ; iv, 5, 1 AV. ix, 3, 1
≫ upamita 2
upa-mita (for 1. above), mfn. stuck or fastened on, put into Vait
upamitra
upa-mitra n. a minor friend, not an intimate friend, Nīlak
upamih
upa-√mih Caus. -mehayati, to wet BhP. vi, 16, 32
upamīmāṃsā
upa-mīmāṃsā (fr. Desid. of √man), deliberation, investigation, consideration ŚBr. xi, 4, 2, 12 ; 15. [Page 204, Column 1]
upamukham
upa-mukham ind. on the mouth Lāṭy. iv, 2, 6
upamuc
upa-√muc Ā. -muñcate, to put on (e.g. shoes) TS. TBr. KātyŚr. Kauś
upamūlam
upa-mūlám ind. on or at the √ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kauś. Gobh
upamṛ
upa-√mṛ Caus. -mārayati, to throw into water, plunge, immerse ŚBr. Comm. on KātyŚr
• (with apsu) ĀpŚr. viii, 8, 12
≫ upamāraṇa
upa-māraṇa n. the act of throwing into water, submerging KātyŚr. xx, 8, 22
≫ upamṛta
úpa-mṛta mfn. died, dead TS. vi, 2, 8, 6
upamṛj
upa-√mṛj P. -mārṣṭi (3. pl. -mṛjanti RV. ix, 15, 7) to stroke
• to touch, sweep, wipe, cleanse TBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr
upamṛd
upa-√mṛd P. -mṛdnāti, to graze in passing (said of a heavenly body in its transit) VarBṛS
• to crush, destroy, annul Naish. Comm. on BṛĀrUp.: Caus. -mardayati, to destroy, devastate, annul, annihilate BhP. Comm. on ChUp. and BṛĀrUp
≫ upamarda
upa-marda m. friction, rubbing down
• pressure Sāh. Kathās
• injury, violation
• destruction MBh. Comm. on BṛĀrUp. and Nyāyad
• suppression (of a sound) Nyāyad. ii, 2, 59
≫ upamardaka
upa-mardaka mfn. destroying, annulling, oppressing Hariv. Kathās. Sarvad
≫ upamardana
upa-mardana n. the act of injuring, violation
• suppression, oppression Comm. on KātyŚr
≫ upamardin
upa-mardin mfn. ifc. destroying, annulling BhP
upamṛṣ
upa-√mṛṣ Caus
≫ upamarṣita
upa-marṣita mfn. borne patiently, tolerated
• granted, not begrudged MBh
upamṝ
upa-√mṝ Pass. (p. -mūryámāṇa) to be worn away or destroyed ŚBr. i, 7, 3, 21 ; 4, 12
upamekhalam
upa-mekhalam ind. about or on the slopes or sides (of a mountain) Kir. vii, 32
upamluc
upa-√mluc P. (pf. -mumloca) to hide one's self among (with gen.) ŚBr. i, 2, 5, 8
upamlup
upa-√mlup
≫ upamlupta
úpa-mlupta mfn. hidden, concealed TBr. iii, 2, 9, 4
upayaj 1
upa-√yaj P. Ā. -yajati, -te, to sacrifice in addition to TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. PārGṛ. Comm. on VS. vi, 21
≫ upayaj 2
upa-yáj t f. (Pāṇ. 3-2, 73) N. of eleven additional formulas at an animal sacrifice (enumerated in VS. vi, 21) TS. MaitrS. ŚBr
≫ upayaṣṭri
upa-yaṣṭrí ṭā m. the priest who utters the above formulas ŚBr. iii, 8, 5, 5
≫ upayāja 1
upa-yāja (for 2. s.v.), as m.= 2. upayáj AitBr. ii, 18, 8 Kāś. on Pāṇ. 7-3, 62
upayat 1
upa-√yat Ā. -yatate, to befall ŚBr. viii, 5, 1, 7
upayat 2
upa-yat upé
upayantr
upa-yantr P
≫ upayantrita
upa-yantrita mfn. solicited or compelled to do anything, allured Mn. xi, 177 (erroneous for upa-ma○ BRD.)
upayantra
upa-yantra n. a minor or secondary instrument or implement (esp. in surg.) Suśr
• a secondary application of any kind (as cautery, escharotics &c.) W
upayam
upa-√yam P. Ā. -yacchati, -te, to seize, lay hold of, touch (P. if not in the sense of appropriating Pat. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 56) RV. viii, 35, 21 AV. xii, 3, 19 ŚBr. &c
• to reach forth, offer (Pass. aor. -ayāmi) RV. vii, 92, 1
• to put under, prop, stay ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kauś
• to take for one's self, receive, appropriate
• to take as one's wife, marry (only Ā. Pāṇ. 1-3, 56
• but Gobh. ii, 1, 8 Gaut. xxviii, 20 Kathās. xiv, 67) ĀśvGṛ. Mn. iii, 11 MBh. Śak. &c
• to sleep with (a woman) Mn. xi, 172
≫ upayantṛ
upa-yantṛ m. a husband Ragh. vii, 1 Kum
≫ upayama
upa-yama m. (Pāṇ. 1-n, 3, 63) appropriation, taking possession of
• marrying, marriage Sāh
• kindling a fire, (kanyâgny-upayama, taking a wife and kindling the domestic fire Gaut. xviii, 18) [Page 204, Column 2]
• a support, stay ĀpŚr. xv, 9, 10
≫ upayamana
upa-yamana mfn. serving as support (as grass) PārGṛ
• (ī), f. (upa-yámani) any support (of stone, clay, gravel &c. for holding fire-wood) ŚBr. iii, 5, 2, 1 KātyŚr
• a ladle (used at sacrifices) ŚBr. AitBr. KātyŚr
• (am), n. a support, stay ĀśvŚr
• the taking a wife, marrying Pāṇ
• sleeping with (a woman) Kād
≫ upayāma
upa-yāmá m. (Pāṇ. 3-3, 63) a particular vessel for ladling out
• a ladle (used at sacrifices) VS. vii, 4, &c
• N. of a deity VS. xxv, 2
• N. of the verses (VS. vii, 4 seqq.) uttered in ladling out the Soma juice ŚBr. KātyŚr
• marrying, marriage L
⋙ upayāmavat
○vat mfn. furnished with a ladle, g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136
≫ upayāmin
upayāmin mfn. (fr. upa-yāma g. balâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 136), furnished with a ladle
upayā
upa-√yā P. -yāti (inf. -yaí, opposed to ava-yaí, ava-√yā) to come up RV. viii, 47, 12
• to come near, go near or towards, approach (for protection), visit, frequent RV. AV. ĀśvGṛ. MBh. BhP. Kathās. &c
• to approach (a woman for sexual intercourse) MBh. R. &c
• to arrive at, reach, obtain, to get into any state or condition MBh. VarBṛS. Ragh. &c
• to occur, befall Hit
• to give one's self up to VP
≫ upayāta
upa-yāta mfn. approached, visited, frequented
• one who has approached or come near
• one who has obtained
• approached sexually (as a woman)
• (am), n. arrival
≫ upayāna
upa-yāna n. coming near, approach, arrival R. Kum. Sāh
≫ upayāpana
upa-yāpana n. the act of causing to come near, leading near BhP
≫ upayāyin
upa-yāyin mfn. coming towards, approaching R
upayāc
upa-√yāc
≫ upayācaka
upa-yācaka mfn. one who asks, begging, soliciting L
≫ upayācana
upa-yācana n. the act of soliciting, approaching with a request or prayer R
≫ upayācita
upa-yācita mfn. requested
• solicited Ragh. xiii, 53 Kād
• asked for, begged VarBṛS. Sarvad. &c
• (am), n. a prayer, request
• a gift or oblation offered to deities for the fulfilment of a prayer or work Pañcat. Kathās
≫ upayācitaka
upayācitaka n. a prayer, request L
upayāja 2
upa-yāja (for 1. upa-√yaj), m. N. of a younger brother of Yāja MBh
upayuj
upa-√yuj only Ā. (Pāṇ. 1-3, 64) -yuṅkte (but also rarely P., e.g. impf. -ayunak RV. x, 102, 7) to harness to RV. AV. iv, 23, 3 ŚBr. v
• to take for one's self, appropriate RV. i, 165, 5 MBh. Mn. viii, 40
• to follow, attach one's self to, be devoted
• to undertake MBh
• to use, employ, apply ŚBr. AitBr. MBh. BhP
• to have the use of, enjoy (e.g. food or a woman or dominion &c.) ĀśvGṛ. Lāṭy. MBh. &c.: Pass. -yujyate, to be employed or applicable, be useful or fit or proper MBh. Pañcat. Kathās. &c.: Caus. -yojayati, to use, employ Suśr
• to cause to eat MānGṛ
• to come into contact BhP
≫ upayukta
upa-yukta mfn. enjoyed, eaten, consumed MBh. R
• employed, applicable
• suitable, fit, appropriate, useful Kathās. Rājat. Prab. &c
• proper, right
• serviceable
• worthy Śak. Hit. Pat. &c
≫ upayuyukṣu
upa-yuyukṣu mfn. (fr. the Desid.), about to employ or apply Suśr
≫ upayoktavya
upa-yoktavya mfn. to be employed
• to be enjoyed MBh
≫ upayoktṛ
upa-yoktṛ mfn. one who employs
• one who enjoys (food) Car
≫ upayoga
upa-yoga m. employment, use, application MBh. Suśr. Prab
• (upayogaṃ-√gam or √vraj, to be employed Kum. Śārṅg.)
• enjoyment, consuming, taking Suśr
• any act tending to a desired object
• an engagement, compact, agreement Pāṇ. 1-4, 29
• use, fitness
• acquisition (of knowledge) Gaut. vii, 1
• good conduct, observing established practices L
≫ upayogin
upayogin mfn. serving for use or application, suitable, fit, useful, convenient Kathās. Sāh. &c
• appropriate
• favourable, propitious
• (ifc.) using, employing Daś
• touching, in contact with L
⋙ upayogitā
upayogi-tā f. or the state of being applicable
⋙ upayogitva
upayogi-tva n. the state of being applicable
• usefulness, suitableness Naish. Kathās. [Page 204, Column 3]
⋙ upayogya
upa-yogya mfn. to be employed or used Bālar
≫ upayojana
upa-yojana n. the act of harnessing (a horse by the side of another) AitBr. v, 30, 6
• a team Nir
≫ upayojya
upa-yojya mfn. to be employed or used or applied Suśr
upayuta
upa-yuta m. N. of a king VP
upayoṣam
upa-yoṣam ind. vḷ. for upa-joṣam, q.v
upara
úpara mfn. (fr. upa), situated below, under
• posterior, later
• nearer, approximate RV
• m. the lower stone on which the Soma is laid (that it may be ground by means of another stone held in the hand) RV. i, 79, 3 ; x, 94, 5 ; 175, 3 AV
• the lower part of the sacrificial post VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
• a cloud L
• region L
⋙ uparatāti
○tāti (upa-rá○), ind. in the proximity
• a circumference RV. i, 151, 5 ; vii, 48 3
uparakṣaṇa
upa-rakṣaṇa n. a guard, outpost L
uparac
upa-√rac Caus. P. -racayati, to construct, form, make, prepare, effect Kād
≫ uparacita
upa-racita mfn. constructed, formed, made, prepared BhP. Bhartṛ. Kād
uparañj
upa-√rañj Caus. P. -rañjayati, to influence, affect Sarvad
≫ uparakta
upa-rakta mfn. dyed, coloured, coloured red
• heated, inflamed ŚBr. Sāh
• afflicted, distressed (esp. by Rāhu
• said of sun and moon), eclipsed R. VarBṛS. &c
• influenced or affected by BhP. Sarvad
≫ uparajya
upa-rajya ind. p. having dyed or coloured
• darkening, obscuring BhP. iv, 29, 69
≫ uparañjaka
upa-rañjaka mfn. dyeing
• affecting, influencing Sarvad. Kap. Sāh
≫ uparañjya
upa-rañjya mfn. to be dyed
• to be affected or influenced Kap
≫ uparāga
upa-rāga m. the act of dyeing or colouring, colour Ragh. Kathās. &c
• darkening, eclipse (of sun and moon, caused by Rāhu) Śak. 186 b MBh. VarBṛS
• influence, affecting Sarvad. Kap. Prab. &c
• misbehaviour, ill-conduct L
• reproach, abuse L
• Rāhu L
uparatna
upa-ratna n. a secondary or inferior gem Bhpr
uparadh
upa-√radh Caus. P. -randhayati, to pain, torment BhP
uparandhra
upa-randhra n. a minor hole or cavity
• N. of a particular part of the body of a horse (probably a hollow place or depression on the flanks or ribs
• cf. randhra Śiś. v, 4)
uparam
upa-√ram P. Ā. (Pāṇ. 1-3, 85) -ramati, -te, to cease from motion, stop TS. TBr. ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• to cease from action, be inactive or quiet (as a quietist) BhP. Bhag
• to pause, stop (speaking or doing anything) ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. ĀśvGṛ. Pañcat. &c
• to leave off, desist, give up, renounce (with abl.) MBh. R. BhP. Comm. on BṛĀrUp. Daś
• to await, wait for ŚBr. ii, 2, 1, 2 ; iii, 8, 2, 29
• to cause to cease or stop
• to render quiet Pāṇ. 1-3, 84: Caus. -ramayati, to cause to cease or stop
• to render quiet Nir. Kāś
≫ uparata
upa-rata mfn. ceased, stopped, quiet, indifferent, patient ŚBr. MBh. BhP. &c
• dead ŚāṅkhGṛ. R. Pañcat. &c
• ceasing to exist, disappeared, nonexisting, PārGr. Mn. BhP. &c
• withdrawn or retired from, left off, given up R
⋙ uparatarāsa
○rāsa mfn. ceasing to play or dance
⋙ uparataviṣayābhilāṣa
○viṣayâbhilāṣa mfn. one whose desire after worldly things has ceased
⋙ uparataśoṇitā
○śoṇitā f. (a woman) whose menses have ceased Gobh. ii, 5, 8
⋙ uparataspṛha
○spṛha mfn. one in whom desire has ceased, free from desire
⋙ uparatāri
uparatâri mfn. one whose foes are quiet
• having no foe, being at peace with all
≫ uparati
upa-rati f. cessation, stopping MārkP. Suśr
• death Kād
• desisting from sensual enjoyment or any worldly action, quietism, Vedāntas
≫ uparama
upa-rama m. cessation, stopping, expiration MBh. R
• leaving off, desisting, giving up Suśr. Sāṃkhyak
• death Kād
⋙ uparamatva
○tva n. the state of ceasing from (all worldly desires and actions) Vedāntas
≫ uparamaṇa
upa-ramaṇa n. the abstaining from worldly actions or desires Vedāntas
• ceasing, discontinuance. [Page 205, Column 1]
≫ uparāma
upa-rāma m. ceasing, stopping, desisting
uparambh
upa-√rambh P. -rambhati, to cause to resound BhP. x, 35, 12
uparava
upa-rava m. (√ru), a hole (over which the Soma is ground
• so called from its increasing the sound of the grindstones) TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
≫ uparāva
upa-rāva m. a near sound ṭ. Pāṇ. 3-3, 22
uparasa
upa-rasa m. a secondary mineral (as red chalk, bitumen &c.) Bhpr
• a secondary feeling or passion L
• a secondary flavour L
uparāja
upa-rāja m. a viceroy, g. kāśyādi Pāṇ. 4-2, 116
uparājam
upa-rājam ind. near a king Pāṇ. 5-4, 108 Kāś
uparādhaya
upa-rādhaya mfn. (√rādh), propitiating, doing homage, g. brāhmaṇâdi Pāṇ. 5-1, 124
uparāmam
upa-rāmam ind. near Rāma T
upari
upári ind. (as a separable adverb) above, upon, on, upwards, towards the upper side of (opposed to adhas and, nīcā e.g. upari-√yā, to go upwards
• sometimes written with a following word as if compounded with it, below)
• besides, in addition to, further (sahasraṃ śatāny upari câṣṭau, 1000 and 800 in addition)
• afterwards (e.g. upari payaḥ pibet, he should drink milk afterwards)
upary upari, higher and higher
• repeatedly, continuously RV. &c. (As a separable preposition, with acc., loc., or gen.) over, above, upon, on, at the head of, on the upper side of, beyond (e.g. upari śailaṃ-√gam, to go over the mountain
upari laṅkāyāṃ samprāptaḥ saḥ, he arrived over Laṅkā
upary upari sarveṣām atiṣṭhat, he stood at the very head of all
ātmānaṃ tasya upari kṣiptvā, having thrown himself upon him)
• in connection with, with reference to, with regard to, towards (with gen., e.g. mamôpari vikāritaḥ, changed in feeling with regard to me
putrasyôpari kruddhaḥ, enraged towards his son)
• after (with abl., e.g. muhūrtād upari, after a minute
• also tad-upari &c.) RV. &c. ; [Zend. upairi ; Goth. ufar ; Old Germ. obar ; Mod. Germ. [Âber] ; Eng. over
• Gk. ? ; Lat. super.] [205, 1]
≫ upari
upari may stand first in a compound, as in the following examples:
⋙ uparikāṇḍa
○kāṇḍa n. the third division of the Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā
⋙ uparikuṭī
○kuṭī f. an upper room L
⋙ upariga
○ga mfn. moving or soaring above BhP
⋙ uparigata
○gata mfn. gone up, ascended BhP
⋙ uparicara
○cara mfn. moving or walking above or in the air
• m. N. of the king Vasu MBh. VP
• a bird T
⋙ uparicita
○cita mfn. piled over or above
⋙ uparicihnita
○cihnita mfn. marked or sealed above Yājñ
⋙ uparija
○ja mfn. growing upwards or out, protuberant Suśr
⋙ uparijānu
○jānu ind. above the knee Āp
⋙ uparitala
○tala n. the upper surface Mṛicch. Daś
⋙ uparitas
○tas ind. over, above Hcat
⋙ uparidaṃṣṭrin
○"ṣdaṃṣṭrin mfn. having large teeth in the upper jaw VarBṛS
⋙ uparidaśa
○daśa mfn. (fr. daśā), having the fringes turned upwards Lāṭy. ii, 6, 4
⋙ uparinābhi
○nābhí ind. above the navel ŚBr. vi
⋙ uparinihita
○nihita and mfn. put down or laid over
⋙ uparinyasta
○nyasta mfn. put down or laid over
⋙ uparipātra
○pātra n. upper-plate, upper-cup (used as a lid for the real vessel
• cf. ūrdhva-pātra) Hcat
⋙ uparipuruṣa
○puruṣa m. a man standing above Daś
⋙ upariprut
○prút mfn. (√pru = √plu), coming from above VS. vii, 3
⋙ uparibabhrava
○babhrava m. N. of a Ṛishi Kauś
⋙ uparibuddhi
○buddhi mfn. of lofty intellect
⋙ uparibudhna
○budhna (upári-), mfn. raised above the ground RV. x, 73, 8
⋙ uparibṛhatī
○bṛhatī f. a variety of the Bṛihatī (q.v.) metre (having twelve instants in the second line, and eight instants in each of the other three lines
• cf. upariṣṭād-bṛhatī and purastād-bṛhatī)
⋙ uparibhakta
○bhakta mfn. eaten or taken after (i.e. after a meal) Car
⋙ uparibhāga
○bhāga m. the upper portion or side Hcat. Comm. on TS. &c
⋙ uparibhāva
○bhāva m. the state of being higher or above Nir
⋙ uparibhūmi
○bhūmí ind. above the ground ŚBr
⋙ uparimartya
○martya (upári-), mfn. more than human RV. viii, 19, 12
⋙ uparimekhala
○mekhala m. N. of a man, g. yaskâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 63
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of the above ib
⋙ upariyāna
○yāna n. the going upwards, ascending (into heaven) Naish
⋙ upariśaya
○śaya mfn. lying above or over Comm. on ĀpŚr
⋙ upariśayana
○śayaná n. an elevated resting-place AV. ix, 6, 9. [Page 205, Column 2]
⋙ upariśayyā
○śayyā f. id. Āp. Gobh
⋙ upariśāyin
○śāyin mfn. resting on an elevated bed GopBr
⋙ upariśreṇika
○śreṇika mfn. being in the upper series
⋙ upariṣad
○ṣad mfn. sitting above (= -sád below) TāṇḍyaBr
⋙ upariṣadya
○ṣadya n. the sitting above (= -sádya below) ib. -ṣṭha mfn. staying above (= -stha below) R. Daś. Vet
⋙ uparisad
○sád mfn. sitting or being above VS. ix, 35 ; 36
• (v. l. -ṣád.)
