Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Version: 0.1 beta
Last updated: Sat 03/29/2003 05:45 PM
Based on the IITS - Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon
Based on R.B. Mahoney's ( HTML Version 0.1a
Copyright © by University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln)
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ka 1
ka the first consonant of the alphabet, and the first guttural letter (corresponding in sound to k in keep or king)
⋙ kakāra
○kāra m. the letter or sound ka TPrāt
⋙ kavat
○vat mfn. having the word ka NBD
⋙ kavarga
○varga m. the gutturals (of which ka is the first letter) TPrāt. Siddh. (cf. vargá.)
ka 2
kas, , kim, interrog. pron. ( kim and 2. kad, and the. following words in which the interrogative base ka appears, katama, katara, kati, katham, kadā, karhi, , &c.), who? which? what? In its declension ka follows the pronoun tad except in nom. acc. sing. neut., where kim has taken the place of kad or kat in classical Sanskṛit
• but the old form kad is found in the Veda ( Gram. 227) ; [Zd. ka, , , kat
• Gk. ?, ?, (Ion. ?, ?,) ?, ? ; Lat. quis, [240, 2] quid ; Lith. kas ; Goth. hvas, hvô, hva, Angl. Sax. hwā, hwaet ; Eng. who, what.] The interrogative sentence introduced by ka is often terminated by iti (e.g. kasya sa putra iti kathyatām, let it be said, 'whose son is he?'), but iti may be omitted and the sentence lose its direct interrogative character (e.g. kasya sa putro na jñāyate, it is not known whose son he is). ka with or without √1. as may express 'how is it possible that?' 'what power have I, you, they, &c.?' (e.g. ke mama dhanvino'nye, what can the other archers do against me? ke āvām paritrātum, what power have we to rescue you?) ka is often connected with a demonstrative pron. (e.g. ko'yam āyāti, who comes here?) or with the potential (e.g. ko hariṃ nindet, who will blame Hari?) ka is sometimes repeated (e.g. kaḥ ko'tra, who is there? kān kān, whom? whom? i.e. which of them? Gram. 54), and the repetition is often due to a kind of attraction (e.g. keṣāṃ kiṃ śāstram adhyayanīyam, which book is to be read by whom? Gram. 836. a). When kim is connected with the inst. c. of a noun or with the indecl. participle it may express 'what is gained by doing so, &c.?' (= ko'rthas) [Page 240, Column 3]
• (e.g. kiṃ vilambena, what is gained by delay? kim bahunā, what is the use of more words? dhanena kiṃ yo na dadāti, what is the use of wealth to him who does not give? with inst. and gen., nīrujaḥ kim auṣadhaiḥ, what is the use of medicine to the healthy?) ka is often followed by the particles iva, u, nāma, nu, , svid, some of which serve merely to generalize the interrogation (e.g. kim iva etad, what can this be? ka u śravat, who can possibly hear? ko nāma jānāti, who indeed knows? ko nv ayam, who, pray, is this? kiṃ nu kāryam, what is to be done? ko vā devād anyaḥ, who possibly other than a god? kasya svid hṛdayaṃ nâsti, of what person is there no heart?) ka is occasionally used alone as an indefinite pronoun, especially in negative sentences (e.g. na kasya ko vallabhaḥ, no one is a favourite of any one
nânyo jānāti kaḥ, no one else knows
kathaṃ sa ghātayati kam, how does he kill any one?) Generally, however, ka is only made indefinite when connected with the particles ca, caná, cid, , and ápi, in which case ka may sometimes be preceded by the relative ya (e.g. ye ke ca, any persons whatsoever
yasyai kasyai ca devatāyai, to any deity whatsoever
yāni kāni ca mitrāṇi, any friends whatsoever
yat kiṃca, whatever). The particle cana, being composed of ca and na, properly gives a negative force to the pronoun (e.g. yasmād indrād ṛte kiṃcana, without which Indra there is nothing), but the negative sense is generally dropped (e.g. kaścana, any one
na kaścana, no one), and a relative is sometimes connected with it (e.g. yat kiṃcana, anything whatsoever). Examples of cid with the interrogative are common
and api are not so common, but the latter is often found in classical Sanskṛit (e.g. kaścid, any one
kecid, some
na kaścid, no one
na kiṃcid api, nothing whatsoever
yaḥ kaścid, any one whatsoever
kecit - kecit, some - others
yasmin kasmin vā deśe, in any country whatsoever
na ko'pi, no one
na kimapi, nothing whatever). ka may sometimes be used, like 2. kad, at the beginning of a compound. ka-pūya, &c
ka 3
m. (according to native authorities) N. of Prajāpati or of a Prajāpati VS. xx, 4 ; xxii, 20 TS. i ŚBr. &c
• of Brahman MBh. i, 32 BhP. iii, 12, 51 ; xii, 13, 19 ; 20
• of Daksha BhP. ix, 10, 10
• of Vishṇu L
• of Yama L
• of Garuḍa
• the soul Tattvas
• a particular comet VarBṛS
• the sun L
• fire L
• splendour, light L
• air L
• a peacock L
• the body L
• time L
• wealth L
• sound L
• a king L
• = kāma-granthi (?)
• (am), n. happiness, joy, pleasure ChUp. iv, 10, 5 Nir. &c
• water MaitrS. i, 10, 10 ŚBr. x Yājñ. &c
• the head
• hair, a head of hair L
• (also regarded as ind
1. kam.)
⋙ kaja
○ja mfn. produced in or by water, watery, aquatic
• (am), n. a lotus AgP
-"ṣâsana m. 'sitting on a lotus', N. of Brahmā Hcat
⋙ kada
○da m. 'water-giver', a cloud L
ka 4
ka a Taddhita affix (much used in forming adjectives
• it may also be added to nouns to express diminution, deterioration, or similarity, e.g. putraka, a little son
aśvaka, a bad horse or like a horse)
kaṃya &c. 1. kam. [Page 241, Column 1]
kaṃvūla n. (in astrol.) N. of the eighth Yoga, = Arabic ?
kaṃśá = kaṃsá below
kaṃs cl. 2. Ā. kaṃste, cakaṃse, kaṃsitā, &c., to go
• to command
• to destroy Dhātup. xxiv, 14
kaṃsá as, am m. n. (√kam Uṇ. iii, 62), a vessel made of metal, drinking vessel, cup, goblet AV. x, 10, 5 AitBr. ŚBr. &c
• (a noun ending in as followed by kaṃsa in a compound does not change its final, cf. ayas-kaṃsa, &c. Pāṇ. 8-, 3, 46)
• a particular measure (= two Āḍhakas Car
• = one Āḍhaka L.)
• a metal, tutanag or white copper, brass, bell-metal
• m. N. of a king of Mathurā (son of Ugra-sena and cousin of the Devakī who was mother of Kṛishṇa [Ugra-sena being brother of Devaka, who was father of Devakī] ; he is usually called the uncle, but was really a cousin of Kṛishṇa, and became his implacable enemy because it had been prophesied to Kaṃsa that he would be killed by a child of Devakī ; as the foe of the deity he is identified with the Asura Kālanemi ; and, as he was ultimately slain by Kṛishṇa, the latter receives epithets like kaṃsa-jit, conqueror of Kaṃsa, &c.) MBh. VP. BhP. &c
• N. of a place, g. takṣaśilâdi Pāṇ. 4-3, 93
• (ā), f. N. of a sister of Kaṃsa Hariv. BhP. VP
⋙ kaṃsakāra
○kāra m. a worker in white copper or brass, bell-founder (considered as one of the mixed castes) BrahmaP
⋙ kaṃsakṛṣ
○kṛṣ m. 'punisher of Kaṃsa', N. of Kṛishṇa Śiś. i, 16
⋙ kaṃsakeśīniṣūdana
○keśī-niṣūdana m. the destroyer or conqueror of Kaṃsa and Keśin, N. of Kṛishṇa MBh. iii, 623
⋙ kaṃsajit
○jit m. N. of Kṛishṇa L
⋙ kaṃsaniṣūdana
○niṣūdana m. id. MBh. iii, 15528
⋙ kaṃsapātra
○pātra n. a particular measure (= one Āḍhaka) ŚārṅgS
⋙ kaṃsamardana
○mardana m. N. of Kṛishṇa L
⋙ kaṃsamākṣika
○mākṣika m. a metallic substance in large grains, a sort of pyrites
⋙ kaṃsayajña
○yajña m. a particular sacrifice
⋙ kaṃsavaṇij
○vaṇij m. a brazier or seller of brass vessels
⋙ kaṃsavatī
○vatī f. N. of a sister of Kaṃsa and Kaṃsā
⋙ kaṃsavadha
○vadha m. 'killing of Kaṃsa', N. of a drama by Śesha-Kṛishṇa
⋙ kaṃsavidrāvaṇakarī
○vidrāvaṇakarī f. 'driver away of Kaṃsa', N. of Durgā, MB3h. iv, 180
⋙ kaṃsaśatru
○śatru m. N. of Kṛishṇa
⋙ kaṃsasthāla
○sthāla n. a vessel made of metal Lāṭy
⋙ kaṃsahan
○han m. N. of Kṛishṇa
⋙ kaṃsahanana
○hanana n. the slaying of Kaṃsa
⋙ kaṃsārāti
kaṃsârāti m. 'enemy of Kaṃsa', N. of Kṛishṇa
⋙ kaṃsāri
kaṃsâri m. id
• N. of a king, Kshit
⋙ kaṃsāsthi
kaṃsâsthi n. tutanag, white copper, any alloy of tin and copper L
⋙ kaṃsodbhavā
kaṃsôdbhavā f. a fragrant earth L
≫ kaṃsaka
kaṃsaka m. a vessel made of metal, goblet, cup Pat
• (am), n. a kind of unguent applied to the eyes L
≫ kaṃsika
kaṃsika mf(ī)n. relating to or made of bell-metal Pāṇ. 5-1, 25
≫ kaṃsīya
kaṃsīya mfn. id. Pāṇ. 4-3, 168
• (am), n. bell-metal
kaṃ-sāra mfn. having a hard centre (said of rice) BRD. AitBr. ii, 9, 2, (but Aufrecht divides according to Sāy., yatkiṃcitkaṃ sāram.)
kak cl. 1. Ā. kakate, cakake, kakitā, &c., to be unsteady
• to be proud
• to wish Dhātup. iv, 16
kakajā́-kṛta mf(ā)n. mutilated, torn to pieces Bṛḍ. AV. xi, 10, 25
kakanda m. gold L
• N. of a king L
kákara m. a kind of bird VS. xxiv, 20 MaitrS. iii, 14, 1
kakárdu m. destruction of enemies ṣāy. RV. x, 102, 6
kakāṭa mfn. whirling up. reṇu-ka○
kakāṭikā f. a particular part of the frontal bone AV. x, 2, 8
• the back of the neck T. (cf. kṛkāṭikā.)
kakuñjala m. the bird Cātaka L. (cf. kapiñjala.)
kakuṭhá m. a kind of bird MaitrS. iii, 14, 13 (cf. kakkaṭa.)
kakutsala n. (perhaps) an expression of endearment applied to a child Bṛḍ. AV. xviii, 4, 66, (= kakut-sthala, jāmayo navôḍhāḥ kakut-sthalam vastreṇa yathôrṇuvanti tathâiva mana ācchādaya, ity-arthaḥ T.) [Page 241, Column 2]
kakut-stha below
kakúd t f. a peak or summit (Lat. cacumen)
• chief, head RV. viii, 44, 16 AV. vi, 86, 3 TS. ŚBr
• any projecting corner or projection (as of a plough) BhP. v, 25, 7
• the hump on the shoulders of the Indian bullock AV. TS. BhP. &c
• the hump (of a man) Kathās
• N. of a metre (= kakúbh) TS
• an ensign or symbol of royalty (as the white parasol &c.)
• N. of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma
• (cf. tri-kakud, sthūla-kakud, &c., where the form kakud is said to be substituted for kákuda below Pāṇ. 5-4, 146 ; 147.)
⋙ kakuddruma
○druma m. N. of a jackal Pañcat
⋙ kakudmat
○mat mfn. having a projection or elevation, possessing a hump RV. x, 8, 2 ; 102, 7 VS. ix, 6 Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• (ān), m. a mountain Ragh. xiii, 47
• a bullock with a hump on his shoulders Kum. i, 57
• N. of a medicinal plant L
• (), f. the hip and loins L
• N. of a metre
• N. of the wife of Pradyumna VP
⋙ kakudman
○man mfn. high, lofty Hariv
⋙ kakudmi
○mi (in comp. for -min), -kanyā f. 'mountain-daughter', a river L
• N. of Revatī (wife of Bala-rāma) Śiś. ii, 20
⋙ kakudmin
○min mfn. peaked, humped MBh. VarBṛS
• (ī), m. a mountain L
• a bullock with a hump on his shoulders BhP
• N. of Vishṇu Hariv
• of a king of the Ānartas Hariv. 644 BhP. ix, 3, 29 VP
• (inī), f. N. of a river PadmaP
⋙ kakudvat
○vat mfn. having a hump
• (ān), m. a bullock with a hump on his shoulders R
• (), f. N. of the wife of Pradyumna (v. l. kakudmatī) VP
≫ kakut
kakut (in comp. for kakúd above)
⋙ kakutstha
○stha m. 'standing on a hump', N. of a son of Saśāda and grandson of Ikshvāku MBh. Hariv. BhP. &c. (so called because in a battle he stood on the hump of Indra who had been changed into a bull
• according to the R. he is a son of Bhagīratha)
≫ kakuda
kákuda as, am m. n. a peak, summit (of a mountain &c.)
• chief, head, pre-eminent AV. x, 10, 19 ŚBr. Ragh. &c
• the hump on the shoulders of the Indian bullock MBh
• a species of serpent Suśr
• an ensign or symbol of royalty (as the white parasol &c.) Ragh
• m. N. of a king VP
⋙ kakudakātyāyana
○kātyāyana m. N. of a Brāhman (who was a violent adversary of Śākyamuni)
⋙ kakudarūpin
○"ṣrūpin mfn. shaped like a hump DaivBr
⋙ kakudavat
○vat mfn. hump-backed VarBṛ
⋙ kakudākṣa
kakudâkṣa m. N. of a man, g. revaty-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 146
⋙ kakudāvarta
kakudâvarta m. a kind of curl on the coat (of a horse)
⋙ kakudāvartin
kakudāvartin m. a horse having the above curl L
≫ kakun
kakún (in comp. for kakúd above)
⋙ kakunmat
○mat mfn. = kakúd-mat, q.v. TS
kakundara n. (connected with kakud?) the cavities of the loins Yājñ. iii, 96 Bhpr
kakúbh p f. (cf. kakud) a peak, summit RV
• space, region or quarter of the heavens BhP. Mṛicch. Kathās. &c
• N. of a metre of three Pādas (consisting of eight, twelve, and eight syllables respectively
• so called because the second Pāda exceeds the others by four syllables) RPrāt. 889 AV. xiii, 1, 15 VS. ŚBr. &c
• unornamented hair or the hair hanging down like a tail L
• a wreath of Campaka flowers L
• splendour, beauty L
• a Śāstra or science L
• a Rāgiṇī or mode of music L
• N. of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma (as a personified quarter of the sky) BhP
⋙ kakubhvat
○vat mfn. having an elevation, rising to a peak MaitrS. i, 11, 1
≫ kakup
kakup (in comp. for kakúbh),
⋙ kakupkāram
○kāram ind. p. accompanied by rendering into Kakubh metres ŚāṅkhBr
⋙ kakuppradāha
○pradāha m. 'a glowing of the quarters of the sky', unusual redness of the horizon VarBṛS
≫ kakub
kakub (in comp. for kakúbh)
⋙ kakubjaya
○jaya m. conquest of the quarters or of the world Rājat
⋙ kakubbhaṇḍa
○bhaṇḍá m. a mythical being Suparṇ
≫ kakubha
kakubhá mfn. lofty, excelling, distinguished VS. TS
• m. a kind of evil spirit AV. viii, 6, 10
• a kind of bird Svapnac
• the tree Terminalia Arjuna MBh. Suśr. &c
• a part of the Indian lute called the belly (a wooden vessel covered with leather placed under its neck to render the sound deeper, or a crooked piece of wood at the end of the lute) L
• (in mus.) a particular Rāga or mode
• a kind of disease L
• N. of a man, g. tika-kitavâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 68
• of a mountain BhP
• (ā), f. space, region L
• (in mus.) a particular Rāgiṇī
• (am), n. the flower of Terminalia Arjuna Kāvyâd. [Page 241, Column 3]
⋙ kakubhamaya
○maya mfn. made of the wood of Terminalia Arjuna VarBṛS
⋙ kakubhākāra
kakubhâkāra m. a kind of bird (cf. kakubha) L
⋙ kakubhādinī
kakubhâdinī f. 'tasting like Kakubha' ṭ., a kind of perfume L. (cf. nalī.)
≫ kakum
kakum (by Sandhi for kakúbh)
⋙ kakummatī
○matī f. N. of a metre, ChandS. iii, 56
≫ kakuha
kakuhá (= kakubhá), mfn. lofty, high, eminent, great RV
≫ kakuhastinā
kakuhastinā v. l. for kakuhá Nigh
kakuyaṣṭikā f. a kind of bird Car
kakeruka m. a worm in the stomach Car. ŚārṅgS
kakk v. l. for kakh, q.v
kakkaṭá m. a species of animal (offered at a sacrifice to the goddess Anumati) VS. xxiv, 32 TS. v
kakka-rāja m. N. of a king
kakkala m. N. of a man
kakkula m. N. of a Buddhist Bhikshu Lalit. (v. l. vakula)
kakkola m. a species of plant (bearing a berry, the inner part of which is waxy and aromatic) Suśr. R. &c
• (ī), f. id. Pañcad
• (am), n. a perfume prepared from the berries of this plant Suśr
≫ kakkolaka
kakkolaka n. the above perfume Suśr
≫ kakkolikā
kakkolikā f. a species of plant L
kakkh v. l. for kakh, q.v
kakkhaṭa mfn. hard, solid L
• (ī), f. chalk L
⋙ kakkhaṭapattraka
○pattraka m. Corchorus Olitorius (rope is made from its fibre) L
kakvala m. N. of a man (vv. ll. kakkvala, kakvalla)
kákṣa m. (√kaṣ Uṇ. iii, 62
√.kac), lurking-place, hiding-place RV. x, 28, 4 VS. xi, 79
• a wood, large wood (?) RV. vi, 45, 31
• a forest of dead trees, a dry wood, underwood (often the lair of wild beasts) VS. TS. TāṇḍyaBr. Mn. &c
• an inner recess, the interior of a forest
• grass, dry grass
• a spreading creeper, climbing plant L
• side or flank L
• sin L
• a gate W
• a buffalo L
• Terminalia Bellerica W
• (as, ā), mf. the armpit (as the most concealed part of the human body), region of the girth AV. vi, 127, 2 Suśr. Mṛicch. &c. ; [Lat. coxa, 'hip' ; O. H. G. hahsa ; Zd. kasha ; Sk. kaccha]
• a girdle, zone, belt, girth MBh. BhP. &c
• the end of the lower garment (which, after the cloth is carried round the body, is brought up behind and tucked into the waistband)
• hem, border, lace BhP. ix, 10, 37
• the scale of a balance Kāvyâd. Vcar
• (ā), f. painful boils in the armpit Suśr
• a surrounding wall, a wall, any place surrounded by walls (as a court-yard, a secluded portion of a building, a private chamber or room in general) MBh. BhP. Mn. &c
• the orbit of a planet VarBṛS. Sūryas. &c
• the periphery, circumference Sūryas. xii, 65
• balance, equality, similarity, resemblance MBh. xii, 7269 VarBṛS. 26, 6
• emulation, rivalry, object of emulation Naish
• the jeweller's weight called Retti L
• objection or reply in argument L
• a particular part of a carriage L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. VP
⋙ kakṣadhara
○dhara m. the part of the body where the upper arm is connected with the shoulder, the shoulder-joint Suśr
⋙ kakṣapa
○pa m. one of the nine treasures of Kuvera (cf. kacchapa.)
⋙ kakṣapuṭa
○puṭa m. the armpit
• N. of wk. on magic
⋙ kakṣaruhā
○ruhā f. a fragrant grass, Cyperus L
⋙ kakṣaloman
○loman n. the hair under the armpit R
⋙ kakṣaśāya
○śāya m. 'sleeping upon dry grass' ṭ., a dog L. (cf. kaṅka-śāya.)
⋙ kakṣasena
○sena m. N. of a Rājarshi MBh
⋙ kakṣastha
○stha mfn. situated on the side, seated on the heap or flank
⋙ kakṣāgni
kakṣâgni m. fire in dry wood or grass MBh. iii, 14757
⋙ kakṣādhyāya
kakṣâdhyāya m. N. of a part of a commentary by Bhū-dhara on the Sūrya-siddhānta
⋙ kakṣāntara
kakṣântara n. an inner or private apartment
⋙ kakṣāpaṭa
kakṣā-paṭa or m. a cloth passed between the legs to cover the privities Pañcat
⋙ kakṣāpuṭa
kakṣā-puṭa m. a cloth passed between the legs to cover the privities Pañcat
⋙ kakṣāpuṭi
kakṣāpuṭi m. N. of a physician (wrong for kākṣapuṭi?)
⋙ kakṣāvekṣaka
kakṣâvêkṣaka m. overseer of the inner apartments L
• keeper of a royal garden, door-keeper L
• a poet L
• a debauchee L
• a player, painter L. [Page 242, Column 1]
• warmth of feeling, strength of sentiment W
⋙ kakṣāśrita
kakṣâśrita n. 'being in the arm-pit', the hair under the armpit L
⋙ kakṣotthā
kakṣôtthā f. a species of Cyperus L
⋙ kakṣodaka
kakṣôdaka n. moisture in a thicket AitĀr. v, 3, 3, 18
≫ kakṣaka
kakṣaka m. N. of a Nāga MBh
≫ kakṣatu
kakṣatu m. N. of a plant Kāś. Pāṇ. 4-2, 71
≫ kakṣas
kakṣas asī n. du. (perhaps) the depressions on both sides of the wrist AitĀr. i, 2, 6, 20
≫ kakṣāya
kakṣāya Nom. Ā. kakṣāyate, to wait for any one in a hidden place, lie in ambush
• to intend anything wicked Kāty. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 14
≫ kakṣin
kakṣin mfn. having or furnished with a kakṣa g. sukhâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 131 (not in Kāś.)
≫ kakṣī
kakṣī (in comp. for kakṣa)
⋙ kakṣīkaraṇa
○karaṇa n. the act of admitting or assenting Sarvad
⋙ kakṣīkartavya
○kartavya mfn. to be adopted or admitted (as an opinion) ib
⋙ kakṣīkāra
○kāra m. adoption, admission, holding (as of an opinion) ib
⋙ kakṣīkṛ
○√kṛ 'to put anything under the arm', accept, assent to, hold (as an opinion), admit, recognize (cf. aṅgī-√kṛ, urarī-√kṛ, &c.) Sarvad
⋙ kakṣīkṛta
○kṛta mfn. assented, held, promised, admitted
≫ kakṣīvat
kakṣī́vat ān m. (for kakṣyā-vat Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 12), N. of a renowned Ṛishi (sometimes called Pajriya
• he is the author of several hymns of the Ṛig-veda, and is fabled as a son of Uśij and Dīrgha-tamas) RV. AV. ŚāṅkhŚr. &c
• (antas), m. pl. the descendants of Kakshīvat RV. i, 126, 4
≫ kakṣeyu
kakṣeyu m. N. of a son of Raudrāśva and Ghṛitācī MBh. Hariv. VP
≫ kakṣya
kákṣya mfn. being or abiding in shrubs or dry grass VS. xvi, 34
• (kakṣyá, fr. kakṣyā́), filling out the girth, well fed ṣāy. RV. v, 44, 11
• (kakṣyā́), f. girth (of an animal), girdle, zone RV. AV. viii, 4, 6 ; xviii, 1, 15 MBh. &c. (cf. baddha-kakṣya)
• the enclosure of an edifice (either the wall &c. so enclosing it, or the court or chamber constituting the enclosure, the inner apartment of a palace) MBh. R. &c
• the orbit of a planet Āryabh
• the scale of a balance Pat
• an upper garment L
• similarity, equality L
• effort, exertion L
• a shrub yielding the black and red berry (that serves as a jeweller's weight), the Retti or Guñja, Abrus Precatorius L
• (ās), f. pl. the fingers Nigh
• (am), n. the scale of a balance Comm. on Yājñ
• a part of a carriage R
• a girdle, girth
⋙ kakṣyaprā
○prā́ mfn. filling out the girth, well fed RV. i, 10, 3
⋙ kakṣyāvat
kakṣyā-vat mfn. furnished with a girth
• (ān), m. = kakṣīvat Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 12
⋙ kakṣyāvekṣaka
kakṣyâvêkṣaka m. = kakṣâvêkṣaka, q.v. L
⋙ kakṣyāstotra
kakṣyā-stotra n. N. of a Stotra
kakh cl. 1. P. kakhati, cakākha, kakhitā, &c., to laugh, laugh at or deride: Caus. kakhayati, to cause to laugh Dhātup. v, 6 ; xix, 22 ; [Lat. cachinnare ; Gk. ?, O. H. G. huoch ; Germ. hā0her, [242, 1] heher ; Eng. cackle.]
kakhyā incorrect for kakṣyā, q.v. L
kag cl. 1. P. kagati, to act, perform (?) Dhātup. xix, 29
kagittha v. l. for kapittha, q.v. L
kaṅk cl. 1. Ā. kaṅkate, cakaṅke, kaṅkitā, &c., to go Dhātup. iv, 20 ; [Hib. cichet, 'walking' ; Lith. kankú, 'to come to.']
kaṅká m. (fr. the above according to T.), a heron (the first heron is supposed to be a son of Surasā MBh. i, 2633) VS. xxiv, 31 SV. MBh. Mṛicch. &c
• a kind of mango L
• N. of Yama L
• of several men MBh. Hariv. BhP. &c
• a N. assumed by Yudhishṭhira (before king Virāṭa, when in the disguise of a Brāhman) MBh. iv
• a false or pretended Brāhman L
• a man of the second or military tribe L
• one of the eighteen divisions of the continent W
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. BhP. VarBṛS
• (ā), f. a kind of sandal L
• the scent of the lotus L
• (ā and ī), f. N. of a daughter of Ugrasena (and sister of Kaṅka) BhP. VP
⋙ kaṅkacit
○cít mfn. collected into a heap resembling a heron TS. v ŚBr. Śulbas. &c
⋙ kaṅkatuṇḍa
○tuṇḍa m. N. of a Rakshas R
⋙ kaṅkatroṭa
○troṭa m. a kind of fish, Esox Kankila L
⋙ kaṅkatroṭi
○troṭi m. id. L
⋙ kaṅkapattra
○pattra n. a heron's feather (fixed on an arrow) R. Ragh
• (mfn.) furnished with the feathers of a heron (as an arrow) MBh
• m. an arrow furnished with heron's feathers
⋙ kaṅkapattrin
○"ṣpattrin mfn. furnished with heron's feathers MBh. R
⋙ kaṅkaparvan
○parvan m. a kind of serpent AV
⋙ kaṅkapṛṣṭhī
○pṛṣṭhī f. a species of fish L. [Page 242, Column 2]
⋙ kaṅkamālā
○mālā f. beating time by clapping the hands W
⋙ kaṅkamukha
○mukha mfn. shaped like a heron's mouth (said of a sort of forceps) Suśr
⋙ kaṅkarola
○rola m. Alangium Hexapetalum L
⋙ kaṅkalatā
○latā f. a species of plant L
⋙ kaṅkaloḍya
○loḍya v. l. for aṅga-loḍya, q.v
⋙ kaṅkavadana
○vadana n. 'heron's mouth', a pair of tongs Veṇis
⋙ kaṅkaśatru
○śatru m. Desmodium Gangeticum L
⋙ kaṅkaśāya
○śāya m. 'sleeping like a heron' (?), a dog L. (cf. kakṣa-śāya.)
kaṅkaṭa m. (√kaṅk Uṇ. iv, 81), armour, mail R. Ragh. Veṇis
• an iron hook (to goad an elephant) L
• boundary, limit
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛ
≫ kaṅkaṭaka
kaṅkaṭaka m. armour, mail L
≫ kaṅkaṭika
kaṅkaṭika mfn. relating to armour, g. kumudâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
≫ kaṅkaṭin
kaṅkaṭin mfn. furnished with armour, g. prekṣâdi ib
• (ī), m. a chamberlain Hcar. 121, 24
≫ kaṅkaṭila
kaṅkaṭila mfn. armed with mail, g. kāsâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
kaṅkaṭerī f. turmeric W
kaṅkaṇa n. (as m. L.), (√kai Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 24), a bracelet, ornament for the wrist, ring MBh. Bhartṛ. Hit. &c
• a band or ribbon (tied round the wrist of a bride or bridegroom before marriage) Mcar
• an annual weapon MBh
• an ornament round the feet of an elephant MBh. iii, 15757
• any ornament or trinket
• a crest
• m. N. of a teacher
• (ā), f. N. of one of the mothers in the retinue of Skanda MBh. ix, 2634
• (ī), f. an ornament furnished with bells L. (cf. kakṣā
⋙ kaṅkaṇadhara
○dhara m. a bridegroom Mcar
• (ā), f. a bride ib
⋙ kaṅkaṇapura
○pura n. N. of a town Rājat
⋙ kaṅkaṇapriya
○priya m. N. of a demon causing fevers Hariv
⋙ kaṅkaṇabhūṣaṇa
○bhūṣaṇa mfn. adorned with tinkling ornaments L
⋙ kaṅkaṇamaṇī
○maṇī f. a jewel in a bracelet Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 117
⋙ kaṅkaṇavarṣa
○varṣa mfn. 'raining down bracelets', a magician Rājat. iv, 246
• N. of a king Rājat
⋙ kaṅkaṇavarṣitā
○varṣi-tā f. the state of being the above ib
⋙ kaṅkaṇahārikā
○hārikā f. a kind of bird Comm. on PārGṛ
≫ kaṅkaṇin
kaṅkaṇin mfn. ornamented with a bracelet Kathās
≫ kaṅkaṇīka
kaṅkaṇīka m. N. of a Nāga VP
• (ā), f. an ornament furnished with bells L
• a string tied round the wrist L
káṅkata m. (ī, am fn. L.) a comb, hair-comb AV. xiv, 2, 68 (v. l. kaṇṭaka) TBr. PārGṛ. &c
• a slightly venomous animal ṣāy. RV. i, 191, 1
• N. of a teacher
• (ī), f. Sida Rhombifolia
≫ kaṅkatikā
kaṅkatikā f. a comb
• Sida Rhombifolia Bhpr
≫ kaṅkatīya
kaṅkatī́ya ās m. pl., N. of a family
kaṅkara mfn. vile, bad L
• (am), n. buttermilk mixed with water L
• a particular high number Lalit
kaṅkāla as, am m. n. a skeleton MBh. Kathās. &c
• m. a particular mode in music
⋙ kaṅkālaketu
○ketu m. N. of a Dānava
⋙ kaṅkālabhairava
○bhairava n. N. of wk
-tantra n. id
⋙ kaṅkālamālabhārin
○māla-bhārin m. 'wearing a necklace of bones', N. of Śiva
⋙ kaṅkālamālin
○"ṣmālin m. id
⋙ kaṅkālamusala
○musala n. N. of a mythical weapon R
≫ kaṅkālaya
kaṅkālaya m. the human body T
• N. of an author
≫ kaṅkālin
kaṅkālin ī m. N. of a Yaksha BrahmaP
• (inī), f. N. of a form of Durgā Kathās. lxxviii, 92
kaṅku m. a kind of Panic seed (= kaṅgu) VarBṛS
• N. of a son of Ugra-sena (erroneous for kaṅka)
kaṅkuṣṭha m. a medicinal earth (described as of two colours, one of silvery and one of a gold colour, or one of a light and one of a dark yellow) Suśr
káṅkūṣa ās m. pl. a particular part of the head, ṇBḍ. AV. ix, 8, 2 (= ābhyantaradeha T.)
kaṅkeru m. a kind of crow L
kaṅkeli m. the tree Jonesia Asoka Bālar
≫ kaṅkella
kaṅkella m. id. L
≫ kaṅkelli
kaṅkelli is, ī mf. id. Vām
kaṅkola m. a kind of plant Bhartṛ. [Page 242, Column 3]
• N. of a Nāga RāmatUp
• of an author
• (am), n. cubeb Bhpr
≫ kaṅkolaka
kaṅkolaka n. cubeb L
kaṅkha n. (perhaps a combination of ka and kha), enjoyment, fruition L
kaṅganīla m. N. of a Nāga VP
kaṅgu f. a kind of Panic seed (several varieties are cultivated as food for the poor) VarBṛS. Comm. on ŚBr. &c
≫ kaṅguka
kaṅguka as, ā mf. id. Suśr
≫ kaṅgunī
kaṅgunī f. Celastrus Paniculatus Bhpr
• = kaṅgu L
⋙ kaṅgunīpattrā
○pattrā f. Panicum Verticillatum L
≫ kaṅgū
kaṅgū f. = kaṅguka L
kaṅgula m. a particular position of the hand PSarv
kac cl. 1. P. kacati, to sound, cry Vop.: Ā. kacate, cakace, kacitā, &c., to bind, fetter
• to shine Dhātup. vi, 8
• [cf. kañc ; Lat. cingere ; Lith. kinkau.]
≫ kaca
kaca m. the hair (esp. of the head) Ragh. Bhartṛ. &c
• a cicatrix, a dry sore, scar L
• a band, the hem of a garment L
• a cloud L
• N. of a son of Bṛihaspati MBh. BhP. Rājat
• N. of a place
• (ā), f. a female elephant L
• beauty, brilliancy L. (cf. a-kaca, ut-kaca, &c.)
⋙ kacagraha
○graha m. seizing or grasping the hair MBh. Ragh. &c
⋙ kacagrahaṇa
○grahaṇa n. id. BhP
⋙ kacadugdhikā
○dugdhikā f. Cucurbita Hispida Nigh
⋙ kacapa
○pa m. 'cloud-drinker', grass
• a leaf W
• (am), n. a vessel for vegetables L
⋙ kacapakṣa
○pakṣa m. thick or ornamented hair
⋙ kacapāśa
○pāśa m. id. Naish. (cf. keśa-pāśa.)
⋙ kacabhāra
○bhāra m. id., Śārṅg
⋙ kacamāla
○māla m. smoke (kacaṃ kacakāntiṃ malate T
• v. l. khatamāla) L
⋙ kacaripuphalā
○ripuphalā f. = śamī, q.v. L
⋙ kacahasta
○hasta m. thick or ornamented hair, beautiful hair L
⋙ kacākaci
kacā-kaci ind. hair against hair, pulling each other's hair Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 127 MBh. Bālar. (cf. keśā-keśi.)
⋙ kacācita
kacâcita mfn. having long or dishevelled hair W
⋙ kacāmoda
kacâmoda n. a fragrant ointment for the hair L
⋙ kaceśvara
kacêśvara n. N. of a temple
≫ kacaka
kacaka m. a kind of mushroom Nigh
≫ kacela
kacela n. a string or cover containing and keeping together the leaves of a manuscript L. (cf. kācana.)
kacaṅgala n. the ocean L
• a free market (a place of sale paying no duty or custom) L
• N. of a region
kacāku mfn. ill-disposed, wicked L
• difficult to be borne, intolerable, difficult to be approached L
• (us), m. a snake L
kacāṭura m. a kind of gallinule L. ( dātyūha)
kacu f. Arum Colocasia (an esculent √cultivated for food
• cf. kacvii)
⋙ kacurāya
○rāya m. N. of a man
kacora m. Curcuma Zerumbet Nigh
kaccaṭa n. an aquatic plant (= jalapippalī)
kaccara mfn. dirty, foul, spoiled by dirt L
• vile, wicked, bad L
• (am), n. buttermilk diluted with water (cf. kaṅkara, kaṭura, &c.)
kac-cid under 2. kad
kaccha m. (ā, am fn. L.) a bank or any ground bordering on water, shore ; [Zd. kasha, voura-kaṣa, the 'wide-shored', the Caspian Sea
• cf. kakṣa]
• a mound or causeway
• watery soil, marshy ground, marsh, morass MBh. Megh. Pañcat
• N. of several places, e.g. Cutch Pāṇ. VarBṛS
• Cedrela Toona (the timber of which is used for making furniture &c.) L
• Hibiscus Populneoides L
• a particular part of a tortoise L
• a particular part of a boat L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people (v. l. for kakṣa) VP
• (as, ā), mf. the hem or end of a lower garment (tucked into the girdle or waistband) L., (probably a Prākṛit form for kakṣa)
• (ā), f. a cricket L
• N. of a plant L
• girdle, girth (v. l. for kakṣā) Nīlak. on MBh. (ed. Bomb.) iv, 13, 22
⋙ kacchajā
○jā f. a species of Cyperus L
⋙ kacchadeśa
○deśa m. N. of a place
⋙ kacchanīra
○nīra m. N. of a Nāga
-bila n. N. of a place
⋙ kacchapa
○pa m. 'keeping or inhabiting a marsh', a turtle, tortoise MBh. Gaut. Mn. &c
• a tumour on the palate Suśr. i, 306, 8 [Page 243, Column 1]
• an apparatus used in the distillation of spirituous liquor, a flat kind of still L
• an attitude in wrestling L
• Cedrela Toona L
• one of the nine treasures of Kuvera L
• N. of a Nāga MBh
• of a son of Viśvā-mitra Hariv
• of a country Kathās
• (ī), f. a female tortoise or a kind of small tortoise L
• a cutaneous disease, wart, blotch Suśr
• a kind of lute (so named from being similar in shape to the tortoise
• cf. testudo)
-deśa m. N. of a country
⋙ kacchapaka
○"ṣpaka m. a tortoise VarBṛS
• (ikā), f. a kind of small tortoise
• a pimple, blotch, wart Suśr
• a wart accompanying gonarrhoea W
⋙ kacchapuṭa
○puṭa m. a box with compartments VarBṛS
⋙ kacchabhū
○bhū f. marshy ground, swamp, morass W
⋙ kaccharuhā
○ruhā f. 'marsh-growing', a kind of grass W
⋙ kacchavihāra
○vihāra m. N. of a marshy region
⋙ kacchādi
kacchâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-2, 133
⋙ kacchānta
kacchânta m. the border of a lake or stream
-ruhā f. Dūrvā grass L
⋙ kacchālaṃkāra
kacchâlaṃkāra m. a kind of reed (used for writing) Nigh
⋙ kaccheśvara
kacchêśvara m. N. of a town (cf. kacêśvara.)
⋙ kaccheṣṭa
kacchêṣṭa m. the tortoise L
≫ kacchaṭikā
kacchaṭikā f. the end or hem of a lower garment or cloth (gathered up behind and tucked into the waistband) L
≫ kacchāṭikā
⋙ kacchāṭī
kacchāṭī f. id. L
≫ kacchāra
kacchāra ās m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
≫ kacchiya
kacchiya ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
≫ kacchoṭikā
kacchoṭikā f. = kacchaṭikā L
kacchu = kacchū below L
• a species of plant L
⋙ kacchughna
○ghna m. Trichosanthes Dioeca L
• (ī), f. a species of Hapushā (q.v.) L
≫ kacchura
kacchura mfn. (fr. the next), scabby, itchy, affected by a cutaneous disease Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 107
• unchaste, libidinous
• (as, am), m. n. a species of turmeric L
• (ā), f. Alhagi Maurorum Suśr
• Carpopogon Pruriens L
• a species of turmeric L
≫ kacchū
kacchū f. (√kaṣ Uṇ. i, 86), itch, scab, any cutaneous disease Suśr
⋙ kacchūmatī
○matī f. Carpopogon Pruriens (said to cause itching on being applied to the skin) L
⋙ kacchūrākṣasa
○rākṣasa n. (scil. taila) a kind of oil (applied in cutaneous diseases) Bhpr
≫ kacchora
kacchora am n. a kind of turmeric L
kacvī f. Arum Colocasia (a plant with an esculent √, cultivated for food)
⋙ kacvīvana
○vana n. N. of a forest, Kshit
kaj cl. 1. P. kajati, to be happy
• to be confused with joy or pride or sorrow Dhātup. vii, 58
• to grow (in this sense a Sautra root)
ka-ja under 3. ka
kajiṅga ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
kajjala m. a cloud (in this sense perhaps for kad-jala) L
• (ā, ī), f. a species of fish L
• (ī), f. AEthiops Mineralis L
• ink L
• (am), n. lampblack (used as a collyrium and applied to the eyelashes or eyelids medicinally or as an ornament)
• sulphuret of lead or antimony (similarly used) Suśr. Kathās. &c
• (fig.) dregs BhP. vi, 2, 27
⋙ kajjaladhvaja
○dhvaja m. a lamp L
⋙ kajjalamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of lampblack Hcar
⋙ kajjalarocaka
○rocaka m. n. the wooden stand or tripod on which a lamp is placed, a candlestick L
⋙ kajjalītīrtha
kajjalī-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
≫ kajjalikā
kajjalikā f. powder (esp. made of mercury) Bhpr
≫ kajjalita
kajjalita mfn. covered with lampblack or with a collyrium prepared from it, g. tārakâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 36
• blackened, soiled Hcar
kajjvala kajvala, vv. ll. for kajjula above
kañc cl. 1. Ā. kañcate, cakañce, kañcitā, &c., to bind
• to shine Dhātup. vi, 9
• [cf. kac and kāñc, kakṣa ; Lat. cingere.]
kañcaṭa m. Commelina Salicifolia and Bengalensis L
≫ kañcaḍa
kañcaḍa m. Commelina Bengalensis Bhpr
kañcāra m. the sun L
• = arkavṛkṣa T
kañcikā f. a small boil
• the branch of a bamboo L
kañcideka n. N. of a village MBh. v, 934
≫ kañcidevā
kañcidevā f. id. MBh. v, 2595
kañcuka as, ī (ifc. f. ā), am mf. n. (fr. √kañc?) a dress fitting close to the upper part of the body, armour, mail
• a cuirass, corselet, bodice, jacket BhP. [Page 243, Column 2] Ratnāv. Kathās. &c
• m. the skin of a snake Pañcat
• husk, shell Bhpr
• cover, cloth, envelope Bhpr
• (fig.) a cover, disguise Hcat
• = karabha L
• (ī), f. Lipeocercis Serrata L
⋙ kañcukoṣṇīṣin
kañcukôṣṇīṣin mfn. having armour and a turban R. vi, 99, 23
≫ kañcukālu
kañcukālu m. a snake L
≫ kañcukita
kañcukita mfn. furnished with armour or mail, g. tārakâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 36 (cf. pulakakañcukita.)
≫ kañcukin
kañcukin mfn. furnished with armour or mail
• (ifc.) covered with, wrapped up in Bhartṛ
• (ī), m. an attendant or overseer of the women's apartments, a chamberlain Śak. Vikr. Pañcat. &c
• a libidinous man, a debauchee L
• a snake L
• N. of several plants (Agallochum, barley, Cicer Arietinum, Lipeocercis Serrata) L
⋙ kañcukirecaka
kañcuki-recaka au m. du. the chamberlain and the forester
≫ kañcukīya
kañcukīya m. a chamberlain Nāṭyaś
≫ kañcula
kañcula m. a partridge L
• (ī), f. a bodice, jacket &c. L
≫ kañculikā
kañculikā f. a bodice, corset Amar
≫ kañcūla
kañcūla as, am m. n. id. L
kaṃ-ja m. (fr. kam = 3. ka and ja), 'produced from the head', the hair L
• 'produced from water', N. of Brahmā L
• (am), n. a lotus R. BhP
• Amṛita, the food of the gods L
⋙ kaṃjaja
○ja m. 'born from a lotus', N. of Brahmā L
⋙ kaṃjanābha
○nābha m. 'lotus-naveled', N. of Vishṇu BhP. iii, 9, 44
⋙ kaṃjabāhu
○bāhu m. 'having hairy arms', N. of an Asura Hariv
⋙ kaṃjavadana
○vadana n. a lotus-face (cf. vadanakaṃja.)
⋙ kaṃjasū
○sū ūs m. the god of love L
kañjaka m. the bird Gracula Religiosa L
≫ kañjana
kañjana as m. id. L
• N. of Kāma, the god of love L
≫ kañjala
kañjala m. the bird Gracula Religiosa L
≫ kañjinī
kañjinī f. a courtezan L
kañjara m. the belly
• an elephant
• the sun
• N. of Brahmā L
≫ kañjāra
kañjāra m. a peacock
• the belly
• an elephant
• a Muni, hermit
• the sun
• N. of Brahmā
• = vyañjana L
kañjikā f. Siphonantus Indica Pañcat
kaṭ 1
kaṭ cl. 1. P. kaṭati or kaṇṭati, to go Dhātup. ix, 33
kaṭ 2
kaṭ cl. 1. P. kaṭati, cakāṭa, kaṭitā, &c. to rain
• to surround
• to encompass, cover, screen
• to divide Dhātup. ix, 6 (cf. √cat.)
≫ kaṭa
káṭa m. (perhaps for karta fr. √3. kṛt) a twist of straw of grass, straw mat, a screen of straw TS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• the hip MBh. (cf. kaṭi)
• the hollow above the hip or the loins, the hip and loins
• the temples of an elephant Ragh
• a glance or side look BhP. x, 32, 6 (cf. kaṭâkṣa)
• a throw of the dice in hazard Mṛicch
• a corpse L
• a hearse or any vehicle for conveying a dead body L
• a burning-ground or place of sepulture L
• a time or season L
• excess, superabundance L
• (kaṭa ifc. is considered as a suffix, cf. ut-kaṭa, pra-kaṭa, &c.)
• an annual plant L
• grass L
• Saccharum Sara L
• a thin piece of wood, a plank L
• agreement L
• environs L
• N. of a Rakshas R
• (ī), f. long pepper L
• (am), n. (ifc.) dust of flowers (considered as a suffix Kāty. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 29)
⋙ kaṭakaṭa
○kaṭa m. N. of Śiva MBh. xii, 10364
⋙ kaṭakuṭi
○kuṭi m. a straw hut BhP. x, 71, 16
⋙ kaṭakṛt
○kṛt m. a plaiter of straw mats BhP
⋙ kaṭakola
○kola m. a spittoon L
⋙ kaṭakriyā
○kriyā f. plaiting straw mats
⋙ kaṭakhādaka
○khādaka mfn. eating much voracious L
• m. a jackal L
• a crow L
• a glass vessel, tumbler, bowl L
⋙ kaṭaghoṣa
○ghoṣa m. N. of a place in the east of India Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 139
⋙ kaṭaghoṣīya
○"ṣghoṣīya mfn. belonging to the above place ib
⋙ kaṭaṃkaṭa
○ṃ-kaṭa m. N. of Śiva MBh. Yājñ
• of Agni AgP
⋙ kaṭaṃkaṭerī
○ṃ-kaṭerī f. turmeric Suśr
⋙ kaṭacchu
○cchu f. (?) a spoon VarBṛS
⋙ kaṭajaka
○"ṣjaka m. N. of a man Pat. on Vārtt. 3, on Pāṇ. 1-1, 23
⋙ kaṭanagara
○nagara n. N. of a place in the east of India Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 139
⋙ kaṭanagarīya
○"ṣnagarīya mfn. belonging to the above place ib
⋙ kaṭapallikuñcikā
○palli-kuñcikā f. a straw hut (-pari-k○ and -pali-k○ vv. ll.)
⋙ kaṭapalvala
○palvala m. N. of a place Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 139
⋙ kaṭapalvalīya
○"ṣpalvalīya mfn. belonging to the above place ib
⋙ kaṭapūtana
○pūtana as, ā mf. a kind of Preta (q.v.) or demon (a form assumed by the deceased spirit of a Kshatriya who when alive neglected his duties) Mn. xii, 71 Mālatīm. [Page 243, Column 3]
⋙ kaṭaprū
○prū m. a worm L
• a player with dice, gambler L
• N. of Śiva L
• a Rakshas L
• a Vidyā-dhara L
⋙ kaṭabhaṅga
○bhaṅga m. plucking or gleaning corn with the hands L
• destruction of a prince, royal misfortune L
⋙ kaṭabhī
○bhī f. Cardiospermum Halicacabum Suśr
• N. of several other plants L
⋙ kaṭabhū
○bhū f. the cheek or region of the temples of an elephant Śiś. v, 46
⋙ kaṭamarda
○marda m. N. of Śiva L
⋙ kaṭamālinī
○mālinī f. any vinous liquor
⋙ kaṭaṃbhara
○ṃ-bhara m. Bignonia Indica L
• (ā), f. a female elephant L
• red arsenic L
• N. of several plants
⋙ kaṭavraṇa
○vraṇa m. N. of Bhīmasena L
⋙ kaṭaśarkarā
○śarkarā f. a species of sugar-cane (?) Suśr
• Guilandina Bonducella L
⋙ kaṭasaṃghāta
○saṃghāta m. a frame of wicker-work Comm. on AitĀr
⋙ kaṭasthala
○sthala n. the hip and loins
• an elephant's temples
⋙ kaṭasthāla
○sthāla n. a corpse L
⋙ kaṭākṣa
kaṭâkṣa m. a glance or side look, a leer MBh. BhP. Megh. &c
-kṣetra n. N. of a country
-māhātmya n. N. of wk
-muṣṭa mfn. caught by a glance
-viśikha m. an arrow-like look of love Bhartṛ
-"ṣkṣâvêṣaṇa n. casting lewd or amorous glances, ogling
⋙ kaṭākṣita
kaṭākṣita mfn. looked at with a side glance, leered at Kathās. lxxi, 9
⋙ kaṭākṣipya
kaṭâkṣipya ind. p. (of an irr. compound verb kaṭâkṣip), having looked at with a side glance BhP. x, 36, 10
⋙ kaṭākṣepa
kaṭâkṣepa m. a side glance, leer BhP
⋙ kaṭāgni
kaṭâgni m. fire kept up with dry grass or straw
• straw placed round a criminal (according to Kull. the straw is wound round his neck and then kindled) Mn. viii, 377 Yājñ. ii, 282 MBh
⋙ kaṭodaka
kaṭôdaka n. libation of water offered to a dead person BhP. vii, 2, 17
≫ kaṭaka
kaṭaka m. (Comm. on Uṇ. ii, 32 and v, 35) a twist of straw, a straw mat Comm. on KātyŚr
• (as, am), m. n. a string Kād
• a bracelet of gold or shell &c. Śak. Mṛicch. &c
• a zone
• the link of a chain
• a ring serving for a bridle-bit Suśr
• a ring placed as ornament upon an elephant's tusk
• the side or ridge of a hill or mountain
• a valley, dale Ragh. Kathās. Hit
• a royal camp Kathās. Hit. &c
• an army L
• a circle, wheel W
• a multitude, troop, caravan Daś
• collection, compilation Kād. 40, 11
• sea-salt L
• N. of the capital of the Orissa (Cuttack)
• (ikā), f. a straw mat Comm. on KātyŚr
⋙ kaṭakagṛha
○gṛha m. a lizard L
⋙ kaṭakavalayin
○"ṣvalayin mfn. ornamented with a bracelet and an armlet Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 128
⋙ kaṭakavārāṇasī
○vārāṇasī f. N. of a town
≫ kaṭakin
kaṭakin ī m. a mountain L
≫ kaṭakīya
kaṭakīya mfn. belonging to a mat or string &c., g. apūpâdi Pāṇ. 5-1, 4
≫ kaṭakya
kaṭakya mfn. id. ib
≫ kaṭamba
kaṭamba m. (Uṇ. iv, 82) a kind of musical instrument
• an arrow L
≫ kaṭambarā
kaṭambarā f. Helleborus Niger L
≫ kaṭasī
kaṭasī f. a cemetery L
≫ kaṭāṭaṅka
kaṭāṭaṅka m. N. of Śiva L
≫ kaṭāyana
kaṭāyana n. Andropogon Muricatus L
≫ kaṭāra
kaṭāra m. a libidinous man, lecher L
⋙ kaṭāramalla
○malla m. N. of a man
≫ kaṭāla
kaṭāla mfn. (fr. kaṭā), g. sidhmâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 97
≫ kaṭālu
kaṭālu m. Solanum Melongena L
≫ kaṭāha
kaṭāha m. (rarely ī f. n.) a frying-pan
• a boiler, caldron, saucepan (of a semi-spheroidal shape and with handles) MBh. Suśr. Sūryas. &c
• a turtle's shell L
• anything shaped like a caldron (as the temple of an elephant) Śiś. v, 37
• a well L
• a winnowing basket W
• a mound of earth
• hell, the infernal regions L
• a cot L
• a young female buffalo whose horns are just appearing L
• N. of a Dviipa Kathās
≫ kaṭāhaka
kaṭāhaka n. a pan, caldron, pot L
≫ kaṭi
kaṭi is, ī f. the hip, buttocks MBh. Mn. Suśr. &c
• the entrance of a temple VarBṛS
• an elephant's cheek L
• long pepper L
⋙ kaṭikarpaṭa
○karpaṭa n. a ragged garment wrapped round the hip Kathās
⋙ kaṭikuṣṭha
○kuṣṭha n. a kind of leprosy
⋙ kaṭikūpa
○kūpa m. the hollow above the hip, the loins L
⋙ kaṭitaṭa
○taṭa n. the loins, the hip L
⋙ kaṭitra
○tra n. anything to protect the hips, a cloth tied round the loins, a girdle, zone BhP. vi, 16, 30
• armour for the hips or loins Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 172
• an ornament of small bells worn round the loins
⋙ kaṭideśa
○deśa m. the loins
⋙ kaṭināḍikā
○nāḍikā f. a zone, girdle L
⋙ kaṭiprotha
○protha m. the buttocks L. (cf. kata-pr○.)
⋙ kaṭibandha
○bandha m. a zone, girdle L
⋙ kaṭimālikā
○mālikā f. id. ib
⋙ kaṭirohaka
○rohaka m. the rider on an elephant (as sitting behind and not, like the driver, sitting in front) L
⋙ kaṭivāsa
○vāsa m. a cloth worn round the loins Hcat
⋙ kaṭiśīrṣaka
○śīrṣaka m. the hip (as projecting like a head) L
• the hip and loins or the hollow above the hip W. [Page 244, Column 1]
⋙ kaṭiśūla
○śūla m. sciatic pain, stitch in the side
• pleurisy Bhpr
⋙ kaṭiśṛṅkhalā
○śṛṅkhalā f. a girdle of small bells L
⋙ kaṭisūtra
○sūtra n. a zone or waistband, girdle BhP. Pañcad
≫ kaṭika
kaṭika ifc. = haṭi, the hip Suśr
• (ā), f. the hip MBh
≫ kaṭin
kaṭin mfn. matted, screened
• having handsome loins
• (ī), m. an elephant L
≫ kaṭilla
kaṭilla m. Momordica Charantia Car
≫ kaṭillaka
kaṭillaka m. id. L
≫ kaṭī
kaṭī f. = kaṭi above
⋙ kaṭītala
○tala n. a crooked sword, sabre, scymitar L
⋙ kaṭīnivasana
○nivasana n. a cloth worn round the hip Kathās
⋙ kaṭīpaṭa
○paṭa m. id. Rājat
≫ kaṭīka
kaṭīka ifc. = kaṭī above
⋙ kaṭīkataruṇa
○taruṇa e n. du. a particular part of the hip-bone Suśr
≫ kaṭīra
kaṭīra as, am m. n. the cavity of the loins or the iliac region L
• a cave, indentation L
• m. Mons Veneris L
≫ kaṭīraka
kaṭīraka n. the hip Śiś. xiii, 34
≫ kaṭu
kaṭu mf(vii and us)n. (Uṇ. i, 9
√2. kṛt) pungent, acrid, sharp (one of the six kinds of flavour, rasa, q.v.) MBh. Suśr. Bhag. &c
• pungent, stimulating (as smell), strong-scented, ill-smelling MBh. xiv Ragh. v, 48 R. &c
• bitter, caustic (as words) displeasing, disagreeable (as sounds)
• fierce, impetuous, hot, envious Ragh. vi, 85 Pañcat. &c
• (us), m. pungency, acerbity (as of a flavour) L. ; [Lith. kartus, 'bitter']
• Trichosanthes Dioeca Suśr
• Michelia Campaka L
• N. of several other plants L
• a kind of camphor L
• (us and vii), f. N. of several plants
• (u), n. an improper action, an act which ought not to have been done
• blaming, reviling, scandal W
⋙ kaṭukanda
○kanda m. ginger L
• garlic L
• Hyperanthera Moringa L
⋙ kaṭukarañja
○karañja m. Guilandina Bonducella L
⋙ kaṭukīṭa
○kīṭa m. a gnat or musquito L
⋙ kaṭukīṭaka
○kīṭaka m. id
⋙ kaṭukvāṇa
○kvāṇa m. 'making a piercing noise', a species of chicken (Parra Jacana or Goensis) L
⋙ kaṭugranthi
○granthi m. dried ginger L
• the √of long pepper L
⋙ kaṭucāturjātaka
○cāturjātaka n. an aggregate of four acid substances (cardamoms, the bark and leaves of Laurus Cassia, and black pepper) L
⋙ kaṭucchada
○cchada m. Tabernaemontana Coronaria L
⋙ kaṭuja
○ja mfn. produced from or made of acid substances (as a kind of drink) MBh
⋙ kaṭutā
○tā f. sharpness, pungency, Śārṅg
• strong scent or smell Bhām
• harshness, coarseness Hariv
⋙ kaṭutikta
○tikta m. a species of plant L
⋙ kaṭutiktaka
○tiktaka m. Cannabis Sativa R
• Gentiana Cherayta L
• (ā), f. a kind of gourd L
⋙ kaṭutuṇḍikā
○tuṇḍikā f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaṭutuṇḍī
○tuṇḍī f. id. ib
⋙ kaṭutumbinī
○tumbinī f. a particular plant L
⋙ kaṭutumbī
○tumbī f. a kind of bitter gourd Suśr
⋙ kaṭutaila
○taila m. white mustard L
⋙ kaṭutraya
○traya n. an aggregate of three pungent substances or spices (as ginger, black and long pepper) L
⋙ kaṭutrika
○trika n. id. Suśr
⋙ kaṭutva
○tva n. pungency, acerbity Subh
⋙ kaṭudalā
○dalā f. Cucumis Utilissimus L
⋙ kaṭuniṣpāva
○niṣpāva m. Lablab Vulgaris L
⋙ kaṭupattra
○pattra m. Oldenlandia Biflora L
• white basil L
⋙ kaṭupattraka
○pattraka m. white basil L
• (ikā), f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaṭupadra
○padra m. N. of a place (?)
⋙ kaṭupāka
○pāka mfn. producing acrid humors in digestion Suśr
⋙ kaṭupākin
○"ṣpākin mfn. id. ib
⋙ kaṭuphala
○phala m. Trichosanthes Dioeca L
• (ā), f. Luffa Foetida Car
• (am), n. a species of plant
⋙ kaṭubadarī
○badarī f. N. of a plant and of a village called after it Comm. on Pāṇ. 1-2, 51
⋙ kaṭubījā
○bījā f. long pepper L
⋙ kaṭubhaṅga
○bhaṅga m. dried ginger L
⋙ kaṭubhadra
○bhadra m. id. Car
⋙ kaṭubhāṣitā
○bhāṣi-tā f. sarcastic speech Prasannar
⋙ kaṭumañjarikā
○mañjarikā f. Achyranthes Aspera
⋙ kaṭumūla
○mūla n. the √of long pepper L
⋙ kaṭumoda
○moda n. a particular perfume L
⋙ kaṭuṃbharā
○"ṣṃ-bharā f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaṭurava
○rava m. a frog L
⋙ kaṭurohiṇikā
○rohiṇikā f. Helleborus Niger
⋙ kaṭurohiṇī
○rohiṇī f. id. Suśr
⋙ kaṭuvallī
○vallī f. Gaertnera Racemosa L
⋙ kaṭuvārttākī
○vārttākī f. a species of Solanum L
⋙ kaṭuvipāka
○vipāka mfn. = -pāka above Suśr
⋙ kaṭuśṛṅga
○śṛṅga n. a particular vegetable L
⋙ kaṭuśṛṅgāṭa
○śṛṅgāṭa n. id. ib
⋙ kaṭusneha
○sneha m. Sinapis Dichotoma L
⋙ kaṭūtkaṭa
kaṭū7tkaṭa n. dried ginger L
⋙ kaṭūtkaṭaka
kaṭū7tkaṭaka n. id. ib
⋙ kaṭūṣaṇa
kaṭū7ṣaṇa n. dried ginger L
• the √of long pepper (cf. ūṣaṇa.)
≫ kaṭuka
káṭuka mf(ā and ī)n. sharp, pungent, bitter
• fierce, impetuous, hot, bad RV. x, 85, 34 MBh. Kathās. &c
• m. N. of several plants L
• N. of a man
• (ā, ī), f. N. of several plants L
• (am), n. pungency, acerbity MBh. ii
• (ifc. in a bad sense, e.g. dadhi-kaṭuka m. bad coagulated milk Pāṇ. 6-2, 126)
• N. of a plant L
• an aggregate of three pungent substances ( -traya) L
⋙ kaṭukatā
○tā f. pungency, acerbity Subh
⋙ kaṭukatraya
○traya n. an aggregate of three pungent substances (long and black pepper, and ginger) Suśr
⋙ kaṭukatva
○tva n. = -tā above Suśr
⋙ kaṭukaphala
○phala n. N. of a plant (= kakkolaka) L. [Page 244, Column 2]
⋙ kaṭukabhakṣin
○bhakṣin mfn. N. of a man
⋙ kaṭukarohiṇī
○rohiṇī f. Helleborus Niger Suśr
⋙ kaṭukavallī
○vallī f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaṭukaviṭapa
○viṭapa ās m. pl., N. of a species of plant VarBṛS
⋙ kaṭukāñjanī
kaṭukâñjanī f. Helleborus Niger L
⋙ kaṭukārohiṇī
kaṭukârohiṇī f. id. Car
⋙ kaṭukālābu
kaṭukâlābu m. Trichosanthes Dioeca L
⋙ kaṭukodaya
kaṭukôdaya mfn. leading to disagreeable consequences, having bad results MBh
≫ kaṭukita
kaṭukita mfn. (Prākṛit kaḍuida) spoken to sharply or bitterly, treated harshly, Ratnāv
≫ kaṭukiman
kaṭukiman ā m. sharpness Nir. v, 4
≫ kaṭura
kaṭura n. buttermilk mixed with water L
≫ kaṭora
kaṭora as, ā mf. a kind of cup or vessel
≫ kaṭola
kaṭola mfn. (Uṇ. i, 67) pungent, acrid, sharp
• m. a Caṇḍāla
⋙ kaṭolapāda
○pāda mfn. footed like a Caṇḍāla, g. hasty-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 138
⋙ kaṭolavīṇā
○vīṇā f. a kind of lute played by Caṇḍālas
≫ kaṭolaka
kaṭolaka m. a Caṇḍāla
⋙ kaṭolakapāda
○pāda mfn. having feet like a Caṇḍāla, g. hasty-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 138
≫ kaṭphala
kaṭ-phala m. (for kaṭu-phala, but different in meaning from it), N. of a small tree (found in the north-west of Hindūstān, the aromatic bark and seeds of which are used in medicine
• the fruit is eaten
• the common name is Kāyaphal) Suśr
• (ā), f. N. of several plants
≫ kaṭvara
kaṭvara n. (Uṇ. iii, 1
• cf. kaṭura) buttermilk mixed with water Suśr
• a sauce, condiment Comm. on Uṇ
• (mfn.) despised L
kaṭakaṭā ind. an onomatopoetic word (supposed to represent the noise of rubbing) MBh. Dhūrtas
• [cf. kiṭakiṭāya.]
≫ kaṭakaṭāpaya
kaṭakaṭāpaya Nom. P. ○payati, to rub two substances together, produce a creaking or grating noise R
kaṭana n. the roof or thatch of a house W
kaṭuṅka-tā f. (for kaṭuka-tā?, but cf. khaṭunka) harshness L
kaṭeraka-grāma m. N. of a village
kaṭṭ cl. 10. P. kaṭṭayati, to heap, cover with earth Kṛishis
≫ kaṭṭana
kaṭṭana n. the act of heaping, covering with earth ib
kaṭṭari-nṛtya n. a kind of dance
kaṭṭāra m. a weapon, dagger W
≫ kaṭṭāraka
kaṭṭāraka as, ikā mf. id. Rājat. Comm. on KātyŚr
kaṭ-phala above
kaṭvara above
kaṭvāṅga a wrong reading for khaṭvâṅga, q.v. BhP. (ed. Burnouf)
kaṭh cl. 1. P. kaṭhati, to live in distress Dhātup. ix, 48
≫ kaṭha 1
kaṭha (for 2. s.v.), am n. distress (?)
⋙ kaṭhamarda
○marda m. 'dissipating distress' (?), N. of Śiva L. (cf. kaṭa-marda.)
≫ kaṭhara
kaṭhara mfn. hard L. (cf. kaṭhina.)
≫ kaṭhalya
kaṭhalya n. gravel Buddh
≫ kaṭhalla
kaṭhalla n. id. ib
≫ kaṭhāku
kaṭhāku m. (Uṇ. iii, 77) a bird or a particular bird
≫ kaṭhāhaka
kaṭhāhaka m. a kind of fowl L
≫ kaṭhikā
kaṭhikā f. chalk W. (cf. kaṭhinī.)
≫ kaṭhiñjara
kaṭhiñjara m. Ocimum Sanctum (commonly called Tulasī) L
≫ kaṭhina
kaṭhina mfn. (Comm. on Uṇ. ii, 49) hard, firm, stiff (opposed to mṛdu)
• difficult Megh. Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• harsh, inflexible, cruel Kum. Amar. &c
• violent (as pain) Vikr
• (ā), f. crystallized sugar, a sweetmeat made with refined sugar L
• a species of betel L
• (ī), f. chalk Pañcat. Hit
• (am), n. an earthen vessel for cooking MBh. R
• a strap or pole for carrying burdens Pāṇ. 4-4, 72 (cf. vaṃśa-kaṭhina)
• a shovel, scoop L
⋙ kaṭhinacitta
○citta mfn. hard-hearted, cruel, unkind
⋙ kaṭhinatā
○tā f
⋙ kaṭhinatva
○tva n. hardness, firmness, harshness, severity, Śāntiś. BhP. &c
• difficulty, obscurity W
⋙ kaṭhinapṛṣṭha
○pṛṣṭha m. 'hard-backed', a tortoise L
⋙ kaṭhinapṛṣṭhaka
○pṛṣṭhaka m. id. ib
⋙ kaṭhinaphala
○phala m. Feronia Elephantum L
⋙ kaṭhinahṛdaya
○hṛdaya mfn. = -citta above
⋙ kaṭhināvadāna
kaṭhinâvadāna n. N. of a Buddhist legend. [Page 244, Column 3]
⋙ kaṭhinekṣu
kaṭhinêkṣu m. a kind of sugar-cane L
≫ kaṭhinaka
kaṭhinaka m. a shovel, scoop L
• (ikā), f. chalk L
≫ kaṭhinaya
kaṭhinaya Nom. P. kaṭhinayati, to harden, indurate, render hard Viddh
≫ kaṭhinīkṛ
kaṭhinī-√kṛ id. Car
≫ kaṭhinībhū
kaṭhinī-√bhū to become hard
⋙ kaṭhinībhūbhūta
kaṭhinī-√bhū--bhūta mfn. hardened, indurated
≫ kaṭhilla
kaṭhilla m. Momordica Charantia L
• gravel (cf. kaṭhalya.)
≫ kaṭhillaka
kaṭhillaka m. Momordica Charantia L
• Ocimum Sanctum L. (cf. kaṭhiñjara)
• Boerhavia Diffusa L
≫ kaṭhura
kaṭhura mf(ā)n. hard, cruel VCāṇ
≫ kaṭhera
kaṭhera m. (Uṇ. i, 59) a needy or distressed man, pauper
≫ kaṭheru
kaṭheru m. = cāmara-vāta T
≫ kaṭhora
kaṭhora mf(ā)n. (Uṇ. i, 65) hard, solid, stiff, offering resistance BhP. Prab. &c
• sharp, piercing BhP. Pañcat. &c
• hard, severe, cruel, hard-hearted Pañcat. Sāh
• full, complete, full-grown (as the moon) Comm. on Uṇ. Comm. on Śiś
• luxuriant, rank Mṛicch
⋙ kaṭhoragiri
○giri m. N. of a mountain, BrahmāṇḍaP
⋙ kaṭhoracitta
○citta mfn. hard-hearted, cruel, Śārṅg
⋙ kaṭhoratā
○tā f
⋙ kaṭhoratva
○tva n. hardness, firmness
• rigour, severity
⋙ kaṭhoratārādhipa
○tārâdhipa m. 'full-star-lord', full moon Śiś. i, 20
⋙ kaṭhorahṛdaya
○hṛdaya mfn. = -citta above Sāh
≫ kaṭhoraya
kaṭhoraya Nom. P. kaṭhorayati, to cause to thrive, make luxuriant Mālatīm
≫ kaṭhorita
kaṭhorita mfn. made to thrive, strengthened Hcar
≫ kaṭhorībhū
kaṭhorī-√bhū to grow strong, become hard or intense Hcar
≫ kaṭhola
kaṭhola mfn. = kaṭhora L
kaṭha 2
kaṭha m. N. of a sage (a pupil of Vaiśampāyana and founder of a branch of the Yajur-veda, called after him) MBh. &c
• m. a pupil or follower of Kaṭha (esp. pl.)
• a Brāhman L
• (ī), f. a female pupil or follower of Kaṭha Comm. on Pāṇ
• the wife of a Brāhman L
⋙ kaṭhakalāpa
○kalāpa am or ās n. or m. pl. the schools of Kaṭha and Kalāpin R. ii, 32, 18
• g. kārtakaujapâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 37
⋙ kaṭhakauthuma
○kauthuma am or ās n. or m. pl. the schools of Kaṭha and Kuthumin ib
⋙ kaṭhadhūrta
○dhūrta m. a Brāhman skilled in the Kaṭha branch of the Yajur-veda W
⋙ kaṭhavallī
○vallī f. N. of an Upanishad (cf. kaṭhôpaniṣad.)
⋙ kaṭhaśākhā
○śākhā f. the Kaṭha branch of the Yajur-veda
⋙ kaṭhaśāṭha
○śāṭha m. Kaṭha and Śāṭha Kāś., g. śaunakâdi Pāṇ. 4-3, 106
⋙ kaṭhaśāṭhin
○"ṣśāṭhin inas m. pl. the schools of Kaṭha and Śāṭha ib
⋙ kaṭhaśruti
○śruti f. N. of an Upanishad (cf. kaṭhôpaniṣad.)
⋙ kaṭhaśrotriya
○śrotriya m. a Brāhman who has studied the Kaṭha branch W
⋙ kaṭhādhyāpaka
kaṭhâdhyāpaka m. a teacher of the above branch
⋙ kaṭhopaniṣad
kaṭhôpaniṣad f. N. of an Upanishad (generally said to belong to the Atharva-veda, but in some MSS. and books ascribed to the Black Yajur-veda, probably because the story of Naciketas occurs also in TBr. iii, 1, 8)
-bhāṣya n. N. of a commentary on the Kaṭhôpanishad
-bhāṣya-ṭīkā f. N. of a commentary on the last
-bhāṣyaṭīkā-vivaraṇa n. N. of a commentary on the last
kaṭheraṇi m. N. of a man, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
kaḍ cl. 1. P. kaḍati, to be confused or disturbed by pleasure or pain
• to be elated or intoxicated Dhātup.: cl. 6. P. kaḍati, to eat, consume Vop.: Caus. kāḍayati, to break off a part, separate, divide
• to remove the chaff or husk of grain &c
• to preserve Dhātup. xxxii, 44 (cf. kaṇḍ.)
≫ kaḍa
kaḍá mfn. dumb, mute ŚBr. xiv
• ignorant, stupid L
⋙ kaḍaṃkara
○"ṣṃ-kara m. straw, the stalks of various sorts of pulse &c. Pāṇ. 5-1, 69
⋙ kaḍaṃkarīya
○"ṣṃ-karīya mfn. to be fed with straw ib
⋙ kaḍaṃgara
○"ṣṃ-gara vḷ. for kaḍaṃ-kara above
⋙ kaḍaṃgarīya
○"ṣṃ-garīya mfn. = kaḍaṃ-karīya Ragh. v, 9
≫ kaḍaka
kaḍaka n. sea-salt (obtained by evaporation) L
≫ kaḍaṅga
kaḍaṅga m. a spirituous liquor, a kind of rum L
≫ kaḍaṅgaka
kaḍaṅgaka = niṣpāva L
kaḍacchaka m. a kind of spoon, ladle
kaḍat ind. an onomatopoetic word expressive of noise
⋙ kaḍatkāra
○kāra m. a noise Bālar
kaḍatra n. (fr. √gaḍ Uṇ. iii, 106?) = kalatra Comm. on Uṇ
• a kind of vessel L. [Page 245, Column 1]
kaḍandikā f. science L. (cf. kalandikā, kalindikā.)
kaḍamba m. (Uṇ. iv, 82) an end or point Comm. on Uṇ
• the stalk of a pot-herb L
• Convolvulus Repens Car
• (ī), f. id. L
kaḍavaka n. a section of a great poem written in an Apabhraṃśa dialect Sāh. 562
kaḍāra mfn. (fr. √gad Uṇ. iii, 135 ?), tawny Śiś. v, 3
• m. tawny (the colour) L
• a servant, slave L
⋙ kaḍārādi
kaḍārâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 2-2, 38
kaḍitula m. a sword, scymitar
• a sacrificial knife L
kaḍulī f. a kind of drum
kaḍera m. N. of a people Pat. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 195
kaḍḍ cl. 1. P. kaḍḍati, to be hard or rough
• to be harsh or severe Dhātup. ix, 65
kaṇ cl. 1. P. kaṇati, cakāṇa, kaṇiṣyati, akaṇīt, or akāṇīt, kaṇitā, to become small
• to sound, cry Dhātup. xiii, 6
• to go, approach Dhātup. xix, 32: cl. 10. P. kāṇayati, to wink, close the eye with the lids or lashes Dhātup. xxx, 41: Caus. kāṇayati (aor. acīkaṇat and acakāṇat Pat. on Pāṇ. 7-4, 3), to sigh, sound
• [√.can and √kvan.]
≫ kaṇa
káṇa m. (Nir. vi, 30
• related to kanā, kaniṣṭha, kanīyas, kanyā, in all of which smallness is implied BRD.), a grain, grain of corn, single seed AV. x, 9, 26
• xi, 3, 5 KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• a grain or particle (of dust) Ragh. i, 85 Vikr
• flake (of snow) Amar
• a drop (of water) Śak. 60 a Megh. BhP. &c
• a spark (of fire) Pañcat
• the spark or facet of a gem
• any minute particle, atom Prab. Śāntiś
• (ā), f. a minute particle, atom, drop
• long pepper Suśr
• cummin seed L
• a kind of fly (= kumbhīra-makṣikā) L
• (ī), f. = kaṇikā below L
• (am), n. a grain, single seed Kathās. (cf. kaniṣṭha.)
⋙ kaṇaguggulu
○guggulu m. a species of bdellium L
⋙ kaṇaja
○ja m. a particular measure Hcat
⋙ kaṇajīra
○jīra m. a white kind of cummin seed L
⋙ kaṇajīraka
○jīraka n. id. L
⋙ kaṇadhūma
○dhūma m. a kind of penance MatsyaP
⋙ kaṇapa
○pa (kaṇān, lohagulikāḥ pibatī), m. a kind of weapon MBh. Daś. &c
⋙ kaṇapāyin
○pāyin m. id. MBh. viii, 744
⋙ kaṇapriya
○priya m. 'fond of seeds', a sparrow L
⋙ kaṇabha
○bha m. 'shining like a grain' (kaṇa iva bhāti), a kind of fly with a sting Suśr
⋙ kaṇabhaka
○"ṣbhaka m. id. ib
⋙ kaṇabhakṣa
○bhakṣa m. = kaṇâda below
⋙ kaṇabhakṣaka
○bhakṣaka m. a kind of sparrow L
⋙ kaṇabhuj
○bhuj m. = kaṇâda below
⋙ kaṇalābha
○lābha m. a whirlpool L
⋙ kaṇaśas
○śas ind. in small parts, in minute particles Kum. Bālar. &c
⋙ kaṇāda
kaṇâda m. 'atom-eater', N. given to the author of the Vaiśeshika branch of the Nyāya philosophy (as teaching that the world was formed by an aggregation of atoms
• he is also called Kāśyapa, and considered as a Devarshi
• also ulūka) Prab. Sarvad. &c
• a goldsmith (= kalāda) L
-rahasya-saṃgraha m. N. of wk
⋙ kaṇānna
kaṇânna mfn. one whose food consists of grains (of rice)
-tā f. the state of the above Mn. xi, 167
⋙ kaṇāhvā
kaṇâhvā f. a kind of white cummin seed L
≫ kaṇika
kaṇika m. a grain, ear of corn
• a drop, small particle VarBṛS
• the meal of parched wheat, the heart of wheat L
• an enemy L
• a purificatory ceremony (= nīrājana q.v.) L
• N. of a minister of king Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh. i
• (ā), f. an ear of corn Comm. on BhP
• a drop, atom, small particle Prab. Megh. &c
• a small spot Kād
• the meal of parched wheat
• Premna Spinosa or Longifolia L
• a kind of corn Pañcad
≫ kaṇita
kaṇita n. crying out with pain L
≫ kaṇiśa
kaṇiśa m. an ear or spike of corn Kād
⋙ kaṇiśakiṃsāru
○kiṃsāru m. the beard of corn L
≫ kaṇīka
kaṇīka mfn. small, diminutive L
• (ā), f. a grain, single seed MBh. xii
≫ kaṇīci
kaṇīci is, ī f. (Uṇ. iv, 70) a sound
• a creeper in flower
• Abrus Precatorius
• a cart L. (cf. kanīci.)
