Geography of "Services"


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Allen, John, "Services and the UK Space Economy: Regionalization and Economic Dislocation," Transactions (IBG) 17(3), 1992, 292-305.

Bailly, A et al., Services and Production: For a Reassessment of Economic Sectors," Annals of Reg.Sc. 21(2), July 1987, 45ff.

Beyers, W. B. and Lindahl, D. P. Strategic Behavior and Development Sequences in Producer Service Businesses. Environment and Planning A, May 1997, 29(5), p. 887.

... the producer services are among the fastest growing industries in advanced economies... results from 444 in-depth interviews... variables are drawn from the industrial sociology and business strategy literature and include organizational structure, age, dynamics of client and geographic markets, and changes in services supplied.

BEYERS, William B. and David P. LINDAHL. The growth and location of business services in the American economy. (4 fig.), L'Espace géographique 4/1996

Daniels, Peter: Papers in a) TESG 1986 No.4? (Banks in NY and London) b) book by Ron Martin and Rowthorn, eds., Geoy. of De-Industrialization, 1986 c) Service Industries: A Geographical Appraisal, 1985 [HD9980.5D35]

Peter Daniels. Service Industries, Routledge, 1985

The first major synthesis of an emerging geography which is undoubtedly changing the way in which academics, planners and policy-makers identify and interpret the spatial development of cities and regions in the 1980s.

Daniels, P.W., ed., Special Issue of Environment and Planning A 19(5).

Daniels, P.W., A World of Services, Geoforum 22, 1991, 359-76.

Daniels, Peter W. and Frank Moulaert. The Changing Geography of Advanced Producer Services: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. London: Belhaven Press, 1991 [HD9980.5.C45]

Daniels, P.W. "Internationalization, Telecommunications and Metropolitan Development: The Role of Producer Services," in: S.Brunn and T. Leinbach, eds., Collapsing Space and Time: Geographic Aspects of Communication and Information. 1991, pp.149ff.

Daniels, P.W., ed., Services and Metropolitan Development: International Perspectives. London: Routledge. 1991 [HD 9980.5.S43]

Daniels, P.W. Service Industries in the World Economy. Oxford (UK): Blackwell, 1993. [HD 9980.5 D363]

Daniels, Peter W. and W.F. Lever, eds., The global economy in transition. Harlow : Longman, 1996 [Odegaard Stacks HD2755.5 .G54 1996]

Eberts, Derrek and Randall, James E. Producer Services, Labor Market Segmentation and Peripheral Regions: The Case of Saskatchewan. Growth and Change, Fall 1998, 29(4), p. 401.

One of the outcomes of past research has been the realization that producer services temd to be concentrated in metropolitan areas, and that there is a strong core-periphery dichotomy in the representation of these activities. This paper explores the labor market characteristics of a set of producer service activities within the peripheral urban hierarchy of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Faulhaber, Gerald et al., eds., Services in Transition: The Impact of Information Technology on the Service Sector, Cambridge, Mass.,: Ballinger 1986.

Fossum, Harold, (Policy Analyst, NW Policy Center, UW) Lone Eagles Thrive in the Northwest

The declining disadvantage of distance has important implications for the fastest growing segment of the economy--services. Between 1974 and 1986, producer and consumer services both grew by over 75 percent, accounting for nearly half of all new jobs in the Northwest.

Fuchs, Victor. The Services Economy. N.Y.: Columbia Univ. Press, 1968.

Fuchs, Victor. The Service Industries and U.S.Economic Growth sind World War II. NBER, Working Paper #211. Palo Alto: Stanford University, 1977.

Gatrell J.D. Business Services, Productivity, and Wages: Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Michigan Counties, 1977-1997. The Professional Geographer, August 2002, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 365-378.


Gershuny, J.I. and I.D. Miles, New Service Economy: The Transformation of Employment in Industrial Societies, London: F.Pinter, 1983. ---, "The Future of Service Employment," IN: Giarini, ed., The Emerging Service Economy, 1987, pp.105ff.

Giarini, Orio, Ed., The Emerging Service Economy. Oxford: Pergamon, 1987. [Bhagwaiti: Intern. trade in services; Richardson: Service Trade Theory.. Richter: Tourism services; Rada: Information Technology] 1997, [HD9980.5 E46/ Suzz.]

Gill, David. The market for legal services. Economics of the Service Sector in Canada Series. Vancouver: Fraser Institute 1988 100pp., paper [ISBN 0-88975-130-7. [JEL March 90, p.193]

Glasmeier, A. and G. Borchard, "Research Policy and Review 31: From Branch Plants to Back Offices: Prospects for Rural Services Growth," Environment and Planning A 21(12), 1565-83.