⋙ uparisadya
○sádya n. the sitting above ŚBr. v
⋙ uparistha
○stha mfn. standing above MaitrUp. MBh. Hcat. &c
⋙ uparisthāpana
○sthāpana n. the act of placing upon or above Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ uparisthāyin
○sthāyin mfn. standing higher, prominent Comm. on TPrāt
⋙ uparisthita
○sthita mfn. staying above
⋙ uparispṛś
○spṛ́ś mfn. reaching above, elevated, high RV. x, 128, 9 AV. v, 3, 10
⋙ uparihasta
○hasta m. an elevated hand Hcat
⋙ uparītaka
uparī7taka m. (scil. sṛṅgāra-bandha) a kind of coitus, Rati-mañjarī T
⋙ uparyāsana
uparyāsana n. the sitting on high or above KātyŚr
⋙ uparyāsīna
upary-āsīna mfn. sitting above AitĀr
≫ uparitana
uparitana mf(ī)n. upper (opposed to adhastana) Mṛicch. Comm. on VS. and TāṇḍyaBr
• following, further on, subsequent (in a book) Comm. on Mn., on VPrāt., on Nyāyam
≫ upariṣṭāj
upariṣṭāj (in comp. for upáriṣṭāt below)
⋙ upariṣṭājjyotiṣmatī
○jyotiṣmatī f. N. of a variety of the Jyotishmatī (q.v.) metre (having twelve instants in the last line, and eight instants in each of the three preceding lines)
⋙ upariṣṭājjyotis
○jyotis n. id
≫ upariṣṭāt
upáriṣṭāt ind. (as an adverb) above, from above, on the upper part RV. ix, 91, 4 AV. iv, 40, 7 ; viii, 8, 13 ŚBr. ChUp. &c
• behind (opposed to purastāt) TS. ŚBr
• further on, later, below (in a book) Nir. Suśr
• afterwards ChUp. Yājñ
• (as a preposition) over, upon, down upon (with acc. and gen.) ŚBr. MBh. &c
• behind (with gen.) TS. ŚBr. Suśr
• with reference to, about (with gen.) Daś
⋙ upariṣṭātsvāhākāra
○svāhā-kāra and mfn. followed by the exclamation, 'Svāha!' ŚBr. TBr
⋙ upariṣṭātsvāhākṛti
○svāhā-kṛti mfn. followed by the exclamation, 'Svāha!' ŚBr. TBr
≫ upariṣṭād
upáriṣṭād (in comp. for upáriṣṭāt above)
⋙ upariṣṭādudarka
○udarka mfn. ending in a burden (as a song) Sāy. on AitBr. v, 2, 17
⋙ upariṣṭādupayāma
○upayāma mfn. followed by the Upa-yāma (q.v.) verses
⋙ upariṣṭāddhomabhāj
○dhoma-bhāj (for ○Ad-ho○), mfn. partaking afterwards of the oblations Comm. on ĀpŚr. vii, 20, 9
⋙ upariṣṭādbṛhatī
○bṛhatī f. N. of a variety of the Bṛihatī (q.v.) metre (having twelve syllables in the last Pāda, and eight syllables in each of the three preceding lines
• cf. purastād-bṛ○)
⋙ upariṣṭādvāta
○vātá m. wind coming from above MaitrS
≫ upariṣṭāl
upáriṣṭāl (in comp. for upáriṣṭāt above)
⋙ upariṣṭāllakṣaṇa
○lakṣaṇa and mfn. marked on the upper side ŚBr. i MaitrS
⋙ upariṣṭāllakṣman
○lakṣman mfn. marked on the upper side ŚBr. i MaitrS
uparuc
upa-√ruc Ā. (pf. -ruruce) to approach shining RV. vii, 77, 1
uparudh
upa-rudh √2. P. Ā. -ruṇaddhi, -runddhe, and -rundhati, -te (also -rodhati R. vii, 74, 7) to lock in, shut up, besiege, blockade TBr. ŚBr. ChUp. Mn. Śiś. &c
• to keep, hold back, stop, obstruct, hinder, interrupt MBh. Mn. Śak
• to molest, trouble, importune, annoy R. Ragh. &c
• to cover, conceal Ragh. vii, 36 R.: Caus. -rodhayati, to injure Vātsyāy
≫ uparuddha
upa-ruddha mfn. locked in, shut up, besieged, blockaded BhP. Kathās. Kām
• hindered, obstructed, prevented R
• molested, troubled R
• m. a captive Ragh. xviii, 17
≫ uparudhya
upa-rudhya ind. p. having locked in, having obstructed or kept in check &c
≫ uparodha
upa-rodha m. besieging, obstruction, blockading, impediment, check MBh. Suśr. Prab. &c
• trouble, disturbance, injure, damage PārGṛ. Mn. Śak
• disunion, quarrel VarBṛS
• regard, respect Kathās
⋙ uparodhakārin
○kārin mfn. causing trouble or disturbance Śak
≫ uparodhaka
uparodhaka n. an inner room, private apartment L
≫ uparodhana
upa-rodhana n. the act of besieging or blockading Sāh
• obstruction, impediment R
≫ uparodham
upa-rodham ind. p. besieging, shutting up Pāṇ. 3-4, 49 (with loc. or abl. or ifc. Kāś.)
≫ uparodhin
upa-rodhin mfn. ifc. obstructing, impeding Ragh
• (uparodhin), having an impediment, impeded, obstructed
uparuh
upa-√ruh P. -rohati, to grow over or together, heal over (as a wound) Suśr.: Caus. -rohayati, to cause to heal over, cicatrize Suśr
≫ uparūḍha
upa-rūḍha mfn. healed over, cicatrized Suśr
• 'grown out of shape', altered, changed Mālav. [Page 205, Column 3]
uparūpa
upa-rūpa n. (in med.) inferior or insignificant symptom Car
uparūpaka
upa-rūpaka n. 'minor Rūpaka', a drama of an inferior class (eighteen of which are enumerated) Sāh. 276
Sāh. 539 seqq
upala
upala m. a rock, stone MBh. Suśr. Śak. &c
• a precious stone, jewel Yājñ. iii, 36 Śiś. iii, 48 Kir
• a cloud L
• (ā), f. (úpalā) the upper and smaller mill-stone (which rests on the dṛṣad) ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvGṛ
• = śarkarā L
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. apalus?] [205, 3]
⋙ upalaprakṣin
○prakṣín mf(íṇī)n. grinding (grain) upon mill-stones, miller RV. ix, 112, 3
⋙ upalabhedin
○bhedin m. N. of a plant L
⋙ upalahasta
○hasta m. 'stone-hand', N. of a Cāṇḍāla Kathās
≫ upalaka
upalaka m. a stone Suśr
upalakṣ
upa-lakṣ P. Ā. -lakṣayati, -te, to look at, observe, behold, perceive ĀśvŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh. Suśr. &c
• to pay attention to, regard MBh. Kām
• to regard or value as MBh. R
• to distinguish, mark
• to distinguish by a secondary or unessential mark
• to imply in addition, designate implicitly Sāy.: Pass. -lakṣyate, to be observed &c
• to be implied BhP. Comm. on Mn. Sarvad. &c
≫ upalakṣa
upa-lakṣa m. distinction, distinguishing ( dur-upa○)
≫ upalakṣaka
upa-lakṣaka mfn. observing closely or with attention
• implying
• designating by implication Comm. on Pāṇ. and TPrāt
≫ upalakṣaṇa
upa-lakṣaṇa n. the act of observing Śak. 142, 4
• designation KātyŚr. Comm. on Pāṇ
• the act of implying something that has not been expressed, implying any analogous object where only one is specified
• using a term metaphorically or elliptically or in a generic sense
• synecdoche (of a part for the whole, of an individual for the species, or of a quality for that in which it resides) VPrāt. Comm. on Pāṇ. Sāh. Nyāyak. &c
• a mark Vikr. Kathās
⋙ upalakṣaṇatā
○tā f. or the being implied or expressed eliptically Vedāntas. Sarvad. &c
⋙ upalakṣaṇatva
○tva n. the being implied or expressed eliptically Vedāntas. Sarvad. &c
≫ upalakṣayitavya
upa-lakṣayitavya mfn. to be observed or regarded MBh. Suśr
≫ upalakṣita
upa-lakṣita mfn. beheld, perceived, looked at R. BhP. Daś. &c
• observed
• valued or regarded for R
• characterized, marked, distinguished MārkP. Yājñ. Mn. Kathās. &c
• included, implied, expressed by implication or elliptically, understood
≫ upalakṣya
upa-lakṣya mfn. to be implied or understood by implication, inferable BhP
upaladhi
upaladhi err. for vāladhi, q.v
upalabh
upa-√labh Ā. -labhate, to seize, get possession of, acquire, receive, obtain, find MBh. R. Mn. Mṛicch. &c
• (with garbham) to conceive, become pregnant R
• to perceive, behold, hear [Gk. ?], to [205, 3] understand, learn, know, ascertain MBh. BhP. Pañcat. VarBṛS. &c.: Caus. P. -lambhayati, to cause to obtain or take possession BhP. viii, 15, 36
• to cause to hear or learn or know Pat. on Vārtt. 2 on Pāṇ. 1-4, 52
• to cause to be known or distinguished BhP. iv, 1, 25: Desid. (p. -lípsamāna AV. vi, 118, 11) to wish to catch or grasp
≫ upalabdha
upa-labdha mfn. obtained, received
• conceived
• perceived, heard, understood, learnt, known, guessed
⋙ upalabdhasukha
○sukha mfn. one who has experienced pleasure
⋙ upalabdhārtha
upalabdhârtha mf(ā)n. (a statement, tale &c.) the meaning or plot of which is known
• true, probable L
≫ upalabdhavya
upa-labdhavya mfn. to be perceived KaṭhUp
≫ upalabdhi
upa-labdhi f. obtainment, acquisition, gain MBh. Vikr. Ragh
• (with garbhasya) conception R
• observation, perceiving, perception, becoming aware, understanding, mind, knowledge MBh. Suśr. Tarkas. Sarvad. &c
• perceptibility, appearance TPrāt
• [Gk. ?.]
⋙ upalabdhimat
○mat mfn. perceiving, understanding
• [205, 3] perceptible, intelligible TPrāt
-tva n. the condition or faculty of perceiving Tattvas
⋙ upalabdhisama
○sama m. (in log.) a kind of sophistical refutation of an argument (e.g. the argument, 'sound is uneternal because it is produced by some effort', is refuted by saying that sound is also produced by wind) Sarvad. Nyāyad. Nyāyak
≫ upalabdhṛ
upa-labdhṛ mfn. one who perceives NṛisUp. Comm. on Bādar. [Page 206, Column 1]
≫ upalabhya 1
upa-labhya mfn. obtainable Ragh
• perceivable, to be understood VP
≫ upalabhya 2
upa-labhya ind. p. having obtained
• having perceived &c
≫ upalambha
upa-lambha m. obtainment R. Śiś
• perceiving, ascertaining, recognition Ragh. Śak. Sarvad. Nyāyak. &c
≫ upalambhaka
upa-lambhaka mfn. perceiving BhP
• (from the Caus.) causing to perceive, reminding Bhāshāp
≫ upalambhana
upa-lambhana n. apprehension, perceiving
• the capacity of perceiving, intelligence BhP
≫ upalambhya
upa-lambhya mfn. worthy to be acquired Pāṇ. 7-1, 66
≫ upalābha
upa-lābha m. grasping, catching ( ánupalābha)
≫ upalipsā
upa-lipsā f. (fr. Desid.), wish to obtain, Śāntiś
≫ upalipsu
upa-lipsu mfn. (fr. id.), wishing to learn or hear Daś
upalal
upa-√lal Caus. lālayati, to treat with tenderness, caress, fondle BhP. Śak. 292, 8 Mālav
≫ upalālana
upa-lālana am, ā n. f. the act of caressing, fondling BhP. Comm. on R
≫ upalālita
upa-lālita mfn. caressed, fondled BhP
upalikh
upa-√likh to encircle with lines or trenches
≫ upalikhya
upa-likhya ind. p. having encircled with lines or trenches MBh. xii
upaliṅga
upa-liṅga n. a portent, natural phenomenon considered as boding evil L
upalip
upa-√lip P. -limpati, to defile, besmear (esp. with cow-dung), smear, anoint
ĀśvGṛ. ŚāṅkhGṛ. Gobh. MBh. &c
• to cover, overlay Suśr. i, 262, 7 Vāgbh.: Caus -lepayati, to besmear (esp. with cow-dung), smear, anoint Mn. iii, 206 R
≫ upalipta
upa-lipta mfn. besmeared, anointed
≫ upalipya
upa-lipya ind. p. having besmeared or anointed
≫ upalepa
upa-lepa m. the act of besmearing (with cow-dung) BhP
• obstruction (by phlegm) Suśr. i, 115, 15
• bluntness, dullness Suśr
≫ upalepana
upa-lepana n. the act of besmearing (with cow-dung) Pañcat. PSarv. &c
• a means of besmearing, cow-dung Car
≫ upalepin
upa-lepin mfn. obstructing Suśr
• smearing, anointing
• (upalepin), serving as ointment Suśr. ii, 353, 15
upalipsā
upa-lipsā &c. upa-√labh
upalī
upa-√lī Ā. -līyate, to lie close to, cling to MBh. viii
upalubh
upa-√lubh Caus. -lobhayati, to cause to wish, excite the desire of (acc.), allure PārGṛ. Kām
upalekha
upa-lekha m. 'subordinate writing', N. of a grammatical work connected with the Prāti-śākhyas
⋙ upalekhapañjikā
○pañjikā f
⋙ upalekhabhāṣya
○bhāṣya n. N. of commentaries on the above work
upaleṭa
upa-leṭa Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
upaloṭa
upa-loṭa ib
upaloha
upa-loha n. a secondary metal
upavaṅga
upa-vaṅga m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
upavac
upa-√vac Ā. (pf. 3. pl. -ūciré AV. v, 8, 6
• aor. Subj. 1ṣg. -vóce RV. v, 49, 4
• 3. pl. -vócanta RV. i, 127, 7) to address, praise
• to animate by the voice, rouse, impel
≫ upavaktṛ
upa-vaktṛ́ m. one who rouses or animates or impels RV. iv, 9, 5 ; vi, 71, 5 ; ix, 95, 5 ŚāṅkhBr
• a kind of priest ĀśvŚr. Sāy. on TBr. ii, 2, 1, 1, &c
≫ upavāka 1
upa-vāká (for 2. s.v.), asm. addressing, praising RV. i, 164, 8 AV. ix, 9, 8
≫ upavākya
upa-vākyá mfn. to be addressed or praised RV. x, 69, 12
≫ upavācya
upa-vā́cya mfn. id. RV. i, 132, 2 ; iv, 54, 1
upavañc
upa-√vañc
≫ upavañcana
upa-vañcana n. the act of crouching or lying close to ( sū7pavañcaná)
≫ upavañcita
upa-vañcita mfn. deceived, disappointed R. ii, 52, 19. [Page 206, Column 2]
upavaṭa
upa-vaṭa m. the tree Buchnania Latifolia L
upavat
úpa-vat mfn. containing the word upa
• (), f. (scil. ṛc) a verse beginning with upa (e.g. RV. ix, 19, 6 ; 11, 1, &c.) ŚBr. ii TāṇḍyaBr. xi, 1, 1 Lāṭy
upavatsyat
upa-vatsyat below
upavad
upa-√vad P. -vadati, to speak ill of, decry, abuse, curse AV. xv, 2, 1 TBr. AitBr. ii, 31, 5 ŚāṅkhBr. Lāṭy
• to speak to, address AitBr. iii, 23, 1 Pañcat.: Ā. -vadate, to talk over, conciliate
• to flatter
• to cajole, court secretly Pāṇ. 1-3, 47 Kop. Bhaṭṭ
≫ upavāda
upa-vāda m. censure, blame KātyŚr. ṢaḍvBr
≫ upavādin
upa-vādín mfn. censuring, blaming ŚBr. xi ChUp
upavadh
upa-√vadh P. (aor. upấvadhīt) to strike at or upon AV. xx, 136, 2
• to strike dead, kill MBh. xii
upavana
upa-vana n. a small forest or wood, grove, garden MBh. Mn. Megh. &c
• a planted forest L
⋙ upavanavinoda
○vinoda m. N. of wk
upavanam
upa-vanam ind. near a wood, in the wood Śiś. vi, 62
upavap
upa-vap √2. P. -vapati, (Pot. upôpet Lāṭy. v, 3, 2) to fill up, choke (with earth), strew over
• bury under TS. ŚBr. TBr. TāṇḍyaBr. Lāṭy.: Pass. -upyate, to be buried &c
≫ upavapana
upa-vapana n. the act of strewing over ĀpŚr
upavarṇ
upa-√varṇ P. -varṇayati, to tell fully, describe particularly or minutely, communicate, relate MBh. BhP. Hit. &c
≫ upavarṇana
upa-varṇana n. description, minute description, delineation Yājñ. Suśr. Hcat. &c
• glorification, praise Bālar
≫ upavarṇanīya
upa-varṇanīya mfn. to be described
≫ upavarṇita
upa-varṇita mfn. described minutely, delineated MBh. Kathās. &c
upavarta
upa-varta -vartana, upa-√vṛt
upavarṣa
upa-varṣa m. N. of a younger brother of Varsha (and son of Śaṃkara-svāmin
• author of writings on the Mīmāṃsa philosophy) Kathās. &c
upavarha
upa-varha upa-barha
upavallikā
upa-vallikā f. N. of a plant (= amṛtasrava-latā)
upavalh
upa-√valh (√valh connected with √vṛh?), P. Ā. -valhati, -te, to ask earnestly, importune with a question VS. xxiii, 51 ŚBr. xi, xii
≫ upavalha
upa-valhá m. impetuosity, superiority (?) ŚBr. xi, 4, 1, 1
upavas
upa-vas √5. P. -vasati, to abide or dwell with or at
• to stay, wait, wait for TS. TBr. AitBr. ŚBr
• to abide in a state of abstinence, abstain from food, fast Kāty. on Pāṇ. 1-4, 48 TS. i, 6, 7, 3 ŚBr. i, 6
• xi KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhGṛ. Mn. &c
• to encamp (with acc.) Pāṇ. 1-4, 48
• to dwell on, give one's self up to, apply one's self to MārkP. MuṇḍUp.: Caus. to cause to abide or wait TS
• to cause to fast PārGṛ. MBh. R
≫ upavatsyat
upa-vatsyat mfn. (fut. p.)
⋙ upavatsyadbhakta
upa-vatsyad-bhakta n. food taken before fasting Kauś. Vait
≫ upavasatha
upa-vasathá m. a fast-day (esp. the day preceding a Soma sacrifice), the period of preparation for the Soma sacrifice AitBr. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kauś
• a place of abiding, village L
≫ upavasathīya
upavasathī́ya mfn. belonging to the Upavasatha day or to the preparation for a Soma sacrifice ŚBr. ix AitBr
≫ upavasathya
upavasathya mfn. id
≫ upavasana
upa-vasana n. a fast, fasting ( payopavasana)
• the state of abiding or being near ( pīvo'pavasana
• both with irr. Sandhi)
≫ upavasanīya
upavasanīya mfn. belonging to a fast Jyot
≫ upavasta
upa-vasta n. a fast, fasting L
≫ upavastavya
upa-vastavya mfn. to be celebrated by fasting (as the end of a fortnight) Gobh. i, 5, 5 Jyot
≫ upavastṛ
upa-vastṛ m. one who fasts Pat. on Pāṇ. 5-1, 97
⋙ upavastrādi
upavastr-ādi m. N. of a g. (including besides upavastṛ, prāśitṛ) ib. [Page 206, Column 3]
≫ upavāsa
upa-vāsa m. (n. L.) a fast, fasting (as a religious act comprising abstinence from all sensual gratification, from perfumes, flowers, unguents, ornaments, betel, music, dancing &c.) Gaut. ĀśvGṛ. Mn. ii, 183
• xi, 195 ; 212 Yājñ. iii, 190 MBh. &c
• abstinence from food &c. in general Suśr. R. Pañcat. &c
• kindling a sacred fire
• a fire altar W
⋙ upavāsavratin
○"ṣvratin mfn. one who observes a vow of fasting Naish
≫ upavāsaka
upavāsaka mfn. belonging to a fast or fasting MBh. Yājñ
≫ upavāsin
upavāsin mfn. one who observes a fast, fasting MBh. Dhūrtas
≫ upoṣaṇa
upôṣaṇa n. a fast, fasting
≫ upoṣaya
upoṣaya Nom. P. upoṣayati, to celebrate or pass (time) by fasting
≫ upoṣita
upôṣita mfn. one who has fasted, fasting MBh. Yājñ. Ragh. &c
• (am), n. a fast, fasting MārkP. Mn. v, 155, &c
≫ upoṣya 1
upôṣya mfn. to be celebrated or passed by fasting (as time)
≫ upoṣya 2
upôṣya ind. p. having fasted, fasting MBh. Yājñ. &c
upavasti
upavasti g. vetanâdi Pāṇ. 4-4, 12
• (Kāś. reads upasti.)
upavah
upa-√vah P. -vahati, to bring or lead or convey near RV. MBh
• to bring near, procure MBh. xiii BhP
• to adduce R. (cf. upôh.)
≫ upavaha
upa-vahá n. a piece of wood placed on the neck of an ox under the yoke (to raise it to the right level for a yoke-fellow of greater height) ŚBr. i, 4, 4, 7
• (v. l. úpa-vahas.)
≫ upavāha
upa-vāha m. driving, riding L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VP
≫ upavāhana
upa-vāhana n. the act of bringing or carrying near L
≫ upavāhin
upa-vāhin mfn. flowing or streaming towards MBh. i, 2367
≫ upavāhya
upa-vāhya mfn. to be brought near R
• (upavāhya fr. upa-vāha), serving for driving or riding, serving as a vehicle VarBṛS
• m. an animal for riding ib
• a king's elephant, any royal vehicle L
≫ upoḍha 1
upôḍha (in some cases not to be distinguished from 2. upôḍha q.v. under upôh), mfn. brought near, effected, appeared Rājat. Daś
• &c
• near (in time and space) Mālav. Kum
• (ā), f. 'brought home in addition to', a second or inferior but favourite wife R. i, 13, 37 (ed. Schlegel
vāvātā q.v. ed. Bombay i, 14, 35)
upavā 1
upa-√vā P. -vāti, to blow upon ŚBr. xiii, 3, 8, 6
≫ upavā 2
upa-vā́ f. the act of blowing upon AV. xii, 1, 51
≫ upavāta 1
úpa-vāta (for 2. upa-√vai), mfn. blown upon ŚBr. iv, 1, 3, 7
upavāka 2
upa-vā́ka (for 1. col. 1), as, ā mf. Indra-grain (cf. indra-yava) VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
upavājaya
upa-vājaya Nom. (fr. vāja) P. -vājayati, to impel, accelerate ŚBr. v
• to fan, kindle, inflame TS. TBr. KātyŚr
≫ upavājana
upa-vājana n. a fan KātyŚr
upavāda
upa-vāda &c. upa-√vad
upavāsana
upa-vā́sana n. (√4. vas), a dress, garment, cover AV. xiv, 2, 49 ; 65
upavigulph
upa-vi-√gulph
Caus. (Pot. 3. pl. -gulphayeyus) to add abundantly ĀśvŚr. ii, 6, 8, 33
upavicāra
upa-vi-cāra m. environs, neighbourhood L
upavid
upa-víd t f. (√1. vid), ascertaining, learning RV. viii, 23, 3 [Sāy
• fr. √2. vid, investigating, finding out, inquiring into BRD.]