≫ kaṇīyas
kaṇīyas mfn. very small, young, younger L
• = kanīyas, q.v
≫ kaṇūkaya
kaṇūkaya Nom. P. (pres. p. f. kaṇūkayántī) to desire to utter words (of blame or censure) RV. x, 132, 7
kaṇāṭīna m. a wagtail L
≫ kaṇāṭīra
⋙ kaṇāṭīraka
kaṇāṭīraka m. id. ib
kaṇâda under káṇa [Page 245, Column 2]
kaṇe ind., considered as a gati in the sense of 'satisfying a desire' Pāṇ. 1-4, 66, (e.g. kaṇe-hatya payaḥ pibati, he drinks milk till he is satiated Kāś.)
kaṇera m. Pterospermum Acerifolium L
• (ā), f. a she-elephant L
• a courtezan L
≫ kaṇeru
kaṇeru us m. = kaṇera
• cf. kareṇu
kaṇṭ cl. 1. P. kaṇṭati, to go, move Nir. (cf. kaṭ.)
kaṇṭa m. (thought by some to be for original karnta, fr. √2. kṛt) a thorn BhP. ix, 3, 7 (cf. tri-kaṇṭa, bahu-kaṇṭa, &c.)
• the boundary of a village L
• [Gk. ? ? ??]
⋙ kaṇṭakāra
○kāra m. [245, 2] a particular plant L
• (ī), f. Solanum Jacquini Suśr
• Bombax Heptaphyllum L
• Flacourtia Sapida L
⋙ kaṇṭakāraka
○kāraka m. a kind of Solanum L
• (ikā), f. Solanum Jacquini Suśr
⋙ kaṇṭakārītraya
○kārī-traya n. the aggregate of three sorts of Solanum L
⋙ kaṇṭakāla
○kāla m. Artocarpus Integrifolia L
⋙ kaṇṭakuraṇṭa
○kuraṇṭa m. Barleria Cristata L
⋙ kaṇṭatanu
○tanu f. a sort of Solanum L
⋙ kaṇṭadalā
○dalā f. Pandanus Odoratissimus L
⋙ kaṇṭapattra
○pattra m. Flacourtia Sapida L
-phalā f. a particular plant L
⋙ kaṇṭapattrikā
○pattrikā f. Solanum Melongena L
⋙ kaṇṭapāda
○pāda m. Flacourtia Sapida L
⋙ kaṇṭapuṅkhikā
○puṅkhikā f. Solanum Jacquini L
⋙ kaṇṭaphala
○phala m. N. of several plants (Asteracantha Longifolia
• bread-fruit tree
• Datura Fastuosa
• Guilandina Bonduc
• Ricinus Communis) L
• (ā), f. a sort of Cucurbita L
⋙ kaṇṭavallī
○vallī f. Acacia Concinna L
⋙ kaṇṭavṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. Guilandina Bonduc L
⋙ kaṇṭāphala
kaṇṭā-phala m. Asteracantha Longifolia L
⋙ kaṇṭārtagalā
kaṇṭârtagalā f. Barleria Caerulea L
⋙ kaṇṭālu
kaṇṭâlu m. Solanum Jacquini L
• another species of Solanum L
• a bamboo L
⋙ kaṇṭāhvaya
kaṇṭâhvaya n. the tuberous √of the lotus L
≫ kaṇṭaka
káṇṭaka m. (n. L.) a thorn ŚBr. v MBh. Yājñ. &c
• anything pointed, the point of a pin or needle, a prickle, sting R
• a fish-bone R. iii, 76, 10 Mn. viii, 95
• a finger-nail (cf. karaka○) Naish. i, 94
• the erection of the hair of the body in thrilling emotions (cf. kaṇṭakita)
• unevenness or roughness (as on the surface of the tongue) Car
• any troublesome seditious person (who is, as it were, a thorn to the state and an enemy of order and good government), a paltry foe, enemy in general (cf. kṣudra-śatru) Mn. ix, 253, &c. BhP. R. &c
• a sharp stinging pain, symptom of disease Suśr
• a vexing or injurious speech MBh. i, 3559
• any annoyance or source of vexation, obstacle, impediment R. Hit
• the first, fourth, seventh, and tenth lunar mansions VarBṛS. and VarBṛ
• a term in the Nyāya philosophy implying refutation of argument, detection of error &c. L
• a bamboo L
• workshop, manufactory L
• boundary of a village L
• fault, defect L
• N. of Makara (or the marine monster, the symbol of Kāma-deva) L
• of the horse of Śākya-muni Lalit. (wrong reading for kaṇṭhaka BRD.)
• of an Agrahāra Rājat
• of a barber Hariv. (v. l. kaṇḍuka)
• (ī), f. a species of Solanum Suśr
⋙ kaṇṭakatraya
○traya n. an aggregate of three sorts of Solanum L
⋙ kaṇṭakadalā
○dalā f. Pandanus Odoratissimus L.,
⋙ kaṇṭakadruma
○druma m. a tree with thorns, a thorn bush BhP. Mṛicch
• Bombax Heptaphyllum L
⋙ kaṇṭakaprāvṛtā
○prāvṛtā f. Aloe Perfoliata L
⋙ kaṇṭakaphala
○phala m. Artocarpus Integrifolia L
• Ruellia Longifolia L
• (the term is applicable to any plant the fruit of which is invested with a hairy or thorny coat W
• cf. kaṇṭaki-phala.)
⋙ kaṇṭakabhuj
○bhuj m. 'eating thorns', a camel Hit
⋙ kaṇṭakayukta
○yukta mfn. having thorns, thorny
⋙ kaṇṭakalatā
○latā f. Capparis Zeylanica Nigh
⋙ kaṇṭakavat
○vat mfn. id
• covered with erect hair
⋙ kaṇṭakavṛntākī
○vṛntākī f. Solanum Jacquini L
⋙ kaṇṭakaśreṇī
○śreṇī f. id. ib
• a porcupine W
⋙ kaṇṭakasthalī
○sthalī f. N. of a country VarBṛS
⋙ kaṇṭakākhya
kaṇṭakâkhya m. Trapa Bispinosa
⋙ kaṇṭakāgāra
kaṇṭakâgāra n. 'dwelling among thorns', a kind of lizard L
• a porcupine W
⋙ kaṇṭakāḍhya
kaṇṭakâḍhya mfn. full of thorns, thorny VarBṛS
⋙ kaṇṭakāluka
kaṇṭakâluka m. Hedysarum Alhagi L
⋙ kaṇṭakāśana
kaṇṭakâśana m. 'whose food is thorns', a camel L
⋙ kaṇṭakāṣṭhīla
kaṇṭakâṣṭhīla m. 'having sharp bones', a kind of fish L
⋙ kaṇṭakoddharaṇa
kaṇṭakôddharaṇa n. weeding or extracting thorns &c
• removing annoyances, extirpating thieves or rogues or any national and public nuisance Mn. ix, 252 R. &c
⋙ kaṇṭakoddhāra
kaṇṭakôddhāra m. N. of wk
≫ kaṇṭaki
kaṇṭaki (in comp. for kaṇṭakin, col. 3)
⋙ kaṇṭakikṣīrin
○kṣīrin m. pl. thorn-plants and milk-plants
⋙ kaṇṭakija
○ja mfn. produced from or grown upon a thorny plant Vishṇus
• produced from a fish W
⋙ kaṇṭakiphala
○phala m. = kaṇṭaka-phala, q.v. L
⋙ kaṇṭakilatā
○latā f. a gourd L
⋙ kaṇṭakivṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. a sort of tree Suśr. [Page 245, Column 3]
≫ kaṇṭakita
kaṇṭakita mfn. thorny MBh. Kathās. &c
• covered with erect hairs, having the hair of the body erect Śak. 68 b Kum. Kād. &c
≫ kaṇṭakin
kaṇṭakin mfn. thorny, prickly ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Suśr. &c
• vexatious, annoying
• (ī), m. N. of several plants (viz. Acacia Catechu
• Vanguiera Spinosa
• Ruellia Longifolia
• Zizyphus Jujuba
• bamboo) L
• a fish L
• (inī), f. Solanum Jacquini L
• a kind of date-palm
• red amaranth L
• N. of a mother in the retinue of Skanda MBh
≫ kaṇṭakila
kaṇṭakila m. Bambusa Spinosa L
≫ kaṇṭala
kaṇṭala m. Mimosa Arabica (commonly called Vāvalā
• a tree yielding a species of Gum Arabic
• the branches are prickly, whence the name W.) L
≫ kaṇṭārikā
kaṇṭārikā f. N. of a plant L
≫ kaṇṭālikā
kaṇṭālikā f. Solanum Jacquini L
≫ kaṇṭin
kaṇṭin mfn. thorny
• (ī), m. N. of several plants (viz. Achyranthes Aspera
• Acacia Catechu
• Ruellia Longifolia
• a species of pea) L
kaṇṭh cl. 1. P. Ā. kaṇṭhati, -te: cl. 10. P. kaṇṭhayati, to mourn
• to long for, desire (cf. 2. ut-kaṇṭha) Dhātup. viii, 11
• xxxiv, 40
kaṇṭhá m. (√kaṇ Uṇ. i, 105), the throat, the neck (cf. ā-kaṇṭha-tṛpta
kaṇṭhegrah, to embrace Kathās.)
• the voice (cf. sanna-kaṇṭha) MBh. BhP. &c
• sound, especially guttural sound W
• the neck (of a pitcher or jar), the narrowest part (e.g. of the womb
• of a hole in which sacrificial fire is deposited
• of a stalk &c.) Suśr. Hcat. Kathās. &c
• immediate proximity Pañcat
• Vanguiera Spinosa L
• N. of a Maharshi R
• (ī), f. neck, throat L
• a rope or leather round the neck of a horse L
• a necklace, collar, ornament for the neck L
⋙ kaṇṭhakubja
○kubja m. a kind of fever (cf. adhara-kaṇṭha, 1. ut-kaṇṭha, &c.)
-pratīkāra m. the cure of the preceding disease
⋙ kaṇṭhakūṇikā
○kūṇikā f. the Vīnā or Indian lute L
⋙ kaṇṭhakūpa
○kūpa m. cavity of the throat
⋙ kaṇṭhaga
○ga mf(ā)n. reaching or extending to the throat Mn. ii, 62
⋙ kaṇṭhagata
○gata mfn. being at or in the throat, reaching the throat R. Pañcat. Ratnāv. &c
⋙ kaṇṭhagraha
○graha m. 'clinging to the neck, embracing, embrace Kathās. Ratnāv. Mṛicch
⋙ kaṇṭhagrahaṇa
○grahaṇa n. id. Amar
⋙ kaṇṭhaccheda
○ccheda m. cutting off the neck
⋙ kaṇṭhataṭa
○taṭa m. n. the side of the neck
⋙ kaṇṭhatalāsikā
○talāsikā f. the leather or rope passing round the neck of a horse L
⋙ kaṇṭhatas
○tas ind. from the throat
• distinctly
• singly
⋙ kaṇṭhadaghna
○daghná mfn. reaching to the neck ŚBr. xii
⋙ kaṇṭhadvayasa
○dvayasa mfn. id
⋙ kaṇṭhadhāna
○dhāna ās m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
⋙ kaṇṭhanāla
○nāla n. 'neck-stalk', the throat compared to a lotus-stalk Ragh. xv, 52
• the neck Prab. Bālar
• (ī), f. throat, neck Prasannar
⋙ kaṇṭhanīḍaka
○nīḍaka m. Falco Cheela L
• a kite W
⋙ kaṇṭhanīlaka
○nīlaka m. a torch, whisp of lighted straw &c. (= ulkā) L
⋙ kaṇṭhapaṇḍita
○paṇḍita m. N. of a poet
⋙ kaṇṭhapāśaka
○pāśaka m. a halter, a rope passing round an elephant's neck L
• an elephant's cheek L
⋙ kaṇṭhapīṭha
○pīṭha n. gullet, throat Bālar
• (ī), f. id. Prasannar
⋙ kaṇṭhapīḍā
○pīḍā f. sharp pains in the throat Bhpr
⋙ kaṇṭhaprāvṛta
○prāvṛta n. covering the throat Gaut. ii, 14
⋙ kaṇṭhabandha
○bandha m. a rope tied round an elephant's neck L
⋙ kaṇṭhabhaṅga
○bhaṅga m. 'break of the voice', stammering
⋙ kaṇṭhabhūṣaṇa
○bhūṣaṇa n. an ornament for the neck, collar, necklace Hcat
⋙ kaṇṭhabhūṣā
○bhūṣā f. id. L
⋙ kaṇṭhamaṇi
○maṇi m. a jewel worn on the throat L
• a dear or beloved object
• thyroid cartilage L. ṇBḍ. ṇachtrag 2
⋙ kaṇṭhamūla
○mūla n. the deepest part of the throat
⋙ kaṇṭhamūlīya
○"ṣmūlīya mfn. being in the deepest part of the throat Comm. on TS. xxiii, 17
⋙ kaṇṭharava
○rava m. N. of an author
⋙ kaṇṭharodha
○rodha m. stopping or lowering the voice ( sa-ka○)
⋙ kaṇṭhalagna
○lagna mfn. fastened round the throat
• clinging to, embracing
⋙ kaṇṭhalatā
○latā f. a collar, necklace
⋙ kaṇṭhavartin
○vartin mfn. being in the throat (as the vital air), about to escape Ragh. xii, 54
⋙ kaṇṭhavibhūṣaṇa
○vibhūṣaṇa n. ornament for the neck L
⋙ kaṇṭhaśālūka
○śālūka n. hard tumour in the throat Suśr
⋙ kaṇṭhaśuṇḍī
○śuṇḍī f. swelling of the tonsils ib
⋙ kaṇṭhaśoṣa
○śoṣa m. dryness of the throat, a dry throat, ŚārṅgS
⋙ kaṇṭhaśruti
○śruti f. N. of an Upanishad (belonging to the Atharva-veda)
⋙ kaṇṭhasañjana
○sañjana n. hanging on or round the throat
⋙ kaṇṭhasūtra
○sūtra n. a particular mode of embracing Ragh. xix, 32
⋙ kaṇṭhastha
○stha mfn. staying or sticking in the throat
• being in or upon the throat
• guttural
• being in the mouth ready to be repeated by rote, learnt by heart and ready to be recited W
⋙ kaṇṭhasthalī
○sthalī f. throat
⋙ kaṇṭhāgata
kaṇṭhâgata mfn. come to the throat (as the breath or soul of a dying person) W
⋙ kaṇṭhāgni
kaṇṭhâgni m. 'digesting in the throat or gizzard', a bird L
⋙ kaṇṭhābharaṇa
kaṇṭhâbharaṇa n. an ornament for the neck, necklace [Page 246, Column 1]
• a shorter N. of the work called Sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇa (cf. also kavika○)
-darpaṇa, -mārjana n. N. of two commentaries on the above work
⋙ kaṇṭhāvasakta
kaṇṭhâvasakta mfn. clinging to the neck, embracing
⋙ kaṇṭhāśleṣa
kaṇṭhâśleṣa m. the act of embracing, embrace Bhartṛ. Ratnāv
⋙ kaṇṭhekāla
kaṇṭhe-kāla m. 'black on the neck', N. of Śiva L
⋙ kaṇṭheviddha
kaṇṭhe-viddha m. N. of a man (cf. kāṇṭheviddhi.)
⋙ kaṇṭheśvaratīrtha
kaṇṭhêśvara-tīrtha m. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ kaṇṭhokta
kaṇṭhôkta mfn. spoken of or enumerated singly or one by one Comm. on TPrāt
⋙ kaṇṭhokti
kaṇṭhôkti f. speaking of or enumerating one by one ib
≫ kaṇṭhaka
kaṇṭhaka m. an ornament for the neck Kathās
• N. of the horse of Śākyamuni Lalit
• (ikā), f. a necklace of one string or row L
• ornament for the neck Kathās
≫ kaṇṭhārava
kaṇṭhā-rava = kaṇṭhī-rava below
≫ kaṇṭhin
kaṇṭhin mfn. belonging to the throat
≫ kaṇṭhīrava
kaṇṭhī-rava m. 'roaring from the throat', a lion Pañcat
• an elephant in rut L
• a pigeon L
• (ī), f. Gendarussa Vulgaris L
≫ kaṇṭhya
káṇṭhya mfn. being at or in the throat VS. xxxix, 9 Suśr. ii, 130, 13
• suitable to the throat Suśr
• belonging to the throat, pronounced from the throat, guttural (as sounds
• they are, according to the Prātiśākhyas, a, ā, h, and the Jihvāmūlīya or Visarjanīya
• according to the Comm. on Pāṇ. 1-1, 9, a, ā, k, kh, g, gh, and h
• according to Vop. also e)
• m. a guttural sound or letter PārGṛ
⋙ kaṇṭhyavarṇa
○varṇa m. a guttural sound or letter
⋙ kaṇṭhyasvara
○svara m. a guttural vowel (i.e. a and ā)
kaṇṭhalā f. a basket made of canes L. (cf. kaṇḍola.)
kaṇṭhāla as m. a boat, ship L
• a hoe, spade L
• war L
• Arum Campanulatum L
• a camel L
• a churning-vessel L
• (ā), f. a churning-vessel L
≫ kaṇṭhīla
kaṇṭhīla m. a camel L
• (as, ī), mf. a churning-vessel L
kaṇḍ cl. 1. P. Ā. kaṇḍati, -te, to be glad or wanton: cl. 10. P. kaṇḍayati, to separate (the chaff from the grain) Dhātup. (cf. kaḍ.)
≫ kaṇḍana
kaṇḍana n. the act of threshing, separating the chaff from the grain in a mortar Hcat
• that which is separated from the grain, chaff Suśr
• (ī), f. a wooden bowl or mortar (in which the cleaning or threshing of grain is performed) Mn. iii, 68
≫ kaṇḍarā
kaṇḍarā f. a sinew (of which sixteen are considered to be in the human body) Suśr. Bhpr. &c
• a principal vessel of the body, a large artery, vein &c. W
≫ kaṇḍikā
kaṇḍikā f. a short section, the shortest subdivision (in the arrangement of certain Vedic compositions)
• [cf. kāṇḍa and kāṇḍikā.]
≫ kaṇḍīkṛ
kaṇḍī-√kṛ to pound, bray Car
≫ kaṇḍīra
kaṇḍīra m. a sort of vegetable Car. (cf. gaṇḍīra.)
≫ kaṇḍu
kaṇḍu f. = kaṇḍū below Suśr
• (us), m. N. of a Ṛishi VP. BhP. &c
≫ kaṇḍuka
kaṇḍuka m. N. of a barber Hariv
≫ kaṇḍura
kaṇḍura mf(ā)n. scratching
• itching Suśr
• m. Momordica Charantia L
• a species of reed L
• (ā), f. Mucuna Pruritus L
• a species of creeper L
≫ kaṇḍula
kaṇḍula mfn. itching Car
≫ kaṇḍū
kaṇḍū ūs f. itching, the itch Suśr. Kum. &c
• scratching, Śāntiś. (cf. sa-kaṇḍūka.)
⋙ kaṇḍūkarī
○karī f. Mucuna Pruritus L
⋙ kaṇḍūghna
○ghna m. Cathartocarpus Fistula L
• white mustard L
⋙ kaṇḍūjuṣ
○juṣ mfn. feeling a desire to scratch, itching Hcar. 44, 7
⋙ kaṇḍūmakā
○makā f. a kind of insect whose bite is poisonous Suśr
⋙ kaṇḍūmat
○mat mfn. scratching, itching Suśr
⋙ kaṇḍvādi
kaṇḍv-ādi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 3-1, 27
≫ kaṇḍūti
kaṇḍūti f. scratching
• itching, the itch BhP. Sāh. &c
• (fig.) sexual desire (of women) Rājat
• N. of one of the mothers in the retinue of Skanda MBh. ix
≫ kaṇḍūna
kaṇḍūna mfn. feeling a desire to scratch, itching, desiring or longing for Sāh
≫ kaṇḍūya
kaṇḍūya Nom. P. Ā. kaṇḍūyáti, -te, to scratch, scrape, rub TS. ŚBr. Mn. &c
• to itch, Śārṅg.: Pass. kaṇḍūyate, to be scratched VarBṛS.: Desid. kaṇḍūyiyiṣati Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 3 Vop
≫ kaṇḍūyana
kaṇḍūyana n. the act of scratching, scraping, rubbing
• itching, the itch KātyŚr. Suśr. Ragh. &c
• (ī), f. a brush for scraping or rubbing KātyŚr. [Page 246, Column 2]
≫ kaṇḍūyanaka
kaṇḍūyanaka mfn. serving for scratching or tickling (as a straw) Pañcat. (Hit.)
≫ kaṇḍūyā
kaṇḍūyā f. scratching, itching Comm. on Pāṇ. Vop
≫ kaṇḍūyita
kaṇḍūyita n. id
≫ kaṇḍūyitṛ
kaṇḍūyitṛ mfn. scratching, a scratcher Ragh. xiii, 43
≫ kaṇḍūra
kaṇḍūra m. Amorphophallus Campanulatus Car
• (ā), f. Mucuna Pruritus L
≫ kaṇḍūla
kaṇḍūla mfn. having or feeling a desire to scratch, itchy Uttarar. Bālar
• (ā), f. Amorphophallus Campanulatus L
⋙ kaṇḍūlabhāva
○bhāva m. the itch, a state of eager desire for (loc.) Naish
kaṇḍarīka m. N. of a man Hariv
kaṇḍānaka m. N. of a being attendant on Śiva L
kaṇḍola m. a basket for holding grain (made of bamboo or cane) Comm. on Mn
• a safe, any place in which provisions are kept W
• a camel (cf. kaṇṭhāla) L
• (ī), f. the lute of a Caṇḍāla (cf. kaṭola, gaṇḍola) L
⋙ kaṇḍolapāda
○pāda mfn. camel-footed (?), g. hasty-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 138 (not in Kāś.)
⋙ kaṇḍolavīṇā
○vīṇā f. the lute of a Caṇḍāla, a common lute L
≫ kaṇḍolaka
kaṇḍolaka m. a basket, safe, store-room L
kaṇḍoṣa m. a scorpion, tarantula L
káṇva m. (√kaṇ Uṇ. i, 151), N. of a renowned Ṛishi (author of several hymns of the Ṛig-veda
• he is called a son of Ghora and is said to belong to the family of Aṅgiras) RV. AV. VS. KātyŚr. &c
• (ās), m. pl. the family or descendants of Kaṇva ib. (besides the celebrated Ṛishi there occur a Káṇva Nārshadá AV. iv, 19, 2 KáṇvaŚrāyasa TS. v, 4, 7, 5 KaṇvaKāśyapa MBh. Śak. &c
• the founder of a Vedic school
• several princes and founders of dynasties
• several authors)
• a peculiar class of evil spirits (against whom the hymn AV. ii, 25 is used as a charm) AV. ii, 25, 3 ; 4 ; 5
• (mfn.) deaf KātyŚr. x, 2, 35
• praising, a praiser L
• one who is to be praised T
• (am), n. sin, evil Comm. on Uṇ
⋙ kaṇvajambhana
○jámbhana mf(ī)n. consuming or destroying the evil spirits called Kaṇva AV. ii, 25, 1
⋙ kaṇvatama
○tama m. the very Kaṇva, a real Kaṇva RV. i, 48, 4 ; x, 115, 5
⋙ kaṇvabṛhat
○bṛhat n. N. of several Sāmans
⋙ kaṇvamat
○mat mfn. prepared by the Kaṇvas (as the Soma NBD.)
• united with the praisers or with the Kaṇvas (as Indra Sāy.) RV. viii, 2, 22
⋙ kaṇvarathaṃtara
○rathaṃtara n. N. of several Sāmans
⋙ kaṇvavat
○vát ind. like Kaṇva RV. viii, 6, 11 AV. ii, 32, 3
⋙ kaṇvaveda
○veda m. N. of wk
⋙ kaṇvasakhi
○sakhi ā m. having the Kaṇvas as friends, friendly disposed to them RV. x, 115, 5
⋙ kaṇvasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of wk
⋙ kaṇvahotṛ
○hotṛ mfn. one whose Hotṛi priest is a Kaṇva RV. v, 41, 4
⋙ kaṇvādi
kaṇvâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-2, 111
⋙ kaṇvāśrama
kaṇvâśrama m. N. of a Tīrtha Vishṇus
⋙ kaṇvopaniṣad
kaṇvôpaniṣad f. N. of an Upanishad
≫ kaṇvāya
kaṇvāya Nom. Ā. kaṇvāyate, to do mischief (cf. kaṇva n.) Pāṇ. 3-1, 17
≫ kaṇvīya
kaṇvīya mfn. relating to or performed by Kaṇva
⋙ kaṇvīyasaṃhitāhoma
○saṃhitā-homa m. N. of wk
kata m. Strychnos Potatorum (cf. the next) L
• N. of a Ṛishi Pāṇ
⋙ kataphala
○phala n. = the next
≫ kataka
kataka m. Strychnos Potatorum or the clearing nut plant (its seeds rubbed upon the inside of water-jars precipitate the earthy particles in the water W.) Mn. vi, 67 Suśr
• N. of a commentator on the Rāmāyaṇa
katamá as, ā, at mfn. (superlative of 2. ka
• declined as a pronom., Gram. 236), who or which of many? (e.g. katamena pathā yātās te, by which road have they gone?)
• it is often a mere strengthened substitute for ka, the superlative affix imparting emphasis
• hence it may occasionally be used for 'who or which of two?' (e.g. tayoḥ katamasmai, to which of these two?)
• it may optionally be compounded with the word to which it refers (e.g. katamaḥ kaṭhaḥ, or katama-kaṭhaḥ, which Kaṭha out of many?)
• when followed by ca and preceded yatama an indefinite expression is formed equivalent to 'any whosoever', 'any whatsoever', &c. (e.g. yatamad eva katamac ca vidyāt he may know anything whatsoever). In negative sentences katama with cana or katama with api = not even one, none at all (e.g. na katamaccanâhaḥ, not even on a single day, on no day at all) [Page 246, Column 3]
• in addition to the above uses katama is said to mean 'best', 'excessively good-looking' (cf. 3. ka) RV. &c
⋙ katamoraga
katamôraga m. N. of a man
≫ katara
katará as, ā, at mfn. (comparative of 2. ka
• declined as a pronom., Gram. 236), who or which of two? whether of two? Analogously to katama above katara may occasionally be used to express 'who or which of many?' (e.g. katarasyāṃ diśi, in which quarter?), and may optionally be compounded with the word to which it refers (e.g. kataraḥ kaṭhaḥ or katara-kaṭhaḥ)
• in negative sentences katara with cana = neither of the two (e.g. na kataraś-cana jigye), neither of the two was conquered RV. &c. ; [Zd. katāra
• Gk. ?, ? ; Goth. hvathar ; Eng. [246, 3] whether ; Lat. uter ; Old Germ. huedar ; Slav. kotoryi.]
⋙ kataratas
○tas ind. on which of the two sides? ŚBr. vi
≫ kati 1
káti (fr. 2. ka declined in pl. only, Gram. 227 a
• all the cases except the nom. voc. and acc. taking terminations, whereas the correlative iti has become fixed as an indeclinable adverb), how many? quot? several (e.g. kati devāḥ, how many gods? kati vyāpādayati kati vā tāḍayati, some he kills and some he strikes). In the sense of 'several', 'some', kati is generally followed by cid or api (e.g. katicid ahāni, for several or some days)
• it may be used as an adverb with cid in the sense of 'oftentimes', 'much', in many ways' (e.g. katicit stutaḥ, much or often praised) RV. &c. ; [Zd. caiti
• Gk. ? ; Lat. quot ; Sk. tati and [246, 3] Lat. tot.]
⋙ katikṛtvas
○kṛtvas ind. how many times? Vop. (cf. káti, kṛ́tvas ŚBr. xii, 3, 2, 7.)
⋙ katibheda
○bheda mfn. of how many divisions or kinds? Car
⋙ katividha
○vidha mfn. of how many kinds?
⋙ katiśas
○śas ind. how many at a time? Kum
⋙ katisaṃkhya
○saṃkhya mfn. how many in number? Pañcat
⋙ katihāyana
○hāyana mfn. how many years old? Bālar
≫ katika 1
katika (for 2. below), mfn. how many? Car
• bought for how much? Pat
≫ katititha
katititha mfn. with following cid or ca, the so-maniest Bālar
≫ katitha
katithá mfn. the how-maniest? Pāṇ. 5-2, 51
• with cid, the so-maniest RV. x, 61, 18 (= katipayānāṃ pūraṇaḥ Sāy.)
• to such and such a point
• [Gk. [246, 3] ? ; Lat. quotus.]
≫ katidhā
katidhā́ ind. how many times? how often? in how many places? in how many parts? RV. &c
• with cid, everywhere RV. i, 31, 2
≫ katipaya
katipayá mf(ī, ā [only BhP. ix, 18, 39])n. (m. pl. e and ās) several, some
• a certain number, so many (e.g. katipayenâhar-gaṇena, after some days
• also katipayair ahobhiḥ, katipayâhasya, &c.) ŚBr. &c
• (am), n. a little, some (at the end of Tatpurusha compounds, e.g. udaśvit-katipayam, a little Udaśvit) Pāṇ. 2-1, 65
• (ena or āt), ind. with some exertion, with difficulty, narrowly Pāṇ. 2-3, 33
≫ katipayatha
katipayatha mfn. somewhat advanced, somaniest Kāṭh. Pāṇ. 5-2, 51
katamāla m. fire L
• (incorrect for khatamāla BRD
• cf. kacamāla, karamāla.)
kati 2
kati (for 1. above), m. N. of a sage (son of Viśvā-mitra and ancestor of Kātyāyana) Hariv
≫ katika 2
katika (for 1. above), am n. N. of a town Rājat
katīmuṣa m. N. of an Agrahāra Rājat
kattā-śabda m. the rattling sound of dice Mṛicch
kat-tṛṇa &c. 2. kad
katth cl. 1. Ā. katthate, cakatthe, katthitā, &c. (Dhātup. ii, 36), to boast MBh. R. BhP
• to mention with praise, praise, celebrate MBh. iv, 1252
• xvi R
• to flatter, coax W
• to abuse, revile BhP. viii
≫ katthaka
katthaka m. N. of a man
≫ katthana
katthana mfn. boasting, praising MBh. R
• (am), n. the act of boasting MBh. R. Suśr
• (ā), f. id. Comm. on Bhaṭṭ
≫ katthita
katthita n. boasting MBh. i, 5995
≫ katthitavya
katthitavya mfn. to be boasted Car
kat-payá mfn. (fr. 2. kad and paya fr. √pyai BRD.), swelling, rising RV. v, 32, 6
• (= sukha-payas Nir. vi, 3 [Page 247, Column 1]
• and accordingly = sukha-karaṃ payo yasya Sāy.)
katr cl. 10. P. katrayati, to loosen, slacken, remove Dhātup. xxxv, 60 (cf. kart, kartr.)
katsavara m. the shoulder, shoulder-blade L
kath cl. 10. P. (ep. also Ā.) kathayati (-te), aor. acakathat (Pāṇ. 7-4, 93 Kāś.) and acīkathat (Vop.), to converse with any one (instr., sometimes with saha) MBh
• to tell, relate, narrate, report, inform, speak about, declare, explain, describe (with acc. of the thing or person spoken about) MBh. R. Śak. &c
• to announce, show, exhibit, bespeak, betoken Mn. xi, 114 Śak. 291, 4 Suśr. &c
• to order, command Pañcat. 57, 22
• to suppose, state MBh. iii, 10668 Mn. vii, 157: Pass. kathyate, to be called, be regarded or considered as, pass for Pañcat. Hit. &c
• [fr. katham, 'to tell the how' ; Goth. qvith4an ; Old High Germ. quethan and quedan ; Eng. quoth and quote.]
≫ kathaka
kathaka mfn. relating, reciting, Śāntiś
• m. a narrator, relater, one who recites a story (or who publicly reads and expounds the Purāṇas &c.), one who speaks or tells, a professional story-teller MBh. Kathās. &c
• the speaker of a prologue or monologue, chief actor L
• N. of a man
• of a being in the retinue of Skanda
≫ kathana
kathana mfn. telling, talkative W
• (am), n. the act of telling, narration, relating, informing Suśr. Bhartṛ. Pañcat. &c
≫ kathanika
kathanika m. a narrator, story-teller Hcar
≫ kathanīya
kathanīya mfn. to be said or told or declared, worthy of relation or mentioning MBh. BhP. &c
• to be called or named Śrutab
≫ kathayāna
kathayāna mfn. (ep. pres. p.) relating, telling MBh. iii, 2906
≫ kathayitavya
kathayitavya mfn. to be told or mentioned
• to be communicated Śak. 233, 4
≫ kathā
kathā (for 2. col. 3), f. conversation, speech, talking together ĀśvGṛ. MBh. Mn. &c
• talk, mention
• (kā kathā [with gen. or more commonly with loc. and sometimes with prati), what should one say of? how should one speak of? e.g. eko'pi kṛcchrād varteta bhūyasāṃ tu kathâiva kā, even one person would live with difficulty, what should one say of many? i.e. how much more many? Kathās. iv, 123
kā kathā bāṇa-saṃdhāne, what mention of fitting the arrow? i.e. what necessity for fitting the arrow? Śak. 53 a)
• story, tale, fable MBh. R. Hit. &c
• a feigned story, tale (as one, of the species of poetical composition) Sāh. 567 Kāvyâd
• Story (personified) Kathās
• (in log.) discussion, disputation Sarvad
⋙ kathākośa
○kośa m. N. of wk
⋙ kathākautuka
○kautuka n. N. of wk
⋙ kathākrama
○krama m. uninterrupted progress of conversation, continuous conversation Kathās
⋙ kathācaṇa
○caṇa mfn. famous by report, far renowned Sarvad. 99, 6
⋙ kathāchala
○chala n. or ○cchala, the device or artifice or guise of fables Hit
⋙ kathājava
○java m. N. of a pupil of Bāshkali VP
⋙ kathādi
○"ṣdi (kathâdi), m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-4, 102
⋙ kathānurāga
○"ṣnurāga (kathânu○), m. taking pleasure in a story, attention to a discourse
⋙ kathānta
○"ṣnta (kathânta), m. end of a conversation
⋙ kathāntara
○"ṣntara (kathântara), n. the course of a conversation Mṛicch. Kathās
⋙ kathāpīṭha
○pīṭha n. 'pedestal of Story', N. of the first Lambaka or book of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara
⋙ kathāprabandha
○prabandha m. a continuous narrative, the connection or course of a narrative, tale, composed story, fiction
⋙ kathāprasaṅga
○prasaṅga m. occasion to speak or talk
• course of conversation Naish. Hit
• (ena or āt), ind. on the occasion of a conversation, in the course of conversation Kathās. Comm. on Kāvyâd
• (mfn.) talkative, talking much, half-witted L
• a conjurer, dealer in antidotes &c
⋙ kathāprāṇa
○prāṇa m. an actor, the speaker of a prologue or monologue, the introducer of a drama
• a professed story-teller L
⋙ kathāmātra
○mātra n. a mere story, nothing but a narrative
• (mfn.) one of whom nothing but the narrative is left, i.e. deceased, dead BhP. xii, 2, 44
-"ṣtrâvaśiṣṭa mfn. id. BhP. xii, 2, 36
-"ṣtrâvaśeṣita mfn. id. MBh. xv, 988 (cf. kathâvaśeṣa and kathā-śeṣa.)
⋙ kathāmukha
○mukha n. the introduction to a tale Pañcat
• N. of the second Lambaka or book of the Kathā-sarit-sāgara
⋙ kathāmṛtanidhi
○"ṣmṛta-nidhi (kathâmṛ○), m. N. of a work
⋙ kathāyoga
○yoga m. conversation, talk, discourse MBh. Hariv. Hit
⋙ kathārambha
○"ṣrambha (kathâra○), m. beginning of a story or tale, story-telling
-kāla m. story-beginning-time Hit. [Page 247, Column 2]
⋙ kathārāma
○"ṣrāma (kathârā○), m. garden of fable
⋙ kathārṇava
○"ṣrṇava (kathârṇa○), m. N. of wk
⋙ kathālakṣaṇa
○lakṣaṇa n. N. of wk
⋙ kathālāpa
○"ṣlāpa (kathâlā○), m. speech, conversation, discourse Kathās. Hit
⋙ kathāvatāra
○"ṣvatāra m. incarnation of Kathā or Story
⋙ kathāvalī
○"ṣvalī (kathâva○), f. a string or collection of stories Kathās
⋙ kathāvaśeṣa
○"ṣvaśeṣa (kathâva○), m. a narrative as the only remainder, (○ṃ-√gam, to enter into a state in which nothing is left but the story of one's life, i.e. to die Naish.)
• (mfn.) one of whom nothing remains but his life-story, i.e. deceased, dead
-tā f. the state of the above, (kathâvaśeṣatāṃ gataḥ, deceased, dead Prab.)
⋙ kathāvaśeṣībhū
○"ṣvaśeṣī-√bhū (kathâva○), to die Kād. (cf. the last.)
⋙ kathāvirakta
○virakta mfn. disliking conversation, reserved, taciturn
⋙ kathāśeṣa
○śeṣa mfn. = kathâvaśeṣa above Rājat
⋙ kathāsaṃgraha
○saṃgraha m. a collection of tales or fables
⋙ kathāsaritsāgara
○sarit-sāgara m. 'the ocean of rivers of stories', N. of wk. by Soma-deva
⋙ kathodaya
kathôdaya m. the beginning of or introduction to a tale BhP
⋙ kathodghāta
kathôdghāta m. the beginning of a tale Ragh. iv, 20
• (in dram.) the opening of a drama by the character that first enters overhearing and repeating the last words of the Sūtradhāra or manager (cf. udghātyaka) Sāh. 290 Daśar
⋙ kathopakathana
kathôpakathana n. conversation, talking together, conference, narration
⋙ kathopākhyāna
kathôpâkhyāna n. narration, narrative, relation, telling a story
≫ kathānaka
kathānaka n. a little tale Vet. Hcat. &c
≫ kathāpaya
kathāpaya Nom. P. kathāpayati, to tell, relate, recite
≫ kathika
kathika mfn. a narrator, relater, story-teller by profession W
≫ kathita
kathita mfn. told, related, reckoned Mn. vii, 157
• (am), n. conversation, discourse MBh. Śak
• narration, tale Ragh. xi, 10
⋙ kathitapada
○pada n. repetition, tautology W
≫ kathīkṛ
kathī-√kṛ to reduce to a mere tale
⋙ kathīkṛta
kathīkṛta mfn. reduced to a mere tale, i.e. deceased, dead (e.g. kathī-kṛtaṃ vapuḥ, a body reduced to a mere tale, a dead body Kum. iv, 13)
≫ kathya
kathya mfn. to be spoken about or told, fit to be mentioned R
• to be related Daś
kathám ind. (fr. 2. ka), how? in what manner? whence? (e.g. katham etat, how is that? katham idānīm, how now? what is now to be done? katham mārâtmake tvayi viśvāsaḥ, how can there be reliance on thee of murderous mind? katham utsṛjya tvāṃ gaccheyam, how can I go away deserting you? katham buddhvā bhaviṣyati sā, how will she be when she awakes? katham mṛtyuḥ, prabhavati vedavidām, whence is it that death has power over those that know the Veda? katham avagamyate, whence is it inferred?)
• sometimes katham merely introduces an interrogation (e.g. katham ātmānaṃ nivedayāmi kathaṃ vâtmâpahāraṃ karomi, shall I declare myself or shall I withdraw?) katham is often found in connection with the particles iva, nāma, nu, svid, which appear to generalize the interrogation (how possibly? how indeed? &c.)
• with nu it is sometimes = kimu, or kutas (e.g. katkaṃ nu, how much more! na kathaṃ nu, how much less!) katham is often connected, like kim, with the particles cana, cid, and api, which give an indefinite sense to the interrogative (e.g. kathaṃ cana, in any way, some how
• scarcely, with difficulty
na kathaṃ cana, in no way at all
kathaṃcit, some how or other, by some means or other, in any way, with some difficulty, scarcely, in a moderate degree, a little
na kathaṃcit, not at all, in no way whatever
na kathaṃcid na, in no way not, i.e. most decidedly
yathā kathaṃcit, in any way whatsoever
kathaṃcid yadi jīvati, it is with difficulty that he lives
katham api, some how or other, with some difficulty, scarcely a little
katham api na, by no means, not at all) RV. &c
• according to lexicographers katham is a particle implying amazement
• surprise
• pleasure
• abuse
≫ kathaṃ
kathaṃ (in comp. for katham
• at the beginning of an adjective compound it may also have the sense of kim)
⋙ kathaṃruru
○ruru m. N. of a Rājarshi Sāy. on RV. iv, 16, 10
⋙ kathaṃrūpa
○rūpa mfn. of what shape? R
⋙ kathaṃvīrya
○vīrya mfn. of what power? R. iii, 73, 9
⋙ kathaṃkathika
○kathika mfn. one who is always asking questions, an inquisitive person L
-tā f. questioning, inquiring, inquisitiveness L
⋙ kathaṃkarman
○karman mfn. how acting?
⋙ kathaṃkāram
○kāram ind. in what manner? how? Naish. Śiś. ii, 52
⋙ kathaṃjātīyaka
○jātīyaka mfn. of what kind? Pat
⋙ kathaṃtarām
○tarām ind. still more how or why? (used in emphatic questions) Sarvad. 105, 12. [Page 247, Column 3]
⋙ kathaṃtā
○tā f. 'the how', the what state? Yogas
⋙ kathaṃpramāṇa
○pramāṇa mfn. of what measure? R
⋙ kathaṃbhāva
○bhāva m. = -tā above Comm. on KātyŚr
⋙ kathaṃbhūta
○bhūta mfn. how being, of what kind? Caurap
≫ kathā 2
kathā́ (for 1. col. 1), ind. (Ved. for kathám Pāṇ. 5-3, 26) how? whence? why? RV. AV. viii, 1, 16 TS. &c
• (yathā́ kathā́ ca, in any way whatsoever ŚBr. iv)
• sometimes merely a particle of interrogation (e.g. kathā́ śṛṇoti.. índraḥ, does Indra hear? RV. iv, 23, 3
kathā́-kathā́, whether-or? TS. ii, 6, 1, 7)
kad 1
kad cl. 1. Ā. kadate, cakāda (R. ed. Gorresio vi, 65, 23
• but ed. Bomb. vi, 86, 24 reads cakāra), to be confused, suffer mentally
• to grieve
• to confound
• to kill or hurt
• to call
• to cry or shed tears Dhātup. xix, 10
≫ kadana
kadana n. destruction, killing, slaughter MBh. R. Pañcat. &c
⋙ kadanapura
○pura n. N. of a town L
⋙ kadanapriya
○priya mfn. loving slaughter BhP. vii, 12, 13
≫ kadamba
kadamba m. (Uṇ. iv, 82) Nauclea Cadamba (a tree with orange-coloured fragrant blossoms) MBh. Suśr. Megh. &c
• white mustard L
• Andropogon Serratus L
• turmeric L
• a particular mineral substance L
• a particular position of the hand
• (in astron.) the pole of the ecliptic Comm. on Sūryas
• an arrow (cf. kādamba) L
• N. of a dynasty
• (ī), f. N. of a plant L
• (am), n. a multitude, assemblage, collection, troop, herd Gīt. Sāh. &c
⋙ kadambada
○da m. Sinapis Dichotoma L
⋙ kadambapuṣpā
○puṣpā f. N. of a plant (the flowers of which resemble those of the Kadamba, commonly called Muṇḍerī) L
• (ī), f. N. of a plant Suśr
⋙ kadambabhramamaṇḍala
○bhrama-maṇḍala n. (in astron.) the polar circle of the ecliptic
⋙ kadambayuddha
○yuddha n. a kind of amorous play or sport, Vātsy
⋙ kadambavallarī
○vallarī f. N. of a medicinal plant L
⋙ kadambavāyu
○vāyu m. a fragrant breeze
⋙ kadambavṛtta
○vṛtta n. = -bhrama-maṇḍala above
⋙ kadambānila
kadambânila m. a fragrant breeze
• 'accompanied by fragrant breezes', the rainy season Kir. iv, 24
≫ kadambaka
kadambaka m. Nauclea Cadamba VarBṛS
• Sinapis Dichotoma L
• Curcuma Aromatica
• (ikā), f. a particular muscle in the nape of the neck (cf. kalambikā) L
• (am), n. multitude, troop, herd Śak. Kir. Śiś
≫ kadambakīkṛ
kadambakī-√kṛ to transform into flowers of the Kadambaka MBh. vii, 6276
kad 2
kád ind. (originally the neuter form of the interrogative pronoun ka), a particle of interrogation (= Lat. nonne, num) RV
• anything wrong or bad BhP. vii, 5, 28 (cf. below)
• = sukha Nigh
kad is used, like kim, with the particles cana and cid, 'sometimes, now and then'
kac-cana with the negation na, 'in no way or manner' RV
kac-cid is also used, like the simple kad, as a particle of interrogation (e.g. kaccid dṛṣṭā tvayā rājan damayantī, was Damayantī seen by thee, O king?) MBh., or kaccid may be translated by 'I hope that'
• at the beginning of a compound it may mark the uselessness, badness or defectiveness of anything, as in the following examples
⋙ kadakṣara
○akṣara n. a bad letter, bad writing L
⋙ kadagni
○agni m. a little fire Vop
⋙ kadadhvan
○adhvan m. a bad road L
⋙ kadanna
○anna n. bad food or little food, Bhp. Śārṅg
• (mfn.) eating bad food VarBṛS
-tā f. the state of bad food VCāṇ
⋙ kadapatya
○apatya n. bad posterity, bad children BhP
⋙ kadartha
○artha m. a useless thing
• (mfn.) having what purpose or aim? RV. x, 22, 6
• useless, unmeaning W
⋙ kadarthana
○"ṣarthana am, ā n. f. (fr. kadarthaya below), the act of tormenting, torture, trouble Daś. Kathās
⋙ kadarthanīya
○"ṣarthanīya mfn. (fr. the next), to be tormented or troubled Naish. Hcar
⋙ kadarthaya
○"ṣarthaya Nom. (fr. kad-artha) P. kadarthayati, to consider as a useless thing, estimate lightly, despise Bhartṛ. Vcar
• to torment, torture, trouble Pañcat. Kathās. Naish. &c
⋙ kadarthita
○"ṣarthita mfn. rendered useless
• despised, disdained, rejected
⋙ kadarthīkṛ
○"ṣarthī-√kṛ to disdain, disregard, despise, overlook MBh. BhP
• to torment, torture
⋙ kadarthīkṛti
○"ṣarthī-kṛti f. contempt, disdain
• tormenting, torture Hcar
⋙ kadarya
○arya mfn. avaricious, miserly, stingy, niggardly Gaut. ChUp. Mn. iv, 210, 224 Yājñ. &c
• little, insignificant, mean W
• bad, disagreeable W
• m. a miser
-tā f. -tva n. the state or condition of the above MBh
-bhāva m. id. ib
⋙ kadaśva
○aśva m. a bad horse Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ kadākāra
○ākāra mfn. ill-formed, ugly L
⋙ kadākhya
○ākhya mfn. having a bad name T
• (am), n. Costus Speciosm L. (commonly called Kushṭha). [Page 248, Column 1]
⋙ kadācāra
○ācāra m. bad conduct
• (mfn.) of bad conduct, wicked, abandoned W
⋙ kadāhāra
○āhāra m. bad food Car
• (mfn.) taking bad food ib
⋙ kadindriya
○indriya āṇi n. pl. bad organs of sense BhP
• (mfn.) having bad organs of sense BhP. viii, 3, 28
-gaṇa m. and mfn. id. BhP. x, 60, 35
⋙ kaduṣṭra
○uṣṭra m. a bad camel Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ kaduṣṇa
○uṣṇa mfn. tepid, lukewarm Pāṇ. Suśr. &c
• harsh, sharp (as a word) Naish. ix, 38
• (am), n. slight warmth, lukewarmness W. (cf. kavôṣṇa, kôṣṇa.)
⋙ kadratha
○ratha m. a bad carriage ŚāṅkhŚr. Pāṇ
⋙ kadvat
○vat mfn. containing the word ka ŚBr. vi ŚāṅkhŚr
⋙ kadvada
○vada mfn. speaking ill or inaccurately or indistinctly Pāṇ. 6-3, 102 Vop. &c. (with neg. a○ Śiś. xiv, 1)
• contemptible, vile, base L
⋙ kadvara
○vara n. whey or buttermilk mixed with water L. (cf. kaṅkara, kaṭvara, &c.)
≫ kat
kat (in comp. for 2. kad above)
⋙ kattṛna
○tṛna n. a fragrant grass Suśr
• Pistia Stratiotes L
⋙ kattoya
○toya n. an intoxicating drink, wine or vinous spirit L
⋙ kattri
○tri mfn. pl. three inferior (persons or articles &c.) Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 101
⋙ kattryādi
○try-ādi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 4-2, 95 (cf. kāttreyaka.)
≫ kal
kal (in comp. for 2. kad)
⋙ kallola
○lola m. a wave, surge, billow Pañcat. Bhartṛ. &c
• an enemy, foe L
• joy, happiness, pleasure L
-jātaka n. N. of an astrological work
⋙ kallolita
○"ṣlolita mfn. surging, billowy, g. tārakâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 36
⋙ kallolinī
○lolinī f. a surging stream, river in general Prab
ka-da 3. ka
kadaka m. an awning L. (cf. kandaka.)
kadamba under 1. kad
kadara m. a saw L
• an iron goad (for guiding an elephant) L
• a species of Mimosa (= śveta-khadira
Gk. ?) Bhpr. Comm. on [248, 1] KātyŚr
• (as, am), m. n. a corn, callosity of the feet (caused by external friction) Suśr
• (am), n. coagulated milk L. (cf. kaṅkara, kaṭura, &c.)
kadala as, ī (ā L.), mf. the plantain or banana tree, Musa Sapientum (its soft, perishable stem is a symbol of frailty) Suśr. R. Megh
• (ā), f. N. of several plants (Pistia Stratiotes, Bombax Heptaphyllum, Calosanthes Indica) L
• (ī), f. the plantain tree Bhpr
• a kind of deer (the hide of which is used as a seat) MBh. Suśr
• a flag, banner, flag carried by an elephant L
• (am), n. the banana Suśr
≫ kadalaka
kadalaka m. Musa Sapientum L
• (ikā), f. id. Śiś. v, 2
• a flag carried by an elephant Kād
≫ kadalin
kadalin ī m. a kind of antelope L
≫ kadalī
kadalī f. ( above)
⋙ kadalīkanda
○kanda m. the √of the plantain Bhpr
⋙ kadalīkṣatā
○kṣatā f. a sort of cucumber W
• a fine woman W
⋙ kadalīgarbha
○garbha m. the pith of the plantain tree MaitrUp. Kathās. &c
• (ā), f. N. of a daughter of Maṅkaṇaka Kathās. xxxii, 104
⋙ kadalīsukham
○sukham ind. as easily as a plantain tree ( = kadalīvat sukham Mall.) Ragh. xii, 96
⋙ kadalīskandha
○skandha m. a particular form of illusion (Buddh.) L
kadā́ ind. (fr. 2. ka), when? at what time? (with following fut. or pres. tense Pāṇ. 3-3, 5) RV. MBh. Pañcat. &c
• at some time, one day RV. viii, 5, 22
• how? RV. vii, 29, 3
• with a following nu khalu, when about? MBh. iii
• with a following ca and preceding yadā, whenever, as often as possible (e.g. yadā́ kadā́ ca sunávāma sómam, let us press out the Soma as often as may be or at all times RV. iii, 53, 4)
• with a following caná, never at any time RV. AV. TUp. Hit. &c
• (irr. also) at some time, one day, once MBh. xiii Kathās. &c
na kadā́, never RV. vi, 21, 3 Subh
na kadā cana, never at any time RV. AV. &c
kadā cit, at some time or other, sometimes, once
na kadā cit, never
kadâpi, sometimes, now and then
na kadâpi, never ; [Zd. kadha
• Gk. ? and ? ; Lat. quando ; Lith. kadá ; [248, 1] Slav. [k˘uda].]
⋙ kadāmatta
○matta m. N. of a man, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
kadūhi m. N. of a man
kádru mfn. (etym. doubtful
• fr. √kav Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 102) tawny, brown, reddish-brown TS. KātyŚr. &c
• (us), m. tawny (the colour) W
• (us, ūs), f. a brown Soma-vessel RV. viii, 45, 26
• N. of a daughter of Daksha (wife of Kaśyapa and mother of the Nāgas) MBh. BhP. &c
• (ū́s), f. a particular divine personification (described in certain legends which relate to the bringing down of the Soma from heaven [Page 248, Column 2]
• according to the Brāhmaṇas, 'the earth personified') TS. vi ŚBr. iii, vi Kāṭh. &c
• N. of a plant (?)
⋙ kadruja
○ja m. 'Kadru's son', a serpent L
⋙ kadruputra
○putra m. id. Hariv
⋙ kadrusuta
○suta m. id. L
≫ kadruka
kadruka tri-ka○
≫ kadruṇa
kadruṇa mfn. (fr. kadru g. pāmâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 100), tawny
≫ kadrūṇa
kadrūṇa mfn. (fr. kadrū ib.), id
kadrūka n. the hump on the back of the Indian bullock Hcat. i, 399, 6 (cf. gadrūka.)
kadryañc mf(kadrī́cī)n. (fr. 2. añc and 2. ka Pāṇ. 6-3, 92), turned towards what? RV. i, 164, 17
kadvat &c. under 2. kad
kadha-priya mfn. ever pleased or friendly ṇBḍ.
• fond of praise ṣāy. RV. i, 30, 20
• (kadha = kadā ; Zd. kadha
• cf. also adhapriya.)
≫ kadhaprī
kadha-prī mfn. id. RV. i, 38, 1
ka-dhi m. the ocean (cf. kaṃ-dhi.)
kan ( in Veda), cl. 1. P. kanati, cakāna, cake, akānīt, kanitā, &c. Dhātup. xiii, 17
• (aor. 1. sg. akāniṣam, 2. sg. kāniṣas RV.), to be satisfied or pleased RV. iv, 24, 9
• to agree to, accept with satisfaction RV. iii, 28, 5
• to shine
• to go Dhātup.: Intens. P. (Subj. cākánat
• Pot. cākanyāt
• pf. 1. sg. cākana)
• Ā. (Subj. 3. pl. cākánanta and cakánanta RV. i, 169, 4), to be satisfied with, like, enjoy (with loc., gen., or instr.) RV
• to please, be liked or wished for (with gen. of the person) RV. i, 169, 4 ; v, 31, 13 ; viii, 31, 1
• to strive after, seek, desire, wish (with acc. or dat.) RV
• [cf. , kai, kam, kvan, and can: cf. also Zd. -kan
• Gk. ? ; Angl. Sax. hana ; [248, 2] Lat. canus, caneo, candeo, candela (?) ; Hib. canu, 'full moon.']
≫ kanaka
kánaka n. (Comm. on Uṇ. ii, 32) gold MBh. Suśr. Śak. &c
• m. thorn-apple Suśr
• Mesua Ferrea Bhartṛ
• several other plants (Michelia Campaka, Butea Frondosa, Bauhinea Variegata, Cassia Sophora, a kind of bdellium, a kind of sandal-wood) L
• a kind of decoction Car
• N. of particular Grahas or Ketus AV.Par
• N. of several men
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
• (ā), f. one of the seven tongues of fire L
• (mfn.) of gold, golden SaṃhUp. 44, 1
⋙ kanakakadalī
○kadalī f. a species of plantain Megh. 77
⋙ kanakakalaśa
○kalaśa m. N. of a man Kathās
⋙ kanakakāra
○kāra m. a goldsmith
⋙ kanakakuṇḍalā
○kuṇḍalā f. N. of the mother of the Yaksha Harikeśa
⋙ kanakaketakī
○ketakī f. a species of Pandanus with yellow blossoms L
⋙ kanakakṣāra
○kṣāra m. borax L
⋙ kanakakṣīrī
○kṣīrī f. Cleome Felina L
⋙ kanakagiri
○giri m. N. of the founder of a sect
• = kāñcana-giri L
⋙ kanakagairika
○"ṣgairika n. a species of ochre Suśr. (cf. kāñcana-gai○.)
⋙ kanakagaura
○gaura n. saffron Caurap
⋙ kanakacandra
○candra m. N. of a king
⋙ kanakacampaka
○campaka m. a species of Campaka Caurap
⋙ kanakaṭaṅka
○ṭaṅka m. a golden hatchet
⋙ kanakatālābha
○tālâbha mfn. bright as a golden palm tree
⋙ kanakadaṇḍa
○daṇḍa n. 'goldensticked', a royal parasol Gīt
⋙ kanakadatta
○datta m. N. of a man Vet
⋙ kanakadhvaja
○dhvaja m. N. of a son of Dhritarāshṭra MBh
⋙ kanakapattra
○pattra n. a particular ornament for the ear Caurap
⋙ kanakaparāga
○parāga m. gold-dust
⋙ kanakaparvata
○parvata m. the mountain Meru MBh. xii
⋙ kanakapala
○pala m. a Pala (a weight of gold and silver equal to sixteen Māshakas, or about 280 grains troy) L
⋙ kanakapiṅgala
○piṅgala n. N. of a Tīrtha Hariv
⋙ kanakapura
○pura n. N. of several towns
⋙ kanakapurī
○purī f. id
⋙ kanakapuṣpikā
○puṣpikā f. Premna Spinosa Nigh
⋙ kanakapuṣpī
○puṣpī f. a species of Pandanus with yellow blossoms L. -"ṣprabha mfn. bright as gold
• (ā), f. Cardiospermum Halicacabum L
• N. of a metre (consisting of four lines of 13 syllables each)
• N. of a princess Kathās
⋙ kanakaprasavā
○prasavā f. = -puṣpī above
⋙ kanakaprasūna
○prasūna m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis L
⋙ kanakaphala
○phala n. the seed of Croton Tiglium
⋙ kanakabhaṅga
○bhaṅga m. a piece of gold
⋙ kanakamañjarī
○mañjarī f. N. of a woman Kathās
⋙ kanakamaya
○maya mf(ī)n. consisting or made of gold, golden Pañcat. Ratnāv. &c
⋙ kanakamālā
○mālā f. N. of a woman Pañcad
⋙ kanakamuni
○muni m. N. of a Buddha Lalit
⋙ kanakarambhā
○rambhā f. a species of Musa L
⋙ kanakarasa
○rasa m. fluid gold, a golden stream Śak. 279, 4
• yellow orpiment L
⋙ kanakarekhā
○rekhā f. N. of a woman Kathās
⋙ kanakalatā
○latā f. N. of a plant (to which the slender figure of a woman is compared), Kuv
⋙ kanakalatikā
○latikā f. id. Kpr
⋙ kanakavatī
○vatī f. N. of a town
• of a woman Kathās
⋙ kanakavarṇa
○varṇa m. N. of a king (supposed to be a former manifestation of Śākyamuni)
⋙ kanakavarman
○varman m. N. of a merchant Kathās. [Page 248, Column 3]
⋙ kanakavarṣa
○varṣa m. N. of a king ib
⋙ kanakavāhinī
○vāhinī f. 'gold stream', N. of a river Rājat
⋙ kanakavigraha
○vigraha m. N. of a king of Viśālapurī
⋙ kanakaśaka
○śaka ās m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
⋙ kanakaśakti
○śakti m. 'the golden-speared one', N. of Kārttikeya Mṛicch
⋙ kanakasikharin
○"ṣsikharin m. 'golden-crested', N. of the mountain Meru Kād
⋙ kanakasūtra
○sūtra n. a golden cord or chain Hit
⋙ kanakasena
○sena m. N. of a king Pañcad
⋙ kanakastambha
○stambha m. a golden column or stem &c
• (ā), f. 'having a golden stem', a species of Musa L
-rucira mfn. shining with columns of gold Hit
⋙ kanakasthalī
○sthalī f. a gold mine, golden soil W
⋙ kanakākara
kanakâkara m. id. Suśr
⋙ kanakākṣa
kanakâkṣa m. 'gold-eyed', N. of a being attendant on Skanda MBh
• of a king Kathās
⋙ kanakāṅgada
kanakâṅgada n. a golden bracelet Śiś
• m. N. of a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh
• of a Gandharva Bālar
⋙ kanakācala
kanakâcala m. 'the golden mountain', N. of Meru
• a piece of gold shaped like a mountain (cf. hema-parvata)
⋙ kanakādri
kanakâdri m. the mountain Meru
-khaṇḍa n. N. of a section of the Skanda-purāṇa
⋙ kanakādhyakṣa
kanakâdhyakṣa m. the superintendent of gold, treasurer
⋙ kanakāntaka
kanakântaka m. Bauhinia Variegata L
⋙ kanakāpīḍa
kanakâpīḍa m. N. of a being attending on Skanda MBh
⋙ kanakābha
kanakâbhá mfn. similar to gold, like gold TĀr. i, 4, 1
⋙ kanakāyu
kanakâyu or m. N. of a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh. (vḷ. karakâyu)
⋙ kanakāyus
kanakâyus m. N. of a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh. (vḷ. karakâyu)
⋙ kanakāraka
kanakâraka m. Bauhinia Variegata L. (cf. kanakântaka above.)
⋙ kanakālukā
kanakâlukā f. a golden jar or vase L
⋙ kanakāvalī
kanakâvalī f. a golden chain Pañcad
⋙ kanakāhva
kanakâhva n. the blossom of Mesua Ferrea L
⋙ kanakāhvaya
kanakâhvaya m. the thorn apple L
• N. of a Buddha Lalit
⋙ kanakeśvaratīrtha
kanakêśvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
≫ kanakāvatī
kanakā-vatī f. N. of one of the mothers in the retinue of Skanda MBh
-mādhava m. N. of wk. Sāh
≫ kanala
kanala mfn. shining, bright ṭ., g. arihaṇâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
kana mfn. (substituted for alpa, 'little, small', in forming its comparative and superlative, below
• cf. kaṇa
• according to Gmn. fr. √kan, 'to shine, be bright or merry', originally meaning 'young, youthful')
⋙ kanakalodbhava
○kalôdbhava m. resin of the plant Ṣorea Robusta L
⋙ kanakhala
○khala n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh. Hariv. AgP
• (ās), m. pl., N. of mountains MBh. iii
⋙ kanadeva
○deva m. N. of a Buddhist patriarch
⋙ kanapa
○pa n. = kaṇapa, q.v. MBh. iii, 810
• N. of a man
≫ kanaya
kanaya Nom. P. kanayati, to make less or smaller, diminish Bhaṭṭ. xviii, 25
≫ kanā
kanā́ f. a girl, maid RV. x, 61, 5 ; 10 ; 11 ; 21
≫ kanānakā
kanā́nakā f. the pupil of the eye TS. v, 7, 12, 1 (cf. kanī́nakā below.)
≫ kaniṣṭha
kaniṣṭhá and mfn. the youngest, younger born (opposed to jyeṣṭha and vṛddha) RV. iv, 33, 5 AV. x, 8, 28 AitBr. KātyŚr. &c
⋙ kaniṣṭha
kániṣṭha mfn. the youngest, younger born (opposed to jyeṣṭha and vṛddha) RV. iv, 33, 5 AV. x, 8, 28 AitBr. KātyŚr. &c
• the smallest, lowest, least (opposed to bhūyiṣṭha) TS. ŚBr. &c
• m. a younger brother L
• (scil. ghaṭa) the descending bucket of a well, Kuv
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a class of deities of the fourteenth Manvantara VP
• (ā), f. (with or without aṅguli) the little finger Yājñ. i, 19 R. Suśr
• a younger wife, one married later (than another) Mn. ix, 122
• an inferior wife Vātsy. (cf. kaṇa and kanyā.)
⋙ kaniṣṭhaga
○ga m. a Jina L
⋙ kaniṣṭhatā
○tā f
⋙ kaniṣṭhatva
○tva n. the state of being younger or smaller
⋙ kaniṣṭhapada
○pada n. least √(that quantity of which the square multiplied by the given multiplicator and having the given addend added or subtrahend subtracted is capable of affording an exact square root) Colebr
⋙ kaniṣṭhaprathama
○prathama mfn. having the youngest as the first
⋙ kaniṣṭhamūla
○mūla n. id. ib
⋙ kaniṣṭhātreya
kaniṣṭhâtreya m. 'the younger Ātreya', N. of an author on medicine
≫ kaniṣṭhaka
kaniṣṭhaka mf(ikā́)n. the smallest AV. i, 17, 2
• (kaníṣṭhikā), f. the little finger (aṅguli) ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• subjection, obedience, service VCāṇ
• (am), n. a sort of grass L
≫ kanī
kanī́ f. a girl, maiden RV. (only gen. pl. kanī́nām) Pañcad. Kāvyâd
≫ kanīna
kanī́na mfn. young, youthful RV. ŚāṅkhŚr
• (ī), f. the pupil of the eye L
• the little finger L
≫ kanīnaka
kanīnaká m. a boy, youth RV. x, 40, 9
• (kanī́naka), the pupil of the eye VS. ŚBr. Suśr
• the caruncula lacrymalis W
• (ā́), f. a girl, maiden, virgin RV. iv, 32, 23
• (kanī́nakā and kanī́nikā), the pupil of the eye AV. iv, 20, 3 TS. ŚBr. &c
• the little finger L
≫ kanīnika
kanīnika n. N. of several Sāmans
≫ kanīyas
kánīyas mfn. younger, a younger brother or sister, younger son or daughter (opposed to jyāyas) RV. iv, 33, 5 AitBr. MBh. &c. [Page 249, Column 1]
• smaller, less, inferior, very small or insignificant (opposed to bhūyas and uttama) RV. AV. iii, 15, 5 ; xii, 4, 6 TS. ŚBr. &c
• (yasī), f. the younger sister of a wife L
⋙ kanīyastva
○tva n. the state of being smaller or less Hcat
⋙ kanīyasvin
○vin mfn. less, inferior TāṇḍyaBr
≫ kanīyasa
kanīyasa mfn. younger MBh. Hariv. &c
• smaller, less MBh. xiii, 2560
• (am), n. 'of less value', copper L
≫ kanya
kanya mf(ā)n. the smallest (opposed to uttama and madhyama) Hcat. i, 302, 8 ff
• (ā́), f. kanyā́ below ; [Zd. kainin ; Hib. cain, 'chaste, undefiled.']
⋙ kanyakubja
○kubja n. (ā f. L.), N. of an ancient city of great note (in the north-western provinces of India, situated on the kālī nadī, a branch of the Gaṅgā, in the modern district of Farrukhabad
• the popular spelling of the name presents, perhaps, greater variations than that of any place in India [e.g. Kanauj, Kunnoj, Kunnouj, Kinoge, Kinnoge, Kinnauj, Kanoj, Kannauj, Kunowj, Canowj Canoje, Canauj, &c.]
• in antiquity this city ranks next to Ayodhyā in Oude
• it is known in classical geography as Canogyza
• but the name applies also to its dependencies and the surrounding district
• the current etymology [kanyā, 'a girl', shortened to kanya, and kubja, 'round-shouldered or crooked'] refers to a legend in R. i, 32, 11 ff., relating to the hundred daughters of Kuśanābha, the king of this city, who were all rendered crooked by Vāyu for non-compliance with his licentious desires
• the ruins of the ancient city are said to occupy a site larger than that of London) MBh. Kathās. &c
-deśa m. the country round Kanyakubja
⋙ kanyakumārī
○kumārī f. N. of Durgā TĀr
≫ kanyaka
kanyaka mfn. the smallest Hcat. i, 302, 16
• (ā), f. a girl, maiden, virgin, daughter MBh. Śak. Yājñ. &c
• the constellation Virgo in the zodiac VarBṛS
• N. of Durgā BhP. x, 2, 12
• Aloe Indica L
• (ikā), f. a girl, maiden, daughter L
⋙ kanyakāgāra
kanyakâgāra n. the women's apartments BhP
⋙ kanyakāguṇa
kanyakā-guṇa ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
⋙ kanyakāchala
kanyakā-chala n. or ○cchala, beguiling a maiden, seduction Yājñ. i, 61
⋙ kanyakājāta
kanyakā-jāta m. the son of an unmarried woman Yājñ. ii, 129
⋙ kanyakāpati
kanyakāpati m. a daughter's husband, son-in-law L
≫ kanyanā
kanyánā f. a maiden, girl RV. viii, 35, 5
≫ kanyalā
kanyálā f. id. AV. v, 5, 3 ; xiv, 2, 52
≫ kanyasa
kanyasa mf(ā and ī)n. younger MBh. R
• smaller, the smallest Hcat
• (ā), f. the little finger L
≫ kanyā
kanyā́ f. (√kan Uṇ. iv, 111), a girl, virgin, daughter RV. AV. &c. MBh. &c. (kanyāṃ or pra-√dā or pra-√yam or upa-√pad, Caus. to give one's daughter in marriage Mn. viii, ix
kanyāṃ prati-√grah or √hṛ or √vah, to receive a girl in marriage, marry Mn. ix)
• the sign of the zodiac Virgo VarBṛ. and BṛS. &c
• the female of any animal Mṛicch
• N. of Durgā MBh. iii, 8115
• N. of a tuberous plant growing in Kaśmīra Suśr
• Aloe Perfoliata L
• several other plants L
• N. of a metre (of four lines, each of them containing four long syllables)
⋙ kanyākāla
○kāla m. the time of maidenhood T
⋙ kanyākubja
○kubja am, ā n. f. = kanya-kubja above L
⋙ kanyākumārī
○kumārī f. = kanya-ku○
⋙ kanyākūpa
○kūpa m. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
⋙ kanyāgata
○gata mfn. inherent in or pertaining to a virgin
• the position of a planet in the sign Virgo
⋙ kanyāgarbha
○garbha m. the offspring of an unmarried woman MBh. xii, 49
⋙ kanyāgrahaṇa
○grahaṇa n. taking a girl in marriage
⋙ kanyāja
○ja m. the son of an unmarried woman L
⋙ kanyājāta
○jāta m. id. ib
⋙ kanyāṭa
○"ṣṭa (kanyâṭa), mfn. following after young girls L
• m. the women's apartments L
⋙ kanyātīrtha
○tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
⋙ kanyātva
○tva n. virginity, maidenhood MBh
⋙ kanyādātṛ
○dātṛ m. (a father) who gives a girl in marriage Mn. ix, 73
⋙ kanyādāna
○dāna n. giving a girl in marriage Mn. iii, 35
• (kanyâdāna, receiving a girl in marriage W.)
⋙ kanyādūṣaka
○dūṣaka m. the violator of a virgin Mn. iii, 164
• the calumniator of a girl W
⋙ kanyādūṣaṇa
○dūṣaṇa n. defilement of a virgin
• calumniating a maiden
⋙ kanyādūṣayitṛ
○dūṣayitṛ m. the defiler of a maiden MārkP
⋙ kanyādūṣin
○dūṣin m. id. Yājñ. i, 223
⋙ kanyādoṣa
○doṣa m. a blemish in a virgin (as disease, bad repute &c.)
⋙ kanyādhana
○dhana n. a girl's property, portion, dowry R
• (if a girl dies unmarried her property falls to her brother's share T.)
⋙ kanyāpati
○pati m. a daughter's husband, son-in-law L
⋙ kanyāpāla
○pāla m. the protector or father of a girl L
• a dealer in slave girls W
• a dealer in spirituous liquors (for kalyā-pāla) L
⋙ kanyāputra
○putra m. the offspring of an unmarried woman L
⋙ kanyāpura
○pura n. the women's apartments BhP. Daś. &c. [Page 249, Column 2]
⋙ kanyāpradāna
○pradāna n. giving a daughter in marriage Mn. iii, 29 ff
⋙ kanyābhartṛ
○bhartṛ m. ( = kanyābhiḥ prârthanīyo bhartā T.), N. of Kārttikeya MBh. iii
• a daughter's husband, son-in-law L
⋙ kanyābhāva
○bhāva m. virginity, maidenhood MBh
⋙ kanyābhaikṣa
○bhaikṣa n. begging for a girl MBh
⋙ kanyāmaya
○maya mfn. consisting of a girl (as property &c.), being a girl or daughter Ragh. vi, 11 ; xvi, 86
⋙ kanyāratna
○ratna n. 'girl-jewel', an excellent maiden, a lovely girl
⋙ kanyārāma
○"ṣrāma (kanyârāma), m. N. of a Buddha
⋙ kanyārāśi
○rāśi m. the sign Virgo
⋙ kanyārthika
○"ṣrthika (kanyârthika), mfn. wanting or desiring a girl
⋙ kanyārthin
○"ṣrthin (kanyârthin), mfn. id. MBh
⋙ kanyāvat
○vat mfn. possessing a daughter
• (ān), m. the father of a girl Gaut. iv, 8
⋙ kanyāvedin
○vedin m. a son-in-law Yājñ. i, 261
⋙ kanyāvratasthā
○vrata-sthā f. a woman in her monthly state Kathās. xxvi, 55
⋙ kanyāśulka
○śulka n. = -dhana above
⋙ kanyāśrama
○"ṣśrama (kanyâśrama), m. N. of a hermitage MBh
⋙ kanyāsaṃvedya
○saṃvedya n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh. iii
⋙ kanyāsamudbhava
○samudbhava mfn. born from an unmarried woman Mn. ix, 172
⋙ kanyāsaṃpradāna
○saṃpradāna n. the giving away a maiden in marriage
⋙ kanyāsvayaṃvara
○svayaṃvara m. the voluntary choice of a husband by a maiden
⋙ kanyāharaṇa
○haraṇa n. carrying a girl off forcibly, rape W
⋙ kanyāhrada
○hrada m. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
≫ kanyikā
kanyikā under kanyaka
kanaka under √kan
kanáknaka mfn. an epithet given to a kind of poison Bṛḍ. AV. x, 4, 22
kana-khala kana-deva, kana
kanaṭī f. red arsenic (= kunaṭī)
kanavaka m. N. of a son of Śūra Hariv
kanā́ p. 248, col. 3
kanāṭha m. N. of a man
kanikradá mfn. (√krand, Intens.), neighing VS. xiii, 48
kaniṣka m. N. of a celebrated king of Northern India (whose reign began in the first century of our era and who, next to Aśoka, was the greatest supporter of Buddhism
• his empire seems to have comprised Afghānistān, the Panjāb, Yarkand, Kashmīr, Ladak, Agra, Rājputāna, Gujarāt, and Sindh) Rājat
⋙ kaniṣkapura
○pura n. N. of a town founded by him
kaniṣṭha &c. p. 248, col. 3
kanīci f. (cf. kaṇīci) a cart L
• a creeping plant with blossoms L
• Abrus Precatorius L
kanerā f. (cf. kaṇerā) a female elephant W
• a harlot W
kanta mfn. (fr. 1. kam ind.), happy Pāṇ. 5-2, 138
≫ kanti
kanti mfn. id. ib
≫ kantu
kantu mfn. id. ib
• (us), m. (fr. √kam Uṇ. i, 28 ; 73), love, the god of love
• the mind, heart Comm. on Uṇ
• a granary L
≫ kantva
kantvá n. happiness, prosperity MaitrS. i, 10, 10
kanthaka m. N. of a man, g. gargâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 105
• (ā), f. a species of Opuntia L
≫ kantharī
kantharī f. a species of Opuntia L
≫ kanthārikā
⋙ kanthārī
kanthārī f. id
kanthā f. a rag, patched garment (especially one worn by certain ascetics) Bhartṛ. Pañcat
• [Gk. [249, 2] ? ; Lat. centon ; O. H. G. hadara ; Germ. hader]
• a wall L
• a species of tree L
• a town L
• (a Tatpurusha compound ending in kanthā is neuter if it imply a town of the Uśīnaras Pāṇ. 2-4, 20.)
