Telecommuting, Telework & Telelifestyles



By definition, telecommuting is the partial or total substitution of telecommunications technology for the trip to and from the primary workplace, along with the associated changes in policy, organization, management and work structure. [ Pacific Bell Telecommuting Guide]

Q.: What is a "Telelifestyle" (Other than being a "screen potato")?

Related Resource Pages:

Internet Sites:

  • Kitsap Regional Coordinating Council: Telework Pilot Project

  • "Specializing in working at home and making money on line for a better life. Featuring work at home jobs, telecommuting, business opportunities, marketing surveys, and other money making opportunities."

  • Virtual Workplace Links "There are many excellent on-line articles relevant to leaders of distributed workers and virtual teams.Because of the constraints of on-line magazines, the URL will bring you to the magazine and you will need to search within the site for the article."
  • The 100 Top Telecommuting Sites [Directory]
  • Telecommuting Directory [About]
  • Telecommuting Directory (Yahoo) []
  • (Cyber-)Social, Teleworking and Telemedicine (Virtual Library) []
  • Business Week, 4/17/95 -- TAKING CARE OF BUSINESS-WITHOUT LEAVING THE HOUSE (Cover Story). [online version disconnected]
  • Escape Artist: One Thousand & One Telecommuting & Home Office Resources
  • Telecommuting Jobs [Free trial membership in HUSBA to finding telecommuting jobs (Home Workers Union and Small Business Association]
  • Telecommuting Resources [disconnected] "Information technology has made it possible for many people to work out of their homes. However, organizations and individuals have sometimes resisted the push to telecommuting due to concerns about supervision, limited human contact, etc. A move to telecommuting has the potential to radically change the way knowledge workers perform their jobs, and, in order to be successful, both technological and people issues must be considered."
  • Telecommuting (The Mining Company)[Resource Lists!]
  • (Pacific Northwest Telecommuting Advisory Council) [disconnected]
  • Oregon's Telework/Telecommuting Page [disconnected]
  • International Telework Association [formerly: NATIONAL TELECOMMUTING ADVISORY COUNCIL- INFO ON TELECOMMUTING ISSUES Telework America represents the most comprehensive, far-reaching and intensive telework education and implementation initiative ever conducted. Multi-faceted activities will culminate in Telework America Day on Wednesday, October 27, 1999, when millions of American workers will demonstrate the benefits of telework by working from home or a telework center that day.
  • RAIN Community Telecommuting Center
  • Business@Home: Making a life while making a living
  • Telecommuting, Teleworking, and Alternative Officing This site - operating since May 1995 - consolidates a wide variety of information from around the world, and from many different perspectives, on the subjects of telecommuting, teleworking, the virtual office, and related topics.

  • European Telework Week
    was launched in 1995 by DGXIII of the European Commission. In its first three years the initiative has grown in momentum and the 1998 event promises to be the biggest yet. The influence and prestige of the event is mirrored in the importance and calibre of its sponsors and this year ETW is pleased to announce the support of France Telecom, Cisco, Telecom Italia, Siemens and Toshiba. European Telework Week 98 will take place between Monday, November 2 and Monday, November 9, with the awards ceremony taking place on Friday, November 6.
  • Telearbeit in Deutschland
  • Business & Technology Community Center, Ranson, WV Business today requires a new level of flexible work space, designed with your needs in mind, one that can provide a technology-friendly environment. BizTech caters to these special demands with fully equipped, turnkey computer workstations, a conference room, videoconferencing, color and laser printing, copying, faxing and scanning services, and friendly, trained staff support....BizTech provides an alternative office setting for employees that would otherwise travel a long distance between home and work.
  • Telecommuting
    [] "A list of interesting information regarding the concepts, experiences and future of Telecommuting"
  • TELECOMMUTING: Who What Where How []
  • Telecommuting Job Opportunities []
  • Telecommuting Link Directory []
  • At Home Shop - Telecommuting Resources Page []
  • Telecommuting Resources
  • Telecommuting Jobs and Careers (Sites) [] (5/99)
  • Telecommuting Jobs. Employment Brought Home.
  • Telecommuting - Telecommuting Knowledge Center
  • Telecommuting & Telework Strategies
  • Interagency Telecommuting Program
  • , [] ... the telework, telecommuting, and applied futures research experts. We began working in the 21st century more than 25 years ago JALA, an international group of management consultants, was incorporated in California in 1982 but our history goes back to the early 1970s when we helped establish the world's first telework center.
  • Telecommuting Resources
  • MATAC Home Page
  • Telecommuting Success, Inc. Home Page

