Santiago de Compostela. The violent image of St. James of Compostela crushing a defeated Moor epitomizes the way Spaniards conceived their religious identity for nearly a thousand years. The church was a crusading church whose great aim was victory over Islam. When this group, of polychrome marble, was made at Santiago in the XVth century, that victory had been virtually won, but the crusade continued, to be carried across the Atlantic to the New World. St. James (Santiago), the brother of St. John, had, according to legend, been buried in Spain. In the IXth century his body was providentially discovered at Compostela and the shrine became the most celebrated place of pilgrimage in the whole of Europe. His appearance in battles against the Moors was an established part of the myth of Spanish history. (Imagen y texto de The Hispanic World. J. H. Elliott et al, eds. London: Thames and Hudson, 1961, p., 168-169)