⋙ kanthādhāraṇa
○dhāraṇa n. wearing a patched garment (as practised by certain Yogins)
⋙ kanthādhārin
○dhārin m. 'rag-wearer', a Yogin, religious mendicant Bhartṛ
⋙ kantheśvaratīrtha
kanthêśvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha, ŚivP
kand cl. 1. P. kandati, cakanda, to cry, utter lamentations: Ā. kandate, to be confounded, confound Dhātup. iii, 33 (cf. 1 . kad, krand.)
kaṃ-da p. 252, col. 1
kanda as, am m. n. (√kan Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 98), a bulbous or tuberous √, a bulb MBh. BhP. Suśr. &c
• the bulbous √of Amorphophallus Campanulatus L
• garlic L
• a lump, swelling, knot Suśr. i, 258, 9 [Page 249, Column 3]
• [Gk. ?, ? ; O. H. G. [249, 3] hnūtr, hnūta]
• an affection of the female organ (considered as a fleshy excrescence, but apparently prolapsus uteri W.)
• N. of a metre (of four lines of thirteen syllables each)
• (in mus.) a kind of time
• (ī), f. māṃsa-k○
⋙ kandaguḍūcī
○guḍūcī f. a species of Cocculus L
⋙ kandaja
○ja mfn. growing or coming from bulbs Suśr
⋙ kandada
○da mfn. giving or forming bulbs MBh. xii, 10403 (v. l. kakuda ed. Bomb.)
⋙ kandaphalā
○phalā f. N. of a cucurbitaceous plant L
⋙ kandabahulā
○bahulā f. N. of a bulbous plant L
⋙ kandamūla
○mūla n. a radish L
⋙ kandamūlaka
○mūlaka n. id. L
⋙ kandarohiṇī
○rohiṇī f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kandalatā
○latā f. N. of a plant with a bulbous √L
⋙ kandavat
○vat m. a species of the Soma plant Suśr. ii, 168, 14
⋙ kandavardhana
○vardhana m. the esculent √of Amorphophallus Campanulatus
⋙ kandavallī
○vallī f. N. of a medical plant L
⋙ kandaśāka
○śāka n. a kind of vegetable Bhpr
⋙ kandaśūraṇa
○śūraṇa m. Amorphophallus Campanulatus
⋙ kandasaṃjña
○saṃjña n. prolapsus uteri (cf. kanda) L
⋙ kandasaṃbhava
○saṃbhava mfn. growing from bulbs Suśr
⋙ kandasāra
○sāra n. Indra's garden L
⋙ kandasāraka
○sāraka n. id. ib
⋙ kandāḍhya
kandâḍhya m. a kind of tuberous plant L
⋙ kandāmṛtā
kandâmṛtā f. a species of Opuntia L
⋙ kandārha
kandârha m. Amorphophallus Campanulatus L
⋙ kandālu
kandâlu m. N. of several tuberous plants L
⋙ kandāśana
kandâśana mfn. living upon bulbs Bālar. 298, 12
⋙ kandekṣu
kandêkṣu m. a sort of grass Nigh
⋙ kandottha
kandôttha n. the blue lotus L. (cf. kandoṭa.)
⋙ kandodbhavā
kandôdbhavā f. a species of Cocculus L
⋙ kandauṣadha
kandâuṣadha n. a sort of Arum L
≫ kandaṭa
kandaṭa m. the white esculent water-lily L
≫ kandin
kandin ī m. Amorphophallus Campanulatus L
≫ kandirī
kandirī f. Mimosa Pudica L
≫ kandila
kandila m. a kind of tuberous plant L
≫ kandoṭa
kandoṭa m. Nymphaea Esculenta L
• the blue lotus L
≫ kandota
kandota m. Nymphaea Esculenta L
kandara ā, am fn. (as m. L.), (√kand Comm. on Uṇ. iii, 131
kaṃ, jalena dīryate T.), 'great cliff', an artificial or natural cave, glen, defile, valley R. Pañcat. Megh. &c
• m. a hook for driving an elephant L
• (ā), f. the lute of the Caṇḍālas L
• N. of a mother in the retinue of Skanda MBh. BhP
• (am), n. ginger L
⋙ kandaravat
○vat mfn. containing caves or valleys R
⋙ kandarākara
kandarâkara m. a mountain L
⋙ kandarāntara
kandarântara n. the interior of a cave L
≫ kandarāla
kandarāla m. N. of several plants (Hibiscus Populneoides
• Ficus Infectoria
• the walnut tree) L
≫ kandarālaka
kandarālaka m. Ficus Infectoria L
kandarpa m. (etym. doubtful
• according to some fr. kaṃ-darpa, 'inflamer even of a god', 3. ka, or 'of great wantonness'), N. of Kāma (q.v.), love, lust MBh. Bhag. Suśr. &c
• (in mus.) a particular Rāga (q.v.)
• a kind of time
• membrum virile L
• N. of a man Kathās
• (ā), f. one of the divine women attending on the fifteenth Arhat (Jain.)
⋙ kandarpakūpa
○kūpa m. 'a well of love', pudendum muliebre L
⋙ kandarpaketu
○ketu m. N. of a prince Hit
⋙ kandarpakeli
○keli m. N. of wk
⋙ kandarpacūḍāmaṇi
○cūḍā-maṇi m. N. of wk
⋙ kandarpajīva
○jīva m. N. of a plant (= kāma-vṛddhi)
⋙ kandarpajvara
○jvara m. passion, desire L
⋙ kandarpadahana
○dahana n. a section of the Śiva-purāṇa
⋙ kandarpamathana
○mathana m. N. of Śiva L
⋙ kandarpamātṛ
○mātṛ f. N. of Lakshmī L
⋙ kandarpamusala
○musala m. membrum virile L
⋙ kandarpaśṛṅkhala
○śṛṅkhala m. a kind of coitus, Ratim
⋙ kandarpasiddhānta
○siddhānta m. N. of a commentator
⋙ kandarpasenā
○senā f. N. of a woman Kathās
• of a Surāṅganā
kandala as, ā, am mf. n. the cheek (or the cheek and temple) W
• girth, girdle L
• a new shoot or sprig L
• a low soft tone L
• a portent (as an eclipse, supposed to forbode evil) L
• reproach, censure L
• m. gold L
• war, battle Subh
• (ī), f. a species of deer (the hide of which is useful) L
• N. of a plant with white flowers (which appear very plentifully and all at once in the rainy season) Suśr. Ṛitus. Bālar
• lotus seed L
• a flag, banner L
• N. of wk
• (am), n. the flower of the Kandalī tree Ragh. Bhartṛ. &c
⋙ kandalānta
kandalânta m. a species of serpent L
≫ kandalaya
kandalaya Nom. P. kandalayati, to bring forth or produce in abundance or simultaneously Bālar. Prasannar
≫ kandalāyana
kandalāyana m. N. of an ancient sage Sarvad
≫ kandalita
kandalita mfn. put forth or emitted in abundance or simultaneously Bālar
≫ kandalin
kandalin mfn. covered with Kandalī flowers Bhartṛ. [Page 250, Column 1]
• (ifc.) abounding with, full of Kād
• (ī), m. a kind of deer L
≫ kandalī
kandalī f. above
⋙ kandalīkāra
○kāra m. N. of an author
⋙ kandalīkusuma
○kusuma n. the flower of Kandali L
• a mushroom L
kandu us mf. (√skand Uṇ. i, 15), a boiler, saucepan, or other cooking utensil of iron Suśr. Mālav. Comm. on KātyŚr
• an oven, or vessel serving for one W
• a kind of fragrant substance L
• (us), m. N. of a man
⋙ kandugṛha
○gṛha n. a cookery Comm. on KātyŚr
⋙ kandupakva
○pakva mfn. parched or roasted (as grain) or fried in a pan, dressed without water W
⋙ kanduśālā
○śālā f. = -gṛha L
≫ kanduka
kanduka m. a boiler, saucepan Comm. on KātyŚr
• a ball of wood or pith for playing with MBh. Bhartṛ. Ragh
• a pillow Bhartṛ. iii, 93, (n. v. l.)
• a betel-nut L
• a kind of time in music:
⋙ kandukagṛha
○gṛha n. a place for cooking Comm. on KātyŚr
⋙ kandukaprastha
○prastha n. N. of a town, g. karkyādi Pāṇ. 6-2, 87 (not in Kāś.)
⋙ kandukeśa
kandukêśa n. N. of a Liṅga
⋙ kandukeśvaraliṅga
kandukêśvara-liṅga n. id
≫ kandukāya
kandukāya Nom. Ā. kandukāyate, to be like a playing ball Bālar
≫ kandūraka
kandūraka m. a kind of fragrant substance L
kandoṭa &c. p. 249, col 3
kaṃ-dha m. (fr. kam, water, and dha fr. √dhā), a cloud L. (cf. kaṃ-da.)
≫ kaṃdhara
kaṃ-dhara as, ā mf. (fr. kam, head, and dhara fr. √dhṛ), the neck Yājñ. Kathās. Ragh. &c
• m. (kam = water) a cloud L. (cf. the last)
• Ameranthus Oleraceus L
≫ kaṃdhi
kaṃ-dhi m. (fr. kam, water, and dhi fr. √dhā), the ocean L
• (kam = head), the neck L
kanna m. N. of a Ṛishi R. (ed. Gorresio) v, 91, 7, (v. l. kaṇva)
• (am), n. fainting, falling in a fit or state of insensibility L
• sin L
• (v. l. kalla.)
kanya kanyaka, kanyā, &c. p. 249, col. 1
kanyuṣa n. the hand below the wrist
kap v. l. for krap, q.v. Dhātup. xix, 9
kapa ās m. pl., N. of a class of deities MBh
kapaṭa as, am m. n. (√kamp Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 81), fraud, deceit, cheating, circumvention MBh. Bhartṛ. Pañcat. &c
• m. N. of a Dānava MBh. i, 2534
• (ī), f. a measure equal to the capacity of the hollows of the two hands joined L
• N. of a tree Nigh
⋙ kapaṭacīḍā
○cīḍā f. N. of a tree Nigh
⋙ kapaṭatā
○tā f
⋙ kapaṭatva
○tva n. deceitfulness
⋙ kapaṭatāpasa
○tāpasa m. one who deceitfully pretends to be an ascetic Kathās
⋙ kapaṭadaitya
○daitya m. N. of a Daitya, or one who pretends to be a Daitya GaṇP
-vadha m. N. of a section of the Gaṇeśa-purāṇa
⋙ kapaṭanāṭaka
○nāṭaka m. N. of a man
⋙ kapaṭaprabandha
○prabandha m. continued series of frauds, machination, cunning contrivance, fraud, plot, trick Hit
⋙ kapaṭalekhya
○lekhya n. a forged document, false or fraudulent statement W
⋙ kapaṭavacana
○vacana n. deceitful talk
⋙ kapaṭaveśa
○veśa m. disguise
• (mfn.) assuming a false dress or appearance, masked, disguised W
⋙ kapaṭaveśin
○"ṣveśin mfn. disguised, in masquerade L
⋙ kapaṭeśvara
kapaṭêśvara n. N. of a particular shrine Kathās
• (ī), f. N. of a plant L
≫ kapaṭika
kapaṭika mfn. acting deceitfully, fraudulent, dishonest, a rogue, cheat L
≫ kapaṭin
kapaṭin mfn. id. L
• (inī), f. a kind of perfume L
kapanā f. (√kamp Nir. vi, 4), a worm, caterpillar RV. v, 54, 6
• [cf.?.]
kaparda m. a small shell or cowrie (of which eighty = one paṇa, used as a coin or as a die in gambling, Cypraea Moneta) Comm. on VS. Comm. on Pāṇ
• braided and knotted hair (esp. that of Śiva, knotted so as to resemble the cowrie shell) L
• (cf: cátuṣ-kaparda.)
⋙ kapardayakṣa
○yakṣa m. N. of a Yaksha Śatr
≫ kapardaka
kapardaka m. the cowrie shell (= kaparda) Comm. on ŚBr. Hit. &c
• braided and knotted hair L
• (ikā), f. Cypraea Moneta Comm. on VS. Pañcat
≫ kapardin
kapardín mfn. wearing braided and knotted hair (like the cowrie shell) RV. VS. (said of Rudra, Pūshan, &c.)
• shaggy RV. x, 102, 8
• (ī), m. N. of Śiva Gaut. MBh. &c
• of one of the eleven Rudras VP. [Page 250, Column 2]
• of a Yaksha Śatr
• of an author Sāy. on RV. i, 60, 1
• (inī), f. N. of a goddess BrahmaP
⋙ kapardikārikā
kapardi-kārikā ās f. pl., N. of wk
⋙ kapardibhāṣya
kapardi-bhāṣya n. N. of wk
⋙ kapardisvāmin
kapardisvāmin m. N. of an author
⋙ kapardīśaliṅga
kapardī7śa-liṅga n. N. of a Liṅga
⋙ kapardīśvaratīrtha
kapardī7śvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
kapala n. a half, part ŚāṅkhŚr. and Br
kapāṭa as, (ī L.) am m. (f.) n. a door, the leaf or panel of a door MBh. BhP. Pañcat. Mṛicch. &c
⋙ kapāṭaghna
○ghna mfn. one who breaks a door, a house-breaker, thief. Pāṇ. 3-2, 54
⋙ kapāṭatoraṇavat
○toraṇa-vat mfn. furnished with doors surmounted by ornamental arches R
⋙ kapāṭavakṣas
○vakṣas mfn. having a door-like chest, broad-chested Ragh. iii, 34
⋙ kapāṭasaṃdhi
○saṃdhi m. the junction of the leaves of a door
• a mode of multiplying (in which the multiplicand is placed in a peculiar manner under the multiplier)
⋙ kapāṭasaṃdhika
○"ṣsaṃdhika mfn. a term used for a kind of bandage Suśr
• (similarly ardha-kapāṭasaṃdhika.)
⋙ kapāṭodghāṭana
kapāṭôdghāṭana n. a door-key
≫ kapāṭaka
kapāṭaka as, ikā mf. = kapāṭa MBh. BhP
≫ kapāṭita
kapāṭita mfn. (p.p. of a Nom. kapāṭaya) locked up Rājat. viii, 321
kapā́la (as m. L.), n. (√kamp Uṇ. i, 117), a cup, jar, dish (used especially for the Puroḍāśa offering) TS. ŚBr. Suśr. &c. (cf. trikapāla, pañca-kapāla, &c.)
• the alms-bowl of a beggar Mn. vi, 44 ; viii, 93 R. &c
• a fragment of brick (on which the oblation is placed) ŚBr. vi, xii KātyŚr. Suśr. &c
• a cover, lid ĀśvGṛ. iv, 5, 8 Bhāshāp. &c
• the skull, cranium, skull-bone AV. ix, 8, 22 ; x, 2, 8 ŚBr. i Yājñ. &c
• the shell of an egg ŚBr. vi, 1, 3 Kathās. &c
• the shell of a tortoise ŚBr. vii, 5, 1, 2
• the cotyla of the leg of an animal, any flat bone AitBr. Suśr
• a kind of leprosy Suśr. i, 268, 1 ; 13
• multitude, assemblage, collection L
• m. a treaty of peace on equal terms Kām. ix, 2 (cf. kapāla-saṃdhi below)
• N. of an intermediate caste
• N. of several men
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a school
• (ī), f. a beggar's bowl Bhartṛ
• (am), n. N. of a Tantra
• [Gk., ? 'handle' ; [250, 2] Lat. capere
• Hib gabhaim ; Goth. hafyan ; Angl. Sax. haban, haefene, hafoc ; Eng. haven, hawk ; Gk. ? Lat. caput ; Goth. haubith ; Angl. Sax. [250, 2] heafud.]
⋙ kapālaketu
○ketu m. N. of a comet VarBṛS
⋙ kapālakhaḍgin
○"ṣkhaḍgin mfn. bearing a skull and a sword Hcat
⋙ kapālanālikā
○nālikā f. a sort of pin or spindle (for winding cotton, thread &c.) L
⋙ kapālapāṇitva
○pāṇi-tva n. the state of bearing a skull in the hand (as Śiva does) Kathās. ii, 14
⋙ kapālapāśin
○"ṣpāśin mfn. bearing a skull and a snare Hcat
⋙ kapālabhātī
○bhātī f. a particular sort of penance (consisting in alternate suppression and emission of the breath)
⋙ kapālabhṛt
○bhṛt m. 'bearing a skull', N. of Śiva L
⋙ kapālamālā
○mālā f. N. of a being in the retinue of Devii
⋙ kapālamālin
○"ṣmālin mfn. bearing a garland of skulls MBh. Kathās. Hcat
⋙ kapālamocana
○mocana n. N. of a Tirtha MBh. iii, 7007 Hariv. &c
⋙ kapālavajrin
○"ṣvajrin mfn. bearing a skull and a thunderbolt Hcat
⋙ kapālavat
○vat mfn. having or bearing a skull Bālar
⋙ kapālaśaktihasta
○śakti-hasta mf(ā)n. bearing a skull and spear in hand Hcat
⋙ kapālaśiras
○śiras m. (kapālaṃ śirasi yasya T.), N. of Siva R. ii, 54, 31
• (the larynx NBD.)
⋙ kapālaśūlakhaṭvāṅgin
○"ṣśūla-khaṭvāṅgin mfn. 'bearing a skull, a spear, and a club', N. of Śiva Hcat
⋙ kapālasaṃdhi
○saṃdhi m. a treaty of peace on equal terms Kām. ix, 8 (= Hit. iv, 114)
⋙ kapālasphoṭa
○sphoṭa m. 'splitting the skull, N. of a Rakshas Kathās
⋙ kapāleśvaratīrtha
kapālêśvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tirtha
≫ kapālaka
kapālaka mfn. shaped like a bowl (cf. kāpālika) Pañcat
• m. a cup, jar, bowl Hcat
• (ikā), f. a potsherd MBh. Mn. &c
• the tartar of the teeth Suśr. i, 205, 9 ; ii, 128, 13
≫ kapāli
kapāli m. N. of Śiva (cf. the next)
≫ kapālin
kapālin mfn. bearing a pot (to receive food, as a beggar) Nār
• furnished with or bearing skulls Yājñ. iii, 243 BhP. Kum
• (ī, inī), mf. a man or woman of low caste (son or daughter of a Brāhman mother and a fisherman father)
• the follower of a particular Śaiva sect (carrying skulls of men as ornament and eating and drinking from them
• cf. kāpālika) Prab. Kathās. &c
• (ī), m. N. of Śiva MBh. i Bālar. &c
• of one of the eleven Rudras MBh. ii Hariv. &c
• of a demon causing diseases Hariv. 9557
• of a teacher
• (inī), f. a form of Durgā (as the wife of Śiva-kapālin) Hariv. Kathās
• of a being attending on Devi. [Page 250, Column 3]
⋙ kapālina
kapālina mfn. relating to Kapālin VāmP
kapí m. (√kamp Uṇ. iv, 143), an ape, monkey RV. x, 86, 5 AV. Mn. Suśr. &c
• an elephant L
• Emblica Officinalis L
• a species of Karañja L
• Olibanum L
• the sun L
• N. of Vishṇu or Kṛishṇa MBh. xiii, 7045
• N. of several men
• (ayas), m. pl., N. of a school
• (i, ī), f. a female ape L
• (mfn.) brown Comm. on Uṇ. ; [Gk. ? [250, 3] ? ? ? Old Germ. affo ; Angl. Sax. apa ; Eng. ape.]
⋙ kapikacchu
○kacchu us and ūs f. Mucuna Pruritus VarBṛS
-phalôpamā f. a kind of creeping plant L
⋙ kapikacchurā
○kacchurā f. Mucuna Pruritus L
⋙ kapikanduka
○kanduka n. 'a playing-ball for monkeys', the skull, cranium L
⋙ kapiketana
○ketana m. 'having a monkey as symbol', N. of Arjuna (the third son of Pāṇḍu) MBh
⋙ kapikeśa
○keśa mfn. brown-haired L
⋙ kapikoli
○koli m. a species of Zizyphus
⋙ kapicūḍa
○cūḍa as, ā mf. Spondias Mangifera
⋙ kapicūta
○cūta m. id. L
⋙ kapija
○ja mfn. born of a monkey L
• (as), m. 'produced from the tree Kapi', the oil of Olibanum
• incense, benzoin L
⋙ kapijaṅghikā
○jaṅghikā f. a species of ant L
⋙ kapitīrtha
○tīrtha n. N. of a Tirtha, ŚivP
⋙ kapitaila
○taila n. benzoin, storax, liquid ambar Bhpr
⋙ kapitva
○tva n. the state of an ape, apishness
⋙ kapidhvaja
○dhvaja m. N. of Arjuna (cf. -ketana above) MBh
⋙ kapināmaka
○nāmaka m. storax, liquid ambar Bhpr
⋙ kapināman
○nāman m. id. L
⋙ kapināśana
○nāśana n. an intoxicating beverage L
⋙ kapināsa
○nāsa m. a kind of musical instrument
⋙ kapināsikā
○nāsikā f. id
⋙ kapinṛtta
○nṛtta f. a kind of medicinal substance L
⋙ kapipati
○pati m. 'lord of apes', N. of Hanumat Comm. on Prab
⋙ kapipippalī
○pippalī f. Scindapus Officinalis L
• another plant L
⋙ kapiprabhā
○prabhā f. Mucuna Pruritus L
⋙ kapiprabhu
○prabhu m. 'master of the monkeys', N. of Rāma L
⋙ kapipriya
○priya m. Spondias Mangifera L
• Feronia Elephantum L
⋙ kapibhakṣa
○bhakṣa m. 'food of apes', N. of a sweet substance R
⋙ kapiratha
○ratha m. N. of Rāma (cf. -prabhu above) L
• of Arjuna T
⋙ kapirasādhyā
○rasâdhyā f. Spondias Mangifera L
⋙ kapiromaphalā
○roma-phalā f. Mucuna Pruritus L
⋙ kapiromalatā
○roma-latā f. id
⋙ kapilomaphalā
○loma-phalā f. id
⋙ kapilolā
○lolā f. Piper Aurantiacum L
⋙ kapiloha
○loha n. 'monkey-coloured metal', brass L
⋙ kapivaktra
○vaktra m. 'monkey-faced', N. of Nārada (a saint and philosopher, and friend of Kṛishna) L
⋙ kapivana
○vana m. N. of a man
⋙ kapivallikā
○vallikā f. Scindapsus Officinalis L
⋙ kapivallī
○vallī f. id
⋙ kapiśāka
○śāka m. n. a cabbage L
⋙ kapiśiras
○śiras n. the upper part or coping of a wall L
⋙ kapiśīrṣa
○śīrṣa n. id. Vcar
⋙ kapiśīrṣṇī
○śīrṣṇī f. a kind of musical instrument Lāṭy
⋙ kapiṣṭhala
○ṣṭhala m. N. of a Ṛishi Pāṇ. VarBṛS. &c
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of the above, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
-saṃhitā f. N. of wk
⋙ kapiskandha
○skandha m. N. of a Dānava Hariv
• of a being in the retinue of Skanda MBh
⋙ kapisthala
○sthala n. the abode of an ape Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-3, 91
⋙ kapisvara
○svara m. N. of a man
⋙ kapīkacchu
kapī-kacchu m. = kapi-ka○ above
⋙ kapījya
kapī7jya m. 'to be revered by monkeys', Mimusops Kauki L
• N. of Sugriva T
⋙ kapīndra
kapī7ndra m. 'lord of monkeys', N. of Vishṇu MBh. xiii, 7002
• of Jāmbavat (the father-in-law of Kṛishṇa) MBh. xiii, 629
• of Sugriva RāmatUp
• of Hanumat R
⋙ kapīvat
kapī-vat m. N. of a sage Hariv
• (), f. N. of a river R
⋙ kapīśvara
kapī7śvara m. 'lord of the apes', N. of Sugrīva RāmatUp
⋙ kapīṣṭa
kapī7ṣṭa m. Feronia Elephantum L
⋙ kapyākhya
kapyākhya n. incense L
⋙ kapyāsa
kapy-āsa n. the buttocks of an ape ChUp. i, 6, 7, (as m. Comm.)
≫ kapikā
kapikā f. Vitex Negundo
≫ kapittha
kapittha m. (ttha = stha) 'on which monkeys dwell', Feronia Elephantum MBh. Suśr. &c
• a particular position of the hands and fingers
• (am), n. the fruit of Feronia Elephantum Suśr. VarBṛS. &c
⋙ kapitthatvac
○tvac f. the bark of Feronia Elephantum Bhpr
⋙ kapitthaparṇī
○parṇī f. N. of a plant L
⋙ kapitthaphala
○phala m. a species of Mango tree L
⋙ kapitthāsya
kapitthâsya m. 'having a face like a wood apple', a species of monkey L
≫ kapitthaka
kapitthaka m. Feronia Elephantum
• (am), n. the fruit of it R
≫ kapitthānī
kapitthānī f. N. of a plant (= kapitthaparṇī) L
≫ kapitthinī
kapitthinī f. a region abounding in Kapitthas, g. puṣkarâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 135
≫ kapiraka
kapiraka = kapilaka, q.v. Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 18
≫ kapila
kapilá mf(ā)n. (√kam Uṇ. i, 56
• more probably connected with kapi BRD.), monkeycoloured', brown, tawny, reddish RV. x, 27, 16 ŚBr. R. &c
• red-haired Mn. iii, 8
• m. the brown or tawny or reddish colour Suśr
• a kind of mouse
• a kind of ape Kathās
• a (brown) dog L
• incense L
• N. of an ancient sage (identified by some with Vishṇu and considered as the founder of the Sāṃkhya system of philosophy) MBh. Bhag. &c. [Page 251, Column 1]
• N. of several other men
• of a Dānava Hariv. 197 BhP
• of a Nāga MBh. iii, 8010 Hariv. &c
• of a Varsha in Kuśa-dvipa VP. ii, 4, 37
• of several mountains
• a form of fire MBh. iii, 14197
• N. of the sun MBh. iii, 154
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
• of the Brāhmans in Śālmala-dviipa VP. ii, 4, 31
• (ā), f. a brown cow Yājñ. i, 205 MBh. &c
• a fabulous cow celebrated in the Purāṇas W
• a kind of leech Suśr. i, 40, 20
• a kind of ant Suśr. ii, 296, 12
• Dalbergia Sissoo L
• Aloe Perfoliata L
• a sort of perfume L
• a kind of medicinal substance L
• a kind of brass L
• N. of a daughter of Daksha MBh
• of a Kiṃnara woman Kāraṇḍ
• of a river MBh. iii, 14233 VP
• N. of the female of the elephant Puṇḍarika (q.v.) L
⋙ kapilagītā
○gītā f. N. of wk
⋙ kapilajaṭa
○jaṭa m. N. of a Muni Kathās
⋙ kapiladeva
○deva m. N. of the author of a Smṛiti
⋙ kapiladyuti
○dyuti m. N. of the sun L
⋙ kapiladrākṣā
○drākṣā f. a vine with brown or tawny-coloured grapes L
⋙ kapiladruma
○druma m. Cytisus Cajan L
⋙ kapiladhārā
○dhārā f. N. of the Gaṅgā L
• N. of a Tīrtha L
⋙ kapiladhūsara
○dhūsara mfn. brownish grey Kathās
⋙ kapilapañcarātra
○pañcarātra n. N. of wk
⋙ kapilapura
○pura n. = -vastu below
⋙ kapilaphalā
○phalā f. = -drākṣā above
⋙ kapilabhadrā
○bhadrā f. N. of a woman
⋙ kapilabhāṣya
○bhāṣya n. N. of a commentary on Kapila's Sāṃkhya-pravacana
⋙ kapilarudra
○rudra m. N. of a poet
⋙ kapilarṣi
○"ṣrṣi (kapila-ṛṣi), m. the Ṛishi Kapila
⋙ kapilaloha
○loha m. a kind of brass Nigh
⋙ kapilavastu
○vastu n. N. of the town in which Śākyamuni or Buddha was born
⋙ kapilaśarman
○śarman m. N. of Brahman Kathās
⋙ kapilaśiṃśapā
○śiṃśapā f. a variety of Śiṃśapā with reddish flowers L
⋙ kapilasaṃhitā
○saṃhitā f. N. of an Upa-purāṇa
⋙ kapilasāṃkhyapravacana
○sāṃkhya-pravacana n. N. of wk. (= sāṃkhya-pravacana)
bhāṣya n. N. of a commentary on the above
⋙ kapilākṣā
kapilâkṣā f. a variety of Śiṃśapā (with reddish flowers,) L
• (ī), f. id
• a species of Colocynth L
⋙ kapilācārya
kapilâcārya m. the teacher Kapila
⋙ kapilāñjana
kapilâñjana m. 'using a brown collyrium', N. of Śiva L. (cf. kapiśâñjana,)
⋙ kapilātīrtha
kapilā-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha (any one bathing and performing worship there obtains a thousand brown cows) MBh. iii, 6017 f
⋙ kapilādhikā
kapilâdhikā f. a kind of ant Nigh
⋙ kapilāpati
kapilā-pati m. N. of Drupada L
⋙ kapilāvaṭa
kapilâvaṭa m. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
⋙ kapilāśrama
kapilâśrama m. N. of a hermitage VP
⋙ kapilāśva
kapilâśva m. 'having brown horses', N. of Indra L
• N. of a man MBh. BhP. &c
⋙ kapilāṣaṣṭhī
kapilāṣaṣṭhī f. the sixth day in the dark half of the month Bhādrapada
⋙ kapilāhrada
kapilā-hrada m. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
⋙ kapileśvaratīrtha
kapilêśvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ kapileśvaradeva
kapilêśvara-deva m. N. of a king
≫ kapilaka
kapilaka mf(ikā)n. reddish Suśr
• (ikā), f. N. of a woman, g. śivâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 112
≫ kapilāya
kapilāya Nom. Ā. kapilāyate, to be somewhat brown or reddish Hcar. 40, 20
≫ kapilīkṛ
kapilī-√kṛ to colour brown or reddish MBh. R. Kād
≫ kapiśa
kapiśa mf(ā)n. 'ape-coloured', brown, reddishbrown MBh. BhP. &c
• m. brown or reddish colour
• incense L
• the sun L
• N. of Śiva L
• (ā, ī), f. a spirit, sort of rum L
• (ā), f. N. of the mother of the Piśācas W
• N. of a river Ragh. iv, 38
• (am), n. a sort of rum L
⋙ kapiśabhrū
○bhrū f. N. of a woman Kathās
⋙ kapiśāñjana
kapiśâñjana m. N. of Śiva (cf. kapilâñjana.)
⋙ kapiśāputra
kapiśā-putra m. a Piśāca, an imp or goblin W
⋙ kapiśāvadāna
kapiśâvadāna n. N. of a Buddhist work
≫ kapiśaya
kapiśaya Nom. P. kapiśayati, to redden, embrown Śiś. iv, 24 Prasannar. &c
≫ kapiśita
kapiśita mfn. embrowned, made brown or duskyred Mall. on Śiś. &c
≫ kapiśīkā
kapiśīkā f. a sort of rum L
≫ kapiśīkṛ
kapiśī-√kṛ to make brown or red
≫ kapīta
kapīta m. N. of a tree L
≫ kapītaka
kapītaka n. Berberis Asiatica Bhpr
≫ kapītana
kapītana m. Spondias Mangifera
• Thespesia Populnea
• Acacia Sirisa
• Ficus Religiosa
• Areca Faufel
• AEgle Marmelos Suśr
kapiṅgala v. l. for the next L
kapíñjala m. (etym. doubtful) the francoline partridge, heathcock VS. TS. ŚBr. Suśr. &c
• Cuculus Melanoleucus (= caṭaka) L
• N. of a Vidyādhara Bālar
• of a man Kād
• of a sparrow Pañcat
• (ā), f. N. of a river VP
⋙ kapiñjalāda
kapiñjalâda m. N. of a man (cf. kāpiñjalādi)
⋙ kapiñjalārma
kapiñjalârma n. N. of an old city (cf. arma) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 90. [Page 251, Column 2]
kapúcchala n. a tuft of hair on the hind part of the head (hanging down like a tail) Gobh. ii, 9, 18
• the fore-part of a sacrificial ladle (i.e. the part with which the fluid is skimmed off) ŚBr
≫ kaputsala
kapútsala v. l. for the above
≫ kapuṣṭikā
kapuṣṭikā f. = the next L
≫ kapuṣṇikā
kapuṣṇikā f. a tuft of hair on each side of the head Gobh. ii, 9, 19
kapūya mf(ā)n. smelling badly, stinking ChUp. v, 10, 7 Nir
kápṛth t m. (fr. 4. ka and √pṝ Sāy.), 'causing or increasing pleasure', membrum virile RV. x, 86, 16 ; 17
• N. of Indra ṣāy. RV. x, 101, 12
≫ kapṛtha
kapṛthá m. N. of Indra ṣāy. RV. x, 101, 12
kapóta m. (√kav Uṇ. i, 63
• fr. 2. ka + pota?), a dove, pigeon, (esp.) the spottynecked pigeon (in the Vedas often a bird of evil omen) RV. AV. VS. MBh. &c
• a bird in general L
• a frieze, cornice
• a particular position of the hands Comm. on Śak. PSarv. &c
• the grey colour of a pigeon Suśr. ii, 280, 1
• the grey ore of antimony Suśr. ii, 84, 10
• (ī), f. the female of a pigeon Pañcat
⋙ kapotacaraṇā
○caraṇā f. a kind of perfume Bhpr
⋙ kapotapāka
○pāka m. the young of a pigeon, g. nyaṅkv-ādi Pāṇ. 7-3, 53
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a mountain-tribe Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-3, 113
• (ī), f. a princess of this tribe ib
⋙ kapotapāda
○pāda mfn. pigeon-footed, g. hasty-ādi Pāṇ. 5-4, 138 (Kāś. reads kaṭola)
⋙ kapotapāli
○pāli f. frieze, cornice VarBṛS
⋙ kapotapālikā
○pālikā f. a dove-cot, pigeon-house, aviary L
⋙ kapotapālī
○pālī f. id
⋙ kapotabāṇā
○bāṇā f. a kind of perfume L
⋙ kapotaretasa
○retasa m. N. of a man
⋙ kapotaroman
○roman m. N. of a king MBh. Hariv. &c
⋙ kapotavakra
○vakra n. a particular plant L
⋙ kapotavaṅkā
○vaṅkā f. N. of a medicinal plant (used as a remedy for the stone) Suśr
⋙ kapotavarṇa
○varṇa mfn. pigeoncoloured, lead-grey Suśr
• (ī), f. small cardamoms L
⋙ kapotavallī
○vallī f. N. of a plant Bhpr
⋙ kapotavegā
○vegā f. Ruta Graveolens L
⋙ kapotasāra
○sāra m. the grey ore of antimony L
⋙ kapotahasta
○hasta m. a particular position of the hands
⋙ kapotahastaka
○hastaka m. id
⋙ kapotāṅghri
kapotâṅghri f. a kind of perfume L
⋙ kapotāñjana
kapotâñjana n. ore of antimony L
⋙ kapotābha
kapotâbha mfn. pigeon-coloured, lead-grey Suśr
• m. a pale or dirty white colour W
⋙ kapotāri
kapotâri m. 'enemy of the pigeons', a hawk, falcon L
≫ kapotaka
kapotaká mf(ikā)n. pigeon-coloured, lead-grey Pat
• m. a small pigeon or dove MBh. VarBṛS. Pañcat. &c
• a particular position of the hands
• (ikā), f. the female of a pigeon Pañcat
• (ī), f. a kind of bird (= śyāmā) VarBṛS
• (am), n. ore of antimony Car
≫ kapotakīya
kapotakīya mf(ā)n. abounding in or relating to pigeons, g. naḍâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 91
≫ kapotin
kapotín mfn. pigeon-shaped ŚBr. xi, 7, 3, 2
• having pigeons L
kapola m. (ifc. f. ā), (√kap Uṇ. i, 67) the cheek (of men or elephants &c.) Suśr. Yājñ. Ragh. &c
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a school belonging to the white Yajur-veda
• (ī), f. the fore-part of the knee, knee-cap or pan L
⋙ kapolakavi
○kavi m. N. of a poet
⋙ kapolakāṣa
○kāṣa m. any object against which the cheeks or temples are rubbed Kir
• the elephant's temples and cheeks W
⋙ kapolatāḍana
○tāḍana n. striking the cheeks (as a token of confession of fault) MW
⋙ kapolapattra
○pattra n. a mark painted on the cheek Naish. vii, 60
⋙ kapolapāli
○pāli is, ī f. the side of a cheek Kād
⋙ kapolaphalaka
○phalaka n. (ifc. f. ā), the cheekbone Amar
⋙ kapolabhitti
○bhitti f. id. Bhartṛ. Śiś
⋙ kapolarāga
○rāga m. colour or flush in the cheek
kapphiṇa m. N. of a man (Buddh.)
≫ kapphilla
⋙ kaphina
⋙ kaphila
⋙ kamphilla
kamphilla vvḷl. for the above
káplaka mfn. = kapivad-gamanasamartha Sāy. TBr. ii, 7, 18, 4 (the text has the reading kálpaka)
kapha m. phlegm (as one of the three humors of the body, also vāyu and pitta) Suśr
• watery froth or foam in general (cf. abdhik○, megha-k○, &c.)
⋙ kaphakara
○kara mfn. producing phlegm
• occasioning cold. -kūrcikā f. saliva, spittle L. -kṣaya m. pulmonary consumption
⋙ kaphagaṇḍa
○gaṇḍa m. a particular disease of the throat, ŚārṅgS
⋙ kaphagulma
○gulma m. a disease of the belly
⋙ kaphaghna
○ghna mf(ī)n. removing phlegm, antiphlegmatic, curing colds (said of several plants) Suśr. [Page 251, Column 3]
• (ī), f. a particular plant L
⋙ kaphaja
○ja mfn. arising from or produced by phlegm Suśr
⋙ kaphajvara
○jvara m. fever arising from excess of phlegm
⋙ kaphada
○da mfn. = -kara above
⋙ kaphanāśana
○nāśana mfn. -ghna above
⋙ kaphaprāya
○prāya m. phlegmatic Suśr
⋙ kaphavardhaka
○vardhaka mfn. exciting or increasing phlegm
⋙ kaphavardhana
○vardhana mfn. id
• m. a species of Tabernaemontana
⋙ kaphavātika
○vātika mfn. (fr. kaphavāta), one in whom phlegm and wind prevail
⋙ kaphavirodhin
○virodhin mfn. obstructing the phlegm
• (ī), n. black pepper L
⋙ kaphavairin
○vairin m. id. L
⋙ kaphasaṃbhava
○saṃbhava mfn. arising from phlegm Suśr
⋙ kaphahara
○hara mfn. removing phlegm, antiphlegmatic ib
⋙ kaphahṛt
○hṛt mfn. id. ib
⋙ kaphātmaka
kaphâtmaka mfn. phlegmatic Suśr
⋙ kaphāntaka
kaphântaka or m. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaphāntika
kaphântika m. N. of a plant L
⋙ kaphāri
kaphâri m. dry ginger L
≫ kaphala
kaphala mfn. phlegmatic Suśr
≫ kaphin
kaphin mfn. id. L
• (i), m. an elephant L
• v. l. for kapphiṇa, q.v
• (inī), f. N. of a river L
≫ kaphelū
kaphelū ūs m. Cardia Latifolia Comm. on Uṇ. i, 95
kaphaṇi is mf. the elbow L
≫ kaphoṇi
kaphoṇi is mf. the elbow L
⋙ kaphoṇiguḍa
○guḍa m. a ball on the elbow (as a symbol of unsteadiness or uncertainty)
⋙ kaphoṇighāta
○ghāta m. a stroke with the elbow L
≫ kaphoṇiguḍāya
kaphoṇiguḍāya Nom. Ā. ○āyate, to be like a ball on the elbow, i.e. to be unsteady or uncertain Sarvad. 116, 12
kaphauḍa m. the elbow (? BRD.) AV.x, 2, 4
kab cl. 1. Ā. kabate, cakabe, kabitā, &c., to colour, tinge with various hues Dhātup. x, 17
• to praise Vop. (cf. kav.)
kábandha as, am m. n. (sometimes written kávandha) a big barrel or cask, a largebellied vessel (metaphorically applied to a cloud) RV. AV. ix, 4, 3 ; x, 2, 3
• (ep.) the clouds which obscure the sun at sunset and sunrise (sometimes personified) MBh
• the belly Nir
• a headless trunk (shaped like a barrel
• esp. one retaining vitality W.) R. Pañcat. Ragh. &c
• m. N. of the Rākshasa Danu (son of Śrī
• punished by Indra for insolently challenging him to combat
• his head and thighs were forced into his body by a blow from the god's thunderbolt, leaving him with long arms and a huge mouth in his belly
• it was predicted that he would not recover his original shape until his arms were cut off by Rāma and Lakshmaṇa). R. iii, 69, 27ff. Hariv. Ragh. &c
• N. of Rāhu L
• N. of certain Ketus (96 in number) VarBṛS
• N. of an Ātharvaṇa and Gandharva ŚBr. xiv (kabándha) VP. &c
• (am), n. water Sāy. & L
⋙ kabandhatā
○tā f
⋙ kabandhatva
○tva n. headlessness, decapitation Śiś
⋙ kabandhamuni
○muni ṃ., N. of a sage VāyuP
⋙ kabandhavadha
○vadha m. 'the slaying of Kabandha', N. of a chapter of the Padma-purāṇa
≫ kabandhin
kabandhín mfn. 'bearing huge vessels of water or clouds' ('endowed with water' Sāy.), N. of the Maruts RV. v, 54, 8 (i) m. N. of a Kātyāyana PraśnUp
kabara kavara
kabittha = kapittha, q.v. L
kabila = kapila, q.v. L
kabuli f. the hinder part of an animal L
kábru n. (perhaps erroneous for kambu and = kambūka NBD.) AV. xi, 3, 6
kam 1
kám ind. (Gk. ?) well (opposed to a-kam, [251, 3] ill') TS. ŚBr. &c
• a particle placed after the word to which it belongs with an affirmative sense, 'yes', 'well' (but this sense is generally so weak that Indian grammarians are perhaps right in enumerating kam among the expletives Nir
• it is often found attached to a dat. case, giving to that case a stronger meaning, and is generally placed at the end of the Pāda, e.g. ájījana óṣadhīr bhójanāya kám, thou didst create the plants for actual food RV. v, 83, 10) RV. AV. TS. v
kam is also used as an enclitic with the particles nu, su, and hi (but is treated in the Pada-pāṭha as a separate word
• in this connection kam has no accent but once AV. vi, 110, 1) RV. AV
• a particle of interrogation (like kad and kim) RV. x, 52, 3
• (sometimes, like kim and kad, at the beginning of compounds) marking the strange or unusual character of anything or expressing reproach L. [Page 252, Column 1]
• head L
• food Nir
• water Nir. Nigh
• happiness, bliss L
⋙ kaṃvat
káṃ-vat mfn. blissful ŚBr. xiii
⋙ kaṃda
kaṃ-da m. 'water giver', a cloud L
≫ kaṃya
kaṃya mfn. happy, prosperous L
≫ kaṃyu
⋙ kaṃyya
⋙ kaṃyyu
⋙ kaṃva
kaṃva mfn. id. ib
≫ kanta
⋙ kanti
⋙ kantu
kantu mfn. id. T
≫ kambha
kambha mfn. id. L
kam 2
kam cl. 1. Ā. (not used in the conjugational tenses) cakame, kamitā, kamiṣyate, acakamata Dhātup. xii, 10 to wish, desire, long for RV. v, 36, 1 ; x, 117, 2 AV. xix, 52, 3 ŚBr. Ragh. &c
• to love, be in love with, have sexual intercourse with ŚBr. xi BhP.: Caus. Ā. (ep. also P.) kāmayate, -ti, kāmayāṃ-cakre, acīkamata, &c
• to wish, desire, long for (with acc. or inf. or Pot. Pāṇ. 3-3, 157
• e.g. kāmaye bhuñjīta bhavān, I wish your worship may eat
kāmaye dātum, I wish to give Kāś.) RV. AV. TS. MBh. &c
• to love, be in love with, have sexual intercourse with RV. x, 124, 5 ; 125, 5 ŚBr. MBh. &c
• to cause any one to love Ṛitus. (in that sense, P. Vop.)
• (with bahu or aty-artham) to rate or value highly R.: Desid. cikamiṣate and cikāmayiṣate: Intens. caṃkamyate ; [Lat. comis ; also amo, with the loss of the initial, for camo ; câ-rus for cam-rus: Hib. caemh', love, desire
• fine, handsome, pleasant' ; caomhach, 'a friend, companion' ; caomhaim, 'I save, spare, protect' ; Armen. kamim.]
≫ kamaka
kamaka m. N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of this man, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
≫ kamaṭha
kamaṭha m. (Uṇ. i, 102) a tortoise BhP. Pañcat. &c
• a porcupine L
• a bamboo L
• N. of a king MBh
• of a Muni
• of a Daitya
• (as or am), m. or n. a water-jar (esp. one made of a hollow gourd or cocoa-nut, and used by ascetics) L
• (ī), f. a female tortoise, a small one Śāntiś
⋙ kamaṭhapati
○pati m. the king of tortoises
⋙ kamaṭhāsuravadha
kamaṭhâsura-vadha m. 'the slaying of the Asura Kamaṭha', N. of a section of the Gaṇeśa-purāṇa
≫ kamadyū
kama-dyū́ ūs f. (= kāmasya dīpanī Sāy.), N. of a woman RV. x, 65, 12
≫ kamana
kamana mf(ā)n. wishing for, desirous, libidinous L
• beautiful, desirable, lovely BhP
• m. N. of Kāma L
• of Brahmā L
• Jonesia Asoka L
⋙ kamanacchada
○cchada m. 'having beautiful plumage, a heron L
≫ kamanīya
kamanīya mfn. to be desired or wished for, desirable Kum. i, 37
• lovely, pleasing, beautiful Śak. 62 b Bhartṛ. &c
⋙ kamanīyatā
○tā f
⋙ kamanīyatva
○tva n. desirableness, loveliness, beauty
≫ kamara
kamara mfn. (Uṇ. iii, 132) desirous, lustful L
≫ kamala
kámala mfn. (Comm. on Uṇ. i, 106) pale-red, rose-coloured TS. vii, 3, 18, 1
• (kamála) AV. viii, 6, 9 (desirous, lustful BRD.)
• m. a species of deer L
• the Indian crane (Ardea Sibirica) L
• N. of Brahmā L
• of a pupil of Vaiśampāyana Kāś
• of an Asura GaṇP
• (in mus.) a particular Dhruvaka (q.v.)
• (as, am), m. n. a lotus, lotusflower, Nelumbium Suśr. Śak. Bhartṛ. &c
• (ā), f. N. of Lakshmi BhP. Sāh. Kathās
• wealth, prosperity Subh
• N. of Dākshyāyaṇī MatsyaP
• of one of the mothers in the retinue of Skanda MBh
• of the wife of Jayāpiḍa Rājat
• an excellent woman L
• an orange Tantras
• (ī, am), fn., N. of a metre (four times three short syllables)
• (am), n. a particular constellation VarBṛ
• water Kir. v, 25
• copper L
• the bladder L
• a medicament, drug L
• N. of a town built by Kamalā Rājat
• a particular number Buddh
⋙ kamalakīṭa
⋙ kamalakīra
○kīra m. (?), N. of two villages, g. palady-ādi Pāṇ. 4-2, 110 (Kāś.)
⋙ kamalakhaṇḍa
○khaṇḍa n. a group of lotuses Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 51
⋙ kamalagarbha
○garbha mfn. 'offspring of the lotus', N. of Brahmā Kathās
• the lotus-cup
⋙ kamalagarbhābha
○garbhâbha mfn. bright as the lotus-cup
⋙ kamalaja
○ja m. N. of Brahmā VarBṛS. Kathās. (cf. the last.)
⋙ kamaladeva
○deva m. N. of a man
• (ī), f. N. of the wife of king Lalitāditya (and mother of king Kuvalāpīḍa)
⋙ kamalanayana
○nayana m. 'lotus-eyed', N. of a king
⋙ kamalanābha
○nābha m. 'lotus-naveled', N. of Vishṇu BhP. Kād
⋙ kamalanetra
○netra mfn. lotus-eyed Dhūrtas
⋙ kamalapattra
○pattra n. leaf of the lotus-flower
⋙ kamalapattrākṣa
○pattrâkṣa mfn. having eyes like leaves of the lotus-flower R. &c
⋙ kamalabāndhava
○bāndhava m. 'the friend of the lotus', the sun Kād
⋙ kamalabālanāla
○bāla-nāla n. the stalk of a young lotus. [Page 252, Column 2]
⋙ kamalabālanālaya
○"ṣbālanālaya Nom. Ā. ○yate, to be like the stalk of a young lotus Siṃhâs
⋙ kamalabhava
○bhava m. 'sprung from the lotus', N. of Brahmā VarBṛS
⋙ kamalabhavana
○bhavana m. id
⋙ kamalabhidā
○bhidā f. N. of a village, g. paladyādi Pāṇ. 4-2, 110
⋙ kamalabhū
○bhū m. 'rising out of a lotus', N. of Brahmā Viddh
⋙ kamalamati
○mati m. N. of a man Kathās
⋙ kamalamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of lotusflowers Hcar. Kād
⋙ kamalayoni
○yoni m. 'lotus-born', N. of Brahmā VarBṛS. Hcat
⋙ kamalalocana
○locana mf(ā)n. lotuseyed
• (ā), f. N. of a woman Kathās
⋙ kamalavatī
○vatī f. = -devii above Rājat
• N. of a princess Kathās
⋙ kamalavadana
○vadana mf(ā)n. lotus-faced Śrutab
⋙ kamalavana
○vana n. a cluster of lotuses
-maya mfn. consisting of masses of lotuses, nothing but lotuses Kād
⋙ kamalavardhana
○vardhana m. N. of a king of Kampana Rājat
⋙ kamalavarman
○varman m. N. of a king Kathās
⋙ kamalaśīla
○śīla m. N. of a scholar Buddh
⋙ kamalaṣaṣṭhīvrata
○ṣaṣṭhī-vrata n. N. of a particular religious observance BhavP
⋙ kamalasaptamīvrata
○saptamī-vrata n. id. MatsyaP
⋙ kamalasaṃbhava
○saṃbhava m. N. of Brahmā
⋙ kamalākara
kamalâkara m. a mass of lotuses
• a lake or pool where lotuses abound R. Ratnāv. &c
• N. of the author of a commentary on the Mitāksharā, and of several other authors and men
tīrtha-yātrā f. N. of wk
⋙ kamalākeśava
kamalā-keśava m. N. of a shrine built by Kamalavati Rājat
⋙ kamalākṣa
kamalâkṣa mf(ī)n. lotus-eyed
• (ī), f. N. of a mother in the retinue of Skanda MBh
• (am), n. N. of a town MatsyaP
⋙ kamalāgrajā
kamalâgrajā f. 'born before Lakshmi', N. of A-lakshmī or Bad Luck
⋙ kamalāchāyā
kamalā-chāyā f. (or ○cchāyā), N. of an Apsaras VP
⋙ kamalātīrtha
kamalā-tīrtha n. N. of a Tirtha SkandaP
⋙ kamalādi
kamalâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 51
⋙ kamalānandana
kamalânandana n. 'Kamalā's joy', N. of Miśra-dinakara
⋙ kamalāpati
kamalā-pati m. N. of a man
⋙ kamalāpāta
kamalāpāta m. N. of a man
⋙ kamalābhakta
kamalābhakta m. id
⋙ kamalāyatākṣa
kamalâyatâkṣa mfn. having large lotus eyes,
⋙ kamalayudha
kamaláyudha m. N. of a poet
⋙ kamalālaya
kamalâlaya m. N. of a country MatsyaP
• (ā), f. 'abiding in a lotus', N. of Lakshmi R
⋙ kamalāsana
kamalâsana n. a lotus-flower serving as a seat RāmatUp
• a particular manner of sitting
• m. 'having a lotus as seat', N. of Brahmā MBh. BhP. Kum. &c
-stha m. id
⋙ kamalāhaṭṭa
kamalā-haṭṭa m. N. of a market-place (founded by Kamalavati) Rājat. 1
⋙ kamalāhāsa
kamalâhāsa m. the 'smiling', i.e. opening or shutting of a lotus. 2
⋙ kamalāhāsa
kamalāhāsa Nom. (fr. the above) P. ○sati, to smile like a lotus Dhūrtas
⋙ kamalekṣaṇa
kamalêkṣaṇa mf(ā)n. lotus-eyed MBh. R. &c
⋙ kamalottara
kamalôttara n. safflower (Carthamus Tinctorius) L
⋙ kamalotpalamālin
kamalôtpalamālin mfn. having garlands of Kamala and Utpala lotuses MBh. iii
⋙ kamalodaya
kamalôdaya m. N. of a man Kathās
⋙ kamalodbhava
kamalôdbhava m. N. of Brahmā Kathās
≫ kamalaka
kamalaka n. N. of a town Rājat
≫ kamalinī
kamalinī f. the lotus plant Kathās
• a number of lotus plants
• a pool or place abounding with them MBh. Ragh. &c
⋙ kamalinīkānta
○kānta m. 'the lover of the lotus', N. of the sun Kathās
⋙ kamalinībandhu
○bandhu m. id
≫ kamalīkā
kamalīkā f. a small lotus Kād
≫ kamā
kamā f. loveliness, beauty, radiance L
≫ kamitṛ
kamitṛ mfn. lustful, desirous, cupidinous Naish
• the male, husband Hcar
≫ kamra
kamra mf(ā)n. (Pāṇ. 3-2, 167) loving, being in love, desirous L
• desirable, beautiful, lovely Kāvyâd
• (ā), f. a kind of musical instrument
≫ kānta
kānta &c. s.v
≫ kāma
kāma &c. s.v
kamaṇḍalu us, u m. n. (in the Veda ūs f. according to Pāṇ. 4-1, 71) a gourd or vessel made of wood or earth used for water (by ascetics and religious students), a water-jar MBh. BhP. Yājñ. &c
• a kind of animal ĀśvŚr
• (us), m. Ficus Infectoria L
• (ūs), f. a kind of animal Pāṇ. 4-1, 72
kamantaka m. N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl., N. of his descendants, g. upakâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 69
kamandaka as, m
• (ās), m. pl. id. ib
kamandha n. water L. (cf. kabandha.)
kamala col. 1
kamujā f. a tuft or lock of hair
≫ kamuñjā
kamuñjā f. id. Parāś
kamp cl. 1. Ā. (ep. also P.) kampate (-ti), cakampe, kampiṣyate, akampiṣṭa, kampitā (Dhātup. x, 13), to tremble, shake MBh. BhP. Pañcat. &c.: Caus. P. Ā. kampayati, -te, to cause or make to tremble, shake MBh. R. &c. [Page 252, Column 3]
• to pronounce in a tremulous manner (i.e. with a thrill or shake): Desid. cikampiṣate: Intens. caṃkampyate, caṃkampti ; [Gk.? Hib. cabhôg, 'hastening.'] [252, 3]
≫ kampa
kampa m. trembling, tremor, trembling motion, shaking MBh. Suśr. &c
• earthquake (cf. bhūmi-kampa, mahī-k○, &c.)
• tremulous or thrilling pronunciation (a modification of the Svarita accent which may take place if the Svarita syllable is followed by an Udātta syllable) Nir. &c
• a kind of time (in mus.)
• N. of a man
⋙ kamparāja
○rāja m. N. of a man
⋙ kampalakṣman
○lakṣman m. air, wind L
⋙ kampāṅka
kampâṅka m. id. L
⋙ kampānvita
kampânvita mfn. affected with trembling, agitated
≫ kampana
kampana mf(ā)n. trembling, shaken, unsteady
• causing to tremble, shaking MBh
• m. a kind of weapon MBh. i, 2836 R
• a kind of fever Bhpr
• the cool or dewy season (from about the middle of January to that of March) L
• N. of a king MBh. ii, 117
• of a country near Kāśmira Rājat
• (ā), f. N. of a river MBh. VP
• (am), n. trembling, quivering Suśr
• an earthquake MBh. v, 7239
• quivering or thrilling pronunciation ( kampa) Comm. on RPrāt
• the act of shaking, swinging KātyŚr. Suśr. i, 85, 9 Tarkas. &c
≫ kampanīya
kampanīya mfn. to be shaken, movable, vibratory
≫ kampāka
kampāka a wrong reading for kampâṅka above
≫ kampāya
kampāya Nom. Ā. kampāyate, to tremble, shake Comm. on VarBṛS
≫ kampikā
kampikā f. a kind of musical instrument
≫ kampita
kampita mfn. trembling, shaking MBh. Ṛitus
• caused to tremble, shaken, swung MBh. iv, 1290 Tattvas
• (am), n. trembling, a tremor
≫ kampin
kampin mfn. trembling, quivering Kathās
• (ifc.) causing to tremble, shaking (cf. śiraḥ-kampin.)
≫ kampila
kampila m. N. of a man Buddh
• = the next L
≫ kampilya
kampilya m. N. of a pigment (produced from the plant Rottleria Tinctoria) L
≫ kampilyaka
kampilyaka m. (Car.),
⋙ kampilla
kampilla m. (Suśr.),
⋙ kampillaka
kampillaka m. (Suśr.),
⋙ kampilvaka
kampilvaka m. (Car.), and kampīla, n. (L.), id
≫ kampya
kampya mfn. to be shaken or made to tremble (cf. a-kampya)
• to be moved away from one's place
• to be pronounced in a quivering or trilling manner
≫ kampra
kampra mf(ā)n. trembling, shaken Pāṇ.: Bālar
• movable
• agile, quick KātyŚr. Lāṭy
• unsteady, uncertain Naish
kamphilla m. v. l. for kapphiṇa, q.v
kamb cl. 1. P. kambati, to go, move
• (vḷ. karb.)
kambara mfn. variegated, spotted L
• m. variegated colour L
kambalá as, am m. n. (√kam Comm. on Uṇ. i, 108), a woollen blanket or cloth or upper garment AV. xiv, 2, 66 ; 67 MBh. Hit. &c
• m. a dew-lap VarBṛS. Hcat
• a small worm or insect L
• a sort of deer with a shaggy hairy coat L
• N. of a teacher
• of a man
• of a Nāga MBh. MārkP. &c
• (am), n. water (cf. kamala)
• N. of a Varsha in Kuśa-dvipa MBh. vi, 454
⋙ kambalakāraka
○kāraka m. a woollen-cloth manufacturer
⋙ kambalacārāyaṇīya
○cārāyaṇīya ās m. pl. a nickname of a school of the Cārāyaṇas Pat. on Kāty., on Pāṇ. 1-1, 73 (cf. odana-pāṇinīya.)
⋙ kambaladhāvaka
○dhāvaka m. one who cleans woollen clothes
⋙ kambalabarhiṣa
○barhiṣa m. N. of a man Hariv. BhP. VP
⋙ kambalavāhya
○vāhya or m. = kambali-vāhyaka below
⋙ kambalavāhyaka
○vāhyaka m. = kambali-vāhyaka below
⋙ kambalahāra
○hāra m. N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of this man, g. yaskâdi Pāṇ. 2-4, 63
⋙ kambalārṇa
kambalārṇa (for kambala-ṛṇa Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 89), n. a debt consisting of a woollen blanket or garment
⋙ kambalalukā
kambalálukā f. a kind of vegetable L
≫ kambalaka
kambalaka m. a woollen cloth or garment Suśr
• (ikā), f. g. pakṣâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
≫ kambalin
kambalin mfn. covered with a woollen cloth or blanket, wearing a woollen garment Jain
• (ī), m. 'having a dew-lap', an ox L
⋙ kambalivāhyaka
kambali-vāhyaka n. a carriage drawn by oxen
≫ kambalīya
kambalīya mf(ā)n. fit for woollen blankets &c. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-1, 3. [Page 253, Column 1]
≫ kambalya
kambalya n. (ifc. f. ā Pāṇ. 4-1, 22) one hundred Palas of wool (necessary for making a woollen blanket) Pāṇ. 5-1, 3
kambālāyin ī m. a sort of kite W. (?)
kambi f. a ladle or spoon L
• a shoot or branch or joint of a bamboo L
kambu m. (u n. L.) a conch
• a shell MBh. iv, 255 BhP. Kathās. &c
• (us), m. a bracelet or ring made of shells MBh
• a bracelet in general L
• three lines or marks in the neck (indicative of good fortune) VarBṛS
• the neck L
• an elephant L
• a tube-shaped bone L
• a vein or tubular vessel of the body W
• a sort of Curcuma L
⋙ kambukaṇṭha
○kaṇṭha mf(ī)n. 'shell-neck', having folds in the neck like a spiral shell (cf. above) Kathās
⋙ kambukaṃdhara
○kaṃdhara mfn. id. BhP
⋙ kambukāṣṭhā
○kāṣṭhā f. Physalis Flexuosa L
⋙ kambugrīva
○grīva mf(ā)n. = -kaṇṭha above MBh. R. &c
• m. 'shell-neck', N. of a tortoise Pañcat
• (ā), f. a shell-like neck (i.e. one marked with three lines, above.) L
⋙ kambuja
○ja m. a kind of drum
⋙ kambupuṣpī
○puṣpī f. Andropogon Aciculatus L
⋙ kambumālinī
○mālinī f. id. L
⋙ kambvātāyin
kambv-ātāyin m. the bird Falco Cheela L
≫ kambuka
kambuka m. a conch, shell L
• a mean person W
• (ā), f. Physalis Flexuosa L
• (am), n. N. of a town Kathās
≫ kambū
kambū ūs m. (√kam Uṇ. i, 95), a thief. plunderer
• a bracelet W
≫ kambūka
kambū́ka m. the husk of rice AV. xi, 1, 29 Gṛihyās
≫ kamboja
kamboja ās m. pl., N. of a people and its country
• m. the king of this people Pāṇ. 4-1, 175
• a shell L
• a species of elephant L. (cf. kāmboja.)
⋙ kambojamuṇḍa
○muṇḍa mfn. bald like a Kamboja, g. mayūra-vyaṃsakâdi Pāṇ. 2-1, 72 (cf. Hariv. 780.)
⋙ kambojādi
kambojâdi m. N. of a gaṇa, Kāty on Pāṇ. 4-1, 175
kambha p. 252, col. 1
kambhārī f. Gmelina Arborea L
kambhu u n. the fragrant √of Andropogon Muricatus
kam-vat p. 252, col. 1
káya (Ved. for 2. ka
• only gen. sg. with cid), every one (e.g. ní ṣū́ namấtimatiṃ káyasya cit, bow well down the haughtiness of every one RV. i, 129, 5) RV. i, 27, 8 ; viii, 25, 15 ; [Zd. kaya ; Armen. ui.]
≫ kayā
káyā ind. (inst. fem. of 2. ka) in what manner? RV
kayasthā f. a medicinal plant L
• (v. l. for vayaḥsthā.)
kayā́d v. l. for kravyâd q.v. SV
kayādhu us (ūs, v. l.), f. N. of Hiraṇyakaśipu's wife BhP. vi, 18, 12 Comm. on TBr
kayya m. N. of a prince (founder of a shrine and a Vihāra called after him) Rājat
≫ kayyaka
kayyaka m. N. of a man Rājat
kayyaṭa m. = kaiyyaṭa, q.v
kara 1
kará (for 2. p. 254, col. 3), mf(ī, rarely ā)n. (√1. kṛ), a doer, maker, causer, doing, making, causing, producing (esp. ifc
• cf. duḥkhakara, bhayaṃ-k○, sampat-k○, &c
Lat. cerus, 'creator') AV. xii, 2, 2 Mn. Pañcat. &c
• helping, promoting RV. i, 116, 13
• m. the act of doing, making &c. (ifc
• cf. īṣatkara, su-k○, duṣ-k○, &c.)
• 'the doer', the hand RV. x, 67, 6 MBh. Mn. &c
• a measure (the breadth of twenty-four thumbs)
• an elephant's trunk MBh. Pañcat. &c
• the claws of a crab Hit
• symbolical expression for the number two
• the lunar mansion Hasta VarBṛS
⋙ karakacchapikā
○kacchapikā f. a particular position of the fingers
⋙ karakaṭa
○kaṭa m. an elephant's temple (cf. karaṭa)
• Centropus Pyropterus Nigh
⋙ karakaṇṭaka
○kaṇṭaka m. 'hand-thorn', a finger-nail L
⋙ karakamala
○kamala n. 'hand-lotus', the hand (esp. of a lover or a mistress) Ṛitus. (cf. -padma, -paṅkaja, &c. below.)
⋙ karakarṇa
○karṇa m. N. of a man Buddh
⋙ karakalaśa
○kalaśa m. the hand hollowed to receive water W
⋙ karakisalaya
○kisalaya m. n. 'hand-bud', the hand closed in the form of a bud L
• 'hand-shoot', the finger Ṛitus. Daś
⋙ karakudmala
○kudmala n. 'hand-bud' (cf. above), the finger W. [Page 253, Column 2]
⋙ karakṛtātman
○kṛtâtman mfn. 'living from hand to mouth', destitute MBh. xiii, 1625
⋙ karakoṣa
○koṣa m. the hand hollowed to receive water (cf. -kalāśa.)
⋙ karagṛhīti
○gṛhīti f. the act of taking the hand Hcar
⋙ karagraha
○graha (1. kara-graha
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), m. taking the hand (of the bride
• one part of the ceremony being the placing of the bride's right hand with the palm uppermost in the right hand of the bridegroom), marriage Kathās
⋙ karagrahaṇa
○grahaṇa (1. kara-grahaṇa
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), n. id. MBh. ii, 900 Pañcad. &c. (cf. pāṇi-gr○.)
⋙ karagrāham
○grāham ind. p. so as to take the hand Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-4, 39
⋙ karagrāhin
○grāhin (1. kara-grāhin
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), mfn. taking the hand W
• a bridegroom T
⋙ karagharṣaṇa
○gharṣaṇa m. a churning-stick W
• (n.) the act of rubbing the hands together W
⋙ karagharṣin
○gharṣin m. a churning-stick W
⋙ karaghāṭa
○ghāṭa m. a kind of poisonous tree Suśr. ii, 251 14 ; 252, 2
⋙ karacchada
○cchada m. Trophis Aspera Bhpr
• (ā), f. a species of tree (commonly called sindūra-puṣpī-vṛkṣa) L
⋙ karaja
○ja m. 'produced in or from the hand', a finger-nail Mn. MBh. Suśr. &c
• Pongamia Glabra (= karañja) L
• (am), n. a kind of perfume (resembling a nail in appearance, = vyāghra-nakha) L
-vardhana m. N. of a prince
○jâkhya n. a perfume (= -ja) L
⋙ karajapya
○japya m. N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl., N. of his tribe Hariv
⋙ karajyoḍi
○jyoḍi m. N. of a tree (= hasta-jyoḍi) L
⋙ karatala
○tala m. the palm of the hand R. Suśr. BhP. &c
• (ā), f. a knife Kathās
-gata mfn. being in the hand or in one's possession Pañcat. Śak
-tāla m. clapping the hands Gīt
-dhṛta mfn. held in the hand W
-stha mfn. resting in the palm of the hand W
-"ṣlamalaka n. 'a myrobalan lying in the hand', anything quite clear to all eyes
⋙ karatalīkṛ
○talī-√kṛ to take in the palm of the hand BhP. viii, 7, 42
⋙ karatalīkṛta
○talī-kṛta mfn. taken in the open hand, lying open
⋙ karatas
○tas ind. from the hand, out of the hand
⋙ karatāla
○tāla as, ī
• mf. a musical instrument, a cymbal L
• (am), n. beating time by clapping the hands Bālar
⋙ karatālaka
○tālaka n. a cymbal
• (ikā), f. clapping the hands Naish
• beating time by clapping Kathās
• a kind of cymbal L
⋙ karatṛṇa
○tṛṇa n. Pandanus Odoratissimus Nigh
⋙ karatoyā
○toyā f. N. of a river in the north-east of Bengal (said to have, originated from the water poured into the hand of Śiva at his marriage with Pārvati, and thrown by him on the ground) MBh. VP
⋙ karatoyinī
○toyinī f. N. of a river (probably = the last) MBh. xiii, 4887
⋙ karada
○da (1. kara-da
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), mfn. one who gives his hand W
⋙ karadakṣa
○dakṣa mfn. handy, dexterous, ready W
⋙ karadruma
○druma m. N. of a poisonous tree (= kāra-skara) L
⋙ karadviṣ
○dviṣ m. pl., N. of a tribe or school TāṇḍyaBr. ii, 15, 4 ; iii, 6, 4
⋙ karadvīpa
○dvīpa m. Guilandina Bonducella Nigh
⋙ karadhṛta
○dhṛta mfn. held or supported by the hand Megh
⋙ karanihita
○nihita mfn. held in the hand W
⋙ karaṃdhama
○"ṣṃ-dhama m. N. of two princes MBh. VP. &c
⋙ karaṃ dhaya
○"ṣṃ dhaya mfn. sucking the hand Vop
⋙ karanyastakapolāntam
○nyasta-kapolântam ind. the end of the cheek held in the hand
⋙ karanyāsa
○nyāsa m. marking the hand with mystical figures BhP
⋙ karapaṅkaja
○paṅkaja m. = -kamala above
⋙ karapattra
○pattra n. a saw Suśr. Hit
• splashing water about while bathing, playing or gamboling in water L
• (ā), f. a species of fig-tree L
-vat m. Borassus Flabelliformis (the leaves being compared to a saw) L
⋙ karapattraka
○pattraka n. a saw L
• (ikā), f. playing in water (cf. -pattra.)
⋙ karapadma
○padma m. n. = -kamala above
⋙ karaparṇa
○parṇa m. Abelmoschus Esculentus L
• a kind of Ricinus L
⋙ karapallava
○pallava m. 'hand-shoot, a finger MārkP
• = -kisalaya above T
⋙ karapātra
○pātra n. splashing water about while bathing (cf. -pattra above) L
• the hand hollowed so as to hold anything W
• (ī), f. a cup made of leather L
⋙ karapāla
○pāla (1. kara-pāla
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), m. 'handprotecting', a sword, scymitar L
⋙ karapālaka
○pālaka m. id. L
• (ikā), f. a cudgel, short club or wooden sword, a sword or one-edged knife L
⋙ karapāli
○pāli m. a kind of sword L
⋙ karapuṭa
○puṭa m. joining the palms of the hands in token of respect W
• the hands joined and hollowed to receive anything W
• a box, chest with a lid MBh. xiv, 1928
-ṭâñjali m. cavity made in joining the palms of the hands R
⋙ karapuṭī
○puṭī f. the hollow of the hand, Śārṅg
⋙ karapṛṣṭha
○pṛṣṭha n. the back of the hand W
⋙ karapraceya
○praceya (1. kara-praceya
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), mfn. to be held or taken hold of by the hand W
⋙ karaprada
○prada (1. kara-prada
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), mfn. giving the hand &c
⋙ karaprāpta
○prāpta mfn. held in the hand, obtained, possessed Hit
⋙ karabaka
○baka m. a species of bird VarBṛS
⋙ karabadara
○badara n. 'a jujube lying in the hand', anything quite clear to all eyes, Vāsav. [Page 253, Column 3]
⋙ karabāla
○bāla -vāla below
⋙ karabhañjaka
○bhañjaka ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh
⋙ karabhañjika
○bhañjika v. l. for the above VP
⋙ karabhājana
○bhājana m. N. of a Brāhman BhP
⋙ karabhū
○bhū m. a fingernail
⋙ karabhūṣaṇa
○bhūṣaṇa n. a hand-ornament, bracelet
⋙ karamaṇḍalin
○maṇḍalin m. Achyranthes Aspera L
⋙ karamadhya
○madhya m. a particular measure (= karṣa), ŚārṅgS
⋙ karamanda
○manda m. N. of a man
⋙ karamarda
○marda m. Carissa Carandas MBh. Suśr. &c
• (ā), f. N. of a river, ŚivP
• (ī), f. Carissa Carandas L
⋙ karamardaka
○mardaká m. id
• (am), n. the fruit of Carissa Carandas Suśr. i, 210, 18
⋙ karamālā
○mālā f. the hand used as a rosary (the joints of the fingers corresponding to the beads) Tantras. &c
⋙ karamukta
○mukta n. (scil. astra) a missile, weapon thrown with the hand
• a dart, javelin &c. L
-"ṣtêśvara n. N. of a temple
⋙ karamokṣa
○mokṣa m. the act of setting free the hand (of the bride by her father when the wedding is finished
Kathās. xvi, 82) Pañcad
⋙ karamocana
○mocana n. id. ib
⋙ kararuddha
○ruddha mfn. stopped by the hand, held tight or fast
⋙ kararuha
○ruha m. 'growing from the hand', a finger-nail Śak. Bhartṛ. &c
• Unguis Odoratus L
-pada n. a scratch with the finger-nail Megh. 95
⋙ kararddhi
○"ṣrddhi (kara-ṛddhi) = -tālī above L
• indication of luck by the hand T
⋙ karavartam
○vartam ind. p. whilst turning the hand Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-4, 39
⋙ karavallī
○vallī f. a kind of plant L
⋙ karavāraka
○vāraka m. N. of Skanda L
⋙ karavāri
○vāri n. water from the hand
⋙ karavāla
○vāla m. a sword, scymitar MBh. BhP. &c. (cf. -pāla above)
• a finger-nail L
-putrī f. a knife Virac
⋙ karavāli
○vāli m. a kind of sword L
⋙ karavālikā
○vālikā f. = -pālika above L
⋙ karavinda
○vinda m. N. of an author
⋙ karavindīya
○"ṣvindīya n. (fr. the last), the work of Karavinda
⋙ karavimukti
○vimukti f. N. of a Tirtha
⋙ karavīra
○vīra m. Oleander (Nerium Odorum) MBh. Suśr. Mṛicch. VarBṛS
• a species of Soma Suśr. ii, 164, 15
• a sword L
• a particular spell (for recovering a missile of mystic properties after its discharge) R
• the thumb
• a cemetery L
• N. of a Nāga MBh. i, 1557
• of a Daitya L
• of a town on the river Veṇvā (founded by Padma-varṇa) Hariv. 5230 (cf. kara-viira-pura below)
• of a town on the river Dṛishadvati (the residence of Candraśekhara) KapS
• of a mountain BhP
• (ā), f. red arsenic L
• (ī), f. a woman who has borne a son, a mother L
• a good cow L
• N. of Aditi T
• (am), n. the flower of Oleander L
-kandasaṃjña m. a species of onion
• a bulb (= tailakanda) L
-karambhin n. N. of a wood Hariv. 8954 (vḷ. karaviirākara)
-pura n. N. of a town founded by Padma-varṇa (cf. karaviira) MBh
-bhujā f. Cajanus Indicus L
-bhūṣā f. = -bhujā T
-māhātmya n. N. of wk
-vrata n. a certain rite
-"ṣrâkara n. N. of a wood Hariv
⋙ karavīraka
○vīraka m. the poisonous √of Oleander L
• Terminalia Arjuna L
• a sword L
• a cemetery L
• a particular part of the face VarBṛS
• N. of a Nāga Hariv
• (ā), f. red arsenic Nigh
• (am), n. the flower of Oleander L
⋙ karavīrya
○vīrya m. N. of a physician Suśr. i, 18
⋙ karavraṇa
○vraṇa m. N. of Bhīmasena L
⋙ karaśākhā
○śākhā f. a finger L
⋙ karaśīkara
○śīkara m. water expelled by an elephant's trunk L
⋙ karaśuddhi
○śuddhi f. cleansing the hands with fragrant flowers Tantras
⋙ karaśūka
○śūka m. 'hand-spicule', a finger-nail L
⋙ karasāda
○sāda (1. kara-sāda
• for 2. p. 254, col. 3), m. languor of the hands Pañcat
⋙ karasūtra
○sūtra n. an auspicious string (tied to the hand at marriage &c.) T
⋙ karastha
○stha mfn. lying in the hand Naish
⋙ karasthālin
○sthālin m. 'using the hands for a jar', N. of Śiva MBh. xiii ; 1243
⋙ karasthīkṛ
○sthī-√kṛ to lay on the hand
⋙ karaspanda
○spanda m. trembling of the hands
⋙ karasphoṭa
○sphoṭa m. extending the hands Pañcat
⋙ karasvana
○svana m. sound produced by clapping the hands R
⋙ karasvāmin
○svāmin m. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ karahati
○hati f. a blow with the hand. 1
⋙ karāgra
karâgra (for 2. p. 254, col. 3), n. the tip of an elephant's trunk L
• tip of the finger Śiś
-pallava m. 'hand-shoot', a finger
-ja m. a finger-nail
⋙ karāghāta
karâghāta m. a blow with the hand Bhartṛ
⋙ karāṅgaṇa
karâṅgaṇa m. a much-frequented market L
⋙ karāṅguli
karâṅguli f. a finger of the hand Kathās
⋙ karāmarda
karâmarda m. = kara-marda
⋙ karāmalaka
karâmalaka n. = karatalâmalaka
⋙ karāmbuka
karâmbuka m. Carissa Carandas L
⋙ karāmla
⋙ karāmlaka
karâmlaka m. id. L
⋙ karāroṭa
karâroṭa m. finger-ring
⋙ karāroha
karâroha m. id. L
⋙ karārgala
karârgala n. a lute L
⋙ karārpita
karârpita mfn. placed in hand
⋙ karālamba
karâlamba m. a support of the hand, means of safety Hit
• (mfn.) stretching out one's hand to support or raise another W
⋙ karālambana
karâlambana n. the act of supporting the hand, helping, sustaining
⋙ karenduka
karênduka m. a sort of grass L
⋙ karotpala
karôtpala n. a lotus-hand (cf. -kamala above.) [Page 254, Column 1]
⋙ karodaka
karôdaka n. water held in or poured into the hand W
≫ karaka 1
karaka (for 2. col. 3), as m. a watervessel (esp. one used by students or ascetics) MBh. R
• a species of bird L
• hand (?) L
• N. of several plants (the pomegranate tree, Pongamia Glabra, Butea Frondosa, Bauhinia Variegata, Mimusops Elengi, Capparis Aphylla) L
• a cocoa-nut shell L
• (as, am), m. n. a cocoa-nut shell hollowed to form a vessel
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. VP
• (am), n. fungus, mushroom L
• (ikā), f. a wound caused by a finger-nail Śiś. iv, 29
⋙ karakacaturthī
○caturthī f. the fourth day in the dark half of the month Āśvina
⋙ karakatoya
○toya m. the cocoa-nut tree L
⋙ karakapātrikā
○pātrikā f. a leather vessel for holding water
⋙ karakāmbu
karakâmbu m. the cocoa-nut tree L
⋙ karakāmbhas
karakâmbhas m. id. L
≫ karaṇa
káraṇa (once karaṇá RV. i, 119, 7) mf(ī)n doing, making, effecting, causing (esp. ifc
• cf. antakaraṇa, uṣṇaṃ-k○, &c.) R. &c
• clever, skilful RV. i, 119, 7
• m. a helper, companion AV. vi, 46, 2 ; xv, 5, 1-6 ; xix, 57, 3
• a man of a mixed class (the son of an outcast Kshatriya Mn. x, 22
• or the son of a Śūdra woman by a Vaiśya Yājñ. i, 92
• or the son of a Vaiśya woman by a Kshatriya MBh. i, 2446 ; 4521
• the occupation of this class is writing, accounts &c.) a writer, scribe W
• (in Gr.) a sound or word as an independent part of speech (or as separated from the context
• in this sense usually n.) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 41 Pat. Comm. on RPrāt
• (in mus.) a kind of time Kum. vi, 40
• (ī), f. a woman of the above mixed tribe Yājñ. i, 95
• (with sutā) an adopted daughter R. (ed. Gorr.) i, 19, 9
• (in arithm.) a surd or irrational number, surd √
• the side of a square, Śulbas. Comm. on VS
• a particular measure Comm. on KātyŚr
• a particular position of the fingers
• (am), n. the act of making, doing, producing, effecting ŚBr. MBh. &c. (very often ifc., e.g. muṣṭi-k○, virūpa-k○)
• an act, deed RV
• an action (esp. a religious one) Yājñ. i, 250 R
• the special business of any tribe or caste L
• a calculation (esp. an astronomical one) VarBṛS
• an astrological division of the day (these Karaṇas are eleven, viz. vava, valava, kaulava, taitila, gara, vaṇija, viṣṭi, śakuni, catuṣpada, kintughna, and nāga, two being equal to a lunar day
• the first seven are called a-dhruvāṇi or movable, and fill, eight times repeated, the space from the second half of the first day in the moon's increase to the first half of the fourteenth day in its wane
• the four others are dhruvāṇi or fixed, and occupy the four half-days from the second half of the fourteenth day in the wane of the moon to the first half of the first day in its increase) VarBṛS. Suśr. &c
• pronunciation, articulation, APrāt
• (in Gr.) a sound or word as an independent part of speech, separated from its context Pāṇ. Kāś. &c., (karaṇa may be used in this way like kāra e.g. iti-karaṇa ŚāṅkhŚr.)