≫ upavedana
upa-vedana n. ascertainment, learning Sāy. on RV. viii, 23, 3
≫ upavedanīya
upa-vedanīya mfn. to be learnt or found out Comm. on Nyāyad
upavidyā
upa-vidyā f. inferior knowledge, profane science. [Page 207, Column 1]
upavidh
upa-vidh √1. P. (3. pl. -vidhán) to honour, worship RV. i, 149, 1
upavindu
upa-vindu upa-bindu
upavindhya
upa-vindhya m. the land near the Vindhya mountain L
upavipāśam
upa-vipāśam (fr. vipāś g. śarad-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 107) near the (river ?) Vipāś
upavimokam
upa-vi-mokam ind. p. (fr. upavi-√muc), unharnessing, i.e. changing (the oxen) AitBr. iv, 27, 4
upaviś
upa-√viś P. -viśati, to go or come near, approach RV. viii, 96, 6
• to sit down, take a seat (as men), lie down (as animals) AitBr. ŚBr. MBh. Śak. Hit. &c
• to enter
• to stop, settle one's self MBh. iii
• to sit near to MBh. i, 573 R. ii
• to set (as the sun) Kathās
• to apply or devote one's self to, cultivate BhP.: Caus. P. -veśayati, to cause to sit down, summon or invite to sit down AitBr. ĀśvGṛ. Gobh. MBh. Suśr. &c
• to cause to settle BhP. R
≫ upaviśya
upa-víśya ind. p. having sat down, sitting down &c
≫ upaviṣṭa
upa-viṣṭa mfn. seated, sitting KātyŚr. MBh. &c
• come to, arrived, entered (into any state or condition)
• ifc. having obtained R. Daś. &c
• occupied with, engaged in MBh. Pañcat. Bhaṭṭ
≫ upaviṣṭaka
upaviṣṭaka mfn. 'firmly settled' (said of a foetus which remains in the womb beyond the usual time) Car
≫ upaveśa
upa-veśá m. the act of sitting down, sitting, resting TS. KātyŚr
• the act of applying one's self to or being engaged in MBh. R
• stool, motion L
• N. of a Ṛishi
≫ upaveśana
upa-veśana n. the act of sitting down ĀśvŚr. Kauś
• a seat Ragh
• the being devoted to or engaged in MBh. Pañcat
• evacuation or motion of the bowels Car
• causing to sit down L
≫ upaveśi
upa-veśi m. N. of a Ṛishi ŚBr. xiv, 9, 4, 33
≫ upaveśita
upa-veśita mfn. caused to sit down, seated
• caused to settle
≫ upaveśin
upa-veśin mfn. ifc. devoting or applying one's self to MBh
• (upaveśin fr. upa-veśa), one who has a motion of the bowels Car
upaviśrambh
upa-vi-√śrambh Caus
≫ upaviśrambhayya
upa-viśrambhayya ind. p. having inspired with confidence BhP. v, 26, 31
• (vḷ. anu-viśrambhayya.)
upaviṣ
upa-√viṣ P. -viveṣṭi (RV
-veveṣṭi ŚBr
• Impv. 2. sg. -viḍḍhi TBr.) to be active for
• to obtain or gain by activity RV. x, 61, 12
• to perform service, be effective or useful for (esp. said of the Upa-vesha below) ŚBr. i, 2, 1, 3 TBr. iii, 3, 11, 1
≫ upaveṣa
upa-veṣá m. a stick (of green wood) used for stirring the sacrificial fire TS. TBr. VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
upaviṣa
upa-viṣa n. factitious poison, a narcotic, any deleterious drug (as opium, datura, &c.)
• (ā), f. the plant Aconitum Ferox L
upaviṣṭhā
upa-vi-ṣṭhā (upa-vi-√sthā), Ā. -tiṣṭhate, to be or stand here and there ŚBr. vii, 4, 1, 14
upavī
upa-√vī P. (2. sg. -veṣi RV. viii, 11, 4
• Impv. -vetu RV. v, 11, 4 ; x, 16, 5) to hasten near, come near, attain, obtain
upavīkṣ
upa-√vī7kṣ (upa-vi-√īkṣ), Ā. -vii7kṣate, to look at or towards R
• to regard as fit or proper Bhpr
upavīj
upa-√vīj P. -viijati, to blow upon, fan MBh.: Caus. P. -viijayati, to fan Śak. 105, 4 Comm. on KātyŚr
≫ upavījita
upa-vījita mfn. blown upon, fanned MBh. i, 1308 Mṛicch
upavīṇaya
upa-vīṇaya Nom. (fr. viiṇā Pāṇ. 3-1, 25), to play on a lute before or in the presence of Ragh. Kād. &c
upavīta
upa-vīta &c. upa-√vye
upavīra
upa-vīra m. a kind of demon PārGṛ. i, 16, 23
upavṛṃh
upa√vṛṃh Caus. -vṛṃhayati, to make strong or powerful, promote BhP. MārkP. &c. [Page 207, Column 2]
• ( also upa-√bṛh.)
≫ upavṛṃhaṇa
upa-vṛṃhaṇa n. the act of making strong, invigorating, promoting R. BhP
≫ upavṛṃhita
upa-vṛṃhita mfn. made strong or powerful, invigorated, supported, promoted
• (ifc.) increased or supported or aided by, accompanied by MBh. BhP. Kathās. Daś. &c
≫ upavṛṃhin
upa-vṛṃhin mfn. invigorating, supporting Kathās
upavṛt
upa-√vṛt Ā. -vartate, to step or walk upon ĀśvŚr. ii, 4, 8, 3
• to move or come near, approach, fall to R. BhP
• to return: Caus. Ā. -vartayate, to cause to move up
• to stroke upwards TBr
• to cause to recover Kathās
≫ upavarta
upa-varta m. a particular high number L
≫ upavartana
upa-vartana n. (fr. the Caus.), the act of bringing near Sarvad
• a place for exercise
• a country (inhabited or not) L
≫ upavṛtta
upa-vṛtta mfn. come near, approached
• come back, brought back (from exhaustion &c.), recovered MBh
• (in geom.) a circle in a particular position relatively to another one
≫ upavṛtti
upa-vṛtti f. motion towards (one's place) Prab
upave
upa-√ve P. to bring into close contact with, enclose, enfold, wrap
≫ upavāya
upa-vāya ind. p. Pāṇ. 6-1, 41 Kāś
≫ upota
upôta mfn. put into, wrapped, enveloped (in armour or mail) Lāṭy. viii, 5, 8 ŚāṅkhŚr
upaveṇā
upa-veṇā f. N. of a river MBh
upaveda
upa-veda m. 'secondary knowledge', N. of a class of writings subordinate or appended to the four Vedas (viz. the āyur-veda, or science of medicine, to the Ṛig-veda
• the dhanurveda or science of archery, to the Yajur-veda
• the gāndharva-veda or science of music, to the Sāmaveda
• and the śastra-śāstra or science of arms, to the Atharva-veda
• this is according to the Caraṇavyūha, but Suśr. and the Bhpr. make the Āyur-veda belong to the Atharva-veda
• according to others, the sthāpatya-veda or science of architecture, and śilpa-śāstra or knowledge of arts, are reckoned as the fourth Upa-veda)
upaveṣa
upa-veṣá upa-√viṣ
upaveṣṭ
upa-√veṣṭ Caus
≫ upaveṣṭana
upa-veṣṭana n. the act of wrapping up, swathing
≫ upaveṣṭita
upa-veṣṭita mfn. wrapped in, surrounded Mṛicch. Kathās
≫ upaveṣṭitin
upaveṣṭitin mfn. one who has wrapped himself round the loins in a cloth Āp
upavai
upa-√vai P. -vāyati, to dry up, shrink in drying TāṇḍyaBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. Kāṭh
≫ upavāta 2
upa-vāta (for 1. upa-√vā), mfn. dried up
• dry ĀśvGṛ. Kauś
upavaiṇava
upavaiṇava n. (fr. upa-veṇu?) the three periods of the day (viz. morning, midday, and evening) L
upavyadh
upa-√vyadh P. (2. sg. -vidhyasi) to throw at or on, hit MBh. vii, 6534 (ed. Calc.)
upavyākhyāna
upa-vyākhyāna n. (√khyā), explanation, interpretation, ChUP. MuṇḍUp
upavyāghra
upa-vyāghra m. the small hunting leopard L
upavyuṣam
upa-vyuṣám ind. about dawn TBr. TāṇḍyaBr
≫ upavyuṣasam
upa-vyuṣasam ind. id. KātyŚr. Āp. Car
upavye
upa-√vye Ā. -vyayate, to put on or invest one's self with the sacred thread TS. ii, 5, 11, 1
≫ upavīta
úpa-vīta mfn. invested with the sacred thread
• (am), n. the being invested with the sacred thread
• the sacred thread or cord (worn by the first three classes over the left shoulder and under the right arm) TS. ŚBr. Mn. ii, 44 ; 64 ; iv, 66 Yājñ. i, 29 Hariv. Ragh. &c. (cf. yajñôpaviita.)
≫ upavītaka
upavītaka n. the sacred thread Kathās. BhP
≫ upavītin
upavītín mfn. wearing the sacred cord in the usual manner (over the left shoulder and under the right arm) VS. xvi, 17 KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. Mn. ii, 63 (cf. yajñôpaviitin.) [Page 207, Column 3]
≫ upavīya
upa-vī́ya ind. p. having put on the sacred thread TBr. i, 6, 8, 2 Kāṭh. BhP
upavraj
upa-√vraj P
≫ upavrajya
upa-vrájya ind. p. having gone towards, coming near, approaching TBr. iii, 10, 11, 3 BhP
• going behind, following R. v
upavrajam
upa-vrajam ind. near a cattle pen BhP
upavrataya
upa-vrataya Nom. (fr. vrata) Ā. (Pot. 3. pl. -vratayeran) to eat (anything) together with the food prescribed for a Vrata or fast ĀśvŚr. ii, 6, 8, 39
upavlaya
upa-vlaya upa-blaya
upaśak
upa-√śak P. (pf. 1. pl. -śekima) to be able to bring into one's power, master, be superior AV. vi, 114, 2 ; 3 [= TBr. ii, 4, 4, 9]: Desid. P. -śikṣati, to endeavour to bring into one's power, master or subdue
• to bring or draw near, call near, allure
• to bring into one's possession RV. AV. vii, 12, 1
• xi, 8, 17 TBr. TāṇḍyaBr.: Ā. -śikṣate, to try, undertake ŚāṅkhBr
• to endeavour to help or serve, offer one's service MBh
• to learn, inquire into MBh. BhP.: Caus. of Desid. P. -śikṣayati, to teach, train BhP
≫ upaśāka
upa-śāká m. a helper, companion RV. i, 33, 4
≫ upaśikṣā
upa-śikṣā́ f. desire of learning VS. xxx, 10
• learning, acquisition Mṛicch. Kathās
≫ upaśikṣita
upa-śikṣita mfn. learnt, studied
• trained MBh. BhP
upaśaṅk
upa-√śaṅk Ā. to suspect, suppose, think MBh. R
upaśada
upa-śada m. (perhaps fr. √2. śad, 'to excel') a particular Ekāha or sacrifice during one day ĀśvŚr. Vait
• removal of an impediment to get children Sāy. on TāṇḍyaBr. xix, 3, 1
upaśapha
upa-śapha m. a hind hoof Sāy. on TBr. ii, 6, 4
upaśam
upa-√śam P. Ā. -śāmyati, -te, to become calm or quiet
• to cease, become extinct AitBr. Kauś. ĀśvGṛ. ChUp. MBh. &c.: Caus. -śamayati and ep. -śāmayati, to make quiet, calm, extinguish
• to tranquillize, appease, pacify, mitigate MBh. VarBṛS. Daś. &c
≫ upaśama
upa-śama m. the becoming quiet, assuagement, alleviation, stopping, cessation, relaxation, intermission MāṇḍUp. Prab. Pañcat. &c
• tranquillity of mind, calmness, patience MBh. iii Bhartṛ. Śāntiś
• (in astron.) N. of the twentieth Muhūrta
⋙ upaśamakṣaya
○kṣaya m. (with Jainas) the destruction (of activity &c.) through quietism Sarvad
⋙ upaśamavat
○vat and mfn. placid, calm, tranquil
⋙ upaśamaśīla
○śīla mfn. placid, calm, tranquil
⋙ upaśamāyana
upaśamâyana mfn. going to or obtaining tranquillity of mind BhP. v, 1, 29
≫ upaśamana
upa-śamana mf(ī)n. calming, appeasing BhP
• (am), n. the becoming extinct, ceasing Nir
• calming, appeasing, mitigation MBh. BhP. Suśr. Pañcat
• an anodyne
≫ upaśamanīya
upa-śamanīya mfn. to be appeased or made quiet Sāh
• (upaśamanīya fr. upa-śamana), serving as an anodyne, calming, appeasing Car
≫ upaśānta
upa-śānta mfn. calmed, appeased, pacified
• calm, tranquil BhP. Kathās
• ceased, extinct, intermitted R. PraśnUp
⋙ upaśāntavaira
○vaira mfn. one whose enmity has ceased, reconciled, pacified VarBṛS
⋙ upaśāntātman
upaśāntâtman mfn. one whose mind is pacified, placid BhP
≫ upaśānti
upa-śānti f. cessation, intermission, remission Suśr. Ragh. Hit. &c
• tranquillity, calmness
≫ upaśāntin
upaśāntin mfn. appeased, tranquil, calm
• tame
• (ī), m. a tame elephant L
≫ upaśāmaka
upa-śāmaka mfn. calming, quieting, affording repose, making patient Lalit
upaśaya
upa-śaya upa-√śī
upaśaradam
upa-śaradam ind. (fr. śarad g. śarad-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 107), at or near the autumn
upaśalya
upa-śalya m. a small spear or lance tipped with iron MBh. iii, 641
• (am), n. a neighbouring district, environs, the ground near a village Daś. Ragh
• the ground at the base or edge of a mountain Śiś. v, 8. [Page 208, Column 1]
≫ upaśalyaka
upa-śalyaka n. a small piece of ground near a village Kād
upaśākhā
upa-śākhā f. a smaller branch of a tree, little branch BhP. iv, 31, 14 Sāy
upaśāntv
upa-√śāntv upa-√sāntv
upaśāya
upa-śāya &c. upa-√śī
upaśāla
upa-śāla n. a place or court in front of a house Kauś
≫ upaśālam
upa-śālam ind. (fr. śālā Pāṇ. 6-2, 121) near a house
upaśāstra
upa-śāstra n. a minor science or treatise L
upaśikṣā
upa-śikṣā upa-√śak
upaśiṅgh
upa-√śiṅgh P. -śiṅghati, to smell at, kiss Bhaṭṭ
≫ upaśiṅghana
upa-śiṅghana n. (in med.) anything given to smell at Suśr. ii, 515, 11
• (-śiṃhana, -siṃhana are wrong readings.)
upaśiras
upa-śiras ind. upon the head Kauś. 86
upaśiva
upa-śiva m. N. of a man
upaśiṣya
upa-śiṣya m. the pupil of a pupil Prab
upaśī
upa-√śī Ā. -śete, to lie near or by the side of (acc.) RV. x, 18, 8 ŚBr. Kauś. MBh
• to lie by the side of (for sexual intercourse) ŚBr. TS. Kāṭh. MBh. xiii
• to lie upon (loc.) R. vi
• to do good, be suitable or useful Car
≫ upaśaya
upa-śayá mfn. lying near at hand or close by, lying ready for use ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• m. one of the Yūpas (or posts to which the sacrificial animal is tied) TS. vi, 6, 4, 4
• the lying near or by the side of
• a kind of hole in the ground (placed near the track of wild animals, for a hunter to conceal himself in Mall. on Śiś. ii, 80)
• (in med.) the allaying (of diseases) by suitable remedies, suitableness, usefulness, advantageous medicine Car
• the liking, predilection (of a sick person as for coolness &c.) ib
• diagnosis by the effect of certain articles of food or medicine W
• (ā́), f. (scil. mṛd) a piece of clay prepared and ready for use ŚBr. KātyŚr
⋙ upaśayatva
○tvá n. the being a particular sacrificial post TS. vi, 6, 6, 4
⋙ upaśayastha
○stha mfn. lying in ambush (as a hunter) Śiś. ii, 80
≫ upaśāya
upa-śāya m. (ifc.) the turn for lying down or sleeping with Pāṇ. 3-3, 39 (cf. rājôpośāya.)
≫ upaśāyaka
upaśāyaka mf(ikā)n. sleeping alternately with Bhaṭṭ
• m. N. of a man, VārP
≫ upaśāyin
upa-śāyin mfn. lying near to or by the side of KātyŚr
• lying, sleeping R
• lying down, going to bed MBh
• allaying, tranquillizing, anything that calms &c
• (in med.) composing, narcotic W
⋙ upaśāyitā
upaśāyi-tā f. or tranquillization, calming
⋙ upaśāyitva
upaśāyi-tva n. tranquillization, calming
• means of allaying disease (as diet &c.) W
≫ upaśīvan
upa-śī́van mf(○varī)n. lying near or by the side of MaitrS. ii, 13, 16 Kāṭh
upaśīrṣaka
upa-śīrṣaka n. a kind of disease of the head ŚārṅgS
upaśunam
upa-śunam (fr. śvan), ind. near a dog Pāṇ. 5-4, 7, 7
upaśubh
upa-√śubh Ā. -śobhate (p. -śumbhamāna BhP.) to be beautiful or brilliant BhP. v, 17, 13 Hit.: Caus. P. -śobhayati, to adorn, ornament MBh. VarBṛS. &c
≫ upaśobhana
upa-śobhana n. the act of adorning, ornamenting R. BhP
≫ upaśobhā 1
upa-śobhā (for 2. s.v.), f. ornament Śiś. xiii, 36
≫ upaśobhikā
upa-śobhikā f. ornament, decoration AgP
≫ upaśobhita
upa-śobhita mfn. adorned, ornamented, decorated MBh. MārkP. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
≫ upaśobhin
upaśobhin mfn. of beautiful appearance, brilliant Kathās
upaśuṣ
upa-√śuṣ P. -śuṣyati, to dry up TS. iii, 1, 10, 3 Suśr. Car.: Caus. -śoṣayati, to cause to dry up or shrink, make dry or withered Āp. MBh. Kathās
≫ upaśoṣaṇa
upa-śoṣaṇa mfn. the act of causing to dry up or shrink Suśr. Prab
≫ upaśoṣita
upa-śoṣita mfn. made dry, dried, dry MBh. Suśr. [Page 208, Column 2]
upaśobhā 2
upa-śobhā (for 1. col. 1), f. secondary ornament or decoration AgP. Hcat
upaścyut
upa-√ścyut or -√ścut P. -ścyotati, to ooze or trickle down, fall in drops MW
upaśram
upa-√śram P. -śrāmyati, to rest, repose Kauś
upaśri
upa-√śri P. -śrayati, to lean (anything) against TBr. i, 6, 6, 2 ŚBr. xiv KātyŚr.: Ā. -śrayate (p. of the pf. -śiśriyāṇá) to lean against, support, prop RV. x, 18, 12
• to cling to, fit closely (as an ornament) RV. vii, 56, 13
• to place one's self near to, go towards MBh. BhP
• to accommodate one's self to ChUp. vi, 8, 2
≫ upaśrita
úpa-śrita mfn. placed near, brought to the attention of RV. vii, 86, 8
• leaning towards or upon TS. VS. KātyŚr
≫ upaśrī
upa-śrī f. an over-garment (fitting closely) KaushUp
upaśru
upa-√śru P. -śṛṇoti, to listen to, give ear to, hear RV. AV. xii, 4, 27 ; xx, 27, 1 ŚBr. TāṇḍyaBr. TBr. ChUp. MBh. &c
≫ upaśruta
upa-śruta mfn. listened to, heard MBh. Hariv. BhP
• promised, agreed L
≫ upaśruti
úpa-śruti f. giving ear to, listening attentively RV. i, 10, 3 ; viii, 8, 5 ; 34, 11 AV. ii, 16, 2 ; xvi, 2, 5
• range of hearing ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• hearing BhP
• rumour, report MBh. v, 30, 5 (ed. Bomb
apa-śruti ed. Calc. v, 871)
• a kind of supernatural oracular voice (answering questions about future events, and supposed to be uttered by an idol after mystic invocations, Vidhāna-pārijāta T.) MBh. Kād. &c., (cf. śakunôpa○)
• (is), m. N. of an evil spirit PārGṛ. i, 16, 23
≫ upaśrutya
upa-śrútya ind. p. having listened to
• listening to, hearing AV. xii, 4, 28 MBh. BhP. &c
≫ upaśrotṛ
upa-śrotṛ́ m. a listener, hearer RV. vii, 23, 1 TS. ŚāṅkhŚr. Vait
upaślāghā
upa-ślāghā f. boasting, brag, swagger GopBr
upaśliṣ
upa-√śliṣ P. -śliṣyati, to come near to or into close contact with, cling to MBh. Daś.: Caus. -śleṣayati, to bring near or into close contact Vikr
≫ upaśliṣṭa
úpa-śliṣṭa mfn. brought near or into close contact, contiguous, adjoining TBr. iii, 8, 17, 4 Pañcat
≫ upaśleṣa
upa-śleṣa m. close contact, contiguity Pat
• embrace Prab
≫ upaśleṣaṇa
upa-śleṣaṇa n. the act of joining or fixing on, sewing together Sarvad
upaśloka
upa-śloka m. N. of the father of the tenth Manu BhP. viii, 13, 21
upaślokaya
upa-ślokaya Nom. (fr. śloka Pāṇ. 3-1, 25) P. -ślokayati, to praise in Ślokas
upaśvas
upa-√śvas Caus. (Impv. 2. sg. -śvāsaya) to fill with roarings or noise RV. vi, 47, 29
≫ upaśvasa
upa-śvasá m. breeze, draught of air AV. xi, 1, 12
upaṣṭambha
upa-ṣṭambha &c. upa-stambha
upaṣṭut
upa-ṣṭút upa-√stu
upas
upás only loc. upási [= upasthe Nir. Sāy.], 'in the lap' RV. v, 43, 7 ; x, 27, 13
upasaṃyam
upa-saṃ-√yam
≫ upasaṃyata
upa-saṃyata mfn. closely joined or fixed together, wedged in Suśr. 101, 7
≫ upasaṃyama
upa-saṃyama m. bringing into close contact, wedging in L
≫ upasaṃyamana
upa-saṃyamana n. the act of fixing one thing to another
• a means of fastening together L
upasaṃyā
upa-saṃ-√yā P. (Impv. 2.pl. -yāta) to come in a body towards AV. vi, 73, 1
upasaṃyuj
upa-saṃ-√yuj Caus. -yojayati, to furnish with MBh. xiii
upasaṃyoga
upa-saṃyoga m. a secondary or subordinate connection, modification Nir
upasaṃrudh
upa-saṃ-rudh √2. P. (impf. 3. pl. -arundhan
• fut. 2. pl. -rotsyatha) to throng towards ŚBr. i, 2, 4, 11 ; 12
upasaṃruh
upa-saṃ-√ruh P. -rohati, to grow over or together, cicatrize Suśr. [Page 208, Column 3]
⋙ upasaṃroha
upa-saṃroha m. growing over or together, cicatrizing ib
upasaṃvāda
upa-saṃ-vāda m. (√vad), agreeing together, agreement Pāṇ. 3-4, 8
upasaṃviś
upa-saṃ-√viś P. -viśati, to gather round, environ (in order to attend) TBr
• to lie down by the side of KātyŚr.: Caus. -veśayati, to cause to lie or sit down by the side of, Kaus. MBh
upasaṃvye
upa-saṃ-√vye
Ā. (Impv. 2. sg. -sám-vyayasva) to wrap up or envelop one's self in (acc.) AV. ii, 13, 3 ; xix, 24, 5
≫ upasaṃvīta
upa-saṃvīta mfn. wrapped up, covered MBh. xv
≫ upasaṃvyāna
upa-saṃvyāna n. an under garment Pāṇ. 1-1, 36
upasaṃvraj
upa-saṃ-√vraj P. -vrajati, to step into, enter Mn. vi, 51
upasaṃśaṃs
upa-saṃ-√śaṃs P. -śaṃsati, to recite in addition, add ŚBr. xiii, 5, 1, 8
≫ upasaṃśasya
upa-saṃśasya ind. p. having recited in addition, adding ĀśvŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr
upasaṃśri
upa-saṃ-√śri P. Ā. -śrayati, -te, to join, attach one's self to TBr. i ŚBr. ii
• to devote one's self to, serve, attend MBh. xiii
upasaṃśliṣ
upa-saṃ-√śliṣ
≫ upasaṃśliṣṭa
upa-saṃśliṣṭa mfn. united, joined, coherent
⋙ upasaṃśliṣṭatva
○tva n. coherency MaitrUp
upasaṃsṛ
upa-saṃ-√sṛ
≫ upasaṃsṛtya
upa-saṃsṛtya ind. p. having stepped near to, approaching BhP. iii, 21, 47
upasaṃsṛj
upa-saṃ-√sṛj
≫ upasaṃsṛṣṭa
upa-saṃsṛṣṭa mfn. united with
• burdened, afflicted, blasted (by a curse) BhP. xi, 30, 2
• joined together
• effected, produced BhP
upasaṃsṛp
upa-saṃ-√sṛp
≫ upasaṃsṛpya
upa-saṃsṛpya ind. p. having crept towards ŚBr. iv
upasaṃskāra
upa-saṃskāra m. a secondary or supplementary Saṃskāra (q.v.) Sāy. on TBr. ii, 1, 4
upasaṃskṛ
upa-saṃ-s-kṛ √1
≫ upasaṃskṛta
upa-saṃskṛta mfn. prepared, dressed, cooked (as food) MBh. Suśr. 335, 14 Car
• prepared, arranged, adorned Suśr
upasaṃsthā
upa-saṃ-√sthā
≫ upasaṃsthita
upa-saṃsthita mfn. one who has stopped Hariv. 9700
upasaṃhita
upa-saṃ-hita upa-saṃ-√dhā
upasaṃhṛ
upa-saṃ-√hṛ P. Ā. -harati, -te, to draw together, bring together, contract, collect ŚBr. MBh. Pañcar. TPrāt
• to summarize, sum up Comm. on BṛĀrUp., on Mn., on BhP
• to withdraw, take away, withhold MBh. xiv BhP. Śak. 267, 7
• to stop, interrupt, suppress MBh. vii Kathās. Pat. &c
• to make away with, absorb MBh. i MārkP.: Desid. (p. -jihīrṣat) to wish to destroy or annul BhP. v, 25, 3
≫ upasaṃharaṇa
upa-saṃharaṇa n. the act of withdrawing &c. L
≫ upasaṃhartavya
upa-saṃhartavya mfn. to be brought near Lalit
≫ upasaṃhāra
upa-saṃhāra m. the act of withdrawing, withholding, taking away MBh
• drawing towards one's self, bringing near TPrāt
• summarizing, summing up, résumé Vedāntas. Nyāyak
• conclusion, end, epilogue Kathās. Sāh. Sarvad. &c
• N. of the concluding chapters in several books
• suppression, subduing
• end, death, destruction L
⋙ upasaṃhāraprakaraṇa
○prakaraṇa n. N. of wk
≫ upasaṃhārin
upa-saṃhārin mfn. comprehending
• exclusive Tarkas. Bhāshāp. (with an○ neg.)