Glasmeier, Amy K. and Marie Howland, From Combines to Computers: Rural Services and Development in the Age of Information Technology. State University of NY Press, 1995. [HD9981.5. G52]

Grubel, Herbert WG. and Michael A Walker, Service Industry Growth: Causes and Effects. Vancouver: Fraserr Institute 1988, paper [JEL March 1990, p.193]

Guile, Bruce R. and James B. Quinn, eds., Technology in Services: Policies for Growth, Trade, and Employment. Nat.Academy of Engineering, Series on Technology and Social Priorities. Wash.D.C.: Nat Academy Press, 1988, [JEL, March 1990, p.193] [HD 9981.5 T43/ Suz]


Heinritz, Gunter. et al., [Gunter Heinritz, Sigrid Klingbeil, Wolfgang Rossler] Beitrage zur Geographie des Tertiaren Sektors in Munchen / Kallmunz/Regensburg : M. Lassleben, 1981. 109 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm. Summaries also in English. Includes bibliographical references. [Retail-trade -- Germany -- Munich. Physicians -- Supply-and-demand -- Germany -- Munich. Central-places -- Germany -- Munich. Space-in-economics -- Case-studies] Munchner geographische Hefte ; Heft 46. [Suzzallo General Stacks: G13 .M86 no.46]

Howells, Jeremy and Anne Green, Technological Innovation, Structural Change and Location in UK Services. Aldershot, UK: Gower, 1988 [abstr. JEL Dec88, p.1856] [information services]

Hughes, James W., THE NEW GEOGRAPHY OF SERVICES AND OFFICE BUILDINGS / JAMES W. HUGHES, K. TYLER MILLER, ROBERT LANG. New Brunswick, N.J. : Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, c1992. xxi, 179 p. : map. [HD9981.8.N53 H84 1992]

Illeris, Sven, The Service Economy : A Geographical Approach. Chichester, England ; New York : J. Wiley, 1996 [HD9980.5 .I5 1996/ Suzz]

Inman, Robert P. Managing the Service Economy. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1985.

Kirn, Thomas J., "Growth and Change in the Service Sector of the U.S.: A Spatial Perspective," Annals AAG, 77(3), Sept. 1987, 353-72.

Lindahl, David P. and Beyers, William B., The Creation of Competitive Advantage by Producer Service Establishments, Economic Geography, Vol. 75, No. 1, January 1999, pp. 1-20 [Information Services; Computer Software]

In this paper we focus on how competitive advantage is constructed by producer service businesses, how it varies among establishments with different characteristics, and how it affects establishment performance.

Lovelock, Christopher H., (Lovelock Associates) Services Marketing, 3rd ed., January, 1996, Prentice Hall, 660 pp.

Løwendahl, Bente R. Strategic Management of Professional Service Firms. Copenhagen Studies in Economics and Management. Distributed by Global Management , Middleton, Wis. 1997, 173pp. $25 [JEL, March 1998, p.357]

McKee, David. Growth, Development and the Service Economy in the Third World. N.Y.: Praeger, 1988. [HD9989D44M35 1988/Suzz] [incl. ch. on growth poles and services]

Majone, G., "Quality Control in the Service Sector," Options, Int.Inst.for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 1983/4, 6ff.


Marshall, J.N., P. Damesick and P. Wood, Understanding the Location and Role of Producer Services in the U.K.. Environment & Planning A 19, 1987, 575-95.

Marshall, J.N., ed., Services and Uneven Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Marshall, J.N., Corporate Reorganisation and and the Geography of Services, Regional Studies 23, 1989, 139-50.

Moulaert,-F.; Todtling,-F., eds., The geography of advanced producer services in Europe. Progress-in-Planning.1995. 43(2-3), pp 90-274..

"This monograph provides the first attempt at comparative national case studies examining the development and location of 'advanced producer services' (APS). These are defined as complex, knowledge-intensive business services designed as direct inputs to firms. Typical examples include high technology engineering, communications consulting, human resource management, strategic marketing, financial portfolio advice and specialised legal advice." (UK, France, West Germany, the New German Lander, Austria, Nordic countries, Italy and Portugal)

Nelson, K., "Labor Demand, Labor Supply and the Suburbanization of low-wage Office Work," in: Scott and Storper, eds., Production, Work and Territory. Boston: Allen & Unwin 1986, pp.149-171. [HC59P6821986/Geog.]

Noyelle, Thierry J., The Rise of Advanced Services: Some Implications for Economic Development of U.S. Cities, Journ. of the American Planning Association 49(3), Summer 1983, 280-90.