• the posture of an ascetic
• a posture in sexual intercourse
• instrument, means of action ŚvetUp. Yājñ. Megh
• an organ of sense or of speech VPrāt. PārGṛ
• (in law) an instrument, document, bond Mn. viii, 51 ; 52 ; 154
• (in Gr.) the means or instrument by which an action is effected, the idea expressed by the instrumental case, instrumentality Pāṇ. 1-4, 42 ; ii, 3, 18 ; iii, 2, 45
• cause (= kāraṇa)
• a spell, charm Kathās. (cf. karaṇa-prayoga)
• rhythm, time Kum
• body Megh. Kum. Kād
• N. of a treatise of Varāha-mihira on the motion of the planets
• of a work belonging to the Śiva-darśana
• a field L
• the mind, heart W. (cf. antaḥ-karaṇa)
• grain W
⋙ karaṇakutūhala
○kutūhala n. N. of wk. on practical astronomy by Bhāskara
⋙ karaṇakesarin
○kesarin m. N. of wk
⋙ karaṇagrāma
○grāma m. the senses collectively L
⋙ karaṇatā
○tā f. instrumentality, the state of being an instrument Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 33
⋙ karaṇatrāṇa
○trāṇa n. 'protecting the organs of sense', the head L
⋙ karaṇatva
○tva n. instrumentality, mediate agency KapS
⋙ karaṇaniyama
○niyama m. repression or restraint of the organs of sense
⋙ karaṇaneri
○neri and m. a kind of dance
⋙ karaṇanerika
○nerika m. a kind of dance
⋙ karaṇapaddhati
○paddhati f. N. of wk
⋙ karaṇaprakāśa
○prakāśa m. N. of wk
⋙ karaṇaprabodha
○prabodha m. N. of wk
⋙ karaṇaprayoga
○prayoga m. spell, charm Kathās. xliv, 151
• xlix, 147
⋙ karaṇayati
○yati f. a kind of time (in mus.)
⋙ karaṇavat
○vat mfn. articulated TPrāt
⋙ karaṇavinyaya
○vinyaya m. manner of pronunciation TPrāt
⋙ karaṇavyāpāra
○vyāpāra m. action of the senses T
⋙ karaṇasāra
○sāra m. N. of wk. on practical astronomy by Bhāskara
⋙ karaṇasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of wk., Lil
⋙ karaṇasthānabheda
○sthāna-bheda m. difference of articulation or organ of pronunciation
⋙ karaṇāṭṭa
karaṇâṭṭa n. N. of a place. [Page 254, Column 2]
⋙ karaṇādhikāra
karaṇâdhikāra m. a chapter on the subject of pronunciation
⋙ karaṇādhipa
karaṇâdhipa m. 'lord of the organs', the principle of life, living soul T
• the god presiding over each sense (e.g. the sun is the lord of the eye &c.) T
⋙ karaṇābda
karaṇâbda ās m. pl. the years used in astronomical calculations, i.e. years of the Sāka era Comm. on VarBṛS
≫ karaṇi
karaṇi f. doing, making (cf. a-karaṇi)
• form, aspect Bālar. &c
≫ karaṇin
karaṇin mfn. having instruments VP
• (ī), m. N. of a teacher
≫ karaṇīya
karaṇīya mfn. to be done or made or effected &c. MBh. R. &c
≫ karaṇḍa
karaṇḍa as, (ī L.), am mfn. (Uṇ. i, 128) a basket or covered box of bamboo wicker-work BhP. Bhartṛ. &c
• a bee-hive, honey-comb L
• m. a sword L
• a sort of duck L
• a species of plant (= dalāḍhaka) L
• (am), n. a piece of wood, block Bhpr
⋙ karaṇḍaphalaka
○phalaka m. Feronia Elephantum L
⋙ karaṇḍavyūha
○vyūha m. N. of a Buddhist work
≫ karaṇḍaka
karaṇḍaka as, ikā mf. a basket Kathās
⋙ karaṇḍakanivāpa
○nivāpa m. N. of a place near Rājagṛiha
⋙ karaṇḍakavat
○vat ind. like a basket Kāraṇḍ
≫ karaṇḍin
karaṇḍin ī m. (karaṇḍas tad-ākāro'sty asya T.) a fish L
≫ karabha 1
karabha (for 2. col. 3), as m. (√kṝ Uṇ. iii, 122
• but more probably connected with 1. kara), the trunk of an elephant MBh. Śak. &c
• a young elephant BhP
• a camel MBh. Suśr. &c
• a young camel Pañcat
• the metacarpus (the hand from the wrist to the √of the fingers) Sāh. Comm. on Uṇ. &c
• (in mus.) a singer who wrinkles the forehead when singing
• a kind of perfume L
• a wall L
• N. of Danta-vakra (king of the Karūshas) MBh. ii, 577
• (ā), f. a particular plant L
• (ī), f. a she-camel L
• Tragia Involucrata L
⋙ karabhakāṇḍikā
○kāṇḍikā f. Echinops Echinatus L
⋙ karabhagrāma
○grāma m. N. of a village Kathās
⋙ karabhagrīva
○grīva m. N. of a fortress in the Vindhya mountain Kathās
⋙ karabhapriya
○priya m. a sort of tree L
• (ā), f. a sort of Alhagi L
⋙ karabhavallabha
○vallabha m. Feronia Elephantum
⋙ karabhādanī
karabhâdanī f. a species of Alhagi (= -priyā above)
⋙ karabhāṣṭaka
karabhâṣṭaka n. N. of wk
⋙ karabhorū
karabhôrū f. a woman whose thighs resemble the trunk of an elephant Śak. Naish. &c
≫ karabhaka
karabhaka m. N. of a messenger Śak
• of a village Kathās. (cf. karabha-grāma above.)
≫ karabhin
karabhin ī m. 'having a trunk', an elephant L
≫ karas
káras as n. a deed, action RV. iv, 19, 10
≫ karasna
karásna m. the fore-part of the arm RV
• a finger-nail ŚāṅkhŚr
≫ kari 1
kari mfn. (ifc.) causing, accomplishing (cf. śakṛt-k○)
• (is), m. the hand L
≫ kari 2
kari (in comp. for karin col. 3)
⋙ karikaṇā
○kaṇā f. Piper Chaba
-vallī f. id
⋙ karikumbha
○kumbha m. the frontal globe of an elephant
⋙ karikusumbha
○kusumbha m. a fragrant powder prepared from the flowers of Nāgakeśara L
⋙ karikusumbhaka
○kusumbhaka m. id
⋙ karikṛt
○kṛt m. Pongamia Glabra L
⋙ karikṛṣṇā
○kṛṣṇā f. Piper Chaba Nigh
⋙ karigarjita
○garjita n. the roaring of elephants L
⋙ karicarman
○carman n. an elephant's hide
⋙ karija
○ja m. a young elephant L
⋙ karidanta
○danta m. an elephant's tusk W
• ivory W
⋙ karidāraka
○dāraka m. a lion L
⋙ karināsā
○nāsā f. the trunk of an elephant L
⋙ karināsikā
○nāsikā f. a kind of musical instrument W
⋙ karipa
○pa m. the keeper of an elephant ṭ., g. cūrṇâdi Pāṇ. 6-2, 134
⋙ karipattra
○pattra n. N. of a plant (cf. tālīśa-pattra.)
⋙ karipatha
○patha m. the way of an elephant, g. devapathâdi Pāṇ. 5-3, 108
⋙ karipippalī
○pippalī f. Pothos Officinalis L
• Piper Chaba L
⋙ karipota
○pota m. a young elephant L
⋙ karibandha
○bandha m. the post to which an elephant is tied L
⋙ karimakara
○makara m. a fabulous monster L
⋙ karimaṇḍita
○maṇḍita n. N. of a wood Kathās. lxx, 40
⋙ karimācala
○mācala m. 'destroyer of elephants', a lion L
⋙ karimuktā
○muktā f. a pearl (said to be found sometimes in an elephant's head) L
⋙ karimukha
○mukha m. 'elephant-faced', N. of Gaṇeśa L
⋙ kariyādas
○yādas n. a water-elephant, hippopotamus W
⋙ karirata
○rata n. 'elephant's coitus', a kind of coitus Kir. v, 23
⋙ karivara
○vara m. an excellent elephant
⋙ karivaijayantī
○vaijayantī f. a flag carried by an elephant L
⋙ kariśāvaka
○śāvaka m. a young elephant under five years old L
⋙ karisundarikā
○sundarikā f. a gauge, water-mark L
⋙ kariskandha
○skandha m. a herd of elephants Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 51
⋙ karihasta
○hasta m. a particular position of the hands
⋙ karīndra
karī7ndra m. a large elephant a war or state elephant
• Indra's elephant W
≫ karika
karika m. ifc. (= karin) an elephant Śiś. iv, 29
• (karikā f. 1. karaka.) [Page 254, Column 3]
⋙ kariṇī
kariṇī f. (fr. the next), a female elephant Bhartṛ. Vikr. Kathās
-sahāya m. the mate of the female elephant
≫ karin
karin mfn. doing, effecting &c. Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 70
• (ī), m. 'having a trunk', an elephant MBh. BhP. Pañcat. &c
• (iṇī), f. above
≫ kariṣṭha
káriṣṭha mfn. (superl.) doing most, doing very much RV. vii, 97, 7
≫ kariṣṇu
kariṣṇu mfn. (ifc.) doing, accomplishing Daś
≫ kariṣya
kariṣyá mfn. to be done [= kartavya Sāy.] RV. i, 165, 9
≫ kariṣyat
kariṣyat mfn. (fut. p. of √1. kṛ, q.v.) about to do
• future AitBr
≫ karīyas
karīyas mfn. (compar.) one who does more W. (?)
≫ kareṭa
kareṭa m. a finger-nail L
≫ kareṇu
kareṇu m. (Uṇ. ii, 1) an elephant MBh. Pañcat. &c
• Pterospermum Acerifolium L
• (us [and ūs L.]), f. a female elephant MBh. Suśr. Ragh. &c
• a sort of plant Suśr. ii, 171, 16 ; 173 ; 7
• the Svarabhakti (q.v.) between r and h Comm. on TPrāt
⋙ kareṇupāla
○pāla m. 'keeper of an elephant', N. of a man
⋙ kareṇubhū
○bhū m. N. of Pālakāpya L
⋙ kareṇumatī
○matī f. N. of the wife of Nakula (and daughter of a king of the Cedis) MBh
⋙ kareṇuvarya
○varya m. a large or powerful elephant
⋙ kareṇusuta
○suta m. = -bhū above
≫ kareṇuka
kareṇuka n. the poisonous fruit of the plant Kareṇu Suśr. ii, 251, 18
• (ā), f. a female elephant Pañcat
kara 2
kara (for 1. p. 253, col. 1), m. (√kṝ), a ray of light, sunbeam, moonbeam R. Megh. Pañcat. &c
• hail L
• royal revenue, toll, tax, tribute, duty Mn. Yājñ. MBh. &c
⋙ karagraha
○graha (2. kara-graha
• for 1. p. 253, col. 2), m. levying or gathering taxes
• a tax-gatherer
⋙ karagrahaṇa
○grahaṇa (2. kara-grahaṇa), n. levying or gathering taxes
⋙ karagrāhin
○grāhin (2. kara-grāhin), mfn. levying a tax, a tax-collector
⋙ karajāla
○jāla n. a pencil of rays, a stream of light W
⋙ karada
○da mfn. paying taxes, subject to tax, tributary MBh
○dī-√kṛ, to render tributary Hcar
○dī-kṛta mfn. made tributary, subjugated MBh. i, 4462
⋙ karapaṇya
○paṇya n. a commodity given as tribute MBh. ii, 1052
⋙ karapāla
○pāla (2. karapāla
• for 1. p. 253, col. 2), m. chief tax-gatherer Pañcat
⋙ karapraceya
○praceya mfn. to be collected by taxes
⋙ karaprada
○prada (2. kara-prada), mfn. paying taxes, tributary MBh. iii, 14774
⋙ kararudh
○rudh mfn. ray-obstructing
⋙ karavat
○vat mfn. paying tribute
⋙ karasāda
○sāda (2. kara-sāda
• for 1. p. 253, col. 3), m. the fading away of rays Pañcat
⋙ karaspanda
○spanda (2. kara-spanda
• for 1. p. 253, col. 3), m. trembling of rays
⋙ karasphoṭa
○sphoṭa (2. kara-sphoṭa
• for 1. p. 253, col. 3), m. extending the rays
⋙ karahāra
○hāra mfn. taking tribute BhP. 2
⋙ karāgra
karâgra (for 1. p. 253, col. 3), n. point of a ray
⋙ karotkara
karôtkara m. a bundle of rays
• a heavy tax W
≫ karaka
karaka (for 1. col. 1), m. hail
• toll, tax, tribute
⋙ karakābhighāta
karakâbhighāta m. shower of hail, Śārṅg. 1
⋙ karakāsāra
karakâsāra m. a shower of hail
≫ karakāsāra 2
karakāsāra Nom. P. karakāsārati, to pour or shower down like hail Dhūrtas
≫ karabha 2
karabha (for 1. col. 2), am n. the lunar mansion called Hasta Hcat
≫ karīkṛ
karī-√kṛ to offer as a tribute Kathās. xix, 114
karakāyu m. N. of a son of Dhṛitarāshṭra (cf. kanakāyu) MBh. i, 6982
karaṅka m. the skull, head Kathās. Mālatīm
• a cocoa-nut hollowed to form a cup or vessel L
• a kind of sugar-cane (cf. the next) L
• any bone of the body L
• [Gk. ?, ?, ? ; Lat. carina, [254, 3] cornu, cancer ; Eng. horn ; cf. karka.]
⋙ karaṅkaśāli
○śāli m. a sort of sugar-cane
≫ karaṅkiṇī
karaṅkiṇī f. N. of a Yoginī Hcat
karaṅgaṇa (v. l. for karâṅgaṇa), m. a market, fair W
karaculi m. N. of a country Viddh
kárañja m. the tree Pongamia Glabra (used medicinally) Āp. Suśr. MBh. iii
• N. of an enemy of Indra (slain by this god) RV. i, 53, 8
• (ī), f. Galedupa Piscidia Bhpr
⋙ karañjaphalaka
○phalaka m. Feronia Elephantum L
⋙ karañjaha
○há mfn. pernicious to Karañja RV. x, 48, 8
≫ karañjaka
karañjaka as, ikā mf. Pongamia Glabra MBh. R. Suśr
• Verbesina Scandens L. [Page 255, Column 1]
karaṭa m. an elephant's temple MBh. Bhartṛ. &c
• the spot between the forehead and ear of a bird VarBṛS
• a crow BhP. v, 14, 29 Śāntiś. &c
• a kind of drum Comm. on VarBṛS
• a man of a low or degraded profession L
• a bad Brāhman L
• an atheist, unbeliever, impugner of the doctrines of the Veda L
• a kind of funeral ceremony L
• Carthamus Tinctorius L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. vi, 370 VP
• of a royal dynasty
• (ā), f. an elephant's temple
• a cow difficult to be milked L
• (ī), f. a crow L
• (mfn.) dark-red VarBṛS. 61, 2
• 6
⋙ karaṭāmukha
karaṭā-mukha n. the spot where an elephant's temple bursts MBh
≫ karaṭaka
karaṭaka m. a crow L
• N. of a jackal Pañcat. Hit. &c
≫ karaṭin
karaṭin ī m. an elephant Subh
⋙ karaṭikautuka
karaṭikautuka n. N. of wk. treating on elephants
karaṭu m. the Numidian crane L. (cf. kareṭavyā, kareṭu, &c.)
karaṇa &c. p. 254, col. 1
karaṇḍa p. 254, col. 2
karatha m. N. of a physician BrahmaP
karantha ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
karaphu a particular high number L. (Buddh.)
karabha &c., for 1. p. 254, col. 2
• for 2., p. 254, col. 3
karama m. (= kalama) a reed for writing with Kāraṇḍ
karamaṭṭa m. the betel-nuttree L
karamarī f. a prisoner L
karamāla m. smoke (probably a corruption of khatamāla)
karamba mfn. (√1. kṛ Uṇ. iv, 82), mixed
• set, inlaid W
• m. a kind of gruel
≫ karambita
karambita mfn. intermingled, mixed Gīt. Naish. Viddh. &c
• pounded, reduced to grains or dust W
• set, inlaid W
karambhá m. groats or coarsely-ground oats &c
• a dish of parched grain, a cake or flour or meal mixed with curds, a kind of gruel (generally offered to Pūshan as having no teeth to masticate hardfood) RV. AV. VS. &c
• a mixture
• N. of a poisonous plant Suśr
• of a son of Śakuni and father of Devarāta Hariv
• of the father of Asura Mahisha
• of a monkey R
• of a brother of Rambha
• (ā), f. Asparagus Racemosus L
• fennel
• N. of the daughter of a king of Kaliṅga and wife of Akrodhana MBh. i, 3775
• (mfn.) mixed (as an odour) BhP
⋙ karambhapātra
○pātrá n. a dish of gruel ŚBr
⋙ karambhabhāga
○bhāga mfn. one who receives gruel for his part ŚāṅkhBr
⋙ karambhavālukā
○vālukā ās f. nom. pl. hot sand as gruel (a certain punishment in hell) MārkP. MBh
-tāpa, ās m. pl. the pains caused by this punishment Mn. xii, 76
⋙ karambhād
karambhấd mfn. eating groats or gruel RV. vi, 56, 1
≫ karambhaka
karambhaka m. a kind of Achyranthes Nigh
• N. of a man Kathās
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MārkP
• (am), n. groats, coarsely-ground oats &c. Rājat
• a document drawn up in different dialects Sāh
≫ karambhi
karambhi m. N. of a son of Śakuni and father of Devarāta BhP. VP
• (ayas), pl. the lineage of Karambhi
≫ karambhin
karambhín mfn. possessing gruel RV
kararddhi f. a cymbal L
karavī f. the leaf of the plant Asa Foetida Suśr. (cf. karvarī, kavarī, kāvarī.)
karavīka m. N. of a mountain
kara-vīra p. 253, col. 3
káras under 1. kará
karásna under 1. kará
karahañcā f. N. of a metre of four lines (each consisting of seven syllables)
karahāṭa m. the tree Vangueria Spinosa Suśr
• the fibrous √of a lotus L
• N. of a region. [Page 255, Column 2]
⋙ karahāṭaka
karahāṭaka m. Vangueria Spinosa Suśr
• N. of an heretical prince MBh. ii, 1173
• a series of six ślokas with one sentence running through Comm. on Kāvyâd
karāṅgaṇa under 1. kará, p. 253, col. 3
karā́ṭa m. N. of Gaṇeśa MaitrS
karāyikā f. a bird, a small kind of crane Pañcat
karārin ī m. (○riṇas pl.), N. of a sect worshipping Devii
karāla mfn. opening wide, cleaving asunder, gaping (as a wound) Mṛicch. Pañcat. R. &c
• having a gaping mouth and projecting teeth BhP. R. Prab
• formidable, dreadful, terrible MBh. R. Suśr
• m. a species of animal, musk-deer Suśr. Nigh
• a mixture of oil and the resin of Ṣorea Robusta L
• N. of a region Rājat
• of an Asura
• of a Rakshas
• of a Deva-gandharva
• (ā), f. Hemidesmus Indicus L
• N. of Durgā Mālatīm
• of a procuress Hit
• (ī), f. one of the seven tongues and nine Samidhs of Agni MuṇḍUp. Gṛihyās
• a sword
• (am), n. a sort of basil Car
• a kind of Ocimum L
⋙ karālakara
○kara mfn. having a powerful arm or hand
• having a large trunk (as an elephant)
⋙ karālakesara
○kesara m. N. of a lion Pañcat
⋙ karālajanaka
○janaka m. N. of a prince (also called Janaka) MBh
⋙ karālatripuṭā
○tripuṭā f. a species of corn L
⋙ karāladaṃṣṭra
○daṃṣṭra mfn. having terrific teeth BhP
⋙ karālabhairava
○bhairava n. N. of a Tantra, KūrmaP. ṭ.
⋙ karālamukha
○mukha mfn. having a terrible mouth Pañcat
⋙ karālalocana
○locana mfn. terrific
⋙ karālavaktra
○vaktra mfn. having a terrible mouth BhP. Pañcat
⋙ karālavadana
○vadana mfn. id. Bhag. R. BhP
• (ā), f. N. of Durgā
⋙ karālākṣa
karālâkṣa m. 'having terrible eyes', N. of a follower of Skanda MBh
⋙ karālānana
karālânana mfn. having a terrific face
≫ karālaka
karālaka n. a kind of Ocimum
≫ karālika
karālika m. a tree L
• a sword L
• (ā), f. N. of Durgā
≫ karālita
karālita mfn. rendered formidable, afraid of, alarmed at
• magnified, intensified Kād
≫ karālin
karālin mfn. singing with a gaping and distorted mouth
• (ī), m. a tree L
kari &c. p. 254, col. 2
karikrata m. N. of the author of RV. x, 130, 5
karibha m. Ficus Religiosa L
karira as, am m. n. the shoot of a bamboo (cf. karīra.)
káriṣṭha &c. p. 254, col. 3
karīti m. ayas pl., N. of a people VP
karī́ra as, am m. n. the shoot of a bamboo Suśr. Hcat
• m. a water-jar L
• Capparis Aphylla (a thorny plant growing in deserts and fed upon by camels) ŚBr. MBh. Suśr
• (ā, or ī), f. the √of an elephant's tusk L
• a cricket, small grasshopper L
• (am), n. the fruit of Capparis Aphylla
⋙ karīrakuṇa
○kuṇa m. the fruit-season of Capparis Aphylla
⋙ karīraprastha
○prastha m. N. of a town
• (v. l. karīriprastha.)
⋙ karīravatī
○vatī f. N. of a woman
≫ karīrikā
karīrikā f. the √of an elephant's tusk L
karīraka n. fight, battle L
karīla-deśa m. N. of a country
kárīṣa as, am m. n. (√1. kṝ Uṇ. iv, 26), rubbish, refuse
• dung, dry cow-dung ŚBr. ii Mn. viii, 250 R. &c
• N. of a mountain
⋙ karīṣagandhi
○gandhi m. N. of a man Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ karīṣaṃkaṣa
○"ṣṃ-kaṣa mf(ā)n. sweeping away dung Pāṇ. 3-2, 42
⋙ karīṣāgni
karīṣâgni m. a fire of dry cow-dung (this substance is very generally used as fuel in Hindūstān) L
⋙ karīṣottha
karīṣôttha m. (scil. agni) id. L
≫ karīṣaka
karīṣaka ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
≫ karīṣin
karīṣín mfn. abounding in dung AV. iii, 14, 3 ; xix, 31, 3
• (iṇī), f. N. of a river MBh. VP
• a region abounding in dung, g. puṣkarâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 135
karúṇa mf(ā)n. (√1. kṝ Uṇ. iii, 53
• but in some of its meanings fr. √1. kṛ), mournful, miserable, lamenting MBh. Daś. &c
• compassionate BhP. [Page 255, Column 3]
• (am), ind. mournfully, wofully, pitifully, in distress MBh. Pañcat. Vet. &c
• m. 'causing pity or compassion', one of the Rasas or sentiments of a poem, the pathetic sentiment Sāh. &c
• Citrus Decumana L
• a Buddha L
• N. of an Asura Hariv
• (ā), f. pity, compassion BhP. Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• one of the four Brahma-vihāras (Buddh.)
• the sentiment of compassion (cf. above) L
• a particular tone (in mus.)
• (ī), f. a particular plant L
• (am), n. an action, holy work RV. i, 100, 7 AV. xii, 3, 47 TS. i
⋙ karuṇadhvani
○dhvani m. a cry of distress Vikr
⋙ karuṇapuṇḍarīka
○puṇḍarīka n. N. of a Buddhist work
⋙ karuṇamallī
○mallī f. Jasminum Sambac
⋙ karuṇaveditva
○vedi-tva n. compassion, sympathy Mn. vii, 211 R
⋙ karuṇavedin
○vedin mfn. compassionate, sympathizing Car. R
⋙ karuṇākara
karuṇâkara m. N. of a Brāhman
⋙ karuṇākalpalatā
karuṇākalpa-latā f. N. of wk
⋙ karuṇātman
karuṇâtman mfn. miserable, mournful Bālar
⋙ karuṇānandakāvya
karuṇânandakāvya n. N. of a poem
⋙ karuṇāpara
karuṇā-para mfn. compassionate, tender L
⋙ karuṇāmaya
karuṇā-maya mfn. 'consisting of compassion', compassionate Bālar
⋙ karuṇāmallī
karuṇā-mallī f. = -mallī above W
⋙ karuṇārambha
karuṇârambha mfn. engaging in deplorable actions R
⋙ karuṇārdra
karuṇârdra mfn. tender with pity, tender-hearted, sensitive
⋙ karuṇāvat
karuṇā-vat mfn. being in a pitiful state, pitiable R
• pitiful, compassionate
• (vatī), f. N. of a Surāṅganā Jain
⋙ karuṇāvipralambha
karuṇāvipralambha m. grief of separation with the uncertainty of meeting again
• sorrowful events occurring during separation W
⋙ karuṇāvṛtti
karuṇā-vṛtti mfn. disposed to pity
⋙ karuṇāveditā
karuṇā-veditā f. charitableness, kindliness, sympathy W
⋙ karuṇeśvara
karuṇêśvara n. N. of a Liṅga SkandaP
≫ karuṇāya
karuṇāya Nom. P. (MBh.) Ā. Pāṇ.) karuṇāyati, -te, to be compassionate, pity
≫ karuṇin
karuṇin mfn. (fr. karuṇā g. sukhâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 131), being in a pitiful condition, pitiable
• compassionate, pitiful
karutthāma m. N. of a son of Dushyanta (and father of Ākrīḍa) Hariv
• (v. l. karūtthāma.)
karundhaka m. N. of a son of Śūra (and brother of Vasu-deva) VP
karúma m. a kind of demon AV. viii, 6, 10
karū́kara n. the joint of the neck and the back-bone AV. xi, 9, 8 ŚBr. xii
kárūḻatin mfn. one whose teeth are decayed and broken, having gaps in the teeth RV. iv, 30, 24 Nir
karūṣa ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh. Hariv. &c
• m. N. of Danta-vakra (a king of that people) MBh. ii, 577
• N. of a son of Manu Vaivasvata (the founder of the above people) Hariv. BhP. &c
⋙ karūṣaja
○ja m. N. of Danta-vakra (or Danta-vaktra) BhP. vii, 10, 37
≫ karūṣaka
karūṣaka m. N. of a son of Manu Vaivasvata BhP. ix, 1, 12 (cf. above)
• (am), n. N. of a species of fruit MBh. iii, 10039
kareṭa p. 254, col. 3
kareṭavyā f. the Numidian crane L
≫ kareṭu
kareṭu m. id. L
≫ kareḍuka
kareḍuka m. id. L. (cf. karaṭu, &c.)
kareṇu &c. p. 254, col. 3
karenara m. benzoin, storax W
karevara m. Olibanum L
karoṭa m. a basin, cup L
• the bones of the head, the skull L
≫ karoṭaka
karoṭaka m. N. of a Nāga MBh. i, 1553 (cf. karkoṭaka.)
≫ karoṭi
karoṭi is, ī f. a basin, cup
• the skull Rājat. &c
≫ karoṭika
karoṭika ifc. (= karoṭi) the skull Rājat. v, 417
karôtkara &c. under 1. and 2. kara
kark (a Sautra root), to laugh
karká mf(ī́)n. (√kṛ Uṇ. iii, 40
• cf. karaṅka), white AV. iv, 38, 6 ; 7
• good, excellent W
• m. a white horse MBh
• a crab L
• the sign Cancer
• a water-jar L
• fire L
• a mirror L
• a younger brother of the father L
• beauty L
• a particular gem L. [Page 256, Column 1]
• N. of a plant (= karkaṭa) L
• N. of a commentator
• (ā), f. a white mare Kathās. cxxi, 278
⋙ karkakhaṇḍa
○khaṇḍa ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh
⋙ karkacandreśvaratantra
○candrêśvara-tantra n. N. of a Tantra
⋙ karkacirbhiṭā
○cirbhiṭā f. a species of cucumber L
⋙ karkaphala
○phala n. N. of a plant L
⋙ karkarāja
○rāja m. N. of a man
⋙ karkavallī
○vallī f. Achyranthes Aspera L
⋙ karkasāra
○sāra n. flour or meal mixed with curds L
⋙ karkasvāmin
○svāmin m. N. of a man
⋙ karkākṣa
karkâkṣa mfn. 'white-eyed' (said of the owl) Pañcat. (ed. Bombay)
⋙ karkāhva
karkâhva m. N. of a plant L
≫ karkaṭa
karkaṭa m. a crab Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• the sign Cancer VarBṛS. VarBṛ. &c
• a particular bird L
• N. of several plants
• the fibrous √of a plant L
• the curved end of the beam of a balance (to which the strings supporting the scale are attached), Mit
• a pair of compasses in a particular position
• a particular position of the hands
• a kind of fever Bhpr
• a kind of coitus L
• (ā), f. Momordica Mixta L
• (ī), f. a female crab MBh
• Cucumis Utilissimus, a kind of cucumber Comm. on TāṇḍyaBr
• a small water-jar Pañcat
• the fruit of Bombax Heptaphyllum L
• N. of a Rākshasī
• [Gk. ?
• Lat. [256, 1] cancer.]
⋙ karkaṭapura
○pura n. N. of a town
⋙ karkaṭavallī
○vallī f. Achyranthes Aspera L
• Piper Chaba L
• Carpopogon Pruriens L
⋙ karkaṭaśriṅga
○śriṅga n. the claw of a crab. Mit
• (ī), f. gall-nut (an excrescence on Rhus Succedana) Suśr
• (ikā), f. id
⋙ karkaṭākṣa
karkaṭâkṣa m. Cucumis Utilissimus L
⋙ karkaṭākhyā
karkaṭâkhyā f. gall-nut Suśr
⋙ karkaṭāṅgā
karkaṭâṅgā f. id. L
⋙ karkaṭāsthi
karkaṭâsthi n. the shell or crust of a crab Suśr. ii, 389, 17
⋙ karkaṭāhva
karkaṭâhva m. AEgle Marmelos L
• (ā), f. gall-nut (cf. śriṅgī above) Bhpr
⋙ karkaṭeśa
karkaṭêśa m. N. of a sanctuary Rājat
⋙ karkaṭeśvaratīrtha
karkaṭêśvaratīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha, ŚivP
≫ karkaṭaka
karkaṭaka m. a crab Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• the sign Cancer VarBṛS
• a pair of tongs Daś
• a pair of compasses (cf. karkaṭa)
• a kind of plant Suśr
• a particular position of the hands
• N. of a Nāga R
• (ikā), f. a sort of plant Suśr. ii, 276, 3 Pañcat
• a kernel L
• (am), n. a kind of poisonous √Suśr
• a particular fracture of the bones Suśr. i, 301, 5
⋙ karkaṭakāsthi
karkaṭakâsthi n. the shell or crust of a crab Suśr
≫ karkaṭi
karkaṭi f. Cucumis Utilissimus L
≫ karkaṭinī
karkaṭinī f. Curcuma Xanthorrhiza L
≫ karkaṭu
karkaṭu m. the Numidian crane (cf. karaṭu, &c.)
≫ karki
karki m. the sign Cancer
≫ karkin
karkin ī m. id. VarBṛS
⋙ karkiprastha
karki-prastha or m. N. of a town Pāṇ. 6-2, 87
⋙ karkīprastha
karkī-prastha m. N. of a town Pāṇ. 6-2, 87
⋙ karkyādi
karky-ādi m. N. of a gaṇa ib
karkándhu us, ūs mf. (fr. karka and √dhā Comm. on Uṇ. i, 95
• according to others fr. karka and andhu, 'a well'), Zizyphus Jujuba
• (u), n. the fruit of this tree, the jujube berry VS. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Suśr. &c
• (us), m. a well without water, one dried up Comm. on Uṇ. i, 28
• N. of a man RV. i, 112, 6
• (ūs), f. a term or name applied to a fetus which is ten days old BhP. iii, 31, 2
⋙ karkandhukuṇa
○kuṇa m. the fruit-season of the jujube tree, g. pīlvâdi Pāṇ. 5-2, 24
⋙ karkandhuprastha
○prastha m. N. of a town, g. karky-ādi Pāṇ. 6-2, 87
⋙ karkandhumatī
○matī f. N. of a woman, g. madhv-ādi Pāṇ. 4-2, 86
⋙ karkandhurohita
○rohita mfn. red like a berry of the jujube tree VS. xxiv, 2
⋙ karkandhusaktu
○saktú avas m. pl. flour of jujube berries ŚBr. xii
≫ karkandhūkā
karkandhūkā́ f. a small berry of the jujube tree (?) AV. xx, 136, 3
karkara mf(ā)n. (perhaps connected with karka) hard, firm Gīt. Mālatīm. Amar
• m. a bone L
• a hammer L
• a mirror L. (cf. karphara)
• N. of a Nāga MBh. i, 1561
• (as, am), m. n. stone, limestone (esp. the nodule found in Bengal under the name of Kaṅkar W.), Satr
• a species of date L
• [cf. karaṅka, śarkara
• Gk. ?, ? ; Lat. hallus, [256, 1] calx ; Hib. carraice ; Gael. carraig W. careg.]
⋙ karkaracchadā
○cchadā f. N. of a plant L
⋙ karkarākṣa
karkarâkṣa m. a wagtail L
⋙ karkarāṅga
karkarâṅga m. id. L
⋙ karkarāndhaka
karkarândhaka or m. a blind well (one of which the mouth is over grown with grass &c. so as to be hidden
⋙ karkarāndhuka
karkarândhuka m. a blind well (one of which the mouth is over grown with grass &c. so as to be hidden
• cf. karkándhu and andhakūpa) L
⋙ karkarāhvā
karkarâhvā f. N. of a plant L
karkarāṭu m. a glance, sidelook L
karkarāṭuka m. the Numidian crane L. [Page 256, Column 2]
⋙ karkareṭu
karkareṭu m. id. L
≫ karkareḍu
karkareḍu m
⋙ karkareḍuka
karkareḍuka m. id. L
karkarí is, ī f. a kind of lute RV. ii, 43, 3 AV. iv, 37, 4 ; xx, 132, 8 ŚāṅkhŚr
• (ī), f. a water-jar Bhartṛ. AgP. &c
• a kind of plant L
⋙ karkarikarṇa
○karṇá mf(ī)n. having ears like a lute MaitrS
≫ karkarika
karkariká m. a kind of lute AV. xx, 132, 3
≫ karkarīkā
karkarīkā f. a small water-jar Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 20
karkareṭa (connected with karka?), m. the hand curved like a claw for the purpose of grasping anything L
karkaśa mf(ā)n. (perhaps connected with karka and karkara) hard, firm, rough, harsh (lit. and metaph.) Suśr. Mṛicch. Bhartṛ. &c
• m. a sword, scymitar L
• Cassia or Sennia Esculenta
• a species of sugar-cane
• = guṇḍorocanī L
• (ā), f. Tragia Involucrata L
• N. of an Apsaras MārkP
• (ī), f. the wild jujube L
⋙ karkaśacchada
○cchada m. Trophis Aspera L
• Trichosanthes Dioeca L
• (ā), f. Luffa Acutangula L
• = dagdhā L
⋙ karkaśatva
○tva n. hardness
• harshness, rough manners MBh. Kum
⋙ karkaśadala
○dala m. Trichosanthes Dioeca L
• (ā), f. = dagdhā L
≫ karkaśikā
karkaśikā f. wild jujube L
karkāru m. Beninkasa Cerifera (a species of gourd) Suśr
• (u), n. the fruit of this plant L
≫ karkāruka
karkāruka m. Beninkasa Cerifera Suśr
• (am), n. its fruit L
karki &c. col. 1
karkeṇata m. a species of quartz Car
≫ karketana
⋙ karketila
karketila m. id. L
karkoṭa m. N. of one of the principal Nāgas of Pātāla VP. Rājat. &c
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
• (ī), f. N. of a plant with a bitter fruit
• (am), n. N. of a plant Suśr
⋙ karkoṭavāpī
○vāpī f. N. of a reservoir of water in Benares SkandaP
≫ karkoṭaka
karkoṭaka m. Momordica Mixta Suśr
• AEgle Marmelos L
• the sugar-cane L
• N. of a Nāga MBh. Hariv. &c
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. viii, 2066
• (ikā), f. Momordica Mixta L
• (ī), f. N. of a plant with yellow flowers Bhpr. Car
• Momordica Mixta L
• (am), n. the fruit of Momordica Mixta Suśr. i, 222, 1
⋙ karkoṭakaviṣa
○viṣa n. the poison of Karkoṭaka MW
≫ karkoṭaki
karkoṭaki m. N. of a Nāga (cf. above) Bālar. 225, 5
karcarikā f. a kind of pastry or cake
• (Beng. kacurī.)
≫ karcarī
karcarī f. a kind of medicinal substance Bhpr
≫ karcūṭikā
karcūṭikā f. a kind of pastry L
karcūra m. turmeric L
• (am), n. an orpiment Śiś. iii, 11
• gold L. (cf. karbura, karbūra.)
≫ karcūraka
karcūraka m. turmeric L. (cf. karbūraka.)
karj cl. 1. P. karjati, cakarja, &c., to pain, torment Dhātup. vii, 53
karṇ cl. 10. P. karṇayati, to pierce, bore Dhātup. xxxv, 71
• (ā-karṇaya, p. 126, col. 2, is a Nom. fr. the next.)
kárṇa m. (√kṛt Nir
• √1. kṝ Uṇ. iii, 10), the ear RV. AV. TS. Suśr. (ápi kárṇe, behind the ear or back, from behind RV. [cf. apikarṇá]
karṇe, in dram. into the ear, in a low voice, aside Mṛicch. Mālav
karṇaṃ, to give ear to, listen to Śak. Mṛicch
karṇam ā-√gam, to come to one's ear, become known to Ragh. i, 9)
• the handle or ear of a vessel RV. viii, 72, 12 ŚBr. ix KātyŚr. &c
• the helm or rudder of a ship R
• (in geom.) the hypothenuse of a triangle or the diagonal of a tetragon Hcat. &c
• the diameter of a circle, Sūryas
• (in prosody) a spondee
• Cassia Fistula L
• Calotropis Gigantea L
• N. of a king of Aṅga (and elder brother by the mother's side of the Pāṇḍu princes, being the son of the god Sūrya by Pṛithā or Kuntī, before her marriage with Pāṇḍu
• afraid of the censure of her relatives, Kuntī deserted the child and exposed it in the river, where it was found by a charioteer named Adhi-ratha and nurtured by his wife Rādhā [Page 256, Column 3]
• hence Karṇa is sometimes called Sūta-putra or Sūta-ja, sometimes Rādheya, though named by his foster-parents Vasu-sheṇa) MBh. BhP. &c
• N. of several other men
• (mfn. karṇá), eared, furnished with ears or long ears AV. v, 13, 9 VS. TS
• furnished with chaff (as grain) TS. i, 8, 9, 3
⋙ karṇakaṇḍū
○kaṇḍū f. painful itching of the ear Suśr
⋙ karṇakarṇikā
○karṇikā f. a kind of colocynth L
⋙ karṇakaṣāya
○kaṣāya m. dirt in the ears BhP. ii, 6, 45
⋙ karṇakiṭṭa
○kiṭṭa n. the wax of the ear Nigh
⋙ karṇakīṭā
⋙ karṇakīṭī
○kīṭī f. Julus Cornifex (an insect or worm with many feet and of reddish colour) L
⋙ karṇakutūhala
○kutūhala n. N. of wk. L
⋙ karṇakubja
○kubja n. N. of an imaginary town Vet
⋙ karṇakumārī
○kumārī f. N. of Bhavānī
⋙ karṇakuvalaya
○kuvalaya n. a lotus flower stuck into the ear (as an ornament) Daś
⋙ karṇakrośa
○krośa m. an affection of the ear, singing in the ears Gobh. iii, 3, 27
⋙ karṇakṣveḍa
○kṣveḍa m. id. Suśr
⋙ karṇakharaka
⋙ karṇakharika
○kharika m. N. of a Vaiśya Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ karṇaga
○ga mfn. touching the ear, hanging on it, next to the ear, extending to it W
⋙ karṇagiri
○giri m. N. of a mountain
⋙ karṇagūtha
○gūtha m. n. ear-wax
• m. hardening of the wax of the ear Suśr
⋙ karṇagūthaka
○gūthaka m. id
⋙ karṇagṛhīta
○gṛhītá mfn. seized by the ear TS. vi, 1, 7, 6
⋙ karṇagṛhyā
○gṛ́hyā (Padap. -gṛ́hya), ind. p. seizing by the ear RV. viii, 70, 15
⋙ karṇagocara
○gocara m. the range of hearing, anything perceptible by the ear T
⋙ karṇagrāha
○grāha m. a helmsman, g. revaty-ādi Pāṇ. 4-1, 146
-vat mfn. furnished with a helmsman (as a ship) R
⋙ karṇacāmara
○cāmara n. a cowrie as ornament for the ear of an elephant Kād
⋙ karṇacchidra
○cchidra n. the outer auditory passage Suśr
⋙ karṇaja
○ja m. ear-wax L
⋙ karṇajapa
○japa m. 'ear-whisperer', an informer Kathās
⋙ karṇajalūkā
○jalūkā f. = -kīṭā above L
⋙ karṇajalaukas
○jalaukas n
⋙ karṇajalaukā
○jalaukā f. id. L
⋙ karṇajāpa
○jāpa m. the act of whispering in the ear
• tale-bearing, calumniating Pañcat
⋙ karṇajāha
○jāha n. the √of the ear Pāṇ. 5-2, 24 Mālatīm
⋙ karṇajit
○jit m. 'the conqueror of Karṇa', N. of Arjuna (Karṇa having taken the part of the Kurus, was killed by Arjuna in one of the great battles between them and the Pāṇḍus, MBh. viii, 4798 f.) L
⋙ karṇajyoti
○jyoti f. Gynandropsis Pentaphylla Nigh
⋙ karṇajvara
○jvara m. affection of the ears
⋙ karṇatas
○tás ind. away from or out of the ear AV. ix, 8, 3
⋙ karṇatā
○tā f. the being an ear Amar
⋙ karṇatāla
○tāla m. the flapping of an elephant's ears Ragh. Śiś
-latā f. the flap of the ear of an elephant HYog
⋙ karṇadarpaṇa
○darpaṇa m. a particular ornament for the ear L
⋙ karṇadundubhi
○dundubhi f. 'a drum in the ear', a kind of worm, = -kīṭā above L
⋙ karṇadeva
○deva m. N. of a king
⋙ karṇadhāra
○dhāra m. a helmsman, pilot Suśr. BhP. &c
• a sailor, seaman Kathās. xviii, 300
• (ā), f. N. of an Apsaras Kāraṇḍ
-tā f. the office of a helmsman Kathās. xxvi, 8
⋙ karṇadhāraka
○dhāraka m. a helmsman L
⋙ karṇadhāriṇī
○dhāriṇī f. a female elephant L
⋙ karṇadhvanana
○dhvanana n. singing in the ear
⋙ karṇanāda
○nāda m. id
⋙ karṇanāsā
○nāsā e f. du. ear and nose R. iii, 18, 21
⋙ karṇanīlotpala
○nīlôtpala n. a blue lotus-flower stuck into the ear, Kuv
⋙ karṇapa
○pa m. N. of a man Rājat
⋙ karṇapattraka
○pattraka m. the lobe of the ear Yājñ. iii, 96
⋙ karṇapattrabhaṅga
○pattrabhaṅga m. ornamenting the ears (one of the 64 Kalās) Vātsyāy
⋙ karṇapatha
○patha m. the compass or range of hearing, (○m ā-√yā, to come within the range of or reach the ear, be heard Śak. 232, 11
○m upa-√i id. BhP. ii, 3, 19)
○thâtithi m. 'a visitor in the compass of the ear', anything heard of or learnt Rājat
⋙ karṇaparaṃparā
○paraṃ-parā f. the going from one ear to another Pañcat. Kathās
⋙ karṇaparākrama
○parâkrama m. N. of wk
⋙ karṇaparvan
○parvan n. N. of the eighth book of the Mahābhārata
⋙ karṇapāka
○pāka m. inflammation of the outer ear Suśr
⋙ karṇapāli
○pāli f. the lobe of the ear, the outer ear Suśr
• (ī), f. id. ib
• a particular ornament for the ear L
• N. of a river
-"ṣlyāmaya m. a particular disease of the outer ear (produced from piercing the ear) Suśr
⋙ karṇapitṛ
○pitṛ m. 'Karṇa's father', N. of Sūrya L
⋙ karṇapiśācī
○piśācī f. N. of a goddess Tantras
⋙ karṇapīṭha
○pīṭha n. the concha or outer end of the auditory passage Suśr
⋙ karṇapuṭa
○puṭa n. the auditory passage of the ear BhP
⋙ karṇaputraka
○putraka m. the concha of the ear Car
• (ikā), f. id. L
⋙ karṇapur
○pur ūr f. 'the capital of Karṇa', Campā (the ancient N. for Bhagalpur) L
⋙ karṇapurī
○purī f. id. ib
⋙ karṇapuṣpa
○puṣpa m. blue Amaranth Nigh
⋙ karṇapūra
○pūra m. n. an ornament (esp. of flowers) worn round the ears MBh. Ragh. Kād. &c
• a blue lotus-flower L
• Acacia Sirissa L
• Jonesia Asoka L
• N. of the father of Kavicandra and author of the Alaṃkāra Kaustubha
⋙ karṇapūraka
○pūraka m. Nauclea Cadamba L
• N. of a servant Mṛicch
⋙ karṇapūraṇa
○pūraṇa m. N. of an author (= -pūra above)
• the act of filling the ears (with cotton &c.)
• any substance used for that purpose Suśr
⋙ karṇapūrīkṛ
○pūrī-√kṛ to make (anything) an ornament for the ear Kād. Hcar. [Page 257, Column 1]
⋙ karṇaprakāśa
○prakāśa m. N. of wk
⋙ karṇapratināha
○pratināha m. a particular disease of the ear (suppression of its excretion or wax, which is supposed to have dissolved and passed out by the nose and mouth) Suśr
⋙ karṇapratīnāha
○pratīnāha m. id. ib
⋙ karṇaprayāga
○prayāga m. N. of the confluence of the rivers Gaṅgā and Pindur
⋙ karṇaprādheya
○prādheya ās m. pl., N. of a people
⋙ karṇaprānta
○prânta m. the lobe of the ear L
⋙ karṇaprāvaraṇa
○prāvaraṇa mf(ā)n. using the ears for a covering R. v, 17, 5
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a fabulous people MBh. R. &c
• (ā), f. N. of one of the mothers attending on Skanda MBh. ix, 2643
⋙ karṇaprāveya
○prāveya ās m. pl., N. of a people
⋙ karṇaphala
○phala m. a sort of fish (Ophiocephalus Kurrawey) L
⋙ karṇabhūṣaṇa
○bhūṣaṇa n. an ornament for the ear
⋙ karṇabhūṣā
○bhūṣā f. id
• the art of ornamenting the ears (one of the 64 Kalās)
⋙ karṇamadgura
○madgura m. a sort of fish, Silurus unitus L
⋙ karṇamala
○mala n. the excretion or wax of the ear L
⋙ karṇamukura
○mukura m. a particular ornament for the ear L
⋙ karṇamukha
○mukha mfn. headed by Karna, having Karṇa as leader
⋙ karṇamuni
○muni m. N. of a man
⋙ karṇamūla
○mūla n. the √of the ear Suśr. BhP. &c
⋙ karṇamūlīya
○"ṣmūlīya mfn. belonging to the √of the ear
⋙ karṇamoṭā
○moṭā f. Acacia arabica L
⋙ karṇamoṭi
○moṭi f. N. of Durgā in her form as Cāmuṇḍā L
⋙ karṇamoṭī
○moṭī id. L
⋙ karṇayoni
○yoni (kárṇa○), mfn. having the ear as a source or starting-point, going forth from the ear (said of arrows, because in shooting the bow-string is drawn back to the ear) RV. ii, 24, 8
⋙ karṇarandhra
○randhra m. the orifice or auditory passage of the ear, Bhp
⋙ karṇaroga
○roga m. disease of the ear Suśr
-pratiṣedha m. cure of a disease of the ear
-vijñāna n. diagnosis of any disease of the ear
⋙ karṇalatā
○latā f. the lobe of the ear L
-maya mfn. representing the lobe of an ear Naish. vii, 64
⋙ karṇalatikā
○latikā f. the lobe of the ear L
⋙ karṇavaṃśa
○vaṃśa m. an elevated platform of bamboo
⋙ karṇavat
○vat (kárṇa○), mfn. having ears RV. x, 71, 7 R
• long-eared
• furnished with tendrils or hooks Suśr
• having a helm
⋙ karṇavarjita
○varjita m. 'earless', a snake L
⋙ karṇavallī
○vallī f. the lobe of the ear L
⋙ karṇaviṭka
○viṭka n. (fr. -viṣ below), excretion or wax of the ear Suśr
⋙ karṇavivara
○vivara n. the auditory passage of the ear BhP
⋙ karṇaviṣ
○viṣ f. ear-wax Mn. v, 135
⋙ karṇaviṣa
○viṣa n. 'earpoison' (any bad precept) Pañcat
⋙ karṇaviṣayīkṛta
○viṣayīkṛta mfn. made an object of hearing, made known Kathârṇ
⋙ karṇavedha
○vedha m. 'ear-boring' (a religious ceremony sometimes performed as a saṃskāra or to prevent a woman from dying if the birth of a third son be expected) PSarv
• piercing the ear to receive ear-rings
⋙ karṇavedhanikā
○vedhanikā f. an instrument for piercing the ear of an elephant L
⋙ karṇavedhanī
○vedhanī f. id. L
⋙ karṇaveṣṭa
○veṣṭa m. an ear-ring R
• N. of a king MBh. i, 2696
⋙ karṇaveṣṭaka
○veṣṭaka m. an ear-ring PārGṛ
⋙ karṇaveṣṭakīya
⋙ karṇaveṣṭakya
○"ṣveṣṭakya mfn. belonging or relating to an ear-ring, g. apūpâdi
⋙ karṇaveṣṭana
○veṣṭana n. an ear-ring L
⋙ karṇavyadha
○vyadha m. piercing the ear (to receive ear-rings) Suśr
⋙ karṇaśaṣkulikā
○śaṣkulikā f. the auditory passage of the ear Car
⋙ karṇaśaṣkulī
○śaṣkulī f. id
⋙ karṇaśirīṣa
○śirīṣa n. a Śirīsha-flower fastened to the ear (as an ornament) Śak
⋙ karṇaśūnya
○śūnya mfn. deaf L
⋙ karṇaśūla
○śūlá n. ear-ache AV. ix, 8, 1 ; 2 Suśr
⋙ karṇaśūlin
○"ṣśūlin mfn. having ear-ache Suśr
⋙ karṇaśobhana
○śóbhana n. an ornament for the ear RV. viii, 78, 3
⋙ karṇaśrava
○śrava mfn. perceptible by the ears, audible Mn. iv, 102
⋙ karṇaśravas
○śravas m. N. of a man TāṇḍyaBr. MBh. iii
⋙ karṇaśrāvin
○śrāvin mfn. audible Gaut
⋙ karṇaśrut
○śrut m. N. of a Vedic author RAnukr
⋙ karṇasaṃsrāva
○saṃsrāva m. running of the ear, discharge of pus or ichorous matter from the ear Suśr
⋙ karṇasakha
○sakha m. 'Sakha's friend', N. of Jarāsaṃdha L
⋙ karṇasundarī
○sundarī f. N. of a drama
⋙ karṇasubhaga
○subhaga mfn. pleasant to the ear, pleasant to be heard Veṇis
⋙ karṇasū
○sū m. 'Karṇa's father', N. of Sūrya L
⋙ karṇasūci
○sūci f. a kind of insect
⋙ karṇasphoṭā
○sphoṭā f. Gynandropsis pentaphylla L
⋙ karṇasrāva
○srāva m. = -saṃsrāva above Suśr
⋙ karṇasrotas
○srotas n. the auditory passage of the ear Hariv. 2921 VarBṛS
• the wax of the ear MBh. vi
⋙ karṇahallikā
○hallikā f. a particular disease of the ear, ŚārṅgS
⋙ karṇahīna
○hīna mfn. deaf
• m. 'earless', a snake T
⋙ karṇākarṇi
karṇākarṇi ind. from ear to ear, whispering into each other's ear R. (cf. keśākeśi, &c.)
⋙ karṇākhya
karṇâkhya m. white amaranth Npr
⋙ karṇāñjali
karṇâñjali m. the ears pricked up BhP. iii, 13, 50
⋙ karṇātarda
karṇâtarda m. a hole on both sides of a chariot into which the poles are fixed ĀpŚr. Comm. on TS
⋙ karṇādarśa
karṇâdarśa m. an ear-ring L
⋙ karṇādi
karṇâdi m. N. of a gaṇa Pāṇ. 5-2, 24
⋙ karṇānuja
karṇânuja m. 'Karṇa's younger brother', N. of Yudhishṭhira L
⋙ karṇāntikacara
karṇântika-cara mfn. going close to the ear Śak
⋙ karṇāndu
karṇându f. an ornament for the ear L
• an ear-ring L
⋙ karṇāndū
karṇândū f. id. L
⋙ karṇābharaṇa
karṇâbharaṇa n. an ornament for the ear, Ratnāv. [Page 257, Column 2]
⋙ karṇābharaṇaka
karṇābharaṇaka m. Cathartocarpus fistula L
⋙ karṇāmṛta
karṇâmṛta n. nectar for the ears ŚārṅgP
• N. of wk
⋙ karṇārā
karṇârā f. an instrument for perforating the ear of an elephant L
⋙ karṇāri
karṇâri m. 'Karṇa's enemy', N. of Arjuna L
• Terminalia Arjuna L
⋙ karṇārdha
karṇârdha m. n. (?) the radius of a circle Sūryas
⋙ karṇārpaṇa
karṇârpaṇa n. applying the ear, giving ear, paying attention, listening to
⋙ karṇārśas
karṇârśas n. a particular disease of the ears, ŚārṅgS
⋙ karṇālaṃkaraṇa
karṇâlaṃkaraṇa n. an ornament for the ear
⋙ karṇālaṃkāra
karṇâlaṃkāra m. id
⋙ karṇālaṃkṛti
karṇâlaṃkṛti f. id
⋙ karṇāvataṃsa
karṇâvataṃsa m. n. (?) id. Vām. Kpr. &c
○ṃsī-kṛ, to make (anything) an ornament for the ear Kād
⋙ karṇāvadhāna
karṇâvadhāna n. giving ear to, listening to, attention (○dhānam ava-dhā, to pay attention, attend)
⋙ karṇāśva
karṇâśva m. N. of a man
⋙ karṇāsphāla
karṇâsphāla m. the flapping to and fro of an elephant's ears L
⋙ karṇecuracurā
karṇe-curacurā or f. whispering into the ear, tale-bearing, g. pātre-samitâdi
⋙ karṇecurucurā
karṇe-curucurā f. whispering into the ear, tale-bearing, g. pātre-samitâdi
⋙ karṇejapa
karṇe-japa m. an earwhisperer, tale-bearer, informer Pāṇ. Bhaṭṭ
⋙ karṇeṭiṭṭibha
karṇe-ṭiṭṭibha m
⋙ karṇeṭiriṭirā
karṇe-ṭiriṭirā f. whispering into the ear, tale-bearing, g. pātre-samitâdi
⋙ karṇendu
karṇêndu f. = karṇându, q.v. L
⋙ karṇotpala
karṇôtpala n. a lotus-flower fastened to the ear (as an ornament) Ragh. vii, 23
• m. N. of a poet
• of a king
⋙ karṇodaya
karṇôdaya m. N. of wk
⋙ karṇopakarṇikā
karṇôpakarṇikā f. the going from one ear to the other Pañcat
⋙ karṇorṇa
karṇôrṇa m. an animal with wool on the ears BhP. iv, 6, 21
≫ karṇaka
kárṇaka m. (ifc. f. ā) a prominence or handle or projection on the side or sides (of a vessel &c.), a tendril ŚBr. KātyŚr
• a rime, ring Car
• a kind of fever
• a particular defect of wood Comm. on KātyŚr
• N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of this man, g. upakâdi
• (au), m. du. the two legs spread out AV. xx, 133, 3
• (ikā), f. (Pāṇ. 4-3, 65) an ear-ring or ornament for the ear Kathās. Daś. &c
• a knot-like tubercle Suśr
• a round protuberance (as at the end of a reed or a tube) Suśr
• the pericarp of a lotus MBh. BhP. &c
• central point, centre Car. Bālar
• the tip of an elephant's trunk L
• the middle finger L
• chalk L
• a pen, small brush L
• Premna spinosa or longifolia L
• Odina pinnata L
• a bawd L
• N. of an Apsaras MBh
⋙ karṇakavat
○vat (kárṇaka-), mfn. having prominences or handles &c., furnished with tendrils MaitrS. Kāṭh
⋙ karṇakāvat
kárṇakā-vat mfn. id. TS. ŚBr
≫ karṇakita
karṇakita mfn. having handles, furnished with tendrils &c., g. tārakâdi
≫ karṇandu
karṇandu f. = karṇându, q.v. L
≫ karṇala
karṇala mfn. furnished with ears, g. sidhmâdi
≫ karṇi
karṇi m. a kind of arrow (the top being shaped like an ear) L. (cf. karṇika n.)
• the act of splitting, breaking through T
≫ karṇika
karṇika mfn. having ears, having large or long ears W
• having a helm W
• m. a steersman W
• a kind of fever Bhpr
• N. of a king in Potāla
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VP
• (as, am), m. n. the pericarp of a lotus MBh
• (am), n. a kind of arrow (the top being shaped like an ear), Śārṅg
≫ karṇikā
karṇikā kárṇaka
⋙ karṇikācala
karṇikâcala m. 'the central mountain' [karṇikāyāṃ sthito'calaḥ T.], N. of Meru L. (cf. BhP. v, 16, 7.)
⋙ karṇikādri
karṇikâdri m. id. L
≫ karṇikāra
karṇikāra mfn. (fr. karṇikā BRD
karṇiṃ bhedanaṃ karoti T.), Pterospermum acerifolium MBh. Suśr. &c
• Cathartocarpus fistula L
• (am), n. the flower of Pterospermum acerifolium Ṛitus
• the pericarp of a lotus Hcat. Rājat
⋙ karṇikārapriya
○priya m. 'fond of Karṇikāra', N. of Śiva
≫ karṇikāraka
karṇikāraka m. Pterospermum acerifolium L
≫ karṇikikā
karṇikikā f. a heifer L
≫ karṇikin
karṇikin ī m. an elephant L
≫ karṇin
karṇín mfn. having ears AV. x, 1, 2 TS. vii
• relating to the ears
• (ifc.) having (a ring &c.) attached to the ear MBh. xiii
• furnished with flaps or anything similar (said of shoes) KātyŚr. xxii
• barbed, furnished with knots &c. (as a missile) Mn. vii, 90 MBh. Suśr. &c
• having a helm W
• (ī), m. a missile, arrow
• the side of the neck, the part near the ear W
• a steersman Kathās
• N. of one of the seven principal ranges of the mountains dividing the universe L
• (inī), f. (scil. yoni) a disease of the uterus (prolapsus or polypus uteri) Suśr. ii, 397, 7 ; 398, 11
⋙ karṇīratha
karṇī-ratha (for karṇi-ratha), m. a kind of litter Ragh. xiv, 13 Rājat. vii, 479. [Page 257, Column 3]
⋙ karṇī
karṇī f. of ○ṇa ifc. (e.g. ayas-k○ and payas-k○) Pāṇ. 8-3, 46
• 'N. of Kaṃsa's mother', in comp
⋙ karṇīratha
karṇī-ratha s.v. karṇín
⋙ karṇīsuta
karṇī-suta m. N. of Kaṃsa L
• of the author of a thieves' manual Kād
≫ karṇya
kárṇya mfn. being in or at the ear AV. vi, 127, 3
• suitable to the ear Comm. on Pāṇ
karṇāṭa ās m. pl., N. of a people and the country they inhabit (the modern Karnatic
• the name, however, was anciently applied to the central districts of the peninsula, including Mysore) VarBṛS. Rājat. Kathās. &c
• m. a king or inhabitant of Karṇāṭa Kathās
• (in mus.) a particular Rāga
• (ī), f. a queen of Karṇāṭa Rājat. iv, 152
• a kind of Mimosa L
• (in mus.) a particular Rāgiṇī
⋙ karṇāṭagauḍa
○gauḍa m. (in mus.) a particular Rāga
⋙ karṇāṭadeśa
○deśa m. the country of Karṇāṭa
⋙ karṇāṭabhāṣā
○bhāṣā f. the language spoken in Karṇāṭa Sarvad
≫ karṇāṭaka
karṇāṭaka ās m. pl., N. of a people and the country they inhabit VP. BhP. &c
• (ikā), f. (in mus.) a particular Rāgiṇī
⋙ karṇāṭakadeśa
○deśa m. the Karṇāṭa country
⋙ karṇāṭakabhāṣā
○bhāṣā f. the dialect of Karṇāṭa
kart v. l. for kartr, q.v
kartá m. (√1. kṛt
• a more recent form is 2. gárta), a hole, cavity RV. AV. iv, 12, 7 AitBr. &c
• separation, distinction BhP
⋙ kartapatya
○patya n. falling or tumbling into a hole TāṇḍyaBr
⋙ kartapraskanda
○praskanda m. id. ib
≫ kartana 1
kartana n. the act of cutting off, excision Yājñ. Hit. &c
• the act of extinguishing, extinction Vīrac
• (ī), f. scissors W
≫ kartari
kartari f. scissors, a knife, or any instrument for cutting Suśr. Hcat
≫ kartarikā
kartarikā f. id. Hit. Hcat
≫ kartarī
kartarī f. id. Hcat
• the part of an arrow to which the feathers are attached L
• a kind of dance
⋙ kartarīphala
○phala n. the blade of a knife Hcat
⋙ kartarīmukha
○mukha m. a particular position of the hands PSarv
⋙ kartaryāsya
kartary-āsya m. id
≫ kartarīya
kartarīya n. (?) a kind of poisonous plant Suśr
≫ karttavya
karttavya mfn. to be cut off
• to be destroyed or extinguished MBh
≫ karttṛ 1
karttṛ mfn. one who cuts off
• one who extinguishes, a destroyer Vīrac
≫ karttṛkā
karttṛkā f. = kartari Tantras
≫ karttrikā
⋙ karttrī
karttrī f. id
≫ kartya
kartya mfn. to be cut off or down Mn. viii, 367
kartana 2
kartana n. (√2. kṛt), the act of spinning cotton or thread L
⋙ kartanasādhana
○sādhana n. a spindle L
≫ karttṛ 2
karttṛ mfn. one who spins, a spinner MBh. viii
kártave ṛV. and āV. and kártavaí ṇaigh. "ṣBr., Ved. inf. of √1. kṛ, to do, q.v
≫ kartavya
kártavya and mfn. (fut. pass. p. of √1. kṛ, q.v.) to be done or made or accomplished &c. TS. ŚBr. AitBr. Mn. &c
⋙ kartavya
kartavyá mfn. (fut. pass. p. of √1. kṛ, q.v.) to be done or made or accomplished &c. TS. ŚBr. AitBr. Mn. &c
• (am), n. that which ought to be done, obligation, duty, task MBh. Pañcat. Kathās. &c
⋙ kartavyatā
○tā f
⋙ kartavyatva
○tva n. the state of being necessary to be done or accomplished Sāh
• necessity, obligation, task Yājñ. Hit. &c
• the possibility or suitableness of being done Tattvas
≫ kartu
kartu (for kartum inf. of √1. kṛ, q.v.)
⋙ kartukāma
○kāma mfn. desirous or intending to do
≫ kartṛ
kartṛ́ mfn. one who makes or does or acts or effects, a doer, maker, agent, author (with gen. or acc. or ifc., cf. bhaya-kartṛ, &c.) RV. AV. &c. MBh. Mn. &c
• doing any particular action or business, applying one's self to any occupation (the business or occupation preceding in the compound, cf. suvarṇa-kartṛ, rājya-k○, &c.)
• one who acts in a religious ceremony, a priest ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. &c
• (), m. the creator of the world ŚBr. xiv Yājñ. iii, 69
• N. of Vishṇu Pañcat
• of Brahman L
• of Śiva L
• (in Gr.) the agent of an action (who acts of his own accord [sva-tantra]), the active noun, the subject of a sentence (it stands either in the nom. in active construction, or in the instr. in passive construction, or in the gen. in connection with a noun of action
• it is opposed to karman, the object) Pāṇ. &c
• one who is about to do, one who will do (used as periphr. fut.) MBh
⋙ kartṛkara
○kara mfn. ? Pāṇ. 3-2, 21
⋙ kartṛga
○ga mfn. going towards or falling to the share of the agent Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ kartṛgāmin
○gāmin mfn. id. ib
⋙ kartṛgupta
○gupta n. (a kind of artificial sentence) in which the subject or agent is hidden, Śārṅg. [Page 258, Column 1]
⋙ kartṛguptaka
○guptaka n. id. ib
⋙ kartṛtā
○tā f. the state of being the agent of an action Sāh
⋙ kartṛtva
○tva n. id. Kāś
• the state of being the performer or author of anything MBh. BhP. &c
⋙ kartṛpura
○pura n. N. of a town
⋙ kartṛbhūta
○bhūta mfn. that which has become or is the agent of an action Kāś
⋙ kartṛmat
○mat mfn. having a kartṛ Comm. on Pāṇ
⋙ kartṛvācya
○vācya n. the active voice W
⋙ kartṛstha
○stha mfn. standing or being or contained in the agent of an action Pāṇ. 1-3, 37
-kriyaka mfn. (any √&c.) whose action is confined to the agent
-bhāvaka mfn. (any √&c.) whose state stands within the agent
≫ kartṛka
kartṛka mfn. ifc. = kartṛ́
⋙ kartṛkatva
○tva n. agency, action
≫ kartos
kártos Ved. inf. of √1. kṛ, q.v
≫ kartra
kártra n. a spell, charm AV. x, 1, 19 and 32
≫ kartrīya
kartrīya Nom. (fr. kartṛ) P. ○yati, to be an agent Vop. xxi, 2
≫ kartva
kártva mfn. to be done or accomplished RV
• (am), n. obligation, duty, task ib
karttavya &c. p. 257, col. 3
kartr cl. 10. P. kartrayati, to unloose, remove Dhātup. xxxv, 60 (perhaps connected with √1. kṛt)
kard cl. 1. P. kardati, to rumble (as the bowels) Dhātup. iii, 22
• to caw (as a crow) ib
• to make any unpleasant noise ib. (cf. pard.)
≫ karda
karda m. mud, clay L. (cf. kardama.)
≫ kardaṭa
kardaṭa m. mud, dirt L
• the fibrous √of the lotus L
• any aquatic weed (as Vallisneria &c
• = paṅkāra) L
≫ kardana
kardana n. rumbling of the bowels, borborygm L
• m. N. of a prince Daś
• (ī), f. = kūrdanī, q.v
≫ kardama
kardama m. (Uṇ. iv, 84) mud, slime, mire, clay, dirt, filth MBh. Yājñ. Ragh. &c
• sin Comm. on Uṇ
• shade, shadow (in Veda according to BrahmaP.)
• N. of a Prajāpati (born from the shadow of Brahmā, husband of Devahūti and father of Kapila) MBh
• a kind of rice Suśr
• a kind of poisonous bulb
• N. of Pulaka (a son of Prajāpati) VP
• of a Nāga MBh. i, 1561
• (ī), f. a species of jasmine
• (am), n. flesh L
• Civet L
• (mfn.) covered with mud or mire or dirt, dirty, filthy Suśr
⋙ kardamarāja
○rāja or m. N. of a man (a son of Kshema-gupta) Rājat
⋙ kardamarājan
○rājan m. N. of a man (a son of Kshema-gupta) Rājat
⋙ kardamavīsarpa
○vīsarpa m. a kind of erysipelas Car
⋙ kardamākhya
kardamâkhya m. a kind of poisonous bulb Suśr. ii, 253, 4
⋙ kardamāṭaka
kardamâṭaka m. a receptacle for filth, a sewer &c
⋙ kardameśvaramāhātmya
kardamêśvara-māhātmya n. N. of wk
⋙ kardamodbhava
kardamôdbhava m. marsh-produced kind of rice L
≫ kardamaka
kardamaka m. a kind of rice Suśr
• a kind of poisonous bulb Suśr
• a kind of snake Suśr
• a kind of erysipelas Car
≫ kardamita
kardamita mfn. muddy, dirty, soiled Kathās. Mālatīm
≫ kardaminī
kardaminī f. a marshy region, g. puṣkarâdi
≫ kardamila
kardamila n. (g. kāśâdi), N. of a place MBh. iii, 10692
karpaṭa n. (as m. L.) old or patched or ragged garments, a patch, rag Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• N. of a mountain KālP
⋙ karpaṭadhārin
○dhārin m. 'wearing rags or a rag', a beggar L
≫ karpaṭika
karpaṭika mfn. covered with patched or ragged garments, clothed in a beggar's raiment L
≫ karpaṭin
karpaṭin mfn. id. ib
karpaṇa m. (?) a kind of lance or spear Daś
karpara m. a cup, pot, bowl Pañcat. Kathās. &c
• the skull, cranium L
• the shell of a tortoise
• a kind of weapon L
• Ficus glomerata L
• N. of a thief Kathās. lxiv, 43 ff
• (ī), f. a kind of collyrium L
• (am), n. a pot, potsherd Pañcat
⋙ karparāṃśa
karparâṃśa m. a potsherd
≫ karparaka
karparaka m. N. of a thief Kathās. lxiv, 52
• (ikā), f. a kind of collyrium L
≫ karparāla
karparāla m. v. l. for kandarāla, q.v
≫ karparāśa
karparāśa m. sand, gravel, a sandy soil W
• (erroneous for karparâṃśa BRD.)
karpāsa as, ī, am mf. n. the cotton tree, cotton, Gossypium Herbaceum Suśr
• [Gk. ? ; [258, 1] Lat. carbasus.]