≫ upasaṃhṛta
upa-saṃhṛta mfn. drawn near, brought into contact TPrāt
• withheld, drawn back
• stopped, interrupted, suppressed BhP. Kathās. Comm. on Mn
• absorbed, destroyed NṛisUp. MBh. BhP. Sarvad. &c
• dead
• comprehended
• excluded L
≫ upasaṃhṛti
upa-saṃhṛti f. comprehension
• conclusion
• (in dram.) the end or conclusion, the catastrophe (= nir-vahaṇa) Sāh. 332 Daśar. [Page 209, Column 1]
upasaṃkḷp
upa-saṃ-√kḷp Caus. P. -kalpayati, to put upon, set, cause to settle MBh
• to appoint, elect for Gṛihyās
≫ upasaṃkḷpta
upa-saṃkḷpta mfn. put above, being above BhP. iv, 9, 54
upasaṃkram
upa-saṃ-√kram P. Ā. -krāmati, -kramate, to step or go to the other side (or other world &c.) ŚBr. iv, xii TUp. Daś. &c.: Caus. -kramayati, to cause to go to the other side ŚBr. vi
≫ upasaṃkramaṇa
upa-saṃkramaṇa n. the act of going over towards Lalit
• g. vyuṣṭâdi Pāṇ. 5-1, 97
≫ upasaṃkrānta
upa-saṃkrānta mfn. turned to, changed into (another meaning
• as a word employed in another meaning) Pat
≫ upasaṃkrānti
upa-saṃkrānti f. the being conveyed across, reaching the other side VarBṛS. Rājat
upasaṃkṣepa
upa-saṃ-kṣepa m. (√kṣip), a concise abridgment or summary, an abstract compendium R
upasaṃkhyāna
upa-saṃ-khyāna n. (khyā), the act of adding, annumeration, further enumeration Kāty. Pat
• reckoning along with
≫ upasaṃkhyeya
upa-saṃkhyeya mfn. to be added or enumerated in addition to (loc.) Pat
upasaṃgam
upa-saṃ-√gam Ā. -gacchate, to approach together, join in approaching ŚBr. BhP
• to unite, join MBh
• to go or come near MBh. BhP. Bhag
• to enter into any condition or state MBh. xiii
≫ upasaṃgata
upa-saṃgata mfn. come together, assembled BhP
• united, joined (mithunāya, for sexual intercourse) MBh. i, 6897
≫ upasaṃgamana
upa-saṃgamana n. the act of coming together, sexual union Gaut. iv, 13
upasaṃgrah
upa-saṃ-√grah Desid. P. -jighṛ-kṣati, to wish or intend to embrace (the feet of) Āp. i, 8, 19
≫ upasaṃgṛhīta
upa-saṃgṛhīta mfn. seized, taken into custody Pañcat
≫ upasaṃgṛhya
upa-saṃgṛhya ind. p. taking hold of, clasping, embracing ŚBr. ŚāṅkhGṛ. ĀśvGṛ. Mn
• embracing (especially pādau or pādayoḥ, the feet of a revered person
• the word pādau being not unfrequently omitted) PārGṛ. Āp. MBh. Suśr. &c
• partaking of, receiving, accepting MBh. R
• getting or entering into, experiencing MBh. xii
• winning over, conciliating, propitiating Daś
≫ upasaṃgraha
upa-saṃgraha m. the act of clasping round, embracing, embrace (esp. of the feet of a revered person) Pañcat. Kathās
• respectful salutation, polite address (performed by touching the feet of the addressed person with one's hands) L
• clasping (a woman, dārôpa○)
• bringing together, collecting, joining R. Nir
• a pillow, cushion MBh. iv, 517
≫ upasaṃgrahaṇa
upa-saṃgrahaṇa n. the act of clasping round, embracing (e.g. the feet), respectful salutation (by embracing the feet) Āp. Gaut. Mn
≫ upasaṃgrāhya
upa-saṃgrāhya mfn. (one whose feet are) to be embraced
• to be saluted reverentially, respectable, venerable Āp. Mn
upasaṃghāta
upa-saṃ-ghāta m. (√han), the act of collecting (one's ideas) Comm. on Nyāyad
upasac
upa-√sac Ā. (3. pl. -sácante impf. 3. pl. -asacanta) to follow closely RV. i, 190, 2 AV. xviii, 4, 40
• to pursue AitBr. vi, 36, 2
upasaṃcar
upa-saṃ-√car P. -carati, to approach, enter AV. iii, 12, 1
• to approach (bhartāram, a husband sexually) VarBṛS
≫ upasaṃcāra
upa-saṃcāra m. access, entrance Gobh. iv, 2, 7
upasañj
upa-√sañj Ā. -sajjate. to be attached to, fond of (loc.) BhP. xi, 26, 22
≫ upasakta
upa-sakta mfn. attached to, depending on (worldly desires) R
upasaṃjan
upa-saṃ-√jan Ā. (fut. p. -janiṣyamāṇa) to present one's self, appear Paribh. 64
≫ upasaṃjāta
upa-saṃjāta mfn. appeared, present ib
upasad 1
upa-√sad P. -sīdati (Ved. Pot. 1. pl. -sadema
• impf. -asadat) to sit upon (acc.) RV. vi, 75, 8
• to sit near to, approach (esp. respectfully), revere, worship RV. AV. TS. ŚBr. &c. MBh. Ragh. &c
• to approach (a teacher in order to become his pupil) Kathās. [Page 209, Column 2]
• to approach asking, request, crave for RV. i, 89, 2 ; vii, 33, 9 TS. ii ŚBr. ii
• to approach in a hostile manner BhP. vi, 3, 27
• to possess RV. viii, 47, 16 AV. iii, 14, 6
• to perform the Upasad ceremony ( below) TS. vi, 2, 3, 4: Caus. -sādayati, to place or put upon or by the side of TS. TBr. ŚBr. &c
• to cause to approach, lead near ( upa-sādita)
≫ upasat
upa-sat (in comp. for 2. upa-sád below)
⋙ upasattva
○tvá n. the being an Upasad ceremony ( below) MaitrS. iii, 8, 1
⋙ upasatpatha
○pathá m. the path or way of the Upasad ceremony ( below) ŚBr. v, 4, 5, 17
≫ upasatti
upa-satti f. connection with, union L
• service, worship L
• gift, donation W
≫ upasattṛ
upa-sattṛ m. one who has seated himself near or at (esp. at the domestic fire), any person who is domiciled, the inhabitant of a house (with and without gṛha) AV. ii, 6, 2 ; iii, 12, 16 ; vii, 82, 3 VS. xxvii, 2 ; 4 ChUp
≫ upasad 2
upa-sád mfn. approaching (respectfully), worshipping, serving AV. VS. xxx, 9
• (t), m. N. of a particular fire (different from the Gārhapatya, Dakshiṇāgni, and Āhavanīya) VahniP
• (t), f. attendance, worship, service RV. ii, 6, 1
• settlement (?) AV. vi, 142, 3
• siege, assault ŚBr. iii AitBr. Kāṭh
• N. of a ceremony or sacrificial festival preceding the Sutyā or pressing of the Soma (it lasts several days, and forms part of the Jyotishṭoma) VS. xix, 14 TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
⋙ upasadrūpa
○rūpá n. (eṇa instr.) in the form of an Upasad ceremony ŚBr. xi, 2, 7, 27
⋙ upasadvan
○van mfn. receiving reverence or worship ĀśvŚr. ii, 5, 9 (in a Mantra)
⋙ upasadvrata
○vrata n. a particular observance prescribed for the Upasad ceremony (consisting principally of drinking milk in certain quantities) Comm. on BṛĀrUp
⋙ upasadvratin
○"ṣvratín mfn. performing the above observance ŚBr. xiv BṛĀrUp
≫ upasada
upa-sada mfn. one who goes near W
• m. the Upasad ceremony ( above) ChUp
• approach W
• gift, donation W
• (ī), f. (úpa○) continuous propagation ŚBr. xiv. 9, 4, 23 (= saṃtati Comm.)
≫ upasadana
upa-sadana n. the act of approaching (respectfully), respectful salutation MBh. i
• approaching (a work), setting about, undertaking Gaut
• approaching or going to (a teacher gen. to learn any science or art loc.) MBh. iii, 17169
• performing (a ceremony or sacrifice) R
• neighbouring abode, neighbourhood R
≫ upasadya
upa-sádya mfn. to be respectfully approached
• to be revered or worshipped RV. AV. ŚāṅkhŚr
≫ upasanna
úpa-sanna mfn. put or placed upon, being on TBr. ii AitBr. KātyŚr
• come near, approached (for protection or instruction or worship &c.) Kauś. PārGṛ. MuṇḍUp. BhP
• placed near to, given, bestowed upon MBh
≫ upasādana
upa-sādana n. the act of placing or putting upon Sāy. on TBr. ii, 1, 3, 6
• approaching respectfully, reverence, respect BhP
≫ upasādita
upa-sādita mfn. caused to come near, led near, conveyed to BhP
≫ upasādya
upa-sādya ind. p. having caused to approach towards one's self, having obtained BhP. x, 45, 32
upasaṃtan
upa-saṃ-√tan P. -tanoti, to bring into close connection or accompaniment with, recite immediately after ĀśvŚr. Vait
≫ upasaṃtāna
upa-saṃtāna m. close accompaniment or connection or junction (in reciting Mantras &c.) ĀśvŚr. v, 9, 14 ; 18
upasaṃdhā
upa-saṃ-√dhā P. Ā. -dadhāti, -dhatte, to put to, add, annex, increase Kauś. ŚāṅkhBr
• to put together, join, connect ŚāṅkhŚr. RPrāt
• to bring together with, cause to partake of Kām
• to place before one's self, aim at, take into consideration
≫ upasaṃhita
upa-saṃhita mfn. connected or furnished with, accompanied or surrounded by, having, possessing MBh
• placed before one's self, taken into consideration ib
• attached to, devoted Car
≫ upasaṃdhāya
upa-saṃdhāya ind. p. having added, adding &c
• placing before one's self, aiming at, with regard to ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh
• directing towards AitBr. ii, 38, 13
≫ upasaṃdhyam
upa-saṃdhyam ind. (fr. saṃdhyā), about twilight Śiś. ix, 5
upasaṃnah
upa-saṃ-√nah [Page 209, Column 3]
⋙ upasaṃnaddha
upa-sáṃnaddha mfn. tied on or to ŚBr. ii, iii KātyŚr
upasaṃnud
upa-saṃ-√nud P. (Impv. 2. sg. -sáṃ-nuda) to impel near or towards, bring near, procure TBr. iii, 1, 1, 8 TĀr. iv, 39, 1
upasaṃnyāsa
upa-saṃ-ny-āsa m. (√2. as), abandonment, leaving off, giving up MBh
upasapatni
upa-sapatni ind. (fr. sapatnī), towards or near a fellow-wife Śiś. x, 45
upasamaś
upa-sam-aś √1. (aor. -ānaṭ) to reach, obtain RV. iv, 58, 1
upasamas
upa-sam-as √2
≫ upasamasya
upa-samásya ind. p. placing or putting upon ŚBr. vi
• adding, Śulbas
upasamākṛ
upa-sam-ā-kṛ √1. P. (3. pl. -ākurvanti) to combine together, connect ŚBr. iv
upasamādhā
upa-sam-ā-√dhā P. -dadhāti, to put on, add (esp fuel to a fire)
• to kindle (a fire) ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. Āp. Gaut. &c
• to put upon, place in order Daś
≫ upasamādhāna
upa-samādhāna n. the act of placing upon, accumulation Pāṇ. 3-3, 41
≫ upasamādhāya
upa-samādhāya ind. p. having added (fuel to a fire), having kindled (a fire)
≫ upasamāhita
upa-samāhita mfn. placed, kindled (as fire) ChUp. SaṃhUp
upasamāvṛt
upa-sam-ā-√vṛt Ā. -vartate, to return home TBr. iii, 2, 1, 5 ŚBr. iii
upasamāhṛ
upa-sam-ā-√hṛ P. -harati, to bring together Kauś
≫ upasamāhārya
upa-samāhārya mfn. to be brought together
• to be prepared or arranged ib
upasami
upa-sam-i P. -eti (Impv. 3. pl. -sáṃ-yantu) to approach together AV. iii, 8, 4 ŚBr. xii ChUp
upasamidham
upa-samidham ind. (fr. sam-idh Pāṇ. 5-4, 111), near the fuel
≫ upasamit
upa-samit ind. id. ib
upasamindh
upa-sam-√indh Ā. -inddhe, to kindle TBr. ii, 1, 4, 8
≫ upasamindhana
upa-samindhana n. the act of kindling Sāy. on TBr
upasamūh
upa-sam-ūh √1. P. Ā. -ūhati, -te, to draw together contract, draw near to one's self, bring near TS. ŚBr
≫ upasamūhana
upa-samūhana n. the act of drawing together or in Comm. on KātyŚr
upasame
upa-sam-ê (upa-sam-ā-√i), P. -samâiti, to come together with, meet with, meet ŚBr. ChUp
upasaṃpad
upa-saṃ-√pad Ā. -padyate, to come to, arrive at, reach, obtain ChUp. MBh
• to come up to, be equivalent to TāṇḍyaBr. xiii, 10, 16: Caus. P. -pādayati, to bring near to, lead near to, procure, give MBh. R
• to receive into the order of monks, ordain Buddh
≫ upasaṃpatti
upa-saṃpatti f. the approaching or reaching or entering into any condition Pāṇ. 6-2, 56
• coming up to Sāy. on TāṇḍyaBr
≫ upasaṃpadā
upa-saṃpadā f. the act of entering into the order of monks Buddh
≫ upasaṃpanna
upa-saṃpanna mfn. arrived at, reached, obtained L
• one who has reached MBh. Comm. on BṛĀrUp
• furnished with R. MBh. Mn
• familiar with MBh. xiii
• staying or dwelling in the same house Gaut. xiv, 22 Mn. v, 81
• finished
• prepared, dressed, cooked L
• enough, sufficient L
• dead, deceased L
• immolated, sacrificed (as a victim) L
≫ upasaṃpādana
upa-saṃpādana n. the act of causing to come up with, making equivalent Sāy. on TāṇḍyaBr
upasaṃparāṇī
upa-saṃ-parā-ṇī (upa-saṃ-parā-√nī), P. (Subj. -ṇayāt) to lead away collectively towards AV. xviii, 4, 50
upasaṃprach
upa-saṃ-√prach P. (inf. -praṣṭum) to question about MBh
upasaṃprayā
upa-saṃ-pra-√yā P. (Impv. 2. pl. -yā́ta) to go near or approach to VS. xv, 53. [Page 210, Column 1]
upasaṃprāp
upa-saṃ-prâp (upa-saṃ-pra-√āp)
≫ upasaṃprāpta
upa-saṃprâpta mfn. one who has obtained or experienced or drawn down upon himself MBh
• approached, come near ib
≫ upasaṃprāpya
upa-saṃprâpya ind. p. having arrived at ib
upasaṃbandh
upa-saṃ-√bandh
≫ upasaṃbaddha
upa-sáṃbaddha mfn. tied on TBr. iii, 8, 4, 3
upasaṃbhāṣā
upa-saṃ-bhāṣā f. (√bhāṣ), talking over, friendly persuasion Pāṇ. 1-3, 47
upasaṃbhid
upa-saṃ-√bhid P. (Impv. 2. sg. -bhinddhi) to join, unite Lāṭy. v, 1, 4
upasaṃbhṛ
upa-saṃ-√bhṛ
≫ upasaṃbhṛta
upa-saṃbhṛta mfn. brought together, prepared, arranged Suśr
upasara
upa-sara &c. upa-√sṛ
upasarga
upa-sarga upa-sarjana, col. 2
upasarpa
upa-sarpa &c. upa-√sṛp
upasādana
upa-sādana &c. upa-√sad
upasādh
upa-√sādh Caus. P. -sādhayati, to subdue Pañcat
• to prepare, dress, cook BhP. MārkP. Suśr
≫ upasādhaka
upa-sādhaka mfn. preparing, dressing ( bhaktôpasādhaka)
upasāntvaya
upa-sāntvaya Nom. (fr. sāntva) P. -sāntvayati, to appease, tranquillize, soothe, coax, persuade Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 47
≫ upasāntvana
upa-sāntvana n. the act of appeasing, soothing ib
• kind words Kād
≫ upasāntvita
upa-sāntvita mfn. appeased, made quiet R
≫ upasāntvya
upa-sāntvya ind. p. having appeased, appeasing MBh
upasic
upa-√sic P. -siñcati, to pour upon, sprinkle RV. iv, 57, 5 AV. iii, 17, 7 ; vi, 57, 2 ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kauś
≫ upasikta
upa-sikta mfn. sprinkled with Pāṇ. 4-4, 26
≫ upasicya
upa-sícya ind. p. pouring on, sprinkling AV. ix, 6, 40-44
≫ upaseka
upa-seka m. sprinkling upon, infusion MW
≫ upasektṛ
upa-sektṛ́ m. one who pours upon or sprinkles VS. xxx, 12
≫ upasecana
upa-sécana mfn. pouring upon or sprinkling, serving for sprinkling RV. vii, 101, 4
• (ī) f. a ladle or cup for pouring RV. X, 21, 2 ; 105, 10
• (am), n. the act of pouring upon, sprinkling RV. x, 76, 7 KātyŚr. PārGṛ
• anything poured over or upon, infusion, juice AV. xi, 3, 13 KaṭhUp. (cf. anupa○ and kṣīrôpa○.)