  • SST is a carpool matching program unlike any existing system in the country. It uses the World Wide Web to allow users to find travel partners for ALL the trips they make during the week, regardless of how variable their schedules might be. It allows users to seek matches for trips at different times, or to different locations on different days. It also allows people to seek matches for more than one trip per day, and for occasional and one-time only trips. When users find matches for the trips they are interested in, the names of those matches are displayed on the screen along with a phone number and an e-mail address. Additionally, SST features an "Automatic E-Mail Generator" which allows the user to instantly send out a trip specific e-mail to each person on the list. SST was designed with the needs of students, faculty and staff in mind, and is available for use exclusively by those affiliated with the UW community.

    Telework Centers:

    Telework Centers in the US [WSU Energy Program]


    • A NEW WAY TO WORK: HOW TO MAKE Telework Work Bremerton SUN, Aug 4, 2003 'I'm judged completely by the results, whether I spend 40 hours or 30 hours or 60 hours a week.'

    • Seattle-to-Eastside trip is no longer 'reverse' commute Seattle Times, Tuesday, June 04, 2002; By Mike Lindblom If traffic is any indication, Seattle is turning into a bedroom community for the Eastside. More than half of the morning trips on the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge now leave the city for the suburbs

    • 2000 CENSUS We're No. 1 when it comes to time spent getting to and from work , [The commuter conundrum: Driving to be happy or happy to be driving?] Bremerton Sun, June 1, 2002, [also Seattle PI, May 28, 2002, p.B3: "Workers trade long commutes for less expensive housing"] By Rebecca Cook; The Associated Press Kitsap County (occupies) the top spot for longest commute in the state, at an average of 33 minutes according to Census 2000 figures. ... The census numbers say more about personal choices than traffic tie-ups. People generally accept a 25- to 27-minute commute, said census expert Richard Morrill, professor emeritus at the University of Washington.

    • Telecommuting fails to fulfill high hopes Seattle Times, September 17, 2001, By Andrew Garber Telecommuting, once considered a promising weapon against congestion, has largely fizzled here. In fact, more people ride their bikes to work in Washington state than get there via computer.

    • The number of telecommuters has risen steadily over the last decade, to 23.6 million last year from 4 million in 1990, according to data collected by Joanne H. Pratt Associates, a Dallas firm that has studied telecommuting trends.

    • Working at Home Today? NYTimes, Nov.2, 2000
      Each Wednesday and Friday, instead of making the hourlong commute to Schwab's headquarters in downtown San Francisco, Ms. Parupia works from what Schwab calls a "hoteling" center, also known as a telework or drop-in center.
    • Employers bend to need for flexibility in schedule Seattle Times, November 05, 2000; Carol Kleiman / Syndicated columnist