⋙ karpāsadhenumāhātmya
○dhenu-māhātmya n. N. of wk
≫ karpāsakī
karpāsakī f. the cotton tree Bhpr. [Page 258, Column 2]
karpūra 1
karpūra as, am m. n. (√kṛp Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 90), camphor (either the plant or resinous exudation or fruit) Suśr. Pañcat. &c
• m. N. of several men
• of a Dviipa Kathās. lvi, 61 f
• (ā), f. a kind of yellowish pigment Bhpr
• mf(ā)n. made of camphor Hcat
⋙ karpūrakeli
○keli m. N. of a flamingo Hit
⋙ karpūragaura
○gaura n. 'yellowish-white like camphor', N. of a lake Hit
⋙ karpūratilaka
○tilaka m. N. of an elephant Hit
• (ā), f. N. of Jayā (one of Durgā's female friends) L
⋙ karpūrataila
○taila n. camphor liniment L
⋙ karpūradvīpa
○dvīpa m. N. of a Dviipa Viddh
⋙ karpūranālikā
○nālikā f. a kind of food prepared with camphor (rice dressed with spices and camphor and ghee) Bhpr
⋙ karpūrapaṭa
○paṭa m. N. of a dyer Hit
⋙ karpūraprakaraṇa
○prakaraṇa n. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ karpūramañjarī
○mañjarī f. N. of a daughter of Karpūra-sena, Kathārṇ
• of a daughter of the flamingo Karpūra-keli Hit
• of a drama by Rājaśekhara
⋙ karpūramaṇi
○maṇi m. a kind of white mineral L
⋙ karpūramaya
○maya mfn. made of camphor, like camphor Kād
⋙ karpūrarasa
○rasa m. camphorated mixture
⋙ karpūravarṣa
○varṣa m. N. of a king Viddh
⋙ karpūravilāsa
○vilāsa m. N. of a washerman Hit
⋙ karpūrasaras
○saras n. N. of a lake or pond Hit
⋙ karpūrasena
○sena m. N. of a king, Kathārṇ
⋙ karpūrastava
○stava m. N. of wk
⋙ karpūrastotra
○stotra n. id
⋙ karpūraharidrā
○haridrā f. Curcuma Amada
⋙ karpūrāśman
karpūrâśman m. crystal L
≫ karpūra 2
karpūra Nom. P. karpūrati, to be like camphor Dhūrtas. Kuval
≫ karpūraka
karpūraka m. Curcuma Zerumbet L
≫ karpūrin
karpūrin mfn. having camphor, g. suvāstvādi
≫ karpūrila
karpūrila mfn. id., g. kāśâdi
karphara m. a mirror L. (cf. karkara.)
karb cl. 1. P. karbati, to go, move, approach Dhātup. xi, 26
karbara 2. karvara
≫ karbu
karbu mfn. variegated, spotted Yājñ. iii, 166
⋙ karbudāra
○dāra m. Bauhinia candida Suśr. Car
• Bauhinia variegata L
• Barleria caerulea L
⋙ karbudāraka
○dāraka m. Cordia latifolia L
≫ karbuka
karbuka ās m. pl., N. of a people R
≫ karbura
karbura mf(ā)n. variegated, of a spotted or variegated colour Suśr. Hit. Kum. &c
• m. sin L
• a Rakshas L
• Curcuma Amhaldi or Zerumbet L
• a species of Dolichos L
• (ā), f. a venomous kind of leech Suśr. i, 40, 10
• Bignonia suaveolens L
• = barbarā L
• (ī), f. N. of Durgā L
• (am), n. gold L
• thorn-apple L
• water L
⋙ karburaphala
○phala m. a particular plant L
⋙ karburāṅgā
karburâṅgā f. a species of fly or bee L
≫ karburaka
karburaka mfn. variegated, spotted VarBṛS
≫ karbūra
karbūra m. a Rakshas L
• Curcuma Amhaldi or Zerumbet L
• (ā), f. a kind of venomous leech L
• (am), n. gold L
• a yellow orpiment L
≫ karbūraka
karbūraka m. a kind of Curcuma L
≫ karbūrita
karbūrita mfn. variegated, many-coloured W
karbela m. N. of the copyist Vishṇu-bhaṭṭa
kárman a n. (ā m. L.), (√kṛ Uṇ. iv, 144), act, action, performance, business RV. AV. ŚBr. MBh. &c
• office, special duty, occupation, obligation (frequently ifc., the first member of the compound being either the person who performs the action [e.g. vaṇik-k○] or the person or thing for or towards whom the action is performed [e.g. rāja-k○, paśu-k○] or a specification of the action [e.g. śaurya-k○, prīti-k○]) ŚBr. Mn. Bhartṛ. &c
• any religious act or rite (as sacrifice, oblation &c., esp. as originating in the hope of future recompense and as opposed to speculative religion or knowledge of spirit) RV. AV. VS. Ragh. &c
• work, labour, activity (as opposed to rest, praśānti) Hit. RPrāt. &c
• physicking, medical attendance Car
• action consisting in motion (as the third among the seven categories of the Nyāya philosophy
• of these motions there are five, viz. ut-kṣepaṇa, ava-kṣepaṇa, ā-kuñcana, prasāraṇa, and gamana, qq. vv.) Bhāshāp. Tarkas
• calculation Sūryas
• product, result, effect Mn. xii, 98 Suśr
• organ of sense ŚBr. xiv (or of action, karmêndriya)
• (in Gr.) the object (it stands either in the acc. in active construction, or in the nom. in passive construction, or in the gen. in connection with a noun of action
• opposed to kartṛ the subject) Pāṇ. 1-4, 49 ff. (it is of four kinds, viz. a. nirvartya, when anything new is produced, e.g. kaṭaṃ karoti, 'he makes a mat' [Page 258, Column 3]
putraṃ prasūte, 'she bears a son'
• b. vikārya, when change is implied either of the substance and form, e.g. kāṣṭhaṃ bhasma karoti, 'he reduces fuel to ashes'
• or of the form only, e.g. suvarṇaṃ kuṇḍalaṃ karoti, 'he fashions gold into an ear-ring'
• c. prāpya, when any desired object is attained, e.g. grāmaṃ gacchati, 'he goes to the village'
candraṃ paśyati, 'he sees the moon'
• d. anīpsita, when an undesired object is abandoned, e.g. pāpaṃ tyajati, 'he leaves the wicked')
• former act as leading to inevitable results, fate (as the certain consequence of acts in a previous life) Pañcat. Hit. Buddh., (cf. karma-pāka and -vipāka)
• the tenth lunar mansion VarBṛS. &c
≫ karma
karma (in comp. for kárman above)
⋙ karmakara
○kara mf(ī)n. doing work, a workman, a hired labourer, servant of any kind (who is not a slave W.), mechanic, artisan MBh. BhP. Pañcat. &c
• m. N. of Yama L
• (ī), f. Sanseviera zeylanica L
• Momordica monadelpha L
⋙ karmakarībhāva
○karī-bhāva m. the state of being a female servant Kathās
⋙ karmakartṛ
○kartṛ m. (in Gr.), 'an object-agent' or 'object-containing agent', i.e. an agent which is at the same time the object of an action (this is the idea expressed by the reflexive passive, as in odanaḥ pacyate, 'the mashed grain cooks of itself') Pāṇ. 3-1, 62 (cf. Gr. 461, iii)
• (ārau), m. du. the work and the person accomplishing it
⋙ karmakāṇḍa
○kāṇḍa n. that part of the Śruti which relates to ceremonial acts and sacrificial rites Pāṇ. 4-2, 51 Kāś. Prab
• N. of a Jaina work
⋙ karmakāra
○kāra mfn. = doing work (but without receiving wages, according to native authorities) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 22 Pañcat. &c
• m. a blacksmith (forming a mixed caste, regarded as the progeny of the divine artist Viśva-karman and a Śūdrā woman) BrahmaP
• a bull L
• (ī), f. = -karī above L
⋙ karmakāraka
○kāraka mfn. one who does any act or work
⋙ karmakārāpaya
○"ṣkārāpaya Nom. P. ○yati, to cause any one to work as a servant SaddhP
⋙ karmakārin
○kārin mfn. (ifc.) doing or accomplishing any act or work or business (cf. tat-k○, śubha-k○.)
⋙ karmakārmuka
○kārmuka m. a strong bow W. (?)
⋙ karmakāla
○kāla m. the proper time for action
-nirṇaya m. N. of wk
⋙ karmakīlaka
○kīlaka m. a washerman L
⋙ karmakṛt
○kṛ́t mfn. performing any work, skilful in work AV. ii, 27, 6 VS. iii, 47 TBr. &c. (cf. tīkṣṇa-k○)
• one who has done any work Pāṇ. 3-2, 89
• (t), m. a servant, workman, labourer Rājat. Kām. &c
⋙ karmakṛtavat
○kṛta-vat m. the director of a religious rite, reciter of Mantras W. (?)
⋙ karmakṛtya
○kṛ́tya n. activity, the state of active exertion AV. iv, 24, 6
⋙ karmakaumudī
○kaumudī f. N. of wk
⋙ karmakriyākāṇḍa
○kriyā-kāṇḍa n. N. of wk. by Soma-śambhu (q.v.)
⋙ karmakṣama
○kṣama mfn. able to do an action Ragh. i, 13
⋙ karmakṣaya
○kṣaya m. annihilation or termination of all work or activity ŚvetUp
⋙ karmakṣetra
○kṣetra n. the place or region of (religious) acts BhP. v, 17, 11 (cf. -bhūmi below.)
⋙ karmagati
○gati f. the course of Fate Kathās. lix, 159
⋙ karmagupta
○gupta n. a kind of artificial sentence which has the object hidden, Śārṅg
⋙ karmagrantha
○grantha m. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ karmagranthiprathamavicāra
○granthi-prathama-vicāra m. id
⋙ karmaghāta
○ghāta m. annihilation or termination of work or activity L. (cf. -kṣaya above.)
⋙ karmacaṇḍāla
○caṇḍāla m. 'a Caṇḍāla by work' (as opposed to a born Caṇḍāla), a contemptible man T
• N. of Rāhu T
⋙ karmacandra
○candra m. N. of several princes
⋙ karmacārin
○cārin mfn. engaged in work
⋙ karmacit
○cít mfn. collected or accomplished by work ŚBr. x
⋙ karmaceṣṭā
○ceṣṭā f. active exertion, activity, action Mn. i, 66 MBh. Daś. &c
⋙ karmacodanā
○codanā f. the motive impelling to ritual acts W
⋙ karmaja
○ja mfn. 'act-born', resulting or produced from any act (good or bad) Mn. xii, 3 and 101 Daś. &c
• m. Ficus religiosa
• the Kaliyuga (q.v.)
• a god L
⋙ karmaguṇa
○guṇa m. a quality or condition resulting from human acts (as separation, reunion &c.) W
⋙ karmajit
○jit mfn. N. of a king BhP
⋙ karmajña
○jña mfn. skilled in any work
• acquainted with religious rites W
⋙ karmatattvapradīpikā
○tattva-pradīpikā f. N. of wk
⋙ karmatā
○tā f
⋙ karmatva
○tva n. the state or effect of action &c. Car. Sarvad. &c
• activity
• the state of being an object Comm. on TPrāt
⋙ karmatyāga
○tyāga m. abandonment of worldly duties or ceremonial rites W
⋙ karmadīpa
○dīpa m. N. of wk
⋙ karmaduṣṭa
○duṣṭa mfn. corrupt in action, wicked in practice, immoral, disreputable
⋙ karmadeva
○deva (kárma○), m. a god through religious actions (ye'gnihotrâdiśrautakarmaṇā devalokaṃ prâpnuvanti te karmadevāḥ Comm. on ŚBr. xiv, 7, 1, 35) ŚBr. TUp. &c
⋙ karmadoṣa
○doṣa m. a sinful work, sin, vice Mn
• error, blunder W
• the evil consequence of human acts, discreditable conduct or business W. [Page 259, Column 1]
⋙ karmadhāraya
○dhāraya m. N. of a class of Tatpurusha (q.v.) compounds (in which the members would stand in the same case [samānâdhikaraṇa] if the compound were dissolved) Pāṇ. 1-2, 42 ( Gr. 735, iii ; 755 ff.)
⋙ karmadhvaṃsa
○dhvaṃsa m. loss of benefit arising from religious acts W
• destruction of any work, disappointment W
⋙ karmanāman
○nāmán n. a name in accordance with or derived from actions ŚBr. xiv, 4, 2, 17
• a participle, APrāt. iv, 29
⋙ karmanāśā
○nāśā f. 'destroying the merit of works', N. of a river between Kāśī and Vihāra Bhāshāp
⋙ karmanibandha
○nibandha m. necessary consequence of works
⋙ karmanirṇaya
○nirṇaya m. N. of wk
⋙ karmanirhāra
○nirhāra m. removal of bad deeds or their effects
⋙ karmaniṣṭha
○niṣṭha (Ved. -niṣṭhā́), mfn. diligent in religious actions, engaged in active duties RV. x, 80, 1 Mn. iii, 134
• m. a Brāhman who performs sacrifices &c. W
⋙ karmanyāsa
○nyāsa m. the giving up of active duties Āp
⋙ karmapatha
○patha m. the way or direction or character of an action MBh. Kāraṇḍ
⋙ karmapaddhati
○paddhati f. N. of wk
⋙ karmapāka
○pāka m. 'ripening of acts', matured result of previous acts or actions done in a former birth BhP. Pañcat. (cf. -vipāka below.)
⋙ karmapāradā
○pāra-dā f. N. of a goddess BrahmaP
⋙ karmaprakāśa
○prakāśa m
⋙ karmaprakāśikā
○prakāśikā f
⋙ karmaprakāśinī
○prakāśinī f
⋙ karmapradīpa
○pradīpa m
⋙ karmapradīpikā
○pradīpikā f. N. of several works
⋙ karmapravacanīya
○pravacanīya mfn. 'employed to denote an action'
• m. (scil. śabda
• in Gr.) a term for certain prepositions or particles not connected with a verb but generally governing a noun (either separated from it or forming a compound with it
• a Karma-pravacanīya never loses its accent, and exercises no euphonic influence on the initial letter of a following verb
• also upa-sarga, gati, and nipāta) Pāṇ. 1-4, 83-98 ; ii, 3, 8, &c
⋙ karmapravāda
○pravāda m. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ karmaphala
○phala n. the fruit or recompense of actions (as pain, pleasure &c., resulting from previous acts or acts in a former life) Āp
• the fruit of Averrhoa Carambola L
○lôdaya m. the appearance of consequences of actions Mn. xi, 231
⋙ karmabandha
○bandha m. the bonds of action (i.e. transmigration or repeated existence as a result of actions) Bhag. ii, 39
⋙ karmabandhana
○bandhana n. id
• (mfn.) bound by bonds of actions (as worldly existence) Bhag
⋙ karmabāhulya
○bāhulya n. much or hard work
⋙ karmabīja
○bīja n. the seed of works
⋙ karmabuddhi
○buddhi f. the mental organ of action, Manas (q.v.) MBh. xi
⋙ karmabhū
○bhū f. tilled or cultivated ground L
⋙ karmabhūmi
○bhūmi f. the land or region of religious actions (i.e. where such actions are performed, said of Bhārata-varsha) R. VP. &c., (cf. -kṣetra above
• cf. also phala-bhūmi)
• the place or region of activity or work Kāraṇḍ
⋙ karmabhūya
○bhūya n. the becoming an action, (○ṃ-√bhū, to assume the peculiar characteristic of any action Comm. on Bādar. iv, 1, 6.)
⋙ karmabhedavicāra
○bheda-vicāra m. N. of wk
⋙ karmamaya
○máya mf(ī)n. consisting of or resulting from works ŚBr. x MBh. &c
⋙ karmamārga
○mārga m. the course of acts, activity VP. vi, 6, 9
• the way of work (a term used by thieves for a breach in walls &c.) Mṛicch
⋙ karmamāsa
○māsa m. the calendar month of thirty days
⋙ karmamīmāṃsā
○mīmāṃsā f. = pūrva-mīmāṃsā, q.v
⋙ karmamūla
○mūla n. Kuśa grass (as essential part in many religious acts) L
⋙ karmayuga
○yuga n. the Kali-yuga (q.v.) L
⋙ karmayoga
○yoga m. performance of a work or business (esp. of religious duties) Bhag. Mn. &c
• active exertion, industry
• agriculture and commerce Kull. Mn. x, 115
• practical application Sarvad
• connection with a sacrifice KātyŚr. Lāṭy. Āp
⋙ karmayoni
○yoni f. source of an action Tattvas
⋙ karmaraṅga
○raṅga m. Averrhoa Carambola R. (cf. -phala above.)
⋙ karmaratnāvalī
○ratnâvalī f. N. of wk
⋙ karmargha
○"ṣrgha (karma + ṛgha fr. ṛghā), m. N. of a teacher
⋙ karmalocana
○locana n. N. of wk
⋙ karmavacana
○vacana n. (with Buddh.) the ritual
⋙ karmavajra
○vajra mfn. 'whose power (thunderbolt) is work' (said of Śūdras) MBh. i, 6487
⋙ karmavat
○vat mfn. busy with or employed in any work MBh
⋙ karmavaśa
○vaśa m. the necessary influence of acts, fate (considered as the inevitable consequence of actions done in a former life)
• (mfn.) being in the power of or subject to former actions MBh. xiii
⋙ karmavaśitā
○"ṣvaśi-tā mfn. the condition of having power over one's works (as a quality of a Bodhi-sattva) Buddh
⋙ karmavāṭī
○vāṭī f. 'demarcation or regulation of religious actions', a lunar day
⋙ karmavighna
○vighna m. an impediment to work, obstruction
⋙ karmavidhi
○vidhi m. rule of actions or observances, mode of conducting ceremonies Mn
⋙ karmaviparyaya
○viparyaya m. perversity of action, perverse action, mistake Hit
⋙ karmavipāka
○vipāka m. 'the ripening of actions', i.e. the good or evil consequences in this life of human acts performed in previous births (eighty-six consequences are spoken of in the Śātātapa-smṛiti) MBh. Yājñ. &c. [Page 259, Column 2]
• N. of several works
-saṃgraha m. N. of wk
-sāra m. id
⋙ karmavirodhin
○virodhin mfn. disturbing or preventing any one's works Sāy
⋙ karmaviśeṣa
○viśeṣa m. variety of acts or actions W
⋙ karmavyatihāra
○vyatihāra m. reciprocity of an action Pāṇ
⋙ karmaśataka
○śataka n. N. of a Buddhist work
⋙ karmaśalya
○śalya n. an impediment of action Nāṭyaś
⋙ karmaśālā
○śālā f. workshop, the hall or room where daily work is done, sitting-room MBh. R
⋙ karmaśālī
○śālī f. N. of a river in Caturgrāma
⋙ karmaśīla
○śīla mfn. assiduous in work L
• one who perseveres in his duties without looking to their reward W
• m. N. of a man Buddh
⋙ karmaśūra
○śūra m. a skilful or clever workman L
• (mfn.) assiduous, laborious L
⋙ karmaśauca
○śauca n. humility L
⋙ karmaśreṣṭha
○śreṣṭha m. N. of a son of Pulaha by Gati BhP. VP
⋙ karmasaṃvatsara
○saṃvatsara m. the calendar year of 360 days
⋙ karmasaṃgraha
○saṃgraha m. assemblage of acts (comprising the act, its performance, and the performer) W
⋙ karmasaciva
○saciva m. an officer, assistant L
⋙ karmasaṃnyāsika
○saṃnyāsika mfn. one who has given up works, an ascetic L
⋙ karmasamāpta
○samāpta mfn. one who has performed all religious actions Āp
⋙ karmasaṃbhava
○saṃbhava mfn. produced by or resulting from acts
⋙ karmasākṣin
○sākṣin m. 'the witness of all acts', the sun L
⋙ karmasādhaka
○sādhaka mfn. accomplishing a work
⋙ karmasādhana
○sādhana n. implement, means
• articles essential to the performance of any religious act
⋙ karmasārathi
○sārathi m. a companion, assistant BhP
⋙ karmasiddhi
○siddhi f. accomplishment of an act, success Mālav. Kum
⋙ karmasena
○sena m. N. of a king Kathās
⋙ karmasenīya
○"ṣsenīya mfn. belonging to that king ib
⋙ karmastava
○stava m. N. of wk
⋙ karmastha
○stha mfn. contained or being in the object
⋙ karmasthāna
○sthāna n. public office or place of business Rājat
• a stage or period in the life of an Ājīvika (q.v.) T
⋙ karmahasta
○hasta mfn. clever in business L
⋙ karmahīna
○hīna ās m. pl., N. of a Vaishṇava sect
⋙ karmahetu
○hetu mfn. caused by acts, arising from acts
⋙ karmākṣama
karmâkṣama mfn. incapable of business
⋙ karmāṅga
karmâṅga n. part of any act, part of a sacrificial rite
⋙ karmājīva
karmâjīva m. livelihood earned by work, trade, profession VarBṛS
⋙ karmātman
karmâtman mfn. one whose character is action, endowed with principles of action, active, acting Mn. i, 22 & 53 Tattvas. &c
⋙ karmāditya
karmâditya m. N. of a king
⋙ karmādhikāra
karmâdhikāra m. the right of action MW
⋙ karmādhyakṣa
karmâdhyakṣa m. overseer or superintendent of actions ŚvetUp. vi, 11
⋙ karmānubandha
karmânubandha m. connection with or dependance upon acts W
⋙ karmānubandhin
karmânubandhin mfn. connected with or involved in works ib
⋙ karmānurūpa
karmânurūpa mfn. according to action, according to function or duty W
-tas ind. conformably to act or function ib
⋙ karmānuṣṭhāna
karmânuṣṭhāna n. the act of practising one's duties, discharging peculiar functions W
⋙ karmānuṣṭhāyin
karmânuṣṭhāyin mfn. practising duties, performing rites &c. W
⋙ karmānusāra
karmânusāra m. consequence of or conformity to acts W
-tas ind. according to one's deeds W
⋙ karmānta
karmânta m. end or accomplishment of a work Mṛicch. Subh
• end or conclusion of a sacred action SāmavBr. Karmapr
• work, business, action, management, administration (of an office) MBh. Mn. Yājñ. &c
• tilled or cultivated ground L
⋙ karmāntara
karmântara n. interval between religious actions, suspense of such an action MBh. R
• another work or action BhP. x, 9, 1 Nyāyam. &c
⋙ karmāntika
karmântika mfn. completing an act W
• m. a labourer, artisan R
-loka m. labourers Kād
⋙ karmābhidhāyaka
karmâbhidhāyaka mfn. enjoining or prescribing duties or acts W
⋙ karmābhidhāyin
karmâbhidhāyin mfn. id. ib
⋙ karmārambha
karmârambha m. commencement of any act W
⋙ karmārha
karmârha mfn. fit for work, able to perform a sacrificial rite Jyot
• m. a man L
⋙ karmāśaya
karmâśaya m. receptacle or accumulation of (good and evil) acts Sarvad. Comm. on Bādar
• on Nyāyad. &c
⋙ karmāśritabhakta
karmâśrita-bhakta ās m. pl., N. of a Vaishṇava sect
⋙ karmendriya
karmêndriya n. an organ of action (five in number like the five organs of sense, viz. hand, foot, larynx, organ of generation, and excretion) MBh. Mn. ii, 91 Vedāntas. 91, &c
⋙ karmodāra
karmôdāra n. any honourable or valiant act, magnanimity, prowess W
⋙ karmodyukta
karmôdyukta mfn. actively labouring, busily engaged W
⋙ karmodyoga
karmôdyoga m. activity in work W
⋙ karmopakaraṇa
karmôpakaraṇa mfn. one who gives aid by work
≫ karmaka
karmaka ifc. = karman, work, action &c. (cf. a-k○, sa-k○, &c.)
≫ karmaṭha
karmaṭha mfn. capable of work, skilful or clever in work, clever Pāṇ. Bhaṭṭ
• working diligently, eagerly engaged in sacred actions or rites Rājat. &c. [Page 259, Column 3]
• m. the director and performer of a sacrifice W
≫ karmaṇi
karmaṇí mfn. connected with or being in the action ŚBr. vi, 6, 4, 9
≫ karmaṇya
karmaṇyá mfn. skilful in work, clever, diligent RV. i, 91, 20 ; iii, 4, 9 AV. vi, 23, 2 TS. &c
• proper or fit for any act, suitable for a religious action Gaut. &c
• (ifc.) relating to any business or to the accomplishment of anything Suśr
• (ā), f. wages, hire L
• (am), n. energy, activity W
⋙ karmaṇyatā
○tā f. cleverness
• activity VarYogay
⋙ karmaṇyabhuj
○bhuj mfn. receiving wages, working for hire L
⋙ karmaṇyābhuj
karmaṇyā-bhuj mfn. id. L
≫ karmanda
karmanda m. N. of a man (author of a Bhikshu-sūtra) Pāṇ. 4-3, 111
≫ karmandin
karmandin ī m. one who studies Karmanda's work ib
• a beggar (= bhikṣu) L
≫ karmara
karmara m. Averrhoa Carambola (cf. karmāra) L
• (ī), f. the manna of the bamboo L
≫ karmaraka
karmaraka m. id. (cf. karma-raṅga.)
≫ karmaśa
karmaśa m. N. of a son of Pulaha (= karma-śreṣṭha) VP
≫ karmasa
karmasa m. v. l. for the last
≫ karmāra
karmā́ra m. an artisan, mechanic, artificer
• a blacksmith &c. RV. x, 72, 2 AV. iii, 5, 6 VS. Mn. iv, 215 &c
• a bamboo L
• Averrhoa Carambola L
⋙ karmāravana
○vana n. N. of a place, g. kṣubhnâdi
≫ karmāraka
karmāraka m. Averrhoa Carambola L
≫ karmika
karmika mfn. active, acting, g. vrīhy-ādi and purohitâdi
≫ karmin
karmin mfn. acting, active, busy
• performing a religious action, engaged in any work or business ĀśvŚr. MBh. BhP. &c
• belonging or relating to any act W
• (ī), m. performer of an action Sarvad
• labourer, workman VarBṛS
• Butea frondosa Nigh
≫ karmiṣṭha
karmiṣṭha mfn. (superl. of the last) very active or diligent L
≫ karmīṇa
karmīṇa mfn. only ifc., cf. anuṣṭúp-karmī́ṇa, alaṃ-karmīṇa
karmaṣa = kalmaṣa, q.v
karmīra = kirmīra, q.v
karv cl. 1. P. karvati, to be proud, boast Dhātup. xv, 72 (cf. kharv, garv.)
karva m. (√1. kṝ Uṇ. i, 155), love L
• a mouse, rat L
karvaṭa (as m. L.), n. declivity of a mountain L
• a village, market-town, the capital of a district (of two or four hundred villages W
• cf. kāvaṭa) Yājñ. ii, 167 Hcat. &c
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. ii, 1098 VarBṛS
• (ī), f. N. of a river R
≫ karvaṭaka
karvaṭaka n. (?) declivity of a mountain L
karvara 1
kárvara mfn. (√1. kṛ), a deed, action RV. vi, 24, 5 ; x, 120, 7 AV
karvara 2
karvara or karbara mfn. (√1. kṝ Uṇ. ii, 123), variegated, spotted L
• m. sin L
• a Rakshas L
• a tiger L
• a particular medicament L
• (ī), f. night L
• a Rākshasī L
• a tigress L
• the leaf of Asa foetida L
• N. of Durgā L
• (am), n. red lead L. (cf. karbu, karbura, &c
karviṇī f. a term for the Svarabhakti between l and h Comm. on TPrāt
karśana mfn. (√kṛś), rendering lean, attenuating, causing emaciation Suśr
• troubling, hurting MBh. xiii, 6307 (cf. karṣaṇa)
• (am), n. the act of rendering lean, causing emaciation Car
≫ karśanīya
karśanīya mfn. serving for emaciation Car
≫ karśita
karśita mfn. emaciated, thin R. Suśr. Ragh. Kum. &c
≫ karśya
karśya m. turmeric plant L
karśápha m. a class of imps or goblins AV. iii, 9, 4
karṣa m. (√kṛṣ), the act of drawing, dragging Pāṇ
• (with and without halasya) ploughing, agriculture Āp. Yājñ. ii, 217
• 'anything scratched off', kṣāma-karṣa-miśrá
• (as, am), m. n. a weight of gold or silver (= 16 Māshas = 80 Rettis = 1/4 Pala = 1/400 of a Tulā = about 176 grains troy
• in common use 8 Rettis are given to the Māsha, and the Karsha is then about 280 grains troy) Suśr. VarBṛS. &c. [Page 260, Column 1]
• Terminalia Bellerica (also called akṣa, q.v.) L
• a boat L
⋙ karṣaphala
○phala m. Terminalia Bellerica L
• (ā), f. Emblica officinalis L
⋙ karṣārdha
karṣârdha n. = tolaka L
≫ karṣaka
karṣaka mfn. pulling to and fro, dragging, tormenting, vexing AgP
• ploughing, one who ploughs or lives by tillage, a husbandman Gaut. MBh. Yājñ. &c
≫ karṣaṇa
karṣaṇa mfn. pulling to and fro, dragging, tormenting, vexing (v. l. karśana) MBh. R. &c
• extending (in time), APrāt
• the act of drawing or dragging near Śak. (v. l.)
• drawing out, pulling off
• tugging, pulling (cf. keśa-k○), drawing to and fro, removing, hurting, injuring, tormenting Mn. vii, 112 MBh. Suśr. &c
• drawing back, bending (a bow) Ragh. xi, 46 (cf. dhanuṣ-k○)
• prolonging (a sound) SaṃhUp
• ploughing, cultivating the ground Mn. iv, 5 MBh. BhP
• cultivated land MBh. iii, 10082
• erroneous for karśana, q.v. Car
• (ī), f. N. of a plant (= kṣīriṇī) L
≫ karṣaṇi
karṣaṇi f. an unchaste woman ('attracting men' BRD
• erroneous for dharṣaṇi T.) L
≫ karṣaṇīya
karṣaṇīya mfn. to be drawn or pulled &c
• (am), n. (?) a kind of defensive weapon Hariv. 14459
≫ karṣi
karṣí mfn. drawing, furrowing Kapishṭh. (cf. kā́rṣi.)
≫ karṣita
karṣita mfn. ploughed L
≫ karṣin
karṣin mfn. drawing along, pulling, dragging Ragh. Mṛicch. &c
• attractive, inviting Ragh. xix, 11
• ploughing, furrowing
• m. a ploughman, peasant, husbandman Kathās
• (iṇī), f. the bit of a bridle L
• a particular plant (= kṣīriṇī) L
≫ karṣū
karṣū́ ūs f. (Uṇ. i, 82) a furrow, trench, incision ŚBr. KātyŚr. &c
• a river, canal Comm. on Uṇ
• (ūs), m. a fire of dried cow-dung ib
• agriculture L
• livelihood L
⋙ karṣūśaya
○śaya mfn. lying in a trench (karṣū-śayasya śaśasya vratam, a kind of vow ĀrshBr. 72, 3)
⋙ karṣūsveda
○sveda m. causing sweat by (putting hot coals in) a trench-like receptacle (underneath the bed of a sick person) Car
karṣāpaṇa = kārṣāpaṇa, q.v
kárhi ind. (fr. 2. ka), when ? at what time ? Pāṇ. 5-3, 21
• (with svid, or cid or api [BhP. v, 17, 24]) at any time RV. MBh. BhP. &c
• (with cid and a particle of negation) never, at no time Mn. Pañcat. &c. ; [Goth. hvar, 'where ?' Eng. where ?]
kal 1
kal cl. 1. Ā. kalate, to sound Dhātup. xiv, 26
• to count ib. ; [Lat. calculo.]
kal 2
kal cl. 10. P. (rarely Ā.) kālayati (○te), to push on, drive forward, drive before one's self or away, carry off MBh. BhP
• to go after (with hostile intention), persecute R. iii, 41, 26
• to count, tell over MBh. iii, 14853
• to throw L
• to announce the time (?)
kal 3
kal P. (rarely Ā.) kalayati (○te), to impel, incite, urge on MBh. BhP. &c
• to bear, carry Gīt. Śāntiś. &c
• to betake one's self to Naish. ii, 104
• to do, make, accomplish Bhartṛ. iii, 20 Sāh
• to utter a sound, murmur Naish. Śiś. &c
• (sometimes in connection with nouns merely expressing the verbal conception, e.g. mūrchāṃkal, to swoon Bālar
culukaṃ jalasyakal, to take a draught of water ib.)
• to tie on, attach, affix Gīt
• to furnish with
• to observe, perceive, take notice of
• to consider, count, take for Gīt. Bālar. Ratnāv
• ( 1. kalaya, col. 3.)
≫ kalana
kalana mf(ā)n. (ifc.) effecting, causing Bhartṛ
• m. Calamus Rotang L
• (ā), f. the act of impelling, inciting Sūryas. i, 10
• doing, making, effecting Comm. on MBh
• behaving, behaviour Kathās
• touching, contact VarBṛS
• tying on, putting on Śiś. iii, 5
• (according to Mall. also letting loose, shedding, āmocanam avamocanaṃ vā)
• the state of being provided with or having Bālar
• calculation Jyot
• (am), n. the act of shaking, moving to and fro Prasannar
• murmuring, sounding W
• an embryo at the first stage after conception L. (cf. kalaka)
• a spot, stain, fault, defect L. (cf. kalaṅka.)
≫ kalita
kalita mfn. impelled, driven &c. (cf. √3. kal)
• made, formed Śiś. iii, 81
• furnished or provided with Vikr. Bhpr. &c
• divided, separated L
• sounded indistinctly, murmured W
kala mf(ā)n. (etym. doubtful) indistinct, dumb BṛĀrUp. ChUp
• (ifc., bāṣpa, or aśru preceding) indistinct or inarticulate (on account of tears) MBh. R. &c. [Page 260, Column 2]
• low, soft (as a tone), emitting a soft tone, melodious (as a voice or throat) R. BhP. Vikr. &c
• a kind of faulty pronunciation of vowels Pat
• weak, crude, undigested L
• m. (scil. svara) a low or soft and inarticulate tone (as humming, buzzing &c.) L
• Ṣorea robusta L
• (in poetry) time equal to four Mātras or instants W
• (ās), m. pl. a class of manes MBh
• (am), n. semen virile L
• Zizyphus Jujuba
• (ā), f. kalā below
⋙ kalakaṇṭha
○kaṇṭha m. a pleasing tone or voice L
• 'having a pleasant voice', the Indian cuckoo L
• a dove, pigeon L
• a species of goose L
• (ī), f. the female of that goose Prasannar
• N. of an Apsaras Bālar
⋙ kalakaṇṭhikā
○kaṇṭhikā f. the female of the Indian cuckoo, Śārṅg
⋙ kalakaṇṭhin
○kaṇṭhin m. the Indian cuckoo Bālar
⋙ kalakala
○kala m. any confused noise (as a tinkling or rattling sound, the murmuring of a crowd &c.) Mṛicch. Śiś. Ratnāv. &c
• the resinous exudation of Ṣorea robusta L
• a N. of Śiva MBh. xii, 10378
-rava m. a confused noise Bhartṛ
-vat mfn. tinkling, rattling Amar
○lârava m. a confused noise Pañcat
○lêśvaratīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha, ŚivP
⋙ kalakīṭa
○kīṭa m. N. of a village, g. palady-ādi
⋙ kalakūjikā
○kūjikā f. a wanton, lascivious wife W
⋙ kalakūṭa
○kūṭa ās m. pl., N. of a warrior-tribe Pāṇ. 4-1, 173
⋙ kalakūṇikā
○kūṇikā f. = -kūjikā above L
⋙ kalaghoṣa
○ghoṣa m. the Indian cuckoo L
⋙ kalaṃkaṣa
○"ṣṃ-kaṣa m. a lion L
• a cymbal L
⋙ kalaṃkura
○"ṣṃkura m. an eddy, whirlpool L
⋙ kalacuri
○curi m. N. of a royal family Bālar
⋙ kalacūri
○cūri m. id
⋙ kalaja
○ja m. a cock Bhpr
⋙ kalatā
○tā f
⋙ kalatva
○tva n. melody, music W
⋙ kalatūlikā
○tūlikā f. a wanton or lascivious woman L. (cf. -kūṇikā above.)
⋙ kaladhūta
○dhūta n. silver L
⋙ kaladhauta
○dhauta n. gold and silver MBh. Śiś. Prasannar. &c
• (as, am), m. n. a low or pleasing tone L
• (mfn.) golden R
-maya mfn. golden Hcat
-lipi f. (?) a streak of gold, illumination of a MS. with gold Gīt
⋙ kaladhvani
○dhvani m. a low and pleasing tone L
• (in mus.) a particular time
• 'having a pleasing voice', the Indian cuckoo L
• a pigeon L
• a peacock L
⋙ kalanātha
○nātha m. N. of an author
⋙ kalanāda
○nāda m. a kind of goose L. (cf. -haṃsa below.)
⋙ kalabhava
○bhava m. the thorn-apple tree L
⋙ kalabhāṣaṇa
○bhāṣaṇa n. the act of speaking in a low voice
⋙ kalabhāṣin
○bhāṣin mfn. speaking with a pleasing voice Mālav
⋙ kalabhairava
○bhairava m. or n. (?), N. of a deep ravine in the mountain between the rivers Tāpī and Narmadā
⋙ kalamūka
○mūka mfn. deaf and dumb (cf. kalla-mūka) L
⋙ kalarava
○rava m. a low sweet tone Bhartṛ
• 'having a sweet voice', the Indian cuckoo L
• a pigeon L
⋙ kalavacas
○vacas mfn. speaking sweetly, singing L
⋙ kalavikarṇī
○vikarṇī f. N. of a form of Durgā Hcat
⋙ kalavikala
○vikala m. N. of an Asura
-vadha m. N. of a chapter of the Gaṇêśa-purāṇa
⋙ kalavyāghra
○vyāghra m. a mongrel breed between a tigress and panther L
⋙ kalasvana
○svana mfn. having a charming voice (as a bird) L
⋙ kalasvara
○svara n. a low musical sound W
⋙ kalahaṃsa
○haṃsa m. N. of several species of the Haṃsa bird or goose MBh. R. Pañcat. &c
• an excellent king L
• Brahma or the Supreme Spirit L
• a particular metre (consisting of four lines of thirteen syllables each)
• (ī), f. the female of the Kala-haṃsa above Ragh. viii, 58
⋙ kalahaṃsaka
○haṃsaka m. a kind of duck or goose Kād
⋙ kalānunādin
kalânunādin m. 'giving out a low note', a sparrow L
• the Cātaka bird L
• a kind of bee L
⋙ kalālāpa
kalâlāpa m. a sweet sound, pleasing voice Kathās
• 'having a low voice', a bee L
⋙ kalottāla
kalôttāla mf(ā)n. sweet and loud (as a voice) Gīt. i, 47
kalaka m. a sort of fish L
• a kind of prose L
• (am), n. the √of Andropogon Muricatus L
kalaṅka m. (etym. doubtful) a stain, spot, mark, soil
• defamation, blame Kathās. Mṛicch. &c
⋙ kalaṅkakara
○kara mfn. causing stains, soiling
• censorious, calumniating, defaming
⋙ kalaṅkakalā
○kalā f. a digit of the moon in shadow Gīt
⋙ kalaṅkamaya
○maya mfn. full of stains, spotted
• calumniated, defamed
⋙ kalaṅkalekhā
○lekhā f. a line of spots, spotted streak Ragh. xiii, 15
⋙ kalaṅkahṛt
○hṛt m. N. of Śiva
⋙ kalaṅkāṅka
kalaṅkâṅka m. the spots or marks of the moon R
≫ kalaṅkaya
kalaṅkaya Nom. P. kálaṅkayati, to spot, soil Kād
• to defame, disgrace Daś
≫ kalaṅkita
kalaṅkita mfn. spotted, soiled, stained, disgraced, defamed Bhartṛ. Kathās. &c
≫ kalaṅkin
kalaṅkin mfn. id. Kāvyâd. Naish. &c
kalaṃ-kura kala
kalañja m. Calamus Rotang
• tobacco
• a particular weight (= 10 Rūpakas) Bhpr
• an animal (struck with a poisonous weapon) L. [Page 260, Column 3]
• (am), n. the flesh of such an animal Nyāyam
kalaṭa n. the thatch of a house L. (cf. kuṭala.)
kalata mfn. bald-headed L. (cf. khalati.)
kalatra n. a wife, consort MBh. Bhartṛ. Hit. &c
• the female of an animal Vikr
• the hip and loins L
• pudendum muliebre L
• a royal citadel, a stronghold or fastness W
• (in astron.) the seventh lunar mansion VarBṛ
⋙ kalatratā
○tā f. the state of being a wife or consort, Ratnāv
⋙ kalatravat
○vat mfn. having a wife, united with one's wife BhP. Mṛicch. &c
⋙ kalatrīkṛ
kalatrī-√kṛ to make any one one's wife Viddh
≫ kalatrin
kalatrin mfn. having a wife Ragh. viii, 82
kalantaka = the next
kalandaka m. a squirrel (or a kind of bird ?) Buddh
• a particular vessel used by Śramaṇas Buddh
• (ikā), f. = kalindikā, q.v
≫ kalandana
kalandana m. N. of a man
kalandara m. a man of a mixed caste BrahmaP
kalandhu m. a kind of vegetable (= gholi) L
kalabha m. (√3. kal Uṇ. iii, 122), a young elephant (one thirty years old) Ragh. Mṛicch. Pañcat. &c
• a young camel Pañcat. iv
• Datura Fastuosa (= dhustūra) L
• (ī), f. a sort of vegetable L
⋙ kalabhavallabha
○vallabha m. N. of a tree L
≫ kalabhaka
kalabhaka m. the young of an elephant Kād
kalama m. (√1. kal Uṇ. iv, 84), a sort of rice (sown in May and June and ripening in December or January) Suśr. Ragh. &c
• a reed for writing with ; [Lat. calamus
• Gk. ?
• and Arab. ?]
• a [260, 3] thief L
⋙ kalamagopavadhū
○gopa-vadhū f. a woman employed to guard a rice-field Śiś. vi, 49
⋙ kalamagopī
○gopī f. id. Bālar
⋙ kalamasthāna
○sthāna n. an ink-stand L
⋙ kalamottama
kalamôttama m. fragrant rice L
≫ kalamba
kalamba m. the stalk of a pot-herb L
• Convolvulus repens L
• Nauclea Cadamba L
• an arrow L
• (ī), f. Convolvulus repens Hariv
• (am), n. a panicle of flowers (?) Car
• Calumba-√W. (cf. kaḍamba, kadamba.)
≫ kalambaka
kalambaka m. a species of Kadamba L
• (ikā), f. Convolvulus repens L
• (ike), f. du. the nape of the neck L
≫ kalambukā
kalambukā f. Convolvulus repens Jain
≫ kalambū
kalambū ūs f. id. L
kalambuṭa n. fresh butter L
kalaya 1
kalaya Nom. P. (fr. kali) kalayati, to take hold of the die called Kali Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 21
kalaya 2
kalaya v. l. for kala-ja, q.v
kalayaja = kalalaja below Npr
kalala n. (as m. L.) the embryo a short time after conception Suśr. BhP. (cf. kalana.)
kalalaja m. the resinous exudation of the Ṣorea robusta L. (cf. kala-kala.)
⋙ kalalajodbhava
kalalajôdbhava m. Ṣorea robusta L
kalavíṅka m. a sparrow VS. TS. &c. Mn. &c
• the Indian cuckoo Kāraṇḍ
• a spot, stain (cf. kalaṅka) L
• a white Cāmara L
• N. of a plant (= kaliṅg4aka) L
• N. of a Tīrtha MBh
⋙ kalaviṅkasvara
○svara m. a kind of Samādhi (q.v.) Kāraṇḍ
kaláśa m. (n. L.) a waterpot, pitcher, jar, dish RV. &c. Śak. Hit. &c. (the breasts of a woman are frequently compared to jars, cf. stana-k○ and kumbha)
• m. a butter-tub, churn MBh
• a particular measure (= droṇa) ŚārṅgS
• a round pinnacle on the top of a temple (esp. the pinnacle crowning a Buddhist Caitya or Stūpa) Kād
• N. of a man RV. x, 32, 9
• of a poet
• of a Nāga MBh. v
• (ī), f. a pitcher &c. Bālar
• a churn L
• Hemionitis cordifolia Suśr
• N. of a Tīrtha MBh
• [Gk. ? ; Lat. calix.]
⋙ kalaśajanman
○janman m. N. of [260, 3] Agastya SkandaP
⋙ kalaśadir
○dír mfn. one whose pitcher is broken ŚBr. iv
⋙ kalaśapura
○pura n. N. of a town Kathās. [Page 261, Column 1]
⋙ kalaśapotaka
○potaka m. N. of a Nāga MBh
⋙ kalaśabhū
○bhū m. 'jar-born', N. of Agastya Bālar
⋙ kalaśayoni
○yoni m. id. Kād
• N. of Droṇa Hcar
⋙ kalaśodara
kalaśôdara m. N. of an attendant in Skanda's retinue MBh
• of a Daitya Hariv
• (ī), f. N. of a great river Kāraṇḍ
⋙ kalaśodbhava
kalaśôdbhava m. N. of Agastya Bālar
≫ kalaśi
kalaśi f. a water-pot, pitcher, jar L
• a churn Śiś. xi, 8
• Hemionitis cordifolia L
≫ kalaśī
kalaśī f. of kalaśa
⋙ kalaśīkaṇṭha
○kaṇṭha m. N. of a man, and (ās), m. pl. his descendants, g. upakâdi
⋙ kalaśīpadī
○padī f. a woman with feet like a water-jar, g. kumbhapady-ādi
⋙ kalaśīmukha
○mukha m. a sort of musical instrument L
⋙ kalaśīsuta
○suta m. N. of Agastya L
kalasa v. l. for kalaśa above
≫ kalasi
kalasi v. l. for kalaśi above
kalaha 1
kalaha m. (n. L.) strife, contention, quarrel, fight MBh. Mn. &c
• the sheath of a sword L
• a road, way W
• deceit, falsehood W
• violence without murderous weapons, abuse, beating, kicking W
• (ā), f. N. of a woman
⋙ kalahakandala
○kandala m. N. of an actor
⋙ kalahakāra
○kāra mf(ī)n. quarrelsome, turbulent, contentious, pugnacious Pāṇ. Hit
• N. of the wife of Vikrama-caṇḍa Kathās
⋙ kalahakārikā
○kārikā f. a species of bird VarBṛS
⋙ kalahakārin
○kārin mfn. quarrelsome, contentious
⋙ kalahanāśana
○nāśana m. Guilandina Bonduc L
⋙ kalahapriya
○priya mf(ā)n. fond of contention, quarrelsome, turbulent R
• N. of Nārada MBh
• of a king L
• (ā), f. Gracula religiosa L
⋙ kalahavat
○vat mfn. having a quarrel, quarreling with Pañcat
⋙ kalahākulā
kalahâkulā f. Gracula religiosa L
⋙ kalahāṅkura
kalahâṅkura m. N. of a man
⋙ kalahāntaritā
kalahântaritā f. a heroine separated from her lover in consequence of a quarrel Sāh. Gīt. &c
⋙ kalahāpahṛta
kalahâpahṛta mfn. taken away by force W
≫ kalaha 2
kalaha Nom. P. kalahati, to quarrel MBh. xii, 5349
≫ kalahāya
kalahāya Nom. Ā. ○yate, to quarrel, contend Pāṇ. 3-1, 17
≫ kalahin
kalahin mfn. contentious, quarrelsome ĀśvGṛ. ChUp. &c
kalahu m. (f. ?) a particular high number Lalit. (cf. karahu.)
kalā́ f. (etym. doubtful) a small part of anything, any single part or portion of a whole, esp. a sixteenth part RV. viii, 47, 17 TS. ŚBr. Mn. &c
• a digit or one-sixteenth of the moon's diameter Hit. Kathās
• (personified as a daughter of Kardama and wife of Marīci BhP.)
• a symbolical expression for the number sixteen Hcat
• interest on a capital (considered as a certain part of it) Śiś. ix, 32
• a division of time (said to be 1/900 of a day or 1-6 minutes Mn. i, 64 Hariv
• or 1/1800 of a day or 0-8 minutes Comm. on VP
• or 2 minutes and 26 54/201 seconds Suśr
• or 1 minute and 35 205/301, seconds, or 8 seconds BhavP.)
• the sixtieth part of one-thirtieth of a zodiacal sign, a minute of a degree Sūryas
• (in prosody) a syllabic instant
• a term for the seven substrata of the elements or Dhātus of the human body (viz. flesh, blood, fat, phlegm, urine, bile, and semen
• but according to Hemacandra, rasa, 'chyle', asthi, 'bone', and majjan, 'marrow', take the place of phlegm, urine, and bile) Suśr
• an atom (there are 3015 Kalās or atoms in every one of the six Dhātus, not counting the rasa, therefore in all 18090)
• (with Pāśupatas) the elements of the gross or material world Sarvad
• an embryo shortly after conception (cf. kalana)
• a designation of the three constituent parts of a sacrifice (viz. mantra, dravya, and śraddhā Nīlak. on MBh. ed. Bomb. xiv, 89, 3)
• the menstrual discharge L
• any practical art, any mechanical or fine art (sixty-four are enumerated in the Śaivatantra ṭ.
• the following is a list of them: gītam, vādyam, nṛtyam, nātyam, ālekhyam, viśeṣaka-cchedyam, taṇḍula-kusuma-balivikārāḥ, puṣpâstaranam, daśana-vasanâṅgarāgāḥ, maṇi-bhūmikā-karma, śayana-racanam, udaka-vādyam, udaka-ghātaḥ, citrā yogāḥ, mālya-granthana-vikalpāḥ, keśa-śekharâpīḍayojanam, nepathya-yogāḥ, karṇa-pattra-bhaṅgāḥ, gandha-yuktiḥ, bhūṣaṇa-yojanam, indrajālam, kaucumāra-yogāḥ, hasta-lāghavam, citraśākâpūpa-bhakṣya-vikāra-kriyā, pānaka-rasarāgâsava-yojanam, sūcīvāpa-karma, viiṇā-ḍama-ruka-sūtra-krīḍā, prahelikā, pratimā, durvacakayogāḥ, pustaka-vācanam, nāṭakâkhyāyikā-darśanam, kāvya-samasyā-pūraṇam, paṭṭikā-vetrabāṇa-vikalpāḥ, tarkū-karmāṇi, takṣaṇam, vāstu-vidyā, rūpya-ratna-parīkṣā, dhātu-vādaḥ, maṇi-rāga-jñānam, ākara-jñānam, vṛkṣâyur-veda-yogāḥ, meṣa-kukkuṭa-lāvaka-yuddha-vidhiḥ, śuka-sārikā-pralāpanam, utsādanam, keśa-mārjana-kauśalam, akṣara-muṣṭikā-kathanam, mlechitaka-vikalpāḥ, deśa-bhāṣā-jñānam, puṣpa-śakaṭikā-nimitta-jñānam, yantra-mātṛkā, dhāraṇa-mātṛkā, saṃpāṭyam, mānasī kāvya-kriyā, kriyā-vikalpāḥ, chalitakayogāḥ, abhidhāna-koṣa-cchando-jñānam, vastra-gopanāni, dyūta-viśeṣaḥ, ākarṣaṇa-krīḍā, bālaka-krīḍanakāni, vaināyikīnāṃ vidyāṇāṃ jñānam, vaijayikīnāṃ vidyānāṃ jñānam [Page 261, Column 2]
• also Vātsy. i, 3, 17) R. Pañcat. Bhartṛ. &c
• skill, ingenuity
• ignorance
• a low and sweet tone Bālar
• a boat L
• a N. given to Dākshāyaṇī in the region near the river Candrabhāgā MatsyaP
• N. of a grammatical commentary
⋙ kalāṃśa
○ṃśa (kalâṃśa), m. the part of a part BrahmaP
⋙ kalākanda
○kanda n. (?) a particular metre
⋙ kalākuśala
○kuśala mfn. skilled in the arts (enumerated above)
⋙ kalākeli
○keli m. amorous play Bālar
• 'frolicsome', N. of Kāma L
⋙ kalāṅkura
○"ṣṅkura (kalâṅk○), m. N. of Mūladeva or Kaṃsa (the author of a book on the art of stealing T.)
• the bird Ardea Sibirica L
⋙ kalājājī
○jājī f. N. of a tree T
⋙ kalājña
○jña mf(ā)n. skilled in arts Subh
• m. an artist
⋙ kalātman
○"ṣtman (kalât○), f. a particular ceremony of ordination
⋙ kalāda
○"ṣda (kalâda ?), m. a goldsmith Jain
⋙ kalādīkṣā
○dīkṣā f. N. of wk
⋙ kalādhara
○dhara mfn. bearing or skilled in an art
• m. 'having digits', the moon
• 'bearing a digit of the moon', N. of Śiva
⋙ kalānātha
○nātha m. 'lord of the digits', the moon Subh
• N. of an author of Mantras
⋙ kalānidhi
○nidhi m. 'a treasure of digits', the moon Dhūrtas
⋙ kalāntara
○"ṣntara (kalântara), n. interest Rājat
⋙ kalānyāsa
○nyāsa m. tattooing a person's body with particular mystical marks Tantras
⋙ kalāpa
○"ṣpa (kalâpa, fr. √āp), m. 'that which holds single parts together', a bundle, band (cf. jaṭā-k○, muktā-k○, raśanā-k○) MBh. Kum. &c
• a bundle of arrows, a quiver with arrows, quiver MBh. R. &c
• (once n. MBh. iii, 11454)
• a peacock's tail MBh. Pañcat. &c
• an ornament in general Mālav
• a zone, a string of bells (worn by women round the waist) L
• the rope round an elephant's neck L
• totality, whole body or collection of a number of separate things (esp. ifc
• cf. kriyā-k○, &c.)
• the moon L
• a clever and intelligent man L
• N. of a grammar also called Kātantra (supposed to be revealed by Kārttikeya to Śarvavarman)
• N. of a village (cf. kalāpa-grāma) VP
• a poem written in one metre W
• (ī), f. a bundle of grass KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr
-khañja m. a particular disease (said to be St. Vitus's dance
• v. l. kalāyakhañja) Bhpr
-grāma m. N. of a village Hariv. BhP. VP
-cchanda m. an ornament of pearls consisting of twenty-four strings L
-tattvârṇava m. N. of a commentary on the grammar called Kalāpa
-dviipa m. v. l. for kalāpa-grāma above
-varman m. N. of a man Kād
-śas ind. in bundles, bundle by bundle MBh. xiii
-śiras m. N. of a man (v. l. kapāla-śiras) R
⋙ kalāpaka
○"ṣpaka (kalāpaka), m. a band, bundle Śiś
• a kind of ornament MBh
• a string of pearls L
• the rope round an elephant's neck L
• a sectarian mark on the forehead L
• (am), n. a series of four stanzas in grammatical connection (i.e. in which the government of noun and verb is carried throughout, contrary to the practice of closing the sense with each stanza, e.g. Kir. xvi, 21-24) Sāh. 558
• = candraka L
• a debt to be paid when the peacocks spread their tails (kalāpini [see kalāpin below] kāle deyam ṛṇam Kāś.) Pāṇ. 4-3, 48
⋙ kalāpin
○"ṣpin (kalāpin), mfn. furnished with a bundle of arrows, bearing a quiver with arrows KātyŚr. MBh
• spreading its tail (as a peacock) MBh. iii, 11585
• (with kāla, the time) when peacocks spread their tails Pāṇ. 4-3, 48
• (ī), m. a peacock Ragh. Pañcat. &c
• the Indian cuckoo L
• Ficus infectoria L
• N. of an ancient teacher Pāṇ. 4-3, 104
• (inī), f. a peahen Śatr
• night L
• the moon L
• a species of Cyperus L
⋙ kalāpūra
○pūra am, ā n. f. a kind of musical instrument L
⋙ kalāpūrṇa
○pūrṇa mfn. filled up or counterbalanced by the sixteenth part of (gen.), (na kalā-pūrṇo mama, he is not equal to the sixteenth part of myself, i.e. he is far under me) MBh. iv, 1299
• m. 'full of digits', the moon L
⋙ kalābāhya
○bāhya n. a kind of fault in singing L
⋙ kalābhara
○bhara m. 'possessing the arts', an artist, mechanic Gaut
⋙ kalābhṛt
○bhṛt m. id
• 'digit-bearer', the moon L
⋙ kalāyana
○"ṣyana (kalâyana), m. a tumbler, dancer (esp. one who dances or walks on the edge of a sword &c.) L. [Page 261, Column 3]
⋙ kalārūpa
○rūpa n. a particular ceremony
• (ā), f. N. of one of the five Mūla-prakṛitis
⋙ kalārṇava
○"ṣrṇava (kalârṇava), m. N. of a dancing-master Comm. on Pratāpar
⋙ kalāvat
○vat m. 'having digits', the moon Kum
• (ī), f. a mystical ceremony (the initiation of the Tantrika student in which the goddess Durgā is supposed to be transferred from the water-jar to the body of the novice) Tantras
• (in mus.) a particular Mūrchanā
• the lute of the Gandharva Tumburu L
• N. of an Apsaras
• of a daughter of the Apsaras Alambushā Kathās. cxxi, 111 ff
• of several other women
⋙ kalāvāda
○vāda n. N. of a Tantra
⋙ kalāvikala
○vikala m. a sparrow L. (cf. kalavíṅka.)
⋙ kalāvid
○vid mfn. knowing or conversant with arts
• (t), m. an artisan VarBṛS
• a Vidyā-dhara L
⋙ kalāvidvas
○vidvas m. id. ib
⋙ kalāvidhi
○vidhi m. the practice of the sixty-four arts
-tantra n. N. of a Tantra
⋙ kalāvilāsa
○vilāsa m. N. of wk. on rhetoric
⋙ kalāśas
○śas ind. in single parts, part by part
⋙ kalāśāstra
○śāstra n. N. of wk. by Viśākhila
⋙ kalāślāghya
○ślāghya m. N. of Śiva Sarvad. 95, 19
⋙ kalāsāra
○sāra n. N. of a Tantra
≫ kalikā
kalikā f. the sixteenth part of the moon Bhartṛ
• a division of time (= kalā, q.v.)
• an unblown flower, bud Śak. Ragh. &c
• the bottom or peg of the Indian lute (made of cane) L
• N. of several metres
• a kind of artificial verse (cf. kānta-k○)
• N. of wk. on medicine
⋙ kalikāpūrva
kalikâpūrva n. an unforeseen event (as birth &c.) partly resulting from an act and leading to totally unforeseen consequences (as heaven &c
paramâpūrvajanako'ṅgajanyâpūrvabhedaḥ T.) Nyāyak
kalākula n. a kind of poison L. (cf. halāhala.)
kalāṅgala (ifc. f. ā) a kind of weapon Bṛḍ. MBh. iii, 642
• [according to T. saśataghnīkalāṅgalā is thus to be resolved: śataghnyā sahitaṃ saśataghnīkaṃ tādṛśaṃ lāṅgalaṃ yatra
• in that case kalāṅgala is no word.]
kalācika m. (?) a ladle, spoon L
• (ā), f. the fore-arm L
≫ kalācī
kalācī f. the fore-arm L
kalāṭīna m. the white waterwagtail L
kalāṇḍī f. N. of a plant L
kalādhika m. (fr. kala and adhika ?), a cock L. (cf. kalāvika.)
kalānaka m. N. of one of the attendants of Śiva L
kalâpa &c. kalā
kalāmaka m. a kind of rice (ripening in the cold season) L. (cf. kalama.)
kalāmbi f. lending, usury L
≫ kalāmbikā
kalāmbikā f. id. ib
kalāya m. a sort of pea or pulse MBh. Suśr. &c
• a kind of plant with darkcoloured flowers Śiś. xiii, 21
• (ā), f. a species of Dūrvā-grass L
⋙ kalāyakhañja
○khañja m. = kalāpa-khañja, q.v., ŚārṅgS
⋙ kalāyasūpa
○sūpa m. pea-soup L
kalāvika m. = kalādhika, q.v
kalā-vikala kalā
kalāśuri m. N. of a royal family L. (cf. kalacuri.)
kalāhaka m. a kind of musical instrument L. (cf. kāhala.)
káli m. (√1. kal Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 117), N. of the die or side of a die marked with one dot, the losing die AV. vii, 109, 1 ŚBr. &c. (personified as an evil genius in the episode of Nala)
• symbolical expression for the number 1
• Terminalia Bellerica (the nuts of which in older times were used as dice) L
• N. of the last and worst of the four Yugas or ages, the present age, age of vice AitBr. Mn. i, 86 ; ix, 301 f. MBh. &c. (the Kali age contains, inclusive of the two dawns, 1200 years of the gods or 432, 000 years of men, and begins the eighteenth of February, 3102 B. C
• at the end of this Yuga the world is to be destroyed
• strife, discord, quarrel, contention (personified as the son of krodha, 'Anger', and hiṃsā, 'Injury', and as generating with his sister durukti, 'Calumny.' two children, viz. bhaya, 'Fear', and mṛtyu, 'Death' BhP. iv, 8, 3 ; 4) MBh. Hit. &c. [Page 262, Column 1]
• the worst of a class or number of objects MBh. xii, 361 ; 363
• a hero (or an arrow, śūra, or śara) L
• N. of Śiva MBh. xiii, 1192
• N. of an Upanishad (= kalisaṃtaraṇa)
• (ís), m. N. of a class of mythic beings (related to the Gandharvas, and supposed by some to be fond of gambling
• in epic poetry Kali is held to be the fifteenth of the Deva-gandharvas or children of the Munis) AV. x, 10, 13 MBh. Hariv
• N. of a man RV
• (is, ī), f. an unblown flower, bud L
⋙ kalikāra
○kāra m. (in all its meanings L.) the forktailed shrike
• Loxia philippensis
• a kind of chicken
• Pongamia glabra
• Guilandina Bonduc
• N. of Nārada
• (ī), f. Methonica superba L
⋙ kalikāraka
○kāraka m. N. of Nārada L
• Caesalpina Bonducella L
• (ikā), f. N. of a plant
⋙ kalikāla
○kāla m. the Kali age Kathās
⋙ kalikuñcikā
○kuñcikā f. a younger sister of a husband L
⋙ kalikṛt
○kṛt mfn. contentious, quarreling
⋙ kalicchandas
○cchandas n. a kind of metre
⋙ kalidru
○dru m. 'tree of strife', Terminalia Bellerica (supposed to be the haunt of imps) Bhpr
⋙ kalidruma
○druma m. id. Comm. on Uṇ. i, 108
⋙ kalidharmanirṇaya
○dharma-nirṇaya m. N. of wk
⋙ kalidharmasārasaṃgraha
○dharma-sāra-saṃgraha m. N. of a work
⋙ kalinātha
○nātha m. N. of a writer on music
⋙ kaliprada
○prada m. a liquorshop Nigh
⋙ kalipriya
○priya mfn. fond of quarreling, quarrelsome, mischievous
• m. N. of Nārada, an ape L
⋙ kalimāraka
○māraka m. Caesalpina Bonducella L
⋙ kalimālaka
⋙ kalimālya
○mālya m. id. ib
⋙ kaliyuga
○yuga n. the Kali age ( above) Mn. i, 85 MBh. &c
⋙ kalivināśinī
○vināśinī f. N. of a goddess BrahmaP
⋙ kalivṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. Terminalia Bellerica L
⋙ kaliśāsana
○śāsana m. a Jina L
⋙ kalisaṃtaraṇa
○saṃtaraṇa n. N. of an Upanishad
⋙ kalisaṃśraya
○saṃśraya m. the act of betaking one's self to Kali
⋙ kalistoma
○stoma m. a particular Stoma
⋙ kalihārī
○hārī f. Methonica Superba Bhpr
kalika m. a curlew W
kalikā p. 261, col. 3
kalikātā f. the town Calcutta
kaliṅga ās m. pl., N. of a people and their country (the N. is applied in the Purāṇas to several places, but especially signifies a district on the Coromandel coast, extending from below Cuttack Kaṭaka to the vicinity of Madras) MBh. Hariv. VP. &c
• m. an inhabitant of Kaliṅga Sāh
• N. of a king of Kaliṅga (from whom the Kaliṅga people are said to have originated
• he is sometimes mentioned as a son of Dīrghatamas and Sudeshṇā, sometimes identified with Bali) MBh. Hariv. &c
• N. of a being attending on Skanda MBh. (ed. Bomb.) ix, 45, 64 (v. l. kalinda ed. Calc.)
• N. of several authors
• the fork-tailed shrike L
• Caesalpina Bonducella L
• Wrightia antidysenteria L
• Acacia Sirissa L
• Ficus infectoria L
• (ā), f. a beautiful woman L
• Opomea Turpethum
• (am), n. the seed of Wrightia antidysenteria Suśr
• (mfn.) clever, cunning L
⋙ kaliṅgabīja
○bīja n. the seed of Wrightia antidysenteria L
⋙ kaliṅgayava
○yava m. id. Npr
⋙ kaliṅgasenā
○senā f. N. of a princess Kathās
≫ kaliṅgaka
kaliṅgaka m. the country of the Kaliṅgas
• the seed of Wrightia antidysenteria Car
• (ā), f. a particular plant L
kaliñja m. a mat L
• (am), n. wood L. (cf. kiliñja.)
kaliñjara m. N. of a king (?) Rājat. vii, 1268
kalita √3. kal
kalinī f. pea-plant, pulse L
kalinda m. Terminalia Bellerica L
• the sun L
• N. of a mountain on which the river Yamunā rises
• N. of a being attending on Skanda MBh. (ed. Calc.) ix, 2566 (v. l. kaliṅga ed. Bomb.)
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. (ed. Calc.) xiii, 2104 (v. l. kaliṅga ed. Bomb.)
• (ā), f. N. of a river R
• (ī), f. N. of the river Yamunā (= kālindī, q.v.) R
⋙ kalindakanyā
○kanyā f. 'Kalinda's daughter', N. of the river Yamunā Ragh
⋙ kalindatanayā
⋙ kalindanandinī
⋙ kalindaśailajātā
⋙ kalindasutā
○sutā f. id. Bālar. Kād. &c
⋙ kalindātmajā
kalindâtmajā f. id
kalindikā f. science L
• (v. l. kalandikā.)
kalila mfn. (√1. kal Uṇ. i, 55), mixed with Śiś. xix, 98
• full of, covered with MBh. BhP. &c. [Page 262, Column 2]
• impenetrable, impervious
• (am), n. a large heap, thicket, confusion ŚvetUp. Bhag. &c
kalukka m. a cymbal L
• (ā), f. a tavern L
• a meteor L
kaluṣa mf(ā)n. (√3. kal Uṇ. iv, 75), turbid, foul, muddy, impure, dirty (lit. and fig.) Mn. Suśr. Kathās. &c
• hoarse (as the voice) Śak
• (ifc.) unable, not equal to Ragh. v, 64
• m. a buffalo L
• a sort of snake Suśr
• (ā), f. the female of a buffalo L
• (am), n. foulness, turbidness, dirt, impurity (lit. and fig.) MBh. R. &c
• sin, wrath L
⋙ kaluṣacetas
○cetas mfn. of impure mind
• bad, wicked R
⋙ kaluṣatā
○tā f
⋙ kaluṣatva
○tva n. foulness, turbidness &c
⋙ kaluṣamati
○mati mfn. = -cetas above
⋙ kaluṣamañjarī
○mañjarī f. Odina Wodier Nigh
⋙ kaluṣayoni
○yoni f. impure origin
-ja mfn. of impure origin Mn. x, 57 ; 58
⋙ kaluṣātman
kaluṣâtman mfn. of impure mind, bad, wicked Kathās
⋙ kaluṣīkṛ
kaluṣī-√kṛ to make turbid or unclean, dirty, defile MBh. R. Prabh. &c
⋙ kaluṣībhū
kaluṣī-√bhū to become troubled or agitated MW
≫ kaluṣaya
kaluṣaya Nom. P. kaluṣayati, to make unclean or dirty, dirty Viddh
≫ kaluṣāya
kaluṣāya Nom. Ā. kaluṣāyate, to become turbid or unclean Mṛicch
≫ kaluṣita
kaluṣita mfn. foul, impure W
• defiled, contaminated W
• wicked W
≫ kaluṣin
kaluṣin mfn. id. ib
kalūtara v. l. for kulūna, q.v
kalevara as, am m. n. the body MBh. R. &c. ; [Lat. cadāver]
• m. Olibanum L
kalka m. (n. L.), (√3. kal Uṇ. iii, 40), a viscous sediment deposited by oily substances when ground, a kind of tenacious paste Suśr. Yājñ. &c
• dirt, filth
• the wax of the ear
• ordure, faeces L
• impurity, meanness, falsehood, hypocrisy, deceit, sin MBh. BhP. &c
• Terminalia Bellerica L
• Olibanum L
• (mfn.) sinful, wicked L. (cf. kaluṣa, kalmaṣa, kílbiṣa.)
⋙ kalkaphala
○phala m. the pomegranate plant L
⋙ kalkālaya
kalkâlaya m. N. of a man
⋙ kalkīkṛ
kalkī-√kṛ to knead, render doughy (by kneading) Suśr
⋙ kalkībhū
kalkī-√bhū to become doughy Rājat. vii, 1544 (śalkī ed.)
≫ kalkana
kalkana n. meanness, wickedness BhP
≫ kalki
kalki m. N. of the tenth incarnation of Vishṇu when he is to appear mounted on a white horse and wielding a drawn sword as destroyer of the wicked (this is to take place at the end of the four Yugas or ages) MBh. &c
⋙ kalkidvādaśīvrata
○dvādaśī-vrata n. N. of a particular observance
⋙ kalkipurāṇa
○purāṇa n. N. of a Purāṇa
≫ kalkin
kalkin mfn. foul, turbid, having sediment, dirty W
• wicked W
• (ī), m. = kalki above
kalkala ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
kalkuṣī́ f. or n. du. wrist and elbow ŚBr. x, 2, 6, 14
kalpa 1
kálpa mf(ā)n. (√kḷp), practicable, feasible, possible ŚBr. ii, 4, 3, 3
• proper, fit, able, competent, equal to (with gen., loc., inf., or ifc
• e.g. dharmasya kalpaḥ, competent for duty
svakarmaṇi na kalpaḥ, not competent for his own work
yadā na śāsituṃ kalpaḥ, if he is not able to rule) BhP
• m. a sacred precept, law, rule, ordinance (= vidhi, nyāya), manner of acting, proceeding, practice (esp. that prescribed by the Vedas) RV. ix, 9, 7 AV. viii, 9, 10 ; xx, 128, 6-11 MBh
• (prathamaḥ kalpaḥ, a rule to be observed before any other rule, first duty Mn. iii, 147 MBh. &c
etena kalpena, in this way
• cf. paśu-k○, &c.)
• the most complete of the six Vedāṅgas (that which prescribes the ritual and gives rules for ceremonial or sacrificial acts) MuṇḍUp. Pāṇ. &c
• one of two cases, one side of an argument, an alternative (= pakṣa
• cf. vikalpa) Sarvad
• investigation, research Comm. on Sāṃkhyak
• resolve, determination MW
• (in medic.) treatment of the sick, manner of curing Suśr. ii
• the art of preparing medicine, pharmacy Car
• the doctrine of poisons and antidotes Suśr. i
• (ifc.) having the manner or form of anything, similar to, resembling, like but with a degree of inferiority, almost (e.g. abhedya-kalpa, almost impenetrable
• cf. prabhāta-k○, mṛta-k○, &c
• according to native grammarians, kalpa so used is an accentless affix [Pāṇ. 5-3, 67], before which a final s is left unchanged, and final ī and ū shortened Pāṇ. Vop
kalpam ind., may be also connected with a verb, e.g. pacati-kalpam, he cooks pretty well Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-1, 57) [Page 262, Column 3]
• a fabulous period of time (a day of Brahmā or one thousand Yugas, a period of four thousand, three hundred and twenty millions of years of mortals, measuring the duration of the world
• a month of Brahmā is supposed to contain thirty such Kalpas
• according to the MBh., twelve months of Brahmā constitute his year, and one hundred such years his lifetime
• fifty years of Brahmā's are supposed to have elapsed, and we are now in the śvetavārāha-kalpa of the fifty-first
• at the end of a Kalpa the world is annihilated
• hence kalpa is said to be equal to kalpânta below L
• with Buddhists the Kalpas are not of equal duration) VP. BhP. Rājat. &c
• N. of Mantras which contain a form of √kḷp TS. v ŚBr. ix
• a kind of dance
• N. of the first astrological mansion VarBṛS
• N. of a son of Dhruva and Bhrami BhP. iv, 10, 1
• of Śiva MBh. xii, 10368
• the tree of paradise
• = -taru below L
• (with Jainas) a particular abode of deities (cf. -bhava and kalpâtīta below)
• (am), n. a kind of intoxicating liquor (incorrect for kalya) L
⋙ kalpakāra
○kāra m. an author of rules on ritual or ceremonies
⋙ kalpakeḍāra
○keḍāra m. N. of a medical work by Kālīśiva
⋙ kalpakṣaya
○kṣaya m. the end of a Kalpa, destruction of the world Kathās
⋙ kalpagā
○gā f. N. of a river, ŚivP
⋙ kalpacintāmaṇi
○cintā-maṇi m. N. of wk
⋙ kalpatantra
○tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ kalpataru
○taru m. one of the five trees (cf. pañca-vṛkṣa) of Svarga or Indra's paradise fabled to fulfil all desires (cf. saṃkalpa-viṣaya), the wishing tree, tree of plenty Hit. Pañcat. Ragh. i, 75, xvii, 26
• any productive or bountiful source BhP. i, 1, 3
• (fig.) a generous person MW
• N. of various works
-parimala m. N. of wk
-rasa m. a particular kind of mixture Bhpr
⋙ kalpatā
○tā f. fitness, ability, competency BhP. xi
⋙ kalpadūṣya
○dūṣya n. cloth produced by the Kalpa-taru Buddh
⋙ kalpadru
○dru m. = -taru above
• N. of various works
-kalikā f. N. of wk. by Lakshmī Vallabha expounding the Kalpa-sūtra of the Jainas
⋙ kalpadruma
○druma m. = -taru above Rājat. Daś. Kum. ii, 39 Pañcat. iii, 10
• N. of various works [cf. kavi-k○ and śabdak○]
-tantra n. N. of wk
-kalikā f. = -drukalikā above
-tā f. state of possessing the qualities of a Kalpa-druma Ragh. xiv, 48
kalpadrumâvadāna n. N. of a Buddhist work
⋙ kalpadrumībhū
○drumī-√bhū to become a Kalpa-druma Kathās
⋙ kalpadvīpa
○dvīpa m. a particular Samādhi Kāraṇḍ
⋙ kalpadhenu
○dhenu f. N. of the cow of plenty
⋙ kalpanṛtya
○nṛtya n. a particular kind of dance
⋙ kalpapādapa
○pādapa m. = -taru above Naish
⋙ kalpapāla
○pāla m. 'order-preserver', a king Rājat. [-pālyā, Calc. ed. for -pālī]
• mf(ī). a distiller or seller of spirituous liquors Rājat
• ( kalya-pāla.)
⋙ kalpapradīpa
○pradīpa m. N. of wk
⋙ kalpapradīpikā
○pradīpikā f. N. of wk
⋙ kalpabhava
○bhava ās m. pl., N. of a class of deities among the Jainas
⋙ kalpamahīruh
○mahīruh (),
⋙ kalpamahīruha
○mahīruha m. = -taru Rājat. i, 1 Kathās
⋙ kalpamātra
○mātra m. N. of Śiva MBh. xii, 10368
⋙ kalpayukti
○yukti f. N. of wk
⋙ kalpalatā
○latā f. a fabulous creeper granting all desires Śak. Bhartṛ. ii, 38
• N. of various works [cf. kavik○]
-tantra n. N. of a Tantra
-prakāśa m. N. of a comm. on the Vishṇu-bhakti-latā
⋙ kalpalatāvatāra
○latâvatāra m. N. of a comm. of Kṛishṇa on the Vījagaṇita
⋙ kalpalatikā
○latikā f. = -latā Bhartṛ. i, 89
• a kind of magical pill
⋙ kalpavaṭa
○vaṭa n. N. of a Tīrtha KapSaṃh
⋙ kalpavarṣa
○varṣa m. N. of a prince (son of Vasu-deva and Upa-devā)
⋙ kalpavallī
○vallī f. = -latā Kathās. i, 66
• lī, 21
⋙ kalpavāyu
○vāyu m. the wind that blows at the end of a Kalpa W
⋙ kalpaviṭapin
○viṭapin m. = -taru Kathās. xxii, 29
• lxxxvi, 77
⋙ kalpavidhi
○vidhi m. a rule resembling a ceremonial injunction MW
⋙ kalpavivaraṇa
○vivaraṇa n. N. of wk
⋙ kalpavṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. = -taru MBh. Śak. Kum. vi, 6 Megh. Mṛicch
-latā f. N. of wk. by Lollaṭa
⋙ kalpaśata
○śata Nom. Ā. ○tāyate, to appear as long as a hundred Kalpas
⋙ kalpaśākhin
○śākhin m. = -taru
⋙ kalpasiddhānta
○siddhānta m. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ kalpasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of various ceremonial guides or manuals containing short aphoristic rules for the performance of Vedic sacrifices
• N. of a medicinal work
• N. of a Jaina work giving the life of Mahāviira
-vyākhyā f. N. of a commentary on the Jaina Kalpa-sūtra
⋙ kalpasthāna
○sthāna n. the art of preparing drugs Car. vii
• the science of poisons and antidotes Suśr
⋙ kalpāgni
kalpâgni m. the destroying fire at the end of a Kalpa Veṇis. 153
⋙ kalpāṅka
kalpâṅka m. a kind of plant L
⋙ kalpātīta
kalpâtīta ās m. pl., N. of a class of deities among the Jainas
⋙ kalpādi
kalpâdi m. the beginning of a Kalpa W
⋙ kalpādhikārin
kalpâdhikārin m. the regent of a Kalpa W
⋙ kalpānupada
kalpânupada n. N. of wk. belonging to the Sāma-veda
⋙ kalpānta
kalpânta m. the end of a Kalpa, dissolution of all things L. (cf. pralaya)
-vāsin mfn. living at the end of a Kalpa R. iii, 10, 4 [Page 263, Column 1]
-sthāyin mfn. lasting to the end of time Hit. i, 50 BhP
⋙ kalpāntara
kalpântara n. another Kalpa
⋙ kalpetara
kalpêtara mf(ā)n. having or requiring a different kind of treatment Suśr. ii, 216, 8
⋙ kalpotthāyin
kalpôtthāyin mfn. MBh. v, 135, 35, misprint for kalyôtthāyin
⋙ kalpopaniṣad
kalpôpaniṣad f. 'science of medicine', pharmacology Car. i, 4
≫ kalpa 2
kalpa Nom. Ā. ○pāyate, to become a Kalpa, to appear as long as a Kalpa Hcar
≫ kalpaka
kálpaka mfn. conforming to a settled rule or standard BhP. i, 8, 6 ; ix, 11, 1
• adopting Hariv
• m. a rite, ceremony MBh. [TBr. ii, 7, 18, 4 of doubtful meaning Comm. kaplaka]
• a barber (cf. kalpanī ; Lith. kerpikas) L
• a kind of Curcuma (commonly karcūra) L
⋙ kalpakataru
○taru m. = kalpataru above
≫ kalpana
kalpana n. forming, fashioning, making, performing L
• 'forming in the imagination, inventing', composition of a poem Prab
• cutting, clipping, working with edge-tools VarBṛS
• N. of a religious ceremony
• anything put on for ornament MBh. xiii, 2784
• (ā), f. making, manufacturing, preparing Suśr. BhP
• practice Car
• fixing, settling, arranging Mn. ix, 116 Yājñ
• creating in the mind, feigning, assuming anything to be real, fiction KapS. &c
• hypothesis Nyāyam
• caparisoning an elephant Daś
• form, shape, image
• a deed, work, act Mṛicch
• (ī), f. a pair of scissors or shears L
⋙ kalpanavidhi
○vidhi m. a particular method of preparing (food) Bhpr
⋙ kalpanāśakti
kalpanā-śakti f. the power of forming ideas MW
≫ kalpanīya
kalpanīya mfn. to be accomplished, practicable, possible Sch. on ŚBr. ii, 4, 3, 3
• to be assumed, to be supposed Sarvad. Comm. on Nyāyam. and Bādar
• to be arranged or settled VarBṛS
≫ kalpayitavya
kalpayitavya mfn. to be assumed, to be supposed, to be conceived Comm. on Bādar. ii, 2, 13
≫ kalpika
kalpika mfn. fit, proper Buddh
≫ kalpita
kalpita mfn. made, fabricated, artificial
• composed, invented
• performed, prepared
• assumed, supposed
• inferred
• regulated, well arranged Yājñ
• having a particular rank or order MBh. Mn. ix, 166
• caparisoned (as an elephant) L
• m. an elephant armed or caparisoned for war W
• (ā), f. a kind of allegory Vām. iv, 2, 2
⋙ kalpitatva
○tva n. the existing merely as an assumption or in the imagination Comm. on Vām. iv, 2, 2
≫ kalpin
kalpín mfn. forming plans, contriving, designing (applied to a gambler) VS. xxx, 18
≫ kalpya
kalpya mfn. (Pāṇ. 3-1, 110 Vop. xxvi, 17, 18) to be formed from (inst.) Naish. viii, 21
• to be performed, to be prescribed
• to be settled or arranged VarBṛS
• to be conceived or imagined VarBṛS
• to be substituted W
• relating to ritual W
kalman a n. = karman Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 18
Pat. (K.), vol. i, p. 336, and vol. iii, p. 398, g. kapilakâdi
kalmalí m. (√3. kal + mala, 'dispelling darkness' T.) splendour, brightness, sparkling AV. xv, 2, 1
≫ kalmalīka
kalmalīka n. (artificially formed to serve as source of the next) = tejas Sāy. on RV. ii, 33, 8
≫ kalmalīkin
kalmalīkín mfn. (Naigh. i, 17) flaming, burning RV. ii, 33, 8
kalmaṣa n. (as m. BhP. viii, 7, 43 = karmaṣa fr. karma + √so, 'destroying virtuous action' Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-2, 18) stain, dirt
• dregs, settlings (cf. jala-k○)
• darkness
• moral stain, sin MBh. R. BhP. Mn. iv, 260 ; xii, 18, 22
• ifc. f. ā Bhag. iv, 30 &c
• mf(ā)n. dirty, stained L
• impure, sinful L
• (am), n. the hand below the wrist L
• m. or (am), n. a particular hell L
⋙ kalmaṣadhvaṃsa
○dhvaṃsa m. destruction of darkness or sin
-kārin mfn. causing the destruction of darkness or sin, preventing the commission of crime Comm. on Hit. i, 17
kalmā́ṣa mf(ī)n. (Pāṇ. 4-1, 40, g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 41) variegated, spotted, speckled with black VS. TS. ŚBr. ĀśvGṛ. MBh
• black L
• m. a variegated colour (partly black, partly white) L
• a Rakshas L
• a species of fragrant rice L
• N. of a Nāga MBh
• a form of Agni Hariv
• N. of an attendant on the Sun (identified with Yama) L
• a kind of deer T
• N. of Śākya-muni in a former birth
• (ī), f. the speckled cow (of Jamad-agni, granting all desires) MBh. R
• N. of a river (the Yamunā) MBh. i, 6360
• (am), n. a stain ŚBr. vi, 3, 1, 31 [Page 263, Column 2]
• N. of a Sāman
⋙ kalmāṣakaṇṭha
○kaṇṭha m. 'having a stained neck', N. of Śiva (cf. nīla-kaṇṭha.)