upasidh
upa-sidh √2. P. (impf. -asedhat) to keep off MBh. vii, 1748
upasīma
upa-sīma ind. (fr. sīman), near the boundary (of a field) Kir. iv, 2
upasīram
upa-sīram ind. near or on a plough, g. parimukhâdi Pāṇ. 4-3, 59 Comm
upasunda
upa-sunda m. 'the younger brother of Sunda', N. of a Daitya MBh. VP. Hit
upasuparṇam
upa-suparṇam ind. upon Suparṇa or Garuḍa BhP. viii, 5, 29
upasūc
upa-√sūc
≫ upasūcaka
upa-sūcaka mfn. indicating, betraying Daśar
≫ upasūcita
upa-sūcita mfn. made manifest, indicated MBh
upasūtikā
upa-sūtikā f. a midwife VarBṛS
upasūryaka
upa-sūryaka m. a kind of beetle or glow-worm (?) L
• (am), n. halo of the sun L
upasṛ
upa-√sṛ P. -sarati, to go towards, step near, approach, visit TBr. & Up. AitBr. MBh. Ragh. Vikr. &c
• to approach (sexually) MBh. iii
• to set about, undertake ŚāṅkhBr. ChUp
≫ upasara
upa-sara m. approach Bhaṭṭ
• the approach (of a male to a female)
• covering (a cow), impregnation Pāṇ
⋙ upasaraja
○ja mfn. produced by impregnation, the young of an animal (?) Pat. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 83
≫ upasaraṇa
upa-saraṇa n. the act of coming near, approaching, approach Megh
• going or flowing towards [Page 210, Column 2]
• (in med.) accumulation of blood, congestion Suśr
• a refuge, shelter ChUp
≫ upasartavya
upa-sártavya mfn. to be approached for help or protection
• to be had recourse to ŚBr. Comm. on ChUp
• to be set about or undertaken Nir
≫ upasaryā
upa-saryā f. to be covered or impregnated (as a female) Pāṇ. 3-1, 104
≫ upasārya
upa-sārya mfn. to be approached Kāś. on ib
≫ upasṛta
úpa-sṛta mfn. one who has approached, come near (esp. for protection) TBr. i, 4, 6, 1 BhP
• approached, applied to TS. ii, 1, 4, 6
• asked for ŚāṅkhBr
• furnished with, having BhP. iv
⋙ upasṛtavat
○vat mfn. one who has approached R
≫ upasṛtya
upa-sṛtya ind. p. having approached, approaching, &c
upasṛj
upa-√sṛj P. Ā. -sṛjati, -sṛjate (aor. Ā. 1. sg. -sṛkṣi RV. ii, 35, 1: Pass. 3. sg. -sarji RV. ix, 69, 1) to let loose upon or towards
• to let stream upon, pour on, shed forth RV. vi, 36, 4 ; x, 98, 12 VS. xi, 38 TS. v TBr. i ŚBr. iii
• to emit towards, cause to go near, bring or lead near RV. BhP
• to admit (a calf to its mother) RV. viii, 72, 7 ; ix, 69, 1 VS. ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. &c
• to add, subjoin, increase AitBr. ĀśvŚr. APrāt. &c
• to visit, afflict, plague, trouble ŚBr. xiv
• to come together or into contact with Car
• to cause, effect BhP. iv, 19, 19: Caus., upa-sarjita
≫ upasarga
upa-sarga m. (g. nyaṅkv-ādi Pāṇ. 7-3, 53) addition AitBr. iv, 4, 1 ; 2 RPrāt
• misfortune, trouble, a natural phenomenon (considered as boding evil) R. Prab. Ratnāv. Daś. &c
• an eclipse (of a star) Comm. on Mn. iv, 105
• (in med.) a fit, paroxysm (supposed to be possession by an evil spirit) Suśr
• a disease superinduced on another Suśr. ii, 429, 13
• change occasioned by any disease L
• indication or symptom of death L
• a Nipāta or particle joined to a verb or noun denoting action, a preposition ( also gati and karma-pravacanīya
• they are enumerated Pāṇ. 1-4, 58
• in the Veda they are separable from the verb) Pāṇ. 1-4, 59 ; vi, 3, 97 ; 122 Kāty. Pat. RPrāt. APrāt. &c
⋙ upasargavāda
○vāda m
⋙ upasargahārastotra
○hāra-stotra n. N. of several works
≫ upasargaya
upasargaya Nom. (fr. the above) P. upasargayati, to cause trouble, plague
≫ upasargin
upa-sargin mfn. adding, one who adds Lāṭy. iv, 8, 21
≫ upasarjana
upa-sarjana n. (ifc. mf[ā]n.) the act of pouring upon KātyŚr
• infusion Car
• an inauspicious phenomenon, eclipse Mn. iv, 105
• anything or any person subordinate to another Mn
• a substitute, representation Nyāyam. &c
• (in Gr.) 'subordinate, secondary' (opposed to pradhāna), any word which by composition or derivation loses its original independence while it also determines the sense of another word (e.g. the word rājan in rājapuruṣa, 'a king's servant or minister', and the word apiśali in āpiśala Pāṇ. 1-2, 43, &c. ; vi, 2, 36
• in a Bahu-vrīhi compound both members are upasarjana
• in other compounds generally the first member Pāṇ. 2-2, 30
• for exceptions, Pāṇ. 2-2, 31)
• (ī), f. (upa-sárjanī) infusion ŚBr. i KātyŚr
≫ upasarjita
upa-sarjita mfn. sent off or out BhP. i, 12, 27
≫ upasṛjya
upa-sṛjya ind. p. having added, adding &c
≫ upasṛṣṭa
upa-sṛṣṭa mfn. let loose towards
• sent or thrown off BhP. i, 12, 1
• admitted (as the calf to its mother
• also applied to the milk at the time of the calf's sucking) TBr. ii, 1, 7, 1 KātyŚr
• increased
• furnished with ŚāṅkhŚr
• furnished with an Upasarga or preposition (e.g. √ with ā is said to be upasṛṣṭa) Pāṇ. 1-4, 38 Nir. APrāt. &c
• visited, afflicted, burdened with, plagued R. Suśr. BhP. &c
• obscured (by Rāhu, as the sun), eclipsed MBh. Mn. iv, 37
• possessed (by a god or demon) Yājñ. i, 271 R
• (am), n. coition, sexual intercourse L
upasṛp
upa-√sṛp P. Ā. -sarpati, -te, to creep towards, approach stealthily or softly or gently RV. x, 18, 10 ; 99, 12 AV. ŚBr. AitBr. MBh. Śak. &c
• to approach (a woman for intercourse) MBh. i
• to meet with Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-4, 40
• to draw near, approach slowly (as sunset, misfortune, &c.) MBh. BhP. Hit
≫ upasarpa
upa-sarpa m. approaching, approach, sexual approach MBh. iii, 2513 (= upa-sasarpa Nīlak
• erroneous for upa-sṛpya BRD.)
≫ upasarpaṇa
upa-sarpaṇa n. the act of approaching softly, advancing towards Suśr. Vikr. [Page 210, Column 3] Kap
• going or stepping out softly KātyŚr. Yājñ
≫ upasarpitaka
upasarpitaka n. approach, advancing towards Bālar
≫ upasarpin
upa-sarpin mfn. creeping near, approaching MBh. Mn
≫ upasṛpta
upa-sṛpta mfn. approached, come near to
≫ upasṛpya
upa-sṛpya mfn. to be approached Bādar
upasektṛ
upa-sektṛ́ upa-sécana, upa-√sic
upasena
upa-sena m. N. of a pupil of Śākya-muni L
upasev
upa-√sev Ā. -sevate, to frequent, visit, abide or stay at (a place) MBh. xiii R. Kām
• to stay with a person, attend on, serve, do homage, honour, worship MBh. Mn. Kathās. &c
• to have sexual intercourse with (acc.) Suśr
• to practise, pursue, cultivate, study, make use of, be addicted to ChUp. MBh. MārkP. &c
≫ upasevaka
upa-sevaka mfn. ifc. doing homage
• courting (e.g. the wife of another) Yājñ. iii, 136
≫ upasevana
upa-sevana n. the act of doing homage
• courting (e.g. the wife of another) Mn. iv, 134
• service, worship, honouring MBh
• addiction to, using, enjoying MBh. Suśr
• experiencing, suffering R
≫ upasevā
upa-sevā f. homage, worship, courting MBh. Mn
• addiction to, use, enjoyment, employment Hit. Car
≫ upasevin
upa-sevin mfn. ifc. serving, doing homage, worshipping Mn. R. Kathās
• addicted or devoted to MBh. Suśr. Pañcat
upasoma
upa-soma m. one who has approached the Soma, a Soma sacrificer, ṭ. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
• (am), ind. near the Soma T
upaskambh
upa-√skambh
P. (irr. pf. 2. du. -skambháthus) to support, prop RV. vi, 72, 2
upaskṛ
upa-s-√kṛ and its derivations, under upa- √1. kṛ, p. 195, cols. 2 and 3
upastambh
upa-√stambh P. -stabhnāti (1. sg. -stabhnomi TBr. iii, 7, 10, 1) to set up, erect, prop, stay, support ŚBr. KātyŚr.: Caus. P. (Subj. -stabhāyat) to raise, erect, set up, stay, support RV
-stambhayati id
≫ upastabdha
upa-stabdha mfn. supported, stayed Car
≫ upastambha
upa-stambha m. (less correctly written upa-ṣṭambha) stay, support, strengthening Hit. Comm. on ChUp
• encouragement, incitement
• excitement Comm. on Sāṃkhyak
• base, basis, ground, occasion
• support of life (as food, sleep, and government of passions) Car
≫ upastambhaka
upa-stambhaka mfn. (less correctly written upa-ṣṭa○) supporting, promoting, encouraging Sāṃkhyak. Comm. on BṛĀrUp
≫ upastambhana
upa-stámbhana n. a support, stay TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr
upasti
úpa-sti and upa-stí (AV.), mfn. (fr. s-ti [√1. as] with upa, cf. abhi-ṣṭi
• fr. √styai Comm. on VS. xii, 101), being lower or inferior, subordinate, subject, submissive RV. x, 97, 23 = VS. xii, 101 = AV. vi, 15, 1 AV. iii, 5, 6 ; 7 TS. TBr. Kāṭh
⋙ upastitaram
○taram ind. more inferior, more subject TS. vi, 5, 8, 2
upastu
upa-√stu P. -stauti, to invoke, celebrate in song, praise RV.: AV. iii, 15, 7 TBr. iii
• (esp. said of the Hotṛi) ŚBr.: Pass. -stūyate, to be praised or celebrated in song BhP. iii, 13, 45 Sāy
≫ upaṣṭut
upa-ṣṭút mfn. praised, invoked (= upastūyamāna Sāy.) RV. ix, 87, 9
≫ upastava
upa-stava m. praise SaṃhUp
≫ upastuta
úpa-stuta mfn. invoked, praised RV. AV. xix, 5, 1
• m. (upa-stutá), N. of a Ṛishi RV
• (ās), m. pl. the family of the above ib
≫ upastuti
úpa-stuti f. celebration, invocation, praise RV
≫ upastutya
upa-stútya mfn. to be praised RV. i, 136, 2 ; 163, 1 ; vi, 61, 13
upastṛ
upa-√stṛ P. Ā. -stṛṇāti, -stṛṇīte (Ā. 1. sg. -stíre RV. ii, 31, 5
• inf. -stíre RV. v, 85, 1, &c
• inf. used as Impv. -stṛṇiṣáni RV. vi, 44, 6 [cf. gṛnīṣaṇi under √1. gṝ]) to spread over, cover with, clothe, wrap up RV. i, 162, 16 ; viii, 73, 3 ŚBr. xiii ŚāṅkhŚr
• to spread out under, spread or lay under, scatter under RV. AV. ŚBr. [Page 211, Column 1]
• to scatter round, surround (the Āhavanīya and Gārhapatya fire with grass) TBr. iii, 7, 4, 18 TS
• (at sacrifices) to pour out (esp. clarified butter), pour out so as to form a lower layer or substratum TS. AitBr. ŚBr. Kauś. Gobh. &c
≫ upastara
upa-stára m. anything laid under, a substratum AV. xiv, 2, 21
≫ upastaraṇa
upa-stáraṇa n. the act of spreading over, a cover RV. ix, 69, 5 AV. v, 19, 12
• the act of spreading out under, anything laid under, an undermattress, pillow ĀśvGṛ. Āp. BhP. &c
• the act of pouring under ŚāṅkhGṛ. i, 13, 16
• pouring out so as to form a substratum, a substratum (said of the water which is sipped before taking food
• cf. amṛtôpa○) ĀśvGṛ. i, 24, 12 HirGṛ. &c
• scattering grass (round the Āhavanīya and Gārhapatya fire, accompanied with the Mantra ubhāv agnī upa-stṛṇate) Comm. on TS. i, 6, 7, 2, &c
≫ upastāra
upa-stāra m. anything poured under Nyāyam. x, 2, 2
≫ upastir
upa-stír f. anything spread over, a cover RV. ix, 62, 28
• (dat. upa-stíre used as inf., last col.)
≫ upastīrṇa
úpa-stīrṇa mfn. spread or scattered over
• clothed, wrapped
• poured out, poured under
≫ upastīrya
upa-stīrya ind. p. having covered &c
upastrī
upa-strī f. a subordinate wife, a concubine L
upasthā
upa-√sthā P. Ā. -tiṣṭhati, -te (irr. aor. Pot. 3. pl. -stheṣus AV. xvi, 4, 7) to stand or place one's self near, be present (Ā. if no object follows Pāṇ. 1-3, 26)
• to stand by the side of, place one's self near, expose one's self to (with loc. or acc.) RV. AV. KātyŚr. Gobh. MBh. Mn. &c
• to place one's self before (in order to ask), approach, apply to RV. AV. ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. Ragh. &c
• to come together or meet with, become friendly with, conciliate (only Ā. Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 25)
• to lead towards (as a way, only Ā. ib.)
• to go or betake one's self to Pañcat. R
• to stand near in order to serve, attend, serve MBh. Kathās. &c
• to attend on, worship (only Ā. Kāty. on Pāṇ. 1-3, 25, e.g. arkam upatiṣṭhate, he worships the sun
• but arkam upatiṣṭhati, he exposes himself to the sun Pat.) MBh. BhP. Ragh. &c
• to serve with, be of service or serviceable by, attend on with prayers (e.g. aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhate, he attends on the Gārhapatya with a Ṛic addressed to Indra
• but bhartāraṃ upatiṣṭhati yauvanena, (she) attends on her husband with youthfulness Kāś.) MBh. Ragh. Daś. &c
• to stand under (in order to support), approach for assistance, be near at hand or at the disposal of RV. AV. TS. MBh. Śak. &c
• to fall to one's share, come to the possession of MBh. R. &c
• to rise against RV. vii, 83
• to start, set out Hariv. Daś.: Caus. -sthāpayati, to cause to stand by the side of, place before, cause to lie down by the side of (e.g. a woman) AitBr. ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr. &c
• to cause to come near, bring near, procure, fetch MBh. R. Śak. &c
• (in Gr.) to add iti after a word (in the Pada-pāṭha) RPrāt. 842 (cf. upasthita)
≫ upatiṣṭhāsu
upa-tiṣṭhāsu mfn. (fr. Desid.), wishing or being about to betake one's self to Daś
≫ upastha 1
upá-stha m. 'the part which is under', lap, middle or inner part of anything, a well-surrounded or sheltered place, secure place RV. AV. VS. AitBr. ŚBr. &c
• (upasthaṃ-√kṛ, to make a lap, sit down with the legs bent AitBr. viii, 9, 5 ĀśvGṛ. ŚāṅkhŚr
upasthe-√kṛ, to take on one's lap ŚBr. iii)
• (as, am), m. n. the generative organs (esp. of a woman) VS. ix, 22 ŚBr. MBh. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• the haunch or hip
• the anus L
⋙ upasthakṛta
○kṛta mfn. one who has formed a lap by sitting down, seated with the legs bent down ŚBr. iv ĀśvŚr
⋙ upasthadaghna
○daghná mfn. reaching to the lap ŚBr. xiii
⋙ upasthanigraha
○nigraha m. restraint of sexual desire Yājñ. iii, 314
⋙ upasthapattra
○pattra m. the Indian fig tree L
⋙ upasthapadā
○padā f. a particular artery leading to the generative organs (of a male) Sāy. on AitBr. iii, 37, 6
⋙ upasthapāda
○pāda mfn. sitting with the legs bent down (so as to form a lap) ŚāṅkhGṛ. iv
⋙ upasthasad
○sád mfn. sitting in the lap or in the centre of RV. x, 156, 5
≫ upastha 2
upa-sthá mfn. standing upon AV. xii, 1, 62
• standing by the side of, being near at hand, near L
≫ upasthaka
upasthaka n. membrum virile L
≫ upasthātavya
upa-sthātavya mfn. to be attended upon with Śak. 4, 4
• to be obliged to appear (in person) Bālar. [Page 211, Column 2]
⋙ upasthātṛ
upa-sthātṛ mfn. one who is near at hand, an attendant, servant, waiter, nurse Car
• one who makes his appearance Comm. on Yājñ
≫ upasthāna
upa-sthā́na n. the act of placing one's self near to, going near, approach, access (upa-sthā́naṃ-√kṛ, to give access or scope for ŚBr. i)
• coming into the presence of, going near to (in order to worship), worshipping, waiting on, attendance ŚBr. KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. MBh. &c
• standing near, presence, proximity, nearness Yājñ. Hcat
• staying upon or at, abiding, a place of abiding, abode Nir
• assembly MBh. R. BhP
• any object approached with respect, a sanctuary, abode (of a god) PārGṛ
• a particular part of the Saṃdhyā MW
⋙ upasthānagṛha
○gṛha n. an assembly-room MBh. i, 5003
⋙ upasthānaśālā
○śālā f. the assembly-room (of a monastery) Buddh
⋙ upasthānasāhasrī
○sāhasrī f. N. of wk
≫ upasthānīya
upa-sthānīya mfn. to be attended on or served Pāṇ. 3-4, 68
• (upasthānīya), one who is to attend on (gen.) ib
≫ upasthāpaka
upa-sthāpaka mfn. causing to turn one's attention (to a past event or one of a former birth), causing to remember T
≫ upasthāpana
upa-sthāpana n. the act of placing near, having ready for, an-upa○
• (ā), f. the act of ordaining (a monk) Jain
• the causing to remember, calling to mind T
≫ upasthāpayitavya
upa-sthāpayitavya mfn. to be brought near or fetched or procured R
≫ upasthāpya
upasthāpya mfn. to be produced or effected Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 65
≫ upasthāya
upa-sthāya ind. p. having approached, standing by the side of
• attending on &c
≫ upasthāyaka
upa-sthāyaka m. a servant Buddh
≫ upasthāyam
upa-sthā́yam ind. p. standing near, keeping one's self fast to RV. i, 145, 4
≫ upasthāyika
upasthāyika m. a servant Nāṭyaś
• a keeper, nurse L
≫ upasthāyin
upa-sthāyin mfn. one who makes his appearance, arriving Gaut
≫ upasthāyuka
upa-sthāyuka mfn. going near to, approaching Kāṭh
≫ upasthāvan
upa-sthāvan mfn. standing near or at hand ŚāṅkhŚr
≫ upasthāvara
upa-sthā́vara mfn. id. VS. xxx, 16
≫ upasthita
upa-sthita mfn. come near, approached, arisen, arrived, appeared ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• present, near at hand, ready for R. BhP. Kum. &c
• near, impending Mn. iii, 187 MBh. &c
• fallen to one's share, received, gained, obtained Śak. Ragh. &c
• accomplished, happened
• lying or being upon Suśr
• turned towards R
• approached, come near to, visited MBh. Ragh. &c
• caused, occasioned
• felt
• known
• clean, cleansed L
• (in the Prātiśākhyas) followed by iti (as a word in the Pada-pāṭha) RPrāt. VPrāt. Pāṇ
• m. a door keeper, porter L
• (ā, am), fn., N. of several metres
• (am), n. (scil. pada) a word followed by iti (in the Pada-pāṭha
• cf. sthita and sthitôpasthita) RPrāt. VPrāt
⋙ upasthitapracupita
○pracupita n. N. of a particular metre
⋙ upasthitavaktṛ
○vaktṛ m. a ready speaker, an eloquent man
⋙ upasthitasaṃprahāra
○saṃprahāra mfn. being about to engage in battle, having battle at hand
≫ upasthiti
upa-sthiti f. standing near, approach
• presence, proximity Sāh
• accomplishing, completeness, an-upa○
• obtaining, getting
• remaining L
• the faculty of remembering, memory T
≫ upastheya
upa-stheya mfn. to be attended on or worshipped KātyŚr. R
upasthūṇam
upa-sthūṇam ind. on a post, g. parimukhâdi Kāty. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 58
upasnih
upa-√snih Ā. -snihyate, to become wet, become smooth Suśr.: Caus. -snehayati, to conciliate, gain the favour of Uttarar
≫ upasnihiti
upa-snihiti f. the becoming wet, moistening Pat. on Pāṇ. 7-2, 9
≫ upasneha
upa-sneha m. the moistening
• becoming wet, attracting moisture Suśr. R
upasnu
upa-√snu
≫ upasnuta
upa-snuta mfn. caused to flow, streaming forth Kir. i, 18
upaspijam
upa-spíjam ind. with emulation, emulatively RV. x, 88, 18 [upaspijam iti spardhā-yuktaṃ vacanam Sāy.]
upaspṛś 1
upa-spṛś P. -spṛśati, to touch above, reach up to, touch RV. AV
• to touch softly, caress ŚBr. AitBr. ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr. MBh. &c. [Page 211, Column 3]
• (with or without apaḥ or jalam &c.) to touch water (for ablution), wash, bathe (as a religious ceremony)
• to sip water (from the palm of the hand
• it is not the custom to spit out the water after sipping it) ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. & Gṛ. MBh. Yājñ. Mn. &c
• to touch certain parts of one's body (acc.) with water (instr.) Mn. iv, 143
• (also without the instr.) Mn. v, 138
• (or without the acc.) MBh.: Caus. -sparśayati, to cause to touch water or wash the hands ŚBr. iii
≫ upasparśa
upa-sparśa m. touching, contact L
• washing, bathing, ablution (as a religious act) L
• sipping water (from the palm of the hand and swallowing it as a ceremonial) L
≫ upasparśana
upa-sparśana n. the act of touching KātyŚr. v, vi SaṃhUp
• ablution, bath MBh. R
• sipping water KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. (cf. udakôpa○.)
≫ upasparśin
upa-sparśin mfn. ifc. touching
• bathing in BhP. (cf. udakôpa○.)
