Geography of Sports and Sport Facilities
(famous) Professional Sports Stadia Page
[Timothy Chapin received his Ph.D. in 1999
from the University of Washington and is now on the faculty at Florida
SportsEconomics is the first resource that facilitates
the creation and flow of economic and financial
analysis relevant to the sports business community.
Rodney Fort's Website on Sport Economics [Washington State University]
Paul Allen's Football and
Seahawk sale to Paul Allen fraught with tough choices
The cover page of Paul Allen's Seahawks Web site features a
photograph of the Carolina Panthers' posh outdoor
stadium, which is not only the crown jewel of the National Football
League but the polar opposite of the utilitarian
Seattle Times, August 26, 1996, p.A1)
Seahawks Sadium: 2002!
Canadian Sporting Goods Association
(Seattle) Mariner Economic Analysis
By Robert Baade, "nationally known for analyzing stadium proposals"
Document Posted on: 3/14/97
"Among the many public finance issues confronting state and local
governments, questions regarding subsidies for
professional sports are appearing with increasing frequency. The
political leadership in Seattle, King County, and
the State of Washington, like civic leaders in so many other cities,
counties, and states, have been seduced by the
promise of substantial economic returns from an investment in
The America's Cup: Build-up to the 2003 Defense:
Economic Impact Assessment
Econ 330- Economics of Sports in America [Rodney Fort, Washington
State Univ., Fall 2000]
GEOG 4000: SPORT, PLACE AND DEVELOPMENT [Spring, 1998]
Instructor: Harrison Campbell (University of North Carolina at
Buying the dream: Today's
team owners young and
January 14, 2001; By Les Carpenter
This is the new face of professional-sports
ownership: young, eager and impatient.
become icons, and player salaries
soar, so also
have the men who buy into the game
days of the family-owned franchise -
Today's owner is a superfan in his 30s
dripping with the new wealth and
hungry for a
piece of the show.
Baseball notes: Owners meeting
accomplishes little on disparity
Seattle Times, Friday, December 4, 1998
"... fans in Pittsburgh, Detroit and Oakland might as well say
goodbye to dreams of making it to the World Series.
...baseball owners didn't have an answer for the widening disparity
between the richest and poorest teams.
Commissioner ... Selig would (only)...
say a variety of economic issues were discussed.
... but nothing was resolved.... One thing that
was not discussed was changing the revenue sharing formula...."
Stadium measure is passing,
Wednesday, June 18, 1997 by David Schaefer and David Postman
Paul Allen's $5 million campaign-spending
spree for a new football
stadium bought victory in only seven of the
state's 39 counties - but
they are the right counties.
Seahawks spurred 'yes' votes
Kelley: Immaculate election for Hawks?
stadium vote sways, so does Moon's mood
unlike any other for Seahawk employee
real work on the stadium is just beginning for builder
Francisco stadium issue passes
Large turnout seen on stadium
Sunday, June 15, 1997 by David Schaefer
Although Referendum 48 comes at a time when
citizens are more
preoccupied with summer vacations than with
politics, and it's the only
question on Tuesday's ballot,
Stadium vote has unusual twists
by David Schaefer, Seattle Times, Sunday, May 4, 1997.
Stadiums don't need tax money, author
Seattle Times, Saturday, April 12, 1997
by David Schaefer.
"Professional football teams earn enough money from
television revenues, ticket sales and concessions to build their
own stadium without taxes, says an economist who specializes in the
impact of sports on urban areas.
Mark Rosentraub, an Indiana University professor and
author of a new book on sports economics...."
Pro Sport's Impact on the Economy is Closer to a Bunt than a Home Run, but
There May Be Other Reasons to Keep Teams Swinging at Home
Tom Griffin, in: UW Alumni Columns, June 1997.]
S.F. voters said no, so baseball
team is building park
Seattle Times, March 23, 1997
by Elliott Almond
Bay Area residents have rejected
ballot measures to fund a new Giants stadium four
times since 1984 even though it almost cost them their
baseball team... The Giants were sold in 1992 to 24
local investors led by Peter Magowan, who owns a chain
of Safeway grocery stores, and Donald
Fisher, founder of the Gap clothing boutiques.