⋙ kalmāṣagrīva
○grīva (kalmā́ṣa-), mfn. having a variegated neck AV. iii, 27, 5 ; xii, 3, 59 TS. v
⋙ kalmāṣatantura
○tantura m. N. of a man
⋙ kalmāṣatā
○tā f. spottedness, the state of being variegated BhP
⋙ kalmāṣapāda
○pāda mfn. having speckled feet R
• m. N. of a king of Saudāsa (descendant of Ikshvāku transformed to a Rākshasa by Vasishṭha) MBh. R. Hariv. VP
-carita n. N. of wk
⋙ kalmāṣapuccha
○puccha mfn. having a speckled tail Up
⋙ kalmāṣāṅghri
kalmāṣâṅghri m. N. of a king ( = ○ṣa-pāda) BhP
⋙ kalmāṣābhibhava
kalmāṣâbhibhava n. sour boiled rice L
≫ kalmāṣita
kalmāṣita mfn. speckled, bespotted with (inst.) Kād
kalya mf(ā)n. (√3. kal T.) well, healthy, free from sickness (cf. a-k○ Gaut. ix, 28)
• hale, vigorous MBh. ii, 347 Naish. Yājñ. i, 28
• sound, perfect, strong MBh
• clever, dexterous L
• ready or prepared for (loc. or inf.) MBh
• agreeable, auspicious (as speech) L
• instructive, admonitory L
• deaf and dumb (cf. kala and kalla) L
• (am), n. health L
• dawn, morning L
• yesterday L
• (am, e), ind. at day-break, in the morning, tomorrow MBh. Nal. xxiv, 14 R. BhP
• (am, ā), n. f. spirituous liquor L. (cf. kadambarī)
• (ā), f. praise, eulogy T
• good wishes, good tidings L
• Emblic Myrobalan (harītakī, q.v.), [Gk. ?.] [263, 2]
⋙ kalyajagdhi
○jagdhi f. 'morning-meal', breakfast L
⋙ kalyatā
○tā f
⋙ kalyatva
○tva n. health, convalescence Hit
⋙ kalyapāla
○pāla mf(ī). or a distiller or seller of spirituous liquors Rājat. v, 202
⋙ kalyapālaka
○pālaka mf. a distiller or seller of spirituous liquors Rājat. v, 202
• [cf. śaṇḍika.]
⋙ kalyavarta
○varta m. a morning meal, any light meal L
• (am), n. anything light, a trifle, trivial matter Mṛicch
• (Prākṛit kalla-vatta.)
⋙ kalyotthāyin
kalyôtthāyin mfn. rising at day-break MBh. v, 4616
≫ kalyāṇa
kalyā́ṇa mf(ī́)n. (g. bahv-ādi) beautiful, agreeable RV. ŚBr. &c
• illustrious, noble, generous
• excellent, virtuous, good (kalyāṇa voc. 'good sir'
kalyāṇi, 'good lady')
• beneficial, salutary, auspicious
• happy, prosperous, fortunate, lucky, well, right RV. i, 31, 9 ; iii, 53, 6 TS. AV. ŚBr. Nir. ii, 3 MBh. R
• m. a particular Rāga (sung at night)
• N. of a Gandharva
• of a prince (also called Bhaṭṭa-śrī-kalyāṇa)
• of the author of the poem Gītā-gaṅgā-dhara
• (ī), f. a cow L
• the plant Glycine Debilis L
• red arsenic L
• a particular Rāgiṇī
• N. of Dākshāyaṇī in Malaya
• N. of one of the mothers attending on Skanda MBh. ix, 2625
• N. of a city in the Dekhan and of one in Ceylon
• a river in Ceylon
• (am), n. good fortune, happiness, prosperity
• good conduct, virtue (opposed to pāpa) ŚBr. Bhag. R. Ragh. Pañcat. Mn. iii, 60, 65 Suśr
• a festival Mn. viii, 292
• gold L
• heaven L
• N. of the eleventh of the fourteen Pūrvas or most ancient writings of the Jainas L
• a form of salutation ('Hail!' 'May luck attend you!'), Śāntiś
⋙ kalyāṇakaṭaka
○kaṭaka m. N. of a place Hit
⋙ kalyāṇakara
⋙ kalyāṇakāra
○kāra mf(ī)n. causing prosperity or profit or good fortune
⋙ kalyāṇakāraka
○kāraka mfn. id. Yājñ. ii, 156
• m. N. of a Jaina work by Ugrâdityâcārya
⋙ kalyāṇakīrti
○kīrti mfn. having a good reputation AitĀr
⋙ kalyāṇakṛt
○kṛt mfn. doing good, virtuous
• propitious Bhag. vi, 40
⋙ kalyāṇagiri
○giri m. 'mountain of good conduct', N. of an elephant Kathās
⋙ kalyāṇacandra
○candra m. N. of an astronomer in the twelfth century
• of a king
⋙ kalyāṇacāra
○cāra mf(ī)n. following virtuous courses
⋙ kalyāṇatara
○tara mfn. more agreeable ŚBr. xiv, 7, 2, 5
⋙ kalyāṇadevī
○devī f. N. of the wife of Jayâpīḍa Rājat
⋙ kalyāṇadharman
○dharman mfn. of virtuous character or conduct
⋙ kalyāṇapañcakapūjā
○pañcaka-pūjā f. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ kalyāṇapañcamīka
○pañcamīka mfn. (scil. pakṣa) any fortnight the fifth lunar day of which is lucky W
⋙ kalyāṇapuccha
○puccha mf(ī)n. having a beautiful tail Pāṇ. 4-1, 55
⋙ kalyāṇapura
○pura n. N. of a town Rājat
⋙ kalyāṇabīja
○bīja m. = -viija, q.v
⋙ kalyāṇabhaṭṭa
○bhaṭṭa m. N. of a man
⋙ kalyāṇamandira
○mandira n. temple or abode of health or prosperity
• N. of wk
-ṭīkā f. the commentary on it
-stotra n. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ kalyāṇamaya
○maya mfn. abounding in blessings, prosperous Kathās
⋙ kalyāṇamalla
○malla m. N. of a prince
• of the author of the work Anaṅga-raṅga
• of a son of Gaja-malla (author of the comm. called Mālatī)
⋙ kalyāṇamitra
○mitra n. a friend of virtue
• a well-wishing friend Kāraṇḍ. lxvii, 1
• a good counsellor (opposed to pāpa-mitra) Buddh
• N. of Buddha
○tra-tā f. the perfect life of Buddhism
○tra-sevana n. the becoming a disciple of Buddha
⋙ kalyāṇarājacaritra
○rāja-caritra n. 'the life of king Kalyāṇa' by Madana
⋙ kalyāṇarāya
○rāya m. N. of a man
⋙ kalyāṇavacana
○vacana n. friendly speech, good wishes
⋙ kalyāṇavat
○vat mfn. happy, lucky L
• (ī), f. N. of a princess. [Page 263, Column 3]
⋙ kalyāṇavartman
○vartman m. 'walker on a noble path', N. of a king
• f. N. of a princess who erected an image of Vishṇu ( kalyāṇa-svāmi-keśava)
⋙ kalyāṇavardhana
○vardhana m. 'increase of prosperity', N. of a man Buddh
⋙ kalyāṇavarman
○varman m. N. of an astronomer
• of a man Kathās
⋙ kalyāṇavīja
○vīja m. a sort of lentil (Ervum Hirsutum, = masūra) L
⋙ kalyāṇavṛtta
○vṛtta mfn. of virtuous conduct
⋙ kalyāṇaśarman
○śarman m. N. of a commentator on Varāha-mihira
⋙ kalyāṇasattva
○sattva mfn. of noble character
⋙ kalyāṇasaptamī
○saptamī f. an auspicious seventh day
-vrata n. a religious observance on that day
⋙ kalyāṇasūtra
○sūtra m. N. of a Brāhman
⋙ kalyāṇasena
○sena m. N. of a king
⋙ kalyāṇasvāmikeśava
○svāmi-keśava n. N. of an image of Vishṇu Rājat
⋙ kalyāṇācāra
kalyāṇâcāra mfn. following good practices W
⋙ kalyāṇābhijana
kalyāṇâbhijana mf(ī)n. of illustrious birth Nal. R
⋙ kalyāṇābhiniveśin
kalyāṇâbhiniveśin mfn. intent on virtue or on benefiting others Kād. 153
≫ kalyāṇaka
kalyāṇaka mf(ikā)n. auspicious, prosperous, happy
• efficacious
• (ikā), f. red arsenic L
⋙ kalyāṇakaguḍa
○guḍa m. a particular drug Suśr
⋙ kalyāṇakaghṛta
○ghṛta n. a kind of clarified butter Suśr
⋙ kalyāṇakalavaṇa
○lavaṇa n. a kind of salt Suśr
≫ kalyāṇin
kalyāṇin mfn. happy, lucky, auspicious, prosperous
• illustrious
• virtuous, good Kathās
• (inī), f. the aquatic plant Sida cordifolia L
≫ kalyāṇī
kalyāṇī in comp., g. priyâdi
⋙ kalyāṇīdaśama
○daśama mfn. having the tenth night lucky Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 116
⋙ kalyāṇīpañcama
○pañcama mfn. having the fifth lucky
• (ās), f. pl. (scil. rātrayas) nights of which the fifth is lucky Vop. vi, 15
⋙ kalyāṇīpañcamīka
○pañcamīka mfn. (scil. pakṣa) a fortnight having the fifth night lucky Vop. vi, 16
⋙ kalyāṇīpriya
○priya mfn. having a beloved one worthy of honour Pāṇ. 5-4, 116 Sch. on Vop. vi, 15
⋙ kalyāṇīstotra
○stotra n. N. of wk
⋙ kalyāṇyādi
kalyāṇy-ādi m. a g. of Pāṇ. 4-1, 126
kalyā-pāla = kalya-pāla, q.v. L
kall cl. 1. Ā. kallate, to utter an indistinct sound Dhātup. xiv, 27
• to be mute ib
≫ kalla
kalla mfn. deaf L
• also v. l. for kanna, q.v
⋙ kallatā
○tā f
⋙ kallatva
○tva n. stammering, hoarseness L
• a sound L
• deafness L
⋙ kallamūka
○mūka mfn. deaf and dumb L
⋙ kallavīratantra
○vīra-tantra n. N. of a Buddhist work (also called Caṇḍā-mahā-roshaṇa-tantra)
⋙ kallārya
kallârya m. N. of an author
kallaṭa m. N. of a king Rājat. iv, 461
• of a pupil of Vasu-gupta (q.v.) and father of Mukula (q.v.) Rājat. v, 66 (śrī-k○)
kallāṭa ās m. pl. (probably) N. of a tribe Inscr
kallârya m. kalla
kallāleśa m. N. of a god (Lakshmī-kānta)
kalli ind. to-morrow W
kallinātha m. N. of a writer on music
kallola m. (1. kam, water, + lola T., but according to Uṇ. i, 67 fr. √kall) a wave, billow Bhartṛ. iii, 37 Pañcat
• gambol, recreation L
• an enemy L
• mfn. hostile L
≫ kallolita
kallolita mfn. surging, billowing (g. tārakâdi)
≫ kallolinī
kallolinī f. a surging stream, river Prab. (g. puṣkarâdi)
kalhaṇa m. (also spelt kahlaṇa), N. of the author of the Rāja-taraṅgiṇī
kalhāra v. l. for kahlāra, q.v
kalhoḍī-gaṅgêśvaratīrtha n. N. of a Tirtha
kav cl. 1. Ā. kavate, to describe (as a poet) W
• to praise T
• to paint, picture W.: cl. 10. P. Ā. kāvayati, ○te, to compose (as a poet) W
• [√.kab.]
≫ kavayitṛ
kavayitṛ m. a poet Viddh. ix, 12 Comm. on Kum
kava 1
kava a form substituted for ka, , and 1. ku, to express depreciation or deficiency Pāṇ. 6-3, 107, 108 Vop. vi, 97
⋙ kavapatha
○patha m. a bad way Pāṇ. 6-3, 108
⋙ kavāgni
kavâgni m. a little fire Vop. vi, 97
⋙ kavoṣṇa
kavôṣṇa mfn. slightly warm, tepid
• (am), n. slight warmth
-tā f. slight warmth Kād
kava 2
kava mfn. (√1. ku) 'miserly' (perhaps originally 'provident'), 'selfish', in á-kava, q.v., and kavā-sakhá below
• [cf. kavatnú and kavārí.) [Page 264, Column 1]
kavaka n. a fungus, mushroom Mn. Yājñ. Hcat
• a mouthful L
kávaca as, am m. n. (√3. ku Uṇ. iv, 2 Nir. v, 25) g. ardharcâdi, armour, cuirass, a coat of mail ŚBr. xii, 2, 2, 7 KātyŚr. xiii, 3, 10 MBh. R. &c
• any covering
• a corset, jacket Kāṭh. xxxiv, 5 [ifc. f. ā] Pāṇ. 3-2, 129
• bark, rind Śārṅg
• m. a war-drum, a kettle-drum L
• (am), n. a piece of bark or birch-leaf or any substance inscribed with mystical words and carried about as an amulet, any amulet, charm W
• a mystical syllable (such as hum, or hūm) forming part of a Mantra used as an amulet [cf. bīja] W
• m. the tree Oldenlandia herbacea Bhpr
• the tree Hibiscus Populneoides L
⋙ kavacadhara
○dhara mfn. = -hara below
⋙ kavacapattra
○pattra n. a birch-leaf L
• a species of birch L. (cf. bhūrja-pattra.)
⋙ kavacapāśa
○pāśá m. the fastening of a coat of mail AV. xi, 10, 22
⋙ kavacahara
○hara mfn. wearing a coat of mail or jacket W
• wearing an amulet W
• m. a Kshatriya youth when arrived at the age suitable for martial training Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 10
≫ kavacita
kavacita mfn. covered with armour Lalit
≫ kavacin
kavacín mfn. covered with armour, mailed AV. xi, 10, 22 VS. xvi, 35 ŚBr. MBh. R
• (ī), f. N. of Śiva
• of a son of Dhṛita-rāshṭra MBh
kavaṭī f. (= kavāṭa) the leaf or panel of a door L
kavaḍa m. a mouthful of water &c., water for rinsing the mouth Suśr
• [cf. kavala.]
ka-vat mfn. having the word ka TāṇḍyaBr
kavatnú mfn. (fr. 2. kava), avaricious, stingy RV. vii, 32, 9
kavana m. N. of a man
• (am), n. water Nir. x, 4
kavantaka m. N. of a man
• (ās), m. pl. his descendants, g. upakâdi
kávandha and kavandhín, kában○
kava-patha 1. kava
kavayī f. the fish Cojus Cobojus (commonly Kavay or Kay, said to go by land from one piece of water to another) L. (cf. kavikā.)
kavara mf.(ā)n. (√3. ku Uṇ. iv, 154) mixed, intermingled, variegated Śiś. v, 19
• m. a lecturer L
• (as, ī), m. f. (Pāṇ. 4-1, 42 Vop. iv, 26
• also n. according to a Sch.) a braid, fillet of hair BhP. Gīt. Sāh. Śiś
• (am), n. salt L
• sourness, acidity L
• (ā), f. (Sch. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 42) the plant Ocimum gratissimum L
• (ī), f. id. L
• Acacia arabica or another plant Npr
⋙ kavarapuccha
○puccha mf(ī)n. having a twisted tail or one resembling a braid Pāṇ. 4-1, 55 Vārtt. 2
⋙ kavarabhāra
○bhāra m. a fine head of hair BhP. v, 2, 6
≫ kavarī
kavarī (f. of ○ra, q.v.)
⋙ kavarībhara
○bhara m. a fine head of hair Gīt. xii, 26
⋙ kavarībhāra
○bhāra m. id. Pañcar
⋙ kavarībhṛt
○bhṛt mfn. wearing a fillet of hair Śiś
kavarakī f. a captive, a prisoner L. (cf. vandi.)
ka-varga m. the class of guttural letters TPrāt. (cf. varga.)
kavala m. (n. ?) a mouthful (as of water &c.)
• a morsel MBh. R. Ragh. Mn. Bhartṛ
• a wash for cleansing the mouth, gargle Suśr
• a kind of fish (commonly Baliya) L
⋙ kavalagraha
○graha m. the taking a mouthful of water for swallowing
• water for rinsing the mouth Bhpr
• a weight = karṣa ŚārṅgS
⋙ kavalagrāha
○grāha m. water enough for swallowing or for rinsing the mouth, gargle Car
⋙ kavalatā
○tā f. the state of being a mouthful, a morsel Vcar
⋙ kavalaprastha
○prastha m. N. of a town, g. karkyādi
⋙ kavalīkṛ
kavalī-√kṛ to swallow or eat up, devour Nāg. Bālar
≫ kavalana
kavalana mfn. swallowing by the mouthful
• (am), n. swallowing, gulping down, eating Vām
• putting into the mouth Bālar
≫ kavalaya
kavalaya Nom. P. ○yati, to swallow or gulp down, devour Hcar. &c. [Page 264, Column 2]
⋙ kavalikā
kavalikā f. a piece of cloth over a sore or wound, a bandage Suśr
≫ kavalita
kavalita mfn. swallowed by the mouthful, eaten, devoured Pañcat. Kathās
≫ kavalīkṛ
kavalī-√kṛ kavala
kaváṣ mfn. (according to Mahīdhara fr. √3. ku) 'emitting sound', 'creaking' (said of the leaves of a door), open, yawning (faulty ?) VS. xxix, 5 = MaitrS. iii, 16, 2. (Instead of kaváṣas the TS. v, 11, 1, 2 (cf. kaví) and the Kāṭh. have kaváyas.)
≫ kavaṣa
kaváṣa mf(ī́)n. opened (as the legs) AitBr
• m. a shield L
• (or kavaṣa ailūṣa) N. of a Ṛishi (son of Ilūsha by a slave girl, and author of several hymns in the tenth Maṇḍala of the Ṛig-veda
• when the Ṛishis were performing a sacrifice on the banks of the Sarasvatī he was expelled as an impostor and as unworthy to drink of the water, being the son of a slave
• it was only when the gods had shown him special favour that he was readmitted to their society) RV. vii, 18, 12 AitBr. ii, 19
• N. of a Muni BhP
• N. of the author of a Dharma-śāstra
≫ kavaṣin
kavaṣin ī m. N. of a Ṛishi R. vii, 1, 4
kavasa m. (fr. √3. ku Uṇ. iv, 2) armour, mail L
• a prickly shrub (cf. kávaca.)
kavâgni 1. kava above
kavāṭa as, ī, am mfn. (for kapāṭa) the leaf or panel of a door, a door R. Naish. &c
• (ifc. kavāṭaka
• cf. kavaṭī.)
⋙ kavāṭaghna
○ghna m. 'doorbreaking', a thief
⋙ kavāṭavakra
○vakra n. N. of a plant (commonly kavāṭa-veṭu, or kavāḍa-veṇṭuyā) L
≫ kavāṭaka
kavāṭaka ifc. = kavāṭa Kathās
kávā-tiryañc (fr. 1. kava + t○), mfn. arranged or directed a little across TS. TĀr
kavāra m. the bird Tantalus falcinellus W
• (am), n. a lotus L
• [cf. kavela.]
kavārí mfn. (fr. 2. kava), selfish, stingy RV. x, 107, 3
≫ kavāsakha
kavā-sakhá mfn. 'having a selfish man for companion, being the companion of a selfish man', selfish RV. v, 34, 3 Nir. vi, 19
kaví mfn. (√1. , 2. kava, ā́kūta, ā́kūti, kāvya Naigh. iii, 15 Nir. xii, 13 Uṇ. iv, 138) gifted with insight, intelligent, knowing, enlightened, wise, sensible, prudent, skilful, cunning
• (is), m. a thinker, intelligent man, man of understanding, leader
• a wise man, sage, seer, prophet
• a singer, bard, poet (but in this sense without any technical application in the Veda) RV. VS. TS. AV. ŚBr. i, 4, 2, 8 KaṭhUp. iii, 14 MBh. Bhag. BhāgP. Mn. vii, 49 R. Ragh
• N. of several gods, (esp.) of Agni RV. ii, 23, 1 ; x, 5, 4, 3 ; iii, 5, 1 ; i, 31, 2 ; 76, 5
• of Varuṇa, Indra, the Aśvins, Maruts, Ādityas
• of the Soma
• of the Soma priest and other sacrificers
• (probably) N. of a particular poet
• cf. áṅgiras (Mn. ii, 151) and uśánas (Bhag. x, 37)
• of the ancient sages or patriarchs (as spirits now surrounding the sun)
• of the Ṛibhus (as skilful in contrivance)
• of Pūshan (as leader or guider)
• N. of a son of Brahmā MBh. xiii, 4123, 4142-4150
• of Brahmā W
• of a son of Bhṛigu and father of Śukra MBh. i, 2606 (cf. 3204 BhāgP. iv, 1, 45 and Kull. on Mn. iii, 198)
• that of Śukra (regent of the planet Venus and preceptor of the demons) Rājat. iv, 495
• of the planet Venus NBD
• of the sons of several Manus Hariv. BhāgP. VP
• of a son of Kauśika and pupil of Garga Hariv
• of a son of Ṛishabha BhāgP
• of Vālmīki L
• a keeper or herd RV. vii, 18, 8
• (fig.) N. of the gates of the sacrificial enclosure TS. v, 11, 1, 2 (cf. kaváṣ)
• the sun W
• of various men
• the soul in the Sāṃkhya philosophy Comm
• a cunning fighter L
• an owl L
• (is, or ī W.), f. the bit of a bridle L
• the reins (cf. kavikā) W
• a ladle (cf. kambi) L
⋙ kavikaṇṭhahāra
○kaṇṭha-hāra m. 'poet's necklace', N. of a work on rhetoric L
⋙ kavikamalasadman
○kamala-sadman m. 'lotus-seat of poets', N. of Brahmā (cf. kamala) as the supporter of poets Prasannar
⋙ kavikarṇapūrṇa
○karṇa-pūrṇa m. N. of a poet
⋙ kavikarpaṭī
○karpaṭī f. N. of wk. on prosody
⋙ kavikalpadruma
○kalpadruma m. N. of a metrical collection of roots written by Vopa-deva
⋙ kavikalpalatā
○kalpa-latā f. N. of wk. on rhetoric by Devêndra
⋙ kavikratu
○kratu (kaví-), mfn. having the insight of a wise man, full of discernment, wise (said of Agni and the Soma) RV. VS. AV. [Page 264, Column 3]
• one who possesses wisdom or sacrifices Sāy
⋙ kavicakravartin
○cakra-vartin m. N. of Pūrṇānanda
⋙ kavicandra
○candra m. N. of various authors (of the Kāvyacandrikā
• of the Dhātu-candrikā
• of the Ratnāvalī
• of the Rāmacandra-campū
• of the Śānti-candrikā
• of the Sārala-harī grammar
• of a book named Stavāvali)
⋙ kavicchad
○cchád mfn. delighting (cf. √chad) in wise men ['causing pleasure to the wise' Sāy.] RV. iii, 12, 15
⋙ kavijanavinoda
○jana-vinoda m. 'delight of wise men', N. of wk
⋙ kavijyeṣṭha
○jyeṣṭha m. 'oldest of poets', N. of Vālmīki (author of the Rāmāyaṇa) L
⋙ kavitama
○tama (kaví-), mfn. wisest RV
⋙ kavitara
○tara (kaví-), mfn. wiser RV. AV
⋙ kavitā
○tā f. poetry, ornate style (whether of verse or prose) Bhartṛ. Prasannar
• a poem W
○tâmṛta-kūpa m. 'well of nectar of poetry', N. of a modern collection of verses
-rahasya n. 'the secret of style', N. of wk. on rhetoric
-vedin mfn. 'understanding poesy', wise, learned
• a poet, genius W
-śakti f. poetic talent MW
⋙ kavitārkikasiṃha
○tārkika-siṃha m. 'lion of poets and philosophers', N. of Veṅkaṭa-nātha
⋙ kavitṛ
○tṛ v. l. for kavayitṛ L
⋙ kavitva
○tvá n. intelligence RV. x, 124, 7
• poetic skill or power or gift Daś. Sāh. Vet
-ratnâkara m. 'jewel-mine of poesy', N. of a modern work on rhetoric
⋙ kavitvana
○tvaná n. wisdom RV. viii, 40, 3
⋙ kavidarpaṇa
○darpaṇa m. 'poet's mirror', N. of wk. by Raghu
⋙ kaviputra
○putra m. N. of a dramatic author Mālav
⋙ kavipraśasta
○praśastá mfn. esteemed or praised by sages RV. v, 1, 8
⋙ kavipriyā
○priyā f. N. of wk. on rhetoric by Keśavadāsa
⋙ kavibhaṭṭa
○bhaṭṭa m. N. of a poet
⋙ kavibhūma
○bhūma m. N. of a man
⋙ kavibhūṣaṇa
○bhūṣaṇa m. N. of the son of Kavi-candra
⋙ kavimaṇḍana
○maṇḍana m. N. of Sambhubhaṭṭa
⋙ kaviratnapuruṣottamamiśra
○ratna-puruṣôttama-miśra m. N. of a man
⋙ kaviratha
○ratha m. N. of a prince (son of Citraratha)
⋙ kavirahasya
○rahasya n. 'secret of the learned', N. of a collection of roots by Halāyudha
⋙ kavirāja
○rāja m. a king of poets Vām. iv, 1, 10
• N. of the author of the Rāghavapāṇḍaviiya Bālar. viii, 20
-kautuka m. N. of wk
-bhikṣu m. N. of a man
-yati m. N. of a man
-vasuṃdhara m. N. of a man
⋙ kavirāmāyaṇa
○rāmāyaṇa m. N. of Vālmīki (for rāmâyaṇa-kavi)
⋙ kavilāśikā
○lāśikā (W.) or (L.), f. a kind of lute
⋙ kavilāsikā
○lāsikā (L.), f. a kind of lute
⋙ kavivallabha
○vallabha m. N. of the son of Kavi-candra
⋙ kavivṛdha
○vṛdhá mfn. prospering the wise RV. viii, 63, 4
⋙ kavivṛṣan
○vṛṣan m. an eminent poet Bālar. vii, 7
⋙ kaviśasta
○śastá (and ○ví-śasta ŚBr. i, 4, 2, 8), mfn. (g. pravṛddhâdi) pronounced by wise men RV
• praised by wise men RV. AV
⋙ kaviśikṣā
○śikṣā m. instruction for poets
⋙ kavīndu
kavī7ndu m. 'moon of poets', N. of Vālmīki, Śārṅg
⋙ kavīndra
kavī7ndra m. a prince among poets Prasannar
-kalpa-taru m. N. of wk
⋙ kavīśvara
kavī7śvara m. 'lord among poets', N. of a poet
≫ kavika
kavika n. the bit of a bridle or the reins L
• (ā), f. the bit of a bridle Mudr
• N. of a flower (= kevikā-puṣya) L
• a sort of fish (commonly Kay) Bhpr. [cf. kavayī.]
≫ kaviṭa
kaviṭa m. N. of a Ṛishi
≫ kaviya
kaviya as, am m. n. the bit of a bridle or the reins W
≫ kavila
kavila g. pragady-ādi (for kaliva according to Kāś.)
≫ kavīya
kavīya as, am m. n. the bit of a bridle or the reins W
• [cf. kaviya.]
≫ kavīyat
kavīyát mfn. (pr. p. P.) acting like a wise man RV. ix, 94, 1
≫ kavīyamāna
kavīyámāna mfn. (pr. p. Ā.) making pretension to wisdom RV. i, 164, 18
≫ kavīyas
kávīyas mfn. compar. ( = kavítara) wiser, v. l. of SV. for RV. ix, 94, 1
• ( kaviiyát above.)
≫ kavya 1
kavyá mfn. (= kavi Kāś. on Pāṇ. 5-4, 30) wise RV. x, 15, 9 (at VS. xxii, 2 read kavyā́ḥ)
• a sacrificer, sacrificial priest RV. ix, 91, 2
• N. of a class of deities associated with Aṅgiras and Ṛikvan [Gmn
• a class of manes] RV. x, 14, 3 AV
• N. of one of the seven sages of the fourth Manv-antara Hariv
• (am), n. (generally in connection with havya, havya-kavya) 'what must be offered to the wise', an oblation of food to deceased ancestors MBh. Mn
⋙ kavyatā
○tā (kavyá-), f. the state of a sage, wisdom RV. i, 96, 2
⋙ kavyabhuj
⋙ kavyabhojana
○bhojana m. pl. 'oblation-eaters', the manes or a class of manes L
⋙ kavyavah
○vah nom. vāt,
⋙ kavyavāḍa
○vāḍa mfn. = vā́hana below
⋙ kavyavāla
○vāla mfn. a corrupted form of -vāḍa, which is derived fr. the nom. -vāṭ of -vah
⋙ kavyavāhana
○vā́hana mfn. (Pāṇ. 3-2, 65) conveying oblations to the manes (said of fire) RV. x, 16, 11 ṣāy. VS. TS. AV. ŚBr. ĀśvŚr. [Page 265, Column 1]
• m. fire (= Agni) W
• N. of Śiva W
• [cf. kravya-v○, havya-v○, vahni.]
≫ kavya 2
kavya Nom. P. kavyati, to be wise Pāṇ. 7-4, 39
kaviṭa kaviya, kaví
kavūla n. (in astrol.) = Arabic ? (cf. kaṃvūla.)
kavera-kanyā f. (= kāverī), N. of a river in the Dekhan
kavela n. a lotus flower L. (cf. kavāra.)
kavôṣṇa 1. kava
kaś cl. 1. P. kaśati, to go, move Comm. on TBr. i
• to sound Dhātup. xvii, 75
• to strike, punish, hurt, kill (v. l. for kaṃs, kas, jhaṣ, śaś, √kaṣ)
≫ kaśa
káśa m. a species of rodent animal VS. TS. (cf. kaśīkā́)
• a whip, thong MBh. (cf. prakaśá)
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people BhP. (ed. Bomb.)
⋙ kaśakṛtsna
○kṛtsna m. N. of a man (v. l. for kāśa-kṛtsna, q.v.), g. arīhaṇâdi
⋙ kaśaplaka
○plaká au m. du. 'parts struck by the whip', the hinder parts (originally of beasts of burden), [Gmn
• 'pudenda muliebria' BRD.] RV. viii, 33, 19 (cf. plaka.)
≫ kaśā
káśā f. (Naigh. i, 11 Nir. ix, 19) a whip RV. AV. ŚBr. MBh. R. &c. (also written kaṣā R. BhP.)
• a rein, bridle Śiś
• whipping, flogging W
• a string, rope, thong L
• face, mouth L
• quality L
⋙ kaśāghāta
○ghāta m. stroke of a whip Pañcat
⋙ kaśātraya
○traya n. three modes of whipping (a horse) W
⋙ kaśānipāta
○nipāta m. blow or stroke with a whip R
⋙ kaśāvat
○vat (○śā́-), mfn. furnished with a whip RV
⋙ kaśārha
kaśârha mfn. deserving a whipping L
≫ kaśya
kaśya mfn. (g. daṇḍâdi) deserving the whip L
• (am), n. a horse's flank L
• a spirituous liquor (cf. kāśya) L
kaśaku Coix Barbata (= gavedhukā) Comm. on KātyŚr
kaśambūká m. a particular mythical being Suparṇ. xxiii, 5
káśas n. moving, motion TBr. i, 4, 8, 3
• water Naigh. i, 12 (v. l. śaka, q.v
• cf. kaśo-jū́)
káśā &c. √kaś
kaśāya m. N. of a preceptor Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 106 (v. l. kaṣāya)
kaśāri f. N. of the Uttaravedi Kāṭh. xxv, 6
kaśika and g. hasty-ādi
⋙ kaśikapāda
○pāda g. hasty-ādi
kaśipú us, u m. n. a mat, pillow, cushion, mattress AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr. Kauś. Vait. BhP
• a couch BhP
• (us), m. food L
• clothing L
• (ū), m. du. food and clothing L
• (sometimes spelt kasipu.)
⋙ kaśipūpabarhaṇa
kaśipū7pabarhaṇá n. the cover of a pillow, covering, cloth AV. ix, 6, 10 Vait
kaśīkā́ f. (= nakulī) a weasel (Sāy.) RV. i, 126, 6 (cf. káśa, kaṣīkā, and √kaṣ.)
kaśú m. N. of a man RV. viii, 5, 37
kaśeraka m. N. of a Yaksha MBh. ii, 397
kaśeru u n. m. (fr. ka, water or wind, + √śṝ Uṇ. i, 90
• also written kaseru) the back-bone L
• (ūs), f. (Uṇ. i, 90) and (u), n. the √of Scirpus Kysoor (a kind of grass with a bulbous root) Suśr
• (us), m. one of the nine divisions of Bhāratavarsha Hariv. 6793 VP. Rājat
• (ū), f. N. of the daughter of Tvashṭṛi Hariv. 6793 (v. l.)
⋙ kaśerumat
○mat m. N. of a Yavana king MBh. iii, 491 Hariv
⋙ kaśeruyajña
○yajña m. a kind of oblation Pat. (cf. kāśeruyajñika.)
≫ kaśeruka
kaśeruka ā, am fn. (Uṇ. i, 90) = kaśeru, the back-bone L
• m. [ā, am fn. L.] the √of Scirpus Kysoor Suśr
• (sometimes spelt kaseruka.)
≫ kaśerus
kaśerus n. = kaśeru above L
≫ kaśerū
kaśerū s.v. kaśeru
⋙ kaśerūmat
○mat m. N. of a division of Bhārata-varsha VP
kaśóka ās m. pl., N. of a class of demons AV. v, 2, 4 (= yātu-dhā́nās of RV.) [Page 265, Column 2]
kaśojū́ ūs (acc. úvam), m. 'hastening to the water' (káśas Sāy.), 'impelling with the whip' (káśas = káśā Gmn.), N. of Divodāsa RV. i, 112, 14
• [√.kaṣ.]
kaś-cana &c. 2.
kaśmala mf(ā, or ī)n. foul, dirty, impure Dhūrtas
• timid, pusillanimous
• (am), n. dirt, filth Subh
• impurity, sin L
• (as, am), m. n. (ifc. f. ā) consternation, stupefaction, faintheartedness, pusillanimity MBh
• dejection of mind, weakness, despair MBh. BhP
⋙ kaśmalacetas
○cetas mfn. debased or dejected in mind
⋙ kaśmalamaya
○maya mfn. filled with or producing distress of mind Comm. on R. (ed. Bomb.) ii, 42, 22
káśmaśa as, or am m. or n. ? stupefaction ? AV. v, 21, 1
kaśmīra ās m. pl. (ifc. f. ā
• √kaś ? perhaps contraction of kaśyapa-mīra
Rājat. i, 25 R. i, 70, 19), N. of a country and of the people inhabiting it (cf. kāśmīra), g. bhargâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 178
saṅkāśâdi, iv, 2, 80
kacchâdi, iv, 2, 133
sindhv-ādi, iv, 3, 93 Rājat
⋙ kaśmīrajanman
○janman n. 'produced in Kaśmīr', saffron L
kaśyata m. N. of a man VP
kaśyápa mfn. (fr. kaśya + 2. pa) having black teeth Comm. on KātyŚr. x, 2, 35
• m. a tortoise (kacchapa) VS. xxiv, 37 AitBr. ŚBr
• a sort of fish W
• a kind of deer (cf. kāśyapa) L
• a class of divine beings associated with Prajāpati AV. TS. VS
• (ās), m. pl. a class of semidivine genī connected with or regulating the course of the sun AV. xiii, 1, 23 TĀr. i, 8 PārGṛ. ii, 9, 13
• N. of a mythical Ṛishi AitBr. ŚBr
• of an ancient sage VS. AV. &c., (a descendant of Marīci and author of several hymns of the Ṛig-veda RV. AV. ŚBr
• he was husband of Aditi and twelve other daughters of Daksha MBh. i, 2598 Mn. ix, 129
• by Aditi he was father of the Ādityas [cf. kāśyapeya] TS. ŚBr
• and of Vivasvat R
• and of Vishṇu in his vāmana avatāra R. BhP. VP
• by his other twelve wives he was father of demons, nāgas, reptiles, birds, and all kinds of living things
• from the prominent part ascribed to him in creation he is sometimes called Prajā-pati
• he is one of the seven great Ṛishis and priest of Paraśu-rāma and Rāma-candra
• he is supposed by some to be a personification of races inhabiting the Caucasus, the Caspian, Kaśmīr, &c.)
• a patronymic from Kaśyapa ŚBr
• the author of a Dharmaśāstra called Kaśyahôllara-saṃhitā ; the constellation Cancer (cf. Pers. kashaf) VP
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants of Kaśyapa AitBr. ĀśvŚr
• (ā), f. a female Ṛishi (authoress of a verse in the White Yajur-veda)
⋙ kaśyapagrīva
○grīva n. N. of a Sāman ĀrshBr
⋙ kaśyapatuṅga
○tuṅga m. N. of a place
⋙ kaśyapadvīpa
○dvīpa m. N. of a Dviipa (v. l. kāśyapa-dviipa)
⋙ kaśyapanandana
○nandana m. 'son of Kaśyapa', N. of Garuḍa (bird of Vishṇu) L
⋙ kaśyapapuccha
○puccha n. N. of a Sāman
⋙ kaśyapabhāskara
○bhāskara m. N. of the author of a commentary called Paribhāshābhāskara
⋙ kaśyapavrata
○vrata n. N. of a Sāman
⋙ kaśyapasaṃhitā
○saṃhitā f. N. of wk
⋙ kaśyapasūnujyeṣṭha
○sūnu-jyeṣṭha m. 'eldest of the sons of Kaśyapa', N. of Hiraṇyâksha L
⋙ kaśyapasmṛti
○smṛti f. N. of wk
⋙ kaśyapāpatya
kaśyapâpatya n. a descendant of Kaśyapa Comm. on Pat
• N. of a Daitya L
• of Garuḍa L
⋙ kaśyapeśvara
kaśyapêśvara and -tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ kaśyapottarasaṃhitā
kaśyapôttarasaṃhitā f. N. of a Dharma-śāstra
kaṣ cl. 1. P. Ā. kaṣati, ○te, to rub, scratch, scrape Pāṇ. 3-4, 34 Naish.: Ā. to rub or scratch one's self ChUp. (pr. p. Ā. kaṣamāṇa) Vait
• to itch (Ā.) BhP
• to rub with a touchstone, test, try Kāś. on Pāṇ. 7-2, 22
• to injure, hurt, destroy, kill Dhātup. xvii, 34
• to leap ib. xvii, 77 (v. l.): Caus. P. kāṣayati, to hurt ib. xxxii, 121 (v. l.)
• [Gk. ?, ?.] [265, 2]
≫ kaṣa
kaṣa mfn. (ifc.) rubbing, scraping, rubbing away
• m. rubbing Naish
• a touchstone, assay (nikaṣa) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-3, 119 Mṛicch
• (ā), f. (for kaśā, q.v.) a whip R. vi, 37, 41 BhP
⋙ kaṣapaṭṭikā
○paṭṭikā f. a touchstone
⋙ kaṣapāṣāṇa
○pāṣāṇa m. a touchstone Naish
⋙ kaṣotka
kaṣôtka m. TĀr., = paramêśvara (Comm.)
≫ kaṣā
kaṣā^ f. before s.v. kaṣa
⋙ kaṣāputra
○putra m. a Rākshasa L. (cf. nikaṣâtmaja.) [Page 265, Column 3]
⋙ kaṣāghāta
kaṣâghāta (or kaṣā-gh○), m. a cut or stroke with a whip (v. l. for kaśā-ghāta, q.v.)
≫ kaṣaṇa
kaṣaṇa mfn. (ifc.) rubbing one's self on, adapting one's self to BhP. x, 90, 49
• unripe, immature L
• (am), n. rubbing, scratching Kād. Kir
• shaking Śiś
• marking W
• the touching or testing of gold by a touchstone
≫ kaṣanmukha
kaṣan-mukha m. (pres. p. of √kaṣ + mukha), N. of a man Rājat. vi, 319 (ed. Calc. kaṣaṇ-mukha)
≫ kaṣāku
kaṣāku m. fire Uṇ
• the sun ib
≫ kaṣi
kaṣi mfn. hurtful, injurious Uṇ. iv, 139
≫ kaṣita
kaṣita mfn. rubbed
• tested
• hurt, injured
≫ kaṣīkā
kaṣīkā f. a kind of bird Uṇ. iv, 16
≫ kaṣkaṣa
káṣkaṣa m. a kind of noxious insect or worm AV. v, 23, 7
≫ kaṣṭi 1
kaṣṭi f. test, trial W
kaṣāya mfn. astringent MBh. xiv, 1280 and 1411 R. Suśr. Pañcat. BhP
• fragrant Megh. 31
• red, dull red, yellowish red (as the garment of a Buddhist Bhikshu) MBh. Hariv. Mṛicch. Yājñ
• (as, am), m. n. (g. ardharcâdi) an astringent flavour or taste Suśr
• a yellowish red colour Yājñ. i, 272 Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 1
• an astringent juice, extract of juice ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. xi, 153
• a decoction or infusion Suśr. (the result of boiling down a mixture consisting of one part of a drug and four or, according to some, eight or sixteen parts of water until only one quarter is left Suśr.)
• any healing or medicinal potion Bhpr
• exudation from a tree, juice, gum, resin L
• ointment, smearing, anointing L
• colouring or perfuming or anointing the person with cosmetics MBh
• dirt, filth
• stain or impurity or sin cleaving to the soul ChUp. BhP
• dulness, stupidity Vedāntas
• defect, decay, degeneracy (of which, according to Buddhists, there are five marks, viz. āyus-k○, dṛṣṭi-k○, kleśa-k○, sattva-k○, kalpa-k○)
• attachment to worldly objects W
• m. red, redness
• a kind of snake Suśr. ii, 265, 14
• emotion, passion (rāga, of which the Jainas reckon four kinds HYog. iv, 6 and 77)
• the Kali-yuga L
• the tree Bignonia Indica R. ii, 28, 21
• N. of a teacher (v. l. kaśāya), g. śaunakâdi
• (as, ā, am), mf. n. the tree Grislea tomentosa L
• (ā), f. a thorny shrub, a species of small Hedysarum L
• (am), n. a dull or yellowish red garment or robe MBh. ii, 675 (cf. kāṣāya, pañca-kaṣāya
a-niṣkaṣāya, full of impure passions MBh. xii, 568.)
⋙ kaṣāyakṛt
○kṛt m. the tree Symplocos racemosa (its bark is used in dyeing) L
⋙ kaṣāyacitra
○citra mfn. dyed of a dull-red colour W
⋙ kaṣāyatā
○tā f. contraction (of the mouth) Suśr
⋙ kaṣāyadanta
○danta m. 'having red teeth', a kind of mouse Suśr
⋙ kaṣāyadaśana
○daśana m. id. ib
⋙ kaṣāyapāṇa
○pāṇa ās m. pl. 'drinkers of astringent liquids', N. of the Gāndhāras Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-4, 9
⋙ kaṣāyapāda
○pāda m. a decoction of a kind of drug Suśr
⋙ kaṣāyayāvanāla
○yāva-nāla m. a sort of grain L
⋙ kaṣāyavaktratā
○vaktra-tā f. contraction of the mouth, ŚārṅgS
⋙ kaṣāyavasana
○vasana n. the yellowish-red garment of Buddhist mendicants (forming with head-shaving their distinctive badge, cf. kaṣāya n. above, and kāṣāya-v○) Yājñ. i, 272
⋙ kaṣāyavastra
○vastra n. id. Mṛicch
⋙ kaṣāyavāsas
○vāsas n. id
⋙ kaṣāyavāsika
○vāsika m. a kind of venomous insect Suśr
⋙ kaṣāyānvita
kaṣāyânvita mfn. having astringent properties, styptic
• harsh W
⋙ kaṣāyīkṛ
kaṣāyī√-kṛ to make red
⋙ kaṣāyīkṛta
kaṣāyī-kṛta mfn. made red, reddened
-locana mfn. having reddened eyes MBh. R
⋙ kaṣāyībhūta
kaṣāyī-bhūta mfn. become red, reddened
≫ kaṣāyaka
kaṣāyaka m. the shrub Acacia Catechu L
≫ kaṣāyita
kaṣāyita mfn. reddened, red Bālar. Viddh
• coloured Prab
• spotted, soiled
• prepared for dyeing or colouring W
• ifc. permeated with, rendered full of Bālar. Kād
• dimmed, cloaked (with envy, īrṣyā) Sarvad. 121, 6
≫ kaṣāyin
kaṣāyin mfn. yielding a resinous exudation, astringent, dyed of a red colour
• worldly-minded W
• (ī), m. the plant Ṣorea robusta (śāla) L
• Artocarpus Lakucha L
• the wild date-palm (kharjūrī) L
≫ kaṣāyīkṛ
kaṣāyī-√kṛ &c. kaṣāya
kaṣi &c. √kaṣ
≫ kaṣīkā
kaṣīkā ib
kaṣerukā f. the back-bone, spine (v. l. for kaśer○, q.v.) L
kaṣṭa mfn. (perhaps p.p. of √kaṣ Pāṇ. 7-2, 22 Vop. 26, 111 Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 47), bad R. [Page 266, Column 1]
• ill, evil, wrong Mn. MBh. R. Suśr. &c
• painful Suśr
• grievous, severe, miserable Mn. xii, 78 Yājñ. iii, 29 Bhartṛ
• difficult, troublesome Mn. vii, 186 and 210
• worst Mn. vii, 50 and 51
• pernicious, noxious, injurious Suśr
• dangerous (= kṛcchra) Pāṇ. 7-2, 22 Nal. xiii, 16
• inaccessible (= gahana) Pāṇ. 7-2, 22
• boding evil Comm. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 188
• m. 'N. of a man', kāṣṭāyana
• (in rhetoric) offending the ear Vām. ii, 1, 6
• forced, unnatural
• (am), n. a bad state of things, evil, wrong
• pain, suffering, misery, wretchedness
• trouble, difficulty
• bodily exertion, strain, labour, toil, fatigue, weariness, hardship, uneasiness, inquietude (mental or bodily) R. Kathās. Pañcat. Śak. Hit
kaṣṭāt-kaṣṭam, or kaṣṭataram, worse than the worst
kaṣṭena or kaṣṭāt, with great difficulty Pañcat
• (am), ind. an exclamation of grief or sorrow
• ah! woe! aIas! MBh. R. Mṛicch
⋙ kaṣṭakara
○kara mf(ī)n. causing pain or trouble W
⋙ kaṣṭakāraka
○kāraka mfn. causing trouble L
• m. the world L
⋙ kaṣṭaguggula
○guggula m. a kind of perfume Comm. on VarBṛS
⋙ kaṣṭatapas
○tapas m. one who practises severe austerities Śak. 282, 2
⋙ kaṣṭatara
○tara mfn. worse, more pernicious Mn. vii, 53
• more difficult MW
• (am), n. a worse evil
⋙ kaṣṭatā
○tā f. and (in rhetoric) state of being forced or unnatural
⋙ kaṣṭatva
○tva n. (in rhetoric) state of being forced or unnatural
⋙ kaṣṭabhāgineya
○bhāgineya m. a wife's sister's son L
⋙ kaṣṭamātula
○mātula m. a brother of a step-mother L
⋙ kaṣṭalabhya
○labhya mfn. difficult to be obtained Hit. (v. l. kaṣṭatara-labhya)
⋙ kaṣṭaśrita
○śrita mfn. undergoing pain or misfortune or hardships, performing penance Sch. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 47
⋙ kaṣṭasādhya
○sādhya mfn. to be accomplished with difficulty, painful, toilsome MW
⋙ kaṣṭasthāna
○sthāna n. a bad situation, disagreeable place or site W
⋙ kaṣṭāgata
kaṣṭâgata mfn. arrived with difficulty Viddh
⋙ kaṣṭādhika
kaṣṭâdhika mf(ā)n. more than bad, = worse
• excessively bad, wicked
⋙ kaṣṭārtha
kaṣṭârtha mfn. giving a forced or unnatural meaning
-tva n. state of having a forced meaning Sāh. 227, 18
≫ kaṣṭāya
kaṣṭāya Nom. Ā. kaṣṭāyate, to have wicked intentions Pāṇ. 3-1, 14
• and Vārtt. Vop. xxi, 10
≫ kaṣṭi 2
kaṣṭi f. pain, trouble W
• (for 1, p. 265, col. 3.)
kaṣphila m. N. of a Bhikshu Lalit. (kasphila ed. Calc.)
kas 1
kas cl. 1. P. kasati (Dhātup. xx, 30), to go, move, approach Naigh. ii, 14
• (perf. cakāsa = śuśubhe Comm.) to beam, shine, Nalod. ii, 2: Intens. canīkasīti, canīkasyate Pāṇ. 7-4, 84 Vop. xxi, 10 (cf. kaś, kaṃs, niḥ-kas, and vi-kas.)
≫ kasa 1
kasa mfn. Pāṇ. 3-1, 140
≫ kasvara
kasvara mfn. Pāṇ. 3-2, 175
kas 2
kas kaste, v. l. for kaṃs, kaṃste Dhātup. xxiv, 14
kas 3
kas in the Bhāshā = √kṛṣ Pat
kasa 2
kasa m. (= kaṣa) a touch stone Sch. on L
• (ā), f. (= kaśā) a whip Sch. on L
kasana m. cough (= kāsa) T
• (ā), f. a kind of venomous snake (or spider, lūtā T.) Suśr
⋙ kasanotpāṭana
kasanôtpāṭana m. 'coughrelieving', the plant Gendarussa vulgaris L
kasarṇī́ra or kasarṇī́la m. a kind of snake AV. x, 4, 5
• (personified) TS. i, 5, 4, 1
kásāmbu n. a heap of wood (?) AV. xviii, 4, 37
kasāra n. (v. l. kaṃsāra, or kaṃsāra) = kṛsara, q.v. Gal
kasāras ās m. ? a kind of bird MBh. xiii, 736
kasipu m. food (= kaśipu) L
kasīya n. brass (kāṃsya) Gal
kasun the kṛt suffix as forming in the Veda an indeclinable (avyaya Pāṇ. 1-1, 40) infinitive with abl. sense Pāṇ. 3-4, 13 and 17 (cf. vi-sṛ́pas, ā-tṛ́das.)
kasetu m. (= kaseru), N. of a part of Bhārata-varsha VP
kaseru &c. kaśeru, &c. [Page 266, Column 2]
kaskâdi a g. (Pāṇ. 8-3, 48)
ka-stambhī́ f. (fr. ka, 'head' ? + stambha) the prop of a carriage-pole, piece of wood fastened on at the extreme end of the pole serving as a prop or rest (popularly called 'sipoy' in Western India, and in English, 'horse') ŚBr. i, 1, 2, 9
kastīra n. (said to be from √kāś, 'to shine'), tin L. (cf. kāstīra
• ?.)
kastūrikā (or kasturikā ?), f. musk-deer T
• musk, the animal perfume (supposed to come out of the navel of the musk-deer, and brought from Kaśmīr, Nepāl, Western Assam or Butan, the latter being the best)
VarBṛS. Pañcat. Kathās. &c. (cf. Gk. ?.) [266, 2]
⋙ kastūrikākuraṅga
○kuraṅga m. the musk-deer Kād
⋙ kastūrikāmada
○mada m. musk
⋙ kastūrikāmṛga
○mṛga m. the musk-deer
• (ī), f. the female musk-deer Kād
⋙ kastūrikaiṇī
kastūrikâiṇī f. the female musk-deer Bālar
≫ kastūrī
kastūrī f. musk Sāh. 337, 3 Bhpr. &c
• the plant Hibiscus Abelmoschus L
• the plant Amaryllis zeylanica L
⋙ kastūrīmallikā
○mallikā f. a species of jasmine L
⋙ kastūrīmṛga
○mṛga m. the musk-deer Comm. on Kum. i, 55
kasphila m. N. of a Buddhist Bhikshu (v. l. for kaṣphila)
kasmala for kaśmala, q.v
kásmāt ind. (abl. fr. 2. AV. &c.) where from? whence? why? wherefore? MBh. R. Śak. Pañcat. &c. (cf. a-kasmāt.)
kasvara √1. kas
kahaya m. N. of a man, g. śivâdi
kahika m. a family N. for Kahoḍa Pāṇ. 5-3, 83 Pat
kahūya (or kahūṣa Kāś.), m. N. of a man, g. śivâdi
kahóḍa m. (g. śivâdi), N. of a man with the patr. kauṣītaki, or kauṣītakeya ŚBr. MBh
≫ kahola
kahola m. id. BṛĀrUp
• (am), n. N. of wk. by Kahoḍa or Kahola ĀśvGṛ. iii, 4, 4
kahlaṇa for kalhaṇa, q.v
kahlāra n. the white esculent water-lily (Nymphaea Lotus) MBh. Suśr. Ṛitus. &c. (cf. kalhāra.)
kahva m. a kind of crane (Ardea nivea) L
kā 1
onomat. imitation of the cry of the ass BhP. x, 15, 30
kā 2
= 2. kád and 1. ku in comp. to express depreciation, e.g. kâkṣa, kā-patha, kāpuruṣa, kôṣṇa, qq. vv. Pāṇ. 6-3, 104 Vop. vi, 93
kā 3
= √kan (perf. cake, cakāná
kā́yamāna s.v.), to seek, desire, yearn, love (with acc. and dat.) RV
• to like, enjoy, be satisfied with (loc., gen. or inst.) RV.: Intens. (p. cākát) to please, be sought after, be wished for, satisfy RV. x, 29, 1 (cf. anu-, ā-, saṃ- √3. , kāti.)
kāṃśi m. a cup Kauś. (cf. kāṃsya.)
kāṃs cl. 1. Ā. kāṃsate, to shine, glitter Dhātup. xvi, 46 (v. l. for kāś)
kāṃsa mf(ī)n. born in Kaṃsa, g. takṣaśilâdi
kāṃsī-kṛ √1. kāṃsya
kāṃsīya for kaṃs○, q.v. W
≫ kāṃsya
kāṃsya mf(ā)n. (fr. kaṃsa) consisting of white-copper or bell-metal or brass KātyŚr. MBh. xiii, 94, 91 R. Mn. iv, 65
• (am), n. whitecopper or bell-metal or brass, queen's metal, any amalgam of zinc and copper Mn. v, 114
• xi, 167 ; xii, 62 Yājñ. i, 190 Suśr
• a drinking vessel of brass, goblet ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh. R
• (ifc. f. ā) Hcat. (cf. AV. xviii, 3, 17)
• a kind of musical instrument (a sort of gong or plate of bell-metal struck with a stick or rod) L
• a particular measure of capacity L. [Page 266, Column 3]
⋙ kāṃsyakāra
○kāra mf(ī). a brass-founder, worker in white or bell-metal Comm. on Yājñ
⋙ kāṃsyakośī
○kośī f. a kind of musical instrument Hcar
⋙ kāṃsyaghana
○ghana m. a kind of cymbal
⋙ kāṃsyaja
○ja mfn. made of brass Suśr
⋙ kāṃsyatāla
○tāla m. a cymbal Rājat. Bālar
⋙ kāṃsyadoha
○doha mf(ā)n. having a copper milk-pail MBh. xiii, 71, 33
⋙ kāṃsyadohana
○dohana mf(ā)n. id. MBh. ii, 53, 2 R. i, 72, 23
⋙ kāṃsyanīla
○nīla mfn. 'dark as copper', N. of a monkey R. iv, 39, 23 (occasionally written kāṃśya-nīla)
• (am), n. = (ī), f. L
• (ī), f. blue vitriol (considered as a collyrium) Suśr. ii, 380, 4
• (○la ifc.) Suśr. ii, 109, 1 ; 512, 10
⋙ kāṃsyapātra
○pātra n
⋙ kāṃsyapātrī
○pātrī f. a copper or brazen vessel Suśr
⋙ kāṃsyabhājana
○bhājana id. ib
⋙ kāṃsyamakṣika
○makṣika n. a metallic substance (probably a kind of pyrites) Suśr
⋙ kāṃsyamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of brass Hcat
⋙ kāṃsyamala
○mala n. verdigris Suśr
⋙ kāṃsyābha
kāṃsyâbha mfn. coloured like copper or brass Suśr
⋙ kāṃsyopadoha
kāṃsyôpadoha mf(ā)n. = kāṃsya-doha MBh. iii, 186, 11 and 13 ; xviii, 6, 13
⋙ kāṃsyopadohana
kāṃsyôpadohana mf(ā)n. id. MBh. xiii, 64, 33
≫ kāṃsīkṛ
kāṃsī-kṛ^ √1. to make the measure called kāṃsya Naish. (v. l. for kaṃs○.)
≫ kāṃsyaka
kāṃsyaka n. copper, brass L
• (mfn.) consisting of brass Hcat
kāka m. (onomat. imitation of the cawing of the crow, √.kai Nir. iii, 18 Uṇ.), a crow AdbhBr. Mn. MBh. R. Suśr. Hit
• (metaphorically, as an expression of contempt, e.g. na tvāṃ kākaṃ manye, I rate thee less than a crow Pāṇ. 2-3, 17 Pat
• cf. tīrtha-kāka Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-1, 42)
• an impudent or insolent fellow L
• a lame man, a cripple W
• washing the head, bathing by dipping the head only in water (after the manner of crows) L
• a sectarial mark (tilaka) L
• a particular measure L
• the plant Ardisia Humilis L
• N. of a Dviipa or division of the world L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people VP. Nal
• (ī), f. a female crow Pāṇ. 6-3, 42 Pat. on Vārtt. 2 Pañcat. Kathās
• personified as a daughter of Kaśyapa by Tāmrā and mother of crows (Hariv. 222) and owls (MBh. i, 2620)
• the plant Kākolī L
• N. of one of the seven mothers of Śiśu
• (ā), f. the plant Abrus precatorius L
• Leea Hirta L
• Solanum indicum L
• Ficus oppositifolia L
• the plant Kākolī L
• the plant Raktikā L
• (am), n. a multitude or assembly of crows Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 37
• a modus coeundi L
⋙ kākakaṅgu
○kaṅgu f. a kind of panic grass (Panicum miliaceum) L
⋙ kākakaṅgunī
○kaṅgunī f. id. Gal
⋙ kākakadalī
○kadalī f. a particular plant Comm. on ŚāṅkhGṛ. i, 23
⋙ kākakarkaṭī
○karkaṭī f. a kind of small date Npr
⋙ kākakalā
○kalā f. the plant Leea Hirta (kākajaṅghā) L
⋙ kākakāṣṭha
○kāṣṭha n. a position in the game Catur-aṅga
⋙ kākakulāyagandhika
○kulāya-gandhika mfn. having the smell of a crow's nest AitĀr
⋙ kākakūrmamṛgākhu
○kūrmamṛgâkhu avas m. pl. the crow, tortoise, deer, and mouse Hit
⋙ kākakūrmādi
○kūrmâdi ayas m. pl. the crow, the tortoise, and the rest Hit
⋙ kākakhara
○khara ās m. pl., N. of a people
⋙ kākaguha
○guha mfn. 'crow-concealing', g. mūla-vibhujâdi Pāṇ. 3-2, 5 Kāś
⋙ kākaghnī
○ghnī f. a kind of Karañja (Galedupa arborea, mahā-karañja) L
⋙ kākacaṇḍīśvara
○caṇḍī7śvara m. N. of a man
⋙ kākacaṇḍeśvarī
○caṇḍêśvarī f. N. of wk
⋙ kākaciñcā
⋙ kākaciñci
○ciñci f. Abrus precatorius L
⋙ kākaciñcika
○ciñcika m. or n. (?) a particular soft substance Lalit. 29, 11 RLM
• (vv. ll. kācilindi and ○dika, the down on the pod of the Abrus precatorius)
⋙ kākaciñcī
○ciñcī f. = ciñcā Bhpr
⋙ kākacchada
○cchada m. a wagtail L
• side-locks of hair (kāka-pakṣa) W
⋙ kākacchadi
○cchadi v. l.,
⋙ kākacchardi
○cchardi m. a wagtail L
• a crow's vomit W
⋙ kākajaṅghā
○jaṅghā f. the plant Leea Hirta Suśr
• Abrus precatorius L
⋙ kākajambū
○jambū f. the plant Ardisia humilis L
⋙ kākajambū
○jambū f. another kind of Jambu L
⋙ kākajāta
○jāta m. 'crowborn', the Indian cuckoo (pika) L
⋙ kākatā
○tā f. the state of a crow Mn. xi, 25
⋙ kākatālīya
○tālīya mfn. after the manner of the crow and the palm-fruit (as in the fable of the fruit of the palm falling unexpectedly at the moment of the alighting of a crow and killing it), unexpected, accidental R. iii, 45, 17 Comm. on Pāṇ. 5-3, 106 (cf. Pat. and Kaiy.)
• (am), ind. unexpectedly, suddenly MBh. xii, 6596
• (am), n. the fable of the crow and the palm-fruit
-vat ind. as in the fable of the crow and the palm-fruit, unexpectedly, suddenly Hit
⋙ kākatālukin
○tālukin mfn. having the palate of a crow, contemptible Comm. on Pāṇ. 5-2, 128
⋙ kākatiktā
○tiktā f. Abrus precatorius L
⋙ kākatindu
⋙ kākatinduka
○tinduka m. a kind of ebony (Diospyros tomentosa) L
⋙ kākatuṇḍa
○tuṇḍa m. the dark Agallochum BhP. v, 14, 12
• (ī), f. Asclepias Curassavica L
• Xanthochymus pictorius L
• a kind of brass L. [Page 267, Column 1]
⋙ kākatuṇḍaka
○tuṇḍaka m. a kind of water-fowl Car
• (ikā), f. the plant Xanthochymus Pictorius L
⋙ kākatulya
○tulya mfn. like a crow, crow-like, crafty MW
⋙ kākatva
○tva n. the state of a crow Kathās
⋙ kākadanta
○danta m. 'crow's tooth', anything impossible or not existing, chimera (cf. śaśa-viṣāṇa) Jyot. &c
-vicāra m. a discussion about nothing Comm. on Nyāyam
⋙ kākadantaki
○dantaki ayas m. pl., N. of a warrior-tribe, g. dāmany-ādi
⋙ kākadantakīya
○"ṣdantakīya m. a prince of the Kāka-dantakis ib
⋙ kākadanti
○danti m. id. ib. Kāś
⋙ kākadantīya
○"ṣdantīya m. id. ib. Kāś
⋙ kākadhvaja
○dhvaja m. submarine fire (personified in Hindū mythology, cf. aurva) L
⋙ kākanāman
○nāman m. the plant Agati Grandiflora L
⋙ kākanāsa
○nāsa m. the plant Asteracantha Longifolia L
• (ā), f. the plant Leea Hirta Suśr
⋙ kākanāsikā
○nāsikā f. the plant Leea Hirta L
• the red-blossomed Trivṛit L
⋙ kākanidrā
○nidrā f. 'crow's sleep', light slumber (easily broken)
⋙ kākanīlā
○nīlā f. = -jambū
⋙ kākapakṣa
○pakṣa m. 'crow's wing', side-locks of hair on the temples of young men (three or five locks on each side left when the head is first shaved and allowed to remain there, especially in persons of the military caste)
-dhara mfn. wearing side-locks R. Ragh. xi, 1 and 42
⋙ kākapakṣaka
○pakṣaka mfn. (ifc.) id. Ragh. iii, 28 and xi, 31
⋙ kākapada
○pada n. the mark of a crow's foot or a similar mark or figure Suśr. VarBṛS
• marks or lines in the skin similar to a crow's foot Suśr
• the foundation or base of anything so shaped Jyot
• the sign V in MSS. marking an omission
• a particular flourish of the pen indicating an oft-recurring word
• m. a modus coeundi L
⋙ kākaparṇī
○parṇī f. the plant Phaseolus trilobus Bhpr
⋙ kākapīlu
○pīlu m. the plant Diospyros tomentosa (kāka-tinduka) L
• Xanthochymus pictorius (kāka-tuṇḍī) L
• a variety of Abrus precatorius (śveta-guñjā) Bhpr
⋙ kākapīluka
○pīluka m. the plant Diospyros tomentosa (kāka-tinduka) L
⋙ kākapuccha
○puccha for -puṣṭa L
⋙ kākapuṣṭa
○puṣṭa m. 'crownourished', the Kokila or Indian cuckoo (said to leave its eggs in the nest of the crow &c.) L
⋙ kākapuṣpa
○puṣpa m. a kind of plant Bhpr
⋙ kākapeya
○peya mfn. 'crowdrinkable', full to the brim or to the brink with water so that a crow may drink Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-1, 33 (cf. Pāli kāka-peyya in Mahāparinibbāna Sutta.)
⋙ kākaphala
○phala m. the tree Azadirachta Indica (nimba) L
• (ā), f. a kind of Jambū L
⋙ kākabandhyā
○bandhyā for -vandhyā
⋙ kākabali
○bali m. 'crowoffering', N. of the Bali-karaṇa or offerings of food for crows and other animals RTL. p. 329
⋙ kākabījaka
○bījaka m. the plant Diospyros tomentosa Gal
⋙ kākabhāṇḍī
○bhāṇḍī f. a species of Karañja L
⋙ kākabhīru
○bhīru m. 'afraid of crows', an owl (cf. kākâri) L
⋙ kākamadgu
○madgu m. a water-hen, gallinule (dātyūha, resembling a crow in colour) MBh
⋙ kākamarda
○marda and m. a kind of gourd (Cucumis colocynthis, mahā-kāla) L
⋙ kākamardaka
○mardaka m. a kind of gourd (Cucumis colocynthis, mahā-kāla) L
⋙ kākamācikā
○mācikā f. the plant Solanum indicum (commonly Gūrkamai) L
⋙ kākamācī
○mācī f. id. Suśr
⋙ kākamātā
○mātā f. id. L
⋙ kākamārin
○mārin m. Menispermum Cocculus
⋙ kākamukha
○mukha ās m. pl. 'crow-faced', N. of a mythical people W
⋙ kākamudgā
○mudgā f. the wild bean Phaseolus trilobus L
⋙ kākamṛga
○mṛga au m. du. the crow and the deer Hit
-go-carita mfn. following the manner of the crow in drinking, of the deer in eating, and of the cow in making water BhP. v, 5, 34
⋙ kākameṣī
○meṣī f. Vernonia anthelminthica L
⋙ kākayava
○yava m. barren corn (the ear of which has no grains) MBh. Pañcat
⋙ kākarakta
○rakta n. crow's blood
⋙ kākaranti
○ranti ayas m. pl., N. of a warrior-tribe, g. dāmany-ādi
⋙ kākarantīya
○"ṣrantīya m. a prince of the Kāka-rantis ib. Kāś
⋙ kākarava
○rava mfn. crying out like a crow, cowardly
• a coward Pañcat. (ed. Bomb.) i, 7, 16 (v. l. kākaruka)
⋙ kākarudrasaṃvāda
○rudra-saṃvāda m. N. of wk. on omens
⋙ kākaruhā
○ruhā f. a parasitic plant (Epidendrum tesseloides, &c.) L
⋙ kākavaktra
○vaktra m. 'crow-faced', a kind of duck L
• (ī), f. N. of a Buddhist goddess Buddh
⋙ kākavat
○vat ind. like a crow, in the manner of a crow
⋙ kākavandhyā
○vandhyā f. a woman that bears only one child Comm. on Gobh. iii, 5, 7
⋙ kākavarṇa
○varṇa m. N. of a prince VP
⋙ kākavarṇin
○varṇin m. N. of a prince (or descendant of Bimbisāra) Buddh
⋙ kākavartaka
○vartaka au m. du. the crow and the quail
⋙ kākavallabhā
○vallabhā f. a particular plant (= kāka-jambū) L
⋙ kākavallarī
○vallarī f. a kind of creeper Bhpr
• Abrus precatorius Bhpr
⋙ kākavāśika
○vāśika mfn. crying kāka MBh. viii, 41, 58
⋙ kākavairin
○vairin m. 'crow's enemy', an owl Mahīdh. on VS. xxiv, 23
⋙ kākavyāghragomāyu
○vyāghra-gomāyu avas m. pl. the crow, the tiger, and the jackal
⋙ kākaśabda
○śabda m. the cawing of a crow
⋙ kākaśāva
○śāva m. a young crow Pat. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 42 Vārtt. 2
⋙ kākaśimbī
○śimbī f. the plant Xanthochymus pictorius L
⋙ kākaśīrṣa
○śīrṣa m. the tree Agati grandiflora L
⋙ kākaśīrṣi
○śīrṣi m. N. of a man (probably a patronymic) L. [Page 267, Column 2]
⋙ kākasampāta
○sampāta m. the flight of a crow Kauś. 31 and 34
⋙ kākastrī
○strī f. = -śīrṣa W
⋙ kākasparśa
○sparśa m. the touching of a crow Nīlak. on MBh. xii, 177, 11
• a ceremony performed on the tenth day after a death consisting in the offering of rice to crows
⋙ kākasphūrja
○sphūrja m. the plant Diospyrus tomentosa L
⋙ kākasvara
○svara m. a shrill tone
⋙ kākahradatīrtha
○hradatīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha ŚivaP
⋙ kākākṣi
kākâkṣi n. the eye of a crow (crows are supposed to have but one visual orb which, as occasion requires, moves from the cavity on one side into that on the other) AgP. ix, 13
-nyāyena, -nyāyāt, and -vat ind. in the manner of a crow's eye (said of a word which follows two rules), on this side and that, in such a way as to belong both to the preceding and subsequent Comm. on Lāṭy
• on Mn. iv, 83 &c. Comm. on Naish. i, 11 (○kṣi-golakanyāyāt)
⋙ kākāṅgā
⋙ kākāṅgī
kākâṅgī f. the plant Leea Hirta L
⋙ kākāñcī
kākâñcī f. id. ib
• an esculent vegetable (Solanum indicum) W
⋙ kākāṇḍa
kākâṇḍa m. a kind of bean Suśr
• Diospyros tomentosa L
• Melia Bukayun L
• (ā), f. a kind of spider Suśr
• Carpopogon pruriens L
• (ī), f. a kind of plant L
⋙ kākāṇḍaka
kākâṇḍaka m. Diospyros tomentosa MBh
• (ā), f. a kind of spider Suśr
⋙ kākāṇḍolā
kākâṇḍolā f. a plant similar to the Carpopogon pruriens Car
⋙ kākātanī
kākâtanī f. the gourd Cucumis colocynthis ŚāṅkhGṛ. i, 23 (v. l. for the next)
⋙ kākādanī
kākâdanī f. id., g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 41
• a white variety of the Abrus precatorius Suśr
• the plant Capparis sepiaria
⋙ kākāyu
kākâyu m. a kind of creeping plant Bhpr
⋙ kākāri
kākâri m. 'enemy of crows', an owl L
⋙ kākāsyā
kākâsyā f. 'crow-faced', N. of a Buddhist goddess Buddh
⋙ kākāhvānā
kākâhvānā f. 'named after the crow', (sc. udumbarī) the Ficus oppositifolia Suśr
⋙ kākekṣu
kākêkṣu m. a kind of reed (Saccharum spontaneum, kāśa) L
⋙ kākendu
kākêndu m. a kind of ebony (Diospyros tomentosa) L
⋙ kākeṣṭa
kākêṣṭa m. the tree Melia Azadirachta L
-phalā f. a kind of plant Gal
⋙ kākocchvāsa
kākôcchvāsa mfn. breathing quickly like a crow (in fear) Hariv. 4510 Suśr
⋙ kākoḍumbara
kākôḍumbara m. (ī), f. and f. the opposite-leaved fig-tree (Ficus oppositifolia) Suśr
⋙ kākoḍumbarikā
kākôḍumbarikā f. the opposite-leaved fig-tree (Ficus oppositifolia) Suśr
⋙ kākodara
kākôdara m. 'crow-bellied', a serpent L
⋙ kākodumbara
kākôdumbara m. = kākôḍumbara
⋙ kākolūka
kākôlūka n. the crow and owl (as natural enemies) Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-4, 9
⋙ kākolūkikā
kākôlūkikā f. the natural enmity between the owl and the crow Pāṇ. 4-3, 125 Kāś. ; iv, 2, 104 Pat. on Vārtt. 21
⋙ kākolūkīya
kākôlūkīya n. 'the story of the crow and the owl', N. of the third book of the Pañcatantra
⋙ kākoṣṭhaka
kākoṣṭhaka and mfn. shaped like the beak of a crow (said of a bandage) Suśr
⋙ kākauṣṭhaka
kākâuṣṭhaka mfn. shaped like the beak of a crow (said of a bandage) Suśr
≫ kākakāyani
kākakāyani m. a patr. fr. kāka g. vākinâdi
≫ kākaṇa
kākaṇa n. (g. gaurâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 41) a kind of leprosy with black and red spots (so called from its similarity to the black and red seed of the plant Abrus precatorius)
• a small coin (= kākaṇi) L
⋙ kākaṇāhvā
kākaṇâhvā f. Abrus precatorius Car. vii, 7
≫ kākaṇaka
kākaṇaka n. a kind of leprosy Suśr
≫ kākaṇantikā
kākaṇantikā f. the plant Abrus precatorius Suśr
≫ kākaṇi
kākaṇi and f. a small coin (= kākiṇī) L
⋙ kākaṇī
kākaṇī f. a small coin (= kākiṇī) L
• (Pāṇ. 4-1, 41.)