≫ upaspṛś 2
upa-spṛ́ś mfn. touching AV. xx, 127, 2
• (k), f. (scil. stuti) 'the touching or affecting verse', N. of the verse RV. x, 22, 13
≫ upaspṛśya
upa-spṛśya ind. p. having touched or sipping water &c
≫ upaspṛṣṭa
upa-spṛṣṭa mfn. touched (as water), sipped Mn. iii, 208 MBh. R. BhP
upasmi
upa-√smi Ā. (pf. p. -siṣmiyāṇá) to smile upon RV. x, 123, 5
upasmṛ
upa-√smṛ P. -smarati, to remember ŚBr. ii KātyŚr. Comm. on ChUp
≫ upasmāram
upa-smāram ind. p. having remembered, remembering. yathôpa○
upasmṛti
upa-smṛti f. a minor law-book (the following authors of such books are named Jābāli, Nāciketa, Skanda, Laugākshin, Kaśyapa, Vyāsa, Sanatkumāra, Śatarju, Janaka, Vyāghra, Kātyāyana, Jātūkarṇya, Kapiñjala, Baudhāyana, Kaṇāda, and Viśvāmitra) Hcat. i, 528, 21 ff
upasru
upa-√sru P. (Impv. 3. pl. -sravantu) to stream or flow upon or towards VS. xxxv, 20
≫ upasravaṇa
upa-sravaṇa n. the flowing out
• termination of the periodical flow of a woman KātyŚr. xxv, 11, 13
upasrotas
upa-srotas ind. on the river
upasvatva
upa-svatva n. the produce or profit of property (as corn &c.) L
upasvāvat
upa-svāvat ān m. N., of a son of Satrājit Hariv
• (v. l. upa-svāya.)
upasvid
upa-√svid Caus. -svedayati, (in med.) to cause to sweat (by applying sudorifics) Suśr
≫ upasveda
upa-sveda m. moisture, sweat, vapour MBh. Car
≫ upasvedana
upa-svedana n. the causing to sweat (by sudorifics) Car
upasvṛ
upa-√svṛ P. -svarati, to join in singing Lāṭy. i, 8, 9
upahadana
upa-hadana n. the act of discharging excrement upon VarBṛS
upahan
upa-√han P. -hanti Ā. -jighnate, to beat, hit at, strike, touch RV. vi, 75, 13 ŚBr. vi, xiv Lāṭy. ĀśvGṛ. MBh. ii
• to stick on, put on, force in, ram TS. ii TBr. i ŚBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• to take hold of, seize, take out
• to hit, hurt, damage, visit, afflict, impede, spoil TBr. iii AitBr. MBh. Mn. &c
• to make a mistake in reciting, blunder AitBr. iii, 35, 3 ŚāṅkhBr.: Pass. -hanyate ib. TS. vii, 3, 1, 1
• 2
≫ upaghāta
upa-ghāta &c. p. 197, col. 1
≫ upaghātam
upa-ghā́tam ind. p. taking out, drawing out
• ladling out ŚBr. Gobh. PārGṛ
≫ upahata
úpa-hata mfn. hit, hurt, damaged, injured, visited, afflicted, pained, infected ŚBr. MBh. R. Śak. &c
• affected, transported (with passion) BhP
• seduced, misled Sāntiś
• distressed, weakened, dis -couraged MBh. R. Hit. Kathās
• killed Uttarar
• scattered over, covered Comm. on Mn. iii, 208
⋙ upahatadhī
○dhī mfn. affected in mind, infatuated
⋙ upahatātman
upahatâtman mfn. id. Kathās. Car
≫ upahataka
upahataka mfn. ill-rated, unfortunate, unlucky L
≫ upahati
upa-hati f. hurt, damage, injure, oppression Kap. Naish. [Page 212, Column 1]
• (= ava-kara) a dust-heap Sāy. on TāṇḍyaBr. i, 6, 5
≫ upahatnu
upa-hatnú mfn. hitting, hurting, destroying (enemies) RV. ii, 33, 11 = AV. xviii, 4, 40
≫ upahatyā
upa-hatyā́ f. hurt, damage, morbid affection (as of the eyes) AV. v, 4, 10
≫ upahantavya
upa-hantavya mfn. to be killed Kathās
≫ upahantṛ
upa-hantṛ mfn. one who hurts or destroys, a destroyer Sāy. on RV. ii, 33, 11
• pernicious, unwholesome Suśr
upahavya
upa-hávya upa-√hu
upahas
upa-√has P. -hasati, to laugh at, deride, ridicule MBh. L. Mṛicch. Pañcat. &c
• to smile: Caus. -hāsayati, to deride, ridicule BhP. Kathās
≫ upahasita
upa-hasita mfn. laughed at, derided Kathās
• (am), n. laughter accompanied by shaking the head (sa-śiraḥ-kampam) Daśar. iv, 70
≫ upahasvan
upa-hásvan mfn. laughing at, deriding, mocking RV. viii, 45, 23
≫ upahāsa
upa-hāsá m. laughter, derision, mockery, jeer Kathās. Ragh. Sāh
• ridiculousness VarBṛS
• fun, play, jest, sport ŚBr. PārGṛ. MBh. &c
⋙ upahāsagir
○gir f. a joke, jest L
⋙ upahāsāspada
upahāsâspada n. a laughing-stock
≫ upahāsaka
upa-hāsaka mfn. ridiculing others, jocose L
• m. a jester L
• (am), n. drollery, fun BhP. x, 18, 15
≫ upahāsin
upa-hāsin mfn. ifc. deriding, ridiculing Sāh. Veṇis
≫ upahāsya
upa-hāsya mfn. to be laughed at or derided, ridiculous Mṛicch. Kathās
⋙ upahāsyatā
○tā f. the state of being to be laughed at or derided, ridiculousness
• (upahāsyatāṃ-√gam, to expose one's self to laughter, become ridiculous Ragh. i, 3.)
upahasta
upa-hasta m. the act of taking with the hand, receiving ṭ., g. vetanâdi Pāṇ. 4-4, 12, (not in Kaś.)
≫ upahastaya
upahastaya Nom. P. upahastayati, to take with the hand, receive T
≫ upahastikā
upahastikā f. a box for betel or condiments Daś
upahā 1
upa-hā √2. Ā. (Pot. 2. sg. -jihīthās) to descend, come down upon Śiś. i, 37
upahā 2
upa-hā √3. Pass. -hīyate, to diminish, wane MBh. xiii, 2028
upahālaka
upa-hālaka ās m. pl., N. of a people (= kuntala) L
upahiṃs
upa-√hiṃs P. Ā. -hiṃsati, -te, to hurt, wound, injure, damage MBh. R. Mn
upahita 2
upa-hita (for 1. p. 199, col. 3), mfn. good in a secondary degree, somewhat good
• (am), n. a secondary good MBh. xii, 5219
upahu
upa-√hu P. -juhoti, to sacrifice or offer a libation in addition to KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. Bhag
≫ upahavya
upa-hávya m. a secondary or supplementary libation or sacrifice, N. of a particular religious act AV. xi, 7, 15 KātyŚr. xxii, 8 ĀśvŚr. &c
upahṛ
upa-√hṛ P. -harati, to bring near, reach forth, proffer, offer, place before, give to taste (esp. food) AV. TBr. ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. and Gṛ. KātyŚr. MBh. Suśr. &c
• to put together, gather, collect MBh. BhP
• to apply (medicine) Suśr
• to take away
• to destroy MBh. ī: Ā. -harate, to accept, receive TS. v: Caus. -hārayati, to place before, proffer, offer MBh. R. Suśr.: Desid. jihīrṣati, to wish to offer MBh. ii, 862
≫ upajihīrṣā
upa-jihīrṣā f. the wish or intention to take away or to rob MBh
≫ upaharaṇa
upa-haraṇa n. the act of bringing near, proffering, offering BhP
• presenting victims
• distributing or serving out food
• taking, seizing L
≫ upaharaṇīya
upa-haraṇīya mfn. to be offered or presented, Mālatim. Kathās
≫ upahartavya
upa-hartavya mfn. id
≫ upahartṛ
upa-hartṛ mfn. one who offers or presents, one who serves out (food), a host Mn. v, 51
≫ upahāra
upa-hāra m. offering, oblation (to a deity)
• complimentary gift, present (to a king or superior) MBh. Megh. Kathās. &c
• (upahāraṃ vi-√dhā, to offer an oblation to a god acc., sacrifice to any one Kathās.)
• a particular kind of alliance (purchased through a gift) Kām. Hit. &c
• food (dis- tributed to guests &c.) [Page 212, Column 2]
• (with the Pāśupatas) a kind of religious service (consisting of laughter, song, dance, muttering huḍuk, adoration and pious ejaculation) Sarvad. 77, 22
⋙ upahāratā
○tā f
⋙ upahāratva
○tva n. the state of being an oblation or offering Kum. Kathās
⋙ upahārapaśu
○paśu m. a victim Kathās
⋙ upahāravarman
○varman m. N. of a man Daś
≫ upahāraka
upahāraka as, ikā mf. an offering, oblation, gift, present BhP. Kathās
≫ upahārin
upa-hārin mfn. offering, presenting
• sacrificing
≫ upahārīkṛ
upa-hārī-√kṛ P. Ā. to offer (as an oblation or sacrifice) Kathās. Hit
⋙ upahārīcikīrṣu
upahārī-cikīrṣu mfn. intending to sacrifice any one Kathās
≫ upahārya
upa-hārya mfn. to be offered as an oblation
• to be presented BhP
• (am), n. an offering, oblation MBh. BhP
≫ upahṛta
upa-hṛta mfn. brought near, offered, presented
• immolated, sacrificed (as a victim)
• served out (as food)
• taken
• collected, gathered
≫ upahṛtya
upa-hṛtya ind. p. having brought near &c
upahoma
upa-homá as m. an additional or supplementary sacrifice ŚBr. xi
upahvṛ
upa-√hvṛ Ā. -hvárate, to approach by windings and turnings, reach an end after many deviations or errors RV. i, 141, 1
≫ upahvara
upa-hvará m. a winding or circuitous course full of turnings, uneven or rough ground, slope, declivity &c. RV. i, 62, 6 ; 87, 2 ; viii, 6, 28
• a car, carriage L
• (am), n. (generally e loc.) proximity, nearness RV. viii, 69, 6 MBh
• a solitary or private place RV. viii, 96, 14 MBh
≫ upahvartavya
upa-hvartavya mfn. to be approached by windings and turnings Sāy
upahve
upa-√hve only Ā. (Pāṇ. 1-3, 30) -hvayate (rarely P. Kathās. BhP.) to call near to, invite RV. AV. TS. ŚBr. &c
• to call up, invoke AV. vi, 23, 1 VS. iii, 42
• to call to, cheer, encourage AitBr. iii, 20, 1 ĀśvŚr. ii, 16, 18: Desid. -juhūṣati, to wish to call near ŚāṅkhBr
≫ upahava
upa-havá m. calling to, inviting, invitation, (upa-havám-√iṣ, to desire an invitation to loc., wish to be invited to, e.g. tásminn índra upahavám aicchata, Indra wished to be invited to that sacrifice TS. ii, 4, 12, 1) TS. ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr
≫ upahūta
úpa-hūta mfn. called near, invited AV. TBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh. &c
• that to which one invites TS. i ŚBr. i KātyŚr. iii
• summoned, invoked AV. vii, 60, 4 ; 5 VS. xx, 35
• m. N. of Śākalya Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 146
• (ās), m. pl., N. of particular manes L
≫ upahūti
upa-hūti f. calling (to fight), challenging, challenge Śiś
≫ upahūya
upa-hūya ind. p. having called near or invited &c
≫ upahvāna
upa-hvāna n. the act of inviting, invitation KātyŚr
upā
upā ind. a particular Nidhana or concluding chorus at the end of a Sāman Lāṭy. vii, 10, 1 ff. Sāy. on TāṇḍyaBr
upāṃśu
upāṃśu u ind. (fr. √aṃś, 'to divide', with upa and affix u T. (?), g. svar-ādi Pāṇ. 1-1, 37), secretly, in secret RV. x, 83, 7 MBh. Ragh. &c
• in a low voice, in a whisper ŚBr. AitBr
• m. a prayer uttered in a low voice (so as not to be overheard) Mn. ii, 85 MārkP. &c
• a particular Soma oblation, = upāṃśu-graha below VS. TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
⋙ upāṃśukṝḍita
○kṝḍita m. a person jested with privately, the companion of (a king's) private amusements Hit
⋙ upāṃśugraha
○graha m. the first Graha or ladle-full of Soma pressed out at a sacrifice TS. ŚBr. &c
⋙ upāṃśutā
○tā f. and the being uttered in a low voice or whisper ŚāṅkhŚr. Comm. on Nyāyam
⋙ upāṃśutva
○tva n. the being uttered in a low voice or whisper ŚāṅkhŚr. Comm. on Nyāyam
⋙ upāṃśudaṇḍa
○daṇḍa n. a punishment inflicted in private R
⋙ upāṃśupātra
○pātrá n. the vessel or ladle for the Upāṃśu-graha, q.v. ŚBr. iv KātyŚr
⋙ upāṃśuyāja
○yājá m. a sacrifice offered silently or with muttered prayers ŚBr. i. &c. TS. ŚāṅkhŚr. &c
⋙ upāṃśuvadha
○vadha m. a clandestine murder Mudr
⋙ upāṃśuvrata
○vrata n. a vow made secretly or privately Hariv
⋙ upāṃśusavana
○sávana mfn. (used for) pressing out the Upāṃśugraha, q.v. (said of stones so used) ŚBr. KātyŚr. Lāṭy. &c
⋙ upāṃśuhavis
○havis mfn. (a sacrifice) at which the offerings are made silently ŚāṅkhŚr
⋙ upāṃśvantaryāma
upāṃśv-antaryāmá au m. du., N. of two particular ladles-full of Soma (offered with the breath held and inaudible) ŚBr. iv. [Page 212, Column 3]
⋙ upāṃśvāyatana
upāṃśv-ā́yatana mfn. having a silent abode, kept inaudible (as the breath) ŚBr. x
upāka
úpāka upâñc
upākarṇaya
upâkarṇaya Nom. (fr. ā-karṇa)
≫ upākarṇya
upâkarṇya ind. p. hearing, learning, Bhp
upākṛ
upâ-kṛ √1. P. Ā. -karoti, -kurute, (Ved. impf. 1. sg. -akaram, 3. sg. -akar) to drive or bring near or towards, fetch RV. TS. vii ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. MBh. iii
• to commit to, deliver, make over, give, bestow, grant (kāmam, a wish) MBh. R
• to procure for one's self, obtain MBh. iii, 10278
• to bring or set about, make preparations (for a sacred ceremonial), undertake, begin TS. AitBr. ŚBr. xiv Lāṭy. Mn. &c
• to consecrate Mn. v, 7 Yājñ. i, 171
≫ upākaraṇa
upâ-karaṇa n. the act of bringing near, fetching ŚBr. PārGṛ. &c
• setting about, preparation, beginning, commencing Āp. ĀśvŚr. & Gṛ. KātyŚr. &c
• commencement of reading the Veda (after the performance of preparatory rites, as initiation &c.) ŚāṅkhGṛ. iv, 5, 1
• N. of a particular Stotra or prayer at sacrifices KātyŚr. iii
⋙ upākaraṇavidhi
○vidhi m. N. of wk
≫ upākarman
upâ-karman a n. preparation, setting about, commencement (esp. of reading the Veda) PārGṛ. ii Mn. iv, 119 Yājñ
⋙ upākarmanprayoga
○prayoga (upâkarma○),
⋙ upākarmanvidhi
○vidhi m. N. of wks
≫ upākṛta
upấ-kṛta mfn. brought or driven near, fetched AV. ii, 34, 2
• prepared, undertaken, begun
• attended with evil omens, disastrous, calamitous L
• m. a sacrificial animal (killed during the recitation of particular prayers) L
• disaster, calamity L
≫ upākṛti
upâ-kṛti f. setting about, beginning L
≫ upākṛtin
upākṛtin mfn. one who prepares or begins, g. iṣṭâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 88
≫ upācikīrṣu
upâ-cikīrṣu mfn. (fr. Desid.), one who is about to undertake or commence Comm. on BṛĀrUp
upākram
upâ-√kram P. -krāmati, to fall upon, attack MBh
upākṣa
upâkṣa m. (fr. 1. akṣa), a particular part of a car (supporting the axletree) Comm. on Lāṭy. i, 9, 23
≫ upākṣaka
upâkṣaka m. id
upākṣam
upâkṣam ind. (fr. akṣi Pāṇ. 6-2, 121), on or near the eye
upākhyā 1
upâ-√khyā Ā. (fut. 1. sg. -khyāsye) to give an account about (anything), relate BhP. ii, 9, 45
≫ upākhya
upâ-khya mfn. discernible, observable by the eye (cf. an-upâ○ and nir-upâ○.)
≫ upākhyāna 1
upâ-khyāna n. account, relation, repetition of an event BhP
upākhyā 2
upâkhyā f. (fr. ā-khyā with upa), a secondary name, surname, epithet BhP. xi, 4, 7, &c
≫ upākhyāna 2
upâkhyāna n. (fr. ā-khyāna with upa), a subordinate tale or story, an episode MBh. Hit. &c. (cf. nalôpâ○.)
≫ upākhyānaka
upâkhyānaka n. id
upāgam
upâ-√gam P. -gacchati (Ved. Impv. 2. sg. -gahi) to come near, come towards, step near, approach RV. AV. vii, 48, 2 ; xix, 4, 3 MBh. Pañcat. &c
• to come back, return Kathās
• to approach, come or enter into any state or condition, be subject to MBh. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• to occur, come or fall to one's share Yājñ. ii, 143
≫ upāgata
upâ-gata mfn. approached, arrived, come to (for protection)
• entered into any state or condition, subject to, burdened with
• occurred, happened, fallen to one's share
• promised, agreed L
≫ upāgatya
upâ-gatya ind. p. = upâ-gamya below
≫ upāgama
upâ-gama m. arrival, approach
• occurrence L
• promise, agreement L
≫ upāgamya
upâ-gamya ind. p. having approached &c
upāgā
upâ-√gā P. -gāti, to come near, go towards, rush upon RV. iii, 56, 2 ; x, 73, 5 ChUp. Kathās
upāgni
upâgni ind. on the fire Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-1, 41
≫ upāgnikā
upâgnikā f. (scil. bhāryā) a wife given away in presence of the sacred fire or with due observance of the fire-ritual, a properly married wife MBh. xiii, 2460. [Page 213, Column 1]
upāgra
upâgra n. the part which is next to the end or top Comm. on Pāṇ
• a secondary member L
≫ upāgrya
upāgrya n. a secondary member L
upāgrah
upâ-√grah
≫ upāgṛhya
upâ-gṛhya ind. p. having taken with, together with BhP. x, 58, 55
≫ upāgrahaṇa
upâ-grahaṇa n. commencement of reading the Veda (after the performance of initiation &c., upâ-karaṇa) L
upāgrahāyaṇam
upâgrahāyaṇam ind. (fr. āgrahāyaṇī with upa Pāṇ. 5-4, 110), near the day of full moon in the month A-grahāyaṇa
≫ upāgrahāyaṇi
upâgrahāyaṇi ind. id
upāghrā
upâ-√ghrā P. -jighrati (and -ghrāti Ā. -jighrate, ep.) to smell at
• to kiss, apply the lips to (loc.) MBh. R. Ragh
upāṅkya
upâṅkya mfn. (√aṅk), to be marked or stamped
⋙ upāṅkyapṛṣṭha
○pṛṣṭha m. N. of an Ekāha (q.v.) sacrifice ŚāṅkhŚr
upāṅga 1
upâṅga (for 2. upâñj), n. a minor limb or member of the body MārkP. Sarvad
• a subdivision
• a supplementary or additional work, secondary portion of a science MBh. Hariv. &c. (such as the Purāṇas, the Nyāya, Mimāṃsā, and the Dharma-śāstras)
• N. of a class of sacred writings of the Jainas (eight are enumerated, the last of which includes four subdivisions)
• a sectarial mark (made with sandal &c.) on the forehead L
• (in mus.) a particular drum-like instrument
⋙ upāṅgagīta
○gīta n. a kind of song Rājat
⋙ upāṅgalalitāvrata
○lalitā-vrata n. a particular observance
upācar
upâ-√car P. -carati, to come near to, approach RV. i, 46, 14 ; 187, 3 ŚBr. ii, iv
• to attend upon, wait on, serve, be obedient RV. MBh. ii, 408
• to physic Suśr
≫ upācarita
upâ-carita m. (in Gr.) a particular Sandhi rule (by which a Visarga in the Pada-pāṭha becomes s before k and p in the Saṃhitā, e.g. yás pátiḥ RV. x, 24, 3) RPrāt. 260, &c
≫ upācāra
upâ-cāra m. proceeding, procedure ŚāṅkhŚr
• established use (of a word) Nir. i, 4
• a particular Sandhi ( above), APrāt. iv, 74 RPrāt
≫ upācīrṇa
upâ-cīrṇa mfn. deceived MBh. xviii
upācyutam
upâcyutam ind. in the proximity of A-cyuta or Kṛishṇa BhP. x
upāj
upâj (upa-√aj), P. (Impv. upấjatu RV. x, 19, 2) Ā. (1. sg. úpâje AV. v, 11, 2
• impf. úpâjata RV. i, 161, 6) to drive near or towards
≫ upāje
upāje ind. so as to help or support (optionally to be regarded as a gati q.v. in connection with √kṛ Pāṇ. 1-4, 73
upāje-kṛtya or upāje kṛtvā ind. p. having helped, supporting Kāś. on Pāṇ.)
