|SITE MAP||SEARCH!||E & B GEOG||RESOURCES||A-Z INDEX|
(Ernst) Engel's Law & Curves
"Engel's Law" (associated with Ernst Engel, a [19th century] German statistician)
Supporting & Related Pages:
Engel was head of the statistical department of Saxony from 1854 to 1858, and from 1860 to 1882 he headed the Prussian statistical department in Berlin....
Source: Source: Steenkamp, 1996.
Engel, Ernst. Die Lebenskosten belgischer Arbeiterfamilien frueher und jetzt. Ermittelt aus Familienhaushaltsrechnungen und vergleichend zusammengestellt. Bulletin of the International Institute of Statistics, 9, 1895, pp.57ff.
---, Vortrag ueber die statistische Tragweite der Familienbudgets, Bulletin of the Intern.Inst.of Stat. 6, 1892, pp.178ff.
---, La consommation comme mesure de bien-etre des individus, des familles et des nations, Bulletin of the Intern.Inst.of Stat. 2, 1887, pp.50ff.
---, Der Kostenwert des Menschen. Berlin 1983.
FAO, Prospects for the Future: Nutritional, Environmental and Sustainable Food Production Considerations - Changes in Cultural and Consumer Habits by W. Bruce Traill, Professor of Food Management and Marketing, University of Reading, UK Conference on International Food Trade Beyond 2000: Science-Based Decisions, Harmonization, Equivalence and Mutual Recognition Melbourne, Australia, 11-15 October 1999
FAO, AGRICULTURAL PRICE AND MARKETING POLICY, CHAPTER 3 : DEMAND ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATION [The estimation of income elasticities of demand is vital if demand projections are needed in order to evaluate policies. The income elasticity can be analyzed diagrammatically; Figure 3.6 shows an Engel curve, which is the relationship between real income (nominal income divided by the index of consumer prices) and consumption of a good, labelled X once again.]
Fischer, Gordon. Poverty Measurement Working Papers (U.S.Census): From Hunter to Orshansky: An Overview of (Unofficial) Poverty Lines in the United States from 1904 to 1965, 1997.
Houthakker, Hendrik S., "An International Comparison of Household Expenditure Patterns, Commemorating the Century of Engel's Law," Econometrica 25 (1957), pp.532ff. JSTORS-Download
International Institute for Labour Studies (ILO) Growing points in poverty research: Labour issues Chapter 2: Correlates, causes and consequences
Steenkamp, J-B E M (1996). Dynamics in consumer behaviour with respect to agricultural and food products, in Wierenga, B, Grunert, K G, Steenkamp, J-B E M, Wedel, M and van Tilburg, A (eds), Agricultural marketing and consumer behaviour in a changing world, Proceedings of the 47th Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Wageningen, 13-15 March, 15-38.
Strulik, Holger. (Hamburg) On Demographic Transition, Structural Change, and Economic Growth and Stagnation
Carle C. Zimmerman, "Ernst Engel's Law of Expenditures for Food," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 47, No. 1, November 1932, p. 80. (JSTORS-Downlaod)
Zweimueller, Josef: Schumpeterian Entrepreneurs Meet Engel's Law: The Impact of Inequality on Innovation-Driven Growth [This paper analyzes the impact of inequality on growth when technical progress is driven by innovations and consumers have hierarchic preferences.]
Return to Econ & Bus Geog