≫ kākati
kākati f. N. of a household deity of the prince of Ekaśilā (a form of Durgā), Pratāpar
≫ kākatīya
kākatīya mfn. a worshipper of Kākati
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people, Pratāpar
⋙ kākatīyarudra
○rudra m. N. of a king of Nāgapura
≫ kākanantī
kākanantī f. = kākaṇantikā Suśr
≫ kākani
kākani and f. a small coin (= kākiṇī) L
⋙ kākanī
kākanī f. a small coin (= kākiṇī) L
≫ kākandaka
kākandaka mfn. fr. kakandī Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 123
≫ kākandi
kākandi ayas m. pl., N. of a warrior-tribe, g. dāmany-ādi
≫ kākandī
kākandī f. N. of a land or town Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 123 Uṇ. iv, 98
• Emblic myrobalan W
≫ kākandīya
kākandīya m. N. of a prince of the Kākandi tribe, g. dāmany-ādi
≫ kākambīra
kākambī́ra m. 'crow-bearer' (Sāy.), N. of a tree RV. vi, 48, 17
kākaruka mfn. faint-hearted, cowardly, timid
• a coward, craven Pañcat. ix, 15
• naked L
• poor, indigent L
• m. a henpecked husband (governed by his wife) L
• an owl L
• deceit (dambha) L. (cf. kāka-rava.)
≫ kākarūka
kākarūka v. l. for kākaruka. kākala m. (?) n. (?) the thyroid cartilage Car. i, 18 [Page 267, Column 3]
• a jewel worn upon the neck W
• m. a raven
≫ kākalaka
kākalaka n. the larynx, thyroid cartilage Pat. (vol. i, p. 61) Suśr
• an ornament of the neck W
• a kind of rice Suśr
kākali f. a soft sweet sound (kala) Kathās. Ṛitus
• N. of an Apsaras L
≫ kākalikā
kākalikā f. N. of an Apsaras VP
≫ kākalī
kākalī f. a low and sweet tone Bhartṛ. i, 35
• a musical instrument with a low tone (for ascertaining whether a person is asleep or not) Daś. 71, 1
• a kind of grape without a stone L
⋙ kākalīdrākṣā
○drākṣā f. a kind of grape without a stone or with a very small one L
⋙ kākalīrava
○rava m. the Kokila or Indian cuckoo L. (cf. kala-rava.)
≫ kākalīka
kākalīka (?) = kākali
kākā onomat. from the cawing of the crow
⋙ kākākṛt
○kṛt mfn. uttering that cry MBh. viii, 1932 (v. l.)
kākâyu kāka
kâkāra as, ī, am mf. n. scattering water W
kākāla m. a raven Vet. iv, 18 (cf. kāka and kākola.)
kāki m. a son or descendant of Kāka, g. vākinâdi
kākiṇi m. = kākiṇī BhP. xi, 23, 20
≫ kākiṇika
kākiṇika mfn. worth a Kākiṇī BhP. xii, 3, 41
• (ā), f. = kākiṇī BhP. v, 14, 26
≫ kākiṇī
kākiṇī f. a small coin or a small sum of money equal to twenty Kapardas or cowries, or to a quarter of a Paṇa Pañcat. Daś
• a seed of the Abrus precatorius used as a weight L
• the shell Cypraea moneta or a cowrie used as a coin L
• a cubit, the fourth part of a Daṇḍa or short pole L
• a Daṇḍa L
• a part of a measure (unmānasyâṃśaka) L
≫ kākiṇīka
kākiṇīka mfn. worth a Kākiṇī Pat. on Pāṇ. 5-1, 33 Vārtt. 3
≫ kākinī
kākinī f. the fourth part of a Paṇa Hit
• a quarter of a Māna L
• the seed Abrus precatorius L
• the shell Cypraea moneta L
• a kind of Svarabhakti, Māṇḍūkī Śikshā ix, 13
• N. of a goddess
kākila m. the larynx (= kākala) L
• a jewel worn upon the neck W
kāku f. a peculiar tone or change of the voice resulting from distress or fear or anger or grief &c. Uṇ. i, 1 Sāh
• a cry of sorrow, complaint, lamentation Vikr. 42
• stress, emphasis Naish
• the tongue L
• muttering, murmuring W. (cf. śevākāku.)
⋙ kākuvāc
○vāc f. a cry of sorrow L
• m. Ardea Sibirica L
kākutstha m. (g. śivâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 112) a descendant of Kakutstha R. ii, 110, 28 Rājat
• N. of Anenas MBh. iii, 13516
• of Aja Ragh. vi, 2
• of Daśa-ratha R. i, 23, 3
• of Rāma, i, 24, 18 Ragh. xii, 46
• of Lakshmaṇa R. iii, 49, 22
• N. of a sovereign (also Puraṃjaya) L
• (au), m. du. Rāma and Lakshmaṇa R. ii, 99, 3 Ragh. xii, 30
kākúd t f. the hollow of the mouth, the palate (cf. kakud, Lat. cacūmen) RV. i, 8, 7 ; vi, 41, 2 and viii, 69, 12
• (Naigh. i, 11 Nir. v, 26.)
≫ kākuda
kākuda n. id. L
≫ kākudākṣika
kākudākṣika m. a son or descendant of Kakudâksha, g. revaty-ādi
≫ kākudra
kākudra mfn. palatable AitBr. vii, 1 ('the palate' Sāy.)
≫ kākubh
kākubh v. l. for kākud Naigh. i, 11
kākudīka n. a particular mythical weapon MBh. v, 3490
kākubha 1
kākubha mfn. consisting of Kakubh verses, g. utsâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 86 RPrāt. xviii, 1, 2 ŚāṅkhŚr. (cf. pragātha)
⋙ kākubhabārhata
○bārhata m. a species of Pragātha RPrāt. xviii, 10
≫ kākubha 2
kākubha m. a son or descendant of Kakubh, g. śivâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 112
kākulī-mṛga m. an animal belonging to the class of Bhūmi-śayas Car. i, 27
kākecī f. a kind of fish L. [Page 268, Column 1]
≫ kākocika
kākocika m. the fish Cyprinus Cachius L
≫ kākocin
kākocin ī m. id. L
≫ kākocī
kākocī f. id. L
kākola m. a raven Mn. v, 14 Yājñ. i, 174 &c. (cf. kāka and kākāla)
• a boar L
• a snake L
• a potter (cf. kulāla) L
• the plant Kākolī L
• (as, am), m. n. a kind of poison L
• a poisonous substance of a black colour or the colour of a raven (perhaps the berry of the Cocculus indicus) W
• (am), n. a division of hell Yājñ. iii, 223
≫ kākoli
kākoli f. a medicinal plant Suśr
≫ kākolī
kākolī f. id. Car. vi, 13 ; viii, 10
kākvaśeya for kārkaśeya
kākṣa 1
kâkṣa mfn. (fr. 2. + akṣa) frowning, looking scornfully or in displeasure Siddh. on Pāṇ. 6-3, 104 Sch. on Bhaṭṭ. v, 24
• (as, am), m. n. a glance, wink, leer Pāṇ. 6-3, 104 Bhaṭṭ. v, 24 Vop. vi, 93 (cf. kaṭâkṣa.)
kākṣa 2
kākṣa m. a kind of plant, g. plakṣâdi in the Kāś
• (am), n. the fruit of the same ib
• (ī), f. the plant Cytisus Cajan L
• a kind of fragrant earth, perfume (kacchī, saurāṣṭra-mṛttikā) L
kākṣatava mfn. fr. kakṣatu Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 71
• (am), n. the fruit of the Kakshatu, g. plakṣâdi
kākṣaseni m. 'son of Kakshasena', N. of Abhipratārin TāṇḍyaBr. x
• xiv ChUp. iv, 3, 5
kākṣi m. N. of a man
kākṣīva m. the plant Hyperanthera Moringa L
• (patr. fr. kakṣīvat) N. of a son of Gautama and Auśīnarī MBh. ii, 802
≫ kākṣīvaka
kākṣīvaka m. the plant Hyperanthera Moringa L
≫ kākṣīvat
kākṣīvat = kakṣīvat MBh. BhP
≫ kākṣīvata
kākṣīvata mf(ī)n. composed by or relating to Kakshīvat (scil. sūkta) ŚāṅkhŚr. ix, 20, 12
ākhyāna, xvi, 11, 4
• m. (patr. fr. kakṣīvat), N. of Nodhas TāṇḍyaBr. vii
• of Kauravya
• of Śabara
• (ī), f. a female descendant of Kakshīvat MBh. i, 4695
• (am), n. N. of different kinds of Sāman TāṇḍyaBr. xiv
kāga m. (cf. kāka) a crow (in Prākṛit dialects 'a raven') L
kāgada n. paper (Hindūstānī kāghaś)
kâgni m. (fr. 2. + agni) a little fire Vop. vi, 96
kāṅkata ās m. pl. the school of Kaṅkata Pat
kāṅkāyana m. 'descendant of Kaṅka', N. of a physician
kāṅkṣ (connected with √kam), cl. 1. P. kāṅkṣati (cakāṅkṣa, akāṅkṣīt Dhātup. xvii, 16), ep. also Ā. ○te, to wish, desire, long for, hope for (with acc.), expect, wait for, await (with acc.), strive to obtain, look for anything (dat.) ĀśvŚr. Mn. MBh. R. Bhag. Megh. Suśr.: Caus. kāṅkṣayati, acakāṅkṣat Pat. on Pāṇ. 7-4, 1 Vārtt. 1: Desid. cikāṅkṣiṣati: Intens. cākāṅkṣyate and cākāṃṣṭi
≫ kāṅkṣaṇīya
kāṅkṣaṇīya mfn. to be desired Kād. 102, 17
≫ kāṅkṣat
kāṅkṣat mfn. wishing, desiring
• hoping, expecting
≫ kāṅkṣamāṇa
kāṅkṣamāṇa mfn. id
≫ kāṅkṣā
kāṅkṣā f. (ifc.) wish, desire, inclination R. Nal. Suśr. Pañcat
≫ kāṅkṣita
kāṅkṣita mfn. wished, desired, longed for
• expected MBh. R. Ragh
• considered, thought upon (dat., acc. ed. Bomb.) R. ii, 25, 43
• (am), n. wish, desire R. v, 29, 9
≫ kāṅkṣin
kāṅkṣin mfn. desiring, longing for, expecting, waiting for (acc. or in comp.) MBh. R. Bhag. Pañcat
• waiting R. v, 33, 27 Pañcat. iii, 134
⋙ kāṅkṣintā
○tā f. wish, desire R. ii, 34, 28
kāṅkṣī f. a kind of fragrant earth L. (cf. kākṣī and kacchī́.)
kāṅkṣoru m. a heron L
• (also written kāṅkṣāru ?) [Page 268, Column 2]
kāṅgā f. Orris √(= varāṭikā) L
kāṅguka n. a kind of corn Suśr. (cf. kaṅgu.)
kācá m. (√kac) glass Suśr. Pañcat. Kathās
• (pl. glass pearls) ŚBr. xiii, 2, 6, 8
• crystal or quartz (used as an ornament) W
• alkaline ashes, any salt of potash or soda in a crystalline state W
• a class of diseases of the eye (especially an affection of the optic nerve or gutta serena) Suśr
• a loop, a string fastened to each end of a pole with a net in which burdens &c. are held or suspended, a yoke to support burdens &c. (= śikya) L
• the string of the scale of a balance L
• a Dviśālaka having one room on the north side and another on the south
• (am), n. alkaline salt, block salt L
• wax L
• (mfn.) having the colour of glass
⋙ kācakāmala
○kāmala n. a kind of disease of the eyes
⋙ kācakāmalin
○kāmalin mfn. afflicted with the preceding disease
⋙ kācakūpī
○kūpī f. a glass bottle W
⋙ kācaghaṭī
○ghaṭī f. a glass ewer W
⋙ kācatilaka
○tilaka n. black salt L
⋙ kācabakayantra
○baka-yantra n. a glass retort L
⋙ kācabhājana
○bhājana n. a vessel of glass or crystal, cup, goblet L
⋙ kācamaṇi
○maṇi m. a 'glass-jewel', crystal, quartz Hit
⋙ kācamala
○mala n. the impurity secreted by the eye in the disease kāca
• black salt or soda L
⋙ kācamācī
○mācī f. a spirituous liquor L
⋙ kācamālī
○mālī f. = mālatī L
⋙ kācamāṣa
○māṣa m. Dolichos Catjang L
⋙ kācalavaṇa
○lavaṇa n. black salt (a medicinal salt prepared by calcining fossil salt and the fruit of the Emblic myrobalan together
• it consists chiefly of muriate of soda with a small quantity of iron, lime, and sulphur, and is a tonic aperient W.) L
⋙ kācavakayantra
○vakayantra = -baka-yantra above
⋙ kācasambhava
○sambhava n. 'produced from alkaline ashes', black salt L
⋙ kācasauvarcala
○sauvarcala n. black salt L
⋙ kācasthālī
○sthālī f. the trumpet flower (Bignonia suaveolens) L
⋙ kācākṣa
kācâkṣa m. 'glass-eyed', N. of an aquatic bird Suśr. i, 205, 14
≫ kācaka
kācaka m. glass W
• stone W
• alkaline ashes &c. W
≫ kācana
kācana or n. a string or tape or wrapper which ties or keeps together a parcel or bundle of papers or leaves of a manuscript &c. L. (cf. kacela.)
⋙ kācanaka
kācanaka n. a string or tape or wrapper which ties or keeps together a parcel or bundle of papers or leaves of a manuscript &c. L. (cf. kacela.)
≫ kācanakin
kācanakin ī m. a writing, manuscript L
≫ kācara
kācara mfn. 'consisting of glass', glass-like (said of a cat's eyes) Kathās
≫ kācita
kācita mfn. suspended by a swing or in a loop, carried in the basket hanging from each end of a yoke or pole L
kācalindi v. l. for kāka-ciñcika Lalit
kācigha m. a mouse, rat L
• gold L
• a legume W
kāciñcika v. l. for kāka-ciñcika Lalit. xix, 3
kācita kācá
kācit-kará mfn. (fr. kā-cid = kāni-cid) doing everything, doing various things, serving various purposes, very active RV. x, 86, 13
kācima m. a sacred tree (growing near a temple) L
kācilindi and kācilindika, vv. ll. for kāka-ciñcika Lalit
kāccha and kācchaka mfn. (fr. kaccha) being on the bank of a river (not applicable to human beings) Pāṇ. 4-2, 133 and 134
• (ī), f. a kind of fragrant earth (cf. kākṣī) L
≫ kācchika
kācchika mf(ī)n. being on the bank of a river (?) W
• a preparer of perfumes VarBṛS
kācchapa mf(ī)n. (fr. kacchapa) relating or belonging to a tortoise
kācchika kāccha
kācchima mfn. (= accha) clear (as water) L
kāja n. a wooden hammer Āp. R. ii, 55, 17
kā-jala n. ( 2. ) a little water Vop. vi, 95
• (mfn.) waterless, Caraka vi, 2
kāñc cl. 1. Ā. kāñcate, to shine Dhātup. vi, 10
• to bind ib. (cf. kac, kañc.)
≫ kāñcana
kāñcana n. gold Naigh. i, 2 Mn. Yājñ. Nal. Suśr. Hit. [Page 268, Column 3]
• money, wealth, property W
• the filament of the lotus L
• (mf(ī)n.) golden, made or consisting of gold MBh. R. Mn. Megh. Śak. BhP
• m. N. of several edible plants (Mesua ferrea L
• Michelia Champaca L
• Ficus glomerata L
• Bauhinia variegata L
• Datura fastuosa L
• Rottleria tinctoria L.)
• a covenant binding for the whole life Kām. (= Hit.)
• a particular form of temple Hcat
• N. of the fifth Buddha L
• N. of a son of Nārāyaṇa (author of the play Dhanañjayavijaya)
• N. of a prince (cf. kāñcana-prabha)
• (ī), f. turmeric L
• a kind of Asclepias (svarṇakṣīrī) L
• a plant akin to the Premna spinosa L
• a kind af yellow pigment
⋙ kāñcanakadalī
○kadalī f. a variety of the plant Musa sapientum L
⋙ kāñcanakandara
○kandara m. a gold mine W
⋙ kāñcanakānti
○kānti mfn. shining like gold Daś. xii, 5
⋙ kāñcanakāriṇī
○kāriṇī f. the plant Asparagus Racemosus L
⋙ kāñcanakṣīrī
○kṣīrī f. a kind of Asclepias, (ifc. ○rya mfn. ) Suśr. ii, 62, 5
⋙ kāñcanagarbha
○garbha R. iii, 53, 33 (probably for -varṇa ed. Bomb. iii, 47, 27)
⋙ kāñcanagiri
○giri m. 'golden-mountain', N. of Meru BhP. v, 16, 28
• of an elephant Kathās
⋙ kāñcanagairika
○gairika n. a kind of ochre Suśr
⋙ kāñcanacaya
○caya m. a heap of gold W
⋙ kāñcanadaṃṣṭra
○daṃṣṭra m. N. of a prince Kathās
⋙ kāñcanapura
○pura n. N. of a town Kathās. Vet
⋙ kāñcanapurī
○purī f. id. Kathās
⋙ kāñcanapuṣpaka
○puṣpaka n. the plant Tabernaemontana coronaria L
⋙ kāñcanapuṣpī
○puṣpī f. a plant akin to the Premna spinosa L
⋙ kāñcanaprabha
○prabha mfn. glittering with gold R
• m. N. of a prince (son of Bhīma and father of Suhotra) Hariv. VP
• (ā), f. N. of a Vidyā0-dhara princess Kathās
⋙ kāñcanabhū
○bhū f. golddust, a golden or yellow soil W
⋙ kāñcanabhūṣā
○bhūṣā f. ochre Npr
⋙ kāñcanamaya
○maya mf(ī)n. made of gold R. Pañcat
⋙ kāñcanamālā
○mālā f. 'having a golden garland', N. of the daughter of Kṛikin and wife of Kuṇāla (son of Aśoka) Buddh
• N. of another woman Kathās
• N. of an Apsaras Kāraṇḍ. iii, 14
⋙ kāñcanaruci
○ruci mfn. shining like gold
⋙ kāñcanavapra
○vapra m. a hill or mound of gold
⋙ kāñcanavarman
○varman m. 'golden-armoured', N. of a prince MBh. v, 189, 20
⋙ kāñcanavega
○vega m. N. of a Vidyā-dhara Kathās
⋙ kāñcanaśṛṅga
○śṛṅga n. N. of a mythical town ib
⋙ kāñcanaśṛṅgin
○śṛṅgin mfn. golden-peaked Hcat
⋙ kāñcanasaṃdhi
○saṃdhi m. a treaty of friendship between two parties on equal terms Hit. iv
⋙ kāñcanasaṃnibha
○saṃnibha mfn. like gold
⋙ kāñcanākṣa
kāñcanâkṣa m. 'gold-eyed', N. of an attendant of Skanda MBh. ix
• N. of a Dānava Hariv
• (ī), f. N. of the river Sarasvatī Gal
⋙ kāñcanāṅga
kāñcanâṅga mf(ī)n. golden-bodied
⋙ kāñcanāṅgadin
kāñcanâṅgadin mfn. wearing a golden bracelet (aṅgada) on the upper arm MBh. xii, 4, 9
⋙ kāñcanācala
kāñcanâcala m. 'golden mountain', N. of mount Meru MBh. i, 67, 30
⋙ kāñcanācārya
kāñcanâcārya m. N. of the author of the Dhanañjaya-vijaya
⋙ kāñcanādri
kāñcanâdri m. 'golden mountain' N. of mount Meru
⋙ kāñcanābhā
kāñcanâbhā f. 'golden splendour', N. of a town Kathās
⋙ kāñcanābhidhānasaṃdhi
kāñcanâbhidhāna-saṃdhi m. the alliance called golden ( -saṃdhi above) Hit. iv
⋙ kāñcanāhva
kāñcanâhva mfn. called after gold
• (am), n. (scil. gairika) a kind of ochre Suśr
⋙ kāñcaneṣudhi
kāñcanêṣudhi m. 'goldenquiver', N. of a prince Hariv. 1683
≫ kāñcanaka
kāñcanaka mfn. golden
• m. the fruit of rice or grain L
• the mountain ebony (Bauhinia variegata) L
• (ā), f. N. of a town VP
• (ikā), f. a plant related to the Premna Spinosa L
• N. of a servant, Vāsav
• (am), n. yellow orpiment L
≫ kāñcanāra
kāñcanāra m. mountain ebony (Bauhinia variegata) Bhpr. Bālar
≫ kāñcanāraka
⋙ kāñcanāla
kāñcanāla m. id. L
≫ kāñcanīya
kāñcanīya mf(ā)n. golden MBh
• (ā), f. a yellow pigment (go-rocana) L
kāñci ayas m. pl., N. of a people MBh. i, 6684
• (is), f. = kāñcī Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 117
• (ifc. ○ci ind.) Śiś. ix, 82
⋙ kāñcipurī
○purī f. N. of a town (= kāñcī-pura) W
kāñcika n. sour gruel (kāñjika) L
kāñcī f. (fr. √kac
• cf. kāñci) a girdle (especially a woman's zone or girdle furnished with small bells and other ornaments, raśanā) R. Ragh. Megh. BhP. Suśr
• the plant Abrus precatorius L
• N. of an ancient city (one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindūs, now Koñjīvaram, not very far from Madras, = kāñcī-varam, -puram RTL. p. 446) VarBṛS. BhP. &c
⋙ kāñcīkalāpa
○kalâpa m. (ifc. f. ā) a girdle Bhartṛ. i, 66
⋙ kāñcīkṣetra
○kṣetra n. N. of the district round Kāñcī
⋙ kāñcīguṇasthāna
○guṇa-sthāna n. the hips, haunches Kum. i, 37 Vām. xvi, 3 (cf. kāñcīpada.)
⋙ kāñcīnagara
○nagara n. N. of a town (Kāñcī)
⋙ kāñcīpada
○pada n. the hips, haunches (= -guṇa-sthāna) L. [Page 269, Column 1]
⋙ kāñcīpura
○pura n. N. of a town (Kāñcī) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 6-2, 99
• (ī), f. id. PadmaP
⋙ kāñcīpuraka
○puraka mfn. of or belonging to Kāñcī-pura Pat
⋙ kāñcīprastha
○prastha m. N. of a town, g. mālâdi
⋙ kāñcīyamaka
○yamaka n. a kind of paronomasia or punning, e.g. Bhaṭṭ. x, 8
kāñcukin mfn. = kañcukin, clad in armour Āp
≫ kāñcukīya
kāñcukīya m. = kañc○ Lalit. 241, 17
kāñjika n. sour gruel, water of boiled rice in a state of spontaneous fermentation Suśr
• (ā), f. id. L
• a medicinal plant L
• an edible legume L
• a kind of creeping plant L
⋙ kāñjikapūjā
○pūjā f. N. of a Jaina work
⋙ kāñjikavaṭaka
○vaṭaka m. a dish consisting of sour gruel, meal, and several condiments Bhpr
≫ kāñjī
kāñjī f. sour gruel (kāñjika) L
• N. of a plant (mahā-droṇa) L
≫ kāñjīka
kāñjīka n. sour gruel (kāñjika) L
kāṭá m. (= kartá from which it is derived Naigh. iii, 23) deepness, hole, well (Sāy.) RV. i, 106, 6 AV. xii, 4, 3 MaitrS. iii, 12, 12 ĀpŚr. xvii, 2
≫ kāṭya
kā́ṭya mfn. being in a hole VS. xvi, 37 and 44
kāṭayavema m. N. of a commentator on Kālidāsa's Śakuntalā
kāṭava n. (fr. kaṭu) sharpness Vām
kāṭavema for kāṭayavema
kāṭākṣa as, or am m. or n. (?) (cf. kāṭá), a sort of vessel for holding liquid, Kaṭh. xl, 4
kāṭipya mfn. fr. kaṭipa g. saṃkāśâdi
kāṭuka n. (fr. kaṭuka) acidity, g. yuvâdi
kāṭha mf(ī)n. proceeding from or composed by Kaṭha Pāṇ. 4-3, 107 Kāś
• m. a rock, stone L
≫ kāṭhaka
kāṭhaka mf(ī)n. relating to Kaṭha, according to the Kaṭhaka school of the Black Yajur-veda Pat. Sarvad
• (am), n. N. of one of the recensions of the Black Yajur-veda Nir. Pāṇ. Pat
⋙ kāṭhakagṛhyasūtra
○gṛhya-sūtra n. N. of wk
⋙ kāṭhakopaniṣad
kāṭhakôpaniṣad f. the Kaṭhôpanishad, q.v
≫ kāṭhaśāṭhin
kāṭhaśāṭhin inas m. pl. the pupils of Kaṭhaśāṭha, g. śaunakâdi Pāṇ. 4-3, 106
• or of Kaṭha and Śāṭha ib. Kāś
kāṭhina n. (fr. kaṭhina) hardness, sternness W
• m. the date fruit W
≫ kāṭhinya
kāṭhinya n. hardness, rigidity, stiffness, sternness, severity (N. of a disease) ŚārṅgS
• firmness of character, difficulty, obscurity (of style) Comm. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 24 Vop. xiii, 1 Śak. 63 Kum. BhP
• error for kaṭhilla Lalit. xliv, 7
⋙ kāṭhinyaphala
○phala n. the plant Feronia Elephantum (kapittha) L
kāṭheraṇi m. (fr. kaṭheraṇi), N. of a man, g. gahâdi
≫ kāṭheraṇīya
kāṭheraṇīya mfn. relating to Kāṭheraṇi, g. gahâdi
kāṇá mf(ā)n. (etym. doubtful
• g. kaḍārâdi) one-eyed, monoculous (akṣṇā kāṇaḥ, blind of one eye Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-1, 30 and 3, 20) RV. x, 155, 1 AV. xii, 4, 3 TS. ii, 5, 1, 7 Mn. MBh
• pierced, perforated (as a cowrie perforated or broken by insects) Comm. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 20 Hit. Pañcat. Bhartṛ. iii, 5
• 'having only one loop or ring' and 'one-eyed' Pañcat
• m. a crow L
⋙ kāṇatva
○tva n. one-eyedness Sāh
⋙ kāṇadeva
○deva m. N. of a man Buddh
⋙ kāṇabhūti
○bhūti m. N. of a Yaksha Kathās. i, 59 (cf. á-kāṇa, ekâkṣa, and kāṇūka.)
≫ kāṇeya
kāṇeya m. the son of a one-eyed woman Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 131
• one-eyed W
⋙ kāṇeyavidha
○vidha n. a country inhabited by Kāṇeyas, g. bhaurikyādi
≫ kāṇera
kāṇera m. = kāṇeya Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 131
≫ kāṇeri
kāṇeri is, or ī m. N. of a teacher (vḷ. kānerin)
⋙ kāṇerin
kāṇerin ī m. N. of a teacher (vḷ. kānerin)
kāṇabhuja mf(ī)n. descended from Kana-bhuj or Kaṇâda (q.v.), composed by or relating to Kaṇâda Comm. on Bādar. [Page 269, Column 2]
• m. a follower of Kaṇâda ib. Hcar
≫ kāṇāda
kāṇāda mf(ī)n. composed by or relating to Kaṇâda
kāṇikera m. a metron. fr. kaṇikā Pat
kāṇuká mfn. an adj. qualifying saras RV. viii, 77, 4 (Nir. v, 11)
kāṇūka m. (√kaṇ Uṇ. iv, 39) a crow (wrongly written kānūka, cf. kāṇá) Uṇ
• the bird which makes a hanging nest on the Tāl tree W
• a cock W
• a species of goose W
kāṇeri kāṇá
kāṇelī-mātṛ (perhaps connected with kāṇera above), ā m. a bastard (a name of reproach occurring generally in the voc. case and according to native Comm. designating one whose mother was an unmarried woman) Mṛicch
kāṇṭaka mf(ī)n. (fr. kaṇṭaka) consisting of thorns ĀpŚr. xv, 1
≫ kāṇṭakamardanika
kāṇṭakamardanika mfn. (from kaṇṭakamardana) effected by or resulting from the treading down or crushing of thorns or enemies, g. akṣa-dyūtâdi
kāṇṭakāra mfn. made of the wood of Kaṇṭakāra, g. rajatâdi
kāṇṭheviddhi m. (Pāṇ. 4-1, 81) a descendant of Kaṇṭhe-viddha VBr. Pravar
• (○ddhī, or ○ddhyā), f. a female descendant of Kaṇṭhe-viddha Pat
kā́ṇḍa [or kāṇḍá TS. vii], as, am m. n. (ifc. f. ā, or ī) [cf. khaṇḍa, with which in some of its senses kāṇḍa is confounded] a single joint of the stalk or stem of a plant, such as a bamboo or reed or cane (i.e. the portion from one knot to another, cf. tri-k○), any part or portion, section, chapter, division of a work or book (cf. tri-k○), any distinct portion or division of an action or of a sacrificial rite (as that belonging to the gods or to the manes) AV. TS. VS
• a separate department or subject (e.g. karma-kāṇḍa, the department of the Veda treating of sacrificial rites Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 51) AV. TS. ŚBr. R
• a stalk, stem, branch, switch MBh. R. Mn. i, 46, 48 Kauś. Suśr
• the part of the trunk of a tree whence the branches proceed W
• a cluster, bundle W
• a multitude, heap, quantity (ifc.) Pāṇ. 4-2, 51 Kāś
• an arrow MBh. xiii, 265 Hit
• a bone of the arms or legs, long bone (cf. kāṇḍa-bhagna and pucchakāṇḍá) Suśr
• a rudder (?) R. ii, 89, 19
• a kind of square measure Pāṇ. 4-1, 23 Vop. vii, 55
• a cane, reed, Saccharum Sara (śara) L
• water L
• opportunity, occasion (cf. a-kāṇḍa) L
• a private place, privacy L
• praise, flattery L
• (ifc. implying depreciation) vile, low Pāṇ. 6-2, 126
• = kāṇḍasyâvayavo vikāro vâ g. bilvâdi
• (ī), f. a little stalk or stem Rājat. vii, 117
⋙ kāṇḍaṛṣi
○ṛṣi m. the Ṛishi of a particular Kāṇḍa of the Veda TĀr. i, 32, 2
⋙ kāṇḍakaṭu
○kaṭu and m. the plant Momordica Charantia L
⋙ kāṇḍakaṭuka
○kaṭuka m. the plant Momordica Charantia L
⋙ kāṇḍakaṇṭa
○kaṇṭa m. a kind of plant Gal
⋙ kāṇḍakāṇḍaka
○kāṇḍaka m. the grass Saccharum spontaneum L
⋙ kāṇḍakāra
○kāra m. the Areca or betel-nut tree L
• the betel-nut W
⋙ kāṇḍakīlaka
○kīlaka m. the tree Symplocos racemosa L
⋙ kāṇḍaguṇḍa
○guṇḍa m. a species of grass L
⋙ kāṇḍagocara
○gocara m. an iron arrow L
⋙ kāṇḍatikta
⋙ kāṇḍatiktaka
○tiktaka m. a kind of gentian (Gentiana Chirayita) Bhpr
⋙ kāṇḍadhāra
○dhāra m. N. of a country, g. takṣaśilâdi Pāṇ. 4-3, 93
• (mfn.) coming from or relating to that country ib. (v. l. kāṇḍa-vāraṇa)
⋙ kāṇḍanīla
○nīla m. the plant Symplocos racemosa L
⋙ kāṇḍapaṭa
○paṭa m. an outer tent, screen surrounding a tent, curtain Daś. Kād. ii, 121, 14
• (ī), f. id. L
⋙ kāṇḍapaṭaka
○paṭaka m. id. Śiś
⋙ kāṇḍapatita
○patita m. N. of a serpent-king Kāṭh
⋙ kāṇḍapattra
○pattra m. a kind of sugarcane L
⋙ kāṇḍapāta
○pāta m. an arrow's fall or flight Hit
⋙ kāṇḍapuṅkhā
○puṅkhā f. the plant Galega purpurea L
⋙ kāṇḍapuṣpa
○puṣpa n. the flower of the Artemisia indica L
• (ā), f. the plant Artemisia indica Pāṇ. 4-1, 64 Vārtt. 1
• g. ajâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 4 Vop. iv, 15
⋙ kāṇḍapṛṣṭha
○pṛṣṭha m. 'arrow-backed', a Brāhman who lives by making arrows and other weapons MBh. (cf. kāṇḍa-spṛṣṭa)
• a soldier W
• the husband of a courtezan
• an adopted or any other than a natural son W
• (am), n. the bow of Karṇa L. [Page 269, Column 3]
• the bow of Kāma W
⋙ kāṇḍaphala
○phala m. the plant Ficus glomerata L
⋙ kāṇḍabhagna
○bhagna n. a fracture or dislocation of the bones Suśr
-tva n. the state of having a fractured limb Suśr
⋙ kāṇḍamaya
○maya mfn. consisting of reed or cane L
• (ī), f. a kind of lute (= kāṇḍa-viiṇā) Lāṭy
⋙ kāṇḍaruhā
○ruhā f. the plant Helleborus niger Bhpr. i, 173
⋙ kāṇḍarṣi
○"ṣrṣi m. = kāṇḍa-ṛṣi above Comm. on Bādar. 301, 7
⋙ kāṇḍalāva
○lāva mfn. cutting canes or twigs Comm. on Pāṇ. 3-2, 1 ; 3, 12
⋙ kāṇḍavat
○vat mfn. armed with arrows, an archer Pāṇ. 5-2, 111
⋙ kāṇḍavastra
○vastra n. a curtain Caurap
⋙ kāṇḍavāraṇa
○vāraṇa n. the warding off of arrows Bālar
• N. of a country (v. l. for kāṇḍa-dhāra)
• (mfn.) coming from or relating to that country, g. takṣaśilâdi Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 93
⋙ kāṇḍavāriṇī
○vāriṇī f. N. of Durgā, DeviiP
⋙ kāṇḍavīṇā
○vīṇā f. a kind of lute composed of joints of reed Kāṭh. Lāṭy. KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• (said to be played by Cāṇḍālas L
• cf. kāṇḍola-viiṇā.)
⋙ kāṇḍaśākhā
○śākhā f. a kind of Soma-vallī L
⋙ kāṇḍasandhi
○sandhi m. a joint in the stem of a tree or of a reed L
⋙ kāṇḍaspṛṣṭa
○spṛṣṭa m. a Brāhman who lives by making weapons (cf. -pṛṣṭha) Hariv
⋙ kāṇḍahīna
○hīna n. 'without knots', the grass Cyperus pertenuis L
⋙ kāṇḍāgnaka
kāṇḍâgnaka mfn. relating to kāṇḍâgni Kāś. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 126
⋙ kāṇḍāgni
kāṇḍâgni (v. l. kuṇḍâgni), m. N. of a particular locality ib
⋙ kāṇḍānukrama
kāṇḍânukrama m
⋙ kāṇḍānukramaṇikā
kāṇḍânukramaṇikā or f. an index of the kāṇḍas of the Taittirīya-Saṃhitā
⋙ kāṇḍānukramaṇī
kāṇḍânukramaṇī f. an index of the kāṇḍas of the Taittirīya-Saṃhitā
⋙ kāṇḍānusamaya
kāṇḍânusamaya m. the performance of all prescribed acts of ritual in orderly succession for a particular object before performing the same acts in the same order for a second object Comm. on ĀśvGṛ. i, 24, 7
• on KātyŚr. i, 5, 9 and 11 ; viii, 8, 14 ; 15 ; 17
• on Nyāyam. v, 2, 1 (cf. padârthânusamaya)
⋙ kāṇḍekṣu
kāṇḍêkṣu m. the plant Saccharum spontaneum Bhpr. ii, 64, 9 Car. iii, 8
• the plant Asteracantha longifolia L
⋙ kāṇḍeruhā
kāṇḍeruhā f. = kāṇḍa-ruhā L
≫ kāṇḍanī
kāṇḍanī f. the plant Sūkshma-parṇī L
≫ kāṇḍāra
kāṇḍāra m. a kind of mixed caste BrahmaP
≫ kāṇḍāla
kāṇḍāla m. a reed-basket (cf. kāṇḍola) L
≫ kāṇḍikā
kāṇḍikā f. a part or division of a book Comm. on ŚBr. xiii, 2, 5, 1
• a kind of corn (cf. laṅkā) L
• a kind of gourd (Cucumis utilissimus) L
≫ kāṇḍin
kāṇḍín mfn. reed-shaped, grass-like, hollow AV. viii, 7, 4 TBr. ii
≫ kāṇḍīra
kāṇḍīra mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 110 Vop. vii, 32 and 33) armed with arrows, an archer L
• m. the plant Achyranthes aspera L
• the plant Momordica Charantia L
• (ā and ī), f. the plant Rubia Munjista L
≫ kāṇḍera
kāṇḍera m. the plant Amaranthus polygonoides Bhpr. i, 282
• (ī), f. the plant Tiaridium indicum L. (cf. kīḍera.)
≫ kāṇḍola
kāṇḍola m. = kāṇḍāla L
kāṇḍamāyana m. (fr. kāṃdama ?), N. of a grammarian TPrāt
kāṇvá mfn. relating to or worshipping Kaṇva Pāṇ. 4-2, 111
• m. a descendant of Kaṇva RV. TāṇḍyaBr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• a worshipper of Kaṇva Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 111
• (ās), m. pl. (Pāṇ. 4-2, 111) the school of Kāṇva
• N. of a dynasty VP
• (am), n. N. of several Sāmans
⋙ kāṇvadeva
○deva m. N. of a man
⋙ kāṇvaśākhā
○śākhā f. the Kāṇva branch or school of the White Yajur-veda
⋙ kāṇvaśākhin
○"ṣśākhin m. a follower of the Kāṇva branch of the Veda
≫ kāṇvaka
kāṇvaka mfn. pertaining to Kaṇva Pāṇ. 4-2, 104 Vārtt. 23
• (am), n. N. of a Sāman Lāṭy. vi, 11, 4
≫ kāṇvāyana
kāṇvāyana m. a descendant of Kaṇva
• (ās), m. pl. the descendants or followers of Kaṇva RV. viii, 55, 4
• N. of a dynasty BhP. xii, 1, 19
≫ kāṇvāyani
kāṇvāyani m. a descendant of Kaṇva ṢaḍvBr. according to Sāy. on RV. i, 51, 1 (kaṇv○ in printed text) and viii, 2, 40 Comm. on Nyāyam. ix, 1, 21
≫ kāṇvīputra
kāṇvī-putra m. N. of a teacher BṛĀrUp. vi, 5, 1
≫ kāṇvīya
kāṇvīya mfn. fr. kaṇva Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 111
≫ kāṇvya
kāṇvya m. (g. gargâdi) a descendant of Kaṇva TāṇḍyaBr. (cf. kāṇva.)
≫ kāṇvyāyana
kāṇvyāyana m. a descendant of Kāṇva ṢaḍvBr
• (ās), m. pl. Hariv. i, 32, 5
• N. of a dynasty VP. iv, 24, 12
≫ kāṇvyāyanīya
kāṇvyāyanīya ās m. pl. the school of Kāṇvyāyana Pat
kāt ind. a prefix implying contempt (cf. 2. kad), only in comp. with
⋙ kātkṛ
○√kṛ 'to insult, dishonour', p.p. kāt-kṛta mfn. insulted, dishonoured BhP. vi, 7, 11. [Page 270, Column 1]
kā-tantra n. N. of a grammar, also called kalāpaka, or ○pa-sūtra or kaumāravyākaraṇa (composed by Śrī-śarvavarman 'after the Sūtra composed by Bhagavat-Kumāra, and at his command'
• (ās), m. pl. the followers of the Kātantra grammar
⋙ kātantrakaumudī
○kaumudī f. N. of a comm. on the above by Go-vardhana. Other similar works are: -gaṇa-dhātu, -catuṣṭaya-pradīpa, -candrikā, -dhātu-ghoṣā, -pañjikā, -pariśiṣṭa, -pariśiṣṭa-prabodha, -laghu-vṛtti, -vibhramasūtra, -vistara or -vistāra, -vṛtti, -vṛtti-ṭīkā, vṛtti-pañjikā, -śabda-mālā, -ṣaṭ-kāraka, and kātantrôṇādi-vṛtti)
kātara mf(ā)n. (etym. doubtful, perhaps from katara, 'uncertain as to which of the two' BRD.), cowardly, faint-hearted, timid, despairing, discouraged, disheartened, confused, agitated, perplexed, embarrassed, shrinking, frightened, afraid of (loc. or inf. or in comp.) R. Mṛicch. Ragh. Megh. Śak. Pañcat. Hit
• m. a kind of large fish (Cyprinus Catla, kātala) L
• N. of a man ( kātarāyaṇa)
• (am), n. (in sa-kātara) 'timidity, despair, agitation.'
⋙ kātaratā
○tā f. or cowardice, timidity, agitation Śak. Megh. Pañcat
⋙ kātaratva
○tva n. cowardice, timidity, agitation Śak. Megh. Pañcat
≫ kātarāyaṇa
kātarāyaṇa m. a descendant of Kātara, g. naḍâdi
≫ kātarya
kātarya n. cowardice, timidity, dejection, agitation, fear MBh. R. Ragh
kātala m. a kind of large fish (Cyprinus Catla, cf. kātara) L
• N. of a man, g. naḍâdi
≫ kātalāyana
kātalāyana m. a descendant of Kātala, g. naḍâdi (cf. kātarāyaṇa.)
kāti mfn. (fr. √3. ), 'wishing, desiring' (only in comp., ṛṇá-kāti and kā́ma-kāti, cf. ṛṇa-cít)
• (ayas), m. pl., N. of a school
kātīya mfn. (fr. kātya), composed by Kātya
⋙ kātīyakalpasūtra
○kalpa-sūtra n. N. of wk
⋙ kātīyagṛhyasūtra
○gṛhya-sūtra n. N. of wk. by Pāraskara (belonging to the White Yajur-veda)
⋙ kātīyasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of wk
kā-tīra n. a bad shore Pāṇ. 6-1, 155 Kāś
kā́tu m. = kūpa Naigh. iii, 23 (cf. kāṭá.)
kā-tṛṇa n. 'bad grass', a particular kind of grass (Rohisha-tṛiṇa) L. (cf. kattṛṇa.)
kāt-√kṛ kāt
kāttreyaka mfn. (fr. 2. kád + tri), produced from or pertaining to any combination of three inferior articles Pāṇ. 4-2, 95
kātthaka m. 'descendant of Katthaka', N. of a commentator Nir
kātya m. = kātyāyana g. gargâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 105
≫ kātyāyana
kātyāyana m. 'descendant of Kati' ( 2. kati), N. of the author of several treatises on ritual, grammar, &c. Hariv. 1461 & 1768 R. ii, 67, 2 VPrāt. Yājñ. i, 4 (he is also author of the Vārttikas or critical annotations on the aphorisms of Pāṇini, of the Yajur-veda Prātiśākhya, and of the Śrauta-sūtras, and is identified with Vara-ruci, the author of the Prākṛita-prakāśa)
• (ī́), f. N. of one of the two wives of Yājñavalkya ŚBr
• of a Pravrājikā Kathās
• of Durgā Hariv. Lalit. Prab
• a middle-aged widow dressed in red clothes L
• mf(ī)n. composed by Kātyāyana
⋙ kātyāyanatantra
○tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ kātyāyanamāhātmya
○māhātmya n. N. of wk
⋙ kātyāyanasūtra
○sūtra n. the Śrauta-sūtras of Kātyāyana
-paddhati f. a commentary on the same by Yājñika-deva
-bhāṣya n. a commentary on the same by Karka
⋙ kātyāyaneśvara
kātyāyanêśvara n. N. of a Liṅga SkandaP
≫ kātyāyanikā
kātyāyanikā f. a widow in middle age L
≫ kātyāyanī
kātyāyanī f. of ○yana, q.v
⋙ kātyāyanīkalpa
○kalpa m. N. of a Kalpa
⋙ kātyāyanīputra
○putra m. N. of a teacher BṛĀrUp. vi, 5, 1
≫ kātyāyanīya
kātyāyanīya ās m. pl. the school of Kātyāyana
• (am), n. N. of several works
• (mfn.) composed by Kātyāyana (e.g. -śāstra, the law-book composed by Kātyāyana) [Page 270, Column 2]
• m. a pupil of Kātyāyana W
kāthaka m. a son or descendant of Kathaka Pravar
≫ kāthakya
kāthakya m. id., g. gargâdi
≫ kāthakyāyanī
kāthakyāyanī f. of Kāthakya, g. lohitâdi
kāthañcitka mf(ī)n. (fr. kathaṃcid), accomplished with difficulty, g. vinayâdi
kāthika mf(ī)n. (fr. 1. kathā), belonging to a tale, told in a tale W
• knowing stories Pāṇ. 4-4, 102
• m. a narrator of stories W
kādamba m. (Uṇ. iv, 84) a kind of goose with dark-grey wings (kala-haṃsa) MBh. R. Ragh. Suśr
• an arrow L
• the plant Nauclea Cadamba L
• (ā), f. a kind of plant L
• (am), n. the flower of the Nauclea Cadamba Suśr
≫ kādambaka
kādambaka m. an arrow L
≫ kādambinī
kādambinī f. a long line or bank of clouds Prasannar. iv, 20
• N. of a daughter of Takshaka Vīrac
kādambara as, am m. n. the surface or skim of coagulated milk, sour cream L
• (am, ī), n. f. (n. L.) a spirituous liquor distilled from the flowers of the Cadamba Kād. 102, 19
• the rain water which collects in hollow places of the tree Nauclea Cadamba when the flowers are in perfection (it is supposed to be impregnated with honey) L
• wine L
• spirituous liquor (in general) L
• the fluid which issues from the temples of a rutting elephant L
• (ī), f. the female of the Kokila or Indian cuckoo L
• the preaching-crow L
• N. of Sarasvatī L
• of a daughter of Citra-ratha and Madirā
• of a celebrated story by Bāṇa named after her
≫ kādambarī
kādambarī f. of ○bara, q.v
⋙ kādambarīkathāsāra
○kathā-sāra m. N. of wk. by Abhinanda (q.v.)
⋙ kādambarībīja
○bīja n. any cause of fermentation, ferment, yeast L
⋙ kādambarīlocanānanda
○locanânanda m. 'the pleasure of Kādambarī's eyes', N. of the moon Kād. ī. 133, 7
≫ kādambarya
kādambarya m. the tree Nauclea Cadamba (kādamba) L
kādaleya (fr. kadala), g. sakhyādi
kādācitka mf(ī)n. (fr. kadā-cid Vop. vii, 15), appearing now and then, produced sometimes, occasional, incidental Comm. on Bādar. ii, 3, 18 and iii, 2, 10
⋙ kādācitkatā
○tā f. and the state of occurring occasionally Sāh
⋙ kādācitkatva
○tva n. the state of occurring occasionally Sāh
kādi-krama-stuti f. N. of wk. attributed to Śaṅkarācārya
≫ kādimata
kādi-mata n. N. of a Tantra work L
kādrava mfn. dark yellow, reddish brown MBh. v, 1708
≫ kādraveya
kādraveyá m. (fr. kadrū Pāṇ. 6-4, 147
• g. śubhrâdi Pāṇ. 4-1, 123 Vop. vii, 6), N. of certain Nāgas or serpent-demons supposed to people the lower regions, e.g. of Arbuda AitBr. vi, 1 ŚBr. xiii, 4, 3, 9 ŚāṅkhŚr. xvi, 2, 14 ĀśvŚr. x, 7
• of Kasarṇīra TS. i, 5, 4, 1 MBh. Hariv. BhP
• a serpent (?) L
kānaka mfn. (fr. kanaka), golden Suśr. i, 99, 5
• (am), n. the seed of Croton Jamalgota L
kānac the suffix āna
• (forming perf. p. Ā.)
kānaḍā f. a particular Rāgiṇī
kānada m. N. of a son of Dhīmarana
kānana 1
kānana n. (said to be fr. √kan) a forest, grove (sometimes in connection with vana) R. Nal. Ragh. Pañcat. Suśr
• (ifc. f. ā R. Ragh.)
• a house L
⋙ kānanānta
kānanânta n. the skirts or neighbourhood of a forest, wooded district, forest R. (cf. vanânta.)
⋙ kānanāri
kānanâri m. 'forest-enemy', a species of the Mimosa-tree (śamī) L
⋙ kānanaukas
kānanâukas m. 'forest-dweller', a monkey R. (cf. vanâukas.)
kānana 2
kânana n. (fr. 3. ka + ānana), the face of Brahmā L
kānalaka mfn. (fr. kanala), g. arīhaṇâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
• (v. l. kālanaka.) [Page 270, Column 3]
kānāyana (?), m. a patronymic Pravar
kāniṣṭhika mfn. (fr. kaniṣṭhikā), g. śarkarâdi
≫ kāniṣṭhineya
kāniṣṭhineyá m. (g. kalyāṇy-ādi) a son of the youngest or of a younger wife TBr. ii, 1, 8, 1
• (pl.) Comm. on Mn. ix, 123 (kaniṣ○ printed text)
≫ kāniṣṭhya
kāniṣṭhya n. the position of the youngest or a younger Hariv. 113
kānītá m. a patr. of Pṛithuśrávas RV. viii, 46, 21 and 24 ŚāṅkhŚr. xvi, 11, 23
kānīná mf(ī)n. (fr. kanīna), born of a young wife Pāṇ. 4-1, 116 Mn. ix, 160 and 172 Yājñ. ii, 129 MBh. Hariv. BhP
• m. N. of Vyāsa Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 116 (cf. MBh. i, 3802)
• of Karṇa Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 116 (cf. Hariv. 4057 BhP. ix, 23, 13)
• of Agniveśya BhP. ix, 2, 21
• (mfn.) suitable to or designed for the eyeball (cf. kanīnaka) Suśr. ii, 353, 13
kānīyasá ās m. pl. (fr. kanīyas), less in number ŚBr. xiv, 4, 1, 1
kānerin m. = kāṇerin, q.v
kānta 1
kānta mf(ā)n. (fr. √2. kam), desired, loved, dear, pleasing, agreeable, lovely, beautiful
• m. any one beloved, a lover, husband
• the moon L
• the spring L
• the plant Barringtonia Acutangula L
• iron L
• a stone (cf. sūrya-k○, &c.) L
• N. of Kṛishṇa L
• of Skanda MBh. iii, 14631
• of a son of Dharma-netra Hariv. i, 33, 3
• (ā), f. a beloved or lovely woman, wife, mistress Kathās
• a charming wife L
• the earth L
• N. of certain plants L
• large cardamoms L
• a kind of perfume (reṇukā, Piper aurantiacum) L
• N. of a metre of four lines of seventeen syllables each
• a kind of Śruti
• (am), n. saffron L
• a kind of iron L
• a magnet Buddh
• a kind of house L
⋙ kāntakalikā
○kalikā f. a particular kind of artificial verse
⋙ kāntatva
○tva n. loveliness, beauty, agreeableness MBh. iii, 14437
⋙ kāntapakṣin
○pakṣin m. 'lovely-bird', a peacock L
⋙ kāntapāṣāṇa
○pāṣāṇa m. the iron-stone, load-stone L
⋙ kāntapuṣpa
○puṣpa m. the mountain-ebony (Bauhinia variegata) L
⋙ kāntamiśra
○miśra m. N. of an author
⋙ kāntaloha
○loha n. the loadstone L
⋙ kāntalauha
○lauha n. cast-iron (cf. loha-kānta) L
⋙ kāntānuvṛtta
kāntânuvṛtta m. compliance with a beloved one
⋙ kāntāyasa
kāntâyasa n. the iron-stone, loadstone, magnet L. (cf. -pāṣāṇa, -loha, and ayas-kānta.)
⋙ kāntotpīḍā
kāntôtpīḍā f. N. of a metre consisting of four lines of twelve syllables each
≫ kāntaka
kāntaka m. N. of a man Daś
≫ kāntalaka
kāntalaka m. the tree Cedrela Toona (commonly tunna, the wood of which resembles mahogany) L
≫ kāntā
kāntā f. of kānta, q.v
⋙ kāntāṅghridohada
kāntâṅghri-dohada and m. 'having a longing desire for contact with the foot of a beautiful woman' (to hasten its blossoms), the tree Jonesia Asoka L
⋙ kāntācaraṇad
kāntā-caraṇa-d○ m. 'having a longing desire for contact with the foot of a beautiful woman' (to hasten its blossoms), the tree Jonesia Asoka L
⋙ kāntāpurī
kāntā-purī v. l. for kānti-purī VP
≫ kāntāya
kāntāya Nom. Ā. ○yate, to behave like a lover Bhartṛ. i, 50
≫ kānti
kānti f. desire, wish L
• loveliness, beauty, splendour, female beauty, personal decoration or embellishment Nal. Śak. Megh. Pañcat. Suśr. Kathās
• a lovely colour, brightness (especially of the moon) Kathās
• (ifc. f. ī) Caurap
• (in rhetoric) beauty enhanced by love Vām. iii, 1, 22 ; xxii, 14 Sāh
• a lovely or desirable woman personified as wife of the moon Hariv. 5419
• N. of Lakshmī BhP. x, 65, 29
• of Durgā, DeviiP
⋙ kāntikara
○kara mfn. causing beauty, beautifying, illuminating W
⋙ kāntikosala
○kosala ās m. pl., N. of a people MBh. vi, 9, 40
⋙ kāntida
○da mfn. giving beauty, beautifying, adorning W
• (ā), f. the plant Serratula anthelminthica (vākucī) L
• (am), n. bile, bilious humor L
⋙ kāntidāyaka
○dāyaka mf(ikā)n. granting beauty, beautifying, adorning W
• (am), n. a fragrant wood (a kind of Curcuma from the √of which a yellow dye is prepared
• C. Zanthorrhizza, cf. kālīyaka) L
⋙ kāntipura
○pura n. N. of a town in Nepal VarBṛS
• (ī), f. N. of a town PadmaP
⋙ kāntimat
○mat mfn. lovely, splendid R. Kum. Suśr
• (ī), f. N. of a metre
• N. of a woman
-tā f. loveliness, beauty Kum
⋙ kāntirāja
○rāja m. N. of a prince
⋙ kāntivrata
○vrata n. a kind of ceremony
⋙ kāntihara
○hara mfn. destroying beauty, making ugly, dulling, dimming W. [Page 271, Column 1]
≫ kāntika
kāntika ās m. pl., N. of a people VP
≫ kāntī
kāntī f. N. of a town
⋙ kāntīnagarī
○nagarī f. N. of a city in the north (for kānti-nagarī, cf. kānti-pura)
kāntāra as, am m. n. a large wood, forest, wilderness, waste MBh. R. Yājñ. ii, 38 Kathās. Pañcat
• a difficult road through a forest, forest-path L
• a hole, cavity L
• m. a red variety of the sugar-cane Suśr
• a bamboo L
• the mountain ebony (Bauhinia variegata) L
• (in music) a kind of measure, (ī), f. a kind of sugar-cane L
• (am), n. a national calamity, calamity Kāraṇḍ. xlvii, 15 and 20
• the blossom of a kind of lotus, lotus L
• a symptom or symptomatic disease W
⋙ kāntāraga
○ga mfn. wood-going
⋙ kāntārapatha
○patha m. a path through a forest Daś
⋙ kāntārapathika
○"ṣpathika mfn. going on or conveyed on forest-roads Pāṇ. 5-1, 77 Vārtt. 1
⋙ kāntārabhava
○bhava m. a dweller in the woods VarBṛS
⋙ kāntāravāsinī
○vāsinī f. 'wood-dwelling', N. of Durgā MBh. vi, 23, 11
⋙ kāntārekṣu
kāntārêkṣu m. a kind of sugar-cane Bhpr. ii, 64
≫ kāntāraka
kāntāraka m. a kind of sugar-cane L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. ii, 1117
• (ikā), f. a kind of bee Suśr
kāntôtpīḍā kānta
kānthaka n. 'coming from the town Kanthā', a particular substance Pāṇ. 4-2, 103
≫ kānthika
kānthika mfn. (fr. kanthā) Pāṇ. 4-2, 102
kānthakya m. a descendant of Kanthaka, g. gargâdi
○kyâyanī f. g. lohitâdi
kānda g. aśmâdi
≫ kāndakāyana
kāndakāyana m. a descendant of Kāndaki, g. taulvaly-ādi Kāś
≫ kāndaki
kāndaki m. a patr., g. taulvaly-ādi Kāś
kāṃdama m. a patr. of Ekayāvan TBr. ii, 7, 11, 2 (cf. gāṃ-dama.)
kāndarpa m. descended from or relating to Kandarpa, g. bidâdi
≫ kāndarpika
kāndarpika n. 'treating of aphrodisiaca', N. of the seventy-sixth Adhyāya of VarBṛS
kāndava mfn. (fr. kandu), roasted or baked in an iron pan or oven (as bread cakes &c.) W
≫ kāndavika
kāndavika mfn. employed in baking L
• m. a baker Pañcad
kāndā-viṣá n. a species of poison AV. x, 4, 22
kāṃdiś k mfn. (fr. kāṃ diśam, 'to which region shall I fly?'), put to flight, running away, flying MBh. xii, 6320 (cf. MBh. iii, 11113.)
⋙ kāṃdigbhūta
kāṃdig-bhūta mfn. run away MBh. v, 1870 MārkP
≫ kāṃdiśī
kāṃdiśī ind. with √bhū, to take to flight L
≫ kāṃdiśīka
kāṃdiśīka mfn. running away MBh. ix, 134 Rājat. &c
kāndulā f. a particular Rāgiṇī
kāndūrā f. a kind of plant Gal
kānyakubja n. N. of a city (= kanya-kubja, q.v.) MBh. R. BhP. &c
• (mf(ī)n.) belonging to or dwelling in Kānyakubja
• (ī), f. a princess or a female inhabitant of Kānyakubja Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 78. [In Kathās. lxi, 219 wrongly printed Kānyākubja.]
kānyajā f. a kind of perfume L
kāpaṭa mf(ī)n. (fr. kapaṭa), addicted to deceit or fraud, dishonest VarBṛS
≫ kāpaṭika
kāpaṭika mf(ī)n. fraudulent, dishonest, wicked, perverse, bad L
• m. a flatterer, parasite W
• a student, scholar L
≫ kāpaṭya
kāpaṭya n. deceit, fraud, dishonesty, wickedness W
kāpaṭava m. (g. śārṅgaravâdi) a son or descendant of Kāpaṭu VBr
• (ī), f. a female descendant of Kapaṭu Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 78
≫ kāpaṭavaka
kāpaṭavaka mfn. coming from Kāpaṭava or from his family Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-3, 80
kā-patha m. (fr. 2. + patha), a bad road, bad ways, erring or evil course Pāṇ. 6-3, 104 and 108 Vop. vi, 94 MBh. v, 4193 R. ii, 108, 7 ; v, 86, 2
• m. N. of a Dānava Hariv. 14287
• (am), n. the fragrant √of Andropogon muricatus L. [Page 271, Column 2]
kā́pā f. a carriage (Gmn.) RV. x, 40, 3
kāpāṭika mfn. = kapāṭikêva. g. śarkarâdi (kāpālika Kāś.)
• also v. l. for kārpaṭika L
kāpāla mf(ī)n. (fr. kapāla), relating to the skull or cranium R. i, 29, 13 VarBṛS. (= Pañcat.)
• made of skulls Prasannar. lxxviii, 15
• m. a follower of a particular Śaiva sect of ascetics ( kāpālika)
• the plant Cucumis utilissimus L
• (ās), m. pl. the school of Kapālin
• (ī), f. the Embelia Ribes L
• a clever woman L
• (am), n. a kind of leprosy Car. vi, 7
≫ kāpāli
kāpāli m. N. of a Siddha Sarvad
≫ kāpālika
kāpālika mf(ī)n. relating to or belonging to a skull (= kapālikêva), g. śarkarâdi Pāṇ. 5-3, 107
• m. a kind of Śaiva ascetic who carries a human skull and uses it as a receptacle for his food (he belongs to the left-hand sect) VarBṛS. Bhartṛ. i, 64 Prab. liii, 5 Kathās. &c
• N. of a mixed class (kapālin) L
• N. of a teacher
• (am), n. a kind of leprosy
• (mfn.) peculiar to a Kāpālika Prab. Pañcat
≫ kāpālin
kāpālin ī m. 'adorned with skulls', N. of Śiva MBh. xiii, 1217 (cf. kapālin)
• N. of a mixed caste BrahmaP
• N. of a son of Kṛishṇa and Yaudhishṭhirī Hariv. 9196
kāpika mf(ī)n. (fr. kapi), shaped or behaving like a monkey, g. aṅguly-ādi
kāpiñjala mfn. (fr. kap○), coming from the francoline partridge Kauś. 46
• m. a patr. fr. kap○ (v. l. kup○), g. śivâdi
≫ kāpiñjalāda
kāpiñjalāda ās m. pl. the school of Kāpiñjalādya Pat
≫ kāpiñjalādi
kāpiñjalādi m. a patr. fr. kapiñjalâda g. kurv-ādi
≫ kāpiñjalādya
kāpiñjalādya m. a patr. fr. ○lādi ib
≫ kāpiñjali
kāpiñjali m. a patr. fr. kapiñjala Pat
kāpittha mfn. (fr. kapittha), belonging to the tree Feronia elephantum Pāṇ. 4-3, 140
≫ kāpitthaka
kāpitthaka m. (?) N. of a place Comm. on VarBṛ
≫ kāpitthika
kāpitthika mfn. N. of certain ascetics Hariv. 7988
• (ā), f. (perhaps) the tree Feronia elephantum Hariv. 7984
kāpila mf(ī)n. (fr. kapila), peculiar or belonging to or derived from Kapila MBh. R
• of a tawny or brownish colour L
• m. a follower of the teacher Kapila, follower of the Sāṅkhya system of philosophy (founded by Kapila) MBh. xii Kāvyâd. Hcar
• a tawny colour L
• (am), n. N. of wk. by Kapila (= sāṅkhya, or according to others an Upa-purāṇa) Pañcar
• (with tīrtha) N. of a Tīrtha SkandaP. KapSaṃh
⋙ kāpilapurāṇa
○purāṇa n. N. of wk
⋙ kāpilabali
○bali m. N. of a man Car
⋙ kāpileśvaratīrtha
kāpilêśvara-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha ŚivaP
≫ kāpilika
kāpilika m. a metron. fr. kapilikā g. śivâdi
≫ kāpileya
kāpileya mfn. derived from Kapila Pañcar
• m. a patr. fr. kapila or a metron. fr. kapilā AitBr. vii, 17 MBh
≫ kāpilya
kāpilya mfn. fr. kapila g. saṃkāśâdi
kāpivana m. (fr. kapi-v○), N. of a festival lasting two days KātyŚr. ĀśvŚr. Vait
kāpiśa n. (fr. kapiśa), a kind of spirituous liquor L
• (ī), f. N. of a place Pāṇ. 4-2, 99
≫ kāpiśāyana
kāpiśāyana mf(ī)n. coming from Kāpiśī (e.g. madhu, honey, or drākṣā, grape W.) Pāṇ. 4-2, 99
• m. a patr. or metron. Pravar
• (am), n. a kind of spirituous liquor Śiś. x, 4
• a deity L
≫ kāpiśeya
kāpiśeya m. (fr. kapiśā), a Piśāca, imp, goblin L
kāpiṣṭhala m. a son or descendant of Kapishṭhala Comm. on Nir. iv, 14
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people (cf. ?) VarBṛS
⋙ kāpiṣṭhalakaṭha
○kaṭha m. pl., N. of a school of the Yajur-veda
≫ kāpiṣṭhalāyana
kāpiṣṭhalāyana mfn. (fr. kāpiṣṭhala) Pāṇ. 8-3, 91 Pat
≫ kāpiṣṭhali
kāpiṣṭhali m. a son or descendant of Kapishṭhala, g. krauḍy-ādi: Pāṇ. 8-3, 91 Vārtt
• (○lyā), f. of ○li g. krauḍy-ādi
kāpī f. a patr. fr. kāpya
• N. of a river MBh. vi, 9, 24 VP
⋙ kāpīputra
○putra m. N. of a teacher BṛĀrUp. [Page 271, Column 3]
⋙ kāpīyakānika
kāpīyakānika m. N. of a Muni VāyuP
≫ kāpeya
kāpeya mf(ī)n. (fr. kapi), belonging or peculiar to a monkey R. vi, 111, 19
• m. a descendant of Kapi Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 107
• (pl.) TāṇḍyaBr
• (am), n. monkey tricks Pāṇ. 5-1, 127
≫ kāpya 1
kāpya m. (Pāṇ. 4-1, 107
• g. gargâdi) a descendant of Kapi BṛĀrUp
≫ kāpyāyanī
kāpyāyanī f. of kāpya g. lohitâdi
kā-puruṣa m. (fr. 2. Pāṇ. 6-3, 106 Vop. vi, 94), a contemptible man, coward, wretch R. Pañcat. Hit
• (mf(ā)n.) unmanly, cowardly, miserable Hariv. R. vi, 88, 13
⋙ kāpuruṣatā
○tā f. and unmanliness, cowardliness
⋙ kāpuruṣatva
○tva n. unmanliness, cowardliness
≫ kāpuruṣya
kāpuruṣya n. unmanliness, meanness, cowardice, g. brāhmaṇâdi
kāpota mf(ī)n. (fr. kapota Pāṇ. 4-3, 135 Sch., 154 Sch.), belonging to or coming from a pigeon MBh. BhP. Pat
• of the colour of a pigeon, of a dull white colour, grey VarBṛS
• m. natron, fossil alkali L
• antimony, a collyrium or application for the eyes W
• (ī), f. a kind of plant Suśr. ii, 173, 12
• (am), n. a flock of pigeons Comm. on Pāṇ. 4-2, 44
• antimony L
• N. of two Sāmans ĀrshBr
⋙ kāpotāñjana
kāpotâñjana n. antimony, a collyrium for the eyes L
≫ kāpotaka
kāpotaka mfn. fr. kapotakīya g. bilvakâdi
≫ kāpotapākya
kāpotapākya m. a prince of the Kapotapākas Pāṇ. 5-3, 113 Kāś
≫ kāpotaretasa
kāpotaretasa m. a patr. fr. kapota-r○ Comm. on ŚāṅkhBr. iii, 2
≫ kāpoti
kāpoti m. (Pat.) a patr. fr. kapota MBh. xiv, 2712
kāpola ās m. pl., N. of a school of the Sāma-veda
kāpya 1
kāpya kāpī
kāpya 2
kāpya only in comp
⋙ kāpyakara
○kara mfn. confessing sin L
⋙ kāpyakāra
○kāra mfn. confessing sin L
• m. confession of sin L
kā-phala m. = kaṭphala L
kābandha (fr. kab○). kāv○
≫ kābandhya
kābandhya n. the state of being a trunk
kābavá m. N. of certain evil spirits AV. iii, 9, 3-5
kā-bhartṛ ā m. a bad husband or lord or master Sāh
kām ind. an interjection used in calling out to another L
kā́ma m. (fr. √2. kam
• once kāmá VS. xx, 60), wish, desire, longing (kāmo me bhuñjīta bhavān, my wish is that you should eat Pāṇ. 3-3, 153), desire for, longing after (gen., dat., or loc.), love, affection, object of desire or of love or of pleasure RV. VS. TS. AV. ŚBr. MBh. R. &c
• pleasure, enjoyment
• love, especially sexual love or sensuality
• Love or Desire personified AV. ix
• xii
• xix (cf. RV. x, 129, 4) VS. PārGṛ
• N. of the god of love AV. iii. 25, 1 MBh. Lalit
• (represented as son of Dharma and husband of Rati [MBh. i, 2596 ff. Hariv. VP.]
• or as a son of Brahmā VP
• or sometimes of Saṃkalpa BhP. vi, 6, 10
• cf. kāma-deva)
• N. of Agni SV. ii, 8, 2, 19, 3 AV. TS. KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr
• of Vishṇu Gal
• of Baladeva (cf. kāma-pāla) L
• a stake in gambling Nār. xvi, 9
• a species of mango tree (= mahā-rāja-cūta) L
• N. of a metre consisting of four lines of two long syllables each
• a kind of bean L
• a particular form of temple Hcat
• N. of several men
• (ā), f. 'wish, desire' (only instr. kāmayā, q.v.)
• N. of a daughter of Pṛithuśravas and wife of Ayuta-nāyin MBh. i, 3774
• (am), n. object of desire L
• semen virile L
• N. of a Tīrtha MBh. iii, 5047
• (am), ind., s.v
• (ena), ind. out of affection or love for
• (āya, or e), ind. according to desire, agreeably to the wishes of, out of love for (gen. or dat.) RV. AV. TS. ŚBr. ChUp
• (āt), ind. for one's own pleasure, of one's own free will, of one's own accord, willingly, intentionally Mn. R
• (kāmá), mfn. wishing, desiring RV. ix, 113, 11
• (ifc.) desirous of, desiring, having a desire or intention (cf. go-k○, dharma-k○
• frequently with inf. in tu, cf. tyaktu-k○.)
⋙ kāmakandalā
○kandalā f. N. of a woman
⋙ kāmakarśana
○karśana in á-kāma-k○, q.v
⋙ kāmakalā
○kalā f. N. of Rati (wife of Kāma) L
○lâṅganā-vilāsa m. N. of wk. [Page 272, Column 1]
○lā-tantra n. another work
○lā-bīja n. the essential letter or syllable of a charm or spell
⋙ kāmakalikā
○kalikā f. N. of a Surâṅganā
⋙ kāmakākurava
○kākurava m. a dove Gal
⋙ kāmakāti
○kāti (kā́ma-), mfn. requesting the fulfilment of a wish RV. viii, 92, 14
⋙ kāmakāntā
○kāntā f. the plant Jasminum Sambac L
⋙ kāmakāma
○kāma and mfn. 'wishing wishes', having various desires or wishes, following the dictates of passion TĀr. i, 31, 1 MBh. iii, 11256 Bhag
⋙ kāmakāmin
○kāmin mfn. 'wishing wishes', having various desires or wishes, following the dictates of passion TĀr. i, 31, 1 MBh. iii, 11256 Bhag
⋙ kāmakāra
○kāra mfn. fulfilling the desires of any one (gen.) R. vii, 63, 8
• m. the act of following one's own inclinations, spontaneous deed, voluntary action, acting of one's own free will, free will Mn. MBh. R. Bhag
○raṃ-√kṛ, to act as one likes
○reṇa and ○rāt and ○ra-tas ind. according to one's desires or inclinations, willingly, spontaneously Mn. MBh. &c
⋙ kāmakuṇḍa
○kuṇḍa n. N. of a Liṅga SkandaP
⋙ kāmakūṭa
○kūṭa m. the paramour of a harlot L
• wanton caresses L
⋙ kāmakṛta
○kṛta mfn. done intentionally or knowingly Āp. ii, 28, 12
⋙ kāmakḷpti
○kḷpti f. arranging to one's liking Vait
⋙ kāmakeli
○keli m. 'love-sport', amorous sport, sexual intercourse L
• the Vidūshaka of the drama L
• (mfn.) having amorous sport, wanton L
-rasa m. a kind of aphrodisiac
⋙ kāmakoṣṇī
○kôṣṇī f. N. of a river BhP
⋙ kāmakrīḍā
○krīḍā f. amorous sport
• N. of a metre consisting of four lines of fifteen long syllables each
⋙ kāmakhaḍgadalā
○khaḍga-dalā f. the plant Pandanus Odoratissimus (cf. svarṇa-ketakī) L
⋙ kāmaga
○ga mfn. going or coming of one's own accord
• moving or acting as one pleases MBh. R
• following one's impulses, indulging one's passions, running after men or women Yājñ. iii, 6 (of a woman = kulaṭā Comm.)
• m. one who comes accidentally or unexpectedly, casual visitor, one who travels about without any specific purpose Nal. xviii, 23
• (ā), f. a female Kokila L
⋙ kāmagati
○gati mfn. going or coming of one's own accord Ragh. xiii, 76
⋙ kāmagama
○gama mf(ā)n. id. MBh. R
• (ās), m. pl. a class of deities of the eleventh Manvantara VP
⋙ kāmagavī
○gavī f. = -dhenu
⋙ kāmagāmin
○gāmin mfn. = -gati L
⋙ kāmagiri
○giri m. N. of a mountain VP
⋙ kāmaguṇa
○guṇa m. 'quality of desire', affection, passion
• satiety, perfect enjoyment
• an object of sense
• (ās), m. pl. the objects of the five senses, sensual enjoyments Lalit. 225, 4
⋙ kāmago
○go f. = -dhenu
⋙ kāmaṃgāmin
○"ṣṃ-gāmin mfn. = -gati L
⋙ kāmacakra
○cakra n. a kind of mystical circle
⋙ kāmacandra
○candra m. N. of a prince Buddh
⋙ kāmacara
○cara mf(ī)n. moving freely, following one's own pleasure, unrestrained MBh
• (ī), f. N. of one of the mothers attending on Skanda MBh. ix. 2641
-tva n. the state of being free to move or act as one likes Kathās
⋙ kāmacaraṇa
○caraṇá n. free or unchecked motion ŚBr. vi, 7, 3, 3
⋙ kāmacāra
○cāra mf(ā)n. moving freely, following one's own pleasure, unrestrained MBh
• (ás), m. free unrestrained motion, independent or spontaneous action
• the following one's own desires, sensuality, selfishness ŚBr. ChUp. Yājñ. ii, 162 Kathās. Comm. on Pāṇ. 1-4, 96 Ragh
-tas ind. according to one's inclination, voluntarily Mn. ii, 220
• (eṇa), ind. at pleasure, at will Comm. on TPrāt
-vāda-bhakṣa mfn. following one's inclinations in behaviour and speech and eating Gaut. ii, 1
⋙ kāmacārin
○cārin mfn. moving or acting at pleasure, acting unrestrainedly MBh. R. Megh
• indulging the desires, behaving libidinously (para-strī-kāma-cārin, lusting after the wife of another) MBh. xiii, 2265
• m. N. of a Yaksha Kathās
• a sparrow (caṭaka) L
• N. of Garuḍa L
• (iṇī), f. N. of Dākshāyaṇī in mount Mandara MatsyaP
• an Artemisia Npr
○ri-tva n. moving or acting at pleasure Kād. ii, 130, 18
• lewdness KapS
⋙ kāmacālana
○cālana n. an erotic term
⋙ kāmaja
○ja mfn. produced or caused by passion or desire, arising from lust Mn. vii, 46. 47. 50
• begotten or born of desire or lust Mn. ix, 107. 143. 147
• m. 'born of Kāma', N. of Aniruddha W
• (ās), m. pl. = kāmagamās VP
⋙ kāmajananī
○jananī f. betel-pepper Npr
⋙ kāmajani
○jani m. the Indian cuckoo L
⋙ kāmajāna
○jāna m. id. L
⋙ kāmajāla
○jāla m. = -tāla W
⋙ kāmajit
○jit m. 'conquering desire', N. of Skanda MBh
⋙ kāmajyeṣṭha
○jyeṣṭha (kā́ma-), mfn. having the god Desire at the head, led by Kāma AV. ix, 2, 8
⋙ kāmatantra
○tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ kāmataru
○taru m. the god of love considered as a tree (cf. -vṛkṣa) Śak
• the plant Vanda Roxburghī Npr
⋙ kāmatas
○tas ind. according to wish or affection, passionately, from passion or feeling (opposed to dharma-tas)
• of one's own accord, of one's own free will, willingly, intentionally, by consent Mn. Yājñ. MBh. R. (cf. a-kāma-tas.)
⋙ kāmatāla
○tāla m. the Indian cuckoo (considered as an incentive to love) L
⋙ kāmatīrtha
○tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
⋙ kāmada
○da mf(ā)n. giving what is wished, granting desires R. Kathās. &c. [Page 272, Column 2]
• N. of the sun MBh. iii, 154
• of Skanda MBh. iii, 14631
• (ā), f. = -dhenu R. i, 53, 20
• betel-pepper Npr
• the yellow Myrobalan Npr
• a Sanseviera Npr
• N. of one of the mothers in attendance on Skanda MBh. ix, 2645
• of a daughter of Śata-dhanvan
-tva n. the granting desires
⋙ kāmadattā
○dattā f. N. of wk
⋙ kāmadattikā
○dattikā f. N. of a daughter of Śata-dhanvan Hariv. 2037
⋙ kāmadantikā
○dantikā f. v. l. for -dattikā Hariv. i, 38, 6
⋙ kāmadaminī
○daminī f. 'taming love', N. of a libidinous woman Pañcat
⋙ kāmadarśana
○darśana mfn. having the look of a charming person, looking lovely Hariv
⋙ kāmadahana
○dahana n. 'the burning up of the god of love by Śiva', N. of a chapter of the LiṅgaP
• a particular festival on the day of full moon in the month Phālguna
⋙ kāmadāna
○dāna n. a gift to one's satisfaction Hcat. i, 14, 7
• a kind of ceremony among prostitutes BhavP
⋙ kāmadugha
○dúgha mf(ā)n. (Pāṇ. 3-2, 70 Kāś.) 'milking desires', yielding objects of desire like milk, yielding what one wishes VS. TS. AV. ŚBr. MBh. &c. Bālar
• (ā), f. = -dhenu
⋙ kāmaduh
○duh mfn. (nom. sg. -dhuk), id. MBh. &c
⋙ kāmaduha
○duha mf(ā)n. id. MBh
• (ā), f. the cow of plenty W
⋙ kāmadūtikā
○dūtikā f. the plant Tiaridium Indicum L
⋙ kāmadūtī
○dūtī f. the female of the Indian cuckoo W
• the plant Bignonia suaveolens Bhpr
⋙ kāmadeva
○deva m. the god of love ( kāma above
• according to some, son of Sahishṇu and Yaśo-dharā VP.)