upājinam
upâjinam ind. on a skin Pāṇ. 6-2, 194
upāñc
upâñc (upa-√añc), P. -acati, to draw up (e.g. water) ŚBr. xiii
≫ upāka
úpāka mf(ā)n. brought near to each other, joined, approximate, (only e) f. du. (said of night and morning) RV. i, 142, 7 ; iii, 4, 6 ; x, 110, 6
• (upā́ke) AV. v, 12, 6 ; 27, 8
• (e), ind. (upāké) in the next neighbourhood, in the presence of, before (with gen.) RV
⋙ upākacakṣas
○cakṣas (upāká○), mfn. standing present before the eyes, to be seen from near at hand RV. viii, 6, 25
upāñj
upâñj (upa-√añj), P. -anakti, to smear or anoint (with butter), grease (e.g. a wheel) TS. ii, 6, 3, 4
• iii
≫ upākta
upâkta mfn. anointed, greased TS. ii, 6, 3, 3
≫ upāṅga 2
upâṅga (for 1. above), as m. the act of smearing, anointing Car
≫ upāñjana
upâñjana n. the act of anointing, smearing KātyŚr
• besmearing (the ground with cow-dung &c. for purification) Mn. v, 105, &c
upātaṅkya
upâtaṅkyá n. (√tañc), runnet for coagulating milk TBr. iii, 7, 4, 2
upātī
upâtī7 (upa-ati-√i), P. -eti, to be added as a surplus ŚBr. xii
• to pass over, neglect
≫ upātyaya
upâty-aya m. transgressing, neglect or disobedience of customs Pāṇ. 3-3, 38
upādā
upâ-dā √1. Ā. -datte, (once P., pf. 3. pl. -dadus BhP. i, 8, 12) to receive, accept, gain, acquire, appropriate to one's self. take away, carry off, steal MBh. BhP. Mālav. &c. [Page 213, Column 2]
• to take with
• to take in addition, include, comprise
• to take as help, use, employ, apply BhP. Pat. (cf. upâ-dāya)
• to seize, lay hold of, gather, take up, draw up MBh. Ragh. Kum. &c
• to assume (a form or meaning) BhP. MārkP. Pat. &c
• to cling to
• to feel, perceive, experience MBh. vii Śiś. vi, 23 Ṛitus. &c
• to consider, regard MBh. xii
• to mention, enumerate
• to set about, undertake, begin Hariv. Kum. &c.: Caus. P. -dāpayati, to cause to use or employ Comm. on KātyŚr.: Desid. P. -ditsati, to strive to acquire BhP. v, 14, 7
≫ upātta
upâ-tta (contracted fr. upâ-datta
• cf. ā-tta), mfn. received, accepted, acquired, gained, obtained
• appropriated
• taken away
• seized, gathered
• shaped
• felt, perceived, regarded
• comprised
• employed, used
• begun
• enumerated
• allowed in argument, granted, conceded
• m. an elephant out of rut L
⋙ upāttaraṃhas
○raṃhas mfn. acquiring speed, quick, fleet
⋙ upāttavidya
○vidya mfn. one who has acquired knowledge, learned Kathās
⋙ upāttaśastra
○śastra mfn. one who has taken up arms, armed
≫ upādāna
upâ-dāna n. the act of taking for one's self, appropriating to one's self MBh. Mn. &c
• perceiving, noticing, learning, acquiring (knowledge) Hit. Vop
• accepting, allowing, including
• employment, use Sāh. Sarvad. Kap
• saying, speaking, mentioning, enumeration Vedāntas. Kāś. Siddh
• abstraction, withdrawing (the organs of sense from the outer world) L
• (with Buddh.) grasping at or clinging to existence (caused by tṛṣṇā, desire, and causing bhava, new births)
• (with Rāmānujas) preparation (of perfumes, flowers &c. as one of the five elements of worship) Sarvad
• cause, motive, material cause
• material of any kind Sāṃkhyak. Vedāntas. Kap. &c
• offering, present L
⋙ upādānakāraṇa
○kāraṇa n. a proximate cause
⋙ upādānatā
○tā f
⋙ upādānatva
○tva n. the state of being a material cause, Kap
⋙ upādānalakṣaṇā
○lakṣaṇā f. implied signification (beyond the literal meaning, e.g. kuntāḥ praviśanti, 'spears pierce', where kuntāḥ implies kuntinaḥ, spearmen') Sāh. 14 Sarvad
≫ upādāya
upâ-dāya ind. p. having received or acquired &c
• receiving, acquiring &c
• taking with, together with MBh. Hariv. Kathās. &c
• including, inclusive of BhP. Comm. on RPrāt. &c
• by help of, by means of (acc.) MBh
≫ upāditsā
upâ-ditsā f. (fr. Desid.), wish or readiness to accept Sarvad
≫ upādeya
upâ-deya mfn. to be taken or received
• not to be refused
• to be allowed, admissible, acceptable, Śāntiś. Sarvad. Kap. &c
• to be included, included Sāh
• to be chosen or selected, excellent, admirable
⋙ upādeyatva
○tva n. selection, choice, preference
upādika
upādika m. a kind of insect L
upādiś
upâ-√diś P. -diśati, to advise, show, point out, prescribe, command MBh. BhP
• to indicate, inform, declare BhP. i
upādīp
upâ-√dīp
≫ upādīpta
upấ-dīpta mfn. blazing, flaming ŚBr. vii
upādya
upâdya mfn. next to the first, the second ĀśvŚr. v, 6, 27
upādru
upâ-√dru P. (Impv. 2. sg. -drava) to run or hasten near to RV. vi, 48, 16
upādhā
upâ-√dhā P. Ā. -dadhāti, -dhatte, to place upon, put on ŚBr. x BhP
• to seize, lay hold of, take up MBh
• to keep, hold back TBr. ii
• to seduce (a woman) R
≫ upādhāya
upâ-dhā́ya ind. p. taking up or with, together with ŚBr. iv
≫ upādhi 1
upâ-dhi (for 2. s.v.), is m. that which is put in the place of another thing, a substitute, substitution R
• anything which may be taken for or has the mere name or appearance of another thing, appearance, phantom, disguise (said to be applied to certain forms or properties considered as disguises of the spirit W.) Prab. Bhāshāp. Sāh. &c
• anything defining more closely, a peculiarity
• an attribute (asty-upâdhi, having, 'is' as an attribute)
• title, discriminative appellation, nickname
• limitation, qualification (e.g. an-upâdhi-rāmaṇīya, beautiful without limitation, i.e. altogether beautiful)
• (in log.) a qualifying term added to a too general middle term to prevent ativyāpti
• that which is placed under, supposition, condition, postulate Sarvad. Vedāntas. Tarkas. BhP. &c
• deception, deceit MBh. iii, 13017
• species
⋙ upādhikhaṇḍana
○khaṇḍana n. N. of wk. [Page 213, Column 3]
⋙ upādhitas
○tas ind. in consequence of any qualification or condition
⋙ upādhidūṣakatābīja
○dūṣakatā-bīja n
⋙ upādhinyāyasaṃgraha
○nyāyasaṃgraha m. N. of wks
⋙ upādhimātrāyām
○mātrāyām ind. for the sake of mere appearance Kauś
⋙ upādhivivṛti
○vivṛti f
⋙ upādhisiddhāntagrantha
○siddhânta-grantha m. N. of works
≫ upāhita
upấ-hita mfn. put or placed on, deposited
• set out, proposed (as a prize) ŚBr. xi
• caused, effected, produced Bhartṛ. Gīt
• joined, annexed L
• agreed upon, made or done mutually L
• m. outbreak of fire, fire Gaut. xvi, 34
upādhāv
upâ-√dhāv P. -dhāvati, to run towards BhP.: Caus. -dhāvayati, to carry or convey towards ŚBr. x
upādhi 2
upâ-dhi (for 1. col. 2), m. (√dhyai), point of view, aim Car
• reflection on duty, virtuous reflection L
• a man who is careful to support his family L
upādhika
upâdhika mfn. exceeding, supernumerary
upādhiruh
upâdhi-√ruh P. -rohati, to ascend or mount up to ŚBr. iii, vi
upādhmā
upâ-√dhmā P. (aor. -adhmāsīt) to blow into MBh. Hariv
upādhyāya
upâdhy-āya m. (√i), a teacher, preceptor (who subsists by teaching a part of the Veda or Vedāṅgas, grammar &c
• he is distinguished from the Ācārya, q.v.) Mn. iv, 141, &c. Yājñ. i, 35 MBh. Śak. &c
• (ā, or ī), f. a female teacher Kāty. on Pāṇ. 3-13, 21
• (ī), f. the wife of a teacher Kāty. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 49
⋙ upādhyāyasarvasva
○sarvasva n. N. of a grammar (frequently referred to by the Comm. on Uṇ.)
≫ upādhyāyānī
upâdhyāyānī f. the wife of a teacher Kāty. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 49
≫ upādhyāyīkṛ
upâdhyāyī-kṛ √1. to choose as teacher, appoint as teacher Bālar
• N
upādhvaryu
upâdhvaryu m. a second Adhvaryu (in place of the true Adhvaryu) MBh. xiii
upānasa
upānasá mfn. (fr. anas with upa), being or standing on a carriage RV. x, 105, 4
• (am), n. the space in a carriage AV. ii, 14, 2
≫ upānasyaka
upānasyaka m. N. of Indra ĀpŚr
upānah
upā-náh t f. (fr. √nah with upa [not upâ] Pāṇ. 6-3, 116), a sandal, shoe TS. ŚBr. Mn. MBh. &c. (ifc. with affix -ka, upānatka
• cf. an-upā○, sôpā○)
≫ upānad
upā-nad (in comp. for upā-náh above)
⋙ upānadgūḍha
○gūḍha mfn. covered with a shoe Hit
⋙ upānadyuga
○yuga n. a pair of shoes ĀśvGṛ. iii, 8, 1
≫ upānaha
upā-naha m. (in comp.) = upā-náh MBh. Pāṇ. 5-4, 107
≫ upānahin
upānahin mfn. having shoes, shoed Āp
upānī
upâ-√nī P. Ā. -nayati. -te, to convey or bring or lead near MBh. BhP. R. &c
• to draw near MBh. iii BhP. viii
• to lead away or off, carry off R. BhP
• to lead near, introduce to
• to imitate MBh. v, 1339
≫ upānayana
upâ-nayana n. the act of leading near or home (a wife) BhP
upānuvākya
upânuvākyá mfn. to be invoked with Anuvākyās (q.v.)
• m. N. of Agni TĀr. i, 22, 11
• (am), n. N. of a particular section of the Taittirīya-saṃhitā
upānta
upântá mfn. near to the end, last but one
• (am), n. proximity to the end or edge or margin
• border, edge TS. vi Ragh. Pañcat. Kir. &c
• the last place but one VarBṛS
• immediate or close proximity, nearness Kathās. Rājat. Megh. &c
• (e), ind. in the proximity of, near to
• (am, āt), ind. (ifc.) near to, towards
• the last letter but one L
• the corner of the eye W
⋙ upāntabhāga
○bhāga m. border, edge Kum
⋙ upāntasarpin
○sarpin mfn. creeping or coming near
≫ upāntika
upântika n. vicinity, proximity MBh. Pañcat. &c
• (am), ind. near to, towards
• (āt). ind. from the neighbourhood
• (mfn.) near, proximate, neighbouring L
≫ upāntima
upântima mfn. the last but one, Bījag
≫ upāntya
upântya mfn. id. VarBṛS. Śrutab
upānvāruh
upânv-ā-√ruh P. -rohati, to mount (a carriage) after and by the side of another one MBh. v, 4745
upāp
upâp (upa- √1. āp), P. -āpnoti, to arrive at, reach, obtain TS. vi ŚBr. AitBr. AitĀr. TUp.: Desid. P. upêpsati, to endeavour to win over or conciliate MaitrS. ii, 1, 11 Kauś. Gobh. i, 9, 5. [Page 214, Column 1]
≫ upāpa
upâpa m. the act of obtaining, acquirement. dur-upâpa
≫ upāpti
upâpti f. reaching
• obtainment ŚBr. AitĀr
≫ upepsā
upêpsā́ f. desire to obtain MaitrS. ii, 9, 8 ŚBr
upāpat
upâ-√pat P. (Impv. 2. du. -patatam ā́.. úpa RV. v, 78, 1) to fly near to or upon
upāprach
upâ-√prach P. -pṛcchati, to take leave of R
upābhigada
upâbhigada mfn. (√gad), unable to speak much KaushUp. ii, 15
upābhūṣ
upâ-√bhūṣ P. (Impv. 2. sg. -bhūṣa) to come near to RV. vii, 92, r
upābhṛti
upấ-bhṛti f. (√bhṛ), the act of bringing near RV. i, 128, 2
upāmantr
upâ-√mantr
≫ upāmantrita
upâ-mantrita mfn. addressed, called upon, summoned BhP
≫ upāmantrya
upâ-mantrya ind. p. having addressed, addressing, summoning R. BhP
• taking leave, bidding adieu MBh. Hariv
upāya
upâya &c. p. 215, col. 2
upāyā
upâ-√yā P. -yāti, to come near or towards, approach RV. MBh. BhP. Kathās. &c
• to come into any state or condition, undergo MārkP. Kir
≫ upāyāta
upâ-yāta mfn. approached
• (am), n. arrival
upāyuj
upâ-√yuj P. (1. sg. -yunajmi) to put to, harness RV. iii, 35, 2
upār
upār (upa-√ṛ), P. (pf. 1. pl. -ārimá
• aor. Subj. 2. du. -aratam
• 1. pl. -arāma) to go near to RV. viii, 5, 13
• to hasten near (for help) RV. x, 40, 7
• to grieve, offend
• to err, make a mistake RV. x, 164, 3 AV.: Caus., upârpya
≫ upāra
upârá m. offence, sin RV. vii, 86, 6
≫ upāraṇa
upấraṇa n. id. RV. viii, 32, 21
≫ upārpya
upârpya ind. p. having caused to come near, bringing near ŚBr. viii
upāram
upâ-√ram P. Ā. -ramati, -te, to rest, cease MBh. BhP. &c
• to cease, leave off, give up MBh. R. BhP. Kum
≫ upārata
upâ-rata mfn. resting, lying upon, fixed upon BhP
• ceasing, turning back, returning Kir. iv, 10
• leaving off, giving up, free from BhP. Ragh. &c
≫ upārama
upâ-rama m. the act of ceasing BhP
≫ upārāma
upâ-rāma m. rest, repose GopBr
upārādh
upâ-√rādh
≫ upārādhya
upâ-rādhya ind. p. having waited upon, waiting upon, serving Mn. x, 121
upārud
upâ-√rud P. (pf. -ruroda) to bewail, deplore (with acc.) Bhaṭṭ. ii, 4
upāruh 1
upâ-√ruh P. -rohati (aor. -aruhat) to ascend or go up to, mount ĀśvGṛ. MBh. R. Sarvad
• to arrive at, reach R
≫ upāruh 2
upâ-rúh k f. 'that which goes up or comes forth', a shoot, sprout RV. ix, 68, 2
≫ upārūḍha
upâ-rūḍha mfn. mounted, ascended
• one who has arrived, approached R. Ragh. Mālav. &c
upārch
upārch (upa-√ṛch), P. upārcchati, to molest, importune TS. i, 5, 9, 6
upārj
upârj (upa-√arj), P. -arjati, to admit ŚBr. xiv: Caus. P. Ā. -arjayati, -te, to convey near, procure, acquire, gain Kām. Pañcat
≫ upārjaka
upârjaka mfn. acquiring, obtaining, earning, gaining L
≫ upārjana
upârjana am, ā n. f. the act of procuring, acquiring, gaining R. Pañcat
≫ upārjita
upârjita mfn. procured, acquired, gained MBh. Hit. &c
≫ upārjya
upârjya mfn. to be acquired or earned Kathās
upārdh
upārdh (upa-√ṛdh), Desid. P. upêrtsati, to wish to accomplish, persevere ŚBr. ii, xi. [Page 214, Column 2]
upārdha
upârdha n. the first half Comm. on ŚāṅkhGṛ. vi, 1, 11
• the half Lalit
upārṣ
upârṣ (upa-√ṛṣ), P. uparṣáti (against Pāṇ. 6-1, 91
• APrāt. iii, 47) and upārṣati (ŚBr. v), to pierce, prick, goad AV. ix, 8, 14 ; 15 ; 16
upālakṣ
upâ-√lakṣ
≫ upālakṣya
upâ-lakṣya ind. p. having beheld, beholding, descrying BhP
upālabh
upâ-√labh Ā. -labhate, to touch ŚBr
• to lay hold of, seize (a sacrificial animal in order to kill it), kill, slaughter
• to censure, reproach, revile, scold ChUp. MBh. Śak. Śiś. &c
≫ upālabdha
upâ-labdha mfn. reproached, reviled
≫ upālabdhavya
upâ-labdhavya mfn. to be reviled, blamable, censurable Kād
≫ upālabhya
upâ-labhya mfn. id. Pañcat
≫ upālambha
upâ-lambha m. reproach, censure, abuse, finding fault with MBh. Hit. Kathās. &c
• prohibition, interdict Nyāyad
≫ upālambhana
upâ-lambhana n. reproach, censure Śak. 187, 5
≫ upālambhya
upâ-lambhya mfn. to be laid hold of or seized (as a sacrificial animal)
• to be slain KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr
upālālya
upâ-√lālya mfn. (√lal), to be fondled
upāli
upāli m. N. of one of Buddha's most eminent pupils (mentioned as the first propounder of the Buddhist law and as having been formerly a barber)
upāv
upâv (upa-√av), P. -avati, to cherish, behave friendly towards, encourage by approval, approve, consent RV. AV. i, 16, 2 ŚBr. iii
≫ upāvī
upâvī́ mfn. cherishing, pleasing VS. vi, 7
upāvadhā
upâva-√dhā
≫ upāvahita
upấva-hita mfn. placed or put down close by TBr. ii, 7, 18, 4
upāvanam
upâva-√nam
≫ upāvanata
upâva-nata mfn. bent in ĀpŚr
upāvaram
upâva-√ram Ā. to sport, take one's pleasure
• to prance about (as a horse) TāṇḍyaBr. vi
upāvaruh
upâva-√ruh P. -rohati, to descend upon, come out towards VS. vi, 26 TS. vii
TBr. ŚBr. TānḍyaBr. ŚāṅkhGṛ.: Caus. -rohayati, to cause (the fire) to come out (of the two Araṇis), kindle through friction ŚāṅkhŚr. Kauś
≫ upāvarohaṇa
upâva-rohaṇa n. the act of causing (fire) to come out (of the two Araṇis), kindling through friction ŚāṅkhGṛ. v, 1, 7
upāvartana
upâ-vartana &c. col. 3
upāvaśri
upâva-√śri Ā. -śrayate, to betake one's self to ŚBr. iv, 6, 9, 5
upāvasu
úpā-vasu mfn. bringing near or procuring riches RV. v, 56, 6 ; ix, 84, 3 ; 86, 33
upāvasṛj
upâva-√sṛj P. -sṛjati (aor. -asrāk TS. i, 6, 11, 3) to dismiss towards
• to reach over, give, bestow RV. i, 142, 11 ; iii, 4, 10 ; x, 110, 10
• to let loose, shoot off TS. vi
• to let go towards, admit (a calf to its mother) TS. TBr. ŚBr. AitBr
≫ upāvasṛṣṭa
upâva-sṛṣṭa mfn. admitted (as a calf to its mother)
• (am), n. the milk of a cow at the time when its calf is admitted (cf. upa-sṛṣṭa) AitBr. v, 26, 6
upāvasṛp
upâva-√sṛp P. -sarpati, to creep towards, approach creeping ŚBr
upāvaso
upâva-√so P. -syati, to settle near at (acc.) TS. ii
≫ upāvasāyin
upâvasāyín mfn. attaching one's self to
• submissive, compliant ŚBr
≫ upāvasita
upấvasita mfn. settled or abiding near by ŚBr. iii
upāvah
upâ-√vah P. -vahati, to bring or convey near RV. i, 74, 6 ; iii, 35, 2
upāvahṛ
upâva-√hṛ P. -harati, to fetch or bring or take down, cause to let down (e.g. the arms) VS. viii, 56 TBr. ŚBr. AitBr. ŚāṅkhŚr. [Page 214, Column 3]
≫ upāvaharaṇa
upâva-haraṇa n. the act of taking or bringing down KātyŚr. ix
upāvi
upāvi m. N. of a Ṛishi AitBr. i, 25, 15
upāviś
upâ-√viś P. -viśati, to enter, enter into any state MBh. R. BhP
• (the augmented forms might also be referred to upa-√viś.)
upāvṛ
upâ-√vṛ
≫ upāvṛta
upâ-vṛta mfn. covered, veiled Hariv
upāvṛt 1
upâ-√vṛt Ā. (rarely P.) -vartate, -ti (Impv. 2. pl. -vavṛdhvam [for -vavṛddhvam] RV.) to turn towards, go towards, approach, stand by the side of RV. viii, 20, 18 TS. TBr. ŚBr. AitBr. MBh. &c
• to apply one's self to, approach for protection MBh. BhP
• to fall to one's share MBh. BhP
• to return, come back MBh. R. Śak. &c.: Caus. P. -vartayati, to cause to turn or go towards ŚBr. KātyŚr
• to lead near or back, bring back MBh. R. Daś
• to draw back, divert, cause to desist from Suśr. MBh
• to cause to get breath (e.g. horses) MBh. vii
≫ upāvartana
upâ-vartana n. the act of coming back, return Ragh. viii, 52 R. Vātsy
≫ upāvartitṛ
upâ-vartitṛ́ mfn. one who will turn towards (periphrastic fut.) TBr. i, 6, 7, 3
≫ upāvṛt 2
upâ-vṛ́t f. return AV. vi, 77, 3 VS. xii, 8
≫ upāvṛtta
upấ-vṛtta mfn. turned towards, approached or come to, come near ŚBr. MBh. BhP
• returned, come back MBh. Śak. Ragh. &c
• m. a horse rolling on the ground L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. vi VP
≫ upāvṛtti
upâ-vṛtti f. return TāṇḍyaBr
≫ upāvṛtya
upâ-vṛtya ind. p. having turned towards, going near
• applying one's self to &c
upāve
upâvê (upa-ava-√i), P. upấvâiti, to go or come down, descend AV. ix, 6, 53 TBr. ii
• to join (in calling), assent, consent ŚBr
upāvekṣ
upâvêkṣ (upa-ava-√īkṣ), Ā. -īkṣate, to look down upon ŚBr
upāvyādha
upâ-vyādhá m. (√vyadh), a vulnerable or unprotected spot TS. vii, 2, 5, 4
upāvraj
upâ-√vraj P. -vrajati, to betake one's self to BhP
upāś 1
upâś (upa- √1. ), P. Ā. -aśnoti, -aśnute, to reach, obtain, meet with MBh. Mn
upāś 2
upâś (upa- √2. ), P. -aśnāti, to eat, taste, enjoy MBh
upāśaṃsanīya
upâ-śaṃsanīya mfn. (√śaṃs), to be expected or hoped for Nir
upāśāra
upâ-śāra m. (√śṛ = śri), shelter, refuge Kāṭh
upāśri
upâ-√śri P. -śrayati, to lean against, rest on Mn
• to go or betake one's self towards R
• to take refuge or have recourse to, seek shelter from, give one's self up to, abandon one's self to Hariv. R. Bhag. &c
≫ upāśraya
upâśraya m. leaning against, resting upon Kathās. Kāvyâd
• any support for leaning against, a pillow, cushion Car
• shelter, refuge, recourse MBh. Bhartṛ
≫ upāśrayitvā
upâ-śrayitvā (irr.) ind. p. taking refuge with, relying upon R. vii, 17, 36
≫ upāśrita
upâ-śrita mfn. lying or resting upon, leaning against, clinging to ŚāṅkhGṛ. KaṭhUp. R
• having recourse to, relying upon, taking refuge with MBh. Bhag. Kathās. &c
• taking one's self to
• approached, arrived at, abiding in MBh. BhP. VarBṛS. &c
• anything against which one leans or upon which one rests Uttarar
upāśliṣ
upâ-√śliṣ to embrace MārkP
≫ upāśliṣṭa
upâ-śliṣṭa mfn. one who has clasped or laid hold of MBh. i, 1125
upās 1
upâs (upa- √1. as), P. (Pot. 1. pl. -syāma) to be near to or together with (acc.) RV. ii, 27, 7
upās 2
upâs (upa- √2. as), P. -asyati, to throw off, throw or cast down upon, throw under AV. vi, 42, 2 ŚBr. KātyŚr.: Ā. -asyate, to throw (anything) under one's self TS. i, 6, 10, 1 MaitrS. ii, 1, 1. [Page 215, Column 1]
≫ upāsana 1
upâsana n. the act of throwing off (arrows), exercise in archery MBh
upās 3
upâs (upa-√ās), Ā. -āste, to sit by the side of, sit near at hand (in order to honour or wait upon) AV. ŚBr. ChUp. Mn. &c
• to wait upon, approach respectfully, serve, honour, revere, respect, acknowledge, do homage, worship, be devoted or attached to RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• to esteem or regard or consider as, take for AV. VS. ŚBr
• to pay attention to, be intent upon or engaged in, perform, converse or have intercourse with RV. x, 154, 1 AV. MBh. Suśr. &c
• to sit near, be in waiting for, remain in expectation, expect, wait for RV. i, 162, 12 ŚBr. KātyŚr. MBh
• to sit, occupy a place, abide in, reside R. Mn. ii, v
• to be present at, partake of (e.g. a sacrifice) Mn. iii, 104 MBh. xiv
• to approach, go towards, draw near (e.g. an enemy's town), arrive at, obtain ŚBr. MBh. Yājñ. Bhaṭṭ
• to enter into any state, undergo, suffer Mn. xi, 183 MBh. iii R
• to remain or continue in any action or situation (with pres. p. or ind. p.) ŚBr. R. Bhag. &c
• to employ, use, make subservient Suśr. Sāh
≫ upāsaka
upâsaka mfn. serving, a servant Kauś. Kathās
• worshipping, a worshipper, follower Mṛicch
• intent on, engaged or occupied with Kap
• a Buddhist lay worshipper (as distinguished from the Bhikshu, q.v.) Sarvad. Lalit. Prab. &c
• a Śūdra L
• (ikā), f. a lay female votary of Buddha (as distinguished from a Bhikshuṇī, q.v.)