    • Survey finds technology blurring lines of work, home San Jose Mercury, November 2, 1999,
      According to a new survey by Pitney Bowes (of postage meter fame), 20% percent of US households receive twice as many messages by phone, pager, fax, and email as the average household. This is due to work obligations penetrating the home environment. "``There seems to be little distinction in time of day and geography in where you conduct either business for your employer or business for your home,'
    • No place like home as telecommuting gains acceptance; Seattle Times, March 8, 1999 by Tyrone Beason "An estimated 15.7 million people nationwide work outside the office at least part-time, according to the research group Cyber Dialogue/Findsvp. By 2000, that number is expected to jump to 18 million, in large part because more companies are using temporary contract workers based at home."
    • Is it home or work? The line has blurred; Seattle Times, Monday, September 7, 1998; by Jodi Wilgoren "Sixty years after Congress enacted the eight-hour workday, progress looks like this: ...while the booming economy and new technologies mean that work is spilling into the homes of millions of Americans, personal pursuits also are creeping into the office. The same devices that tether them to the job no matter where they are also let them play computer solitaire and buy airline tickets at their desks...."
    • Working at home easy to compute Seattle Times, Monday, July 6, 1998; by Keith Ervin When the rent goes up, it's not unusual for a business to look elsewhere for office space. Not so common is what Wicat did in February when the Lindon, Utah, company faced a big rent increase on its small Seattle office on Lower Queen Anne. Instead of renewing the lease, the four employees created a "virtual office," working out of their own homes. "Everything is done online. It just didn't make sense for us any more to have this physical office," says Greg Zuhl, manager of the Seattle branch of the company that produces computer-based training and simulation for commercial aircraft crews. Welcome to telecommuting, 1990s style."
    • 520 bridge: going nowhere fast [Seattle Times, March 16, 1997; and related stories about Eastside commuting in Seattle area]
    • Futurist: There's no place like home Technology to accelerate in-house business, leisure The Seattle Times, September 18, 1996, By Polly Lane,


  • Bahr, S. Ease of access to telecommunications relay service. Federal Communications Law Journal.(1992, May).

  • Baines-S., Servicing the media: freelancing, teleworking and 'enterprising' careers. New-Technology-Work-and-Employment. 1999; 14(1): 18-31 Location: Foster Business Library Periodicals -- Shelved by title: New technology, work and employment -- Call number: HD6331 .N494
    .. examines the working lives of people offering services to the media on a freelance basis. Almost all work from home using information and communication technologies but isolation in the home is not the norm as most maintain extensive personal networks... Nevertheless, ...the 'electronic cottage' and the 'virtual organisation' only superficially capture their experiences.

  • Bell, D. Communications technology - for better or for worse. Harvard business review. (1979, May/June).

  • Bernardino, Adriana, Telecommuting : modeling the employer's and the employee's decision-making process, New York : Garland Pub., 1996. (Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--MIT, 1995) Foster Business Library HD2336.3 .B47 1996

  • Booz·Allen Policy on flexible work arrangements (1994).

  • Bush,-W.-R., Telecommuting: the case of research software development. Technological-Forecasting-and-Social-Change. 1990. 37(3), pp 235-250.

  • Cahoon, T. Your place or mine? Telecommuting is becoming an emerging job trend in the 90s. HP Professional (1993, November), pp. 66-68.
  • Cervero, R., "Planned Communities, Self-Containment and Commuting," Urban Studies 32(7), August 1995, 1135-61.

  • Chang-Hee-C.-Bae,, Air quality and travel behavior: untying the knot. Journal,-American-Planning-Association. 1993. 59(1), pp 65-74.

  • Churbuck, D. & Young, J. (1992, November 23). The virtual workplace. Forbes. pp.184-190.

  • Conference Board, The (1994, Spring). Telecommuting. The Work-Family Roundtable.

  • Craipeau, Sylvie and Jean-Claude Marot. Telework : impact on living and working conditions. Dublin, Ireland : European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 1984. Originally published: Montpellier : Institute for the Development and Planning of Telecommunications and the Economy, 1983. With evaluation reports of the employers, trade union, and government groups, prepared for a colloquium held Nov. 30, 1983. Contents: Evaluation report of the trade union's group - Evaluation report of the employers group - Evaluation report of the governments group - Telework. Telecommuting -- Europe. Quality-of-life -- Europe. Quality-of-work-life -- Europe. Government Pub Stacks International EEC.EF T23

  • Currid, C. (1993, June 28). A nudge from IS could help telecommuting pick up speed. InfoWorld. p. 100.

