SITE MAP SEARCH! LIBRARY E & B GEOG RESOURCES A-Z INDEX GLOSSARY PASSWORD 350 PAGE CALENDAR ECON NEWS EXERCISES

## I/O MULTIPLIERS

##### (http://faculty.washington.edu/krumme/systems/multp.html)

Supporting Pages:

Gross Output
Multiplier
Income Coefficient
(Type A & B Multipliers)
Income Multiplier
Type I & II Multipliers
Direct & Indirect Effects
Type I and Type A Multipliers
 Mjx = n S i=1 bij
 MjA = n S i=1 vibij
 MjI = n S i=1 vibij---vj
Direct, Indirect & Induced Effects
Type II and Type B Multipliers
 M'jx = n S i=1 b'ij
 MjB = n+1 S i=1 vib'ij
 MjII = n+1 S i=1 vib'ij---vj

Employment Multiplier
Direct & Indirect Effects
Type I Multiplier
 ME = n S i=1 eibij ---ej
Direct, Indirect & Induced Effects
Type II Multiplier
 M'E = n+1 S i=1 eib'ij ---ej

M = Multiplier

bij = Leontief coefficient identifying the direct and indirect (inter-industry) effects on the demand for the output of industry i as a result of changes in the demand (and thereby the input requirements) of industry j.

b'ij = Leontief coefficient identifying the direct, indirect (inter-industry) and induced (by household expenditures) effects on the demand for the output of industry i as a result of changes in the demand (and thereby the input requirements) of industry j.

vi or j = value added (mainly including labor incomes) of industry i (or j) per \$1 of total inputs (or output/sales) of that industry. Often used as the quasi labor coefficient in the direct coefficient table.

i = the supplying industry

j = the receiving industry

e = Employment per \$1 of total inputs or output/sales