⋙ upāsakadaśa
○daśa ās m. pl., N. of one of the Aṅgas or chief Jaina sacred writings
≫ upāsana 2
upâsana am, ā n. f. the act of sitting or being near or at hand
• serving, waiting upon, service, attendance, respect Āp. Gaut. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• homage, adoration, worship (with Rāmānujas, consisting of five parts, viz. Abhigamana or approach, Upādāna or preparation of offering, Ijyā or oblation, Svādhyāya or recitation, and Yoga or devotion) Sarvad. Vedāntas. &c
• (am), n. a seat Vait
• the being intent on or engaged in Mṛicch. R
• domestic fire Yājñ. iii, 45
⋙ upāsanākhaṇḍa
upâsanā-khaṇḍa n. N. of the first section of the Gaṇeśa-purāṇa
⋙ upāsanācandrāmṛta
upâsanā-candrâmṛta n. N. of wk
⋙ upāsanārtha
upâsanârtha mfn. worthy of attendance
≫ upāsanīya
upâsanīya mfn. to be attended on, worthy to be engaged in
≫ upāsā
upâsā f. homage, adoration, worship MuṇḍUp. Bādar. Kathās. &c
≫ upāsita
upâsita mfn. served, honoured, worshipped &c
• one who serves or pays worship
≫ upāsitavya
upâsitavya mfn. to be revered or honoured MBh. TUp. RāmatUp
• to be attended on
• to be accomplished Suśr
≫ upāsitṛ
upâsitṛ mfn. one who reveres or pays homage R. Car
≫ upāsīna
upâsīna mfn. sitting near to ŚBr. i
• that to which one sits near R. ii
• abiding at
• waiting for
• attending on, serving &c
≫ upāsti
upâsti f. adoration, worship BhP. RāmatUp. Sarvad. &c
≫ upāsya 1
upâsya mfn. to be revered or honoured or worshipped MBh. Śāntiś. Sarvad. &c
• to be attended on
• to be performed TUp
• to be had recourse to Sāh
≫ upāsya 2
upâsya ind. p. having served or worshipped
upāsaṅga
upâ-saṅga m. (√sañj), a quiver MBh
upāsad
upâ-√sad P. (Ved. inf. -sádam) to sit down upon (acc.) RV. viii, 1, 8
• to approach, walk along Kir. iv, 1
≫ upāsādita
upâ-sādita mfn. met with, approached, g. iṣṭâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 88
≫ upāsāditin
upāsāditin mfn. one who has met or approached ib
≫ upāsādya
upâ-sādya ind. p. (fr. Caus.), meeting with, approaching BhP. vii, 10, 55
• accepting (an order) BhP. iv, 24, 71
upāsṛj
upâ-√sṛj Ā. (aor. 1. sg. -ásṛkṣi) to make, perform, compose (e.g. a song) RV. viii, 27, 11
upāstamanavelā
upâstamana-velā f. the time about sunset MBh. x, 1
≫ upāstamayam
úpâstamayam ind. about the time of sunset ŚBr. KātyŚr. [Page 215, Column 2]
upāstṛ
upâ-√stṛ P. (Pot. -staret) to spread (e.g. a skin, acc.) over (loc.) VarBṛS
upāstra
upâstra n. a secondary or minor weapon MBh. Suśr
upāsthā
upâ-√sthā Ā. -tiṣṭhate, to betake one's self to, approach, set about, devote one's self to ŚāṅkhŚr. R
• to approach (sexually) MBh
≫ upāsthita
upấ-sthita mfn. one who has mounted, standing or being (in a carriage) ŚBr. v
• one who has devoted himself to R
upāsnāta
upâ-snāta n. (√snā), N. of a Tīrtha Pat
upāsyand
upâ-√syand Caus. -syandayati, to cause to flow towards, convey towards (as a river) BhP. v, 16, 20
upāhan
upâ-√han Ā. (p. -ghnāná) to beat upon ŚBr. ii
upāhita
upấ-hita upâ-√dhā, p. 213
upāhṛ
upâ-√hṛ P. Ā. -harati, -te, to bring near to, bring near for, reach over, offer, give TBr. iii ŚBr. Lāṭy. MBh. Yājñ. &c
• to bring near to one's self, take before one's self, take to task, undertake, prepare, accomplish MBh. Nir
• to subdue, make subject Prab. BhP
• to propitiate BhP. x
• to take away, draw away, separate MBh. BhP. Car
≫ upāhṛta
upấ-hṛta mfn. brought, offered, given VarBṛS. BhP. &c
• prepared, undertaken AV. x, i, 19
upāhve
upâ-√hve Ā. -hvayate, to call near, invite, summon
• to challenge Kauś. MBh. Bhaṭṭ
upika
upika m. a diminutive for all proper names of men beginning with upa Pāṇ. 5-3, 80
≫ upiya
upiya and m. id. ib
⋙ upila
upila m. id. ib
upita
upita mfn. √2. vap
upe 1
upê (upa-√i), P. -eti, to go or come or step near, approach, betake one's self to, arrive at, meet with, turn towards RV. AV. TS. ŚBr. MBh. Śak. &c
• to approach (any work), undergo, set about, undertake, perform (a sacrifice), devote one's self to RV. ii, 2, 11 AV. ix, 6, 4 VS. AitBr. ŚBr
• to come near to, reach, obtain, enter into any state, fall into
• undergo, suffer RV. iv, 33, 2 ŚBr. AitBr. Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• to approach sexually TS. ii, v Mn. ix, 4
• xi, 172 MBh. Suśr. Kathās
• to approach a teacher, become a pupil ŚBr. x, xi BṛĀrUp. ChUp
• to occur, be present, make one's appearance RPrāt. R
• to happen, fall to one's share, befall, incur RV. i, 167, 1 ; vii, 84, 3 Hit. Bhag. &c
• to join (in singing) ŚāṅkhŚr
• to regard as, admit, acknowledge Sāh. Comm. on Nyāyam
• to comprehend, understand Sarvad.: Intens. Ā. (1. pl. -īmahe) to implore (a god) RV. x, 24, 2
≫ upayat 2
upa-yat (for 1. s.v.), mfn. going near, approaching &c
• flowing into, attached Kir. vi, 16 (said of rivers and female friends)
• entering any state, serving for Kir. vi, 26
≫ upāya
upâya m. coming near, approach, arrival Bhartṛ
• that by which one reaches one's aim, a means or expedient (of any kind), way, stratagem, craft, artifice MBh. Mn. Yājñ. Pañcat. &c
• (esp.) a means of success against an enemy (four are usually enumerated, sowing dissension, negotiation, bribery, and open assault)
• joining in or accompanying (in singing) ŚāṅkhŚr
⋙ upāyacatuṣṭaya
○catuṣṭaya n. the above four expedients against an enemy Hit. &c
⋙ upāyacintā
○cintā f. devising an expedient, thinking of a resource
⋙ upāyajña
○jña mfn. knowing or fertile in expedients, contriving, provident
⋙ upāyatas
○tas ind. by some means or expedient, in a clever way Kathās
⋙ upāyaturīya
○turīya n. 'the fourth means, violence Pañcat
⋙ upāyatva
○tva n. the state of being provided with means
⋙ upāyayoga
○yoga m. application of means or combination of expedients
⋙ upāyavat
○vat mfn. (any Stobha, q.v.) marked by the joining in or accompaniment (of other Stobhas) Lāṭy. vii, 6, 5
⋙ upāyaśrībhadra
○śrībhadra m. N. of a Buddhist student
⋙ upāyākṣepa
upâyâkṣepa m. (in rhet.) deprecatory speech making mention of the remedy (against the evil deprecated) Kāvyâd. ii, 151 seq
⋙ upāyāntara
upâyântara n. 'another means', a remedy
≫ upāyana
upấyana n. the act of coming near, approach RV. ii, 28, 2
• going to a teacher, becoming a pupil, initiation ŚBr. xiv Āp. i, 1, 5 [Page 215, Column 3]
• engaging (in any religious observance), undertaking ŚBr. xi KātyŚr
• an offer, present, gift MBh. BhP. Śak. &c
≫ upāyanīkṛ
upâyanī-√kṛ to offer as a present Daś
• to communicate respectfully Prasannar. 10, 3
⋙ upāyanīkṛkṛta
upâyanī-√kṛ--kṛta mfn. offered as a present Kathās
≫ upāyin
upâyin mfn. going near, one who approaches KātyŚr. iii
• one who reaches RāmatUp
• approaching sexually KātyŚr
• expert in the use of means L
≫ upāyu
upâyú mfn. approaching TS. i, 1, 1, 1 ŚBr. i KātyŚr
≫ upeta
upêta mfn. one who has come near or approached, one who has betaken himself to, approached (for protection), arrived at, abiding in MBh. VarBṛS. &c
• one who has obtained or entered into any state or condition, one who has undertaken (e.g. a vow) MBh. Ratnāv. Sāh. &c
• come to, fallen to the share of Prab
• (a pupil) who has approached (a teacher), initiated Yājñ. iii, 2 ĀśvGṛ. i, 22, 21 ; 22 PārGṛ. iii, 10, 10
• accompanied by, endowed with, furnished with, having, possessing MBh. R. Bhag. Hit. &c
• one who has approached (a woman sexually) T
≫ upetavya
upêtavya mfn. to be set about or commenced Comm. on TāṇḍyaBr. iv, 10, 3
≫ upeti
úpêti f. approach, approximation RV
≫ upetṛ
upêtṛ mfn. one who sets about or undertakes Mn. vii, 215
≫ upetya 1
upêtya mfn. to be set about or commenced TāṇḍyaBr. iv, 10, 3
• 4
≫ upetya 2
upêtya ind. p. having approached, approaching &c
≫ upeya
upeya mfn. to be set about or undertaken, a thing undertaken Mn. vii, 215 Mālav
• to be approached sexually Mn. xi, 172
• to be striven after or aimed at, that which is aimed at, aim Naish. Comm. on VarBṛS
≫ upeyivas
upêyivas mfn. one who has approached &c
upe 2
upê (upa-ā-√i), P. -eti, to approach, come near or towards RV. AV. ŚBr
• to apply to, implore RV. viii, 20, 22
• (with śaraṇam) to approach for protection
• to approach sexually MBh
• to reach, obtain, strive to obtain Bhartṛ
upekṣ
upêkṣ (upa-√īkṣ), Ā. -īkṣate (rarely P.) to look at or on ŚBr. MBh
• to perceive, notice R
• to wait on patiently, expect Suśr
• to overlook, disregard, neglect, abandon MBh. R. Śak. Pañcat. &c
• to connive at, grant a respite to, allow MBh. v
• to regard Pañcat
≫ upekṣa
upêkṣa m. N. of a son of Śva-phalka Hariv
• (ā), f. overlooking, disregard, negligence, indifference, contempt, abandonment MBh. Ragh. Hit. &c
• endurance, patience
• dissent
• trick, deceit (as one of the minor expedients in war) L
• regard L
≫ upekṣaka
upêkṣaka mfn. overlooking, disregarding, indifferent BhP. Mn. Sāṃkhyak
≫ upekṣaṇa
upêkṣaṇa n. the act of disregarding, overlooking, disregard, indifference, connivance MBh. Hit. Sarvad. &c
• not doing, omission Lāṭy. i, 1, 26
• care, circumspection Car
≫ upekṣaṇīya
upêkṣaṇīya mfn. to be overlooked or disregarded, unworthy of regard, any object of indifference R. Ragh. Comm. on Nyāyad. &c
≫ upekṣita
upêkṣita mfn. looked at
• overlooked, disregarded &c
≫ upekṣitavya
upêkṣitavya mfn. to be looked at
• to be regarded or paid attention to Nir. R
• to be overlooked or disregarded, Śārṅg
≫ upekṣya 1
upêkṣya mfn. id. Suśr. R. Pañcat. &c
≫ upekṣya 2
upêkṣya ind. p. having looked at, looking at
• overlooking &c
upeḍakīya
upêḍakīya or upâiḍakīya Nom. (fr. eḍaka) P. upêḍakīyati or upâiḍ○, to behave as a sheep towards Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 94
upen
upên (upa-√in)
≫ upenita
úpênita mfn. driven in, pressed or pushed in ŚBr
upendra
upêndra m. 'younger brother of Indra', N. of Vishṇu or Kṛishṇa (born subsequently to Indra, especially as son of Aditi, either as Āditya or in the dwarf Avatāra) MBh. Hariv. R. VP. &c
• N. of a Nāga L
• (ā), f. N. of a river MBh. VP
⋙ upendragupta
○gupta
⋙ upendradatta
○datta
⋙ upendrabala
○bala m. N. of various men
⋙ upendravajrā
○vajrā f. N. of a metre (consisting of four lines of eleven instants each)
⋙ upendraśakti
○śakti m. N. of a merchant. [Page 216, Column 1]
upendhya
upêndhya mfn. (√indh), to be kindled or inflamed Pat
upepsā
upêpsā́ f. p. 214, col. 1
upeṣ 1
upêṣ (upa- √1. iṣ), P. to tend towards, endeavour to attain MaitrS. i, 2, 14
upeṣ 2
upêṣ (upa-√īṣ), P. (inf. upêṣé RV. i, 129, 8) to rush upon
upeṣ 3
upêṣ (upa-ā-√īṣ), Ā. (1. sg. īṣe) to approach (with prayers), apply to, implore RV. i, 186, 4 ; v, 41, 7
upeṣ 4
upeṣ (upa-√eṣ
• for the Sandhi, Pāṇ. 6-1, 94), P. upeṣati, to creep near, approach creeping AV. vi, 67, 3
≫ upeṣat
upéṣat an m. N. of an evil demon ṇBḍ. AV. viii, 6, 17
upaidh
upâidh (upa-√edh), Ā. upâidhate, to thrive or prosper in addition (?) Pāṇ. 6-1, 89 Kāś
upoktavatī
upôkta-vatī f. (scil. ṛc) a verse containing any form of upa-√vac ĀśvŚr. ii, 17, 19
upokṣ
upôkṣ (upa-√ukṣ), P. -ukṣati, to sprinkle in addition ŚBr. KātyŚr
upoḍha
upôḍha For 1. upa-√vah, p. 206, col. 3
• for 2. upôh, next col
upota
upôta upa-√ve
upotī
upotī f. v. l. for upodikā below L
upotkram
upôt-kram (upa-ud-√kram), P. (impf. 3. pl. upốd-akrāman) to go up or ascend towards (acc.) ŚBr. i, iii, iv
upottama
upôttamá mfn. last but one AV. xix, 22, 11 KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. RPrāt. &c
• (am), n. (with or without akṣara) the last vowel but one RPrāt. 990 Pāṇ. Kāty. &c
upotthā
upôt-thā (upa-ud-√sthā), P. -tiṣṭhati, to stand up or rise towards, advance to meet, approach TS. ŚBr. AitBr. ĀśvŚr. &c
• to rise or set out towards TBr. i
≫ upotthāya
upôtthāya ind. p. having risen towards, advancing to meet &c
≫ upotthita
upốtthita mfn. risen up towards, approached, come near VS. viii, 55 VPrāt. vi, 29
upotsad
upôt-sad (upa-ud-√sad), P. to set out or depart towards ŚBr
upotsic
upôt-sic (upa-ud-√sic), P. -siñcati, to pour out upon ŚBr. iii
upod
upôd (upa-√ud), P. -unatti, to wet, moisten ŚBr. i
≫ upotta
úpôtta mfn. moistened, wet TS. iv
upodaka
úpôdaka mfn. near to water VS. xxxv, 6 ŚBr. xiii
• (ī, ikā), f. (am), n. Basella Cordifolia Suśr
≫ upodīkā
upodīkā v. l. for upôdikā
upodayam
upôdayam ind. about the time of sunrise ŚāṅkhŚr
upodāsṛp
upôd-ā-√sṛp P. (impf. -âsarpat) to creep out towards AitBr. i, 6, 1
• 3
≫ upodāsṛpta
upôdā́sṛpta mfn. crept out towards ŚBr. vii
upodāhṛ
upôd-ā-√hṛ P. -harati, to quote in addition, mention a further quotation PārGṛ
upodi
upôd-√i P. -eti, to go towards, advance to meet AitBr. viii, 24, 6
≫ upodita
upodita m. N. of a man Sāy. on TS. i, 7, 2, 1
≫ upoditi
upoditi m. N. of a Ṛishi (son of Gopāla) TāṇḍyaBr
upodgrah
upôd-√grah P. -gṛhṇāti, to bring near (to the mouth) after (others have done so) AitBr. vii, 33, 2
• to perceive, know Comm. ChUp. iv, 2, 4
≫ upodgṛhya
upôdgṛhya ind. p. holding together and holding upwards Gobh. ii, 2, 16
upoddhan
upôd-dhan (upa-ud-√han), Caus. -ghātayati, to speak of at the beginning, introduce, begin, commence Sāy. on ŚBr. xi, 7, 2, 8 Mall. on Śiś. i, 40 ; 42 Comm. on BṛĀrUp. [Page 216, Column 2]
≫ upodghāta
upôd-ghāta m. an introduction, preface, commencement, beginning Sāy. on ŚBr. Sarvad. Nyāyam. &c
• any observation or episodical narrative inserted by the way Kathās
• anything begun
• an example, opposite argument or illustration W
• analysis, the ascertainment of the elements of anything W
⋙ upodghātapāda
○pāda m. N. of the third part of the Vāyu-purāṇa
upodbalaya
upôdbalaya Nom. (fr. bala) upôdbalayati, to help, promote Comm. on Yājñ
• to assert, confirm, ratify Comm. on ŚBr
≫ upodbalaka
upôdbalaka mfn. helping, promoting Mall. on Kir
• confirming, asserting Pat. Sāy. on ŚBr. Comm. on Nyāyam. &c
≫ upodbalana
upôdbalana n. the act of confirming, assertion, ratification Comm. on Kap
≫ upodbalita
upôdbalita mfn. confirmed, asserted Nīlak
upodyam
upôd-√yam P. -yacchati, to erect by supporting or propping ĀśvŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MānŚr
uponnī
upôn-nī (upa-ud-√nī), P. -nayati, to lead up towards ŚBr. ii
upopadhā
upôpa-√dhā Ā. (Pot. -dadhīta) to bring near or procure in addition to RV. viii, 74, 9
upopaparāmṛś
upôpa-parā-√mṛś P. (Impv. 2. sg. -mṛśa) to touch closely RV. i, 126, 7
upopayā
upôpa-√yā
≫ upopayāta
upôpayāta mfn. approached, come near MBh. iii
upopaviś
upôpa-√viś P. -viśati, to sit down or take a seat by the side of, sit down near to (acc.) ŚāṅkhŚr. Gobh. ChUp. MBh. &c
upolapa
upôlapá mfn. nearly of the character of a shrub, shrub-like MaitrS. i, 7, 2
upoṣ
upôṣ (upa-√uṣ), P. upoṣati (but Pot. úpâuṣet TS. iii, 3, 8, 4, against Pāṇ. 6-1, 94) to burn down, burn ĀśvGṛ. ii, 4, 9 Vait
upoṣaṇa
upôṣaṇa &c. upa- √5. vas
upoṣadha
upoṣadha m. N. of a man (Buddh.)
upoh
upôh (upa- √1. ūh
• cf. upa-√vah), P. upôhati, to push or pull or draw near R
• to drive near, impel towards BhP
• to push under, insert KātyŚr
• to add, accumulate
• to bring near, cause to appear, produce
• Pass. upôhyate, to draw near, approach (as a point of time) MBh
≫ upoḍha 2
upôḍha mfn. (in some cases not to be distinguished from 1. upôḍha, p. 206, col. 3) pushed or driven near, near
• brought near, caused to appear, produced Śak. 177 a Vikr. &c
• brought about, advanced, commenced
• heaped up, accumulated, gathered Śak. 111 a
≫ upoha
upôhá m. the act of accumulating, heaping up AV. iii, 24, 7
≫ upohya
upôhya ind. p. having pushed near &c
upta
upta upti, &c. √2. vap
ubj
ubj cl. 6. P. ubjáti (ubjāṃ-cakāra,