  • Urban Design, Telecommuting, and Travel Forecasting
    Conference (1996 : Williamsburg, Va.).
    Urban Design, Telecommuting, and Travel Forecasting
    Conference, October 27-30, 1996, Williamsburg, Virginia
    microform] : summary, recommendations, and compendium of
    papers / prepared by Lisa G. Day.
       [Washington, D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Transportation : U.S
         Environmental Protection Agency, [1997].
       ii, 288 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
       "Prepared for US Department of Transportation, Federal
         Transit Administration, Federal Highway Administration,
         Office of the Secretary; US Environmental Protection
         "Travel Model Improvement Program"--Cover.
         "Technology Sharing, a program of the U.S. Department of
         Transportation"--P. [4] of cover.
         Shipping list no.: 98-1000-M.
         "November 1997.".
         Includes bibliographical references.
         DOT-T-98-2"--1st prelim. p.
         "Publication no. FHWA-PD-98-027"--P. [4] of cover.
         "HEP-20/6-98(1.5M)EW"--P. [4] of cover.
         Microfiche. [Washington, D.C.] : Supt. of Docs., U.S
         G.P.O., [1998] 4 microfiches : negative.
       Urban-transportation -- United-States -- Planning --
         Telecommuting -- United-States -- Congresses.
         City-planning -- United-States -- Congresses.
         Travel Model Improvement Program (U.S.).
         Technology Sharing Program (U.S.).
       Supt. of Docs. no.: TD 2.30/16:98-027.
       Microforms/Newspapers Documents
           TD 2.30/16:98-027  CHECK THE SHELVES  4 microfiche

  • Dearborn, Philip, "Effects of Telecommuting on Central City Tax Bases," Report of the Brookings Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy (Jan. 2002) []

  • DuBrin, A.J. (1993, Summer). What telecommuters like and dislike about their jobs. Business forum. pp. 13 17.

  • Eldib, Osman E. and Daniel Minoli, TELECOMMUTING; [HD2336.U5 E43 1995/BA-Lib]

    FAO, Telecenters for Socioeconomic and Rural Development in Latin American and the Carbbean; FAO - Investment Centre; ITU - Telecommunication Development Bureau; IADB- Information and Communication Technology for Development Division (SDS), Rural Unit, Sustainable Development Department (SDS), Social Programs Division, Regional Operations Department 2 [pdf files]

  • Fothergill, Anne. "Telework: Women's Experiences and Ultilization of Information Technology in the Home," in: Adam, A., et al., eds., "Women, Work and Computerization: Breaking Old Boundaries - Building New Forms. North Holland 1994. [HD6052.I34]

  • General Services Administration (1992). Flexiplace: questions and answers on computer and telephone issues. KMP-92-1-I.

  • Golledge, Computational process modeling of household travel decisions using a geographical information system. Golledge,-R.-G.; Mei-Po-Kwan,; Garling,-T.SO: Papers-in-Regional-Science. 1994. 73(2), pp 99-117.

  • Handy,-S.-L.; Mokhtarian,-P.-L., Planning for telecommuting: measurement and policy issues. Journal,-American-Planning-Association. 1995. 61(1), pp 99-111.

  • Hillman, Judy, Telelifestyles and the flexicity : a European study : the impact of the electronic home / by Judy Hillman. Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland : European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition ; Lanham, Md : UNIPUB [distributor], 1993. 49 p. ; 30 cm. Bibliography: p. 45-49. "SY-80-93-161-EN-C"--Back cover. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Impact of the electronic home. [Government Pub Stacks International EEC.EF T2]

    Hjorthol, R.J., The relation between daily travel and use of the home computer. Transportation-Research-Part-A:-Policy-and-Practice. 2002; 36(5): 437-452

    "On the basis of the Norwegian national personal travel survey (NPTS) 1997/98 and a connected mail back survey of the use of information ... On the basis of these results we cannot see any direct substitutionary effects of the use of stationary technology at people's home on the use of mobile technology. ... Stationary communication seems to be a supplement to activities based on mobile technology."

