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NISHIOKA, H. AND KRUMME, G., Location Conditions, Factors and Decisions: An Evaluation of Selected Location Surveys

Many empirical surveys have been undertaken on why industrial plants have chosen particular locations. Most of these studies are only peripherally linked to existing location theories. In this paper, selected Japanese and American surveys are evaluated with respect to biases which have encroached upon their interpretations. The difference between general conditions of the locational environment and those specific location factors which actually influence the accounting system of the firm seems to be a significant basis for such misinterpretations. In addition, all but the most simplistic location decisions are integral parts of complex decision sequences within which the selection of a region, community or site may assume a dominant or a rather insignificant role. The regional planner or location analyst attempting to understand the final locational outcome should go beyond a survey which focuses, in a cross-sectional rather than sequential fashion, on a narrowly perceived location decision.

Land Economics, May 1973, 49(2), pp.195-205, (English). Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo and University of Washington, Seattle.


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