Terminología útil para el estudio de Al Andalus
(courstesy of Prof. Joan Ullman)


ARABIC / ÁRABE

- the semitic language of the Arabs: the prevailing speech of Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Egypt and North Africa.

ARAB / ÁRABE

- Websters: A semitic people who from earliest time occupied the Arabian peninsula, thence spread and intermixed with peoples of North Africa, India, Malaysia).

BERBERS / BEREBERES

- a hamitic speaking, light-skinned people from the north of Africa, west of Tripoli.

ISLAM / ISLÁM

- the name of the religion, meaning literally " submission to the will of God"

MUSLIM / MUSULMÁN

- the individual member of the Islamic faith.

MOORS / MOROS

- a term derived from Mauritania (the name of the North African province of the Roman Empire - Marruecos).

MUWALLADS / MULADÍES

- natives of al-Andalus who converto from Catholicism to Islam (greatest number of conversions, after reign of Abd al Rahman II, 822-852).

MUDEJARES / MUDÉJARES

- derived from the Arabic word meaning "permitted to remain" with the implication of "tamed, domesticated"; specifically, the Muslims permitted to remain in Christian territory that had been reconquered by Christian Spain.

MORISCOS / MORISCOS

- those persons living in Christian territory who convert from Islam to Christianity (i.e. a converted Mudéjar).

MOZARABS / MOZÁRABES

- derived from the Arabic musta'ribun, meaning one who is 'arabized'; specifically, Christians living in Muslim territory, but who spoke Arabic and imitated Arab dress and culture; ethnically they were either Hispano-Romans or Visigoths (but they chose not to convert to Islam). Begining in late 9th c. and even more in 11th c., Mozarabs move north to Christian Kingdom of Leon.

 

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