    Igbaria, Magid and Margaret Tan, eds., The virtual workplace.
    [Series in information technology management]. Hershey, USA : Idea Group Pub., 1998. 406 p.
    Incl. bibliographical references and index. Telecommuting-centers. Telecommuting. Telematics. Communication-in-organizations. Work-environment. Employees -- Effect-of-automation-on. Office-practice -- Automation. [UW-Tacoma Lib. Stacks HD2336.3 .V57 1998]

  • Jackson, Paul J. & Wielen, Jos van der., eds., Teleworking : international perspectives : from telecommuting to the virtual organisation London ; New York : Routledge, 1998. Telecommuting. Virtual-reality-in-management. management of technology and innovation. [Foster Business Library General Stacks HD2336.3 .N48 1998]

  • Kim, S., Excess Commuting for Two-Worker Households in the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area," Journ.of Urban Economics 38(2), Sept. 1995, pp.166-82.

  • Kugelmass, Joel. Telecommuting: A Manager's Guide to Flexible Work Arrangements. Lexington Books 1995. [HD2333 K84/BusLib]

  • Kumar,-A., Impact of technological developments on urban form and travel behaviour. Regional-Studies. 1990. 24(2), pp 137-148.

    Langloff, June, Several books

    Levin, Melvin R., TELEWORKING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS : GOODBYE UGLYVILLE, HELLO PARADISE. Lanham, Md. : University Press of America, 1998.
    PHYS DESC = xxx, 215 p. : ill. ; 22 cm. [Telecommuting -- United States. = Suburbs -- Economic aspects -- United States. = Central business districts -- United States -- Case studies.] [HD2336.35.U6 L48 1998. Tacoma Stacks. WEB LINK =]

  • Levin, C. (1994, February 22). Don't pollute, telecommute. PC magazine. p.32.
  • Lewis, Patricia F., A Feasibility Study of Implementing a Telecommuting Program at Booz-Allen and Hamilton MA thesis, U of Maryland, 1994. || Bibliography + Questions

    Lund, Jay R. and Patricia L. Mokhtarian, TELECOMMUTING AND RESIDENTIAL LOCATION: THEORY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMMUTE TRAVEL IN THE MONOCENTRIC METROPOLIS (May 1994) [A simple partial equilibrium model is used to estimate the long-term effect of telecommuting on work trip vehicle distance travelled and residential location for households located in a monocentric metropolitan area and employed in the metropolitan center.]

    Makimoto, Tsugio & David Manners. Digital nomad. Chichester, England ; New York : Wiley, 1997. 246 pp. Includes index. Residential-mobility. Employees -- Effect-of-technological-innovations-on. Telecommuting. Digital-communications. Nomads. [Engineering General Stacks HB1954 .M35 1997]

  • Martin, J. (1981). The telematic society a challenge for tomorrow. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

  • Mokhtarian,-P.-L.; Salomon,-I., Modeling the choice of telecommuting: setting the context. Environment-and-Planning-A. 1994. 26(5), pp 749-766.

  • Mokhtarian,-P.-L., A typology of relationships between telecommunications and transportation. Transportation-Research,-Part-A:-General. 1990. 24A(3), pp 231-242.

  • Moorcroft, Sheila. European guide to teleworking : a framework for action / by Sheila Moorcroft and Valerie Bennett. Shankill, Co., Dublin, Ireland : European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions ; Lanham, MD : UNIPUB [distributor], 1995. 122 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 101-107). Bennett, Valerie. Information booklet series ; booklet no. 22. Government Pub Stacks International EEC.EF Ad12 no.22

  • Niles, J.S. (1992, November). Bringing it all back home: a look at the bottom line. Corporate computing. pp. 181-184.