• N. of Vishṇu (as the god who creates, preserves, or destroys at will) Vishṇ. xcviii, 10 (cf. BhP. v, 18, 15)
• of Śiva L
• of a poet
• of a king of Jayantī-purī
• N. of the author of the Prāyaścitta-paddhati
-tva n. the being the god of love Kathās
-maya mfn. representing the god of love AgP
⋙ kāmadohanā
○dohanā f. yielding milk easily, yielding desires Hcat
⋙ kāmadohinī
○dohinī f. 'yielding desires', = -dhenu Hcat
⋙ kāmadhara
○dhara m. N. of a lake in Kāma-rūpa KālP
⋙ kāmadharaṇa
○dháraṇa n. the procuring of desires, fulfilment of desire VS. iii, 27 ; xii, 46
⋙ kāmadharma
○dharma m. amorous behaviour
⋙ kāmadhātu
○dhātu m. the region of the wishes, seat of the Kāmâvacara Buddh
⋙ kāmadhenu
○dhenu f. the mythical cow of Vasishṭha which satisfies all desires, cow of plenty (= surabhi) Kathās. BrahmaP
• N. of a goddess BrahmaP
• N. of several works
-gaṇita n. N. of wk
-tantra n. N. of wk. on the mystical signification of the letters of the alphabet
⋙ kāmadhvaṃsin
○dhvaṃsin m. 'subduing the god of love', N. of Śiva L
⋙ kāmanāśaka
○nāśaka mfn. destroying irregular desires, subduing sensual appetite
⋙ kāmanīḍā
○nīḍā f. musk L
⋙ kāmaṃdhamin
○"ṣṃ-dhamin m. a brazier (= kāraṃ-dhamin) L
⋙ kāmapati
○pati m. the lord of desire
⋙ kāmapatnī
○patnī f. the wife of Kāma (viz. Rati) Hariv
⋙ kāmaparṇikā
⋙ kāmaparṇī
○parṇī f. Trichodesma Zeylanicum Npr
⋙ kāmapāla
○pāla m. 'gratifier of human desires', N. of Vishṇu Vishṇ
• of Śiva L
• of Baladeva L
• of a man Daś
⋙ kāmapālaka
○pālaka m. N. of Baladeva Gal
⋙ kāmapīḍita
○pīḍita mfn. tormented with lust or irregular desires
⋙ kāmapūra
○pūra mfn. fulfilling wishes, gratifying desires BhP
⋙ kāmapra
○pra mfn. id. RV. AV. ŚBr
• (ām), n. the fulfilment of desire AV. Kauś. ŚāṅkhŚr
⋙ kāmaprada
○prada mfn. granting desires
• m. a kind of coitus L
⋙ kāmapradīpa
○pradīpa m. N. of wk
⋙ kāmapraśna
○praśná m. questioning as one pleases, asking unrestrainedly ŚBr
⋙ kāmaprastha
○prastha m. N. of a town, g. mālâdi
⋙ kāmaprasthīya
○"ṣprasthīya mfn. relating to that town, g. gahâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 138
⋙ kāmapri
○pri m. one whose wishes are fulfilled [Sāy
• 'son of Kāma-pra', N. of Marutta BRD.] AitBr. viii, 21
⋙ kāmapriyakarī
○priyakarī f. Physalis Flexuosa L
⋙ kāmaphala
○phala m. a species of mango tree L
⋙ kāmabaddha
○baddha mfn. bound by love
• (am), n. a wood W
⋙ kāmabala
○bala n. force of desire, sexual power Bhpr
⋙ kāmabāṇa
○bāṇa m. an arrow of the god of love
⋙ kāmabindu
○bindu m. 'wish-drop', anything dropped into the fire to procure the fulfilment of a wish, drop of melted butter BhP
⋙ kāmabhakṣa
○bhakṣa (ed. -bhakṣya), m. eating according to one's inclinations Comm. on Yājñ
⋙ kāmabhāj
○bhāj mfn. partaking of sensual enjoyment, enjoying all desires KaṭhUp. i, 24
⋙ kāmabhoga
○bhoga ās m. pl. gratification of desires, sensual gratification Nal. R. BhP
⋙ kāmamañjarī
○mañjarī f. 'love-bud', N. of a woman Daś
⋙ kāmamaya
○máya mf(ī)n. consisting of desire ŚBr. BṛĀrUp
• answering all desires R. iv, 33, 6
⋙ kāmamardana
○mardana m. 'destroyer of the god of love', N. of Śiva L
⋙ kāmamaha
○maha m. the festival of the god of love (on the day of full moon in the month Caitra or March-April) L
⋙ kāmamālin
○mālin m. N. of Gaṇêśa
⋙ kāmamūḍha
○mūḍha mfn. infatuated by lust MW
⋙ kāmamūta
○mūta (kā́ma-), mfn. strongly affected or impelled by love RV. x, 10, 11
⋙ kāmamoha
○moha m. infatuation of lust
⋙ kāmamohita
○mohita mfn. infatuated by desire or love or passion
⋙ kāmaratna
○ratna n. N. of a Tantra. [Page 272, Column 3]
⋙ kāmarasa
○rasa m. enjoyment of sexual love MBh
⋙ kāmarasika
○rasika mfn. libidinous Bhartṛ
⋙ kāmarāja
○rāja m. N. of a prince
• of a poet
⋙ kāmarūpa
○rūpa n. a shape assumed at will
• (mfn.) assuming any shape at will, protean MBh. R. Megh
• m. a god L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people and of their country (east of Bengal and in the west part of Assam) Ragh. Kathās. &c
-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
-dhara mfn. assuming any shape at will, protean MBh. R
-dhara-tva n. the state of assuming any form at will R
-nibandha m. N. of wk
-pati m. N. of an author
-yātrā-paddhati f. N. of wk
○pôdbhavā f. a kind of musk Npr
⋙ kāmarūpin
○rūpín mfn. assuming any shape at will, protean ŚBr. TUp. MBh. R. Suśr
• m. a pole-cat L
• a boar L
• a Vidyā-dhara (a kind of subordinate deity) L
• (iṇī), f. the plant Physalis Flexuosa L
⋙ kāmarūpīyanibandha
○rūpīya-nibandha m. = -rūpa-nibandha
⋙ kāmarekhā
○rekhā f. a harlot, courtezan (cf. -lekhā) L
⋙ kāmalatā
○latā f. membrum virile, penis L
• the plant Ipomaea (Quamoclit Pennata)
⋙ kāmalekhā
○lekhā f. a harlot, courtezan (cf. -rekhā) L
⋙ kāmalola
○lola mfn. overcome with desire or passion W
⋙ kāmavat
○vat (kā́ma-), mfn. being in love, enamoured, wanton MBh. R
• containing the word kāma ŚBr
• (), f. a species of Curcuma (Curcuma Aromatica, dāru-haridrā)
• N. of a town
⋙ kāmavatsa
○vatsa (kā́ma-), mf(ā)n. having the wish for a calf, having the wish in place of a calf TBr. iii, 12, 3, 2
⋙ kāmavara
○vara m. a gift chosen at one's own liking or will BhP
⋙ kāmavarṣin
○varṣin mfn. raining according to one's wishes
⋙ kāmavallabha
○vallabha m. 'love's favourite', spring W
• a species of mango tree L
• the cinnamon tree
• (ā), f. moonlight L
⋙ kāmavaśa
○vaśa m. subjection to love MW
⋙ kāmavaśya
○vaśya mfn. being in subjection to the god of love, enamoured MBh
⋙ kāmavasati
○vasati f. an erotic term
⋙ kāmavāda
○vāda m. speech at will Comm. on Yājñ. (cf. Gaut. ii, 1.)
⋙ kāmavāsin
○vāsin mfn. dwelling where one pleases, choosing or changing one's residence at will Nal
⋙ kāmaviddha
○viddha mfn. wounded by the god of love
• m. N. of a man, g. kārtakaujapâdi
• (ās), m. pl. his descendants ib
⋙ kāmavivarjita
○vivarjita mfn. freed from all desires Up
⋙ kāmavihantṛ
○vihantṛ mfn. disappointing desires W
⋙ kāmavīrya
○vīrya m. 'displaying heroism at will', N. of Garuḍa MBh. i, 1240 ; iii, 14360
⋙ kāmavṛkṣa
○vṛkṣa m. a parasitical plant (vandāka, Vanda Roxburghī) L
⋙ kāmavṛtta
○vṛtta mfn. eating licentiously, dissipated Mn. v, 154 MBh. R
⋙ kāmavṛddhi
○vṛddhi f. increase of sexual desire or passion L
• (is), m. a shrub of supposed aphrodisiac properties (called Kāma-ja in the Karṇāṭaka) L
⋙ kāmavṛntā
○vṛntā f. the trumpet flower (Bignonia suaveolens)
⋙ kāmaveraṇi
○veraṇi v. l. in g. gahâdi in the Kāś
⋙ kāmaveraṇīya
○"ṣveraṇīya mfn. fr. the preceding ib
⋙ kāmavyāhārin
○vyāhārin mfn. singing sweetly
⋙ kāmaśara
○śara m. 'love's shaft', an arrow of the god of love Pañcat
• the mango tree L
○rônmādinī f. N. of a Surâṅganā
⋙ kāmaśalya
○śalya (kāma-), mf(ā)n. having love for a shaft AV. iii, 25, 2
⋙ kāmaśāsana
○śāsana m. 'punisher of Kāma', N. of Śiva Daś
⋙ kāmaśāstra
○śāstra n. a treatise on pleasure or sexual love MBh
• = -sūtra, N. of several erotic works
⋙ kāmaśaila
○śaila m. N. of a mountain R. (ed. Bomb.) iv, 43, 28
⋙ kāmasaṃyoga
○saṃyoga m. attainment of desired objects W
⋙ kāmasakha
○sakha m. 'Kāma's friend', spring L
• the month Caitra L
• the mango tree L
⋙ kāmasaṃkalpa
○saṃkalpa mfn. having all kinds of wishes BrahmabUp
⋙ kāmasani
○sani mfn. fulfilling wishes TāṇḍyaBr
⋙ kāmasamūha
○samūha m. N. of wk. of Ananta
⋙ kāmasuta
○suta m. Aniruddha (the son of Kāma-deva) L
⋙ kāmasū
○sū mfn. gratifying wishes Ragh
• (ūs), f. N. of Rukmiṇī L
⋙ kāmasūkta
○sū7kta n. a kind of hymn Hcat
⋙ kāmasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of a treatise on sexual love by Vātsyāyana
⋙ kāmasena
○sena m. N. of a king of Rāmavatī
• (ā), f. the wife of Nidhipati
⋙ kāmahāni
○hāni m. N. of a teacher
⋙ kāmahaituka
○haituka mfn. caused or produced by mere desire, of one's own accord Bhag
⋙ kāmākṣā
kāmâkṣā f. a form of Dākshāyaṇī
-tantra n. N. of wk
⋙ kāmākṣī
kāmâkṣī f. a form of Durgā
• N. of a district sacred to Durgā in Assam
⋙ kāmākuya
kāmâkuya n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh
• (ā), f. a form of Durgā VP
• N. of a Tantra
-tantra n. N. of a Tantra
⋙ kāmāgni
kāmâgni m. the fire of love, passion, lust
-saṃdīpana n. kindling the fire of lust, excitement of sexual love
⋙ kāmāṅkuśa
kāmâṅkuśa m. the pointed hook by which the god of love excites or inflames lovers
• a finger nail (which plays an important part in erotic acts) L
• membrum virile L
⋙ kāmāṅga
kāmâṅga m. the mango tree, Magnifera indica L
• (ā), f. a particular Śruti L
⋙ kāmātura
kāmâtura mfn. love-sick, affected by love or desire
• m. N. of a man Pañcat
⋙ kāmātman
kāmâtman mfn. 'whose very essence is desire', consisting of desire, indulging one's desires, given to lust, sensual, licentious MBh. Mn. vii, 27 [Page 273, Column 1]
• desiring, wishing for W
○tma-tā f. passion, lust Mn. ii, 2 R. ii, 21, 57
⋙ kāmādhikāra
kāmâdhikāra m. the influence of passion or desires W
• that part of a Śāstra that relates to human wishes or desires W
⋙ kāmādhiṣṭhita
kāmâdhiṣṭhita mfn. influenced or dominated by love W
⋙ kāmānala
kāmânala m. the fire of love, passion, lust W
⋙ kāmāndha
kāmândha mfn. blinded through love, blind with lust Mn. vii, 27 (vḷ.) Subh
• m. 'blind from love', the Indian cuckoo L
• the falcon L
• (ā), f. musk L
⋙ kāmānnin
kāmânnin mfn. having as much food as one likes TUp. iii, 10, 5
⋙ kāmābhikāma
kāmâbhikāma mfn. lustful MW
⋙ kāmābhivarṣaṇa
kāmâbhivarṣaṇa n. granting of desires BhP
⋙ kāmāyudha
kāmâyudha m. a species of the mango tree L
• (am), n. the weapon or arrow of the god of love
• membrum virile W
⋙ kāmāyus
kāmâyus m. a vulture L
• N. of Garuḍa L
⋙ kāmāraṇya
kāmâraṇya n. a pleasure grove or wood L
⋙ kāmāri
kāmâri m. 'love's adversary', N. of Śiva R. vii, 6, 31 Prasannar
• a mineral substance used in medicine, a sort of pyrites (= viṭa-māṣika) L
⋙ kāmārta
kāmârta mfn. afflicted by love or passion, in love W
⋙ kāmārthin
kāmârthin mfn. desirous of pleasure or love, amorous MW
○rthi-nagara n. N. of a town
⋙ kāmāvacara
kāmâvacara ās m. pl. the spheres or worlds of desire (six in number, also called devaloka, q.v) Buddh
• the gods or inhabitants of the worlds of desire (1. cāturmahārāja-kāyikās
• 2. trāyastriṃśās
• 3. tuṣitās
• 4. yāmās
• 5. nirmāṇa-ratayas
• 6. paranirmitavaśa-vartinas) ib
⋙ kāmāvatāra
kāmâvatāra m. N. of a metre consisting of four lines of six syllables each
• N. of wk
⋙ kāmāvasāya
kāmâvasāya m. suppression of the passions
⋙ kāmāvasāyitṛ
kāmâvasāyitṛ mfn. one who or anything that suppresses or destroys passion or desire L
⋙ kāmāvasāyin
kāmâvasāyin mfn. suppressing desire W
○yitā f. ○yi-tva n. the power of suppressing desire (one of the eight supernatural faculties of Śiva) L. (cf. yatra-kām○.)
⋙ kāmāśana
kāmâśaná n. eating at will, unrestrained eating ŚBr. vi
⋙ kāmāśaya
kāmâśaya m. the seat of desire BhP
⋙ kāmāśoka
kāmâśoka m. N. of a king Buddh
⋙ kāmāśrama
kāmâśrama m. the hermitage of the god of love R. i, 25, 17
-pada n. id. ib
⋙ kāmāsakta
kāmâsakta mfn. intent on gratifying desire, engrossed with love, deeply in love W
⋙ kāmāsakti
kāmâsakti f. addiction to love W
⋙ kāmepsu
kāmêpsu mfn. desirous of sensual objects SāmavBr
⋙ kāmeśvara
kāmêśvará m. N. of Kubera TĀr
• (ī), f. N. of a goddess
• (am), n. N. of a Tīrtha SkandaP
-tīrtha n. N. of a Tīrtha
-modaka m. or n. a kind of plant with aphrodisiac properties
⋙ kāmeṣṭa
kāmêṣṭa m. 'desired by Kāma', the mango tree Npr
⋙ kāmotthāpya
kāmôtthāpya mfn. to be sent away at will AitBr. vii, 29
⋙ kāmoda
kāmôda m. a particular Rāga
• (ī), f. the plant Phaseolus trilobus L
• a particular Rāgiṇī (also kāmôdā)
⋙ kāmodaka
kāmôdaka n. a voluntary oblation of water to deceased friends &c. (exclusive of those for whom it is obligatory) PārGṛ. iii, 10 Yājñ. iii, 4
⋙ kāmonmatta
kāmônmatta mfn. mad with love Daś
⋙ kāmonmādinī
kāmônmādinī f. N. of a Surâṅganā
⋙ kāmopahata
kāmôpahata mfn. overcome with passion or desire W
-cittâṅga mfn. one whose mind and body are overcome with love W
≫ kāmana
kāmana mfn. lustful, sensual, lascivious L. [O. Pers. kamana, 'loving, true, faithful']
• (ā), f. wish, desire L
• the plant Vanda Roxburghī Npr
≫ kāmanīyaka
kāmanīyaka n. loveliness, beauty Naish
≫ kāmam
kā́mam ind. (acc. of kā́ma g. svarâdi, not in Kāś.) according to wish or desire, according to inclination, agreeably to desire, at will, freely, willingly RV. TS. AitBr. ŚBr. ChUp. MBh. R. &c
• with pleasure, readily, gladly MBh. iii, 298 Ragh
• (as a particle of assent) well, very well, granted, admitted that, indeed, really, surely MBh. iii, 17195 R. v, 24, 4 Śak. Bhartṛ
• well and good, in any case, at any rate MBh. iii, 310, 19 R. iv, 9, 105 ; v, 53, 11 Śak. Dhūrtas
• (with na, 'in no case' R. iii, 56, 17)
• granted that, in spite of that, notwithstanding R. iv, 16, 50 Pañcat. &c
• though, although, supposing that (usually with Impv.) R. vi, 95, 49 and 56 Ragh. ii, 43 Śāntiś. (kāmaṃ-na or na tu or na ca, rather than, e.g. kāmam ā maraṇāt tiṣṭhed gṛhe kanyā - na enām prayacchet tu guṇa-hīnāya, 'rather should a girl stay at home till her death, than that he should give her to one void of excellent qualities' Mn. ix, 89
• the negative sentence with na or natu or na ca may also precede, or its place may be taken by an interrogative sentence, e.g. kāmaṃ nayatu māṃ devaḥ kim ardhenâtmano hi me, 'rather let the god take me, what is the use to me of half my existence?' BhP. vii, 2, 54 [Page 273, Column 2]
kāmaṃ - tu or kiṃ tu or ca or punar or athâpi or tathâpi, well, indeed, surely, truly, granted, though - however, notwithstanding, nevertheless, e.g. kāmaṃ tvayā parityaktā gamiṣyāmi - imaṃ tu bālaṃ saṃtyaktuṃ, nârhasi, 'granted that forsaken by thee I shall go - this child however thou must not forsake' MBh. i, 3059
• or the disjunctive particles may be left out R. Ragh. ii, 43 Śāntiś
yady-api-kāmaṃ tathâpi, though - nevertheless Prab.)
⋙ kāmaṃgāmin
kāmaṃ-gāmin kāma
≫ kāmayā
kāmayā ind. (instr. of kāmā, q.v.) only used with brūhi or pra-brūhi (e.g. kāmayā me brūhi deva kas tvam, 'for love of me, say, O god, who thou art' MBh.)
≫ kāmayāna
kāmayāna mfn. (irreg. pr. p., Caus. √kam) desiring, lusting after MBh. BhP. x, 47, 17
≫ kāmayitṛ
kāmayitṛ mfn. libidinous, lustful, desirous L
≫ kāmala
kāmala mfn. libidinous, lustful L
• m. the spring L
• dry and sterile soil, desert L
• (as, ā), mf. a form of jaundice Suśr. Hcat
• excessive secretion or obstruction of bile W
• (ā), f. N. of an Apsaras L
• (ī), f. N. of a daughter of Reṇu (also called Reṇukā) Hariv. 1453
≫ kāmalakīkara
kāmalakīkara mfn. fr. kamala-kīkara g. palady-ādi
≫ kāmalakīṭa
kāmalakīṭa mfn. fr. kamala-kīṭa ib
≫ kāmalabhida
kāmalabhida mfn. fr. kamala-bhidā ib
≫ kāmalāyana
kāmalāyana m. a descendant of Kamala, N. of Upakosala ChUp. iv, 10, 1
≫ kāmalāyani
kāmalāyani m. a descendant of Kamala Pravar
≫ kāmali
kāmali m. a descendant of Kamala, N. of a pupil of Vaiśampāyana Pāṇ. 4-3, 104 Kāś
• g. taulvaly-ādi in the Kāś
≫ kāmalika
kāmalika mfn. customary in (or symptomatic of) jaundice Car. vi, 18
≫ kāmalin
kāmalin mfn. suffering from jaundice Suśr
• (inas), m. pl. the school of Kamala Pāṇ. 4-3, 104 Kāś
≫ kāmāyanī
kāmāyanī f. a patr. of Śraddhā RAnukr
≫ kāmi 1
kāmi m. a lustful or libidinous man L
• (is), f. N. of a Rati (wife of Kāma) L
≫ kāmi 2
kāmi (in comp. for kāmin)
⋙ kāmijana
○jana m. a lover
⋙ kāmitā
○tā f. or the state of a lover, love, desire
⋙ kāmitva
○tva n. the state of a lover, love, desire
⋙ kāmimaha
○maha m. = kāma-maha L
⋙ kāmivallabha
○vallabha m. Ardea sibirica L
≫ kāmika
kāmika mfn. desired, wished for MBh. xiii, 6025
• satisfying desires MBh. iii, 13860
• (ifc.) relating to or connected with a desire or wish
• m. a wild duck (kāraṇḍava) L
• N. of an author of Mantras
• (ā), f. a mystical N. of the letter t
• (am), n. N. of wk. Hcat
≫ kāmita
kāmita mfn. wished, desired
• (am), n. a wish, desire, longing MBh. i, 58, 22 Kir. x, 44
≫ kāmin
kāmín mfn. desirous, longing after (acc. or in comp.)
• loving, fond, impassioned, wanton
• amorous, enamoured, in love with (acc. or with saha or sârdham) RV. AV. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh. R. Śak. &c
• (ī), m. a lover, gallant, anxious husband
• the ruddy goose (cakra-vāka) L
• a pigeon L
• Ardea Sibirica L
• a sparrow L
• N. of Śiva L
• (inī), f. a loving or affectionate woman Mn. viii, 112 R. Megh. Hariv. Ragh. &c
• a timid woman L
• a woman in general L
• a form of Devii Hcat
• the plant Vanda Roxburghī L
• the plant Curcuma aromatica L
• a spirituous liquor L
≫ kāminī
kāminī (f. of kāmin, q.v.)
⋙ kāminīkānta
○kānta n. a metre consisting of four lines of six syllables each
⋙ kāminīpriyā
○priyā f. a kind of spirituous liquor Npr
⋙ kāminīśa
kāminī7śa m. the plant Hyperanthera Moringa L
≫ kāmīna
kāmīna or m. the plant Areca Triandra L
⋙ kāmīla
kāmīla m. the plant Areca Triandra L
≫ kāmuka
kā́muka mf(ā)n. wishing for, desiring, longing after (in comp.) R. BhP
• loving, enamoured or in love with (acc.) TS. vi
• (f. ī), desirous, lustful Pāṇ. 4-1, 42
• m. a lover, gallant R. Ragh. xix, 33 &c
• (with gen.) Vārtt. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 69
• a sparrow L
• the plant Jonesia Aśoka L
• the creeping plant Gaertnera racemosa L
• a bow (v. l. for kārmuka) W
• a kind of pigeon L
• N. of an author of Mantras
• (ā), f. N. of Dākshyāyaṇī in Gandha-mādana
• a woman desirous of wealth &c. W
• (ī), f. a lustful woman, Pāṇ. 4-1, 42, and Vop. iv, 26
• a kind of crane L
⋙ kāmukakāntā
○kāntā f. the plant Gaertnera racemosa L
⋙ kāmukatva
○tva n. desire Megh. Comm. on Mṛicch
≫ kāmukāya
kāmukāya Nom. Ā. ○yate, 'to act the part of a lover', p. ○yita n. the actions or behaviour of a lover Kathās. civ, 89. [Page 273, Column 3]
⋙ kāmukāyana
kāmukāyana m. (g. 1. naḍâdi) 'a descendant of Kāmuka', N. of a teacher Jaim
≫ kāmya 1
kāmya Nom. P. ○yati, to have a desire for (only ifc., e.g. putra-kāmyati, to have a desire for children) Pāṇ. 3-1, 9 Comm. on Pāṇ. 8-3, 38 and 39 Vop. xxi, 1 Śāntiś. Bhaṭṭ. ix, 59
≫ kāmya 2
kā́mya mf(ā)n. desirable, beautiful, amiable, lovely, agreeable RV. VS. R. ii, 25, 9 ; v, 43, 13 Ragh. vi, 30 Śāntiś. ii, 7 Bhartṛ. iii, 40
• to one's liking, agreeable to one's wish KātyŚr. iv, 5, 1 ŚāṅkhŚr. iii, 11, 5 ĀśvGṛ. iv, 7
• optional (opposed to nitya or indispensable observance), performed through the desire of some object or personal advantage (as a religious ceremony &c.), done from desire of benefit or from interested motives KātyŚr. xii, 6, 15 ĀśvŚr. ii, 10 ĀśvGṛ. iii, 6 Kauś. 5 ChUp. v, 2, 9 Mn. ii, 2 MBh. &c
• (ā), f. N. of an Apsasas MBh. i, 4820 Hariv
• of several women VP
⋙ kāmyakarman
○karman n. any act or ceremony done from interested or selfish motives
⋙ kāmyagir
○gir f. a pleasing sound, agreeable speech
⋙ kāmyatā
○tā f. loveliness, beauty MBh
⋙ kāmyatva
○tva n. the state of being done from desire or from interested motives, selfishness Jaim. v, 3, 34
⋙ kāmyadāna
○dāna n. a desirable gift
• voluntary gift
⋙ kāmyamaraṇa
○maraṇa n. voluntary death, suicide W
⋙ kāmyavrata
○vrata n. a voluntary vow
⋙ kāmyābhiprāya
kāmyâbhiprāya m. self-interested motive or purpose
⋙ kāmyāṣṭamī
kāmyâṣṭamī f. a particular eighth day Hcat
⋙ kāmyeṣṭi
kāmyêṣṭi f. N. of wk
-tantra n. id
≫ kāmyaka
kāmyaka m. N. of a forest MBh. iii, 218 ; 242 sqq
• of a lake ib. ii, 1877
≫ kāmyā
kāmyā f. wish, desire, longing for or striving after (gen. or in comp., e.g. putra-kāmyayā, through desire for a son R. i, 13, 36 Ragh. i, 35)
• will, purpose, intention (e.g. yat-kāmyā́, irreg. instr. 'with which intention' ŚBr. iii, 9, 3, 4) Mn. MBh. R. Ragh. &c. ; [Zd. khshathro1-kāmya, 'wish for dominion.']
kāmaṭha mfn. (fr. kamaṭha), peculiar or belonging to the tortoise R. i, 45, 30
≫ kāmaṭhaka
kāmaṭhaka m. N. of a Nāga MBh. i, 2157
kāmaṇḍalava mfn. (fr. kamaṇḍalu), contained in a water-pot Hcar
• (am), n. the business or trade of a potter, g. yuvâdi
≫ kāmaṇḍaleya
kāmaṇḍaleya m. a metron. fr. kamaṇḍalū Pāṇ. 4-1, 135 Kāś. ; vii, 1, 2
• (ī), f. g. śārṅgaravâdi
kāmanda m. N. of a Ṛishi MBh. xii, 4535 ff
≫ kāmandaka
kāmandaka m. = kāmanda ib. 4534
• (ī), f. N. of a Buddhist priestess Mālatīm
• N. of a town Kathās
• (am), n. N. of wk. Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 75
≫ kāmandaki
kāmandaki m. 'son of Kamandaka', N. of the author of a nīti-śāstra called Nīti-sāra (in which are embodied she principles of his master Cāṇakya)
≫ kāmandakīya
kāmandakīya mfn. relating to or composed by Kāmandaki Daś
kāmerī f. N. of a locality
kāmpila m. N. of a country (believed to be situated in the north of India) L
• (ī), f. its capital W
≫ kāmpilya
kāmpilya m. N. of a country L
• of one of the five sons of Hary-aśva or Bharmyâśva (called collectively Pañcālas) VP. BhP
• of a plant (probably a Crinum, cf. kampila and kāmpīla) L
• a perfume (commonly Sunda Rocanī) L
• (ā, am), fn., N. of a city of the Pañcālas MBh. R. Kathās. VP
≫ kāmpilyaka
kāmpilyaka m. an inhabitant of Kāmpilya Pat
• N. of a plant (= kāmpilya) Mālatīm. (ed. Bomb. vḷ.)
≫ kāmpilla
kāmpilla m. (= kāmpilya), N. of a country (said to be in the north-west of India) L
• of a plant L
• of a perfume and drug L
≫ kāmpillaka
kāmpillaka m. (= kāmpilya), N. of a plant Mālatīm
• (ikā) f. id. L
• a drug (commonly called Sunda Rocanī) L
• a perfume L
• (am), n. a kind of medicinal substance (śuṇḍārocanikā) Suśr
≫ kāmpīla
kāmpīla m. (= kāmpilya), N. of a plant Kauś
• (mf(ī)n.), coming from that plant ib
• (am), n. N. of a town Comm. on VS. xxiii, 18
⋙ kāmpīlavāsin
○vāsín mfn. dwelling in that town VS. xxiii, 18
kāmbala mfn. (fr. kambala), covered with a woollen cloth or blanket (as a carriage) L. [Page 274, Column 1]
≫ kāmbalika
kāmbalika m. sour milk-mixed with whey and vinegar, gruel, barley-water Car. Suśr
≫ kāmbalikāyana
kāmbalikāyana mfn. (fr. kambalikā), g. pakṣâdi
kāmbavika m. (fr. kambu), a dealer in shells, maker or vendor of shell ornaments L
≫ kāmbukā
kāmbukā f. (= kamb○) Physalis flexuosa L
kāmbuva m. N. of a locality (? ḍhakka) Rājat. iii, 227
kāmboja mfn. (fr. kamboja g. sindhv-ādi and kacchâdi), born in or coming from Kamboja (as horses) R. v, 12, 36 &c
• m. a native of Kamboja (a race who, like the Yavanas, shave the whole head
• originally a Kshatriya tribe, but degraded through its omission of the necessary rites W.)
• a prince of the Kambojas MBh. i, 6995
• a horse of the Kamboja breed W
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people= Kamboja Mn. x, 44 MBh. R.: Ragh. BhP. Rājat
• the plant Rottleria tinctoria (commonly Punnag) L
• a kind of white Mimosa L
• (ī) f. the plant Glycine debilis L
• a kind of Mimosa L
• the tree Abrus precatorius L
• the plant Serratula anthelminthica L
≫ kāmbojaka
kāmbojaka mfn. born in or coming from Kamboja, g. kacchâdi Pāṇ. 4-2, 134
• (ikā), f. the white Abrus Npr
≫ kāmboji
kāmboji f. (metrically for kāmbojī) the plant Glycine debilis Suśr
≫ kāmbojinī
kāmbojinī f. N. of an attendant on Devii
kâmla mfn. (fr. 2. [kA+amla]), slightly acid, acidulous W
kāya 1
kāyá mf(ī)n. (fr. 3. ka Pāṇ. 4-2, 25), relating or devoted to the god Ka (Prajā-pati RV. x, 121) VS. TS. ŚBr
• &c
• m. one of the eight modes of marriage (= Prājāpatya, vivāha) Mn. iii, 38 Yājñ. i, 60
• (am), n. part of the hand sacred to Prajā-pati, the √of the little finger Mn. ii, 58 and 59
kāya 2
kāya m. (√ci Pāṇ. 3-3, 41), the body KātyŚr. Mn. &c
• the trunk of a tree R
• the body of a lute (the whole except the wires) L
• assemblage, collection, multitude SaddhP
• principal, capital Nār. Bṛih
• a house, habitation L
• a butt, mark L
• any object to be attained L
• natural temperament L
⋙ kāyakāraṇakartṛtva
○kāraṇa-kartṛ-tva n. activity in performing bodily acts
⋙ kāyakleśa
○kleśa m. bodily suffering, toil Mn. MBh. iii, 1472
⋙ kāyacikitsā
○cikitsā f. 'body-cure', treatment of bodily diseases Suśr
⋙ kāyadaṇḍa
○daṇḍa m. complete command over one's body Mn. xii, 10
⋙ kāyabandhana
○bandhana n. 'body-fastening', a girdle Buddh
⋙ kāyavat
○vat mfn. embodied Mcar
⋙ kāyavadha
○vadha m. N. of an Asura VP
⋙ kāyavalana
○valana n. 'body-fence', armour L
⋙ kāyaśuddhi
○śuddhi f. = -cikitsā VP
⋙ kāyastha
○stha m. 'dwelling in the body', the Supreme Spirit L
• a particular caste or man of that caste, the Kāyath or writer caste (born from a Kshatriya father and Śūdra mother) Yājñ. Mṛicch. &c
• (ā), f. a woman of that caste L
• Myrobalanus Chebula L
• Emblica officinalis Bhpr
• Ocimum sanctum L
• a drug (commonly Kākolī) L
• cardamoms L
• (ī), f. the wife of a Kāyath or writer L
⋙ kāyasthālī
○sthālī f. a red variety of Bignonia Npr
⋙ kāyasthikā
○sthikā f. (= -sthā) a drug (commonly Kākolī) Npr
⋙ kāyasthita
○sthita mfn. situated in the body, corporeal
⋙ kāyāgni
kāyâgni m. 'body-fire', the digestive secretion Car
⋙ kāyārohaṇa
kāyârohaṇa and n. two names of places
⋙ kāyāvarohaṇa
kāyâvarohaṇa n. two names of places
⋙ kāyotsarga
kāyôtsarga m. a kind of religious austerity Jain
≫ kāyaka
kāyaka mf(ikā)n. belonging or relating to the body, &c., corporeal L
• m. ifc. = kāya, body Sarvad
• (ikā), f. (with or without vṛddhi), interest obtained from capital, &c. Mn. viii, 153 Gaut. xii, 35. [kāyikā vṛddhi f. interest consisting in the use of an animal or any capital stock pawned or pledged
• service rendered by the body of an animal (as a cow, &c.) pledged and used by the person to whom it is pledged
• or (according to some) interest of which the payment does not affect the principal.]
≫ kāyika
kāyika mf(ī)n. performed with the body Mn. xii, 8 MBh. xviii, 303
• corporeal Suśr. &c
• (ifc.) belonging to an assemblage or multitude Buddh
kāyamāna 1
kāyamāna n. a hut made of grass or thatch Kād. Vāsav
≫ kāyamānikaniketana
kāyamānika-niketana n. id., Vāsav
kāyamāna 2
kā́yamāna mfn. (pr. p. Ā. √3. ?) shunning, avoiding RV. iii, 9, 2, [Page 274, Column 2]
kāyavya m. N. of a man MBh. xii, 4854 ff
kāra 1
kāra mf(ī)n. (√1. kṛ Pāṇ. 3-2, 23), making, doing, working, a maker, doer (ifc., kumbha-k○, yajña k○, suvarṇa-k○)
• an author (e.g. vārttika-k○)
• m. (ifc.) an act, action ( kāma-k○, puruṣa-k○)
• the term used in designating a letter or sound or indeclinable word (e.g. a-k○, ka-k○, qq. vv
eva-k○, the word eva
phūt-k○, q.v.) Prāt. Mn. &c
• effort, exertion L
• determination L
• religious austerity L
• a husband, master, lord L
• (as or ā), m. or f. act of worship, song of praise Divyāv
• (ī), f. N. of a plant (= kārikā, kāryā &c.) L
⋙ kārakara
○kara mf(ī)n. doing work, acting as agent (?) Pāṇ. 3-2, 21
⋙ kārāvara
kārâvara m. a man of a mixed and low caste (born from a Nishāda father and Vaidehī mother, working in leather and hides) Mn. x, 36 = MBh. xiii, 2588
≫ kāraka 1
kā́raka mf(ikā)n. (generally ifc.) making, doing, acting, who or what does or produces or creates MBh. &c. (cf. siṃha-k○, kṛtsna-k○, śilpa-k)
• intending to act or do Pāṇ. 2-3, 70 Sch
• (am), n. 'instrumental in bringing about the action denoted by a verb (= kriyā-hetu or -nimitta)', the notion of a case (but not co-extensive with the term case
• there are six such relations accord. to Pāṇ., viz. karman, karaṇa, kartṛ, sampradāna, apâdāna, adhikaraṇa, qq. vv. The idea of the genitive case is not considered a kāraka, because it ordinarily expresses the relation of two nouns to each other, but not the relation of a noun and verb)
⋙ kārakagupti
○gupti f. a sentence with a hidden subject Sāh
⋙ kārakaparīkṣā
○parī7kṣā f. N. of wk. on the cases
⋙ kārakavat
○vat mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 115 Vārtt. 2) relating to one who is active in anything W
• instrumental, causal W
⋙ kārakavāda
○vāda m. a treatise on the cases by Rudra
⋙ kārakavicāra
○vicāra m. N. of wk
⋙ kārakahetu
○hetu m. the efficient cause
⋙ kārakānvitā
kārakânvitā f. = kriyā Gal
≫ kāraja
kāraja mfn. (fr. kar○), of or relating to the finger-nail W
• m. (for ○ruja) a young elephant W
≫ kāraṇa 1
kāraṇa n. cause, reason, the cause of anything (gen., also often loc.) KātyŚr. MBh. Mn. &c
• instrument, means
• motive origin, principle
• a cause (in phil., i.e. that which is invariably antecedent to some product, cf. samavâyi-k○, asamavâyi-k○, nimitta-k○)
• an element, elementary matter Yājñ. iii, 148 Bhag. xviii, 13
• the origin or plot of a play or poem Sāh
• that on which an opinion or judgment is founded (a sign, mark
• a proof
• a legal instrument, document) Mn. MBh. &c
• an organ of sense Ragh. xvi, 22 &c
• an action MBh. xii, 12070
• agency, instrumentality, condition Kathās. cxii, 178
• 'the cause of being', a father W
• 'cause of creation', a deity W
• the body L
• a kind of musical instrument L
• a sort of song L
• a number of scribes or Kāyasthas W
• (ā), f. pain, agony Daś
• an astronomical period W. [kāraṇāt, from some cause or reason, Rprāt. iii, 13 Mn. viii, 355
kasmāt kāraṇāt, from what cause? mama-kāraṇāt, for my sake R. &c
a-kāraṇena, without a reason Yājñ. ii, 234
yena kāraṇena, because
yasmin kāraṇe, from which motive, wherefore.]
⋙ kāraṇakaraṇa
○karaṇa n. a primary cause, elementary cause, atom W
⋙ kāraṇakāritam
○kāritam ind. in consequence of R. ii, 58, 24
⋙ kāraṇagata
○gata mfn. referred to a cause, resolved into first principles W
⋙ kāraṇaguṇa
○guṇa m. 'a quality of cause', an elementary or causal property Sāṃkhyak. 14
○ṇôdbhava-guṇa m. a secondary or derivative property (as form, taste, smell, &c. produced by combinations of elementary or causal particles) Bhāshāp. 95
⋙ kāraṇatas
○tas ind. fr. a certain reason (cf. kārya-k○) Ragh. x, 19
⋙ kāraṇatā
○tā f. causality, causation Kum. ii, 6
-vāda m. N. of wk
⋙ kāraṇatva
○tva n. = -tā MBh. xiii, 38 BhP. &c
⋙ kāraṇadhvaṃsa
○dhvaṃsa m. removal of a cause
⋙ kāraṇadhvaṃsaka
○dhvaṃsaka mf(ikā)n. removing a cause
⋙ kāraṇadhvaṃsin
○dhvaṃsin mfn. id
⋙ kāraṇabhūta
○bhūta mfn. become a cause
⋙ kāraṇamālā
○mālā f. 'a series or chain of causes', a particular figure in rhet. Sāh
⋙ kāraṇavat
○vat mfn. having a cause Nyāyad
⋙ kāraṇavādin
○vādin m. 'cause-declarer', a complainant, plaintiff W
⋙ kāraṇavāri
○vāri n. primeval water, the water produced and created (from which as from an original reservoir the Hindūs suppose all the water in the universe to be supplied) W
⋙ kāraṇavihīna
○vihīna mfn. destitute of a cause or reason, unreasonable
⋙ kāraṇaśarīra
○śarīra n. 'causal body', the original embryo or source of the body existing with the Universal impersonal Spirit and equivalent to A-vidyā (equivalent also to Māyā, and when investing the impersonal Spirit causing it to become the Personal God or Īśvara RTL., p. 35 and 36), Vedântas. [Page 274, Column 3]
⋙ kāraṇākṣepa
kāraṇâkṣepa m. (in rhet.) an objection raised to the cause of a phenomenon Kāvyâd
⋙ kāraṇākhyā
kāraṇâkhyā f. (with the Pāśupatas) a N. of the organs of perception and action, of Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra, and Manas
⋙ kāraṇānvita
kāraṇânvita mfn. possessed of a cause or reason, following as an effect fr. its cause
⋙ kāraṇābhāva
kāraṇâbhāva m. absence of cause
⋙ kāraṇottara
kāraṇôttara n. answer to a charge, denial of the cause (of complaint
• e.g. acknowledgment that a debt was incurred, but assertion that it has been repaid, &c.)
≫ kāraṇaka
kāraṇaka ifc. = 1. kāraṇa, cause Sāh
≫ kāraṇika
kāraṇika mfn. (g. kāśy-ādi) 'investigating, ascertaining the cause', a judge Pañcat
• a teacher MBh. ii, 167
≫ kāram
kāram (√1. kṛ), adv. ind. p. ifc. ( svāhā-k○ ŚBr
cauraṃ-k○ ākrośati, he abuses a person by calling him a thief Pāṇ. 3-4, 26 Sch
svāduṃ-k○ ib. Kāś. &c.)
≫ kārayat
⋙ kārayamāṇa
kārayamāṇa pr. p. Caus. √kṛ, q.v
≫ kārayitavya
kārayitavya mfn. to be caused or effected or made to do R. Pañcat. xxiv
⋙ kārayitavyadakṣa
○dakṣa mfn. clever at performing what has to be done Kum. vii, 27
≫ kārayitṛ
kārayitṛ mfn. causing or instigating to act or do Mn. xii, 12 MBh
• performer of a religious ceremony Hcat
≫ kārayiṣṇu
kārayiṣṇu mfn. causing to act or perform Vop
≫ kāri 1
kāri is mf. an artist, artificer, mechanic Pāṇ. 4-1, 152
• (is), f. action, act, work (only used in questions) Pāṇ. 3-3, 110
≫ kārikā
kārikā (f. of kāraka), a female dancer L
• a business L
• trade L
• concise statement in verse of (esp. philos. and gramm.) doctrines MBh. ii, 453 &c
• torment, torture L
• interest L
• N. of a plant L
• (ās), f. pl. or more commonly hari-kārikās, the Kārikās of Bhartṛi-hari, i.e. the verses contained in his gramm. work Vākya-padīya (q.v.)
⋙ kārikānibandha
○nibandha m. N. of wk
⋙ kārikāvalī
kārikâvalī f. N. of wk
≫ kārita
kārita mfn. ifc. caused to be made or done, brought about, effected Mn. MBh. &c
• (ā), f. (scil. vṛddhi) forced to be paid, interest exceeding the legal rate of interest Gaut. Comm. on Mn. viii, 153
• (am), n. the Caus. form of a verb Nir. i, 13
⋙ kāritavat
○vat mfn. one who has caused to be made or done
⋙ kāritānta
kāritânta mfn. ending with a Caus. affix APrāt
≫ kārin 1
kārin mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 72) doing, making, effecting, producing, acting, an actor Yājñ. MBh. &c. (mostly ifc. ŚBr. Mn. &c.)
• (ī), m. a mechanic, tradesman L
kāra 2
kāra m. (= 2. kara) tax, toll, royal revenue Pāṇ. 6-3, 10
• a heap of snow or a mountain covered with it L
• (mfn.) produced by hail Suśr
⋙ kārakukṣīya
○kukṣīya m. N. of the country of king Sālva on the skirts of the Himālaya ridge in the N. W of Hindūstān L
• (ās), m. pl. the people of this country L
⋙ kāramihikā
○mihikā f. camphor (?) L
≫ kāraka 2
kāraka n. hail-water L
kāra 3
kārá m. (√2. kṛ), a song or hymn of praise RV
• a battle song RV
≫ kāri 2
kā́ri mfn. raising hymns of praise VS. xxx, 6 and 20
≫ kārin 2
kārín mfn. rejoicing, praising RV
kāra 4
kāra m. (√2. kṝ), killing, slaughter L
≫ kāraṇa 2
kāraṇa n. killing, injury L
kārañja mfn. produced by or coming fr. the tree Karañja (Pongamia glabra) Suśr
• (ī), f. a kind of pepper L
kāraṇḍa m. a sort of duck R. vii, 31, 21 (cf. karaṇḍa.)
⋙ kāraṇḍavatī
○vatī f. 'abounding in Kāraṇḍavas', N. of a river, g. ajirâdi Comm. on Pāṇ. 6-1, 220
⋙ kāraṇḍavyūha
○vyūha m. N. of a Buddha L
• of a Buddhist work (cf. karaṇḍa-vy○.)
≫ kāraṇḍava
kāraṇḍava m. = kāraṇḍa MBh. R. &c
kāratantavikā or ○kī f. fr. kara-tantu Pāṇ. 4-2, 104 Vārtt. 3 and 24 Pat
kāraṃdhama m. (fr. karaṃ-dh○), a patr. of Avikshit MBh. xiv, 63 and 80
• (am), n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh. i, 7841
≫ kāraṃdhamin
kāraṃdhamin ī m. a brazier, worker in mixed or white metal L
• an assayer L
kārapacava N. of a region near the Yamunā TāṇḍyaBr. ĀśvŚr. KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. &c
kārapatha kārāp○
kārabha mfn. (fr. kar○), produced by or coming fr. a camel Car. Suśr. [Page 275, Column 1]
kāra-mihikā 2. kāra
kārambhā f. (cf. kar○), N. of a plant bearing a fragrant seed (commonly Priyaṃgu) L
kā-rava m. 'making the sound ', a crow L
• N. of a man Saṃskārak
kāravallī f. Momordica Charantia Car. (cf. kāravella and kāṇḍīra.)
kāravī f. the Asa foetida plant or its leaf (= Hiṅgu-parṇī) L
• Celosia cristata L
• a kind of anise (Anethum Sowa) L
• Nigella indica Bhpr
• a kind of fennel ib
• a small kind of gourd L
• Carum Carvi Bhpr
kāravella m. the gourd Momordica Charantia Suśr
• (ī), f. id. Bhpr
• (am), n. its fruit L
≫ kāravellaka
kāravellaka m. and id. Suśr
⋙ kāravellikā
kāravellikā f. id. Suśr
kāravya 2. kārú
kāraskara m. (Pāṇ. 6-1, 156), N. of a poisonous medicinal plant BhP. v, 14, 12
• a tree in general L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a people MBh. ii, 1804 ; viii, 2066
• (vv. ll. kāraskāra and kāraskṛta.)
⋙ kāraskarāṭikā
kāraskarâṭikā f. (√aṭ), a centipede or worm resembling it L
kārā f. (√1. kṛ?), a prison Vikr. Daś
• binding, confinement, g. bhidâdi
• the part of a lute below the neck (for deadening the sound) L
• pain, affliction L
• a female messenger L
• a female worker in gold L
• a kind of bird L
⋙ kārāgāra
○"ṣgāra (kārâg○), n. a gaol or place of confinement Daś. Bālar
⋙ kārāgupta
○gupta mfn. 'prison-confined', imprisoned
⋙ kārāgṛha
○gṛha a prison-house Ragh. &c
⋙ kārāpāla
○pāla m. prison-guard
⋙ kārābhū
○bhū Pāṇ. 6-4, 84 Kāś
⋙ kārāvāsa
○vāsa m. a prison Daś
⋙ kārāveśman
○veśman n. id. Bālar
⋙ kārāstha
○stha mfn. imprisoned Kathās
kā́rādhunī f. a kind of musical instrument (Sāy
• 'battle-cry' NBD.) RV. i, 180, 8
kārāpatha m. N. of a country Ragh. xv, 90
• (vḷ. kārup○ R. vii
kārap○ VP.)
kārāyikā f. = karāy○ L
kārīra mfn. (g. palāśâdi) made of the shoots of reed Lalit. Pāṇ. 4-3, 135 Kāś
• (ī́), f. (scil. íṣṭi) 'connected with the fruit of the plant Capparis aphylla', a sacrifice in which this fruit is used MaitrS. Kāṭh. &c
≫ kārīrya
kārīrya mfn. connected with the sacrifice called karīrī́ ĀtrAnukr
kārīṣa mfn. (fr. kar○), produced from or coming from dung Suśr
• (am), n. a heap of dung L
• (Hariv. 4355 misprinted for kar○.)
≫ kārīṣi
kārīṣi m. N. of a man MBh. xiii, 254
• (ayas), m. pl., N. of a family Hariv
kāru 1
kāru us mf. (fr. √1. kṛ), a maker, doer, artisan, mechanic Mn. Yājñ. &c
• (us), m. 'architect of the gods', N. of Viśva-karman L
• an art, science L
• mfn. (only etymological) horrible MBh. i, 1657
⋙ kārucaura
○caura m. 'mechanical thief', burglar L
⋙ kāruja
○ja m. anything produced by an artist or mechanic, any piece of mechanism or product of manufacture L
• a young elephant L
• an ant-hill L
• froth, foam L
• sesamum growing spontaneously L
• the tree Mesua ferrea L
• red orpiment L
⋙ kāruhasta
○hasta m. the hand of an artisan Mn. v, 129
≫ kāruka
kāruka as, ā mf. an. artisan, artificer Mn. MBh. VarBṛS
⋙ kārukasiddhāntin
○siddhântin inas m. pl., N. of a Śaiva sect Comm. on Bādar. ii, 2, 37
kāru 2
kārú m. (fr. √2. kṛ), one who sings or praises, a poet RV. AV
• (avas), m. pl., N. of a family of Ṛishis GopBr
⋙ kārudveṣin
○dveṣín mfn. hating the singer MaitrS
⋙ kārudhāyas
○dhāyas (kārú-), mfn. favouring or supporting the singer RV
≫ kāravya
kāravya mfn. 'relating to the singer', (ās), f. pl. (scil. ṛcas), N. of certain verses of the AV. (xx, 127, 11-14) AitBr. vi, 32
≫ kāruṇya 1
kāruṇyá mfn. praiseworthy Comm. TBr. ii
kāruṇika mfn. (fr. karuṇa), compassionate MBh. &c
⋙ kāruṇikatā
○tā f. compassion BhP
≫ kāruṇya 2
kāruṇya n. compassion, kindness MBh. R. &c
⋙ kāruṇyadhenu
○dhenu m. 'compassion-cow', N. of Buddha Divyâv
⋙ kāruṇyavedin
○vedin mfn. compassionate R. &c
○ditva n. compassion R
⋙ kāruṇyasūtra
○sūtra n. N. of a Sūtra. [Page 275, Column 2]
kāruṇḍikā ○ṇḍī f. a leech L
kārupatha kārāp○
kāruvidā f. ? GopBr. i, 2, 21
kārūṣa m. (gana bhargâdi) a prince of the Kārūshas Hariv. 4964 BhP
• (ās), m. pl. (= kar○), N. of a country MBh. ii, 1864
• of a people MBh. BhP. VP
• m. (= kar○), N. of a son of Manu MBh
• an intermediate caste or man of that caste Mn. x, 23
≫ kārūṣaka
kārūṣaka mfn. reigning over the Kārūshas MBh. i, 2700
kāreṇava mfn. (fr. kareṇu), drawn from a female elephant (as milk) Suśr
• a patr. of Pālakāpya L
≫ kāreṇupālāyana
kāreṇupālāyana m. a descendant of Kāreṇupāli, g. taulvaly-ādi
≫ kāreṇupāli
kāreṇupāli m. a son or descendant of Kareṇu-pāla ib
kārotará m. a filtering vessel or a cloth used to purify the liquor called Surā RV. i, 116, 7 VS. ŚBr. &c
≫ kārottama
kārottama m. the froth of Surā L
≫ kārottara 1
kārottara m. id. L
• a well L
kā́rotī f. N. of a river or of a locality ŚBr. ix, 5, 2, 15
kārottara 2
kārôttara mfn. followed by kāra TPrāt
kārkaṭya m. N. of a man, g. vākinâdi (Kāś.)
≫ kārkaṭyāyani
kārkaṭyāyani m. a patr. fr. ○ṭya ib
kārkaṇa mf(ī)n. (fr. kṛkaṇa), relating to a pheasant Pāṇ. 4-2, 145
• g. śuṇḍikâdi
kārkandhava mf(ī)n. coming from or belonging to the plant Karkandhū (q.v.), g. bilvâdi
kārkalāseya m. (fr. kṛkalāsá), N. of a man, g. śubhrâdi
kārkavākava mf(ī)n. (fr. kṛkavāku), relating to a cock W
kārkaśya n. (fr. karkaśa), roughness, hardness Suśr. &c
• rough labour MBh. xiii, 5551
• firmness, sternness Pañcat. &c
kārkaṣa v. l. for kārkaṭya, q.v
kārkīka mfn. (fr. karka), resembling a white horse Pāṇ. 5-3, 110
kārkoṭa m. N. of a serpent-demon Kathās
≫ kārkoṭaka
kārkoṭaka m. id. ib
• (am), n. N. of a town ib
kārṇa mfn. (fr. kárṇa), relating to the ear L
• a patr. fr. karṇa g. śivâdi
• (am), n. ear-wax W
• an ear-ring W
≫ kārṇakharaki
kārṇakharaki m. a patr. fr. karna-kharaka Pāṇ. 2-4, 58 Pat
≫ kārṇacchidrika
kārṇacchidrika mfn. (fr. karṇa-cchidraka), (a well) shaped like the opening of the ear Pāṇ. 4-2, 79 Kāś
≫ kārṇaveṣṭakika
kārṇaveṣṭakika mf(ī)n. (fr. karṇa-veṣṭaka), ornamented with or fit for ear-rings Pāṇ. 5-1, 99 Kāś
≫ kārṇaśravasa
kārṇaśravasa n. (fr. karṇa-śravas), N. of a Sāman TāṇḍyaBr. ĀrshBr. Lāṭy
≫ kārṇāyani
kārṇāyani mfn. fr. kárṇa Pāṇ. 4-2, 80
≫ kārṇi
kārṇi mfn. id., g. sutaṃ-gamâdi
≫ kārṇika
kārṇika mf(ī)n. relating to the ear W
kārṇāṭa-bhāṣā f. the dialect of Karṇāṭa
kārta 1
kārta mfn. (fr. 1. kṛt), relating to or treating of the kṛt suffixes Pāṇ. 4-3, 66 Kāś
kārta 2
kārta m. (fr. kṛtá), N. of a son of Dharma-netra Hariv. 1845
• a patr. in the compound
⋙ kārtakaujapau
kārta-kaujapau nom. du. m. which begins a Gaṇa of Pāṇ. 6-2, 37
≫ kārtayaśa
kārtayaśa n. (irreg. fr. kṛta-yaśas), N. of a Sāman TāṇḍyaBr. ĀrshBr. Lāṭy
≫ kārtayuga
kārtayuga mfn. relating to the Kṛita age MBh. i, 3600 ; xii, 2681. [Page 275, Column 3]
⋙ kārtavīrya
kārtavīrya m. 'son of Kṛita-viirya', N. of Arjuna (a prince of the Haihayas, killed by Paraśurāma) MBh. &c
• N. of one of the Cakravartins (emperors of the world in Bhārata-varsha) Jain
≫ kārtasvara
kārtasvara n. (fr. kṛta-sv○), gold MBh. BhP
• the thorn-apple W
≫ kārtāntika
kārtântika m. an astrologer Daś
≫ kārtārthya
kārtârthya n. (fr. kṛtârtha), the attainment of an object, Sah
≫ kārti
kārti m. (Pāṇ. 8-2, 42 Vārtt. 3) a son or descendant of Kṛita Hariv. 1082
• (ayas), m. pl., N. of his family ib
⋙ kārtisiṃhadeva
○siṃha-deva m. N. of a man
kārttika m. (fr. kṛttikā, q.v
• with or without māsa), N. of a month corresponding to part of October and November (the twelfth month of the year, when the full moon is near the Pleiades) Pāṇ. Lāṭy. MBh. &c
• N. of Skanda ( kārttikeya) BrahmaP
• of a Varsha
• of a medical author
• (as, or am), m. n. N. of the first year in Jupiter's period of revolution VarBṛS. Sūryas
• (am), n. N. of a Tīrtha MatsyaP
⋙ kārttikakuṇḍa
○kuṇḍa m. N. of a physician Comm. on Suśr
⋙ kārttikamahiman
○mahiman m. 'the greatness of Kārttika', N. of a treatise on the festivals of that month
⋙ kārttikamāhātmya
○māhātmya n. N. of a section of the PadmaP
⋙ kārttikaśāli
○śāli m. rice ripening in the month Kārttika (forming the principal harvest in India) W
⋙ kārttikasiddhānta
○siddhânta m. N. of a scholiast on the Mugdha-bodha
⋙ kārttikotsava
kārttikôtsava m. a festival on the day of full moon in the month Kārttika L
≫ kārttikika
kārttikika mfn. taking place in Kārttika Vām
• m. the month Kārttika Pāṇ. 4-2, 23
≫ kārttikī
kārttikī f. of kārttika above, (with or without rātri) the night of full moon in the month Kārttika, the day on which the moon stands in the constellation Kṛittikā KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr. MBh. &c
• the night of new moon in the month Kārttika Jain
• the śakti of Kārttikeya BrahmaP
⋙ kārttikīvrata
○vrata n. N. of a particular religious observance
≫ kārttikeya
kārttikeya m. N. of a son of Śiva and Pārvatī (popularly regarded as god of war, because he leads the Gaṇas or hosts of Śiva against the demon hosts, RTL. p. 213
• accord. to one legend he was son of Śiva without the intervention of Pārvatī, the generative energy of Śiva being cast into the fire and then received by the Ganges, whence he is sometimes described as son of Agni and Gaṅgā
• when born he was fostered by the six Kṛittikās, q.v., and these offering their six breasts to the child he became six-headed
• he is also called Kumāra, Skanda, and Subrahmaṇya
• his N. Kārttikeya may be derived from his foster mothers or from the month Kārttika as the best for warfare: in the Mṛicch. and elsewhere he is regarded as presiding over thieves) MBh. &c
⋙ kārttikeyaprasū
○prasū f. 'mother of Kārttikeya', N. of Pārvatī
kārtsna n. (fr. kṛtsná
• probably for the next), the whole, totality Suśr
≫ kārtsnya
kārtsnya n. id. MBh. &c
• (ena), ind. in full, entirely Mn. iii, 183
kārdama mf(ī)n. (fr. kardama), made of mud, muddy, filled or covered with mud R. v, 27, 16 Pāṇ. 4-2, 2 Kāś
• belonging to Prajāpati Kardama BhP. iii, 24, 6
≫ kārdami
kārdami m. a son of Kardama ( iḍa) R. vii, 87, 29
≫ kārdamika
kārdamika mf(ī Pāṇ. 4-2, 2 Vārtt.)n. muddy Daś
≫ kārdameya
kārdameya m. = kārdami R. vii
kārpaṭa m. (fr. karpaṭa), 'one dressed in ragged garments', a beggar, petitioner, suitor L
• lac L
≫ kārpaṭika
kārpaṭika m. a pilgrim Kathās
• a caravan of pilgrims W
• a deceiver, rogue BhavP
• a trusty follower Hcar
• an experienced man of the world L
• N. of a pilgrim Kathās
kārpaṇī f. gladness Npr
kārpaṇya n. (fr. kṛpaṇa), poverty, pitiful circumstances MBh. &c. R
• poorness of spirit, weakness ib
• parsimony, niggardliness Hit. &c.: compassion, pity BhP. v, 8, 10
kārpāṇá n. (fr. kṛpāṇa), a sword-fight ṣāy. RV. x, 22, 10
kārpāsa mf(ī L.)n. (fr. karpāsa
• g. bilvâdi), made of cotton, cottony ĀśvŚr. Lāṭy. Mn. &c. [Page 276, Column 1]
• (as, am), m. n. cotton, cotton cloth, &c. Mn. MBh. &c
• paper W
• (ī), f. the cotton plant Suśr
⋙ kārpāsatāntava
○tāntava n. texture made of cotton Mn. xii, 64
⋙ kārpāsanāsikā
○nāsikā f. a spindle L
⋙ kārpāsasautrika
○sautrika n. = -tāntava Yājñ. ii, 179
⋙ kārpāsāsthi
kārpāsâsthi n. the seed of the cotton plant Mn. iv, 78
≫ kārpāsaka
kārpāsaka mfn. made of cotton W
• (ikā), f. the cotton plant L
≫ kārpāsika
kārpāsika mf(ī)n. made of cotton MBh. &c
kārpūra mfn. (fr. karpūra), made of camphor Hcat
≫ kārpūriṇa
kārpūriṇa mfn. fr. karpūrin g. suvāstvādi
≫ kārpūreya
kārpūreya mfn. N. of a man, g. śubhrâdi
kārma 1
kārma mf(ī)n. (fr. kárman
• g. chattrâdi), active, laborious Pāṇ. 6-4, 172
≫ kārmaṇa
kārmaṇa mf(ī)n. relating to or proceeding from a work or action W
• finishing a work W
• performing anything by means of magic
• (am), n. magic, sorcery, witchcraft Pāṇ. 5-4, 36 Rājat
⋙ kārmaṇatva
○tva n. magic, sorcery Śiś. x, 37
≫ kārmaṇeyaka
kārmaṇeyaka ās m. pl., N. of a people VarBṛS
≫ kārmāra
kārmārá m. = karmā́ra, a mechanic, smith RV. ix, 112, 2
• a patr. fr. Karmāra, g. śivâdi
≫ kārmāraka
kārmāraka n. smith's work, g. kulālâdi
≫ kārmāryāyaṇi
kārmāryāyaṇi m. a patr. fr. Karmāra Pāṇ. 4-1, 155
≫ kārmika
kārmika ās m. pl. 'engaged in action', N. of a Buddh. philos. school
• (am), n. 'manufactured, embroidered', any variegated texture Yājñ. ii, 180
≫ kārmikya
kārmikya n. (fr. karmika), activity, industry, g. purokitâdi
≫ kārmuka 1
kārmuka mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-1, 103) efficacious (as a medicine) Car
• m. a bamboo L
• the plant Melia sempervirens Bhpr
• the white Khadira tree L
• Smilax China Npr
• a kind of honey (v. l. gārmuta, q.v.) L
kārma 2
kārma mfn. (fr. kṛ́mi), belonging to a worm Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 121
⋙ kārmaraṅga
○raṅga mfn. deep red, crimson Hcar
kārmuka 2
kārmuka mf(ī́)n. consisting of the wood kṛmúka ŚBr. KātyŚr
• (am), n. (ifc. f. ā MBh.) a bow ŚāṅkhŚr. Mn. &c
• a bowshaped instrument L
• a geometrical arc Sūryas
• the rainbow VarYogay
• Sagittarius VarBṛS
• a particular constellation VarBṛ
⋙ kārmukabhṛt
○bhṛt mfn. bearing a bow Veṇis
• (t), m. Sagittarius VarBṛ
⋙ kārmukopaniṣad
kārmukôpaniṣad f. the secret of the art of shooting Bālar
≫ kārmukāya
kārmukāya Nom. Ā. ○kāyate, to form or represent a bow, Śṛiṅgār
≫ kārmukin
kārmukin mfn. armed with a bow R. iii
kāryá mfn. (fut. p.p. √1. kṛ), to be made or done or practised or performed, practicable feasible AV. iii, 24, 5 TS. Mn. &c
• to be imposed (as a punishment) Mn. viii, 276 & 285
• to be offered (as a libation) Mn. &c
• proper to be done, fit, right
• (am), n. work or business to be done, duty, affair Mn. MBh. &c
• a religious action or performance Mn. &c
• occupation, matter, thing, enterprise, emergency, occurrence, crisis
• conduct, deportment
• occasion, need (with inst., e.g. tṛṇena kāryam, there is need of a straw
na bhūmyā kāryam asmākam, we have no business with the earth R. i, 13, 50)
• lawsuit, dispute
• an operation in grammar (e.g. sthāny-āśrayaṃ kāryam, an operation resting on the primitive form as opposed to the ādeśa, or substitute) Kāś. on Pāṇ
• an effect, result MBh. Sāṃkhyak. Vedântas
• motive, object, aim, purpose (e.g. kiṃ kāryam, for what purpose? wherefore?) Mn. R. &c
• cause, origin L
• the denouement of a drama Sāh
• (ā), f. (= kārī, ○rikā), N. of a plant L
⋙ kāryakara
○kara mfn. efficacious Suśr
⋙ kāryakartṛ
○kartṛ m. one who works in the interest of (gen.) Pañcat
⋙ kāryakāraṇa
○kāraṇa n. a particular or special cause (tat-kārya-kāraṇāt, in consequence of that) Pañcat. Kathās
-tas ind. from some special cause, with a particular design or motive Hit. i, 33
-tva n. the state of both cause and effect Sarvad
-bhāva m. state or relation of cause and effect
⋙ kāryakārin
○kārin mfn. performing a work
⋙ kāryakāla
○kāla m. time for action, appointed time, season, opportunity R. i, 30, 12 &c
⋙ kāryakuśala
○kuśala mfn. skilful in work. [Page 276, Column 2]
⋙ kāryakṣama
○kṣama mfn. fit for a work
⋙ kāryagurutā
○guru-tā f. importance of any act
⋙ kāryagurutva
○guru-tva n. id
⋙ kāryagaurava
○gaurava n. id. Nal. xx, 22
⋙ kāryacintaka
○cintaka m. 'taking care of a business', manager of a business Yājñ. ii, 191
• prudent, cautious
⋙ kāryacintā
○cintā f. prudence in action, caution
⋙ kāryacyuta
○cyuta mfn. removed from office, out of work
⋙ kāryatama
○tama mfn. most proper to be done MBh. R. v, 77, 16
⋙ kāryatas
○tas ind. consequently, necessarily, actually
⋙ kāryatā
○tā f. the being an effect, the relation or state of an effect KapS
⋙ kāryatva
○tva n. id. BhP. Vedântas. Sāh
⋙ kāryadarśana
○darśana n. inspection of work, revision Mn. viii, 9 and 23
⋙ kāryadarśin
○darśin m. an inspector or superintendent of affairs
⋙ kāryanirṇaya
○nirṇaya m. ascertainment of a fact, settlement or decision of an affair Yājñ. ii, 10
⋙ kāryanirvṛtti
○nirvṛtti f. the result of an action Suśr
⋙ kāryapariccheda
○pariccheda m. right estimate of a case, discrimination Hit. xxxii, 22
⋙ kāryapuṭa
○puṭa m. one who does useless things L
• a crazy or hair-brained man L
• an impudent fellow L
• an idler L
⋙ kāryapradveṣa
○pradveṣa m. 'hatred of work', idleness L
⋙ kāryapreṣya
○preṣya m. a person sent on any business, messenger Sāh
⋙ kāryabhāj
○bhāj mfn. undergoing or subject to a grammatical operation Comm. on TPrāt
• -([bhAk)-tva] n. the state of being so ib.,
⋙ kāryabhājana
○bhājana n. any one fit for business
⋙ kāryabhraṣṭa
○bhraṣṭa mfn. = -cyuta
⋙ kāryavat
○vat mfn. having any business or duty, engaged in a business Mn. ix, 74 MBh. &c
• having a cause or motive R. vii, 53, 26
• pursuing a certain purpose R. v, 8, 9 (-tā)
• the state of being engaged in a work
-tā f. any business or affair MBh. i, 1789 R
-tva n. id
⋙ kāryavaśa
○vaśa m. 'the force of a reason', (āt), abl. ind. for some reason Pañcat
⋙ kāryavastu
○vastu n. anything that has to be done, aim, object W
⋙ kāryavinimaya
○vinimaya m. mutual engagement to do something Mālav
⋙ kāryavinirṇaya
○vinirṇaya m. = -nirṇaya Mn. i, 114 ; viii, 8
⋙ kāryavipatti
○vipatti f. failure of an action, reverse Hit
⋙ kāryavṛttānta
○vṛttânta m. a matter of fact, actual occurrence MBh
⋙ kāryavyasana
○vyasana n. failure of an affair Kām
⋙ kāryaśeṣa
○śeṣa m. the remainder of a business Mn. vii, 153 and 179 Ratnāv
⋙ kāryasaṃdeha
○saṃdeha m. uncertainty about a work, embarrassment W
⋙ kāryasama
○sama m. (in Nyāya phil.) a particular sophistical objection (ignoring that similar effects may result from dissimilar circumstances) Nyāyad. v, 1, 37 Sarvad
⋙ kāryasāgara
○sāgara m. 'ocean of business', mass or weight of affairs W
⋙ kāryasādhaka
○sādhaka mfn. effective of any work, accomplishing any object, agent W
⋙ kāryasiddhi
○siddhi f. accomplishment of a work, fulfilment of an object, success Mudr
⋙ kāryasthāna
○sthāna n. a place of business, office W
⋙ kāryahantṛ
○hantṛ m. one who obstructs an affair, mar-plot Hit
⋙ kāryākārya
kāryâkārya n. what is to be done and not to be done
-vicāra m. deliberation on what is to be done or not
⋙ kāryākṣama
kāryâkṣama mfn. unfit for work Hit
⋙ kāryākṣepa
kāryâkṣepa m. (in rhet.) a denial of the results stated to follow on a particular condition of things Kāvyâd
⋙ kāryākhyā
kāryâkhyā f. (with the Pāśupatas) N. of the five elements and the five Guṇas
⋙ kāryātipāta
kāryâtipāta m. neglect of business Śak
⋙ kāryātipātin
kāryâtipātin mfn. neglecting business Comm. on Yājñ
⋙ kāryādhikārin
kāryâdhikārin m. a superintendent of affairs, minister Hit
⋙ kāryādhipa
kāryâdhipa m. a dominant or presiding planet determining any matter (in astrol.) VarBṛ
⋙ kāryānta
kāryânta m. the end of a business
⋙ kāryāntara
kāryântara n. interval of business, leisure Hariv. 4339
• another affair Comm. on Yājñ
-saciva m. the associate of a prince in his leisure hours Mālav
⋙ kāryāpekṣin
kāryâpêkṣin mfn. pursuing a particular object Kathās. lvi, 134
⋙ kāryārtha
kāryârtha m. the object of a business or enterprise
• any object or purpose
• application for employment
• (am), ind. for the sake of any business or for any particular object Mn
-siddhi f. the accomplishment of any object or purpose Mn. vii, 167
⋙ kāryārthin
kāryârthin mfn. making a request, seeking for business, applying for employment
• pleading a cause in court, going to law Mṛicch. Comm. on Mn. vii, 124
⋙ kāryekṣaṇa
kāryêkṣaṇa n. superintendence of public affairs Mn. vii, 141
⋙ kāryeśa
kāryêśa and m. = kāryâdhipa
⋙ kāryeśvara
kāryêśvara m. = kāryâdhipa
⋙ kāryodyukta
kāryôdyukta mfn. engaged in any business, intent upon any object
⋙ kāryodyoga
kāryôdyoga m. active engagement in any business
⋙ kāryopekṣā
kāryôpêkṣā f. neglect of duty Hit
≫ kāryika
kāryika mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 115 Pat.) pleading a cause in court Mn. vii, 124
≫ kāryin
kāryin mfn. (Pāṇ. 5-2, 115 Pat.) one who transacts business, assiduous
• seeking for employment
• having an object
• a party to a suit either as plaintiff or defendant Mn. viii, ix
• (in Gr.) subject to the operation of a grammatical rule, requiring an affix, &c. Pāṇ. Pat. & Kāś. [Page 276, Column 3]
kārvaṭika m. the chief of a village (karvaṭa) Divyâv
kārśa m. Curcuma Zedoaria L
kā́rśakeyī-pútra m. (the first part fr. kṛśaka?), N. of a teacher ŚBr. xiv
kārśaná mfn. (fr. kṛśana), consisting of pearl or mother-of-pearl AV. iv, 10, 7 [MSS. karśaná.]
kārśānava mfn. (fr. kṛsānu), fiery, hot, glaring Bālar
kārśâśvīya n. (Pāṇ. 4-2, 80) the Sūtra of Kṛiśāśva, ṇBḍ.
kārśmarī f. N. of a plant (= kārṣmaryá, kāśmarī) L
kārśya 1
kārśya m. N. of a plant (= kārṣya, kārṣmaryá) L
• another plant (= karcūra) L
• the plant Artocarpus Lacucha L
kārśya 2
kārśya n. (fr. kṛśá g. dṛḍhâdi), emaciation, thinness Suśr. BhP. Kathās. &c
• 'smallness (of property)', artha-k○
kārṣa m. (√kṛṣ
• g. chattrâdi), 'one who ploughs', a peasant, husbandman Divyâv
• (ī), f. gomaya-k○
≫ kārṣaka
kārṣaka m. id. Kathās. Rājat. v, 169
≫ kārṣāpaṇa
kārṣâpaṇa as, am m. n. (g. ardharcâdi
• cf. karṣ) 'weighing a Karsha', a coin or weight of different values (if of gold, = 16 Māshas, karṣa
• if of silver, = 16 Paṇas or 1280 Kowries, commonly termed a Kahān
• if of copper, = 80 Raktikās or about 176 grains
• but accord. to some = only 1 Paṇa of Kowries or 80 Kowries) Mn. viii, 136 ; 336 ; ix, 282
• (ifc.) worth so many Kārshāpaṇas Pāṇ. 5-1, 29
• (am), n. money, gold and silver L
• (ās), m. pl., N. of a warrior-tribe, g. parśv-ādi
• m. the chief of this tribe ib. and iv, 1, 177 Vārtt. 2
⋙ kārṣāpaṇāvara
kārṣāpaṇâvara mfn. having the value of at least one Kārshāpaṇa (as a fine) Mn. viii, 274 and x, 120
≫ kārṣāpaṇaka
kārṣâpaṇaka as, am m. n. a weight or measure = kārṣâpaṇa L
≫ kārṣāpaṇika
kārṣâpaṇika mf(ī)n. worth one Kārshāpaṇa, bought &c. with one Kārshāpaṇa Pāṇ. 5-1, 25 Vārtt. 2
• ifc. id. v, 1, 29
≫ kārṣi
kā́rṣi mfn. (cf. karṣí) drawing, ploughing VS. vi, 28 [v. l. kārṣín MaitrS. Kāṭh.]
• (is), m. fire Comm. on Uṇ. iv, 128
• (is), f. drawing, ploughing, cultivation W
≫ kārṣika
kārṣika mfn. (g. chedâdi) weighing a Karsha Mn. viii, 136 Yājñ. i, 364 Suśr
• m. a coin (= kārṣâpaṇa) L
• = kārṣaka, cf. tila-k○
≫ kārṣin
kārṣín mfn. kā́rṣi
≫ kārṣīvaṇa
kā́rṣīvaṇa m. (fr. kā́rṣi with i lengthened), one who ploughs a field, husbandman AV. vi, 116, 1
≫ kārṣuka
kārṣuka mfn. = ○ṣaka Gal
≫ kārṣman
kā́rṣman a n. the goal of a race-course (a line like a furrow) RV. i, 116, 17 ; ix, 36, 1 and 74, 8
kā́rṣṇa mf(ī)n. (fr. kṛṣṇá), coming from or belonging to the black antelope, made of the skin of the black antelope TS. v, 4, 4, 4 Lāṭy. Mn. ii, 41
• belonging to the dark half of a month
• belonging to the god Kṛishṇa or to Kṛishṇa-dvaipāyana or composed by him &c. (e.g. kārṣṇaveda i.e. the Mahā-bhārata MBh. i, 261 & 2300) Ragh. xv, 24
• belonging to a descendant of Kṛishṇa, g. kaṇvâdi
• (ī), f. the plant Asparagus racemosus L
• (am), n. the skin of the black antelope AV. xi, 5, 6
• N. of two Sāmans ĀrshBr
≫ kārṣṇakarṇa
kārṣṇakarṇa mfn. fr. kṛṣṇa-k○ g. suvāstv-ādi
≫ kārṣṇasundari
kārṣṇasundari ayas m. pl. the descendants of Kṛishṇa-sundara Pāṇ. 2-4, 68 Kāś
≫ kārṣṇājina
kārṣṇâjina mfn. (fr. kriṣṇâjiná), made from the skin of the black antelope ĀpŚr. xv, 5
≫ kārṣṇājini
kārṣṇâjini m. (Pāṇ. 2-4, 68 Kāś.) 'a son or descendant of Kṛishnâjina', N. of a teacher KātyŚr. i, 6, 23
• of a philosopher Jaim. Bādar
• of an author on law
≫ kārṣṇāyana
kārṣṇāyana m. a descendant of Kṛishṇa, g. 1. naḍâdi
≫ kārṣṇāyasa
kārṣṇâyasa mf(ī)n. (fr. kṛṣṇâyas), made of black iron ChUp. vi, 1, 6 Mn. xi, 133 MBh. &c. [Page 277, Column 1]
• (am),