See also: "Colitides including C. dif"

I. Etiology

  1. Various viruses particularly Rotavirus,
  2. Bacterial organisms
    1. Salmonella
    2. Shigella
    3. Escherichia coli
    4. Clostridium dificile
  3. Amebiasis
  4. Giardiasis
  5. Opportunistic infections in an immunocompromised patients

II. Prevention of "Travelers' Diarrhea"

  1. Common in regions where water supply is subject to fecal contamination
  2. Bismuth subsalicylate
  3. Bovine colostrum (Travelan) 200mg prior to each meal; inhibits E. coli attachment to intestinal wall
  4. Rifaximin (Xifaxan)-A nonabsorbable antibiotic that can reduce risk of traveler's diarrhea by 77%

III. Treatment of Clostridium dificile