    2000 update

    Companies such as AT&T, GTE, General Electric, Hewlett Packard, IBM, JCPenney, Sears, and U S WEST have formal telecommuting programs, as well as local, state, and federal government agencies. About eighty percent of telecommuting employees work for companies with fewer than 100 employees.
    Formal, organized telecommuting programs are begun by organizations as a response to tight labor markets and opportunities to reduce office space requirements. Most telecommuting, however, is ad hoc, in response to employee requests for flexibility.

    Nilles, Jack M., Managing telework : strategies for managing the virtual workforce New York : Wiley, c1998. xxii, 330 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. [Foster Business Library General Stacks HD2336.3 .N55 1998]

  • Nilles, J.M., et al (1977). The telecommunication transportation tradeoff. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

  • Olson,-M.-H. Telework: effects of changing work patterns in space and time, in: Ernste,-H. and Jaeger,-C. Information society and spatial structure. (Graduate Sch. of Business Admin., New York Univ.) (Belhaven Press, Pinter), 1989, pp 129-137. This paper specifically concerns telework. The author's own research (from 1980 to 1985) has been on telework in the US.

  • Olszewski,-P.; Mokhtarian,-P., Telecommuting frequency and impacts for state of California employees. Technological-Forecasting-and-Social-Change. 1994. 45(3), pp 275-286.

  • Peele, E. (1982, May). How to make telecommuting work. Personal computing. p. 38.

  • Piskurich, George M. An organizational guide to telecommuting : setting up and running a successful telecommuter program Alexandria, Va. : American Society for Training & Development, c1998. Telecommuting. [Foster Business Library General Stacks HD2336.3 .P58 1998]

  • Ramsower, R.M. (1985). Telecommuting: the organizational and behavioral effects of working at home. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press.

  • Rathbone, Telecommuting in the United States. Rathbone,-D.-B. ITE-Journal. 1992. 62(12), pp 40-45.

  • Reisen, F. van, and Tacken, M., eds., A future of telework : towards a new urban planning concept? / Utrecht : Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijksundig Genootschap, 1995. (Includes bibliographical references.) Nederlandse geografische studies ; 189. [Suzzallo General Stacks HD2333 .F87 1995]

  • Lamar Reinsch THE BELL ATLANTIC TELEWORK STUDY (Executive Summary) Conducted for Bell Atlantic by Dr.Lamar Reinsch Professor of Management Communications Georgetown School of Business

  • Ross, R. (1993, September). The telecommuting imperative. PC World. pp. 52-56.

  • Shaw, Lisa Angowski Rogak. Telecommute! : go to work without leaving home. New York : John Wiley, 1996.
    viii, 216 p. ; 23 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 209-211) and index. Contents: Why telecommuting now? -- Telecommuting and business -- Are you right for telecommuting? -- How to negotiate with your boss -- Setting up your home office -- Planning your day -- Working with the office -- What if it's not working? -- What's next?. [Business Admin General Stacks HD2336.35.U6 S53 1996]

  • Sissine, Fred J., Telecommuting [microform] : a national option for conserving oil / Fred Sissine. [Washington, D.C.] : Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, [1990]. 15 p. ; 28 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 13-15). "90-524 SPR.". Microfilm. Arlington, Va. : University Publications of America, 1991. on 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. Low reduction (Major studies and issue briefs of the Congressional Research Service. 1990 supplement ; reel 13, fr. 0253). Microfilm A6816 1990, reel 13, fr. 0253 CHECK THE SHELVES LIBRARY USE ONLY

  • Tucker, T. (1993, November). Telecommuting catches on: it's environmentally correct and good business. Teleconnect. pp. 145-157.

  • Ubois, J. (1993, July 27). No place like home. MIDRANGE System. pp. 39-40.

  • Washington State University - Energy Program Telework (also called telecommuting) is an alternative way of accomplishing work tasks, while at the same time providing a variety of benefits to organizations, workers, communities and the environment. Telework is the use of telephones and, in many situations, computers to enable an employee to work off-site, outside the traditional workplace.