Seattle Times, August 26, 1996, p.A1
Tickets to cost more; fans likely won't care Seattle Times,
Wednesday, March 5, 1997;
by David Schaefer
Seahawks departure would be costly
If they leave, local area could lose millions,
Seattle Times, Feb. 3, 1996
by Susan Gilmore
"If the Seahawks leave Seattle, they will leave a $46 million hole in the
That figure, calculated by local economists Dick Conway and Bill
Beyers, is the "new" money generated by the
Seahawks last year, money that wouldn't be spent in the state if the
football team left town.
The $46 million includes television revenue, money the Seahawks make
on the road, money from the NFL, and money
spent by the visiting teams.
In all, the Seahawks contributed $84 million in sales to the economy
last year, the study found."
A (much!) more
complete Literature list is being maintained by Tim Chapin.
Baade, Robert A. and Dye, Richard F. The Impact of Stadiums and
Professional Sports on Metropolitan Area Development. Growth and Change,
Spring 1990, 21(2), p. 1.
Bale, J., Sports Geography. London: E.F.& N.Spon, 1989.
Bringing Home the Cup [Senior Lecturer in Economics
University of Canterbury. Note:
This article was published in two parts in the
Christchurch Press on Wednesday, 13th September 1995 and Thursday 14th
Timothy 's Stadia Research
Michael N., Home Team: Professional Sports and the American
Metropolis. Princeton University Press. 1997. 397pp.
[summary in JEL Dec. 1997, p.2161]
Euchner, Charles C. Playing the Field: Why Sports Teams Move and
Cities Fight to Keep Them, Baltimore:
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Fort, Rodney and James Quirk. "Cross-Subsidization, Incentives, and
Outcomes in Professional Team Sports Leages," Journ. of Econ. Lit 33
(Sept. 1995), 1265-99. [includes discussion of franchise locations].
Helmke, Paul and Mark Rosentraub,
"Location Theory, a Growth Coalition, and a Regime in the
Development of a Medium-Sized City", Urban Affairs Review. March 1996.
Henry, N. and Pinch, S., (2001) (The) Industrial agglomeration
(of Motor Sport Valley): A Knowledge, Space, Economy Approach' in Bryson,
J., Daniels, P. and Pollard, J. (eds), Knowledge, Space,
Economy, Routledge, London, 2000.
[Suzzallo/Allen Stacks HF1025 .K567 2000]
Kahn, Lawrence M., The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory",
Journ. of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), Summer 2000, pp.75ff.
Madden, John, University of Tasmania Australia, Hobart, Australia,
Matthew Crowe, New South Wales Treasury, Sydney, Australia
Estimating the economic impact of the Sydney Olympic Games
This paper employs a multiregional computable general equilibrium (CGE)
model to examine the effects on the
New South Wales and Australian economies of the 2000 Olympics. The
Olympics are modelled over a
12-year period from 1994 to 2005, divided into three phases: (i) the
Pre-Event phase, 1994 to 1999; (ii) the
Event Year, 2000; and (iii) the Post-Event phase, 2001-2005.
Noll, Roger G. and Andrew Zimbalist, eds., Sports, Jobs and Taxes: The
Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums. Washington D.C.: Brookings,
1997. [Brief Abstract in JEL June 1998, p.1056]
Quirk, James and Rodney D. Fort. Pay Dirt: The Business of Professional
Sports. New updated paperback edition, March 1997.
[summary in JEL Dec.1997, p.2152]
Rooney, J.F., A Geography of American Sport: From Cabin Creek to Anaheim.
Reading, MA. Addison-Wesley, 1974.
Rosentraub, Mark (1997) Major League Losers: The Real Costs of Sports and
Who's Paying for It. Basic Books.
Rosentraub, M. and S. Nunn (1978). Suburban city investment in
professional sports. American Behavioral Scientist January/February: pps.
Rosentraub, Mark et al. (1994). Sport and downtown development
strategy: If you build it, will jobs come?. Journal of Urban Affairs Vol.
16(30): pp. 221-239.
Rosentraub, Mark S. (1996). Does the emperorer have new clothes?, a
reply to Robert A. Baade. Journal of Urban Affairs, 18(1): pps. 23-31.
Siegfried, John and Andrew Zimbalist, "The Economics of Sports Facilities
and Their Communities," Journ. of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), Summer
Friends, Romans, Holyfields...lend him an ear...
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