OECD: International Trade in Services: Banking. Paris 1984.

OECD. Employment Growth in the Knowledge-based Economy. Paris 1996. [HC79.E47.E54.1996/Suz]

Pederson, E.O., Office Location: A Vance Bibliography P2055, Nov.1986 [Geog.]

Pillsbury, Richard. "From Boardinghouse to Bistro: The American Restaurant Then and Now. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990. [reviewed in Annals (AAG) (83(3), 1993, pp.540-2.

Price, D.G. and A.M. Blair, The Changing Geography of the Service Sector. London & NY: Belhaven/ Pinter, 1989 [HD9980.5 P75 1989]

Quinn, James B., "National Technology Strategies in a Services and Software World, Ch.13 in: Innovation Explosion: Using Intellect and Software to Revolutionize Growth Strategies, 1997, pp.343ff.

Quinn, James B. Intelligent Enterprise: A Knowledge and Service Based Paradigm for Industry. Free Press, The 1992, 224p. ISBN/Price: 0-02-925615-1 Trade Cloth $35.00 (Ingram Price), $35.00

Rifkin, Jeremy. The End of Work. 1995. Ch.10 (pp.141ff.) "The Last Service Worker". [Poignantly discusses the job-loss effects of the relatively recent productivity increases in many service activities due to advances in information technologies]

Scharpf, Fritz W., "Structures of Postindustrial Society: Does Mass Unemployment Disappear in the Service and Information Economy," in: E.Appelbaum and R.Schettkat, eds., Labor Market Adjustments to Structural Change and Technological Progress. N.Y.: Praeger.

Sheets, Robert G. et al., The Impact of Service Industries on Underemployment in Metropolitan Economies. Lexington Books, 1987. [HD5709.2 U6 S54/ Suzz.]

Simmie, J.M. "Beyond the Industrial City," J.Am.Plann.Ass. 49(1983), 59-76.

Stanback, Thomas M., Understanding the Service Economy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.

Stanback, Thomas M, Bearse, P.J., Noyelle, T. and Karasek, R.A. Services / The New Economy. Totowa, N.J.: Allanheld, Osmun, 1981.

Stille, Frank. "Structural Change in the Federal Republic of Germany: The Case of Services," in: E.Appelbaum and R.Schettkat, eds., Labor Market Adjustments to Structural Change and Technological Progress. N.Y.:Praeger.

Szplett, Elizabeth S., "The Transactional Environment: Quaternary and Quinary Industry," in: B.M.Barr and P.J.Smith, Environment and Economy: Essays on the Human Geography of Alberta. Pica Pica Press, 1984 [GF512 A4 E58/Geog.]

Urry, John. "Capitalist Production, Scientific Management and the Service Class," in Scott and Storper, Production, Work and Territory. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1986,pp.43ff.

Williams, Colin C., Consumer Services and Economic Development. London/NY: Routledge 1997. 293pp. $22.95 (paper) [JEL March 1998, p.358]

Williams, C. C. Understanding the role of consumer services in local economic development: some evidence from the Fens. Environment & planning a MAR 01 1996 v 28 n 3, p.555

[Week in Germany; April 4, 1997]

Services are playing an increasingly important part in the economies of the Western nations, with the exception, a research institute warns, of Germany. Expanding services sectors have helped drive steady economic growth and have created numerous new jobs in other developed nations, according to Hans-Jörg Bullinger, director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Labor Economics and Organization (IAO: Institut für Arbeits-wirtschaft und Organisation). Germa-ny, on the other hand, is an outright service desert" by comparison, Bullinger said late last month in warning that the country risks falling further behind its major economic competitors in this sector. Bullinger drew particular attention to the role of services in the job market. In the decade 1984-1994, he noted, 3.2 million new jobs in service industries were created in Germany's eleven pre-unification western states. During that same time, traditional industries and large companies cut their payrolls, and Bullinger and his colleagues at the IAO expect the reductions to continue. Bullinger also pointed to the correlation between development of the services sector and overall economic growth. The Western nations with sizeable service sectors have enjoyed the fastest growth in recent years. Gross domestic product grew 3.3 percent in the United States from 1993 to 1996, 3.1 percent in Canada and 2.8 percent in Great Britain. All three, he noted, have seen strong growth in the service industries. During that same period, Germany's economic growth averaged a more anemic 1.5 percent. The low level of services generated in the German economy is also evident in its trade statistics, Bullinger added. Germany's imports of services from other countries, he said, have been twice as high as its exports.

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