  • Washington State Energy Office. Encouraging telecommuting in your community, Olympia, WA : The Office, [1992]. Telecommuting -- Washington-State. Organizational-change -- Washington-State. Transportation -- Washington-State -- Energy-conservation. Government-productivity -- Washington-State.

  • Washington State, Telecommunications and Transportation Linkages: Transportation Policy Plan for Washington State (Key Issues in 1994) Wash State Dept of Transportation [HE213.W2.W37.1994]

  • Yovovich,-B.-G., When the rubber doesn't hit the road: what telecommuting means to US communities. Planning-(APA). 1994. 60(12), pp 12-16.

  • Successful telecommuting programs in the public and private sectors : a report to Congress. [Washington, D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Transportation, [1997]. ix, 51 pp. Research conducted by the Texas Transportation Institute. "August 1997.". Includes bibliographical references (p. 47-51). [Telecommuting -- United-States -- Case-studies. Telecommuting -- Government-policy -- United-States. Telecommuting-centers -- United-States -- Case-studies. United States. Dept. of Transportation. Texas Transportation Institute. Government Pub Stacks US TD 1.2:T23x]

  • United States. General Accounting Office. Federal workforce [microform] : agencies' policies and views on flexiplace in the federal government : report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Civil Service, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Represenatives / United States General Accounting Office. Washington, D.C. : The Office ; Gaithersburg, MD (P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg 20884-6015) : The Office [distributor, 1997]. 34 pp. [Telecommuting -- United-States. United-States -- Officials-and-employees. Administrative-agencies -- United-States -- Personnel-management. United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. Subcommittee on Civil Service. Agencies' policies and views on flexiplace in the federal government. Supt. of Docs. no.: GA 1.13:GGD-97-116. Microforms/Newspapers Documents GA 1.13:GGD-97-116 CHECK THE SHELVES 1 microfiche LIBRARY USE ONLY]

  • Telecommuting briefing kit. [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Work and Family Program Center, [1997]. 45 pp. [Telecommuting -- Study-and-teaching -- United-States -- Handbooks-manuals-etc. Work and Family Program Center (U.S.). Supt. of Docs. no.: PM 1.8:T 23. Government Pub Stacks US PM 1.8:T 23]

  • Balancing work and family demands through telecommuting. [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Work and Family Program Center, [1997]. 19 pp. [Telecommuting -- United-States. Work and Family Program Center (U.S.). Supt. of Docs. no.: PM 1.2:B 18/2. Government Pub Stacks US PM 1.2:B 18/2]

  • Energy efficiency in the U.S. economy. Technical report one, Energy, emissions, and social consequences of telecommuting [microform]. [May 1994 ed.]. [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Dept. of Energy, Office of Policy, Planning, and Program Evaluation, [1994]. Telecommuting -- United-States. Energy-consumption -- United-States. Microforms/Newspapers Documents E 1.118:0021 2 fiche.

    Flexiplace handbook for non-bargaining unit employees. [Washington, D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Labor, [1998?]. ii, 30 p. : ill. ; 22 x 15 cm. Hours-of-labor-Flexible -- United-States -- Handbooks-manuals-etc. Home-labor -- United-States -- Handbooks-manuals-etc. Telecommuting -- United-States -- Handbooks-manuals-etc. Supt. of Docs. no.: L 1.7/2:F 63. Government Pub Stacks US [L 1.7/2:F 63]

  • Flexible work arrangements in CPA firms / issued by the AICPA Women and Family Issues Executive Committee and the AICPA Management of an Accounting Practice Committee in collaboration with Barney Olmsted. New York : American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, 1997. 139 p. Accounting-firms -- United-States -- Personnel-management. Hours-of-labor-Flexible. Part-time-employment. Job-sharing. Telecommuting. [Foster Business Library General Stacks HF5616.U5 F59 1997]

  • Teleworking; (Europe and the global information society - Bangemann Report)

  • Initiative Telearbeit der Bundesregierung [Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft and Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Sozialordnung]

  • Projekt Telearbeit in Schleswig-Holstein [Project Telework in Northern Germany]


    In these cost-conscious days, the advantages of turning employees into "telecommuters" seem myriad and obvious. In the United States, some ten million people are active telecommuters, working at computer terminals in their homes and staying in electronic touch with their companies. The European Union sees a similar future for its member states; the EU Commission has estimated that the number of EU telecommuters will reach ten million by the end of this decade. In Germany, two industry federations, the Electric and Electronics Industry Federation (Zentralverband der Elektrotechnik and Elektroindustrie or ZVEI) and the German Machinery and Equipment Building Federation (Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbauer VDMA), have issued medium-term prognoses that one out of ten German jobs could be performed at home or in "sa- tellite offices." And Federal Minister of Education, Science, Research and Technology Jurgen Ruttgers has set his sights on 800,000 telecommuters by the year 2000 (cf. TWIG 9/8/95, p.5).

    Despite the seemingly glowing future, businesses in Germany remain hesitant to take the plunge into telecommuting, the Frankfurter Rundschau reported recently. The reasons for this, the newspaper suggested, lie partly in the fact that companies that have tried telecommuting have not realized the savings they expected. Some large companies have tried telecommuting but retreated in the face of technical mishaps, communications problems and high costs, particularly for network usage. These companies, according to the Rundschau, are now exploring the possibilities of telecommuting with pilot projects. Also, many in middle management fear a loss of power and prestige if their employees are not physically present and under their supervision. To overcome these difficulties and support those companies that have ventured into telecommuting, the European Union has provided some DM six billion until 1998 and is also funding a series of pilot projects.

    The two industry federations estimate that some 30,000 Germans currently work at home by computer. Estimates from other sources range from 3,000 to 150,000, demonstrating the difficulty of defining just what makes a worker a telecommuter. Should the self-employed count as teleworkers? What about sales representatives, computer programmers, graphic designers, translators and mail-order catalogue employees racking up on- screen hours in their homes?

    Companies that have begun to use telecommuting include the catalogue sales company Otto-Versand, where some 50 full-time and 250 part-time employees take orders from home. The insurance company Allianz Lebensversicherung has about 30 telecommuting jobs for software designers and specialists; other insurers have a handful of teleworkers. Telecommuting pioneer IBM has remained at its level of 350 at-home workers since the inception of its program in 1991, although some 2,000 have mobile and home communications technology. Deutsche Telekom, the telephone company currently undergoing privatization, has just agreed to its first test of telecommuting.
    (The Week in Germany, December 1, 1995)

      AUTHOR = United States. General Accounting Office. 
    PUBL INFO = Washington, D.C. : The Office, [1997]. 
    PHYS DESC = 34 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. 
    SUBJECT = Telecommuting -- United States. 
            = United States -- Officials and employees. 
            = Administrative agencies -- United States -- Personnel management.
    CALL # = GA 1.13:GGD-97-116. 
    LOCATION = MicNews Documents. 
    WEB LINK =       
      AUTHOR = United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. 
    Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy. 
    PUBL INFO = Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of ocs., U.S. 
    G.P.O., [Congressional Sales Office], 2001. 
    PHYS DESC = iii, 108 p. ; 24 cm. 
    SUBJECT = Telecommuting -- Government policy -- United States. 
            = Manpower policy -- United States. 
            = Administrative agencies -- United States -- Management. 
    CALL # = Y 4.G 74/7:T 23/8. 
    LOCATION = GovPub Stacks U.S.
    WEB LINK =       
    PUBL INFO = [Washington, D.C.?] : U.S. Office of Personnel Management, 
    Office of Merit Systems Oversight and Effectiveness, [2001]. 
    PHYS DESC = i, 36 p. ; 28 cm. 
    SUBJECT = Telecommuting -- United States. 
            = Administrative agencies -- United States -- Management. 
            = United States. General Services Administration -- Management. 
    CALL # = PM 1.2:T 23. 
    LOCATION = GovPub Stacks U.S.
    WEB LINK =       

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